DoD SBIR FY13.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - Air Force - CBD - DARPA - SOCOM

---------- ARMY ----------

138 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Colorado Engineering Inc.
1915 Jamboree Drive Suite 165
Colorado Springs, CO 80920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Larry Scally
A13-001      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:ROAR: Rear hemisphere Obstacle Avoidance for Rotocraft
Abstract:The unique capabilities provided by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft also create challenges during turns and rearward maneuvers. VTOL aircraft lack sensors to provide protection in their rear hemisphere. Low altitude flight, take-off and landing are dangerous times for aircraft, even when landing in a well-known designated landing zone (LZ). The risk to the warfighter and expensive military assets increases markedly in confined LZs during night and in degraded visual environments (DVEs). A solution is needed to increase the situational awareness of obstacles behind the aircraft. The Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI) team proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, electromagnetics, antenna design, advanced embedded processing architectures, and radar algorithms to identify and assess solutions for a rear hemisphere, tail-rotor obstacle avoidance capability. The sensor system must be low-cost and fit within very tight size, weight, and power (SWaP) budgets to be feasible and suitable for VTOL manned and unmanned aircraft. CEI offers a unique combination of experience through its ongoing development programs for autonomous sense and avoid radar systems for unmanned airborne platforms and for rotocraft sensor solutions enhancing situational awareness in DVEs.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3613
Paul Techau
A13-001      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Rear Hemisphere Tail-Rotor Obstacle Avoidance for Unmanned & Manned Rotorcraft
Abstract:In a number of arid regions of the world, recirculation of dust by the rotorwash of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft (manned and unmanned) results in the loss of visual cues during approach and landing. This condition is typically referred to as brownout. This is a serious problem for all services and has lead to numerous aircraft and personnel losses in Afghanistan and Iraq. Other conditions leading to a degraded visual environment (DVE) include snow and of course nocturnal operations. Although measures such as approach profile changes and pilot training implemented to date have reduced this accident rate, it remains unacceptably high. Landing systems are being developed under current programs to address this problem, but the projected costs of these systems suggest fleet-wide implementation is improbable. What is needed is an affordable aid to the pilot/operators promising a significant reduction in the DVE accident rate. Under this effort, ISL will exploit the Electronic Bumper developments made under previous Air Force and Navy sponsorship to define a system that will detect tail-rotor hazards and warn the pilot of impending collisions, as well as explore algorithmic approaches to providing autonomous avoidance of obstacles.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
A13-001      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a low-cost rearward sense-and-avoid system, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop an Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System (AERO). The AERO system is based on a novel integration of two orthogonal obstacle sense-and-avoid techniques specifically for rearward operation. The key innovation in the AERO system is its unique system design that provides highly accurate obstacle detection and avoidance as well as situational awareness in degraded visual environment such as rain, fog, dust, or during nighttime operation. Moreover, the algorithm also provides the capability to track object trajectories. The design also provides military-accepted standard interfaces such as RS232 or MIL-STD-1553. In addition, the compact, low cost system is easy to acquire and integrate with airborne platform. In Phase I, POC will perform a technical feasibility and operational suitability test of the AERO system. A scaled-down version of the system will be developed and tested in POC laboratory. We anticipate that at the end of Phase II, AERO will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 5/6 and will be ready for initial tests.

Amastan LLC
University of Connecticut Langley Building 270 Middle Turnpike Unit 5190
Storrs, CT 06269
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 486-5171
Kamal Hadidi
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:CMAS and High Temperature Resistant LaMgAl11O19 TBC Coatings Using a Microwave Based Uniform-Melt-State Plasma Process (UniMelt™)
Abstract:Amastan, in collaboration with the University of Connecticut, proposes to make high temperature phase stable and CMAS resistant coatings of lanthane hexaaluminate (LaMgAl11O19) material as a suitable substitute to YSZ top coat for thermal barrier coating applications. These coatings, although deposited by atmospheric plasma spray (APS) exhibit comparable coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity to that of traditional YSZ top coat. These remarkable thermo physical properties were obtained despite the non homogeneity of material composition and non uniform thermal path inherent to APS. Amastan will demonstrate homogeneous LaMGAl11O19 coatings with better control of phase and microstructure through the use of its innovative spray process called “Uniform Melt State Process” (UniMelt™). This process offers uniform melting in three dimensions of the processed materials by axial injection of uniform precursor droplets into an axis-symmetric plasma hot zone with laminar process gas flow and uniform temperature profile. The innovative thermal process will lead to more homogenous coatings with more stable microstructure and precise control of the material’s phase due to better control of material composition, particle size and uniform thermal processing path. Caterpillar’s Solar Turbines and Pratt & Whitney have both expressed interest in supporting and participating in our Phase I study.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Durable CMAS Resistant Thermal Barrier Coatings
Abstract:Thermal barrier coatings (TBC’s) are susceptible to damage under service conditions due to environmental contaminants such as calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicon-oxide systems (CMAS). In this Phase I SBIR program UES, Inc. proposes to investigate the feasibility of rationally selected TBC’s and their architectures for CMAS resistance and durability. Highly ranked TBC architectures will be selected for further development in Phase II.

Solid Concepts, Inc.
28309 Avenue Crocker
Valencia, CA 91355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 821-1112
Andrew Carter
A13-003      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Implementation of Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) to Manufacture Advance Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:The combustor liner is subject to the highest temperature and pressure in a gas turbine. Combustion produces gas with temperatures exceeding the melting point of the liner. The component’s longevity is largely a factor of cooling. Multi-hole film cooling bleeds gas from the high pressure stages of the compressor and effuses it to the hot side of the liner where the gas forms an insulating film. Enhanced cooling allows higher combustions temperatures and improved turbine efficiency. Shaped film cooling holes improve film effectiveness. However, conventional manufacturing methods do not provide practical ways to create shaped film cooling holes. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) is an additive process that is capable of producing complex geometry using a single method. DMLS sequentially spreads layers of powder metal and selectively melts regions defined by a 2D slice of a 3D CAD model. Theoretically any geometry can be built. Solid Concepts is one of the most technically advanced suppliers of Direct Digital Manufacturing (DDM) services. Their DMLS department specializes in aerospace components and produce parts that push the technology’s limits. Solid Concepts SBIR Phase 1 goal is to assess the feasibility of implementing DMLS to manufacturing combustor liners with shaped film cooling holes.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Glen Whitehouse
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low-Cost CFD-Based Analysis for Surface Mesh Interrogation and Refinement
Abstract:Accurate flow calculation is crucial to the development and support of air platforms, and CFD has been successful at predicting aerodynamic performance for a variety of flows. The accuracy of CFD is governed by the quality of the surface mesh, and much work has been undertaken to automatically generate surface grids from CAD. Unfortunately, quality is quantified in terms of conformance to the surface rather than relevant fluid dynamics (i.e. flow gradients, boundary layer dynamics etc.), and users must undertake costly grid refinement studies to determine a suitable surface mesh for production work. This effort will develop a low cost CFD-based grid processing tool that can be used to guide the creation of suitable surface meshes by building upon the experience of Continuum Dynamics, Inc. (CDI) in developing fast reliable airframe design codes, panel methods and CFD solvers for DoD, NASA and industry. The proposed tool would be built around a low-cost CFD solver and would output guidance on local surface mesh correction and refinement based upon both surface topology and flow requirements/properties. Phase I will focus on technology demonstration and framework/interface definition to establish proof-of-concept and set the stage for follow-on development work.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7500
Kuo-Yen Szema
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Surface Mesh Refinement Guide Tool for Computational Fluid Dynamics Applications
Abstract:A comprehensive approach is proposed to develop a tool for guiding and automating mesh refinement for complex CFD targets and simulations. In the proposed Phase I effort, HyPerComp, Inc., will develop and demonstrate capabilities for performing geometry and CFD-based mesh refinement for Euler simulations. The automated methods will be developed quickly within our in-house CAD2Mesh grid generator and HYCE CFD simulation environment. This will allow us to run many cases to investigate optimal mesh refinement strategies that will then be incorporated into a mesh refinement guidance tool.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Vladimir Kolobov
A13-005      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Unified Flow Solver for transient high altitude events with mixed continuum and rarefied flows
Abstract:CFDRC proposes to develop a computational tool for transient, high-altitude events with mixed continuum and free molecular flow regimes. The proposed technology builds upon the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) previously developed by CFDRC, which will be leveraged with several new features for transient chemically reacting two-phase, gas-particle flows interacting with multiple bodies in relative motion under mixed continuum-rarefied regimes. The new tool will incorporate several innovations: i) octree Cartesian mesh for automatic mesh generation and dynamic adaptation to transient flow properties and moving bodies, ii) a cell-by-cell automatic selection of Boltzmann and Navier-Stokes solvers based on continuum breakdown criteria, iii) kinetic models for two-phase rarefied flows, iv) kinetic and fluid models of chemical reactions. In Phase I, we will demonstrate UFS for high-fidelity characterization of short duration propulsive/detonative events in mixed continuum/rarefied flows and illustrate its advantages for simulation of unsteady effects. New capabilities for two-phase flows, chemical kinetics in fuel rich environments, and generalized 6 degree-of- freedom hard body interactions will be added. In Phase II, we will fully develop an advanced, high-fidelity simulation tool for high altitude, transient propulsive/detonative events. Numerical studies will be conducted to address specific components of the new tool for problems of interest to the Army.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
A13-005      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:Short Duration, High Altitude, Mixed Continuum/Non-Continuum Flowfield
Abstract:The problem to be addressed within the present proposal is the accurate modeling of high altitude transient phenomena associated with short duration propulsive and/or detonative events taking into account the mixed continuum/rarefied nature of the flow, chemical kinetics, and two-phase flow while leveraging existing computational fluid dynamic technologies to minimizing development time. Past simulation work in the area of mixed continuum/rarefied flows has produced a mature one-way coupled framework for steady-state applications utilizing the CRAFT CFD Navier-Stokes flow solver for the continuum portion of the flow, the Automatic Efficient Generalized Interface Surface (AEGIS) Toolkit for continuum breakdown determination and interfacing, and a representative Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) flow solver for the rarefied flow simulation. Application of this methodology to transient problems was also performed but contained many deficiencies from both a numerical and modeling standpoint. Recently, an unsteady framework has been developed for high-altitude transient flows, which relies on a more tightly coupled and synchronized methodology between the continuum and rarefied flows solvers and addresses the many deficiencies of earlier work. This new technology is now leveraged for the present application and will demonstrate the current capabilities. Simultaneously, improvements regarding two-phase flows and hard-body interaction will also be performed.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Kevin Brickman
A13-006      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Afterburning Missile Base Flow Modeling and Analyses
Abstract:Finite-rate turbulence- chemistry interaction methodology will be implemented in the CRAFT CFD® code to improve high-speed afterburning base flow predictions. UMiss/NCPA will conduct hot-rocket model tests with afterburning and collect base region and plume data along with Schlieren and IR imagery to extend the data base for validation of the computational models under development. CRAFT Tech will implement an EDC turbulent chemistry model for application with finite-rate reactions which is computationally efficient and a more sophisticated MEPDF method for turbulence chemistry interactions which has recently been extended for application to high-speed flows. The MEPDF method is more computationally expensive but can provide state-of-the-art accuracy in high-speed finite-rate turbulent chemistry modeling. The NCPA afterburning hot-rocket experiment will be simulated with both the EDC and MEPDF methods with finite-rate reactions and simulation results compared to the NCPA data collected as part of the Phase I effort and a plan for Phase II model refinement/validation will be formulated including the acquisition of hot-rocket PIV data in Phase II.

BrightSpec
675 Peter Jefferson Pkwy Suite 480
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 202-2391
Robin Pulliam
A13-007      Awarded: 7/12/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:Design of a custom chirped-pulse Fourier transform (CP-FT) mm-wave rotational spectrometer to meet the chemical analysis needs of the ARMY will be informed by current BrightSpec instrumentation which includes a CP-FT spectrometer operating in either the 260-290 GHz or 530-580 GHz frequency range. The 260 – 290 GHz spectrometer uses recently developed segmented CP-FT techniques coupled with high-throughput signal digitizers to achieve real-time, broadband spectrum acquisition performance. The key components are: 1) the high speed arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) capable of creating tailored waveforms (pulses) for spectrum acquisition and analysis, 2) high-power active multiplier chains (AMC) used for generating the millimeter/submillimeter excitation pulse and the low noise heterodyne receiver, 3) high-speed, 8-bit signal PCI digitizer with FPGA accumulator for real time signal averaging enabling a near 100% measurement duty cycle.

Virginia Diodes, Inc.
979 Second Street SE, Suite 309
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 297-3257
Jeffrey Hesler
A13-007      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:VDI and OSU are in a strong position to meet the requirements of this SBIR. Building on a strong foundation of closely related sensor work in the millimeter/submillimeter, we will focus our Phase I efforts on the new challenges of this SBIR topic. The chief new analysis challenge is to provide a list of lines that arise from gases that are not in the spectrometer reference catalog. We have already demonstrated the absolute intensity calibration and well defined lineshapes required for the subtraction and deconvolution that are a necessary foundation for this task. To satisfy these requirements and to broaden the range of applications, we have chosen high spectral purity, frequency agile hardware and configurable software. The hardware design will allow multiple frequency bands and flexible physical configurations. This design uses all-solid-state electronic component technologies developed by VDI and demonstrated throughout the frequency band of interest.

Carbon Solutions, Inc
5094 Victoria Hill Drive
Riverside, CA 92506
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 682-5620
Elena Bekyarova
A13-008      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:All-solid-state Battery-Ultracapacitor Hybrid Devices Based on Nanostructured Materials
Abstract:This project aims to develop all-solid-state hybrid energy storage devices with flexible nanostructured electrode materials combined with a polymer electrolyte. The hybrid devices utilize a capacitor-like electrode based on graphene and carbon nanotubes and a battery-like electrode, comprised of nanostructured LiFePO4 grown on a graphene support. The proposed device combines the advantages of anode, cathode and electrolyte to deliver energy densities > 100 Wh/kg, maintain power densities above 1 kW/kg and provide longer life cycle than a typical rechargeable battery. The proposed approach extends to the conformal fabrication of current collectors, electrodes and electrolyte which allow the hybrid devices to be integrated in the next generation of electronic devices.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0546
Castro Laicer Ph.D.
A13-008      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:Advanced Solid-State Hybrid Battery-Ultracapacitor Device for High-Energy and High-Power Applications
Abstract:The power demands for a wide variety of advanced battlefield equipment can range from high-energy for long-term operation to high-rate pulse power. A major drawback of current power storage technologies for these applications is their inability to meet the demands of both high-energy and high-power delivery in a single device. State-of-the-art batteries are typically high-energy devices with insufficient high-rate capability for pulse power applications, while electrochemical capacitors are characterized by inherently high power and low energy. Therefore, a strong need exists for a device that can simultaneously fulfill the unique high-power and high-energy requirements for battlefield applications. To provide a new generation of battlefield-specific batteries, Giner, Inc. proposes a new type of hybrid, solid-state cell that takes advantage of the high-energy and high-power capabilities of batteries and capacitors in a single device by combining a symmetric capacitor and a rechargeable battery in one unit cell. Preliminary data is shown for some hybrid devices that have been successfully fabricated and tested. We expect that successful implementation of this technology will also lead towards power storage devices that are safer, conformal, and flexible for a wide range of applications.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Christopher Rhodes
A13-008      Awarded: 6/3/2013
Title:High Specific Energy and Power Solid-State Energy Storage Device
Abstract:To meet the current and future needs of the Army, improved power systems are needed for missiles, sensors, communication systems, night-vision devices, and other applications. Although conventional batteries can provide power for a wide variety of duty cycles, current batteries do not provide sufficient power to meet high power demands of multiple applications. Ultracapacitors can meet the high power demands, but do not provide sufficient specific energies. Lynntech proposes to develop an advanced energy storge device that provides high specific energy and high specific power and is both solid-state and flexible. The energy storge device is based on combining advanced electrode and electrolyte materials that provide rapid discharging and high capacities. During Phase I, the electrodes and electrolyte will be developed and tested to meet specific energy, specific power requirements. During Phase II, Lynntech will optimize the cell components and fabricate and test scaled-up cells to target military specifications. The energy storage device will provide a solid-state flexible power source for multiple battlefield applications including miniaturized sensors, communication devices, and missiles.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8207
Bernard D. Casse
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-dark nanostructured surface treatment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an ultra-dark surface treatment for metals that absorbs light from the UV to the far-infrared (FIR). In the UV-NIR spectral range, the anticipated absorption is 10x better than the state-of-the-art blackest coatings. The ultra-dark surface membrane has a graded refractive index architecture and is made up of metal- dielectric nanostructures. The key innovation is in PSIs proprietary manufacturing approach that enables treating very large surface areas with arbitrary shape--the ultra-dark membrane can be grown on metal surfaces as large as 12ft2 (~1m2). This low-cost, mass-production capability of controlled nanoscale structures combined with the high broadband performance of a graded-index design is unmatched by the best competing technologies. In addition, abrasion-resistant matrices to the membrane can be straightforwardly implemented. Furthermore, the surface treatment can be extended to glass surfaces. In Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the performance of a 1 um thick ultra-dark membrane on a non-planar surface. In Phase II, an enhanced membrane, which is several tens of microns thick, with optimized nanoscale geometries, will be demonstrated.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:High Throughput Super-black Surface Processing
Abstract:We propose a new high throughput super-black surface process that is fabricated with high pulse repetition rate high energy fs fiber laser combining with beam shaping technique. Our new approach will enable over 99% light absorption from UV to far infrared for large scale surfaces and volume manufacturing. At the end of Phase I, a large scale experiment will be demonstrated and a prototype will be delivered to show a working operation. In phase II, we will develop the process into a volume manufacturing capable of any types of shapes and materials (metals, ceramics and glasses).

HEAVYSTONE LABORATORY LLC
PO Box 982582
Park City, UT 84098
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 573-7136
Al Poskanzer
A13-010      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Manufacture of Bulk Nanocrystalline Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:This proposal describes an innovation for making bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys that will be sufficiently ductile and meet mechanical properties targets set by the army. Tungsten (W) and its alloys are primary candidate materials for next generation munitions and warheads owing to its high density, high modulus, and other favorable properties such as benign environmental impact. The actual use of tungsten in these applications is however, very limited due to its low ductility and high ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Although nanocrystalline structure has been considered a very promising approach for achieving higher ductility in W and lower DBTT, it is very difficult to achieve nanoscale grain size after sintering due to rapid grain growth that occurs during densification. To meet this challenge, based on the extensive experience and expertise of Heavystone Laboratory LLC and its partner University of Utah on sintering of nanosized powders as well as properties of tungsten and tungsten alloys, Heavystone proposes to develop bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys with average grain size finer than 100 nanometer (nm) by using a novel low temperature high pressure processing technology in conjunction with alloying additives.

ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC
Long Island High Technology Incubator 25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 123
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 739-8818
Brian Keyes
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Dual-Phase Nanocomposite Structures for Enhancing Ductility in Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:The intent of this program is to develop bulk tungsten alloys with improved ductility using nanocomposite structures to match microstructural and mechanical length scales. This dual-phase structure will comprise a dense tungsten-rich nanocrystalline matrix phase and a softer nanocrystalline precipitate phase. Thermodynamic models for nanostructure stability will be implemented in designing alloy compositions for each phase of the composite. The volume fractions and distribution of the two phases will be selected specifically to match microstructural with mechanical length scales associated with shear localization in nanostructured BCC tungsten alloys. Mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering will be employed to produce bulk tungsten nanocomposites in Phase I. Yield strength, percent elongation, and strain rate sensitivity will be quantified through tensile testing and instrumented indentation. Finally, the localization process will be studied to extract critical mechanical length scales associated with plastic deformation in this novel class of materials. ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC. has assembled an interdisciplinary team to execute the proposed Phase I work plan, which brings together expertise in the areas of nanostructure design and mechanical alloying, spark plasma sintering, and deformation behavior of nanostructured metals.

Shear Form, Inc.
207 Dellwood St.
Bryan, TX 77801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 822-5038
Robert E. Barber
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Pure tungsten with improved ductility
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I effort is to demonstrate a processing method for pure bulk tungsten (W) that yields a minimum tensile ductility of 5%. Such a material will enable cost savings, improved performance, and improved logistics for explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), shape charge liners (SCLs), kinetic energy penetrators (KEPs), small caliper munitions, and other warhead applications. Improved ductility and strength in bulk W will be developed by warm (above the ductile to brittle transformation temperature and below the recrystallization temperature) severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing. Low aspect ratio (length to diameter) W bars of nominal 25mm diameter and 150mm length encased in steel will be subjected to shear strains by multipass equal channel angular extrusion (mECAE). Novel changes to conventional ECAE processing methods will be used to develop properties above those achieved to date by conventional mECAE. Test samples will be characterized by static and dynamic mechanical testing, and microstructural examination. Preliminary experiments on 19 mm diameter pure W bars have given encouraging results: reasonable SPD processability, microstructural uniformity, increased hardness and compressive strength, and notable ductility under high strain-rate conditions.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
Naida Lacevic
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced hybrid graphitic materials for enhanced energetic applications
Abstract:The goal of this project is to formulate, process, and test for performance and sensitivity graphene enhanced propellants (GEP). Our approach leverages the optimized performance of single and double-base propellants by incorporating graphene pre-dispersed suspensions. The GEP performance will be optimized for burning rate and sensitivity with appropriate microstructure modifications and processing methods. The development of processing methods will utilize simulations and experiments to obtain microstructures correlated to high performance and verified by microstructural characterization techniques.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Justin L. Sabourin
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance, Insensitive, Hybrid Graphitic Material Energetic Polymer Nanocomposite
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and demonstrate novel hybrid nanoscale additives for energetic polymer material applications. These hybrid graphitic additives will enable state-of-the-art multifunctional nanocomposite propellants to be produced reliably; have tailored and fast burning rates; improved mechanical and thermal performance; and greatly upgraded system performance. The concept permits the inclusion of these additives under safe operations, and will not require alterations to current manufacturing lines. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on the development of critical additive surface chemistries to ensure high solubility and dispersion, as well as the screening of several combinations of materials and chemical surface treatments. The effort will demonstrate increases in propellant burning rates of more than 20%, while maintaining or improving the ignition sensitiveness. Phase II will explore additional multifunctional benefits, identify new and exciting applications, as well as enabling scaled production and implementation into pilot plant operations. We envision these additives to create a new class of propellants with increased performance, at low cost and reduced toxicity.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8360
Shiv Joshi
A13-012      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Compact Actuation Technology for Spin Stabilized Munitions (CATS)
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics (NextGen) is proposing an innovative actuation concept that minimizes SWaP impact on munitions. The proposed actuation system will be designed to survive ultra- high gun-fired munitions inertial loads, insensitive requirements, long storage, and transportation conditions. Explosive micro-charge arrays addressed by flexible electronics are proposed to create precisely timed and located micro-impulses to correct or modify flight trajectories of gun-fired munitions stabilized by high spin rates. The thin film electronic switching technology developed by NextGen for distributed strain sensing will be modified to trigger an explosive impulse. Our solution will minimize the use of internal space and save weight compared to SOA actuation alternatives for small munitions. NextGen will develop printed diode based switching to resistively heat a thin film heating element with multilayer detonation initiator layers on it igniting the explosive charge for impulsive force creation. In Phase I, NextGen will concentrate on analytical modeling to prove feasibility of the proposed concept in meeting the quantitative requirements. NextGen will also perform critical micro- thruster timing and impulse measurement experiments in Phase I. A prototype of the flight trajectory correction actuation system will be developed and tested in Phase II.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
85 Air Park Drive-Unit 3
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A13-012      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Control Technologies for Guidance of High-Spin Stabilized Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of a number of novel guidance and control technology concepts for flight trajectory correction of guided spinning munitions in general and high-spin rounds in particular. The proposed efforts include the study of the feasibility of its required major components, including a number of novel pulsed actuation with very narrow actuation pulse and precision timing and direct roll angle sensor concepts with better than sub-degree precision, and the corresponding guidance and control algorithms. The proposed pulsed actuation devices can provide impulses equivalent to 10 N- sec to 140 N-sec for up to 2 milliseconds or better. The components of the proposed novel guidance and control actuation concepts are low-volume, consume very small amount of electrical energy, provide high dynamic response control action and are suitable for high- spin rounds with 200 Hz or higher spin rates. The design of these novel pulsed actuation devices and sensors allows them to be readily protected against very high firing setback shock loading of over 50 KG and harsh firing environment and provide shelf life of over 20 years while being capable of operating in the require temperature range of 65 to 165 degrees F.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Srikanth Vasudevan
A13-012      Awarded: 11/25/2013
Title:Scalable Low Power Spinning-Disks (SPINX) Control Actuation System for Spin-Stabilized Gun Fired Munitions
Abstract:There exists a need to develop a control actuation system to impart course correction for spinning rounds. Orbital Research proposes to design and develop a novel low-power scalable control actuation system capable of imparting persistent course correction for spinning, gun-fired munitions. The novel Miniature Control Actuation System (MCAS) will be based on active flow control concepts. During the Ph I program, Orbital will perform preliminary aero analysis on the novel control actuation system, optimize the parameters of novel spinning disks, perform analytical in the form of CFD and 6 DoF models studies to quantify the effects of the control actuation system on a spinning munitions. During the Phase I option, Orbital will perform transient CFD simulations to more accurately quantify the performance of the spoilers as they are deployed and stowed to better understand the vortices shed during the operations.. A hardware integration plan will also be created - highlighting key components to be considered at a system level capable of sustaining high-g loads of setback, set forward and balloting, long shelf life, and extreme operating temperatures.

Custom Analytical Engineering Systems, Inc
13000 Tensor Lane, NE
Flintstone, MD 21530
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 722-2013
William F. Kellermeyer
A13-013      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Low Energy Consumption Compact Control Actuation Systems for Precision Guided Artillery and Mortar Munitions
Abstract:Pyrotechnics offer a novel low energy Control Actuation System (CAS) approach reducing limitations associated with typical electro-mechanical CAS. With 2.5 to 3 times more usable energy stored per unit volume and more importantly a power density that is orders of magnitude greater than that of a comparable electromechanical device, a pyrotechnically driven CAS potentially requires less total volume enabling greater payload, and in some cases enabling control authority outside the bounds of what can be achieved with electromechanical systems. Medium and long range guided munitions, in particular precision guided artillery and mortar munitions, typically utilize some version of an electro- mechanical Control Actuation System (CAS) that deflects aerodynamic surfaces to effect a projectile response which subsequently achieves the required maneuver. Electro- mechanical CAS systems which satisfy these requirements can consume more than 4,000 joules of electrical energy because the capability to deliver peak torque, which is typically only required for a small portion of the overall flight mission, results in high power consumption over the entire flight regime. The demand for increased on board power and energy also requires allocation of significant additional volume in the projectile which could otherwise be available for additional payload.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
A13-014      Awarded: 8/8/2013
Title:Sensor Placement Reasoning Using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital Elevation Maps (SPREAD)
Abstract:Wireless ground sensor networks provide superior situational awareness in operational areas, but their deployment is complicated by unpredictable signal traffic patterns, limited battery life, and physical obstacles that interfere with signal propagation. Sub-optimal layouts create transmission bottlenecks and force some nodes to drain their batteries faster than others. Currently, personnel must rely on experience and trial and error to achieve an optimal configuration, which may not be practical in hostile territory or during time-sensitive missions. To address these concerns, we propose to design a system for Sensor Placement Reasoning using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital elevation maps (SPREAD). SPREAD is a robust, intelligent approach that can calculate optimal sensor layouts and monitor network performance. Our solution consists of: (1) an evolutionary algorithm that finds the optimal sensor placement for a given 3D terrain based on a configurable tradeoff between coverage, number of sensors, and connectivity; (2) a mobile user interface for the user to configure optimization parameters, add or remove obstacles that might interfere with signal propagation, and understand the algorithms optimized placement results; and (3) a health monitoring component that listens for diagnostic messages from the deployed network and notifies the user of potential problems.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Patrick A. Toole
A13-014      Awarded: 8/29/2013
Title:Tactical Wireless Ground Sensor Network Deployment and Maintenance System
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a portable tool for deployment planning, real-time monitoring, and maintenance of tactical wireless ground sensor networks. The tool will consist of a tablet (iPad, Android, or Windows) application and a desktop/cloud web service application. The tablet app will be used by the warfighter for planning, display, plan modification, sensor monitoring, and system maintenance. The app will be designed to operate standalone, but when connected (via Wi-Fi or cellular) will quietly retrieve relevant map data, target information, and sensor and radio models from the desktop. The desktop application will be based upon Toyons Geospatial Analysis Planning Support Toolbox, a geographic information system (GIS) framework complete with an intuitive graphical user interface, detailed 3-D environment models (terrain, foliage, buildings, and weather), rapid line-of-sight algorithms, established communication models, and real-time network analysis. The sensor network planning algorithms will employ an iterative approach which utilizes A* search for coarse localization and combinatorial optimization for final location fine-tuning. The algorithms account for real equipment constraints (e.g., non- omni-directional sensors, scanning sensors, radar minimum detectable velocity, and network signal strength) and optimize heterogeneous sensor sets with multiple sensor modalities, providing accurate and timely results.

MC10 Inc.
36 Cameron Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 205-1149
Barry G Ives Jr
A13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Skin Attached Traumatic Brain Injury Sensing System
Abstract:MC10 and partners (UtopiaCompression and SI2 Technologies) propose Biostamp- Augmented (BS-A), an extension of MC10s existing conformal (flexible and stretchable), adhesive platform for wearable electronics. The Biostamp is modular and extensible, capable of integrating a variety of sensors for monitoring the environment and/or physiological parameters of the wearer. BS-A will develop ultra-low-power electronics, communications, power supply, and the flexible/stretchable adhesive platform as a reference design architecture that can be integrated with arbitrary sensors complying with an open interface control specification. MC10s state-of-art commercial Biostamp and BS-A are closely related but BS-A will meet additional requirements of the SBIR. MC10 has successfully developed original sensors and integrated third-party sensors, capable of monitoring concussion, temperature, sweat rate, UV exposure, brain wave patterns, physiological strain, etc. The existing platform features data logging, storage, power, and wireless transmission capabilities, and is entering late development and commercialization stages for various products. This mitigates technical risk on the program and will serve as a springboard for an augmented system architecture and platform-based design capable of integrating other low- power sensors. Prototypes of a peel-and-stick TBI monitor integrating ARL-selected sensors, with interface control specifications and basic customization methdology for sensors.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Bell
A13-015      Awarded: 10/1/2013
Title:Skins of Flexible Intelligence
Abstract:To address the Army need for developing a flexible, conformal, skin-attach electronic platform for a wearable Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) sensing system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop innovative Skins of Flexible Intelligence (SOFI) by readily adapting an existing surface-mount technology that is compatible with the Armys TBI sensor. The SOFI design uses unique geodesic folding structures to house and electrically connect all components while providing flexibility that can be easily placed on fingers or other parts of the body. The overall system size will be no larger than a standard band-aid, low SWaP, and will provide the Armys required digital interfaces. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOFI by designing the low-power electronic data collection, storage, and transmission system, and selecting suitable materials and small-footprint components. We plan to fabricate multiple prototypes for both mechanical and electrical testing and also design a suitable electronic circuit capable of recording, storing, and transmitting the sensed data at least five times within a one month period while continuously monitoring on a single battery charge. In Phase II, POC will build and test multiple (>12) refined prototypes interfaced with Armys TBI sensor.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2504
Gheorge Bunget
A13-016      Awarded: 7/30/2013
Title:Identification of Material Damage Precursors Using Novel NDE and/or SHM Hardware
Abstract:Widespread damage in aging aircraft is becoming an increasing concern as both civil and military fleet operators are extending the service lifetime of their aircraft and increasing risk of crack-like damage of aircraft components. The scientific community found that fatigue damage initiation occurs at micro-features called fatigue damage precursors (FDP). This requires that fatigue crack growth analyses address the influence of usage on FDP and eventual macro-scale crack growth. Predicting the exact fatigue life is a difficult process and fatigue life prediction based on crack length measurements can be grossly inaccurate. In addition, the appearance of these cracks typically occurs very late in fatigue life under high cycle fatigue conditions. Thus, to improve remaining useful life prediction of structural components the study of FDP is critical. In order to address this need, Luna is teaming with Arizona State University to develop advanced ultrasonic and eddy current evaluation techniques with potential application for structural health monitoring. The proposed method is based on using multi-scale modeling with combined linear and nonlinear ultrasonic parameters and eddy current measurements of electrical properties to predict the damage state and remaining service life of aircraft structural components.

PNTS Incorporated
1 Deerpark Drive Suite L2
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9550
Rich Skibo
A13-016      Awarded: 9/4/2013
Title:Novel Standoff Detection of Material Damage Precursors for Structural Health Monitoring and Prediction
Abstract:Because of the overwhelming migration to composites, particularly exotic thermoset materials from the bismaleimide (BMI) family, the PNTS team is focusing its work on this topic on composite structures. The teams high level approach will be to demonstrate an innovative and practical design using dielectric spectroscopy at millimeter wave through terahertz frequencies that will provide composite material integrity assessment to address and identify material damage precursors, including the little understood reversion of composite polymers which ultimately leads to premature failures. The comprehensive analysis regime will also provide 3-D images of artifacts such as intralayer delamination/disbond and other structural defects. The final deliverable for this Phase I program will include the demonstration of the nondestructive evaluation method applied on a structural composite coupon subjected to fatigue loads. The comprehensive schema developed by the PNTS team will have the capability to predict remaining useful life (RUL) of the coupon within 10% error on or before 50% of the total useful life of the coupon has been expended. As ground truth for the schema, PNTS will employ Trilion Quality Systems ARAMIS product.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Andrew Birnbaum
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:While single-piece structures are ideal for use as combat vehicle underbodies due to their structural integrity and ease of integration, fabricating such large components with relatively homogeneous material properties that can meet the rigorous specifications necessary for performing acceptably under blast loading conditions is extremely challenging. The ability to cast such parts would be highly desirable both from a technical performance and commercial perspective in terms of design flexibility, scale, production rate, and yield. However, inherent drawbacks in the casting process such as the tendency toward the generation of material defects including shrinkage, micro/macro porosity, cracking, and inclusions have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components/structures for blast protection. Corvid Technologies and our partner Spokane Industries propose the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Spokane Industries
3808 N Sullivan Rd Building 1
Spokane Valley, WA 99216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 921-8873
Rod Grozdanich
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:Achieving high strength and toughness in large, single-piece underbody structures for combat vehicles has traditionally been challenging and expensive due to the limitations on fabrication techniques and materials that may be employed. Recent advances in materials design have yielded a castable "Eglin Steel", developed by the Air Force Research Laboratory. Cast Eglin Steel (CES) is an ideal candidate for use as a vehicle underbody as it has already been demonstrated to achieve yield strengths as high as 220 ksi and desirable strain rate sensitivity. Furthermore, the ability to cast these components significantly increases the flexibility in terms of geometry and scalability significantly driving down the cost for full scale production. However, CES properties have only been demonstrated on small scales, and inherent drawbacks in the casting process have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components for blast protection. Spokane Industries proposes the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Stolar Research Corporation
333 Rio Rancho Drive NE Suite 201
Rio Rancho, NM 87740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 404-2400
Gerald Stolarczyk
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:Modern ground warfare platforms are burdened with the critical need for escalating capabilities effectiveness in the face of prohibitive competition for platform size, weight, and power (SWAP). Traditionally, stand-alone sensor packages were developed singly, and treated as individual add-ons to already SWAP-burdened platforms; the inherent inefficiency of stand-alone capabilities can no longer be tolerated or treated as viable for modern applications. One critical application where this new truth is readily apparent is in the space of improvised explosive device (IED) detection. This small business innovation research (SBIR) topic enables the opportunity to mature sensor system development paradigms for the IED application by combining multiple sensor modalities into a single package, significantly reducing SWAP, simultaneous to advancing the overall effectiveness and refinement of two core technologies: ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and non-linear radar (NLR). The Phase I effort will: Establish performance, form factor, and application requirements; conceptually integrate two existing sensor technologies into a new combined MMGPR capability and evaluate gaps in the combined capability to be addressed; develop and evaluate candidate implementation architectures, hardware modules, and control elements; and perform specific analysis, simulation, and modeling to evaluate the feasibility of achieving the performance, form factor, and application requirements.

Vadum
601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Aaron Walker
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for detecting electronics associated with RCIEDs and extend this baseline capability with innovation through use of Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar techniques. The resulting system will perform new tasks including radar imaging operation for earth surface and shallow sub-surface object detection and beam steering for improved situational awareness of threat locations. When combined with existing E-Det algorithms and low-power waveforms, the proposed radar will significantly advance the state of the art in short range IED detection. The outcome of the Phase 1 program will be a system design based on a theoretical analysis of MIMO radar design, preliminary MIMO measurements, and existing Vadum short-range radars.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Joseph Gorman
A13-019      Awarded: 9/18/2013
Title:Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE)
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but evaluating the likelihood of such responses requires significant time and expertise. To reduce the time and to ease the difficulty of logistics site selection we propose a series of Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE) to the My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA). TIDE performs data-fusion over a variety of terrain and weather data sets, and can reason with uncertainty to evaluate the suitability of potential logistics sites against a series of expert rules for a variety of emplacement systems.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 797-0613
Mark R. Cammarere
A13-019      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Determination of Terrain Ponding for Logistics Emplacement and Planning
Abstract:Accounting for the impacts of terrain and weather is key to identifying potential Courses of Action that mitigate their effects. TSC and CSU propose a convergence of technologies 1) CSUs prototype engine for estimating locations prone to water ponding, 2) the Army Research Laboratorys My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA) which already produces weather impact maps and 3) TSC Petroleum and Water Trace Locator (PAWTL). Being developed for fielding by PM Petroleum and Water Systems (PM-PAWS), the PAWTL performs terrain analysis to support trace planning for the Armys Assault Hoseline System (AHS), Tactical Water Distribution System (TWDS) and Inland Petroleum Distribution System (IPDS) programs of record. The uniqueness of our approach includes combining a considerable Army investment with other innovative technologies in a packaged, flexible and configurable terrain and weather impacts analysis capability for tactical logistics. In Phase I, TSC and CSU will investigate improvements to the existing PAWTL and ponding engine to provide high fidelity predictions. Our team will develop a MyWIDA insertion strategy, determine requirements for a terrain analysis natural language interface, and define related user and software interfaces. In Phase II, our team will mature the ponding prediction tool and fully integrate it with MyWIDA.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 767-7042
Roger E. Welser
A13-020      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:This proposed Phase I SBIR program with the US Army will focus on demonstrating ultra- low dark current in flexible, high-efficiency photovoltaic cells with nano-enhanced absorbers. By extending infrared absorption, power conversion efficiencies in single-junction, nano- enhanced solar cells can potentially meet or even exceed the Shockley-Queisser limit. Novel device designs utilizing advanced band gap engineering will be employed to suppress non- radiative recombination and expose the limiting radiative component of the dark current. Light trapping structures and new nanostructured absorber designs will also be considered to maximize the creation and collection of photogenerated carriers. Flexible photovoltaic devices will be fabricated using the established full-wafer epitaxial liftoff process at MicroLink Devices. Magnolias innovative approach can be applied to the design of light- weight and flexible photovoltaic sheets capable of achieving conversion efficiencies in excess of 25% over a wide range of operating conditions.

MicroLink Devices
6457 Howard Street
Niles, IL 60714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 588-3001
Noren Pan
A13-020      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:One of the major challenges currently facing the US defense forces is the requirement to meet the electricity demands of individual soldiers in a highly mobile forward operating base. In this Phase I program, we propose to develop and deliver a lightweight, high efficiency, flexible solar sheet for mobile solar applications for Army unmounted soldiers. Based on highly efficient GaAs III-V materials, the flexible solar cells will be fabricated using MicroLink’s proprietary epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technology. The performance of ELO solar cells will be further improved through the integration of innovative nano-technology-based optically functional textures within the cell structure. Nano-texturing will be incorporated within thin-film material layers typically employed as anti-reflection (AR) coatings to ensure compatibility with existing fabrication processes. This work will be performed in collaboration with TelAztec LLC. During the Phase I program, detailed theoretical modeling of the nano- patterned absorber will be performed for various nano-pattern types and material choices, and the resultant solar cell performance will be analyzed. The Phase I program will result in the demonstration of a scalable, lightweight (25%, AM1.5G), flexible solar sheet of dimensions 13 cm x 13 cm for Army unmounted soldier mobile power generation.

ADYB Engineered for life Inc.
14238 60th ave
Flushing, NY 11355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 871-2749
Olivia Graeve
A13-021      Awarded: 8/10/2013
Title:Non-linear Dynamic Energy Altering Technologies for Body Armor Applications
Abstract:The ADYB Team, with its company, ADYB Engineered for life Inc. Are the developer and producer of the high performance ceramic armor systems. These ballistic protection panels are 70% lighter in weight than steel while providing significant weight and performance advantages over currently available ceramic and composite armor technology.

TechVen Partners LLC
800 Research Parkway, Suite 100
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 239-8600
Marcus LaGrone
A13-021      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Multiple Mechanism (MULTIMECH) Body Armor
Abstract:Body armor used today is an achievement of modern science, constructed of high tensile strength, manmade fibers and ultra hard, impervious ceramics. As impressive as this armor is, however, one of the most critical areas of armor testing methodology has remained largely unchanged from its National Institute of Justice (NIJ) 0101.00 roots: back face signature (BFS). The somewhat arbitrary value of 44 mm for BFS into synthetic clay has done a reasonable job serving law enforcement, but a lower BFS would have a profound impact on improving the survivability and combat capability of military personnel. While there are many approaches for modifying the ceramic plate support material to help reduce back face signature, an alternative approach is to improve the ceramic plates forward facing support structures to defeat incoming threats. Damaging and deforming the nose of a projectileespecially important for armor piercing projectilesbefore it strikes the armor plating enables the existing ceramic technology to offer greater protection as well as a reduction in BFS. An armor system with the ability to quickly reduce the energy of an incoming projectile would have instant applicability to worn body armor.

Applied Colloids
11080 Industrial Circle NW
Elk River, MN 55330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 485-1368
Gary Pozarnsky
A13-022      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Nanotechnology Approach for Transmission Loss-of-Lubrication Survivability
Abstract:Applied Colloids proposes the utilization of its proprietary nanotechnology in order to insure continued operation of powertrain transmissions utilized in rotorcraft. This will entail the use of a nanoadditive to the transmissions of interest. These nanoadditives will coat the interacting gears with a low coefficient material that will insure operation beyond the 30 minute period specified by military standard after loss of lubricating oil, possibly much longer. This technology will be tested for feasiblity in Phase I utilizing point and line contact tribology testing techniques. Successful completion of Phase I will lead to the testing of this proposed technology with more complex gear systems in Phase II and to final use and commercialization in Phase III.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-022      Awarded: 6/27/2013
Title:Improved Rotorcraft Transmission Survivability Under Loss-of Lubrication
Abstract:Loss of the primary lubrication system in the power transmission system can result in an immediate or rapid failure of the drive system of military air and ground vehicles. This proposal offers a combination of two innovative and cost-effective technologies to improve the ability of power transmissions to withstand operation under loss-of-lubrication condition for significantly longer periods of time. The goal of the Phase I program is to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technologies under real world conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for health monitoring of rotorcraft generator control units (GCUs) and main power relays, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring (SWEM) system based on a new design fusing POC’s proprietary and state-of-the-art technologies. The innovation in use of ultralow-power wireless sensors, efficient power harvesting, and accurate diagnostic and prognostic algorithms, will enable the system to nonintrusively detect all failure modes of the GCU and main power relays in Army rotorcraft (e.g., AH-64A/D, CH-47, and OH-58) at 90% probability of detection with 95% confidence, as well as predict the remaining useful life with

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Mark Follett
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:A Wireless Sensor to Monitor Generator Control Unit and Main Power Relay Health
Abstract:Sporian proposes to develop a wireless sensor suite for rotorcraft Generator Control Unit (GCU) and Main Power Relay (MPR) health monitoring. This sensor suite will monitor the GCU for changes in component characteristics (e.g. resistance of relay contacts), temperature, vibration extremes, voltage surges, and other factors that will indicate the unit is close to the end of its serviceably life. The complete data set will be logged, analyzed for prognostic and diagnostic estimations, and wirelessly transmission to maintenance personnel and/or a Health Monitoring and Usage System (HUMS) mounted on the rotorcraft. This system will also assist with Condition Based Maintenance CBM by indicating to maintenance personnel when an GCU system could fail. Phase I efforts will focus on defining the system requirements, evaluating competing system options, developing an initial design for the system, and prototyping and demonstrating critical aspects of the system in a laboratory environment on actual or representative GCU components. Sporian will work with Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratory and Titanium Mirror, Inc. on the proposed effort.

OMAX Corporation
21409-72nd Ave S
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-2300
Peter Liu
A13-024      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Effective Processes to Manufacture Advanced Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:OMAX proposes to develop an abrasive-waterjet (AWJ) system for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. Waterjet technology has technological and manufacturing merits that are unmatchable by many existing machine tools. In particular, OMAX will take advantage of patents pending advancements in micro abrasives-waterjet (ƒÝAWJ) technology supported by an ongoing NSF SBIR Phase II grant, processes for mitigating AWJ piercing damage in delicate materials, and accessories for 3D AWJ machining. These advancements are essential for the proposed development. The Phase I R&D will include both basic and optional tasks. For the basic tasks, an AWJ system will be assembled by incorporating the above advancement to demonstrate the technical feasibility of meeting the Army's requirements for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. The Phase I optional tasks will be carried out provided the Phase I feasibility is demonstrated. A micro JetMachining Center (ƒÝJMC) currently being developed as a part of the NSF SBIR Phase III commercialization effort, with position accuracy 5 to 10 times better than those of OMAX's two production lines of high-pressure AWJ machining systems, will be incorporated into the design of a prototype AWJ system for Phase II R&D.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick Piasecki
A13-024      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Advanced High Speed Overrunning Clutch for Rotorcraft Transmissions
Abstract:Overrunning modes will be modeled with all the spring elements in a non-CF induced field in order to analytically determine normal forces applied. Transitions, fits, tapers, outer case thickness/wall will be varied to minimize stress and wear surfaces. The specific outcome of Phase I is to use the high fidelity modeling to assist in detecting wear, heat generation zones and high stress areas in the clutch design.

Oahu Group LLC DBA Diamondhead Research
455 Anolani St
Honolulu, HI 96821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 397-3200
Robert Nakata
A13-025      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Wearable Sensor System for Monitoring Soldier Body Dynamics
Abstract:We propose to develop a prototype wearable sensor network comprising small form factor tags attached to the soldiers limbs and weapon, and a receiver array worn on the soldiers chest that provides accurate position, velocity and acceleration information that the soldier is being subjected to. Each tag is attached at various locations on the body and incorporates a Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) combined with a modulated RF position sensor similar to Doppler radar that provides Direction of Arrival (DOA) and range information from each tag to the body worn receiver array. This hybrid combination provides for a robust solution that corrects the inherent IMU drift, thus providing a highly accurate and robust kinematics measurement and tracking capability. Data is downloaded via a WiFi connection between the receiver array controller and the external remote computer displays the data on a Graphical User Interface (GUI).

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Peter Twiss
A13-025      Awarded: 8/7/2013
Title:Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform
Abstract:To address the Armys need for monitoring soldier body dynamics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform (ESKAAP). This proposed device is based on a new design supporting accurate acquisition of soldier body dynamics in a wireless, miniature (button- size), and lightweight package. The innovation in ESKAAP is a highly accurate multisensory MEMS cluster that will allow the fabrication of a nonintrusive wearable system capable of acquiring and analyzing the movements of a soldiers trunk, limbs, and equipment. As a result, ESKAAP will increase the accuracy and dramatically simplify the process of monitoring body dynamics in soldier behavior and performance of new equipment, which directly addresses the needs of the Army. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ESKAAP by designing a prototype system to answer design issues and meet requirements, as well as fabricate a prototype sensor array for measuring body kinematics. In Phase II, POC will deliver a fully implemented system that will meet and exceed the Armys requirements and can be ready for field tests for the acquisition and analysis of a soldiers body and equipment and for kinematics and kinetics, in real soldier environments.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
A13-026      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Wide Field-of-View Imaging System with Active Mitigation of Turbulence Effects for Tactical Applications
Abstract:Mitigation, correction, or cancellation of the deleterious effects of atmospheric turbulence on wide field of view (WFOV) imagery is desired to increase the efficiency and accuracy of visual tasks performed at a distance. With recent advances in optical components, coatings, microfabrication, and signal processing power, technology now exists to solve the imaging through turbulence problem with compact integrated optical instrumentation. Recently, Nanohmics scientists have developed and demonstrated a passive extended-scene, plenoptic wavefront sensor that has operational characteristics that allow it to be used as an imager simultaneously with making wavefront measurements. In fact, imaging is part of the measurement process of this sensor, and the unique and innovative features of the foundational plenoptic camera at its heart allow image processing operations that can mitigate scene distortions due to turbulence aberration. The Integrated Camera for Imaging Through Turbulence (ICITT) is constructed with a plenoptic wavefront sensor at its heart, but the measurements are not used for wavefront reconstruction or adaptive optics, but rather for correcting the measured image of the scene for turbulence-induced distortions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Parfenov
A13-026      Selected for Award
Title:Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an innovative wide field-of-view imaging system with optoelectronic active mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects for tactical scenarios, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector (LIFDAC). This proposed system is based on a wavefront sensor, digital image restoration algorithm, and integral parts of the sensor/imaging system. LIFDAC uses an innovative light-field approach and optimized unsymmetrical multifrontal sparse matrix inversion algorithm to solve sparse linear systems with a flexible, scalable graphic processing unit (GPU). The high-performance GPU offers a flexible programming interface for its powerful floating point hardware. LIFDAC eliminates active optics, reduces the imaging systems total weight, and shows 10x improvement in image restoration speed. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the LIFDAC concept design and detailed algorithms for image processing and evaluate its effectiveness under representative field-of- view and atmospheric turbulence conditions. The optimized performance design will be prepared for optomechanical implementation in Phase II. In Phase II, POC plans to focus on optics and electronics integration, develop a prototype with identifiable improvements in image quality, demonstrate this prototype system for its turbulence-mitigation effects, and optimize the system through algorithm refinement and electronic processing improvements.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 975-5791
Ryan Hill
A13-027      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
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TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6845
Sameer Hemmady
A13-027      Awarded: 6/1/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
Abstract:To address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements for a low-cost system that can determine and display convoy vehicle spacing in low visibility conditions, TechFlow will adapt the capabilities of its innovative millimeter-wave coherent chaotic radar technology, currently being developed under an AMRDEC-sponsored STTR Phase-II program. TechFlow’s chaos radar technology offers several benefits over conventional pulsed doppler or frequency modulated continuous wave radar systems (which are commonly used for automotive collision mitigation), such as interference rejection and the ability for multiple chaos radar systems to operate within the same frequency band using different chaotic spreading codes, low probability of intercept/detection, multipath rejection, and increased range resolution due to the ultra broadband nature of the chaotic baseband signal. Such system attributes are critical to the successful implementation of a technology solution that can address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements. TechFlow’s fundamental research under the AMDREC-sponsored STTR program constitutes an Army-sponsored investment of nearly $850,000 which can be leveraged by PEO Ground Systems towards an accelerated A13-027 Phase-I SBIR program that will yield a risk-mitigated vehicle collision deterrence radar system prototype mature enough to be mounted on a test vehicle at the end of Phase-I.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ryan Miyamoto
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Advanced Spectrum Monitoring
Abstract:Oceanit proposes to develop an ASM system using a novel sigan processing technique. The proposed technique enables agile detection, location and identification of threat signals. The proposed sampling technique reduces the amount of data without impairing radar capabilities, thus enabling persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (PISR).

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring
Abstract:To address the Armys need to reliably characterize the radio frequency (RF) spectrum in an area and provide the data in real time to a central control over bandwidth-limited communications channels, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring (WISDEM) system. Wideband signal collection and processing hardware enables continuous monitoring (<0.5 ms) of signals with up to 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 2 MHz- >6 GHz frequency band. Intelligent signal processing architecture and algorithms, capable of adapting to a dense, complex RF environment, enable high spectral data compression for transfer over band-limited datalinks, while simultaneously ensuring no loss of information. WISDEM provides real-time frequency, amplitude, bandwidth, line of bearing, and time- stamp of signals, which directly addresses the solicitation requirements for an advanced spectrum monitoring system. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WISDEM with scaled-down laboratory prototyping, identify a path to produce a rugged, survivable, field system, and estimate cost for small-run production. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a low- cost prototype receiving system for the full 2 MHz6 GHz spectral band and document the capability improvement at the Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) range.

EM Photonics, Incorporated
51 East Main Street Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Petersen Curt
A13-029      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:A New Standard for Power-Aware Programming
Abstract:New enhancements to mobile computers including smaller sensors, displays and powerful processors have made them much more attractive for the battlefield, not only as wearable systems for soldiers, but also unattended ground sensors a warfighter can leave behind for situational awareness. Unfortunately, while the technologies for hands-free interfacing have improved greatly, the challenge of limiting power and weight still exist. The latest generation of mobile processors enables smartphones that can remain idle for days, or operate for an entire trans-continental flight under heavy-use. These advancements have mainly been achieved with low-power-by-design approaches which allow processors to consume less energy when not in use. Unfortunately, scenarios requiring persistent use, such as an unattended ground sensor or providing situational awareness to a soldier’s head- mounted display are considered “heavy-use” and the feasibility of mobile processors for extended mission times is severely diminished. In order to realize the full potential of these processors under extended mission times, the Army needs more performance-power flexibility than simply a binary in-use/not-in-use state. New hardware and software approaches are needed to enable a continuum of tunable performance-power ratios. We propose implementing an OpenMP-like library to enable software and hardware control to achieve this level of power-aware programming.

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 972-3250
Richard Ivy
A13-029      Awarded: 6/13/2013
Title:PowerDyn Real-Time Image Processing Controller
Abstract:Soldiers and Unattended Sensors can gain a significant advantage from advances in camera technology and automated image processing techniques. The processing and resource requirements to utilize these advances, however, impose an unacceptable burden in terms of power consumption and/or weight. The proposed technology addresses this deficit by the active and dynamic control of power consumption through the selective activation of system resources according to the time-varying immediate processing requirements of the active image processing algorithm(s). Thus, QuickFlex's pioneering innovation will aid our war fighters by enabling their access to valuable real-time information that is otherwise impractical. The proposed system will leverage and extend proven QuickFlex technology to dynamically manage system power consumption according to the instantaneous resource requirements of the processing algorithm in reconfigurable technologies. To maximize the benefit, the Company's proposed solution will manage the on-chip resources of the processor as well as I/O and other system resources to achieve the lowest possible power consumption while maintaining required processing throughput.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR)
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes a novel state of the art Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR) system. The PDR enables utilization of unused spectral bandwidth by distributing bandwidth over multiple frequencies/paths and then reassembling at the destination with little bandwidth cost. A multilayered protection in reassembly process stops incorrectly reassembling data in the presence of noise and very high latency. The transmitting PDR Disassembler has one input at and at least four outputs at19.2 Kbps to 20 Mbps and the receiving PDR Reassembler has one output and at least four inputs with each input and output at 19.2 kbps through 20 Mbps. The PDR supports data rates lower than 75 bps and higher than 512 Mbps and is programmable to distribute between 0-100% of the input stream to any of the output streams or 100% to one channel or 100% to each channel or non-replicated uneven distribution. The Overhead in framing is maintained no more than 3% to 5% of bandwidth. The novel features will maintain output data rate equal to the input data rate disassembler even in worst case path delay in the SATCOM communication paths.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Scalable Parallelized Link data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing
Abstract:To address the Army need for advanced data stream disassembly and reassembly solutions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Scalable Parallelized LInk data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing (SPLITTER) technology. SPLITTER consists of two hardware elements: a satellite side data disassembler and a ground-station- based reassembler. It is based on advanced self referencing framing techniques, metadata embedding, multilayered error correction, and intelligent data splitting. The innovative low- overhead (<3%) framing techniques guarantee accurate reassembly of data irrespective of frame arrival order and easily manage latencies >250 ms that plague existing SATCOM solutions. Integrated error-correction eliminates data replication needs and enables simplex operation. Dedicated hardware coupled with a computationally simple implementation support data rates >512 Mbps. Development risk is minimized as SPLITTER is based on existing technology developed for SPAWAR Pacific. As a result, SPLITTER directly satisfies the Army need for data disassembly/reassembly technologies. In Phase I, POC will define the system requirements and CONOPS. We will then design and develop a proof of-concept prototype and demonstrate it to the Army. In Phase II, we will fabricate the Phase I design which will be tested in accordance with Army requirements. Concurrently, our marketing team will identify transition paths for the technology.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
John Wu
A13-031      Awarded: 7/11/2013
Title:Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T)
Abstract:Rapid and accurate configuration and reconfiguration of the network devices provide the foundation for a robust network needed to facilitate command and ensure user access anywhere and anytime in support of mission-critical tactical operations. In this SBIR effort, the Architecture Technology Corporation (ATCorp) team proposes an innovative Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T) technology to address the need identified by the Army for automated network-parameter assignment to network devices in the tactical environments. The DHCP-T approach will overcome two major limitations of the current approaches: 1) need for time-consuming manual configuration of the network devices in each Mission Command system; 2) existing DHCPs inability to assign network parameters based on the mission needs. The technology will be developed to operate within the existing COTS network infrastructure, providing a cost-effective solution to rapid and accurate initialization and configuration of the network devices in the tactical environments.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Prachee Sharma
A13-031      Awarded: 7/5/2013
Title:Flexible Dynamic Initialization Product
Abstract:Improvements in dynamic address assignment protocol (DHCP) are sought for US armed forces to accommodate inclusion of Unit Reference Numbers (URNs) and additional parameters during the address assignment process. One of the most crucial enabler in integration of large scale networks including MANETs and sensors with the armed forces is ease of use and reduction in effort required to deploy, monitor and maintain the networks. Significant improvements in the usability of networks can be realized by replacing the currently used static and primarily manual address assignment approach with a more efficient automated procedure. Further improvements in usability can be obtained if networks can be tuned to respond optimally to reconfiguration commands in the deployment environment. This SBIR aims at automating the task of dynamic address allocation and maintenance. To meet the goals of this SBIR, we propose a FLexible dynamic Initialization Product (or FLIP) in this proposal. FLIP includes DHCP modifications to include URNs in the configuration process and creation of DHCP classes/ group configurations using URNs and associated attributes. A key feature of FLIP is inclusion of a web-based graphical user interface for easy DHCP configurations.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 400
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 310-9063
Chad Lafferty
A13-032      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:The objective for this effort is to design and develop a common software foundation for the Army to use in a variety of deployment environments including mobile / handheld devices, mounted units and command posts. The work to be done involves both the development of a software architecture and the implementation of common software foundation engineering tools and libraries. During Phase I of this SBIR, Veloxiti will focus on understanding the issues associated with a common software infrastructure. These issues include mission requirements, constraints imposed by the proposed architectural drivers of the COE, and opportunities afforded by increasing computational resources and bandwidth.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Jonathan Felmey
A13-032      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:Under the Common Operating Environment (COE) the Army is executing a number of efforts targeting collapse of solutions from dozens of hardware and software foundations to a handful of Computing Environments (CEs). This is being done in order to realize cost savings through reduced redundancy and increase interoperability. Three of those CEs are the Mobile/Handheld, Mounted, and Command Post.. It is the intent of this SBIR to design (and ultimately build) a single foundation that could be utilized across those 3 environments. This single software foundation will leveraged across all 3 domains. The foundation should be flexible enough so that while a common core is utilized across the 3 domains, different user interface components, varying screen sizes, and various states of connectivity (large, limited, no bandwidth) are supported. Additionally, the solution must have an associated Software Development Kit (SDK) that 3rd party groups can leverage to develop solutions.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4258
Hui Zeng
A13-033      Awarded: 8/14/2013
Title:Smartphone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging in tactical edge networks
Abstract:Modern position and navigation systems rely heavily on the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, position information may not be accurate or available when soldiers are operating in environments where GPS is denied, degraded, or unavailable. On the other hand, Smartphones have various powerful features such as low cost, maturity, familiarity of use, and readiness for advanced commercial communication, position and navigation technologies. It is thus desirable to explore the possibility of leveraging Smartphones to assist in enhancing situation awareness in environments where GPS is not reliable. One of the primary implementation barriers is that current Smartphones require network infrastructures which are however not available in many cases in the GPS-denied environments. To address this issue, current Smartphones need to be customized to enable the ad hoc networking capability. Further, advanced RF ranging approaches are needed on customized Smartphones to achieve the high-quality ranging performance over the ad hoc network of Smartphones. In this effort, IAI propose to develop a SmartPhone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging (SPIR) scheme for tactical networks. SPIR leverages state-of- the-art technologies on Smartphone programming, communication and networking, electronics, and RF ranging. It will significantly improve the reliable situation awareness for dismounted soldiers on the battlefield.

Vesperix Corporation
1100 North Glebe Road Suite 1010
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 224-4422
Tom Wallace
A13-033      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:High Precision GSM-Compatible Ranging
Abstract:This research program develops and demonstrates a ranging method capable of GPS-like accuracy (less than 3 m RMS error) using signals compatible with GSM cellular networks. The method operates without interference with GSM service and can be implemented using standard cellular hardware components.

YumaWorks, Inc.
274 Redwood Shores Parkway #133
Redwood City, CA 94065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 716-0466
Andy Bierman
A13-034      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Tactical Network Configuration (NETCONF)
Abstract:Tactical networks are critical to soldiers' ability to communicate and access applications. The configuration and operation of network devices needs to be simple, fast, and reliable. The emerging NETCONF standard protocol can be optimized to meet the special needs of tactical networks. The goal of this research is to identify the specific gaps in the NETCONF protocol and architecture that limit its usefulness in tactical networks, explore a limited number of solution paths, and recommend a solution approach to close the gaps. Major improvements in transaction resiliency in slow and/or unstable network conditions can be achieved. Enhanced NETCONF and YANG can be used together to provide a solution platform for scalable configuration management performance in low-bandwidth networks with lots of NETCONF servers to manage. The NETCONF security model and server architecture can be enhanced to allow any component (e.g., identity management, user authentication, role-based access control) to be configurable and independent of the NETCONF server.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 577-5678
Marvin Cohen
A13-035      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT )
Abstract:This proposal is to develop an Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT) for enabling soldiers to rapidly learn to employ mission command applications as mission demands dictate. EMSUIT will develop methods, displays, metrics, and an application developers kit for diagnosing and remedying training deficiencies in users employing mission command applications. EMSUITs diagnostic process will provide several powerful features, such as objective, real-time assessment of user actions and the ability to immediately tailor usage hints and training based on currently assessed proficiency levels to improve immediate and long term skill acquisition.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
1670 South Amphlett Blvd. Suite 310
San Mateo, CA 94402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 902-2223
Eric Domeshek
A13-035      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET)
Abstract:Army doctrine calls for pushing decision-making to lower echelons where possible. Improving technology will allow small combat units to access and exploit battlefield systems. Yet at company and below, units lack staff that can master such systems and maintain expertise through full-time use. Thus future systems must be designed to support occasional users: systems must become easier to use and easier to learn. New technology is needed to ease integration of key capabilities into all Army systems: (1) tracking user context and activity; (2) identifying recurring usage patterns and user difficulties; (3) embedding automated guidance for common tasks; and (4) embedding adaptive training addressing common user misunderstandings and failures. We propose to develop technology for Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET). During Phase I we will identify use cases and requirements; use those to drive refinement of proposed approaches to user experience capture, wizard development, training embedding, and system architecture; and design and prototype subsets of the overall vision to demonstrate feasibility. We expect to focus our analysis on use at company and below of a system such as DCGS-A. Finally, we will develop a Phase II plan to follow through on design, development, and transition.

Land Sea Air Autonomy
2300 Snydersburg Road
Westminster, MD 21157
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 261-5722
Jim Hollinger
A13-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Roadside Hazard Detector-LIDAR
Abstract:LSA Autonomy purposes a ground vehicle mounted LIDAR-based methodology that employs advanced sensor processing algorithms to reliably detect partially obscured objects, such as roadside hazards, beneath light and medium vegetation. Our approach leverages both sensor domain and point cloud analysis. By employing our proven sensor domain analysis techniques, we are able to accurately pre-classify laser returns at the sensors full data rate. Following the sensor domain analysis, a local world model is constructed from a temporal history of pre-classified LIDAR points. The local world model significantly improves the likelihood of penetrating obscuring foliage and accumulating detections from objects beneath the foliage. Objects that are partially obscured by clutter are identified as potential concealed hazards and reported to the user for further assessment. We leverage our existing LIDAR sensor processing framework to accelerate laser point classification and object recognition. The result is a robust and reliable detection algorithm for partially obscured roadside hazards.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Karl Kluge
A13-036      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:ROADSIDE OBSCURED OBJECT DETECTION (ROOD)
Abstract:The ability to detect IEDs is important because they pose a significant threat to ground forces, and are becoming a common tactical weapon around the world. According to the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) in its 2010 Annual Report, IEDs continued to be the main threat to coalition forces (CF) in both Afghanistan and Iraq.IEDs increased as the weapon of choice for global insurgents and terrorists with an average of more than 260 IED incidents per month outside of Afghanistan and Iraq. Device effectiveness and lethality continued to improve in diverse regions around the world. There were 12,286 IED-related casualties outside of Iraq and Afghanistan between January and November of 2011 in 111 countries. This project will design and development of algorithms to use intensity and range information generated from a LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) sensor to detect emplaced Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) concealed in roadside vegetation. A crucial constraint on potential approaches imposed by the topic definition is that the target geometries are variable and not known a-priori. The scale of the targets of interest (~30 60 cm in height) combined with the degree of occlusion by concealing vegetation (~30 70%) requires fusing information from multiple LIDAR scans taken while in motion in order to have data of sufficient density for reliable detection.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A13-037      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:HyperVideo: Broadband, Multi- & Hyper-Spectral Agile Imager
Abstract:Present multi-/hyper-spectral imagers that function at video frame rates must sacrifice either spatial or spectral resolution in order to unwrap the scene and project the data cube onto the focal plane array. Warfighters, however, are accustomed to, and do not want to give up high-resolution video imagery for additional hyperspectral data. High-resolution video provides an intuitive picture of the scene of interest. Hyperspectral sensors provide data that must be analyzed electronically. We propose an agile sensor that produces full spatial resolution video just like a conventional camera, but at the same time, behind the scenes produces multi- or hyper-spectral data at a spectral resolution that is automatically selected based on the expected threat level in the environment. Threat detection algorithms can run in the background, in real-time, thereby providing useful target detection without interfering with the warfighter's conventional video display. Under Phase-I, we will develop several designs that we will test in the laboratory using components of existing OptoKnowledge hyperspectral sensors. We will also enhance our existing hyperspectral sensor spectro-radiometric performance model, and adapt to the concepts described in this proposal. Under the Phase-I Option, we will decide on a selected approach, conduct optical tolerance analysis, and embark on a conceptual mechanical design for a sensor to be built under Phase-II.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1709
Edward Knobbe
A13-037      Awarded: 8/13/2013
Title:Compact Full-Framing Hyperspectral Sensor for On-The-Move Ground-to-Ground Applications
Abstract:Hyperspectral sensors have demonstrated the ability to provide remote sensing utility and actionable information to the warfighter. Currently deployed airborne hyperspectral platforms feature near real-time processing to generate detection products in minutes. Extending this functionality to the ground-to-ground (G2G) scenario however presents a different set of challenges including the lack of a steady forward motion for ‘pushbroom’ type scanning, a highly variable vibration environment, different SWAP-C (size, weight, power, & cost) trades, and the need for the generation of multiple processed data cubes per second with result products displayed in near real time. The proposed project team will explore the design and development of new system capabilities configured to meet the sponsor’s target objectives for a compact, full-framing HIS sensor for on-the-move ground-to-ground applications.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
A13-038      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS)
Abstract:Despite the increased availability of information through systems such as DCGS-A, CPOF, and efforts such as P-OIC, intelligence organizations are still plagued by inefficiencies in TCPED and analysis activitiessuch as collection gaps, collection overlaps, and missed collection opportunities. These inefficiencies result in a trend towards indiscriminately collecting any and all available information, despite guidance in the form of CCIRs. This causes information overload, an increased need for manpower for PED tasks, poor synchronization of intelligence with operations, and, ultimately, decreased mission effectiveness. These inefficiencies could be addressed through better management of intelligence requirements. Therefore, we propose to design and demonstrate Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS). Three main objectives characterize our approach. First, RECORDS provides an evolvable, rich ontology to capture both the Commanders Intent and potential COAs during the MDMP process, including the primary dimensions of the current set of missions, decision points, and related IRs. Second, RECORDS uses intuitive, easy-to-use probabilistic models to capture the dependencies between COA decision points and successful collection. Third, we will design RECORDS to reflect current, doctrinal, and optimal IR management workflows, integrating with existing and emerging capabilities in the military intelligence enterprise.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
Ronald Hartung
A13-038      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:SAVIE: Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment
Abstract:The Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is a very manual, task-driven process that takes place in an extremely fast-paced, dynamic environment. The greatest challenge to the MDMP is the time outlay associated with gathering and generating known data, at the expense of a commanders decision-making timeline. Based on SME recommendations from an Army Intelligence Officer, we propose the creation of a Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment (SAVIE) to address this problem. SAVIE will be a thin client, web based, Distributed Common Ground System Army (DCGS-A) backed information environment that will significantly lessen the duration of the MDMP and provide a commander with more flexibility in the decision making cycle. Through SAVIE Ozone widgets, a commander will be able to visualize decision points, see what information is feeding them, and predict when a decision will have to be rendered based on the information required to make that decision. SAVIE will allow the commander and staff to be aware of the same information simultaneously, reducing the need for manual staff updates that take time and introduce errors. This allows the commander to shorten the decision-making timeline for acting against an enemy force, and improve the quality of his decision making.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-039      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an amplifier linearization module, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module (PALM). It is based on a POC developed nonlinearity compensation methodology, with additional innovation in the system design that allows PALM to automatically adjust to changes in the nonlinear response of the amplifier. PALM is easily incorporated with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) power amplifiers via a standard analog RF connection. In addition, this system offers over 30 dB suppression of harmonic and intermodulation distortion, 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 1 MHz to 3 GHz frequency band, and compatibility with amplifiers with over 250 W output power. In Phase I, POC will develop hardware and soft DoD SBIR FY13.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
DoD SBIR FY13.1 - SOLICITATION SELECTIONS w/ ABSTRACTS
Army - Navy - Air Force - CBD - DARPA - SOCOM

---------- ARMY ----------

138 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Colorado Engineering Inc.
1915 Jamboree Drive Suite 165
Colorado Springs, CO 80920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 388-8582
Larry Scally
A13-001      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:ROAR: Rear hemisphere Obstacle Avoidance for Rotocraft
Abstract:The unique capabilities provided by vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft also create challenges during turns and rearward maneuvers. VTOL aircraft lack sensors to provide protection in their rear hemisphere. Low altitude flight, take-off and landing are dangerous times for aircraft, even when landing in a well-known designated landing zone (LZ). The risk to the warfighter and expensive military assets increases markedly in confined LZs during night and in degraded visual environments (DVEs). A solution is needed to increase the situational awareness of obstacles behind the aircraft. The Colorado Engineering Inc. (CEI) team proposes to leverage its collective expertise with radar systems design, electromagnetics, antenna design, advanced embedded processing architectures, and radar algorithms to identify and assess solutions for a rear hemisphere, tail-rotor obstacle avoidance capability. The sensor system must be low-cost and fit within very tight size, weight, and power (SWaP) budgets to be feasible and suitable for VTOL manned and unmanned aircraft. CEI offers a unique combination of experience through its ongoing development programs for autonomous sense and avoid radar systems for unmanned airborne platforms and for rotocraft sensor solutions enhancing situational awareness in DVEs.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 269-3613
Paul Techau
A13-001      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Rear Hemisphere Tail-Rotor Obstacle Avoidance for Unmanned & Manned Rotorcraft
Abstract:In a number of arid regions of the world, recirculation of dust by the rotorwash of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft (manned and unmanned) results in the loss of visual cues during approach and landing. This condition is typically referred to as brownout. This is a serious problem for all services and has lead to numerous aircraft and personnel losses in Afghanistan and Iraq. Other conditions leading to a degraded visual environment (DVE) include snow and of course nocturnal operations. Although measures such as approach profile changes and pilot training implemented to date have reduced this accident rate, it remains unacceptably high. Landing systems are being developed under current programs to address this problem, but the projected costs of these systems suggest fleet-wide implementation is improbable. What is needed is an affordable aid to the pilot/operators promising a significant reduction in the DVE accident rate. Under this effort, ISL will exploit the Electronic Bumper developments made under previous Air Force and Navy sponsorship to define a system that will detect tail-rotor hazards and warn the pilot of impending collisions, as well as explore algorithmic approaches to providing autonomous avoidance of obstacles.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
A13-001      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a low-cost rearward sense-and-avoid system, Physical Optics Corporation proposes to develop an Airborne Enhanced Rear Obstacle Avoidance System (AERO). The AERO system is based on a novel integration of two orthogonal obstacle sense-and-avoid techniques specifically for rearward operation. The key innovation in the AERO system is its unique system design that provides highly accurate obstacle detection and avoidance as well as situational awareness in degraded visual environment such as rain, fog, dust, or during nighttime operation. Moreover, the algorithm also provides the capability to track object trajectories. The design also provides military-accepted standard interfaces such as RS232 or MIL-STD-1553. In addition, the compact, low cost system is easy to acquire and integrate with airborne platform. In Phase I, POC will perform a technical feasibility and operational suitability test of the AERO system. A scaled-down version of the system will be developed and tested in POC laboratory. We anticipate that at the end of Phase II, AERO will reach technology readiness level (TRL) 5/6 and will be ready for initial tests.

Amastan LLC
University of Connecticut Langley Building 270 Middle Turnpike Unit 5190
Storrs, CT 06269
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 486-5171
Kamal Hadidi
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:CMAS and High Temperature Resistant LaMgAl11O19 TBC Coatings Using a Microwave Based Uniform-Melt-State Plasma Process (UniMelt™)
Abstract:Amastan, in collaboration with the University of Connecticut, proposes to make high temperature phase stable and CMAS resistant coatings of lanthane hexaaluminate (LaMgAl11O19) material as a suitable substitute to YSZ top coat for thermal barrier coating applications. These coatings, although deposited by atmospheric plasma spray (APS) exhibit comparable coefficient of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity to that of traditional YSZ top coat. These remarkable thermo physical properties were obtained despite the non homogeneity of material composition and non uniform thermal path inherent to APS. Amastan will demonstrate homogeneous LaMGAl11O19 coatings with better control of phase and microstructure through the use of its innovative spray process called “Uniform Melt State Process” (UniMelt™). This process offers uniform melting in three dimensions of the processed materials by axial injection of uniform precursor droplets into an axis-symmetric plasma hot zone with laminar process gas flow and uniform temperature profile. The innovative thermal process will lead to more homogenous coatings with more stable microstructure and precise control of the material’s phase due to better control of material composition, particle size and uniform thermal processing path. Caterpillar’s Solar Turbines and Pratt & Whitney have both expressed interest in supporting and participating in our Phase I study.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-002      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Durable CMAS Resistant Thermal Barrier Coatings
Abstract:Thermal barrier coatings (TBC’s) are susceptible to damage under service conditions due to environmental contaminants such as calcium-magnesium-aluminum-silicon-oxide systems (CMAS). In this Phase I SBIR program UES, Inc. proposes to investigate the feasibility of rationally selected TBC’s and their architectures for CMAS resistance and durability. Highly ranked TBC architectures will be selected for further development in Phase II.

Solid Concepts, Inc.
28309 Avenue Crocker
Valencia, CA 91355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 821-1112
Andrew Carter
A13-003      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Implementation of Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) to Manufacture Advance Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:The combustor liner is subject to the highest temperature and pressure in a gas turbine. Combustion produces gas with temperatures exceeding the melting point of the liner. The component’s longevity is largely a factor of cooling. Multi-hole film cooling bleeds gas from the high pressure stages of the compressor and effuses it to the hot side of the liner where the gas forms an insulating film. Enhanced cooling allows higher combustions temperatures and improved turbine efficiency. Shaped film cooling holes improve film effectiveness. However, conventional manufacturing methods do not provide practical ways to create shaped film cooling holes. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) is an additive process that is capable of producing complex geometry using a single method. DMLS sequentially spreads layers of powder metal and selectively melts regions defined by a 2D slice of a 3D CAD model. Theoretically any geometry can be built. Solid Concepts is one of the most technically advanced suppliers of Direct Digital Manufacturing (DDM) services. Their DMLS department specializes in aerospace components and produce parts that push the technology’s limits. Solid Concepts SBIR Phase 1 goal is to assess the feasibility of implementing DMLS to manufacturing combustor liners with shaped film cooling holes.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Glen Whitehouse
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low-Cost CFD-Based Analysis for Surface Mesh Interrogation and Refinement
Abstract:Accurate flow calculation is crucial to the development and support of air platforms, and CFD has been successful at predicting aerodynamic performance for a variety of flows. The accuracy of CFD is governed by the quality of the surface mesh, and much work has been undertaken to automatically generate surface grids from CAD. Unfortunately, quality is quantified in terms of conformance to the surface rather than relevant fluid dynamics (i.e. flow gradients, boundary layer dynamics etc.), and users must undertake costly grid refinement studies to determine a suitable surface mesh for production work. This effort will develop a low cost CFD-based grid processing tool that can be used to guide the creation of suitable surface meshes by building upon the experience of Continuum Dynamics, Inc. (CDI) in developing fast reliable airframe design codes, panel methods and CFD solvers for DoD, NASA and industry. The proposed tool would be built around a low-cost CFD solver and would output guidance on local surface mesh correction and refinement based upon both surface topology and flow requirements/properties. Phase I will focus on technology demonstration and framework/interface definition to establish proof-of-concept and set the stage for follow-on development work.

HyPerComp, Inc.
2629 Townsgate Road Suite 105
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 371-7500
Kuo-Yen Szema
A13-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Surface Mesh Refinement Guide Tool for Computational Fluid Dynamics Applications
Abstract:A comprehensive approach is proposed to develop a tool for guiding and automating mesh refinement for complex CFD targets and simulations. In the proposed Phase I effort, HyPerComp, Inc., will develop and demonstrate capabilities for performing geometry and CFD-based mesh refinement for Euler simulations. The automated methods will be developed quickly within our in-house CAD2Mesh grid generator and HYCE CFD simulation environment. This will allow us to run many cases to investigate optimal mesh refinement strategies that will then be incorporated into a mesh refinement guidance tool.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Vladimir Kolobov
A13-005      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Unified Flow Solver for transient high altitude events with mixed continuum and rarefied flows
Abstract:CFDRC proposes to develop a computational tool for transient, high-altitude events with mixed continuum and free molecular flow regimes. The proposed technology builds upon the Unified Flow Solver (UFS) previously developed by CFDRC, which will be leveraged with several new features for transient chemically reacting two-phase, gas-particle flows interacting with multiple bodies in relative motion under mixed continuum-rarefied regimes. The new tool will incorporate several innovations: i) octree Cartesian mesh for automatic mesh generation and dynamic adaptation to transient flow properties and moving bodies, ii) a cell-by-cell automatic selection of Boltzmann and Navier-Stokes solvers based on continuum breakdown criteria, iii) kinetic models for two-phase rarefied flows, iv) kinetic and fluid models of chemical reactions. In Phase I, we will demonstrate UFS for high-fidelity characterization of short duration propulsive/detonative events in mixed continuum/rarefied flows and illustrate its advantages for simulation of unsteady effects. New capabilities for two-phase flows, chemical kinetics in fuel rich environments, and generalized 6 degree-of- freedom hard body interactions will be added. In Phase II, we will fully develop an advanced, high-fidelity simulation tool for high altitude, transient propulsive/detonative events. Numerical studies will be conducted to address specific components of the new tool for problems of interest to the Army.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
A13-005      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:Short Duration, High Altitude, Mixed Continuum/Non-Continuum Flowfield
Abstract:The problem to be addressed within the present proposal is the accurate modeling of high altitude transient phenomena associated with short duration propulsive and/or detonative events taking into account the mixed continuum/rarefied nature of the flow, chemical kinetics, and two-phase flow while leveraging existing computational fluid dynamic technologies to minimizing development time. Past simulation work in the area of mixed continuum/rarefied flows has produced a mature one-way coupled framework for steady-state applications utilizing the CRAFT CFD Navier-Stokes flow solver for the continuum portion of the flow, the Automatic Efficient Generalized Interface Surface (AEGIS) Toolkit for continuum breakdown determination and interfacing, and a representative Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) flow solver for the rarefied flow simulation. Application of this methodology to transient problems was also performed but contained many deficiencies from both a numerical and modeling standpoint. Recently, an unsteady framework has been developed for high-altitude transient flows, which relies on a more tightly coupled and synchronized methodology between the continuum and rarefied flows solvers and addresses the many deficiencies of earlier work. This new technology is now leveraged for the present application and will demonstrate the current capabilities. Simultaneously, improvements regarding two-phase flows and hard-body interaction will also be performed.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Kevin Brickman
A13-006      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Afterburning Missile Base Flow Modeling and Analyses
Abstract:Finite-rate turbulence- chemistry interaction methodology will be implemented in the CRAFT CFD® code to improve high-speed afterburning base flow predictions. UMiss/NCPA will conduct hot-rocket model tests with afterburning and collect base region and plume data along with Schlieren and IR imagery to extend the data base for validation of the computational models under development. CRAFT Tech will implement an EDC turbulent chemistry model for application with finite-rate reactions which is computationally efficient and a more sophisticated MEPDF method for turbulence chemistry interactions which has recently been extended for application to high-speed flows. The MEPDF method is more computationally expensive but can provide state-of-the-art accuracy in high-speed finite-rate turbulent chemistry modeling. The NCPA afterburning hot-rocket experiment will be simulated with both the EDC and MEPDF methods with finite-rate reactions and simulation results compared to the NCPA data collected as part of the Phase I effort and a plan for Phase II model refinement/validation will be formulated including the acquisition of hot-rocket PIV data in Phase II.

BrightSpec
675 Peter Jefferson Pkwy Suite 480
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 202-2391
Robin Pulliam
A13-007      Awarded: 7/12/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:Design of a custom chirped-pulse Fourier transform (CP-FT) mm-wave rotational spectrometer to meet the chemical analysis needs of the ARMY will be informed by current BrightSpec instrumentation which includes a CP-FT spectrometer operating in either the 260-290 GHz or 530-580 GHz frequency range. The 260 – 290 GHz spectrometer uses recently developed segmented CP-FT techniques coupled with high-throughput signal digitizers to achieve real-time, broadband spectrum acquisition performance. The key components are: 1) the high speed arbitrary waveform generator (AWG) capable of creating tailored waveforms (pulses) for spectrum acquisition and analysis, 2) high-power active multiplier chains (AMC) used for generating the millimeter/submillimeter excitation pulse and the low noise heterodyne receiver, 3) high-speed, 8-bit signal PCI digitizer with FPGA accumulator for real time signal averaging enabling a near 100% measurement duty cycle.

Virginia Diodes, Inc.
979 Second Street SE, Suite 309
Charlottesville, VA 22902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 297-3257
Jeffrey Hesler
A13-007      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Automated trace gas molecular analyzer using rotational spectroscopy
Abstract:VDI and OSU are in a strong position to meet the requirements of this SBIR. Building on a strong foundation of closely related sensor work in the millimeter/submillimeter, we will focus our Phase I efforts on the new challenges of this SBIR topic. The chief new analysis challenge is to provide a list of lines that arise from gases that are not in the spectrometer reference catalog. We have already demonstrated the absolute intensity calibration and well defined lineshapes required for the subtraction and deconvolution that are a necessary foundation for this task. To satisfy these requirements and to broaden the range of applications, we have chosen high spectral purity, frequency agile hardware and configurable software. The hardware design will allow multiple frequency bands and flexible physical configurations. This design uses all-solid-state electronic component technologies developed by VDI and demonstrated throughout the frequency band of interest.

Carbon Solutions, Inc
5094 Victoria Hill Drive
Riverside, CA 92506
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 682-5620
Elena Bekyarova
A13-008      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:All-solid-state Battery-Ultracapacitor Hybrid Devices Based on Nanostructured Materials
Abstract:This project aims to develop all-solid-state hybrid energy storage devices with flexible nanostructured electrode materials combined with a polymer electrolyte. The hybrid devices utilize a capacitor-like electrode based on graphene and carbon nanotubes and a battery-like electrode, comprised of nanostructured LiFePO4 grown on a graphene support. The proposed device combines the advantages of anode, cathode and electrolyte to deliver energy densities > 100 Wh/kg, maintain power densities above 1 kW/kg and provide longer life cycle than a typical rechargeable battery. The proposed approach extends to the conformal fabrication of current collectors, electrodes and electrolyte which allow the hybrid devices to be integrated in the next generation of electronic devices.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0546
Castro Laicer Ph.D.
A13-008      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:Advanced Solid-State Hybrid Battery-Ultracapacitor Device for High-Energy and High-Power Applications
Abstract:The power demands for a wide variety of advanced battlefield equipment can range from high-energy for long-term operation to high-rate pulse power. A major drawback of current power storage technologies for these applications is their inability to meet the demands of both high-energy and high-power delivery in a single device. State-of-the-art batteries are typically high-energy devices with insufficient high-rate capability for pulse power applications, while electrochemical capacitors are characterized by inherently high power and low energy. Therefore, a strong need exists for a device that can simultaneously fulfill the unique high-power and high-energy requirements for battlefield applications. To provide a new generation of battlefield-specific batteries, Giner, Inc. proposes a new type of hybrid, solid-state cell that takes advantage of the high-energy and high-power capabilities of batteries and capacitors in a single device by combining a symmetric capacitor and a rechargeable battery in one unit cell. Preliminary data is shown for some hybrid devices that have been successfully fabricated and tested. We expect that successful implementation of this technology will also lead towards power storage devices that are safer, conformal, and flexible for a wide range of applications.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Christopher Rhodes
A13-008      Awarded: 6/3/2013
Title:High Specific Energy and Power Solid-State Energy Storage Device
Abstract:To meet the current and future needs of the Army, improved power systems are needed for missiles, sensors, communication systems, night-vision devices, and other applications. Although conventional batteries can provide power for a wide variety of duty cycles, current batteries do not provide sufficient power to meet high power demands of multiple applications. Ultracapacitors can meet the high power demands, but do not provide sufficient specific energies. Lynntech proposes to develop an advanced energy storge device that provides high specific energy and high specific power and is both solid-state and flexible. The energy storge device is based on combining advanced electrode and electrolyte materials that provide rapid discharging and high capacities. During Phase I, the electrodes and electrolyte will be developed and tested to meet specific energy, specific power requirements. During Phase II, Lynntech will optimize the cell components and fabricate and test scaled-up cells to target military specifications. The energy storage device will provide a solid-state flexible power source for multiple battlefield applications including miniaturized sensors, communication devices, and missiles.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8207
Bernard D. Casse
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-dark nanostructured surface treatment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop an ultra-dark surface treatment for metals that absorbs light from the UV to the far-infrared (FIR). In the UV-NIR spectral range, the anticipated absorption is 10x better than the state-of-the-art blackest coatings. The ultra-dark surface membrane has a graded refractive index architecture and is made up of metal- dielectric nanostructures. The key innovation is in PSIs proprietary manufacturing approach that enables treating very large surface areas with arbitrary shape--the ultra-dark membrane can be grown on metal surfaces as large as 12ft2 (~1m2). This low-cost, mass-production capability of controlled nanoscale structures combined with the high broadband performance of a graded-index design is unmatched by the best competing technologies. In addition, abrasion-resistant matrices to the membrane can be straightforwardly implemented. Furthermore, the surface treatment can be extended to glass surfaces. In Phase I, PSI will demonstrate the performance of a 1 um thick ultra-dark membrane on a non-planar surface. In Phase II, an enhanced membrane, which is several tens of microns thick, with optimized nanoscale geometries, will be demonstrated.

PolarOnyx, Inc
2526 Qume Drive, Suites 17 & 18
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 573-0930
Jian Liu
A13-009      Selected for Award
Title:High Throughput Super-black Surface Processing
Abstract:We propose a new high throughput super-black surface process that is fabricated with high pulse repetition rate high energy fs fiber laser combining with beam shaping technique. Our new approach will enable over 99% light absorption from UV to far infrared for large scale surfaces and volume manufacturing. At the end of Phase I, a large scale experiment will be demonstrated and a prototype will be delivered to show a working operation. In phase II, we will develop the process into a volume manufacturing capable of any types of shapes and materials (metals, ceramics and glasses).

HEAVYSTONE LABORATORY LLC
PO Box 982582
Park City, UT 84098
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 573-7136
Al Poskanzer
A13-010      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Manufacture of Bulk Nanocrystalline Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:This proposal describes an innovation for making bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys that will be sufficiently ductile and meet mechanical properties targets set by the army. Tungsten (W) and its alloys are primary candidate materials for next generation munitions and warheads owing to its high density, high modulus, and other favorable properties such as benign environmental impact. The actual use of tungsten in these applications is however, very limited due to its low ductility and high ductile-to-brittle transition temperature (DBTT). Although nanocrystalline structure has been considered a very promising approach for achieving higher ductility in W and lower DBTT, it is very difficult to achieve nanoscale grain size after sintering due to rapid grain growth that occurs during densification. To meet this challenge, based on the extensive experience and expertise of Heavystone Laboratory LLC and its partner University of Utah on sintering of nanosized powders as well as properties of tungsten and tungsten alloys, Heavystone proposes to develop bulk nanocrystalline tungsten alloys with average grain size finer than 100 nanometer (nm) by using a novel low temperature high pressure processing technology in conjunction with alloying additives.

ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC
Long Island High Technology Incubator 25 Health Sciences Drive Suite 123
Stony Brook, NY 11790
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 739-8818
Brian Keyes
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Dual-Phase Nanocomposite Structures for Enhancing Ductility in Tungsten Alloys
Abstract:The intent of this program is to develop bulk tungsten alloys with improved ductility using nanocomposite structures to match microstructural and mechanical length scales. This dual-phase structure will comprise a dense tungsten-rich nanocrystalline matrix phase and a softer nanocrystalline precipitate phase. Thermodynamic models for nanostructure stability will be implemented in designing alloy compositions for each phase of the composite. The volume fractions and distribution of the two phases will be selected specifically to match microstructural with mechanical length scales associated with shear localization in nanostructured BCC tungsten alloys. Mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering will be employed to produce bulk tungsten nanocomposites in Phase I. Yield strength, percent elongation, and strain rate sensitivity will be quantified through tensile testing and instrumented indentation. Finally, the localization process will be studied to extract critical mechanical length scales associated with plastic deformation in this novel class of materials. ReliaCoat Technologies, LLC. has assembled an interdisciplinary team to execute the proposed Phase I work plan, which brings together expertise in the areas of nanostructure design and mechanical alloying, spark plasma sintering, and deformation behavior of nanostructured metals.

Shear Form, Inc.
207 Dellwood St.
Bryan, TX 77801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 822-5038
Robert E. Barber
A13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Pure tungsten with improved ductility
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I effort is to demonstrate a processing method for pure bulk tungsten (W) that yields a minimum tensile ductility of 5%. Such a material will enable cost savings, improved performance, and improved logistics for explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), shape charge liners (SCLs), kinetic energy penetrators (KEPs), small caliper munitions, and other warhead applications. Improved ductility and strength in bulk W will be developed by warm (above the ductile to brittle transformation temperature and below the recrystallization temperature) severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing. Low aspect ratio (length to diameter) W bars of nominal 25mm diameter and 150mm length encased in steel will be subjected to shear strains by multipass equal channel angular extrusion (mECAE). Novel changes to conventional ECAE processing methods will be used to develop properties above those achieved to date by conventional mECAE. Test samples will be characterized by static and dynamic mechanical testing, and microstructural examination. Preliminary experiments on 19 mm diameter pure W bars have given encouraging results: reasonable SPD processability, microstructural uniformity, increased hardness and compressive strength, and notable ductility under high strain-rate conditions.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8364
Naida Lacevic
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced hybrid graphitic materials for enhanced energetic applications
Abstract:The goal of this project is to formulate, process, and test for performance and sensitivity graphene enhanced propellants (GEP). Our approach leverages the optimized performance of single and double-base propellants by incorporating graphene pre-dispersed suspensions. The GEP performance will be optimized for burning rate and sensitivity with appropriate microstructure modifications and processing methods. The development of processing methods will utilize simulations and experiments to obtain microstructures correlated to high performance and verified by microstructural characterization techniques.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Justin L. Sabourin
A13-011      Selected for Award
Title:High Performance, Insensitive, Hybrid Graphitic Material Energetic Polymer Nanocomposite
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and demonstrate novel hybrid nanoscale additives for energetic polymer material applications. These hybrid graphitic additives will enable state-of-the-art multifunctional nanocomposite propellants to be produced reliably; have tailored and fast burning rates; improved mechanical and thermal performance; and greatly upgraded system performance. The concept permits the inclusion of these additives under safe operations, and will not require alterations to current manufacturing lines. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on the development of critical additive surface chemistries to ensure high solubility and dispersion, as well as the screening of several combinations of materials and chemical surface treatments. The effort will demonstrate increases in propellant burning rates of more than 20%, while maintaining or improving the ignition sensitiveness. Phase II will explore additional multifunctional benefits, identify new and exciting applications, as well as enabling scaled production and implementation into pilot plant operations. We envision these additives to create a new class of propellants with increased performance, at low cost and reduced toxicity.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8360
Shiv Joshi
A13-012      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Compact Actuation Technology for Spin Stabilized Munitions (CATS)
Abstract:NextGen Aeronautics (NextGen) is proposing an innovative actuation concept that minimizes SWaP impact on munitions. The proposed actuation system will be designed to survive ultra- high gun-fired munitions inertial loads, insensitive requirements, long storage, and transportation conditions. Explosive micro-charge arrays addressed by flexible electronics are proposed to create precisely timed and located micro-impulses to correct or modify flight trajectories of gun-fired munitions stabilized by high spin rates. The thin film electronic switching technology developed by NextGen for distributed strain sensing will be modified to trigger an explosive impulse. Our solution will minimize the use of internal space and save weight compared to SOA actuation alternatives for small munitions. NextGen will develop printed diode based switching to resistively heat a thin film heating element with multilayer detonation initiator layers on it igniting the explosive charge for impulsive force creation. In Phase I, NextGen will concentrate on analytical modeling to prove feasibility of the proposed concept in meeting the quantitative requirements. NextGen will also perform critical micro- thruster timing and impulse measurement experiments in Phase I. A prototype of the flight trajectory correction actuation system will be developed and tested in Phase II.

Omnitek Partners, LLC
85 Air Park Drive-Unit 3
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 665-4008
Richard Murray
A13-012      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Control Technologies for Guidance of High-Spin Stabilized Munitions
Abstract:The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of a number of novel guidance and control technology concepts for flight trajectory correction of guided spinning munitions in general and high-spin rounds in particular. The proposed efforts include the study of the feasibility of its required major components, including a number of novel pulsed actuation with very narrow actuation pulse and precision timing and direct roll angle sensor concepts with better than sub-degree precision, and the corresponding guidance and control algorithms. The proposed pulsed actuation devices can provide impulses equivalent to 10 N- sec to 140 N-sec for up to 2 milliseconds or better. The components of the proposed novel guidance and control actuation concepts are low-volume, consume very small amount of electrical energy, provide high dynamic response control action and are suitable for high- spin rounds with 200 Hz or higher spin rates. The design of these novel pulsed actuation devices and sensors allows them to be readily protected against very high firing setback shock loading of over 50 KG and harsh firing environment and provide shelf life of over 20 years while being capable of operating in the require temperature range of 65 to 165 degrees F.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Srikanth Vasudevan
A13-012      Awarded: 11/25/2013
Title:Scalable Low Power Spinning-Disks (SPINX) Control Actuation System for Spin-Stabilized Gun Fired Munitions
Abstract:There exists a need to develop a control actuation system to impart course correction for spinning rounds. Orbital Research proposes to design and develop a novel low-power scalable control actuation system capable of imparting persistent course correction for spinning, gun-fired munitions. The novel Miniature Control Actuation System (MCAS) will be based on active flow control concepts. During the Ph I program, Orbital will perform preliminary aero analysis on the novel control actuation system, optimize the parameters of novel spinning disks, perform analytical in the form of CFD and 6 DoF models studies to quantify the effects of the control actuation system on a spinning munitions. During the Phase I option, Orbital will perform transient CFD simulations to more accurately quantify the performance of the spoilers as they are deployed and stowed to better understand the vortices shed during the operations.. A hardware integration plan will also be created - highlighting key components to be considered at a system level capable of sustaining high-g loads of setback, set forward and balloting, long shelf life, and extreme operating temperatures.

Custom Analytical Engineering Systems, Inc
13000 Tensor Lane, NE
Flintstone, MD 21530
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 722-2013
William F. Kellermeyer
A13-013      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Low Energy Consumption Compact Control Actuation Systems for Precision Guided Artillery and Mortar Munitions
Abstract:Pyrotechnics offer a novel low energy Control Actuation System (CAS) approach reducing limitations associated with typical electro-mechanical CAS. With 2.5 to 3 times more usable energy stored per unit volume and more importantly a power density that is orders of magnitude greater than that of a comparable electromechanical device, a pyrotechnically driven CAS potentially requires less total volume enabling greater payload, and in some cases enabling control authority outside the bounds of what can be achieved with electromechanical systems. Medium and long range guided munitions, in particular precision guided artillery and mortar munitions, typically utilize some version of an electro- mechanical Control Actuation System (CAS) that deflects aerodynamic surfaces to effect a projectile response which subsequently achieves the required maneuver. Electro- mechanical CAS systems which satisfy these requirements can consume more than 4,000 joules of electrical energy because the capability to deliver peak torque, which is typically only required for a small portion of the overall flight mission, results in high power consumption over the entire flight regime. The demand for increased on board power and energy also requires allocation of significant additional volume in the projectile which could otherwise be available for additional payload.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Daniel Stouch
A13-014      Awarded: 8/8/2013
Title:Sensor Placement Reasoning Using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital Elevation Maps (SPREAD)
Abstract:Wireless ground sensor networks provide superior situational awareness in operational areas, but their deployment is complicated by unpredictable signal traffic patterns, limited battery life, and physical obstacles that interfere with signal propagation. Sub-optimal layouts create transmission bottlenecks and force some nodes to drain their batteries faster than others. Currently, personnel must rely on experience and trial and error to achieve an optimal configuration, which may not be practical in hostile territory or during time-sensitive missions. To address these concerns, we propose to design a system for Sensor Placement Reasoning using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital elevation maps (SPREAD). SPREAD is a robust, intelligent approach that can calculate optimal sensor layouts and monitor network performance. Our solution consists of: (1) an evolutionary algorithm that finds the optimal sensor placement for a given 3D terrain based on a configurable tradeoff between coverage, number of sensors, and connectivity; (2) a mobile user interface for the user to configure optimization parameters, add or remove obstacles that might interfere with signal propagation, and understand the algorithms optimized placement results; and (3) a health monitoring component that listens for diagnostic messages from the deployed network and notifies the user of potential problems.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Patrick A. Toole
A13-014      Awarded: 8/29/2013
Title:Tactical Wireless Ground Sensor Network Deployment and Maintenance System
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop a portable tool for deployment planning, real-time monitoring, and maintenance of tactical wireless ground sensor networks. The tool will consist of a tablet (iPad, Android, or Windows) application and a desktop/cloud web service application. The tablet app will be used by the warfighter for planning, display, plan modification, sensor monitoring, and system maintenance. The app will be designed to operate standalone, but when connected (via Wi-Fi or cellular) will quietly retrieve relevant map data, target information, and sensor and radio models from the desktop. The desktop application will be based upon Toyons Geospatial Analysis Planning Support Toolbox, a geographic information system (GIS) framework complete with an intuitive graphical user interface, detailed 3-D environment models (terrain, foliage, buildings, and weather), rapid line-of-sight algorithms, established communication models, and real-time network analysis. The sensor network planning algorithms will employ an iterative approach which utilizes A* search for coarse localization and combinatorial optimization for final location fine-tuning. The algorithms account for real equipment constraints (e.g., non- omni-directional sensors, scanning sensors, radar minimum detectable velocity, and network signal strength) and optimize heterogeneous sensor sets with multiple sensor modalities, providing accurate and timely results.

MC10 Inc.
36 Cameron Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 205-1149
Barry G Ives Jr
A13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Skin Attached Traumatic Brain Injury Sensing System
Abstract:MC10 and partners (UtopiaCompression and SI2 Technologies) propose Biostamp- Augmented (BS-A), an extension of MC10s existing conformal (flexible and stretchable), adhesive platform for wearable electronics. The Biostamp is modular and extensible, capable of integrating a variety of sensors for monitoring the environment and/or physiological parameters of the wearer. BS-A will develop ultra-low-power electronics, communications, power supply, and the flexible/stretchable adhesive platform as a reference design architecture that can be integrated with arbitrary sensors complying with an open interface control specification. MC10s state-of-art commercial Biostamp and BS-A are closely related but BS-A will meet additional requirements of the SBIR. MC10 has successfully developed original sensors and integrated third-party sensors, capable of monitoring concussion, temperature, sweat rate, UV exposure, brain wave patterns, physiological strain, etc. The existing platform features data logging, storage, power, and wireless transmission capabilities, and is entering late development and commercialization stages for various products. This mitigates technical risk on the program and will serve as a springboard for an augmented system architecture and platform-based design capable of integrating other low- power sensors. Prototypes of a peel-and-stick TBI monitor integrating ARL-selected sensors, with interface control specifications and basic customization methdology for sensors.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Bell
A13-015      Awarded: 10/1/2013
Title:Skins of Flexible Intelligence
Abstract:To address the Army need for developing a flexible, conformal, skin-attach electronic platform for a wearable Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) sensing system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop innovative Skins of Flexible Intelligence (SOFI) by readily adapting an existing surface-mount technology that is compatible with the Armys TBI sensor. The SOFI design uses unique geodesic folding structures to house and electrically connect all components while providing flexibility that can be easily placed on fingers or other parts of the body. The overall system size will be no larger than a standard band-aid, low SWaP, and will provide the Armys required digital interfaces. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOFI by designing the low-power electronic data collection, storage, and transmission system, and selecting suitable materials and small-footprint components. We plan to fabricate multiple prototypes for both mechanical and electrical testing and also design a suitable electronic circuit capable of recording, storing, and transmitting the sensed data at least five times within a one month period while continuously monitoring on a single battery charge. In Phase II, POC will build and test multiple (>12) refined prototypes interfaced with Armys TBI sensor.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2504
Gheorge Bunget
A13-016      Awarded: 7/30/2013
Title:Identification of Material Damage Precursors Using Novel NDE and/or SHM Hardware
Abstract:Widespread damage in aging aircraft is becoming an increasing concern as both civil and military fleet operators are extending the service lifetime of their aircraft and increasing risk of crack-like damage of aircraft components. The scientific community found that fatigue damage initiation occurs at micro-features called fatigue damage precursors (FDP). This requires that fatigue crack growth analyses address the influence of usage on FDP and eventual macro-scale crack growth. Predicting the exact fatigue life is a difficult process and fatigue life prediction based on crack length measurements can be grossly inaccurate. In addition, the appearance of these cracks typically occurs very late in fatigue life under high cycle fatigue conditions. Thus, to improve remaining useful life prediction of structural components the study of FDP is critical. In order to address this need, Luna is teaming with Arizona State University to develop advanced ultrasonic and eddy current evaluation techniques with potential application for structural health monitoring. The proposed method is based on using multi-scale modeling with combined linear and nonlinear ultrasonic parameters and eddy current measurements of electrical properties to predict the damage state and remaining service life of aircraft structural components.

PNTS Incorporated
1 Deerpark Drive Suite L2
Monmouth Junction, NJ 08852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 355-9550
Rich Skibo
A13-016      Awarded: 9/4/2013
Title:Novel Standoff Detection of Material Damage Precursors for Structural Health Monitoring and Prediction
Abstract:Because of the overwhelming migration to composites, particularly exotic thermoset materials from the bismaleimide (BMI) family, the PNTS team is focusing its work on this topic on composite structures. The teams high level approach will be to demonstrate an innovative and practical design using dielectric spectroscopy at millimeter wave through terahertz frequencies that will provide composite material integrity assessment to address and identify material damage precursors, including the little understood reversion of composite polymers which ultimately leads to premature failures. The comprehensive analysis regime will also provide 3-D images of artifacts such as intralayer delamination/disbond and other structural defects. The final deliverable for this Phase I program will include the demonstration of the nondestructive evaluation method applied on a structural composite coupon subjected to fatigue loads. The comprehensive schema developed by the PNTS team will have the capability to predict remaining useful life (RUL) of the coupon within 10% error on or before 50% of the total useful life of the coupon has been expended. As ground truth for the schema, PNTS will employ Trilion Quality Systems ARAMIS product.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Andrew Birnbaum
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:While single-piece structures are ideal for use as combat vehicle underbodies due to their structural integrity and ease of integration, fabricating such large components with relatively homogeneous material properties that can meet the rigorous specifications necessary for performing acceptably under blast loading conditions is extremely challenging. The ability to cast such parts would be highly desirable both from a technical performance and commercial perspective in terms of design flexibility, scale, production rate, and yield. However, inherent drawbacks in the casting process such as the tendency toward the generation of material defects including shrinkage, micro/macro porosity, cracking, and inclusions have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components/structures for blast protection. Corvid Technologies and our partner Spokane Industries propose the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Spokane Industries
3808 N Sullivan Rd Building 1
Spokane Valley, WA 99216
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 921-8873
Rod Grozdanich
A13-017      Selected for Award
Title:Secondary Processing Development and Prototyping of Cast Single-Piece Vehicle Underbody Structure
Abstract:Achieving high strength and toughness in large, single-piece underbody structures for combat vehicles has traditionally been challenging and expensive due to the limitations on fabrication techniques and materials that may be employed. Recent advances in materials design have yielded a castable "Eglin Steel", developed by the Air Force Research Laboratory. Cast Eglin Steel (CES) is an ideal candidate for use as a vehicle underbody as it has already been demonstrated to achieve yield strengths as high as 220 ksi and desirable strain rate sensitivity. Furthermore, the ability to cast these components significantly increases the flexibility in terms of geometry and scalability significantly driving down the cost for full scale production. However, CES properties have only been demonstrated on small scales, and inherent drawbacks in the casting process have so far limited its applicability for fabricating large, high performance components for blast protection. Spokane Industries proposes the development of a secondary processing technique in order to address these limitations and capitalize on the significant advantages offered by the casting process.

Stolar Research Corporation
333 Rio Rancho Drive NE Suite 201
Rio Rancho, NM 87740
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 404-2400
Gerald Stolarczyk
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:Modern ground warfare platforms are burdened with the critical need for escalating capabilities effectiveness in the face of prohibitive competition for platform size, weight, and power (SWAP). Traditionally, stand-alone sensor packages were developed singly, and treated as individual add-ons to already SWAP-burdened platforms; the inherent inefficiency of stand-alone capabilities can no longer be tolerated or treated as viable for modern applications. One critical application where this new truth is readily apparent is in the space of improvised explosive device (IED) detection. This small business innovation research (SBIR) topic enables the opportunity to mature sensor system development paradigms for the IED application by combining multiple sensor modalities into a single package, significantly reducing SWAP, simultaneous to advancing the overall effectiveness and refinement of two core technologies: ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and non-linear radar (NLR). The Phase I effort will: Establish performance, form factor, and application requirements; conceptually integrate two existing sensor technologies into a new combined MMGPR capability and evaluate gaps in the combined capability to be addressed; develop and evaluate candidate implementation architectures, hardware modules, and control elements; and perform specific analysis, simulation, and modeling to evaluate the feasibility of achieving the performance, form factor, and application requirements.

Vadum
601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Aaron Walker
A13-018      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Development of linear/non-linear radar system
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for detecting electronics associated with RCIEDs and extend this baseline capability with innovation through use of Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar techniques. The resulting system will perform new tasks including radar imaging operation for earth surface and shallow sub-surface object detection and beam steering for improved situational awareness of threat locations. When combined with existing E-Det algorithms and low-power waveforms, the proposed radar will significantly advance the state of the art in short range IED detection. The outcome of the Phase 1 program will be a system design based on a theoretical analysis of MIMO radar design, preliminary MIMO measurements, and existing Vadum short-range radars.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Joseph Gorman
A13-019      Awarded: 9/18/2013
Title:Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE)
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but evaluating the likelihood of such responses requires significant time and expertise. To reduce the time and to ease the difficulty of logistics site selection we propose a series of Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE) to the My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA). TIDE performs data-fusion over a variety of terrain and weather data sets, and can reason with uncertainty to evaluate the suitability of potential logistics sites against a series of expert rules for a variety of emplacement systems.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 797-0613
Mark R. Cammarere
A13-019      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Determination of Terrain Ponding for Logistics Emplacement and Planning
Abstract:Accounting for the impacts of terrain and weather is key to identifying potential Courses of Action that mitigate their effects. TSC and CSU propose a convergence of technologies 1) CSUs prototype engine for estimating locations prone to water ponding, 2) the Army Research Laboratorys My Weather Impacts Decision Aid (MyWIDA) which already produces weather impact maps and 3) TSC Petroleum and Water Trace Locator (PAWTL). Being developed for fielding by PM Petroleum and Water Systems (PM-PAWS), the PAWTL performs terrain analysis to support trace planning for the Armys Assault Hoseline System (AHS), Tactical Water Distribution System (TWDS) and Inland Petroleum Distribution System (IPDS) programs of record. The uniqueness of our approach includes combining a considerable Army investment with other innovative technologies in a packaged, flexible and configurable terrain and weather impacts analysis capability for tactical logistics. In Phase I, TSC and CSU will investigate improvements to the existing PAWTL and ponding engine to provide high fidelity predictions. Our team will develop a MyWIDA insertion strategy, determine requirements for a terrain analysis natural language interface, and define related user and software interfaces. In Phase II, our team will mature the ponding prediction tool and fully integrate it with MyWIDA.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 767-7042
Roger E. Welser
A13-020      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:This proposed Phase I SBIR program with the US Army will focus on demonstrating ultra- low dark current in flexible, high-efficiency photovoltaic cells with nano-enhanced absorbers. By extending infrared absorption, power conversion efficiencies in single-junction, nano- enhanced solar cells can potentially meet or even exceed the Shockley-Queisser limit. Novel device designs utilizing advanced band gap engineering will be employed to suppress non- radiative recombination and expose the limiting radiative component of the dark current. Light trapping structures and new nanostructured absorber designs will also be considered to maximize the creation and collection of photogenerated carriers. Flexible photovoltaic devices will be fabricated using the established full-wafer epitaxial liftoff process at MicroLink Devices. Magnolias innovative approach can be applied to the design of light- weight and flexible photovoltaic sheets capable of achieving conversion efficiencies in excess of 25% over a wide range of operating conditions.

MicroLink Devices
6457 Howard Street
Niles, IL 60714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 588-3001
Noren Pan
A13-020      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Nano-Inspired Broadband Photovoltaics Sheets
Abstract:One of the major challenges currently facing the US defense forces is the requirement to meet the electricity demands of individual soldiers in a highly mobile forward operating base. In this Phase I program, we propose to develop and deliver a lightweight, high efficiency, flexible solar sheet for mobile solar applications for Army unmounted soldiers. Based on highly efficient GaAs III-V materials, the flexible solar cells will be fabricated using MicroLink’s proprietary epitaxial lift-off (ELO) technology. The performance of ELO solar cells will be further improved through the integration of innovative nano-technology-based optically functional textures within the cell structure. Nano-texturing will be incorporated within thin-film material layers typically employed as anti-reflection (AR) coatings to ensure compatibility with existing fabrication processes. This work will be performed in collaboration with TelAztec LLC. During the Phase I program, detailed theoretical modeling of the nano- patterned absorber will be performed for various nano-pattern types and material choices, and the resultant solar cell performance will be analyzed. The Phase I program will result in the demonstration of a scalable, lightweight (25%, AM1.5G), flexible solar sheet of dimensions 13 cm x 13 cm for Army unmounted soldier mobile power generation.

ADYB Engineered for life Inc.
14238 60th ave
Flushing, NY 11355
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 871-2749
Olivia Graeve
A13-021      Awarded: 8/10/2013
Title:Non-linear Dynamic Energy Altering Technologies for Body Armor Applications
Abstract:The ADYB Team, with its company, ADYB Engineered for life Inc. Are the developer and producer of the high performance ceramic armor systems. These ballistic protection panels are 70% lighter in weight than steel while providing significant weight and performance advantages over currently available ceramic and composite armor technology.

TechVen Partners LLC
800 Research Parkway, Suite 100
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(405) 239-8600
Marcus LaGrone
A13-021      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Multiple Mechanism (MULTIMECH) Body Armor
Abstract:Body armor used today is an achievement of modern science, constructed of high tensile strength, manmade fibers and ultra hard, impervious ceramics. As impressive as this armor is, however, one of the most critical areas of armor testing methodology has remained largely unchanged from its National Institute of Justice (NIJ) 0101.00 roots: back face signature (BFS). The somewhat arbitrary value of 44 mm for BFS into synthetic clay has done a reasonable job serving law enforcement, but a lower BFS would have a profound impact on improving the survivability and combat capability of military personnel. While there are many approaches for modifying the ceramic plate support material to help reduce back face signature, an alternative approach is to improve the ceramic plates forward facing support structures to defeat incoming threats. Damaging and deforming the nose of a projectileespecially important for armor piercing projectilesbefore it strikes the armor plating enables the existing ceramic technology to offer greater protection as well as a reduction in BFS. An armor system with the ability to quickly reduce the energy of an incoming projectile would have instant applicability to worn body armor.

Applied Colloids
11080 Industrial Circle NW
Elk River, MN 55330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 485-1368
Gary Pozarnsky
A13-022      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Nanotechnology Approach for Transmission Loss-of-Lubrication Survivability
Abstract:Applied Colloids proposes the utilization of its proprietary nanotechnology in order to insure continued operation of powertrain transmissions utilized in rotorcraft. This will entail the use of a nanoadditive to the transmissions of interest. These nanoadditives will coat the interacting gears with a low coefficient material that will insure operation beyond the 30 minute period specified by military standard after loss of lubricating oil, possibly much longer. This technology will be tested for feasiblity in Phase I utilizing point and line contact tribology testing techniques. Successful completion of Phase I will lead to the testing of this proposed technology with more complex gear systems in Phase II and to final use and commercialization in Phase III.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Amarendra Rai
A13-022      Awarded: 6/27/2013
Title:Improved Rotorcraft Transmission Survivability Under Loss-of Lubrication
Abstract:Loss of the primary lubrication system in the power transmission system can result in an immediate or rapid failure of the drive system of military air and ground vehicles. This proposal offers a combination of two innovative and cost-effective technologies to improve the ability of power transmissions to withstand operation under loss-of-lubrication condition for significantly longer periods of time. The goal of the Phase I program is to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed technologies under real world conditions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Naibing Ma
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for health monitoring of rotorcraft generator control units (GCUs) and main power relays, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Self-contained Wireless Electrical Health Monitoring (SWEM) system based on a new design fusing POC’s proprietary and state-of-the-art technologies. The innovation in use of ultralow-power wireless sensors, efficient power harvesting, and accurate diagnostic and prognostic algorithms, will enable the system to nonintrusively detect all failure modes of the GCU and main power relays in Army rotorcraft (e.g., AH-64A/D, CH-47, and OH-58) at 90% probability of detection with 95% confidence, as well as predict the remaining useful life with

Sporian Microsystems, Inc.
515 Courtney Way Suite B
Lafayette, CO 80026
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 516-9075
Mark Follett
A13-023      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:A Wireless Sensor to Monitor Generator Control Unit and Main Power Relay Health
Abstract:Sporian proposes to develop a wireless sensor suite for rotorcraft Generator Control Unit (GCU) and Main Power Relay (MPR) health monitoring. This sensor suite will monitor the GCU for changes in component characteristics (e.g. resistance of relay contacts), temperature, vibration extremes, voltage surges, and other factors that will indicate the unit is close to the end of its serviceably life. The complete data set will be logged, analyzed for prognostic and diagnostic estimations, and wirelessly transmission to maintenance personnel and/or a Health Monitoring and Usage System (HUMS) mounted on the rotorcraft. This system will also assist with Condition Based Maintenance CBM by indicating to maintenance personnel when an GCU system could fail. Phase I efforts will focus on defining the system requirements, evaluating competing system options, developing an initial design for the system, and prototyping and demonstrating critical aspects of the system in a laboratory environment on actual or representative GCU components. Sporian will work with Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Laboratory and Titanium Mirror, Inc. on the proposed effort.

OMAX Corporation
21409-72nd Ave S
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-2300
Peter Liu
A13-024      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Effective Processes to Manufacture Advanced Combustion Liners with Shaped Film Cooling Holes for Gas Turbine Engines
Abstract:OMAX proposes to develop an abrasive-waterjet (AWJ) system for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. Waterjet technology has technological and manufacturing merits that are unmatchable by many existing machine tools. In particular, OMAX will take advantage of patents pending advancements in micro abrasives-waterjet (ƒÝAWJ) technology supported by an ongoing NSF SBIR Phase II grant, processes for mitigating AWJ piercing damage in delicate materials, and accessories for 3D AWJ machining. These advancements are essential for the proposed development. The Phase I R&D will include both basic and optional tasks. For the basic tasks, an AWJ system will be assembled by incorporating the above advancement to demonstrate the technical feasibility of meeting the Army's requirements for drilling angled shaped holes in TBC-coated metals and engine components. The Phase I optional tasks will be carried out provided the Phase I feasibility is demonstrated. A micro JetMachining Center (ƒÝJMC) currently being developed as a part of the NSF SBIR Phase III commercialization effort, with position accuracy 5 to 10 times better than those of OMAX's two production lines of high-pressure AWJ machining systems, will be incorporated into the design of a prototype AWJ system for Phase II R&D.

Piasecki Aircraft Corporation
519 West Second Street P.O. Box 360
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-5700
Frederick Piasecki
A13-024      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Advanced High Speed Overrunning Clutch for Rotorcraft Transmissions
Abstract:Overrunning modes will be modeled with all the spring elements in a non-CF induced field in order to analytically determine normal forces applied. Transitions, fits, tapers, outer case thickness/wall will be varied to minimize stress and wear surfaces. The specific outcome of Phase I is to use the high fidelity modeling to assist in detecting wear, heat generation zones and high stress areas in the clutch design.

Oahu Group LLC DBA Diamondhead Research
455 Anolani St
Honolulu, HI 96821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 397-3200
Robert Nakata
A13-025      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Wearable Sensor System for Monitoring Soldier Body Dynamics
Abstract:We propose to develop a prototype wearable sensor network comprising small form factor tags attached to the soldiers limbs and weapon, and a receiver array worn on the soldiers chest that provides accurate position, velocity and acceleration information that the soldier is being subjected to. Each tag is attached at various locations on the body and incorporates a Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) combined with a modulated RF position sensor similar to Doppler radar that provides Direction of Arrival (DOA) and range information from each tag to the body worn receiver array. This hybrid combination provides for a robust solution that corrects the inherent IMU drift, thus providing a highly accurate and robust kinematics measurement and tracking capability. Data is downloaded via a WiFi connection between the receiver array controller and the external remote computer displays the data on a Graphical User Interface (GUI).

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Peter Twiss
A13-025      Awarded: 8/7/2013
Title:Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform
Abstract:To address the Armys need for monitoring soldier body dynamics, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Embedded Soldier Kinematics Acquisition and Analysis Platform (ESKAAP). This proposed device is based on a new design supporting accurate acquisition of soldier body dynamics in a wireless, miniature (button- size), and lightweight package. The innovation in ESKAAP is a highly accurate multisensory MEMS cluster that will allow the fabrication of a nonintrusive wearable system capable of acquiring and analyzing the movements of a soldiers trunk, limbs, and equipment. As a result, ESKAAP will increase the accuracy and dramatically simplify the process of monitoring body dynamics in soldier behavior and performance of new equipment, which directly addresses the needs of the Army. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of ESKAAP by designing a prototype system to answer design issues and meet requirements, as well as fabricate a prototype sensor array for measuring body kinematics. In Phase II, POC will deliver a fully implemented system that will meet and exceed the Armys requirements and can be ready for field tests for the acquisition and analysis of a soldiers body and equipment and for kinematics and kinetics, in real soldier environments.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
A13-026      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Wide Field-of-View Imaging System with Active Mitigation of Turbulence Effects for Tactical Applications
Abstract:Mitigation, correction, or cancellation of the deleterious effects of atmospheric turbulence on wide field of view (WFOV) imagery is desired to increase the efficiency and accuracy of visual tasks performed at a distance. With recent advances in optical components, coatings, microfabrication, and signal processing power, technology now exists to solve the imaging through turbulence problem with compact integrated optical instrumentation. Recently, Nanohmics scientists have developed and demonstrated a passive extended-scene, plenoptic wavefront sensor that has operational characteristics that allow it to be used as an imager simultaneously with making wavefront measurements. In fact, imaging is part of the measurement process of this sensor, and the unique and innovative features of the foundational plenoptic camera at its heart allow image processing operations that can mitigate scene distortions due to turbulence aberration. The Integrated Camera for Imaging Through Turbulence (ICITT) is constructed with a plenoptic wavefront sensor at its heart, but the measurements are not used for wavefront reconstruction or adaptive optics, but rather for correcting the measured image of the scene for turbulence-induced distortions.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alexander Parfenov
A13-026      Selected for Award
Title:Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an innovative wide field-of-view imaging system with optoelectronic active mitigation of atmospheric turbulence effects for tactical scenarios, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Light Field Digital Aberration Corrector (LIFDAC). This proposed system is based on a wavefront sensor, digital image restoration algorithm, and integral parts of the sensor/imaging system. LIFDAC uses an innovative light-field approach and optimized unsymmetrical multifrontal sparse matrix inversion algorithm to solve sparse linear systems with a flexible, scalable graphic processing unit (GPU). The high-performance GPU offers a flexible programming interface for its powerful floating point hardware. LIFDAC eliminates active optics, reduces the imaging systems total weight, and shows 10x improvement in image restoration speed. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate feasibility of the LIFDAC concept design and detailed algorithms for image processing and evaluate its effectiveness under representative field-of- view and atmospheric turbulence conditions. The optimized performance design will be prepared for optomechanical implementation in Phase II. In Phase II, POC plans to focus on optics and electronics integration, develop a prototype with identifiable improvements in image quality, demonstrate this prototype system for its turbulence-mitigation effects, and optimize the system through algorithm refinement and electronic processing improvements.

Integrated Solutions for Systems
4970 Corporate Drive, Suite 100
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 975-5791
Ryan Hill
A13-027      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
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TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6845
Sameer Hemmady
A13-027      Awarded: 6/1/2013
Title:Vehicle Spacing Determination and Display In Low Visibility Conditions
Abstract:To address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements for a low-cost system that can determine and display convoy vehicle spacing in low visibility conditions, TechFlow will adapt the capabilities of its innovative millimeter-wave coherent chaotic radar technology, currently being developed under an AMRDEC-sponsored STTR Phase-II program. TechFlow’s chaos radar technology offers several benefits over conventional pulsed doppler or frequency modulated continuous wave radar systems (which are commonly used for automotive collision mitigation), such as interference rejection and the ability for multiple chaos radar systems to operate within the same frequency band using different chaotic spreading codes, low probability of intercept/detection, multipath rejection, and increased range resolution due to the ultra broadband nature of the chaotic baseband signal. Such system attributes are critical to the successful implementation of a technology solution that can address PEO Ground Systems’ requirements. TechFlow’s fundamental research under the AMDREC-sponsored STTR program constitutes an Army-sponsored investment of nearly $850,000 which can be leveraged by PEO Ground Systems towards an accelerated A13-027 Phase-I SBIR program that will yield a risk-mitigated vehicle collision deterrence radar system prototype mature enough to be mounted on a test vehicle at the end of Phase-I.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ryan Miyamoto
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Advanced Spectrum Monitoring
Abstract:Oceanit proposes to develop an ASM system using a novel sigan processing technique. The proposed technique enables agile detection, location and identification of threat signals. The proposed sampling technique reduces the amount of data without impairing radar capabilities, thus enabling persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (PISR).

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-028      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring
Abstract:To address the Armys need to reliably characterize the radio frequency (RF) spectrum in an area and provide the data in real time to a central control over bandwidth-limited communications channels, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wideband Intelligent RF Spectrum Detection Exploitation and Monitoring (WISDEM) system. Wideband signal collection and processing hardware enables continuous monitoring (<0.5 ms) of signals with up to 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 2 MHz- >6 GHz frequency band. Intelligent signal processing architecture and algorithms, capable of adapting to a dense, complex RF environment, enable high spectral data compression for transfer over band-limited datalinks, while simultaneously ensuring no loss of information. WISDEM provides real-time frequency, amplitude, bandwidth, line of bearing, and time- stamp of signals, which directly addresses the solicitation requirements for an advanced spectrum monitoring system. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of WISDEM with scaled-down laboratory prototyping, identify a path to produce a rugged, survivable, field system, and estimate cost for small-run production. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a low- cost prototype receiving system for the full 2 MHz6 GHz spectral band and document the capability improvement at the Electronic Proving Ground (EPG) range.

EM Photonics, Incorporated
51 East Main Street Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Petersen Curt
A13-029      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:A New Standard for Power-Aware Programming
Abstract:New enhancements to mobile computers including smaller sensors, displays and powerful processors have made them much more attractive for the battlefield, not only as wearable systems for soldiers, but also unattended ground sensors a warfighter can leave behind for situational awareness. Unfortunately, while the technologies for hands-free interfacing have improved greatly, the challenge of limiting power and weight still exist. The latest generation of mobile processors enables smartphones that can remain idle for days, or operate for an entire trans-continental flight under heavy-use. These advancements have mainly been achieved with low-power-by-design approaches which allow processors to consume less energy when not in use. Unfortunately, scenarios requiring persistent use, such as an unattended ground sensor or providing situational awareness to a soldier’s head- mounted display are considered “heavy-use” and the feasibility of mobile processors for extended mission times is severely diminished. In order to realize the full potential of these processors under extended mission times, the Army needs more performance-power flexibility than simply a binary in-use/not-in-use state. New hardware and software approaches are needed to enable a continuum of tunable performance-power ratios. We propose implementing an OpenMP-like library to enable software and hardware control to achieve this level of power-aware programming.

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 972-3250
Richard Ivy
A13-029      Awarded: 6/13/2013
Title:PowerDyn Real-Time Image Processing Controller
Abstract:Soldiers and Unattended Sensors can gain a significant advantage from advances in camera technology and automated image processing techniques. The processing and resource requirements to utilize these advances, however, impose an unacceptable burden in terms of power consumption and/or weight. The proposed technology addresses this deficit by the active and dynamic control of power consumption through the selective activation of system resources according to the time-varying immediate processing requirements of the active image processing algorithm(s). Thus, QuickFlex's pioneering innovation will aid our war fighters by enabling their access to valuable real-time information that is otherwise impractical. The proposed system will leverage and extend proven QuickFlex technology to dynamically manage system power consumption according to the instantaneous resource requirements of the processing algorithm in reconfigurable technologies. To maximize the benefit, the Company's proposed solution will manage the on-chip resources of the processor as well as I/O and other system resources to achieve the lowest possible power consumption while maintaining required processing throughput.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4756
Sendil Rangaswamy
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR)
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes a novel state of the art Programmable Disassembler and Reassembler (PDR) system. The PDR enables utilization of unused spectral bandwidth by distributing bandwidth over multiple frequencies/paths and then reassembling at the destination with little bandwidth cost. A multilayered protection in reassembly process stops incorrectly reassembling data in the presence of noise and very high latency. The transmitting PDR Disassembler has one input at and at least four outputs at19.2 Kbps to 20 Mbps and the receiving PDR Reassembler has one output and at least four inputs with each input and output at 19.2 kbps through 20 Mbps. The PDR supports data rates lower than 75 bps and higher than 512 Mbps and is programmable to distribute between 0-100% of the input stream to any of the output streams or 100% to one channel or 100% to each channel or non-replicated uneven distribution. The Overhead in framing is maintained no more than 3% to 5% of bandwidth. The novel features will maintain output data rate equal to the input data rate disassembler even in worst case path delay in the SATCOM communication paths.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Shean McMahon
A13-030      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Scalable Parallelized Link data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing
Abstract:To address the Army need for advanced data stream disassembly and reassembly solutions, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Scalable Parallelized LInk data Transmission Through Embedded Referencing (SPLITTER) technology. SPLITTER consists of two hardware elements: a satellite side data disassembler and a ground-station- based reassembler. It is based on advanced self referencing framing techniques, metadata embedding, multilayered error correction, and intelligent data splitting. The innovative low- overhead (<3%) framing techniques guarantee accurate reassembly of data irrespective of frame arrival order and easily manage latencies >250 ms that plague existing SATCOM solutions. Integrated error-correction eliminates data replication needs and enables simplex operation. Dedicated hardware coupled with a computationally simple implementation support data rates >512 Mbps. Development risk is minimized as SPLITTER is based on existing technology developed for SPAWAR Pacific. As a result, SPLITTER directly satisfies the Army need for data disassembly/reassembly technologies. In Phase I, POC will define the system requirements and CONOPS. We will then design and develop a proof of-concept prototype and demonstrate it to the Army. In Phase II, we will fabricate the Phase I design which will be tested in accordance with Army requirements. Concurrently, our marketing team will identify transition paths for the technology.

Architecture Technology Corporation
9971 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 829-5864
John Wu
A13-031      Awarded: 7/11/2013
Title:Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T)
Abstract:Rapid and accurate configuration and reconfiguration of the network devices provide the foundation for a robust network needed to facilitate command and ensure user access anywhere and anytime in support of mission-critical tactical operations. In this SBIR effort, the Architecture Technology Corporation (ATCorp) team proposes an innovative Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for Tactical Networks (DHCP-T) technology to address the need identified by the Army for automated network-parameter assignment to network devices in the tactical environments. The DHCP-T approach will overcome two major limitations of the current approaches: 1) need for time-consuming manual configuration of the network devices in each Mission Command system; 2) existing DHCPs inability to assign network parameters based on the mission needs. The technology will be developed to operate within the existing COTS network infrastructure, providing a cost-effective solution to rapid and accurate initialization and configuration of the network devices in the tactical environments.

Broadata Communications, Inc.
2545 W. 237th Street, Suite K
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 530-1416
Prachee Sharma
A13-031      Awarded: 7/5/2013
Title:Flexible Dynamic Initialization Product
Abstract:Improvements in dynamic address assignment protocol (DHCP) are sought for US armed forces to accommodate inclusion of Unit Reference Numbers (URNs) and additional parameters during the address assignment process. One of the most crucial enabler in integration of large scale networks including MANETs and sensors with the armed forces is ease of use and reduction in effort required to deploy, monitor and maintain the networks. Significant improvements in the usability of networks can be realized by replacing the currently used static and primarily manual address assignment approach with a more efficient automated procedure. Further improvements in usability can be obtained if networks can be tuned to respond optimally to reconfiguration commands in the deployment environment. This SBIR aims at automating the task of dynamic address allocation and maintenance. To meet the goals of this SBIR, we propose a FLexible dynamic Initialization Product (or FLIP) in this proposal. FLIP includes DHCP modifications to include URNs in the configuration process and creation of DHCP classes/ group configurations using URNs and associated attributes. A key feature of FLIP is inclusion of a web-based graphical user interface for easy DHCP configurations.

Applied Systems Intelligence, Inc.
3650 Brookside Parkway Suite 400
Alpharetta, GA 30022
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 310-9063
Chad Lafferty
A13-032      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:The objective for this effort is to design and develop a common software foundation for the Army to use in a variety of deployment environments including mobile / handheld devices, mounted units and command posts. The work to be done involves both the development of a software architecture and the implementation of common software foundation engineering tools and libraries. During Phase I of this SBIR, Veloxiti will focus on understanding the issues associated with a common software infrastructure. These issues include mission requirements, constraints imposed by the proposed architectural drivers of the COE, and opportunities afforded by increasing computational resources and bandwidth.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Jonathan Felmey
A13-032      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Common Software Foundation
Abstract:Under the Common Operating Environment (COE) the Army is executing a number of efforts targeting collapse of solutions from dozens of hardware and software foundations to a handful of Computing Environments (CEs). This is being done in order to realize cost savings through reduced redundancy and increase interoperability. Three of those CEs are the Mobile/Handheld, Mounted, and Command Post.. It is the intent of this SBIR to design (and ultimately build) a single foundation that could be utilized across those 3 environments. This single software foundation will leveraged across all 3 domains. The foundation should be flexible enough so that while a common core is utilized across the 3 domains, different user interface components, varying screen sizes, and various states of connectivity (large, limited, no bandwidth) are supported. Additionally, the solution must have an associated Software Development Kit (SDK) that 3rd party groups can leverage to develop solutions.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4258
Hui Zeng
A13-033      Awarded: 8/14/2013
Title:Smartphone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging in tactical edge networks
Abstract:Modern position and navigation systems rely heavily on the Global Positioning System (GPS). However, position information may not be accurate or available when soldiers are operating in environments where GPS is denied, degraded, or unavailable. On the other hand, Smartphones have various powerful features such as low cost, maturity, familiarity of use, and readiness for advanced commercial communication, position and navigation technologies. It is thus desirable to explore the possibility of leveraging Smartphones to assist in enhancing situation awareness in environments where GPS is not reliable. One of the primary implementation barriers is that current Smartphones require network infrastructures which are however not available in many cases in the GPS-denied environments. To address this issue, current Smartphones need to be customized to enable the ad hoc networking capability. Further, advanced RF ranging approaches are needed on customized Smartphones to achieve the high-quality ranging performance over the ad hoc network of Smartphones. In this effort, IAI propose to develop a SmartPhone-based Infrastructure-less Ranging (SPIR) scheme for tactical networks. SPIR leverages state-of- the-art technologies on Smartphone programming, communication and networking, electronics, and RF ranging. It will significantly improve the reliable situation awareness for dismounted soldiers on the battlefield.

Vesperix Corporation
1100 North Glebe Road Suite 1010
Arlington, VA 22201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 224-4422
Tom Wallace
A13-033      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:High Precision GSM-Compatible Ranging
Abstract:This research program develops and demonstrates a ranging method capable of GPS-like accuracy (less than 3 m RMS error) using signals compatible with GSM cellular networks. The method operates without interference with GSM service and can be implemented using standard cellular hardware components.

YumaWorks, Inc.
274 Redwood Shores Parkway #133
Redwood City, CA 94065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 716-0466
Andy Bierman
A13-034      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Tactical Network Configuration (NETCONF)
Abstract:Tactical networks are critical to soldiers' ability to communicate and access applications. The configuration and operation of network devices needs to be simple, fast, and reliable. The emerging NETCONF standard protocol can be optimized to meet the special needs of tactical networks. The goal of this research is to identify the specific gaps in the NETCONF protocol and architecture that limit its usefulness in tactical networks, explore a limited number of solution paths, and recommend a solution approach to close the gaps. Major improvements in transaction resiliency in slow and/or unstable network conditions can be achieved. Enhanced NETCONF and YANG can be used together to provide a solution platform for scalable configuration management performance in low-bandwidth networks with lots of NETCONF servers to manage. The NETCONF security model and server architecture can be enhanced to allow any component (e.g., identity management, user authentication, role-based access control) to be configurable and independent of the NETCONF server.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 577-5678
Marvin Cohen
A13-035      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT )
Abstract:This proposal is to develop an Embedded Model-based Service for User In-situ Training (EMSUIT) for enabling soldiers to rapidly learn to employ mission command applications as mission demands dictate. EMSUIT will develop methods, displays, metrics, and an application developers kit for diagnosing and remedying training deficiencies in users employing mission command applications. EMSUITs diagnostic process will provide several powerful features, such as objective, real-time assessment of user actions and the ability to immediately tailor usage hints and training based on currently assessed proficiency levels to improve immediate and long term skill acquisition.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
1670 South Amphlett Blvd. Suite 310
San Mateo, CA 94402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 902-2223
Eric Domeshek
A13-035      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET)
Abstract:Army doctrine calls for pushing decision-making to lower echelons where possible. Improving technology will allow small combat units to access and exploit battlefield systems. Yet at company and below, units lack staff that can master such systems and maintain expertise through full-time use. Thus future systems must be designed to support occasional users: systems must become easier to use and easier to learn. New technology is needed to ease integration of key capabilities into all Army systems: (1) tracking user context and activity; (2) identifying recurring usage patterns and user difficulties; (3) embedding automated guidance for common tasks; and (4) embedding adaptive training addressing common user misunderstandings and failures. We propose to develop technology for Task Assistance by Reusable Guidance and Embedded Tutoring (TARGET). During Phase I we will identify use cases and requirements; use those to drive refinement of proposed approaches to user experience capture, wizard development, training embedding, and system architecture; and design and prototype subsets of the overall vision to demonstrate feasibility. We expect to focus our analysis on use at company and below of a system such as DCGS-A. Finally, we will develop a Phase II plan to follow through on design, development, and transition.

Land Sea Air Autonomy
2300 Snydersburg Road
Westminster, MD 21157
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 261-5722
Jim Hollinger
A13-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Roadside Hazard Detector-LIDAR
Abstract:LSA Autonomy purposes a ground vehicle mounted LIDAR-based methodology that employs advanced sensor processing algorithms to reliably detect partially obscured objects, such as roadside hazards, beneath light and medium vegetation. Our approach leverages both sensor domain and point cloud analysis. By employing our proven sensor domain analysis techniques, we are able to accurately pre-classify laser returns at the sensors full data rate. Following the sensor domain analysis, a local world model is constructed from a temporal history of pre-classified LIDAR points. The local world model significantly improves the likelihood of penetrating obscuring foliage and accumulating detections from objects beneath the foliage. Objects that are partially obscured by clutter are identified as potential concealed hazards and reported to the user for further assessment. We leverage our existing LIDAR sensor processing framework to accelerate laser point classification and object recognition. The result is a robust and reliable detection algorithm for partially obscured roadside hazards.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Karl Kluge
A13-036      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:ROADSIDE OBSCURED OBJECT DETECTION (ROOD)
Abstract:The ability to detect IEDs is important because they pose a significant threat to ground forces, and are becoming a common tactical weapon around the world. According to the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO) in its 2010 Annual Report, IEDs continued to be the main threat to coalition forces (CF) in both Afghanistan and Iraq.IEDs increased as the weapon of choice for global insurgents and terrorists with an average of more than 260 IED incidents per month outside of Afghanistan and Iraq. Device effectiveness and lethality continued to improve in diverse regions around the world. There were 12,286 IED-related casualties outside of Iraq and Afghanistan between January and November of 2011 in 111 countries. This project will design and development of algorithms to use intensity and range information generated from a LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) sensor to detect emplaced Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) concealed in roadside vegetation. A crucial constraint on potential approaches imposed by the topic definition is that the target geometries are variable and not known a-priori. The scale of the targets of interest (~30 60 cm in height) combined with the degree of occlusion by concealing vegetation (~30 70%) requires fusing information from multiple LIDAR scans taken while in motion in order to have data of sufficient density for reliable detection.

Opto-Knowledge Systems, Inc. (OKSI)
19805 Hamilton Ave
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 756-0520
Nahum Gat
A13-037      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:HyperVideo: Broadband, Multi- & Hyper-Spectral Agile Imager
Abstract:Present multi-/hyper-spectral imagers that function at video frame rates must sacrifice either spatial or spectral resolution in order to unwrap the scene and project the data cube onto the focal plane array. Warfighters, however, are accustomed to, and do not want to give up high-resolution video imagery for additional hyperspectral data. High-resolution video provides an intuitive picture of the scene of interest. Hyperspectral sensors provide data that must be analyzed electronically. We propose an agile sensor that produces full spatial resolution video just like a conventional camera, but at the same time, behind the scenes produces multi- or hyper-spectral data at a spectral resolution that is automatically selected based on the expected threat level in the environment. Threat detection algorithms can run in the background, in real-time, thereby providing useful target detection without interfering with the warfighter's conventional video display. Under Phase-I, we will develop several designs that we will test in the laboratory using components of existing OptoKnowledge hyperspectral sensors. We will also enhance our existing hyperspectral sensor spectro-radiometric performance model, and adapt to the concepts described in this proposal. Under the Phase-I Option, we will decide on a selected approach, conduct optical tolerance analysis, and embark on a conceptual mechanical design for a sensor to be built under Phase-II.

Spectrum Photonics, Inc.
2800 Woodlawn Dr., Suite 150
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 748-1709
Edward Knobbe
A13-037      Awarded: 8/13/2013
Title:Compact Full-Framing Hyperspectral Sensor for On-The-Move Ground-to-Ground Applications
Abstract:Hyperspectral sensors have demonstrated the ability to provide remote sensing utility and actionable information to the warfighter. Currently deployed airborne hyperspectral platforms feature near real-time processing to generate detection products in minutes. Extending this functionality to the ground-to-ground (G2G) scenario however presents a different set of challenges including the lack of a steady forward motion for ‘pushbroom’ type scanning, a highly variable vibration environment, different SWAP-C (size, weight, power, & cost) trades, and the need for the generation of multiple processed data cubes per second with result products displayed in near real time. The proposed project team will explore the design and development of new system capabilities configured to meet the sponsor’s target objectives for a compact, full-framing HIS sensor for on-the-move ground-to-ground applications.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
A13-038      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS)
Abstract:Despite the increased availability of information through systems such as DCGS-A, CPOF, and efforts such as P-OIC, intelligence organizations are still plagued by inefficiencies in TCPED and analysis activitiessuch as collection gaps, collection overlaps, and missed collection opportunities. These inefficiencies result in a trend towards indiscriminately collecting any and all available information, despite guidance in the form of CCIRs. This causes information overload, an increased need for manpower for PED tasks, poor synchronization of intelligence with operations, and, ultimately, decreased mission effectiveness. These inefficiencies could be addressed through better management of intelligence requirements. Therefore, we propose to design and demonstrate Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS). Three main objectives characterize our approach. First, RECORDS provides an evolvable, rich ontology to capture both the Commanders Intent and potential COAs during the MDMP process, including the primary dimensions of the current set of missions, decision points, and related IRs. Second, RECORDS uses intuitive, easy-to-use probabilistic models to capture the dependencies between COA decision points and successful collection. Third, we will design RECORDS to reflect current, doctrinal, and optimal IR management workflows, integrating with existing and emerging capabilities in the military intelligence enterprise.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
Ronald Hartung
A13-038      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:SAVIE: Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment
Abstract:The Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) is a very manual, task-driven process that takes place in an extremely fast-paced, dynamic environment. The greatest challenge to the MDMP is the time outlay associated with gathering and generating known data, at the expense of a commanders decision-making timeline. Based on SME recommendations from an Army Intelligence Officer, we propose the creation of a Situational Awareness Visualization Intelligence Environment (SAVIE) to address this problem. SAVIE will be a thin client, web based, Distributed Common Ground System Army (DCGS-A) backed information environment that will significantly lessen the duration of the MDMP and provide a commander with more flexibility in the decision making cycle. Through SAVIE Ozone widgets, a commander will be able to visualize decision points, see what information is feeding them, and predict when a decision will have to be rendered based on the information required to make that decision. SAVIE will allow the commander and staff to be aware of the same information simultaneously, reducing the need for manual staff updates that take time and introduce errors. This allows the commander to shorten the decision-making timeline for acting against an enemy force, and improve the quality of his decision making.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
A13-039      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module
Abstract:To address the Armys need for an amplifier linearization module, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Predistortion-based Amplifier Linearization Module (PALM). It is based on a POC developed nonlinearity compensation methodology, with additional innovation in the system design that allows PALM to automatically adjust to changes in the nonlinear response of the amplifier. PALM is easily incorporated with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) power amplifiers via a standard analog RF connection. In addition, this system offers over 30 dB suppression of harmonic and intermodulation distortion, 2.5 GHz instantaneous bandwidth in the 1 MHz to 3 GHz frequency band, and compatibility with amplifiers with over 250 W output power. In Phase I, POC will develop hardware and software prototypes, and evaluate their performance with COTS power amplifiers to determine the technical feasibility of PALM to reduce amplifier-related distortion. A high-level development plan for a robust prototype system to be developed in Phase II will be outlined, and expected performance will be estimated. In Phase II, POC plans to develop this prototype system and demonstrate, at a location to be determined by the government, the ability to remove and/or improve the spurs present in the output of the amplifier.

Trident Systems Inc.
10201 Fairfax Boulevard Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 267-2306
Jim Hopkins
A13-039      Awarded: 8/6/2013
Title:Amplifier Linearization Module
Abstract:Power amplifiers are of crucial importance to the tactical utility of a variety of RF systems. Keeping power amplifiers efficient requires running those amplifiers at or near their saturation point which causes non-linear operation. Non-linear operation causes distortion, unwanted interference and degradation of the communications signal. Reducing the input drive to meet linearity results in decreased efficiency and therefore wasted energy causing increased heat, larger heat sinks, added weight, size and additional power. A unique solution to this problem for properly designed power amplifiers is to use linearizers that linearize the input and therefore deliver a more linear output so that the amplifier can be driven harder and therefore be more efficient. There are many methods used to linearize a signal, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. In this SBIR, Trident proposes to design an automatic linearizer that can be used for a variety of different power amplifiers. The system will provide the capability to adjust input levels to a power amplifier in order to carefully control its operating point while linearizing this signal to improve the overall linearity for a variety of different gain amplifiers.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 201
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
A13-040      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Electro-Optically Guided Radar Imaging
Abstract:Millimeter-wave RADAR imaging holds significant promise for many applications from rotorcraft DVE mitigation to standoff security screening. A key challenge of this imaging modality, however, has been the implementation of an effective method for creating an image without relying on either mechanical scanning or expensive, high SWAP phased array techniques. Herein, we present a concept for creating a phased array RADAR system based on optical excitation and readout of conformal antenna arrays. This work builds heavily on an operational passive millimeter-wave imager designed for rotorcraft DVE mitigation that utilizes optical upconversion to sample a distributed antenna array and a demonstrated distributed transmit array that utilizes photonic techniques for the generation and phasing of millimeter-wave signals across the array. Under the proposed effort, PSI will adapt these technologies to create an all optically addressed conformal RADAR transceiver with capabilities for high speed electronically scanned image formation. Key aspects of this effort will include the development of optical sampling techniques for range binning information and phasing algorithms to maximize information gathering capabilities of the imaging RADAR.

Phoebus Optoelectronics LLC
12 Desbrosses Street
New York, NY 10013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 703-4647
Roman Akmechet
A13-040      Awarded: 7/15/2013
Title:Electro-Optically Guided Radar Imaging
Abstract:We propose a meta-surface consisting of a periodic array of metal-like patches that will allow focusing and steering a radiation beam in the millimeter frequency range. The direction of the beam will be controlled by controlling the phase change acquired by the beam as it is transmitted through this metasurface. The phase change at the surface is controlled by the shape and capacitance of metallic features on the surface. Two approaches will be investigated that will allow for active tuning of the steering. One approach will be to actively tune with an applied electrical bias using varactors and transmitarrays, the second approach will use a type of dynamic lithography that produces electric charge concentrations on surfaces that act as metal structures and that is fully tunable in an active way. The proposed structures will allow for miniaturization to reduce the form factor to allow for a hand-held device, and will eliminate detuning effects due to temperature fluctuations in the device.

Adaptive Dynamics, Inc
11829 La Colina Rd.
San Diego, CA 92131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 598-4234
Brandon Zeidler
A13-041      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Signal Recognition and Management Band Pass Filter (BPF) Devices
Abstract:Adaptive Dynamics, Inc. (ADI) has developed the MAGIC(TM) (Multiple Adaptive Generalized Interference Cancellation) Filter, a revolutionary interference mitigation technology that offers these specific advantages for both in band signal separation and out of band signal rejection: * It has demonstrated successful mitigation of multiple interference types (continuous wave (CW), swept tone, random FM, frequency hopped, etc.) to J/S levels exceeding 50 dB and provides out-of-band rejection greater than 70 dB. * The core algorithm is very well developed, and it is currently being applied to both narrow- band (5/25 KHz UHF MILSATCOM) and wideband (GPS, MUOS WCDMA, L-band FHSS) signals. * It is entirely a digital signal processing solution intended to function with a single antenna. * Its computing requirements are readily achieved with commodity COTS components suita- ble for the SWaP constraints. * It can be applied successfully as a low-cost retrofit filter module installed between the antenna and the radio. The Phase I project will conclude with a live demonstration using COTS hardware and our UHF SATCOM prototype.

TeraSys Technologies LLC
1001 Bishop Street Suite 950
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 753-0444
Taufiqul Kazi
A13-041      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Signal Isolation w/ Frequency Tuning Filter (SIFTer)
Abstract:The Signal Isolation w/ Frequency Tuning Filter, or SIFTer, is a technique for protecting a wide variety of EW and C4ISR receivers from the effects of unintentional (friendly) and intentional (enemy) jamming and interference. SIFTer is capable of rejecting broadband and narrowband interference without the requirement for a reference sample of the interference source.

Actoprobe LLC
801 University, SE, Suite 100
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 272-7176
Alexander A. Ukhanov
A13-042      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:Improved performance of small pixel infrared detector focal plane arrays via in situ mesa sidewall characterization.
Abstract:Advanced infrared imaging (night vision) equipment forms a critical component of the US military's tactical capabilities. The development of new third-generation, multi-wavelength infrared focal-plane arrays (FPAs) promises to enhance the superiority of the US military by providing improved target discrimination and identification, along with enhanced resolution. These developments require the use of new materials technologies for detector fabrication, such as type-II strained-layer superlattice detectors. A major obstacle to realizing the full performance advantage of these new materials is the need to passivate pixel side-walls for the suppression of defect-induced dark currents and associated noise. Existing characterization techniques are insufficient to gain important information on side- wall morphology and chemistry to rapidly assess passivation techniques for effectiveness and reliability. Therefore, ACTOPROBE LLC seeks funding to develop an innovative, combined atomic-force/tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy instrument for this type of characterization, making use of advanced, specially fabricated scanning probes that can probe steep side-walls (>80 deg.) within confined trenches (10 micron depth). Prototypes of the probes have been fabricated and are currently being tested. This new instrument will enable high-resolution, non-destructive chemical and morphological analysis, as well as electrical measurements (capacitance voltage profiling), thereby providing timely feedback to optimize detector passivation and processing.

QmagiQ, LLC
22 Cotton Road Unit H, Suite 180
Nashua, NH 03063
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 821-3092
Mani Sundaram
A13-042      Awarded: 6/27/2013
Title:A technique to measure the electric charge on the mesa sidewalls of small infrared detector pixels
Abstract:We propose a simple and elegant technique to directly measure the electric charge on the surfaces of small pixels of III-V and II-VI infrared detectors. Such charges arise from minority-carrier inversion or majority-carrier accumulation layers caused by surface states and exist as 2-dimensional electron or hole gases on the mesa sidewalls. They cause surface current leakage down the sidewalls that dominate the dark current in small pixels. Quantifying the effect of different passivation techniques on surface electric charge is crucial to minimizing sidewall leakage current. In Phase I, we will develop and demonstrate the viability of our measurement technique. In Phase II, we will develop an instrument and study a variety of passivation techniques with the goal of eliminating sidewall leakage in small pixels of Type-II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattice photodiodes.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 296-1806
Bhanumathi Chelluri
A13-043      Selected for Award
Title:High tap density and efficient aerosolization of anisotropic particles using dynamic methods
Abstract:Fine particles are widely used in several DOD and commercial applications such as in obscurant materials for defense uses, pharmaceutical purposes, environmental and agricultural industries. Many of these applications require use of high aspect ratio anisotropic particles and their aerosolization - to obtain efficient extinction coefficients to obscure infrared detection, for efficient pharmaceutical drug delivery or to attain uniform pesticide/fertilizer sprayings in agriculture. Current developments in nano particle production methods enable precisely engineered particles with nanometer level control over their size and shape. However, the orderly packing of these constituents with high tap density and subsequent dissemination to obtain high yield aerosolized particles remains a challenge. The packing and dissemination are inter-related problems, since high packing density of fine particles creates aggregates that produce insufficient aerosolization. The proposed project addresses modifications of high aspect ratio particles by dry coating with nano fumed silica powders to reduce Van der Waals forces and agglomeration along with novel tap and dynamic fill methods to yield high tap density (> 40%) in a condition that can be easily disseminated to obtain maximum aerosolization efficiency.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
John D. Lennhoff
A13-043      Awarded: 9/10/2013
Title:Ordered Packing and Efficient Aerosolization of Anisotropic Particles
Abstract:The Army needs a process for the efficient packing and dissemination of nano and micro- sized disc or fiber based obscurants for the Warfighter to take full advantage of their superior optical properties. Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) will demonstrate a process for anisotropic obscurant particle alignment, chemical modification and compaction to provide for a highly efficient dissemination yielding enhanced Figure of Merit. During a Phase I program PSI will optimize simple process steps and tailor the chemical additive to enable enhanced dissemination. During the Phase I effort we will focus on the alignment, packing and dissemination of micro- and nano- fiber obscurants. We will include a chemical additive that will provide inter particle micro-turbulence during dissemination to enhance extinction and Figure of Merit. During the Phase I Option PSI will demonstrate enhanced dissemination of obscurant particles with a disc morphology. Prof. Chuck Bruce at New Mexico State University will assist with dissemination gas dynamics and obscurant particle characterization. Capco, Inc. will provide burster dissemination characterization technology for the PSI packaged anisotropic obscurants. The Phase II program will provide scale-up of the obscurant processing and expand the grenade testing.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2515
Billyde Brown
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Hollow Metal Nanoparticles for Advanced Obscurants
Abstract:Luna and Duke University are collaborating to develop a simple, low-cost, and large-scale synthesis approach for hollow metallic nanoparticles (HMNPs) of various geometries as advanced obscurants for military applications. Duke has extensive expertise with the design, fabrication, and optical characterization of biocompatible nanostructures with strong surface Plasmon resonance. Luna has extensive experience with nanomaterial synthesis, characterization as well as the scale-up and manufacturing of zero and one-dimensional hollow nanostructures to kilogram-scale quantities. For instance, an MRL (Manufacturing Readiness Level) was certified at 8 (out of 10) by Air Force and General Dynamics for Lunas synthesis of hollow carbon spheres and nanotubes. In Phase I, the Luna-Duke team will strategically design and synthesize HMNPs of various shapes, sizes, aspect ratio (AR), and/or shell thicknesses for strong and tunable absorption of EM radiation across targeted wavelengths (primarily visible and NIR regions). The Luna-Duke team will use a dual theoretical and experimental approach by employing COMSOL finite element method (FEM) software for HMNP design/modeling and wet chemistry using nanotemplates for HMNP synthesis, respectively. Further NanoComposix Inc., with extensive experience in manufacturing, processing, drying, and characterizing the physical, chemical and optical properties of aerosolized nanomaterials, will perform comprehensive testing of aerosolized obscurant powders.

Nano Terra, Inc
50 Soldiers Field Place
Brighton, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joseph McLellan
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Development of advanced obscurant materials based on shape-controlled synthesis of hollow metallic nanoparticles
Abstract:Obscurant materials are utilized by the DOD for personal and asset protection in a variety of applications and at wavelengths that range from the ultraviolet to the infrared regions of the spectrum. Recent advances in metallic nanoparticle syntheses have resulted in approaches that provide exquisite control over particle size, shape, and composition. The driving force for developing these shape-controlled syntheses has been the unique optical properties that metallic nanoparticles exhibit. The unique optical properties of these particles are largely due to a phenomenon known as localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which results in selective absorption or scattering at wavelengths ranging from the ultraviolet to infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Shape controlled synthetic approaches have been demonstrated for the fabrication of plasmonic nanoparticles with anisotropic shapes or hollow compositions that may make them particularly well-suited for use as obscurants with enhanced extinction efficiencies and provide longer areal retention times over solid obscurants. The objective of this study will be to design and demonstrate low cost plasmonic particles with improved properties over current obscurants. Nano Terra will develop obscurant materials that are tailored to provide high extinction efficiencies in the visible (0.4- 0.7 m), mid- (3-5 m) and long-infrared (8-12 m) bands.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Leslie Au
A13-044      Selected for Award
Title:Development of Metallic Nanostructures for Visible and Infrared Obscurants
Abstract:Oceanit proposes to synthesize metallic nanostructures that will exhibit strong localized surface plasmon resonance for visibile and infrared screening application. The optical properties will be characterized and compared to the current state-of-the-art technology. The proposed approach will be scalable and cost effective. Oceanits prior experience in designing and fabricating metal nanomaterials will be critical in the success of the proposed effort.

NOVATIO Engineering, Inc
7 A St
Belmont, MA 02478
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 440-4410
Mimmo Elia
A13-045      Awarded: 6/21/2013
Title:Battle Fuel Conditioner (BFC) for Commercial Gas Appliances in Field Kitchens
Abstract:Proposed here is an approach to modify the fuel supply line to existing commercial appliances to allow them to operate on JP-8 fuel, using a JP-8 “blue flame technology”, based on a patented fuel conditioner that has been shown to produce a clean, highly efficient combustion process from JP-8. Our approach features a key technology enabling the rapid, efficient production of aerosolized and gaseous JP-8-derived products with little or no loss in fueling value and thus the potential to operate at efficiencies in the 90%+ range. Due to its compact size, this novel technology can be integrated within a commercial appliance designed for propane or natural gas with minimal modifications to the appliance and its operating characteristics.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Paul Fazziono
A13-045      Awarded: 6/21/2013
Title:Multi-fuel Solution for Commercial Cooking Appliances in Battlefield Kitchens
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) will develop a compact, flexible and efficient Battle Fuel Conditioner (BFC) add-on module that will enable a full range of commercial gas cooking appliances to operate normally and reliably using JP-8 or other liquid fuels, LNG or conventional compressed gaseous fuels. The BFC will be controllable, modular, robust, and meet Army and other DoD field needs including for field use, maintainability and modular integration into kitchen systems. The key to this device is a compact reformer design which has been tested in both military and commercial applications. In this Phase I effort we will develop and demonstrate a compact, appliance-independent, add-on design suitable for integration with multiple commercial gas appliances. This system will include full balance of plant (pumps, blowers, etc.) and control algorithms required for seamless integration with commercial appliances. Phase I Option work will include environmental testing and further integration demonstration. Phase II work will produce a prototype suitable for testing in a field environment to ensure the product effectively addresses the Warfighters’ needs such as for use in the Battlefield Kitchen.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Alex Naumov
A13-046      Awarded: 5/29/2013
Title:Ambient Energy Conversion System
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a self-replenishing power technology for protective eyewear with active lenses, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Ambient Energy Conversion (AEC) system, which is based on integration of three energy harvesting sources: a photovoltaic structure, a thermoelectric generator, and a 3D motion energy harvester. Operation of these sources is supervised by a miniature power management unit. All components are integrated into the eyewear platform. The innovative photovoltaic structure is an inherent component of the eyewear lens and converts light energy in the ultraviolet and infrared spectra into electric power, preserving >90% of visible light transmission. The thermoelectric generator and 3D motion energy harvester replenish eyewear power both day and night. Therefore, this AEC system offers over 72 hr of operation with electrochromic-based protective eyewear, or over 300 days using POC's liquid crystal lenses, without external charge, while weighing

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Scott Morrison
A13-046      Awarded: 7/1/2013
Title:Ambient Energy Harvesting for Variable Transmission Goggles (1001-946)
Abstract:Our team, which includes a current supplier of protective eyewear for the US military, proposes to develop an energy harvesting technology for self-powered variable-transmission eyewear. This technology will harvest from several different ambient energy sources, for powering both the variable transmission eyewear as well as additional future power needs. The capability will be demonstrated using variable transmission technology developed by Triton.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Waheguru Singh
A13-047      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Next Generation Green Textiles for LCADS Parachutes with Triggered Degradation Mechanisms
Abstract:In remote locations that are inaccessible by vehicles due to rugged terrain or high security risks, supplies are delivered via Low Cost Aerial Delivery Systems (LCADS). LCADS parachutes, which account for 99% of operational airdrop, are made out of a polypropylene material and are one-time-use. However, due to their single-use nature, after the supplies are recovered from the drop zone, parachutes are disposed of by burning them in a pit dug directly on the drop zone. This creates two problems: burning of the low cost polypropylene material releases toxic byproducts, which is a health hazard to the warfighters, and; the volume of drops performed generates a significant manpower burden towards parachute disposal. This proposal aims to develop a promising and attractive technology that will potentially solve both of the above identified problems. Next generation natural fiber derived parachute fabrics are proposed herein bestowed with trigger controlled enhanced degradation mechanisms. Developed materials will eliminate parachute combustion-derived health risks, provide a green, low cost alternative and potentially cause a significant decrease in the required manpower for parachute disposal. Plant-based or biodegradable materials will be used exclusively using simple, green, scalable and robust chemistries that can easily be transitioned into large scale manufacturing.

Tex Tech Industries Inc.
105 North Main St PO Box 8
North Monmouth, ME 04265
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 933-9205
David Erb
A13-047      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Novel Textile for Use on Low Cost Parachutes Employing Trigger Technology to Rapidly Degrade
Abstract:Parachutes are a vital technology for moving equipment, ammunition, and other supplies to the battlefield. Cargo parachutes are used to drop military equipment and supplies from aircraft. The U.S. Army currently uses Low Cost Aerial Delivery Systems (LCADS) parachutes for 99% of operational airdrops . These parachutes are made out of a low cost polypropylene material and are considered one-time-use. The ability to quickly and easily dispose of the parachutes in a less toxic manner will be a significant benefit to the parachute users. Wizbe Innovations, Tex Tech Industries, Pioneer Aerospace, and Transcome Industries will work together to develop and produce a parachute fabric that can be disposed of in an environmentally safe manner.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1669
Jessica Domino
A13-048      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Insect Resistant Textiles for Military Clothing
Abstract:There is a need for a durable, non-toxic textile that is protective against vector-borne diseases, effective after repeating wear and laundering, and compatible with current / future military uniforms. The insect resistant textile is also expected to have no detrimental effect on the physical properties of the textile fabric. Luna, teamed with North Carolina State University (NCSU), is addressing the Army’s need to develop insect resistant uniforms that will provide a physical barrier to the penetration of an insect proboscis. This proposed program with build upon our team’s ongoing efforts in this area to evaluate the physical properties required for these fabrics to prevent insect bites, as well as provide the flexibility and breathability with the physical and thermal comfort for our war fighters. This development will build on existing technology and processing methods to ensure the above properties are attained as well as mechanical durability, launderability, and low cost.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Waheguru Singh
A13-048      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Novel Pyroelectric Coatings to Provide Insect Resistant Textiles
Abstract:Military personnel are often deployed to areas where they are at risk from insect-borne diseases such as malaria, scrub typhus, leishmaniasis, and Lyme disease. To protect against insect-borne disease, the U.S. military has formulated clothing impregnated with permethrin, a chemical insecticide effective against multiple arthropod disease vectors, including mosquitoes. However, alternatives to permethrin are sought. Permethrin is toxic to humans and to wildlife, insects are increasingly resistant to its effects and the procedures by which it is applied are burdensome to personnel in the field. This proposal describes a novel approach to the formation of insect repellant clothing. Instead of using a chemical insecticide, textiles surfaces are modified to have unique physical properties to deter insect contact with the clothing, thereby minimizing the risk of bites or stings. The proposed protective surface finish can be factory-applied as a post treatment, with applicability to most military garment types. Minimal changes to the fabric’s weight, wear resistance and breathability/comfort are expected. The protective surface finish does not present any health hazard and no harmful chemicals are released into the environment. Proof-of-concept studies will be performed on surface modified fabric swatches with subsequent assessment by in vivo assay.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
6900 K Ave
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 747-0707
Bill Nordhaus
A13-049      Awarded: 7/10/2013
Title:Innovative Technologies for Miniaturized Affordable Battlefield Hardened Proximity Sensor
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR program will define the requirements and the development plan for a broadband monolithic microwave transceiver integrated circuit which will enable the production of the next generation of precision end-game proximity sensors suitable for deployment on low-cost high-volume precision Army weapons. The objective of this SBIR effort is to integrate proven pulse-Doppler proximity sensor technology into a form factor that is suitable for deployment on low-cost high-volume precision Army weapons. This architecture leverages the flexibility of wideband RF circuits and digital signal processing to mitigate the problem of operating an RF proximity sensor in an EMI dense environment. The key innovations for the proposed effort: (1) Partitioning the digital and RF functions to leverage the use of COTS signal processing integrated circuits. (2) Maximizing the bandwidth of the RF subsection so as not to constrain the selection of an application specific operational or signal bandwidth. (3) Maintaining generic functionality in the signal generation capabilities of the RF subsystem so that software programmable waveforms can be generated in the digital subsystem. (4) Implementing common industry standard interfaces to facilitate easy integration (Plug & Play).

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 535-2176
Michael Johnson
A13-049      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Innovative Technologies for Miniaturized Affordable Battlefield Hardened Proximity Sensor
Abstract:Phase IV systems has worked on a variety of radar systems that have relied on Doppler processing to perform their function. Recently this approach has been applied to radar fuzes and seekers meant for missile applications. This work has made various commonalities apparent and opened the door to the development of a common processing architecture that would allow for these powerful techniques to be available to miniature sensors needed for artillery type fuzing applications. In addition to powerful digital processing capabilities new concepts in antenna reconfiguration to perform spatial processing have recently shown promise and will enhance multifunction next generation applications. It is the expectation that this effort would focus on two areas with four major tasks: 1) The generalization of the Doppler processing for use with existing FMCW or Bi-Phase coded radar waveforms. 2) Adaptive antenna feed networks. 3) Sample implementation of the generalized processor to evaluate ASIC and commodity processor trade. 4) An example fuze design similar to a M782 form factor will be developed that shows compatibility of the chosen new processor and with existing components. During the option phase a demonstration would be performed using existing electronics with the enhanced antenna switching network.

Keystone Automation
201 Clark Road
Duryea, PA 18642
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 602-4200
Guy Roszel
A13-050      Awarded: 7/10/2013
Title:Miniature Actuator Controls for 40mm Guided and Surveillance Projectiles
Abstract:The objective of this project is to design and develop an innovative miniature actuation system for use in a 40mm guided, extended flight, surveillance projectile. Included in the design will be a miniature control and actuation system, an on-board surveillance system, and an on- board autopilot system to control the projectile autonomously. All components will be tested to withstand gun launch parameters of 4,000 psi, and 22,000 g’s. This effort will utilize economical and innovative approaches to achieve the proper control authority including but not limited to, collapsible air foils, miniaturized actuated control surfaces, and folding props coupled to a miniature brushless motor. There is a need for a rapidly deployable, extended range, surveillance projectile for use on the battlefield to allow the war-fighter to locate and engage targets at extended ranges in potentially dangerous environments. Furthermore, the rapid deployment and ease of use will make it a candidate in any scenario where aerial surveillance is needed such as law enforcement, wilderness rescue operations, or natural disaster response. This solution will provide a portable, low cost alternative to full scale aerial reconnaissance vehicles.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Matthew Birch
A13-050      Awarded: 7/8/2013
Title:Miniature Canard – Control Actuation System (MC-CAS) for Low Velocity 40mm Gun Launched Projectiles
Abstract:There exists a need to improve the lethality of the warfighter at the squad level in addition to improving the warfighter’s capabilities for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR). Orbital Research proposes to design an innovative Miniature Canard-Control Actuation System (MC-CAS) capable of extending the range of 40mm projectiles to 1000m. In addition to this, Orbital Research will also design and develop a low- cost surveillance system capable of capturing images through an electro-optical or infrared (EO/IR) camera system. During the Phase I program, Orbital will perform preliminary aero analysis on the 40mm projectile integrated with the MC-CAS, design the various subsystems, perform structural analysis to ensure the various subsystems survive gun launch loads and develop GNC algorithms for an autopilot and man-in-the loop system. During the Phase I option, Orbital will perform static wind tunnel tests to more accurately quantify the performance of the 40mm projectile platform along and finally develop a hardware integration plan highlighting the key components to be considered at a system level capable of sustaining high-g loads of setback, set forward, balloting, low cost, long shelf life and extreme operating conditions.

Lithiumstart LLC
1083 Vine St Ste 312
Healdsburg, CA 95448
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 803-1178
Thomas Cook
A13-051      Selected for Award
Title:Intelligent Charge Control System w/Anti-Idle to Minimize Fuel Consumption
Abstract:The US Army is working to acquire intelligent anti-idle and charge control technology for ground vehicles. Such features can be implemented in a power management controller using rule based software algorithms to enable increased fuel efficiency. The power management controller will intelligently network the vehicles alternator, engine control unit, and battery management system. Existing solutions from commercial vehicle platforms lack the requisite features for military usage and flexibility needed for integration in a wide variety of ground combat and other support vehicles. The technical challenges for developing a suitable power management controller require innovative approaches to accurately estimate lead acid battery state of charge, and ensure critical electrical subsystems are continuously available even during engine restart after a long silent watch mission. In Phase 1, Lithiumstart proposes to address key elements of risk by testing the technical feasibility of two key innovations. If successful, Phase 2 will focus on issues of practicality by building and demonstrating a power management controller in live field tests on a suitable military ground vehicle.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0673
Murat Yasar
A13-051      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:Intelligent Charge Control System w/Anti-Idle to Minimize Fuel Consumption
Abstract:Fuel is the second-highest battlefield throughput commodity behind water. In fact, ~65% of the fuel consumed in the theatre is for fuel transportation to the battlefield. To improve the fuel consumption and the quantity of forward-deployed fuel, Techno-Sciences, Inc. (TSi) proposes innovative, open architecture software that implements optimal hybrid control algorithms for intelligent power management of ground combat vehicles with anti-idling technology (Hybrid Intelligent Power Controller HIPCo). HIPCo will target the no-idle requirements, while increasing battery life and improving fleet efficiency. HIPCo will also reduce fuel consumption by at least 10%. In the battlefield, another advantage of HIPCo will be during silent watch by reducing exhaust emissions, noise and thermal signatures.

Allied Forces Solutions
2525 Rocky Branch Rd
Vienna, VA 22181
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 855-1897
Dennis L. Bergin
A13-052      Selected for Award
Title:Modeling of Complex Environment for Unmanned Ground Vehicles Performance Evaluations
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to advance the current simulation environment for modeling wireless communication networks used for supervised autonomy of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs). The proposed work includes conducting research and designing a model of a complex environment including different building materials and weather conditions that can be used to further evaluate existing radio, waveform and antenna models for tele- operation of UGVs in different environments, including rural and urban terrains. The ability to measure and evaluate signal strength for tele-operation in a building clearing scenario will be developed. The complex environment will also support analysis for the placement of repeaters within and around the buildings.

Scalable Network Technologies Inc
6100 Center Drive #1250
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 338-3318
Sheetal Doshi
A13-052      Selected for Award
Title:Modeling of Complex Environment for Unmanned Ground Vehicles Performance Evaluations
Abstract:State-of-the-art UGV deployments require teleoperation over a radio communication network to perform their mission function. It is imperative that these radio networks operate predictably in challenging RF propagation environments that may include signal degradation effects from attenuation due to buildings , terrain, presence of particulate matter in the environment such as smoke, rubble, and natural weather effects such as rain and precipitation. Field testing of different radios, antennas, and waveforms in such complex environments can be very expensive and somewhat inconclusive. Existing network simulators and emulators that represent the communication network stack with high fidelity do not represent building and weather related effects with equivalent fidelity. To address the above- mentioned gap, the research team from Scalable Network Technologies and NetwoRCSim proposes to develop CREPE: A Complex Real-time Environment for Performance Evaluation for UGV performance evaluation that provides a high fidelity representation of the UGV radio network stacks as well as complex RF effects due to building materials, structures, and weather effects. CREPE can be connected via hardware-in-the-loop to live sensors and teleoperations sources to provide the mission network planner an accurate assessment of teleoperations performance on selected UGV network architectures operating in a complex RF challenging environments.

Epsilon Lambda Electronics Corp.
396 Fenton Lane Suite 601
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 293-7118
Robert M. Knox
A13-053      Awarded: 8/7/2013
Title:High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Datalink
Abstract:The US Army Joint Attack Munitions Systems Program Management Office (JAMS PMO) has, under topic A13-053, presented the following objective: Develop a prototype high bandwidth (>2GB/s) millimeter wave two way data link for intra-missile communications. Proposed herein is a High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Data Link that (1)Has bandwidth >2 Gb/s. (2) Meets reduced SWaP goals, with size at 2.8X2.4X0.20 in (for three channels), weight of 100gm, and power of <2W. These factors provide the SWaP required to fit in a tactical missile with a seven inch diameter. The transmitter will be capable of being mounted on the gimbaled sensor platform. (3) Allows for imprecise alignment, to limit error rate, and (4) Is low cost, utilizing COTS components and open network protocol.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Vladimir Esterkin
A13-053      Awarded: 8/13/2013
Title:Highly Adaptive Millimeter Wave Transceiver System
Abstract:To address the U.S. Armys need for high-bandwidth, compact, wireless, millimeter-wave intra-missile datalink, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a novel, Highly Adaptive Millimeter WavE (HAMWE) transceiver system that can communicate data rates over 2 Gbps in crowded multipath intra-missile environment. This short-range communication system, built on a unique integration of industry-leading millimeter wave (~60 GHz) integrated circuits and application-specific adaptive beamforming algorithms dynamically controlling an ultra-wide band directional 3D fractal antenna array, provides uninterrupted, duplex, low-BER non-line-of-sight communication channels, free of any mechanically steered and moving components. The innovative HAMWE system will be a miniature system-in-package (SiP) ruggedized device with integrated micro wafer level chip scale circuits, mounted on a ceramic powder-filled and woven microfiberglass-reinforced PTFE composite microwave substrate. In Phase I, POC will develop a TRL-3 board-level transceiver prototype embedded into a 7 in. tube, resembling the original Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM), to demonstrate in-hardware feasibility. Simulation results and hardware testing will lead to a final paper design of the link to be developed in Phase II. We anticipate that at the end of Phase II, the SiP HAMWE prototype will reach TRL-5 and be ready for initial testing at the JAMS PMO.

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-2225
Doug Fitzpatrick
A13-053      Awarded: 7/25/2013
Title:High Bandwidth, Compact, Wireless, Millimeter Wave Intra-Missile Datalink
Abstract:TSC is developing a intra-missile datalink that allows for high bandwidth (>2Gb/s) multi- mode, missile sensor data to be passed to the sensor data processor to minimize the use of cabling. This removes the issues caused by the cabling, such as integration time, cable volume and weight and gimbal sticktion. The developed concept will be ruggedized for missile applications and designed with low size, weight and power (SWAP). The datalink will offer full duplex operation with no need for alignment or line-of-site between the transceivers. TSC is partnered with Dynetics to leverage our complementary expertise and experience to produce a viable solution and transition it into a fielded system. TSC and Dynetics both have a long history of developing and fielding RF, microwave and millimeter wave electronics and datalinks for rockets and missiles that meet the stringent temperature, mechanical shock, vibration requirements of these platforms.

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 799-6944
Michael Eidell
A13-054      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Advanced Warhead Design
Abstract:Corvid Technologies is pleased to offer comprehensive computational analysis, experimental testing, and design of an advanced warhead. The objective is to design a warhead capable of overpressure defeat of point detonating fuses in rocket, artillery, and mortar (RAM) targets. A successful Phase I will utilize Corvids vast experience with high-fidelity computational physics to select an appropriate explosive, determine the best shape for the high explosive (HE) fill, and assess the effects of closing velocity on the designs performance.

Enig Associates, Inc.
4600 East West Hwy Suite 620
Bethesda, MD 20814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 680-8600
Fred I. Grace
A13-054      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Advanced Electromagnetic Warhead for C-RAM
Abstract:This research considers combinations of emerging technologies to provide an advanced warhead to be used in a C-RAM role. The warhead is used as a counter measure to attack and detonate incoming mortar rounds at safe distance from friendly troops. The warhead produces enhanced blast waves of such level that incapacitates the mortar during its flight. Highly energetic blast waves are generated from highly developed electromagnetic explosive devices called flux compression generators (FCG). These generators have been developed in form factors suitable for any contemplated C-RAM weapon that would be used to engage unfriendly munitions. FCGs produce tens of mega-amps of electrical current and very high corresponding magnetic fields that can be applied to several mechanisms to create enhanced blast-wave characteristics . One mechanism involves use of electrical current applied to the reaction zone of detonating high explosives to increase detonation velocity and pressure. A second mechanism creates near volumetric ignition of reactive materials for microsecond release of energy. The combined effects result in far greater energy, pressure, and impulse transmitted into the air about the device. The research addresses application of the mechanisms, optimization, and design of an integrated warhead for C-RAM application. Large-scale shock wave physics codes as well as FCG circuit solver codes will be used during the analysis and design exercises. Follow-on efforts will provide testing of concepts and proof of principle warhead demonstrations. Results will provide an advanced C-RAM warhead for Army use. Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control is a team member and experimentalist on the effort.

EAST WEST ENTERPRISES INC.,
Suite 228 555 Sparkman Dr
HUNTSVILLE, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 379-4802
Augustus H Green Jr
A13-055      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Advanced Waveform Design and Signal Processing
Abstract:A novel signal/waveform model and signal processing algorithm suite that enhances radar systems performance, in the presence of noise and high clutter environments, and its associated discrimination capabilities is proposed. The algorithm allows for extraction of target information in range, azimuth and elevation angles while achieving very fine resolution and high accuracy. Target information at the output of the radars signal processor is obtained by separating nonlinearities between time, azimuth and elevation angles, and target height. An antennas field of view covered by the antenna beam is divided into a number of resolution cells each centered on a reference point. The analysis is for one resolution cell. The number of fine resolution cells leads to substantial reduction in clutter. Initial results, are shown to demonstrate at least an order of magnitude improvement in resolution with respect to classical radar processing. The new algorithm suite is independent of waveform design and will require, at most, only minimal changes to any current radar signal and data processing hardware or software.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 384-3402
E. Jeff Holder
A13-055      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Orthogonal Space Projection Processing with Optimized Waveform Selection for Discrete Clutter Mitigation
Abstract:PRA is proposing an innovative Orthogonal Space Projection (OSP) processing technology and a parallel processing architecture to adaptively cancel discrete clutter in real-time. The OSP technique utilizes adaptive waveform diversity with a suite of waveforms with low correlation time-sidelobes. In addition a unique phase differencing technique is used to identify the location of discrete clutter cells in the Range-Doppler map in order to create a matched and mis-matched projection space. These projection spaces are optimally combined to cancel discrete clutter in the Range-Doppler domain. Optimized waveforms are implemented that further reduce the impact of clutter by adaptively nulling appropriate Range-Doppler cells containing clutter in the time-sidelobes. PRA will define a parallel processing architecture that will compute multiple Range-Doppler maps and complete the OSP processing in real time. OSP can be implemented on a single dwell and does not require multiple dwells for convergence. The advantages of the OSP approach are (1) OSP cancellation adapts to the clutter environment including clutter competing directly with the signal, (2) the OSP waveform can be adapted to minimize the effect of strong discrete clutter by creating nulls in the time-sidelobes at appropriate ranges, and (3) the OSP algorithm can be parallelized for real-time processing.

Dignitas Technologies, LLC
3504 Lake Lynda Drive, Suite 170
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 601-7847
Bob Burch
A13-056      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Urban Computer Generated Forces (CGF) Models
Abstract:Dignitas Technologies’ Phase I approach will use our 20 years of CGF experience to identify a OneSAF system solution for accurate urban models. We will perform system engineering analysis of alternatives where necessary to provide a compliant system design that integrates key population modeling technology. Our analysis will identify the mechanism for pedestrian and vehicular modeling. We will leverage research in blending crowd approaches with continuous flow modeling, geographic cell local laws, and agents. We will provide a multi-resolution framework that is OneSAF compliant for a seamless urban population model approach. We will also leverage our existing applied research in integrating valid traffic models into OneSAF. We will establish performance criteria that helps guide a configurable cultural representation for urban populations. Our approach will demonstrate how fidelity will be increased in order to have meaningful interactions with other models. We will focus on validity of the approach for representation balanced with resource utilization. Our final report will provide our feasibility assessment and show capacity and scalability of the approach. Phase I will result in a definition that will be used to propose the specific thread for Phase II.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(762) 223-1763
Robert Hubal
A13-056      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Urban Computer Generated Forces (CGF) Models
Abstract:Soar Technology, Inc. (SoarTech) proposes to integrate detailed models of cultural daily activities and patterns of life into simulations of synthetic characters inhabiting, and of vehicular traffic moving in, an urban environment. SoarTech will demonstrate technical feasibility of the approach by integrating these models into the Armys OneSAF in a way that requires minimal resource utilization. To improve simulation realism, the approach focuses on two prongs of behavior simulation: the entities (i.e., synthetic characters and vehicles) must have some model of cultural awareness and they must accurately portray the patterns of life that are predominant in their cultural milieu. By the end of Phase I SoarTech plans to have demonstrated the feasibility of culturally- specific behavior models through the conduct of an experiment. In this experiment a metric of interest will be authenticity, that is, would an expert viewing two scenes, one depicting culturally-specific behaviors and one depicting culture-agnostic (but otherwise realistic) behaviors, be able to determine which scene is which. Additional metrics of interest will be comprehensibility, in particular how easily understood are the parameters by which behavior is altered, and scalability in showing satisfactory performance when tens and hundreds and thousands of culturally-aware synthetic characters are represented.

Freedom Photonics LLC
90 Arnold Place Suite D
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Milan Mashanovitch
A13-057      Awarded: 8/8/2013
Title:Eye-safe, High Speed Laser Transceiver for Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System
Abstract:In this program, Freedom Photonics proposes to develop a novel transmitter for for Advanced Tactical Engagement Simulation System.

sdPhotonics LLC
450 South Lake Jessup Avenue
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 929-6675
Sabine Freisem
A13-057      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS) Improved Laser Encoding and Decoding
Abstract:A new approach to the Army Tactical Engagement Simulation System (TESS) is proposed to increase the link reliability, increase range, and increase the amount of data that can be transferred. The new technology uses both laser sources and detectors with improved propagation properties that meet eye-safety requirements, and meet the cost requirements for TESS laser systems. The new technology offers the prospect of increasing both the laser power and link efficiency by overcoming scintillation and fading problems due to atmospheric turbulence characteristic of battlefield training. Efficiency and the amount of data transferred under engagement pairing may both be increased by utilizing new coding schemes with the lasers and detectors, along with improved digital signal processing. Increased range while retaining important information related to roll-off also appears possible. New techniques to extend battery lifetime will be explored, along with detailed simulation of the expected results and component testing. If successful, field-testing of the new technology is anticipated in a Phase II effort.

Gomez Research Associates, Inc.
4835 University Square Suite 19
Huntsville, AL 35816
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-0154
Yaroslav Tkach
A13-058      Awarded: 8/1/2013
Title:Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
Abstract:Proposed research will address the phenomenology and develop a technical concept of buried IED defeat through the creation of low-frequency electromagnetic fields in the ground by the LF current injection. The technical concept will be based on creating pulsed low- frequency currents in the ground layer using either explosive or capacitor driven pulsed current source and then employing the key principle of directly coupling the electromagnetic fields, excited by these currents, into the buried IEDs electrical/electronic components. These time varying electric and magnetic fields will couple directly into the IED components or lead wires and incapacitate the IED electronics and/or pre-detonate/disable their blasting caps.

Loki, Incorporated
12596 Whipporwill Rd
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(806) 239-6944
Sergey Shkuratov
A13-058      Awarded: 9/17/2013
Title:Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development work is to create non-lethal munitions that generate high-power microwave (HPM) pulses to defeat the electronics used to activate Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) or to attack blasting caps to pre-detonate IEDs. To provide the best Phase I results we plan to develop HPM munitions (which we call HPM grenades whether they are hand-emplace, thrown, or launched) of three types. We base each of the types on a miniature explosive-driven generator that uses less than 10 grams of high explosive as its power source. HPM grenades of each type will fit into existing form factors such as hand or robot delivered munitions, 40 mm grenades, Rocket Propelled Grenades, and Stinger, Hydra, and Javelin missiles as requested by topic A13-58, Non-Lethal Munitions for Defeating Improvised Explosive Devices, contained in the U.S. Army Solicitation A13-058.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
23422 MILL CREEK DR., STE 115
LAGUNA HILLS, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-5190
CHIEU NGUYEN
A13-059      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Innovative Technology for Secure Cloud Computing
Abstract:Metronome and Raytheon propose the development of our Stratus Guardian System (SGS) technology in support of the Government’s critical need for “new innovative solutions to protect applications and data pushed to the cloud computing environment by authorized entities from being exploited or captured by adversaries present in the cloud”. SGS incorporates the following innovative software-based features: Hypervisor Security - providing trusted virtual machines for enterprise-grade cloud platforms through a Secure Hypervisor Architecture that offers Mandatory Access Control (MAC), referencing monitor design, and virtual resource isolation protection; Virtual Machine Encryption - providing both secure Data-At-Rest (DAR) and Data-In-Transit (DIT) through Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) protection that are suitable for classified operations; Network Virus/Malware Protection - providing comprehensive cloud-based virus and malware detection capabilities; Multi-Faceted Intrusion Detection - providing an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) against malicious activities that is modified for virtualized networking environments; and Active Virtual Network Defense - providing a comprehensive set of active networking defense mechanisms based on virtual switching, allowing for shielding virtual domains against adversarial penetration and exploitation.

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1420
Mark Heileman
A13-059      Awarded: 8/30/2013
Title:Fluxus: Innovative Technology for Secure Cloud Computing
Abstract:The Modus Operandi Team proposes to design, develop, and demonstrate innovative technology to detect, prevent, and mitigate security threats at all levels within the cloud computing environment. Within the problem space, our objective is to provide measurable security in the cloud environment that goes well beyond contractual (but unenforceable) trust between the cloud user and the cloud provider. Our desire is to create a security solution which does not rely on detecting specific pieces of known malware, but which can detect features which reveal entire classes of malware without the need of a specific signature. Our proposal addresses detecting malware and, in particular, malware which infiltrates the hypervisor. The proposed technical approach will demonstrate how the Army can leverage cloud-based assets without compromising operational effectiveness. In particular, we leverage a timing noise channel, which allows hosted applications to reason about the environment in which they are executing. This channel can be used to determine if the environment has been compromised, and carry out a limited measure of its trustworthiness. An advantage of our approach is that it does not require administrative access to the underlying hosting platform.

Real-Time Analyzers
362 Industrial Park Road Suite #8
Middletown, CT 06457
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 635-9800
Stuart Farquharson
A13-060      Selected for Award
Title:Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer
Abstract:The overall goal of this proposed program (through Phase III) is to develop a novel Portable Fuel Quality Analyzer (PFQA) capable of identifying diesel or jet fuels and predicting their performance properties. The goal of the Phase I program is to determine the best components to perform these measurements and design a prototype to be built and tested in Phase II. Feasibility will be demonstrated by identifying the best spectral region, resolution, and path length and successfully identify unknown fuels and determining density, distillation, flash point, viscosity, and fuel system icing inhibitor. An option task will design a low cost PFQA that performs the required fuel analyses. The goal of the Phase II program will be to evaluate the ability of two prototype PFQAs to identify diesel or jet fuels and predict their properties. This will be accomplished by building the prototypes, measuring 600 fuel samples, developing and testing comprehensive chemometric models, performing environmental tests, and delivering the prototypes with user friendly software and providing training to US Army personnel.

Great Lakes Sound & Vibration, Inc.
47140 N Main St.
Houghton, MI 49931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 482-7535
Stephen E. Polakowski
A13-061      Selected for Award
Title:Develop Efficient/Leak Proof M1 Abrams Plenum Seal
Abstract:The M1 Abrams has been in production since the early 1980s and is powered by a turbine engine. As the powerpack is installed, the seal that connects the air intake plenum to the turbine inlet is engaged by the pressure of installation. Unfortunately, the installation pressure is not consistent resulting in a leak for sand and water to enter the turbine. Water and sand intrusion leads to premature wear of expensive components, ultimately resulting in a costly and time consuming overhaul of the turbine. There is very little space around the seal area, eliminating the usage of typical seal attachment mechanisms. GLSV is accustomed to challenging mechanism design and prototyping, with prior experience on the M1 Abrams and other combat vehicles. A successful redesign requires engagement with the stakeholders, and GLSV has support of General Dynamics and Honeywell. GLSV has a comprehensive plan to determine the root causes, and to investigate past, current and a number of new innovative seal concepts.

Templeman Automation, LLC
21 Properzi Way, Suite P
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 453-8324
Michael White
A13-061      Selected for Award
Title:Develop Efficient/Leak Proof M1 Abrams Plenum Seal
Abstract:To support the Armys technological requirements for a leak-proof M1 plenum seal, Templeman Automation LLC. (TA) proposes a fresh and innovative analysis of legacy seal performance, failure modes, and improvement options using state-of-the-art computer-assisted engineering and rapid prototyping. TA's TALPS leak-proof plenum seal is designed to be fast, foolproof, reliable, and retrofittable.

HA Consulting
8653 W Rowland Pl
Littleton, CO 80128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 980-5458
Ronald G Lundgren
A13-062      Selected for Award
Title:Stand Alone Sensor For Air Bag and Restraint System Activation In An Underbody Blast Event
Abstract:The (All In One) AIO shock sensor was developed by H. A. Consulting in collaboration with colleges from New Mexico Tech, Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the University of Utah Math Department. We propose application of the sensor as an early warning device to a vehicle underbody blast event. The device has been unequivcally demonstrated to signal an explosive event before the onset of an intervening body's structural response. This sensor was developed as a replacement for costly explosive pressure sensors that lack environmental hardness, especially within the fire ball, and are subject to wide amplitude swings due to dynamic temperature drift and are range dependent. The AIO sensor has unlimited dynamic range, is not temperature sensitive, and survives within a fireball. It employs the sifting properties of a mathematical Dirac Delta circuit via Alfen wave identification picking off input shock driving pressure, impulse, velocity and conductivity. It is self-powered and its robust voltage output does not require amplification to signal an event.

Paradigm Research and Engineering
3077 N. Foxridge Ct.
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 730-0080
Mehmet Uras
A13-062      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Stand-Alone Blast Detection and Seat Safety Deployment System
Abstract:Paradigm Research and Engineering proposes to develop a stand-alone blast detection and seat safety deployment system. Proposed sensor system has a Blast Detection Sensor, Energy Storage Module and Electronics Module. It has its own energy harvesting device.

Performance Polymer Solutions Inc.
2711 Lance Drive
Moraine, OH 45409
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 298-3713
Jason E Lincoln
A13-063      Selected for Award
Title:3D FIBER REINFORCED TRANSPARENT COMPOSITES FOR BALLISTIC PROTECTION AND SHOCK ATTENUATION
Abstract:This Phase I Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Program will develop and demonstrate a novel transparent composite material based on a state-of-the-art 3D reinforcement of advanced continuous fibers and a high strength, transparent, polymer matrix. The innovation will be used to prepare transparent armor laminates that are at least 30% lighter weight than standard fielded armor laminates, while defeating a multi-hit 0.30 caliber 7.62 mm Armor Piercing (AP) bullet threat at muzzle velocity. In the Phase I program, we will demonstrate laminated armor systems that incorporate transparent, 3D orthogonal non-crimp woven (3DONCW) fabric reinforced composites with high ballistic resistance and shock attenuation. A 12 inch x 12 inch prototype armor laminate will be delivered to the Army for testing. When these 3D transparent composites are incorporated as the intermediate layer in transparent armor laminates, novel, low-cost, high efficiency designs are enabled which result in thinner and lighter weight transparent armor. The proposed technology innovation directly addresses the Armys need for lighter weight, thinner, cost efficient transparent armor, especially for use in windshields and side windows in military ground vehicles. In addition to the multiple Army and Department of Defense (DoD) solider applications, the dual-use nature of the technology will find commercial application in building windows, non-combat face shields for law enforcement/security personnel via explosive ordinance disposal equipment, and ground and air vehicle occupant protection.

Pratt & Miller Engineering & Fabrication, Inc.
29600 W. K. Smith Dr
New Hudson, MI 48165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 278-5309
Celyn Evans
A13-064      Selected for Award
Title:Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System
Abstract:The current Army fleet of vehicles contains restraint systems that require the Soldier to manually put them on. If a Soldier decides not to wear his or her restraint, the consequences can result in injury or death. The proposed Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System would provide Soldiers a novel restraint system that does not require them to latch or unlatch the restraint. The system would function such that when the Soldier sits in a seat he/she is automatically connected to the seat with no further input required from the Soldier. The Soldier would stay 100% connected to the seat until dismount or during an emergency evacuation, at which time the system would disconnect. The challenge of this technology objective is to safeguard occupants within 90% of the central soldier population, with and without personal gear. All this must be accomplished while mitigating the energy generated by underbody mine blasts, Improvised Explosive Devices, vehicle collisions (frontal, side, rear, rollover), and severe driving conditions (evasive driving and high-speed off-road driving). The restraint system combined with the seat system technology will improve occupant comfort and cross functionality of both the restraint and seating system application and utility for combat and non-combat vehicles.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Stan Desjardins
A13-064      Selected for Award
Title:Hands Free Automatic Coupling Restraint System
Abstract:This Phase II effort consists of conceptual development, modeling, and kinematic evaluation of a hands-free automatic coupling restraint system. The effort includes system and component design activities, development of CAD models, and structural and crash performance analyses. Feasibility will be demonstrated through analyses and kinematic modeling in Phase I. The Phase I Option effort will produce CAD drawings in sufficient detail to enable fabrication of a prototype system for testing in Phase II. Further, the design of test fixtures and test apparatus will be completed and a test plan will be prepared for guiding the Phase II test evaluation and completion of system development.

Pratt & Miller Engineering & Fabrication, Inc.
29600 W. K. Smith Dr
New Hudson, MI 48165
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 278-5314
Kevin Kwiatkowski
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and roadside bombs are currently one of the greatest threats to warfighters who are most often targeted while driving in combat and tactical vehicles. These vehicles must be functional, in that they must be able to carry personnel and gear, while also not being encumbered with a great deal of additional heavy or bulky features. Today's vehicles are currently reaching saturation in terms of the vast array of new equipment and armor being mounted on them. Innovative energy absorbing (EA) solutions that can help prevent energy from underbody blast being transferred to the soldier are a critical component to solving the IED defeat problem. These EA systems, when properly integrated into the vehicle could offset huge armor applique weight costs to vehicle systems. The majority of blast event casualties experience injuries to the lower leg. The current flooring systems are not designed to minimize occupant injuries. Little investment has been made in mitigating the blast impulse from the vehicles underbody structure to the occupant through the use of energy absorbing flooring systems. There are opportunities to evaluate many other technologies to mitigate energy to reduce injury and improve weight/mobility characteristics.

SURVICE Engineering Company
4695 Millennium Drive
Belcamp, MD 21017
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 278-9183
Brian Benesch
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Under-body blast against combat vehicles is a complex and severe environment that requires unique experience as well as specialized materials and geometry design to develop a solution to mitigate leg injuries to occupants. The proposed approach features a synergistic effect by absorbing energy through encapsulated air flow, impedance mismatching, elastically deforming a surrounding structure, designed collapse of the structure, and multi- stage application of these features. Properly evaluating designs within the under-body blast environment requires specialized experience performing detailed finite element analyses of similar scenarios. The proposed design leverages decades of engineering experience in this field, providing a proven design methodology to protect occupants from the severe environment.

Techno-Sciences, Inc.
11750 Beltsville Drive 3rd Floor
Beltsville, MD 20705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 790-0598
Greg Hiemenz
A13-065      Selected for Award
Title:Encapsulated Air Energy Absorbing Flooring
Abstract:Techno-Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with ILC Dover, proposes to develop a novel AirFloor system - a light weight, low cost, air encapsulated structural flooring system to attenuate the loads transmitted to the occupant during a blast event. The proposed AirFloor technology builds upon the teams expertise in developing passive and adaptive energy mitigating technologies and engineered inflatables. AirFloor development leverages in-house modeling and simulation capabilities as well as novel blast venting system to provide optimal and tailored energy absorption in order to minimize floor thickness and facilitate vehicle integration.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6082
Michael Ellis
A13-066      Selected for Award
Title:Armored Vehicle External Radiator
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes the development of an external radiator system that interfaces with the existing cooling system for vehicle internal combustion engines. The Supplemental External Expendable Radiator System (SEERS) must increase the cooling capacity by 20%, have an expendable radiator without the failure of the primary cooling system, provide safety provisions for ground troops and mitigate the SEERS heat signature. The proposed design approach will evaluate two integration schemes and two types of radiators for the SEERS. Each integration scheme has a unique control system to ensure the system is expendable. The first system taps into the existing cooling system with a control scheme to close off flow to the SEERS, if necessary. The second system has a separate loop for the SEERS. The radiator design will evaluate two radiator configurations, a conventional radiator and a radiator using heat pipes. The benefit of a heat pipe radiator is its capacity to take damage on the majority of the radiator without a loss of coolant. The SEERS heat signature will be mitigated with a shroud that covers the radiator. The shroud will help protect nearby ground troops from contact with the radiator fluid if the radiator is punctured.

Hybrid Design Services, Inc.
2479 Elliott Ave.
Troy, MI 48083
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(248) 298-3400
James Pinon
A13-066      Selected for Award
Title:Supplemental External Expendable Radiator (SEER)
Abstract:This Hybrid Design Services (HDS) Phase I proposal investigates Supplementary External Expendable Radiator (SEER) concepts for further development. These concepts include water to water and water to refrigerant Heat Exchange Systems. In this proposal, in addition to heat exchanger options, HDS introduces various concepts for mounting/packaging of the SEER. Lastly, power consumption and methods to conserve energy by recovering waste heat from the engine and/or exhaust system are explored. For demonstration purposes, this proposal provides first order calculations to determine cooling capacity requirements for an AM General HMMWV. Proposed system benefits: A rugged, fit for military use, compact, lightweight, expendable supplemental radiator system that is easily integrated into various existing vehicle architectures. This system will benefit any vehicle that is exposed to demanding usage or hot environments by reducing the likelihood of overheating, premature wear, and potential engine failure. The proposed SEER concepts can also be configured to cool auxiliary electronic devices during Anti-Idle or Silent Watch. In summary, the proposed SEER concepts will increase the units survivability and lethality by enabling extended operations in hot climates with high engine demands. HDS will commercialize this system for use on extreme duty civilian vehicles such as emergency and utility vehicles.

Vorbeck Materials Corp.
8306 Patuxent Range Road Unit 105
Jessup, MD 20794
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 497-9000
Christy Martin
A13-067      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Low Rolling Resistant Materials for Fuel Efficient Military Tires
Abstract:Substitution of standard military tires for low rolling resistance tires have yielded 7% fuel costs savings on Army demonstrator vehicles. However, tire changes to improve rolling resistance affect other areas of tire performance. A tire is a composite structure made up of different rubber compounds that contain reinforcing fillers, and the fillers have important effect on the tires final performance properties. Despite tire technology and filler advances, a sacrifice of wet grip, abrasion resistance, and/or chip and cut resistance occurs for further improvements in rolling resistance. In the proposed program, Vorbeck Materials will utilize graphene filler technology to develop low rolling resistant, high performance, fuel efficient military tires. Since its isolation a few years ago, graphene has generated significant attention, due to its combination of outstanding electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties. For the current tire application, the unique form and chemistry of graphene can fundamentally change the mechanical performance versus rolling resistance trade-off in rubber tread composites. The Phase I development program will focus on developing graphene-rubber tread composites to achieve maximum mechanical and rolling resistance performance; evaluation of the graphene-rubber composite performance; and demonstration of improved tire fuel efficiency of a baseline military tire using modeling and simulation.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Camille Monnier
A13-068      Selected for Award
Title:Multimodal Interface for Natural Operator Teaming with Autonomous Robots (MINOTAUR)
Abstract:The Armed Forces have a clear need for unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) that can autonomously accompany a soldier or vehicle during maneuvers through complex environments. Such UGVs will help solve logistical problems such as individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack. While various semi-autonomous leader-follower prototypes have been developed in recent years, current systems remain unreliable, cumbersome, and unable to adapt, trading off an operators physical burden for an increased cognitive workload, and eroding the operators trust in the system. The team of Charles River Analytics and 5D Robotics proposes to develop a Multi-modal Interface for Natural Operator Teaming with Autonomous Robots (MINOTAUR). MINOTAUR fuses multiple proven leader-tracking and robot control technologies to provide a natural and reliable hands-free soldier-machine interface (SMI) for soldiers operating in challenging environments. In particular, the system fuses state-of-the- art camera (EO/IR), 2D LIDAR, and ultra-wide band (UWB) beacon based leader-following technologies to eliminate typical failure modes in leader following solutions. The system fuses context cues with inputs from multiple control modalities (e.g., voice and gesture commands) to infer the operators intent in ambiguous situations and provide an appropriate level of robot feedback.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7620
Glenn Taylor
A13-068      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Human Robot Interaction to create Human-Robot Teams
Abstract:A fundamental challenge facing the Army is that soldiers carry too much weight, which dramatically reduces their effectiveness and safety. In order to alleviate this excessive burden, the DoD begun investing in efforts such as a robotic mule that follows a squad and carries their excess gear. However, soldier-machine interface technology has not kept pace with the advances in ground robotics. A robotic platform is normally tasked remotely through an Operator Control Unit, many of which are still teleoperation, which adds more weight to the soldier and requires constant attention. Until more natural interfaces are developed, such robotic systems will continue to be a burden to the soldier rather than an asset. In order to overcome these issues, SoarTech proposes to research and develop a robust heads-up, hands-free natural soldier/robot interface for robotic mule operations. We will develop CONOPS and use cases for interactions with a robotic mule, and investigate a range of modalities and technologies to find the most suitable for robust natural interaction. We will leverage our multi-modal soldier-machine interface that we have demonstrated with a range of robotic entities, extended here with new modalities and interactions specific to squad operations.

Century, Inc.
2410 West Aero Park Ct.
Traverse City, MI 49686
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 231-3844
Matt Kero
A13-069      Selected for Award
Title:Friction Material (brake pads) for Metal Matrix Drums
Abstract:Century Inc. has designed and manufactured aluminum metal matrix composite (MMC) brake drums for multiple applications with great success. These applications include military and commercial applications with axle loads ranging from 8,000 lbs to 23,000 lbs. As applications vary the torque requirements of the brake system also vary. To work with multiple brake systems multiple friction materials are required to couple with the aluminum MMC brake drums. This family of friction materials needs to encompass both low to high coefficients of friction. Currently available friction materials work very well in low to medium coefficient of friction (Mu) applications such as commercial brake systems. The purpose of this proposal is to look at the high Mu materials. This proposal entails fully analyzing known friction materials that work in low to medium Mu applications. This information will be used to then determine modifications that will optimize friction material performance for friction level, fade, recovery, speed sensitivity, noise, and wear. The completion of this Phase 1 SBIR will demonstrate new formulations that will complete the current family of friction materials. A Phase 1 option in this proposal will allow the initial material properties and performance data to be collected with these new formulations.

REL, Inc.
57640 North Eleventh St.
Calumet, MI 49913
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(906) 337-3018
Adam R. Loukus
A13-069      Selected for Award
Title:Friction Material (brake pads) for Metal Matrix Drums
Abstract:Metal Matrix Composites (MMC) are a novel material technology that can contribute to the survivability, reliability, and mobility of a military vehicle. TARDEC has invested millions of dollars into the development of MMC brake drums, integration and testing. This innovative product has the potential to reduce the weight of a truck by hundreds of pounds. However, an effective braking component must be paired with a proper friction material, and for MMC drum brakes, the friction couple has yet to be optimized. REL, Inc. is an expert in MMC and advanced material products, combining the theoretical and practical for real-world solutions. REL manufactures and sells MMC brake discs and pads for motorcycles, and as such, has developed an extensive library of friction materials. This expertise and experience, together with key industry partners and friction material producers, make REL a very capable entity to develop friction material for MMC brake drums.

---------- NAVY ----------

211 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Sharly Ibrahim
N131-001      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:Investment Cast Net Shaped Complex Lubricating Channels
Abstract:Producing complex net shape, narrow, long, and curved lubrication channels within the body of an investment cast article using controlled solidification investment casting (CSIC) process is a technically challenging problem. MER is proposing a novel technology to resolve the CSIC technical limitations by utilizing PolyCapillary material (PCM), an advanced powder metallurgy technology, to produce channel forming materials with tailorable mechanical and metallurgical properties to match and work with those of the target investment cast high purity aluminum alloy. The technologies have the advantage of producing large diameter tubes with micro porous walls that have a fraction of the base metal mechanical properties. Mechanically, the micro porous tubes will have the advantage of matching the shrinkage pattern of the investment cast Aluminum alloy. Metallurgically, the PCM process can produce tubes from different materials to eliminate cross contamination between the tubes and the aluminum alloy that can produce brittle conditions within the investment cast article near thin sections. Prefabricated channels produced via PCM will have the advantage of producing net shape complex lubricating channels within the body of an investment cast article with minimal impact on the CSIC process in terms of production volume and process cost. The PCM produced lubricating channels.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Darin Knaus
N131-002      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Screech Suppression via Heat Release Modification
Abstract:Combustion stability is critical to the performance of augmented military jet engines. Instabilities such as screech can result in reduced augmentor performance, increased sustainment requirements, or even catastrophic failure. Screech remains a difficult problem to predict and mitigate, and its occurrence can limit the operational flight envelope of military systems. Many of the passive techniques used to suppress combustion instabilities in stationary gas turbines are unsuitable for military propulsion systems. Advanced active control techniques involving high-bandwidth active cancellation of instabilities have not been applied to real systems due to their inherent complexity. In this research program, we propose to apply an advanced fueling system for low-bandwidth, active screech suppression. The fueling system, called CFIS (Carbureted Fuel Injection Scheme), provides control of the spatial distribution of heat release, allowing for manipulation of symmetry and convective time delays in the augmentor without structural modifications. In the proposed research program, we will apply CFIS fueling to a high-fidelity augmentor rig designed to generate screech instabilities that are relevant to modern engine designs (transverse instabilities). We will then apply and investigate strategies for mitigating screech by manipulating the heat release distribution using CFIS injectors.

Energy Research Consultants
23342 South Pointe Drive Suite E
Laguna Hills, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 583-1197
Christopher Brown
N131-002      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Technologies for the Suppression of Combustion Instability or Screech
Abstract:This Phase I project will demonstrate how control of fuel and/or air distribution can be used to mitigate combustion oscillations. The project will be done with the perspective that the mechanism of controlling the oscillastions can eventually be implemented into a retrofittable, closed loop approach. It has been well established that the relationship between the location and timing of local heat release can couple with acoustic modes in the augmentor. Examples of exploiting this by pulsing fuel at the correct phase to mitigate can be found, but the requirements for the fast pulsing preclude practical implementation. In the proposed project, spatial movement of the heat release rather than temporal will be demonstrated through a combination of fuel and air placement. The effort will utilize an existing test rig with two- stream mixing to mimic the fan and core air streams. This offers the ability to explore manipulation of the oxidizer stream in addition to fuel placement as a migigating strategy. Complimenting the tests will be the development of analytical flame response transfer functions which will help interpret the reasons the control measures work.

Engineering Research and Analysis Company
340 SENTINEL OAK DRIVE 1173 Lyons Road
DAYTON, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 291-3800
Mohammed Mawid
N131-002      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Technologies for the Suppression of Combustion Instability or Screech
Abstract:A novel passive screech liner damping design concept to damp out low and high order screech modes simultaneously in legacy, pipeline, and advanced military afterburners are proposed for development and demonstration in this SBIR project. The proposed novel passive damping liner design concept is very retrofittable and implementable in any current or future augmentor systems without adding complexity and weight to the system or requiring supplemental cooling air. The proposed screech liner hardware concept will be designed, computationally analyzed, fabricated, and tested in Phase-I and Phase-I option of this SBIR project by leveraging an existing augmentor instability /screech liner damping rig designed, fabricated, and utilized to excite a low order tangential mode and then attempt to attenuate it using the new concept.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(312) 873-1101
Robert Kipp
N131-003      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Rapid and Accurate High-Resolution Radar Signature Prediction of Sea Targets
Abstract:Radar signatures of small boats and ships are inherently complex due to their myriad topside features: railings, antennas, masts, ladders, armaments, pilot stations, outboard engines, storage bins, etc. In boats, the use of fiberglass and other radar-penetrable materials for hulls and decks further complicates the radar signature by exposing interior geometry. Radar detection, identification, and tracking of watercraft depends on accurately characterizing radar signatures and their variability over anticipated operating conditions. However, at these wavelengths, watercraft can span hundreds to thousands of wavelengths, well beyond the capability of any full-wave electromagnetic solver. Asymptotic (ray-tracing) solvers do very well at quickly predicting the signatures of large, complex shapes, but they suffer in capturing the effects of detailed features measuring a few wavelengths or less. Yet, these detailed features can play an important role in the overall radar signature. We propose to develop a practical signature prediction capability for watercraft that hybridizes the solution of two mature electromagnetic modeling technologies based on ray tracing and method-of-moments. Phase I will focus on hybrid formulation development and proof of concept through numeric experiments. In Phase II, hybridization algorithms will be refined and implemented in a radar signature tool, including a commercial-grade GUI.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5228
Feng Xu
N131-003      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:RARSP: Rapid and Accurate Radar Signature Prediction
Abstract:Modeling of radar signature of sea targets in dynamic sea states is a critically important problem in developing methods of detection and identification of potentially threatening ships. As most maritime radars operate at X-band, this EM problem has an extremely large electric-size and it is further complicated by the sea wave phenomena. Simulation tools exist for high-frequency electromagnetic (EM) simulation. However, existing tools are insufficient in following three aspects: incapable of modeling the fine features on the topside of ships which often have significant scattering contributions due to their comparable size to X-band wavelength; incapable of capturing the interaction between ships and complex sea states; not suitable for state-of-the-art Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) or GPU-cluster acceleration. We propose to develop a hybrid method based on the novel Bidirectional Analytic Ray Tracing (BART) algorithm and the 3D fast Method of Moments (MoM) algorithm. Besides the fine features of ships, the proposed tool can also take account of scattering of rough sea surfaces. Both BART and MoM can be accelerated by inexpensive GPUs.

Remcom Inc.
315 S. Allen St. Suite 416
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 861-1299
Gary Bedrosian
N131-003      Awarded: 5/16/2013
Title:Rapid and Accurate High-Resolution Radar Signature Prediction of Sea Targets
Abstract:High-fidelity predictions of the radar cross sections of ships at sea at X-band and above are complicated by the presence of interactions between the important scattering objects on the ship, with sizes comparable to a few wavelengths, and the larger structures of the ship which are electrically large. Interactions with the ocean surface are also important. Different electromagnetic analysis techniques are required for the small and large structures, and so the use of a single technique will either be computationally prohibitive (in the case of full- wave techniques suited for small structures) or inaccurate (in the case of high-frequency asymptotic solutions for large structures). In the proposed Phase I project, we will use a hybrid technique that combines regions where a full-wave solver is applied with regions where a high-frequency solver is applied, overcoming the limitations of using a single technique for both. This work will build on a previous successful prototype of this basic concept for simpler systems involving only one small object, using Remcom's commercial XFdtd (full-wave) and XGtd (high-frequency) EM analysis software. After feasibility is demonstrated in Phase I, the prototype hybrid solver will be developed into a commercial product in Phase II.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 229-6812
Sachin Jain
N131-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Real-time Mission And Path Planner (REMAPP)
Abstract:To maximize the strike effectiveness of multiple disparate manned and unmanned platforms while minimizing the potential damage to the strike force from the defenders in a high threat environment, we propose to develop REal-time Mission And Path Planner (REMAPP) that will provide secure routes of ingress and egress to designated targets. The generated routes will provide the necessary coverage from radar detection, identification and acquisition by enemy air defense systems by using the aircrafts active (e.g. self-protecting electronic countermeasures, standoff jammers, other SEAD measures) and passive techniques (terrain masking) of radar avoidance. Moreover, when a new threat is detected by on-board or off-board sensors, REMAPP will re-plan in real time increasing the survivability of the strike force. The proposed approach will be centered around Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) which is a very powerful specification language that provides a very natural way to model the rules of engagement and multi-platform coordination and Rapidly-Exploring Random Trees (RRTs) that are suitable for a real-time path planning in complex, high constrained environments. REMAPP will benefit from mission specifications expressed in very general forms, combining and recombining information to pursuit myriad purposes which is extremely important for dynamically changing environments such as pop-up threats.

Inkographics
7925 Romaine Street suite 306
West Hollywood, CA 90046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(323) 401-5122
Inna Abramova
N131-004      Awarded: 5/17/2013
Title:Automated Target Area Threat and Route Optimization
Abstract:This effort will develop a software tool with the ability for near real-time threat and target area routing and de-confliction capability. Through the use of innovative algorithms based on reactive-navigation, extension of Genetic Algorithm work, and software architecture it will optimize the performance of multiple platforms by increasing survivability and increasing probability of kill in a dynamic, high threat environment. The design will be robust enough to accommodate platform enhancements, onboard/offboard jamming, reactive Suppression of Enemy Air Defense measures, and minimize strike platform exposure.The proposed development builds upon BeemmLink the software framework for modeling, simulation, visualization, and analysis of dynamical systemsThe proposed effort will result in the proof- of-concept implementation of functionalities for asset allocation and path-planning/motion- planning. We will determine minimal acceptable asset packages that maximize the probability of reaching their designated targets, and use these elementary packages for constructing viable asset groups. These implementations will demonstrate that BeemmLink is capable of efficiently handling the required computational complexity of algorithms commonly used in the context of mission planning.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-4830
Amos Freedy
N131-004      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Team Oriented Programming for Dynamic Automated Target (TOPDAT) Area Threat and Route Optimization
Abstract:This proposal is to develop Team Oriented Programming for Dynamic Automated Target (TOPDAT) Area Threat and Route Optimization. TOPDAT will dynamically plan and update air vehicle routes and response to threats in real-time for teams of manned and unmanned air vehicles on complex missions in hostile environments. The core challenge is to determine the optimal strike routing and utilization of limited defensive resources to de-conflict and protect air vehicles and thereby maximize mission success in a complex and changing threat environment. TOPDAT will apply a proven, state-of-the-art algorithm for planning for coordinated manned and unmanned assets. TOPDAT will use the concept of Team Oriented Plans to structure the overall activity and then use planning algorithms to work out the details. The planning algorithm works by iteratively planning for each asset individually, looking for interactions between the plans - and then replanning - taking into account the identified interactions. The result is an efficient algorithm that finds high quality coordinated plans for many assets. Due to the heterogeneity of the assets and the situations they face, we will use a suite of planning algorithms to do the planning for individual assets, with the right algorithm chosen for the situation with intelligent meta-reasoning.

Adaptive Technologies, Inc.
2020 Kraft Drive Suite 3040
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-1284
Chris Hudson
N131-005      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Advanced Wireless Maintainer Communications in Electromagnetically Noisy Environments
Abstract:Navy aircraft operate from and in these highly dynamic environments with many people performing various tasks, such as ordnance loading, hot fueling, recovery of equipment and personnel, and multiple in-flight mission operations. Mission success requires a high level of coordination and communication. This research is designed to advance the state of the art in wireless communications aboard ship by developing a usable Visible Light Communications (VLC) system to provide high bandwidth, reliable communications for maintainer to maintainer and maintainer to aircraft communications. The system will be encryption capable and, because of the unique nature of VLC, will be difficult to intercept and jam in the operational theatre. Further, by avoiding traditional RF, the system will be safer in and around environments in which stray RF energy can be hazardous. `

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
William Audette
N131-005      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Ultrasonic Communication System for Noisy Environments
Abstract:Safe efficient operations on the flight line or on the deck of an aircraft carrier require effective communications between members of the crew and between members of the crew and the aircraft pilot. Maintainers working on the flight deck or flight line are often subject to extremely loud noise fields (110 to 140 dBA), which makes natural voice communications challenging or impossible. Missed communication and miscommunication are a constant risk, either of which could imperil operational tempo or crew safety. A new solution is needed to enable high-reliability communications between personnel on the flight deck and flight line. Creare proposes an ultrasonic communications system to enable voice and data communications for maintainers on the flight deck and flight line. In Phase I, we will develop the core technology and overall system architecture. In Phase II, we will design, fabricate, and test the system and deliver prototype units to the Navy.

Freedom Photonics LLC
90 Arnold Place Suite D
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Daniel Renner
N131-005      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Advanced Wireless Maintainer Communications in Electromagnetically Noisy Environments
Abstract:Freedom Photonics proposes to develop a novel wireless communications system based on free-space-optical (FSO) technology that can provide aircraft maintainers the communications reliability and bandwidth that they need. The goal of this SBIR program is to develop such an optical wireless communication system, which should have the following attributes: high-speed data rates, communication coverage area as far as 300 feet radius from the aircraft being maintained, highly reliable communication, low probability of intercept (LPI), low C-SWaP transceivers, so that they can integrate with existing maintainer radio communications equipment and ruggedized design for military operation.

Radio Frequency Simulation Systems, Inc.
2345 North Glassell St
Orange, CA 92865
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 974-7377
James Struble
N131-006      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Direct Digital Radio Frequency (RF) Conversion Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM)
Abstract:Advancing technology in Sample/Hold, A/D and D/A technology, coupled with full digital capture, store, delay, modulate and reconstruction, will provide the basis for a new Digital RF Memory where all of the RF components can be removed in place of digital logic and analog devices. Removal of multi-stage RF converters and LO schemes reduces the system complexity, cost, size, weight and power requirements while significantly enhancing the reliability and MTBF.

Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC)
6800 Burleson Road Building 320
Austin, TX 78744
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 479-7732
William Hallidy
N131-006      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Direct Conversion DRFM
Abstract:Recent advancements in high speed signal processing technology offer the possibility for significant efficiency of Electronic Attack (EA) Digital RF Memory (DRFM) systems. Typical DRFM technology utilize an RF translation to baseband, Radio Frequency (RF) sampling, storing digitized samples into memory and then reversing the process to reconstruct the RF signal prior to transmission to the victim radar. This allows for both time domain and frequency domain manipulation of the radar signal. Direct Digital conversion of RF signals has the potential to reduce DRFM size, power consumption, and unit cost and allows for a multiple parallel DRFM architecture capable of addressing emerging threat environments. SPECs proposed Direct Conversion DRFM (DCD) approach provides an optimized combination of direct digital RF up and down conversion from 2-18GHz, broad band DRFM performance, and multi-channel DRFM threat EA capability in minimum size, weight and power (SWaP). The direct conversion concept is based on Nyquist sampling and the use of passive anti-aliasing filters to cover a very wide frequency range with no active RF components required for up or down conversion.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-3298
Gil Raz
N131-006      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Direct Digital Radio Frequency (RF) Conversion Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM)
Abstract:Systems & Technology Research (STR) with our partner Mercury Defense Systems (MDS, formerly KOR Electronics) present this proposal for developing new Digital Radio Frequency Memory (DRFM) technology. The combination of STRs proven low size weight and power (SWAP) high performance receiver and digitizer technology with MDSs leadership in DRFM technology will provide both innovation and experience in pursuing the proposed technology development.DRFM systems are an important tool in EW applications. The ability to use them on SWAP limited platforms while increasing their performance metrics is an important goal for future EW capabilities. The goal of this proposed effort is to develop an advanced all digital Electronic Attack (EA) DRFM system minimizing Radio Frequency (RF) component technology that will result in reduced size/cost/complexity and increase capability and effectiveness through wider bandwidth. Specifically we will explore Direct Digital RF Conversion approaches that eliminate the RF signal translation modules of conventional architectures. This direct digitization of RF signals will cover input frequencies between 2 GHz and 18 GHz. This is expected to reduce size and power requirements by significant margins. The per unit price reduction would allow for multiple parallel DRFM architectures capable of simulating emerging threats to US radar systems.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
N131-007      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:High Gain Common Data Link (CDL) Antennas for Networking UAV Nodes
Abstract:In this Phase I effort, FIRST RF will develop and evaluate concepts enabling highly directive multi-beam TCDL communications using phased arrays integrated on the Fire Scout UAV platform. Phased array systems allow for dynamic beam steering with graceful degradation. Wide elevation patterns desirable for air-to-air or air-to-ground communications are achieved by using a linear array topology. These arrays also have the benefit of a narrow azimuth radiation pattern conducive to point-to-point communications and networking waveforms. Highly selective filters isolate TCDL uplink and downlink channels and allows for multi-beam functionality as well as the ability to simultaneously transmit and receive on each channel. FIRST RF proposes an innovative approach that leverages innovative phased array architecture to provide a highly functional TCDL communications node with multi-beam capability. Commercial applications of this technology have also been identified.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 353-8755
Sidney Theis
N131-007      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:High Gain Common Data Link (CDL) Antennas for Networking UAV Nodes
Abstract:Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) such as Fire Scout could increase its utility to the fleet by operating as a node in an airborne star network. Such a system would need to support full- two way communication with up to six other nodes for transfer and relay of data, imagery, command and control with 360 degree coverage, within a 110NM UAV slant range. This would require multiple high-speed channels.The Phase 1 base effort will concentrate on first developing a complete set of system requirements from tops down system analysis. Innovative AESA concepts will be synthesized and feasibility determined. Risk/Reward trades will be accomplished on multiple AESA approaches to select candidate approach that can meet the derived system detail requirements.

ANDRO Computational Solutions, LLC
Beeches Technical Campus 7902 Turin Road, Ste. 2-1
Rome, NY 13440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 334-1163
Andrew Drozd
N131-008      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Acceleration for Cosite Interference Prediction Tools
Abstract:Simulation tools that exist today for prediction of cosite interference in complex RF environments are able to accurately model complex platforms but they are quickly constrained by computational limits on traditional workstations. The focus of this research will be on updating existing electromagnetic interference and vulnerability (EMI/EMV) simulation tools to the latest parallel computing clusters. As a result of this effort the time required for analyzing cosite interference on complex platforms will be significantly reduced. ANDRO will build upon its existing E3Expert framework and integrate a new EM analysis tool, uCAST (UTD Complex Antenna Simulation Tool). uCAST is a UTD (Uniform Theory of Diffraction) based code developed by Applied EM, Inc. that is currently being enhanced with parallel processing capabilities under a related NAVAIR SBIR Phase II activity. As part of that effort bottlenecks in current algorithms were identified as well as other algorithms which may be problematic in transferring to a parallel environment. That work proceeded into Phase II where a commercial grade GPU based code was developed using NVIDIAs CUDA platform. In this Phase I effort we will assess the feasibility of integrating the uCAST kernel into the E3Expert and develop a work plan for building requirements to test and prototype its interface. During Phase II we plan to develop a commercialized version of E3Expert built with uCASTs UTD based parallel processing capabilities for cosite analysis.

Delcross Technologies, LLC
3015 Village Office Place
Champaign, IL 61822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(217) 363-3396
Tod Courtney
N131-008      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) Acceleration for Cosite Interference Prediction Tools
Abstract:Modern military systems contain numerous avionics and electronic systems that must perform to very high standards in hostile environments in the presence of numerous potential sources of electromagnetic interference (EMI). On airborne platforms for example, there could be dozens of RF systems radiating and receiving mission critical signals simultaneously over a very wide range of frequencies. Undesired electromagnetic coupling between these systems can easily occur, leading to loss of function of one or more critical systems. In addition to this cosite interference, there is also the potential for EMI due to sources of electromagnetic energy not located on the platform of interest. These sources of external interference could be due to systems operating on nearby platforms such as a high power radar on a ship, or could be due to intentional jamming. In order to ensure maximum likelihood of mission success, modern military platforms must consider the mitigation of cosite and inter-system EMI prior to deployment, whenever subsystems are added or changed, and periodically during the service life of the platform to ensure continued compliance as the equipment ages.Through this proposed effort, we will show how the GPU-based parallelization of EMIT will lead to significant reductions in simulation time, greatly improve the usability of the tool, and make it possible to add higher-fidelity modeling formulations without sacrificing run time or decreasing the efficiency of the cosite engineers.

Virtual EM Inc.
3055 Plymouth Rd, Ste 200
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 222-4558
Tayfun Ozdemir
N131-008      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Hardware Accelerated CAD software for Accurate Prediction of Co-site Interference
Abstract:Virtual EM is proposing to employ multi-core CPU and GPU acceleration for orders of magnitude increase in computation speed in predicting Co-site Interference among antennas on aircraft and other complex structures. The computational engine utilizes method of moments for accuracy.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 330
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 308-1401
Scott Bierly
N131-009      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low SWaP Wideband Digital Receiver/Exciter (DREX) for Multifunction AESA
Abstract:Next Generation airborne Navy Radar and Communication Systems will continue to rely on and evolve Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) systems to have more digitized channels for the flexibility of advanced digital beamforming (DBF), Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP), and agile wideband waveforms including Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques. These evolutionary requirements all lead to the need for more Digital Receiver/Exciter (DREX) modules, but proliferating them on most platforms has historically not been possible due to the Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP) and Cost (SWaP-C) profile of existing solutions. Azure Summit is pleased to offer this proposal to NAVAIR in which we leverage our existing efforts for the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), NAVAIR, and Azure IR&D in DREX technology. Azure has a miniature wideband DREX module running in the lab today. Azure will leverage these technologies to develop 1 GHz wideband DREX concepts for NAVAIR in the 2-18 GHz band that support next generation AESA with full flexibility for improved radar modes, communications, SIGINT, EW, and other shared aperture concepts, and with low SWaP-C to enable doing this cost-effectively at the system level.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
N131-009      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low Size Weight and Power (SWaP) wideband Digital Receiver Exciters (DREX) technologies for Radar and Communication Systems
Abstract:FIRST RF will develop a low SWaP DREX system approach that will include a wideband, multichannel frequency conversion capability. Requirements and design viability for a flexible multi-mission system that can support advanced radar modes or high-bandwidth communications will be investigated. FIRST RF will also pursue an innovative DREX integration approach with the rest of a sophisticated phased array system. This integration approach seeks to minimize system SWaP by eliminating redundant enclosures, cabling, and thermal management systems. The resulting system will be low-profile, air cooled, and contain all necessary structural, RF, environmental enclosure, and DREX subsystems required for a next generation sensor. The successful completion of this program will allow naval airborne assets to have unprecedented capabilities for operating in a variety of ISR and force protection roles.

Mustang Technology Group, L.P.
6900 K Ave
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 747-0707
Kyle Whaley
N131-009      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Low Size Weight and Power (SWaP) wideband Digital Receiver Exciters (DREX) technologies for Radar and Communication Systems
Abstract:Mustang proposes to develop innovative, low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP) Digital Receiver Exciter (DREX) technologies needed for simultaneous operation of the U.S. Navy Fire Scout Radar Autonomous Collision and Avoidance System (RACAS) and Coherent Automatic Radar Periscope Detection and Discrimination (C-ARPDD) modes. The design will also support the integration of multiple Radio Frequency (RF) applications that have historically been treated as separate systems (such as Communications, Navigation, and Electronic Warfare) with lower overall SWaP and cost requirements.This concept is a next-generation DREX design with improved SWaP for a C-Band (5250-5900 MHz) radar and communication array. A binary phase or frequency shift keying communication waveform using the HAD-DREX hardware will be applied. We will show how our design is capable of generating highly complex adaptive transmit waveforms such as radar waveforms with spectral transmit notches and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) waveforms for communications applications. Included will be the benefits of our tightly coupled FPGA-Digital Signal Processor (DSP) solution that enables a substantial amount of signal processing to be performed directly in the DREX, which greatly simplifies the interface to the platform general purpose processor while providing a highly adaptable antenna interface.

Applied Technology Associates
1300 Britt SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 767-1235
Rick Walter
N131-010      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Compact Optical Inertial Reference Unit (COIRU)
Abstract:ATA proposes to develop a Compact Optical Inertial Reference Unit (COIRU) to address the requirements of the Optical Inertial Reference Unit (OIRU) for Navy Tactical Airborne High Energy Laser (HEL) Application solicitation. The COIRU proposes the following innovative technical approach to address the customer challenges: Single center mounted spinning mass gyroscope as the inertial stabilization sensor Gyroscope rotor caging to the gyroscope case using a stable platform actuators controller design Swappable fiber- coupled laser source that does not degrade optical alignment Gyroscope signals digitized in the base of the COIRU mechanism A simple digital and power interface for operation ATAs proposed COIRU addresses all of the requirements of the solicitation topic and offers improved optical IRU performance in an incredibly small package (2x2x2) at a very low price ($120,000/unit). ATA anticipates a successful Phase I and Phase II effort will provide a very small optical IRU that can operate in a wide variety of military environments including airborne, ground, and sea-based. Because of the COIRUs small size and performance capability, it can support a wide variety of applications such as high-energy lasers, target designation, laser radar and laser countermeasure systems.

Controlled Dynamics Inc.
18141 Beach Blvd., Suite 170
Huntington Beach, CA 92648
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 735-3095
David Schenck
N131-010      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Optical Inertial Reference Unit for Navy Tactical Airborne High Energy Laser (HEL) Applications
Abstract:CDI is proposing an tactical OIRU design based on a modified production IMU combined with our LOS/INS module. The combination of production hardware tailored to the OIRU tactical vibration environment provides a competitive OIRU design on a $/rejected jitter basis.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 759-4048
William Dickson
N131-010      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Optical Inertial Reference Unit for Navy Tactical Airborne High Energy Laser (HEL) Applications
Abstract:SA Photonics is pleased to propose our FALCON Optical Inertial Reference Unit (OIRU) for use on High Energy Laser (HEL) weapon systems on tactical air platforms. The inertially stabilized Optical Reference Beam (ORB) provided by an OIRU serves as a virtual star and is a key element in the jitter control system of aircraft-hosted optical systems. The low- frequency band of the IMU signals below the band used to stabilize the ORB can serve as an angle reference during target acquisition slews. Present state-of-the-art OIRUs are too large for tactical use, and are susceptible to linear vibrations. The FALCON OIRU, based on SA Photonics fiber optic gyro (FOG) technology, addresses the size and vibration issues of the aircraft-hosted tactical HEL application. The FALCON OIRU can be packaged in a 2 inch cube, and provides high sensitivity and low errors required for dual use as a jitter control virtual star and as a low-frequency IMU angle reference.

KCF Technologies, Inc
336 South Fraser Street
State College, PA 16801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(814) 867-4097
Jacob Loverich
N131-011      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:Wireless Rotor Head Power and Data Bus
Abstract:This proposal addresses the opportunity to develop an optimized power and data bus for aircraft rotor loads monitoring by offering an innovative solution that delivers high power density energy harvesting and reliable delivery of large volumes of data from a rotating frame to a fixed frame. The system non-intrusively harvests energy from the main rotor and wirelessly communicates loads data to a HUMS data aggregator. This innovative development work will be completed through collaboration between KCF Technologies and its partners. This partnership provides a high degree of capability in helicopter wireless communication, energy harvesting, and fiber optic strain sensors.

Redondo Optics, Inc.
811 N. Catalina Avenue, Suite 1100
Redondo Beach, CA 90277
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 292-7673
Edgar Mendoza
N131-011      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:High-Speed Self-Power Wireless Fiber Optic Sensor (WiFOS) Structural Health Monitoring System for Helicopter Rotors
Abstract:Redondo Optics Inc. (ROI) proposes to design, build, bench and fly test, and deliver to the Navy an innovative light weight, high-speed, and self-powered wireless fiber optic sensor (WiFOS) structural health monitor system suitable for the onboard and in-flight unattended detection, localization, and classification of load, fatigue, and structural damage within the blades, rotor gears, shafts of a helicopter rotor and to wirelessly transmit the acquired and processed sensor data from the rotating frame of the rotor to a remote wireless data-logger receiver/gateway located in the non-rotating frame of the rotor assembly. In Phase I, ROI will focus on developing a multi-channel WiFOS SHM system that minimizes power consumption and maximizes power generation. Specifically, ROI will assemble a self-power, wireless WiFOS transceiver interrogation system based on ROIs monolithic integrated optics microchip technology, integrated with smart power management, on-board data processing, and wireless data transmission optoelectronics, and self-power using energy harvesting. In Phase II, the WiFOS system will be engineer into a fly qualifyable system for testing and demonstration aboard a Navy helicopter platform such as the H-60, H-1, H-53, or V-22. In Phase III, with the support of a strategic partner, the WiFOS technology will be transitioned to Navy operations.

Veraphotonics Inc
43967 Rosemere Dr
Fremont, CA 94539
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 802-7489
An-Dien Nguyen
N131-011      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Energy Harvesting, Wireless Structural Health Monitoring System for Helicopter Rotors
Abstract:Veraphotonics proposes to develop a low weight, high-speed structural health monitoring system capable of measuring load, vibration, and acoustic emission (AE) responses corresponding to damages occurring in advanced materials and structures. Our novel sensing system consists of a fiber bragg grating (FBG) sensor array interrogated by a low- cost, light-weight, low-power miniaturized stand-alone laser based detection system combined with state-of-the-art multichannel wireless data acquisition node and high- performance energy harvesters. Veraphotonics novel sensor interrogation technology offers a number of advantages including compact sensors and low-power, lightweight sensor interrogation instrument which incorporates closed loop feedback control algorithms for robust sensor wavelength demodulation integrated with power conditioning for energy harvesting power management. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the muti-channel interrogation systems capability to wirelessly measure load, vibration, and AE response combined with energy harvesting power management for monitoring composite rotor blade structures under loading. In Phase II, the self-powered multifunctional sensor device will be developed for field use to monitor load history and detect damage presence and locations in helicopter rotor blades.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ninad Patnekar
N131-012      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Wireless and Passive Noise Measurement and Earplug Evaluation System
Abstract:To address the Navys need for a miniature wireless earplug-integrated sensor, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Wireless and Passive Noise Measurement and Earplug Evaluation Sensor (WIPAS) system This system is based on an innovative surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based passive and wireless pressure sensor and an acoustic sensor that is small enough (224 mm) to be inserted in and removed from the ear canal. These sensors wirelessly interface with the WIPAS systems compact external interrogator unit. The WIPAS system works both as an earplug fit/performance evaluator and as a noise dosimeter. The innovations in the WIPAS system allow evaluation and measurement in real time without compromising the earplug, which is currently impossible. Unlike the conventional earplug whose performance typically degrades over time (due to movement, etc), the features offered by the WIPAS enable reliable determination of protection provided to the device wearer. In Phase I, POC will perform modeling and simulation of the SAW sensor, and demonstrate WIPAS feasibility by developing a limited-capability bench-top prototype. This TRL-3 prototype will be experimentally evaluated in laboratory-controlled environment. In Phase II, we plan to build and validate a complete TRL 5-6 system, demonstrate its field worthiness, and evaluate its productization.

Scientific & Biomedical Microsystems
9175 Guilford Rd, Suite 100
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 456-4728
Brian Jamieson
N131-012      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Earplug-Integrated Miniature Wireless Sensors for Warfighter Monitoring and Earplug Evaluations
Abstract:The objective of the proposed program is to develop a highly miniaturized wireless pressure sensor for integration with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) earplugs in a practical and cost effective manner. The most immediate application is the evaluation of earplug performance, specifically with regards to the important issue of middle ear pressure equalization and the risk of eardrum rupture among pilots undergoing rapid ascent or descent. More generally, the ability to integrate highly-miniaturized wireless sensors into the distal portion of a COTS earplug (e.g. that portion proximal to the middle ear) would make it practical to continuously monitor a wide variety of physiological parameters during military operations.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
N131-012      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Universal In-Ear Warfighter Monitoring System (1001-956)
Abstract:Job related hearing loss is a growing issue within active and retired military personnel. Ear protection is critical to prevent such injury, but personnel in variable pressure environments, such as pilots, often cannot use the best hearing protection due to pressure changes risking barotrauma. Current physiological monitoring systems can measure in-ear pressure levels, but require customized ear pieces. The proposed solution will use recent developments in pressure sensing and small, wireless near field communication electronics to provide a simple, universal system that can be used to measure the in-ear pressure of any subject wearing any earplug. The Triton In-Ear Warfighter Monitoring System will measure in-ear pressure levels of subjects wearing their own personal hearing protection in simulated pressure scenarios, ensuring that personnel are not exposed to a dangerous level of pressure while affording them the best hearing protection possible.

AlphaSense, Inc.
510 Philadelphia Pike
Wilmington, DE 19809
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 998-1116
Pengcheng Lv
N131-013      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:A Novel, Low Cost and Handheld Microwave Sensor for the Detection and Evaluation of Incipient Composite Heat Damage
Abstract:In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. details the development of a novel, low cost and handheld microwave sensor for the detection and evaluation of incipient composite heat damage. The merits of the proposed sensor and its advantages over other techniques are listed below: a) Compact, handheld and low cost, b) Sensitive for incipient heat damage detection, c) Capable of quantitative analysis of the incipient heat damage levels, d) Capable of interrogating through coating layers, e) High throughput measurement process, and f) Easy and safe to the operators.

Picometrix LLC
2925 Boardwalk
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 864-5639
David Zimdars
N131-013      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Terahertz Detection of Composite Heat Damage
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR project, we propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a Time-Domain Terahertz (TD-THz or THz) system for rapid determination of the composite heat damage to airframes. The method employed will be capable of inspecting for heat damage underneath paint and coatings to detect hidden and early-stage degradation of the composite. We will experimentally investigate a BMI based composite before and after heat damage, and compare THz to other inspection methods for determining changes in the composite characteristics. The proposed method will be able to measure these properties on a wide variety of composite systems with a remotely positionable sensor. The sensor will be suitable for hand-held single point measurements; and adaptable to robotic or gantry scanning of large area regions. The reflection T-Ray sensor will have non-contact operation, with working distances adjustable from less than 1 cm up to 10 cm. Measurement will be real time, with waveforms acquired at rates up to 1000 Hz, allowing large areas to be scanned.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Frank Clark
N131-013      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:A Lightweight Optical Approach to Detect Incipient Heat Damage
Abstract:Composite materials, widely used in aircraft, reduce manufacturing cost, improve structural performance, and boost fuel efficiency. However, composites are susceptible to hidden heat damage, which may occur from fire, exhaust impingement, overheating, or during repairs. The earliest heat damage stage, referred to as incipient heat damage, may reduce upper use temperature, cause matrix mass loss, and reduce mechanical flexural strength. We propose an innovative approach that detects this very early matrix damage via changes in the mechanical flexural response of a structure. We use a small lightweight optical imaging detector that can rapidly monitor large structures and identify regions exhibiting incipient heat damage. We combine small mechanical excitation of the structure under test with a lightweight camera that images the surface resonant frequency, directly probing the local flexural strength of the composite material. This technique, called the Fast Imaging Non- Destructive Inspection Technique (FINDIT), can directly and nondestructively test the mechanical flexural properties of composite material. Flexural damage has been shown to provide a first warning of incipient heat damage before visual manifestation. FINDIT quantitatively measures the associated tilt-tip surface changes, and may be automated, removing subjective judgment factors, rendering the approach fully functional under adverse circumstances.

East/West Industries, Inc.
80 Thirteenth Avenue
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(631) 981-5900
Joseph Gaito
N131-014      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Efficient Cargo and Personnel Handling System
Abstract:Develop an innovative approach for cargo and personnel handling system that requires minimal labor effort by the crew to operate. The cargo and personnel system approach shall be capable of carrier take-offs and landings and not reduce current aircraft capabilities. Demonstrate the feasibility of applying the developed approach in a laboratory environment.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Nic Williams
N131-014      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Efficient Cargo and Personnel Handling System
Abstract:The proposed solution concepts are intended to provide a replacement seating system coupled with a device to more safely and easily move cargo along the length of the aircraft. The seating system is focused on reducing installation and removal time and stowed volume, while also reducing the chance of injury to handling personnel. The project will focus on developing conceptual ideas that will meet the user needs for the C-2 aircraft. Safe, Inc. will perform a trade study on these concepts and select the best concept to develop into a prototype for initial testing.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Jacob Alexander
N131-014      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Innovative & Lightweight Cargo/Personnel Handling System (1001-953)
Abstract:The US Navy seeks to simplify loading, unloading and reconfiguring (between cargo & passenger missions) the C-2A aircraft with a view to reducing both operator stress and deck residence time during carrier flight operations. Triton Systems, Inc, proposes to meet this requirement using a combination of proven cargo/seat handling equipment designs and lightweight materials to offset any weight increase associated with the new cargo/seat handling hardware. A roller system will be used to load both cargo and seats including a removable roller system with quick-release attachment hardware for the ramp. The roller system design will be compatible with existing C-2 seat and floor tracks. This provides the Navy the option to avoid a costly requalification program for a new seat design (mindful of the fact that the C-2 seating must withstand catapults and traps) while leaving the door open for a possible new seat design in the future. A new cargo cage design will be explored that will a) take fuller advantage of the available cargo space (particularly overhead) than the current design , and b) include consideration of various options to reduce cage weight through the use of lightweight composite materials and/or parts consolidation.

Turnaround Factor
7847 Riverside Dr
Richmond, VA 23225
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 878-8328
Matthew Roy
N131-014      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Efficient Cargo and Personnel Handling System with Foldable, Removable Seats and Rollers
Abstract:TAF Proposes to implement a cargo and passenger handling system for the C-2A(R) consisting of foldable seats and a cargo roller system that will improve the speed, agility, and flexibility of fleet logistics support operations. The seats will fold against the sidewalls of the aircraft with a one-touch latch operable in less than 30 seconds per seatpair. The seats and cargo rollers will be attached to the existing seat rails with quick-click hardware allowing removal from the aircraft when needed. The complete cargo and passenger handling system will weight less than the existing seats. The foldable seats will be rated to 20G+ emergency loads in both the folded and in-use positions. The benefits of this system include reduced time required onboard carriers, minimized crew effort, eliminated need for hand-loaded cargo, improved crew member safety, and reduction of seat removal from the aircraft. Commercial applications include commercial mixed cargo and passenger flights in remote areas, other military aircraft, and mid-sized business jets.

AdValue Photonics Inc
3708 E. Columbia Street, Suite 100
Tucson, AZ 85714
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 790-5468
Shibin Jiang
N131-015      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Fiber Optic Bi-Directional Amplifying Repeater
Abstract:Telecommunication 850 nm band is an attractive choice for the physical layer and has been used for the vast majority of the optical local area networks (LANs) by taking advantage of comparatively low-cost silicon P-I-N technology for optical receivers as well as high power GaAIAs semiconductor lasers for both the signal sources and the amplifier pumps. For a fiber optic link to connect the aircraft network to an external pod through a pylon, a fiber optic repeater with amplification is needed to compensate the loss of the link caused by the power division by the multiplicity of directional couplers and the propagation loss of the transmission fiber. A fiber optic amplifying bi-directional repeater to boost optical (digital) signals bound for hardpoint pylons is thus highly demanded for optical power loss budget on military aircraft. We propose to develop compact fiber amplifiers in the 850 nm band satisfying the requirements of next generation LANs. New glasses and fibers will be developed for building amplifiers near 850nm.

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 652-0007
Charles Kuznia
N131-015      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Fiber Optic Bi-Directional Amplifying Repeater
Abstract:This program creates a fiber optic bi-directional repeater for mil-aerospace applications. This repeater boosts the optical signal to overcome link loss issues found in systems with multiple lossy connectors. This approach will rely on compact packaging of active optical device in a manner compatible with 29504 and NGCON termini.

Vega Wave Systems, Inc.
1275 West Roosevelt Road Suite 104
West Chicago, IL 60185
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 562-9433
Tony Moretti
N131-015      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Fiber Optic Bi-Directional Amplifying Repeater
Abstract:The Navy needs an optical repeater based upon the NGCON (MIL-PRF-64266) because the optical power loss budget on military aircraft is demanding. A bi-directional optical amplifying repeater would address the optical loss issue of connecting a fiber optic link in the aircraft network. Challenges include meeting the requirements for shock and vibration, operating temperature range, and optical port flexibility supported by the NGCON connector family. A design that enables the number of fiber ports required presents a major challenge to any optical repeater technology when size, weight, and power are considered. To address this, Vega Wave Systems and Illum Technologies will design an NGCON-based fiber optic repeater utilizing Illums patented Ferrule-Pak technology that is 5x smaller than the smallest commercially available transmitter/receiver optical subassemblies.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Mark Grogan
N131-016      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Advanced Cermet Liner for Reduced Wear and Contamination in Plain Airframe Bearings
Abstract:In this proposed Phase I Project, Powdermet will develop a low cost solution to contamination issues currently involved in spherical plain airframe bearings. The proposed solution will utilize an advanced low friction cermet. This material will be capable for application as a powder coating or consolidated and adhered inner cylinder for use as the bearings self- lubricating liner. The material will exhibit state of the art contamination resistance while minimizing additional friction or cost. Additionally, the material will not increase initial torque on the system nor operating temperature. The result will be a bearing system with increased lifetime compared to current technologies.

SAFE, Inc.
5032 S. Ash Avenue, Ste. 101
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 820-2032
Lance Labun
N131-016      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Life Improvement of Plain Airframe Bearings by Preventing Contamination
Abstract:Safe, Inc. proposes a physical shield to protect spherical bearings from the abrasive particulate. Since many rotorcraft rod-ends are installed in exposed locations, sand and dirt cause damage to the spherical bearings and their liners. By preventing these particulate from contacting the spherical ball, the shield will prevent much of the contamination damage that shortens bearing life on rotorcraft. By allowing inspection without removal or with partial removal, the shield will further reduce maintenance requirements. Incorporation of the shield concept into future bearing production can lead to increased shield life and further reduce costs.Safes strategy is to select a shield material that will minimize heat build-up due to hysteresis and also enable heat dissipation for whatever heat is developed due to flexure. The shield material will be selected for inherent temperature resistance and in particular, a material that is chemically stable will be chosen. In order to minimize the weight and volume of the bearing shield, Safe has created a concept which remains close to those bearing surfaces which require protection. This design strategy will minimize the impact of the shield on the assembly weight, on the flexural resistance, and on the overall bulk of the assembly.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Tyson Lawrence
N131-016      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Contamination Prevention for Plain Airframe Bearings (1001-958)
Abstract:Liner wear in spherical bearings used in fixed wing and rotor craft can be significantly accelerated by liquid and solid contamination. Contamination is particularly problematic with oscillating loads. The proposed solution will prevent contamination of plain airframe bearings without significant additional friction or cost. The modification will not impact the bearing installation time, methods or required equipment. The solution will not significantly increase initial breakaway/running torque, temperature or maintenance cost. It is universal to all SAE Aerospace bearings (AS81819, AS81820, AS81935, AS82819, AS8942), all sizes and material options

LightSmyth Technologies
875 Wilson Street Unit C
Eugene, OR 97402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 431-0026
Dmitri Iazikov
N131-017      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:Polarization insensitive diffraction grating for Navy tactical airborne high energy lasers (HEL) applications
Abstract:LightSmyth is a US based manufacturer of high power high efficiency polarization insensitive diffraction grating using unique, cost-efficient and high fidelity manufacturing technology. Gratings are etched into fused silica substrate and contain no organics or polymers. They may be as large as 150 mm in diameter with clear aperture up to 135 mm. LightSmyth is uniquely positioned to supply Navy with requested grating for high energy laser with minimum technical risks, at a fraction of the solicited price and with superior performance. LightSmyth already has gratings that approach the requested performance and only small design modification and performance verification will be required to fully meet them.

Plymouth Grating Laboratory
5 Commerce Way
Carver, MA 02330
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 503-1719
Douglas Smith
N131-017      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:Polarization Insensitive Diffraction Grating
Abstract:The intent of this proposal is to design, and later fabricate, a non-polarizing diffractive beam combining device which meets the stringent requirements of a fiber-laser based Laser Weapon System (LWS). The diffractive beam-combiner is a key element in the system in that provides for combining several high power lasers which differ in wavelength by ~ 5nm into a single beam without suffering wavefront distortion due to thermal absorption of the laser. Recent improvements in both fiber lasers and in laser diodes have made compact and power- efficient systems possible, but all depend on a diffractive beam combining device to achieve required power levels. The existing technology of Multilayer Dielectric Reflection Gratings (MLD) developed for high power laser pulse compression will be used to develop the non- polarizing beam combiner gratings. The requirements as outlined in the announcement are stringent and include 1) High power handling capability, 2) High Diffraction Efficiency over a 40 nm bandwidth, 3) Polarization insensitivity, 4) Low absorption. Additionally, PGL has been informed that a lower dispersion device with a larger grating period is preferred for most applications. These are all challenging requirements but they may be best met with the proposed MLD type gratings.

RAM Photonics
4901 Morena Blvd. Suite 128
San Diego, CA 92117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 771-7311
John Marciante
N131-017      Awarded: 6/5/2013
Title:High-Efficiency Polarization-Insensitive Diffraction Grating for All-Glass Monolithic SBC Fiber Laser System
Abstract:Spectral beam combination (SBC) of fiber lasers is the most practical approach to DEW- class HELs using diode-pumped fiber lasers. Use of conventional diffraction gratings to combine wavelengths is limited in that metal is inherently absorbing. Regardless of the metal layer thickness, optical power is absorbed in the grating, altering the spectral and efficiency properties of the grating and inducing optical aberrations that reduce beam quality. Designed to overcome the peak-power damage limitations for use in petawatt (short-pulse) lasers, multi-layer dielectric (MLD) diffraction gratings are essentially transmission gratings paired with a dielectric mirror stack. Although the lack of metallic surfaces exist eliminates absorption issues, MLD gratings by definition rely on interference within the stack, resulting in much higher intensities within the stack and leading to optical damage at reduced power levels.We propose to use an all-glass diffraction grating whose high efficiency is yielded by inhibiting transmitted orders, and can therefore be made of a single material with no coatings or layers. Used in an immersion topology, this grating allows for a fully monolithic SBC fiber laser system to be realized, with no free-space components. The grating and the monolithic SBC sytem re-design are the focus of the Phase I proposal.

Aechelon Technology
600 Townsend Street Suite 425W
San Francisco, CA 94103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(913) 851-3886
David Morgan
N131-018      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Decoupled Rendering Channels to Reduce Logistical Support Spares Requirements of Large Scale Training Centers.
Abstract:A system is described that minimizes the logistical footprint and administrative overhead of multi-unit training centers. This system builds on the dual foundation of Aechelon Technology's industry-leading industry-leading pC-Nova(tm) Image Generators' diskless components and Nexus XL(tm?) Unified Storage architecture, enabling image generators to be administered from a centralized location, with a single copy of databases and a shared CM system. The addition of universal digital video routing and enhanced network connectivity will enable Image Generator components to be pooled for enhanced trainer availability while simultaneously reducing sparing requirements.

Diamond Visionics LLC
400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A
Vestal, NY 13850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 428-0340
Timothy Woodard
N131-018      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Decoupled Rendering Channels to Reduce Logistical Support Spares Requirements of Large Scale Training Centers.
Abstract:Diamond Visionics proposes a solution to decouple rendering channels from simulators and displays by developing a novel architecture consisting of both hardware and software. Modern video processing and networking techniques will be utilized such that any display in the system can be connected to any image generator in the system during runtime. This type of separation will allow for specific image generator tasks to be offloaded from specific rendering channels as desired to create higher fidelity simulations. Source data necessary for the image generators will not be limited to just the image generator computer, but rather a centralized location. These steps above will make it possible to reconfigure any image generator channel to any display very quickly during runtime if there should be a hardware failure. In an era where simulators are used more than ever, tremendous cost savings can be realized by virtually eliminating simulator downtime due to image generator failures.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Steve Savoy
N131-019      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:Non-Mechanically Moving Solar Directing System for Photovoltaic Modules
Abstract:The benefits of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) systems with regard to total system efficiency are well known in commercial applications and operate at system efficiencies near 30% with some demonstration systems operating above 40%, compared with 15-20% peak efficiency for conventional PV. Because CPV systems must maintain alignment with the sun to maintain optical concentration, they harvest more energy throughout the day compared with non-tracked PV. Furthermore, because CPV systems use a fraction of the PV material required in conventional solar arrays, they have the potential to produce energy at a lower total cost. However, the operation and maintenance requirements and associated costs make traditional tracked systems unattractive for many customers. To address this challenge, Nanohmics proposes to develop and demonstrate proof-of-concept for its SunPerch flat form-factor concentrating photovoltaic system, which integrates concentrating optics, use of advanced triple junction PV materials, and zero-wear in-panel tracking in a cost-effective package made from conventional materials and using proven manufacturing technologies. This combination of innovations delivers the benefits of high-performance CPV systems in the same form factor as fixed-tilt conventional PV systems.

Phoebus Optoelectronics LLC
12 Desbrosses Street
New York, NY 10013
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(917) 703-4647
Roman Akmechet
N131-019      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:Non-Mechanically Moving Solar Directing System for Photovoltaic Modules
Abstract:We propose a two-layer anti-reflective coating (ARC) that will have omni-directional properties. This coating will guide the light that is incident from oblique angles and orient it to become perpendicular to the solar cell surface. The top-most part of the coating will have a graded index of refraction, starting from an index of 1 at the air interface and gradually increasing to an index of about 1.5 at the interface between the two coating layers. This top layer will be made out of cheap polymer that can be deposited by dip-coating, and the graded index will be achieved by texturing the polymer to have up-right pyramids. As the light travels through this layer, it will bend to become perpendicular to the surface of constant index regardless of initial angle of incidence. The bottom layer of our proposed coating will consist of a standard silicon nitride (SiN) thin film layer that will act as an interference ARC between the polymer and the silicon surface of the solar cell to minimize reflections between each layer. We believe this approach offers cost and weight advantages over not only current mechanical solar directing systems, but also other similar graded ARCs based on silicon oxide.

TIPD, L.L.C.
1430 N. 6th Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 626-1747
Lloyd LaComb
N131-019      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:Non-Mechanically Moving Solar Directing System for Photovoltaic Modules
Abstract:A key focus of the United States governments energy policy is to develop technologies that will allow the country to reduce Green House Gases by 80% by 2050. In support of this effort, the US Secretary of the Navy has developed a set of energy goals which include producing at least 50% of shore-based energy requirements using alternative sources primarily solar power. One of the largest ongoing expenses related to solar energy is maintenance required to support mechanical tracking systems. We have developed two thin film technologies that are capable of revolutionizing solar cell technology by capturing additional light without the need for the additional upfront and on-going expenses associated with mechanical tracking systems. In our proposed approach, two sets of thin film layers act in concert to increase the amount of light reaching the solar cells. The first thin film improves light collection at multiple solar positions using Holographic Optical Elements. The second thin film layer is composed of a composite polymer material that shifts the frequency of the incoming solar radiation from the UV and blue regions of the spectrum into the blue-green and green regions of the spectrum where the solar cells generate electricity considerably more efficiently.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Weibing Xing
N131-020      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:High Energy and Power Density ALD-Enabled Devices
Abstract:Envisioned Navy applications ranging from shore-based microgrids to directed energy weapons pose energy storage performance, cost, and scalability requirements that far exceed the capabilities of todays technologies. Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC) can meet most power demands ($/kW and kW/L) but cannot be used where high energy density is also required. As such, there is a need for a new electrochemical technology that can meet both high-energy and high-power demands using cost-effective materials. To address this need, ADA Technologies, Inc. (ADA) proposes to partner with PneumatiCoat Technologies, a leader in scalable atomic layer deposition (ALD) coatings, to develop an EDLC with high surface area nanocomposite electrodes modified with high dielectric constant metal oxide coatings. The resulting device will be readily scalable, consist of low-cost components, and be effective for tens of thousands of cycles across a wide operational temperature range.

Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing
7800A South Nogales Highway
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 547-0861
Zachary Wing
N131-020      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:High Energy and Power Density Electrical Energy Storage Device
Abstract:Energy storage is an issue for high energy and high power applications. Batteries typically offer high energy densities with low power densities. For capacitors, the energy to power ratio is reversed. Therefore, capacitors have been limited to pulsed power applications that require high charging/discharging rates. Conventional ultra capacitors used in power applications are based on liquid electrolytes and the formation of electric double layers. However, these suffer from temperature limitations and have low energy densities.A high energy density / high power density capacitor would reduce/eliminate dependency on chemical batteries. High performance Ultra Capacitors would be of broad interest for grid storage/stabilization, directed energy weapons, rail guns, commercial hybrid/electric vehicles, space vehicles, and a vast array of portable electronics. Advanced Ceramics Manufacturing (ACM) believes high energy density / high power densities can be achieved by exploiting effective medium design concepts to allow energy densities to approach or exceed those of chemical batteries. If successful, the proposed technology will offer superior safety, lifetimes, and thermal stability compared to electrolyte based capacitors.

nGimat Co.
1824 Willow Trail Parkway
Norcross, GA 30093
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 287-2477
Yongdong Jiang
N131-020      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:Development of High Energy and Power Density Solid State Supercapacitors
Abstract:Many military and commercial applications have turned to power electronics to run a variety of systems efficiently, quietly, cheaply, and precisely. Therefore, there is an urgent need for efficient energy storage systems with both high energy and power densities. Supercapacitors have gained substantial attention for these applications since they offer outstanding advantages over conventional capacitors and batteries such as storing energy longer, discharging faster, longer shelf life, and excellent reversibility. However, current commercially available supercapacitors usually have a specific energy density of less than 10 Wh/kg, which becomes the limiting factor in system design and many applications. nGimat proposes to develop new solid-state supercapacitors based on solid state electrolytes and graphene based electrodes. The graphene will be processed to significantly increase the effective surface area and decorated with oxides to introduce additional psudocapacitance and increase permittivity. These supercapacitors have the advantages of high specific energy density, power density, operating voltage, cycling stability, chemical density, and charge-discharge rate based on the significant enhancement of electric double layer capacitance, psudocapacitance, permittivity, and operation voltage. Therefore, the proposed supercapacitor energy storage devices will enable a significant overall improvement in future power electronics systems enabling new military and commercial capabilities.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1241
David Ofer
N131-020      Awarded: 4/9/2013
Title:High Energy and Power Density Electrical Energy Storage Device
Abstract:Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) has need for a robust stationary electrical energy storage (EES) device with the best properties of both rechargeable batteries and electrochemical ultracapacitors; having energy density of 500 W/l, ability to deliver high power pulses of 5 kW/l, and capability to achieve 25,000 full depth of discharge cycles. There is also an emerging need for improved EES technology in the commercial electric power industry, where it is needed for integrating with variable output renewable sources such as wind and solar, and for both distributed and centralized siting in support of a more efficient and smart electricity generation and distribution grid. TIAX proposes to develop such an electrochemical EES device meeting the above energy, performance and life metrics. TIAX has already demonstrated the inherent ability of advanced active materials to deliver the levels of performance required in such a hybrid device, and the proposed program will demonstrate feasibility of developing an energy storage device that incorporates these materials to deliver that performance, and to do so with technologies that will yield manufacturing cost of less than $500 per kWh.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
N131-021      Awarded: 5/28/2013
Title:Underwater Tracking System for Accurate Horizontal Directional Drilling
Abstract:Addressing the Navys need to develop an accurate underwater tracking tool for Horizontal Directional Drilling systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Underwater Tracking System (UNTRAS), based on implementation of tunable ELF transmitters. The system comprises two battery-operated units: diver operated handheld detector (HHD) and beacon ELF transceiver (BETR) that is placed inside the drill head (into the standard beacon housing). BETRs receiver remotely receives command signals from the HHD in order to emit different ELFs/ELFs combinations for drill head tracking. BETRs transmitter serves to emit optimal ELFs/ELFs combinations to track a drill head. The HHD incorporates low SWaP ELF receiver based on POCs magnetic field processing modules and ELF command transmitter to remotely control the BETR to generate frequencies required for tracking. In Phase I, POC will develop UNTRAS design concept, perform detailed frequency domain analysis and modeling to identify optimal frequency/set of frequencies for accurate underwater drill-head tracking. Based on the design concept developed, POC will assemble a scaled-down UNTRAS laboratory prototype for testing. In Phase II, the UNTRAS design will be further refined and optimized, and POC will build a full-scale system prototype and create its test plan in a near relevant environment.

Resodyn Corporation
130 North Main Street Suite 600
Butte, MT 59701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 497-5223
Stephen Galbraith
N131-022      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Next Generation Boat Hull Impact and Abrasion Proofing
Abstract:Resodyn Corporation proposes to develop a single tough thermoplastic polymer coating material and system solution for aluminum and composite boat hulls. The coating functions as an adhesive for attaching doubler plates. It encapsulates and prevents water from corroding metal substrates plus it is hydrophobic and can include corrosion inhibitors and colorant. Basic polymer components are tough thermoplastics which are intrinsically impact resistant and abrasion resistant. Thermoplastic coatings are field repairable using a heat gun. No solvents chemical mixing is required. Technical work entails procuring aluminum and composite test specimens, formulating several different coating materials, test and evaluation. Programmatic work will compare the proposed solution to current practice and estimate a cost benefit to the government. A preliminary experiment and extending Resodyn Corporations existing Polymer Thermo Spray technology suggests a high likelihood of success.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Harry Perkinson
N131-022      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Craft Hull Impact and Abrasion Resistance
Abstract:A polymeric based hull protection system will be developed. The development will take three approaches. In the first approach, plates of Aluminum 5086 will be bonded to the hull in appropriate locations. In the second approach, polymeric energy absorbing layers will be applied to the hull in appropriate thickness to provide impact and abrasion resistance to the hull. In the third approach, a composite material based on an aramid fiber reinforcement will be used to build up areas on the hull that need impact and abrasion resistance. The proposed approach has been used commercially to prevent corrosion, impact damage and wear in structures that see high use in harsh environments. The polymeric system on which the proposed approach is based is low cost, tough, and easy to process. The polymeric system shows environmental stability and durability in maritime environments. The polymeric based protection system is very lightweight and does not require a significant amount of volume to provide significant improvements in impact and abrasion resistance. The proposed protection system can be contractor supplied or the Navy can perform the efforts to install the system; the processing is relatively simple.

InnoSys
2900 South Main Street
Salt Lake City, UT 84115
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 975-7399
Jennifer Hwu
N131-023      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Heaters for Electron Guns
Abstract:The need for wire that is able to be heated up to high temperatures span a very large and diverse number applications and fields of use from everday consumer applications to advanced military and industrial applications. Some of these applications require heater wire that operate at very high temperatures. There are still a number of military and defense systems that use vacuum tubes/electronics. For example, some of the typical vacuum electronic devices (VEDs) that produce the electron beams. The Navy is using rhenium- tungsten (abbreviated Re-W or W-Re) heater wire in existing vacuum tube technologies to heat the cathodes of the electron guns. Domestic manufacturing sources for this type of heater wire are decreasing causing a continual increase in the costs to both government and industry to manufacture and purchase the wire. Various factors combine to create the diminishing manufacturing base. To address this need for a replacement heater wire/heater assembly for this Navy SBIR program, we propose two approaches for replacing the traditional and conventional method of W-Re heater wire fabrication. These two innovative approaches provide highly efficient precise, cost-effective heater solutions for cathodes for VEDs provide equivalent or enhanced performance at lower cost and are amenable to automated manufacturing.

MicroFab Technologies, Inc.
1104 Summit Avenue Suite 110
Plano, TX 75074
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 578-8076
Don Hayes
N131-023      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Alternative Manufacturing Meethod for Heaters for Electron Guns by Ink-jet Printing
Abstract:We will develop and demonstrate the key elements in a novel alternative method of fabrication of the heaters for dispenser types cathodes. The current methods depend on a wire that may soon not be manufactured anymore. The proposed method, radically alters the manufacturing approach introducing a complete data driven technology that will produce consistent heater elements in a wide range of configuration and will allow quick turnaround for design changes. The technology developed in Phase I will allow the heater designers to go beyond the limitations of current methods in terms of shape and distribution of the heater element within the heater. In Phase I, we will develop new formulation of solutions containing tungsten particles and an associated printhead that can ink-jet dispense the solutions into the desired pattern. The development also includes the process that will convert the printed particles into the conductive traces acting as heating elements. The feasibility of the fabricated heaters will be demonstrated following the stringent battery of tests that are part of the QC process of the current heaters.The long term opportunity is the implementation of the developed technology, materials, equipment and processes into production for a flexible design of low cost and high reliability heating elements.

Rhenium Alloys, Inc
P.O. Box 245 38683 Taylor Parkway
North Ridgeville, OH 44039
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 309-2087
Jeffrey Hobbs
N131-023      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Process Optimization of Tungsten 3% Rhenium Wire
Abstract:Study to investigate variables to optimize the wire drawing process of Tungsten 3% Rhenium wire and study the validation of that wire using eddy current testing.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2265
Nicholas Flacco
N131-024      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Three Dimensional Ship Modeling for Submarine Combat Systems
Abstract:The Aret team proposes development of SCULPT, an ISIS application for rapidly creating 3D models from 2D images of passing ships. The acronym is derived from the algorithm fundamentals; that is, Ship Model Creation from Unregistered Imagery, Library Source- Data, and Periscope Targeting. SCULPT will build a 3D ship model with sufficient precision for future ATR comparison by adding a small number of target images collected onboard to a reference library of openly-available silhouettes and dimensional information.

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 725
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
Conrad Poelman
N131-024      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Ship Shape: Three-dimensional ship modeling for submarine combat systems
Abstract:The rapid identification of ships from periscope and other imagery is a capability important to a variety of submarine missions, including sea control, anti-surface warfare, battle group support, covert operations landings, and ISR (intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance) operations. When spotting a new vessel, the imagery taken from submarines can be useful to construct three-dimensional (3D) computer-aided design (CAD) models of ships that can be used for identification in future sightings, for computer- generated simulations, and for capabilities assessment. Currently the task of ship recognition from images requires substantial human involvement, and model building is labor-intensive. This research project seeks to demonstrate the feasibility of applying modern computer vision techniques to create a Ship Shape system that computes 3D CAD models from submarine periscope imagery of ships, with operator involvement limited to 15-30 minutes per model. We propose to leverage current computer vision techniques and demonstrate proof-of-concept algorithms for each phase of the computation, including image segmentation, sparse shape reconstruction, dense shape reconstruction, and CAD modeling with limited user interaction.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Michael Moore
N131-024      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Construction of Dense 3D Ship Models from Submarine Image Collections
Abstract:To create robust automated video analysis techniques for extracting, measuring, classifying, and identifying objects-of-interest, 3D object models have many benefits. Manual creation of a full range of 3D models would be a daunting task. A method for automatically generating 3D models from data gathered at sea would make populating a 3D model database practical as well as enabling updates to be generated as more information is gathered. Toyon Research Corporation proposes to implement a method for constructing a 3D model from a series of submarine-acquired 2D images. Toyon has developed industry-leading techniques for dense 3D reconstruction from moving sensor platforms. The effort will include development of methods for segmenting target ship data from marine backgrounds, automatically estimating the relationship among image viewpoints, compensating for target ship motion, and integrating results into a 3D model. A performance metric suitable for predicting automated target recognition performance will be created. The initial software implementation of the proposed algorithm will be used to assess the potential of the proposed reconstruction process and provide the basis for a recommended system design.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
Guy Farruggia
N131-025      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Subsurface Expendable Profiler
Abstract:Aret and its subcontractor, Ultra Electronics Ocean Systems, will design the Subsurface Expendable Profiler. The Profiler merges Aret's Sensor technology and Ultra's acoustic communication technology to achieve untethered real-time data collection of conductivity, temperature, and depth. This device will be deployed identically to the historical probes using the submarine signal ejector. Once ejected and clear of the submarine, the device separates into two sections, one containing the CTD Sensor Module and another containing the Acoustic Communication Module. The CTD Sensor Module collects depth related temperature and conductivity data on its ascent and descent. This data is delivered via one wire tether to the Acoustic Communication Module, which in turn wirelessly sends the data back to the submarine in real-time. Upon completion of the measurement cycle the device scuttles. Direct depth knowledge allows versatility in the device to not rely on ascension to the water surface which supports under ice measurements.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 715-1203
John Thornton
N131-025      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Expendable Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (ExCTD)
Abstract:Progeny will design the Expendable Real Time Conductivity, Temperature and Depth Sensor (ExCTD) using our proven approach of incorporating Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) sensors into a low cost expendable undersea buoyancy driven device. ExCTD will be launched from the submarine, notionally from the 3 launcher, ascend toward the surface while taking measurement and then change buoyance near the surface to descend while still providing real time data. Real time telemetry is provided to the submarine over a two wire communications driven by RS 485 communications architecture. A prototype will be built in Phase I based upon previous research and significant experience with deployable systems prototyping. The prototype will be in water tested to determine the effectives of the design and provide a basis for engineering changes for the Phase I Option where another prototype will be built and tested. The expendable nature of the device requires a low cost approach, and as such a detailed Bill of Materials will be developed, part costs will be estimated and the higher cost parts will have cost reduction approaches applied. Progeny is uniquely qualified to perform this research based upon previous design and experience with all aspects of the ExCTD.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Barton
N131-026      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Crimpless Flexhose for Life-of-Ship Service
Abstract:The need to isolate mechanical shock and vibrations between shipboard machinery and the ship hull requires the use of flexible hose assemblies (FHAs) and resilient mounting structures. Resilient mounting structures and FHAs, in particular, are ubiquitous on all U.S. Navy ships, serving as a leak-free conduit for fluids and gases between interconnected pieces of shipboard equipment. Typical shipboard FHAs consist of reinforced polymer hoses that utilize various combinations of polymer tubing; fabric and metal braiding; separation layers; and protective outer coverings. Unlike rigid metal conduit, which can typically withstand harsh service requirements for the life of the ship, polymer-based FHAs degrade over time and need to be replaced often. Creare plans to develop an FHA that is affordable (based on a total life cycle cost basis), durable, and can withstand extreme shipboard service environments for the life of the ship. In Phase I, we will complete a proof-of-concept demonstration of our system. In Phase II, we will fabricate and test a full-scale prototype system.

TIAX LLC
35 Hartwell Avenue
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 879-1292
Mildred Hastbacka
N131-026      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Life of Ship Flexhose
Abstract:To develop concepts for affordable flexhoses that meet the Navy military specification requirements for MIL-H-24135B and that last the average life of a ship (40 years), Phase I will (a) apply a "useful lifetime estimation" experimental method to characterize existing MIL- H-24135B hose compounds; (b) design candidate new compounds formulated to be cost- comparable and performance-improved relative to current compounds; (c) validate cost/performance of new compounds via testing of key properties, e.g, compression set, abrasion, and UV/sunlight weatherability. The "useful lifetime estimation" method has been previously successfully applied to EPDM and nitrile rubber (NBR) motor mounts. The candidate new compounds are based on recent publications presenting advances in blends of EPDM and nitrile, as well as blends of NBR and HNBR (hydrogenated nitrile rubber).

ASSETT, Incorporated
11220 ASSETT Loop Suite 101
Manassas, VA 20109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 365-8940
Robert McCaig
N131-027      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Ocean Sensor Interface Simulation for Integration Testing
Abstract:ASSETT, Inc. proposes to develop an acoustic modeling and simulation system that will enable thorough and comprehensive testing of Navy sonar systems prior to their integration with fielded acoustic sensors and arrays. Traditionally, the complexities of accurately simulating the detail characteristics and nuances of acoustic sensors and the ocean environment have precluded providing detail stimulation for testing new sonar systems. The objective of this project is to introduce a capability that enables thorough sonar system testing prior to integration with the acoustic array. The ASSETT approach leverages existing simulation and acoustic data management system to produce a low risk system design approach. The system will produce high fidelity, realistic time series data simulating the performance of specific acoustic array types with the ability to mimic the effects of a wide range of anomalous array performance. This time series data can in turn be used to stimulate the sonar processing system in the development environment allowing the evaluation of how the system responds to both nominal array performance as well as anomalous behavior. In addition, the system will have the capability to receive information the acoustic arrays and perform testing and performance analysis of the array performance.

Sedna Digital Solutions, LLC
10611 Balls Ford Rd., Suite 300
Manassas, VA 20109
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 530-5400
Dave Welling
N131-027      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Ocean Sensor Interface Simulation for Integration Testing
Abstract:Sedna Digital Solutions, LLC (Sedna) has experience in the real world behavior of sensor technology as used in current NAVY combat systems. Sedna proposes to use its knowledge of real world sensor behavior, combat system array interfaces, existing high fidelity simulation, and general combat system test techniques to advance a concept that better matches what a combat system will encounter upon deployment with new or modified sensor arrays. Sedna proposes to optionally move the high fidelity injection point from post array signal conditioning to the array interface point. By making this move and adding real world sensor faults, the combat system will be stressed with real world like stimuli at the system development site. Stimulation at the system development site allows for cost effective repair of undesirable combat system behavior that would eventually have occurred at the installation site or, even worse, at deployment. Furthermore, Sedna proposes the reuse of existing high fidelity and array interface test software. The approach protects and enhances the NAVYs previous investment in this software.

ACTA Technology Inc.
4086 26th Street
Boulder, CO 80304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 522-5128
Edward Clancy
N131-028      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Thermal Management Improvements for Transmit/Receive Modules
Abstract:The aim of the proposal is to develop and demonstrate a novel thermal management system with superior heat transfer performance for the high heat flux, high power radio frequency (RF) electronic systems used in today's military applications. This new thermal bonding and sealing technology will improve thermal heat conduction from high power microcircuits to their heat sink by using diamond nanoparticle paste and will have the added benefits of being a high electrical resistivity and being hydrophilic. Our design will improve the RF electronic system reliability and will be compatible with current manufacturing processes. ACTA's thermal interface material (TIM) uses a diamond nanoparticles paste to improve heat transfer and will be able to accommodate large differences in thermal expansion between the electronic part and the heat sink.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6105
Richard Bonner
N131-028      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Thermal Management Improvements for Transmit/Receive Modules
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop and demonstrate a thermal ground plane (TGP) technology with improved manufacturability and reliability over previous technology generations. Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. is developing ultra low thermal resistance and high heat flux wick structures to improve thermal performance in TGP's used to cool electronic systems. The advanced TGP's further consist of ceramic materials with coefficients thermal of expansion (CTE's) closely matching those common semiconductor materials. The CTE matching feature allows the TGP to be soldered directly to the semiconductor device using standard manufacturing practices, which helps to minimize the thermal interface resistance between the TGP and the semiconductor device.

ThermAvant Technologies, LLC
1000 A Pannell Street
Columbia, MO 65201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(773) 355-1653
Aaron Hathaway
N131-028      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Thermal Management Improvements for Transmit/Receive Modules
Abstract:An oscillating heat pipe (OHP) embedded substrate made from low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) material(s) will be designed, simulated, optimized, fabricated, and empirically tested to demonstrate the OHP technology's ultra-high heat transfer rates under real-world microchip operating conditions as found in shipboard Transmit/Receive modules. With guidance from a large supplier of Naval radar systems, ThermAvant will prototype OHP-based cooling solutions that can be directly attached to GaN, Si or SiC microchips without the thermal/mechanical stresses induced by traditional thermal management materials CTE mismatch with such chips.Phase I and Phase I Option (if awarded) research efforts will focus not only on optimizing thermal performance but also on developing a form factor and manufacturing process(es) that can be easily integrated into current products and assembly flows utilized by T/R Module manufacturers.

Adaptive Dynamics, Inc
11829 La Colina Rd.
San Diego, CA 92131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 598-4234
Brandon Zeidler
N131-029      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:MAGIC (TM) Filter Anti-Jamming Capability for RT-1944/U Radio
Abstract:Adaptive Dynamics, Inc. (ADI) has developed the MAGIC(TM) (Multiple Adaptive Generalized Interference Cancellation) Filter, a revolutionary interference mitigation technology that offers these specific advantages:* It has demonstrated successful mitigation of multiple interference types (continuous wave (CW), swept tone, random FM, frequency hopped, etc.) to J/S levels typically exceeding 30dB in narrowband applications, and 60 dB in wideband applications.* The core algorithm is very well developed, and is currently being applied to both narrowband (5/25 KHz UHF MILSATCOM) and wideband (GPS, MUOS WCDMA, L-band FHSS) signals.* It is entirely a digital signal processing solution intended to function with a single antenna.* Its computing requirements are readily achieved with commodity COTS components suitable for the SWaP constraints defined for the MVCS.* It can be readily deployed as a low-cost retrofit applique between the antenna and the radio, by adapting an Anti-Jam filter module developed for similar requirements (currently at TRL 6+).In the proposed effort, ADI will perform detailed physical layer simulations and hardware tests to support the design and implementation of the MAGIC (TM) Filter for protecting the Harris SeaLancet(TM) RT-1944/U radio as a retrofit applique. The Phase I project will conclude with a live demonstration using a COTS hardware Wi-Fi testbed.

Bascom Hunter Technologies
341 Third Street
Baton Rouge, LA 70801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(225) 590-3553
Andrew McCandless
N131-029      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Anti-Jamming Capability for RT-1944/U Radio
Abstract:Radio systems are easily subjected to unintentional or intentional interference that might disrupt normal communication. This program focuses on development of an anti-jamming system (AJS) that is backward compatible with the RT-1944/U radio and can be retrofit into the Multiple Vehicle Communications System (MVCS) platforms used for communications among the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), the Remote Multimission Vehicle (RMMV), and the Unmanned Influence Sweep Unmanned Surface Vehicle (UIS USV).

Fidelity Comtech, Inc.
1500 Kansas Avenue
Longmont, CO 80501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 678-8876
Joseph Carey
N131-029      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Anti-Jamming Capability for RT-1944/U Radio
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR, we will perform system-level engineering to evaluate integrating Harris Corporation's RT-1944/U with Fidelity Comtech's commercial off-the-shelf phased array, the Phocus Array System. The RT-1944/U is a proven design, as is the Phocus Array System. We will do system engineering to show the anti-jam performance that can be achieved with this approach. Furthermore, we will develop a concept design for a variant of the Phocus Array that will be designed specifically for the RT-1944/U radio.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-6127
Rob Blanchard
N131-030      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Multi-Static Processing Using Sonobuoys as Opportunistic Receivers
Abstract:Existing organic sensors of surface combatants may be enhanced through the use of off- board sonobuoy receiver fields to extend both range and accuracy. Leveraging active transmissions in bistatic and multistatic geometries is a force multiplier that can provide additional courses of action for the war fighter. Coordinated active engagement with surface ship sources and many receivers, combined with existing monostatic active returns, may improve signal-to-noise ratio performance resulting in increased: probability of detection, detection range, submarine holding time, and ultimate success in submarine prosecution. This has become progressively more important with the proliferation of diesel electric and other quiet threat submarines that present greater challenges to todays Navy. A successful solution must incorporate a capability to locate, with reasonable accuracy, all potential sonobuoy receivers to appropriately synchronize the timing basis. Additional acoustic processing functionality required for bi-static processing will be identified, leveraging existing Pulse Active Sonar Functional Segment (PASFS) capability. Modeling and simulation can be employed, leveraging existing air ASW mission planning tools, to provide evaluations of overall system performance across a variety of environmental and tactical scenarios.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
Marc Robinson
N131-030      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Multi-Static Processing Using Sonobuoys as Opportunistic Receivers
Abstract:Signal Systems Corporation proposes to use our Coherent Multi-static Acoustic Processing (CMAP) software to process the received acoustic sonobuoy data. The CMAP algorithms and software are an advanced coherent signal processing chain that is the baseline for the P-3/P-8A Multi-static Active Coherent (MAC) program and was developed under the Office of Naval Researchs (ONR) Littoral ASW Multi-static Program (LAMP). SSC will use our Multi-Static Performance Model (MSPM) simulation tool to show the improvement in detection range, time to detect, duration of track and other key metrics. Additionally, SSC has a Likelihood Ratio Tracker (LRT), which is an automated Bayesian multi-static detection and tracking fusion engine. This Bayesian processor will process the multi-statics processors contact reports and fuse common contacts across different sonobuoys. The LRT processing is a proven method to dramatically improve the detection and false alarm characteristics of multistatic contacts and overcome the bearing ambiguity of using omnidirectional sonobuoy sensors by using the localization effect of a distributed field of omnidirectional sensors.

Metal Matrix Cast Composites, LLC (dba MMCC, LLC)
101 Clematis Avenue, Unit #1
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 893-4449
Robert Hay
N131-031      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:New Radar/EW Transmit/Receiver Modules and Assemblies Technologies
Abstract:This proposal addresses an opportunity for the Navy to establish an integrated business and technical strategy to provide an Open Systems active array technology for emerging Naval radar and EW systems, and for modernization/sustainment of existing systems at lower cost. Transmit/ Receive (T/R) modules typically comprise 50 to 70% of the array acquisition costs which itself represents 60 to 80% of a radar system cost. The cost reduction benefits of applying an Open approach for these distributed units are substantial. Our prior work indicates T/R Unit production costs will be reduced on the order of 50% while active array operation and maintenance costs, which are ultimately even more significant, can be reduced by greater than 50%. MMCC, together with Saab Sensis, will develop GaN power amplifier open T/R unit designs tailored for USN radar and EW systems such as AMDR. The proposed design employs cost-effective commercially sourced multi-layer circuit board populated with open foundry and commercially supplied MMICs, assembled using industry standard processes. The overall objective is to realize designs having affordable Life Cycle Costs3 to 5 times less than that of traditional approaches.

Metamagnetics Inc.
480 Neponset Street 12B
Canton, MA 02021
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 562-0756
Andrew Daigle
N131-031      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Ultra-fast Broadband Low-cost T/R Switches based on Vanadium Dioxide Metal-insulator Transition Materials
Abstract:Over the course of this small business innovative research (SBIR) phase 1 (Ph1) program Metamagnetics proposes the development of next generation ultra-fast and broadband T/R switches with high isolation (>30 dB) based on thin films of vanadium dioxide (VO2) metal- insulator transition (MIT) materials produced via pulsed laser deposition method. The crystalline uniformity of these films will be strictly monitored via controlled deposition parameters including oxygen pressure, substrate distance from target, and laser power. This will ensure the best quality oxide films as in the fabrication of T/R switches crystalline uniformity as well as the design of the R/F microwave switch have both been shown to be crucial elements of the switching speed and isolation bandwidth performance. In fact, sub pico-second responses have been theorized for VO2 based T/R switches when more efficient RF microwave designs are utilized which is a marked improvement over existing MEMs and GaN T/R switch technologies. Other advantages of switches based on VO2 MIT materials include low fabrication costs, low insertion losses, and high isolation over broad bandwidths of operation. Together, these attribute make the development of VO2 switches based on MIT materials a very attractive solution for next generation T/R switch applications.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
Jim MacDonald
N131-031      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Low Cost/High Performance TR Module Packaging Technologies
Abstract:Nuvotronics proposes to develop low-cost/high performance module technology for application in next generation TR modules. A near-hermetic approach using a four-step sealing approach is used, along with additional cost-savings realized in module interconnects and use of COTS components. A goal of 50% cost savings over todays module is proposed. Phase I will provide environmental testing of a high-power test article that demonstrates key aspects of our approach.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 846-0111
Geoff Short
N131-032      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Low Noise Torpedo Power Supply
Abstract:The MK48 Heavyweight Torpedo broadband sonar system performance is limited by the current power supplies used to power to the electronics in the torpedo. The broadband sonar system cannot operate to its full potential due to noise and ripple from these power supplies. Progeny Systems will leverage our extensive experience gained from our development and manufacture of low-noise power supplies, such as the Progeny designed Power Regulator Module (PRM) used in the MK54 Lightweight Torpedo, to develop concepts and solution for the MK48 Low-noise power supply. During Phase I, Progeny Systems will demonstrate the feasibility of our concept and approach by establishing performance goals based on the Navy requirements that will be verified by testing and analytical modeling. The re-designed power supply will have an input voltage of 275 VDC and will perform a DC to DC conversion to generate low output voltages from 3.3 VDC to 28 VDC with an output noise less than 0.15mVrms/rtHz and will be capable of providing an output power of approximately 1275 watts. The power supply shall reside in a volume of 225 cubic inches and weigh less than 13 lbs.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Ross Bird
N131-032      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Low Noise Torpedo Power Supply
Abstract:QorTek and Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Sensors (LM MS2) are together proposing a new advanced integrated topology converter architecture that would significantly improve both low frequency rejection, the high frequency switching noise content and still fit within the confines of the design envelope. As the prime contractor for the MK48 CBASS torpedo, MS2 is uniquely positioned to work with QorTek in both assuring that the developed units meet performance requirements and providing the technology transition path directly to production line of the MK48. Low frequency noise that is not rejected by the power supply will couple to the sonar system hardware and will reduce the high performance extended bandwidth of the CBASS (Common Broadband Acoustic Sonar System) transmit and receive functions. The approach is to develop a modular solution in line with Navy torpedo performance upgrade programs to counter continuously evolving threats upgrades of the Mk-48. The central aim will be to design this new, very low noise power supply solution that will enable full wide bandwidth utilization of the MK48 torpedo through its novel noise reducing injection signal circuitry, such that at every stage within the power supply noise reduction, rejection, emissions will be addressed.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Derek Yo
N131-033      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Submarine Radar Vulnerability Reduction
Abstract:Oceanits approach is to develop an optically transparent radar absorbing material with super-hydrophobic characteristics comprised of a set of carbon nanotube (CNT) coating layers that adhere to the optical window ports of the imaging system and provide X-band radar protection without compromising optical performance in the visible and infrared spectrums. Oceanit will also research and develop a radar absorbing material (RAM) for the metal or composite casing of the periscope mast sensor head using more conventional RAM and classic dielectric layering techniques.

Rock West Solutions, Inc.
8666 Commerce Avenue
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 537-6260
Keith Loss
N131-033      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Submarine Radar Vulnerability Reduction
Abstract:Submarine masts include optical sensors that provide the crew hemispherical viewing capability at the surface. There may be multiple optical sensors distributed circumferentially around the mast. These masts can include treatments to reduce their radar cross section (RCS). The optical windows for the sensors introduce facets and other reflecting features to the cylindrical masts which in turn cause significant spikes in the RCS of the mast when viewed from angles near normal to the each of the windows. We propose a novel method to reduce the RCS spikes caused by the optical sensors using existing absorbers treatments and common materials without requiring layered coatings to the optics aperture itself. The treatment concept holds strong promise that it will not degrade the performance of the optics unacceptably. Once proven for submarine optical apertures, this treatment can be adapted to electro-optic apertures on other platforms such as aircraft, ships and ground vehicles.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Mike McFarland
N131-034      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Improved Anti-Corrosion Coatings for Undersea Cable Connectors
Abstract:The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of using Acree Technologies Energetic Deposition Processes (EDP) for the development of advanced nonconductive anti-corrosion coatings for undersea cable connectors. EDP has the advantage that it produces high density, porosity free, uniform coatings on complex shaped objects, including the insides of tubes and is capable of coating large structures on a commercial basis. In addition, the coatings that will be demonstrated in this project have a proven track record for corrosion protection. EDP deposited nonconductive coatings will significantly improve the life of outboard cable connectors, which will translate into a decrease in the frequency of dry- docking submarines thus resulting in significant cost savings to the Navy.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 266-9214
Waheguru Singh
N131-034      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Nanocomposite Coating for Corrosion Prevention of Underwater Connectors
Abstract:Navy Submarines utilize a large number of undersea electrical connections to systems located outside the pressure hull (sonar, radar, communications masts etc). Long service life of undersea connectors is critical since maintainance and replacement is difficult and costly. Protection of undersea connectors from corrosion is a challenge. Current anti- corrosion technologies cannot easily be applied to complex connector geometries and are subject to a very specific form of corrosion called cathodic delamination. A fundamentally new type of anti-corrosion coating has been devised to address the problem. The proposed coating utilizes the characteristic of self-assembly, to achieve extremely even coatings on complex geometries. The coating is applicable to multiple surface types with good adhesion and is highly resistant to water and ionic permeation. Initial cost projections for the coating are favorable, with the potential for convenient and environmentally friendly manufacture using standard immersion baths. The Phase I study will establish concept feasibility, demonstrating key performance criteria using coated test coupons.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Rock Rushing
N131-034      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Improved Anti-Corrosion Coatings for Undersea Cable Connectors
Abstract:Texas Research Institute Austin (TRI/Austin) first developed non-conductive coatings (NCC) for marine connector applications in the mid 1990s. These coatings are applied by a plasma spray process, and the patented technology has reduced the cost of ownership for the U.S. Navy by reducing down time of submarines for replacement of failed connectors from cathodic or corrosion related mechanisms. In spite of the outstanding performance of the original Bond-Coat system, the application is limited to flat or cylindrical surface geometries due to the need for uniform coating thickness. Numerous nonsymmetrical outboard connector types are currently used in Navy Submarines that cannot be coated using the current technology. TRI/Austin Inc. proposes the development of a second generation NCC for marine connectors that will permit application to complex surface geometries. The technology developed by this SBIR will be capable of coating, with uniform thickness, surfaces with 90 degree angles. The process will also enable coating of connector inside diameters. TRI/Austin will be teaming with a major underwater connector manufacturer to develop materials that can be processed using conventional application equipment and procedures.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
N131-035      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Durable Hydrophobic Barrier Coating for the Remote Minehunting Tow Cable
Abstract:The tow cable strands used to tow the AQS-20A from the RMMV are made from Nitronic 50, an austenitic stainless steel that, under normal circumstances, exhibits excellent corrosion resistance and strength over a wide temperature range. Unfortunately, the cables are experiencing early life corrosion problems due to salt water deposit buildup that occurs over repeated operations and subsequent system stowage. Because of the difficulty and logistics associated with retrieving and storing the RMS on the LCS platform, freshwater rinsing and other cleaning methods are unacceptable. Therefore, Luna Innovations and its team will apply a sol-gel derived, mechanically-durable and optically-transparent, hydrophobic coating that has excellent watershedding properties and that is easily applied to RMS tow cables in a thin and low-cost package. The primary function of the coating will be to shed salt water through its inherent hydrophobic nature as the RMS is retrieved from the sea. This capability will drastically reduce the propensity of salt accumulation on the stainless steel tow cable assembly. In addition, Luna will include corrosion inhibiting compounds and/or pigments to provide a secondary line of defense against corrosion processes.

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 626-6266
Vincent Baranauskas
N131-035      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:HybridSil Anticorrosion Coatings for RMS Tow Cables
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to develop and qualify a next-generation HybridSil anticorrosion coating that provides robust, long-term corrosion protection to the Remote Minehunting System (RMS) tow cable within demanding marine environments. The proposed HybridSil anticorrosion coatings will be molecularly engineered specifically for Nitronic 50 and unlike current state-of-the-art anticorrosion coatings, have the capability of withstanding extreme flexing, abrasion, and seawater flow operations. Importantly, the proposed template inorganic copolymer has undergone extensive corrosion qualification (ASTM G44, GM 9540P, ASTM B117, ASTM G67, ASTM G66), demonstrated self- cleaning characteristics within actual marine environments, revealed exceptional UV durability (ASTM G154 and G155), and is currently undergoing sea trials on a combat active U.S. Navy vessel within the Atlantic fleet. Building from this extensive technical foundation, NanoSonic will augment its HybridSil anticorrosion technology for protecting Nitronic 50 stainless steel cables from harsh corrosive and abrasive damage within simulated RMS environments. A statistical design of experiments including rigorous corrosion, abrasion, mechanical, and environmental testing will be employed to down-select Phase I optimized systems. Transition success is ensured through multiple Phase III transition partners and an established pilot scale HybridSil manufacturing infrastructure.

Orion Solutions, LLC.
7545 Centurion Parkway Suite 403
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(678) 296-4822
John Murphy
N131-035      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Anticorrosion Solution for Remote Minehunting System (RMS) Tow Cable.
Abstract:Orion Solutions is pleased to submit a recently developed nanotechnology based coating to protect the undersea tow cable from corrosion issues identified in solicitation N131-035. Launched in Q2 2012, Ultra-Ever Dry coating and coating process allow use on non- traditional surfaces such as fabrics, plastics and cabling or glass. The superhydrophobic and oleophobic properties have numerous benefits on substrate including corrosion prevention. Regenerative characteristics of the coating prevent wetting of the surface or substrate and prevent the salt corrosion. This response to the solicitation offers a number of tests both lab and field based to qualify the characteristics and suitability for specified purpose.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Wayne Thornton
N131-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Generation of EW Libraries and Automatic Threat Identification (GELATI)
Abstract:Electronic warfare (EW) systems classify emitters by matching the signals detected against reference signatures in a tactical EW library. Since emitter signals can differ markedly from their library signatures (due to drift, new modes, propagation effects, etc.), ships with AN/SLQ-32(V) or SEWIP Block 1/2 systems use a labor-intensive process to iteratively tailor or color reference signatures to more closely resemble the signals they expect to detect. To enable ships to automatically build and update their tactical EW librarieswhile improving their ability to respond to new threat emitterswe propose to develop a system for Generation of EW Libraries and Automatic Threat Identification (GELATI). GELATI will perform the following: (1) generate data sets containing representative signal parameters by thoroughly exploring the envelope of tactical and EW scenarios; (2) account for signal attenuation and distortion by noise and propagation effects; (3) compute recommended revisions to the reference signatures in the tactical EW library to optimize emitter classification performance; and (4) rapidly classify threat emitters even if their reference signatures are not yet updated. By leveraging existing and developing technologies, we will demonstrate GELATIs conceptual and engineering feasibility in Phase I, while ensuring that GELATI successfully interfaces with current and future transition targets.

Lakota Technical Solutions, Inc.
PO Box 2309
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 381-9780
William Farrell
N131-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Automated Generation of Electronic Warfare Libraries
Abstract:Metrological differences between tactical sensors result in a wide range of accuracy, completeness, and correctness of features used for object classification. Thus, it is typical practice for Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) to develop the required reference libraries so that they are tailored to each tactical sensor type and, in some cases, sensing environments. The process of developing this tailored library is often called coloring the reference library. The SMEs objective is to optimize the classification performance (w.r.t. some metric(s)) using a feature-based classifier.The proposed Hierarchical Emitter Library Optimization (HELO) technology mimics the coloring process in order to generate an Emitter Library that optimizes the classifier performance while avoiding the need for a labor-intensive manual process that requires SME knowledge. HELO employs a general Hierarchical Evolutionary Programming (H-EP) based upon the Genetic Programming (GP) optimization paradigm to achieve this optimization. This approach provides a computationally scalable process that rigorously quantifies the performance of the classification algorithms without knowledge of its algorithms. Using the performance assessment of the classifier, a large set of potential emitter libraries (population) is iteratively refined (evolved) until an optimal (or sufficiently good) emitter library is generated. The solution is hierarchical because the evolution of the population is achieved jointly in two stages: (1) evolution of the coloring functions to generate a parameter library for a particular parameter type and (2) evolution of the set of parameters used by the classifier.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Brian Moore
N131-036      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Automated Generation of Electronic Warfare Libraries
Abstract:This SBIR develops technologies to automate the creation of Electronic Warfare (EW) emitter libraries to correctly identify threat (and other) signals of interest.In this effort RAS will show how to automate the use of the national databases to extract data and manipulate it into a form suitable for automating the generation of Mission Data or Emitter ID tables needed in operational EW systems to quickly identify the threat. Important to this are algorithms to determine ambiguities and then eliminate them based on additional criteria from ELINT data bases and other available data bases such as Orders of battle, Operational ELINT and SEI databases.The approach leverages RAS extensive expertise gained from EWIR / KILTING and CED database development, analysis and applications and our development of several generations of emitter parameter measurement algorithms to extract conventional pulse parameters (RF, PW, PRI), RF and PRF agility parameters, intentional modulations on pulse and scan patterns.Approaches are assessed and selected for PHASE II software development and demonstration within the SEWIP Block II architecture. During and after Phase II, RAS will work with SEWIP Block II prime Lockheed Martin and the government to define, install and demonstrate the technology on a suitable test-bed.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 651-6756
Jason Seely
N131-037      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Innovative Algorithms for the Categorization of Mine-Like Objects Using Standard Sonar Return Data.
Abstract:Mine countermeasures will be a critical mission of the Littoral Combat Ship. This capability will be fulfilled by existing and future advanced SONAR systems to detect surface and volume mines. The performance of these systems is degraded by the large numbers of false alarms due to surface, volume, and sea bottom clutter, which increase operator workload and reduce effective search rate. Aret Associates proposes to develop an integrated false alarm mitigation strategy to improve the detection performance of existing military and COTS SONAR systems. Our approach builds upon over 30 years exploiting powerful data analytic tools and techniques for detection of weak targets in highly cluttered environments. Aret's in-house automated tools will be used to identify optimally discriminating spatial and spectral feature sets and feature-based classifiers to improve the performance of individual sensors. Additionally, Aret-developed weak-target tracking techniques will be used to combine temporal data from multiple scans, or multiple sensors, to improve weak target detection and eliminate short-lived false alarms. The optimal combination of spatial, spectral and temporal information will provide a powerful and robust object classification algorithm that will probability of detection and reduce false alarms in SONAR MCM applications.

Prometheus Inc.
103 Mansfield Street
Sharon, MA 02067
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 849-5389
Walter Rankin
N131-037      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Real time classification of sea mines using MIRK processing in Fleet MCM sonars
Abstract:We will adapt, tailor and apply novel material classification/identificationalgorithms, developed for the US Navy torpedo program, to Mine Countermeasures(MCM) sonars. This will yield a new capability of exploiting the material andstructural composition of acoustic scatterers by providing an estimate of thefull scattering kernel, enabling target differentiation and offering far moreinformation than that contained in just the specular/diffractive response:namely scattering from internal regions and internal boundaries, andreradiation or "ringing" due to the elastic response. We will adapt the current torpedo-based MIRK algorithms to MCM sonars to reduce falseclassifications and other performance degrading issues. Phase I will examineand characterize the physics of the problem using mathematical modeling andrecent successful testing with recorded sonar data against real targets. InPhase II we will insert the algorithms in an MCM sonar and demonstratesignificant reduction in false classifications and other performance degradingissues as well as real time target classification. A library of reflectivitykernels will be created and requirements for an engineering change proposal will be defined. Project activities will be structured to meet PMS 495decision gate requirements including testing with actual sonar data anddeveloping documentation to satisfy data calls.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Ron Steele
N131-038      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Shipboard Software Deployment Tools for Complex Heterogeneous Systems
Abstract:Navy tactical software, such as the AN/SQQ89A (V)15 surface ASW environment, requires hundreds of interacting software components deployed across a heterogeneous set of compute platforms and communication devices. Navy sonar operators tasked to perform maintenance often do not have the technical expertise with multiple operating systems and hardware devices deployed on the platform. Detailed Software Version Description (SVD) documents are necessary to ensure that an operator with limited expertise can perform the complex job of reinstallation and maintenance. This proposal seeks to design a software installation and maintenance toolkit that greatly reduces the effort, knowledge, and time required for these activities. The toolkit will automate nearly every activity required for system installation and maintenance. Of particular node is removing the requirement that shipboard personal be required to edit configuration files and input data on a command line as both of these activities are error prone and can be confusing.A significant part of the tool design will be aimed at the system integrator to enable efficient packaging of the deployed systems and for deployment testing prior to package dissemination.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 368-6107
Kevin Brown
N131-038      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Shipboard SW Deployment Tools for Complex Heterogeneous Systems
Abstract:Our approach toward the successful completion of the task is to design a best of breed software management architecture that addresses innovative techniques for the Install, Activate, and Deactivate activities. Install activity covers the transfer from producer to consumer and the installation at the consumer site. Activate and Deactivate cover initialization and shutdown of the software, respectively. We will leverage USW-DSS tools and processes such as Install Anywhere packages, patch manager, backup manager and reinstallation scheme. Additionally, our solution will leverage Universal Gateway Bulk Data Transfer components and NSSN Shipboard Monitoring System (NSMS). We will develop a prototype and CONOPS-type white paper for deployment usage.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 449-1273
Jim Covington
N131-038      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Shipboard Software Deployment Tools for Complex Heterogeneous Systems
Abstract:Naval Combat Systems have evolved into complex systems, based on networked collections of heterogeneous software from different vendors. As a result of these efforts, combat systems have become a pinnacle of complexity in terms of software deployment activities. This issue is exacerbated when ships force personnel who are charged with the operation and maintenance of these systems do not possess the same levels of expertise and skill that the software vendors utilize when delivering software to a platform. When these factors are combined together in a casualty or outage situation onboard a vessel, it results in a real loss in ship capability and operational readiness.The solution that Progeny Systems will deploy to address these software deployment challenges will integrate our existing strategies and strengths in the end-user minimal concept, paired with an innovative software framework that provides tools and libraries to streamline the software deployment process. The software framework will be packaged into a standard hardware product for delivery, drawing on a couple of feasible, innovative strategies for software deployment. The system will be designed with an open architecture both in hardware and software, which provisions the solution to be extensible and scalable to other technologies, platforms and projects.

Dragonfly Pictures, Inc.
PO Box 202 West End of Second Street
Essington, PA 19029
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 521-6115
Richard Billingslea
N131-039      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Aerostat Communications Relay from Unmanned Surface Vehicle
Abstract:The CommLift Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is an alternate and novel approach to providing long range, over-the-horizon, communications for surface vessels; it uses a tethered electric UAV to carry a radio payload to suitable altitude, rather than an aerostat. The tether provides power from an unmanned surface vessel (USV) to the UAV and also bi-directional communications between them. Since electric power is supplied from the surface, the UAV endurance is unlimited. The essential innovations are (1) an autonomous UAV to be tethered to takeoff, follow above, and land on, a USV, (2) to provide UAV power and communications over the tether, and (3) paired UAV autopilots (one at the surface and one on the UAV) to allow the UAV to follow USV movements and to control UAV takeoff and landing. The Phase I performance metrics are demonstration of suitable power and communications over a >525 ft. tether, tethered takeoff and landing of a multirotor UAV from a 30 knot moving vehicle and control of a high voltage brushless DC motors speed and design of tether control system and surface based support package.

LaserMotive, Inc.
19645 70th Ave. S.
Kent, WA 98032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(253) 872-3300
Tom Nugent
N131-039      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Tethered VTOL Comms Relay Powered by Laser over Fiber
Abstract:Analyze a tethered VTOL system capable of carrying and maintaining the required communications relay components to at least 500 feet AGL for up to four days continuously. The VTOL and comms relay package receive power delivered using laser power from the surface vehicle over fiber optic cable and converted into electricity on-board the VTOL craft via photovoltaics. Such a system is smaller, lighter weight, and much easier to deploy and recover than any lighter than air solution (aerostat).

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Karl Murphy
N131-039      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:MODULAR AEROSTAT COMMUNICATIONS RELAY (MACREL)
Abstract:Robotic Research LLC in an exclusive partnership with Carolina Unmanned Systems (CUV) and Unmanned Systems International Corporation (UnSysCorp), is developing the Modular Aerostat Communications Relay system (MACRel). MACRel is a system for deployment and recovery of a Lightweight Aerostat System (LAS) to an unmanned surface vehicle (USV). The work will include a sensor study that allows for a low cost method for the MACRel system to identify and react quickly to changing environment conditions that influence the launch, stable flight and recovery of the LAS. Using sensor inputs, iMACRel makes it possible to predict when to deploy or retract tether in order to decrease strain on the aerostat and the tether itself. The objective is to increase the communications range between the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) seaframes and Mission Package Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) by developing a modular aerostat communications relay system for the radio that is semi-autonomously deployed and retrieved from the LCS Unmanned Influence Sweep System USV.

IAP Research, Inc.
2763 Culver Avenue
Dayton, OH 45429
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 297-3153
Antonios Challita
N131-040      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Affordable Point of Use Conversion (PUC) Module for 400Hz Power System Applications
Abstract:Currently 400 Hz power systems onboard US Naval ships use centralized and redundant frequency conversion, whereby 400 Hz power is generated in centralized locations and is then distributed to numerous loads located throughout the ship. This distribution system approach leads to the placement of large and expensive frequency converters onboard the ship and long cable runs. Additionally, the needed distribution equipment feeding all the 400 Hz loads is redundant to the 60 Hz distribution system. A more effective and survivable approach would utilize the existing 60 Hz distribution system to provide power to compact PUCs located directly at the load site. This would eliminate the need for separate 400 Hz distribution systems and eliminate the need for all the 400 Hz distribution equipment. In this Phase I SBIR, we propose to develop a 40 kW high power density, affordable PUC modules that have three times the power density and half the cost of the MFPMs used in the PNCC. We propose to develop these modules using SiC FETs and nano crystalline cores for the filter chokes. The successful development of this technology will improve the affordability and survivability of Naval ships.

Mainstream Engineering Corporation
200 Yellow Place Pines Industrial Center
Rockledge, FL 32955
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 631-3550
Troy Beechner
N131-040      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Low Cost, Ultra-Power Dense Point of Use Conversion System
Abstract:Naval ships currently operate independent 60 Hz and 400 Hz power systems, resulting in unnecessary redundancy and high ship costs. A better approach is to utilize existing 60 Hz equipment and place the 400 Hz equipment at the load site. However, limitations in current electronic power densities make components too large to be strategically located. Mainstream proposes a modular, low cost, ultra-power dense point of use conversion system that is scalable to various load levels and output types. The proposed solution will increase the power density of naval power electronics to levels required to be strategically located, lower cost by 30%, and increase reliability by 20% over current solutions. This high level of power density is achieved without the use of high temperature SiC semiconductors, which can significantly increase system cost. In Phase I, Mainstream will optimize the power electronic and thermal management system architecture, and develop the control system for both. In Phase II, Mainstream will demonstrate a full-scale prototype on a simulated naval power system. Mainstreams proposed technology will not only improve the reliability and power density of military power supplies, but can also satisfy commercial power supply goals

Advanced Optical Systems, Inc.
6767 Old Madison Pike Suite 410
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 971-0036
John Ashe
N131-041      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Semi-Autonomous, Reliable, Safe Recovery of the Remote Multi-Mission Vehicle (RMMV) in Various Sea States.
Abstract:To improve the at sea recovery of the Remote Multi-Mission Vehicle (RMMV), the Advanced Optical Systems (AOS) has teamed with Maritime Applied Physics Corporation (MAPC) to deliver a solution employing passive optical sensors capable of detecting 6DoF position with accuracies surpassing the human eye. The sensors are a key component of the proposed Autonomous Vehicle Recovery System (AVRS) that will provide rapid position and rate information and/or commands to ship control systems in response to motion between the RMMV and the capture spine. The AOS teams solution will also provide control messages to the Twin Boom Extendable Crane (TBEC) and the Remote Operator Panel (ROP). The added controls will generate position and rate messages for use by the TBEC control system to simultaneously manipulate up to eleven tag-lines attached to the recovery capture spine and RMMV. Removing the inherent human latencies from the current system and implementing controls of the ROP improves recovery by decreasing the time needed to align the capture spine with the RMMV receiver. Recovery of the RMMV is safer for personnel and equipment, therefore ship missions are not delayed due to long recovery sea details.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Jason Burkholder
N131-041      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Increased Automation for RMMV Recovery Operations
Abstract:Shipboard launch and recovery of remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) is a challenging engineering problem requiring careful design and integration of hardware and software. The seaway-induced relative motion between the host vessel and ROV is often difficult to measure or model, which may render automatic control approaches ineffective and force reliance on manual operation by a very small number of highly trained operators. The success of a launch or recovery is thus highly dependent on the proficiency and alertness of the operator(s). Recovery of the RMMV from the LCS Independence variant is especially challenging and labor-intensive. The overall objective of the research is to provide increased recovery automation to enhance safety and repeatability while reducing operator workload. Barron Associates, Inc. and its research partners propose a tiered research and development program that assesses and quantifies the degree of recovery automation achievable with varying levels of cost. A simulation environment that includes vehicle, flow, and recovery system models will be developed. The team will follow a building-block approach that first maximizes the autonomy that is achievable within the basic confines of the existing infrastructure. Based on the simulation results, innovative modifications will be considered within given cost and technical risk guidelines.

Creative Technology Applications, Inc
1063 Koohoo Place
Kailua, HI 96734
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 261-4888
Ronald Seiple
N131-041      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Semi-Autonomous, Reliable, Safe Recovery of the Remote Multi-Mission Vehicle (RMMV) in Various Sea States.
Abstract:This effort utilizes a new Launch and Recovery (L and R) System called Soft Rail. Soft Rail significantly eliminates the surface motion by deploying a unique depressor/drogue (D/d) system from two lines underwater below the surface interface conditions. These lines extend to the ship and are referred to as Soft Rails because they are tensioned by the D/d system. The D/d is inherently stable underwater and significantly reduces the surface motion in these lines. Thus payloads are stable as they traverse the Soft Rails on a trailer-like launch and recovery carriage. This operation is analogous to a gondola traversing a suspended cable. All this is done while the ship remains underway further reducing motion. Soft Rail has been successfully demonstrated at sea off the SEAL support ship the C Commando. Soft Rail can be used to L and R just about any payload including; surface RHIBs, UAV, RMMVs and perhaps even large UAVs. Soft Rail may be the most significant advancement to at-sea L and R since the development of the Davit.

Bridger Photonics, Inc
2310 University Way, Bldg 4-4
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 585-2774
Peter Roos
N131-042      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Multi-Function Mid-wave/Long Wave Infrared Laser
Abstract:To address the Navy's needs for a multi-band, pulsed, high average power transmitter for IRCM applications, Bridger Photonics, Inc., in collaboration with NP Photonics proposes a novel solution for nonlinear frequency conversion of a unique 2.0 micron Thulium fiber laser that will achieve the Navys desired laser specifications in a single, compact, and efficient package. This system will capitalize on Bridgers expertise in nonlinear conversion and the manufacture of MWIR lasers, along with a very attractive emerging nonlinear material to offer, 1) The highest conversion efficiency into the MWIR and LWIR, 2)Continuous, narrowband (< 1cm-1), tunability throughout the entire MWIR and LWIR regions of interest, and 3) A flexible, robust, compact form factor nonlinear conversion subsassembly.In addition this system will capitalize on NP Photonics' expertise in the manufacture of fiber lasers and their existing proprietary design for a PRF selectable, high average power, high- peak-power, pulsed 2.0 micron Thulium fiber laser as a pump source for the nonlinear conversion subsystem to offer 1) The highest average power 500kHz Thulium fiber laser that exhibits single frequency, transform-limited, 2.0 ns pulses, 2)Selectable, rapid PRF switching, and 3) An efficient, compact, robust form factor pump subassembly.

Pranalytica, Inc.
1101 Colorado Avenue
Santa Monica, CA 90401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 260-2361
Arkadiy Lyakh
N131-042      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Function Mid-wave/Long Wave Infrared Laser
Abstract:Development of an ultra-compact, quantum cascade laser module delivering over 20 W in the mid-wave infrared and 20 W in the long-wave infrared spectral regions, with a beam quality parameter M2 of less than 2.0, is proposed. The module will have an operational capability of a variable repetition frequency in the 10 MHz to CW range with a microsecond time scale for switching between the two extremes. Collinearity between the mid-wave infrared and long- wave infrared beams will be better than 50 rad and lateral displacement of less than 0.5 mm. The module will not have any moving parts and will not require any sensitive optical alignment. Its design will be ruggedized for demanding in-field applications.

TeraDiode, Inc.
30 Upton Drive
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 988-1040
Robin Huang
N131-042      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Ultra-High Brightness Dual Band Mid-Wavelength Infrared and Long-Wavelength Infrared Semiconductor Laser Module Based on Wavelength Beam Combination f
Abstract:There is a compelling need for scaling the output of mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) and long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) lasers to much higher power, brightness, and energy. Applications of such sources include spectroscopic detection of the fingerprint of molecular absorptions and infrared countermeasure systems in response to increasingly sophisticated seeker technologies and increased threat ranges. Existing, commercially available direct diode or semiconductor lasers have some of the most desirable attributes: highest efficiency, greatest compactness (small size, weight, and power or SWaP), and wavelength selectability from the UV to the mid-IR bands. The main disadvantage is poor output beam quality. TeraDiodes technology of Wavelength Beam Combination (WBC) effectively solves the poor output beam quality problem of direct diode lasers. We will build a dual-band MWIR and LWIR laser for this program based on WBC of high power quantum cascade lasers with an average/peak power of 10/20 W and high beam quality. TeraDiodes technical approach is scalable to much higher power and brightness levels.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 562-5333
Tushar Tank
N131-043      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Autonomous Classification of Acoustic Signals
Abstract:Actionable situational awareness in cluttered and littoral environments with a passive sensor network requires a cost effective system capable of a high probability of detection of low-level undersea sound sources in large shallow water areas. Distributed passive arrays and autonomous sensor platforms have the potential for persistent monitoring of surface and subsurface acoustic targets. However these sensor platforms generate a tremendous amount of data that would require a great deal of operator supervision and detailed understanding of target signatures. 3 Phoenix, Inc. (3 Phoenix) has teamed with the Integrity Applications Inc. (IAI) to develop a robust suite of detection, classification, and localization (DCL) algorithms that will improve automated target recognition (ATR) of surface and subsurface contacts in high clutter littoral environments. We propose novel feature extraction methods in tandem with an efficient nonlinear adaptive kernel elastic net (AKEN) classification. The proposed DCL engine will be optimized for situational awareness within an operating scenario consisting of cluttered littoral environments. Efficient methods of implementation will be derived to enable real-time algorithm operation on existing hardware/firmware platforms such as the Persistent Littoral Undersea Surveillance (PLUS) processor.

Ocean Acoustical Services and Instrumentation Syst
5 Militia Drive
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 862-8339
Vincent Premus
N131-043      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Autonomous Classification of Acoustic Signals
Abstract:U. S. Navy tactical and strategic forces need a real-time, autonomous classification capability to realize the full potential of fixed acoustic surveillance sensors. In this work, we demonstrate the feasibility of integrating a novel, physics-based automatic classification algorithm into a new, large aperture Planar Array Prototype (PAP). The approach differs from traditional intel-based classification methods by using fundamental knowledge of normal mode propagation constraints to exploit natural differences in the way surfaced and submerged sources excite the shallow water waveguide. OASIS has successfully employed this approach in the past on both towed and fixed horizontal line arrays. The Phase I effort will determine the feasibility and identify any technical issues associated with applying the concept to the PAP arrays under consideration by PMS-485. Under the Phase I Option, the sizing and timing requirements associated with the implementation of the PAP classification algorithm on a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware platform will be analyzed. Finally, a plan will be written that details the steps for integration of the algorithm into the Shallow Water Surveillance System (SWSS) autonomous detection, classification, and tracking (DCT) baseline, which leverages the OASIS-led real-time DCT development and integration effort under the ONR Persistent Littoral Undersea Surveillance (PLUS) program.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Lewis Hart
N131-044      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Mission Planning Application for Submarine Operations and Risk Management
Abstract:Submarines conduct operational missions in a complex environment , as in any military operation, risk is inherent in the execution of these missions. Understanding operational risk is critical, and managing risk is necessary to affect predictable outcomes. The Adaptive Methods ForeSight system addresses risk management by providing automated task- centered tools which capture the complete operational context, apply specific risk assessment to current and recommended COA sin a near real time process. ForeSight uses information from all relevant, available data sources, coupled with Navy doctrine, instructions, messages, lessons learned, additional relevant guidance, and user definable parameters in it generation of mission risk assessment and risk control recommendations, providing integrated risk management panels and widgets in the AN/BYG-1 mission planning Human System Interface.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 849-0400
John Dickmann
N131-044      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Mission Planning Application for Submarine Operations and Risk Management
Abstract:Sonalysts proposes to develop a Mission Planning-Evaluation Tool (MP-ET) to support submarine Commanding Officers risk and operational assessment of mission plans. Our approach is to extend the current APB-13 Mission Planning Application (MPA) by using a fuzzy logic approach. This method enables encoding the heuristics used by experts into an automated, quantifiable evaluation of operational risk. Our approach is to use a simulation engine to run multiple trials of a course of action-scenario combination, and evaluate the output with a fuzzy logic engine. Our fuzzy logic rule set will be developed by interviewing current and former submarine Commanding Officers and reviewing relevant submarine grounding, collision, mission, and exercise reports. We will leverage or develop, as necessary, modular interfaces to the existing Mission Planning Application (MPA). Simulation outputs will be processed through a Fuzzy Logic (FL) engine to compute risk and effectiveness for presentation to a decision maker. We will develop an initial Risk Assessment Display, aimed at presenting risk elements, risk factors, and an aggregated risk timeline which will present FL output to the Commanding Officer. We will also examine the run-time feasibility of using a simulation engine for real-time evaluation of risk and effectiveness.

Advanced Reasoning Inc.
82 Boston Post Rd.
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 822-4615
Thaddeus Bell
N131-045      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Mitigation of Biologically Induced Active Sonar Reverberation in Littoral Regions
Abstract:Historically, operation of the mid-frequency active sonar in littoral regions has presented sonar operators with challenges due to the complex nature of the ocean acoustic environment in shallow waters. Although there are complex reasons for the appearance of clutter, research has shown that biological backscatter currently produces serious interference in midfrequency active sonar. This proposal will show that air bladders of small fish, which are found with great abundance in the ocean, have an acoustic resonant frequency that is within the current AN/SQS-53C echo-ranging band and cause serious performance degradation. It is proposed that the performance degradation resulting from fish swim bladders can be largely eliminated by exploiting the known resonant characteristics of biologics to transmit at frequencies away from that of the resonant biological backscattering. The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility and efficacy of using a modified transmit spectrum (of currently unavailable bands) and an associated innovative in-situ analysis and selection method, to mitigate the resonant backscattering effects due to biologics on mid-frequency active sonar returns, in particular, the AN/SQS-53C.

Applied Research in Acoustics LLC
1222 4th Street SW
Washington, DC 20024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(202) 629-9716
Jason Summers
N131-045      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Mitigation of Biologically Induced Active Sonar Reverberation in Littoral Regions
Abstract:Applied Research in Acoustics LLC will formulate and develop new concepts and algorithms for data-driven clutter-adaptive waveform-synthesis and CFAR normalization processing based on physical models of resonant backscattering from heterogeneous aggregations of swim-bladder-bearing fish that will significantly improve active sonar detection capability in littoral waters by reducing the number of false contacts and decreasing the amount of display clutter. The new signal processing concepts and algorithms developed and evaluated in this work will comprise (1) clutter-adaptive waveform and matched-filter synthesis using a data- driven approach to mitigate reverberation and clutter due to resonant scattering from fish, (2) clutter-adaptive CFAR normalization of the within-beam time series using model-based and data-driven assessment of range-dependent amplitude statistics, and (3) clutter-adaptive cross-beam and image-based normalization using model-based and data-driven assessment of spatial statistics of clutter from fish. The performance and feasibility of these new concepts and algorithms will be evaluated individually and as an integrated processing system with simulated midfrequency active sonar data representative of the AN/SQS-53C operating in a shallow-water environment with various sources of biologically induced clutter, as generated by a validated sonar-simulation model and a validated analytical model of scattering from heterogeneous aggregations of swim-bladder-bearing fish.

Signal Systems Corporation
877 Baltimore Annapolis Blvd Suite 210
Severna Park, MD 21146
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 431-7148
John Murray
N131-045      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Mitigation of Biologically Induced Active Sonar Reverberation in Littoral Regions
Abstract:The proposed effort develops and evaluates features exploiting the swim bladder resonance observed in broadband echoes from fish for automatic screening, reducing mid-frequency active sonar clutter. Real world data from shallow water is used to develop and evaluate features for discriminating between the broad peaks characteristic of an aggregate echo from a school of fish and the comparatively flat echo from target and target-like scatterers. Exploitation of this feature is important because biologics can produce high level echoes, move, and are not amenable to other sensing modalities. Because the frequency and sharpness of the resonances depend strongly on the relative density of fish species and their depth, physically motivated features of the spectral shape and auto-regressive coefficients from speech recognition are leading candidates for investigation. Another product of the work is an understanding of the system bandwidth required to achieve reliable automatic screening of fish echoes without significantly reducing target detections. Beyond the benefits of reliable screening, the developed features themselves offer the potential to improve associations in automatic tracking. This project will demonstrate the feasibility of exploiting fish swim bladder resonances to improve automatic screening and tracking performance of U.S. Navy mid-frequency active sonar systems.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Thierry Carriere
N131-046      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Long-Range Maritime Atmospheric LIDAR
Abstract:ADA Technologies is teaming with the Colorado School of Mines, Raytheon and Q-Peak to propose the development of a novel Maritime Atmospheric LIDAR (MAC-LIDAR) capable of providing critical atmospheric characterization information to support the effective operation of next generation laser weapons. The proposed system is based on laser light scattering to measure attenuation of a laser beam traveling long distances in the atmosphere and mostly bounded by seas or oceans. The system concept is similar to conventional LIDAR, but greatly simplified to make it compact and practical for use on war ships. The mast mounted system will illuminate the atmosphere surrounding a ship and produce 3-D images of atmospheric attenuation surrounding the ship. MAC-LIDAR constructs 3-D images of attenuation by combining data from time gated 2-D images of laser light scattered back to system with polarization filtering. Beam attenuation will be computed using a single wavelength laser source at 1064 nm. The Phase I activities will provide a proof-of-concept instrument as well as preliminary evaluation data in a laboratory environment in the Base period (range of up to 105 ft) and in a longer underground tunnel in the Option period (range up to 800 ft).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Sonnenfroh
N131-046      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Compact LIDAR for Continuous Monitoring of Atmospheric Extinction
Abstract:Operation of a ship-borne Laser Weapons System (LWS) requires new capability to dynamically characterize the maritime atmosphere to predict laser effectiveness. Atmospheric attenuation data for ranges to the horizon will be needed to support weapons selection against surface or airborne targets. Systems that can characterize the atmosphere continuously and that also can operate on-demand, will provide the greatest flexibility. Physical Sciences Inc., with its subsidiary Q-Peak Inc., proposes to develop an advanced, highly compact Lidar (Light Detection and Ranging) sensor capable of continuous, automated mapping of atmospheric extinction. The lidar will operate at a wavelength of 1.0 micron at a transmit power consistent with eye safety. It will operate autonomously and continuously. The Phase I program will consist of analysis and conceptual designs of the lidar sensor. The Phase I Program Option will consist of additional engineering design to integrate the sensor into the designated demonstration platform, as well as a demonstration of the laser transmitter. The Phase II Program will develop and test a field-worthy prototype sensor package. The Phase III Program will integrate and test the package on a designated Navy platform.

SCIENCE RESEARCH LABORATORY INC
15 WARD STREET
SOMERVILLE, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 547-1122
STEPHEN FULGHUM
N131-046      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Maritime Dynamic Atmospheric Characterization for Naval Laser Weapons System
Abstract:Science Research Laboratory, Inc. (SRL) will develop a prototype Extinction Imager (EI) suitable for shipboard installation based on the research of Janet Shields (Scripps, UCSD). The Shields EI uses radiance contrast measurements of the sky/ocean interface at the horizon to determine the aerosol extinction coefficient along a horizontal path. This measurement is combined with models of atmospheric extinction as a function of altitude and vertical backscatter measurements from a ceilometer to predict extinction along arbitrary slant paths. In Phase I SRL will test an EI prototype on nominal 5 km east coast ocean ranges (1) under daylight and starlight conditions, (2) in the visible and 1000 nm wavelength bands and (3) with both black light trap targets and clear horizon measurements. These measurements will be used to design a Phase II EI camera system capable of 24/7 extinction predictions. SRL will also test MEMS Inertial Measurement Units to develop a design for an image-stabilized EI system that will scan the horizon while correcting for low-frequency pitch and roll. In Phase II the SRL EI system will be tested with a COTS ceilometer and an aethalometer to measure both aerosol and atmospheric scattering and absorption.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Charles Gray
N131-047      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Improved Detection, Localization, and Classification of Torpedoes
Abstract:Torpedoes are a lethal threat to surface ships, and the ability to detect them remains a ship- safety priority. Current torpedo-detection algorithms are effective against certain models, but evolving torpedo propulsion systems and enemy tactics constantly chip at away at the present defense capability. This proposal will demonstrate opportunities to use the hull-mounted sensor to significantly close that gap by increasing the probability of detecting torpedoes and reducing false torpedo alerts. Work will be focused on developing improvements across three areas of the torpedo-detection chain: beamforming, detection, and classification.1. Utilize extended bandwidth and other improvements to the hull-array adaptive beamformer (ABF) to better detect both kinematic and acoustic-signature torpedo characteristics2. Develop a kinematic feature-detector algorithm capable of detecting various torpedo motion patterns (for example, wake-homing torpedoes) with the hull array3. Develop a classifier that incorporates data from the hull kinematic and acoustic-feature detectors, as well as any other available sensors, to determine whether a contact has weapon-like characteristics Other benefits include reduced development time and costs by reducing the need to retune the torpedo classifier when threat torpedo characteristics change.

chaotic.com
P.O. Box 1010
Great Falls, VA 22066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 276-4678
Rick Holland
N131-047      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Improved Detection, Localization, and Classification of Torpedoes
Abstract:By exploiting the high Doppler rate of torpedoes, low-latency, high-reliability, and high- mobility torpedo detection, classification and localization (DLC) can be accomplished with joint active-passive sonar signal processing using the hull array. Our system combines passive cues and a new active signal processing technology for deployed waveforms. The signal processing is carried out in real time within a common time-frequency representation for active-passive torpedo DLC but uses a novel technique, invented by chaotic.com, called Doppler-filtered pulse compression (DFPC). DFPC provides high probabilities of detection and correct classification while virtually eliminating confusable clutter. DFPC also provides the high Doppler and range resolution needed to spatially resolve salvos more efficiently than traditional high-resolution waveforms. To make reliable performance predictions for torpedo DLC, a method for extracting, validating, and generalizing highly realistic channel and target impulse response functions from legacy data is proposed.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
559 West Uwchlan Avenue Suite 140
Exton, PA 19341
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
W. Monach
N131-047      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Innovative Passive Processing (IPP)
Abstract:In this SBIR project Wagner Associates will develop innovative: (1) hull array passive signal processing (providing more accurate bearing, narrowband frequency, and signal-to-noise (SNR) data), (2) passive state estimation, (3) torpedo launch platform localization, and (4) enhanced data fusion, classification, and alerting algorithms and software, referred to in this proposal as Innovative Passive Processing (IPP). These IPP algorithms will significantly advance the Passive Tracking and Detection, Classification, and Localization (DCL) state- of-the-art and result in much improved forward sector TD for ships with a passive hull array such as U.S. DDGs and CGs with the SQQ-8A(V)15 (in both passive only and active plus passive modes).

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
N131-048      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Shiphandling Educator Assistant for Managing Assessments in Training Environments (SEAMATE)
Abstract:Virtual Environments (VEs) provide a cost-effective alternative to train students to perform tasks that would otherwise put lives and platforms at risk. However, current VE training methods still require highly trained instructors to closely monitor student progress, effectively intervene when students actions risk imparting negative learning, and provide detailed assessments of student skills. The demand for VE-based mariner training has been growing for over a decade and currently exceeds the number of available instructors, limiting the potential of this method. To more efficiently meet training demands and enhance the effectiveness of VE-based training, we propose to design and demonstrate a Shiphandling Educator Assistant for Managing Assessments in Training Environments (SEAMATE). SEAMATE will enable a smaller number of expert instructors to effectively work with larger groups of students through a combination of improved performance tracking, automated feedback, and efficient alerting methods. The SEAMATE instructor support system will include a tablet-based interface that supports at-a-glance awareness of individual student status to effectively direct the instructors attention. SEAMATE will also provide dynamic feedback and reporting to assist instructors awareness of student progress. As such, the system will increase the effectiveness and efficiency of VE-based training methods, while reducing demands for highly trained instructors.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Roberto Champney
N131-048      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Data Integrator Ship Handling Assessment System (DI-SAMS)
Abstract:The Data Integrator Ship Handling Assessment Management System (DI-SAMS) will gather and integrate data from the multiple automated sub-systems within the Conning Officer Virtual Environment (COVE) and will encompass the development and integration of an automated electronic Conning Officer Handling Assessment form (e-COSA). DI-SAMS will provide instructor support for providing Urgent Alerts, Periodic Reports and After Exercise / Summary Reports in order to increase instructor performance and reduce instructor workload.

DAICO INDUSTRIES, INC
1070 E. 233RD STREET
CARSON, CA 90745
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 507-3242
Ruben Mao
N131-049      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Power Solid State Amplifiers
Abstract:The United States Navy currently uses klystron-based and high power modulator tube Radar Transmitters that are increasingly more expensive to own and operate. Daico proposes to ultimately replace specific tube-based Transmitters with fully Solid-State Transmitters (SSTx). The proposed feasibility study will demonstrate significantly higher standards for Availability (Ai), Reliability and Maintainability while reducing Total Cost of Ownership by adapting, to a shipboard environment, our proven, scalable transmitter architecture, called (m+n) Automatic Redundancy Technology Transmitter, (m+n) in short, for coherent transmitters. The (m+n) main building block is an innovative High Power Amplifier design that supports true hot-swapping, automatic failover and graceful power degradation. The first (m+n), invented in 2008 and deployed in a mission critical ASR-3 application in 2010, delivers >99.99% Ai. (m + n) has been commissioned for more than two years without any operating failures to date. The proposed feasibility study will confirm (m+n) is adaptable to shipboard environments, utilizing state of the art solid state technology, with capability >500kW peak output power in frequencies through C-Band. This proposal will demonstrate the feasibility of our innovative High Power Amplifier in various existing Radar Systems, like SPS-49, SPN-43, SPY-1B (Pre-driver), AeroStat and so forth.

Diversified Technologies, Inc.
35 Wiggins Ave.
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9444
Fred Niell
N131-049      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Power Solid State Amplifiers
Abstract:Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) proposes to design and build an advanced, pulsed solid-state transmitter capable of replacing legacy klystron amplifiers in Navy radars. The new transmitter will integrate commercially available semiconductors into a novel DTI combiner architecture, and will deliver higher availability, simplified maintenance, and an overall reduction of operating costs in comparison to existing klystron systems. This particular architecture is well-suited for applications from UHF to S-band and beyond. Pulsed versions of this system are scalable to a megawatt power level for high duty factor coherent radars. An L-band version of the transmitter will be discussed in this proposal.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Eddy Milanes
N131-049      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High-Power Solid-State Amplifier
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a high peak- and average-power solid-state amplifier to replace existing Klystron tube amplifiers in surface Navy radar, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new amplifier by Spatially Combining in a Radial configuration many Amplifier Modules (SCRAM). It is based on spatial combining of an array of over 350 power amplifier modules of 1 kW output to produce 350 kW of peak RF power at 5% duty cycle. The amplifier uses the new generation of rugged 50 Volt laterally diffused metal oxide semiconductors, and can tolerate high voltage standing wave ratios. This will allow hot swapping of the individual amplifier and power supply units, a Navy requirement. This new amplifier will significantly increase the critical path mean time between failures compared to present Klystron-based amplifiers. The innovation in this solid-state amplifier and power supply will enable the Navy to replace the Klystron amplifier, which is exhibiting decreasing availability; this directly addresses the Navys requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed amplifier, by developing a scaled down prototype by combining power of four amplifier modules. In Phase II, POC will design the packaging and prepare a final prototype.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 840-9722
Walt Allensworth
N131-050      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:LFA and CFLA Acoustic Sensors
Abstract:Challenges faced today by the U.S. Navys ASW forces are due to the increasing number of diesel-electric submarines operated by some nations. These threats faced by the U.S. Navy have become increasingly difficult to locate using traditional passive acoustic sonar due to the advancement of quieting technologies in submarines. Low-Frequency Active (LFA) and Compact Low-Frequency Active (CLFA) sonars were developed to improve the detection range of these quiet submarines. LFA and CLFA were originally designed for use in a deep- water, low-clutter environment. Active clutter has significantly increased as these active sonars moved from deeper water to littoral environments. Adaptive Methods proposes to develop an active adaptive beamformer (ABF) for LFA and CLFA which provides improved active clutter reduction and improved signal to interferer and noise ratio. ABF algorithms ability to suppress loud acoustic interference arriving in the sidelobe region of beams will reduce clutter and improve detection performance. Adaptive Methods proposes to apply our approach to Robust Adaptive Matched Filtering to beamformed data that will improve the detection of weak signals of interest normally masked by loud interference in correlations. The feasibility of our concepts will be demonstrated by use of simulated data and comparison to the existing processing system.

AventuSoft L.L.C.
1560 Sawgrass corporate parkway, 4th
Sunrise, FL 33323
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(954) 331-4691
Kevin Jones
N131-050      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:LFA and CFLA Acoustic Sensors
Abstract:This Phase I project will develop an innovative signal processing and information processing concept for improved detection in acoustically noisy littoral waters using existing towed arrays or hull-mounted arrays. These relatively shallow waters have many sources of noise and interference which make it difficult to track the multiple targets with classical filtering approaches such as particle filters or Kalman filtering. It is a multisource problem because of background noise sources and the natural tendency of the multiple signals to overlap. This project proposes an evolutionary approach by building on currently-used detection algorithms using a new probabilistic framework to determine the instantaneous localization (azimuth, range, and depth) of multiple targets and their trajectories in the short-term by spatio-temporal clustering. Autonomous detection and localization using long-term signal clustering with the Bayesian Information Criterion allows targets to be tracked as they move through the noisy littoral space. Outputs from existing systems can also be directly processed by this framework to further improve sonar performance. The Phase I research objectives are to evaluate with underwater acoustic sounds and establish feasibility of the system for improved performance in active clutter reduction that reduces false alarms and improves performance in detection, classification, tracking, and displays.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2840
Lawrence Stone
N131-050      Awarded: 6/20/2013
Title:Using Features to Reduce LFA and CFLA Clutter - MP 14-13
Abstract:Metron has developed a detector-tracker for Mid Frequency Active (MFA). This detector- tracker computes likelihood functions and likelihood ratio surfaces from the un-normalized matched filter output of the MFA system. While doing this we have discovered a number of features that significantly reduce false alarms. The process involves identifying a feature, characterizing its statistical behavior, and developing a likelihood ratio function based on the probability distribution of the features response when a target is present to the distribution when no target is present. The power and virtue of working with likelihood ratios is that there is a principled and optimal way to combine this feature information with the likelihood ratio surface produced from the matched filter output, namely multiply the likelihood ratios together to form a cumulative likelihood ratio surface. Peaks in this new surface become candidates for detections. When combined in this fashion, the likelihood ratios from a well-constructed feature will reinforce the peaks due to targets and reduce those due to clutter. This will reduce the false alarm rate without lowering detection probability. We plan to adapt and apply this process to the LFA/CLFA tracker Metron is developing under ONR funding.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 828-9800
George Anderson
N131-051      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Shock Tolerant, Solid State, Submersible, Emergency Transmitter
Abstract:The Navy has identified the need for an improved and reduced cost Emergency Buoy Transmission System for the Ohio Class Submarine Replacement Program. Challenging reliability, maintainability, environmental, cost, and space weight and power (SWaP) objectives require innovations in several key design areas. To meet these requirements, Progeny will design a cost effective, highly shock survivable, and compact Class E amplifier assembly to replace the current system. Our focus for this effort will be to design a compact transmitter that can reliably survive the extreme environments (including shock levels exceeding 4000 gs) experienced by this safety critical system. Our transmitter assembly will incorporate modernized electronics, innovate and compact packaging (such as embedded components), robust shock hardening, and efficient thermal management strategies. Incorporation of new technologies will improve mission performance and increase transmit windows due to improved transmitter efficiency. To accomplish these improvements, innovative technology approaches will be identified and detailed electrical and mechanical designs will be developed. This effort will include comprehensive dynamic shock, and thermal Finite Element Analyses of the transmitter assembly

Softronics LImited
1080 East Post Road, Suite 1
Marion, IA 52302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(319) 447-1446
Robert Sternowski
N131-051      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Shock Tolerant, Solid State, Submersible Emergency Transmitter
Abstract:Softronics Ltd. proposes employing a novel circuit topology to create a state-of-the-art replacement for the emergency buoy HF transmitter. Using less than 24 components per transmitter, it features very high power efficiency and extended battery life. The 5 cubic inch, 3 ounce transmitter module is designed to directly interface to the existing buoy system.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 330
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 308-1402
Mark Sullivan
N131-052      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:The RUBIK Algorithm for Characterizing Sparse Interleaved Emitter Pulse Trains
Abstract:SEWIP Block 2 will utilize a fast-scanning ES receiver to rapidly acquire pulse data in the wideband threat spectrum. Depending on the scanning parameters, large gaps in pulse trains may confuse current deinterleaver technology, and ultimately confuse Emitter ID, which is already a challenge given densities of hundreds of emitters and therefore thousands of pulses to be associated into individual pulse trains. Azure offers a two-pronged approach to solving this problem: Leverage Azures Novel Emitter Parametrics NAVSEA SBIR; and, Azures proposed new RUBIK algorithm, which combines the functions of Deinterleaver and Emitter ID into a single processing block. In Phase I, Azure will utilize actual radar data collected in our lab, and also work with the Navy to obtain simulated data which is representative of the problem in the context of SEWIP Block 2.

Research Associates of Syracuse
111 Dart Circle
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 339-4800
Dennis Stadelman
N131-052      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Development of Algorithms for Characterizing Interleaved Emitter Pulse Trains with Complex Modulations
Abstract:This SBIR develops clustering and de-interleaving algorithms to process non-contiguous clusters of pulses, collected from acquisition scanning receivers periodically sampling (spectrally, spatially, and temporally) subsets of the signal environment, to better perform Emitter Identification (EID). The end result will be improved correct EID, with confidence level, and a corresponding reduction in the size of candidate emitter lists and ambiguities. It addresses a wide variety of challenging emitter signal classes for which current approaches are noted to have problems (RF agility, pulse repetition frequency (PRF) agility, pulse-width agility (PW), combinations of RF/PRF and/or PW agilities, and complex modulations). It also addresses multiple interleaved PRFs of different pulse-widths and modulations generated from single emitters.The approach leverages and refines existing RAS algorithms and software modules (C/C++ and MATLAB) such as clustering using multiple parameters measured on a single pulse, time based de-interleaving, RF Agile clustering, and cluster correlation grouping clusters collected in non-contiguous time intervals.Approaches are assessed and selected for PHASE II software development and demonstration within the SEWIP Block II architecture. During and after Phase II, RAS will work with SEWIP Block II prime Lockheed Martin and the government to define, install and demonstrate the technology on a suitable test-bed.

Vadum
601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8241
Thomas Null
N131-052      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Robust Emitter Classification Using A Scanning Receiver
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will evaluate multiple classification techniques to mitigate the effects of corrupted measurements from the new scanning receivers in the SLQ-32 electronic warfare suite. Vadum will create an Automated Optimization Environment (AOE) to train three advanced classification techniques using existing electronic intelligence (ELINT) databases; these techniques will be tested using corrupted radar emitter intercept measurements that are noisy, biased, and missing pulses. Vadums innovative AOE approach, which optimizes parameters of the classifiers, reduces risk by allowing a wide range of classification techniques to be quickly optimized and evaluated. Many classification candidate techniques exist, each with advantages and disadvantages; during Phase I Vadum will evaluate three renowned techniques and determine which of these best solves the problem presented in this SBIR topic. Classification techniques to be evaluated include: Neural Network (NN) (tried and true), Support Vector Machine (SVM) (currently best in class), and Random Forest (RaFo) (state of the art). NNs are known to be robust and generalize well when not over-trained. SVMs are optimal, in the sense of maximized decision boundary margin, when classes are linearly separable. RaFos have been shown to have similar classification performance to SVMs but with less computational complexity. The study performed in Phase I will answer the question of which classification technique minimizes the emitter candidate list in the presence of biased, noisy, and incomplete scanning receiver measurements.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 229-6781
Benjamin Smith
N131-053      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:High-Efficiency Propulsion for EMATT Sprint Speed Capability
Abstract:Aurora Flight Sciences and the Lockheed Martin Sippican propose to develop a new propulsion system to increase the top speed of an EMATT (Expendable Mobile ASW Training Target) vehicle to 14 knots. Aurora will perform systems-level analysis to determine propulsion system requirements and component-level specifications. Aurora and Lockheed will work with top battery manufacturers to develop a safe, high energy-density battery that provides sufficient power and capacity to meet the sprint speed performance requirements. Aurora will size a high-efficiency motor matched to a novel propeller design which will ensure efficient operation across the range of EMATT operating speeds. Efficiency gains will be realized through the design and optimization of a new fixed-pitch propeller which matches the propeller load to the most economical motor operating conditions. Component- level and total-vehicle performance will be estimated analytically to assess performance and stability. Vehicle safety will be assessed, risk reduction activities and opportunities to improve vehicle performance will be identified, and a Phase II development plan will be identified. In the Phase I Option, Aurora will investigate a hydroelastically tailored propeller to further improve propeller and motor efficiencies across all operating speeds.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 626-8661
JAN PETRICH
N131-053      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Sprint Speed Capabilities for an Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW) Training Target
Abstract:Significant resources are required to increase the sprint speed capabilities of miniature AUVs which are subject to severe weight and volume constraints. This is aggravated when (i) high speed maneuvers are required to last longer periods of time, and (ii) vehicle stability can no longer be guaranteed at high speeds due to vehicle design constraints. In the case of the ASW training target EMATT, the design challenge extends well beyond selecting more powerful motors and high-capacity batteries. As outlined in the solicitation, advancements in motor and battery technology are continuously entering the market. Although those systems have been successfully utilized for a variety of applications, the development of an optimization strategy that (i) combines individual subcomponents such as shroud, propeller(s), shaft, gearing, motor(s), and batteries, and (ii) adheres to stringent design space requirements still poses a significant challenge. To close this technological gap, the NextGen team will leverage previous work and proven methods in order to develop a hydrodynamic optimization tool that guides the selection and/or design process of subcomponents for a vehicle specific propulsion system. The optimization tool will expose several options to compromise between design parameters such as top speed, speed range, required vehicle length and overall endurance

Hstar Technologies
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 229-5748
Yi-Je Lim
N131-054      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Advanced Shipboard Mission Payload Handling System
Abstract:Hstar proposes a mobile, advanced, agile, adaptable handling (A3-Hand) system for shipboard mission payload handling. On the LCS seaframes, A3-Hands ability to remotely load, unload and transport a wide variety of payloads in and around ISO containers and mission vehicles will immediately improve LCSs operations efficiency. We anticipate that the A3-Hand platform can become a ubiquitous tool for both the military and industry. Our key innovations includes several components: a highly maneuverable Omni-directional mobile platform with an adaptable footprint, a highly reconfigurable fork / end-effector design with high dexterity and strength for the various types of payloads, an efficient control system and ergonomic control unit, and an intuitive operator feedback system for diagnostic capabilities. The A3-Hand system will be designed with the following consideration; 1) Improved platform motion capability and improved forks/arms positioning capability; 2) Enhanced human- machine interface and enhanced functionality for both LCS seaframes; 3) Enhanced reachability, manipulability, and maneuverability with better controls; 4) Reduced equipment footprint and weight; 5) Reduced operator workload with task space control; and 6) Enhanced robustness with fault detection.

Quantum Engineering Design, Inc.
30487 Peterson Road
Corvallis, OR 97333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 929-2676
Michael Plackett
N131-054      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Advanced Shipboard Mission Payload Handling System
Abstract:The QED team proposes an Advanced Payload Handling System (APHS) capable of semi- autonomous and/or wireless remotely controlled, omni-directionally maneuvering operations. Selected design candidates will be evaluated with respect to their ability to provide an assured capability of acquiring and lifting both palletized and uniquely shaped payloads from the confines of a standard ISO container or from Twenty Foot Equivalent (TEU) flat-racks and transferring them to the desired location aboard the LCS. The study will focus on the ability of the APHS candidate designs to maneuver precisely on deck in very tight spaces and conduct payload-handling tasks safely whilst the LCS is operating in elevated sea-state conditions. A combination of state-of-the-art engineering analysis tools will be employed to verify the structural design approach and define a safe operational envelope for the APHS under simulated ship motions. Selected APHS candidate designs will be evaluated under the Phase I program comparing their capabilities to defined criteria and metrics developed from the outline presented within this proposal. The results of the study will provide the basis for a candidate system down select and recommendations for a Phase II program to fabricate a full-scale APHS Proof-of-Concept demonstrator for simulated operational test and evaluation.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
N131-054      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:LOADING FOR NAVAL RESUPPLY FOR DEPLOYMENT (LNRD)
Abstract:The objective for Phase I of this effort is to develop a design for an advanced mission payload handling system that provides the combined functionality of a pallet jack, fork truck, and an overhead gantry crane. The proposed mission payload handling system, Loading for Naval Resupply Division (LNRD), will be modeled and simulated to establish the feasibility of the system. It will be battery powered and remotely operated by a single operator. The system will weigh less than 1500 lbs. and will have a deck load of less than 150 pounds per square inch when transporting a payload. LNRD will be adaptable and use mecanum wheels to allow maneuverability in tight spaces while transporting and loading payloads. For this effort QinetiQ North America is expected to provide design support and information on their Shipboard Weapons Loader.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2200
Kris Barkume
N131-055      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Airborne Contact Cueing for Panoramic Imagers
Abstract:Aret will build an algorithm capable of real-time performance on panoramic video that rapidly detects low visibility aircraft with minimal false alarms. The team will make use of the on-hand periscope video and APB-13 algorithms to create panoramic inputs to our robust, likelihood-based Bayesian Field Detector (BFD) algorithm. For the Phase I effort, we will integrate and advance the BFD algorithm to detect aircraft and provide cueing information to the operator including an aircraft state vector and detection statistics. Within the scope of this overall solution, Phase I activities will focus on assessing algorithm performance and feasibility of a real time implementation. The Aret team is uniquely qualified to offer the requested capability. Its advanced position is a result of extensive experience in periscope image processing, 360-degree periscope mosaic-imaging, coherent stacking for low SNR detection, precise false alarm mitigation, and efficient highly-parallel algorithm development. The team also benefits from having over 20 hours of real periscope videoincluding airborne contacts in visible and infrared bandson hand for algorithm development and testing.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Brian Stieber
N131-055      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Airborne Contact Cueing for Panoramic Imagers
Abstract:In an effort to improve the current approach for periscope surveillance detection, the Navy is developing a new panoramic mast video sensor. Utilizing both LWIR and EO technology the sensor will provide a 24 hour operational capability in challenging maritime environments. Advancements address operational necessity for rotating the mast and viewing limitations, however, they do not address additional difficulties operators face in reliably detecting aircraft in large quantities of video data. Ability to reliably detect aircraft targets in EO/IR video would leverage the technology to its full potential and increase the effectiveness of human operators. Relevant algorithms should be both computationally efficient and robust under a full range of operating conditions, including cloud clutter, water droplet clutter, day and night, and weather-driven illumination and temperature variations. Toyon Research corporation proposes a suite of parallelizable algorithms based on statistical appearance and apparent change modeling combined with track-before-detect framework that enables detection of aircraft at the farthest possible standoff distance (fewest pixels on target) allowing operators maximum time for target evaluation and response.

American Technical Coatings, Inc
28045 Ranney Parkway
Westlake, OH 44145
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(928) 779-0699
Mark Hawthorne
N131-056      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Reduced Density Injection Moldable Pressureless Sintered Silicon Nitride
Abstract:ATC Materials has developed a silicon nitride radome material called reduced density injection moldable pressureless sintered silicon nitride based on ATC's pre ceramic binder technology and previous nitride ceramic work. The goal of the proposed work for Phase I is to further refine and optimize the material formulation and to further characterize the material for radome applications. ATC will also, as part of the Phase I option, mold subscale radomes and begin to develop conversion/burnout and sintering processes for the subscale radomes.

Applied Thin Films, Inc.
8261 Elmwood Dr
Skokie, IL 60077
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 287-6292
Benjamin Mangrich
N131-056      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Ceramic Matrix Composites for Advanced Tactical Missile Radomes
Abstract:Advanced missile radomes require robust high temperature materials for high speed flight. Current advanced radome materials are limited by thermal, electrical, and impact performance. ATFI has developed an oxide ceramic matrix composite (CMC) which has demonstrated required electrical, thermal and structural performance. This proposal will focus on improved impact performance, as well as incorporating lower cost fiber reinforcements to keep costs down. ATFI will partner with materials research and design (MR&D) during the Phase I project to develop a second generation CMC material, as well as test impact resistance and electrical performance.

Sienna Technologies, Inc.
19501 144th Avenue NE Suite F-500
Woodinville, WA 98072
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 485-7272
Ender Savrun
N131-056      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Performance Radomes for Supersonic/Hypersonic Missiles
Abstract:Conventional dielectric materials for radomes and windows for supersonic/hypersonic tactical missiles exhibit a number of performance limitations including inadequate thermal shock resistance, variations in electrical (dielectric constant and loss) and structural performance (mechanical strength) with temperature, and difficulty in fabrication to the desired shape.We propose to develop high strength, high toughness, high temperature stable, low dielectric constant continuous fiber reinforced ceramic composite radomes and windows with wide band-pass for GPS navigation and guidance, for wrap-around antennae, and for terminal homing for supersonic/hypersonic tactical missiles. The Phase I program will fabricate a fiber reinforced ceramic composite with the required electrical and mechanical properties. Dielectric constant and loss tangent of the composites will be measured from 1 GHz to 20 GHz, and from 75 GHz to 100 GHz over room temperature to 1200C. Flexural strength and thermal shock resistance of the composite will be determined, and Weibull parameters will be calculated to assess the composites potential reliability.

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Thierry Carriere
N131-058      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Pressure Diver Breathing Gas Supply System
Abstract:ADA Technologies, in collaboration with SCUBAPRO, proposes to develop an ultra-high- pressure SCUBA system capable of supplying Navy divers with vastly increased air capacity to allow longer submersion time. This system employs multiple small composite cylinders and a custom first-stage pressure reduction regulator coupled with commercial-off-the-shelf SCUBA parts. It is designed to provide more than twice the amount of breathing air while shedding 30% of the cylinder weight without restricting mobility of the diver. With this additional submersion time, divers will have increased operational flexibility resulting in a higher likelihood of mission success. The proposed Phase I program includes regulator design and prototyping, composite cylinder procurement, integration with COTS components, followed by pressure and functionality testing. The critical task of the program is the design and fabrication of a pressure-reducing regulator to step-down ultra-high cylinder pressure of up to 10,000 psi to an intermediate pressure of 140 psi. The first prototype design will be validated through pressure testing at our facilities to demonstrate safe operation and proper gas flow. Following successful proof-of-concept demonstration, the team will fabricate an advanced prototype, leveraging findings from the initial effort and develop a preliminary engineering and manufacturing plan to be refined in Phase II.

Gloyer-Taylor Laboratories LLC
2212 Harton Blvd
Tullahoma, TN 37388
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(951) 600-9999
Zachary Taylor
N131-058      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Pressure Breathing System
Abstract:GTL proposes to develop a small diameter High Pressure Breathing Apparatus concept design capable of achieving 10,000-psi operating pressures. The HPBA incorporates a high-pressure regulator and valve that makes it compatible and component replaceable with existing conventional SCUBA and SCBA equipment. The HPBA tank incorporates several GTL innovations integrated into an optimized solution including graphite composite structures with integration of GTLs BHL technology that provides high-pressure oxygen compatibility and gas permeable resistance. An innovative high-pressure regulator/valve system has been proposed that combines an integrated design concept leveraging innovative valve and regulator technologies. The proposed phase 1 effort develops concept designs that leverage mechanism technologies and integrated composite structures and pressure vessel technologies being developed at GTL. An integrated design approach is expected to provide a 90% reduction in weight and an 80% reduction in size compared to a standard 3,000 psi 7.25 inch diameter and 26-inch long aluminum tank.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 961-4509
Daniel Metrey
N131-058      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:High Pressure Composite Air Flasks for SCUBA Systems
Abstract:Current air flasks utilized by the Navy for SCUBA diving weigh about 40 lbs and are rated for 3,000 psi internal pressure, providing 30 minutes to an hour of air supply from a single tank. The Navy desires to increase mission capability for free-swimming divers, but air supply remains the most significant impediment to this goal. Development of smaller air flasks and a regulator system that could accommodate up to 10,000 psi of internal air pressure is sought. However, flasks manufactured using similar materials to those currently in service would be far too heavy and bulky if fabricated to meet this pressure. Lighter weight materials are required.Luna Innovations Incorporated will team with a leading commercial producer of DOT approved composite air flasks to design a flask and regulator system to meet the Navys desired criteria. The manufacturers extensive experience in the design and manufacture of flasks for DoD, including underwater applications, will be leveraged with Lunas novel optical fiber strain sensing technology to streamline design. Weight savings will be optimized by intimately calibrating measured material response to design models. Furthermore, this non- intrusive sensing system will enable a means of health monitoring, reducing operational risk and maintenance costs.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 869-8673
Matthew Hall
N131-059      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Novel, Very Wide-Bandwidth Characterization Technique
Abstract:EOSPACE proposes developing a practical, very-wide-bandwidth electrical characterization technique based on advanced photonic signal processing. The characterization method only requires a high-speed mm-wave source and uses exclusively low-speed optical detection, eliminating the need for high-speed photodiodes. This effort would build on the recent breakthroughs in ultra-wide-bandwidth electro-optic modulator characterization methods at EOSPACE. The proposed technique is a fast, swept-frequency approach and is robust against virtually all common weaknesses in photonic measurement systems, such as optical power fluctuations and spectral changes in the optical source and electrical small-signal limit restrictions. The optical paths in the measurement system are entirely in optical waveguides, optical-bias and alignment-free, and the system has no mechanical moving parts. As the method does not rely on high-speed photodetection, it can be extended beyond 110 GHz to 1THzmerely by changing the electrical signal generator. Additionally, unlike many photonic methods, our characterization method can operate down to a few hundred kHz.

Indiana Microelectronics LLC
1281 Win Hentschel Blvd.
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 237-3397
Eric Hoppenjans
N131-059      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Very Wide Bandwidth Radar/EW Components and Characterization
Abstract:This proposal is focused on the development of very wide bandwidth, high efficiency power amplifiers for next generation EW, radar and wireless communication systems. High-Q tunable notch filters, coupled with high efficiency power appliers (PA) will be designed and analyzed. The PA-filter co-design techniques is expected to produce very wide bandwidth, high efficiency power amplifiers with bandwidths greater than 4 to 1 and efficiencies greater than 60 percent across the operating band. A prototype proof-of-concept PA-filter module will be developed for operation from L Band to C Band in the first phase of the project. The concepts developed for the prototype L to C band amplifier will then be applied to higher frequency designs with the goal of extending the concept for high efficiency, very high bandwidth power amplifiers through 110 GHz.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
Jean-Marc Rollin
N131-059      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Broadband PolyStrata Source
Abstract:Nuvotronics is proposing for this Navy SBIR number N131-059 to develop the key elements to enable broadband sources (1110 GHz) toward future electronic warfare (EW), communications and radar systems. RF passive components based on waveguide are very low loss but are limited in bandwidth. Components based on substrate material such as ceramic or printed circuit board can provide a broader band of operation but exhibit high loss especially at high frequencies. . To provide RF components with low loss and wide- bandwidth of operation, Nuvotronics is proposing to design new RF passives based on our proven PolyStrata integrated transmission line technology. PolyStrata offers unprecedented performance in propagation loss, wide band operation and linearity, enabling the next generation of low loss passives components. For this proposal, Nuvotronics is offering in this phase I to design an ultra-low loss architecture, which will integrate the different micro- filters, active and passive components needed on a single common PolyStrata monolithic backplane to deliver a 1-110 GHz wide band source.

S2 Corporation
2310 University Way Building 4-1
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 922-0334
Kris Merkel
N131-059      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Very Wide Bandwidth Radar/EW Components and Characterization
Abstract:S2 Corporation and subcontractor Montana State University offer their wideband photonic technologies for signal generation and sensing and a workplan to address the needed novel characterization techniques for passive components operating over very wide bandwidth, at frequencies up to 110 GHz. In the Phase 1 effort, we will develop concepts for very wide bandwidth, very high frequency passive components and characterization techniques and show feasibly developed into a useful product for the Navy.

Freedom Photonics LLC
90 Arnold Place Suite D
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 277-3031
Milan Mashanovitch
N131-060      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Miniature, Efficient, Low-power, Photonic Integrated Circuit Based Subsea Long Haul Optical Transponder
Abstract:In this program, Freedom Photonics proposes to implement a Miniature, Efficient, Low- power, Photonic Integrated Circuit Based Subsea Long Haul Optical Transponder using photonic integration in InP.

The David Ross Group
58A South Street
Morristown, NJ 07869
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(973) 615-2430
Gerald Tourgee
N131-060      Awarded: 6/28/2013
Title:Subsea Long Haul Optical Transponder
Abstract:The David Ross Group will develop an innovative, miniaturized low-cost undersea transponder for data transmission over long haul underwater cable systems where the signal is generated from an undersea node and integrated with an undersea transmission system while minimizing the use and number of undersea optical amplifiers (repeaters). The David Ross Group will identify how these technical solutions might be integrated into an underwater distributed network to achieve objective data rates, distances, power consumption, and minimal repeater use. Specifically, the proposed study will focus on developing an undersea transponder and supporting electronics, that meet the minimum requirements, but targets the stretch objectives specified.

Galois, Inc.
421 SW Sixth Suite 300
Portland, OR 97204
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 808-7213
Joe Hendrix
N131-061      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Binary Static Previrtualization
Abstract:Modular software development helps enable application developers to quickly write sophisticated applications. However, in most instances only a small fraction of the functionality included in a particular software components is needed. Not only is there a performance cost, but the prevalence of security vulnerabilities suggests that even unused functionality in binaries and shared libraries can be dangerous. To address the problem of extraneous functionality, SRI International has developed, static previrtualization, a static analysis and code specialization technique that uses partial evaluation to remove unused functionality. SRI has developed a prototype tool, Occam, that performs static previrtualization on LLVM bytecode.Galois proposes to work with SRI to extend Occam to support static previrtualization of binaries. Galois will develop a binary disassembler capable of generating LLVM bytecode from binary machine code. This will allow Occam and other LLVM-based optimization tools to be applied to existing compiled machine code. This will make it easier for static previrtualization to be adopted in industry, and facilitate applying previrtualization to entire systems.

Zephyr Software LLC
2040 Tremont Rd
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 284-3002
Clark Coleman
N131-061      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Binary Program Optimization
Abstract:An existing binary static analyzer, STARS (STatic Analyzer for Reliability and Security) will be enhanced to perform compiler optimizations that are most relevant to highly layered and modular code. STARS will emit binary rewriting rules that will be used by a binary rewriter to produce an optimized version of the application binary and its libraries that retains all functionality of the original application.

Adaptive Cognitive Systems
1709 Alpine Ave.
Boulder, CO 80304
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 359-9133
Bradley Best
N131-062      Awarded: 4/24/2013
Title:Advancing the State of the Art in Artificial Intelligence for Simulation Training
Abstract:We aim to develop Artificial Intelligence (AI) software that is generalized across entity-level simulation systems and can be used to generate behaviors in training simulations that are both contextually and tactically realistic. The near-term goal for Phase I is to define and develop a concept for improving simulation training using AI in VBS2 and JSAF, focusing on improving the behavioral realism of the AI while reducing the need for support personnel.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 542-7830
Brian Stensrud
N131-062      Awarded: 4/24/2013
Title:Advancing the State of the Art in Artificial Intelligence for Simulation Training
Abstract:The USMC has an immediate need for a framework and infrastructure with which state-of- the-art AI technologies can be integrated to replace simplistic CGF behaviors in virtual simulation platforms such as VBS2. SoarTech, along with our partner Aptima, proposes to apply our vast expertise in the design, development and integration of artificial intelligence technologies, bringing it to bear to help develop more realistic entity-level scenarios for USMC simulated training. Most crucial to our work will be the design and development of a full infrastructure, called SERUM (Simulated training Exercises with Robust Unmanned Models) to support advanced AI for the USMCs simulation technology portfolio. This infrastructure will allow for robust, unmanned entities (Soar-based and otherwise) to exist in both constructive (e.g. OneSAF, JSAF) and virtual (e.g. VBS2) simulation environments simultaneously, and will also include the necessary hooks and mechanisms to allow entities to both perceive the world and make actions within it. Using SERUM, we will then develop prototype robust intelligent agents (and apply existing agents) that can serve as robust, tactically viable role-players for a particular domain (e.g. JTAC training) that require minimal babysitting and maintenance on the part of scenario operators.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Sean Guarino
N131-063      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Crowdsourcing using Intelligent Supervision to address Information Requirements in Crisis Situations (CRISIS)
Abstract:Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) are often first responders, addressing crises such as natural disasters and regional instability. To adequately respond, they must quickly and accurately analyze large amounts of raw information. Fortunately, through crowdsourcing, there are vast, knowledgeable, and unexploited resources in local and military populations that can address information requirements (IR) and analysis needs. However, Marines need an effective system to use these distributed human processing resources. MapReduce addresses a similar distributed parallel computational processing problem, but not the inherent diversity of human resources. Inspired by MapReduce, we propose to design and demonstrate a system for Crowdsourcing with Intelligent Supervision to address IRs in Crisis Situations (CRISIS). CRISIS provides a crowdsourcing algorithm to employ diversely skilled crowds to address problems for MEUs, focusing on four key components: (1) an evolvable ontology of crowd capabilities to drive human-centered problem partitioning; (2) probabilistic models of crowd skills and preferences to not only identify crowd resources, but understand their capabilities; (3) a market-based optimization system to perform load management and mapping while addressing a scarcity of properly skilled resources to address tasks; and (4) a combination of semantic reasoning and provenance modeling to reduce solutions, identifying consistencies and inconsistencies in the process.

Management Sciences, Inc.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Kshanti Greene
N131-063      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Crowdsourcing as a Map Reduce Job
Abstract:MSI proposes to develop automated mechanisms to dissect incoming queries and engage appropriate cloud-based resources to address them. To automate this process, we propose iterative query refinement between an automated analyzer (called the Matchmaker) and human experts. The Matchmaker will use keyword and semantic analysis to identify query topics. These topics will engage people with expertise in those topics who can either take on the subtasks or provide more accurate topic suggestions. When the task results are submitted, an automated Fusion Engine will compare all results with a description of the expected results (submitted by the task creator) and select the best answer. These mechanisms will extend MSIs foundational system for massively collaborative problem solving that is being developed for a Phase II DARPA SBIR. Our framework, called ePluribus, allows collaborators to explore two key problem solving phases: understanding the situation that brought about the problem and evaluating actions that can modify the outcome of the situation. Similar to the map/reduce model, ePluribus allows people to 1) decompose complex problems into manageable components (map), 2) asynchronously provide solutions to these sub-problems, and then 3) aggregate the proposed solutions to form a collective solution integrating all significant points of view (reduce).

Modus Operandi, Inc.
709 South Harbor City Blvd., Suite 400
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 473-1426
Teresa Nieten
N131-063      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Crowdsourcing Situational Awareness (Crowd- SA)
Abstract:The basic need in a crisis situation, whether it is a natural or unnatural disaster, political or social unrest, or some combination, is relevant, timely and accurate information, filtered to present the most pertinent data to the decision makers. Commanders have unique information requirements due to short timelines and unknown background data on their assigned Area of Operations. Crowdsourcing data, properly filtered and managed, provides an instant quicklook into the human terrain, atmospherics, and current events. This also assists the Intelligence Operational planners to direct their assets to confirm or deny conclusions drawn from the crowdsourcing data. Our solution, implemented as a monitoring system to world events, could act as a first alert capability that would indicate an upcoming problem or crisis well in advance of the typical news and intelligence channels. Modus Operandi proposes to develop a crowdsourcing system to analyze and fuse data from witnesses and participants to find relevant information in times of disaster or emerging crisis. The final system will accept input from the crowd, extract events and entities in the context of natural language, normalize the information, and fuse it with data from other sources using cloud-based distributed processing.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Mark Zagarola
N131-064      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Advanced Tactical Cryocoolers for UAV Applications
Abstract:Cryogenic electronics have the potential to revolutionize digital communications from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), but must operate at cryogenic temperatures. Commercial cryocoolers are large and inefficient and are unable to meet size, weight, and power requirements for UAVs. Our approach and the innovation is a reverse turbo-Brayton cryocooler that provides refrigeration at 4.2 K and rejects heat at 77 K through boil-off of liquid nitrogen. The cryocooler is predicted to reduce size, weight, and input power by at least an order of magnitude as compared to the current state-of-the-art 4.2 K cryocooler. The nitrogen boil-off rate is reasonable, enabling missions of up to nominally 8 hours using a small dewar of liquid nitrogen. Successful completion of this program will dramatically improve digital communications from UAVs. During the Phase I project, we will finalize specifications for the cryocooler; design the cryocooler and cryostat; determine the size, weight, and input power for the overall cryogenic system; and perform a proof-of-concept test on a critical cryocooler component. During Phase II, we will build and test a critical cryocooler component or a complete cryocooler.

Iris Technology Corporation
PO Box 5838
Irvine, CA 92616
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 975-8410
Carl Kirkconnell
N131-064      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:LN2-Precooled Two Stage Pulse Tube Cooler
Abstract:One of the fundamental implementation challenges for 4K cryocoolers to support superconducting electronics (SCE) is the size of the cooler. For platforms on which there is the possibility of using a thermal battery, i.e., a reservoir of cryogenically-cooled fluid that can be used to precool the cryogenic subsystem, there is a tremendous opportunity to reduce the required size of the cryocooler dramatically. For example, the upper stage(s) of expander components can be replaced with a simple two-fluid heat exchanger, reducing expander volume and, more substantially, compressor volume by reducing the required exergy lift. Success on this program is thus expected to lead to insertion opportunities on a wide range of packaging-constrained platforms that would otherwise preclude closed-cycle refrigeration, and in so doing enable the use of high performance SCE-based RF communications electronics on platforms that are presently the exclusive purview of traditional approaches.

Lambda Science, Inc.
P.O. Box 238
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 581-7940
Joeseph Teti
N131-065      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Automating Unmanned and Manned Sensor Performance in Demanding Tactical Environments
Abstract:Per the topic description, naval airborne sensor systems are utilizing or are planning to utilize varying degrees of automation in the prosecution of their missions as part of future naval capabilities. The automation must handle very dense maritime surface picture conditions that can exceed 1,000+ surface contacts that quickly become overwhelming for operators to adjudicate. A promising strategy to adjudicate the surface contact picture automatically is to optimally allocate the resources of airborne sensor suites that are typically deployed on manned and unmanned airborne platforms conducting ship self-defense and maritime surveillance operations. Early detection and classification of potential threats is possible using high range resolution and tracking radar. Additional classification is possible by combining EO/IR interrogation, and association with stored data and available off-board information. It is envisioned that a sensor suite resource manager (RM) would be employed to automatically construct the surface picture with the use of classification aids that leverage the merging of information from organic and inorganic sources. It is also desirable that the RM is capable of dynamically tasking the platform via flight profile changes in response to the evolving surface picture, taking into account mission profiles, OPSITs/TACSITs, platform kinematic capabilities, airspace restrictions, and threat profiles. In addition, the RM must have situational awareness of the local airspace traffic in order to conduct the mission effectively and maximize on-station time.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Jason Adaska
N131-065      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Automating Unmanned and Manned Sensor Performance in Demanding Tactical Environments
Abstract:The US Navy uses manned and unmanned airborne platforms for ISR missions in challenging littoral environments with non-segregated airspace, restricted operating regions, and sensor occlusions, while tracking and classifying potentially hundreds of targets. In this Phase I effort, we propose to design an integrated planning tool for airborne ISR platforms that can generate vehicle routes and sensor schedules in real time that satisfy vehicle dynamic constraints, airspace constraints, and sensor constraints, while serving the ISR mission objectives with varying degrees of specificity, and maximizing on-station time. The route planner conducts a tree search over a parameterized maneuver space so paths are kinematically feasible. The search samples neighborhoods in the space and obtains bounds on the various constraints and information objectives to determine promising regions to explore. This approach permits the use of complicated dynamic constraints such as sensing geometry, aircraft avoidance, and fuel consumption. The sensor scheduler selects particular tasks and start times, refining the route as necessary to comply with sensor resource constraints and achieve the given information goals. Multiple plans are presented to the operator if goals are in conflict or several different solutions exist, allowing the operator to apply mission-level judgment in directing the platform.

EOSPACE Inc
8711 148th Ave NE
Redmond, WA 98052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 869-8673
Suwat Thaniyavarn
N131-066      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Electromagnetic-Attack-Resistant Electro-Optic LiNbO3 Modulator
Abstract:The objective is to develop a wideband, high-sensitivity, high RF power handling optical modulator suitable for use in low-noise microwave photonic links associated with military and commercial antenna applications. Specifically, the modulator will be designed to be highly- resistive to electromagnetic attack from high-power microwave and electromagnetic pulse sources.

Photonic Systems, Inc.
900 Middlesex Turnpike Building #5
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 670-4990
Gary Betts
N131-066      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Electromagnetic-Attack-Resistant Modulator
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop an electro-optic modulator that can withstand electromagnetic attacks (EMAs) in all their forms: nuclear electromagnetic pulse, high-power microwave, and ultra-wideband. The modulator is a modified form of our state-of-the-art low-Vpi lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulator, so it will simultaneously enable a low-noise-figure photonic link and provide protection from EMAs. A microwave-photonic link using this modulator can be used wherever a photonic link is normally used, or it can be added to other electronic systems to provide a protected path for received signals that isolates the electronic system from its antenna. The hardened microwave-photonic links developed here eliminate any metallic connection between the antenna and the protected system, the protection is always on (instantaneous response), and the recovery time after a pulse is very short (~250 microseconds); to our knowledge, this performance is superior to any existing protection technology.

TIPD, L.L.C.
1430 N. 6th Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 722-0572
Arkady Bablumyan
N131-066      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Electromagnetic-Attack-Resistant EO Polymer/Sol-gel Modulator
Abstract:RF photonic links provide an attractive approach to minimizing the impact of an electromagnetic attack on defense and commercial communications infrastructure. A key component in an RF photonic link is an electro-optic (EO) modulator, and current commercially available EO modulators are not able to withstand the 10kW peak power pulses that can results from an electromagnetic attack, such as an electromagnetic pulse (EMP). In the proposed program, TIPD, LLC will develop design concepts and materials candidates for a novel EMP-hard modulator based on its proven EO polymer/sol-gel modulator platform, which has achieved low drive voltages (~ few volts), low insertion loss (~ 5dB or less) and high speed operation suitable for RF photonics links. The EMP-hard properties of the modulator will derive from the unique, dielectric breakdown suppression properties of TIPDs sol-gel materials, which have been used in high dielectric breakdown strength applications like claddings for EO polymer modulators and high energy storage density capacitors. The Phase I program will comprise modulator design, materials selection, electrical/thermal modeling, and high frequency/high voltage materials characterization, while the Phase I Option will include prototype phase modulator development and roadmapping the testing needs of Phase II.

Acumentrics
20 Southwest Park
Westwood, MA 02090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 461-8251
Neil Fernandes
N131-067      Awarded: 5/6/2013
Title:Bio-fuel Reforming for High-Efficiency Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Generators
Abstract:Acumentrics proposes to utilize the unique properties of bio-fuel to deliver an integral reformer system that will directly utilize the thermal and electrochemical effect of the fuel cell through Acumentrics tubular technology. This intimate contact with the fuel cell will levelize heat transfer and supply energy for reforming, enabling the reduction of air-supplied oxygen to the system. With Acumentrics knowledge of 10kW operations, it will be shown that this unique bio-fuel system will supply over 40%LHV net efficiency. This Phase I proposal will describe an aggressive pathway to proving this technological breakthrough, demonstrating a major first step to the build of a 10kW fuel cell building block operating on bio-fuel.

Precision Combustion, Inc.
410 Sackett Point Road
North Haven, CT 06473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 287-3700
Subir Roychoudhury
N131-067      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:High Efficiency, Thermally Integrated Bio-fuel Steam Reformer for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) is proposing an integrated steam reformer and solid oxide fuel cell design capable of very high efficiency and robust transient operation. By virtue of intimate physical integration, without compromising system complexity, the proposed design enables very high thermal efficiency and a readily scalable modular design, made possible by the use of PCIs high heat flux steam reformer designed to effectively remove heat from the stack. In this Phase I, we will demonstrate operation of a high efficiency reformer with bio- fuels and identify operating maps to minimize start-up and transient time, and through modeling, develop thermally integrated designs for various SOFC systems in both steady state and transient operation. Solid models with sufficient detail to predict volumetric and gravimetric power densities will also be developed. BOP components and parasitic loads will be determined. During the Option period, we will demonstrate stable reformer operation with bio-fuel for 250 hours, and experimentally examine reformer + stack operation at subscale levels. In Phase II we will develop, fabricate, and test the thermally-integrated power generator developed in Phase I on bio-fuels for 1000 hrs, and perform a TRL-5 demonstration of the technology at 10 kWe.

Kyma Technologies, Inc.
8829 Midway West Road
Raleigh, NC 27617
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 789-8880
Edward Preble
N131-068      Awarded: 5/21/2013
Title:Millimeter Thick, Periodically Oscillating Polarity GaN Grown via HVPE
Abstract:Gallium Nitride (GaN) crystals have recently garnered attention as a candidate for use as a Quasi-Phase Matching (QPM) material for frequency conversion applications such as second harmonic generation (SHG) and optical parametric oscillation (OPO), due to its wide bandgap (3.4eV), high thermal conductivity (220-260 W/m-k), and wide transparency window (0.36-7um). Additionally, recent work has also demonstrated the ability to produce Periodically Oscillating Polarity GaN (POP-GaN) via several techniques. Such periodically poled structures have been used for QPM in other material systems, such as Lithium Niobate, Potassium Titanyl Phosphate, and GaAs, so the demonstration of periodic poling capability in GaN leads to optimism in utilizing GaN for QPM applications. Growth of large area, thick POP-GaN crystals with an embedded periodic polarity structure present several challenges, which if solved, will provide a commercialization route for POP-GaN as a QPM material with higher performance and wavelength range capability than the existing materials in the market today.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Joel Hensley
N131-068      Awarded: 6/3/2013
Title:Thick Film Growth of GaN for Nonlinear Optics
Abstract:There is an intense search for new nonlinear optical (NLO) materials suitable to wider wavelength ranges, to greater optical intensities and higher output and efficiency. Quasi- phase matched semiconductors show potential, particularly periodic orientation (PO) of thick gallium nitride films (PO-GaN) to meet many of the NLO device requirements if new methods of PO crystal growth are developed, especially hydride vapor epitaxy (HVPE). For the proposed project, Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) will team with the GaN Lab at Ostendo Technologies, a premier developer and provider of III-nitride films and devices, and a world leader in the methods of HVPE since 1997. PSI has developed orientation-patterned (OP) GaAs crystals for applications in NLO devices, and is now a commercial supplier of OP- GaAs. The combined team will provide a technical effort comprehensive from crystal growth to NLO devices and laser systems as well as a strong pathway to commercialization of the developed NLO devices in Phase III. In Phase I the team will demonstrate HVPE methods to grow nitrogen- and gallium-polar films at nearly equal rates to moderate thicknesses and characterize the films. Phase II will optimize the HVPE methods for much thicker PO films and demonstrate NLO devices fabricated from these films.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Bryan Pelley
N131-069      Awarded: 4/23/2013
Title:Hybrid Electric Tail Rotor
Abstract:Cornerstone Research Group Inc.'s (CRG) demonstrated expertise in the proposed technology presents the Navy with the opportunity to obtain an electric tail rotor drive system for implementation on existing naval helicopters. The proposing team's track record of innovation in electric propulsion positions CRG for successful implementation of a hybrid electric tail rotor drive meeting the Navy's operational needs. CRG proposes to develop a hybrid electric tail rotor drive system for naval helicopters that will lead to redundancy advantages, decreased maintenance cost, greater flight deck safety, reduced noise, and higher system efficiency. CRG envisions a complete electric drive system consisting of a generator fed by the main transmission which supplies power to a high-efficiency electric motor mounted directly at the tail rotor. The electric motor will be capable of functioning over a range of speeds and could have the ability to pivot in flight providing greater operational flexibility.

LaunchPoint Technologies, Inc.
5735 Hollister Ave, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 683-9659
Michael Ricci
N131-069      Awarded: 4/25/2013
Title:Helicopter Electric Tail Rotor Drive
Abstract:LaunchPoint Technologies Inc. proposes to develop an electric drive system for a Bell 206 helicopter tail rotor. The Navy variant of this helicopter is the TH-57. The system will be designed to retrofit existing aircraft. The drive system will consist of a permanent magnet (PM) generator attached to the tail rotor output of the turbine gearbox and a direct drive PM motor replacing the tail rotor gearbox. Power electronics and electric cables connect the generator to motor. LaunchPoint Technologies will use its ironless dual Halbach array axial flux motor/generator technology and electric motor/generator drive technology to achieve significant weight savings and efficiency gains over designs based on conventional iron core motors; thus enabling a technically and commercially viable solution that has eluded the aviation industry in the past. The drive system is estimated to add 7 to 9 kg to the vehicle while increasing vehicle efficiency, reliability, flyability, and operational performance. Within the phase I activity this estimate will be confirmed with detailed engineering design and modeling. Additional design optimizations and features will be evaluated that have the potential to further reduce the mass or increase the utility of the system.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 938-4433
Mike Mullen
N131-070      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Check Range Sensor Pod
Abstract:The US Navy has a requirement for a disposable sensor pod to autonomously assess signature levels for in-situ tactical awareness that can be deployed from a submerged submarine utilizing existing platform capabilities. Progeny Systems Corporation proposes to develop an innovative Check Range Sensor Pod to allow ships and submarines to measure underwater magnetic and acoustic radiated signatures at forward sites removed from shore-based fixed monitoring facilities. The expendable pod will be reconfigurable to take measurements at a set depth down to 300 meters. Launched from the submarine, the Check Range Pod deploys a sensor array, tracks its relative position, and maintains a command and control datalink. Upon completion of recording events the submarine retrieves the processed sensor data and the pod scuttles.Our Phase I effort will design and demonstrate feasibility of the magnetic and acoustic sensors, develop data processing algorithms, and develop a high level pod design with deployment and employment operational concepts. Phase I option will develop the Phase II prototype design.

SeaLandAire Technologies, Inc.
1510 Springport Rd Suite C
Jackson, MI 49202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(517) 784-8340
John Lien
N131-070      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Check Range Sensor Pod
Abstract:Undersea operational supremacy is foundational to continued U.S. security. This supremacy is partly rendered through clandestine operations. Though Navy submarine and surface ship signatures are measured at land-based silencing facilities or test ranges at sea, these signatures can degrade over time for a variety of reasons, making the platform more vulnerable to detection. Vulnerability levels can be exacerbated if signature degradation occurs. As it is expected that certain missions present high levels of risk, it would be advantageous to create a self-test range at sea rather than transiting to the nearest permanent installation.SeaLandAire Technologies, together with its partners will utilize our extensive experience in expendable Navy sonobuoy platforms to develop an inexpensive, simple, yet highly functional expendable sensor pod to autonomously characterize submarine signatures for increases in in-situ tactical awareness. This in-situ calibration sensor pod will be deployed from a submerged submarine utilizing existing platform capabilities. It will be able to measure underwater magnetic and acoustic fields, with E-fields measured by proxy through their induced magnetic response. The pod will collect meaningful and timely data, while remaining covert.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
James Withers
N131-071      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Novel Advanced High-Density Materials for Hypersonic Nosetips
Abstract:Future hypersonic sea-level launch systems require high-density nosetips that can handle extreme heat loads in highly oxidizing conditions, survive >30 kg axial mechanical loads, >10 kg transverse balloting loads, thermal shock from surface temperature rise of 2000C/sec from a Mach 8 launch with point heat fluxes of 4500 BTU/ft2-sec. Multicomponent functionally graded materials with densities >15 g/cc are necessary for a nosetip to meet the identified launch requirements. Only a few materials meet the density requirement but do not meet the oxidation resistance leading to multicomponent functionally graded materials combination requirements. A high-density core will be utilized and functionally graded utilizing plasma transferred arc (PTA) processing to oxidation resistant compositions which meet nosetip requirements for the duration of flight. Compositions will be optimized with characterization including the severe thermal shock test and arc-jet testing with samples and subscale nosetips delivered to the Navy.

Materials Research & Design
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6130
Kent Buesking
N131-071      Awarded: 5/6/2013
Title:Innovative Nosetip Materials and Designs for Hypervelocity Projectiles
Abstract:The Navy is developing high speed projectiles for a variety of missions including ship defense, surface fire support, and prompt global strike. Inertial loads and high muzzle velocities impose severe operational conditions on the nosetips and suggest they should be made from refractory metals. While metals provide sufficient density for aerodynamic stability, they react to form low melting compositions that can damage the projectile. Other high temperature materials like graphite or carbon-carbon are too light to maintain stability. The proposal seeks to develop multi-material nosetip designs that employ a thin coating or small tip applied to a dense substrate. The Phase I program will select substrate and coating materials to address thermochemical stability and projectile performance. A preliminary trade study will rank important material parameters by using thermostructural equations to compute inertial stresses, temperatures, and thermal stresses. Fabrication techniques considered in the Phase I will include adhesive bonding, brazing, and HIP-induced diffusion bonding. In the Base effort nosetip configurations will be selected and fabricated. In the Option, they will be evaluated with tensile and flexure tests of bonded interfaces. The Phase I effort will be performed by Materials Research & Design, Inc. (MR&D), Exothermics, and Southern Research Institute (SoRI).

Plasma Processes, LLC
4914 Moores Mill Road
Huntsville, AL 35811
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 851-7653
Daniel Butts
N131-071      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:High Density Nosetips for Hypersonic Projectiles
Abstract:The Navy is developing weapon systems capable of launching inert projectiles for long- range surface fire support and missile intercept applications. Inert projectiles offer significant logistical and safety advantages over conventional chemical propellants or explosive ordnances. The launch conditions of future hypersonic projectiles will put extreme mechanical and aerothermal loads on the projectile nosetip. These conditions combined with the high-density requirements present a significant materials challenge. No economical monolithic component is projected to survive the extreme conditions immediately after projectile launch, followed by less severe conditions during flight to target. The objective of this proposed effort is to develop and demonstrate an innovative multi-layered material system that is capable of surviving the extreme conditions immediately after projectile launch, followed by less severe conditions during flight to target. The concept is based on a tungsten core with a fracture tough oxidation resistant coating and an outermost sacrificial layer. An ablative layer is intended to dissipate absorbed thermal energy from aerothermal loading, thereby limiting steep thermal gradients in the underlying oxidation protection layer. Thermo- structural modeling will guide the selection of appropriate materials and geometries for each layer. Upon completion of modeling, demonstration articles will be fabricated and evaluated via microstructural characterization and high heat flux testing.

St. Croix Research
5535 Fern Dr.
San Jose, CA 95124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 723-1216
Charles Powars
N131-071      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Ablation-Resistant High-Density Hypervelocity Projectile Nosetip
Abstract:This project will develop and demonstrate a high-temperature ceramic-coated tungsten nosetip for hypervelocity projectiles. The ceramic coating will delay oxidation, which causes increased surface roughness, boundary layer transition, much higher heat transfer rates, and substantial ablation of tungsten and carbon-carbon materials. If laminar flow over the nosetip can be maintained, tungstens properties enable it to heat-sink the incident aerodynamic heating and avoid ablation for the Mach 8 launch condition of interest. Development of the ceramic material and coating process will build on our prior ceramic- coated tungsten experience. Phase I will include fabrication and characterization of oxidation-resistant ceramic coated tungsten nosetip specimens.

Edward Pope Dr dba MATECH
31304 Via Colinas, Suite 102
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 991-8500
Edward Pope
N131-072      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Reduced Cost 2700F CMC Component Manufacturing
Abstract:In this Navy Phase I SBIR Program, MATECH proposes to leverage its lengthy experience in ceramic matrix composite (CMC) fabrication with recent advances in Field Assisted Sintering Technology (FAST) to demonstrate dramatic cost reduction and improved CMC performance. FAST is also known as Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). MATECH proposes to team with Thermal Technology Inc., the leader in SPS processing and equipment manufacturing, in executing this proposed program. As part of its Defense Wide Manufacturing Science and Technology Program, OSD has separately identified both CMCs and FAST (Frequency Assisted Sintering Technology) as key areas of interest. This proposed effort aims to integrate these two OSD identified manufacturing science and technology focus areas. As will be described in more detail later in this proposal, field assisted sintering technology can consolidate materials in as short an active process time as 2 minutes! FAST has been demonstrated for metals, glasses, ceramics, and nano- composite materials. Little information is available in the public domain, however, about the application of FAST to CMC fabrication. Given the lack of an experience base in applying FAST to CMCs, MATECH proposes initiating this effort by focusing on the fundamentals.

SCIENCETOMORROW, LLC
1229 Garrisonville Rd #201
Stafford, VA 22556
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 203-7673
Subhadarshi Nayak
N131-072      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Rapid Fabrication of SiCf/SiC composite via Field Assisted Sintering Technique for Turbine Applications
Abstract:State-of-the-art manufacturing cost for SiC matrix composites CMC components is still very high due to long lead times despite of many research efforts. ScienceTomorrow, in collaboration with Applied Research Lab of Penn State University and its OEM partners, will investigate ceramic fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composite fabrication via a novel field assisted sintering technique. Under the concurrent application of high pulsed current density, pressure and temperature the green structure will be consolidated. Processing- microstructure-properties relationships will be established first empirically during the Base Period and numerically in the option period to allow complete exploitation of the benefits of the novel processing approaches. The research will utilize multi-scale material characterization and integrated multi-scale multi-physics computational modeling for developing processing-properties-structure correlation. The success criteria are set in comparison to current fabrication methods: (a) Chemical Vapor Infiltration, (b) Melt Infiltration, and (c) Polymer Impregnation Pyrolysis. ScienceTomorrow will collaborate with an OEM for process optimization and commercialization that will allow the OEM to exploit the benefits of the FAST processing method for SiCf/SiC turbine components. Ultimately, the FAST process will enable the production of more affordable 2700F capable CMCs.

Habsonic LLC
1105 Hauck Dr.
Rolla, MO 65401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(573) 281-4526
Ming Luo
N131-073      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Lightweight Fiber Reinforced Transparent Composites for Armored Ground/Sea Vehicles
Abstract:The main objective of this work is to develop and commercialize light-weight transparent composites with high tensile strength, toughness and impact resistance. Novel techniques will be developed for the design and manufacturing of these lightweight composite materials with improved blast resistance, energy absorbing capability and thermal properties. HABSonic LLC in collaboration with Missouri S & T will perform research on advanced materials for transparent composites. The optical transparency is achieved by modifying the refractive index of the resin matrix to match with the refractive index of the glass fiber. Different variables affecting the transparency during the resin processing and manufacturing will be optimized to produce transparent composites. Continuous fiber reinforced transparent composite panels of various orientations and thicknesses will be manufactured and evaluated to meet specific threat levels. The performance of the transparent composites will be studied by laboratory tests. The experimental results will also be validated with the finite element simulations. Optically transparent composites will find immediate application in military tactical vehicles. This program will meet the Navys need to develop superior transparent armor systems for force protection.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-7685
Robert Jeffers
N131-073      Awarded: 4/23/2013
Title:Nanofiber Functionalized 3D S-Glass Reinforced Transparent Ballistic Composite
Abstract:Transparent armor usually ranks among the heaviest of all materials on tactical vehicles per size and weighs significantly more than opaque armor at the same protection level. This is due to the large thicknesses required to provide the required ballistic protection. For this reason, transparent armor is one of the first places engineers look to reduce overall weight, leading to the reduction in size of transparent armor windows, significantly restricting the field of view afforded to military personnel making them more vulnerable to outside threats. Novel material solutions are required to reduce the weight and thickness relative to current transparent armor. To this end, Luna Incorporated proposes a transparent three dimensional woven S-glass fiber reinforced polyurethane composite armor material. The S-glass fibers will be specially coated with a nanofiber functionalized sol-gel interface layer to provide enhanced fiber matrix interaction. The sol-gel layer will also be formulated with a tuned refractive index and coefficient of thermal expansion to maintain optical clarity during temperature changes. The resulting transparent armor material will be lightweight and environmentally stable allowing for enhanced multi-hit ballistic performance.

Transparent Armor Solutions
1900 South Susan St
Santa Ana, CA 92833
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 597-6499
David Jungk
N131-073      Awarded: 4/25/2013
Title:Breakthrough Lightweight Transparent Armor Technologies
Abstract:This proposal offers the demonstration of an advanced lightweight transparent armor that combines fused silica glass, GeminiTM spaced armor technology, advanced QuintiumTM polymer and a proprietary interlayer (TAS1411) to reduce weight by over 30% of the current state of the art. Ballistic testing will be completed on a 52 psf single laminate conventional design (control) and three fused silica based designs (36 to 38 psf). Environmental testing will demonstrate that these materials also increase the armors durability, as the materials used have been shown to be temperature, moisture, and delamination resistant. This SBIR proposal is unique in combining four material systems that are currently available and utilizing them in a novel method to make an advanced lightweight transparent armor.

Q Peak, Inc.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Yelena Isyanova
N131-074      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Multi-spectral, short-pulse, high-pulse-energy laser transmitter
Abstract:The Navy SBIR topic solicits the development of a 4-color laser system that enables the detection of ocean mines on the beach and floating/submerged mines in the ocean. Q-Peak and PSI have collaborated to submit a proposal that leverages the laser system development expertise of Q-Peak and the ocean LIDAR modeling experience of PSI to provide an exceptionally strong development team to meet Navy requirements. During the Phase I program a study effort to (1) guide the selection of the laser wavelengths and (2) develop an innovative, compact, multi-spectral laser transmitter based on the combination of an efficient, high-energy, fundamental laser source and nonlinear optical frequency converters suitable for EO based mine detection. The output wavelengths will span across the visible and near infrared spectral region to enable discrimination between targets, separating mines and vegetation. The primary objective of the Phase I Option program is to develop the initial layout of the transmitter and provide capability description of the unit to be built during the Phase II effort. The laser system designed will meet requirements on SWaP parameters to support deployment on a tactical unmanned Airborne vehicle (TUAV).

TIPD, L.L.C.
1430 N. 6th Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 626-7934
Valery Temyanko
N131-074      Awarded: 5/14/2013
Title:Compact Laser System for Airborne Detection of Ocean Mines
Abstract:TIPD LLC proposes to develop a compact and efficient multi-spectral laser system with four spectral bands at 532 nm, 685 nm, 700 nm, and 735 nm for airborne detection of ocean mines. The diode pumped solid-state laser system consists of a master oscillator and power amplifier (MOPA) laser, a frequency doubling laser, and three singly resonant optical parametric oscillators (OPOs). The Nd:YAG thin disk based MOPA laser can generate 2.5 J pulses at 1064 nm with width less than 4 nanoseconds, which can be converted to over 1.25 J pulses at 532 nm through a frequency doubling system. The 1.25 J pulses are split into the desired 500 mJ pulses at 532 nm and three 250 mJ pump lasers for three OPOs that produce 150 mJ pulses at 685nm, 700 nm and 735 nm, respectively. In this phase I program, we will focus on the design of the whole laser system and demonstrate high efficiency frequency doubling and OPOs using advanced quasi-phase matched crystals. Meanwhile, the capability of a thin-disk MOPA laser to produce < 4 nanosecond pulses will be demonstrated. Modeling and simulation on the performance of the whole laser system will be carried out.

Aurora Flight Sciences Corporation
9950 Wakeman Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 229-6810
Raghvendra Cowlagi
N131-075      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:ODETTE - Automated Model Learning and Simulation of Carrier Deck Operations
Abstract:Unmanned and partially autonomous aerial systems (UAS) and intelligent decision support systems have become integral components of emerging large-scale cyber-physical systems that will be involved in future military operations. Aircraft carrier decks will be central to many such operations involving multiple UAS, traditional piloted aircraft, sensory equipment, and human operators. Aurora Flight Sciences proposes to develop an algorithmic toolkit, called ODETTE (Observation-based Discrete Event Training and Test Environment), for automatically modeling carrier deck operations based on observed traffic flow data. The proposed research will enable analyses and simulations of future carrier deck operations involving new elements such as UAS and autonomous decision support systems.The proposed research is summarized as follows: We will develop a Markov Decision Process model of carrier deck operations, and survey various existing algorithms for learning of unknown state transition relations in MDPs. To address scalability, we will investigate modifications of these algorithms that are incremental and operate in a multi-resolution framework. Finally, we will develop a relatively high-fidelity software simulation of carrier deck operations, including the simulation of various sub-systems and human operators involved. This simulation environment will be used throughout the duration of the proposed research for validation and testing of the model generator.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 640-3800
Lindsay Allen
N131-075      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:Automated Discrete Event Modeling of Aircraft Carrier Deck Operations
Abstract:Aircraft carrier deck operations require a high degree of coordination to maximize efficiency and safety. The current operational paradigms have evolved over many decades of experience. However, the anticipated introduction of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and other automated systems are likely to require major changes to existing operational procedures to maximize utility. Modeling is an attractive approach for optimizing future operational procedures, but baseline models of the current operational procedures do not exist and cannot be easily formulated. What is needed is a system that can monitor current operations and translate the observed behaviors into a model. Creare will use novel machine vision techniques and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technologies to observe deck operations and identify discrete events. We will develop model-generation algorithms to use these observed discrete events to create executable sub-models associated with each primary task. These sub-models will then be combined into a global model of deck operations. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the basic framework of our approach in a laboratory setting, and in Phase II, we will extend the technique to a more complex environment representative of aircraft carrier operations. In Phase III, we will apply the technique to an actual carrier environment.

Knowledge Based Systems, Inc.
1408 University Drive East
College Station, TX 77840
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 260-5274
Paul Koola
N131-075      Awarded: 4/19/2013
Title:TraceLogic; Automated Rule Learning from Data Traces
Abstract:KBSI proposes to research the development of methods, process and algorithms to decipher the hidden rules or logic of complex traffic patterns – traces of aircraft, people and equipment on Aircraft Carriers. We call this system that performs “automated rule learning from data traces” - TraceLogic. Operations on aircraft carriers are described as controlled chaos. Complex organizational systems such as onboard carriers adapt and learn and hence do not operate on predetermined low level rules, but rather on high level guidelines. Critical situations that have never been seen before are best tackled by such an adaptive and well trained organization. The main outcomes of the proposed TraceLogic project are: (i) research of the design and demonstration of methods, process and algorithms to decipher the hidden rules or logic of complex traffic patterns, (ii) research of the development of distributed sensor fusion architecture combining knowledge of aircraft carrier operations and sensor capabilities to generate trace data; and (3) eventual integration with existing virtual carrier simulation systems and programs, to accelerate commercialization. Our solution will likely produce significant long term benefits that address the technical and pragmatic problems associated with improving the performance and capability of our aircraft carriers, doing more with less.

Advanced Systems & Technologies, Inc
23 Mauchly #109
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 733-3355
Vladimir Markov
N131-076      Awarded: 4/25/2013
Title:BeaconLess Adaptive-optic System & Technology (BLAST) for HEL beam control
Abstract:Effective performance of prospective energy-delivering laser systems requires a beaconless adaptive optic method capable of correcting moderate to heavy atmospheric distortion of high-power beams. The innovative method described here implements a beaconless sensor based on the collection of target-scattered light. Post-processing of the beacon-detected field will allow retrieval and complete characterization of the turbulence-perturbed wavefront. During the Phase I program we will perform detailed theoretical analysis, modeling, design and integration of the BLAST breadboard. The proof-of-concept BLAST breadboard will demonstrate the detection and characterization of wavefront aberrations and the ability to compensate for distortions in simulated perturbations equivalent to Rytov > 0.3. In Phase II a highly-developed prototype-level BLAST system will be tested and proven in realistic field environments.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 747-6881
Donald Link
N131-076      Awarded: 4/25/2013
Title:Advanced Adaptive Optics (AO) for Laser Weapons in Heavy Turbulence
Abstract:Adaptive optics are needed for high-energy laser (HEL) weapon systems when performance is limited by atmospheric turbulence. This typically requires adding an illuminator laser to produce a beacon by reflection from the target surface. Since a small spot is needed, the laser must be projected from the main aperture, complicating the optical design. With this type of beacon, performance is often degraded by speckle, spot size, and branch cuts. The mid-wave infrared (MWIR) thermal emissions from the spot heated by the HEL can also be used as the beacon. This beacon would not be affected by speckle and would have fewer or no branch cuts. We propose using finite element analysis, scaling law and wave-optics modeling, to do a detailed study of this concept.

AnthroTronix, Inc.
8737 Colesville Rd, L203
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 495-0771
Corinna Lathan
N131-077      Awarded: 5/3/2013
Title:Motion-induced User Symptomology Toolkit for Evaluating Readiness (MUSTER)
Abstract:The primary objective of this SBIR effort is to design, develop, and validate a Portable Automated Sensor Suite (PASS) Motion-induced User Symptomology Toolkit for Evaluating Readiness (MUSTER) to enable unobtrusive, real-time capture, synchronization, and analysis of environmental, physiological, physical, and subjective measures associated with motion-induced sickness and fatigue, as well as resulting human performance degradation within operational task environments.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Bethany Bracken
N131-077      Awarded: 5/2/2013
Title:Sensing and Representing Negative Effects of Motion (SERENE)
Abstract:Exposure to motion degrades operational effectiveness across the Navy, with results ranging from simple motion-induced interruptions (MIIs) to more severe perceptual, cognitive, and motor deficits. Even those who do not suffer from acute motion sickness often experience some level of sopite syndrome, characterized by persistent fatigue and drowsiness. While many research efforts have investigated motion sickness symptoms, there has been little progress in developing real-time sensors for assessing motion exposure and related performance degradation. This capability is needed by the Navy to ensure mission success. To provide this capability, we propose to design and demonstrate a framework for Sensing and Representing Negative Effects of Motion (SERENE). SERENE has three parts: (1) a suite of inexpensive and unobtrusive sensors that synchronously collect physiological, behavioral, and environmental indicators of motion exposure; (2) a fusion engine that combines Complex Event Processing for real-time extraction of indicators from raw sensor inputs, with probabilistic models to detect motion sickness symptoms and MIIs from those indicators; and (3) a hybrid suite of cognitive models that analyze degradation to perceptual, cognitive, and motor performance based on fusion results. Combined, these components provide a real-time assessment framework to detect, predict, and potentially prevent negative effects of motion exposure.

In-Depth Engineering Co
11350 Random Hills Road Suite 110
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 592-0776
Kevin McCardle
N131-078      Awarded: 5/2/2013
Title:Adaptive Gaming Environment - Submarines (AGE-S)
Abstract:The Adaptive Gaming Environment - Submarines (AGE- S) integrates and synchronizes simulated EW data with OBT/SMMTT data to support integrated team training , provide a stand-alone training mode for individualized instruction using EW serious addictive games in accordance with evolving cognitive science research, and an Assessment capability that is suitable for evaluation of complex multi-path tasks and measurement of desired skills against a Virtual Mentor (VirtEx).AGE-S will compliment the next generation requirements for enhancing submarine EW operations including digitizing signals at the sensor level and improving the signal processing and Control and Display (C&D) sub-systems.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3685
William McConnell
N131-078      Awarded: 5/3/2013
Title:Next Generation Electronic Support Measures Trainer for Submarines
Abstract:Sonalysts will develop and demonstrate a game-based adaptive training system for AN/BLQ- 10 ESM operators that extends the approach developed for Passive Narrowband Sonar operators in the APB-13 Narrowband Adaptive Trainer. The game elements include a student avatar whose appearance reflects student progress, medals for accomplishment of major LOs, scoring that rewards consistent correct response, and animations that reflect correct and incorrect answers. The adaptive algorithm relies upon teaching by question and answer, with feedback that evaluates the response, provides the correct response, gives hints for making a correct response, and foreshadows future LOs. Eye-tracker measurements will evaluate student performance and tailor feedback to student actions. Sonalysts will conduct feasibility studies to determine the best method of injecting signals and noise into individual subsystem processing algorithms, considering both recorded and simulated signals. The objective will create realistic display response on the AN/BLQ-10, so the operator is naturally trained on the displays and controls of the installed equipment. In addition to the embedded algorithm, Sonalysts will investigate the feasibility of creating a PC-based emulator for the AN/BLQ-10 displays and controls, creating a realistic representation of the same pre- processed signals. This approach will reduce development costs and also support additional shore-based delivery modes.

Analysis, Design & Diagnostics, Inc.
317 West Forsyth St.
Jacksonville, FL 32202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(904) 475-0094
Gary Donoher
N131-079      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Compact Off-board Passive Target-Discriminator
Abstract:Our system concept is based on a number of ultra-low power remote nodes that contain: (1) a battery section; (2) a sensor section (3) and electronics section. The remote nodes will automatically detect and classify high value targets to type using AD&Ds proven automated detection and classification technology. The remote node will also extract key kinematics such as bearing in azimuth and declination angle, bearing rate, etc. These key kinematics as well as target classification features will be passed via a covert communicate message to the Master Node. The Master Node will correlate target contact information from all nodes and develop a tactical picture based on remote node contacts. By combining bearing and contact data from separate nodes which are holding the same contact, a geographic areas of probability (AOP) of target position will be calculated and passed via a covert communicate message to the remote operator or on scene assets such as patrol aircraft, surface ships, or submarines to facilitate a rapid response and reacquisition of the target for fine localization and prosecution.

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Tin Aye
N131-079      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Covert Exemplar Low Power Maritime Activity Target Discriminator
Abstract:To address the Navy need for a compact off-board passive target discriminator using networked sonobuoys, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Covert Exemplar Low Power Maritime Activity Target-Discriminator (CELPMAT) system based on the innovative data fusion of multi-modal sensors for surface, subsurface, and air target detection. Based on a comprehensive integration of both a COTS array of acoustic vector sensors and total field magnetometers and POCs novel multiband compound eye based nonimaging optical sensor, this system is able to passively monitor targets in complex environments through cooperative distributed sensing. In addition, the CELPMAT system possesses onboard ruggedized electronics for data fusion and low-power digital processing based on artificial neural networks and covert communications to rapidly detect targets and discriminate vessel intent. The system will be compact enough to fit into half the volume of an A-size buoy. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the system by providing system-level concepts and preliminary hardware designs validated by simulation and modeling with associated data fusion algorithms. In Phase II, fully functional data collection prototypes will be designed and fabricated for at-sea experimentation to discriminate targets of interest.

OEwaves, Inc.
465 N. Halstead St. Suite 140
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 351-4200
Andrey Matsko
N131-080      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:High Performance, Miniature, Wideband Signal Generator for mm-Waves
Abstract:OEwaves has pioneered the use of photonics for generation of spectrally pure RF signals. The micro Opto-Electronic Oscillator (MOEO) provides the highest reported spectral purity at Ka-band in a package the size of a postage stamp. This technology, based on OEwaves crystalline whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonator, can be modified to provide wideband tunability, together with its high spectral purity and small SWaP. In the proposed program, OEwaves will utilize the difference in frequency response of modes of different families in a WGM resonator made with electro-optic material to realize wideband tunability. Tunability is achieved by application of a DC voltage on the resonator, which will result in different frequency shifts of transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) modes of the resonator. Two lasers injection locked to each mode will also move in frequency in response to the applied DC field, and their beat on a fast photodetector produces the desired tunable MMW signal. This approach directly addresses the requirements for a widely tunable, high performance and low SWaP signal generator. It also naturally lends itself to the extension of the frequency of operation to the ultimately desired value of 300 GHz. Since the electro-optic effect is extremely fast, the architecture provides sub microsecond agility, limited only to the settling time of the resonator.

Phase Sensitive Innovations
51 East Main Street Suite 201
Newark, DE 19711
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 456-9003
Richard Martin
N131-080      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Frequency Agile Millimeter Wave (MMW) Signal Generator
Abstract:PSI will leverage our extensive experience and unique capabilities in MMW photonics to design a compact, lightweight, frequency-agile MMW source combining wide, continuous, rapid tunability with superb phase noise and moderate output power. Such a source will have extensive commercial applications in next-generation wireless communications, as well as military applications including reconfigurable and covert communications and electronic warfare. Our photonic system multiplies and upconverts a low-noise, low-frequency reference signal onto an optical carrier (laser) using ultra-broadband electro-optic (EO) modulation. Modulation sidebands injection lock a second laser to a frequency offset from the first by a selectable multiple of the reference. EO modulation is both coherent and ultra- broadband, rendering the lasers mutually coherent, while oscillating at a widely tunable frequency separation. The locked lasers combine on a high-speed photodiode (PD), generating a beat tone at their frequency difference, eliminating optical phase noise. Our concept has been validated in benchtop experiments (Nature Photonics paper); in this effort we will design and specify requirements for an integrated module, based on a silicon- photonic circuit comprising laser cavities, waveguides, couplers, and filters; with hybrid III-V gain integration, packaged with a compact EO modulator, a surface-mounted photodetector, and voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) to provide the reference.

RAM Photonics
4901 Morena Blvd. Suite 128
San Diego, CA 92117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 771-7311
John Marciante
N131-080      Awarded: 5/13/2013
Title:Frequency-Agile Heterodyne-Driven MMW Signal Generator
Abstract:Conventional generation of a high-quality RF carrier (signal) beyond 50GHz requires high precision cavity engineering that inherently restricts contiguous bandwidth coverage. Worse, even if one were capable of fabricating a set of such stabilized, frequency-dense cavities to mimic discrete 30-120GHz band coverage, the absence of wideband electrical gain in this range would invalidate such an approach. Recognizing this basic limitation, the proposed work will generate a high-quality tunable signal by heterodyning phase-correlated optical tones combining high power and low noise. In contrast to conventional RF-photonics approaches, a high quality tunable RF signal will be derived from a single, shot-noise- limited master oscillator. The new technique unifies, for the first time, the low-noise characteristics of highly coherent master oscillators and high-power heterodyning. In simple terms, the approach combines high-power emitters with very low RIN characteristics, without resorting to high-resonance cavity construction. Specifically, the novelty of the proposed work is reflected in: (a) the first use of tunable injection locking to guarantee true frequency agility to the 300GHz range and beyond; (b) combined phase-noise inhibition and high-power scaling that is otherwise not possible in conventional shot-noise-limited oscillators; and (c) nearly lossless, fiber distribution of the tunable RF carrier with absolute phase reference.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 245-9970
Justin Mansell
N131-081      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Membrane-Based Deformable Mirrors for High Power Laser Systems
Abstract:The demonstration of polymer membrane deformable mirrors capable of receiving a high- reflectivity coating and handling high energy laser radiation enables the potential for a new generation of low-cost DMs for directed energy weapons. To achieve high actuator count and high speed, a new structural architecture need to be demonstrated. We propose to develop this architecture to achieve a low-cost DM with high reflectivity and scalable to both a large aperture and a large number of actuators while maintaining a high response speed.

BattlePulse Technologies
3492 Kayla Circle
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 262-6649
Phillip Mangos
N131-082      Awarded: 5/3/2013
Title:Stealth Optimized, Adaptive Assessments for Multistage UAS Operator Selection (Stealth Adapt)
Abstract:Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) operation represents a stressful, cognitively challenging domain where operators are routinely subjected to both occupational and combat stressors and performance failures can have catastrophic effects. Effective performance in such conditions has many dimensions, including technical proficiency, probability of catastrophic failures, mission productivity, resistance to stress symptomology, teamwork, and long-term work engagement. Effective selection methods for UAS operators should accurately, efficiently, and holistically predict these key outcomes. Our solution to this challenge is to develop a customized suite of 1) assessments measuring cognitive skills, non-cognitive attributes and operational stress coping processes embedded within 2) a novel, adaptive, multistage content delivery and protection framework, and 3) optimized via stealth scoring optimization techniques. One key innovation will be a suite of scoring algorithms grounded in data mining advances designed to boost performance prediction. These will be embedded in performance-based assessments that simulate tasks placing considerable demands on executive-level cognitive skills (mental simulation, task prioritization, and real-time replanning). Phase I deliverables, (KSAO ontology, assessment content, storyboards, scoring and adaptive delivery algorithms, cut score simulations), will provide a preview of the full Phase II content suite, and lay the foundation for transition to UASISST and platform- specific systems for unmanned aviation.

Perceptronics Solutions, Inc.
3527 Beverly Glen Blvd.
Sherman Oaks, CA 91423
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 788-1025
Gershon Weltman
N131-082      Awarded: 5/3/2013
Title:Unmanned Aerial System Operator Selection Tools
Abstract:This proposal is to develop new Operator Selection Tools for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS). Our goal is to enhance the effectiveness of UAS operator selection by adding to the conventional methodology of selection tests new measures for the new skills and aptitudes associated with the control of intelligent, semi-autonomous robotic systems. Taking this need into account, we have oriented our proposed SBIR project toward the critical aspects of future UAG operations that are inadequately covered in current selection systems. These concern the ability of the operator to work within the two required types of UAS teams, namely: (1) Mixed-Initiative Teams (the operator and single or multiple semi-autonomous UASs). The key mixed-initiative team skill factors will include supervisory control capability and accurate trust in automation; (2) Inter-Personal Teams (the operator, the commander, the mission controller, etc). The optimal formation and functioning of such inter-personal teams will be of critical importance to successful UAS operations. In other words, both near- term and long-term UAS operating requirements will change dramatically as UV technology evolves, and the UAS operator and crew courses will have to change accordingly. As a result, new selection criteria must be added to current criteria to accommodate these changes.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(972) 636-8312
Sandro Scielzo
N131-082      Awarded: 5/2/2013
Title:Unmanned Aerial System Operator Selection Tools
Abstract:Traditional selection and training practices are essential initial selection tools that show some general levels of predictive validity overall. However, current Navy selection tools are not good predictors of performance for Navy air system AVOs. In our targeted solution, we utilize proprietary methodologies that combine standard methods for selection and training of industry personnel, such as the training needs assessment and job analysis processes, with our job task inventory to goal directed task analysis mapping process. The results include a powerful linkage matrix product, which combines tasks characteristics (e.g., task difficulty, severity, importance, frequency, etc.) with knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs). In turn, this linkage matrix is resourced to identify and develop selection criteria that are expected to be predictive of performance. The primary objective of our selection tool is to screen for applicants that do not meet minimum baseline performance on dimensions that are hard or impossible to train, such as innate aptitudes, predispositions, and other individual antecedents or precursors. Furthermore, our approach is also aimed at maximizing retention from the pool of applicants while also very effectively screening out those applicants that do not meet baseline performance on critical non-trainable KSAOs.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Kirk Price
N131-083      Awarded: 5/2/2013
Title:Compact, Rugged, Multiple Spectral Band Laser
Abstract:nLIGHT proposes the development of a multiple spectral band laser head that is based on a vertically stacked array of single emitter laser diodes. A key design aspect of this device is that the proposed laser head is largely based on a multi-emitter pump module that is currently under commercial development at nLIGHT. The commercial laser product, upon which the proposed system will be based, has already undergone the process development, thermal characterization, and environmental testing, thus significantly improving the development time, product development risk and likelihood of program success. At the heart of the proposal is nLIGHTs capability of producing single emitter laser diodes from 639 to 2100 nm. nLIGHT currently produces high performance single emitter diodes that achieve the following performance at wavelengths at or near the solicitation specifications. While each device is rated for > 2 year reliability under CW, as will be shown later in the proposal by increasing the emitter stripe width and by using pulse operation it is expected that the output power could be increased by a factor of 2-4x, thus enabling the pulse requirements of the program (2-8 W) from a single laser device at 639, 80x and 1700 nm.

TeraDiode, Inc.
30 Upton Drive
Wilmington, MA 01887
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 988-1040
Robin Huang
N131-083      Awarded: 4/24/2013
Title:Multi-wavelength direct diode lasers based on Wavelength Beam Combination for Navy applications
Abstract:There is a compelling need for multi-spectral direct diode lasers for defense and commercial applications. Applications include target illumination and detection, terrain/object/building mapping, construction, surveillance, industrial process control, and free-space optical communications. Existing, commercially available direct diode lasers have some of the most desirable attributes: highest efficiency, greatest compactness (small size, weight, and power or SWaP), and wavelength selectability from the UV to the mid-IR bands. The main disadvantage is poor output beam quality. TeraDiodes technology of Wavelength Beam Combination (WBC) effectively solves the poor output beam quality problem of direct diode lasers. Using WBC technology, TeraDiode will be able to build a multi-band diode laser module that satisfies or exceeds 100% of the Navy requirements for this program. TeraDiodes technical approach is scalable to much higher power and beam quality, up to multiple kWs of power if required for the application.

---------- AF ----------

445 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Arian Lalezari
AF131-001      Awarded: 6/11/2013
Title:Conformal Antenna Technology for Improved Signal Intelligence (SIGINT)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As the need for new airborne RF sensing capability grows, Air Force warfighters are increasingly interested in employing conformal antennas to their aircraft. Because conformal antennas minimize the impact to the flight performance of aircraft, they offer the possibility to install a greater number of antennas, or larger antennas, than conventional airborne antennas, which in turn enables increased sensor performance (e.g. bandwidth, gain, etc.). In order to enable tactical SIGINT exploitation of traditional and non-traditional signals of interest (NTSOI) on existing aircraft in a practical manner, FIRST RF proposes a suite of antennas designed to provide broadband coverage while simultaneously maintaining a conformal form-factor. The proposed approach leverages conformal antenna technologies already successfully demonstrated for a variety of applications, including broadband synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and body-worn direction finding (DF), to provide exceptional broadband RF performance. These proven antenna technologies use broadband loading techniques as well as novel materials currently under development by FIRST RF to deliver a conformal package requiring minimal aircraft modification during installation on existing aircraft. Combining these proven technologies with low-cost and lightweight surface treatments provides a low-risk path to realizing program goals, with long-term potential for reuse of antennas for multifunction applications, including transmit functions. BENEFIT: Although FIRST RFs proposed approach focuses on antennas suited for low-profile receive-only applications like SIGINT, these antennas also have the potential to provide support of more comprehensive receive functions (like direction finding and geolocation). These technologies also begin to enable a path towards the support of a variety of transmit functions, including communications, radar, and even electronic warfare. With these potential benefits, the applicability of this technology extends beyond the scope of conformal airborne antennas, and has other military applications, including ground vehicles, fixed-site installations, and even dismounted personnel. Furthermore, these capabilities have direct relevance to a variety of commercial applications, including commercial wireless networks and even consumer electronics. First and foremost, FIRST RF looks forward to working with Air Force to explore the applicability of this technology to the near-term need for conformal airborne RF sensors.

Judd Strategic Technologies, LLC
2255 Ridge Road Suite 302D
Rockwall, TX 75087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 771-0166
Mano Judd
AF131-001      Awarded: 7/2/2013
Title:Conformal Antenna Technology for Improved Signal Intelligence (SIGINT)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Judd Strategic Technologies proposes to design, select, and demonstrate conformal antenna concepts and geometries that will enable tactical SIGINT exploitation of traditional and non-traditional signals of interest (NTSOI) for threat detection, avoidance, and targeting on the C-130. We will first identify and specify potential conformal antenna installation locations on the AC/MC-130Js. This objective will include identifying a number of possible areas and solutions for antenna placement and metal component replacement to facilitate the use of conformal loadbearing antennas (CLAS antennas). This will be followed by identifying and specifying relevant system components necessary to achieve high DF performance on the C-130 such as receiver, processor, RF cable types, and navigation system, and predicting antenna performance as installed on the AC/MC- 130Js. Finally, we will identify SIGINT solutions for other platforms such as C-17, P-8, using the design results of the C-130 solution, including analyzing and highlighting structural and performance constraints to enable similar DF/SIGINT performance on other platforms, such as the C-17, P-8, and the RC-135 (Rivet Joint). BENEFIT: The primary anticipated benefit is improved SIGINT on legacy manned airborne platforms. The program aims to produce a technology and methodologies that provide low cost SIGINT capabilities on existing platforms.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 891-2814
JAY KUDVA
AF131-001      Awarded: 6/10/2013
Title:Conformal Antennas for Improved Signal Intelligence
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Most modern military aircraft (F-22, F-35, B-2 and others) have integrated conformal antennas, resulting in significant system level benefits. On legacy aircraft such as the C-130 and its various versions, incorporation of conformal antennas pose special challenges, since the structural and material designs are fixed and only minimal changes can be made in terms of design modifications and retro-fitting. However the payoffs are significant; in fact the usefulness of older legacy aircraft will be severely limited unless new antennas are included to detect new threats, particular at lower frequencies there is a dire need to develop and implement conformal antennas on aircraft such as the AC/MC-130Js to enable tactical operations. The goal of this SBIR is to develop conformal antennas which can be retrofitted on the AC/MC-130J. The frequency range of interest is 10 MHZ to 6 GHZ. Building on prior designs developed for the Comanche, F-18, and Basset UAVs, in Phase I we will develop structural excited antenna designs, identify potential installation locations, and validate performance by breadboard testing and simulation. In Phase II the design will be matured and performance validated by scale-model testing. Additionally, retrofit costs will be estimated and steps for retrofitting will be defined. BENEFIT: As antenna technology has improved over the years, and there are more sensors and RF signals in the modern battlefield, additional antennas are a necessity for any older aircraft vehicle currently in use. Even for modern variants of legacy vehicles there can be significant improvements in the SIGINT capabilities down to 10 MHz. Use of structural excitation CLAs antennas can provide vehicles the capability to detect, locate, and target threats in a frequency domain not envisioned when the vehicles were built. The proposed antenna elements will provide these capabilities covering both traditional and non-traditional signals of interest with a simple retrofit design, that has the potential to also improve the aerodynamics of the vehicle.

AYCN LLC
1644 Clay Drive
Los Altos, CA 94024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 964-9956
David Nixon
AF131-002      Awarded: 6/10/2013
Title:Aerospace Systems Efficiency Improvements for Legacy Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The expense in operating legacy aircraft is reduced if the aerodynamic performance can be improved. Many of these aircraft were designed before modern prediction methods and flow controls were available and it is probable that operating costs could be reduced if recent advances were used. Since a complete redesign is out of the question, the issue is whether relatively minor, and inexpensive, changes to the airframe might be advantageous. Since there might be a large range of design options that could affect the performance in an operational setting, the exercise is akin to conceptual design; many design options must be ranked. Any aerodynamic prediction must be computationally fast and accurate and, while classic panel methods meet these criteria, they are restricted to situations where potential flow is valid. This prevents application to many flow controls which may initiate a rotational, non-isentropic flow, possibly with energy addition. A recently developed theory allows the Navier Stoke equations to be written in a form similar to the classic panel method formulation. The proposed research will use this formulation to develop an extended panel method that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of flow control and other strategies to improve operational performance. BENEFIT: A successful research program will lead to the development of an advanced panel method that can represent much more complex aerodynamics, including flow controls, that are beyond the capabilities of current formulations. The resulting software will be of great benefit to the government (especially the Air Force) and all industries that need rapid estimation of aerodynamic forces; application include aircraft, ships, submarines, automobiles, wind energy.

Clear Science Corp.
PO Box 233 663 Owego Hill Road
Harford, NY 13784
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 844-9171
Henry A. Carlson
AF131-003      Awarded: 9/17/2013
Title:Evaluation of Unsteady Loading on Store Trajectories
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Clear Science Corp. proposes to develop and demonstrate accurate and computationally efficient analysis software for computing aircraft store trajectories and quantifying the risk of trajectory deviations resulting from unsteady flow in the weapons bay. The software will include physics-based, reduced-order models that predict six-degrees-of-freedom aerodynamic forces and moments acting on the store with hook ups to the Flowfield Influence Prediction Trajectory Generation Program (FLIP 4) and statistical analysis algorithms. The goal is more accurate evaluations of new aircraft/store configurations with quick turnaround times that account for all of the relevant aerodynamics including sensitivities to initial conditions (store release times) resulting from unsteadiness in the surrounding flow. These unsteady effects become more likely with gravity-dropped, lighter stores, and the likelihood of negative consequences increases in weapons that are designed for agility (neutrally stable or even unstable missile airframes). Negative consequences include collisions between the store and aircrafteither inside the bay or outside as a result of store orientation prior to firing. Targeted applications extend from initial screenings early in the weapon design and aircraft integration planning processes to final stores certification. In Phase I, the technology will be developed and validated using high-fidelity data for relevant aircraft-store configurations. BENEFIT: The commercial product to be developed is engineering software for analyzing store separation. The technology bridges the gap between comprehensive but lower-fidelity design tools that rely on simplified and/or empirical aerodynamic models and high-fidelity CFD models that are restrictive because of high computational overhead. Benefits include more reliable weapon systems with increased range, standoff distance and kill probability. The technology will reduce the risk of accidents in military aircraft, protecting crews and assets. Commercial opportunities for the store-separation analysis tool exist with military aircraft and missile manufacturers including Raytheon, Boeing, Lockheed-Martin, and Northrop Grumman. Customers also include U.S. Air Force, Navy, and Army engineers responsible for aircraft stores certification. Non-military applications range from airborne weather sensor deployment to cargo extraction on aircraft involved in search and rescue operations. Applications of the modeling technology extend from aerodynamics and store separation to structural mechanics, aero-acoustics, and guidance, navigation, and control in fixed-wing aircraft, rotorcraft, and launch vehicles.

Kord Technologies, Inc.
1101 McMurtrie Drive NW Building A
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 527-9148
Robert Tramel
AF131-003      Awarded: 9/12/2013
Title:Engineering Software for the Evaluation of Unsteady Loading on Store Trajectories
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop and demonstrate a rapid store trajectory analysis tool that uses pre- computed, highly-resolved Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) data which has been compressed and stored in an easily reusable and distributable format. The tool will rapidly determine store+bay configurations that display large sensitivity to flow unsteadiness. The technique makes maximum re-use of high-fidelity CFD modeling by storing unsteady bay flow fields using efficient Proper Orthogonal Decomposition based compression techniques, and allows these data compressed flows to be shared and re-used over and over again for fast trajectory fly-outs using existing store trajectory software tools. The database will be adapted for use with engineering force estimation methodologies, such as the Multiple Distributed Airloads model as well as reduced domain unsteady CFD solver based methodologies and will be integrated with the FLIP 4 store-separation trajectory simulation code. This tool will be demonstrated by rapidly performing Monte Carlo type simulations using large numbers of store fly-outs, each starting at different times of the unsteady cavity flow library. In Phase II a master control/scheduler will be developed to run each trajectory on separate processors on DOD HPC resources and produce trajectory statistics, plots and animations from these runs BENEFIT: The schemes and software developed in this effort has applications to a variety of fields including aero-optics, flow control, combustion modeling and biomechanics. It will also be useful to many other areas where the interaction of unsteady flows with objects are important such as weather sensor deployment, relief-aid drops and search and rescue airdrops.

M4 Engineering, Inc.
4020 Long Beach Blvd
Long Beach, CA 90807
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-7797
Kevin Roughen
AF131-003      Awarded: 8/21/2013
Title:Evaluation of Unsteady Loading on Store Trajectories
Abstract:ABSTRACT: M4 Engineering proposes to develop methods for rapidly identifying store/aircraft configurations at elevated risk for adverse separation events. The methods developed will require from the user only data that is typically available prior to detailed influence load collection. One of the approaches will make use of independent parametric information for the store, bay, and ejector. enhance the Phase I method for predicting store trajectory response subject to unsteady aerodynamic loads. The techniques developed in this effort will complement existing methods by prioritizing cases for investigation with more computationally expensive test and analysis methods. BENEFIT: M4 Engineering currently offers the Rapid Unsteady Store Analysis Tool to address the demand for a store separation analysis tool that considers unsteady aerodynamic effects. This software has been delivered to the Air Force Seek Eagle Office (AFSEO) for use on a demonstration basis. While ongoing discussions with the Air Force program customers reinforce the likelihood of this transition path the method contained in RUSAT represents a significant increase in the data collection effort relative to a standard store certification analysis. The methods presented in this proposal will address that issue by requiring substantially reduced data collection. The software product developed in this effort will augment the higher fidelity and more resource intense offering in the current RUSAT software product. The proposed effort will create a tool that will allow prediction of store separation performance with significantly reduced resource allocation in order to avoid unpleasant surprises during vehicle development and testing. Satisfying this existing demand provides a tremendous commercial potential for the developed software tool.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 325-1116
Eric Blades
AF131-004      Awarded: 6/25/2013
Title:Aerodynamic Analysis of Deployed Bay Doors on Modern High-Speed Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This SBIR program seeks to more accurately evaluate the unsteady aerodynamics on the weapons bay door due to the weapons bay, transient surface motions, and fluid-structure interaction. The goal of the program is to develop a methodology that will allow the unsteady aerodynamic loads on deployed aircraft bay doors to be evaluated early in the design process such that designs can be optimized to avoid aeroelastic instabilities or fatigue induced failures. The program will leverage methods previously developed by ATA that facilitate fully- coupled, unsteady fluid-structure interaction simulation of flexible structures exposed to subsonic, supersonic, and hypersonic flows. The program will take a building block approach to gradually add complexity to the simulation of the deployed bay door, beginning with rigid CFD analyses at selected flight conditions and advancing to static and then dynamic fully- coupled FSI analysis by the end of Phase I. The methodology will be validated using flight test data and will lay the foundation for development of a unified capability in Phase II that can analyze a analyze a dynamic store separation with a fully flexible door undergoing cycling and predict sonic fatigue, buffet, limit cycle oscillation, and flutter. BENEFIT: The methods and tools that will be developed under this SBIR can directly impact the design of a variety of geometrically complex hardware that is deployed into, or otherwise exposed to, high speed, turbulent flow over a range of flight conditions and must be capable of surviving the harsh unsteady loads that result from that environment. This includes design optimization of weapons bay doors, landing gear doors, external fuel pods, attachment hardware for wing and fuselage weapons, control surfaces for supersonic and hypersonic vehicles, etc. The methods will allow engineers to accurately predict the dynamic response of these structures under the unsteady fluid dynamic loads and design them so as to avoid sonic fatigue, buffet, limit cycle oscillation, and flutter. The methods can also be applied to more general applications that benefit other industries. These industries may include the commercial aerospace, space, maritime, and automotive industries where the tools can be used, for example, to create optimal designs for any surfaces and/or cavities exposed to high-speed fluid flows.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4997
Robert Harris
AF131-004      Awarded: 7/25/2013
Title:High-Fidelity Analysis of Deployed Bay Doors on Modern High-Speed Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Unsteady aerodynamic loading and flow separation on modern high speed aircraft weapons bay doors can excite aircraft structural modes and lead to buffet, flutter, or fatigue-induced failures. Rigorous numerical simulations, wind tunnel and flight tests are typically carried out to investigate the aerodynamic loading on the doors, but analyses often only consider steady loads on rigid doors and neglect transient and aeroelastic effects. Higher fidelity multidisciplinary analysis tools are critically needed to better understand and characterize the effects of unsteady loads and to design measures for mitigating buffet, flutter, and fatigue. This SBIR project will deliver breakthrough technologies to significantly improve predictive capabilities. Hybrid RANS/LES methods with low-dissipation schemes and tightly- coupled fluid-structure interaction will be used for weapons bay flow simulation including unsteady loading and structural response. The proposed research enables: (1) Improved fidelity and multidisciplinary analysis; (2) Greatly reduced numerical dissipation; and (3) Improved acoustics modeling for weapons bay tonal content. The merits of the proposed approach will be investigated and demonstrated in Phase I for benchmark weapons bay problems. Limited wind tunnel tests will be conducted for computational model validations. In Phase II, a comprehensive experimental program will be executed, and the simulation capabilities will be refined and validated against experimental data and realistic targeted applications. BENEFIT: The proposed computational and experimental effort will provide a much needed high-fidelity prediction tool for low-dissipation aerodynamics and fluid-structure interaction applications of high-speed aircraft over wide range of loading frequencies. This technology has immense potential in military and commercial aircraft sectors. Direct applications of this technology are in low-speed landing gear and speed brakes systems as well as high-speed weapons bay doors systems and for developing protocols for munitions delivery to achieve the desired impact. Other applications may include instrumentation cavities, control surfaces motion, and other moving parts. The proposed effort will have significant impact on improving reliability and safety procedures of weapons bay designs of tactical aircraft and will reduce dependence on flight and wind tunnel tests.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
AF131-004      Awarded: 7/25/2013
Title:Aerodynamic Analysis of Deployed Bay Doors on Modern High-Speed Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This program will address the need for a cost effective way to evaluate unsteady aerodynamic loading on deployed aircraft bay doors so as to allow aircraft designers to evaluate/include them in the early design process. As part of it, we will conduct a wind tunnel demonstration of a retrofittable bay door that is integrated with an array of dynamic pressure transducers in order to quantify the unsteady surface loading on it. The door is part of an existing sub-scale weapons bay model representative of the Joint Strike Fighter. In Phase I, the unsteady loading on the doors due to different door scheduling configurations and that due to a store separation event will be studied, but Phase II will extend the mapping to door cycling events and also include structural response studies using Finite-element-modeling (FEM) software such as ABAQUS. The Phase I computational effort will perform simulations of the empty weapons bay in various configurations and compare/validate the results using the available experimental data. The proposed hardware and knowledge base will be developed with a realistic goal of eventual integration and use by existing air platforms such as the F- 35/Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) and J-UCAS. BENEFIT: The proposed program is of direct relevance to the U.S Air Force and its prime contractors responsible for the design of weapons bay doors. The successful measurement and utilization of the unsteady loading data on the bay doors will significantly impact the design cycle via the identification of dangerous tones and undesirable flow field patterns that could trigger large amplitude vibrations in the structure that could lead to fatigue and failure. Details of the dynamic response of a structure to this unsteady loading data on it can be incorporated in to the design process at an early stage and thus help in the design of better doors. Also risk assessment studies on varying the door geometry, structure, or any flow control strategy can be easily evaluated using the easily retrofittable design of the weapons bay model. This will be particularly appealing to the U.S Air Force as it can facilitate a quick scoping out of the design modifications without full-scale, prototype implementation. This would result in significant cost savings to the U.S Government. At the conclusion of the SBIR effort, the commercialization strategy for CRAFT Tech would involve providing support to the Air Force and its prime contractors in the use of this weapons bay model that will form a test bed for design support as well as for potentially scoping out design modifications. Bay doors are of interest also in wheel wells of aircraft where landing gear is present and this presents an additional avenue for commercialization of the SBIR technology.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Todd R. Quackenbush
AF131-005      Awarded: 6/13/2013
Title:Aircraft Conceptual Design Capability with Fast, High-Order Aeromechanics Models
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Requirements for enhanced cruise efficiency and reduced noise for future Air Force mobility transports can be met using advanced propeller and propfan technology. However, identifying designs that balance performance and acoustics requirements for multiple flight conditions poses a serious analytical challenge, given structural constraints, weight considerations, and drivetrain interactions. Supporting conceptual and preliminary designs thus requires fast-turnaround models appropriate for analysis of a wide design and operational space without sacrificing physical fidelity. A first step in addressing this need involves development of a multidisciplinary design environment that captures key aerodynamic and acoustic interactions, building on the demonstrated capabilities of the CDI CHARM model in proprotor and propeller design. This model can capture complex unsteady interactions of multiple propellers and airframe components and includes a validated noise prediction capability. Extensions of this model for propellers in transonic flight and their integration with current-generation sizing and design tools will lay the foundation for a design capability that can address key performance and acoustics metrics. Phase I will demonstrate optimization of propeller performance subject to noise constraints in multiple flight conditions while incorporating realistic wing and airframe interference, laying the groundwork for a more general multidisciplinary model in Phase II. BENEFIT: Potential Air Force Applications Immediate applications of the projected technology will be the ability to refine designs of propeller systems for retrofit to current generation aircraft. Maximum impact will occur, however, with the application of the projected tools to design of new mobility platforms, including the Advanced Theater Transport that can enhance Air Force transport capabilities. Potential Civil Applications Increased fuel costs have revived interest in applications of advanced turboprop and open rotor designs in recent years. Acoustics goals to satisfy current and projected civil aviation noise standards are stringent, however; thus, the potential market for a high-fidelity, fast- turnaround propeller design optimization analysis is considerable if coupled to a validated acoustic prediction capability.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 795-4463
Peter Chen
AF131-005      Awarded: 6/25/2013
Title:Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Advanced Propulsion Systems (MDO-APS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this effort, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) in collaboration with the Stanford University proposes to develop a novel tool for advanced propulsion system design, in particular the open rotor system. The novel design architecture is an enhancement of the Collaborative Optimization technique. It allows discrete design choices and leverages on Variable Complexity Optimization to perform high-fidelity designs at moderate costs. The study of advanced propulsion systems is multidisciplinary in nature due to the aerodynamics, structures, acoustics and propulsion system coupling together, and recently there has been an emphasis on multi-design-point optimization. These are readily handled by the architecture. Moreover, since it becomes important to study the propulsion system design in context of the airplane (with the airframe integration an important challenge), such a design/analysis technology will be particularly useful. The architecture is completely modular in nature leveraging on our expertise in modeling and simulation and agent based systems, and allows any analysis code to be used for the different disciplines. The result of this study will help us understand the benefits of using open rotor technology compared to state of the art engines, and whether change of aircraft design itself will be required to realize the potential of such concepts. BENEFIT: The result of this proposed program is a design tool for advanced propulsion system design for use in all types of aircraft, including compound aircraft and civilian platforms, leading to improved performance and efficient operation across the vehicle performance envelope. The trade study conducted in this effort will also enable to make informed decisions about the feasibility of advanced propeller and open rotor designs which will be particularly beneficial to the airline as well as engine industry.

M4 Engineering, Inc.
4020 Long Beach Blvd
Long Beach, CA 90807
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(562) 981-7797
Tyler Winter
AF131-005      Awarded: 6/13/2013
Title:Innovative Propeller Multi-Point Multi-Disciplinary Optimization
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal effort seeks to demonstrate the feasibility of developing and integrating a set of analysis modules into a multidisciplinary analysis and optimization (MDAO) process in order to enhance propeller design and efficiency across a range of multi-point flight conditions. Emphasis will be placed on defining the interdisciplinary interactions and corresponding effects on overall propeller efficiency. Next, each of the analysis modules will be validated against simulated or experimental data. A modern propeller configuration will be selected as the base demonstration application and will be optimized and assessed against current state-of-the-art propeller performance. Lastly, the software developed within this effort will leverage M4 Engineerings significant experience with MDAO as well as several robust, open-source tools. BENEFIT: Potential applications will include the use of the developed software with any complex integrated system containing propellers/open-rotors. Generic to any system containing propellers/open-rotors, the developed software could be utilized by commercial companies such as Boeing, Lockheed Martin, and Northrop Grumman.

Barron Associates, Inc.
1410 Sachem Place Suite 202
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 973-1215
Michael DeVore
AF131-006      Awarded: 8/5/2013
Title:Methodology and Tools for Certifying Autonomous, Cyber-Physical Systems-of-Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Barron Associates, together with subcontractor Rockwell Collins, propose to develop a new class of design and analysis tool that will significantly reduce the time and costs associated with V&V of complex cyber-physical systems-of-systems, and that will pave the way to certification of systems that were previously too complex to rigorously certify. The focus of this tool is on explicitly modeling and verifying the behavioral and interaction characteristics of all system components, and propagating them through successively higher levels of integration to uncover undesirable emergent behaviors that can appear anywhere within the larger system. The approach is based on an extension of the design for verification paradigm but applied in a multidisciplinary engineering setting, with detailed analyses of both the cyber and physical natures of the system. We will demonstrate the capabilities of this new tool on a realistic problem involving the design of autonomous multi-UAV systems within the context of a larger systems-of-systems application. The proposed team will take advantage of Barron Associates expertise in SysML, multidisciplinary engineering analysis, uncertainty propagation, and design of multi-UAV control software. It will also leverage extensive experience at Rockwell Collins in the use of formal methods for large, complex industrial applications. BENEFIT: The proposed effort will open up new opportunities for providing enhanced, advanced verification tools for cyber-physical systems-of-systems. By partnering with Rockwell Collins, the result of this SBIR effort and follow-on developments should be a powerful analysis tool that combines Barron Associates developed technologies with Rockwell Collins own suite of proven formal methods software tools. With recent wide interest in cyber-physical systems, potential commercial applications should increase significantly in the coming years in areas such as (1) future combat systems, (2) complex missions for unmanned air systems (e.g. AAR or terrain mapping), (3) NextGen air traffic management and autonomous operations, (4) internet networks, (5) power grids, (6) automotive and other complex machinery development, and (7) a number of industrial applications, such as autonomous manufacturing plants and automated warehousing management.

Dependable Computing LLC
2120 North Pantops Drive
Charlottesville, VA 22911
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 962-7201
M. Anthony Aiello
AF131-006      Awarded: 8/5/2013
Title:Model-Based Compositional Reasoning for Complex Systems of Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The proposed research will develop a technique to enable compositional reasoning about complex systems of systems. The core of the approach is to enhance a system modeling language with sufficient formalism to enable such reasoning at both the system and system- of-systems levels. The enhancements that will be developed are in three major areas: (1) a novel real-world type system and associated type-checking mechanism that will allow real- world attributes to be associated with the types of entities in system models, (2) rigorous specification of subsystem and system properties using pre- and post-conditions, (3) synthesis of system-of-system specifications from the specification of subsystem and system properties using specification-extraction technology, and (4) proofs of properties of system- of-system specifications using a theorem-proving system. BENEFIT: There is extensive potential for the application of the technology that will result from this research in many DoD and non-DoD applications. Complex systems of systems arise in many domains including: manned aircraft, unmanned air systems, medical devices, rail and other surface transport systems, nuclear power systems, weapons systems, and networked information systems. Development and demonstration of the technology within this project will provide an effective and efficient mechanism for reducing the risk of adoption of the technology in relevant domains. We will lever our relationships with industry and regulatory authorities to promote the application of the technology developed under the proposed effort by: (a) using the results developed under this effort as examples for others to examine, (b) adapting the results to illustrate the potential to engineers and managers who indicate interest in the technology, and (c) seeking development contracts to exploit the technology for new customers.

Vecna Technologies Inc.
6404 Ivy Lane Suite 500
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 864-0636
Andreas Hofmann
AF131-006      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:System of Systems (SoS) Certification Techniques
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Deployment of interesting autonomous capabilities has been hindered by the difficulty of validating and verifying such systems. Vecna will address this challenging problem by investigating and developing four key desirable characteristics of such systems: that they be declarative, generative, self-aware, and prescient. Declarative means that behavior is defined by declarative constraints, rather than by procedural code. Generative means that the system is built from separately validated components that interact within an inferencing environment to produce behavior. Self-aware means that the system is aware of its own internal state, including the functional status of its components. Prescient means that the system is able to predict the chances of success of a particular course of action. These characteristics, combined, have the potential to dramatically improve V & V for complex autonomous systems. Vecna will leverage significant, recent advances in the field of model-based autonomy to develop prototypes of systems with these characteristics. In order to ground the analysis, Vecna will use its own robotic systems, QCBot and RPR, as testbeds for evaluating the technology. QCBot is a hospital delivery robot, and RPR is used in warehouse logistics applications. BENEFIT: The technology proposed is useful to a broad range of government and commercial applications consisting of extensively networked automated systems comprised of many interconnected discrete deployments of software and hardware. Using this technology, customers will be able to monitor automated system components and diagnose component faults and failures, test systems for proper behaviors, upgrade individual components and verify uninterrupted performance, and optimize system parameters. For commercial markets, clear applications include: power grids and energy delivery infrastructure; cooperative teams of robots in healthcare and logistics; "smart" buildings with automated climate and electrical system control; and public infrastructure like sewage/water treatment and traffic control systems. Government applications include: coordinated unmanned robotic teams for aerial and ground reconnaissance, shipbuilding and painting, EOD disposal, and logistics/resupply/materials handling; automated airborne refueling control systems; automated weapons platforms; aerospace vehicles; and distributed command/control systems.

Environetix Technologies Corporation
20 Godfrey Drive
Orono, ME 04473
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(207) 866-6551
Donald McCann
AF131-007      Awarded: 8/22/2013
Title:Strain Measurement System for Operation in Extreme Environments
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The U.S. Air Force has a critical need for new robust strain sensors capable of accurately measuring the strain of structural components in high temperature harsh environment applications. During Phase I, Environetix will leverage extensive experience in wireless high temperature sensor materials, devices, packaging, and data acquisition, to develop and lab- test a prototype surface acoustic wave (SAW) strain sensor. The technology uses licensed, patented SAW devices fabricated using stable high-temperature films, LGS substrates, and proprietary sensor attachment methodology. Environetix will perform extensive testing and evaluation during Phase I, using numerous first generation prototype sensors to investigate current limits of LGS SAW strain sensor technology, and then develop a next generation prototype LGS SAW sensor design to optimize strain sensitivity, accuracy, and dynamic range. Preliminary sensor packaging will be designed and tested with sensor attachment to candidate high-temperature metals and ceramics. A complete sensor prototype including a LGS SAW strain sensor, sensor packaging, and attachment will be fabricated, and calibration protocols will be developed. Feasibility of Environetixs LGS SAW strain sensors will be demonstrated by testing in laboratory furnaces up to 1600F (870C) to obtain data for sensor performance characteristics including reliability, accuracy, resolution, dynamic range, and response time. BENEFIT: Environetix will adapt the commercialization strategy used for its initial commercially available product, the EVHT-100 Wireless High Temperature Sensor System, to demonstrate, commercialize and deploy a LGS surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) strain sensor system. The strategy involves developing several generations of prototype sensor devices and making them available to the Air Force to validate advanced structural concepts and technologies for hypersonic flight applications. It is anticipated that successful strain sensor technology demonstrations during later stages of Phase II will lead to license agreements between Environetix Technologies Corporation and several key aerospace structure OEMs, turbine engine OEMs. Environetix will deliver initial quantities of sensor systems to the Air Force, and will interact with supply manufacturers to deliver sensors in production-scale quantities to meet USAF needs. The Environetix strain sensor system will provide data that has far-reaching benefits for the USAF including allowing increased thrust-to-weight ratios, decreased fuel consumption and engine validation costs, and material data that could be used by life prediction models for better component health management practices. In addition, OEMs will use this technology for aero-frame, turbine engine and material development, since it provides sensing data not yet available to the industry. The importance of this enabling technology goes beyond DoD applications, and will quickly find its way into the commercial aerospace industry, turbine engine testing industry, power industry, and several industrial control processes that operate in harsh environment conditions.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 558-1696
Matthew Davis
AF131-007      Awarded: 7/15/2013
Title:Extreme Environment Stress and Strain Sensing System
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Luna Innovations Incorporated is proposing to develop an extreme environment stress and strain measurement system capable of operating at temperatures >900C (1652F) and streaming static and dynamic data at 5kHz. The system will consist of a multichannel readout system, extreme environment transducers, and different, but easily applied, methods of attachment for a metallic and a composite substrate. Accurate high temperature strain measurements are critical in the development and characterization of modern aerospace materials and validation of vehicle and component performance models. These models are used in determining design parameters and material selection for high speed flight vehicles and component life prediction. Without accurate strain data in the presence of both high temperatures and large loads, the safety and reliability of the system can be placed in jeopardy. Currently there are no methods capable of accurately providing such data. During Phase I Luna will design and demonstrate the feasibility of a prototype readout system and sensors. During Phase II the system will be optimized to meet the performance requirements needed for the Air Force and a prototype delivered for testing. Phase III will transition the technology to the Air Force and commercial industry through Lunas Product Development Division. BENEFIT: The proposed system will meet the Air Forces needs for an extreme environment strain measurement system capable of providing accurate static and dynamic data at high speeds. Other agencies such as NASA, DARPA, and the Navy which are performing research on extreme environment materials and systems will also benefit from the technology developed during this program. The system and sensors will enable high temperature, extreme load data to be taken in the presence of high electro-magnetic fields to verify turbine and scramjet engine performance, composite heat shield material characterizations, and airframe dynamic response. These capabilities will also make the system desirable to airframe and engine OEMs to enable performance monitoring and qualification testing which will improve the safety and reliability of commercial transportation. In addition to safety improvements through improved material selection and design, the system will enable structural health monitoring and the collection of remaining useful life data which will reduce maintenance overall ownership costs of commercial transports. Once the technology has been transitioned to the Air Force, Luna will work with commercial partners to complete civilian qualifications and begin marketing the technology for commercial applications.

Prime Photonics, LC
1116 South Main Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 808-4671
Russell May
AF131-007      Awarded: 8/9/2013
Title:High-Temperature Strain Gage for Static and Dynamic Tests
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Characterization of the mechanical properties and performance of advanced structural materials at high temperatures is critically important for the development of materials that will enable the next generation of military aircraft, including hypersonic vehicles. Instrumentation that can survive the high temperature environment while delivering accurate measurements reliably is needed to support validation of new materials such as high-temperature intermetallics and composites. Prime Photonics, teaming with researchers at Virginia Tech, proposes to develop a new, robust fiber optic strain gage system capable of accurate strain measurements under both dynamic and static loading of test samples at high temperatures. A novel glass system will be used to manufacture the strain gages so that they can withstand higher strain levels than fused silica, up to 20,000 microstrain. In addition, an interrogator (signal conditioner) based on a new optical architecture will be developed to enable the use of the fiber optic strain gage for both static tests and dynamic tests with strain rates exceeding 1000 microstrain per millisecond. BENEFIT: The initial target product application for the proposed high temperature fiber optic strain gage will be for high temperature materials and structures testing, marketed to DoD and NASA, university and commercial laboratories. Beyond fiber sensor applications, the novel low modulus glass system will be marketed for specialty optical and electrical insulator applications. Additionally, the novel static/dynamic Fabry-Perot interrogator will have widespread sensing applications including temperature, pressure, and vibration measurements and will be marketed by Prime Photonics as part of the existing VectorLight product line. During the Phase I, Prime Photonics will work closely with US Air Force stakeholders and company commercial contacts to identify candidate applications and candidate acquisition programs and transition partners. Prime Photonics will utilize existing contacts within the military and commercial gas turbine engine community to identify and develop transition targets and business plan for the high temperature strain gage and dynamic/static interrogator products.

Compass Systems, Inc.
21471 Great Mills Road
Lexington Park, MD 20653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 737-4640
Bill Dunkin
AF131-008      Awarded: 6/11/2013
Title:Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) Postern Sense and Avoid (SAA)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This SBIR pursues and identifies approaches to achieving postern (rear-looking) sense and avoid (SAA) for remotely piloted aircraft (RPA). After idenfiying and assessing the approaches, this effort develops the most promising and commercially viable candidate. The effort concludes with a demonstration of performance and capability in a relevant environment. BENEFIT: This technology can potential increase aircraft and UAV safety from a sense and avoid scenario. Further, a proven system will accelerate UAV integraiton into the U.S. National Air Space and globally.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Ofir Garcia-Salazar
AF131-008      Awarded: 9/4/2013
Title:Sense-and-Avoid Postern Insect Eye/Neuromorphic Sensor System
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Addressing the Air Forces need for a rear-looking sense-and-avoid (SAA) system enabling remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) to perform real-time reporting of mid-air-collision (MAC) threats, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new SAA Postern Insect Eye/Neuromorphic (SAPIEN) sensor system. SAPIEN is an electro-optical sensor for non- cooperative SAA based on the unique combination of multi-aperture superposition compound eyes with a high-sensitivity, compact IR laser ranger, photo-detector array, and a custom algorithm to detect and locate obstacles with high angular resolution. The innovative use of multi-aperture infrared signal data processing will enable SAPIEN to warn of impending MACs. The result is a commercially viable design in the postern field of view providing detection, localization independent of forward looking SAA, airframe vibration and exhaust hindering mitigation, collision hazard recognition, attitude, heading, airspeed estimation, timed warning, day/night operation while minimizing cost, size, weight, and power of Group 2-4 RPA. In Phase I, POC will identify and determine requirements, candidate architecture, equipment and components. Feasibility will be established through modeling and simulation and laboratory prototype testing. In Phase II, POC plans to finalize the SAPIEN architecture, validate models, and mature algorithms prior to fabricating and testing a prototype SAPIEN system in a relevant environment. BENEFIT: Recent (1991-2000) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) statistics indicate that most (80%) mid-air collisions (MACs) occur when one aircraft overtakes another from the rear hemisphere (postern collision). Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPAs) are no longer limited to intelligence and military operations outside FAA regulated airspace. Unmanned aircraft are making their way into commercial arenas like aerial photography, land surveying, and crop monitoring. Additionally, RPAs fly slower, and MACs are expected to rise. When the regulations governing UAV flight in National Airspace (NAS) are in place in 2015, the demand for reliable autonomous postern see-and-avoid systems will surge. Because of its compact size, lightweight, and low cost, the SAPIEN system can be installed in small, remotely controlled aerial vehicles for applications such as police surveillance and traffic control. Its low cost will also make it suitable for collision avoidance in automobiles and boats.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd. Suite 820
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 473-1500
Vijay Venkataraman
AF131-008      Awarded: 8/15/2013
Title:A Visual Perception System for Postern Sense and Avoid
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Mid-air collisions (MAC) in manned aircrafts primarily occur when one aircraft overtakes another. In the case of remotely piloted aircrafts (RPA), their small size, slower cruise speeds and climb rates exacerbate the probability of their involvement in a MAC. Therefore, there exists a need for a postern sense and avoid (SAA) capability that will enable RPAs to maneuver away from the path of an intruding aircraft approaching from the rear. UtopiaCompression Corporation (UC) proposes to develop a high resolution color EO sensor based visual perception system for detection, alerting and avoidance of postern air traffic. Sensor placement on the RPA will be determined by considering trade-offs between minimizing: 1) the field of view obstruction by the airframe, 2) effects of airframe vibration, and 3) occlusion of air traffic by engine exhaust. The system will perform robust detection and tracking of air traffic, passive ranging to estimate range and range rates, predict impending collisions, issue collision alerts to postern air traffic and if necessary, execute avoidance maneuvers. The algorithms will be run on COTS massively-parallel computing subsystems to facilitate the use of multiple visual sensors and will be designed to meet the SWaP (Size, Weight and Power) constraints of RPAs. BENEFIT: UtopiaCompression's (UC) passive color EO sensor based postern sense and avoid system can enable the national airspace integration of group 2 to 4 UAS by providing an effective solution to mitigate the risk of MAC from overtaking aircraft. Specifically, for non-cooperative UAS, a passive system that meets the SWaP constraints can provide a rear view mirror capability to detect, alert and avoid air traffic from behind. For cooperative UAS, the proposed passive system can augment on-board active systems by providing postern data at higher resolutions (frame rates and bearing angle resolution). Additionally, the same system can be used on-board cooperative and non-cooperative piloted aircraft to trigger an alert for overtaking traffic. Finally, UC envisions the adoption of a successful SAA capability as a pilot advisory system by the commercial aviation industry. Such a capability, that can detect collisions over a much larger volume of sky than a human and is never distracted, will improve pilot situation awareness and therefore, safety of the flight. Raytheon will support the transition effort of UCs passive postern SAA technology into their future remotely piloted platforms. UC will work with Raytheon to transition the proposed postern SAA for the UAS programs by inserting the technology into the existing SAA transition plan being executed by Raytheon. The UC team will maximize the likelihood of successful transition by working closely with Government stakeholders throughout the program process. Beyond military applications, the UC team believes that critical traction is being gained through the efforts of this SBIR program in a primary market with broad economic potential - the UAS market. The combination of UC's postern SAA system, Sense

Beck Engineering
1490 Lumsden Road
Port Orchard, WA 98367
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 876-9710
Douglas S. Beck
AF131-009      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:High-Efficiency Waste Heat Removal System (WHRS) for Low-Observable Heat Rejection from Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop for the Air Force a high-efficiency Waste Heat Removal System (WHRS) that removes large amounts of waste heat from aircraft with negligible impacts on signature and aerodynamic performance. Our WHRS absorbs heat from aircraft thermal loads, including a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) system that absorbs and stores heat from the cooling system of a High Energy Laser (HEL). Our WHRS consumes no electrical power, so our WHRS adds no additional electrical loads to aircraft generators. Our WHRS requires no heat exchangers to reject heat, so our WHRS has negligible impacts on signature and aerodynamic performance. In Phase I, we will generate a preliminary design of our WHRS and project its performance. In Phase II, we will build and demonstrate a subscale prototype WHRS. In Phase III, we will demonstrate our prototype WHRS on a compatible aircraft with a suitable directed energy system or surrogate heat source. BENEFIT: Our high-efficiency Waste Heat Removal System (WHRS) is attractive for rejecting heat from aircraft heat loads, including waste heat from the cooling systems of High Energy Lasers (HELs). Our WHRS is also attractive for rejecting heat from condensers of VCSs on Air Force tactical aircraft and for similar applications on commercial aircraft. Our WHRS is also an attractive alternative to VCSs for Air Force tactical aircraft and commercial aircraft, because our WHRS is compact and lightweight, and our WHRS requires no heat exchangers to reject heat to the ambient environment.

SPIRITECH Advanced Products, Inc.
731 N US Highway 1 Suite 1
Tequesta, FL 33469
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 741-3441
Eric Gamble
AF131-009      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Low-Observable Heat Rejection from Aircraft
Abstract:ABSTRACT: An innovative approach for removing low-quality (<40C) waste heat generated by directed energy and other electrically based technologies from aircraft is proposed. The proposed innovation removes heat from air platforms in a manner that will allow the system to meet size, weight, and power constraints and not significantly impact survivability or aerodynamic performance. This is accomplished through use of a gas expansion process powered by the low pressure third stream flow of an advanced, three stream engine. By expanding the third stream flow, its temperature is reduced to a level that accommodates removal of low quality heat. This innovation provides a low pressure source for expanding the third stream air to maximize its ability to absorb heat. Performance losses are minimized by introducing the expanded air into the exhaust nozzle to generate thrust. Preliminary assessment indicates that steady-state heat removal in excess of 100kW is attainable with this system. Coordination with OEMs will ensure that the resulting system meets Power and Thermal Management System (PTMS) requirements for 5th and 6th generation fighters. BENEFIT: This SBIR effort (Phase I and II) will result in the development and implementation of a heat rejection system capable of removing large, low quality thermal loads applicable to fighter, bomber, and gunship platforms. Work being conducted for the JSF (F-35) in the JAETMIS and AETD programs is exploring use of advanced, variable three stream engines in later production blocks, providing an excellent opportunity for integrating this heat rejection system within future blocks of the JSF. The heat rejection system also provides a potential thermal management solution for other aircraft, such as Small, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (SUASs), and Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles (UCAVs). This provides an important contribution as an enabling technology for achieving the thermal management goals of the DoD.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
James Gorman
AF131-009      Awarded: 10/22/2013
Title:High Z-Conductivity Composite Structures for Low-Observable Aircraft Heat Rejection (1001-951)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Triton Systems Inc., in combination with our partner Northrop-Grumman Corporation proposes to develop a high performance composite heat exchanger system that can be integrated into airframe structures of unmanned and manned systems to provide thermal management for aircraft systems and/or mission payload. The key ingredient of the composite heat exchanger is a novel technique for piercing 2-D composite laminate with ultra-high thermal conductivity rods and/or fins, allowing the construction of sandwich or cellular constructions having internal and external fins for efficient heat transfer to and from the working fluid. For the airborne laser application, two distinct configurations are proposed: 1) a flush mounted sandwich heat exchanger, in which a large array of pins penetrate the outer skin and intrude into the working fluid channels to efficiently pull heat from the fluid to the airframe skin, and 2) a set of surface mounted vanes in a surrounding duct, where the vanes communicate thermally with high conductivity pins immersed in the heat exchanger working fluid. During the Phase I effort up to six trial heat exchanger panels will be evaluated in a wind tunnel, with the best configuration reproduced in a prototype test article representing the key features of the aircraft installation. BENEFIT: The basic development proposed is a greatly improved fluid:air or air:air heat exchanger, fabricated from ultra high conductivity composite materials and would therefore be immune to corrosion degradation. The basic airframe thermal management concept could be applied to battery cooling systems for electric and/or hybrid vehicles, as well as high performance internal combustion engine cooling, replacing conventional brazed copper tubing/fin radiators. The rapid pace of automotive high performance/extreme fuel economy internal combustion engine development provides an excellent opportunity for commercialization of high performance thermal management systems such as is proposed here.

Imaging Systems Technology
4750 W. Bancroft
Toledo, OH 43615
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(419) 536-5741
Lee Cross
AF131-010      Awarded: 9/27/2013
Title:Transient Electromagnetic Simulator for EMP Survivability Analysis of Packaged Electronic Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This project advances the fundamental design practices (e.g., electromagnetic compatibility countermeasures in designing electronic systems in enclosed or partially enclosed spaces) with a strong potential for breaking the barriers in terms of computer aided design (CAD) simulation accuracies and capabilities. It furthers the art of exploiting available engineering knowledge for simplifying electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) simulation. Ultimately, the proposed research aims to develop, implement and test a unified platform which includes new hybrid methodologies and schemes based on surrogate models (e.g., artificial neural networks, ANNs) and statistical models combined with stand-alone solvers in an integrated fashion to solve problems of higher complexity and to enhanced high power electromagnetic pulses/electromagnetic compatibility (HPEMP/EMC) analysis. The development of surrogate and statistical models is necessary to mimic the behavior of complex HPEMP scenario. Such models bridge the gap between the experimental and the analytical expectations. BENEFIT: IST will commercialize the proposed modeling methodologies through the sale and support of the envisioned approaches as an HPEMP/EMI/EMC software package interface compatible with the existing CAD tools. The developed methodologies will support ISTs ongoing internal and previously DoD-funded research on plasma-based HPM/EMP structures. Furthermore, it supports UTs research objectives on developing efficient large EM structure analysis and complex board-level simulation methodologies. IST, Inc. has a history of successfully developing and commercializing innovative technologies. Over its 13 year history, the team at IST has designed, developed, and deployed several commercial electronic products including automotive test systems, image processing boards, and a family of large area touch screens.

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 725
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
John McIver
AF131-010      Awarded: 9/27/2013
Title:Computer-aided Design (CAD) Tool for Modeling of High-Power Electromagnetic Interference (HPEMI) Effects on Conductive Paths
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Data integrity is essential for accurate and deterministic decision making in diverse military and commercial digital systems, and the most common cause of electronic data corruption for many of these systems is electromagnetic interference (EMI). Unexpected and unmitigated EMI, especially from high power systems (HPEMI) can cause deleterious effects ranging from subtly incorrect calculations to catastrophic systems failures. To reduce overall design cost due to re-spins, design tools are required to support EMI/HPEMI immunity studies at the initial stages of the design. We propose to develop the first flexible, fast multi-transmission line (MTL) simulation and analysis tool to model the effect of HPEMI in standard circuit simulation tools, and perform this analysis within a graphical computer- aided design (CAD) tool to provide near-real-time interactive EMI feedback during the design process. Coupling fast MTL analysis tools with an interactive graphical interface will reduce the time spent in design while increasing the overall accuracy of the resulting model. BENEFIT: This project will develop a fast high power electromagnetic interference (HPEMI) multi- transmission line (MTL) simulator with a seamless interface to the Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE). The system will include a computer-aided design (CAD) interface capable of editing the designs mechanical properties and displaying simulation results in near real time. This tool will benefit the military by enabling accurate prediction of EMI/HPEMI effects on foreign or domestic electronics systems, and will benefit military as well as civilian system designers by guiding them to appropriate levels of shielding and protection to avoid undesired EMI/HPEMI effects. Having an interactive design tool to predict effects in near real time will shorten development times and reduce the costs of the resulting systems.

TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6847
Walter Clover
AF131-010      Awarded: 9/27/2013
Title:Transient Electromagnetic Simulator for EMP Survivability Analysis of Packaged Electronic Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: High-power electromagnetic (HPEM) interference can disrupt normal operation of aircraft electronic systems and cause mission abort or even endanger the crew. HPEM energy couples into these systems mostly through the conductors in the power distribution network (PDN) of packaged chipsets. This process needs to be better understood. Modeling and simulation (M&S) of the HPEM interaction with the PDN is needed to identify problem areas through sensitivity studies, and to evaluate possible solutions. Multi-conductor transmission line (MTL) simulations can model this process. Simulation inputs include the circuit geometry, so the tool interface must be computer-aided design (CAD)-based to represent the system geometry in three dimensions. The TechFlow Scientific team has an extensive background in HPEM effects on electronics, from hardware testing to M&S. We have experience with each step of the solution, including the circuit layout, CAD interfaces, transient MTL simulation, and HPEM coupling to electronics. We also have experience using, integrating, and augmenting the specific tools we plan to use in the solution. We understand HPEM interference and are at the forefront of research into how it causes effects. We will leverage this solid background to develop a CAD-based transient MTL simulation tool for modeling HPEM interactions with the PDN. BENEFIT: The completion of this software will be of great benefit to the whole of the HPEM directed energy (DE) community, in that it will help us better understand the HPEM interactions with IC chipsets that lead to HPEMI on electronic systems, currently the least-understood part of the problem. The Joint Radio-frequency Effectiveness Model (JREM) software is a mature tool that has been through a formal Verification and Validation (V&V) process. It models RF propagation very well, and uses either the DREAM tool or empirical data to represent the effect on target systems. The overall JREM tool will benefit greatly from the availability of a transient MTL simulator and automated connection to SPICE modeling to calculate the interactions with more fidelity, leading to a better understanding of HPEMI, weapon lethality, and system vulnerability. Military agencies will be interested to use the comprehensive HPEMI analysis tool to do system designs of packaged electronics with reduced HPEMI susceptibilities, provide analysis of possible effects. The tool will also be of interest to the commercial space industry to provide HPEMI susceptibility analysis for their systems. The widespread current need for this kind of software tool, and the even greater future need, make the probability of success in this venture very high.

nLight Photonics
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(360) 566-4460
Kirk Price
AF131-011      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Multi-kW Fiber Lasers Based on Novel Light Guide Combiners
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The efficient coherent beam combination of a master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system requires a reduction in non-linearities of the power amplifier sections. Fiber non- linearities, such as stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) and stimulated Raman scattering (SRS), provide an upper limit on the operating power of kW-class fiber laser systems. These non-linear effects can be reduced with the use of short fiber lengths, which requires high brightness pump sources and efficient pump/signal combination methods. Wavelength stabilized 976 nm pump sources allow for maximum pump absorption and reduced quantum defect, improving performance and stable operation over a wide range of temperatures. Such advances are required to enable field-able directed energy weapons. To achieve these goals, nLIGHT proposes the development of a novel Light Guide combiner that results in minimal pump brightness loss and minimal power loss, enabling high power CW fiber lasers for DE applications. A key design aspect for these kW-class fiber laser amplifiers for directed energy applications is the reliability, robustness, and manufacturability of the pump/signal combiner as well as the fiber amplifier system. This SBIR proposal addresses this need by providing a pump/signal combiner that optimizes the brightness preservation of the pump lasers. A unique feature of this combiner is that it enables the use of robust glass-clad fiber, thereby addressing the most common source of fiber failure in high-power fiber laser systems. BENEFIT: nLIGHT is actively pursuing kW class CW fiber lasers, which will also be based on its advanced fiber technologies. This direction of research will enable improvements in nLIGHTs understanding of handling high average powers in fiber lasers, which will ultimately tie to power scaling as well. Commercial roadmaps also call for further improvements in the output power and beam quality of nLIGHTs commercial products, pushing towards multi-kW CW fiber lasers. The advanced fiber combiners developed under this effort will enable CW fiber lasers to be co-propagation and counter-propagation pumping of CW fiber lasers, improving the output power and beam quality achievable before the onset of nonlinear effects such as SRS. Finally, fiber architectures and knowledge gained in the pursuit of this effort will inform the ability to design similar fibers based on dopants other than Yb. Such fibers, based on Er or Tm dopants will allow CW fiber laser systems at wavelengths in the eye-safe regime, which are of potentially great commercial utility as well as having clear applicability in ranging and other applications of interest to the Air Force.

Optical Engines Inc
842 S Sierra Madre St STE D
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(815) 383-8303
Donald SIPES
AF131-011      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Mode Adapting Etched Air Taper Fiber Optic Pump Combiner
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Etched Air Taper Combiner as fist proposed by the US Air Force Academy has the advantages in that the input fiber bundle, the combining section, and the output to the gain fiber can be individually improved and optimized and then the components are spliced together to create the finished device. Pump efficiencies of over 96% and power handling capabilities of 1.5kW have been demonstrated as well as both co and counter pumped designs. When the input and output signal core fibers are the same a 99% signal core efficiency has been demonstrated. The problem arises when transitioning from a LMA SIF type fiber to a PCF type fiber involving large core transition. Past efforts have relied on a step transition between the two fibers. In this proposal a continuous mode adapter between a 20um LMA fiber and a 40um PCF core will be developed and demonstrated. In the Phase 2 program this mode adapter will be built into a multiple copies of a finished high power, ruggedized combiner for delivery to the Air Force for integration and testing. BENEFIT: To enable the development of MOPA based directed energy systems by providing low loss fiber optic pump combiners with optical signal feed throughput that allow for the low loss, low scatter transition from LMA to PCF type fibers.

SUB-MICRON ENGINEERING CORP
P.O. BOX 509
MARLBORO, NJ 07746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 881-4211
Eric Mies
AF131-011      Awarded: 10/1/2013
Title:Fiber Optic Amplifier Pump Combiners with Signal Feed Throughput
Abstract:ABSTRACT: For this SBIR topic, we have proposed a novel high-power optical fiber pump combiner design that addresses the specific challenges associated with counter-pumping large- mode-area (LMA) double-clad gain fibers. Based on modeling and design optimization, we will fabricate kilowatt capable power combiner prototypes for pump coupling to double-clad Yb-doped polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber. We will characterize the prototype feed- though combiners using both axial refractive index profiling and a newly developed fiber- mode-analysis (FMA) measurement technique. This characterization will be used to determine the signal loss and modal transformation through the device. These unique characterization techniques will be used to fully understand and optimize the design and manufacturing processes for this new class of high-power feed-through pump combiners. BENEFIT: The successful completion of Phase I will validate the proposed novel design concept for high-power feed-though pump combiners. It will also establish unique characterization techniques that can be used in a subsequent Phase II effort that will optimize and develop the design and manufacturing methods required for reliable deployment in future military and commercial applications. High-power, feed-though fiber combiners are a critical enabling technology for the implementation of advanced multi-kilowatt fiber laser systems, for which there are numerous military and commercial applications.

Translume
655 Phoenix Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 528-6337
Ali Said
AF131-011      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Micromachined Fused Silica Pump Combiners with Signal Feed Throughput
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to fabricate a high performance signal and pump combiner for high-power fiber lasers and fiber amplifiers. We will use advanced glass micromachining processes that will alleviate the fabrication challenges associated with either tapered fused fiber couplers or side-pumped fused coupler. A central robust fused silica structure will be micromachined. The pumps and signal fiber will be inserted in precision-machined pockets found in that structure. This will provide for a very accurate way of positioning the various fibers relative to each other. The fibers will be permanently bonded in place using a high optical quality glass-brazing process. These fabrication processes are very reproducible and are cost- effective in volume production. Compatibility with different types of fiber will be demonstrated. BENEFIT: The demands placed upon pump and signal combiners in high power fiber amplifiers are severe. The combiner must introduce very little optical loss, should not affect the beam optical characteristics, and operate steadily while subjected to significant temperature transients. We are proposing to address these design challenges by developing a micromachined fused silica combiner that will accurately position the various fibers and will optimize the transfer of power from the pump lasers to the gain fiber. We expect that this high-power signal and pump combiner will gain wide acceptance among fiber laser manufacturer. The proposed combiner can easily be adapted to various types of fibers, including fibers of various diameters, which should increase the commercial opportunity.

MV Innovative Technologies LLC (DBA: Optonicus)
711 E Monument Ave Ste 101
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 666-5908
Josh Raker
AF131-012      Awarded: 9/24/2013
Title:Advanced Phased Array for Conformal High Energy (APACHE) Weapons Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the Air Force need for a low SWaP, conformal, phased array laser beam director designed for airborne platforms, Optonicus proposes the development of a new Advanced Phased Array for Conformal High Energy (APACHE) weapon systems. The APACHE architecture, based on an a thermalized conformal optical design and novel electronic beam controls that accommodate all necessary acquisition, pointing, and tracking functions, will provide a new system suited for an airborne platforms unique vibration, thermal, and operational environment. This development will leverage Optonicus expertise in high power phased array design. In Phase I, Optonicus will demonstrate feasibility through detailed optical design, preliminary mechanical design, and analytical modeling. In Phase II, Optonicus will demonstrate application of APACHE to an airborne platform utilizing extensive thermal and vibrational modeling, detailed mechanical design, and assemble a laboratory prototype. In Phase III, Optonicus will integrate the APACHE into a functional laser phased array system, demonstrate APACHE in the field, and explore commercialization of APACHE technology for free space laser communication and astronomical use. BENEFIT: The Optonicus APACHE system will enable placement of conformal, compact, high energy laser weapons on DoD airborne platforms. The technology has additional military applications for DoD land and sea based platforms and, in a lower power configuration, free space laser communication. Commercial applications include high-power fiber laser welding, cutting, precision hole drilling, and materials processing. Additionally lower- power versions of the system can be used in free-space laser communications, and in civilian astronomical use.

Nutronics, Inc.
4665 Nautilus Ct. S. STE 500
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 530-2002
Jeffrey D. Barchers
AF131-012      Awarded: 9/25/2013
Title:Conformal Laser Weapon System Beam Director Development (CLAWS-BDD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Nutronics, Inc. proposes to develop a detailed conceptual design for a general purpose, rugged, compact and lightweight beam director design for high energy laser phased array weapon systems. Our expertise in target based phase measurement approaches provides us with a unique insight into the basic requirements of both the subaperture for a phased array weapon system beam director and for the full phased array beam director. Examining the basic requirements for each of the candidate target based phase sensing method reveals a common set of requirements that can be met by a Generalized Phased Array Weapon System Beam Director (GPAWS-BD). The GPAWS-BD is comprised of (1) a common subaperture optical train; (2) a rigid full-array superstructure; and (3) subaperture beam steering. Our program proposes to evaluate 3 subaperture beam steering approaches, each of which has different potential strengths and weaknesses. Nutronics, Inc. will apply our thermal and vibration modeling tools to evaluate candidate initial opto-mechanical designs and utilize these results as inputs to our rigorous covariance analysis tools to develop performance predictions for the different approaches and will trade these against risk, cost, and size, weight, and power. BENEFIT: The proposed effort has numerous potential benefits and commercial applications, including (but not limited to): laser communication, space situational awareness, astronomical ground based imaging, laser radar, laser rangefinding, aircraft self defense (both commercial and military), air-base defense, ship self-defense, and tactical precision strike.

Optical Physics Company
26610 Agoura Road Suite 240
Calabasas, CA 91302
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 880-2907
Richard A Hutchin
AF131-012      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Bidirectional Beam Director for Conformal HEL
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Optical Physics Company (OPC) is proposing to design and prototype a full function beam director suitable for all current phased array control technologies. The proposed beam director significantly simplifies the design of HEL phased arrays by presenting a complete beamlet tracking and steering in an extraordinarily compact design. A full 50 cm diameter beamlet array steerable over a 100 deg cone will have a volume of only 0.037 cubic meters. Given the thickness of the beam steering unit of only a few centimeters, the beam director can transmit out a window only slightly larger than the laser beam itself, even over a 120 degree cone of regard. This window can be curved to match the contour of the aircraft to minimize aerodynamic drag and turbulence. Additional advantages are that the beam director works identically on all polarization states, has an area fill factor around 98%, and eliminates Venetian blinding phase shift between beamlets of up to 14,000 waves/second due to a fast slewing target. The Phase I effort will design and evaluate the beam director in the context of a complete beam control system for an HEL phased array with acquisition, tracking, pointing and steering functions ready for Phase II prototyping. BENEFIT: Tactical and long-range HEL systems are set to transform military operations in all services in the next 10-20 years. Conformal designs, such as those enabled by the proposed bidirectional beam director, promise extremely lightweight, high performance, and cost- effective options for HEL weapons. The target application is a conformal HEL system in a jet fighter. One can also foresee deployment on remotely piloted armed unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). The beam director, beam control and steering methods developed during this project are also applicable to ground based space object imaging, laser rangefinders, as well as commercial aircraft and ship defense. OPC has already demonstrated success with transitioning technologies developed under SBIR funding to ongoing research and acquisition programs. In particular, OPC has become a preferred supplier of deformable mirrors (DM) for high energy lasers. Our endeavor into DM manufacturing is part of a more comprehensive Strategic Plan to take a variety of high end optical system and sub-assemblies that employ our know-how in high precision optics and atmospheric turbulence compensation to market. The beam director we will build under this SBIR project is well aligned with this Strategic Plan.

i2C Solutions, LLC
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 289-7381
Michael Hulse
AF131-013      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Conformal Thermal Ground Plane for Fiber Amplifier
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In response to the U.S. Air Forces need for fiber cooling and pointing in high power fiber amplifiers of 1kW and up, i2C Solutions propose the development of a conformal thermal ground plane (TGP) technology to interface with heat sinks integrated into the active precision pointing fiber support structure. The result is a highly efficient thermal management solution, with respect to both volume and thermal performance, that is seamlessly integrated with precision pointing capability. Ultimately, the successful implementation of the developed technology will enable the use of revolutionary next- generation airborne laser weapons systems and allow the US Air Force to maintain future air superiority. BENEFIT: If successful, the proposed thermal ground plane technology will allow for higher performing and more reliable high power fiber amplifiers. Beyond the proposed fiber amplifier, the proposed conformal TGP technology could be applied as an improved thermal management system to a broad array of high power electronic systems. Military applications could include unmanned aircraft systems, manned aircraft and directed energy weapon systems among numerous others. Commercial applications could include consumer electronics (e.g., cell phones and laptop computers).

MV Innovative Technologies LLC (DBA: Optonicus)
711 E Monument Ave Ste 101
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 238-1166
Tom Tumolillo Jr.
AF131-013      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Fiber Array cooling & holding Management System (FRAME) for HP Fiber Laser Apps
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the Air Force need to accurately hold and cool the end of a high power fibers used in (>1 kW) fiber amplifiers, Optonicus proposes the development of the FibeR Array Cooling and Holding Management SystEm (FRAME) for high power laser applications. The FRAME system is based on a new circularly symmetric cooling configuration that combines the functions of fiber fixation and cooling in a integrated design. The circular symmetry and material used solve the problems of stress and the subsequent polarization effects generated by current V-groove based approaches. The architecture proposed is scalable from single to multiple fiber configurations. An active control technology is used enable tilt in two dimensions making the system useful for close packed arrays of fibers in HEL beam director applications. In Phase I, Optonicus will develop a proof of concept design, including materials development, for a single fiber FRAME and verify packaging using thermal and mechanical finite element analysis modeling. In Phase II, Optonicus will build a deliverable prototype of the FRAME system for a single fiber, which will be validated and delivered to AFRL/RDLA for evaluation. Optonicus will also present designs for multiple fiber FRAME. BENEFIT: The Optonicus FRAME system will enable scalability of fiber arrays at high power without adverse thermal effects and provide actuated tilt control. Successful completion of the FRAME system development will bring benefits to military HEL weapon systems enabling high power systems to be developed. Commercial applications include high power laser welding, cutting and materials processing.

Equinox Corporation
57 West 57th Street, Third Floor
New York, NY 10019
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(646) 416-7951
David Goldberg
AF131-014      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Aimpoint Maintenance of Ground Targets by Airborne Laser Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose an algorithm for aimpoint maintenance that is robust to large changes in target aspect as well as scintillation and atmospheric turbulence. The approach makes use of flexible, parametrized vehicle models that are capable of representing a vast array of potential targets. Information about the platform orientation collected from on-board sensors and minimal user input provide initial constraints, and the model's structure parameters are refined during the course of the track. As the structure parameters converge, the motion of the target is tracked by comparing the model to the camera output in order to determine the relative position and orientation of the target. During Phase I, we will develop a prototype implementation of the algorithm and demonstrate its efficacy on imagery provided by the government. BENEFIT: This technology will be useful for the engagement of ground and maritime targets in military and law enforcement. Suppression and surveillance applications are possible.

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Eric P. Magee
AF131-014      Awarded: 10/1/2013
Title:Target Rotation and Aimpoint Correction using Enhanced Reconstruction (TRACER)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Laser weapon systems on tactical airborne platforms face many issues with tracking targets and pointing of the laser weapon. Even in an environment free from the effects of the atmosphere, there is still the issue of pointing the laser weapon to a specific hit point when there are no features in the required direction. Even if there are features in the desired hit point direction, it is likely that the effects of the laser weapon on the target will obscure this feature. Add in the effects target illumination (scintillation) and the problem is confounded even more. Tracking features in the target scene under these conditions is difficult because the apparent motion of the illumination is construed as motion of the tracked features. Even more difficult than tracking under these conditions is the process of estimating the target pose. MZA proposes to develop an aimpoint maintenance algorithm based on target rotation estimates from enhanced image reconstructions. We will develop this algorithm for operation in an airborne beam control and pointing system. The algorithm will be robust in that it will operate under active target illumination and while the target is changing pose. BENEFIT: Improved imaging and beam control techniques have broad applicability throughout the government and private sectors. We will be able to use the demonstrated robust aimpoint maintenance algorithm to revolutionize the way beam directors and imaging systems are designed for aircraft weapons support, thus broadening MZA's DoD customer base. Another ready application is laser communication from commercial or private aircraft to satellite or ground-based receivers or transmitters, facilitating robust broad-band communications that do not interfere with aircraft navigation systems. Without effective compensation of atmospheric and aero-optics disturbance, bit-error rates of such communication systems will be limited. The demonstration of aimpoint maintenance to be conducted in Phase I will serve as a breadboard prototype for a commercial laser system that could be used on military or civilian aircraft to reduce optical disturbances associated with laser communication to and from these platforms.

Tempest Technologies
Suite 506 8939 South Sepulveda Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 216-1677
Yun Wang
AF131-014      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Aimpoint Maintenance of Ground Targets by Airborne Laser Systems
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Laser-based directed energy systems are often identified as being game-changing technologies in advancing the mission of the Air Force. Precision efforts, minimal collateral damage, rapid response, and nearly unlimited ammunition are compelling advantages to laser weapon systems. Among the primary challenges to development and deployment is beam control, identified in the 2007 report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Directed Energy Weapons and the more recent 2010 US Air Force Chief Scientists Report on Technology Horizons as a necessary focus for science and technology research. This Phase I proposal offers a robust system for simultaneous tracking and aimpoint maintenance in advanced laser weapons systems. BENEFIT: Potential commercial applications will be of a military nature, as the effort proposed herein is heavily focused toward advancing strategic and tactical laser system capabilities. Military applications such as target locating and unmanned vehicle guidance will benefit from tracking and aimpoint maintenance algorithms developed herein.

HOLOEYE Systems, Inc.
1620 Fifth Avenue Suite 550
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 446-5639
William P. Bleha
AF131-017      Awarded: 7/1/2013
Title:Color Ultrahigh Definition Microdisplay (CUDM)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: There is an opportunity to advance liquid crystal on silicone (LCOS) microdisplay technology to meet the next generation Head Mounted Display (HMD) requirements and pave the way for practical real time holography for holographic video displays and near to eye displays for defense, industrial, medical and consumer applications. LCOS builds on two dominant technologies that have created the modern world of electronics and displays: IC and liquid crystals. The economic importance of these developments has fostered massive funding for design, development, and production. This has created a dynamic LCOS industry that addresses the requirements of projection and holographic displays by taking advantage of the latest technological advances. HOLOEYE Systems, Inc. (HSI) is a leader in the development of high resolution, small pixel pitch LCOS microdisplays. HSI already has a 3.74 m pixel pitch 4096 x 2400 pixel microdisplay coming out in Q2 2013. In this proposal we lay out the study to take this basic 3.74m design and configure it into a 5 Mpixel 2500 x 2000 microdisplay with a diagonal of ~12mm for HMD applications. The research will also detail the path to 12 bit dynamic range and 180Hz operation. BENEFIT: Highest resolution and contrast imagery benefiting a multitude of applications including digital night vision, 2D and 3D onsite and remote medical visualization, military and commercial surveilance analysis, and all applications requiring real time holography.

Magic Leap, Inc.
3107 Sterling Road Suite 102
Hollywood, FL 33312
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 422-1927
Brian Schowengerdt
AF131-017      Awarded: 7/3/2013
Title:Ultra-High Resolution Scanning Fiber Display for HMDs
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Magic Leap, Inc. proposes to develop a novel full-color, ultra-high resolution microdisplay for pilot Head Mounted Displays (HMDs) incorporating scanning optical fibers. The single mode optical fiber preserves the coherence of the light source, enabling a diffraction-limited spot to form each pixel--enabling a pixel pitch less than 2.7 microns for high resolution in a small footprint. The proposed solution will address the resolution, frame rate, color depth, contrast and field of view (FOV) requirements for next generation HMDs. BENEFIT: Magic Leap anticipates that the proposed Phase I SBIR will result in a preliminary design for a color, ultra-high resolution micro-display based on our Fiber Scanned Display technology. The preliminary designs developed in Phase I will lead to proof-of-concept prototypes in Phase II. These prototypes will be used to further study the performance of the design concepts, and allow us to analyze in greater detail the real world performance characteristics of the displays. A high-pixel density Fiber Scanned Display will enable high angular resolution over a wide field of view in pilot head-mounted displays, enhancing situational awareness. In addition to working with the DoD to address defense applications, Magic Leap is working to commercialize low cost, compact, high field of view, high resolution consumer wearable display systems.

Silicon Micro Display, Inc.
1 Cambridge Center 6th Floor
Cambridge, MA 02142
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(707) 694-5182
Michael Jin
AF131-017      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Scalable One-Panel LCoS System for 4k2k and 8k4k Resolutions
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current HMD systems fall short of the desired 20/20 visual acuity due to resolution limitations of the microdisplays utilized. A high-performance, low-cost microdisplay system is proposed, based on a 4096 x 2240 resolution (4.5um pixel pitch) mixed-signal LCoS backplane developed for Digital Cinema Initiative (DCI) applications, capable of nominal 240 fps (80fps/color) operation and beyond. Digitally-controlled analog pixel signal architecture allows for system-specific color performance varying from 10-18 bit, without overloading the interface bandwidth between the driver board and the backplane, which limit all-digital microdisplays beyond 1080p resolution. Phase I will implement conventional DisplayPort architecture to support deep-color 4k2k content inputs, utilizing the experience with 3-D 1080p consumer product (ST1080) release. Firmware and support software development for frame-buffering, color correction, and basic OSD (On Screen Display) features for system implementations will be completed. Phase I will also address the feasibility of further pixel reduction to 3.6 um pitch based on an innovative pixel architecture for 8k4k (33 Mpx) microdisplays for next-generation visual acuity and FOV HMD applications. BENEFIT: A glass-type wearable prototype evaluation consisting of 4k2k resolution microdisplay for each eye will be fabricated, establishing a solid foundation for a highly-scalable microdisplay system comprised of microdisplay, driver board hardware/firmware, and mixed-signal high- bandwidth cabling for Phase II effort where customizable flexible microdisplay system for specific high-resolution military (HMD) and commercial (medical, industrial, cinema, etc.) applications will be fine-tuned and prototyped.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
AF131-018      Awarded: 5/17/2013
Title:Sensor-Fused Multispectral Adaptive Low-Power Low-Weight Enhanced Resolution Helmet-Mounted Display
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the Air Force need for a multispectral imaging system, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new clip-on Sensor-Fused Multispectral Adaptive Low-Power Low-Weight Enhanced Resolution Helmet-Mounted Display (SMALLER-HMD) system. This proposed system is based on compressed sensing of advanced low-power multispectral sensors and an adaptive fusion algorithm that overlay multispectral digital imagery with symbology, presenting the resulting image in real time to the user on a low- profile HMD. The innovations in SMALLER-HMD include optical tiling of visible/NIR and SWIR images using small on-helmet multi-aperture common optics with bandwidth reduction and improved signal recovery using coded aperture techniques supplemented by adaptively fusing these images with tactical symbology using ASIC fusion hardware in a 40-degree FOV with 100% binocular overlap and 1:1 magnification. The compact and low-power SMALLER-HMD will result in a versatile integrated day/night/adverse weather visualization system. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SMALLER-HMD by providing a laboratory demonstration of a full-color HMD with fused imagery containing at least SWIR, LWIR, and symbology. POC plans to develop in Phase II a high resolution (2560x2048 pixels) SMALLER-HMD clip-on prototype that meets the space, weight, ergonomics, power, performance, and integration (SWEPPI) requirements for current and next-generation helmets. BENEFIT: Military applications of the SMALLER-HMD system will include multispectral fused imagery for use in both fixed-wing and rotorcraft fleets, as well as Special Forces operations. As an integrated day/night visualization system the SMALLER-HMD can be incorporated by the U.S. Air Force into the current F-22 and F-35 fighters, the HH-60 Pave Hawk search-and- rescue helicopter, and ground vehicles using SWIR headlamps that only the driver/passengers can see. Additionally, the SMALLER-HMD technology has attracted the attention of primes including Boeing and DRS. We anticipate widespread appeal of the SMALLER-HMD technology for such nonmilitary applications as Homeland Security adverse weather search-and-rescue operations, firefighting, gaming HMD, flight simulators, and other immersive display systems, including medical and CAD/CAE 3D image displays and virtual reality displays for endoscopy/laparoscopy.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 348-4426
Michael Browne
AF131-018      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Digital Multispectral Binocular System (DMBS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Over the past 30 years, night vision goggle technology has enabled American fighter pilots to own the night. As night vision goggle technology has matured, we have required more from pilots and are asking them to fly multi-role extended missions that may occur in degraded visual environments. Pilots need a visualization system that enables day/night/adverse weather operations and that is digital. Currently fielded night vision and day vision technologies are not integrated and do not work as well as needed under many illumination conditions. By developing a Digital Multispectral Binocular System (DMBS), pilots can be provided with imagery from on-helmet VIS/NIR and SWIR sensors that can be augmented with aircraft mounted sensors. Because it is a totally digital system, sensor fusion and symbology overlay will be possible, providing even aircraft that do not have a HUD with heads-up symbology. Our DMBS will allow pilots to replace two separate systems (their night vision system and their day targeting system) with a single system that is more capable than either existing system. Digital, high resolution sensors and displays will replace analog image intensifier tubes and high voltage miniature cathode ray tubes (CRTs). MTBFs will be improved as will functionality and situational awareness. BENEFIT: SA Photonics DMBS has the following technological innovations to ensure user acceptance and programmatic success: Innovative see-through, low-profile optics Very high contrast, daylight readable OLED microdisplays Minimum head-borne weight and a neutral center of gravity (CG) for reduced user fatigue and greater display stability in a dynamic training environment. VIS/NIR and SWIR sensors with the ability to overlay external MWIR and LWIR sensors Improved MTBF due to an all-digital architecture

Sage Technologies, Ltd.
One Ivybrook Boulevard Suite 190
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 658-0500
Wesley Sheridan
AF131-018      Awarded: 5/21/2013
Title:Digital Multispectral Binocular System (DMBS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The proposed DMBS System is a binocular helmet mounted imaging system that features dual short wave infrared (SWIR) cameras, an embedded image processor and dual digital displays to present the imagery to the pilot. The SWIR cameras offer high resolution and high frame rate FPAs (1280 x 1024 & 60Hz) with accommodation to 2560 x 2048 FPAs when they become available. The system has an external data interface that allows imagery collected outside the cockpit such as FLIR, LIDAR, or synthetic imagery to be fused on a pixel by pixel basis with the imagery captured in real-time ( 1 frame latency) from the SWIR sensors. The system is designed to be light weight and with a component distribution to minimize the moment arm on the helmet. The unit is intended to support sophisticated image processing with adaptive fusion, and the integration of external aircraft systems to include sensor imagery, embedded symbology and other aircraft/mission data. The system is fully digital allowing a variety of cutting edge image enhancement algorithms in addition to the image fusion. The DMBS is attached with a quick release bracket, and attached to the helmet via the standard banana clip on the HGU-55 helmet. BENEFIT: The DMBS system is being developed as a replacement for night vision goggles that will also facilitate the integration of other sensors and systems that are part of the pilots cockpit and mission operational environment. In addition the development approach is structured to accommodate the technology advances of the sensors and displays in order to realize the performance enhancements afforded by the technology evolution in those respective areas. These advances will all serve to promote the improvement in situational awareness for pilots in their respective missions. Introduction of the concept to other services and mission profiles has been met with enthusiasm. The DMBS will be applicable to virtually all military and government pilots engaged in night and low visibility flying. The current and near term high cost of the DMBS components will likely limit its application to non-commercial clients in until volume cost reductions occur.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 490-8011
Leah Swanson
AF131-019      Awarded: 5/31/2013
Title:Test-bed for Collaboration, Assessment, and Planning (T-CAP)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force command and control consists of distributed team members who must effectively collaborate to synchronize collective mission planning, briefing, and debriefing activities. To improve collaboration among distributed crews, technologies must manage training activities and evaluate collaborative performance. Current mission planning and evaluation systems fail to effectively communicate performance results. Thus, Aptima proposes to develop the Test-bed for Collaboration, Assessment, and Planning (T-CAP), a generalizable test-bed for measuring and assessing: how well distributed mission crews collaborate on mission planning; the effectiveness of specific mission planning, briefing, and debriefing technologies; and methods for delivering collaborative technologies and visualizing individual and crew performance during training. T-CAP will leverage existing measurement approaches and technologies to assess collaboration and mission planning, briefing, and debriefing performance, the results of which are effectively communicated to instructors and trainees via intuitive visualizations. When fully implemented, T-CAP will maximize training effectiveness by balancing the needs of training exercise managers, training managers, and trainees, and enable them to tailor subsequent training given the assessment of the distributed team and to tailor the use of enabling technologies given any assessed deficiencies and strengths during the training event BENEFIT: T-CAP will be a generalizable test-bed for measuring and assessing: how well distributed mission crews collaborate on mission planning; the effectiveness of specific mission planning, briefing, and debriefing technologies; and methods for delivering collaborative technologies and visualizing individual and crew performance during training. In support of collaboration among distributed teams, T-CAP will enable training managers to assess the effectiveness of collaborative mission planning tools on collaborative performance as well as how well the crews collaborate on mission planning activities given enabling technologies. This in turn will allow them both to tailor subsequent training given the assessment of the distributed team and to tailor the use of the enabling technologies given any assessed deficiencies and strengths during the training event. While we will develop a test-bed customized to meet the needs and challenges of Air Force operational training, our approach is designed to be generalizable and applicable to other DoD agencies and commercial organizations who face similar challenges and require improved performance measurement and assessment techniques, and technologies that possess the flexibility to meet future assessment needs. This product will be initially designed for AOC and ISR Analysts, but is proposed to be generalizable to any organization that engages in mission planning, briefing and debriefing activities, End users will benefit by receiving real-time feedback on the efficacy of various planning/briefing/debriefing technologies and enabling future mission planning sessions to be conducted with greater precision.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4750
Bob Pokorny
AF131-019      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Integrated Collaborative Mission Planning, Briefing and Debriefing Tools for Crews and Teams in LVC Operations
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Team training and performance assessment have been explored for decades. However, modern distributed mission operations, i.e., LVC operations, are getting increasingly complex, exceeding the traditional capabilities of separate component solutions, such as mission planning, briefing, debriefing and performance assessment. The key challenges are the disconnection of the aforementioned mission capabilities and the lack of an integrated distributed collaborative software environment to facilitate the aforementioned mission capabilities. We propose to employ our experience and expertise in collaborative systems, distributed mission planning and scheduling, data distribution and integration to develop Web of Expertise for Collaborative Learning and Planning We-CLAP, which connects previously disparate capabilities into a seamless whole. We will focus on the following aspects: access, distribution, connection/conversion, indexing and synchronization of data from various related LVC systems, and data presentation to human users. The proposed effort includes carrying out a trade study of candidate technologies, evaluating the potential employment and integration of selected technologies to form a reasonable problem solving and decision support process, conducting system design and software implementation to demonstrate a proof of concept in suitable scenarios, and finally exploring the connection and applicability of We-CLAP to existing and novel systems within AFRL and other agencies. BENEFIT: Collaboration tools are increasingly important as the world becomes smaller. We see the product that were producing, Web of Expertise for Collaborative Learning and Planning (We-CLAP), as an important contributor. We-CLAP will support teams that must work collaboratively. Large-scale events like severe weather disasters or military response operations always exhibit the characteristics of being complex, continuous, persistent and distributed. Thus, decision makers need (a) dynamic resource reallocation and tasking capabilities and (b) distributed data distribution/visualization/interaction capabilities, in order to deal with mission dynamics, uncertainties and contingencies. By the end of Phase II, We- CLAP is expected to mature into a full-scale prototype that has been demonstrated to provide such capabilities for LVC environments. We will also seek to connect We-CLAP with existing programs, such as PETS, DCS Logger, PFPS, JMPS and LNCS. Additionally, We-CLAP will be applicable in a variety of other domains. The immediate (human) users include warfighters, cyber operators, commanders, military planners, and decision makers at different echelons. Potential customers include AFRL and other U.S. defense agencies that are facing a similar challenge of large-scale resource reallocation and data sharing in rapidly changing environments. Specific programs may include C4ISR of various defense organizations, JSpOC and CAOC of joined and allied forces, Air Force Distributed Mission Operations (DMO), Army Tactical Operation Center (TOC) programs, Navy Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIO), MDA C2BMC, etc. The civilian sector may

TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6847
Walter Clover
AF131-019      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Integrated Collaborative Mission Planning, Briefing and Debriefing Tools for Crews and Teams in LVC Operations
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Mission planning, briefing, and debriefing in live virtual constructive (LVC) exercises has become a distributed operation. These exercises produce mission data that must be disseminated to all local and remote players for instructional and research purposes. The warfighters ability to modify and distribute this mission data is currently limited. A fully distributed and automatically managed mission recording and playback capability is needed for mission planning, briefing, and debriefing in both crew and team mission areas. Significant advancements in software technology and automation for data management, fusion, and dissemination, as well as online learning, web-based visualization, and software decision support tools can be put to use in meeting this current need. The TechFlow Scientific team has an established background in web-based technology and automation for data management, fusion, dissemination, and visualization in providing situational awareness and decision support tools to the Army and the Air Force. Our team also includes subject matter experts in mission planning, briefing, and debriefing. We will leverage our solid background in mission planning and our experience with development of web-based interactive tools to design and develop an online tool for distributed mission planning, briefing, and debriefing in LVC exercises. BENEFIT: The software developed under this SBIR will have broad applicability to online team collaboration in both the military and the private sector. Any military agency that is involved in mission planning could benefit from using this software to bring geographically distributed mission planning teams together. We could also apply the developed tools and techniques in this software to the general problem of comprehensive team collaboration for events or complex tasks for other military teams or private sector business. Army and Navy aviation mission planning units could benefit from the application of this tool to their mission planning, briefing, and debriefing processes. We will also investigate other possible groups in the Army and Navy that have mission planning, briefing, and debriefing processes that are not aviation-oriented, and offer to adapt our tool to benefit their processes. Major commercial airline carriers could also benefit from using the developed toolset for flight planning, as a way to automate the processes of evaluating routing changes and flight planning modifications. We can also apply the developed toolset to help automate large team collaboration on event management for large commercial organizations, from planning to post-event review. This will offer a much-needed tool in a time when events have become very complex operations, and efficiency and liability are important considerations. The widespread current need for these kinds of software tools, and the even greater future needs, make the probability of success with our product set very high.

HOLOEYE Systems, Inc.
1620 Fifth Avenue Suite 550
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 446-5639
William P. Bleha
AF131-020      Awarded: 7/2/2013
Title:Curved Waveguide Visor Display (CWVD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Advancements in waveguide optics technology offer the chance to drastically improve upon currently deployed head mounted displays. In addition to size, weight, and power shortcomings, current systems also fail to provide the high acuity and fields-of-view that are desired by todays war fighters as well as commercial users. When laser eye protection is incorporated into classical optics HMD designs even more mass is added thereby compounding the problem. To solve these problems a novel approach is needed based on advanced optical design techniques. HOLOEYE Systems, Inc. (HSI) and our partners have extensive experience with waveguide optics and HMDs, having designed and manufactured both monocular and binocular planar waveguide HMDs. HSI will design a binocular, wide FOV, high resolution holographic waveguide whose specifications will exceed that which is currently available with micro-CRT and classical optics. Additionally, HSIs cutting edge LCOS microdisplays are ideal for designing a high brightness and high resolution projection engine. This will result in an HMD design addressing each of the shortcomings of the current systems. Additionally, we will address the challenges of curved waveguide structures and their manufacturability, while also looking at pathways to color. BENEFIT: Increased pilot situational awareness in both military and commercial aerospace, including enhanced simulator environments. Augmented reality applications for dismounted soldiers, as well as in commercial and consumer markets.

Luminit, LLC
1850 W 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1066
Fedor Dimov
AF131-020      Awarded: 6/26/2013
Title:Curved Wave-guided Holographic Display (CWHD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the Air Force need for developing methods and techniques for optimizing a curved transparent holographic waveguide optical visor for potential integration with combat pilot helmet-mounted displays (HMDs), Luminit, LLC proposes to develop a novel Curved Wave-guided Holographic Display (CWHD) for pilot visors. This system will be based on a unique ZEMAX design, amended with MACROS, for thick reflection guided holograms. By fine-tuning the parameters of the waveguide, integrated holograms, and image source, high- resolution excellent image quality with a wide field-of-view and large eyebox is achieved in the design. In Phase I, Luminit will research and analyze the feasibility of the CWHD military human systems technology and will design and develop a proof-of-concept CWHD. The successful demonstration of the proof-of-concept CWHD and the relevant simulation and test results will lead to the further development of a full-functioning binocular Phase II CWHD prototype that will support color images with parameters satisfying the Air Force requirements. Since CWHD is based on well-established Luminit waveguided HMD technology, the successful Phase II development will lead to further development and production of a reliable product for military applications that replaces classical optics in HMD systems with curved, thin, light, ergonomic diffractive optics. BENEFIT: The CWHD offers many competitive advantages such as cost-efficiency, compactness, light weight, low power consumption, high brightness, and fully see-through. This advanced design will benefit the optical and HMD industry. Monocular and binocular CWHDs will find numerous commercial applications in real-time 3D virtual reality, medicine, avionics, education, CAD, portable computing and communication devices, industrial human system interfaces, law enforcement, firefighting, space exploration, video game markets, and the entertainment industry.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Jason Holmstedt
AF131-020      Awarded: 5/24/2013
Title:Multi-Layer Aberration-Compensated Guided Image Conformal Head Mounted Display
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address the Air Force need for a wide FOV, lightweight, waveguided helmet-mounted display, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new see-through Multi- Layer Aberration-Compensated Guided Image Conformal Head Mounted Display (MAGIC- HMD) system based on advanced waveguide volume diffractive optics in photopolymer material layers on curved and transparent polymer visor substrates. The innovation in the MAGIC-HMD includes a new thin diffractive optics waveguide design that allows seamless extension of the device pupil to a very large size, the use of a spatial and angular multiplexing technique to enhance the FOV, and dispersion compensation to provide color imagery. The compact and lightweight MAGIC-HMD can be integrated into any helmet system for use by aviators and dismounted battlefield airmen. In Phase I, POC will develop a baseline design of the MAGIC-HMD system with at least 40 deg FOV and demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating wide-FOV diffractive waveguide optics on curved visor substrates that supports 20/20 visual acuity through display tiling and an eyebox approaching 3030 mm. POC plans to develop in Phase II curved see-through MAGIC HMD scalable prototype system with binocular color with a FOV approaching 120 deg (horizontal) x 80 deg (vertical), demonstrating the capability to support higher resolution displays. BENEFIT: Commercial applications of the MAGIC-HMD will include the replacement of current classical optics- based HMD systems and head-up display (HUD) systems with a thin, light, and low-profile HMD system that can provide more capable, ergonomic, digital vision systems. Due to its extreme compactness, the MAGIC-HMD technology can be expected to have a variety of commercial applications, including use by Homeland Security and for aerial firefighting, highway patrol, medical, commercial aviation, space exploration, personal displays, and gaming/entertainment systems. Other than the U.S. Air Force JHMCS application, major military applications for the MAGIC-HMD include Distributed Mission Training, pilot and combat vehicle crew HMDs, thermal weapon sights, Soldier's Integrated Protective Ensemble (SIPE), and logistics and training. DHS and the State Department can benefit from the MAGIC-HMD technology as well for security operations.

5-D Systems Inc.
1 Chisholm Trail, Suite 3200
Round Rock, TX 78681
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 238-9840
Bennie Ray Kirk, Jr.
AF131-021      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:Vision Processor for Helmet System (VPHS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: 5-D Systems (5-D) has developed a concept for a state-of-the-art Vision Processor for Helmet Systems (VPHS) that will provide significant performance improvements over currently deployed systems. Our concept will achieve the governments performance requirements and address the two most challenging technical issues for practical helmet- mounted displays (HMD) - power consumption and weight. Our concept will allow multiple, high data rate video sources to be combined and pre-processed for presentation to pilots via a high resolution HMD. 5-Ds unique approach uses pipelined, distributed processing spread across multiple FPGA/processor chips mounted to a semi-flexible circuit board. This approach minimizes the overall power consumption of the processing system relative to a monolithic, single-core design and creates a lightweight, physical form factor that is ideal for both internal and external helmet mounting. In Phase I, 5-D will develop a plan to design and fabricate a VPHS based on our approach and will analyze the performance of our initial design. 5-Ds key personnel will apply their extensive experience developing high-speed data processors using cutting-edge FPGA and microprocessor technology to achieve the Phase I objectives. BENEFIT: Our VPHS will provide the performance necessary to realize next generation HMD systems while maintaining a minimal footprint and power requirements. The performance achievable with our design will enable ultra high resolution systems employing multiple high resolution sensors and microdisplays. The potential applications for this technology expand beyond military HMDs into the commercial markets for simulators and training, to the medical field for remote diagnosis, and even into the high end gaming market.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 888-0587
Jim Davey
AF131-021      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Vision Processor for Helmet System (VPHS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Digital binocular helmet-mounted display (HMD) systems are now available that allow high resolution wide field-of-view (WFOV) digital imagery to be displayed on high resolution microdisplays. These digital HMD systems require sensor preprocessing, optical distortion correction, and image processing between the sensor inputs and the microdisplay outputs. Sensors on the helmet can be visible near infrared (VNIR), short-wavelength infrared (SWIR), long-wavelength infrared (LWIR), or millimeter wave sensors and can have their images fused to provide a composite multispectral image. This fused image can provide increased situational awareness by combining the significant features from each sensor into a composite fused image presented to the eyes. Currently there are no vision processors that perform all the necessary computation for sensor image fusion within the size, weight, and power constraints required for a helmet mounted system. What is needed is a small, light weight, low power, vision processor for helmet systems (VPHS) so the entire digital vision system can be helmet mounted without impacting helmet ergonomics. The SA Photonics VPHS system will be implemented on a seventh generation device with size, weight, power, and cost (SWaPC) savings. The VPHS system will perform image processing for at least two sensor inputs and two microdisplay outputs. BENEFIT: There are multiple benefits to the Air Force in having a Vision Processor for Helmet System (VPHS). Implementation of seventh generation devices Complete helmet mounted digital vision system with <1 frame latency Reduced size, power, and weight compared to previous generation processors Up to four high resolution sensor inputs Up to two high resolution microdisplay outputs Graphics engine for symbology overlays System data link to platform using single link Additional object detection and feature detection

Sage Technologies, Ltd.
One Ivybrook Boulevard Suite 190
Warminster, PA 18974
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 658-0500
Wesley Sheridan
AF131-021      Awarded: 5/30/2013
Title:Vision Processor for Helmet System (VPHS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The proposed VPHS (Visual Processor for Helmet Systems) is an advanced technology image processing engine that is designed to provide the image processing requirements of helmet mounted imaging systems. The VPHS will input high resolution image data from imaging sensors, process that data to yield enhanced visualizations and output the imagery to operator displays. The VPHS will employ imaging algorithms to provide for digital fusion of the sensor imagery and other sophisticated image processing functions. The VPHS will support sensor resolution up to 2560x2048 formats and up to 96Hz frame rate with less than 1 frame latency. The unit will specifically target minimum SwaP to meet helmet mounted system requirements. BENEFIT: The VPHS will be developed primarily for man portable applications with the helmet systems being the primary application. The advanced technology image processor will support hosting the most sophisticated image processing algorithms, affording users the ability to see at night and during period of impaired visibility. The technology is projected to provide a general purpose application architecture, and with minimal impact on the size, weight and power requirements of the target systems. The open source nature of the VPHS will allow it to be integrated into a host of systems and application environments.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Jason D. Hannon
AF131-021      Awarded: 5/21/2013
Title:Vision Processor for Helmet System (VPHS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The unique capability of multispectral image fusion to provide high spatial and spectral information in a single image makes it an invaluable asset to the military. Although providing this capability for helmet mounted display (HMD) systems poses a significant challenge to developers. HMD systems based on previous processor technology have been unable to perform the required low-latency processing needed to ingest video from multiple high resolution sensors, but recent advances in integrated circuit (IC) process technology and small form-factor printed circuit board (PCB) design have opened up new opportunities. Toyon plans to exploit these technology advances to dramatically improve HMD processing capabilities. Toyon proposes to develop a high-performance, SWaP-optimized helmet vision processor (HVP) based on the latest in 28-nm Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)/System-on-a-Chip (SoC) process technology. To achieve the highest level of performance in the smallest possible SWaP package, Toyon will utilize advanced high-level synthesis tools to obtain accurate estimates of the hardware resources required to run the fusion-based image processing algorithm chain. Toyon will also employ the latest in high- density, small form-factor part selection and PCB design and fabrication practices to ensure that the overall system design meets SWaP requirements. BENEFIT: At the end of the Phase I effort Toyon will have developed a candidate architecture and established SWaP estimates for the HVP. As part of the Phase I effort a synthesizable model of the HVP image processing chain will be developed to aid in estimating hardware resources. This modeling and simulation effort will also enable development of a prototype HVP capable of meeting the solicitations requirements. Such a system would represent an enabling technology allowing the use of true multispectral fusion for not only HMD applications but for any SWaP critical application. In addition to being deployed in HMD systems another potential application is in small unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAVs).

HOLOEYE Systems, Inc.
1620 Fifth Avenue Suite 550
San Diego, CA 92101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(888) 446-5639
William P. Bleha
AF131-023      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Holographic Video Display (HVD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Progress in digital display technology, real time holography, and computational power present the opportunity to advance 3D displays to a new level of performance. HOLOEYE Systems, Inc. (HSI) is actively involved in the development of ultra-high resolution Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCOS) spatial light modulators (SLM) and associated optical systems. HSI is also involved in designing true 3D real time holographic displays based on sub- hologram display technology. In particular, the combination of HSI high resolution, fine pixel pitch SLM phase modulators and sub-hologram technology will allow a true holographic 3D monitor/work station to be realized. The real time true holographic display will add a new sense of realism for users without eye fatigue not achievable in standard stereo displays. In this program HSI will study and design key components of this system. As it evolves this holography development will provide new realism to displays including near to eye, multiuser monitors, and projection displays. BENEFIT: Drug creation, medical imaging, oil exploration, virtual conferencing, mathematical analysis, airport security and product design.

TIPD, L.L.C.
1430 N. 6th Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85705
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 360-8907
Lloyd LaComb
AF131-023      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:Holographic Video Display Using Novel Guided-wave Scanning System
Abstract:ABSTRACT: TIPD, LLC proposes to design and construct a 3D visualization system that would implement a 3D database capable of ingesting, conflating, and aligning a wide range of static and dynamic data. The system will implement a massively parallel computation and display engine capable of generating fringe information and directly writing fringes at video rates. A novel display system employing acousto-optic modulators and electro-optic phased array scanning will generate holographic images and optical wavefronts which provide the operator with a full set of visual clues. This approach can be scaled to larger displays with higher angular resolution based upon the roadmaps of the underlying components. The proposed system will address the shortcomings of the current technologies by providing improved 3D visualization tools to assist the operator in critical situations such as deconfliction, line-of-sight analysis, and satellite control. Current 3D displays cannot provide the level of detail and comfort needed because the displays contain unacceptable visual artifacts, absence of full parallax, require special headgear, and induce nausea in many users. The current visualization systems also do not have the capability to fuse static digital data with incoming LIDAR or video or allow the analyst to view the battles space form arbitrary points-of-view BENEFIT: The proposal will enable a number of critical holographic display applications based on its here-to-fore undelivered combination integrated 3D database, massively parallel computation engines and the packing of the system optimized for small size, weight, and power (SWaP) requirements. The holographic system will deliver a true holographic display generating a light field with vergence and accommodation clues aligned. Currently available 3D displays cannot provide the level of detail and comfort needed because the displays contain unacceptable visual artifacts, do not provide full parallax, require special headgear, and induce nausea in many of the users. The benefits of the improved display system allow will intelligence analysts to assist war fighters in critical situations such as deconfliction, line-of- sight analysis, and air space and satellite control. The system design can be extended to dual use applications in medicine by allowing radiologists to view holographic displays of CT and MRI images, in scientific visualization for 3D engineering drawings and multidimensional data display. Other dual use applications include visualization of cultural heritage sites, holographic special effects for the entertainment industry, and holographic teleconferencing (telepresence) applications.

Zebra Imaging, Inc.
9801 Metric Blvd Suite 200
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 583-1224
Thomas Burnett
AF131-023      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:Holographic Video Display (HVD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Zebra Imagings proposed Holographic Video Display solution will be based on proven research, technology and prototypes to meet the HVD objectives and will allow for the natural viewing of streaming 3D data from a variety of sources without the need for glasses, head tracking or any other supporting devices. Zebra Imaging's light-field technology is based on the concept of a 2D array of light-emitting holographic elements (hogels), which reconstruct a full-parallax light-field above and below the emission surface of the display, allowing the viewer a perspective correct visualization within the display view volume. Interaction within the visualization volume can occur with a number of off-the-shelf (OTS) devices including gesture input devices, 3D wand pointers, depth cameras, ball mice and touch panels. Overall, the display architecture and systems will be designed in a modular fashion allowing for a sustainable roadmap of evolving capability and performance. BENEFIT: Aligned with the HVD solicitation Phase III "Dual Use Application" goal, Zebra Imaging's primary commercialization strategy is to design and build a display that is data and application agnostic and that can be used for a variety of purpose. Such is the case with a 2D monitor which can be connected to any computer or gaming console through a standard interface, Zebra Imaging's objective is to define the interface for 3D holographic displays and build the first commercially viable light-field display to that standard. A particularly good example of this multi-use strategy exists with a collaborative display that can be used for commercial sports and events visualization as well as battlefield training, monitoring, and planning visualization for the DoD. The two use cases require wide angles of view for seated and standing viewers, 30hz update for live action viewing, natural and unencumbered interactivity and portabilityfor placement in a variety of locations from public venues to forward operating bases.

Aerosol Dynamics Inc.
935 Grayson St
Berkeley, CA 94710
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(510) 649-9360
Susanne Hering
AF131-024      Awarded: 7/11/2013
Title:Portable Sensor for Airborne Nano-Materials
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Proposed is a miniature sensor for real time measurement of nano-particle number concentration, surface area and size distributions, and for time- and size-resolved collection of these particles for off-line analysis. This instrument combines two novel technologies: (1) a self-sustaining laminar-flow water condensation particle counter and collector developed by our firm and (2) the opposed migration aerosol size classifier developed at the California Institute of Technology. The self-sustaining water condensation counter provides single particle detection, does not require liquid fill reservoirs, and can be operated in any orientation. This condensation technology also provides concentrated particle deposit that is amenable to elemental or chemical analysis. The opposed migration aerosol classifier provides particle size-selection based on electrical mobility in an inherently more compact form than commercial mobility size classifiers. Both technologies are compatible with devices small enough to be wearable. This Phase I project aims to demonstrate the precision and accuracy of the combined technology, and that it may be made to be unobtrusive, battery operable and suitable for personal monitoring, reporting nano-particle number concentration, surface area, size distribution, while providing size- and time- resolved samples for off line analysis. BENEFIT: This instrument will provide a means to monitor, on a routine basis, human exposures associated with airborne synthesized nano-materials.

Spectral Energies, LLC
5100 Springfield Street Suite 301
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 266-9570
Sivaram P. Gogineni
AF131-024      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Development of a Personal Aerosol Collector and Spectrometer for Detecting Airborne Nanomaterials in an Operational Environment
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Personal filter-based samplers are traditionally used to assess inhalation exposures to particles. When inhaled, however, engineered nanomaterials (NMs) can elicit adverse cardiopulmonary health outcomes that scale more closely with particle number or surface area rather than the conventional metric of mass concentration. Real-time monitors that provide output by number or surface area are ill-suited for personal sampling and cannot distinguish NMs from other airborne particles. As a result, exposure assessment tools are inadequate to evaluate the health risks posed by engineered NMs in the workplace and deployed environments. The objective of this Phase-I proposal is to combine available technologies into a novel, prototype personal monitorthe Personal Aerosol Collector and Spectrometer (PACS). The work proposed under Task 1 involves the design and construction of a prototype PACS to collect particles and to directly detect particle number and mass concentration by size. The firmware needed to translate the real-time PACS data to particle number, surface area, and mass concentration will be developed and tested under Task 2. These studies will pave the way for the Phase II studies that will integrate wireless capabilities into the PACS firmware and test the robust nature of the PACS under field conditions. BENEFIT: The prototype monitor that will be established through this work will represent a way, for the first time, to assess personal exposure to airborne particle concentrations by different metrics across a wide size range in near real-time. It will also allow speciation of collected particles to determine the size range associated with specific particles of interest, such as NMs apart from background aerosol. Such a personal device will be valuable not only for air force personnel in deployed and domestic situations but also for assessing community exposures in environmental settings (e.g., indoor and outdoor) or worker exposures in occupational settings (e.g., in-plant exposures during engineered nanoparticle production). We anticipate that this device will be used extensively in routine monitoring and in epidemiological studies investigating the relationship of particle exposures to adverse health effects in these settings. In addition, this new monitor will fit well within the framework of an advanced platform that we are developingthe individualized Health Status, Environment, Activity, and Location (iHEAL) platform. This platform gathersin a time frame that captures the exposure-effect relationship personalized information on health status, environmental exposures, physical activity, and location. The iHEAL queries these data in real-time looking for patterns in that lead to adverse health status, making possible alarms to warn patients or health care providers of potentially hazardous situations. Lastly, we will work towards miniaturizing the monitor upon successful completion of this work. We anticipate that a monitor smaller than a cell phone and worn like and ID badge will be possible in the future.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 250-4200
Aniruddha Weling
AF131-024      Awarded: 6/18/2013
Title:Portable Sensor for Monitoring Airborne Nanoparticle Acitivity (1001-969)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Airborne engineered nano-particles (NP) are not detectable in an operational environment without sensitive aerosol monitoring instruments, and even dilute concentrations can be linked to health hazards. Without a means to detect airborne NP exposure, there is a potentially hazardous delay in implementation of exposure control protocols. Currently employed NP monitoring sensors rely on light scattering or mass recognition, techniques that do not allow for detection of key NP properties related to their potential toxic effects, including surface area, reactivity and chemical composition. Triton Systems proposes to develop a novel GPS-enabled wearable personal sensor that will provide the capability to monitor airborne NP concentration as a function of size, surface area, and surface activity. This sensor combines efficient NP collection and size discrimination with real-time monitoring of surface area and activity. Our proposed technology will enable real-time classification of NPs in terms of size and surface chemistry. The product platform will combine efficient NP collection with NP characterization. BENEFIT: A functional portable sensor that would allow for the ability to detect the size and surface area of nano-particles in the environment in real time and capture these particles for more complex off-line laboratory analysis would find numerous commercial applications in industrial hygiene and occupational safety. The ability of such a sensor system to transmit collected NP data in real-time to a remote source will be critical in both military and civilian building infrastructure monitoring as well as bio-warfare agent detection.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Martin Voshell
AF131-025      Awarded: 7/1/2013
Title:Next Generation, Multirole Fighter Instruction and Rehearsal Environment (GeMFIRE )
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although next generation, military aircraft offer a wealth of technological capabilities and can adopt multiple roles, pilots are now presented with an extraordinarily complex set of tasks to master in comparison to third and fourth generation aircraft. Ensuring pilots are comprehensively trained across these complex, interrelated tasks is simply not economically feasible in live exercises. To effectively, efficiently, and economically prepare our nations pilots for next generation, multirole aircraft, we propose to design and demonstrate a Next Generation, Multirole Fighter Instruction and Rehearsal Environment (GeMFIRE). Three core activities characterize this effort. First, we will leverage existing analyses of pilot tasks and workload in multirole aircraft to develop a Probabilistic Training Model, which does not limit pilots to only those scenarios defined by an instructional designer. Second, we will develop a scenario creation tool to allow trainers and SMEs to create, alter, compose, and deploy components of multirole exercises that employ our Probabilistic Training Model. Third, we will integrate these capabilities within an existing distributable flight simulation environment and extend that environment to adaptively include commercial devices that enable simulation features that mimic the cockpit environment of the multirole fighter. BENEFIT: The primary benefit of GeMFIRE will be in supporting cost-effective training and rehearsal for next generation, multirole aircraft pilots. However, we recognize considerable benefit for other forms of aircraft (e.g., UAVs), particularly those with multiple mission sets (e.g., ISR versus strike). We also plan to enhance our user-friendly agent development environment, AgentWorks, with authoring capabilities that will increase its appeal in the simulation- based training market as well as in the entertainment (e.g., video game) market.

GameSim Technologies Inc.
12124 High Tech Avenue Suite 160
Orlando, FL 32817
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 688-0587
Stephen Eckman
AF131-025      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Tactical Training and Rehearsal Environment
Abstract:ABSTRACT: GameSim is proposing the development of a proof-of-concept Tactical Training Rehearsal Environment (TTRE) built upon Prepar3D, a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS), visual simulation platform. Lockheed Martin, the developer of Prepar3D and the prime contractor for the F-22 and F-35, will be supporting GameSim with fifth generation aircraft subject matter expertise. A detailed mission analysis of relevant missions for multi role aircraft will identify the specific mission to be presented in the proof-of-concept. The specific assessment and sensor needs for that exemplar mission will be used as requirements during Phase I development. In addition to the proof-of-concept, our team will deliver a roadmap for the entire TTRE, as well as documentation detailing how information was collected for the roadmap. BENEFIT: GameSim intends to commercialize the technology that results from this SBIR in two ways. First, GameSim intends to promote the fifth generation tactical training and rehearsal environment and associated GameSim customization services to the U.S. Navy and Marines. We then intend to expand the target market internationally to the nine partner countries that have agreed to purchase F-35s, starting with the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy of the United Kingdom. Second, GameSim intends to reach out to our large publishing partners to secure funding for a video game adaptation of the technology.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3770
Daniel Bowdler
AF131-025      Awarded: 8/2/2013
Title:Game-Based Tactical Training and Rehearsal Environment for Next Generation Multirole Fighters
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Adapting our next-generation game engine to the complex realm of todays multi-role fighters, we will create a high-fidelity, easily-deployable flight simulator to provide a training and rehearsal environment for next-generation multi-role aircraft. Built on COTS hardware, the tactics, techniques, and procedures trainer will offer the user a high-fidelity mission training and rehearsal environment while providing a useful instructor control interface, scenario management tools, and student performance tracking. The proposed effort will begin with a mission analysis of the next-generation multi-role fighter domain. Using this mission analysis as a foundation, we will create scenario content for a proof-of-concept and investigate various technological solutions to most effectively recreate the multi-role fighters environment and stimuli, at the same time keeping the training package easily deployable and affordable. The work accomplished in Phase I will be used as a baseline for further investigation in a follow-on Phase II effort. BENEFIT: The anticipated benefits of the proposed technology include providing a high-fidelity, cost- efficient training solution for deployed operators and low-cost pilot preparation to maximize limited training time and funding. This affordable system will make it possible for end-users with limited budgets to obtain a quality mission rehearsal environment and a tactics, techniques, and procedures trainer in a scalable hardware solution. The proposed multi-role fighter simulators game engine is also capable of being adapted to numerous training applications, including other airframes, naval platforms, or disaster relief operations.

Third Dimension Technologies
11020 Solway School Rd Ste 104
Knoxville, TN 37931
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 896-0036
C. E. (Tommy) Thomas
AF131-025      Awarded: 7/31/2013
Title:Game-Based Deployable Trainer with True 3D and High Acuity Display
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To address Air Forces need for high fidelity training and rehearsal environments in next- generation multirole aircraft, Third Dimension Technologies (TDT) proposes to develop a new low-cost Warfighter 3D Gaming Environment (W3DGE). The W3DGE is a game- based, networked, reconfigurable trainer that can travel anywhere and be assembled in hours. An innovation of W3DGE is a unique quick-change displaytrue 3D or high acuitydepending on training needs. The true 3D (unaided, naked eye) display is a new variant of TDTs Angular Slice 3D Display (AS3D), a holographic stereogram-based display that recreates all human visual cues, including no-glasses-required stereopsis, head-motion parallax and matched vergence-accommodation (viewers eyes are focused where they are lookingcontrary to typical stereo 3D displays). TDT is partnering with Lockheed Martin to integrate W3DGE with Prepar3D, a professional training and simulation environment, and thereby directly addresses the Air Forces requirements for training, evaluating and preparing personnel on fifth-generation aircraft. In Phase I, TDT will analyze relevant fifth-generation missions, then design the W3DGE for training these missions and demonstrate feasibility with a proof-of-concept testbed. In Phase II, TDT will optimize the design and fabricate a full low-cost prototype to evaluate and quantify training effectiveness and mission readiness. BENEFIT: An anticipated benefit of the W3DGE (Warfighter 3D Gaming Environment) platform is the ability to simulate all human visual cues, including stereopsis, head motion parallax and vergence-accommodation, for unaided, naked-eye (true 3D) visualization. The W3DGE uses the new Curved AS3D (Angular Slice 3D Display), which is a major technology innovation as it reduces system complexity (lower cost) and improves rendering budgets (better performance) without loss of fidelity. Thus, the W3DGE, as an affordable game-based platform, offers a major cost-savings opportunity for the Department of Defense (DoD) in simulation, modeling and training. The ability for no-glasses-required true 3D viewing opens new avenues of DoD research and development in supervisory control interfaces, battlespace visualizations, immersive and collaborative environments, human factors, human vision, etc. Additionally, commercial applications in medical imaging, 3D CAD engineering, scientific visualization and over the long term entertainment (gaming and movies) are highly probable offshoots of this technology.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2489
Jeanine Ayers
AF131-026      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Performance Assessment and Tracking System (iPATS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Great strides have been made regarding the integration of training within Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) environments. Gateways and data translation specifications assist different systems that use different communication protocols in cross-platform communication at an engineering level. However, little work has been conducted to ensure that derived human performance data are developed and can be communicated in a common, integrated manner. As a result, it is nearly impossible to effectively and efficiently capture, store, model, and report human performance data in a way that is usable both within and across LVC environments and systems, thus hindering current efforts to fully assess trainees readiness. To overcome these challenges, we will develop the integrated Performance Assessment and Tracking System (iPATS). Work under iPATS will include development of a common integration framework to describe the type, structure, and content required for integrating performance data across training environments and systems. When complete, iPATS will include a data warehouse for extracting and storing performance data, a mechanism for enabling the distribution of data across LVC environments, as well as a dashboard for effectively presenting integrated performance data to trainees and instructors, supporting instructor analysis of trainee readiness and training gaps. BENEFIT: iPATS will enable trainers and training researchers to (1) identify persistent gaps in readiness for trainees within and across training environments; (2) modify and provide more refined training events targeted at ameliorating shortfalls in readiness; and (3) identify, longitudinally, the training value (impact and payoff) associated with each of these environments individually, and combined.

Lumir Research Institute, Inc.
301 East Fairmont Drive
Tempe, AZ 85282
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 946-2171
Brian Schreiber
AF131-026      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:PATTRN: Predicting, Analyzing and Tracking Training Readiness and Needs
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The capability to routinely collect, assess, format, predict, and track readiness, performance, and proficiency data from live aircraft, instrumented ranges, and distributed mission operations simulation environments is represents a unique and critical capability for the Air Force. Lumir Research Institute proposes to build the Predicting, Analyzing, and Tracking Training Readiness and Needs (PATTRN) tool, a software suite that will provide access to performance data from various environments regardless of the native format. PATTRN will collect data from various environments, translate the data from its native format into a common format, store the data, routinely assess and track readiness and predict future readiness or future training proficiency fall offs. PATTRN will enhance the capabilities of existing data processing tools by providing access to data from a wide variety of environments, and in a wide variety of formats, along with linking raw data to performance measurement and readiness models. The ultimate goal of PATTRN is to provide a data framework that is both site- and protocol-independent, thus enabling readiness and future proficiency assessment across environments. PATTRN will not only enable longitudinal studies of performance across a wide variety of environments, but will also contribute to the ongoing efforts to achieve greater interoperability. BENEFIT: The proposed PATTRN system will provide the following benefits: Data translation capability from esoteric data formats to a common data format. Interoperability with existing data processing tools. Standardized means of tagging data across discrete environments. Routine assessment of trainees proficiency across multiple environments. Routine performance measurement evaluations across multiple environments. Predicting future training proficiency falloffs. The proposed PATTRN system has the following potential commercial applications: The system architecture will be applicable in other domains where multiple independent data formats exist (e.g., Navy). The capability to predict future proficiency gaps will be applicable to industries where the time required for a human to complete a routine task (such as UPS loading a truck, or an auto mechanic changing a transmission) are dependent upon the frequency at which the task is performed. A common data format is the gateway by which existing commercial systems may share data with DoD systems.

Tier 1 Performance Solutions, LLC
100 E. Rivercenter Blvd Suite 100
Covington, KY 41011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 663-2114
Ryan Meyer
AF131-026      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Predictive Proficiency and Readiness Evaluation (PrePARE)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In order to make flight combat training more efficient and effective, many strides have been made in the areas of role-based competency definition through the use of Mission-Essential Competencies (MECs), live-virtual-constructive (LVC) simulation for realistic practice and assessment in various environments, and performance data capture for after-action review. To take full advantage of these capabilities, a solution is needed that will integrate them into a holistic end-to-end system, mapping from performance data gathered in various assessment environments over time, to competency proficiency ratings and role requirements; ultimately resulting in accurate prediction of readiness and an optimal development plan. To address these challenges, our team proposes to develop the PrePARE (Predictive Performance and Readiness Evaluation) system, a solution that incorporates a standardized mechanism for defining performance metrics that can be applied across operational environments; a performance data warehouse for gathering measured performance data across assessment modalities such as simulations, live flight ranges, and even game-based environments; a mechanism for mapping this data to competency proficiency ratings to predict current readiness; and an analysis tool that can utilize this data to help make informed decisions about optimal learning paths and selection. BENEFIT: With the PrePARE system, the U.S. Air Force will have the capability to track current readiness against competency standards and optimize training event planning by predicting future proficiency fall offs. While portions of this capability exist in limited contexts today, they are not integrated into a holistic system that cumulates and evaluates performance measurements across training, exercise, test, and evaluation contexts over time and maps that measured performance to predicted competency proficiency ratings. By providing this capability, the PrePARE system will provide the insight necessary to target future training events to an individuals specific needs and optimize the time spent in training to maintain readinesssaving training costs and returning valuable time to our nations warfighters.

Adastral
4801 Pacer Way
Flower Mound, TX 75028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 391-4125
Jeremy Fisher
AF131-027      Awarded: 7/3/2013
Title:Retrofittable Tactical Head Up Display (RTHUD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Adastral is proposing an innovative approach to the development of a low cost retrofittable head up display. We have designed a optical system with a minimal number of elements that can readily be reconfigured to fit multiple cockpits without modifying the core optical elements. It meets the requirement to reduce power space and cooling by 25% compared to current HUDs. Our Phase I study will survey the available state of the art in HUDs and components, and will match the modular design to the required cockpits. We will also study the fit into the cockpits to maximize the available field of view and at the same time match the required eye motion box and other specific airplane cockpit requirements. This will include matching any collimation and bird strike specific requirements. BENEFIT: This modular HUD will fit a low-cost HUD into the full range of tactical aircraft, with a significant improvement in reliability, and a reduction in acquisition and life cycle costs.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 888-0587
Jim Davey
AF131-027      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Retrofittable Tactical Head Up Display (RTHUD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Currently tactical Head up Displays (HUD) are expensive both in cost of acquisition and Life Cycle Cost. In addition, retrofit of a more capable HUD into an existing airframe is complex and the bulk of the HUD competes with other display systems for valuable cockpit volume. The objective of this program is to develop a new approach to the HUD architecture that will show significant improvements in all areas of performance when compared to legacy systems. In addition, the new HUD concept will include design features, including increased modularity, which will permit easy retrofit into existing airframes and will offer a significant reduction in Life Cycle cost, both by reducing cost of acquisition and by increasing reliability. This project will achieve its ends by reviewing state of the art technologies that can be applied across all areas of the HUD functionality including data and video processing, image generation and optics and selecting those most supportive of the project objectives. A conceptual architecture will be developed incorporating the selected technologies. The performance and cost metrics estimated for the conceptual architecture will be used as the basis for a business case analysis to demonstrate the viability of the approach. BENEFIT: Large numbers of current tactical aircraft and tactical trainers are fitted with legacy HUDs which are of limited performance and are or are becoming difficult to maintain due to their aging and obsolescent technology. Many of these airframes are candidates for cockpits upgrades to include panoramic displays which compete for space with a conventionally configured HUD. Further, the aircraft structure under the coaming/glare shield can required costly changes to accommodate a new HUD unless the HUD is physically small and/or custom designed to fit. The development of new technology enables a modular and low profile HUD design which has the potential to mitigate installation problems and be compatible with the introduction of panoramic Head down Display technology. The concept will allow a common design or small family of modular variations to address multiple airframes. Cost of ownership will be reduced via the introduction of more capable, lower power technology to improve both functionality and reliability and the amortization of common design and qualification costs over multiple programs. Further savings will accrue as a result of the reduced cost of aircraft modification during the retrofit process.

SBG Labs Inc.
1288 Hammerwood Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 793-2695
Jonathan Waldern
AF131-027      Awarded: 7/2/2013
Title:Retrofittable Tactical Head Up Display (RTHUD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To date, waveguide displays have not gained wide acceptance. This is largely due to the fact that they can be used to expand the exit pupil but cannot be used to expand the field of view or improve angular resolution. SBG Labs has developed a break-through solution that overcomes these traditional limitations. We are currently leveraging this break-through to create a high-resolution tactical HMD. The key insight underlying this proposal is the realization that if our HMD were scaled in size and if the proposed innovations can be realized, it will be possible to create a HUD that meets the full suite of requirements for the RTHUD. The first innovation entails a technology improvement that significantly increases the angular bandwidth of our gratings. If successful, it will enable us to reduce the power requirements by 3x relative to current designs and by more than 4x relative to existing tactical HUDs. It addition, it will allow us to increase the visual acuity by 3x relative to our high- resolution HMD. The second innovation entails a technology improvement that will enable us to significantly reduce size, weight and cost of the system and, in the process, engineer a more compact, robust, affordable RTHUD. BENEFIT: If the technical objectives are achieved the chief benefit will be an HUD that meets the full suite of RTHUD requirements. Due to our novel optical design, the proposed system can meet the stipulated requirements for TFOV, visual acuity, power, brightness, and latency. Due to our compact monolithic architecture and solid-state electronics, the proposed system can meet the stipulated goals for size, weight, and durability. Due to our revolutionary manufacturing process, projected MTBF, and simplified installation and maintenance requirements, the proposed system can meet the targeted goals for LCC. With regard to manufacturability our monolithic integrated optical approach means that once NRE associated with mastering is completed component replication costs are greatly reduced since the optical complexity is contained in the various holographic optical elements. Assembly time is greatly reduced owing to the lower part count and faster, more alignment- tolerant assembly process. With holographic optical elements, the gold-standard masters created during the NRE phase can be used to manufacture replicas with the same high standard of quality, resulting in a much greater yield of high quality devices at a lower price point. The results of the work will be applied to HUDs for military and commercial applications. The technology is also relevant to automotive HUDs. We believe that the core technology and lessons learned from the project will also lead to improvements in other display applications such as HDDs.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
AF131-028      Awarded: 6/21/2013
Title:Social Language for Synthetic Teammates (SLST)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force is increasingly using text-chat based communications in operational environments, such as operations using Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) and in Air Operations Centers (AOC). Training Airmen for these operations using simulations requires synthetic teammates that understand and use text-chat in a realistic, human-like manner, exhibiting both the strengths and weaknesses of real humans. To address this need, we propose to develop Social Language for Synthetic Teammates (SLST) (pronounced Celeste), a set of technologies and tools that enable the rapid and affordable creation of synthetic teammates that understand and generate socio-linguistically realistic text-based language. BENEFIT: We expect the full-scope Social Language for Synthetic Teammates (SLST) to have immediate and tangible benefit to military training programs using simulation and synthetic teammates in domains where text-chat is used. The improved ability to generate realistic chat-text based on social context will both make training more realistic, but also enable new members of the community to efficiently learn the jargon and communications conventions of their new domain. With the SLST technology, Airmen will be better prepared to meet real- world operational challenges. We will enhance Persona, our commercial product for agent authoring, to use more socio-linguistically realistic language, broadening Personas commercial appeal and enabling us to serve a wider customer base in the simulation and virtual training markets.

Smart Information Flow Technologies, d/b/a SIFT
211 N 1st St. Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 718-1964
David McDonald
AF131-028      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:CANTO: The Constructive Agent NLI Toolkit
Abstract:ABSTRACT: SIFT will dramatically improve the Air Force's ability to train using synthetic teammates by leveraging prior synthetic teammate research to develop a generalized and reusable natural language interaction (NLI) development toolkit for constructive agents. We will simplify the creation of constructive agents by making it easy to develop and test the required situation and linguistic knowledge. We will (1) extend the existing model of the situation, (2) improve the cognitive fidelity of its procedures for language generation, and (3) encode knowledge abstractly in conjunction with a compiler for converting it to ACT-R. We will incorporate concepts from situation semantics and utilize a psycholinguistically- motivated model of word meaning based on packets representing bundles of semantic and pragmatic linguistic knowledge. Situation models compiled from this knowledge will interpret chat text in terms of observable situation elements and relevant activities. Synthetic agents built with CANTO will utilize expectations and default assumptions about other agents' goals and behaviors to prepare suitable responses and incrementally generate language from the situation model. BENEFIT: The proposed CANTO toolkit will increase the cognitive fidelity of interactive constructive agents in training simulations in order to provide more realistic communication with the human trainee. Ultimately, this will more effectively prepare trainees for mission-time coordination with their human teammates. CANTO will achieve this by leveraging generalizable elements in the existing Synthetic Teammate Project implementation and closing technological gaps using advances in knowledge representation, psycholinguistics, situation modeling, and natural language generation. In addition, CANTO will reduce the time and difficulty of creating constructive agents in new simulation domains. This is because (1) CANTO's foundational ontology supports domain-general aspects of situated natural language interaction, (2) the CANTO ontology is readily extendable for domain- specific situations and tasks, (3) CANTO will include UIs and APIs for specifying this knowledge, and (4) CANTO will utilize an extended Herbal compiler to support constructive agents in ACT-R and other cognitive architectures.

Tier 1 Performance Solutions, LLC
100 E. Rivercenter Blvd Suite 100
Covington, KY 41011
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 663-2114
Stuart M. Rodgers
AF131-028      Awarded: 6/25/2013
Title:Synthetic Language Interface Toolkit for Chat (SynChat)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The high operations tempo, frequent deployments and other fact-of-life events limit the availability for team training. To mitigate this training availability problem, training simulations need to incorporate constructive entities as teammates in a way that enhances training for the human participants. In modern operational environments text messaging communications are increasingly common. To be effective, synthetic teammates will need to be capable of text messaging with their human teammates. To address the limitations of the language understanding technologies, the Air Force has conducted research and development in natural language understanding capabilities in its synthetic teammate program. Our team proposes to design and develop a natural language interface toolkit, SynChat, that will leverage prior Air Force investments and will develop and integrate other needed technologies. We see a significant opportunity to advance the state of the art in the integration and application of text-based communications for command and control training environments. Much of the challenge of integrating language capabilities into new domains in training systems is both the development of domain specific knowledge that is usable by the constructive entities and extending domain general reasoning capabilities for the new domain. Our solution focuses on these key challenges. BENEFIT: With the SynChat natural language toolkit, the U.S. Air Force will have the capability to develop and integrate natural language capabilities into training systems in a way that will be more affordable than todays development methods. More affordable development will permit the Air Force to apply these capabilities across a broader set of operational domains and allow more of our warfighters to benefit from these new training capabilities. The broader application of language capable constructive models will help address the training availability problem and will improve mission and combat readiness. The SynChat natural language toolkit will provide similar efficiency improvements for Army, Navy, Marine, and other non-Department of Defense government agencies.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Xianlian Zhou
AF131-029      Awarded: 6/17/2013
Title:An Interactive Voxel Model Posing and Anthropometric Morphing Tool
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Electromagnetic (EM) devices are used increasingly in society, with applications in communication, medicine, security, and defense, among others. To study safety and potential health hazards of EM devices, high-fidelity voxelized anatomical body models have been used in conjunction with sophisticated EM and thermal solvers to predict energy absorption rates and tissue temperature elevation. However, available voxel models are limited in postures and anthropometry which are well known to have significant effect on model prediction. The goal of this study is to develop an interactive software tool to manipulate the pose and morph the shape of voxel models according to anthropometry parameters and 3D body scans. In the Phase I, we will demonstrate the capability of using a combined geometrical and elasticity deformation approach for fast deformation of voxel models. This novel approach allows for interactive user operation with a Graphical User Interface (GUI) and produces nearly conserved volume during posing. In the Phase II, automated process of matching voxel models to 3D anthropometry body scans will be developed. Model verification and validation, software optimization, and interface development and integration with other AFRL software will also be conducted in Phase II. BENEFIT: This work will result in an interactive software tool for generating anthropometric voxel models with realistic postures. The models and software developed can benefit biomedical scientists, health and medical physicists, and bioenvironmental engineers who study the effect of EM devices on safety and health hazards. The software tool has broad applications on communication, medicine, security, and defense. In civilian application, these models and tools can be used to study risks of accidental and job duty RF overexposures over a broad set of exposure conditions. In medicine application, the techniques developed could be very useful in a surgery planning tool. In military application, the anthropometric voxel models can be used to design non lethal weapons and novel directed energy systems and additionally they can be used for projectile penetration injury analysis and design of protective body armors.

Kitware
28 Corporate Drive
Clifton Park, NY 12065
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 371-3971
Stephen Aylward
AF131-029      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:Efficient Model Posing and Morphing Software
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Studying the effects of electromagnetic energies on human anatomy requires the consideration how the effects change for different anatomical poses and body types, e.g., for different body-mass indexes. Acquiring such a wide range of data, however, can be problematic given medical scanner costs and acquisition requirements, e.g., the subject must be lying down for CT and MRI acquisitions. We propose to deliver software, documentation, and examples for simulating different anatomical poses and body morphologies (e.g., body-mass indexes) from volumetric, voxelized, anatomical models. In particular, we propose to adapt real-time surgical simulation methods to serve as the underlying methods in changing the pose and the fat/muscle composition of anatomic models used in specific absorption ratio (SAR) studies. This approach has the key benefit of being able to generate morphed voxelized anatomical models for SAR computations in less than 10 minutes. Intuitive software applications that incorporate these algorithms are already being prototyped and will be extended, evaluated, and delivered in Phase 1. This proposal builds upon significant prior work at Kitware and makes use of several open- source, image-processing toolkits. The product will be offered as open-source software and used to attract additional consulting clients to Kitware. BENEFIT: In military applications, directed energy is both a threat to military personnel as well as a possible weapon to be used against opposing forces. The modern battlefield is potentially rife with electromagnetic (EM) radiation, whether directly from EM weapons, or more frequently as the indirect result of explosions or weapon discharges. Hence it is important to understand the effects of EM on personnel effectiveness, and to find ways to shield against deleterious effects. Alternatively, directed energy can be harnessed in a variety of ways including the creation of non-lethal weapons to disorient and/or disable opposing forces. In medicine, directed x-ray energy is a dominant tool for cancer treatment. New treatments that exploit focused ultrasound, radio-frequency, and microwave energies are also being investigated. In commerce, there is an even more diverse range of applications that consider the interaction of energy and anatomy. For example, OSHA standards on electro-magnetic field (EMF) and extremely low frequency emissions (ELF) influence hair dryer design as well as power-line placement. Cell-phones are scrutinized using measures of radiation absorption.

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 725
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
Shane Stafford
AF131-029      Awarded: 6/24/2013
Title:Efficient Human Posing and Morphing for Electromagnetic Analysis
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As the use of electromagnetic devices has skyrocketed in modern society, so too have concerns about the effects of these devices on the human body. With todays technology Air Force and other researchers are only able to model the electromagnetic effects on the human body of communications, medicine, security, or military devices in a very limited set of scenarios due to limitations in the data sets and modeling tools. While several detailed 3D voxel models of human internals have been generated, these models are static and cannot be efficiently posed and morphed to model different scenarios. In this paper we propose a physics-based set of software tools based around a fast GPU-accelerated structural solver. The voxels will first be morphed into a new body shape according to specified anthropometric parameters. Then a parametric skeletal model will be extracted from the morphed voxel mesh which can be used to perform the posing in a graphical articulation editor. Displacements of the parametric skeletal model are mapped back to the voxel mesh to provide boundary conditions for the structural solver. By utilizing GPU technology, we expect the run time for these tools to be on the order of minutes. BENEFIT: Efficient and accurate morphing and posing of voxelized anatomical models is valuable to a wide range of users. Human thermal comfort analysts, biomedical scientists, and electromagnetic device manufactures will be able to use these morphable and posable models to predict tissue temperatures for a wide range of the population in any pose. Biomechanical engineers will be able to use these models to predict tissue displacements during motion for any body type. Our software will significantly reduce the computational burden of modifying these voxel models, enabling efficient modeling of RF effects on human bodies undergoing dynamic motion, such as walking, driving a car, or sitting at a desk. It will also enable researchers in many fields to perform these analyses on bodies that have been parametrically scaled to a given height or body mass index (BMI), enabling wider ranges of parametric studies that enable new technologies and advance the state of research in many fields.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 932-0270
Gregory Magoon
AF131-030      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:Volatile Organic Compound Odor Signature Modeling
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) effort, Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) proposes to develop modeling capabilities to be used with portable sensing platforms for predicting the transport and dispersion of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by individuals. The intended application of these capabilities is to supplement existing (e.g. visual) data-gathering approaches for individual identification and tracking for purposes of threat monitoring. The proposed effort will involve the refinement of forward models (for predicting the spatial and temporal evolution of known VOC emissions) as well as the development of inverse modeling capabilities (for inferring a VOC emission source given a finite number of VOC measurements distributed in space and/or time). BENEFIT: The proposed work can ultimately be applied in the field of threat monitoring; the models, algorithms, and software tools developed through this work can be integrated with volatile organic compound (VOC) sensing hardware to form a platform to be used by the United States Department of Defense for identification and tracking, supplementing existing (e.g. visual) approaches. Commercialization opportunities for this work will similarly derive from integration of the proposed inverse modeling capabilities into deployed sensing hardware to form an integrated platform for identification and tracking. Outside of the United States Department of Defense, such a system could find use in a number of non-military applications, with dozens of potential clients including local and state police, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and airports.

Applied Nanotech, Inc.
3006 Longhorn Blvd. Suite 107
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 339-5020
Richard Fink
AF131-030      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:VOC Odor Signature Modeling for Portable Sensing Platforms
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The ability to find and track individuals using volatile organic compound (VOC) signatures would greatly enhance US military capability to defeat asymmetric threats. This program will develop the capability to predict the transport and dispersion of VOCs in both interior spaces and the environment will assist in defining the technical requirements and operational application of VOC-based sensors with the goal of achieving reverse modeling capabilities to backtrack individuals and activities of interest (e.g. use odor signatures to look back in time). Using an established environmental chamber and a trace chemical analytical platform based on ion mobility spectrometry, we will obtain empirically derived physical characteristics for a minimum of twelve specified VOCs, evaluate their potential atmospheric chemical breakdown/reactivity, and develop transport and dispersion (T&D) models of VOC patterns in both interior spaces and outdoor environment. BENEFIT: Successful commercialization of this research will require incorporation of the developed models and algorithms into a prototype trace chemical sensing platform capable of measuring complex odor profiles. This platform will have dual use applications: DoD and Homeland Security applications for tag, track and locate, civil law enforcement forensic applications, border control and inspection applications, and health monitoring and diagnosis for both military and civilian populations. A similar platform can also be used for industrial applications (process monitoring and quality control), and health monitoring and disease diagnosis. As an example, the human breath has been shown to contain thousands of different molecules and aerosol particles that contain biological significant information. Researchers have already identified biomarkers in the breath which indicate with a high degree of specificity and selectivity, various health conditions (e.g. carcinomas, asthma, infectious diseases, acute trauma, COPD etc.). The estimated market size for breath analysis for the health care market is ~ $100 - $500M.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Ben C. Juricek
AF131-030      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Volatile Organic Compound Odor Signature Modeling
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The team of Toyon Research Corporation and North Carolina State University propose to develop a simulation environment, capable of predicting the spatio-temporal distribution of Volatile Organic Chemical (VOC) levels emitted by a person for several scenarios of interest. The approach applies first principles, Computation Fluids Dynamics (CFD) models to predict the transport of the VOC chemicals within environments on time and lengths scales associated with individual motion. The Phase I effort will develop physics- based models to calculate VOC emission rates associated with activities such as breathing, perspiration or desquamation (skin cell loss). The integration of CFD and source terms models will be validated on Phase I testing involving tracer simulants, and developing a Concept of Operation for the overall simulation in preparation for Phase II activities, which principally involve the development of back-tracking algorithms for a track to source capability. This approach is well-suited to support the AFRL Research Lab activities through realizing the Phase III concept identified in the solicitation: a portable VOC signature detector with an embedded back-tracking algorithm for real-time application. BENEFIT: The simulation environment will provide AFRL with a robust means of establishing sensor requirements for an emerging, VOC-based detector, and the basis for conducting research and analyzing back-tracking algorithms.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Victoria Romero
AF131-031      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Adaptable Toolkit for the Assessment and Augmentation of Performance by Teams in Real Time (ADAPTER)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Full-spectrum cyber operations, including both Cyber Network Attack and Cyber Network Defense, place enormous cognitive demands on operators and teams. When demands are too high or tasks are not properly allocated, performance degrades, and missions may fail. To avoid operator overload, a thorough, real-time evaluation of the state of the individual and the team is required. Assessments of behavioral, neurophysiological, and physiological signals which correlate with individual and team performance can provide the information necessary to evaluate state and optimize team performance. To address these challenges, Charles River Analytics proposes an Adaptable Toolkit for the Assessment and Augmentation of Performance by Teams in Real Time (ADAPTER). ADAPTER will provide a framework that flexibly integrates both current and emerging sensors, and fuses sensor data to provide performance assessment. ADAPTER will enable comprehensive and holistic characterization of team performance across these sensors with advanced modeling techniques that will help experimenters create and use models that support research on performance and the development of augmentation strategies. ADAPTER will include an interface for experimenters to monitor the results of experiments as they unfold and see the real-time effects of their augmentation strategies. BENEFIT: ADAPTER will benefit Air Force and USCYBERCOM Cyber Operations (as well as those organizations that design and develop tools for Cyber Operations) by improving their ability to assess operator and team states and dynamically apply strategies to optimize performance. ADAPTER will enable the efficient development and evaluation of operator and team state models that will facilitate laboratory research on operator and team performance. ADAPTER technologies will also further the development of our commercial AgentWorks toolkit, integrating it with a range of sensor devices to increase its appeal for performance assessment and other real-time sensing applications.

DroidCloud, Inc.
9211 Waterford Centre Blvd Suite 275
Austin, TX 78758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 646-1040
Rajesh Gopi
AF131-033      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Cloud Based Secure Handhelds for Missions requiring Mobility
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Both the DOD and IC have significant appetite to leverage Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) mobile devices on both unclassified and classified networks. For the unclassified use scenario, these mobile devices may be enterprise owned or personally owned (governed by a Bring Your Own Device policy). Given the limited battery and CPU on mobile devices, ensuring mobile end point integrity and attestation is a significant challenge. This project shall research mechanisms to improve client attestation for mobile and points connecting to cloud based secure handheld hosted on DOD/IC networks. This shall include researching; client masquerading, background monitoring, rooted device detection, application cracking detection, ARM Trustzone security extentions, software TPM and TCG software stack, use of hardware MTM modules, smartcard based client attestation, and client attestation using e-fuses. BENEFIT: The most important anticipated benefits of this research shall be improved cypher security for mobile devices in the DOD and IC. If security and attestation techniques are conceptualized in the performance of a phase I award resulting from this proposal, Droidcloud intends to further develop those techniques as part of a phase II award, and will then look to transition these techniques into its COTS products.

METRONOME SOFTWARE, LLC
23422 MILL CREEK DR., STE 115
LAGUNA HILLS, CA 92653
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 273-5190
CHIEU NGUYEN
AF131-033      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Cloud Based Secure Handhelds for Missions requiring Mobility
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Metronome Software and Raytheon propose the development of Metronomes CLOud- Access LocK (CLOAK) system. CLOAK provides a comprehensive set of proven attestation methodologies, attesting the Remote Assets from the lowest network layer, through the Operating System (OS, Kernel) layer, and through the Application layer. These methodologies include: attesting Remote Assets at the network layer via Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) methods in Data-In-Transit (DIT); attesting Remote Assets Health via beyond-PKI Challenge-Response Authentication; attesting the OS layer via profiling; and attesting the Application layer via Software-Based Attestation (SBA). Ultimately, CLOAK provides the ability to ensure that only trustworthy processes are running on a mobile endpoint. CLOAK is also capable of operating with Raytheons Cross-Domain Solution (CDS), in which the credentials verified during secure DIT operations are utilized by the CDS system to determine ad control cross-domain operations. BENEFIT: Through Metronome Softwares CLOAK, the Government will have the capability for secure attestation to remote assets regardless of which compartment on the mobile device initiates or receives the connection request. These attestations provide assurance that the underlying system maintains its trusted state. Metronome and Raytheon envision the productizaton of CLOAK in Raytheons multiple programs of record. The success of CLOAK proven with its operations in these programs will become the springboard for wider deployments.

SPYRUS, Inc.
1860 Hartog Drive
San Jose, CA 95131
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 551-0046
Reid Carlisle
AF131-033      Awarded: 6/23/2013
Title:SPYRUS Approvable for Classified Secure Operational Environment for Use with COTS Mobile Devices
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The SPYRUS Secure Operational Environment (SOE) will contain the entire operating environment for the desired COTS portable mobile device, whether it be an Android-based smartphone or a Windows-based tablet computer. The SOE is one element in a proposed family of devices incorporating features from the SPYRUS Secure Pocket Drive, the Hydra PC Personal Encryption Device approved for classified, and the Rosetta SPYCOS secure token family. Initial SOE form factor will be a removable microSD device that will contain a hardware security processing subsystem, a secure operating system such as NSAs SE Android, SE Linux, or Citrix XenClient XT, and an external form factor that will mimic standard modules for storage, communication, and other enhancements. SOE will be designed, based on SPYRUS experience with the NSAs Commercial Solution for Classified (CSfC) center, to be approvable for SECRET, and potentially TOP SECRET depending on the Operational Security Doctrine. The SPYRUS Secure Operating Environment will give the DoD/IC user the flexibility of COTS mobile devices and their unobtrusive nature combined with security. The Phase I end goal will be to provide a proof-of-concept design and prototype demonstrating the feasibility of the concept and to verify the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). BENEFIT: Over the past decade, the news reports have been filled with details of sensitive and even classified information falling into the wrong hands. In many if not all cases, the cause of the data loss was the use of unprotected personal mobile devices; portable storage devices, including laptops and USB memory devices; and other media, including CDs and DVDs. As indicated earlier, the growth of capabilities in personal mobile devices makes them prime candidates for theft and compromise. Implementing data security using the SPYRUS comprehensive schema for a Secure Operating Environment will mitigate most if not all of these threats, particularly in the following areas: Confidentiality: Knowledge of data must be restricted to those authorized to receive it, for the duration of the useful information life of the data. In the case of some personal information, the information life may be the life of the individual, or as much as 100 years. This level of protection demands the strongest algorithms and key strengths available. Integrity: The content of the data cannot be modified without detection, either accidentally or deliberately. In most cases, the provable origin or provenance of the data is as important the content. Again, in the case of personal information, including medical records and individual social entitlements, the integrity of the information must be guaranteed for the life of the individual. Very strong hash functions and digital signatures are required to protect data for this length of time. Availability: The data must be available whenever it is needed, regardless of the passage of time or various forms of failure or attack mechanisms, including the complete failure or

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Michael Lee
AF131-034      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:CAPSA: Controlling Access using Proximity-focused Semantic Analysis
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Establishing adequate access controls that limit access to information without adversely denying access is critically needed by our warfighters in todays complex battlefield environment. To address this need, CFDRC is proposing an innovative method called CAPSA (Controlling Access using Proximity-focused Semantic Analysis) for granting access based on a warfighters proximity to information. By leveraging CFDRCs existing technology for numerically quantifying information relevance using fuzzy logic techniques based on the semantic web, CAPSA will provide a flexible method of determining proximity. CAPSA avoids a ridged definition of proximity, allowing it to identify proximity beyond the spatial, organizational, and operational realms. During Phase I, CFDRC will create an initial version of CAPSA based on its existing semantic-based technology to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach. At the end of Phase I, CFDRC will conduct a security analysis on CAPSA to confirm its security and its ability to detect insider threats. In Phase II, CAPSA will be expanded and optimized to utilize more proximity information available in various military systems and demonstrate scalability to the Global Information Grid (GIG). BENEFIT: The Air Force will greatly benefit from a proximity-based access control solution like CAPSA that provides a new dimension to access control. Additionally, CAPSAs semantic-based approach to numerically quantifying proximity provides a more flexible, data-driven approach that other proximity-based access control solutions do not provide. Any military IT system, especially those using Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), can benefit from the CAPSA technology since it provides an extra dimension (proximity) of access control. Additionally, the CAPSA technology can help identify insider threats by their complete lack of proximity to information. Due to the semantic-based approach to determining proximity, detecting insider threats will have very low false positives since CAPSA can detect hidden connections between the individual and the information they are attempting to access. Commercial institutions will also benefit from the CAPSA technology and its ability to reduce the maintenance cost of access control. By using its data-driven approach, CAPSA can eliminate the manual process of defining and updating users roles and attributes. Therefore, CAPSA will result in better and automated access control while providing a cost savings to the organization.

Foresight Wireless, LLC
30 Chestnut Court
Cedar Grove, NJ 07009
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 610-8161
Gowri Rajappan
AF131-034      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Proximity/Risk Ontology-based Access Control Technology (PROACT)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Foresight Wireless, LLC, proposes a novel access control system, Proximity/Risk Ontology- based Access Control Technology (PROACT), to meet the Air Force objective, namely develop a standards-based access control mechanism that will dynamically adjust data access for individuals based on their proximity to others/organizations in terms of attributes (e.g. location, mission, assignment) derived from existing sources. PROACT is an innovative approach that determines relevance of data to users based on proximity and the risk in providing the data to the user. PROACT utilizes novel semantic models in order to provide this capability. PROACT will be designed such that it can be implemented in a scalable manner that conforms to open architecture such as SOA and therefore easily integrates with IT systems. In Phase I, Foresight Wireless will fully specify and design PROACT and prove its performance and feasibility through system modeling and prototyping efforts. The PROACT product has enormous potential for military and commercial applications. A prototype PROACT product will be designed and developed in Phase I and Phase II, which will then be commercialized in Phase III. BENEFIT: In military market, PROACT can be leveraged to extend existing access control methods and enable dynamic information access capabilities required by User Defined Operational Picture (UDOP). PROACT would rapidly and accurately identify and provide information pertinent to the users based on proximity measures. In civilian markets, PROACT can be used for context-sensitive access provision by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for domestic security operations; by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for tracking and responding to public health crises; and by corporations for dynamic information access.

Real-Time Innovations
232 East Java Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 990-7471
Gerardo Pardo-Castellote
AF131-034      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Proximity-Based Access Control
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The focus of this effort is to develop a standards-based proximity-based access control (PBAC) mechanism that goes beyond (yet leverages) traditional Attribute/Role Based Access Control (ABAC/RBAC) approaches. We propose to develop an innovative, generic PBAC architecture, leveraging several reference technologies: (1) ObjectSecuritys OpenPMF model-driven security policy automation technology, which allows the flexible authoring and management of human-understandable, generic policies in models and the automatic generation of the technical ABAC enforcement, and (2) OpenPMFs ABAC features for fine-grained, contextual access enforcement across distributed, interconnected software applications, and (3) our TRL 9 standards-based RTI DDS data-centric publish- subscribe middleware as a flexible application platform to showcase our PBAC solution. By using a model-driven security approach integrated with the state-of-the art DDS middleware we can automate much of the PBAC policy management, and can produce novel, highly useful proximity attributes (e.g. business process centric proximity, data-distribution centric proximity etc.). RTI and Object Security are uniquely qualified to deliver and support this framework. RTI is the leading vendor of DDS middleware and has extensive experience with sensor fusion, defense networks, and supporting TRL 9 technology in mission-critical applications. ObjectSecurity has been the leading provider of model-driven security technologies for access control for over 10 years. BENEFIT: The benefits of a mature proximity-based access control capability will be significant -- both because it can expose information to those who might need it, and because it will keep whose without a need to know from accessing it. This measurably improves upon current approaches (attribute-based, and role-based) by adding much finer-grained information access control than exists today. Military, Intelligence Community, and Commercial Markets that focus on the dissemination of, and controlled access to, information will be able to leverage this technology.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Arian Lalezari
AF131-036      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Militarized Airborne Very Low Frequency (VLF) Receive Antenna
Abstract:ABSTRACT: For decades, very low frequency (VLF) links have been an important part of Air Forces worldwide logistics infrastructure and response-coordination capability. With an increasingly-global proliferation of nuclear capability, Air Force faces an urgent need to update legacy VLF equipment to reliably support scenarios where its applicability is vital, including the nuclear command control and communications (NC3) environment where support of resources like the Emergency Action Message (EAM) network would be most critical. Simultaneously, the proliferation of modern technologies with both intentional and unintentional VLF radiation (including switching power electronics and their VLF-radiating magnetic cores) has created an electromagnetic interference (EMI) environment for VLF reception that has never been worse especially in modern airborne environments. In response to these demands, there is an urgent need to update legacy VLF systems to support a more comprehensive set of foreseeable battlefield scenarios. In our proposed approach, FIRST RF leverages established concepts for VLF antenna applications, applies proven techniques for militarization, and combines these into a novel yet pragmatic antenna system architecture that provides unprecedented capability in terms of sensitivity, polarimetric diversity, and both spatial and active interference filtering. BENEFIT: As a result of this SBIR, FIRST RFs technology will enable robust EMI mitigation in a highly-sensitive VLF receive antenna. The beamforming technology will have applicability to a variety of military and civilian applications, including improved emergency-beacon tracking/geolocation (especially in high-EMI environments), emergency low-data-rate/local communications. The antenna miniaturization techniques will afford applicability of this VLF antenna system to smaller payloads, including Class 1 UAVs, opening a whole new realm of applications, especially for emergency-beacon geolocation.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Michael Zintl
AF131-036      Awarded: 7/24/2013
Title:A Clutter-Removal Toolkit to Improve VLF Receive Fidelity
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Reliable transmission and reception of messages to bomber, tanker and reconnaissance wing-command posts requires a high degree of robustness and redundancy in the event of a nuclear attack. One key feature of this transmission and reception capability is the VLF radio, capable of broadcasting worldwide by use of ground transmitters and propagating radio waves. Despite the challenges of launching a VLF signal, the VLF radio has a number of advantages including omni-directional long-range propagation, and low diffraction. Given the importance of reliable VLF communication, the Air Force needs a militarized VLF antenna designed for airborne use and capable of reliable operation in a Nuclear Command Control and Communications (NC3) environment. Despite the robustness of VLF transmission and reception there are still issues that impede a sensors ability to receive emergency-action messages effectively. These include the Electromagnetic Pulse from a local event, Ducted EMP through the aircraft structure, Aircraft Electromagnetic Interference, Nuclear Scintillation, Jamming and Natural atmospheric events such as lightning. SARA, using their extensive experience in both VLF sensor development and EMI\EMP mitigation proposes a two-pronged approach: advancement of VLF receive antenna magnetometers, and advancement in EMI\EMP reducing treatments, to meet the Air Forces NC3 needs. BENEFIT: The successful completion of the Phase I program provides a baseline and defines the future development process of the VLF receive antenna system. It does this by defining the system inputs, the sensors current state of the art, possible future system performance, and demonstrates a new high payoff technique for noise and clutter cancellation. The Phase I program produces a base for a focused development effort for obtaining a new more capable VLF communication system for the Air Forces Nuclear Command Control and Communications (NC3) needs.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Dale Klamer
AF131-038      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Validation of Automatic Ground Moving Target Indicator Exploitation Algorithms
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Todays analysts have an exceptional amount of GMTI intelligence readily available to them for servicing Requests for Information (RFI) because of the growing plethora of GMTI collection systems and multiple forensic data archives; however, only a small fraction of this GMTI is exploited because analysts lack trust in automated GMTI exploitation algorithms that are capable of grander analysis. Analysts need confidence in the automated tools in order to adopt them into their workflow; thus we must sufficiently validate these GMTI exploitation algorithms. Black River will develop a GMTI Algorithm Validation System (GAVS) that ensures high quality, high confidence data products are produced by the exploitation tools delivered to the analysts. The GAVS will use a Design of Experiments process to provide statistically significant validation within reasonable cost constraints and accommodate the evaluation of a diverse set of exploitation algorithms goals, to include target tracking, milling activity detection and other Activity Based Intelligence analysis. Additionally, Black River will promote algorithm acceptance by utilizing analysts own RFI responses as ground truth in the algorithm validation process to overcome simulated data shortcomings and we will identify problem characteristics where the GMTI exploitation algorithm performs well through the use of a Relevance Vector Machine. BENEFIT: Black Rivers proposed revolutionary approach to GMTI exploitation algorithm validation that employs real-world data in algorithm testing and evaluation, at a statistically significant level, will considerably increase analysts confidence in using automated tools while cutting overall evaluation costs. Additionally, the GMTI Algorithm Validation System will indicate operating conditions under which an algorithm performs well and poorly, which promotes analyst understanding, usage, and trust of automated algorithms and directs developers to areas for algorithmic improvement.

Parietal Systems, Inc.
510 Turnpike Street Suite 201
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 327-5210
John Fox
AF131-038      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:ABISynthe: A Test and Evaluation Suite for Activity Based Intelligence
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The development of exploitation algorithms for detecting and identifying activities from streams of ISR sensor data has outstripped the ability of existing evaluation tools and techniques. The work proposed here will result in two key products: (1) a sophisticated simulator capable of modeling complex behaviors and relationships in a consistent manner and (2) a test and evaluation architecture which will both enable the evaluation of complex exploitation algorithms using a variety of approaches and support the rapid transition of tools to the warfighter. BENEFIT: If successful, the results of this effort will provide a significant and unique capability for evaluating complex exploitation algorithms

Critical Technologies Inc
Suite 400 1001 Broad Street
Utica, NY 13501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 793-0248
Stuart W. Card
AF131-039      Awarded: 7/15/2013
Title:Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The overall objective is to enable users on-the-move to reliably and securely send and receive information, targeted for recipients? geographic locations, filtered on their credentials, made persistently available if so designated, and tailored for their devices, facilitating their rapid reaction to changing operational conditions. The team proposes to integrate: wireless physical layer broadcast; link layer multicast where supported by hardware and firmware of mobile devices and infrastructure; network layer multicast where supported by routing infrastructure; an efficient, reliable, scalable multicast transport protocol; multicast address mapping per geography, credentials and metadata markups; automated means for tailoring per those markups; and a secure, robust, distributed file system. This will yield a publish-subscribe-query Data Distribution Service (DDS) with archival of persistent messages (a blackboard), where DDS topics map to multicast addresses and correspond to geographic and other filtering criteria. Policy Based Access Control to DDS topics will support restriction based upon security classification/clearance, roles and credentials, and will be enforced with strong encryption and capability based security. GATSID will address a major aspect of the challenge of delivering On-demand Information: What you need, When you need it?, enabling situation awareness systems to exploit tactical sensor data and deliver customized, location-specific intelligence products. BENEFIT: Critical and Capraro will contact the USAF transition professionals of whom we are already aware, specifically those local to the team at the AFRL-Rome Site (Franklin Hoke, Jr. of the Office of Research and Tech Applications, Jan Norelli, Director-SBA) and the Navy (Dawnbreaker-TAP contractor). Ray will also work with the SBIR TPOC and Program team to identify AFRL, then USAF and DoD PMs, PEOs, user groups, programs of record, Government-Wide Acquisition Contracts (GWACs), and stated DoD and DHS operational needs. One key to initial transition will be a successful Phase I demo of relevant location- specified unicast and multicast SA data traffic of differing priorities from and to networked mobile platforms communicating over actual DoD wireless environments (single link/single path to multilinks/multipath). Post-such a Phase I demo, the team plans to approach the Program Managers DoD and DHS PMs identified via Rays research with the documented results of this effort, a recording of the demo, and an invitation to provide feedback into the features suite and technology roadmap. Within DoD, we believe this combination CYCLOPS/ARGOS/DDS software solution (mounted in smartphone and smart radios) can find a home within SOCom, and that this solution has a high correlation with the WIN-T (Warfighter Information Network Tactical) program, especially the unmanned vehicle networking technology components. The portions of the GD C4 planned systems and associated simulations, called Multiple Unified

Image Matters
201 Loudoun Street SW
Leesburg, VA 20175
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 669-5510
Patrick Neal
AF131-039      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The ability of warfighters on-the-move to securely send/receive communications using mobile devices is essential to the safety of the warfighter and successful execution of mission objectives. Personnel on-the-move present challenges to the communications infrastructure of any organization. Providing the right actionable information to the right persons, at the right times, and right locations, in a mobile context, requires context-sensitive services that can respond to changing battlefield conditions. These services must be capable of determining on-the-fly what is needed tactically, strategically, geographically, and temporally, in austere, secure communications environments. Existing systems fail to limit delivery using geospatial and other mission factors, resulting in spurious, superfluous message and alert delivery, and bandwidth congestion. What is needed is a system that not only constrains message delivery by geographic location, but also is also capable of processing other context-sensitive factors affecting the mission. The objective of this research is to determine the feasibility and readiness of an operational, commercially-viable Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID) system. This research will investigate the challenges and enabling technology required to design and build a prototype GATSID system that securely transmits messages to a class of receivers determined by geographical, temporal, tactical, strategic and social constraints. BENEFIT: The completion of this project will result in the creation of a secure alert dispatch system for mobile devices that can be used with confidence in adverse communications and hostile environments, including warfighting, peace-keeping, drug interdiction, border patrol, law enforcement, and intelligence collection. Advanced applications include advanced multi- media content including messages, alerts, reports and multicasts using semantically defined routing and relay that target specific personnel, devices or classes of recipients.

Unova Technologies
9015 N. Cobre Drive
Phoenix, AZ 85028
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 363-5109
Jeffrey A. Getzlaff
AF131-039      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal addresses the Air Forces significant need for a network-centric product that enables on-the-move warfighters to send and receive time-critical alerts and advisories tailored for specific geographic regions. A methodology and process to design a Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID) service with Human Computer Interfaces (HCIs) is detailed. The Phase 1 Work Plan employs the Rational Unified Process and AGILE software methodologies to ensure a focus on an on- the-move Warfighters needs and system goals. Examples of innovative functionality include: cloud construct, semantic agents, geographic input tools, relay software component, heuristic filtering, dynamic map of battlefield, network topology maps and user-centric HCI. A feasibility analysis is performed on system functionality with respect to the ability to send and receive target updates for dynamically changing battlefield conditions. A software testbed is also created for analysis and testing of software service and HCI visualizations. At the end of Phase I, results of the research of are presented coupled with a demonstration of the GATSID system with three mobile wireless devices in a time sensitive targeting mission scenario. Market segments are defined for commercialization including DoD network- centric systems, UAS ground control stations, semantic Web, cloud computing and maritime situational awareness markets. BENEFIT: In phase I, Unova designs an Geographically-Aware and Targeted Secure Information Dissemination (GATSID) service that contains a Human Computer Interface (HCI) for target updates based on specific geographic defined areas. This product: 1) enables real- time dynamic updates of battlefield entities, 2) allows for posting of new target updates for dissemination to subscribers, 3) provides real-time situational awareness and the creation of a Common Operational Picture (COP) 4) provides adaptive displays with automation for portrayal of information, and 5) addresses the needs of real-time entity updates in both civilian and military markets. The creation of a scalable GATSID solution for the Air Force enables economies of scale to be achieved by other DoD agencies and civilian organizations. Intelligent, prioritized and filtered network-centric entity updates and HCI visualizations span across multiple DoD agencies creating a need for a common open standards based service solution. The commercialization of the GATSID system is aligned with the OSD technology roadmap as service application from a DoD cloud application store/metadata repository. The utilization of a GATSID system enables increased situational awareness for on-the-move warfighters. In the civilian sector a competitive advantage is obtained through the use of GATSID for real- time piracy threat updates to shipping fleets for maritime situational awareness. Additionally, first responders and border patrol agents can benefit from real-time updates of entities and the ability to post new information to increase shared situational awareness.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
AF131-041      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Low-power-cost-weight, rapidly-Installable, Medium-Range Interplane Communications Capability (LIMRICC)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The current lack of a simple, low-cost, and high bandwidth communication system on C2ISR (Command and Control, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) aircraft prevents the Air Force from realizing the full capability of its airborne reconnaissance and surveillance assets. The synergy between different sensor platforms will provide enhanced battlefield awareness as well as enhanced net-centric, collaborative targeting. Until now, the upgrade cost and complexity has prevented the Air Force from fielding a long-term, adequate solution. FIRST RF proposes an innovative multi-band antenna system that provides a rapid response to the Air Forces needs by utilizing existing antenna mounting locations. Commercial applications of this technology have also been identified. Furthermore, FIRST RFs solution will supplement, not remove the existing antenna functionality. The additional antenna bands provided can then enable a solution that is tailored to the current situations demands. The Phase I program will demonstrate FIRST RFs unique ability to develop a custom tailored solution without sacrificing cost or schedule. BENEFIT: The multi-band antenna system proposed by FIRST RF will enable rapid communication between various C2ISR aircraft. The synergy between different sensor platforms will provide enhanced battlefield awareness as well as enhanced net-centric, collaborative targeting. By designing the system to use existing antennas mounting locations, these benefits can be realized with minimal cost to the war fighter. The Ku-band spectrum has dual use applications. Commercial applications of this technology have been identified by FIRST RF.

Silvus Communication Systems, Inc
10990 Wilshire Blvd Suite 1500
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 479-3333
Abhishek Tiwari
AF131-041      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:MIMO Capability for C2ISR aircrafts using existing antennas
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Silvus Technologies Inc. proposes the use of its StreamCaster Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radios as a Low-Power-Cost-Weight, Rapidly-Installable, Medium-Range, Interplane Communications Capability (LIMRICC) between US Air Force Command Control Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C2ISR) wide body air crafts. For higher likelihood of transition our approach uses antennas that already exist on wide body C2ISR platforms. BENEFIT: The benefits of this program would be in developing a viable and cost effective air to air wireless networking capability. This could be utilized for the surveillance demands of the military or law enforcement, or to allow for a communication infrastructure based on airborne relaying in cases where satellite or cell phone infrastructure is destroyed.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 442-5911
Anthony Jensen
AF131-044      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Dual-band low-profile antennas for intra-flight communication and data links
Abstract:ABSTRACT: High speed communication channels and tactical data links are becoming increasingly important for both military and commercial applications. The need for high speed inter-flight communication and data transfer is validated by the existence of the Intra-Flight Data Link (IFDL) for the F-22 and the Multifunction Advanced Data Link (MADL) for the F-35. Unfortunately, the frequencies of operation and antenna systems for these two are unique, and thus not interoperable. This is a problem for not only legacy, but for next generation aircraft, as well. FIRST RF proposes a single low-profile, dual-frequency antenna system capable of operation with both IFDL and MADL systems. The FIRST RF solution is significantly advantageous in that it breaks from traditional, timeworn technology approaches in order to offer a lower cost, modular, simply scalable solution that also enables equivalent operation with fewer apertures around the platform; all while maintaining conformance to the platform OML, LPI and LPD functions. This system is compatible with both legacy aircraft IFDL and MADL communications and will be valid for next generation aircraft offering inter-flight communication between any mixed aircraft fleet. BENEFIT: The greatest benefit to the Air Force will be the enabling of inter-aircraft communication and data transfer between any mixed aircraft fleet. The FIRST RF technology and developmental plan offers a lower cost, modular approach that enables a much quicker design cycle. This results in hardware that may be validated on-platform sooner and at a fraction of the cost of traditional methods. The technology approach with this design will also allow for simple scalability to various platform requirements (i.e. gain, beamwidth, G/T, EIRP, SWAP). FIRST RF has identified additional commercial and military applications for this technology enabling GB/s data rates for extended range communications.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5322
Randall Lapierre
AF131-044      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:Wideband Wide Scan Low Profile Antennas for Intra-flight Communications and Data Links (1000-251)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) will design and develop a form and fit upgrade for the existing data link antennas on F-35. By leveraging a novel wideband low profile array architecture, significantly lower scan loss is achieved; this provides stronger links and longer ranges over a wider field-of-view. SI2s array technology is inherently wideband enabling the extension of operational frequencies to other data links. The proposed array development could potentially provide new capabilities to the F-35 in terms of creating data links at other frequencies to enable data transfer to/from other platforms such as: F-22, B-2, smart weapons, UAV, etc. Phase I will culminate in a hardware demonstration of a small-scale array optimized for RF requirements identified by the Air Force and reviewed by a supporting prime contractor. BENEFIT: The specific objective of this research is to provide improved and advanced functionality to the F-35 data link system. Development of a wide scan array capability has applications to many airborne platforms. The high efficiency and low cost of the proposed array architecture makes it a good candidate for high data rate communications, RADAR, ISR, EW/EA functions and more. SI2 is committed to advancing the state-of-the-art of active electronically steered arrays (AESA) for defense applications. The results of this program will influence future research and be applied to solutions for other wide scan wideband array needs.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Leo Diaz
AF131-045      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Ground Based Sensor for measurement of V and W band satellite link propagation channel
Abstract:ABSTRACT: AFRL is poised to benefit from unlicensed 5 Ghz uplink and 5 Ghz downlink spectrum at V- and W-bands for SATCOM links for airborne ISR assets and the data products they generate, such as full motion video and EO/IR imagery and data. Prior to going operational with V/W SATCOM, it is necessary to understand and empirically characterize atmospheric propagation physics such as signal attenuation, phase distortion and depolarization. AFRLs Wideband SATCOM Communications Experiment (WSCE) program aims to develop the space and ground hardware to execute the atmospheric characterization mission. Unfortunately, WSCE, which is the stepping stone to the operational system is years away. Instead of waiting for WSCE ground sites to become available, this SBIR topic seeks to characterize the channel through ground-based radiometry at sites around the globe either within the bounds of a WSCE ground station or as a standalone system. FIRST RF has assembled experts in radiometry and RF remote sensing, passive millimeter wave antenna and component design, and active millimeter wave / RF electronics design. The proposed architecture includes multi-band/-spectral radiometers/sensors for thorough link characterization, as well as the systems to process, reduce and disseminate the data. BENEFIT: The immediate benefit of the proposed technology is to support the characterization of atmospheric phenomena on millimeter wave satellite/ground links through multi-band and multi-spectral sensors. The proposed architecture can either be operated as a standalone system on a US DoD installation, or as part of a WSCE ground station, and finally as a complement to an operational downlink hubsite. The proposed system will predict and report pending fade events to allow for network traffic rerouting minutes ahead of a condition or event which would affect an operational loss of data.

ProSensing
107 Sunderland Road
Amherst, MA 01002
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(413) 549-4402
Ivan PopStefanija
AF131-045      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Ground Based Sensor for measurement of V and W band satellite link propagation channel
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This Phase I SBIR proposal describes our plan to develop a compact dual-channel V-band and W-band radiometer for measuring total path attenuation on a satellite to ground communications link. Design goals for this instrument include a compact design with built in calibration loads, including a COLFET that achieves a low temperature reference without the need of cryogenic cooling. To simplify the electronics design, direct detection at RF is anticipated. Phase I research will result in a detailed radiometer design, and an algorithm coded to extracting total path attenuation from measured brightness temperature. BENEFIT: Successful development of the proposed dual band radiometer will result in a compact, all- weather instrument suitable for continuous monitoring of total path attenuation. Attention to a modular design adaptable to other frequency bands, in a compact package suitable for installation in standard aircraft probe canisters will promote sales for ground-based as well as airborne applications.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5708
Vladimir Kolinko
AF131-045      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:Ground radiometer to characterize V and W band satellite link propagation loss
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Trex Enterprises proposes a method for monitoring atmospheric loss of Earth-to-satellite signals in the V and W bands using only a passive ground-based sensor. The sensor measures the radiometric sky temperature in sub-bands between 66-86 GHz at a sample of elevation angles. A Monte Carlo photon tracing algorithm calculates anticipated radiometric sky conditions for a variety of atmospheric profiles and then selects the profile(s) matching observed conditions. The algorithm then uses the same profile(s) to calculate signal transmission loss at V and W bands. The sensor will also collect radiometric data from the sun, when available, to confirm the modeling results. The radiometer includes a steerable antenna and is packaged for long-term autonomous data collection to characterize atmospheric loss in different climates. The Phase I program designs the radiometer and Monte Carlo atmosphere modeling algorithm. BENEFIT: The development of the described sensor will allow for low-cost characterization of V/W- band communication signal losses in the atmosphere. By long-term monitoring of loss in various climates, the Air Force will be able to predict availability of communications in various regions. The ground-based sensor requires no airborne or satellite counterpart, allowing for inexpensive long-term monitoring. As utilization of the V and W bands for limitary and commercial communication increases, the developed technologies will find increasing use to predict the reliability of communication networks.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Leo Diaz
AF131-046      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:V/W Band Airborne Receive Antenna
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As intelligence and sensor systems become more complex, the amount of data being transferred increases. Naturally, this calls for a higher bandwidth communication backbone in the field. This demand has spawned a requisite for an airborne antenna supporting satellite communication at V/W band. The target platform for this antenna is a large UAV, such as the Predator or Reaper. The major design challenges of this topic stem from the high gain requirement and airborne platform. The antenna must steer and track with a very narrow beam while minimizing Size, Weight and Power (SWaP) to support the platform. It also must survive the environmental conditions described in RTCA/DO-160. FIRST RF proposes a novel two-axis mechanically steered aperture system for the V/W- Band Data Link. This concept offers reliability and performance in a compact package that is compatible with airborne platforms. The proposed system enables precision tracking without requiring beam motion, such as with sequential lobe (or conical scanning) systems. To control risk to the program and the overall design, FIRST RF has budgeted to produce a scaled prototype of the proposed design during the Phase I program. BENEFIT: Benefits of the proposed approach include low manufacturing cost, light weight, a balanced center of mass, improved reliability, a built in signal tracking module. In addition to the airborne SATCOM application described here, this architecture will support emerging requirements for millimeter-wave mobile data backhaul enabling smaller, higher density network cells. V-band and W-band have been considered for this application because of the size of unlicensed spectrum as well as the low atmospheric loss. The proposed architecture meets the requirements of this potentially very lucrative application.

ThinKom Solutions, Inc.
20000 Mariner Ave, Suite 500
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 802-4502
William W. Milroy
AF131-046      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:High Efficiency V/W Band Airborne Antenna
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The proposed airborne antenna design employs flight-proven broadband MMW planar aperture, polarization, feed, and gimbal technologies, customized in an affordable, modular, scalable, low-profile high-efficiency antenna subsystem capable of near-term deployment for E-band (71-76 GHz) and W-band (81-86 GHz) high-data rate communication links on a variety of aeronautical platforms. The utilization of low-loss spatial combining (subarray- mounted transceiver electronics) together with proven (dichroic) polarizer, integrated diplexer, and tracking/lobing circuitry substantially reduces the losses (and costs) of traditional combining, dual-pol feed, diplexer, pointing, rotary joint, and waveguide losses, thereby enabling 50 dBi+ class equivalent gain performance in an extremely compact (5 x 20 aperture) low-drag form-factor. In addition, the modular scalable nature of the proposed design extends its applicability to the broadest possible range of aeronautical platform sizes and gain requirements. BENEFIT: The proposed planar aperture and related technologies have already been successfully demonstrated at W-band (94 GHz), flight- and link-tested at Q-band (44 GHz), and has been successfully produced and deployed (40,000+ units) at Ka-band (23, 26, and 38 GHz) in Commercial Point-to-Point applications. ThinKom is actively developing new Commercial Terrestrial Point-to-Point (38 dBi and 43 dBi) planar antenna products for E-band (71-86 GHz) as well as (DO-160) Commercial Aeronautical antenna subsystems at Ku- and Ka- bands SATCOM applications. Direct commercial benefits from the proposed development are therefore anticipated to be direct and immediate.

Daniel H. Wagner, Associates, Incorporated
559 West Uwchlan Avenue Suite 140
Exton, PA 19341
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(757) 727-7700
C. Allen Butler
AF131-047      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Cloud-based IR Remote User Services (CIRRUS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this SBIR project, Daniel H. Wagner Associates, Inc. will develop a cloud-based infrared (IR) data management capability for the Air Force, which we will name CIRRUS, short for Cloud-based IR Remote User Services. CIRRUS will provide high-performance IR data management on the Secure Cloud that is highly available, focused on end-user requirements, and easy to use and manage. CIRRUS will provide end-user tools for analysts to develop IR data/product subscriptions and queries, display results, and share products and tools with other analysts across the community. CIRRUS will be based on existing cloud computing standards, practices, and tools, including critical security practices regarding authentication, encryption, and segmentation. CIRRUS will make use of open source user interface components providing lightweight access to the system from a wide variety of network-connected devices. Finally, CIRRUS will make use of IR data- specific compression techniques to maximize data availability across the community. BENEFIT: Benefits to the Air Force will include improved end-user access to IR data, products, and tools and increased potential for data/product and tool sharing in Air Force, Joint, and Coalition operations, leading to higher overall mission success across the entire surveillance community.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4251
Justin Yackoski
AF131-047      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Secure Cloud-Centric IR Data Management Platform
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop a secure cloud computing environment for infrared (IR) surveillance data gathered by space-based IR sensors. The IR data is typically massive and needs to be made available to warfighters via a very narrow (56k) communication channel. The current point-to-point solution of IR data compression implementation at the data downlink server reduces systems resiliency. Therefore there is a need for distributed architecture for IR data storage, processing and management. We will design a secure cloud computing platform which will facilitate sharing of IR data and allow personalized user-developed applications by eligible users to meet their unique requirements. Our key innovation would include Google Maps-like user interface for the presentation of Geospatial IR data, and an application programming interface (API) which would provide a feedback loop to warfighters for specific spatiotemporal data requests. In order to support the narrow link, we will evaluate various image processing approaches which would minimize data transfer. Several feature extraction and motion detection techniques can be utilized for data compression which can be further tuned by user specified update threshold. We will leverage available IR datasets and the cloud computing infrastructure to evaluate the feasibility of this distributed system and user interface. BENEFIT: The Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) data captured by the space-based Infrared (IR) sensors is typically massive and needs to be delivered to Warfighters in the field via a very narrow communication channel. The cloud centric IR data platform will offer significant improvements over point to point solutions by minimizing the security attack risks, and will add great resilience and flexibility to the information system infrastructure. The cloud computing approach would allow users to request past, present and future IR datasets via web based interface with great ease and minimal management overheads. The cloud platform is envisioned as a design upgrade to existing information system infrastructure for IR data storage, processing and management. IR data cloud platform can be implemented as a stand-alone system, or alternatively it can be implemented as an extension to existing cloud infrastructures. The IR cloud platform is designed to provide access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) with minimal management effort offering a low-risk, low-cost and minimally- invasive transition path to new information system paradigm. The probable commercial customers are companies that possess Big Data. The candidates are Google, Amazon, Yahoo!, Ebay, Facebook, Linkedin and Twitter. Companies such as Cloudera and MapR are also producing their own Hadoop distributions. We also see a trend in many other mid and small size companies exploiting the elasticity of the cloud. Our system will provide not only efficient cloud computing capabilities but also search, resource management and business intelligence analysis tools to commercial customers.

The Design Knowledge Company
3100 Presidential Dr Suite 103
Fairborn, OH 45324
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 427-4276
Jeff Collier
AF131-047      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:CIRRUS: Secure Cloud Computing Environment for Infrared (IR) Data
Abstract:ABSTRACT: CIRRUS is an innovative marriage of cloud computing and state-of-the-art compression methods to satisfy the AF131-047 objective, to Develop a cloud computing architecture that can transport infrared data securely and in compliance with DoD standards. The user can designate image areas of interest or let CIRRUS processes automatically select areas of detectability. In either case, the cloud optimizes performance (compression ratio and compression/dissemination speed) automatically. Cloud elements intelligently partition the image into compressible parts and distribute them among multiple, proven, and established (COTS) lossy and lossless compression applications to accomplish optimal, combined lossy and lossless compression and speed performance. These parts are not merely spatial chips of the original image, but artfully-constructed image components across several image dimensions, designed to optimize compression performance through the cloud. At the warfighters terminal, applications from the cloud decompress the image parts and re-assemble them into a usable image. Cloud flexibility allows moving the algorithms among platforms to optimize performance based on different platforms capabilities. In Phase I we will design and implement a cloud architecture feasibility test setup on representative servers, test it, quantitatively evaluate feasibility, and prepare a commercialization plan and preliminary design for Phase II. BENEFIT: CIRRUS solves the topics IR compression and standards/security compliance problem with cost-effective, proven technologies. It is applicable to similar needs across myriad government agencies. CIRRUS can be commercialized as an interactive information management system and as stand-alone compression applications. There are significant commercial applications in many industries including interactive healthcare, entertainment, and telecommunications, and a general explosion in cloud computing market growth to which CIRRUS applies.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 613-4351
Elya Kapelyan
AF131-048      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:Channel and Interference adaptive SATCOM Digital beam-former
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As the size, cost, and power consumption of digital signal processing platforms continue to drop and their performance improves, incorporating digital beam-former (DBF) designs into future SATCOM satellite payloads has become an increasingly attractive option. The advantages offered by digital beam-forming stem from the ability to create composite antenna patterns that vary with both spatial direction and frequency, while also accounting for the distortions in the wireless channel. In response to the Air Force solicitation, MaXentric is proposing a power efficient digital beam-forming system codenamed SABER (Satellite Adaptive Beamforming aRray) that will combine the adaptive weight calculation and channel equalization on a single processing platform. The system is composed of high speed digitizers, FPGAs, and a rad-hardened general-purpose processor that enable the system to efficiently beam-form while also rapidly adapting to changes in operating conditions (such as the number of users, jammers, etc.). BENEFIT: With the SABER platform implementing flexible, power efficient algorithms for beam-forming and channel equalization, MaXentric introduces a scalable, low-cost technology to the satellite communication market. As a result, there are multiple applications for this technology in both commercial and DoD markets. A large potential commercial market involves wireless devices that need to maximize the potential usable bandwidth in a crowded spectrum. On the DoD side, the DBF platform provides an architecture for the next generation of satellite payloads. By using digital beam-forming, payloads will remain flexible while providing better performance.

SEAKR Engineering, Incorporated
6221 South Racine Circle
Centennial, CO 80111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 784-7671
Damon VanBuren
AF131-048      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:Channel and Interference adaptive SATCOM Digital beam-former
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Digital beamforming is a key to maximum bandwidth utilization and flexibility for communication satellites. Adaptive beamforming further enhances this flexibility by more effectively removing interferers in the spatial domain. However, adaptive beamforming doesn't account for frequency differences in interferers, and may be difficult to implement for varying beam-bandwidths. Adding channelization before the beamformer and implementing the adaptive beamformer on a subchannel level resolves these issues. By making the adaptive beamformer work on a beam-subchannel basis, the beamformer processing resources can be easily assigned to beams ranging from a few kHz of bandwidth to hundreds of MHz. Additionally, the beamformer can adapt more effectively, since interferers are optimally nulled within each subchannel. This SBIR focuses on verifying the effectiveness of adaptive beamforming on a subchannel level, using polyphase filter banks for preprocessing. The research compares this approach with a more traditional approach using Digital Down Conversion (DDC) through performance simulations. It also evaluates the feasibility of implementation on SEAKR's advanced onboard processing hardware systems. Advanced processing systems, rapid signal processing design methodology, channelizer development experience, and knowledge of adaptive beamforming algorithms and implementations make SEAKR an ideal choice for performing this work. BENEFIT: Benefits of this research include improved bandwidth utilization and flexibility for communication satellites, improved response to atmospheric effects, and reduction of interference in the spatial domain. Additionally, the techniques proposed here enable practical implementation of sophisticated, high performance adaptive beamforming on existing onboard processing hardware. Commercialization opportunities are many, and include the WGS mission, the space platforms used by Intelsat and Inmarsat, among others. Commercial satellites have used RF beamforming for many years, and are beginning to move to more flexible beamforming approaches, as the desire for better bandwidth reuse drives system performance and flexibility.

Datron Advanced Technology Group, Inc.
3055 Enterprise Court
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 804-5203
Soumya Nag
AF131-049      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:New wavefroms for anti-jam satellite communications
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Develop a chaotic spread spectrum waveform suitable for use in future military satellite communications applications providing featureless transmission characteristics as well as the capability to overcome jamming or interference. BENEFIT: Military applications for this technology include warfighter satellite communications and AISR. Commercial applications for this technology include internet routing.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(201) 266-0849
Brian Woods
AF131-049      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:New wavefroms for anti-jam satellite communications
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MaXentrics proposed Digital Chaotic Waveform Study (DC-WavS) will determine an optimal chaotic spread spectrum waveform for utilization in secure communications over the target Air Force SATCOM environments. The focus will be on chaotic signal generation schemes that are based on finite-precision digital models, rather than underlying analog chaotic sources, or algorithms that presume infinite precision. This is to ensure a greater probability that the predicted theoretical performance can be successfully achieved in practical implementation. Through literary, analytical, and simulation-based investigations, several such waveforms will be compared on the basis of communication performance, covertness (i.e., featureless transmission with low-probability of intercept, detection, or exploitation), resilience (anti-jamming and interference-tolerant), and hardware feasibility. In particular, several chaotic spread spectrum waveforms will be implemented in MATLAB, passed through representative SATCOM channel models, and analyzed statistically and spectrally. The most optimal of these waveforms will then be implemented on an FPGA- based hardware testbench for demonstration by the end of Phase I. This study will guide the design for our Phase II hardware prototype of a Digital Chaotic Spread Spectrum SATCOM System (DC-SSATS). BENEFIT: Within the DoD market, secure chaotic SATCOM systems have potential applications in addressing the need for increased IP SATCOM connectivity. According to Thomson Reuters, Lockheed Martin won a $1.9 billion contract from the U.S. Air Force this past month, commissioning them to build the fifth and sixth AEHF satellites by 2022. These satellites will provide protected SATCOM services to high-priority government and defense facilities. The associated demands of highly covert and resilient communications suggests a great applicability of DC-SSATS for the upcoming AEHF satellites. In mid-2012, USAF also awarded Boeing a $338.7 million contract to produce and launch the tenth WGS satellite. Commercial applications for satellite communications include satellite radio (Sirius Satellite Radio), satellite television (DirecTV), and 2-way satellite internet services. 2-way satellite internet is an emerging market with ViaSat in a leading position after its launch of ViaSat-1 in 2011. ViaSat has negotiations underway for additional satellites and coverage, reaching further residential, international, governmental, maritime, and aeronautical markets, one such contract expected to yield $410M in 2013 [Seeking Alpha]. The maritime SATCOM market alone was valued at $1.4B in 2011, with steady growth predicted by Euroconsult for the next decade.

CreoNex Systems Inc.
2625 Townsgate Road, Suite 330
Westlake Village, CA 91361
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 558-9687
Charles Chien
AF131-050      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:SATCOM Wideband Digital Channelizer
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Recent demand for broadband satellite communications (SATCOM) has risen sharply for both the defense and commercial sectors. Tactical SATCOM, such as WGS, require increasingly broadband information contents such as high resolution surveillance images and videos, while on the other hand, civilian applications require high definition multimedia broadcasting, and high-speed internet access. Such applications impose on the underlying communication system support for variable data rates ranging from a few Mbps to 100's Mbps for different channels which can vary in bandwidth. The proposed SATCOM wideband digital channelizer enables a SATCOM terminal to simultaneously receive multiple channels of configurable bandwidth, up to an aggregate bandwidth of 500MHz. BENEFIT: The proposed L-band digital channelizer enables low-cost and low power implementation of TV set-top boxes for both SATCOM as well as terrestrial based systems, whereby simultaneous reception of multiple TV channels is highly desirable for the commercial market.

Space Micro Inc.
10237 Flanders Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0700
Michael Jacox
AF131-050      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:SATCOM Wideband digital channel analyzer
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Space Micro will develop an IF L-band (950-2150 MHz) digital channelizer that provides cost and SWaP advantages over the above implementations by leveraging low-cost silicon CMOS technology. Our key technology in this SBIR is the IF L-band digital channelizer to down-convert the entire IF L-band signal, digitize the signal in a 500 MHz bandwidth, and produce multiple signal streams in different channels for DoD SATCOM. BENEFIT: The digital channelizer can be integrated into Ka-band WGS terminal to process L-band signal into multiple channels. This should reduce the SWaP of the SATCOM terminal. Research can be used within commercial satellite communication systems to enable simultaneous tuning of multiple channels.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 520-5115
J.Todd Reinking
AF131-050      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:SATCOM Wideband digital channel analyzer
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Welkin Sciences proposes to design and build a Wideband Digital Channelizer for SATCOM (WDCS) to address the Air Forces needs to reduce size, weight and power (SWaP) of future SATCOM terminal equipment. Our proposed solution for the WDCS will facilitate the introduction of additional Digital IF technology, such as all digital modems and all digital spectrum monitoring equipment, into the Air Forces future SATCOM terminals, yielding additional SWaP savings for those devices. For transportable SATCOM terminals, a reduction in SWaP and interface complexity throughout the post-IF terminal equipment string will also yield a reduction in the time required for the warfighter to the get the terminal on the air. Welkin Sciences ongoing involvement in the evolving standardization of Digital IF technology, such as the Armys Future Advanced SATCOM (FAST) working group, will help assure SATCOM community acceptance of the WDCS Digital IF interfaces to downstream Digital IF equipment. BENEFIT: Converting SATCOM terminal functions from analog to digital offers several size, weight, power and cost advantages. If the conversion is done early in the signal plane then devices downstream such as modems and spectrum analyzers do not need to have expensive conversion equipment. Likewise analog fiber can be replaced with digital fiber offering better signal fidelity. Analog amplifiers, power dividers and switches are replaced with smaller and less costly Digital IF dividers and high speed network equipment. SATCOM terminals can be deployed in smaller packages allowing for more transportable systems.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 496-2467
Georgiy Levchuk
AF131-051      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:DREAM: Detecting Relations, Entities, and Attributes Misinformation
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Information fusion and knowledge conflict detection are required for many mission-critical intelligence analysis tasks. Using knowledge extracted from various sources, including entities, relations, and events, intelligence analysts identify relevant documents, integrate facts into summaries about current situation, and augment existing knowledge with inferred information. To deal with large amount of data, analysts require automated solutions to link events, entities and related knowledge across multiple sources. Aptima proposes to develop a system for Detecting Relation, Entity, and Attribute Misinformation (DREAM) to support processing of data with redundant, erroneous, and deceptive information. Our solution combines strong theoretical foundation in cross- document entity resolution with validated solutions for conflict and activity pattern learning and detection. When fully developed, DREAM will provide intelligence analysts with a powerful analysis tool that (1) finds feasible probabilistic association between entity and event mentions across different sources; (2) detect and remove conflicts in relational knowledge across different records; and (3) learn and detect normal, conflicting, and deceptive activity patterns among multiple entities reported in different data sources. BENEFIT: DREAM will allow intelligence analysts and commercial users to reduce the uncertainty in their knowledge bases and detect suspicious and anomalous patterns across multiple documents. For DoD applications, DREAM will support new PCPAD workflow by focusing the analysts on most critical data to reduce the analysis time and increase detection of hostile activities. For commercial applications, DREAM will enable faster and more accurate detection of deception in social media, online fraud, and social engineering activities.

Boston Fusion Corp.
1 Van de Graaff Drive Suite 107
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 583-5730
Connie Fournelle
AF131-051      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:REDI: Resolving Difference via Inference
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligence analysts have access to expanding collections of rapidly evolving information stores, but not all information is equally credible or trustworthy. What is needed is the ability to examine inconsistencies in contextusing an understanding of temporal evolution, to consider how different conflicts may be related, and how the underlying sources factor into the credibility of the information. In response, we will develop inference algorithms for detecting and resolving conflicting information in multi-source text data, and will design algorithms that place the potentially conflicting information in context to suggest resolutions and to understand the social connections behind the differing information. We will design an extensible framework that integrates data preprocessing, merging, conflict detection and assessment techniques, and methods for performing the necessary inferences to resolve conflicting data, when appropriate. Our work will ensure that the system is able to rapidly adapt to new and evolving data sets, and integrates with analysts information systems. Further, by leveraging our ongoing work with Joint Inter Agency Task Force South (JIATFS) in Key West, FL, we will design our system to be readily integrated into a real multi-source intelligence analysis system, and can design experiments on real, operational data. BENEFIT: Phase I will build the foundation to automatically detect and resolve conflicts for intelligence applications. This capability enables analysts to quickly and reliably integrate growing and diverse data stores with the much-needed support for identifying and managing the potentially erroneous, misleading, or deceptive content that may appear within these collections. By reviewing the sources social connections, shared information, and potential biases, we will place conflicting information in its proper context to make informed inferences about its resolution. Our extensible framework will allow our system to be integrated as a component in multiple government intelligence systems, and has commercial applications for news reporting, marketing, and public relations firms that must rapidly aggregate and resolve conflicting data to determine its correctness and potential biases that may be present.

Enhance Enterprises LLC
32 Regents Park
East Amherst, NY 14051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 967-2712
Geoff Gross
AF131-051      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Automated Identification and Semi-automated Resolution of Conflicting, Suspicious, Inconsistent and Deceptive Information
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal details a software suite which will be developed for the automated identification and semi-automated resolution of conflicting, suspicious, inconsistent and deceptive information (CSI-Info). The methods employed will adapt previous research work performed by the PIs while advancing the work to better meet the needs of the challenging CSI-Info identification and resolution domain. The multi-stage software suite will include processing elements to: (1) Recognizing and resolve formatting inconsistencies (specifically data field formats); (2) Perform common referencing and uncertainty alignment (unit conversion and qualitative/quantitative observation transformation and comparison); (3) Perform anomaly detection for statistical and rule-based anomalies; (4) Identify data association transitivity requirement violations (to make sure that if X is similar to Y and Z, then Y and Z should also be similar for consistency sake); (5) Extend stochastic graph matching technique to identify exclusive OR (XOR) violations; (6) Develop human touch points for the resolution of CSI-Info (for the cases where resolution was not automatically attained). These research and implementation tasks will be performed over a period of 9 months with intermediate system testing and evaluation summarized in a deliverable format. BENEFIT: The research study and software prototype will provide an analyst with a range of CSI-Info identification and resolution mechanisms. The application of these methods can improve entity resolution, data association, common referencing, and ultimately fusion and situation understanding activities. These in turn can lead to thwarting insurgencies, uncovering terror cells, preventing IED attacks and result in stable and peaceful nation states. In commercial applications these technologies can help avert financial crime, credit card fraud, and result in fewer loan defaults, for example. The improved decision-making resulting from CSI-Info detection and resolution can save many lives and save millions in financial wealth.

Milcord LLC
303 Wyman Street Suite 300
Waltham, MA 02451
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 839-7138
Alper Caglayan
AF131-051      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:semSCI - Semantic Application to Detect and Resolve Suspicious and Conflicting Information
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the current security environment, violent extremist organizations are comprised of global networks of loosely connected cells marked by centralized decision making but decentralized execution of operations, where individuals are increasingly adept at leveraging various forms of communication, transaction mechanisms, and travel patterns in support of malicious agendas. Within these multiple layers of information, intelligence analysts require a capability to detect and resolve conflicting, inconsistent, suspicious, and deceptive data, reducing the uncertainty in analysis associated with misinformation. In response, we are proposing to develop semSCI, a Semantic Application to Detect and Resolve Suspicious and Conflicting Information that enables analysts to combine diverse sources of structured and semi-structured information within a common schema to automatically tag entities and relationships, including metadata about provenance such as timeliness and reliability. semSCI will represent the asserted facts in the structured and semi-structured information using a semantic annotation formalism to create a knowledge graph data model. Leveraging this knowledge graph, semSCI can infer not only spatial, temporal, and naming conflicts but any inconsistency indicating suspicious and deceptive information involving the logical expressions of subject and property values in the multi-dimensional semantic space with the use of stream entropy algorithms. BENEFIT: This project will result in the development of software products for the data management for intelligence market, supporting the integration of semi-structured and structured data from a variety of sources to include highly technical data formats for the purposes of identifying suspicious, conflicting, deceptive, and inconsistent information. Given the difficult budget climate, DoD is leaning toward multi-purpose technologies that fuse various collection disciplines and standardize reporting. semSCI is directly in line with this focus, as our DL based solution can fuse various data formats by incorporating the underlying semantics of the data into the ontology. In alignment with DoD strategy, semSCI will focus on special operations, as well as intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance equipment, unmanned systems, space systems and cyberspace tools. There is considerable commercial opportunity in applying this technology to the homeland security context as well, whereby users would be filtering incoming sensor feeds such as social media artifacts, data from national and local government organizations, and weather information for building a common operating picture to respond to natural disasters and unconventional threats. Detecting conflicting, suspicious, deceptive and inconsistent data within these multiple layers, especially within social media, could be critical for first responders and policymakers in responding to a crisis.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Robert Joyce
AF131-052      Awarded: 6/16/2013
Title:DocMark: A Rule-based and Probabilistic Document Marking System
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The secure, automated dissemination of information across security domains requires accurate, complete, and standardized releasability markings. Existing sensors, information sources, and data processing tools do not all produce the required markings, nor can they always follow the latest version of standards such as the DoD Discovery Metadata Specification (DDMS). Further, contextual information and the current mission profile often determine the level of protection required for given data -- context that a sensor cannot possible have. The ATC-NY team will develop DocMark, a hybrid rule-based and probabilistic document marking system informed by the current mission profile. DocMark will fill in incomplete and non-standard releasability metadata for data objects in a repository, or for data provided via a web service API. In doing so, it will also provide additional provenance data, indicating the rules or algorithms used, confidence values, etc., that downstream processors can use in making release decisions. BENEFIT: DocMarks application of releasability metadata rules and its ability to learn from existing marked data will dramatically speed the secure exchange of data -- especially when that data includes legacy information, sensor data, or other incompletely-marked data items -- enabling real-time or near real-time collaboration across security domains. By adding provenance information to any releasability metadata it supplies, DocMark will increase confidence in future automated or semi-automated release processes. The need for accurate, rule-based releasability markings extends beyond the DoD and Intelligence Communities into first responder groups (e.g., in releasing information to partners or to the public), health care (for medical records) and commercial enterprises that need to protect trade secrets yet share data with partners.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Avi Pfeffer
AF131-052      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Automatic Secure Classification of Unmarked Sensor Data (ASCUS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance sensors deployed by the US Air Force generate enormous amounts of data, much of which may be used in a cross-domain security context. All of this data must be assigned an appropriate classification before it may be disseminated. Normally, classification information is stored as metadata attached to the data in question; unfortunately, there are a number of places where current classification processes fail to assign necessary security markings to sensor metadata, forcing human analysts to review the data manually to ensure its correct classification. We propose to address this shortcoming by designing and demonstrating a system supporting Automatic Secure Classification of Unmarked Sensor Data (ASCUS). ASCUS will process incoming sensor data, checking for empty fields and parsing out security-relevant concepts embedded in the metadata. This information will be passed into a reasoning engine, which will use probabilistic models derived from operationally relevant classification guides to determine a default classification level for the data. This default classification will be inserted into the datas security metadata, along with an associated confidence level in the evaluated classification level. We will learn the parameters of our probabilistic models using machine learning techniques on an appropriate set of training data. BENEFIT: ASCUSs ability to identify missing security metadata and automatically suggest default classification markings will ease the workload of intelligence analysts seeking to classify mistakenly unmarked sensor data, and help ensure mission-critical data is distributed in a secure and timely manner.

Securboration Inc
1050 W NASA Blvd Suite 155
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 591-9836
Lee Krause
AF131-052      Awarded: 7/16/2013
Title:Cross Domain Dissemination
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Securboration will develop Cross Domain Dissemination of Assured and Appropriate Intelligence Data (CDD-AAID) to seamlessly support the flow of correctly classified, releasable security metadata to enable rapid dissemination of intelligence products across security domains. Securboration is teaming with Matrix International, a leading provider of high quality analysis for the Intelligence Community, to provide the team with domain expertise and guide the effort. In addition, APG Technologies, a company with experience in deploying Information Assurance capabilities and will support the proto-type effort. CDD- AAID will access sensor data and tag it with metadata that includes the required DoD standard associated with a documents security classification. The technology will be developed to support current manual reclassification by automating the review process in two critical ways. First, by providing updated security classification metadata along with the rationale for the marking based on the security guides inferred rules. The analyst will approve updates before being committed to the system. Secondly, the user will be provided an interface to adjust the classification by selecting rules that apply to the classification or the option to override the system. This approach provides immediate benefit to the user community while the CDD-AAID goes through the certification process. BENEFIT: CDD_AAID will provide a self contained service that will ensure accurate and correct security/releasability metadata that will work with any cross domain solution.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Erik Thomsen
AF131-054      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Blue Force Readiness, Activity, and Capability Modeling Engine (BlueFRAME)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the modern battlespace, US forces must operate in a coordinated fashion across organizational and functional lines. Despite the increasing sophistication of the information systems supporting them, Warfighters are confronted with stovepipes, making it difficult to gain a full appreciation of blue force activities involving others outside of their immediate organization. Without such knowledge, the decision-making that drives military operations spanning air, space, and cyber domains will be sub-optimal and potentially detrimental. To support situation awareness of blue force activities, we propose to design and demonstrate a Blue Force Readiness, Activity, and Capability Modeling Engine (BlueFRAME) that represents, informs, maintains, and evolves computational situation models. Our approach includes four primary components: (1) a semantically rich, logically grounded computational representation that can capture complex situation models including concepts and associations; (2) a demand-driven translation service that rectifies raw blue force sensor feeds based on active situation models; (3) a deductive inference layer that analyzes and projects blue force states; and (4) an empirically informed inductive inference layer that learns associations based on historical blue force data. During Phase I, we will create a demonstration prototype that leverages in-house and external commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products to validate the feasibility of our approach for supporting situation awareness of blue force activities. BENEFIT: The research performed under this effort will have immediate benefit to Air Operations Center Weapon System (AOC WS) and its configuration across multiple regional and functional AOCs. Additionally, advances in this area of situation modeling and analysis could help in other military domains across air, maritime, ground, and space operations. This research will also have direct application to enhance our commercial DRIVE product, a software development kit for geospatial visualization.

Securboration Inc
1050 W NASA Blvd Suite 155
Melbourne, FL 32901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 591-7271
Bruce McQueary
AF131-054      Awarded: 7/19/2013
Title:Presentation and Management of Blue Force Capabilities
Abstract:ABSTRACT: There is a gap in the battle planning community with respect to blue force situational awareness. Specifically, military commanders and operators do not have timely and accurate information about what resources are available to them, where they are, and how best to use them in a mission. Blue force awareness currently stems from readiness applications such as Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS), which provide broad subjective measurements of generic readiness (e.g. personnel, equipment and its condition, training), rather than comprehensive mission-specific readiness to execute in complex areas of operation. This gap is widening with the emergence of Integrated Battle Planning Capability (IBPC) that seeks to coordinate and synchronize joint planning across the air, space, and cyber domains at an increased operational tempo. To narrow this gap, Securboration is developing the Blue-force Awareness Capability and Understanding System or BACUS. Our approach for BACUS leverages Securborations expertise in enterprise-wide service oriented architectures applied to joint readiness evaluation, tactical and operational planning and assessment, and intelligence analysis to access a variety of diverse readiness data, reason about it, and gain a clear understanding of blue force readiness within a mission relevant context. BENEFIT: BACUS benefits DoDs emphasis on developing a joint Battle Planning Capability (IBPC) across air, space, and cyber. BACUS will integrate with, and provide data to, ongoing AFRL IBPC efforts. As a result, joint air, space, and cyber missions will be better synchronized, managed, and optimized. BACUS also has significant potential to benefit the commercial sector in areas such as business intelligence and just-in-time / vendor managed inventory. For example, Securboration has applied the techniques proposed in BACUS to develop our subscription-based Business Intelligence Alerting System (BILERTS); while the increased SA that BACUS provides on internal operations status can be applied for optimizing inventory processes.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-3291
Nicholas Pioch
AF131-054      Awarded: 7/23/2013
Title:Cross-Domain Modeling and Management of Blue Force Capabilities
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop expressive models and associated machine reasoning capabilities to enable blue force capability management across air, cyber, and space domains. To achieve this goal, we will use semantic web tools and standards to develop a friendly force knowledge representation that captures cross-domain dependencies among physical and logical assets, and relationships among effects, capabilities, assets, and organizations. We will then develop a semantic reasoner to infer current/future blue capability readiness and availability based on multiple, potentially conflicting domain data sources. We will integrate the software within a web service and evaluate the prototype within a testbed that simulates the context of a living plan. BENEFIT: Today's military is increasingly globally distributed, and must rely on diverse elements of power spanning air, cyber, space and other domains to achieve timely desired effects against increasingly sophisticated adversaries. Although new C2 organizations and systems have arisen to address domain-specific threats in cyber and space, the ability to manage and coordinate blue forces and capabilities to deliver effects across all domains remains limited. The proposed system addresses this longstanding operational need, offering a semantically expressive model emphasizing dependencies among domain assets, and key relationships among blue capabilities, organizations, effects, assets, and available domain data sources. The proposed reasoning capability offers an up-to-date picture of current and expected blue capability readiness across these domains. Prospects for transition to DoD customers include joint-level and specialized commands such as USSTRATCOM or US CyberCommand. Domain-specific nodes such as Air Operations Centers would also benefit from increased awareness of available forces across collaborating domains and commands. Prospects are also strong for adapting the core semantic model and reasoning to commercial applications including multi-modal logistics, supply chain visibility and management, and internal knowledge management.

Assured Information Security, Inc.
153 Brooks Road
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 336-3306
Rian Quinn
AF131-055      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Endpoint-Operated Link-assured Security
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As networked computing becomes more and more critical to the US government and US corporations, it is crucial to protect them against new and unknown threats. The field of trusted computing has grown to provide assurances that the software on a computing system has not been tampered. While the basics of trusted computing have been developed for the last few years, there is currently no method to bootstrap a network of fully trusted heterogeneous devices to provide end-to-end trust (EtET). Without EtET, only a single client needs to be compromised before a leak of critical information. AIS, Inc. proposes EOLuS, an effort to develop a capability for realizing end-to-end trust in a dynamic network a network in which every client would verify and monitor the trustworthiness of its peers before communicating sensitive information. With this technology, servers could be protected from rogue clients, preventing possible attack, additionally, user and machine authentication could be securely transported across a network to provide different information to different users in an automatic fashion. When EOLuS is demonstrated as a successful capability providing end-to-end trust, it can be built upon to realize a whole host of new levels of IT simplification and increased data security. BENEFIT: When EOLuS is demonstrated as a successful capability providing end-to-end trust, it can be built upon to realize a whole host of new levels of IT simplification and increased data security. EOLuS will provide a strong foundation for future research in this field, providing the first steps on the road to fulfilling the dream that currently is end-to-end trust. Widely deployed trusted endpoints would be able to prevent malicious hosts from probing them for weaknesses, and provide the ability to extend data protection controls beyond the server to the client. At the completion of Phase I of EOLuS, a number of the outstanding questions will be solved, prototype algorithms developed, and a glimpse of the future of end-to-end trust brought to bear, a network which can detect and fight-through attack, and actively work to defend against data leakage.

AVIRTEK, INC
1236 E. Grant Rd
Tucson, AZ 85719
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 213-3064
John Howie
AF131-055      Awarded: 7/17/2013
Title:Robust End-to-End Trust (RE2ET)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this proposal is to identify and quantify trust metrics for all of the resources in a complex network infrastructure, determine a method for securing communications, and demonstrate the feasibility of our approach to quantify and adopt the end-to-end trust of components in large network infrastructures. The proposed approach will verify the trust in critical components, adopt their trust values due to changes in network configurations, polices or being compromised, and protect their operations in spite of compromises. The main components to implement the proposed RE2ET approach are: Secure Regenerated Keying (SRK) technology to deliver secure communications among critical components, Mutual Authentication module to verify the authenticity of different components, Autonomic Trust Management agent that monitors and collect component behavior metrics and to guarantee that all interacting components meet the end-to-end trust requirements, and Trust Authority module that continuously evaluates and adopts the trust level value assigned to each component. Our approach to develop trust metrics will leverage EnrGie SKR technology and AVIRTEKs Autonomia environment, which is an autonomic computing environment, to build the Autonomic Trust Management (ATM) agents. In addition, we will leverage AVIRTEKs feature selection algorithm to determine the best metrics for measuring and quantifying trust. BENEFIT: Avirtek has solid record of performance in addressing the often-competing demands of innovation, technology readiness, and commercialization. We have successfully applied AUTONOMIA - an autonomic control and management environment - to a wide range of network-centric applications such the Autonomic Network Defense (AND) system for small and enterprise networks. The AND prototype, which has been demonstrated to the Air Force Battle Lab and other Department of Defense (DoD) units, achieves higher than 99% detection rate and extremely low false alarm rate (less than 0.5%). A commercial Automated and Integrated Management (AIM) appliance based on AND system has been tested and evaluated by Ball Aerospace Corporation and shown to detect and protect against a wide range of cyber attacks. In this Phase I of this project, we will leverage the Autonomia and AIM technologies to demonstrate critical capabilities for building the proposed resilient cloud services. Through both technologies, we aim to accurately build an adaptive high-level knowledge about the state of the cloud system, and proactively learn from and defend against cloud attacks. We envision significant opportunity to commercialize the RT2ET technology to government agencies and enterprise companies. Avirtek has developed innovative solutions that address the foremost aspects of cybersecurity enriching its staff with exceptional expertise along with proven track record for technology transfer. The outcome of this Phase will be feasibility study and design of the RT2ET framework and a report containing the blue prints and recommendations to implement robust end to end trust among a large number of

Process Query Systems LLC
16 Cavendish Court
Lebanon, NH 03766
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 727-4477
Vicnent H. Berk
AF131-055      Awarded: 7/18/2013
Title:End-to-End Network Trust
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Network traffic is a critical part of evaluating real-time end-to-end network trust. This project will leverage our mature commercial network traffic analysis system, FlowTraq, to design and implement a powerful new system, which we call FlowTrust, to evaluate real-time trust scores of networked computer systems based on observed network traffic. By the time a network component is identified as having suffered a breach or fault, that component will have interacted with many others in its network. Components not directly compromised by an intrusion may be secondarily compromised by sending sensitive information to a compromised host, being logged into from that host, or by acting on tainted information. Loss of trust can thereby cascade from host to host. Re-establishing end-to-end network trust therefore requires determining the timing, nature, and participants of all suspect communications, to identify and halt compromise cascades as they occur. FlowTrust builds on principles of flow analysis and epidemiology to determine the extent to which a trust breach permeates a network. It accomplishes this by categorizing network sessions according to potential to propagate negative trust, flagging risky communications as they occur, and facilitating fast identification of compromised hosts. BENEFIT: The resulting system will greatly aid in real-time evaluation of end-to-end network trust in a live system, including not only DoD networks, but those of trust-sensitive commercial organizations such as cloud storage, banks, and hospitals. It will be capable of tracking intrusions and potential breaches of data confidentiality and data integrity through multiple network hops, allowing instantaneous assessment of the scope of loss of trust. The principles developed will be applicable to analysis of a wide variety of network systems, including complex hardware, multiple-host software installs, and systems-of-systems. Although FlowTrust will be at its greatest utility as part of a comprehensive end-to-end network trust analysis system, on its own it will be commercially useful in a wide variety of network security applications. A software embodiment of this system will be offered for sale as a tool for live monitoring of intrusions and malware infections, and for sophisticated network forensics, allowing in-depth after-the-fact tracing of security breaches.

Milanowski & Associates, Inc
1021 Scott Street Suite 348
San Diego, CA 92106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(619) 865-2174
Randall J. Milanowski
AF131-057      Awarded: 10/30/2013
Title:EDA for Strategic Radiation Hardened Precision Analog IC Obsolescence Mitigation
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposed program leverages mature semiconductor TCAD and EDA tools. These tools are widespread in modern analog IC design and already possess capabilities applicable to obsolete part replacement. Our plan for detailed R&D activity emphasizes tool adaptations/improvements for simplifying, automating, and accelerating the overall design retargeting task, the application of radhard-by-design, and detailed physics-based simulation of environments particular to Air Force strategic systems. We have developed concepts for prompt dose simulation that are ideal for this program, but need refinement and robust implementation into a commercial toolset. Other adaptations are required at the flow or procedural level, e.g., in addressing obsolescence, one has the benefit of (at least partial) starting design and experimental performance data. This provides opportunities for streamlining the traditional IC design flow. However, the process retargeting problem is a complicating factor of obsolescence, but one that can be addressed through R&D applied to TCAD flows and effective use of the pureplay foundry model and process design kits. Our Phase 1 program will produce detailed specifications for tool flow improvements and also demonstrate proof of concepts for new models. In Phase 2 we will implement the framework in a commercial TCAD/EDA flow and demonstrate its use in silicon. BENEFIT: Benefits: Reduced time and cost for replacement of obsolete strategic rad hard parts Commercial Application: There is commercial interest in emerging concepts for reconfigurable analog, analog IP, and design reuse, that attempt to parallel the digital world. The capabilities for efficient retargeting of existing designs into multiple different foundries are also applicable in these areas.

Ridgetop Group, Inc.
3580 West Ina Road
Tucson, AZ 85741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 742-3300
Esko Mikkola
AF131-057      Awarded: 10/30/2013
Title:Automated Analog Electronics Design Tools for Obsolete Parts
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Ridgetop Group will develop design tools to facilitate fabrication of obsolete, radiation- hardened, precision analog components. The methodology that is developed and validated during the nine-month Phase I SBIR program will be transitioned into an easy-to-use prototype software tool during Phase II. The Ridgetop EDA tool integrates well-known commercial EDA solutions to support radiation-hardened analog IC development. The first version will use Silvaco Atlas TCAD tool for radiation effect characterization, Cadence Spectre for SPICE circuit simulations, and Cadence APS for Verilog and Verilog-A simulations. Ridgetops own ProChek fabrication process characterization system will be integrated as a part of the tool flow to rapidly provide very valuable test data for optimum fabrication process selection, simulation model accuracy checks and RHBD structure validation. Cadence Virtuoso will be used for layout design, design rule checks and parasitic extraction. Overall flow control and automated generation of RHBD SPICE and layout files will be managed using Perl, a feature-rich scripting language. The tool can be used for generating hardened circuits for prompt dose rate effects, neutron effects, total ionizing dose and different types of single-event effects. This approach is a low-risk solution to the problem the Air Force has described in the solicitation topic. BENEFIT: Ridgetop has received valuable support from large satellite manufacturing companies and from NASA/JPL for the technology commercialization path. These companies and institutions are very interested in Ridgetops design flow innovation, since it can be used for rapid design of replacements for obsolete radiation-hardened components. By the same token, the tool can be used for converting existing terrestrial (not hardened) design schematics over to applications that have radiation tolerance requirements, which will result in significant cost savings since existing designs can now be reused. Potential commercial applications include: Military, scientific and commercial space systems Missile applications Cargo scanners Industrial radiation-hard instrumentation Medical devices Nuclear and high-energy physics applications

Silicon Technologies, Inc.
2180 East 4500 South Suite 210
Salt Lake City, UT 84124
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 913-4332
Thomas L. Wolf
AF131-057      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Automated Analog Electronics Design Tools for Obsolete Parts
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Silicon Technologies, Inc. (STI) proposes to extend the results of a DARPA sponsored contract # W31P4Q-11-C-0046, Design Tools For Highly Regular Circuit Geometries to develop a set of design tools and analog cells specifically for use in automating the design of Rad Hard analog circuits. STI was able to prove feasibility of a revolutionary new set of design tools for analog design. The new design tool was developed to permit the analog designer to design and simulate layout extracted circuits without the need to pass the design to the physical layout team. The tool has shown the potential to facilitate reuse and reducing the cost of porting analog circuits by 2-4x over conventional methods. And in fact has been used to manually design a proof of concept RFID chip. BENEFIT: This project will develop an automated analog design tool to be used in the porting of analog ic's. It will reduce the cost of design and porting by 2-4x.

Escape Communications, Inc.
2790 Skypark Dr Ste 203
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 997-1303
Jim Nadeau
AF131-060      Awarded: 9/6/2013
Title:W and V Band Satellite Transceiver
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Escape proposes a candidate waveform and signal processing architecture to efficiently support adaptive coding and symbol rates to maximize throughput and minimize power consumption for a space-based W- and V- band transceiver. BENEFIT: Escape's approach to adaptive coding and adaptive symbol rate provides maximum throughput and system gain advantages to wideband space terminals and commercial V- band terminals which operate in channels with ample bandwidth but are power-limited.

QuinStar Technology, inc.
24085 Garnier Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1111
Cheng Keng Pao
AF131-060      Awarded: 9/24/2013
Title:Highly Integrated W and V Band Satellite Transceiver
Abstract:ABSTRACT: QuinStar Technology proposes an integrated solution for W/V-band GEO satellite transceivers to minimize transceiver SWaP and cost while maximizing performance. This will be accomplished by using advanced GaN technologies for the transmitter SSPA and InP technologies for the receiver LNA. As a result of recent SBIR sponsored research, QuinStar is has developed state-of-the-art GaN and InP MMICs operating at these frequencies, and proposes to apply these technologies to this program. Furthermore, we propose to integrate most of the receiver functions (LNA, mixer, etc.) on a single InP chip. This will reduce the cost as well as enhance the performance of the receiver. BENEFIT: The key W/V band transceiver technologies developed for this program can benefit future DoD, NASA, and upcoming commercial satellite communication systems. For DoD, the results of this SBIR research topic can be directly applied to future MILSATCOM programs. For example, Air Force has an ongoing W/V band Satellite Communications Experiments (WSCE) program using the same frequency allocation plan. This is a strong indication that the proposed work is completely in sync with the trend of future space terminal and communication link development. NASA and other space agencies are involved in a program called "Integrated Interplanetary Network. W-band is one of the main frequency bands this program plan to use to relay data from landers, rovers, satellites, back to Earth. Commercially, the data crowding at the current Ku/Ka band satellites is well documented. ESA has been experimenting Q/V satellite link systems (AlphaSat for example.) Several W- band projects, such as DAVID Mission and WAVE Project, are designed to perform preliminary tests for the commercial use of the W-band. The fact that FCC allows non- exclusive use of these bands by private sectors will speed up the arrival of W/V band satellite era. This research will benefit these and other upcoming opportunities.

Space Micro Inc.
10237 Flanders Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 332-0700
Michael Jacox
AF131-060      Awarded: 9/12/2013
Title:W and V Band Satellite Transceiver
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Space Micro proposes to mitigate key technology risks to enable development of future satellite communication architectures using W-band (for uplink) and V-band (for downlink). An innovative approach to enable a very wideband modem for W/V band MILSATCOM applications is described and a work plan defined to demonstrate feasibility. Space Micro has defined an approach that will enable very large instantaneous bandwidth communications which will enhance security, propagation and data throughput at W/V band frequencies. In Phase II we will complete design and development of a satellite W/V-band transceiver. BENEFIT: In Phase III we anticipate dual use applications. Military for MILSATCOM systems which would benefit from high capacity satellite uplink / downlink capability at W-band and V-band. In addition, there is growing commercial interest in W-band and V-band for terrestrial wireless communication.

Escape Communications, Inc.
2790 Skypark Dr Ste 203
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 997-1303
Jim Nadeau
AF131-061      Awarded: 9/6/2013
Title:W and V band Airborne SATCOM Transceiver
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Escape proposes a candidate waveform and signal processing architecture to efficiently support adaptive coding and adaptive symbol rates. These adaptive features help maximize link throughput and minimize power consumption for SATCOM Airborne W- and V- band transceivers operating in a dynamic channel environment. BENEFIT: Escape's approach to adaptive coding and adaptive symbol rate provides maximum throughput and system gain advantages to wideband airborne terminals and commercial V- band terminals which operate in channels with ample bandwidth but are power-limited.

QuinStar Technology, inc.
24085 Garnier Street
Torrance, CA 90505
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-1111
Tracy Lee
AF131-061      Awarded: 11/8/2013
Title:W and V band Airborne SATCOM Transceiver
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The proposed work is to develop a high integration, single transmit, multiple receive, digital beamforming, airborne SATCOM transceiver. This can be accomplished by using advanced GaN technologies for the transmitter SSPA and InP technologies for the receiver LNA. Furthermore, we propose to integrate most of the receiver functions (e.g. the LNA, mixer, etc.) on a single InP chip. This will reduce the cost and enhance the performance of the receiver. The receiver array will be part of the digital beamforming circuit countering antenna pointing error. BENEFIT: The key W/V band transceiver technologies developed for this program can benefit future DoD, NASA, and upcoming commercial satellite communication systems. For DoD, the results of this SBIR research topic can be directly applied to future MILSATCOM programs. For example, Air Force has an ongoing W/V band Satellite Communications Experiments (WSCE) program using the same frequency allocation plan. This is a strong indication that the proposed work is completely in sync with the trend of future space terminal and communication link development. NASA and other space agencies are involved in a program called "Integrated Interplanetary Network. W-band is one of the main frequency bands this program plan to use to relay data from landers, rovers, satellites, back to Earth. Commercially, the data crowding at the current Ku/Ka band satellites is well documented. ESA has been experimenting Q/V satellite link systems (AlphaSat for example.) Several W- band projects, such as DAVID Mission and WAVE Project, are designed to perform preliminary tests for the commercial use of the W-band. The fact that FCC allows non- exclusive use of these bands by private sectors will speed up the arrival of W/V band satellite era. This research will benefit these and other upcoming opportunities.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5708
Vladimir Kolinko
AF131-061      Awarded: 9/19/2013
Title:V/W-band transceiver design for UAV to satellite communication
Abstract:ABSTRACT: TBD BENEFIT: TBD

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Huan Wan Tseng
AF131-062      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Fast Acquisition of GPS Signals Using Time Synchronization (FAST) of Cooperative Networked Radio Nodes
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this topic, the U.S. Air Force seeks to develop methods for time synchronization among radio nodes in a wireless network such that the time search space in the GPS acquisition can be divided among the nodes to cooperatively achieve fast acquisition with the goal of Time-To-First Fix (TTFF) of less than one minute. The related objective is to enable fast direct P(Y) code acquisition using cooperative networked radio nodes while saving battery life of the handheld radios equipped with military GPS receiver. Mayflower proposes an innovative system concept termed FAST that allows for precise time synchronization of the nodes in a collaborative network of wireless nodes. Mayflower proposes to demonstrate the FAST system concept and the fast acquisition of P(Y) code signal using Mayflower NavAssure SAASM receiver as the prototype platform in the Phase II program. The technology developed in this SBIR program will be applicable to MGUE receiver as well. The primary application of this technology is for a dismounted and disadvantaged Soldier/Marine. The fast signal acquisition technology developed will apply for P(Y) code receiver as well as Military GPS User Equipment (MGUE). BENEFIT: The capability of network time synchronization is important in a variety of civilian and commercial applications such as timestamp in distributed sensor networks for data fusion for threat detection or environmental sensing, fault diagnosis and prevention in distributed database, and scheduled actuation of events in distributed systems.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison K. Brown
AF131-062      Awarded: 9/5/2013
Title:Cooperative Networked GPS signal acquisition
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The biggest demand on a military receiver has been from the time required to search and acquire for the military signals when an accurate internal time reference is not available. Prior research by NAVSYS into network assisted GPS approaches used the JTRS network itself to transfer time from another GPS receiver to reduce the initial time uncertainty and speed the acquisition time. This required at least one receiver on the network to have already acquired and tracked the GPS signals. Under this SBIR, we proposed to develop methods to reduce the direct P(Y) acquisition time under situations where no unit on the network has yet acquired a GPS solution. The cooperative signal acquisition algorithms shall use shared data between network participants to speed direct P(Y) and direct M-code acquisition to reduce the search space for disadvantaged units, and allow longer correlation times for weak signal and high interference environments. We shall develop a Phase II plan for a prototype system to be used to demonstrate the performance under live tracking conditions of the cooperative acquisition approach and document the Phase I simulation results, and proposed Phase II, system architecture and demonstration plan in the Phase I report. BENEFIT: The NAVSYS VMAG (Vector Mapped Assisted GPS) and NAMPA (Networked Assisted M- Code Puncture Acquisition) technologies will provide rapid TTFF (Time to First Fix) initialization among a networked user groups. Military applications will be pursued in all major DoD branches by tailoring the implementation of this technology to their specific needs. Civilian applications include public sector infrastructure and logistics, which will compliment private sector applications such as commercial logistics and mobile device applications.

Network Sensing Technologies LLC
1184 Eglin Parkway
Shalimar, FL 32579
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(850) 613-6624
Ben-z Lawrence
AF131-062      Awarded: 9/10/2013
Title:Cooperative GPS Networked Acquisition System (COGNAS)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Global Positioning System (GPS) is used by the DoD to provide the position for accessing location and movement of ground, air and sea assets and threats and for precise navigation. For increased accuracy and anti-spoofing, the encrypted Precise Positioning Service (PPS) is utilized by the U.S. military and allied forces. The P(Y) code length and complexity requires precise time and ephemeris to provide successful acquisition and tracking. The required acquisition time and time to first fix is directly dependent upon the time accuracy and environment as current system do not perform well in degraded environments. A Cooperative GPS Networked Acquisition System (COGNAS) provides a network of participants and optimization strategies to enable successful acquisition and reduce acquisition and tracking time with initial coarse time and position estimates. The code search is partitioned across the network of GPS receivers effectively increasing the number of GPS parallel correlators. The optimization also increases performance in GPS signal degraded environments such as SV obscuration, multipath and interference. BENEFIT: This research will produce a cooperative network of GPS receivers that allows consistent acquisition and reduction of time of acquisition and tracking by optimizing the code search across the network of participants. This can be extended to commercial GPS receivers for use in civil organizations to reduce the effects of GPS signal degraded environments such as multipath and urban canyon.

NAVSYS Corporation
14960 Woodcarver Road
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 481-4877
Alison K. Brown
AF131-063      Awarded: 8/20/2013
Title:GPS-denied Positioning using Networked communications
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A robust back-up navigation alternative is needed to continue to provide accurate PVT data when GPS is denied. Navigation solutions can be enhanced by utilizing existing networked communications for dismounted forces operating in small platoons. When some of the forces lose their GPS signals, traditional GPS-denied network positioning techniques such as Time of Arrival (TOA) or Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) have been employed previously. Unfortunately these techniques require extremely tight time synchronization among the sensor nodes; and such a synchronization requirement has previously been too stringent to be reasonably met by man-portable hardware due to SWaP constraints. This effort will evaluate methods to allow use of RF ranging through TOA and signals of opportunity (SoOP) through TDOA, by leveraging high precision time transfer between software defined radios to maintain the tight time synchronization needed to perform back-up navigation in a GPS denied environment. The expected performance will be demonstrated through simulation and prototyping efforts. A plan shall be developed to perform a sub-scale demonstration of a positioning network in Phase II to demonstrating the ability of a group of nodes to successfully navigate under GPS-denied conditions and evaluate transition options for operational SDR products. BENEFIT: The NAVSYS DiNO-Pos (Distributed Network Opportunistic Positioning) technology will achieve high positional accuracy in GPS-denied environments that will increase military operational effectiveness and save lives. The civilian public protectors will also be able to execute their tasks more efficiently and with less delays that can also save lives. Private sector applications include automobile navigation and fleet/asset management where operational integrity can be preserved during these adverse conditions.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Donald Harbin
AF131-063      Awarded: 9/4/2013
Title:GPS-Denied Positioning Using Networked Communications
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal is for the development of a novel algorithm to utilize commercially available signals of opportunity (SoOP) received by several participating cooperative nodes to derive the location of those nodes. The use of multiple transceiver devices within a network possessing the capability to receive and transmit radio/TV signals can enable a new method of positioning and navigation. Synchronization of the receiver nodes or of the commercial broadcast towers is not necessary for this method to be effective, thereby opening up an existing planet-wide resource with an established and ubiquitous infrastructure to be used for localization. BENEFIT: First responders operating in a disaster area will benefit from the proposed system.

Q-Track Corporation
2223 Drake Avenue SW 1st Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-0075
Hans Schantz
AF131-063      Awarded: 9/6/2013
Title:Absolute Reference Correlation SOLD (ARCSOLD)
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Q-Track proposes to develop and demonstrate feasibility of a system for absolute localization in GPS-denied environments. A Signals-of-Opportunity Location Device (SOLD), previously demonstrated to yield 1m repeatable location indoors, provides the desired absolute location reference. Q-Tracks proposed SOLD sensor a compact, lightweight tag ultimately costing about $50 in volume also creates Virtual Landmarks that allow the system to combine location estimates from multiple users at various times so as to yield improved location estimates. With uncorrelated errors, the location estimate improves approximately as square root n where n is the number of user passes through the Virtual Landmark, converging to the 30cm accuracy with which SOLD defines Virtual Landmarks. We estimate the system is feasible for a 200MHz processor with memory of about 774kB/user/hour. With algorithm optimization and improvements in database management, the algorithm may be made substantially more efficient. Q-Track will field-test how the system improves the accuracy of GPS and other location data. In addition, Q-Tracks approach has the ability to serve as a GPS back-up, providing GPS-quality location estimates (or better) in urban areas where Signals-of-Opportunity are present but GPS signals are unavailable or marginal due to jamming, interference, or line-of-sight blockage. BENEFIT: The proposed effort enables existing location estimate errors to be improved approximately as the square root of n where n is the number of users passing through a Virtual Landmark location up to the approximately 30cm accuracy with which the Virtual Landmark is defined using the Signals-of-Opportunity. Once a sufficient density of Virtual Landmarks have been determined using an expensive, high precision indoor navigation system, further navigation through the area may be accomplished using a compact, lightweight tag device costing about $50 in volume. We believe the accuracy and simplicity of the proposed system will allow Q-Track to unlock the indoor navigation market - ultimately an opportunity likely larger than the $30B outdoor location market served by GPS.

Venture Ad Astra, LLC
410 W 27th Ave Suite 200
Anchorage, AK 99503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(503) 330-7568
Hugh Brunk
AF131-063      Selected for Award
Title:PhaseNet(tm): Efficient Absolute Positioning For GPS-Denied Environments Over RF Networks
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Venture Ad Astra PhaseNet precision location technology can provide sub-10 meter absolute location for military applications using networked Radio Frequency (RF) signals of opportunity in GPS denied environments such as indoors, or during GPS jamming. To provide an even more robust capability in severe multi-path environments, we have teamed with Silvus Technologies to leverage their advanced hardware multiple input multiple output (MIMO) capabilities to mitigate multipath and reduce fading. This approach is attractive because it requires no changes to network architecture and can be implemented in software. PhaseNet combines the advantages of current Time of Arrival (TOA) and Round Trip Time (RTT) in a clever way that avoids the need for clock synchronization in the classic TOA approach. Instead, it deals with unsynchronized clocks by calculating the relationships between the network clocks. Because clock relationships are discovered in PhaseNetTM, round trip message patterns characteristic of RTT which significantly reduces message traffic. PhaseNet also provides user gain with increasing numbers of nodes since clock relationships between pairs of nodes is learned. Multipath mitigation is enhanced by the Silvus multiple antenna and MIMO design. There are several practical techniques for registering location to the WGS 84 reference frame to achieve absolute position. BENEFIT: The BENEFITs of PhaseNet are applicable to commercial, space and military sectors. PhaseNet approach is attractive because it requires minimal changes to existing network architectures and can be implemented in software. The ability to locate in relative and absolute coordinates with efficiency and accuracy is of value to retailers that are interested in micro targeting consumers with better localized information and services. In the ADS-B and air navigation sector, redundancy to GPS in providing tracking of airborne assets is of immense value to safety and cost savings that can be realized in operational efficiencies. PhaseNet can be applied to ADS-B with minimal changes. The core capability of PhaseNet to synchronize clocks to improve the accuracy of locating nodes in a network has far reaching impact in many areas of position and navigation across existing RF communication networks.

Digital Optics Technologies, Inc.
1645 Hicks Road, Suite R
Rolling Meadows, IL 60008
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 358-2592
Shih Tseng
AF131-065      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Integrated Micro-Inertial Sensors For GPS Denied Navigation Using Fast-Light Enhanced Ring Laser Gyroscopes and Accelerometers
Abstract:ABSTRACT: For navigation of space platforms under GPS denied conditions, there is a need for micro- inertial sensors, with better accuracy and smaller volume and weight than the state of the art. We at Digital Optics Technologies (DOT) have been developing a superluminal ring laser gyroscope (SRLG) that can improve the accuracy of rotation sensing by nearly six orders of magnitude. Alternatively, for a given accuracy need, the SRLG can be very small. DOT has also developed the architecture for a superluminal ring laser accelerometer (SRLA), which can achieve a sensitivity of 10 pico-g/root-Hz. Under Phase I, we will demonstrate technical feasibility of realizing a compact inertial measurement unit (IMU) that would comprise three SRLGs and three SRLAs for all-axes sensing, utilizing miniature vapor cells, integrated optical components, detectors and lasers. In addition to miniaturization, a key focus of this effort would be to develop requisite components that would be suitable for space platforms. To this end, we will carry out analysis and test for radiation hardening, extreme temperature variations, and tolerance for high-G situations. Development of a prototype that would meet the size, weight, power and performance goals would be carried out in Phase II. Honeywell, Triad Technology, and International Photonics Consultants would be subcontractors. Dr. Selim Shahriar, inventor of the SRLG and the SRLA and the chief scientific adviser at DOT, will coordinate the overall effort. BENEFIT: Three SRLAs, combined with three SRLGs, can be used to realize a high accuracy IMU that is very compact and light weight. Such an IMU could also be relatively inexpensive. An IMU of this type could have a significant impact on guidance, navigation and control systems for spacecraft, launch vehicles, missiles, kill vehicles, smart munitions, and other applications requiring precision inertial knowledge. Non-DoD applications include spacecraft guidance, navigation and control, as well as commercial aircraft inertial navigation systems

MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street
Somerville, MA 02143
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-8300
Caleb Christensen
AF131-065      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Integrated Fast-light Micro-inertial Sensors for GPS Denied Navigation
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose to develop an all-optical Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) which achieves high sensitivity to accelerations and rotations in a small package using fast-light enhancement. In an optical IMU, the rotation sensitivity depends on the area enclosed by a circular optical path, so it is impossible to significantly reduce the size of a standard fiber optic gyroscope or ring laser gyroscope without sacrificing sensitivity. However, using the phenomenon of fast light, which we will produce through Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in a fiber, the sensitivity of an optical sensor of a given size and shape can be enhanced by orders of magnitude. Optical accelerometers can likewise be enhanced to high sensitivity using fast-light phenomena. Our approach will allow the construction of gyroscopes and accelerometers from fiber-based components and reliable, efficient telecom-grade lasers. Unlike fast-light methods which use atomic phenomena, our design will not require locking of lasers to specific wavelengths, and will allow freedom in component selection based on cost, efficiency, radiation resistance or other factors. Combined with photonic integrated circuit technologies, this will allow the construction of a rugged, compact, high sensitivity IMU ideal for unmanned aerial vehicles, orbital launch vehicles and spacecraft. BENEFIT: The system will be ideal for unmanned aircraft, with a sensitivity and SWaP that addresses the unique requirements of smaller airframes and autonomous operation. This includes self-guided ordinance and unmanned aerial vehicles, where traditional optical IMU systems are too large to use. The system can be used in the tracking and control of launch vehicles for placing payloads into orbital or sub-orbital trajectories. The reduced SWaP will be very valuable for reducing costs or improving performance. A small, low power inertial measurement device could prove useful on manned or unmanned spacecraft by providing precision inertial feedback during orbital maneuvers or stationkeeping operations. The device could be used to actively stabilize platforms such as for mounted weapons and communications platforms or during sensitive astronomical observations or scientific measurements. Commercial aircraft and marine vessels could benefit from a compact, rugged device, which may prove cost-effective for some applications.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
Jim Coward
AF131-065      Awarded: 5/15/2013
Title:Integrated Fast-light Micro-inertial Sensors for GPS Denied Navigation
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The ability to maintain precision navigation without periodic position updates from external sensors such as GPS is challenging. One particularly challenging scenario is navigation for transonic through hypersonic weapon systems and UAVs. The flight dynamics and operational environment of medium / high altitude platforms limit the availability and precision of traditional non-GPS positioning systems. Existing inertial-based navigation systems suffer too much drift when they operate continuously for days. To address this navigation, SA Photonics is pleased to propose development of the UVG, an Ultra sensitive IMU based on the fast light ring laser technology. The UVGs highly stable dead-reckoning sensors will enable precision inertial navigation for far-greater periods of time between external position updates. The calculated performance for UVG is > 100X better than existing pointing grade IMUs, and the technology is far more compatible with the construction of highly integrated compact and cost-effective Inertial Navigation Systems (INS). BENEFIT: SA Photonics will use our fast light technologies to develop a highly stable, ultra sensitive and compact IMU that will have performance > 100X better than existing pointing grade IMUs. There are multiple benefits to the Air Force: - Very low development cost - Ultra sensitive and stable - Rugged, reliable, compact - Low unit cost

Kord Technologies, Inc.
1101 McMurtrie Drive NW Building A
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 617-0957
Craig Farlow
AF131-066      Awarded: 8/23/2013
Title:Multiband Metasurface for Reduced Antenna Footprint and Jamming Mitigation
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force has identified the need to improve satellite communications by increasing bandwidth, yet seeks to accomplish this without increasing the antenna payload footprint and without introducing vulnerability to transmission interference or jamming. One mature and popular technology explored over the past several decades is a class of engineered materials known as frequency selective surfaces (FSSs). The characteristics of FSSs allow the same surface to be completely opaque in a certain frequency band(s) while simultaneously being completely transparent in another band(s). This property can be exploited to create antenna designs which allow multiple antennas to share the same aperture. Prior antenna based FSS solutions involve the use of gimbaled fixed beam antennas. Such systems suffer from slow switching between users and limited electrical scan, multi-beam and anti-jamming capabilities. Kord Technologies proposes to team with Digital Fusion/Kratos to address the drawbacks of prior approaches by investigating the feasibility of integrating FSSs into phased array antennas. Such antennas p