---------- ARMY ----------

52 Phase I Selections from the 13.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Applied Sciences, Inc.
141 W. Xenia Ave. PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 766-2020
Patrick D. Lake
A13-070      Awarded: 11/12/2013
Title:Nano-Enhanced CFRP with Improved Thermal Conductivity
Abstract:The Army is seeking to implement composite materials to replace aluminum in missile structures, but the limitations in composite thermal conductivity pose a threat of overheating on the electronics. To solve this problem, Applied Sciences, Inc. (ASI) proposes to develop an advanced carbon nanofiber (CNF) sheetgood capable of increasing the composite thermal conductivity by an order of magnitude while simultaneously retaining or enhancing the composite mechanical properties (especially compressive and tensile properties). ASI has performed limited testing of a new carbon nanomaterial product form, called CNF Mat, which has shown ability to: enhance composite mechanical properties, enable weight reduction, and achieve greater than 325 W/m-K in preliminary formulations. Measurements made on CNFs alone have shown thermal conductivities in excess of 1500 W/m-K, illustrating the potential for improving the CNF mat and thus the composite thermal conductivity. In this project, the Phase I team will utilize thermo-mechanical modeling to guide the materials development effort. In addition, through support and contributions from a major prime contractor, ASI will fabricate and fully characterize the thermal and mechanical properties of advanced, lightweight composite materials suitable to replace aluminum in missile structures.

Materials Sciences Corporation
135 Rock Road
Horsham, PA 19044
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 542-8400
Simon Chung
A13-070      Awarded: 11/4/2013
Title:In-Plane Conductivity Improvement to Fiber Reinforced Composite Materials (MSC P4146)
Abstract:Missile modernization and future missile designs are utilizing more sophisticated and higher powered electronics in the pursuit of extended missile range, improved accuracy and precision targeting for striking enemy threats. Tight packaging and sophistication of these electronic systems can generate significant heat loads, which needs to be dissipated efficiently in order to maintain functionality and survivability. This program proposes to develop a cost-effective composite airframe with integrated, interlaminar heat spreaders that will provide high in-plane conductivity for thermal management without structural degradation. To seek a balance among cost, thermal capabilities, and structural properties, the program will perform trade studies among commercially available heat spreaders (e.g., flexible graphite sheets currently being employed in cell phone and laptop industry) as well as explore hybrid pitch-pan fabrics, spread tow carbon nanotube composite sheets, and metalized coated carbon fabrics. In addition to material evaluation, this program will evaluate design and processing methodologies to efficiently integrate the heat spreader into airframe type composite structures with minimal retrofitting of current fabrication procedures (e.g., filament winding). This research will directly support the Army’s need for improved thermal management to protect high value, sensitive guidance and control electronics.

Optimax Systems, Inc
6367 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-1020
Nathan Smith
A13-071      Awarded: 11/13/2013
Title:Low Cost Finishing of Optical Ceramic Domes with Embedded Grids
Abstract:Traditional methods of manufacturing ceramic domes with an embedded grid involves manufacturing two thin and precise domes that fit together, placing a grid between them, and bonding the assembly together. This method is costly as the optician has to make two precise domes to make “embedded grid dome". For the Low Cost Finishing of optical Ceramic Domes with Embedded Grid, phase I SBIR, we plan to purchase a near net shape monolithic ALON dome from Surmet, with the grid already in the blank material. The dome blank will be sent out to Resodyn for measurement of the grid location relative to both the concave and convex surfaces. Once the grid location measurements are completed, the amount of total material to be removed can be determined from each surface. The manufacturing process will begin and we will track the material removal and place the optical surface at the specified distance from the grid. This process will reduce the cost of manufacturing the dome, as the optician will only have to manufacture one dome instead of two. When the dome is completed we will send it back to Resodyn for verification of the grid location as part of the Phase I option.

Dais-Analytic Corp
11552 Prosperous Drive
Odessa, FL 33556
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(727) 375-8484
Brian C. Johnson
A13-072      Selected for Award
Title:Non-Fouling Water Reuse Technologies
Abstract:Dais Analytic will demonstrate a device that uses its proprietary nanotechnology membrane to deliver a robust water treatment system. Selective permeation of water molecules through the solid material turns gray water sources into extremely pure product water while reducing membrane fouling.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2323
Robert J. Copeland
A13-072      Selected for Award
Title:A Non-fouling Greywater Treatment System to Produce Field-potable Water
Abstract:Wastewater purification and reuse are needed to sustain the Army’s contingency operating bases, thus Shower Water Reuse Systems have been deployed which recover >75% of the greywater from shower and laundry facilities for reuse. Unfortunately, the system requires frequent cleaning and replacement of filters and membranes due to scaling and fouling. The Reverse Osmosis (RO) membranes are susceptible to biofouling even if the microbiological organisms are killed with a disinfectant because their remains build up an impermeable layer on the membrane. Thus, the Army needs low-cost technologies to mitigate fouling. Ozone, a highly reactive oxidizer, can destroy the microbes responsible for biofilm formation and break down organic matter into carbon dioxide and water. Therefore, TDA Research proposes an efficient and compact treatment system that uses ozone to eliminate microbial organisms and organics in the greywater that foul the membrane and degrade its operation. By doing so, the military will be able to continue using RO for purification. In Phase I we will design the treatment system and demonstrate that ozone can prevent membrane fouling in bench-scale tests with surrogate wastewaters. In Phase II we will develop, build and test a pilot-scale system to purify 1000 gallons of greywater per day.

Andrews Space, Inc.
3415 S. 116th St Suite 123
Tukwila, WA 98168
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 438-0678
Adam Wuerl
A13-073      Selected for Award
Title:Kestrel Eye 2 Space Segment and Ground Processing Advancements to Achieve 10m Accuracy
Abstract:Andrews is currently the Kestrel Eye 2 (KE2) prime contractor and spacecraft integrator. KE2 program insights are leveraged to develop and demonstrate an architecture compatible improved attitude determination system to enable 10 meter geolocation accuracy through the use of a higher accuracy star tracker, better on-board location processing, and integration of the imagery into the Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) to improve geo- rectification. During Phase 1 Andrews we derive system performance and refine error budget allocations between onboard sensors and ground processing enhancements to meet the 10 meter accuracy requirement. Andrews will conduct system simulations to validate the 10 meter performance accuracy. During Phase II Andrews will develop an improved star tracker based on its existing PYXIS product. Initial estimates are that they advanced PYXIS will provide 1 arc-second accuracy in a package with low size, weight and power to meet KE program objectives. Andrews, working with its partner: Space Dynamics Lab; will develop and demonstrate a system to rapidly ingest KE imagery into the DCGS to post process and achieve the desired location accuracy. At the end of Phase II Andrews will conduct a system demonstration of these system elements to validate system performance.

Princeton Satellite Systems
6 Market St. Suite 926
Plainsboro, NJ 08536
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 275-9606
Michael Paluszek
A13-073      Selected for Award
Title:Microsatellite Control System for Exceptional Positional Accuracy
Abstract:Princeton Satellite Systems proposes an ultra-precise attitude and orbit determination system to provide exceptional ground location accuracy for Earth imaging. Improving the location accuracy from 60 m to less than 10 m requires minimization of all sources of errors in the pointing knowledge, pointing accuracy, and orbit knowledge. The attitude determination system uses nonlinear attitude filters, optical gyros and star cameras with PSS-developed star centroiding algorithms. These algorithms will dramatically reduce centroiding errors and produce unprecedented attitude knowledge accuracy. The attitude filters can incorporate nontraditional measurements from various attitude-dependent sources onboard the spacecraft, such as the communication system, for improved robustness and accuracy. The optical gyros enable a high bandwidth control system which can acquire multiple targets in one pass. The GPS-based orbit determination is enhanced with two-way ranging from the communication system to reduce the navigation error. The pointing system uses PSS ultra- low-jitter reaction wheels for high pointing accuracy and to reduce image smear. The technology in this system, which was developed by and is unique to Princeton Satellite Systems, will provide ground location accuracy of better than 10 m in a nanosatellite-class package.

Radiance Technologies Inc.
350 Wynn Drive
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 704-3411
Pete Weiland
A13-074      Selected for Award
Title:CubeSat System Designs for Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) Data Exfiltration
Abstract:Radiance proposes to perform end-to-end systems engineering to develop design solutions that increase the efficacy of using Cube Satellites (CubeSats) for UGS data exfiltration. We will apply our extensive knowledge and experience in CubeSat development and flight tests to define CubeSat capabilities that supports a wide array of UGS applications. We propose systems engineering and link analyses to define integrated system solutions in terms of power, frequency, bandwidth and antenna requirements. We apply systems requirements balancing to derive system solutions and preliminary antenna designs that work within the limited mass, volume, and power constraints of CubeSats, defining preliminary form-and-fit solutions for onboard subsystems. Our approach builds on our SMDC supported TechSat CubeSat initiative, for which we demonstrated increased power and processing capabilities. Our extensive experience with deployed receiver ground stations and understanding of US Army mission requirements facilitate the development of system solutions that can be realized in operational systems. Additionally, these capabilities are directly applicable to commercial use for asset tracking, machine-to-machine interface, environmental and equipment monitoring, and many others. Our subcontractor, Morehead State University, provides demonstrated capability in the detailed design of CubeSat receivers and antennas, with orbital flight-testing of their CubeSat systems.

Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems LLC
15265 Alton Parkway, Suite 200
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 392-9095
Charles Scott MacGillivray
A13-074      Selected for Award
Title:Data Exfiltration of Unattended Ground Sensor Data Using A 3U CubeSat
Abstract:Leveraging Tyvak's experience in development of advanced low power, high performance CubeSat components and systems, as well as fabricating, testing and operating CubeSats, we propose to design, develop, fabricate and test a CubeSat compatible high gain antenna and radio integrated with existing Tyvak CubeSat avionics, with a representative ground transceiver. Key to the Phase I effort will be the development of an overall architecture to address current and future Army UGS data exfiltration needs and the design of key elements (i.e., High Gain Antenna, CubeSat radio, Integrated 3U CubeSat, Ground Transceiver). During the Phase 1 Option, we propose to fabricate and test a flight-representative prototype of the CubeSat compatible high gain antenna, and conduct a system PDR.

Giner, Inc.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 529-0520
Badawi Dweik, Ph.D.
A13-075      Selected for Award
Title:Heavy Metals Monitor for Water and Soil at Military Sites
Abstract:Heavy metal contamination of groundwater is a major problem in industrialized areas. Multiple toxic metal compounds, such as lead, arsenic, chromium, mercury, and cadmium, have been recorded at dangerously high levels in groundwater and soils and should be monitored to prevent contamination of groundwater and drinking water. The ability to track contaminated metal plumes in real-time would increase the efficacy of field sampling, and improve the response time if the metal levels are hazardous. The US Army has identified the need to develop new, cost-effective technology for onsite monitoring heavy metals in groundwater and soil. The main goals of this program are: 1) provide a field-deployable monitoring technology to assist DOD with rapid measurement of heavy metal area contamination in a sensing network and: 2) place a compact monitor for heavy metals on the commercial market for water and soil testing. These goals will be achieved by elevating the technology readiness level to LEVEL 5 at the end of Phase I (i.e. sensor breadboard validation is ready for testing in a relevant environment) and LEVEL 6/7 at the end of Phase II (i.e. where the prototype monitor is ready for real samples in operational environment and deployed for pilot use).

NanoSonic, Inc.
158 Wheatland Drive
Pembroke, VA 24136
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 626-6266
Hang Ruan
A13-075      Selected for Award
Title:Wireless Networked Sensors for Heavy Metal Detection in Water and Soil
Abstract:The Army Phase I program would develop and demonstrate wireless networked sensors using conformal nanomembrane based chemical field effect transistors (ChemFET) for heavy metal detection in surface water and soil for heavy metal monitoring. NanoSonic will optimize the strain engineering of the conformal nanomembrane for higher carrier concentration thus higher sensitivity, based on the current result that strained single-layer nanomembranes have the extremely high sensitivity of charge transport to surface chemical condition. The bonding mechanism of heavy metal ions such as lead, arsenic, chromium, mercury, and cadmium with self-assembled materials can be improved for higher selectivity. The ChemFET structure in terms of active layer thickness, substrate thickness and source/drain configuration can be also optimized. It is noted with the nanomembrane ChemFET technology, target chemicals could be detected by changing the surface functionalization of gate materials. In addition, NanoSonic would effectively functionalize and covalently integrate a nanoparticle system within an array of HybridSil copolymer matrices for substantial gains in the thermal, chemical, impact mechanical and transmission properties for the sensor application. We will integrate the NM ChemFET with NanoSonic's current wireless sensor nodes on the global positioning system (GPS) platform, and incorporate multifunction capability into the sensor system such as sensitivity to more species concentration to achieve high performance.

MC10 Inc.
9 Camp St 2nd Fl
Cambridge, MA 02140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 205-1149
Barry G Ives Jr
A13-076      Selected for Award
Title:Flexible, Stretchable, and Hyperelastic Photovoltaic Generating Textile
Abstract:Portable military applications demand renewable energy with extreme weight and cost efficiency and field ruggedness. Hyperelastic photovoltaic (PV) textiles will reduce mass and cost, and support high power conversion efficiencies resulting in sources of electricity with no attached supply chain and adaptable form factors. Textile-embedded systems light enough for wearable and mobile uses must combine two powerful technologies: high efficiency, ultra-thin, flexible solar cell, and conformal, hyperelastic packaging and assembly for large arrays. MC10 and MLD propose ConPhormL, conformal photovoltaic (PV) textile for recharging batteries, that integrate with arbitrarily deforming structures, augmenting our current systems for military customers. We will design 10 modules that are Powerful: ≥20% efficient at module level (>27% at cell level), using flexible III-V multi-junction cells; Affordable: in large quantities, suitable for specialty portable/mobile applications requiring point-of-use energy; Lightweight: ≤ 800g/m2; Flexible: ≤ 1 cm radius of curvature; Hyperelastic: up to 30% elastic strain tolerance at module level, plus microstructured outer module encapsulation for improved energy capture; Eobust: systems maintain output >80% of rated power for year of use and tolerance to loss by puncture or breakage of individual cells and clusters of cells; with strategy to reduce observability.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Bell
A13-076      Selected for Award
Title:Solar Mesh Array
Abstract:To address the Army need for the development of a robust, flexible, stretchable and hyperelastic, efficient, photovoltaic textile (“solar textile”), Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop innovative Solar Mesh (SOMESH) arrays by readily adapting an existing roll-to-roll solar panel production technology. The SOMESH design takes a solar ribbon and produces a solar coiled helix capable of stretching and retracting. Coils are interwoven to form a fabric that can stretch to more than four times the original coiled length and, in combination with an elastic airtight membrane, can be used for inflatable devices with solar power generation integrated into the structure. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SOMESH by constructing the required solar ribbons, coils, fabrics, and membranes. We plan to fabricate at least ten prototypes of an unstretched size of 30 cm x 30 cm for both mechanical testing and solar power generation. In Phase II, POC plans to build improved prototypes and incorporate them with power storage in an inflatable demonstrator.

Numerica Corporation
4850 Hahns Peak Drive Suite 200
Loveland, CO 80538
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 461-2000
Randy Paffenroth
A13-077      Selected for Award
Title:Detection and Classification of Micro-Terrain Features by Surface Roughness and Landform Discontinuities from Small-Footprint, Discrete-
Abstract:The detection of micro-terrain features, such as curvilinear discontinuities or surface roughness, provides valuable information for DoD applications such as maneuver planning, target detection, and improvised explosive device (IED) mitigation, as well as civilian applications such as disaster assessment. Deriving terrain models from LiDAR is, essentially, a problem of computing a surface (either locally or globally) from a point-cloud. While certainly easy to state, such problems are far more difficult to treat in real-world scenarios because of several major challenges. First, there is substantial additional data encoded in LiDAR scans, including return intensity, elevation uncertainty, and multiple returns (e.g. canopy versus ground) that a candidate algorithm should leverage to maximize its effectiveness. Second, the LiDAR data of interest can be quite voluminous, so any algorithms that promise to detect the features of interest across large data-gathering sorties must be quite efficient. Third, and perhaps most importantly, "micro" features are, almost by definition, small compared to the sampling frequency of a sensor. Especially in the presence of noise and non-contiguous footprints, an algorithm must be able to function near (or perhaps even "beyond") the Nyquist limit. In other words, some of the features of interest may appear in only a handful of points. Is it possible to have algorithms that perform well in such challenging scenarios? As we will demonstrate, such algorithms are indeed possible and practical for real-world problems. In fact, Numerica has worked for several years on precisely such approaches, using modern ideas in compressed sensing as applied to Geo-spatial data sources.

SR2 Group, LLC
Suite 101 14900 Sweitzer Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 604-0001
Jeffrey M. Sieracki
A13-077      Selected for Award
Title:Adaptive Detection and Classification of Micro-Terrain Features from LiDAR Data using Sparse Decomposition Based Analytics
Abstract:Important information lies at the processing resolution limits of current LiDAR systems. Subtle discontinuities such as runoff channels, fault lines, and ridges can reveal important local terrain modeling data as well as provide an indication of factors affecting small unit movement. Unpaved roads, trails, or wheel-ruts can provide critical information about preferred movement paths. Man-made features and disturbed earth can indicate human occupation and activity. Regional textures such as boulder fields, talus slopes, areas of downed trees, or understory foliage are important to efficient route planning, to OACOK analysis, and to tasks such as landing zone (LZ) planning. The challenge has two components: (1) Providing means to automatically classify local terrain regions by texture and other user-selected characteristics of interest; and (2) providing means to find and map connected elevation discontinuities within the data. We will demonstrate highly effective algorithms based on Adaptive Sparse Decomposition techniques to accomplish each of these tasks. In Phase 2 we will enhance these tools, and integrated them with GIS software to afford analysts new and powerful capabilities for exploiting terrain information at the resolution limits of LiDAR point clouds. Our multi-expert team has prior experience working with Army ERDC TEC data, including Buckeye.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Michael Farry
A13-078      Selected for Award
Title:A Toxic Industrial Chemical Functional Analysis System for Training Exercise Ranges (TIC-FASTER)
Abstract:The managers of military facilities are legally and ethically bound to address the effects of their operations on the environment. Individual facility managers themselves, however, are unlikely to have the specific expertise necessary to project and mitigate the long-term effects of contaminant release. In addition, these tasks compete with the day-to-day operational aspects of their roles, including the general logistics of scheduling, deconflicting, and managing test and training operations As a result, facility managers require explicit support to efficiently recognize, understand, and respond to long-term environmental threats, but this support must provide specific recommendations about effective mitigation strategies while not increasing workload significantly. To provide that support, we propose to design and demonstrate a Toxic Industrial Chemical Functional Analysis System for Training Exercise Ranges (TIC-FASTER). TIC-FASTER supports the specific tasks and decision-making processes of facility managers within the broader context of key workflows, responsibilities, training, and knowledge of that user community. It also supports facility managers in reasoning about environmental impacts by providing straight-forward access to expert knowledge and model results. Finally, it supports efficient reasoning about mitigation strategies without relying entirely on the manual review and interpretation of technical documents by providing automated information extraction.

Select Engineering Services
1544 N. Woodland Park Drive STE #310
Layton, UT 84041
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 777-5788
Karl Nieman
A13-078      Selected for Award
Title:Tools for Range Maintenance/Sustainability in Support of Individual/Group Soldier Training
Abstract:Military installations must address both previous environmental contamination and the potential introduction of new contaminants due to ongoing activities. These tasks have become increasingly complex due to the diverse nature of potential contaminants, and the large amount of environmental data that has been collected. To aid facility managers in managing complex environmental decisions, Mark G. Miller Inc., (dba Select Engineering Services (SES)) will apply an engineering systems approach to develop the architecture for a PC-based computer program with GIS capabilities that will combine geographical and environmental database information with visualization and decision support capabilities. This GIS-based environmental decision support system (GIS-EDSS) will be used by environmental managers and planners to evaluate the potential effectiveness of remedial options and the possible environmental effects of planned activities. Specific task will include development of the GIS interface approach, definition of data sources and availability, definition of available modeling approaches, and definition of remedial technology and military activity information. Each of these areas will be researched and evaluated and final recommendations for software integration will be made. The final product of the Phase I work will be a report that describes the design architecture and integration methodology needed to develop the decision support software.

Ashwin-Ushas Corporation, Inc.
9 Red Coach Ln
Holmdel, NJ 07733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 739-1122
Prasanna Chandrasekhar
A13-079      Selected for Award
Title:Inexpensive, Field-Portable, Rugged, Voltammetric Sensors Based on Functionalized Microporous Membranes, with ppb Sensitivity, Multi-Analyte Dis
Abstract:This work proposes ruggedized, microporous membrane-based sensors for detection of multiple inorganic and organic analytes in the environment based on a modification of voltammetric techniques. It leverages ongoing work at this firm for the Army in voltammetric electrochemical sensors for field sensing of CW agents based on unique membranes having microchip Controllers with Android cellphone control interfaces. Voltammetric techniques are sensitive techniques for detection, quantitation of multiple inorganic/organic analytes present together, in a laboratory setting. However, they are currently impractical/expensive for field use, requiring, e.g., specialized sampling cells, bulky potentiostats, and laptop control interfaces. Other techniques, e.g. AAS, ICP-AES and ICP- MS, are even less practical and more expensive. The proposed technology incorporates three modules: (1) A small, flexible, thin-film, field-rugged, throwaway sensor employing unique, Conducting-Polymer-functionalized, metalized microporous membranes, using both direct and modified-electrode sensing (for specific sensitivity). (2) A tiny (2 cm square), inexpensive (

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Bradley Bobbs
A13-079      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Contaminant Water and Sediment Monitor
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for rapidly sampling and analyzing potential environmental threats, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Multi-Contaminant Water and Sediment Monitor (MUCWAM). This novel device is based on microfluidics sampling and a lab-on-a-chip approach. The innovations in the use of microfluidics, arrays with miniature sensing elements, and a unique POC-developed sensor will enable the device to detect, identify, log, and report numerous chemical, biological, and radiological contaminants with a sensitivity of 1 µg/L. As a result, this device offers thorough, sensitive monitoring of water and sediment safety in a platform that is small (<5 cm^3, ~10 g), low- cost (

Hy-Tek Manufacturing Co. Inc.
1998 Bucktail Lane
Sugar Grove, IL 60554
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(630) 466-7664
John Jude
A13-080      Selected for Award
Title:Water Vapor Extraction System (WaVES)
Abstract:To address the Army's desire for an efficient water vapor harvesting technology, HMC has devised a recovery system that that utilizes heat pump technology to extract water vapor from central bathing facilities. The proposed device coined, Water Vapor Extraction System (WaVES), serves two purposes at bathing facilities. The primary purpose of WaVES is to extract water vapor from vented shower air. Second, is to heat water for showering. Both functions work together in unison. Waste cold energy is produced during heat pump operation. WaVES uses this free energy for water vapor condensation by chilling evaporator coils. The condenser transfers heat energy into the water. This is an effective way to heat water, achieving 3-5 times greater efficiency over current Army hot water heaters. The Army is interested in a water harvesting technology that requires minimal energy to extract water vapor from central bathing facilities. The need for an improved water vapor harvesting technology represents a significant opportunity for HMC’s WaVES technology to contribute to the sustainability of COBs.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Dvision 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Michael Reznikov
A13-080      Selected for Award
Title:Moisture Harvester
Abstract:To address the Army need for an efficient water vapor harvesting technology, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Moisture Harvester (MOHA) technology. This proposed system is based on a new design that utilizes POC’s experience with phase- change processes and components developed and successfully tested by POC. The unique implementation of electrostatic phenomena for the extraction of moisture from the air and selective condensation of water will enable the MOHA system to harvest water from the air energy-efficiently. As a result, this technology offers production of >20 gal of water per day with energy consumption <13 w-hr/gal through recovery of water from air exhausting from the bathing facility or other infrastructure in contingency operating bases, which directly addresses army science & technology challenge area 4a (sustainability/logistics – basing) requiring a reduction of 75% in need for water resupply. in phase i, poc will demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of moha technology by building and testing a benchscale prototype including an engineering assessment of a pilot-scale design. in phase ii, poc plans to develop, build, and thoroughly evaluate the pilot-scale prototype according to the army’s requirements and metrics.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2200
Ryan S. Ries
A13-081      Selected for Award
Title:Measuring whole body fluorescence and movement in freely swimming transgenic zebrafish for measuring stress from exposure to environmental stressors
Abstract:The behavior and fluorescence of transgenic Zebrafish are capable of indicating the presence of environmental stressors that are important to Army facility managers. These environmental stressors are often due to chemical and heavy metal contamination that needs to be remediated before they become toxic to humans/animals. Areté Associates proposes to develop a novel Zebrafish Environmental Situational Tracking LiDAR (ZEST) imaging system to detect and track a fluorescent transgenic Zebrafish while freely swimming in an aquarium. The 3D point cloud generated by the ZEST LiDAR naturally lends itself to sophisticated tracking algorithms to accurately determine the location, attitude and velocity of the Zebrafish. The tracking information will give an accurate indication of the Zebrafish behavior lending valuable cues to contaminants in the environment. The ZEST LiDAR system will be able to detect low SNR fluorescence since the detection system is based off of extremely sensitive avalanche photo-diodes leading to detection of low concentration contaminants from environments of interest. These imaging products will give the facilities manager advanced tools informing him about the contaminants that remain in the current environment of interest.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Kyle A. Stewart
A13-081      Selected for Award
Title:Measuring whole body fluorescence and movement in freely swimming transgenic zebrafish for measuring stress from exposure to environmental stressors
Abstract:Toyon Research Corporation, in collaboration with the University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB), proposes developing a turnkey system consisting of both hardware and software necessary to measure whole-body fluorescence in freely swimming zebrafish. The proposed system will consist of a test domain and a number of imaging sensors sensitive to fluorescent illumination; it will be utilized to measure the effects of stress from environmental contaminants or stressors such as mercury, lead, or temperature. At the heart of the proposed technical solution are advanced image processing algorithms capable of detecting and tracking large numbers of dim fluorescent signatures in the presence of partial occlusions. In Phase I, Toyon proposes conducting architecture and system design; data collection of fluorescent zebrafish in facilities owned by subcontractor UCSB; development of algorithms for three-dimensional spatiotemporal tracking of zebrafish across multiple sensors; implementation of a functional graphical user interface; and analysis of illumination to minimize measured system noise. In planned Phase II development, two versions of the proposed system will be built to test and refine the architecture, algorithms, and graphical user interface developed during the Phase I efforts. Particular attention shall be applied to ensuring that measurements are repeatable and measured noise is manageable.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Robert Purnell
A13-082      Selected for Award
Title:Spectroscopic System for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (THERASPEC)
Abstract:Aminoglycosides, glycopeptides, and antifungals are therapeutic drugs used to treat potentially life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections in wounded soldiers. For proper function, concentrations in plasma must be maintained within a therapeutic window where efficacy is maximized and toxicity minimized. Commercially available therapeutic drug monitoring systems are capable of monitoring concentrations of these drugs in serum, but are insufficient for use at Army-deployed medical treatment facilities due to their size, extensive inventory of individual assays for each drug, and 4 hour turn-around times. In addition, the nephrotoxicity of these drugs can lead to toxic accumulations in blood plasma threatening other myriad organ systems; this has motivated transition to once-daily and personalized dosing regimens where drug concentration must be closely monitored. To maximize the efficacy and minimize toxicity of these drugs and enable personalized drug therapy at field-deployed medical treatment facilities, the Army requires a versatile point of care (POC) device capable of rapidly measuring drug concentrations of multiple therapeutic drugs in real-time. In order to address this need, ChromoLogic LLC (CL) proposes to develop a Spectroscopic System for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (THERASPEC), a point- of-care (POC) in vitro diagnostic device that quantifies antibiotics and antifungals circulating in blood plasma using Raman Spectroscopy.

Omega Optics, Inc.
10306 Sausalito Dr
Austin, TX 78759
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 996-8833
Swapnajit Chakravarty
A13-082      Selected for Award
Title:Rapid, Point of Care Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Device
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims at developing a rapid, sensitive, and specific point of care analyzer to simultaneously determine multiple drug concentrations in human blood and serum, in a portable, high throughput nanophotonic biosensing assay. Based on device principles governing multiplexed assays in Omega Optics’ XtremeSens Diagnostics bench-top platform for in-vitro cancer diagnostics, the proposed research integrates photonic components in a portable reusable accessory in a small form factor less than 12 cubic inches, with a disposable low cost silicon chip based multiplexed sensor. The assay can measure antibiotic, antifungal and antimicrobial concentration simultaneously from all sensors in the assay in less than 60 minutes across more than 5 orders of magnitude dynamic range, with less than 60 microliters of total sample. High sensitivities are achieved compared to all other chip based photonic assays via patented photonic crystal sensor platform that slows light by more than an order of magnitude and also traps light at high quality factor microcavity sensing locations, thereby enhancing light-matter interaction. The analyzer platform is ideally positioned to transition to pre-clinical status in Phase 2 leading to clinical adoption in Phase 3 for multiplexed therapeutic drug monitoring.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Xianlian (Alex) Zhou
A13-083      Selected for Award
Title:An Interactive Software Tool for Design and Evaluation of Body Wearable Devices
Abstract:The overall objective of the project is to develop an interactive modeling and simulation software framework to assess warrior’s musculoskeletal and physiological performance under carried load with and without the support of body wearable assistive devices and consequently to enable the design and evaluation of such wearable biomechanical support systems. The focus of this Phase I work is to demonstrate the feasibility of extending our existing human musculoskeletal modeling software tools for the prediction of joint and muscle loading during unassisted and robotically-assisted load carriage. We will provide a detailed plan for the integration of an interactive simulation tool, consisting of an easy-to-use Graphical User Interface (GUI) and our efficient musculoskeletal simulator as the backbone. The integrated simulation tool will be utilized to model the physical constraints and force/torque inputs to the human musculoskeletal system associated with normal load carriage activities performed while using existing passive and active body-worn robotic assistive devices. It should enable the user to quantify the overall effect on the wearer of the assistive devices on agility, metabolic costs, load carriage performance, and ultimately, risk of musculoskeletal injury.

RE2, Inc.
4925 Harrison Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(412) 681-6382
Andrew B. Mor
A13-083      Selected for Award
Title:Biomechanical Exoskeleton Simulator System (BESS)
Abstract:RE2, Inc. proposes to develop the Biomechanical Exoskeleton Simulator System (BESS), an integrated simulator system to model the interaction between a robotic exoskeleton and the human user and the effect of the use of such assistive devices. This system will enable more detailed and better design of new devices that have a significant effect on human performance by directly modeling the interaction between the operator and the device and identifying potential injury mechanisms and issues before large-scale deployment of any new device. BESS will accurately model the interaction between a robotic exoskeleton and the human operator by leveraging and extending existing high-fidelity open-source robotics and biomechanical simulators. In particular, BESS will characterize the injury risk and the forces and torques on the human musculoskeletal system for soldiers carrying loads with exoskeleton assistance. By modeling the interactions between human operators and exoskeletons, BESS will enable faster turnaround for design changes, better understanding of the potential injury mechanisms from exoskeleton use, and improved CONOPS and faster deployment when exoskeletons are ultimately introduced to widespread use.

AVRYGEN CORPORATION
1364 Madera Way
Millbrae, CA 94030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 600-5937
Randal S. Goomer
A13-084      Selected for Award
Title:Technologies That Regenerate Peripheral Nerve Defects
Abstract:Approximately 5-6% of all military injuries involve major injury to a peripheral nerve. Further complicated by surrounding tissue damage and infection, repair of peripheral nerve injuries is marked by poor outcomes resulting from failed axonal regeneration at the site of repair. Despite recent advances, current FDA approved collagen based gap filling conduits are limited to repair of small size nerve defects and are often associated with poor functional recovery. Currently, there are no FDA approved synthetic products to repair large gap critical-size (>3-cm) defects, therefore, there is a significant unmet need for synthetic conduits to repair critical-size peripheral nerve defects. Research with cellular, mechanical, biological matrices and pharmacological components have demonstrated need for use of conduits with biocompatible biomaterials containing cell activation matrix encoding specific nerve regeneration program as the most promising approach to repair critical size nerve defects. These findings led to our hypothesis that nanotopology conduits with an activation matrix, encapsulating sustained-released Glial-cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and activated adipose derived stem cells, would effectively regenerate physiologically relevant nerve tissue and repair large-gap defects. To achieve this goal we propose to formulate conduits with activated nanotopology and test their effectiveness in a model of critical-size sciatic nerve injury.

Nano Terra, Inc
50 Soldiers Field Place
Brighton, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Paul Sweetnam
A13-084      Selected for Award
Title:A Novel Strategy for Treating Peripheral Nerve Injury
Abstract:Nano Terra, Inc. and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute propose to develop a novel nerve grafting system that will support intrinsic neuronal repair (injuries <3 cm) and autologous and allogeneic neuronal transplantation (injuries >3 cm). The creation of an implantable device or devices utilizing a novel scaffold provides an opportunity to utilize a biocompatible material that can easily be manufactured to desired structural and mechanical specifications, i.e., fiber diameter (nano to microscale), mechanical strength (flexibility and tensile), pore size and continuity. In addition, the scaffold can be easily derivatized utilizing established surface chemistry methodologies (attachment of desired drugs, proteins and peptides in patterns or gradients) to promote and enhance cell specific adhesion, proliferation, migration and differentiation for both neuronal and non-neuronal supporting cells. Furthermore, the scaffold itself can be modified to provide the varying rates of degradation necessary to support tissue repair and engineering efforts focused on peripheral nerve injury.

Jade Therapeutics
675 Arapeen Drive Suite 302
Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(347) 453-1521
Barbara M. Wirostko
A13-085      Selected for Award
Title:Novel Hyaluronic Acid Delivery Polymer for Repair of Ocular Injuries
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to conduct and complete initial formulation and feasibility studies on a novel crosslinked hyaluronic acid polymer for use in treating traumatic war-related ocular surface injuries. While this proprietary polymer by itself has been shown to enhance healing of the ocular surface based on its intrinsic anti-adhesive and anti- inflammatory properties, it is also uniquely suited as a locally administered, sustained- release drug delivery vehicle for antibiotics, anti-angiogenics, anabolic proteins, and even limbal stem cells to further enhance ocular healing. This proposal will allow for completion of bench methodology studies and assessment of ideal formulations, sterilization approaches, and degradation rates to produce a stable, sterile, and versatile drug-releasing polymer film. Such film could be applied at the time of injury to help accelerate healing and restoration of the ocular surface as well as improve “return to duty” rates and visual outcomes not only for war-fighters but for civilians suffering from serious ocular surface disease. This grant will allow us to conduct the initial formulation and biocompatibility studies such that the Phase II SBIR can develop these polymeric films into disease- and compound- specific products, thus satisfying the Army’s operational requirements of vision restoration and preservation.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2518
Christopher Tison
A13-085      Selected for Award
Title:Nanofiber-Reinforced Hydrogels for Ocular Repair
Abstract:The frequency of ocular injuries sustained on the battlefield and in victims of terrorist bombings has increased significantly in recent years. Restoring vision to soldiers suffering ocular trauma injuries is critical to restore their overall quality of life and allow them to return to the front lines . The current standard of care for ocular surface injuries involves the application of human amniotic membrane to the injured site. While extremely effective at stimulating repair, the required processing is expensive and makes application of the membranes difficult in military hospitals and other emergency situations. In order to address the challenges associated with ocular trauma treatment, Luna Innovations proposes to expand upon its electrospinning technologies program to produce a unique biomimetic ocular biomaterial that consists of aligned nanofibers that support a scar-reducing, growth- stimulating hydrogel that will promote native ocular surface regeneration. This material will be compatible with both traditional and sutureless adhesion techniques and will have the potential to release therapeutics into the injured defect site in future product iterations.

Premitec, Inc.
1009 Capability Drive Suite 313
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 247-7696
Stefan Ufer
A13-085      Selected for Award
Title:Enhanced Biocompatible Materials for the Repair of Ocular Injuries
Abstract:This proposal is aimed at development of an innovative ocular patch for treatment and repair of war-related eye injuries utilizing proven biocompatible materials. The ocular patch will consist of a curved flexible silicone membrane (similar in size and shape to a contact lens) with a novel bioadhesive chemically bonded to the concave surface - i.e. a transparent adhesive bandage for the eye. It will be designed and packaged for easy application in the field, allowing for immediate stabilization of the eye after trauma without the need for suturing. It will form a liquid-tight seal over the laceration, minimizing the reduction of intraocular pressure and risk of infection while promoting healing. The adhesion of the patch to the eye is based on the biological interaction between two proteins: integrins (present on the eye) and disintegrins (the bio-adhesive component of the patch). Owing to this biological interaction, a unique feature is the ability to readily and controllably reverse the adhesion (thus remove the patch) by use of a protease compatible with the eye. The inclusion of silicone hydrogel for ophthalmic drug delivery (planned for Phase II) will allow delivery of controlled drug regiments to mitigate inflammation, infection, and/or pain.

Irvine Sensors Corporation
3001 Red Hill Avenue, B3-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 444-8772
Ying Hsu
A13-086      Awarded: 12/3/2013
Title:Balance Augmentation & Tracking Sensor (BATS)
Abstract:Current rehabilitative treatment of balance disorder requires long and intensive processes. The development of a wearable device for use in clinic as well as at home and during daily routine activities would enable continuous treatment outside of specialized training settings and accelerated relieve of balance disorder. Irvine Sensors proposes development of a miniature wearable device for measuring body sway and provide sensor feedback to alert the wearer to remain in the region of stability. The BATS will use a suite of low cost inertial sensors and custom algorithms to achieve high accuracy and stable body tilt measurements.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
A13-087      Selected for Award
Title:Dielectrophoretic Cell Processor
Abstract:To address the Army need for an innovative low cost, handheld tool that fully integrates the process from fat tissue harvest to high quality stem cell product, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a Dielectrophoretic Cell Processor (DICEP). The processor is based on the combination of enzymatic digestion of the adipose tissue and electrodeless dielectrophoretic (DEP) stem cell extraction and purification. The DICEP will harvest, extract, purify and concentrate the SVF cells automatically in about 40 min. The DICEP system will comply with the surgeon’s workflow and provide for an ergonomic design. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of the DICEP by conceptualizing and designing an innovative solution that meets the topic’s objective. In Phase II, POC plans to finalize design, development, and demonstration of the proposed solution based on results from Phase I as well as by demonstration in an operational setting, validation of cell extraction using standard assays and methods, and determination of the performance metrics. POC will also describe in detail the transition plan for the Phase III effort. The FDA approval pathway will be outlined and considered at each developmental stage.

Tissue Genesis, Inc
677 Ala Moana Blvd Suite 1100
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 772-5585
Rolf Wolters
A13-087      Awarded: 12/3/2013
Title:Handheld Adipose Stem Cell Processor for Point of Care Application
Abstract:Tissue Genesis® (TGI) is proposing to develop a highly portable, easy to use, low-cost, point-of-care, adipose-derived stem cell (ASC) isolation device that fully integrates the process from fat extraction to cell product. This next generation system addresses current technology limitations including: sterility breaks, acquisition and process time, complexity of operation, and cost. The convenient and rapid recovery of millions of regenerative cells will fill the unmet need as a readily available source of adult stem cells for therapeutic use across multiple military trauma needs, such as wound healing, tissue and nerve repair, orthopedic injury repair, plastics and aesthetics, ophthalmology, and otolaryngology. The proposed system addresses current technology, cost, and convenience shortfalls and allows for a rapid translation of regenerative stem cell therapeutics into the clinic.

Innovasan Corporation
9047 Executive Park Drive, Suite 212
Knoxville, TN 37923
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(865) 470-4900
Jeffrey G Hubrig
A13-088      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Lightweight Energy and Water Efficient Treatment System for Fluid Medical Waste
Abstract:Fluid medical waste streams may contain biological and weaponized biological infectives as well as pharmaceutical and other organic compounds in their collected bulk fluid volumes. These bulk volumes can undergo time/temperature dependent phase changes producing protein cascades and lipid agglomerations that alter waste stream fluid flow properties and nurture entrained pathogenic infectives and pharmacological compound residues. Med- San® is a patented four stage process, based on extensive research and scientific studies, that combines bulk volume pre-treatment, Cu/Ag ion infusion, wet oxidation and post treatment in a single continuous flow, volume scalable process. The Med-San® process is capable of rendering fluid medical waste streams disinfected (≥ log10 reduction) and denatured (chemically inert) for either direct discharge into the environment or alternative use. Proof of principal experiments have documented the first two stages of the Med-San® process – pre-treatment and ion infusion have been successfully demonstrated in a continuous flow, volume scalable process. The objective of this proposal will be to document proof of principal for the third stage – wet oxidation, through a series of thermal and chemical characterization studies that demonstrate low temperature denaturation of a pharmaceutical compound surrogate.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 848-0273
Paul Theilmann
A13-089      Selected for Award
Title:Remote Triage of Combat Casualties
Abstract:In response to the A13-004 Remote Triage of Combat Casualties solicitation, MaXentric proposes the VitalWave system. The VitalWave system uses Ultra Wide Band (UWB) MicroDoppler radar to assess the heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation of individuals. The use of UWB MicroDoppler radar allows for a system that can measure vital signs with no direct contact required. This allows first responders the ability to assess the vital signs of multiple injured soldiers from a safe distance in compromised environments. Furthermore, this technique is completely standalone and does not require victims to wear remote sensors. Another advantage of the VitalWave system is the ability to measure vital signs through walls and debris. Unlike alternative systems, which require line of sight, UWB MicroDoppler radar can identify and assess victims behind walls and rubble. The VitalWave system is light weight and power efficient allowing it to operate on standard disposable batteries for extended periods of time. The possibility of including further vital sign detection within the VitalWave system will also be considered. These include but are not limited to movements, respiratory rate and body temperature.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Ryan Miyamoto
A13-089      Selected for Award
Title:Remote Triage of Combat Casualties
Abstract:Oceanit is developing a remote triage sensor that will allow medical personnel and non- medical first responders to safely determine from a distance the physiological condition of a wounded patient, including pulse, respiration, temperature, oxygen saturation, and other vital parameters. In this way, it will be possible to ascertain the condition of a casualty without putting the responder in harm's way. Oceanit will use two or more modes of detection to increase measurement accuracy, robustness and fidelity, providing a small, lightweight and low-power device that will operate line-of-sight, and even through normal walls.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Odile H. Clavier
A13-090      Selected for Award
Title:Self-Administered Neuropsychological Assessment Battery
Abstract:The recent military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have led to an increased incidence of mental health symptoms associated with traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol and substance abuse, mood and anxiety disorders, and chronic pain. The clinical evaluation of service members exhibiting these symptoms usually includes neurocognitive assessment as part of screening or diagnosis. Unfortunately, neurocognitive asessment tests are often time consuming and require trained personnel to administer properly, limiting their use in the military and veteran populations. Creare, in collaboration with our consultant who is an expert in assessment of executed function in psychiatric and neurological disorders at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, proposes to develop, test, and validate a self-administered neurocognitive test battery that probes many of the core neurocognitive domains. The Self-Administered Neuropsychological Assessment Battery will leverage the expertise of our clinical consultant, an expert in assessment of executive function, and systems that we have previously implemented for smartphone-based neurocognitive testing and computer-based self-administered hearing assessment. Using speech recognition, this self-administered test battery will include verbal/language tasks and be hands free for appropriate tasks, aiding patients with motor skill impairment. Providing instructions through embedded video will provide improved consistency and accuracy.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(762) 223-1763
Robert Hubal
A13-090      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Automated Assessment of Cognitive Changes Associated with Brain Injury and Neurological Disease
Abstract:The proposed work will focus on developing an automated language-based assessment system, AVANT, that is primarily self-administering with clearly presented directions to a patient using avatar-based verbal instructions. Using speech recognition and a conversational avatar representing a virtual clinician, AVANT will enhance current approaches to neuropsychological assessment and allow for avatar-administered assessments, based on various perceptual modalities (auditory, visual, gestural), that augment a real clinician’s ability to assess patients. The aim is the implementation of speech recognition using a virtual clinician that is sufficiently accurate to permit computer administration of verbally-based neuropsychological tasks including word-list learning, confrontation naming, and aural comprehension. Ultimately, AVANT will employ extended natural language capability through use of the Soar cognitive architecture to administer additional language-based tasks. In this work, the team plans to have the virtual clinician administer neuropsychological tests and accept patient responses as real clinicians now do.

Cybernet Systems Corporation
3885 Research Park Dr
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 668-2567
Merrill Squiers
A13-091      Selected for Award
Title:Remote Monitoring and Control of Custom, Tactical Services
Abstract:The Army has asked for a remote process monitoring application to support service management over low bandwidth links and networks. We are proposing to develop the architecture and components of a Monitoring and Command/Control (MC2) system to support for a tactical environment. The MC2 system, fully developed, requires three different components. The first is authentication and trust mitigation to assure that only authorized personnel are allowed to manage critical services. The second is the monitoring, reporting, and services command and control to support remote status monitoring and making control changes as needed. The third are services tailor status monitors/sensors that can be used to assure that the service is up and fully functional. In addition, the MC2 system must consider bandwidth utilization analysis to show that that the proposed solutions will work in the Army’s bandwidth limited networks. This effort will deliver the software architecture, system implementation requirement, assessment of affect on network, and a demonstration of the notional MC2 system design.

Global InfoTek, Inc
1920 Association Drive Suite 200
Reston, VA 20191
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 652-1600
Clifford Block
A13-091      Selected for Award
Title:Remote Monitoring and Control of Custom, Tactical Services
Abstract:With shrinking budgets, reduced manpower and increasing demands, the army has a need to incrementally advance the state-of-the-art in service management with focus on remote monitoring and control capabilities suitable for a tactical environment constrained by limited bandwidth, restrictions imposed by Information Assurance policies, limited training, and evolving custom Mission Command (MC) applications and application architectures. To meet this challenge, Global InfoTek, Inc (GITI) proposes to take each of the major components of the remote monitoring and control system and research new technologies to achieve a major advancement to the current state-of-the-art. GITI plans to accomplish this by doing the following • Research and Identify methods for a major reduction in bandwidth in tactical system monitoring through network aware transmissions • Research and Identify methods for remotely determining the versions of applications, patches and IDS threat files • Demonstrate common elements and a common look and feel that could migrate into a cross MC platform • Research and Develop a conceptual SOA model that would provide for a rapid integration environment for legacy and new systems • Research and develop a framework design for using machine learning and pattern discovery algorithms of a MC system for predictive maintenance

Concentris Systems LLC
2800 Woodlawn Drive Suite 238
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 781-2003
Tareq Hoque
A13-092      Selected for Award
Title:S2FC2: Selective Store and Forward of C2 Data
Abstract:Concentris Systems proposes to leverage its work in disruption tolerant network architectures to provide a distributed data store and forward service that combines of an open-standards compliant disruption tolerant network (DTN) protocol with a middleware package that manages local storage resources, offers quality of service prioritization and provides a rich application-layer interface that mimics TCP and enables rapid integration of applications that were designed for static TCP/IP deployments. The proposed solution will also address the unique security requirements of DoD networks carrying sensitive and classified C2 data, and the requirements of C2 systems to selectively prioritize certain real- time and near real-time-data.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 531-5572
Per Johansson
A13-092      Selected for Award
Title:C2 Store and Forward
Abstract:MaXentric is proposing a novel C2 network solution capable of interconnecting wireless devices simultaneously over different wireless technologies (military and/or commercial) either operating in peer-to-peer mode or using a wireless infrastructure. Our solution will have the following main components: 1) A novel, hybrid approach to networking in intermittently connected networks, where delay tolerant networking principles are applied when network nodes experience disconnection. In well-connected networks, packet routed mechanisms are used to send packets from source to destination. Separation between network addressing and device/user identity will allow for improved mobility management support. 2) The proposed service will be offered over a legacy TCP/IP socket that abstracts the delay tolerant operation of the protocol to support legacy applications. Applications that are designed for intermittent operation will be able to take advantage of a more extensive set of services over an API. 3) The proposed implementation will run as a user space application to facilitate porting to a wide variety of operating systems and platforms of different computing & storage capacity. 4) In order to promote widespread deployment of the proposed system, we will take an open development approach to allow collaborative testing and harmonize our implementation to existing standards.

Corcoran Engineering, Inc.
48 Knollwood Dr.
Waltham, MA 02453
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 894-1188
Christopher Corcoran
A13-093      Selected for Award
Title:Scalable High-Power UV Laser Diode Array
Abstract:The goal of this project is to develop a power-scalable laser source around 350 nm based on semiconductor laser. One thrust will focus on the development of semiconductor structures capable to generate a UV laser beam, and another thrust will focus on power scaling using a simple passive coherent beam combination technique. The main challenge in developing a UV-emitting laser diode lies in the design of layer structures with low loss, as most materials become absorbing in this wavelength range. In addition, as the wavelength becomes shorter, the acceptable size of physical defects becomes smaller as well. The other challenge is scaling the output power of a single laser diode element beyond a few 100’s mW, as phenomena such as catastrophic optical damage or heat dissipation typically limit the maximum power that a laser diode can generate. Using a passive coherent beam combination technique such as the SF cavity allows circumventing such limitations and scale the output power by simply adding more single elements, while maintaining a diffraction- limited beam quality and the simplicity of laser diodes.

Daylight Defense, LLC
15378 Avenue of Science Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92128
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 432-7536
Michael Pushkarsky
A13-093      Selected for Award
Title:Continuous Wave UV Laser for ASE
Abstract:The objectives of the proposed Phase 1 program are to identify semiconductor materials and laser design methodologies that are scalable to greater than 3 Watts optical power in the near-ultraviolet (UVA) regime with near diffraction limited performance. Daylight’s technical approach that will ultimately lead to a tactical UVA laser for aircraft survivability can be enumerated as follows: 1. Generate preliminary technical specification document to guide prototype design 2. Conduct trade-off study of UV laser materials and system geometries that will scale to meet wavelength, power and far-field divergence requirements 3. Develop initial laser system design concept that meets or exceeds technical requirements 4. Characterize engineering samples of UVA commercially available (e.g., COTS) semiconductor laser (e.g., power, beam quality, wavelength, efficiency) 5. Deliver Phase 1 final technical report describing feasibility study, including trade-offs, concept design, engineering analysis. The final report will also describe the go-forward plan to develop the UVA capability 6. Phase 1 Option: Generate detailed design of Phase 2 laboratory prototype that is ready to build and test in Phase 2

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Jacob Morton
A13-094      Selected for Award
Title:Anti-Jam GPS Antenna for Dismounted Use
Abstract:FIRST RF proposes a wearable 4-element Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna (CRPA) covering the Global Positioning System (GPS) L1 and L2 frequency bands, offering small size, light weight, and low power anti-jam (A/J) electronics. The key to the proposed design is an antenna element which maintains vector RF pattern performance over the full frequency band and over the full field of view. Element-to-element uniformity is also maintained in terms of vector performance over frequency and angle, which is a key performance discriminator for anti-jam null forming. The 4-element CRPA enables up to 3 simultaneous nulls to be formed to spatially suppress jamming sources. The anti-jam electronics module interfaces to the CRPA, automatically detects jammer signals and enables the A/J circuits providing a single, simple to use, interface to legacy GPS receivers.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Thomas L. Larry
A13-094      Selected for Award
Title:Anti-Jam GPS Antenna for Dismounted Use
Abstract:The Army recognizes that means are urgently needed to assure the continued availability of GPS for the dismounted soldier in jamming threat environments. In this effort Toyon will develop a small (about 3 inch) light-weight electronically reconfigurable antenna (ERA) providing GPS reception with jammer mitigation for dismounted use. It will be wearable and connectable to most portable GPS receivers. The AJ function will occur totally within the ERA system and be independent of the receiver. ERA adaptability is accomplished by reactive control. This can be implemented at very low cost compared to standard AJ systems and be powered by a DC bias on the receiver connectiion cable using less than 1 Watt. The ERA will also operate in a jammer direction finding DF mode. Toyon has successfully developed similar systems on other programs and has patented this technology. During the Phase II prototype and validation effort Toyon will team with a contract manufacturer so as to bring manufacturing best practices to the final design and production of the AJ GPS dismounted antenna system.

Physical Optics Corporation
Electro-Optics Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Peter Twiss
A13-095      Selected for Award
Title:Intelligent Portable Omni-Environment Warfighter Energy Resource
Abstract:To address the Army’s need for a Warfighter Universal Power Converter, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop an Intelligent Portable Omni-Environment Warfighter Energy Resource (IPOWER). This proposed device is based on a new design that supports versatile power generation and conversion in a mobile, lightweight, and rugged package. The innovation is its versatile, mobile, and intelligent power system, which is capable of analyzing a power source, known or foreign, and self-configuring to utilize that source for power generation and conversion in a expeditionary environment. As a result, IPOWER will not only reduce the amount of batteries carried and dependence on logistical support, but it will also provide modern soldiers with the capability to harness, generate, and convert power in an intelligent PnP system, freeing up the soldier to focus on the battlespace. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of IPOWER by designing a prototype system that will answer design issues, meet requirements, and fabricate the IPOWER prototype for the future U.S. Army soldier. In Phase II, POC will deliver a fully implemented system that will meet and exceed the U.S. Army’s requirements and be ready for field tests for mobile power generation, conversion, and utilization.

QorTek, Inc.
1965 Lycoming Creek Road Suite 205
Williamsport, PA 17701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(570) 322-2700
Ross W Bird
A13-095      Selected for Award
Title:SMART Autonomous Warfighter Universal Power Converter
Abstract:A novel bidirectional power converter module is proposed utilizing a new converter topology enabling true bidirectional operation by intelligent control of modified switched mode power architecture. This architecture facilitates the creation of a multi-output module that intelligently determines which terminal is actively connected to a power source, and in turn which additional terminal is the desired output. These goals would be nearly impossible just a few years ago, but with increasingly powerful processors found in compact electronics, such as cell phones and tablet devices coupled with the newest custom design packaging techniques the power converter concept is made possible. In order to address the Army’s complex and ever changing mission needs, the proposed WUPC provides a user-friendly, modular, SMART power converter that facilitates rapid adaptation of any available power source to the user’s current needs by simply plugging in the appropriate connectors. The WUPC addresses this need by autonomously determining the correct operating mode and providing the soldier any other power he desires from that input. Achieving this task will be processor intensive in order to handle all the differing modes in addition to the hardware control, MPPT and safety that is required for any rugged system.

Boston Applied Technologies, Inc.
6F Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 935-2800
Hongzhi Zhao
A13-096      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced laser protection devices based on thermally fixed hidden gratings and reversed-mode PSCT light switches
Abstract:This proposal is to develop a non focal plane laser protection device for the Army and other DoD agencies. The device will be composed of single-crystal plates with hidden reflective/diffraction gratings, which can be revealed with exposure to strong pulsed or continuous laser, and a reversed-mode polymer-stabilized-cholesteric-texture (PSCT) light switch. This proposed device can change from a high transmission state (80%) to a very low transmission state (35 – 50 dB) to block strong light pulse or continuous within short time scale (subnanosecond). In the entire visible and NIR waveband, higher transmittance is anticipated with efforts on deposition of anti-reflective coatings. This protection device features large in aperture, broad in transparent window and in field of view, wavelength- insensitive, and fast in response.

Kent Optronics, Inc
40 Corporate Park Drive
Hopewell Junction, NY 12533
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 897-0138
Le Li
A13-096      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Laser Protection for Optics
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal proposes to develop a versatile ballistic-proof laser eye protection (LEP) device which can be integrated with any currently fielded magnified optics (i.e., M145 MGO, M150 RCO, M151 SSS, etc.), and easily modifiable to integrate with future optical systems. The proposed device is made from a novel quasi-solid-state material composite consisting of micro-size liquid droplets which further containing vanadium dioxide (VOx) in complex plasmonic structures to produce electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) effects that selectively transmit or block specific regions of the visible spectrum with high optical contrast. The LEP device rejects unlimited laser lines at arbitrary wavelengths within 0.35 to 1.2 um spectrum. It has a high linear transmittance > 60% and is color neutral. Upon hit by a laser, the LEP transitions to a blocking state with a high optical density (OD) >4 and a lower optical limiting threshold (i.e., the on-set light fluence that triggers laser protection). Its response time is in sub-100 femtosecond (fs). The LEP does not require external electric power. Phase 1 is the feasibility for the baseline material synthesis and characterization to demonstrate the functionality through a demo LEP device. Phase II is to develop the prototypes.