---------- MDA ----------

95 Phase I Selections from the 13.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
52 Geiger Road, Suite 2
Rome, NY 13441
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 696-9981
Richard Wasiewicz
MDA13-001      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Tracking in Stressing Environments (Countermeasures)
Abstract:Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc. proposes to develop and estimate the performance of innovative improvements to the AN/SPY-1 radar system that will enable intercepts to help defeat advanced countermeasures. Novel signal processing techniques for detecting and filtering objects will provide for improved radar tracking in dense raid environments with the focus on improving performance against radio frequency advanced countermeasures. The proposed techniques will allow for rapid filtering of debris and advanced countermeasure objects in a threat complex. Our techniques will correctly identify the credible objects within the complex and enhance tracking of those objects. Our Phase I effort will be a proof of concept study where we will identify designs, models, and test capabilities. We will conduct a feasibility assessment for the proposed models, techniques, and methods investigated. Our Phase I work will clearly validate the viability of the proposed solution and will be clearly documented in a concept of operations document. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 530-8105
Shozo Mori
MDA13-001      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Tracking in Stressing Environments (Countermeasures)
Abstract:Systems & Technology Research (STR) is pleased to present this proposal for the development of novel and innovative, advanced radar waveform generation and signal processing concepts and algorithms, to track ballistic missile lethal objects (targets) in dense raid complexes hidden in advanced counter measure objects, as well as debris and other substances generated in the process of the raid complex deployments. Phase I effort will produce performance analyses and feasibility assessment of the approaches. Phase II will provide a proof-of-concept demonstration. Lockheed-Martin MST Moorestown New Jersey will provide technical support in Phase II. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

Technology Service Corporation
962 Wayne Avenue Suite 800
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 754-4212
George Bohannon
MDA13-001      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Tracking and Discrimination in Stressing Countermeasure Environments
Abstract:TSC is proposing an innovative technique for tracking lethal objects in a dense countermeasure environment. The proposed technique performs detection and tracking in a coordinate space that includes translational and rotational degrees of freedom. The environment is analyzed to provide information for configuring the processing for optimal performance and to provide information for other algorithms or sensors that might benefit from that information. The method will be demonstrated in Phase I using TSC's simulation tools. A concept of operations and a plan for further development and testing using relevant target models and countermeasure environments will also be generated in Phase I. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Archarithms, Inc.
2904 Westcorp Boulevard Suite 101
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 527-9360
Mark Lambrecht
MDA13-002      Selected for Award
Title:Impact Flash Mitigation in Raid Environments
Abstract:The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing algorithms that improve Focal Plane Array performance during multiple engagements. The solution aims to combine battle proven penalty-based methods of characterizing potential engagement solutions (PES) with an innovative, finite horizon optimization assignment algorithm. The penalty-based approach quantifies contributors to Probability of Kill and PES. Penalties are tailored to relevant aspects of the weapon system and can be updated to reflect technology improvements without re-building software. This can save significant costs during testing and capability upgrades. Once viable engagement solutions for all weapon-threat pairs are scored, enhanced assignment algorithm is used to select the optimal engagement(s) over the next time horizon. Launch-On-Remote and Engage-On-Remote constructs are supported. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

ExoAnalytic Solutions, Inc
20532 El Toro Rd Ste 303
Mission Viejo, CA 92692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 716-4290
Douglas Hendrix
MDA13-002      Selected for Award
Title:Impact Flash Mitigation in Raid Environments
Abstract:ExoAnalytic Solutions proposes to develop Recognition of Environment and Continued Operation with Unwanted Photons (RECOUP). Specifically, RECOUP will improve performance of Ballistic Missile Defense System interceptors in real world raid threat environments that include challenges such as: 1) impact phenomena, such as flash and post intercept debris, 2) stray light from celestial objects, such as the moon, sun, stars, nebulas, earth limb, etc., and 3) debris clouds. Phase I research will focus on mitigating the impacts of stray light by developing both advanced focal plane processing techniques and novel weapon allocation algorithms. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 795-2702
Rich LeBlanc
MDA13-002      Selected for Award
Title:Onboard Flash Compensation for Exoatmospheric Kill Vehicles
Abstract:Missile seekers are responsible for maintaining a line of sight to a target. In a raid situation, the density of targets makes flash events more likely. The proposed research aims to create algorithms that mitigate the adverse effects of flash events by adjusting sensor parameters and processing the resulting image to minimize the effects of the readjusted sensor parameter. We will use a number of techniques to locate the exact position of the flash, move it off the focal plane if possible, and repair the effects of the flash and sensor parameter changes. A key feature is that the onboard flash compensation can be inserted into the path of an existing track loop of any image-based seeker. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Peter E. Nebolsine
MDA13-002      Selected for Award
Title:Physics Based Algorithms for Mitigation of Impact Flash and Other EO Signatures in a Raid Environment
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop feasibility concept designs for optimal raid scheduling algorithms to mitigate interference from extraneous objects and flashes in electro-optic (EO) sensors fields of view and maintain performance in a raid environment. PSI will first characterize and rank both short duration and long duration lasting EO. PSI will synthesize EO temporal and spatial signatures based on existing flight test data and first principles code outputs for testing proposed algorithms. PSI proposes to subcontract to a prime contractor that designs, fabricates and delivers interceptors to MDA to ensure compatibility and appropriateness of PSI’s approaches and algorithms. PSI will identify designs and test capabilities, and conduct feasibility assessment for the proposed algorithms. Our Phase I work will validate the viability of the proposed solutions through analysis. The Phase I will also include a Phase II program plan and a technically valid concept of operations document. Based on the results and findings of Phase I, PSI will conduct a demonstration of algorithm prototypes for varying threat scenarios in Phase II through continued research and refinement of its algorithms. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Edward Pope Dr dba MATECH
31304 Via Colinas, Suite 102
Westlake Village, CA 91362
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 991-8500
Steve Kirkwwod
MDA13-003      Selected for Award
Title:Low Cost, Erosion Resistant Coatings for >3200°F Divert and ACS Structural Insulators
Abstract:In this MDA Phase I SBIR program, MATECH proposes to expand the capabilities of its carbon preform with zirconium oxy-carbide matrix (C/ZrOC) structural insulator ceramic matric composite through the use of erosion resistant coatings on components subject to direct impingement by propellant exhaust gases, thereby permitting new, lighter weight, more compact thrusters. New divert and attitude control system (DACS) designs desired to meet performance targets of lower weight and higher operating temperature capability require new, higher temperature structural insulator materials that enable both next generation, design methodologies for controlled, throttle-able solid DACS systems utilizing innovative gas accumulators, gas generators, and the associated hot gas piping designs, as well as providing erosion resistant barriers for higher temperature pintles, and integrated throat and throat insulators. Following a successful Phase I demonstration, hot fire test components will be fabricated and tested in both static and pulsed motor tests during a follow-on Phase II program, should it be awarded, to validate coating performance under relevant duty cycles as selected by MDA and our corporate partners. This Phase I proposal benefits from the active participation and support of Aerojet in Sacramento, CA and Raytheon inTuscon, AZ. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Exquadrum, Inc
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 246-0279
Kevin E. Mahaffy
MDA13-003      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Pulse Igniter Systems Technology (MIST)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of a pyrotechnic igniter system that is capable of an almost unlimited number of reignition events for extinguishable solid rocket motors. The igniter system will be capable of rapid motor ignition over range of conditions from sea level to vacuum. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the propose research project. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Valley Tech Systems
6806 Fallsbrook Court Suite 1
Granite Bay, CA 95746
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 696-5354
Russell W. Carlson
MDA13-003      Selected for Award
Title:Lightweight Low Power Long Duration ACS Thruster
Abstract:To improve controllable solid propulsion for future long duration divert and attitude control system missions. Valley Tech Systems has conceptualized new lightweight, low power and long duration solid propellant gas supplied attitude control system (ACS) thruster that provides continuous ACS thrust during non-divert periods. Driving this thruster design is the desired goal to operate under hot gas pressure while maintaining a gas seal while closed and delivering very fast on/off response to achieve low level non-divert ACS minimum impulse bit controllability objectives. Through use of our advancements in Hot Gas Valve design and proven application of new innovative material technologies Valley Tech Systems is well positioned to provide this design within the structure of the Phase I/II program structure to a TRL 4/5 level. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Archarithms, Inc.
2904 Westcorp Boulevard Suite 101
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 527-9360
Mark Lambrecht
MDA13-004      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Resource Management (Raid Capability)
Abstract:The Archarithms STADIUM Sensor Resource Manager is a grid based solution that defines objective functions for ranking the utility of both track and search tasks, and provides algorithms for optimizing resource usage based on the developed functions. The method uses a modified assignment algorithm to optimize task assignments over a finite time horizon. An approximated utility function allows optimal assignments while maintaining the efficiency necessary for real-time operation. The method scales better than infinite horizon methods such as dynamic programming, making it well suited for the challenges of raid environments. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

deciBel Research, Inc.
325 Bob Heath Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-6190
Kenny Shrider
MDA13-004      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Resource Management (Raid Capability)
Abstract:Global optimization of radar resources will increase search coverage and track/classification performance, increasing the probability of successful engagement, even in a missile raid scenario. For Phase I (MDA13-004) SBIR , deciBel Research Inc. proposes Multi Radar Resource Management (MRRM) schema to globally optimize resources over multiple radars. The approach uses a “decentralized” philosophy where each radar within the Managed Radar Group (MRG) will possess the same MRRM. MRG members will share radar data, locations, and status with all MRG members. Information about actual resource utilization expenditure and radar performance will be communicated among MRG members, allowing the MRRM to adaptively tailor planning. MRRM centers on efficient multi-pass assignment algorithms, using phenomenologically based fitness functions for populating cost matrices. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

EDAptive Computing, Inc.
1245 Lyons Road Building G
Dayton, OH 45458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 433-0477
Nicholas Hanlon
MDA13-004      Selected for Award
Title:Radar Resource Management (Raid Capability)
Abstract:During dense, multi-raid attacks, a ship must limit its mission operations by devoting its resources towards tracking targets. However, by leveraging multiple sensors across various ships, the same track information can be collected while maintaining ship mission operations. MDA desires algorithms in a number of closely coupled areas including; fusion of information from disparate and possibly heterogeneous sources, cooperative assignment/tasking/scheduling of sensors for optimally achieving overall mission objectives, and communication between the sensors. Such cooperative use of multiple sensory sources requires development of algorithmic strategies to optimally manage resources to cover multiple threat complexes in multi-raid scenes subject to sensors’ constraints in order to provide optimal quality of service, and increase likelihood of neutralizing missile threats. In response to this desire, the Edaptive Computing team proposes Sensor Tasking for Optimized Resource Management, a research and development effort that will result in a unique and commercially viable innovation to optimizing resource management for ballistic missile defense. Specifically, we will be developing and demonstrating unique algorithms within the context of a multi-raid, multi-target scenario, which will provide real-time adaptive allocation strategies for a large number of distributed and heterogeneous sensors. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 319-8333
Marten F. Byl
MDA13-004      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Metric Based Radar Resource Management for Raid Scenarios
Abstract:PSI proposes a suite of algorithms to coordinate radar resource management (missile uplink, track functions, search functions, discrimination/measurement functions, etc.) over multiple ships and other assets while maximizing radar effectiveness and weapon control. The planned core optimization is based on a powerful new consensus/auction algorithm and an innovative representation of the costs and benefits associated with radar tasks in terms of radar resources and various task-specific figures of merit. The algorithms are designed to be effective against many concurrent threats (including missile raids). The algorithm is “distributed” as opposed to “centralized,” so as to maximize ship autonomy while still efficiently cooperatively engaging threats. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Micro-Precision Technologies
10 Manor Parkway, Ste. C
Salem, NH 03079
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 893-7600
Matthew Erdtmann
MDA13-005      Selected for Award
Title:Ruggedized Ceramic Circuit Card Assemblies
Abstract:Micro-Precision Technologies (MPT) will build, test, and deliver high-performance ceramic circuit card assemblies for the Throttling Divert and Attitude Control System. Based on our commercially proven, QML-38534–listed technology for ceramic-based hybrid microcircuit and multi-chip module manufacturing, we will meet objectives for increased solder toughness, reduced footprint, and survivability to temperature and humidity cycling, vibration, and shock. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 738-8277
Frederick S. Lauten
MDA13-005      Selected for Award
Title:Affordable, Light Weight Solid and Green Propellant DACS Components for 4300 deg F Operation
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) has developed ultra-high temperature composites that demonstrate minimal erosion during operation in highly oxidizing environments. We will use laser processing to modify the compositions to withstand the rapid and pulsed heat rates that will be encountered in advanced throtteable divert and attitude control systems (DACS). We will demonstrate the ability to produce complex shape components required by advanced DACS designs. In addition, we will design and fabricate test DACS components that will be delivered to a supplier for hot fire test in 2014. We will work closely with the system integrators to ensure that successful prototype testing will transition these composites into specific programs the fastest possible time frame. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

Solid Power, LLC
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 300-8167
Douglas Campbell
MDA13-005      Selected for Award
Title:All Solid-State Rechargeable Batteries for Throttleable Divert Attitude Control Systems (TDACS)
Abstract:In response to the desire for a rechargeable battery that meets the unique set of performance associated with throttlable divert and attitude control system and other missile/munition applications, Solid Power proposes the development and demonstration of an ultra high energy all solid-state battery. Our solid-state battery is intended to replace currently used thermal batteries. The key benefits of our solid-state battery technology includes high specific energy (3-4X greater than thermal batteries), minimal self-discharge, high conformability, stable over a broad temperature range, ultimate safety and rechargeability. Together, these attributes have the potential to enable the next-generation of missile batteries that greatly improve system operational performance and mission reliability. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Mentis Sciences, Inc.
215 Canal Street
Manchester, NH 03101
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 624-9197
John Dignam
MDA13-006      Selected for Award
Title:SM-3 Integrated Systems Materials and Design Improvements
Abstract:Mentis Sciences, with partner BAE Systems Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc, proposes in Phase I to design, prototype, and fabricate subcomponents of an Integrated Telescope Baffle system composed of a cylindrical structure containing a network of hexagonal shaped channels axially aligned with the centerline of the telescope. In Phase I, Mentis will design the Integrated Telescope Baffle system, fabricate a number of channels and co-cure them into a small honeycomb structure for mechanical testing. The full prototype will be fabricated in Phase II. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5305
Thomas Goodwin
MDA13-006      Selected for Award
Title:SM-3 Systems Design Improvements (1000-269)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies will leverage our demonstrated expertise in antenna miniaturization technology to develop a lightweight, low profile conformal array antenna to enable improved missile data links. In Phase I, SI2 will demonstrate the feasibility of providing a high gain antenna conformal to a missile body, via high fidelity electromagnetic simulations, and test of a breadboard demonstrator. We will perform simulations and analyses to predict the achievable performance of one or more high gain steerable beam antennas arrayed around a representative missile body, and will explore reducing weight added to the platform through the use of Direct Write manufacturing and structural integration with advanced composites. In the follow on Phase II effort, we will refine the antenna design and include front end radio frequency electronics to provide an electronically steered high gain data link antenna solution. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 254-6465
Lauren Bolton
MDA13-006      Selected for Award
Title:Trade Study of Beryllium-Replacement Materials for SM3 Seeker Telescope
Abstract:In replacing the beryllium (Be) components with silicon carbide components for a thermally insensitive telescope, it is clear that Trex CVC SiC™ is the appropriate silicon carbide for the mirrors because of its high thermal stability and its proven radiation hardness. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Archarithms, Inc.
2904 Westcorp Boulevard Suite 101
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 527-9360
Mark Lambrecht
MDA13-007      Selected for Award
Title:New and Innovative Overhead Persistent InfraRed (OPIR) Sensor Tasking Capabilities
Abstract:This research explores opportunities to exploit such sensors, including Overhead Persistent InfraRed, on an as-available basis for the purpose of enhancing both single-threat kill chain capability and raid lethality negation. Specifically, we investigate Intelligent Sensor Tasking (IST) techniques designed to minimize integrated information entropy efficiently. Our IST approach, coined Bird’s Eye, promises a System of Systems level tasking tool designed to exploit sensor availability, timelines, resources, Field-of-Regard, Field-of-View, geometry, resolution, sensitivity, and phenomenology. The primary objective of the Bird’s Eye is the efficient, balanced utilization of available sensor system resources for the purpose of defeating the threat with no leakage attributed to the sensor management function. The effect of high performance IST is information superiority from threat launch through impact characterization, and optimal contributions to raid Probability of Engagement Success. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Peter Shea
MDA13-007      Selected for Award
Title:New and Innovative Overhead Persistent InfraRed (OPIR) Sensor Tasking Capabilities
Abstract:Our objective is to develop and demonstrate an integrated capability to perform dynamic retasking, including needs-based task generation, task scoring, optimal tasking, and re- tasking based on the current scene, of overhead persistent iInfrared (OPIR) sensors to respond to ballistic missile attacks. Task generation determines the current needs of the system, and accounts for the detection of new launches, tracking multiple missiles in the boost phase and the reentry phase, and performing battle damage assessment to confirm if the target was killed. We use a measure of information gain to determine the value of executing a particular task. Task scheduling is the key to an overall successful approach of dynamic task scheduling that must react to new missile launches, missile transitions into their next phase, and dynamic OPIR sensors moving in various orbits with different capabilities and resolutions. Based on the integrated system (task generation, scoring, optimization, and dynamic retasking), tradeoff studies will be conducted to determine algorithm performance based on scenario complexity. Approved for Public Release 13- MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

SciTec, Inc.
100 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 921-3892
Jerome X. Tull
MDA13-007      Selected for Award
Title:New and Innovative Overhead Persistent InfraRed (OPIR) Sensor Tasking Capabilities
Abstract:Overhead Persistent InfraRed (OPIR) systems are providing increasingly more accurate state vectors at burnout to minimize search volumes for radar resources, providing missile typing that might support improved predict ahead trajectories and support prioritization of fire control solutions, detecting and tracking threats in all flight regimes, and providing feature data that might be used to assess countermeasures and debris for a variety of purposes. Operationalizing these capabilities to support stressing raid scenarios requires development of robust, real time techniques for optimizing OPIR sensor cueing and tasking to support the larger system. In this effort, we will develop OPIR sensor scheduling algorithms suitable for incorporating dynamic and tasking information in real time, and perform analysis to intelligently inform the scheduling algorithms on mission prioritization and combinations of OPIR sensors required to achieve the required mission performance. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

deciBel Research, Inc.
325 Bob Heath Drive
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 489-6190
Kenny Shrider
MDA13-008      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Sensor Environmental Characterization
Abstract:Through a Phase II SBIR (MDA09-0018), deciBel Research Inc. (deciBel) has developed a suite of algorithms that will enhance a radar’s ability to operate within solid-fuel and post- intercept debris Adverse Environments (AE) types. One algorithm addresses environment characterization (EC). EC provides AE characteristics, such as existence, debris cloud location, density, etc. The algorithm has been extensively tested with flight test and simulated debris data. Through a Phase I STTR (MDA12-T0002), deciBel has developed algorithms to correlate/fuse EO-IR and RF sensor data. “Wager” incorporates object measurement data from the multiple sensors to find best-fit trajectories. The deciBel Target Attributes Surface Manifold (dBTASM) introduces object classification-aided trajectory fitting . For Phase I SBIR (MDA13-008), deciBel will further develop the algorithms, extending to other AE types and capitalizing on the multi-sensor perspectives. These algorithms will be developed to operate within a central sensor management node. The deliverable will be documented test results demonstrating the technology’s feasibility. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

ExoAnalytic Solutions, Inc
20532 El Toro Rd Ste 303
Mission Viejo, CA 92692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 930-0627
Kristi O'Grady
MDA13-008      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Sensor Environmental Characterization
Abstract:A key component of sensor management is determining which sensors can provide the best information (i.e., minimal ambiguity) for tracking and target characterization throughout the engagement timeline. As a result, innovative algorithms are needed to both characterize the battle space environment in terms of degraded measurement conditions and reason over this multi-sensor information to automatically determine the sensor allocation strategy that minimizes target tracking and characterization ambiguity. In response to this technology need, ExoAnalytic Solutions proposes to develop Rapid Environmental Scene Characterization Using Efficient MEasurements. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

nou Systems, Inc.
7067 Old Madison Pike, Suite 170
Huntsville, AL 35806
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(404) 788-3063
Lisa Ehrman
MDA13-008      Selected for Award
Title:Multi-Sensor Environmental Characterization
Abstract:nou Systems, Inc and MTSI propose an innovative approach for coordinating disparate assets to reduce system-level degradation due to challenging environments. The proposed work solves this problem by (i) detecting the presence of a stressing scene, (ii) tasking the affected asset to minimize the effects of the degradation, (iii) exploiting multiple sensors to characterize the scene, (iv) forwarding this scene information to shooters, (v) detecting the end of the stressing scene so that the affected assets can resume normal functions, and (vi) defining a consistent, efficient message construct to enable the information transfer and support System-Level Environmental Characterization. Approved for Public Release 13- MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Lewis Innovative Technologies, Inc.
110 Johnston St, SE
Decatur, AL 35601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 905-0775
James M. Lewis
MDA13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Physical Uncloneable Function (PUF) Encryption Key
Abstract:LIT proposes developing a system that produces cryptography quality keys based on asymmetric unclonable functions. This effort will also identify requirements for cryptography quality keys. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

McQ Inc.
1551 Forbes St.
Fredericksburg, VA 22405
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 373-2374
Ron Knobler
MDA13-009      Selected for Award
Title:PHYSICAL UNCLONABLE FUNCTIONS (PUFS) FOR UNIQUE AND ROBUST ENCRYPTION KEY GENERATION
Abstract:Due to their ability to generate volatile chip specific signatures at runtime (without the need for non volatile memory for key storage), a physical unclonable function (PUF) will be used as the approach to generate encryption keys, without the need for nonvolatile memory, on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). However, several careful design decisions must be made in order to provide the needed portability and efficiency required to integrate PUFs with legacy and most-recent FPGA designs. Additionally, careful design decisions are needed to provide the desired robustness (i.e., stable and unique keys), at a 256 bit level of security, across a range of operating voltages and temperatures . In Phase I, McQ will perform innovative PUF resource optimization such that they can run on even a static random-access memory based FPGA with minimal resource availability. Also, McQ will develop an active delay compensation scheme to combat the stability issue of current PUFs, as well as increase the reliability of PUFs through a careful application of error correcting codes. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

NVE Corp. (formerly Nonvolatile Electronics, Inc.)
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(952) 918-1154
Joseph Davies
MDA13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Spintronics-based Physical Unclonable Functions
Abstract:This small business innovation research phase I program will derive and determine the feasibility of physical unclonable functions based on existing and future spintronics technologies (SpinPUFs). The robustness of the SpinPUFs will be demonstrated. Also, additional SpinPUFs will be explored and their trade offs summarized. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

RNET Technologies, Inc.
240 W. Elmwood Dr. Suite 2010
Dayton, OH 45459
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 433-2886
Gerald Sabin
MDA13-009      Selected for Award
Title:Physical Uncloneable Function (PUF) Encryption Key
Abstract:In the proposed work we wish to investigate three different improvements to physical uncloneable functions (PUFs). The first is to compensate for environment variations using a novel approach to utilize the transistor bias developed at RNET. The second is to develop an enhanced PUF to improve their utility to generate 256 bit keys. These enhancements include improvements to existing commonly published PUF designs and incorporation of the bias control in the Extreme Environment Compensation Circuit (EECC) by the PUF challenge. Finally, a 256+ bit key generation system based on the enhanced PUF will be designed based on the state-of-the-art literature. In addition, a security assessment of the proposed PUF based key generation system will be performed. In Phase I we will demonstrate the environment compensation using an EECC field programmable gate array (FPGA) prototype that is currently being taped out for RNET. The enhanced PUF designs will be also evaluated using Xilinx FPGAs. These results will be used to design a 256 bit key generation system, and to perform a security assessment of the resulting PUF and key generation system. In Phase II, additional enhancements will be pursued. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Accord Solutions Inc
3533 Albatross Street
San Diego, CA 92103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(691) 692-9476
Carl G. Murphy
MDA13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Security Improvements for Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs)
Abstract:The Accord team proposes a data verification technique based on partial-reconfiguration (PR) and auto-adaptive data sampling (DS) technology. PR technology enables efficient data sampling and critical value detection insertion within the field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) without disrupting normal operation. Based on auto-adaptive monitoring technology, small data sampling and detection modules are sequentially placed into and removed from the active elements of the FPGA. Monitors and bus signals are also attached and released using PR. An auto-adaptive critical value detection capability allows expected values during routine operation to be learned automatically. Distinct data sampling and detection modules run compactly and quickly, accelerated by FPGA parallel computation. The combined, PR-based critical value detection instrument reduces latency impacts to small time intervals and limits resource footprint to a small processing area. The resulting impact on overall system performance is negligible. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

QuickFlex, Inc
8401 N. New Braunfels Suite 324
San Antonio, TX 78209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 972-3250
Richard Ivy
MDA13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Q-Stealth FPGA Critical-IP Protection System
Abstract:The QuickFlex Q-Stealth field progrgammable gate arrays (FPGA) Critical-IP Protection System provides an efficient and effective means to improve security for FPGA-based intellectual property (IP) through the elimination of the primary element required for successful reverse engineering attacks. Furthermore, Q-Stealth minimizes the effectiveness of other forms of analysis attacks by using an innovative key management process. Thus, the Q-Stealth provides unique Critical IP protection capabilities protections over other methods. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

The Athena Group, Inc.
408 West University Avenue Suite 306
Gainesville, FL 32601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(352) 371-2567
Jonathon D. Mellott
MDA13-010      Selected for Award
Title:Security Improvements for Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs)
Abstract:The Athena Group, Inc., will develop an innovative technology to improve the security of field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). This technology will be realized as a customizable intellectual property (IP) block that can be readily included in FPGA designs, will consume minimal hardware resources, and will have a negligible impact on the performance of the device. Besides improving the design security of FPGAs, the IP block will also provide security services for the end application, relieving the application designer from the costly and time consuming task of implementing these functions in a secure manner. As an IP block that can be included in the design of an FPGA, the costs and schedule risks of implementing enhanced FPGA design and application security will be dramatically reduced. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

ADA Technologies, Inc.
8100 Shaffer Parkway Suite #130
Littleton, CO 80127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 792-5615
Weibing Xing
MDA13-011      Selected for Award
Title:Extreme Long Life High Energy Battery
Abstract:ADA Technologies Inc. proposes to partner with Argonne National Laboratory, to develop an extreme long life, high energy, and all-solid-state battery cell system that utilizes high- capacity and inherently stable electrode materials in combination with a highly stable solid electrolyte. The proposed battery system is expected to increase power density with enough rate capability and stability to deliver a defined current pulse every second for over twenty years after several years in storage. The technology also takes advantage of the extreme temperature tolerance, mechanical robustness, and enhanced safety inherent to the all-solid- state design. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

City Labs, Inc.
301 Civic Court
Homestead, FL 33030
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(305) 909-7593
Peter Cabauy
MDA13-011      Selected for Award
Title:BETAVOLTAIC SOLUTION FOR LONG-TERM ELECTRONICS POWER SOURCE
Abstract:City Labs’ betavoltaic power sources, safely driven by tritium decay beta-particle emissions, provide an elegant solution to demands for continuous low-power applications requiring functional, reliable microWatt power output over a broad range of operational temperatures (- 55°C to + 150°C). Betavoltaic power sources (operating at 3.3V) utilizing multiple layers of thin-film semiconductor devices and high purity tritium metal tritides coupled together form the basis for higher-power and energy density solutions in a reduced volume; the feasibility of these thin-film betavoltaic devices, capable of satisfying a 25+ year longevity requirement (inclusive of a 5 year shelf life prior to use) and a continuous output at End-of-Life will be demonstrated. The device will fit within a form factor defined by a volume of 2.0 inches x 2.0 inches x 0.5 inches (5.08 cm x 5.08cm x 1.27cm) and will require utilization of City Labs’ existing proprietary thin-film semiconductor components and elimination of a separate tritium metal tritide component; such a monolithic betavoltaic solution that satisfies both power/current and physical form factor requirements cited above, requires invoking thin-film semiconductor techniques already developed, in concert with metal tritide deposition directly upon said semiconductor component. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

WIDETRONIX
South Hill Business Campus 950 Danby Road Suite 139
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 330-4752
Jonathan Greene
MDA13-011      Selected for Award
Title:Betavoltaics: A Long-Term Power Source for Critical Systems Protection
Abstract:Widetronix is commercializing a betavoltaic power source, originally developed at Cornell University, to provide extended operational lifetimes to power critical circuits used in defense, industrial, medical, and industrial applications. The value proposition for betavoltaics is long operational lifetimes (decades), stability in harsh environmental conditions, and scalable energy density for space-constrained applications. Widetronix has developed a pathway to increase the power density of using a highly textured silicon carbide diode. Texturing the semiconductor in the direction perpendicular to the surface enables an increased amount of semiconductor exposed to the beta particles, without an increase in the device footprint, thereby increasing overall power density. The proposed Phase I project focuses on optimizations to the Widetronix’s patented textured betavoltaic semiconductor fabrication process in order to maximize device performance (i.e., efficiency). In Phase II Widetronix would focus on increasing the texture depth, enabling further improvements in power density resulting in cost reductions. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Corvid Technologies, Inc.
145 Overhill Drive
Mooresville, NC 28117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-1108
Xianyang Zhu
MDA13-012      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative Solutions for Improving Discrete Debris Signature Models
Abstract:With this Phase I effort, Corvid technologies will identify both the first-principle physics codes for post-intercept debris scene generation and the fast-running codes for electromagnetic (EM) scattering analysis. The EM code will use detailed geometry, physical state and material information of the debris for high-fidelity estimation of the debris radar cross section signatures. The multilevel pseudo skeleton approximation method based on the method of moments will be developed. A series of controlled, analytical models and numerical experiments will be employed to test the accuracy and performance of the codes. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Rainer Dressler
MDA13-012      Selected for Award
Title:Database-Driven Discrete Debris Signature Model (4DSM)
Abstract:Spectral Sciences, Inc., and subcontractors Corvid Technologies, and Busek propose a Database-Driven Discrete Debris Signature Model (4DSM) for signature estimates of discrete post-intercept debris (PID) and solid-rocket motor (SRM) debris. The 4DSM software tool is designed to post-process first-principles code (FPC) outputs. The tool will use a validated debris properties database and an innovative method to harness the database to generate signatures. The key innovation is a new, fast parametric model in 4DSM that relates discrete debris signature properties to the debris formation conditions (i.e., intercept conditions or SRM motor and burn specifications). A key question to be answered is how deposits by soot and other micro-dust in the debris cloud affect the signature properties of the discrete debris virgin materials. Phase I will demonstrate the approach on PID Electro- Optical /Infrared signatures by identifying techniques for database population, developing the methodology for parametric property estimation, and generating an example signature by post-processing FPC data. A Phase II plan will be developed to expand the property database, generate signatures, and validate the post-processing tool against field data. In Phase II, the effort will be extended to SRM debris, and possibly radar signatures. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Fifth Gait Technologies
5531 Somerset Dr.
Santa Barbara, CA, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 886-8561
Jonathan H. Fisher
MDA13-013      Selected for Award
Title:MDA Space Radiation Environments (MDA-SRE) Module
Abstract:Fifth Gait Technologies has assembled the best-qualified team of subject matter experts (SMEs) to develop the Space Radiation Environment (SRE) module to characterize in-flight radiation environments. The SRE program meets the objective of Space Radiation Environments. Our team has the proven experience to develop, integrate, and distribute a computational toolkit to fill this need. Our SMEs includes the developers of the CREME-86, CREME-96, and CREME-MC. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

LGarde, Inc.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 259-0771
Yuki Michii
MDA13-013      Selected for Award
Title:Space Radiation Environments for BMDS Missile Systems Advanced Microelectronics
Abstract:An end-to-end battlespace mission planning and operation simulation modeling capability will be developed resulting in accurate characterization of operational missile trajectory scenarios through the radiation environment using the latest advances in space weather operations to specify and forecast the magnetic cutoff rigidities affecting both galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) and solar energetic particles (SEPs) as well as monitor the actual GCR and SEP rates for improving the estimation of microcircuit susceptibility to single event effects. Phase I will demonstrate proof of concept by extrapolating predictions from the latest space weather models to ballistic missile altitudes, developing the basic software interface between a space weather module consisting of several space weather models and Analytical Graphics, Inc., System Tool Kit (STK), and running single-object ballistic trajectory simulations. Phase II will concentrate on developing new space weather models tied, in part, to in-situ observations for ballistic missile altitudes as well as further developing the STK software interface and adding the Missile Modeling Tool (MMT). The conclusion of Phase II will demonstrate the combined end-to-end simulation of the space weather model and MMT/STK for representative ballistic missile. The Phase III objective is to develop the complete battlespace mission simulation and make it operational. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
John Matthews
MDA13-013      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Modeling and Simulation Tool for Determining the Radiation Environments Throughout Suborbital Missile Trajectories
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Advanced Modeling and Simulation Tool for Determining the Radiation Environments Throughout Suborbital Missile Trajectories (ASTRAEUS). ASTRAEUS is based on a modular design integrating the latest space weather and atmospheric propagation models. In Phase I, POC will develop a space weather environment and atmospheric propagation model. In Phase II, POC plans to develop a working, limited distribution beta version of ASTRAEUS to be peer-reviewed. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

ExoAnalytic Solutions, Inc
20532 El Toro Rd Ste 303
Mission Viejo, CA 92692
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 716-4290
Michael Bantel
MDA13-014      Selected for Award
Title:Visible Signature Prediction Improvements
Abstract:Accurate visible target signature modeling currently exists given the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function of the materials a target is composed of and earth albedo and reflection representations. However, limiting the usefulness of these accurate models is the long computation times required, prohibiting use in both real-time Hardware-in-the- Loop and non-real-time Monte Carlo simulations. To meet this technology need, ExoAnalytic Solutions proposes to develop VIsible Signature Enhancements to improve the BRDF database, earth albedo models, and reflection algorithms for both accuracy and computation speed in the visible waveband. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Kinetics, Inc.
P. O. Box 1262
Stevenson, WA 98648
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(509) 538-2008
Dennis R. Crow
MDA13-014      Selected for Award
Title:Visible Signature Prediction Improvements
Abstract:This project will significantly improve the capabilities of hardbody optical signature programs to accurately support predictions in visible wavelengths. These improvements are primarily associated with 1) advancing Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) measurement techniques and associated databases, 2) providing accurate representations of the Earth albedo for any geographic location, time-of-day, time-of-year, and cloud cover, and 3) developing a rigorous and physically accurate approach for modeling Earth albedo reflections off endo- and exo- atmospheric hardbody objects. Advanced, massively parallel, programming techniques are employed to compute reflections at real-time (and faster) rates to support Hardware-In-The-Loop and Monte Carlo testing infrastructures. A multi-disciplinary team of researchers and developers has been assembled to address the requirements of this effort. This team consists of phenomenologists, experimentalists, high- performance computing specialists, and software developers needed to produce an end product suitable for production applications within modeling and simulation frameworks. Our approach develops contemporary numerical algorithms, experimental techniques, and database structures to address the current deficiencies, inconsistencies, and inaccuracies with BRDF databases and algorithms within signature modeling programs. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Stellar Science Ltd Co
6565 Americas Parkway NE, Suite 925
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(877) 763-8268
Brian DiDonna
MDA13-014      Selected for Award
Title:Modular Visible Signature Improvements
Abstract:The ongoing proliferation of ballistic missile technology makes the continued development of a robust ballistic missile defense system (BMDS) timely and vital to national defense. Because live exo-atmospheric BMDS testing is expensive and time-consuming, systems development and testing must rely primarily on fast accurate artificial signature generation. Computer signature simulation in the visible band faces several unique challenges: availability of Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) data, accurate modeling of BRDF in software, and modeling of reflected earth albedo illumination, which has high spatial and temporal variation. Stellar Science and Surface Optics Corporation have teamed to provide a hardware and software solution to these challenges. Surface Optics will develop a new visible band BRDF measurement device that can produce data over half the hemisphere of outgoing directions in a single measurement, streamlining a manual process that previously took hours or days. Stellar Science will develop a modular signature software framework that incorporates all common BRDF models and can be easily extended, as well as a tunable statistical earth albedo model based on satellite imagery. Together, these hardware and software products will enable to test their systems using more realistic optical simulations. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

FreEnt Technologies, Inc.
PO Box 5365
Huntsville, AL 35814
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 656-2932
Michael J. Guthrie
MDA13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Hypervelocity Impact Multiple-Hit Detection (HIM-D) System
Abstract:FreEnt’s High-Velocity Impact Multiple-Hit Detection (HIM-D) system uses a simple but innovative technique of a low-cost passive fiber-optic grid and opto-electronic detectors to measure the initial hit points of extremely high velocity impacts of Kill Vehicles (KVs) and/or warhead fragments. The HIM-D system has the ability to rapidly time-stamp and record the data detected from thermal radiation originating in the fiber ends as the impacting KV or fragments penetrate and react with the fiber material. The HIM-D detectors located on both ends of each of the “X-Y grid” fibers allows for the unique location of multiple hits. The detections are registered for each photo-detector as “1” or “0” for each time stamp and passed to a telemetry system for transmission to the ground. The HIM-D technology can be used in applications including; aircraft/building fire detection, booster failure detection, combat vehicle damage location detection, and satellite and space station damage due to meteorite impacts. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation
2363 Calle Del Mundo
Santa Clara, CA 95054
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 565-9004
Behzad Moslehi
MDA13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Ultra-Fast Fiber Optic Fish Net Sensor System for Target Hit-Point Detection
Abstract:The IFOS team proposes using a fiber optic “fishnet” with Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors as a hit grid embedded in a target missile body to determine the hit point(s) and damage characteristics. In Phase I IFOS will demonstrate feasibility by constructing and testing a proof-of-principal model based on a high-speed/high-resolution FBG interrogator, and develop advanced signal processing algorithms to identify the hit point(s) in a test article with an embedded array of FBG sensors. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kenneth Levin
MDA13-015      Selected for Award
Title:Laser Grid Hit Location Sensor System
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Laser Grid Hit Location Sensor System. This system will allow real-time engagement diagnostics of hypervelocity and multi-fragment impacts against a test article representing a reentry vehicle. POC’s solution is based on high speed detection of a nondestructive laser grid projected near the inner wall surface which provides location and timing of the points of impact until target destruction. POC further proposes a novel pre-processing and data link solution to allow high speed telemetry of sensor readings during the test event. This solution will be developed by leveraging previous POC optical sensor and high speed telemetry projects and through consultation with a prime supplier of test articles. During Phase I, we will design, assemble, and test a prototype sensor concept in the lab that will be optimized during Phase II and tested at a hypervelocity test facility. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Evisive, Inc.
8867 Highland Rd.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(215) 962-0658
Karl Schmidt
MDA13-016      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative methods for characterizing manufacturing defects
Abstract:This project will develop a system capable of providing non-destructive inspection of bonds, seams, joints, composite structures, and non-conductive materials during the production process. The Phase I scope will demonstrate feasibility of; identifying: micro-cracking, inclusions, voids and disbonds in composite materials and composite to metal bonds. Feasibility will be demonstrated on representative samples and surrogates. The project will leverage advances in the Evisive microwave interferometry technology accomplished in Phase II SBIR projects with the Air Force, Army and Navy. Among these advancements are: scalable 3D volume imaging and data presentation, instrument miniaturization, ruggedization for use in forward environments, portability and system automation. The method has been successfully applied to nondestructive examination of a wide range of engineered ceramics, organic and ceramic composites, including radomes and bonds in dielectric materials and bonds of dielectric materials to metal surfaces. This project will demonstrate the EvisiveScan microwave interferometry method in targeted manufacturing applications, and provide a conceptual design specification and plan for validation and implementation. The method works well in either production or in-service applications. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5232
Xiaoliang (George) Zhao
MDA13-016      Selected for Award
Title:Portable, Multi-modal Nonlinear Elastic Wave Spectroscopy- Sonic IR (NEWS-SIR) System for Manufacturing Defects Characterization
Abstract:Structural quality control of pre-fabricated parts and components for weapon system assembly line is very important for increasing productivity and reducing flawed end product. An effective and flexible Non-Destructive Inspection tool for highly varying and diverse pieces of parts made of composite and metallic material is much needed. Traditional Non- Destructive Testing methods such as Ultrasound Testing, X-ray, Eddy Current, etc. have difficulties in detecting micro-fractures and voids in seams and joints where sensitivity, system portability, and Occupational Safety & Health Administration rules is considered. We propose to develop a portable Nonlinear Elastic Wave Spectroscopy – Sonic IR (NEWS- SIR) system that can detect micro fractures and porosities in complex composite and metallic structures. It is able to scan over large scale structures with complex geometries and is much more sensitive to micro-damages than the most commonly used linear ultrasonic counterpart. The final prototype sensor hardware/software will be effective and low cost. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

X-wave Innovations, Inc.
407 Upshire Circle
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 948-8351
Dan Xiang
MDA13-016      Selected for Award
Title:Innovative methods for characterizing manufacturing defects
Abstract:X-wave Innovations, Inc. (XII), proposes an innovative Portable Themosonic Imaging System (PTIS) for rapid, full-field non-destructive testing (NDT) of micro-fractures and voids in the weapon system components. The proposed approach is based on the XII-developed thermosonic NDT technology. The proposed PTIS combines a portable thermosonic imaging device and advanced signal processing algorithms for intelligent detection of micro fractures. In the Phase I program, XII will prototype a PTIS system and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. In the Phase II program, XII will refine the PTIS prototype with refined hardware and software. In the Phase III program, XII will focus on transitioning the developed technology to a wide range of applications. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Chip Design Systems
12 Longacre Court
Hockessin, DE 19707
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(302) 542-6548
Rodney McGee
MDA13-017      Selected for Award
Title:GaAs-SLEDS
Abstract:We propose to explore the feasibility of using GaAs as substrate material for Infrared Light Emitting Diodes (IRLED) scene projectors. We will also develop novel modulation schemes, drive electronics, thermal management and system packaging solutions for IRLEDs. The proposed work stands in contrast previous research programs that focused on semiconductor physics of IRLED technology. Our team consists of IRLED fabrication experts, read-in integrated circuit specialists, system designers, and thermal modeling professionals. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Michigan Aerospace Corporation
1777 Highland Drive Suite B
Ann Arbor, MI 48108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 975-8777
Dominique Fourguette
MDA13-018      Selected for Award
Title:Combined High-Altitude Raman LIDAR Evaluation System (CHARLI)
Abstract:Michigan Aerospace Corporation (MAC) proposes a solution, the Combined High-Altitude Raman Laser Imaging Detection and Ranging(LIDAR) Evaluation System (CHARLI), which implements its patented ultraviolet-based Direct Detection LIDAR technology, which measures wind speed and direction, molecular density, aerosol scattering ration and temperature, coupled with an ultraviolet-based Raman channel to measure water vapor concentration as well as extinction profiles in the stratosphere and above. The scope of Phase 1 involves the design of the Raman channel. Phase 2 will entail the fabrication of the Raman channel, and demonstration of the water vapor measurement instrumentation, in conjunction with an existing high altitude LIDAR. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA- 7631 (18 November 13).

MZA Associates Corporation
2021 Girard Blvd. SE Suite 150
Albuquerque, NM 87106
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 684-4100
Eric P. Magee
MDA13-018      Selected for Award
Title:Atmospheric Characterization and Clouds for Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:MZA partnered with the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) propose the development of an integrated satellite-derived numerical weather prediction (NWP) modeling and optical sensor measurements technique to provide comprehensive atmospheric characterization for modeling of directed energy weapon performance. We will build on an existing technique for temperature and wind modeling using satellite atmospheric sounder data and apply advanced processing to obtain absorption and scattering profiles. We will also develop a technique to extract cloud microphysical properties using numerical weather prediction enhanced satellite measurements. These two sources of data will be brought together into a single characterization of an atmospheric volume, allowing errors in the NWP-derived extinction to be augmented with actual measurements. The resulting atmospheric characterization in altitude and over a geographic region will be used with AFIT’s LEEDR code system performance modeling codes to prototype an atmospheric decision assistance tool. The processing methods will be developed during Phase I Base period and the prototype tool software will be developed during the Phase I Option period. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 273-4770
Hoang Dothe
MDA13-018      Selected for Award
Title:Atmospheric Decision Assistance Toolkit (ADAT)
Abstract:Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI), together with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics propose to conduct a survey, analysis and selection of global satellite measurements, and develop an Atmospheric Decision Assistance Toolkit for directed energy applications. The key enabling innovation of this proposal is the merging of all of the radiative transport capabilities, numerical weather prediction and weather data into an integrated, user-friendly software designed to be interfaced with existing government furnished decision tools. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 265-6105
Richard Bonner
MDA13-019      Selected for Award
Title:Passive Thermal Management for High Power Fiber Laser Array Pointing
Abstract:In this Small Business Innovation Research effort, Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes to develop a novel, passive thermal management technology that aims to dramatically improve the thermal management of high power fiber laser systems. As the power requirements of fiber lasers increase, advanced thermal management techniques are required to cool the fibers, especially near the fiber’s splices. It is believed that the pointing stability issues can be traced back to inadequate thermal management. Further, many active cooling solutions induce vibrations to the fibers, compromising the pointing stability of the beam. Forced air currents can also negatively impact beam quality at the fiber launch. ACT proposes to develop a totally passive, vibration-free, two-phase Heat Pipe Loop fiber cooling device. The technology combines the high efficiency heat rejection and low fabrication cost of a traditional heat pipe technology with the long heat transport distance capability of Loop Heat Pipes. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

MV Innovative Technologies LLC (DBA: Optonicus)
711 E Monument Ave Ste 101
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 238-1166
Tom Tumilillo Jr.
MDA13-019      Selected for Award
Title:Fiber Laser Array Pointing (FLAP) Beam Director For MDA Directed Energy Applications
Abstract:Optonicus proposes the development of the Fiber Laser Array Pointing (FLAP) Beam Director. In Phase I, Optonicus will develop a detailed concept design for a robust in severe operating conditions fiber laser array pointing beam director (FLAP cluster) and a modular system that is easy to repair or replace. In Phase II, Optonicus will build a deliverable prototype of the FLAP beam director which will be validated and delivered for evaluation. Optonicus will also work with DoD prime contractors in Phase II to commercialize the technology for DoD High Energy Laser platforms, and transition the technology to directed energy prime contractors in Phase III. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Optical Engines Inc
842 S Sierra Madre St STE D
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(815) 383-8303
Donald Sipes
MDA13-019      Selected for Award
Title:High Power Fiber Laser Array High Accuracy Pointing and End Preparation
Abstract:The focus of this proposal is twofold; first to provide a system of arraying the outputs of fiber lasers into a high count 2-D array with high precision pointing accuracy and stability with the ability to replace fiber lasers rapidly while maintaining this pointing accuracy. The second is to create and demonstrate a multi-layered unabsorbed pump rejection system that removes essentially all of the extraneous waste light before the fiber array assembly. During phase 1, the single fiber high accuracy end preparation will be demonstrated along with the unabsorbed pump light removal. In phase 2 a high port count 2-D array will be developed as well as applying the developed techniques to photonic crystal fiber. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Cyan Systems
5385 Hollister Ave
Santa Barbara, CA, CA 93111
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 453-0582
Jerry Wilson
MDA13-020      Selected for Award
Title:Photonic High Reflectivity Mirror
Abstract:Cyan Systems has developed concepts for a novel unity reflectivity Photonics Crystal mirror design. Cyan has teamed with Tech X Corporation, a firm with advanced computer aided design and simulation for advanced Photonic Crystal structure design. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13). Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Surface Optics Corporation
11555 Rancho Bernardo Road
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 675-7404
Michael Fulton
MDA13-020      Selected for Award
Title:Beam Control For High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Surface Optics Corporation proposes an innovative coating protective cap layer which is highly transparent, hydrophobic, oleophobic and extremely hard, i.e., contamination and erosion resistant. The cap layer is suitable for both reflective and antireflection coatings. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Tempest Technologies
Suite 506 8939 South Sepulveda Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 216-1677
Yun Wang
MDA13-020      Selected for Award
Title:Beam Control For High Energy Laser Applications
Abstract:Among the primary challenges to development and deployment of directed energy systems is beam control, identified in the 2007 report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Directed Energy Weapons and the more recent 2010 US Air Force Chief Scientist’s Report on Technology Horizons as a necessary focus for science and technology research. This Phase I proposal offers robust algorithms and software for beam control in demanding long range directed energy engagements. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc.
1701 Military Trail Suite 110
Jupiter, FL 33458
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(561) 427-6277
Alex Pinera
MDA13-021      Selected for Award
Title:2MW Power System for Airborne HEL
Abstract:FTT proposes using a rocket-based power generation system to provide the lightest, most compact on-demand high energy system that is effective for high-altitude airborne platforms. While effective gas turbine-based systems can have a higher energy density than battery- based systems, they have several disadvantages that can be mitigated by even lighter rocket- based systems such as physical size, ducting requirements, and spool up time. In this program, FTT will evaluate both liquid and solid rocket based solutions to drive a high-speed turbo-alternator to determine the best solution. FTT will then outline the risk reduction and demonstration plan needed to make such an operational system available. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Infinity Fuel Cell and Hydrogen, Inc.
431A Hayden Station Road
Windsor, CT 06095
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 688-6500
William Smith
MDA13-021      Selected for Award
Title:High Energy Laser Advanced Cell (HELAC) Power System
Abstract:The proposed innovation is a Proton Exchange Membrane High Power Fuel Cell system designed to power a megawatt class high energy laser. It has the capability to generate megawatts of power for each shot and repeat shots on a continuous basis until fuel supplies are exhausted. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc.
1037 Watervliet-Shaker Road
Albany, NY 12205
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(518) 862-4290
Hooshang Heshmat
MDA13-021      Selected for Award
Title:Critical HEL Technologies - Power Sources
Abstract:The objective of the Phase I and Phase II proposed effort is to design and demonstrate the ability to develop a high-speed composite flywheel-based Electromechanical Battery (EMB), together with a recharge turbogenerator to support deployment of high energy laser technology. The Phase I design studies will assess the EMB size, operating speeds and material requirements needed to achieve the energy density levels and charge/discharge rates, will define the foil or hybrid foil/magnetic bearings, and define a gas turbine-powered turbogenerator necessary for EMB recharge. Under Phase II, the EMB manufacturing approach will be validated through high speed testing, and overall system layout will be designed, with a goal to minimize system footprint and weight. To achieve the desired power and energy densities in a composite flywheel operating at high surface speeds in a low pressure, high g-force environment, such as those found in high altitude flight, will require robust, well damped and low loss bearings. UT-CEM as subcontractor will establish the composite flywheel structure and manufacturing layup, while MiTi will be responsible for bearings, gas turbine, and system integration. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael G. Izenson
MDA13-022      Selected for Award
Title:Cooling of High Energy Lasers on High-Altitude Aircraft
Abstract:We propose to develop an innovative thermal management approach that will enable the development and fielding of high energy laser systems. In Phase I we will optimize heat rejection technology for effectiveness, aircraft impact, Size,Weight and Power, and flight worthiness. We will develop a conceptual design for a flight system as well as a prototype to be developed in Phase II, and we will estimate the performance of the system through detailed thermal modeling. In Phase II we will build a prototype system for integration with state-of- the-art laser systems and demonstrate performance of the system using simulated heat sources. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

i2C Solutions, LLC
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(720) 289-7381
Michael Hulse
MDA13-022      Selected for Award
Title:Thermal Ground Planes for High Power Solid-State Lasers
Abstract:In response to the need for improved thermal management in solid state laser systems, i2C Solutions proposes to develop a Thermal Ground Plane designed specifically to interface with diode laser bars resulting in an exceptionally effective, lightweight and simple thermal management subsystem. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Peregrine Falcon Corporation
1051 Serpentine Lane, Ste 100
Pleasanton, CA 94566
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 461-6800
Robert Hardesty
MDA13-022      Selected for Award
Title:MW Class HEL High Altitude Cooling System
Abstract:Peregrine will provide an advanced cooling system that will provide a compact light weight cooling system for airborne platforms operating in a closed environment with limited air intake and venting. Our thermal management system is light weight, simple, efficient and highly reliable. It provides flexibility, scalability and can meet the overall mission profile. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Chemled Technologies, LLC
574 Stone Hill Rd
Orange, CT 06477
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(203) 874-3607
Radoslaw M. Sobczynski
MDA13-023      Selected for Award
Title:Intracavity Plasma Solid State Laser for DPAL – Rb Optical Pumping
Abstract:Chemled Technologies proposes demonstrating the feasibility of its recently discovered laser platform, the Intracavity Plasma Solid State Laser (IPSSL), to pumping of Diode- Pumped Alkali Laser (DPAL)-Rb lasers at higher performance and lower cost. IPSSL is a hybrid laser combining an atomic plasma discharge and a semiconductor laser gain medium. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Laser Operations, LLC
15632 Roxford St.
Sylmar, CA 91342
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 986-0000
Jeffrey Ungar
MDA13-023      Selected for Award
Title:2D Surface Emitting Pump Arrays with Wafer Scale Collimation for DPAL
Abstract:Narrow linewidth high power surface emitting diode arrays using the High Power Surface Emitting Laser architecture will be developed for pumping Diode Pumped Alkali Lasers. These diode architectures monolithically integrate total-internal-reflection turning mirrors to provide surface emission and diffraction gratings to match the emission spectrum to the alkali absorption line. These arrays combine very low cost of fabrication, packaging and collimation with power and efficiency greatly exceeding the performance of external-grating vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers or edge-emitting diode technology. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

RAM Photonics
4901 Morena Blvd. Suite 128
San Diego, CA 92117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 771-7311
John Marciante
MDA13-023      Selected for Award
Title:Spatio-Spectral Compressor for High-Brightness, Narrowband Diode Pumping of DPAL Systems
Abstract:Diode Pumped Alkali Laser Systems (DPALS) are a promising alternative to conventional solid-state and fiber laser systems for directed energy (DE) applications. Since the emission wavelength is very close to the pump wavelength, the energy lost per photon is less than 5%, leading to high efficiency and reduced heat deposition into the laser medium. Like any compact DE-class laser system, the high pump brightness is required. However, DPAL pump diodes also require narrow spectral width at high powers, which is simply not achievable with current technologies. Lasers coupled to volume Bragg gratings fundamentally rely on precision optical alignment that limits bandwidths to 0.5nm in realistic operating environments. Embedded gratings and vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers require high-Q cavities to meet program spectral requirements, but such cavities highly localize the optical field in the medium resulting in optical damage at high powers. We propose a new class of high-brightness, narrowband diode pump laser system based on extra-diode optical manipulation that is completely independent of the diode laser medium, therefore allowing a performance increase of any pump source. This inherently scalable path provides pump lasers with multi-kW powers; narrowband emission; ultra-low beam parameter product; monolithic, alignment-free system; wavelength-insensitivity for pumping Rubidium, Cesium, or Potassium; and low-cost manufacturing. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Micro-Precision Technologies
10 Manor Parkway, Ste. C
Salem, NH 03079
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 893-7600
Matthew Erdtmann
MDA13-024      Selected for Award
Title:Camera for High-Altitude Missile Perception (CHAMP)
Abstract:Micro-Precision Technologies, in partnership with the University of California–San Diego, will build and test the Camera for High-Altitude Missile Perception, a sensor for high- altitude, long-range ballistic missile acquisition and tracking. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Princeton Lightwave, Inc.
2555 Route 130 South, Suite 1
Cranbury, NJ 08512
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 495-2546
Bora M. Onat
MDA13-024      Selected for Award
Title:Disruptive Improvements in Single-Photon GmAPD Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:For this Phase I SBIR, Princeton Lightwave Inc. (PLI) is proposing to demonstrate significantly improved single photon counting performance characteristics of Geiger-mode avalanche photodiode (GmAPD) focal plane arrays (FPAs) based on our commercial 32x32 GmAPD camera platform. These cameras provide 3-dimensional imaging capability, ideal for real-time acquisition and tracking of objects moving at high velocities. We will perform extensive modeling, material and fabrication technology research, and integrate the optimized design with a 32x32 GmAPD FPA. We will report the results of extensive characterization of the FPA performance such as dark count rate , photon detection efficiency and crosstalk as the Phase I deliverable. A follow-on Phase II effort would include the extension to larger format, smaller pitch FPAs, leveraging our existing 128x32 GmAPD FPA platform (currently in pilot production) and delivering a disruptive performance 3-D imaging camera at program end. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Wavefront
7 Johnston Circle
BASKING RIDGE, NJ 07920
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 558-4806
Jie Yao
MDA13-024      Selected for Award
Title:Visible and Near Infrared (VNIR) Photon-Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) Imager
Abstract:The National Research Council of the National Academies concluded in 2010 that “developments related to single-photon and photon counting detector would cause a significant shift in capability”. A versatile photon-counting imager will support the acquisition, tracking and pointing operation of high power directed energy systems on next generation airborne missile defense platforms as well as provide wavefront sensing simultaneously with significantly fewer components and greatly simplified systems than our traditional approach. During Phase I, we will experimentally prove the concept of the proposed Photon-Counting Integrated Circuit (PCIC) detector and imager; compare PCIC experimental data with model, simulations, and analyses (MS&A), thereby proving the feasibility of the PCIC technology; review PCIC imager design, specifications, predicted performance, and MS&A algorithms; develop the PCIC development plan and schedule; and initiate technology transition. During Phase II, we will prototype the PCIC imager; characterize its dark count rate, quantum efficiency, gain, crosstalk, bandwidth, jitter, etc., as a function of the bias voltages and temperatures; perform environmental testing including operating temperature, vibration and thermal testing; compare between design specifications, MS&A and measured PCIC performance; deliver prototype PCIC imager; and pursue missile defense system integration and commercialization of the PCIC in Phase III. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Exothermics, Inc.
14 Columbia Drive
Amherst, NH 03031
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 732-0077
Stephen DiPietro
MDA13-025      Selected for Award
Title:Tailored Ultrahigh Temperature Refractory Material Designs for SDACS & Boost Nozzle Applications
Abstract:The projected performance envelopes and kinematic requirements for intercept missions would benefit from the availability of advanced materials and manufacturing methods that could enhance the technical properties and lower the cost of solid divert and attitude control systems (SDACS) or boost nozzle components. This Phase 1 SBIR proposal addresses the requirement to significantly improve the affordability and performance of ultrahigh temperature capable SDACS or boost nozzle propulsion components by adopting a thermostructural design-based approach to optimize the performance and weight characteristics of ultrahigh temperature (UHT) capable refractory compound/refractory metal diffusion bonded structures. Phase 1 partner Materials Research & Design, Wayne, PA, will develop optimized component designs that will then be fabricated by Exothermics for propellant simulation testing. This coupled thermostructural design and materials selection approach will be used to cost- effectively fabricate UHT-capable Group IV or V propulsion components using hot isostatically pressed Group IV or V refractory compound liners that have been diffusion bonded onto refractory support elements. The program will culminate with fabrication of one or more actual test articles that will be subjected to simulated SDACS or boost nozzle simulation testing at one of the propulsion primes such as ATK or Aerojet. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Materials Research & Design
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(610) 964-6130
Kent Buesking
MDA13-025      Selected for Award
Title:Process Optimization of Needled C/SiC Structural Insulators
Abstract:A team of Materials Research & Design, Allcomp, and Southern Research Institute (MR&D/Allcomp/SoRI) developed a needled Carbon-Silicon Carbide composite made with a pre-ceramic polymer that met the requirements for a divert and attitude control system insulator. In the proposed Phase I project, the team MR&D/Allcomp/SoRI seeks to reduce cost and delivery time by optimizing the fabrication parameters. The processing information, property data, and thermostructural results will be combined to select parameters that minimize cost and delivery time while providing positive operational margins. The proposed study will optimize an existing structural insulator by focusing on processing parameters that control strength, conductivity, and thermal expansion. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Anthony Jensen
MDA13-026      Selected for Award
Title:Seeker Sensor System for a Projectile Based Kill Vehicle
Abstract:In high-speed kill vehicle applications, the seeker sensor must be forward-looking in order to locate, track, navigate to and impact the target. Typical forward-looking sensors must reside near the nose. FIRST RF proposes a different approach, utilizing demonstrated seeker sensor technology that fully enables the 40 mm railgun projectile as a kill vehicle. The FIRST RF design uses conformal, forward-looking, endfire sensors with technology demonstrated in extreme thermal and mechanical conditions. It also implements low-cost manufacturing techniques that minimize scrap. The part count is low and the construction method is very simple and robust. This overall solution significantly lowers cost, thermal, mechanical and performance risk. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Princeton Infrared Technologies
590 Lake Dr
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(908) 693-2177
Martin H. Ettenberg
MDA13-026      Selected for Award
Title:InGaAs SWIR Seeker Sensor System for a Projectile Based Kill Vehicle
Abstract:An uncooled shortwave infrared (SWIR) imaging system will be developed for hypersonic gun launched projectiles. Functionality from the imager includes the ability to track targeting lasers of various wavelengths as well as the ability to have a multi-“color” imager allowing for distinguishing the target. The advantage of SWIR is its ability to image at long range through the atmosphere while being an uncooled technology thus minimizing the size, weight and power and cost. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 471-9700
Tom Bartolac
MDA13-026      Selected for Award
Title:Performance Testing of Existing RF Seeker for Hypersonic Electromagnetic Rail Gun (EMRG) Projectiles
Abstract:Radio Frequency (RF) offers many advantages over Electro-Optical/Infrared for seekers on hypersonic electromagnetic rail guns (EMRG) launched interceptors, but has not been used due to the small aperture limited by the projectile diameter. Tanner Research has overcome this limitation with the endfire antenna, with an aperture that depends on its length, making it ideal for projectile platforms. Tanner has been developing RF seekers for hypersonic projectiles launched from EMRGs. In Phase I, Tanner proposes to leverage the existing design and hardware implementation of the RF seeker, advancing to the next level – demonstrating the accuracy with which the RF seeker can estimate the target location. Using Tanner’s existing RF seeker hardware, a Prime team-member’s test facilities will recreate the RF conditions of a hypersonic engagement and intercept, to exercise the seeker’s target location algorithm, collecting data of seeker performance that is essential to 3/6DOF simulations that show hypersonic interceptor mission-level performance. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4876
Mark Ostrander
MDA13-027      Selected for Award
Title:Segmented Discrete Pulse SDACS for Hardened Rail Launch
Abstract:CFDRC proposes a hot-gas, solid propellant-based, segmented, discrete pulse system for the divert function, coupled with a miniaturized roll-control system at the projectile center of gravity for effective pointing and management of the thrust pulses. The system will be near monolithic, with no moving parts, and oriented toward effectively taking the launch loads without failure. A preliminary design of this system will be established in Phase I, assessing the divert velocity and pointing speed. Hot fire propellant testing in Phase I will demonstrate key concept features. In the Phase II program, detailed design and component testing will finalize the design. After undergoing a critical design review with the customer, prototype projectile hardware will be fabricated, followed by constrained testing and then delivery. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

IN Space, L.L.C.
3495 Kent Avenue Suite G100
West Lafayette, IN 47906
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 775-2107
B.J. Austin
MDA13-027      Selected for Award
Title:Robust and Responsive DACS for Projectile-Based Interceptors
Abstract:A railgun-launched missile interceptor offers many advantages including rapid engagement times, drastically reduced intercept costs, enhanced safety, and smaller logistical footprint compared to booster-launched interceptor systems. However, the high acceleration loads at launch represents a significant technical risk to overcome for a divert and attitude control system needed to precisely steer the kinetic warhead into the threat missile. After considering several propulsion options and developing a numerical model to evaluate different configurations and scenarios, IN Space has selected a projectile divert and attitude control system approach with the ability to survive the launch loads and provide a significant degree of flexibility in threat engagement. The IN Space team will assess the feasibility of the propulsion system concept through experimentally evaluating the propulsion performance and the ability of critical components to withstand projected launch acceleration loads. Data collected in the Phase I effort will be used to enhance the numerical interceptor model and support thorough engineering trades in order to develop a detailed conceptual design for the railgun-launched interceptor divert and attitude control system. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Mide Technology Corporation
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 306-0609
Marthinus C. van Schoor
MDA13-027      Selected for Award
Title:Kill Vehicle Divert and Attitude Control System using Electrically Controlled Propellants
Abstract:Midé has teamed with Digital Solid State Propulsion (DSSP) to develop diversion and attitude control of kill vehicles and other projectiles using solid state propulsion systems. DSSP has developed innovative solid state propellants that can be controlled and extinguished electrically. These propellants are capable of multiple ignitions- extinguishments with burn-rates controlled digitally by electrical power input. These “propellants” are insensitive to flame ignition, low in particulates and with no toxic combustion gases. Midé has a proven track record in the system engineering and development of attitude control systems and actuators for chemical gun and electromagnetic gun-fired projectiles. Combining the system expertise and experience of Midé with the novel compact, safe-fuel DSSP thrusters, offer a unique opportunity to develop a new class of divert and attitude control systems for kill vehicles. The divert and attitude control systems will be developed to withstand the harsh launch and environmental conditions of a hyper- velocity eletromagnetic gun fired kill vehicle. In Phase II, Midé/DSSP shall complete a detailed design. Upon successful design review, a set of three prototype divert and attitude control system will be fabricated and constrained- fired to demonstrate system operation. Phase III will continue testing and development with a prime. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

MP Technologies, LLC
1801 Maple Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(847) 467-4093
Ryan McClintock
MDA13-028      Selected for Award
Title:Design and fabrication of strain-balanced nBn dual-band LWIR/LWIR photodetectors, mini-arrays, and focal plane arrays based on Type-II superlattices
Abstract:Antimonide-based Type-II superlattices represent the most promising material system capable of delivering more producible, large-format, reduced pixel pitch, long-wavelength infrared (LWIR), dual-band focal plane arrays (FPAs) for persistent surveillance applications. Improvement in material quality and processing technique, as well as evolutionary modifications in device architecture have demonstrated the advantages of the material system over alternatives, and proven it as a viable candidate for the next generation infrared imaging. Yet, the performance of this material system has not reached its limits. In this project, we propose to study strain-balanced nBn InAs1-xSbx/InAs Type-II superlattice-based photodetectors, mini-arrays, and focal plane arrays for LWIR/LWIR dual- band detection and imaging. Using this superlattice structure, it is expected to achieve longer minority carrier lifetime. Longer minority carrier lifetime results in lower dark current, lower noise, higher operation temperature, and higher quantum efficiency. Applying this superlattice design to dual-band LWIR/LWIR FPAs, it is expected to achieve higher quantum efficiency, lower dark current, higher specific detectivity (D*) and reduced Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (NETD). Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

nBn Technologies
136 Wilshire Rd
Rochester, NY 14618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 355-5556
Shimon Maimon
MDA13-028      Selected for Award
Title:High Frame Rate and Dual Band Infrared FPA Sensors for Interceptors
Abstract:nBn Technologies will research the ability to make a 2 color n-type-Barrier-n-type (nBn) long-wavelength infrared (LWIR)/A-LWIR/B infrared focal plane array (IR-FPA). nBn Technologies developed the first real nBn long wave device made of III-V compound Type II Strained Layer Superlattice using In(Ga)As-InAsSb. This long-wavelength infrared detector shows very high quantum efficiency and very low dark current, as expected from nBn device. Based on our new nBn for long wave infrared detector, the objective of this proposal is to find a procedure for molecular beam epitaxy growing nBn structure for the 2 color nBn, characterize them by morphology, photoluminescence, x-ray diffraction, hall, etc. Fabricate single element nBn 2 color LWIR/A-LWIR/B and characterize it. This nBn 2-color device will use the barrier as a passivation layer so no special passivation is needed. In addition the same barrier will be used to block electrons from the 2 devices while it will transfer holes. The device will use one bump per pixel. The FPA will be able to detect different colors depend on the polarization of the bias apply to the pixels. Approved for Public Release 13- MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Nu-Trek
16955 Via Del Campo Suite 250
San Diego, CA 92127
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 439-3154
James Asbrock
MDA13-028      Selected for Award
Title:High Frame Rate and Dual Band Infrared FPA Sensors for Interceptors
Abstract:Leveraging state-of-the art Gallium-free Strained Layer Superlattice detectors with n-type- Barrier-n-type device architectures and novel readout integrated circuit technologies, our team will employ a number of proprietary measures to significantly reduce dark current density and increase quantum efficiency. The focal plane array will meet size and speed requirements and will also include a number of measures that will improve operability, including dark current subtraction, advanced pixel biasing, and high dynamic range. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Analytical Solutions, Inc.
10401 Research Rd. SE
Albuquerque, NM 87123
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 299-1967
Michael Strizich
MDA13-029      Selected for Award
Title:Copper Wire Bonding Assurance for Microcircuits in Military Applications
Abstract:Analytical Solutions Inc (ASI) will compare its rich data base of integrated circuit bond pull and failure mechanisms for copper wire bonds, with automotive and commercial industry data bases to develop hypotheses for predictive mission assurance for copper wire bonds. This model will net a baseline for lot acceptance testing, qualification requirements and military standards for using copper wire bonds for high reliability military microelectronics. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4852
Vernon Cole
MDA13-029      Selected for Award
Title:Reliability Assessment and Prediction for Military Applications of Copper Wire Bonding
Abstract:In this project, CFDRC, with guidance from an expert in microelectronics packaging reliability, will apply our skills in analysis, characterization, and physics-based modeling and simulation to develop screening, sampling, and test methods to assure the quality of copper wire bonded devices. Failure mechanisms with the greatest potential impact on reliability will be identified, and physics based models for predicting the reliability of copper wire bonds in military applications will be evaluated. During Phase II, the scope of the effort will expand to address improving test methods and reliability predictions while accounting for a broader range of wire bonding process variations and environmental effects. The final outcome of the Phase II program will be validated quality assurance methods and reliability prediction tools necessary to confidently use copper wire bonded commercial electronics components. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Frank Zeller
MDA13-029      Selected for Award
Title:Copper Wire Bonding Assurance for Microcircuits in Military Applications
Abstract:Given the consumer industry drive for this transition to copper wire bonding in electronic integrated circuits (ICs), it is the objective of the proposed work to develop product assurance and reliability prediction methods for IC copper wire bonds used in military applications. Toward this objective, the proposed work will develop lot sampling, screening and qualification test methods, and reliability prediction models to provide assessments of risk and assurance that copper wire bonds in electronic microcircuits meet military application requirements across its broad range of environmental and operating stresses. This will enable DoD’s continued utilization of commercial electronic components in military systems. In Phase I TRI/Austin will partner with local electronics industry resources to provide the broadest possible understanding of the issues associated with copper bonding, and to provide robust sampling, inspection and test methodologies applicable to DoD device utilization. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Foresite, Inc.
1982 S. Elizabeth St.
Kokomo, IN 46902
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(765) 457-8095
Terry Munson
MDA13-030      Selected for Award
Title:Complex Electronic Assembly Cleanliness Requirements
Abstract:In this project by Foresite, Inc., test coupons of varying copper trace spacing will be inoculated with known contaminants of known concentrations and subjected to environmental testing with a five volt bias applied across the trace gap. Changes in surface insulation resistance during and at the conclusion of the exposure will be monitored. In this manner, preliminary limits on a variety of residual contaminants, cleanliness standards, will be established for acceptable electronic assembly performance. Phase II research would then refine these limits through an expanded test matrix utilizing a functional test vehicle– limits that can be applied to mitigate the risk of performance, reliability and/or durability issues in high reliability, long-life electronic assemblies. The Critical, Cleanliness and Control developed by Foresite, will be used to extract residues (“contaminants”) from a small test area of the coupon – ion chromatography will be used to analyze the extracted samples. This control procedure will be used to monitor the state of cleanliness of the coupons before and after inoculation of the known contaminants, and after the environmental testing. Results will be corroborated with third party testing at TRW Automotive and Bayer Corporation. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Optics Corporation
Products and Engineering Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Roman Ostroumov
MDA13-030      Selected for Award
Title:Complex Cleanliness Electronic Assembly System Evolution
Abstract:Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Complex Cleanliness Electronic Assembly System Evolution (CCEASE), based on creating and testing architectonics with an innovative fusion of specific process-related parameters into the evaluation procedure to ensure high reliability of the system. In Phase I POC will determine the scientific, technical, and commercial feasibility of the CCEASE technology. Based on state-of-the-art electronics assembly cleanliness testing, military requirements, and potential failure mechanisms in military service, we will develop and evaluate concepts to objectively assess risks of failure in military environments that may be associated with insufficient cleaning. POC will evaluate the relevant parameters of the CCEASE, using a small-scale demonstration, in an effort to align the technology to the military platforms. In Phase II, POC will perform testing and analysis to validate suitable cleanliness requirements depending on application requirements. The cleanliness requirements and test methods will address the electronic assembly device, package, materials, and process variation. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

STI Electronics, Inc.
261 Palmer Road
Madison, AL 35758
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 705-5531
Marietta Lemieux
MDA13-030      Selected for Award
Title:Complex Electronic Assembly Cleanliness Requirements
Abstract:STI Electronics proposes the development of an “Acceptability Matrix” for cleanliness of complex electronic assemblies. This acceptability matrix will focus on acceptable levels of ionic contamination based on design criteria variables as compared to industry specific performance criteria with regard to environmental vulnerability. To aid in commercialization development, the categories of performance will be divided into four segments; Commercial Applications, Industrial Applications, Military/Aerospace Applications and Medical Applications. Each category will have performance standards commonly associated with that category with regard to environmental standards today. Within these four categories there will be subsets established with multiple variables in each. The proposed variables would include but not be limited to; board construction and finish, processing and rework materials used such as but not limited to flux type, paste type, printed wiring board finish, etc. Design criteria will also be evaluated according to variables such as but not limited to; line spacing, applied voltage, component type, clearance between component and board. Additional subsets will be developed which will illustrate different levels of ionic contamination within each subset. Statistical methods will be used to develop accurate mathematical results. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Debasis Sengupta
MDA13-031      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Solid Propellants for Insensitive Munitions Compliant Interceptor Systems
Abstract:The proposed work will focus on developing, characterizing, and testing novel insensitive munitions (IM) compliant energetic ionic salt class materials as a replacement for the currently used ingredients. In Phase I, CFDRC will demonstrate proof-of-concept at the laboratory scale via synthesis, characterization, and sensitivity tests for some novel energetic materials. Material properties, such as heats of formation and specific impulses will be predicted computationally to accelerate development and candidate down-selection. In Phase II and beyond, the most promising candidate(s) will be scaled up and comprehensive IM tests according to the MIL-STD-2105D standard will be performed. Finally, the formulation will be test fired to evaluate its performance. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
MICHAEL RAUSCHER
MDA13-031      Selected for Award
Title:Insensitive Propellant Additives
Abstract:Advances in nanotechnology have promised improvements in a variety of energetic materials; however, its practical application has not matched its promise. One area of interest is in insensitive munitions where the enhanced reactivity of the nanoparticles can enable substitution of more sensitive components, such as solid propellant ingredients that are sensitive to shock, thermal exposure, and electrostatic discharge. Solid propellant formulations have included nanoparticles, but not at a reasonable scale with a cost-effective process. Size control and particle agglomeration are common problems that are exacerbated as production scale increases. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. proposes to adapt an affordable, scalable, existing in-situ nanocomposite manufacturing technique to produce metal nanoparticles in a binder specifically tailored to solid rocket motor formulation. The in-situ nanocomposite manufacturing is simple to implement, easily scaled to relevant production scales, and offers a higher quality of non-agglomerated nanoparticles than what has previously been reported in the literature. The process also allows for a safer method of nanoparticle incorporation as no nanoparticles are handled by workers during the process, and there is no mixing required. This technology presents the opportunity to obtain an insensitive ingredient produced in a scalable, bulk process for energetic materials. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
MDA13-031      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced Coatings for Insensitive Munition Compliant Solid Propellants
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc., proposes to develop a desensitized oxidizer ingredient for composite propellants by coating it with targeted compounds to enhance its thermal stability at low pre- ignition temperatures of composite propellants. The coatings will improve the insensitive munition response of propellants by reducing the output violence induced by thermal and impact threats. The coated oxidizer ingredient will allow for a viable ingredient to be incorporated into propellants to meet DoD insensitive munitions requirements while simultaneously maintaining high performance. In Phase I, we have proposed to characterize the efficacy of our coated oxidizer particles and identify candidates for scale-up in Phase II. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Digital Solid State Propulsion LLC
5475 Louie Lane, Suite D
Reno, NV 89511
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(775) 851-4443
Michael McPherson
MDA13-032      Selected for Award
Title:Green Catalyst-free Electric Monopropellant (GEM) for IM Compliant Missile Interceptors
Abstract:By modifying DSSP’s innovative Electrically-controlled Solid Propellant for use as an electric liquid propellant, a high performance, lightweight, non-toxic, low hazard, liquid thruster can be developed. Since DSSP’s liquid propellants can be ignited by applied electrical power, simple inert electrodes can be substituted for the catalyst pack, that also requires preheating. Our goal is a Green Catalyst-free Electric Monopropellant liquid-DACS that will provide safe-storable options and MIL-STD-2105D IM compliance for future use in the field. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Ogden Engineering & Associates, LLC
8180 N. Placita Sur Oeste
Tucson, AZ 85741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 579-2042
Greg Ogden
MDA13-032      Selected for Award
Title:IM Green Propulsion Development
Abstract:Liquid fuel based Divert Attitude and Control Systems (DACS) or LDACS propulsion offers superior performance for future flight systems compared to solids (SDACS) or compressed gas systems. The need for improved system performance while meeting strict safety and insensitive munitions (IM) standards represents a unique opportunity for Ogden Engineering & Associates, LLC to showcase the team’s novel green propellants as an emerging IM technology capable of improving personnel safety, decrease costs and improve system performance. Utilizing these green propellants in LDACS represents a real savings in propellant and flight systems manufacturing and transportation due to its reduced toxicity and IM characteristics as compared to conventional hypergols including hydrazine and Monomethylhydrazine. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Allan Dokhan
MDA13-032      Selected for Award
Title:Advanced High Performance Mono-Propellant and Bi-Propellant Liquids for Insensitive Munition Complaint Interceptor Systems
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a unique insensitive munition compliant, high performance, green storable liquid propellant. This new propellant formulation can be treated as a monopropellant or as a bipropellant system with improved specific impulse and density specific impulses. The liquid propellant enables the development of high performance pump and/or pressure feed for advanced interceptor propulsion systems while simultaneously reducing handling operations as compared to current state-of-art. In Phase I, the proposed investigation focuses on critical thermochemical and thermophysical behavior to ensure safe operational environments. This also includes evaluation of its combustion response at multiple pressures to ensure realistic system level design architecture of the interceptor vehicle and its propulsion system within operational mission requirements. Approved for Public Release 13-MDA-7631 (18 November 13).