---------- NAVY ----------

159 Phase I Selections from the 13.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
D. Sedberry
N132-084      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:An Integrated Human Test Surrogate to Assess Injury Risk and Measure Non-Lethal Exposure
Abstract:The goal of this project is to design, develop, and delivery a human test surrogate for non- lethal testing, injury risk assessment, and validation of software inputs at the Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program for the Navy. An existing CFDRC surrogate will be used as a starting point to create a modular design capable of measuring exposure sources such as blast overpressure, light, RF/EM, chemical, and kinetic energy impact over a time period. In phase I, a modular design will be integrated with a wide range of sensors to be used in the experimental testing on the human surrogate. The electronics layout and sensor suite will be designed for “plug and play” use. A modular instrument-ready surrogate head will be delivered at the end of Phase 1 for feedback, feasibility, and initial evaluation by JNLWP. Phase II will consist of improving on the original design for the modular test surrogate and integrate a full torso and neck capable of housing a wide range of sensors for experiments. This test surrogate will feature the very latest in sensor technologies and modular design to allow for rapid testing of non-lethal weapons and sources. The aim is to keep costs of the test surrogate low by using a modular approach and allow for multiple test surrogates to be used during future testing.

CMA Technologies, Inc.
12361 Challenger Parkway
Orlando, FL 32826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 563-4914
Thomas Mills
N132-084      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Non-lethal Anthropomorphic Test System
Abstract:The government has identified the need for scientific measurements of the stimuli produced on a human surrogate for human effects testing of different non-lethal weapon technologies including blunt trauma, monochromatic and broadband light, blast over-pressure thermal energy, electrical current, chemical irritants and electromagnetic radiation. Given this wide variety of stimuli, CMA Technologies opted to team with the world’s leading manufacturer of Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATD), Humanetics Innovative Solutions, to use a mature human-surrogate with proven sensors, to include those for blunt trauma, thermal measurement and blast-overpressure, as a starting point for the design. CMA Technologies is proposing a disciplined systems engineering approach to thoroughly define measurement requirements and to select commercial-off-the shelf sensors that augment the existing system to meet the rest of the government’s measurement needs. CMA is proposing a modular approach where different sensors can be mounted on the ATD as needed for the measurement scenario. In some instances, a different ATD limb or attachment may be needed to use specific sensors while in other instances a sensor can be mounted on the ATD to obtain the necessary measurement. The data acquisition system will have “plug-and- play” functionality designed to incorporate any sensor with minimal user reconfiguration required.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Anthony Dietz
N132-084      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Modular Anatomical Test Target for Non-Lethal Weapons
Abstract:Non-lethal weapons (NLWs) are increasingly being used in conflict situations where lethal force is undesirable. As new non-lethal systems are developed, careful evaluation is required to confirm both effectiveness and non-lethality over various payload and range conditions. Computer simulations can be an extremely useful NLW effects evaluation tool at a significantly reduced cost compared with testing on animal models and human subjects. The Joint Non-Lethal Weapons Program (JNLWP) has developed a suite of computer models to predict the risk of significant injury resulting from NLW stimuli, but it requires an efficient method for gathering accurate input data to calibrate these models. Creare proposes to develop a Modular Anatomical Test Target (MATT) that simulates the relevant characteristics of human anatomy sufficiently accurately for human effects model validation. Our MATT will be instrumented to collect high-resolution, time dependent data on sound levels at the ear, light incident on the eyes, external and internal body pressure, bone strain, chemical concentration, and electromagnetic field intensity. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of our approach by fabricating and testing a prototype head and torso target. In Phase II, we will develop a production version of the full body target.

BlazeTech Corp.
29B Montvale Ave.
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 759-0700
N. Moussa
N132-085      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Aqueous Based Automatic Fire Extinguishing System
Abstract:Vehicle fires from FEM/IED attacks present multiple threats to personnel; an initial short duration fire from the products of combustion/explosion of the FEM/IED and a secondary, longer duration fire from ignition of vehicle fuel, tires, engine, or the surrounding environment. The Marines are concerned about soldiers being trapped in their vehicles while incapacitated. They are also concerned about the effect of wet and humid heat on burn injury to the soldiers. This project proposes the development of an aqueous automatic fire suppression systems to protect the soldiers under the above conditions. In Phase I we will design such a system, perform critical tests to establish its technical feasibility and deliver a brass board prototype for testing in Phase II. We will also characterize the effect of humid and wet conditions on thermal injury to the soldiers. This will be done by using the available dry heat injury data and combining it with analysis.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Matthew Thomas
N132-085      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Aqueous Based Fire Suppression for Military Vehicle Crew Compartments
Abstract:Recent tests have shown 80% improvement in closed compartment fire-suppression and post burn protection is achievable by implementing induction charging into aqueous based automatic fire extinguishing systems. CFDRC will capitalize on these results to provide military tactical vehicles with an aqueous based fire suppression alternative to oxygen displacement. Phase I will focus on:1. Implementation of an induction charged aqueous based fire suppression system into a heavily instrumented prototype MTVR military vehicle compartment capable of quantifying crew casualty/injury levels over a 5 minute period; and 2. Test and evaluation of crew casualty/injury protection upon vehicle compartment exposure to external (explosion/fire outside crew compartment) and internal fires (via Field Expedient Molotov cocktail entry through ceiling hatch).The Phase I test matrix includes examination of multiple fire energy levels, aqueous supply levels, and suppressant discharge event sequences to focus and define R&D efforts for technology transition into Marine Corps tactical vehicles. Approximately 100 heavily instrumented fire suppression test events will be completed and assessed by our team (Defense Contractors, Fire Research Institutes, Equipment Manufacturers, etc.). The option program will focus on cost/benefit assessment regarding quantifying chemical compositions, and crew casualty/injury outcomes relative to existing oxygen displacement systems. During Phase II CFDRC will manufacture several working prototypes while validating all test instrumentation and techniques required for Marine Corps field performance certification and qualification.

Fire Solutions, LLC
2926 v Oak Lea Drive
Wayzata, MN 55391
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 705-6050
Guy Gittle
N132-085      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Aqueous Based Automatic Fire Extinguishing System
Abstract:Fire Solutions LLC will demonstrate a vehicle crew fire protection system that utilizes both water mist and aqueous foam subsystems in a Phase I effort utilizing a steel simulated "Humvee" built by Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake. The proposed crew fire protection system will function automatically even if vehicle power is disrupted, and will protect vehicle occupants against external pool fires as well as internal fire and deflagration events. Fire protection will be provided for a minimum of 10 minutes, regardless of vehicle orientation—including rollovers. The system can be operated manually as well, with external manual activation possible for rescuers.Activation occurs upon sensing either rapid temperature rise or blast overpressure. Fire Solutions LLC water mist bottle units replace existing dry chemical and halon bottles. A minimum of 4 independent aqueous foam modules will be placed near but external to the crew compartment so that neither piping nor interior space will be required. A blast-mitigating aqueous foam patented by Sandia National Laboratories will be used in Phase I, with foam modifications to be evaluated in later phases. The single-action, patented Fire Solutions aqueous foam system requires no power and can use several agent concentrates.

Candent Technologies Incorporated
6107 W. Airport Blvd Suite 190
Greenfield, IN 46140
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(317) 336-4477
Emanuel Papandreas
N132-086      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:High Power Density, High Efficiency Advanced Generator for DEW Systems
Abstract:Solid state RF and millimeter wave weapons systems require substantial power to operate. Pure solid state systems have limited energy density and require charging over the typical use cycle. The directed energy system must be compact enough to mount on a vehicle such as a HMMWV, a small trailer or a structure such as found within an embassy compound. Current power systems are much too large and heavy to meet the requirements of the system; therefore a higher power density solution is required. Candent Technologies is proposing a microturbine based power generation system, designed to provide up to 250 kW on a continuous basis, ready to use at any time with no limitations of on/off time or duty cycle that could render the system unavailable at a critical moment. The system consists of a small, single shaft gas turbine directly driving a high speed permanent magnet alternator at constant speed, with rectified output providing DC power. The turbine is fitted with a waste heat recovery system (recuperator), which results in fuel efficiency better than similar power diesels. This proposed system will be required one fourth of the weight and one third the volume of equivalent diesel systems.

CFD Research Corporation
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 726-4800
Matthew Thomas
N132-086      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Portable Prime Power for Directed Energy Weapons
Abstract:As mobile solid-state RF and millimeter wave sources continue to revolutionize non-lethal weapons there is a growing requirement for small, light-weight, prime power systems capable of producing large amounts of power in very short but numerous timeframes. Phase I will focus on defining how our proposed prime power system will meet or exceed the following performance metrics: 1) power output between 150 kW and 250 kW; 2) JP8 fueled; 3) fuel efficiency of 210 kW/kg; 4) wide ambient operating conditions; 5) total weight less than 250 lbs; 6) output voltage of 345 VDC; 7) power volume density greater than 36 kW/ft3; and 8) power weight density greater than 400W/lb. Our baseline generator head efficiency currently exceeds 96 percent efficiency and each power system component/assembly has been certified for altering operation between full load for 5 minutes and quarter load for 55 minutes over a 4 hour duty cycle. The feasibility for our proposed turbine to meet the ADT and RF system power requirements defined above will be compared to conventional motor generator sets and rotating storage machines. Our ultimate concept definition will include specific power density tradeoffs in watts per pound, architecture tradeoffs to minimize volume, and average power capability as a function of ambient conditions. A comprehensive Phase II development plan with performance goals and key technical milestones that address critical technical risk reduction issues will be prepared. During Phase II a working prototype of the selected concept will be demonstrated with the appropriate prime power system trade- offs identified in preparation for Phase III transition through Joint Non-Lethal Weapons and other Program Office sponsorship.

Higher Power Engineering
738 Archie Whitesides Road Suite 100
Gastonia, NC 28052
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(704) 868-9797
Evan Cooper
N132-086      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Prime Power System Development for Active Denial Technology (ADT) and High-Power Radio-Frequency (RF) Systems
Abstract:Higher Power Engineering proposes to develop a compact and lightweight prime power plant operating from JP-8 fuel. Capacity of 155kW continuos, which exceeds the Navy duty- cycle requirements. Unit exceeds all specifications of size, weight, and fuel efficiency. The proposed unit is projected at 24”Wx24”Hx46”L, weighs 470 pounds. Design utilizes a dual- bank rotary diesel engine operating on a high efficiency hybrid thermal cycle. Engine design has only 4 moving parts and provides a thermal efficiency of >55%. Engine is coupled to a high-speed permanent-magnet generator by a planetary gearbox. The generator doubles as starter. The high-frequency AC power produced is rectified & filtered to provide 345VDC+10%. Voltage regulation is accomplished by variable speed engine operation, providing a load-following design. The design is scalable and modular, making application to other size generators simple and easy. Phase I effort includes technical studies which model the proposed configuration. This work will validate the feasibility of the proposed technical approach. The proposed Phase I Option effort leads into the Phase II task by confirming the earlier engineering design, updating market research on advanced engine designs, and procurement of some basic components for use in the Phase II testing tasking. Monthly progress reports are proposed.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(805) 968-6787
Eric Sandoz
N132-086      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Lightweight Prime Power System
Abstract:Both military and law enforcement are showing increasing interest in a wider array of Non- Lethal Weapons such as Active Denial Technology (ADT). Such systems require electrical power for their high power millimeter-wave generating RF sources. Currently not available, a compact efficient prime power system is an enabling technology as future ADT systems look towards new, more compact solid state RF sources to reduce overall system size, weight and power. Toyon and its team members propose a Lightweight Efficient Generator (LEG) technology comprised of a heavy fuel, turbocharged, rotary engine employing a direct injection stratified charge combustion process in conjunction with a forced air cooled high power density (HPD) motor/generator and integrated power electronics. Toyon’s unique generator achieves a specific power of 4 hp/lb while the rotary engine is capable of 2 hp/lb. The system will provide 250 kW of peak power with a system weight and efficiency of 250 lbs and 31%.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Leo Diaz
N132-087      Awarded: 11/1/2013
Title:Compact Radar Antenna
Abstract:Directed electromagnetic (RF, microwave and millimeter wave) energy offers unique and flexible options for non-lethal weapons, but the technology for these systems needs to achieve smaller and lighter packaging. Of particular interest are the Multi-frequency RF Vehicle Stopper at L-Band and the Active Denial Array at W-Band. The antennas currently employed for these systems are large reflectors that present high-profile targets to enemy forces. Significant reduction in the aperture size is sought to reduce targeting and support covert operation.In this Phase I effort, FIRST RF will develop and evaluate concepts enabling high power, high gain performance from a low-profile or conformal antenna. The proposed concepts leverage existing FIRST RF W-Band and L-Band technology in tailored band- specific configurations that enable a paradigm-shifting integration and performance capabilities for a variety of ground vehicle installations.

Nuvotronics LLC
7586 Old Peppers Ferry Loop
Radford, VA 24141
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(800) 341-2333
Jean-Marc Rollin
N132-087      Awarded: 11/1/2013
Title:High Efficiency Low Weight W-Band PolyStrata Antenna
Abstract:Nuvotronics is proposing to Navy SBIR number N132-087 to develop novel high efficiency, light weight, low manufacturing cost 94 GHz antenna modules toward future Active Denial Technology systems. RF passive components based on waveguides are generally very low loss but are heavy, expensive to machine at high frequency and bulky. Components based on substrate material such as ceramic or printed circuit board can provide lower weight but exhibit high loss especially at high frequencies. To provide RF components and modules with low loss, compact and low weight, Nuvotronics is proposing to design a new 94 GHz antenna array module based on our proven PolyStrata® integrated transmission line and our 3D micro-fabrication technology. PolyStrata offers unprecedented performance in propagation loss, ultra-high efficiency antenna elements, interconnections, and high performance packaging at mm-wave frequency suitable to provide substantial improvement performance, size and weight.

RadiaBeam Technologies, LLC
1717 Stewart Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 822-5845
Alexei Smirnov
N132-087      Awarded: 11/1/2013
Title:Compact Radar Antenna
Abstract:A rugged design of high power, high gain, low-loss transmitter with low profile is proposed to develop and test in Phase I. The design is based on self-focusing effect of surface waves leaking from a tapered, multi-wavelength-long, slow-wave structure. High directivity of the antenna is provided by coherent spatial interference of these waves enhanced by a horn, bandgap segmentation of the structure, and stacking of the structures into an array. The design is capable to handle very high power and deliver circular polarization. It is integrated with window and electromagnetically-tunable materials for steering with quadrupole static fields superimposed externally.

Syntonics LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 884-0500
Eugene Lee
N132-087      Awarded: 11/1/2013
Title:Compact Radar Antenna
Abstract:The Navy is interested in developing a compact, highly efficient antenna at W-Band frequencies (95GHz) for non-lethal counter-personnel Active Denial Technologies (ADT) missions. These requirements can be met using a set of MEMS based reconfigurable patch reflectarray using the Team’s pixel-addressable reconfigurable con¬formal antenna (PARCA) Software-Defined An-tenna™ technology. Pixelated microstrip circuits are controlled using a digital interface to a computer. The MEMS patches move up or down and can dynamically create patterns resulting in a reconfigurable reflectarray where the associated reflected beam is controlled in di¬rection and gain. A reflectarray will be developed using our PARCA technology. A classical reflectar¬ray design uses printed metallic elements that reflect the feed’s electromagnetic wave in a manner that forms a narrow beam at a chosen direction. The geometry and layout of the printed patches control the direction and gain of the associated beam. The drawback of traditional reflectarrays are their fixed configuration and inability to steer the beam or change the gain of the beam using printed patches. A PARCA implemented reflectarray will be able to reconfigure the array to steer the beam and adjust gain.

Active Spectrum, Inc.
1191 Chess Dr., Suite F
Foster City, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 212-2625
James White
N132-088      Awarded: 12/12/2013
Title:Integrated Oil Condition Monitor and Debris Sensing System
Abstract:Miniature electron spin resonance spectroscopy technology (Micro-ESR) provides a quantitative, real-time measure of oil condition including oxidation, sulfation, water content and additive depletion. In the event corrosion does occur, the sensor can quantitatively measure iron oxides in the oil. These measures correlated with published ASTM standards based on the Navy's JOAP program. Enhancements to the system provide quantitative measurements of particle size and distribution and composition.

Innovative Dynamics, Inc.
2560 North Triphammer Road
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-0533
Joseph Gerardi
N132-088      Awarded: 12/12/2013
Title:Multi-Modal Oil Quality and Debris Sensor
Abstract:An integrated oil quality and debris monitoring system is proposed to provide automated oil analysis capability directly on-platform. The overall program objective is to develop a packaging with form factor and interconnections that permit direct substitution of existing debris monitoring systems on applicable end-items. A multi-modal sensor approach is proposed using proven technologies that can readily be incorporated into a sensor package with minimal development effort to enable rapid development and deployment to air platforms such as the Joint Strike Fighter. During Phase I, the feasibility of the integrated sensor concept will be demonstrated in the lab based on anticipated failure modes. A sensor design concept will be developed including all necessary sensor suite instrumentation, embedded electronics and processing for operating as an automated system. Phase II will develop a to- scale prototype system for testing by the Navy. This system is expected to provide real-time diagnostic information and characterization of the lubricant condition. An in-line sensor would provide rapid on-site assessment in order to avoid significant delays in servicing the aircraft. The sensor system is expected to find widespread application for both military and commercial lubrications systems.

Poseidon Systems, LLC
200 Canal View Boulevard Suite 300
Rochester, NY 14623
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 633-8550
Ryan Brewer
N132-088      Awarded: 12/12/2013
Title:Integrated Wear and Oil Condition Sensing System
Abstract:Poseidon Systems, LLC, in collaboration with Impact Technologies (Sikorsky Innovations), Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce, proposes the development of an integrated online oil debris and oil condition sensing system. The proposed device will perform inline health monitoring of the lubrication system of fixed and rotary wing aircraft propulsion systems. It will determine the Remaining Useful Life of the lubricant through detection and trending of debris, contaminants and additive breakdown in oil. It will also monitor health of lubricated components through detection, classification (ferrous and non-ferrous), sizing, and trending of wear debris. It will meet the size, weight and environmental requirements for on-board mounting for new aircraft and retrofitting on existing aircraft. Poseidon's significant background in fluid diagnostic sensor development will accelerate the development and commercialization of the resulting technology. The device will provide significant improvements in on-board, oil quality monitoring capabilities. A fully functional prototype system will be demonstrated to Navy personnel and other stakeholders at the conclusion of Phase I.

Applied Radar, Inc.
315 Commerce Park Road
North Kingstown, RI 02852
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(401) 295-0062
William Weedon
N132-089      Awarded: 10/7/2013
Title:Low CSWAP Multi-Beam TCDL Antenna System
Abstract:Applied Radar proposes to develop a high-gain low cost, size, power and weight (low- CSWAP) tactical common data link (TCDL) antenna for the Firescout and Predator UAVs. The improved TCDL antenna will support 6 or more nodes of high-gain full-duplex communication at 21.42 MBPS in a star network configuration with 360 degree coverage out to 110 nm slant range. In Phase 1, we will design, fabricate and test a medium-gain multi- beam antenna that can close a 21.42 MBPS UAV-Ground link out to 110 nmi and a UAV- UAV link out to 50 nmi, which is equivalent in gain to the antenna currently being used, but which supports 6 simultaneous links and has built-in electronic beam switching. In Phase 2, we design, fab and test a high-gain antenna that can close the 21.42 MBPS UAV-UAV link out to 110 nmi, including the Az/El beam switching and control, for both uplink and downlink.

FIRST RF CORPORATION
5340 Airport Blvd.
Boulder, CO 80301
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 449-5211
Ian Rumsey
N132-089      Awarded: 10/7/2013
Title:Simultaneous multi-beam high-bandwidth conformal tactical data link antenna systems
Abstract:n this Phase I effort, FIRST RF will develop and evaluate concepts enabling highly directive multi-beam TCDL communications using phased arrays integrated on the Fire Scout UAV platform. Phased array systems allow for dynamic beam steering with graceful degradation. The use of multibeam arrays will allow the Fire Scout and other UAV platforms to augment fleet communications, supporting information dominance for airborne assets, surface ships, and expeditionary forces. FIRST RF proposes an innovative approach that leverages affordable phased array architecture to provide a highly functional TCDL communications node with multi-beam capability. Commercial applications of this technology have also been identified.

Clear Align LLC
2550 Boulevard of the Generals Suite 280
Eagleville, PA 19403
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(484) 956-0510
Michael J. Finlan
N132-090      Awarded: 10/31/2013
Title:Atmospheric Environmental Metrology for Electro-Optical/Infra-Red (EO/IR) Sensor Flight Test
Abstract:We propose to evaluate the factors in a differential-absorption lidar system for remote monitoring of trace gases.

Oceanit Laboratories, Inc.
Oceanit Center 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600
Honolulu, HI 96813
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 531-3017
Edward Pier
N132-090      Awarded: 10/31/2013
Title:Atmospheric Environmental Metrology for Electro-Optical/Infra-Red (EO/IR) Sensor Flight Test
Abstract:Oceanit proposes a novel low cost approach for measuring the three dimensional distribution of water vapor over an EO/IR sensor test flight area.

SciTec, Inc.
100 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 921-3892
Jerome Tull
N132-090      Awarded: 10/31/2013
Title:Atmospheric Environmental Metrology for Electro-Optical/Infra-Red (EO/IR) Sensor Flight Test
Abstract:The Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) needs accurate, autonomous techniques for atmospheric correction of airborne imaging sensors to support flight testing, specifically validation of Noise-Equivalent Differential Temperature (NEDT) capabilities of Electro- Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) sensors used for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) applications. Outside of a controlled laboratory environment, temperature retrieval and measurement of NEDT are subject to the uncertainties that enter in through a number of variable terms, most of which are due to the earth’s atmosphere. The lack of timely atmospheric measurements with regard to any given test location and duration makes it a challenge to accurately characterize the composition of absorbing species along a sensor’s line of sight to a target under real-world conditions. SciTec proposes to develop and deliver a capability to perform autonomous ingest and fusion of available atmospheric profile data with that collected by a ground-based meteorological station. This capability will contain a direct implementation of MODTRAN for performing the radiative transport calculations, thus providing representations of the atmosphere that will dramatically enhance EO/IR temperature retrieval and NEDT characterization. SciTec will bring its decades of experience in ISR sensor testing and performance evaluation to deliver a precision automated process for sensor calibration and testing to the NAVAIR T&E team.

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 831-0166
Christopher Doktor
N132-091      Awarded: 11/8/2013
Title:Improved Electronics Maintenance through Tester Prognostics
Abstract:Frontier Technology, Inc. (FTI) supported by Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training (Lockheed Martin) will develop innovative tools and processes required to leverage electronics prognostics and health management in Navy Automatic Test System environments to enhance electronics maintenance. The underlying goal is to combine the UUT data and system knowledge collected by the ATS with that available from the Unit Under Test (UUT) to enhance system prognostics and improve operational availability (Ao) of the UUT while controlling maintenance costs. To meet this objective, the FTI team will apply a foundation of data fusion, advanced diagnostics and predictive analytic technologies that have been successfully applied as part of a prognostic solution to weapon system electronic components. This technology foundation can be used to integrate data from multiple sources to determine the performance characteristics of the UUT, correctly isolate and identify (or confirm) degrading or failed components, predict future performance expectations and report results to the interested stakeholders. It will be augmented by standards knowledge and ATS expertise from Lockheed Martin. At the completion of Phase I, the FTI team will have developed and demonstrated a proof of concept system using selected UUTs and CASS as the DoD test system.

Global Strategic Solutions LLC
22375 Broderick Drive Suite 140
Sterling, VA 20166
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 466-0500
Luis Hernandez
N132-091      Awarded: 11/8/2013
Title:Improved Electronics Maintenance through Tester Prognostics
Abstract:Prognostics and health management (PHM) technology is critical for monitoring, detecting, and managing impending faults and enabling proactive maintenance of electronic systems before actual failures occur. This is essential to enhancing weapons systems reliability and maintaining a high level of mission readiness and affordability. Current PHM advancements have focused on developing physics based and data driven models to enable the predictive capability. There is a need to integrate these advancements with Automatic Test Equipment data. This effort investigates the development and application of a toolset to enable the integration of data produced by the electronic system (BIT, on-system diagnostics) with data produced by health assessment models and algorithms and data from ATE test results- for system-level prognostics and health management of electronic systems. The effort researches and characterizes a systematic framework for the integration, processing, distribution and management of health state data across multiple networked ATE systems and multiple maintenance organizations. This effort includes investigating the application and enhancement of the latest IEEE ATS-related standards such as ATML to provide a structure for capturing, exchange and management of health state data and information across the maintenance infrastructure. A proof-of-concept demonstration for a small target system is part of this effort.

Qualtech Systems, Inc.
99 East River Drive
East Hartford, CT 06108
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 761-9341
Sudipto Ghoshal
N132-091      Awarded: 11/8/2013
Title:Improved Electronics Maintenance through Tester Prognostics
Abstract:Electronic systems undergo degradation and eventually experience faults and failures. The complexity of these systems, which provides unprecedented level of functional capabilities, puts forward formidable challenges in predicting, tracking and identifying the trend and source of degradations and failures. However, methods and tools for electronic prognostics in Automatic Test Systems (ATS) are still limited. Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) and Montana State University (MSU) intend to develop standards-conformant tools and processes to support electronics maintenance by leveraging a diagnostic reasoner (Testability Engineering And Maintenance System – Remote Diagnosis Server (TEAMS- RDS®)) and a prognostic reasoner (Standards-based Analysis Platform for Predictive Health and Integrated Reasoning Environment-Prognostics (SAPPHIRE-P) ) in the DoD ATS framework. The proposed effort will result in a software environment that is standards- conformant ePHM tool based on managing and combining test and diagnostics data from the UUTs and ATE test results, and aggregating the information across the spectrum of UUTs and ATE in the Navy to enhance the prognostic performance. To embed the developed tools and processes into the Navy and DoD ATS, the adoption of prognostic extensions to current industry standards and possibly the creation of entirely new standards devoted to the needs of ePHM will also be recommended.

D&P LLC
3409 N. 42nd Pl.
Phoenix, AZ 85018
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(480) 518-0981
Lei Tang
N132-092      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Multiscale Lagrangian-Eulerian Algorithm for Determining the Vorticity Confinement Term for Rotorcraft Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Computations
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project proposes to develop a multi-scale computational algorithm to determine the vorticity confinement term for rotorcraft Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) computations. Similar to the Large Eddy Simulation approach, the proposed approach simulates the large scales in the flow field and models the unresolved small scales like the tip vortices in the computations. The large scales are simulated using the Eulerian approach while the unresolved small scales are modeled using the Lagrangian approach. The effects of the unresolved small scales are included into the governing equations as the Vorticity Confinement terms. As a result, one is able to perform a rotorcraft CFD computation on a regular CFD grid without excessive numerical diffusion of the tip vortices. A feasibility study will be performed during Phase I to demonstrate the validity of the proposed algorithm for preserving the rotor tip vortex structure. Only after the success of the Phase I feasibility study, it is meaningful to further refine and demonstrate the methodology in Phase II.

IllinoisRocstar LLC
60 Hazelwood Drive P. O. Box 3001
Champaign, IL 61826
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(256) 542-8123
Bono Wasistho
N132-092      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Development of Adaptive Vorticity Confinement Based CFD Methodology for Rotorcraft Applications
Abstract:The accurate representation of the rotor wake, especially the tip vortex structure, in a computationally efficient and algorithmically straight forward way is crucial for prediction of rotor aerodynamic performance, noise emission, and rotor structural dynamics. A promising approach for design and optimization is the vorticity confinement (VC) method that minimizes the numerical diffusion of vorticity in the vortical flow regions. The remaining challenge is to remove the tuning of model parameters to make the method truly predictive and robust.We will develop a fully adaptive VC (AVC) method based on a new formulation. Auxiliary numerical treatments will be implemented that can detect and mitigate potential instabilities, borrowing the idea from shock capturing schemes. We will assess the AVC method in different types of numerical schemes, particularly the spatial discretization scheme. A procedure to determine model parameters dynamically will be constructed dependent on the numerical schemes employed. As a result, it is expected that the new VC methodology will be broadly applicable and characterized for a range of numerical schemes. The Phase II AVC implementation will address rotorcraft applications, including strong transients, rotor noise due to blade vortex interaction, rotor-body nonlinear interactions, and aeroelasticity of the rotor blades.

VorCat, Inc.
14 Freas court
North Potomac, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 762-5553
jacob krispin
N132-092      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Innovative Vortex Method for non-diffusive Rotorcraft Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Computations
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I proposal will examine the feasibility of using the VorCat implementation of the gridfree vortex method to provide accurate, real time simulations of rotor wake, specifically the tip vortex structure, in various flight scenarios. Rotor wake flow is complex and poorly served by traditional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodologies due to their inherent excessive numerical diffusion and this project capitalizes on the unique capabilities of the VorCat code in efficiently capturing the physics of complex turbulent flows by using vortical elements to represent the vortices that lie at the heart of turbulent fluid motion. The phase I study will be aimed at answering several questions that will establish the parameters controlling real time wake vortex dynamics and consequently in what way rotor downwash affects rotor aerodynamics and structural loading. In particular, this study will investigate several approaches for modeling rotor vorticity and will establish the optimal setup that provides rapid and accurate results. This, in turn, will be utilized for a rigorous analysis which will determine the flow parameters that dominate wake vortex dynamics. If successful, the technology will be verified, validated and delivered to the Navy in later phases of this work.

ChromoLogic LLC
180 N Vinedo Ave
Pasadena, CA 91107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(626) 381-9974
Naresh Menon
N132-093      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Portable Hyposia Training (PHYTR) System
Abstract:In order to address the Navy’s need for a new mask-on mobile device to train aviators for altitude exposure (hypoxia training), ChromoLogic LLC (CL) proposes to develop a Portable Hypoxia Training (PHYTR) system. The PHYTR system will be based on a novel concept that takes ambient air and produces user specified oxygen content through a cyclical fluid exchange process. When completed, the PHYTR system will be compact (<18”x18”), use a regular wall-plug power (120v, 1a) and will not require any consumables (air tanks, filters) – resulting in a simple, cost effective solution that will produce >250LPM of on-demand air that can simulate conditions from sea level to 30,000ft. In Phase I, CL will build and demonstrate a prototype that will demonstrate all the key components of the PHYTR system. In Phase II, CL will demonstrate a fully functional system at a Navy training site (TRL 9).

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Patrick Magari
N132-093      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Compact Advanced Hypoxia Training System (CAHTS)
Abstract:Hypoxia is a dangerous condition for naval aviators that impacts critical thinking, resulting in a lack of awareness that prevents aircrew from taking appropriate corrective actions. Practical hypoxia training allows pilots to experience the effects of hypoxia so that the symptoms are more readily recognized. Current training systems include both hypobaric chambers and reduced oxygen breathing systems that require multiple compressed gas cylinders for operation. To meet the Navy’s need for a truly portable and convenient hypoxia training system, we propose to develop a new hypoxia training system based on modern gas separation technology that will abrogate the need for compressed gas cylinders and only require electrical power. Our system involves a simple, safe control scheme that places a physical limit on the lowest oxygen concentration that can be delivered. The system will also feature advanced physiological monitoring capabilities. In Phase I, we will develop a benchtop version of the system and demonstrate its performance using a breathing simulator. In Phase II, we will develop a highly integrated, compact version of the system and demonstrate it with humans. Creare is partnered with a leading supplier of aviation oxygen equipment to ensure that the technology is smoothly transitioned to the Navy.

Lynntech, Inc.
2501 Earl Rudder Freeway South
College Station, TX 77845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(979) 764-2200
Mahesh Waje
N132-093      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Compact, Logistics Free Electrochemical Reduced Oxygen Breathing Device
Abstract:All military and many commercial aviators are required to undergo periodic hypoxia training to recognize the onset of hypoxic conditions and practice recovery skills. Current training is performed with the Reduced Oxygen Breathing Device 2 (ROBD2) which mixes oxygen and nitrogen to produce reduced oxygen concentration air mixtures representative of hypoxic conditions. However, the ROBD2 requires bulky compressed gas cylinders which decrease the mobility of the device and increase usage logistics. Additionally, the device delivers a continuous flow, increasing the risk of air starvation. Lynntech proposes the use of an electrochemical oxygen separator to directly reduce the oxygen concentration of the air delivered to the hypoxia trainee. The device accurately removes a variable amount of oxygen from the air stream to produce the required oxygen concentrations, simulating hypoxic conditions from sea level to beyond 30,000 feet. The device will deliver pressure-on-demand flow to a flight mask to avoid air starvation, accurately simulating flight systems. A pulse oximeter, flow meter and oxygen sensor will be integrated into the unit to provide biometric monitoring. The mobile system will weigh less than 25 lbs and operate on 110 VAC. The only consumables will be electrical energy, atmospheric air and liquid water.

Technical Products, Inc.
50 Pratt's Junction Road
Sterling, MA 01564
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 422-3400
Paul Chambers
N132-093      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Mask-on Hypoxia Training Device
Abstract:The technical objective in Phase I of this development is to demonstrate a prototype mask-on hypoxia training technology that can form the basis for a system that:• Provides pressure- on-demand airflow• Can simulate oxygen levels from sea-level to 30,000-ft• Is small enough to be portable (goal of an 18-in cube)• Is light enough to be portable (goal of 25- lb)• Does not use large compressed gas cylinders requiring refilling• Incorporates appropriate biometric monitoring • Interfaces to existing USN system for training control and oxygen delivery to the aircrewAt the completion of the Phase I effort, TPI will have developed and demonstrated a prototype aircrew Mask-On Hypoxia trainer that meets all the basic requirements of the USN for a 30,000-ft + trainer. Phase II will allow TPI to fully engineer this prototype and mature it to the point where it can be comprehensively evaluated for both technical performance and by human subjects. The goal would be to have the device at a sufficient level of design maturity and with a complete portfolio of technical testing results such that the only step required for transition to a fielded product would be completion of formal human trials for acceptance by the USN.

Coherent Navigation, Inc.
1800 Gateway Dr Suite 160
San Mateo, CA 94404
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 425-7119
Brent Ledvina
N132-094      Awarded: 11/6/2013
Title:VERSATILE UNMANNED ULTRA TIGHTLY COUPLED RECEIVER (VULTURE)
Abstract:We propose to develop a SAASM ultra-tightly-coupled GPS/INS system that provides 75 dB of AJ during track and greater than 60 dB of AJ during acquisition. The system relies on existing SAASM boards coupled with navigation software developed by Coherent Navigation. Our system is designed for UAVs and other airborne platforms.

Mayflower Communications Company, Inc.
20 Burlington Mall Road
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 359-9500
Triveni Upadhyay
N132-094      Awarded: 11/6/2013
Title:Deeply-Integrated GPS/INS Technology (DIGIT) for High Performance Navigation
Abstract:The objective of this SBIR program is to design and develop high performance and jam- resistant GPS/INS navigation technologies with the goal of optimizing the size, weight and power (SWaP) of the system for use in air-dropped Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) and small Unmanned Air Systems (UAS) operating in GPS challenged environments. A gun- hardened variant of DIGIT system can support NAVSEA gun-launched PGMs. The primary components of the proposed Mayflower DIGIT system encompasses a military SAASM GPS receiver, a MEMS IMU, both SWaP-optimized for PGM applications, and a software algorithm for Ultra-Tight Coupling (UTC) of GPS with IMU. The DIGIT system will, in its final form factor, be packaged in a 30 mm cylindrical form factor (less than 2 inches in height) with electrical/mechanical interfaces and specifications conforming to the Joint Common GPS (JC-GPS) Interface Control Document (ICD) and Specifications.In the Phase I Program, Mayflower will perform a detailed trade-off of various components of the DIGIT system, and develop preliminary design of the system. The performance of the DIGIT technology will be demonstrated on a prototype system in the Phase II program using the Mayflower NavAssure® SAASM GPS receiver, a small MEMS IMU and an ultra-tightly coupled GPS/INS algorithm. Mayflower will repackage the DIGIT system in a 30 mm cylindrical form factor in a follow-on Phase III program.

Qunav LLC
58 Linwood road
Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(740) 541-1529
Andrey Soloviev
N132-094      Awarded: 11/6/2013
Title:Deeply Integrated GPS/INS Navigation System
Abstract:Qunav and its subcontractor, Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems (NGES), propose to prototype and transition a deeply integrated GPS/INS navigation (DIGINAV) system in support of the Navy Warfighter. DIGINAV is based on three technological innovations: (i) deep integration with mutual GPS/INS aiding, (ii) high-sensitivity GPS baseband signal processing, and (iii) software-defined M-code GPS receiver with an open architecture compatible with other anti-jam (AJ) anti-spoofing options, future signals and other sensor integrations. Existing test results indicate strong AJ capabilities of DIGINAV, stemming from its extremely long coherent integration (LCI) of received GPS signals (e.g., 1 second). LCI eliminates squaring loss of traditional 20-ms integration, thus providing 8~10 dB AJ gain as compared to other deep integration and ultra-tightly coupled solutions that limit their coherent integration to 20 ms. Phase I will demonstrate the deeply-integrated signal processing software and its capabilities with experimental data and perform a proof-of- concept functionality demonstration with an external SAASM card in a real-time mode. Partnering with NGES, Qunav will optimize DIGINAV within a navigation processor card to satisfy SWAP requirements of UAS and PGM applications. The DIGINAV development status currently corresponds to TRL 4. Phase I and Phase II efforts will bring the technology into TRL 6.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 503-3285
Joel Douglas
N132-094      Awarded: 11/6/2013
Title:Jam-Resistant Global Positioning System/Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS) Deeply-Coupled Navigation System
Abstract:U.S. military transport vehicles, operating platforms, aircraft, and weapons rely upon GPS to provide position, velocity, and timing data and as an aid to the Inertial Navigation System (INS) to reduce the effects of long-term inertial sensor drift and bias. However, the use of GPS jammers as a counter-measure to block the reception of the GPS signal is relatively simple and inexpensive. Deep integration of GPS and INS offers an opportunity to improve robustness to jamming over traditional GPS/INS loose and tight coupling architectures. In the deeply coupled architecture, GPS systems use the navigation Kalman Filter to replace the GPS receiver tracking loops to greatly reduce the carrier tracking bandwidth, resulting in improved anti-jam performance. Under the Phase 1 effort, we will design, develop, and demonstrate a proof-of-concept for a deeply-coupled GPS/INS configuration, and analyze the performance against multiple scenarios. Our system will achieve high performance using a MEMS IMU, be designed to work with antenna elements that provide both nulling and/or beam-forming capability, and enable fusion with other aiding sensors, enabling improved tracking performance. This will lead directly to the Phase 2 work in which we will integrate the software with a hardware-in-the loop simulation and perform live testing.

Auriga Measurement Systems LLC
Two Executive Drive Suite 305
Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 452-7700
John Muir
N132-095      Awarded: 10/15/2013
Title:Gallium Nitride Based Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Technology for High Altitude Periscope Detection
Abstract:This project develops Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Technologies that enable Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar which meet the low cost, high performance, efficient, small size, low weight and power (SWaP) requirements necessary for insertion into high-altitude submarine-periscope-detection systems. MMIC technology combines and integrates AESA functions into smaller footprints when compared to using separate package parts for each function. The Gallium Nitride (GaN) MMIC chip integrated with transmit and receive (T/R) functions will populate the array face. With improved GaN PA efficiency and fewer part counts, combined with new heat pipe technologies, a new AESA Radar Collision Avoidance System (RACAS) will be built to perform high altitude submarine periscope detection. The RACAS sparse array of current technology will be replaced with a much more complex, fully populated, C-Band array for simultaneous Sense and Avoid (SAA) and periscope detection operations.

CUSTOM MMIC DESIGN SERVICES INC
1 Park Drive Unit 12
Westford, MA 01886
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 467-4290
Paul Blount
N132-095      Awarded: 10/15/2013
Title:Gallium Nitride Based Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Technology for High Altitude Periscope Detection
Abstract:In this proposal, we consider GaN Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Technologies to enable a low cost, high performance, thin, efficient, low size, weight and power (SWaP), Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar for high altitude submarine periscope detection. MMIC technology combines and integrates AESA functions into smaller footprints when compared to using separate package parts for each function. MMICs to be developed include single integrated Gallium Nitride (GaN) transmit and receive (T/R) modules that reside on the array face. This technology will lead to efficient and effective introduction of high altitude Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) capability into the MQ- 8 (B&C) Fire Scout maritime Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) mission. Developed under the contract will be GaN power amplifiers, switches, and low noise amplifiers. We will also perform a foundry analysis to determine the best GaN process for performance, cost, and reliability. Decision will also be made on whether a single multi- function MMIC or a multi-MMIC package will generate the best combination of performance and versatility, especially when upgrading single sections. Finally the package itself will be re-engineered for a new design that combines exceptional RF performance with optimal heat removal.

Vadum
601 Hutton St STE 109
Raleigh, NC 27606
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(919) 341-8240
Todd Nichols
N132-095      Awarded: 10/15/2013
Title:Integrated GaN T/R MMIC for AESA Radar
Abstract:Vadum proposes to develop an innovative, highly integrated, power-conserving GaN T/R MMIC for radar applications. We will leverage expertise in high efficiency, high power Gallium Nitride Power Amplifiers, low loss GaN RF switches, Low Noise Amplifiers, GaN Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits, and wide experience with radar and Electronic Warfare systems. This MMIC will deliver new capability to the warfighter by enabling a low cost, high performance, thin phased array. The Phase I deliverable will be a comprehensive trade study and a complete MMIC design

Frontier Technology, Inc.
75 Aero Camino, Suite A
Goleta, CA 93117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 429-3302
Joel Luna
N132-096      Awarded: 12/23/2013
Title:Innovative Data Anomaly Detection and Transformation for Analysis Applications
Abstract:The overall objective of this topic is to develop a software toolset to transform extracted data from different database systems and convert it into data packages that create model specific input files that support future modeling, simulation, and analysis tasks. Specifically, the main objective of this proposed Phase I research effort is to develop the concept for a new capability that automates, to the greatest degree practicable, a data transformation process that includes data analysis and validation and results in the creation of model input files that can be used to conduct required analyses. The result of this research is to identify the capabilities and requirements of a data transformation process that starts with data extracted from standard Navy data systems and produces valid model inputs for use in specified models and simulations. In particular, the process and tools required to check the data for errors and inconsistencies, automated means to perform such checks and provide insight into any errors or inconsistencies detected, as well as resolution of those errors or inconsistencies will be addressed.

Quanterion Solutions
811 Court St.
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 351-4205
Paul Lein
N132-096      Awarded: 12/19/2013
Title:Innovative Data Anomaly Detection and Transformation for Analysis Applications
Abstract:The Navy has invested significant resources in constructing, maintaining and updating various information systems/databases that contain data/information that needs to be manually filtered to detect/remove anomalies prior to transforming it to perform useful analyses. The proposed approach will automate this process by:1. Parsing the data/information needed and detecting its source2. Allowing users to define a customizable template to extract/map data 3. Applying a logic system to the data/information records to automatically detect anomalies and repair records4. Allowing users to define/select a customizable template and format repaired data/information to make it suitable for additional analysesThe approach will utilize data/information on part failures; flight hours; number of aircraft landings; maintenance hours per repair; maintenance procedure content; part costs; part nomenclature; historical information on “mishaps”, and other disparate data elements as part of a software tool that extracts, transforms and detects/repairs dataset anomalies in preparation for Naval Aviation Maintenance & Supply Model (NAMSM) analyses, eliminating the need for most manual intervention. Due to the data/information-independence and user-customizable capabilities of the approach, it will have broad applicability throughout the DoD, other government agencies and numerous commercial/industrial market segments not limited to reliability, availability and maintainability analyses.

Sonalysts, Inc.
215 Parkway North P.O. Box 280
Waterford, CT 06385
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(860) 326-3621
Margaret Bailey
N132-096      Awarded: 12/19/2013
Title:Innovative Data Anomaly Detection and Transformation for Analysis Applications
Abstract:NAVAIR’s Warfare Analysis and Integration Department (AIR 4.10) has three labor intensive, error prone, data management operations that Sonalysts’ desktop, Windows application will automate with a generic toolkit to greatly reduce the human effort. The data provided by the fleet tends to be error prone, but modeling, simulation, and analysis require valid data. The data contains both quantitative and qualitative elements which are interdependent. Additionally, these processes must be run on hypothetical datasets to evaluate proposed equipment changes, where the potential benefits are loosely defined. Once the data is cleaned, the results need to be formatted to support downstream analysis tools. The codes, rules, and formats evolve over time. Sonalysts proposes a set of user- configurable, rule-set generators for creating and maintaining instructions for cleaning the data, synthesizing hypothetical data, and formatting output datasets. These rule sets are used by the code, but are not part of it. Thus, modifications do not require program source code changes or recompiling. Qualitative data analysis techniques will be used to perform weighted matching of text elements to automate selection of dependent code values.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jed Wilbur
N132-097      Awarded: 10/18/2013
Title:A High-Precision, High-Resolution Turbine Blade Inspection System
Abstract:Modern jet engine turbine blades are single-crystal superalloy structures with excellent resistance to high-temperature creep, allowing tight tolerances to be maintained over the blade’s life. However, turbine blades have complicated features that can promote the growth of discrete crystal grains that can lower the part’s creep resistance and may lead to catastrophic engine failure. Current inspection practice requires destroying and analyzing sample parts—a time consuming and expensive process that provides only batch-level information and requires the destruction of a high-value part. Currently, there are no means to non-destructively detect and characterize recrystallized defects of this size unless they happen to form on exterior surfaces. Creare proposes to develop a non-destructive inspection approach that will enable rapid inspection of every turbine blade. Our Turbine Blade Inspection System (TBIS) will be capable of detecting and characterizing recrystallized grains of relevant dimensions. The TBIS will provide turbine blade manufacturers with a means for quick and inexpensive inspection of all parts, reducing overall costs while improving turbine reliability. During the Phase I project, we will demonstrate the validity of our approach using benchtop testing and analytical models. During Phase II, we will develop a prototype TBIS for testing of large-scale turbine blade samples.

Proto Manufacturing Inc
12350 Universal Drive
Taylor, MI 48180
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 946-0974
William S L Boyer
N132-097      Awarded: 10/18/2013
Title:Advanced XRD System for NDI/E of SX Turbine Blades
Abstract:Directionally solidified (DS) superalloy blades provided the basis for substantial gains in turbine engine performance in recent decades. Now, single crystal (SX) nickel-base alloy blades can be grown directionally with interior passages for cooling air, enabling more advances in engine performance and durability SX blades are composed of single crystals oriented parallel to one another span-wise, providing optimum strength, toughness and creep resistance. Problems arise when some grains grow off-axis, decreasing the blade strength. Mal-oriented grains (MOG) at the blade surface can be detected nondestructively using current Proto NDI/E systems. However, grain recrystallization may occur on the inside of hollow blades during production or during in-service flight operations. When recrystallized grains (RX) form on the inside surface of hollow blades, they are not detectable nondestructively by current inspection systems—an especially problematic and insidious condition. Based on recent research, Proto has developed a new approach to nondestructively inspect and evaluate hollow superalloy SX turbine blades. This approach exploits transmission topography (TT), advanced x-ray diffraction (XRD), precision collimation techniques and new detector technologies, while using COTS x-ray tubes. The Proto NDI/E system for SX turbines blades will be transportable for use in laboratory, production and depot facilities.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78733
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 263-2101
Mark Warchol
N132-097      Awarded: 10/18/2013
Title:Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI) for recrystallized grains in single crystal superalloys
Abstract:Recently, the F-35 program experienced fatigue cracking in a low pressure turbine blade inside the F135 engine from recrystallization (RX). These problems cost the program time and money, strain the political capital necessary to sustain a large weapons program, and undermine the confidence of domestic and international partners. In response, TRI/Austin proposes utilizing an ultrasonic acoustic birefringence NDI technique to ensure turbine blade quality control. Instances of RX will be identified in single crystal superalloys through the changes in density as interpreted by transducers as the ultrasonic waves are sent through the part. To validate this approach, TRI/Austin will team with the Advanced Manufacturing Center (AMC) at the University of Texas at Austin. AMC will fabricate a set of NDI specimens with controlled incidents of RX introduced via deforming the specimens to introduce plastic strain before relieving in a vacuum furnace. The goal of these activities is a design for an inspection system at Pratt & Whitney to provide immediate go/no-go for the turbine blades as they are received from the casting house in Phase II, validated by testing against a set of specimens with controlled RX.

Alphacore, Inc.
2972 W. Katapa Trail
Tucson, AZ 85742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 647-4445
Esko Mikkola
N132-098      Awarded: 10/24/2013
Title:Ultra-Broadband, High Dynamic Range Receiver System
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of an ultra-broadband, high dynamic range receiver system for signal capture, storage, and analysis. The significance of this innovation lies in generating significant cost savings in testing military receiver systems through stimulation via playback of high-fidelity recordings at RF frequencies. Optimization and testing can now be performed in a laboratory environment eliminating the need for much more expensive in-flight testing. As Alphacore, Inc., we are proposing a novel receiver system based on a selection of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) photonic and electronic components. The ready availability of these components reduces the development cost and shortens the schedule compared to custom integrated circuit (ICs) or photonic components that would have to be developed otherwise. The critical component of our system is a photonics assisted frequency down converter (Photonic Mixer) that maintains a spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) of at least 50dB higher than the electronic alternatives of the same bandwidth range. The mixer stage is followed by a Photonic Channelizer that divides the wide-band RF signal into 24 low bandwidth decoupled signals. Jitter being the main bottleneck inhibiting the combined high bandwidth and high resolution analog to digital conversion, this division carried out by a passive photonic structure is virtually a jitter free operation. The parallel low bandwidth photonic signals will then be converted to 250MHz electrical signals that can accurately be digitized with an array of commercial state-of-the- art 14-bit, 500 MSps (megasamples per second) electronic analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). The ADC outputs will be collected, conditioned and reframed through one or more FPGAs and further stored in a solid state disk (SSD)-based high-speed, high-capacity memory sub-system. The goal is the capability of storing more than 15 minutes of uninterrupted data from the receiver.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(914) 592-1190
Deepnarayan Gupta
N132-098      Awarded: 10/24/2013
Title:High Dynamic-range Wideband Digital-RF Receiver
Abstract:The ability to capture wide instantaneous bandwidth with high fidelity is essential for analysis of various signals-of-interest. Superconductor analog-to-digital converters (ADC) offer discriminating advantages in both bandwidth and fidelity due to very high sampling rates (up to 100 GHz demonstrated) and quantum-accurate digitization based on counting of magnetic flux quanta. Multiple digital-RF receiver systems incorporating superconductor ADCs have been in operation for over two years in field-ready configurations at Government laboratories, and have demonstrated direct digitization of RF signals up to 21GHz. In response to the need to produce leap-ahead performance in signal capture and storage, we propose to develop and deliver the next generation superconductor ADCs. In particular, during Phase I, we will investigate three competing ADC designs, all with the potential to deliver the performance objective, and select the best for implementation in Phase II. We will build upon the demonstrated expertise in high-throughput digital datalinks and data recorders to extend the capability to synchronous acquisition and storage of multi-bit samples. Each ADC approach has a compelling strength in one of the three key ADC parameters: bandwidth, dynamic range and sensitivity; complete receiver architectures, including supporting analog and digital technologies will be analyzed to determine the best solution.

Spectranetix, Inc.
2066 Walsh Avenue, Suite #B1
Santa Clara, CA 95050
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 982-9057
Lars Karlsson
N132-098      Awarded: 10/24/2013
Title:Ultra-Broadband, High Dynamic Range Receiver System
Abstract:Range testing of new airborne military electronic systems is quite costly in terms of the test- range facilities, equipment, and operations. Broadband RF collection systems are needed to record wide swaths of the relevant Electromagnetic Environment (EME) so that these Systems-Under-Test can be cost-effectively and accurately tested in a lab setting. Because of the wide frequency range, a large dynamic range over the whole recorded instantaneous BW is needed. We propose to build a new cutting-edge receiver platform system that can provide a large BW over a maximized frequency range, with maximized dynamic range. Such a design effort will require advances in RF systems engineering, integration of the latest ADC's, and more advanced DSP on the backend. Furthermore, the solution needs to be scalable, so that as recording disks improve, and as ADC chips get faster and faster, the system design can accommodate the latest technologies without a full and costly system re- design.

ATC - NY
33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500
Ithaca, NY 14850
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(607) 257-1975
Hajime Inoue
N132-099      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Typhon: A Developer's Tool for Refactoring Legacy Software for Multi-threaded Operation
Abstract:Several mission-critical Navy applications are written as single-threaded Component Object Model) COM applications. They do not receive any benefits from the recent trend in computer architecture that emphasizes concurrent execution of multiple threads. ATC-NY will build Typhon, a plugin for Visual Studio that will aid developers in transforming such applications to take advantage of multiple threads. Typhon analyzes the source of legacy applications to automatically identify multi-threaded optimization opportunities. When it can prove multi-threaded optimizations are safe, Typhon automatically transforms code to take advantage of them. When it cannot, it annotates the source to identify the type of optimization and how it could be made safe. By leveraging knowledge of how COM works, Typhon is able to identify more optimizations than existing parallelizing compilers. In addition, Typhon’s integration with Visual Studio enables it to suggest refactoring strategies that would create additional optimization opportunities. Typhon supports Visual Basic 6 and other Visual Studio languages like C and C++.

Harmonia Holdings Group
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5901
Marc Abrams
N132-099      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Rise Tool for Updating Legacy Code to Multi-thread, Multi-core Processor Systems
Abstract:Central Processing Unit (CPU) chip makers made two advancements in recent years: (1) hyper-threading (e.g., Intel HT technology) to allow a single processor core to execute multiple instructions simultaneously, and (2) fabrication of dies with multiple processor cores. Exploiting those requires new code in C#, Java, or other languages that embrace threads. A thread is a conventional sequential program, but threads can be scheduled to execute in parallel. A key challenge is that two threads must serialize their work on shared memory areas or data structures (or else one could destroy the data of the other thread), requiring special synchronization primitives (e.g., monitors, message passing). This is a non-trivial job for a programming team. Rise Multi-Core fills the need is for automated analysis that can improve older sequential code to make use of multiple cores. The Desired Future State is a tool to analyze existing legacy code and apply transformations it to effectively use threading and multi-cores to improve performance (e.g., lower time for route planning, or increased throughput for graphical operations).

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5241
Renato Levy
N132-099      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Concurrency Optimization and Regeneration Expert System (CORES)
Abstract:Physical and manufacturing limitations have now slowed single processor performance gains. Increasingly, the additional devices afforded by increasing transistor density have been allocated to additional computing cores. A significant legacy library of software components and applications already written for a single processor cannot readily utilize multiple cores. To address this critical need, IAI proposes the development of the Concurrency Optimization and Regeneration Expert System (CORES), a system for analyzing the source and executable code of the software, evaluating its concurrency potential, and proposing modifications to introduce multi-core optimizations. Key innovations of CORES include an approach to program dependency analysis independent from the original computer language used in the software that enables analysis to be applied based on generated executable code and independent of the original language, and the use of an expert system to maintain knowledge and execute decision rules for classifying parallelization opportunities.

Technsys Inc
7398 ward park lane ste 1
springfield, VA 22153
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 308-3690
Mike Han
N132-099      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Autonomous Profiling and Parallelization (APP) Tool
Abstract:Technsys Inc. proposes to develop an automatic parallelizing (APP) tool to identity the potential performance bottlenecks of legacy software code and then convert inefficient code segment into highly scalable and optimized software code by using state-of-the-art memory trace-based code optimization and parallelization techniques.

Capco Inc.
1328 Winters Ave.
Grand Junction, CO 81501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(970) 243-8480
Chris Williams
N132-100      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Absorption and/or Scattering of Light by Small Particles
Abstract:Capco proposes using materials developed in previous SBIR obscurant research efforts to prepare UVCM devices for test and evaluation. UV absorption will be optimized through particle geometry and processing parameters.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
John Lennhoff
N132-100      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Tunable Nanoscale UltraViolet Absorer Particle Technology
Abstract:Physical Sciences, Inc. (PSI) proposes to develop a composite ultraviolet (UV) light absorption material that will yield nanoparticle clouds when disseminated using an impulse cartridge. The UV absorber material will include both broad band and UV specific absorption chemistries to enable separate tuning of the visible and UV attenuation. A third component has been added to enhance nanoparticle dissemination and formation in a size range that minimizes light scatter. During the Phase I program we will utilize UV extinction data, Mie Scattering calculations and cloud radiance models to identify an optimum chemistry and particle size for the UV absorption material. Our partners at New Mexico State University, Prof. Chuck Bruce, and Boeing, Dr. Erik Sapper, will support the modeling efforts. We will perform small scale energetic dissemination chamber tests to evaluate a range of absorber formulations. Our partner Capco, Inc. will load the PSI UV absorber into flare tubes and use impulse cartridges to initiate dissemination. Spectroscopic measurements will confirm laboratory attenuation results. During the Option and Phase II efforts, PSI will supply UV absorber formulations to Capco for advanced performance evaluation.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2329
Robert Bolskar
N132-100      Awarded: 9/26/2013
Title:Dispersible Very High Extinction UVA Absorbers
Abstract:TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) proposes new materials with exceptionally high absorbance in the ultraviolet that are designed to be used as obscurants to defeat the dual-band tracking systems used in modern missile systems. The Navy seeks advanced obscurant materials that will protect military assets such as aircraft from these modern missiles. TDA’s new nontoxic materials will be dispersible and tailored to absorb strongly in the UVA portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (315-400 nm). These materials will satisfy the Navy’s need for advanced ultraviolet obscurants to be deployed on aircraft with countermeasure dispersal systems.

Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(717) 295-6817
Tapan Desai
N132-101      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Peridynamics Based Multiscale Modeling of Damage in Thick Composites
Abstract:Fiber reinforced composites are attractive for several light-weight defense and aerospace applications. However, their inherent anisotropy and complex failure mechanisms limit their use in high-performance structures or components. In order to accurately predict the damage behavior and durability of composite parts exposed to extreme conditions, there is a need to develop new analysis tools that can model the multi-scale interactions within composite parts. In this work, ACT proposes to develop a peridynamics based computational framework which could accurately predict the damage behavior in composites by accounting for the discrete damage processes like matrix cracking, fiber breakage, fiber-matrix shear and delamination. The approach is based on a novel peridynamics methodology which accurately predicts the internal load redistribution arising from local damage and captures the failure of the composite part under different loading conditions. The exact nature of damage evolution and failure will be dependent on complex interactions between the fiber, matrix phases of each ply and inter-ply interactions, in response to the loading environment. This resulting computational framework will enable prediction of damage in naval aircraft components exposed to different loading environments and enable design of better composite structures.

Global Engineering Research and Technologies
2845 E. 2nd Street
Tucson, AZ 85716
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 561-5724
Ali Boufelfel
N132-101      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Thick Composite Crack Analysis
Abstract:Advanced thick composites are increasingly used in components for defense applications as well as commercial structures. Component level structural testing and analysis of advanced composites is prohibitively expensive and time consuming. Instead, using robust and accurate computational tools complemented by experiments at key stages is a viable and cost-effective option. The proposed project will advance structural methods and material technologies that enable reliable assessment of capability and useful life of composite aircraft flight-critical components and structures. The physics-based peridynamics (PD) methodology overcomes the weaknesses of the existing methods, and it is capable of identifying all of the failure modes without simplifying assumptions. The PD methodology effectively predicts complex failure in composite structures under general dynamic and static loading conditions. Damage is inherently calculated in a PD analysis without special procedures, making progressive failure analysis more practical. This results in a more efficient and cost effective design that meets reliability goals. The proposed approach will also replace some of the coupon-level tests used in the material qualification with computational models (virtual tests) validated with empirical data (measurement.). Such techniques will advance our ability to predict material behavior and enable affordable qualification of composite materials for structural applications.

Technical Data Analysis, Inc.
3190 Fairview Park Drive Suite 650
Falls Church, VA 22042
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 226-4076
Nicole Apetre
N132-101      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Thick Composite Crack Analysis
Abstract:Composite materials have emerged as the materials of choice for increasing the performance and reducing the weight and cost of military aircraft. Nevertheless, reliable prediction of composites behavior in both static and cyclic load situations are far from complete, due to limitations of current analysis methods and to uncertainty and statistical variation of composite behavior under a given set of environment and loading exposure.In this SBIR effort, we therefore focus on applying the knowledge gained from classical damage mechanics in a Peridynamics framework - specifically concentrating on manufacturing defects and their impact on the composites performance under a variety of loading conditions. The required analytical expressions are developed in the framework of continuum damage mechanics by suitable micromechanical computations. Lessons learned in this field will be used to model manufacturing defects in Peridynamics. The methodology will be applied to a variety of laminate layups and the predictions will be compared with experiments and independent FE simulations wherever applicable.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 480-2101
Parthiv Shah
N132-102      Awarded: 10/21/2013
Title:Dynamic Hybrid RANS/LES Modeling of Interior Nozzle Flows and Jet Plumes
Abstract:ATA Engineering proposes to simulate complex interior and exterior flowfields of hot, supersonic aircraft engine nozzles by applying a novel dynamic hybrid RANS/LES (DHRL) modeling framework coupled to the Loci/CHEM (CHEM) finite-volume flow solver. DHRL is code- and turbulence model-independent. It dynamically determines the appropriate interface between large eddy simulation (LES) and Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) portions of a computational domain, ensuring smooth and continuous turbulence production across the interface. It has been validated on attached and separated flows ranging from transitional cardiovascular devices to very high Reynolds number ship hydrodynamics. CHEM is a massively parallelizable solver for highly compressible flows both with/without real gas properties and chemistry. The technical approach will first demonstrate and validate that DHRL provides LES accuracy at hybrid RANS/LES costs on a test problem relevant to high-performance engine nozzles. Best practices for grid generation, time stepping, and turbulence model selection will then be applied to full nozzle simulations on a government- furnished geometry. Finally, a technical plan will be outlined for inclusion of real geometry effects including throttle transients, advanced wall boundary conditions, and realistic inflow turbulence.

Cascade Technologies Incorporated
2445 Faber Place #100
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(650) 521-0243
Hung Le
N132-102      Awarded: 10/21/2013
Title:Modeling of interior nozzle flows for transient effects, realistic high performance nozzle physics and coupling to Large Eddy Simulation modeling of t
Abstract:The objective of the present proposal is to develop and apply accurate, robust and cost- effective methodologies for the prediction of the interior nozzle flow, seamlessly coupled with high-fidelity large eddy simulation (LES) for the prediction of the jet plume and radiated noise. The simulations will be performed in the massively-parallel unstructured LES framework developed at Cascade Technologies, using our flagship compressible solver “Charles”. In Phase I and I option, the proposed tasks focuses on near-wall adaptive mesh refinement, synthetic inflow turbulence and wall modeling inside the nozzle. In particular, the wall model will significantly reduce the computational cost by relaxing the grid resolution requirements in near-wall region inside the nozzle. In addition, physics-based mesh refinement and adaptation will be implemented. This automatic meshing approach has the potential to not only greatly simplify the meshing process and drastically reduce the burden on users, but also to improve accuracy while reducing the simulation run time. The impact of these additional modelings on the predictive capability of LES must be characterized and best practices must be developed. This proposal describes a scope of work that includes development, implementation and testing of these capabilities for complex jet configurations relevant to the Navy.

Spectral Energies, LLC
5100 Springfield Street Suite 301
Dayton, OH 45431
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 266-9570
Sivaram Gogineni
N132-102      Awarded: 10/21/2013
Title:High-fidelity internal flow modeling for integrated nozzle-plume jet noise simulation
Abstract:Spectral Energies, LLC and The Ohio State University proposes a comprehensive research effort to advance the state-of-the-art in seamless computation of the interior of a nozzle in high performance turbine exhaust and downstream plume aerodynamics. The focus is on higher-?delity methods using robust, efficient and scalable high-order accurate implicit schemes couched in a Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) framework. Phase I will develop and demonstrate the existing procedure on a government-furnished geometry, uniting the nozzle interior and jet into a single simulation. We then propose physically consistent methods to introduce incoming turbulence (in the freestream as well as the boundary layer), swirl associated with upstream components and roughness of the nozzle wall due to surface finish and discrete imperfections. The method will be able to treat contoured as well as military type axisymmetric and non-axisymmetric nozzles operating at design and off-design conditions. The work plan includes a systematic sequence of steps to verify and validate each element of the method, setting the stage for a potential Phase II in which we will introduce an experimental component for detailed validation. The effort will demonstrate application to a series of nozzle designs provided by the government and transition the beta version of the developed software to NAVAIR Propulsion and Power.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Michael Barton
N132-103      Awarded: 10/22/2013
Title:Development of an Advanced Bearing for Extreme Service Environments
Abstract:Aircraft carriers are the backbone of the U.S. Navy’s fleet, which operates around the globe, with the sole purpose of launching and recovering aircraft to support U.S. military and peacekeeping interests. The ability to quickly and safely launch aircraft can become a key limitation for an aircraft carrier when trying to deliver the maximum amount of warfighter capability. Currently, the wheel bearings on the launch gear equipment require ongoing maintenance, wear out prematurely, and need to be frequently replaced. Our goal for this project is to develop an advanced wheel bearing for the launch gear equipment on U.S. Navy carriers that does not require maintenance and can withstand up to 25,000 launch cycles between replacement intervals. In Phase I, we will develop a proof-of-concept wheel bearing and evaluate its feasibility for use in the launch gear system. During Phase II, we will expand on the Phase I feasibility results by fabricating a set of prototypical wheel bearings and evaluating them under real-world conditions.

Nastec, Inc.
5310 W. 161st Street- Suite G
Brookpark, OH 44142
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(440) 826-1693
Robert Fusaro
N132-103      Awarded: 10/22/2013
Title:Advanced Wheel Bearing for High Acceleration and Deceleration Applications
Abstract:Catapult shuttle wheel bearing loading is a function of the aircraft take-off weight and the acceleration of the catapult. The resultant load on the bearings of the existing catapult has significantly changed from the time the subject bearings were selected in 1980. If the projected aircraft take-off weight is 100,000 lbs., the bearing life will be reduced by approximately 94%. The Phase I objective will be to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a long life, highly loaded catapult shuttle wheel bearing subjected to high acceleration and deceleration. An existing bearing computer code will be used to conduct a non steady state analysis of the bearing system. Alternate bearing materials and lubrication means will be evaluated. Hybrid solid film-cage lubricated bearings will be studied where maintenance and other resources required for the bearing are reduced. Both roller and ball bearings will be investigated and analyzed. The work will generate a more rigorous bearing system life analysis and an alternate bearing design eliminating grease and other type liquid lubricants. New designs will be benchmarked to the current design and operating conditions. The design, manufacturing feasibility, and manufacturing and use costs will be performed in consultation with The Timken Company.

Powdermet Inc.
24112 Rockwell Drive
Euclid, OH 44117
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 404-0053
Mark Grogan
N132-103      Awarded: 10/22/2013
Title:Advanced Cermet for High Acceleration and Deceleration Roller Bearing Applications
Abstract:As aircraft technology continues to evolve, there becomes a need for advanced takeoff systems for aircraft carriers. Increases in aircraft weight and takeoff speed require takeoff systems with reliable components to withstand the increase in force put on the system by the advanced aircraft. In this project, Powdermet will target the improvement of wheel bearings for both steam catapult shuttles and Electromagnetic launch system (EMALS) armatures. Powdermet will develop an advanced cermet to be used as a low-friction, low-wear material suitable for use in greaseless roller and ball bearing systems to improve bearing lifetime while reducing maintenance. Current systems require regreasing as frequently as every 25 launches; eliminating regreasing will result in significant reductions in maintenance downtime and cost. The cermet material will be produced by coating a ceramic core in a metallic binder and consolidating the material using powder metallurgy techniques. The consolidated parts will be tested in a variety of friction and wear tests targeted to simulate high acceleration and deceleration and compared to greased metal bearing components to show similar or better performance over multiple cycles.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(818) 885-2200
Andrew Harey
N132-104      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Exploiting Small Boat Wake Signatures for Improved Threat Classification and Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:Areté Associates proposes to develop novel techniques to exploit radar-identifiable small boat wake signatures associated with unsteady motion and turbulent signatures in addition to enhancing existing methods to exploit steady-state wake characteristics. Using advanced nonlinear hydrodynamic techniques, Arete will develop innovative advanced modeling of steady, unsteady and turbulent wake signatures. Arete will then integrate the physical modeling results with its state-of-the-art radar simulation code to produce radar predictions that will help determine what signatures are identifiable in radar. Based on these results,Arete will develop exploitation algorithms to identify signatures and methods to retrieve important and relevant information about small surface vessels. Additionally, Arete will explore and scope out radar waveforms that would be optimal for each identified wake signature.

Electromagnetic Systems, Inc.
108 Standard St.
El Segundo, CA 90245
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 524-9103
Brian Lamb
N132-104      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Exploiting Small Boat Wake Signatures for Improved Threat Classification and Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:Naval forces conducting transits through straits and other congested littoral operational areas are presented with a challenging force protection requirement. Surface traffic density is often high, with many ferries, fishing, pleasure boats, and large cargo ships maneuvering in a small area. An important technical challenge for maritime wide area surveillance is to identify high valued naval vessels (HVVs) in open water as well as in littoral zones. At present, airborne surveillance radars only exploit the hard-body signature of the boat itself for detection and long-term tracking of small boat threats in congested littoral environments. For small maneuvering vessels, the wake can dominate the hard body signature and the sea spikes and breaking wave induced false alarms can overload the fingerprinting and classification algorithms. This effort will seek to supplement those hard-body signatures by exploiting and merging the characteristics of boat generated wake signatures that are detectable by airborne maritime surveillance and imaging radar systems.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 353-8755
Sidney Theis
N132-104      Awarded: 10/16/2013
Title:Exploiting Small Boat Wake Signatures for Improved Threat Classification and Feature Aided Tracking
Abstract:This effort develops innovative methods to exploit wake signature attributes for the small boat threat classification and feature aided tracking by airborne radar systems.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 320-1877
Michael Rauscher
N132-105      Awarded: 11/13/2013
Title:Plateau Burning Composite Propellants Using Al and TiO2 Nanocomposites
Abstract:Double-base propellants are widely used in Navy aircraft ejection seat systems, partially because of their ability to be tailored to exhibit pronounced plateau burning. Due to degradation problems inherent with double-base propellants, it would be very beneficial to develop composite propellants with this plateau burning capability. Composite propellants typically do not chemically degrade but also do not exhibit pronounced plateau burning. One approach is to use nano-scale additives as burning rate catalysts to increase the burning rate at low pressure. As pressure increases, the plateau is observed in the transition as it reaches a burning rate typical of the un-catalyzed system. Cornerstone Research Group Inc. is using a novel nanocomposite manufacturing technique to create metal or metal oxide nanoparticle-filled polymers for advanced solid propellants. The proposed in-situ nanocomposite manufacturing process is simple to implement, easily scaled, and offers higher quality nanoparticles than previously reported. This process will improve long-term storage and stability of the nanoparticles in the solid propellant binder. This technology presents the Navy with the opportunity to obtain plateau burning, nanoparticle-filled composite solid propellants for use in ejection seat systems and other applications that benefit from steady burning conditions across a range of operating pressures.

Helicon Chemical Company LLC
12001 Avalon Lake Dr., #304
Orlando, FL 32828
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 300-6266
David Reid
N132-105      Awarded: 11/13/2013
Title:Temperature-Insensitive Composite Propellants with Tunable Plateau Burning Using In-Situ Energetic Nanoparticles
Abstract:The objective of this Phase I proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of using a combination of chemical and nanoparticle additives to produce high-performance, temperature-insensitive composite solid propellants with plateau burning rates greater than 1 in/s at 2000 psi for use in Navy aircraft ejection seat systems. The key innovation in this work is the combinations of novel additives and processing methods which provide enhanced controllability of composite propellant burning rates. Specifically, a chemical additive is used to produce plateau and negative pressure dependence, and a unique in-situ chemical process forms aluminum nanoparticles directly in the propellant binder, which increases performance. Feasibility will be determined by burning rate, temperature dependence, safety, and mechanical property tests showing that this propellant meets Navy's requirements as an alternative to current double-base propellants in this application.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
Justin Sabourin
N132-105      Awarded: 11/14/2013
Title:Advanced Composite Propellant Replacement for High Performance Plateau Bruning Double Base
Abstract:Physical Sciences Inc. proposes to develop and demonstrate novel composite propellant formulations using chemically modified forms of currently used propellant ingredients. The developed formulations will allow drop-in replacement of presently used double base formulations used CAD/PADs, such as rocket motor ejection seats. The innovative chemistries, combined with specific changes in the propellant formulations, will enable plateau burning rate profiles up to 5000 psi, with fast burning rates and minimum temperature sensitivity. The chemical modifications will maintain or improve the ignition sensitivity of the propellant. The proposed concept permits the inclusion of these simple, low cost chemistries under safe operations, and will not require alterations to current propellant manufacturing procedures. In Phase I, the proposed investigation will focus on defining specific performance metrics of the replacement propellant, the development of critical chemical synthesis procedures, and characterizing the effects of the chemical modifications. Phase II will refine required performance metrics through detailed modeling, upgrade formulations to meet requirements, identify new applications, as well as scale-up chemical synthesis operations. We envision these chemical modifications to create a new class of propellant with increased performance, low cost, and reduced sensitivity to unintended ignition threats.

COE Optics. LLC
343 Stardust Ln.
Seneca, SC 29672
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 986-1106
Eric Johnson
N132-106      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:High-Power 3 Micron Fiber Based Laser System
Abstract:AbstractThe specific goal of this SBIR effort is the development of a compact, power scalable laser source that operates 2.7 to 3 microns. The core technologies will utilize recent advancements in highly doped Er:YAG Single Crystal Fibers and integrate them into a platform that can be scaled.

Q Peak, Inc.
135 South Road
Bedford, MA 01730
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 275-9535
Bhabana Pati
N132-106      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:High-Power, 3-Micron, Fiber-Based Laser System
Abstract:The Navy has identified tactical applications for 3000-nm-wavelength-region lasers, which feature very high efficiency in coupling laser energy to water. This is the result of the most intense infrared absorption band for liquid water, which has a broad peak centered at 2900 nm, with an absorption coefficient of 10000 /cm. Development of lasers in the region has, in the past, been driven primarily by medical applications that rely on the absorption by tissue for the 2800-2900-nm wavelength range, a result of the high water content of most tissues. The Navy requires average powers exceeding 100 W and high beam quality, and this proposal addresses how this may be accomplished. The work we propose centers on the development of fiber lasers, doped with Er ions.

SA Photonics
130A Knowles Dr.
Los Gatos, CA 95032
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(415) 977-0553
James Coward
N132-106      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:High-Power 3 Micron Fiber Based Laser System
Abstract:3um fiber laser sources suffer from limitations in the fiber, such as high loss. Fluoride fiber has been utilized as a solution for this problem, but this suffers from a low damage threshold among other issues.SA Photonics in collaboration with the LLNL Fiber Laser Group has proposed a hybrid solution to getting around this problem. Our 3um source has the advantages of being a rugged, monolithic source, but avoids the high loss issue of typical fiber sources, while also supporting very high power output powers.

ImSAR LLC
940 South 2000 West #140
Springville, UT 84663
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(801) 798-8440
Michael Duersch
N132-107      Awarded: 10/21/2013
Title:Radar Imaging Guidance
Abstract:Radar sensor suites used by seekers and ISR platforms frequently must collect multiple types of radar data. In addition to moving target indication (MTI) data used for target tracking (tracking data), such systems often also collect high resolution radar information about specific targets in order to facilitate automatic target recognition (ATR) or classification (ATR data). This ATR data can include Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) or Inverse Synethetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) imaging data as well as non-imaging data such as High Range Resolution (HRR) profiles of targets.Currently, these platforms must switch radar modes in order to collect ATR data, potentially giving up the ability to maintain target tracks while images are being generated. Gathering ATR data can take from a few seconds to tens of seconds depending on system parameters and the imaging method used. The ability to obtain high resolution ATR data while simultaneously tracking targets would significantly improve the usability of tracking sensors. It would allow tracking of high-priority targets to continue while some targets are identified. This ability can make the difference between missing a high priority target or not, for both seeker and ISR platforms. In the proposed effort, IMSAR will design and evaluate methods to enable radar systems to collect high resolution ATR data while maintaining target track.

RDRTec Inc.
3737 Atwell St. Suite 208
Dallas, TX 75209
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(214) 353-8755
Sidney Theis
N132-107      Awarded: 10/21/2013
Title:Radar Imaging Guidance
Abstract:This effort develops radar algorithms that enable simultaneous tracking and imaging for Pulse Doppler radar systems that can be applied to both imaging guidance and surveillance radars.

Anchor Technology Inc
509 Twin Lakes Drive
Titusville, FL 32780
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(423) 895-1062
Patrick Rourke
N132-108      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Automatic 3D Distribution System Generator
Abstract:Decisions made at concept design have profound impacts on total life cycle cost. The industry trend is to apply automated software tools during concept design so larger numbers of alternatives can be evaluated and optimal, feasible solutions identified. Current ship concept design software tools have many capabilities, but lack the ability to synthesize physical layouts for shipboard distribution systems. Without fully sized and located distribution system models, it is not possible to fully validate the feasibility of the concept design and accurately estimate cost, weight, survivability, and other performance parameters. The problem is acute for ship cooling distribution systems because integrated electrical power systems and high-energy defense/combat weapons systems planned for future ships will require nearly an order of magnitude more thermal management. Anchor Technology Inc. has developed innovative technology which solves this problem, automatically synthesizing and routing distribution networks. A major US and international ship design tool capability gap exists. This gap can be eliminated by creating software tools to automatically generate detailed 3D models of ship distribution systems during concept design. The new technology will reduce costs associated with concept, preliminary and detail ship design, as well as total lifecycle costs.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5228
Feng Xu
N132-109      Awarded: 12/6/2013
Title:High Fidelity Environmental Model for Surface Radar Training
Abstract:Modeling of geographic and atmospheric environmental effects in radar training system is important. However, such capability is lacked in existing training system. High fidelity radar simulation tools with environmental effect models are not suitable for real-time training because the electromagnetic simulation cannot be accomplished in real-time. Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) proposes to develop a high-fidelity environmental model tool for real- time multiple surface ship radar training. This tool first builds a database consisting of channel impulse responses (CIR) of multiple radars in typical terrain and natural environment using our in-house developed RF channel model tool off-line. During training, the user specifies the scenario using natural language-style inputs such as geographical location and season. The tool converts these input to quantitative parameters such as topography, land radar reflectivity, predicted atmospheric conditions, sandstorms, and sea states. The tool will generate the CIR corresponding to that scenario through interpolation using data in the CIR database. This interpolation and lookup table mechanism will be run in real-time. Feasibility for achieving the Navy’s performance goals will be demonstrated in Phase II and a prototype will be implemented in Phase II.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Wenjian Wang
N132-109      Awarded: 12/4/2013
Title:Physics-based Adaptation of Radar Clutters for Surface Radar Training Systems
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need for a new environment model replicating various radar environmental effects for multiple surface ship radar training systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop new Scalable Physics-based Adaptation of Radar Clutter (SPARC) software with realistic and consistent replication of complex environmental effects on diverse radar types in surface radar training systems. SPARC combines both deterministic and statistical models to accurately represent environmental effects on the radar in terms of path loss and fading. The innovation in hybrid environmental effect modeling will enable SPARC to accurately characterize the effects from the land (vegetation and terrain), sea (sea states 1-5), and atmosphere (rain, fog, hail, etc.) in the radar. As a result, SPARC offers comprehensive modeling of realistic environmental effects, enabling dynamic characterization of channel quality as affected by the physical environment, including multipath, dispersion, fading, and attenuation, which directly addresses the Navy requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SPARC by developing its propagation model framework with realistic physics-based effects and a model validation plan. In Phase II, POC plans to implement and validate the comprehensive foliage propagation model to accurately predict RF propagation through multiple types and densities of vegetation, reaching TRL-5.

Hitron Technologies
3151 Custer Drive Suite C
Lexington, KY 40517
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 868-8072
Hailiang Zhang
N132-110      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Electro-Optic and Infrared Situational Awareness Display
Abstract:To address a Navy need for a high resolution full color situational awareness displays to optimize human interface for Navy personnel, ships, and crafts, Hitron Technologies Inc. proposes to develop a see-through full color transparent flexible display with collaboration of Liquid Crystal Institute of Kent State University. The transparent flexible display is based on innovative integration of a few mature and emerging technologies including polymer stabilized cholesteric texture (PSCT), waveguide display, time sequential color LED lighting, and a tunable micro-lens array (t-MLA). The display can be easily attached to the aircraft cockpit, vehicle windshield, or designed in a helmet form for information display. In Phase-I, a proof-of-concept display sample will be developed and fully tested to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology. In Phase-II, a product-level transparent flexible display will be developed with optimization of the materials and fabrication process, with a version upgrade through design and fabrication of t-MLA and synchronizing driving signals between TF- PSCT panel and t-MLA. A helmet display prototype will be developed for further commercialization of this technology.

Photonica, Inc
468 North Camden Drive, Suite 200
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(845) 233-0996
Sutherland Ellwood
N132-110      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Electro-Optic and Infrared Situational Awareness Display
Abstract:Proposed is the application of Photonica’s “telecom-structured display architecture,” “network optics” and components developing a concept for an EO/IR SA Display System meeting specified requirements. Phase I Base Effort: demonstrate feasibility in meeting Navy needs, establish that a useful product can be successfully developed. Feasibility established through analytical modeling, simulation of Graphical User Interface (GUI) using simulated/real imagery, demonstrating representative material samples. Phase I Design Development: realize design based on optimized combination of fiber-optics (passive fiber- optic or fiber-device components); optical elements in a complex solid fiber-optic textile- composite optical transport; employing hi-speed, sub-10 micron hybrid pixel generation components (including hybrid magneto-photonics); implement pixel signal aggregation and channel optimization; decouple scale (potentially, relative location) of image generation components (modulation stage) from the structures and scale of image output optics (display face/output stage).The Photonica Phase I Option will be focused upon design development integrating the various components and sub-assembles/sub-systems identified in the Phase I Option period with the primary design development of Phase I Base Tasks, to prepare for the prototyping and other work in Phase II and Phase III.

Trex Enterprises Corporation
10455 Pacific Center Court
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 646-5479
Mikhail Belenkii
N132-110      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Electro-Optic and Infrared Situational Awareness Display
Abstract:Human-computer interaction and the display of infrared imagery and electro-optic-sensor data require an improved interface to enhance the situational awareness of the modern warfighter. Current displays, while providing important data, saddle the warfighter with various handicaps. They reduce situational awareness by blocking a portion of the see- through visual field, cannot render omni-directional data in a natural and quickly absorbed fashion due to small display field-of-view, and do not provide high acuity (20/20 vision) due to limited number of pixels. In addition, current displays degrade the natural dark adaptation of the human eye by displaying imagery data in green. Trex proposes the enhanced situational awareness display (ESAD), which eliminates the handicaps inherent in current systems. Proposed see-through head-mounted display takes the form factor of a pair of polycarbonate safety goggles. See-through vision is unblocked, and with the use of foveation, high-acuity can be provided simultaneously with a large display field-of-view, while controlling the data link bandwidth. In Phase-I Trex will develop complete optical and mechanical designs, demonstrate the key components, and demonstrate ESAD manufacturability through specification of venders and preliminary quotes. Preliminary software and graphical user interface will be developed under Phase I option. In Phase-II Trex will manufacture a prototype ESAD.

Motivo Engineering, LLC
19821 Hamilton Ave.
Torrance, CA 90502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(424) 242-8012
Zachary Omohundro
N132-111      Awarded: 12/16/2013
Title:Alternative Power Supply for Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Systems
Abstract:Maintaining warship effectiveness requires uninterrupted electrical power. Currently fielded Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPSs) rely on lead-acid batteries to store energy and deliver power during primary power system outages. Lead-acid batteries are affordable and robust, but require regular maintenance, contain hazardous materials, generate volatile hydrogen gas, and have limited life due to sedimentation, swelling, and grid corrosion. These negatives result in high Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) despite low initial capital cost. Alternate battery chemistries offer dramatically better energy and power density versus lead-acid, but few chemistries improve on UPS critical performance metrics such as calendar life, inherent safety, and total cost of ownership minimization. Zinc anode battery chemistries provide longer life, increased energy density, enhanced safety, lower maintenance, comparable capital cost, and superior TCO than lead-acid batteries. Motivo Engineering, in partnership with Urban Electric Power (UEP), proposes to develop a nickel- zinc based battery pack to replace existing lead-acid packs. Motivo’s long experience in developing battery packs, battery management systems, and battery system user interfaces, coupled with UEP's revolutionary nickel-zinc cells will result in a safe, energy dense, cost effective alternative power supply for Navy UPS systems.

Pacific Rim Defense, LLC
98-1256 Kaahumanu Street Suite E401
Pearl City, HI 96782
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(808) 456-7000
Thomas Millard
N132-112      Awarded: 11/22/2013
Title:Ship Energy Use Monitoring and Analysis
Abstract:An innovative energy monitoring system and process are needed to provide real time energy usages for our Fleet. This information process needs to consolidate and get that data to every ship so they have the capability to monitor and track their energy usages and adjust consumption to meet Navy goals while meeting all operational requirements. This Phase I research will focus on the development of a meta-model to monitor, measure and assess shipboard energy usage, develop conservation system integration concepts, and define methods to deliver energy awareness in support of Navy energy goals. Analytical modeling will establish the feasibility of developing the technology into a useful product for the Navy fleet installations and commercializing it for other potential customers. PRD will identify the capabilities and requirements and detail how innovative activities can be integrated with existing shipboard and pier-side capabilities to provide a holistic, integrated concept for energy savings and sustainment/measurement. The development of a shipboard capability to set energy conservation measures across key energy consuming systems, and then sense, control and report the ship’s conservation performance is the primary goal of the Phase I meta-model that PRD intends to conceptualize in support of ship energy use monitoring and analysis.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303
Arlington, TX 76006
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 213-6184
VC Ramesh
N132-112      Awarded: 11/22/2013
Title:Shipboard Energy Monitoring and Analysis System
Abstract:We propose a meta-model tool for developing a Shipboard Energy Use and Analysis system consisting of a shipboard component to capture energy use data interfacing with a shore- side analysis system. The proposed approach interfaces with existing shipboard and shoreside information systems for obtaining energy use sensory data. We propose a customized energy use database design for storing this data shoreside. We propose a scalable predictive analytics approach that is particularly tuned to correlate with anomalous events and maintenance actions.

Management Sciences, Inc.
6022 Constitution Avenue NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 255-8611
Kenneth Blemel
N132-114      Awarded: 11/25/2013
Title:Advanced Fiber Optic and Electrical Cable Diagnostics
Abstract:Tyco Electronics Connectivity Defense and Aerospace (TE) is a leading supplier of mil-spec fiber optic (FO) connectors used in ship’s wiring plants, In a Navy SBIR, our company, Management Sciences, Inc. (MSI) worked with TE and developed a portable automated test equipment (ATE) for fast and efficient troubleshooting of harnesses. The portable ATE operates at the rate of about 4 seconds per conduit compared to several minutes for single conduit testers. We propose research leading to production of an automated inspection system that automatically inspects, tests, and documents fiber optic (FO) conduits of a ship’s cable plant. The technology will interface to FO cable connectors and automatically inspect for factory and installation defects. This new technology shall include all necessary instrumentation for operating as an automated system that inspects and documents the location and nature of the fiber optic wiring plant problems or defects. (A separate proposal is presented for inspecting electrical wiring plants which have an entirely different problem space.)

Ultra Communications Inc
990 Park Center Drive, Suite H
Vista, CA 92081
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(760) 652-0007
Charles Kuznia
N132-114      Awarded: 11/25/2013
Title:Universal Embeddable Technology for Fiber Optic and Electrical Cable Diagnostics
Abstract:This program creates diagnostic modules that perform high resolution time-domain reflectometry (TDR), optical time-domain reflectometry (OTDR), and optical or electrical tone insertion (TI). The TDR/OTDR modules will have a resolution of 1 cm. This resolution is sufficient to locate the fault to either side of a connector, which can isolate the fault among the many possible interconnected pathways. The TI function ‘energizes’ the cable, allowing remote detection of the individual signal pathway under test.

Maritime Applied Physics Corporation
1850 Frankfurst Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21226
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 524-3330
Thomas Bein
N132-117      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tow Point Surge Reduction for Towed Body Stabilization
Abstract:Presently the performance of the AQS-20 is degraded when towed from a Fleet Class USV due to surge motion fluctuations. The ability to decouple the surge fluctuations between the USV and the towed body will enable the USV platform to achieve acceptable mine hunting system performance. This proposal will examine three methods of surge motion reduction: vessel speed control, a motion compensated winch and a means to control the cable catenary. A simulation model of the USV, tow cable and towed body will be developed. The model performance will be validated with existing Navy supplied data. The three surge motion mitigation strategies will then be evaluated with the simulation model. In addition to the motions of the tow body, a trade study will also include the parameters that impact the mission endurance of the USV. These include the added weight, cost estimates, resistance estimates, power estimates, fuel use estimates, impact to reliability, and development risk. The trade study will provide a recommendation of the surge reduction strategy that meets the motion requirements for the AQS-20 with the minimum impact to the mission endurance of the USV. A Phase I option initiates an optimization, followed by a detailed design of the selected strategy.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Kang-Bin Chua
N132-117      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Adaptive Disturbance Mitigation System
Abstract:To address the Navy’s need to mitigate tow point surge of an unmanned surface vehicle (USV) from +/-2 knots to +/-0.5 knots in sea states <=3 at towed speeds up to 20 knots, providing a more stable tow for a sonar towed body, physical optics corporation (poc) proposes to develop a new adaptive disturbance mitigation system (adimis) based on mature proven dynamic control methodology and commercial-off-the-shelf (cots) components. the entire adimis size, <=150 in.^3 and weighing <=50 lb, is easily installed on the aft area of the usv without usv modification. adimis measures the real-time dynamic variables of tow systems, providing control actions for current and near-future time steps to mitigate tow point disturbance and effectively stabilize towed body motions. in phase i, poc will develop a reduced functional prototype for analysis, modeling, and simulation to demonstrate its capability. we will use these results to develop the phase ii development plan with performance goals and key technical milestones that address surge reduction performance, space, and weight, and reduce technical risk. in phase ii, we will develop a fully functional prototype to determine its capability to meet the performance goals and navy requirements for the tow point surge reduction system.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Karl Murphy
N132-117      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:WINCH EQUIPMENT FOR SURGE SUPPRESSION (WESS)
Abstract:The objective for Phase I of WESS is to investigate a constant force winch system for use on an unmanned surface vehicle (USV) as part of the Unmanned Influence Sweep System (UISS). The UISS provides a semi-autonomous minesweeping function with both stand-off and long endurance. The AN/AWS-10A sonar system has been targeted by the Navy to provide additional minehunting functionality from an unmanned surface vehicle (USV). Sea use of this sensor brings additional stability issues that must be dealt with to effectively use the sensor for minehunting operations. Tow cables can induce towed body motions on the sonar sensor resulting in degraded sonar imagery and issues in classifying detected mines. In Phase I, we will evaluate the proposed constant force winch, WESS, for feasibility of the system. WESS will be a hydraulic based winch system capable of exerting a constant force on the tow body from the winch, thereby reducing surge reactions on the platform and allowing for better area coverage rates while maintaining acceptable minehunting system performance requirements. Additionally, the need for adaptive control of the USV will also be investigated to determine if it is needed to meet the surge suppression requirements of the program.

GVD Corporation
45 Spinelli Place
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 661-0060
W. O'Shaughnessy
N132-118      Awarded: 12/4/2013
Title:Electronic Circuit Anti-Tamper Conformal Coating
Abstract:GVD and its partners propose to develop an active anti-tamper conformal coating based on GVD’s proprietary polymer thin film vapor deposition technology. There is an immediate need to for improved anti-tamper (AT) technologies to protect critical program information (CPI) found in the software of weapon systems used by the US Military and its allies. Current state- of-the-art AT coatings applied to circuit boards containing CPI do not protect from electrical probing attacks and do not offer adequate heat dissipation of a board’s powered electronics. GVD offers polymer coatings that are grown directly on the surface of a circuit board from the vapor phase at low temperature without use of solvents and without the need for post- deposition drying or curing. Because GVD coatings are ultra-thin (typical thickness range is from 50nm to 5µm) they do not significantly inhibit heat dissipation from electronics. GVD will use its process to design a coating architecture that meets all requirements by combining coatings of various functionalities. In Phase I, we will demonstrate material properties needed to achieve the targeted anti-tamper functionality. This will include the ability to counter both direct probing measures as well as non-invasive attacks. We will also demonstrate the feasibility of GVD’s AT concept through analytical modeling and materials testing. Finally, we will develop a plan for risk reduction for further development, prototyping, and scale-up to be carried-out during Phase II.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 220-2513
Adam Goff
N132-118      Awarded: 12/4/2013
Title:Smart Anti-Tamper Conformal Coating System for Electronic Circuits
Abstract:Critical Technology (CT) lies within a variety of electronic circuits across US Navy weapon platforms and must be adequately protected from theft and unintentional transfer. Traditional protective hardware enclosures are bulky, require power, and require special thermal considerations because they are typically insulating. Luna proposes a simplified alternative in the form of a conformal coating system that will provide comprehensive protection of CT against tamper events including X-ray imaging, SEM, focused ion beam, IR imaging, and power analysis attacks. The full coating system will be engineered to have high thermal conductivity sufficient to enable rapid heat transport from underlying devices through the coatings and out to traditional heat sinks. The anti-tamper coating system will enable coating integrity monitoring via the underlying electronic circuit such that physical damage and electromagnetic tamper events may be assessed on the fly and CT rapidly removed from the system. The Phase I program will focus on demonstration of the coating system to delay/prevent tamper events and corresponding threat detection capabilities. The coatings will be optimized during the Phase II and a monitoring sensor system will be integrated with target electronic circuits/components to provide a suite of protection and real-time monitoring capabilities to the end-user.

Physical Optics Corporation
Applied Technologies Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Sergey Sandomirsky
N132-118      Awarded: 12/4/2013
Title:Smart Anti-Tamper Conformal Coating
Abstract:To address the Navy need for innovative conformal coating for integrated circuits that achieves a higher level of antitamper (AT) protection without compromising circuit performance, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Smart Antitamper Conformal Coating (SMATCOC). This proposed coating is based on a multiple- layer architecture combining smart, novel materials, which encapsulate printed circuit boards (PCBs) of critical technology (CT) components. This innovative design will enable the SMATCOC to inform, in real time, a signal-monitoring field-programmable gate array (FPGA) of direct and indirect attempts to reverse-engineer CT. The SMATCOC will not obstruct normal operation of electronic components; moreover it will improve their performance due to higher heat dissipation. As a result, this coating offers antitampering protection for CTs, which currently does not exist, and correspondingly directly addresses the PEO IWS 1.0 requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of SMATCOC by computer simulation and experiments with selected materials. In Phase II, POC plans to develop prototypes for evaluation of their performance against reverse engineering attacks.

3 Phoenix, Inc.
14585 Avion Pwy Suite 200
Chantilly, VA 20151
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 956-6480
Russ Jeffers
N132-119      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Graphical Processing Unit (GPU) Software to Accelerate Underwater Acoustic Autonomous Modeling and Processing
Abstract:3 Phoenix, Inc. proposes to develop and evaluate technology that provides a substantial improvement in processing capability for autonomous sonar processing. Improved signal processing, automated classification and propagation models place additional loads on battery power. 3Pi proposes to demonstrate feasibility of a relevant software application running in hardware using 7.5-10 watts. We propose to compute hardware benchmarks in order to evaluate processing/power trade-offs. The proposed approach leverages commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) processor hardware. We have significant experience developing low power implementations of signal processing and automated classification software and firmware, and the proposed approach for the Phase I research is to leverage previous work. We anticipate that experience at 3Pi in this field will allow successful development of solutions appropriate for multiple Navy problems.

Neya Systems, LLC
12330 Perry Hwy Suite 220
Wexford, PA 15090
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(724) 799-8078
Carl Evans
N132-119      Awarded: 11/26/2013
Title:Modular Sonar Identification System (MoSIS)
Abstract:We propose to develop a Modular Sonar Identification System (MoSIS) (Figure 1). MoSIS will be designed to integrate with the PMS-485 Shallow Water Surveillance System (SWSS). MoSIS will be designed to provide low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP) capabilities for advanced sonar signal processing. MoSIS will also offer easy development for integration of new algorithms, a modular approach that allows for in-situ upgrades for software capabilities (via Iridium Radio level bandwidth), and compatibility with existing legacy sonar processing algorithms. MoSIS will represent a significant increase in processing capabilities, allowing integration of ADS planar arrays (vs. current linear arrays), reduction of prototype cost, and reduction of power consumption to improve system persistence. MoSIS offers the opportunity to significantly increase processing speed of sonar algorithms such as adaptive beam- forming and target classification, while maintaining a low SWaP profile that will increase system persistence in underwater environments.

Advanced Technology & Research Corp.
6650 Eli Whitney Drive, Suite 400
Columbia, MD 21046
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(443) 766-7978
Tom Zhao
N132-120      Awarded: 12/3/2013
Title:Advanced Littoral Combat Ship Common Mission Module Handling Device
Abstract:ATR proposes development of a Robotic Mission Module Handling System (RMMHS) to provide a highly adaptable and mobile handling device that is common to both LCS seaframes. The new system will serve as a replacement for the existing handling equipment for Mission Modules (MMs). The conceptual system takes advantage of ATR’s recent work in robotic material handling and automation. The RMMHS is designed to address the challenges and limitations of existing handling equipment aboard the Freedom and Independence variants seaframes. This modular approach takes advantage of the structural strength of the TEU or flat rack to eliminate excess equipment weight while minimizing the deck space taken up by the handling system when not in use. The small size of the RMMHS allows the operator to address and transfer a MM from any deck arrangement with minimal clearance between neighboring modules or ship structure. The intuitive remote control operation of the RMMHS is expected to reduce crew training requirements. The RMMHS is also more cost-effective to operate compared to the existing material handling equipment on both LCS seaframes.

Hstar Technologies
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 229-5748
Yi-Je Lim
N132-120      Awarded: 12/3/2013
Title:Advanced Littoral Combat Ship Common Mission Module Handling Device
Abstract:Hstar proposes a mobile, advanced, agile, and adaptable Mission Module handling (A3M2- Hand) system which is compatible with Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Mission Modules and common to all LCS configurations. Hstar’s innovative approach separates the lifting and transporting of the Mission Modules into two flexible, modular systems. Key subsystems include: highly maneuverable, reconfigurable Omni-directional mobile platforms with differential crab drive wheel units, powerful, compact, bottom lift jacks with twist lock quick connects and high positioning precision and strength for the various types of Mission Modules, an intelligent, sensor-based control system to maximize safety and ease of use, a simple, ergonomic wireless control unit, and an intuitive operator feedback system for diagnostic capabilities. The A3M2-Hand system builds on technology currently being developed for the A3-Hand LCS shipboard mission payload handling system (SBIR N131- 054). For all system architecture, Hstar will utilize a modular approach for maintainability, expandability and flexibility to respond to changing fleet needs and opportunities stemming from maturing new technologies.

Quantum Engineering Design, Inc.
30487 Peterson Road
Corvallis, OR 97333
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(541) 929-2676
Michael Plackett
N132-120      Awarded: 12/3/2013
Title:Advanced Littoral Combat Ship Common Mission Module Handling Device
Abstract:The Quantum Engineering Design, Inc. (QED) ïMission Module Handling DeviceÍ (MMHD) is designed to meet the NavyÍs requirements of minimizing the deck point loading while lifting and omni-directionally maneuvering ISO containers and ïTwenty foot Equivalent UnitsÍ (TEUs) aboard both the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) ïFreedomÍ and ïIndependenceÍ class of vessel. Special attention is paid to the need for operating the MMHD within the confines of shipÍs decks that have extremely tight overhead and lateral clearances. The design approach reflects the need for minimizing the number of personnel required to safely operate and manage the MMHD including missions where the LCS may be operating in elevated sea state conditions. The MMHD design approach enables ISO containers and flat- rack type TEUs with overhanging payloads to be safely handled at all up weights exceeding the threshold called for in the RFP. The QED - MMHD design reflects the need to minimize the weight and volume of the system for stowage aboard the LCS and the goals to meet the lowest possible life-cycle costs. The Phase I program includes a focused trade study to select the optimum means of powering the MMHD and enabling progressive technology upgrades to enhance the systemÍs automated capabilities.

Bridger Photonics, Inc
2310 University Way, Bldg 4-4
Bozeman, MT 59715
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(406) 585-2774
Randy Reibel
N132-121      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Rapid and Precise Metrology for Advanced Optical Components
Abstract:Under this proposed SBIR effort, Bridger Photonics, Inc. (Bridger) will advance its industry- leading length metrology capabilities to reach sub-10-nanometer precision, >40 Hz update rate, >10 cm measurement range, and sufficient sensitivity to enable measurement of high reflection angles (> 5 degrees) on ceramic materials with bulk scattering. Bridger will integrate this metrology system with OptiPro System’s UltraSurf precision stage to enable an order of magnitude improvement in both the manufacturing time and precision compared to existing solutions. This capability will directly lead to increased manufacturing throughput and decreased manufacturing cost. To accomplish these goals the team proposes three technical objectives for the Phase I effort. First, performance enhancements for measuring advanced IR materials will be conducted. Second, Bridger will provide hardware enhancements to allow for faster measurement rates. Bridger will utilize an in-house prototype SLM-M metrology system for testing these proposed enhancements on OptiPro’s UltraSurf system with components provided by the sponsor. Finally, from the lessons learned during this testing, the team will determine the feasibility for incorporating these performance enhancements. During a possible Phase I Option, Bridger will refine the mechanical, electrical and optical design for its SLM-M system in order to incorporate these performance enhancements into future systems.

CeraNova Corporation
P. O. Box 278
Hopkinton, MA 01748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 460-0300
Mark Parish
N132-121      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Aerodynamic Dome Manufacturing Cost Reduction
Abstract:Future high-speed missiles require aerodynamic infrared dome shapes that reduce drag and have greater ability to withstand aerothermal heating. This SBIR Phase I program will build on CeraNova’s efforts to produce an optically precise, ogive dome from polycrystalline alumina with a particular focus on deterministic methods and reduced cost for manufacturing as well as improving the efficiency for producing dome blanks. The objective is to demonstrate CeraNova’s capability for precise fabrication of aerodynamic domes in a manner that will serve as a basis for full dome production at a more economical cost.

OptiPro Systems LLC
6368 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-0160
Ed Fess
N132-121      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Aerodynamic Dome Manufacturing Cost Reduction
Abstract:Future missile systems will abandon the traditional hemi-spherical shape for shapes resembling a tangent Ogive. An ogive shaped dome has better aerodynamic capabilities than its spherical counterpart. This enables the missile to fly faster, farther, and with more accuracy while also increasing its payload capacity. The optical material of choice is polycrystalline alumina, PCA, which is a hard ceramic material that OptiPro has extensive experience with. OptiPro has a unique opportunity to create the manufacturing solution by combining its UltraSurf, a newly developed non-contact measurement solution for the Navy’s ogive SBIR metrology program, its extensive knowledge of CAD/CAM, and freeform capable computer numerically controlled precision optical grinding and polishing products. OptiPro’s technologically advanced optical manufacturing capabilities along with a support partnership with the Penn State University Electro Optics Center, gives us a very strong team and, clear path towards solving the difficult problems associated with, grinding, finishing, and measuring of PCA ogive domes.

Optimax Systems, Inc
6367 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-1020
Kate Medicus
N132-122      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:High Precision Conformal Sensor Window
Abstract:Windows that conform to an airframe shape are an essential optical element for future of sensing in aircraft and missiles. Conformal windows are challenging to manufacture due to their shape, typically with no or minimal symmetry, and specified material, typically a hard crystalline material. We aim to significantly improve the manufacturability of conformal windows by adapting an existing technology to measure the windows with greatly improved accuracy. It is clear that the precision of the conformal windows’ surface shape is limited by the ability to measure with confidence. In this project Optimax and QED, as a subcontractor, will modify existing stitching interferometry tools and technology to measure conformal windows with high accuracy. The main outcomes of this work are to produce an accurate surface measurement of a conformal window and to perform sub-aperture deterministic polishing using that measurement. The deterministic polishing step is critical to improving the conformal window surface error.

OptiPro Systems LLC
6368 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-0160
Ed Fess
N132-122      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:High Precision Conformal Sensor Window
Abstract:Conformal sensor windows have the capability of increasing the performance of an optical system while decreasing the aerodynamic drag. In many cases, these windows might conform to the platform they reside in. They may also be made out of optical materials that are resistant to the elements, thus providing a degree of protection for the optical sensors that are behind them. Continued improvements in the fabrication and metrology methods will provide a pathway to a more timely process in the production of these windows. OptiPro is well positioned for a successful Phase I effort as they will combine the newly developed “UltraSurf”, 5-axis non-contact metrology system, extensive knowledge of CAD/CAM software and our 5-axis grinding and polishing machines. OptiPro’s technologically advanced fabrication capabilities along with our partnership with the Penn State University Electro Optics Center, gives us a very strong team and a clear path towards solving the difficult problems associated with grinding, finishing and measurement of conformal windows in hard optical ceramic materials.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Lynda Renomeron
N132-122      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Slip Cast Spinel for Precision Conformal Sensor Windows
Abstract:A need exists within the Navy for high quality, conformal optic sensor windows fabricated from MgAl2O4 spinel that exhibit excellent visible through mid-IR transmission. The implementation of spinel conformal windows is even more desirable considering its superior performance in demanding applications with sand and rain erosion and aero thermal heating. Ultimately, high quality metrology is required during and after grinding and polishing to ensure the best optical quality. To assist in the manufacture difficult to produce optical blanks, TA&T will demonstrate a near net-shape fabrication process for conformal MgAl2O4 spinel windows using an optimized slip casting process. The process methodology will be tailored to achieve the creation of a homogeneous, highly dense green body that can be densified to a high optical quality transparent ceramic. Optimax Systems will work with TA&T to help refine the blank manufacturing process and also ensure dense spinel toroidal blank usability and suitability in their system.

Acree Technologies Incorporated
1980 Olivera Ave Suite D
Concord, CA 94520
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(925) 798-5770
Jeff Brown
N132-123      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Infrared-Transparent Electromagnetic Shield
Abstract:This purpose of this project is to develop an advanced Transparent Conductive Oxide (TCO) coating and protective hardcoating for use on the dome of passive infrared (IR) guided missiles. The coatings will be deposited using innovative energetic deposition techniques producing films of high optical and electrical quality that are very dense and highly adherent. The TCO coatings simultaneously have high electrical conductivity and IR transparency of greater than 90% between 3-5 ìm when incorporated into an antireflection coating. The hardcoating will be suitable as a protective layer against sand and water drop impact erosion during flight and captured-carry.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St. Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 389-9990
Byron Zollars
N132-123      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Infrared-Transparent Electromagnetic Shield
Abstract:Nanohmics proposes to develop and demonstrate a surface layer with high electrical conductivity that also has high transmittance in the MWIR band. The layer can be coated on optical windows or domes to shield electromagnetic interference (EMI). The proposed EMI shielding optical coating is mechanically hard, thermally stable, and can be applied on both flat and curved surfaces.

Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(732) 302-9274
Nick Sbrockey
N132-123      Awarded: 11/15/2013
Title:Infrared-Transparent Electromagnetic Shield
Abstract:In this SBIR program, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI) will develop infrared-transparent, electromagnetic shielding coatings that can be applied to electro-optic sensor windows and domes. The coatings will be based on films of indium nitride (InN), deposited by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). InN is a refractory material with known infrared transparency. InN can be readily alloy with gallium nitride (GaN) and/or aluminum nitride (AlN) to create a family of electrically conductive, infrared transparent coating materials. InN and these related group III nitride materials have already been extensively developed for electro-optic applications. The proposed MOCVD technology can deposit high quality group III nitride coatings, with very low stress and excellent uniformity on 3-dimensional substrates.

Arizona Optical Systems, LLC
490 S. Edgeside Ave.
Tucson, AZ 85748
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 334-5937
Jim Burge
N132-124      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Scanning SCOTS Measurements for Corrective Optics
Abstract:We propose to develop an optical system to measure arch-shaped corrective optics using the Software Configurable Optical Tests System (SCOTS) developed by the proposing team for freeform aspherics. The full arch is measured by scanning subaperture regions and stitching the data. SCOTS measurements use video images of an optic under test illuminated with modulated patterns from a digital display. Powerful software and careful calibration provide measurements of wavefront slope with sub-microradian precision. The slopes are integrated to provide surface topology. We will apply this robust new technology for measuring the optical effect of light transmitted through subaperture regions on the corrector optics. These measurements are scanned and stitched together to provide a measurement of the full arch-shaped optic. The large dynamic range of the SCOTS test accommodates the complex shapes and many degrees departure from parallelism. Carefully calibrated cameras provide simultaneous measurements of both surfaces with microradian slope resolution. The advantages of this system are clear. A 25-mm wide, 100-mm tall arch freeform aspheric corrector can be measured in a few minutes with 20 nm accuracy. Furthermore, this measurement technique can be readily extended with the addition of a roll axis for measuring high aspect domes.

Optimax Systems, Inc
6367 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-1020
Matthew Brophy
N132-124      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Corrective Optics Manufacturing for Aerodynamic Infrared Domes and Conformal Sensor Windows
Abstract:Previous work at Optimax has demonstrated capability to manufacture geometrically complex freeform optics through further developments in sub-aperture polishing. Furthermore, the novel Optimax VIBE smoothing process finished optics, composed of polycrystalline ceramics, to a very fine surface roughness (~1-2nm RMS) without grain highlighting and preferential removal. This proposal builds off previous successes by extending figure correction to more complex geometries, eliminating grain highlighting on freeform shapes, and reducing cost and time of manufacturing polycrystalline ceramic freeform optics.

OptiPro Systems LLC
6368 Dean Parkway
Ontario, NY 14519
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(585) 265-0160
Ed Fess
N132-124      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Corrective Optics Manufacturing for Aerodynamic Infrared Domes and Conformal Sensor Windows
Abstract:Aerodynamically shapes missile domes have many benefits over traditional spherically shaped domes. To correct for optical aberrations presented by this non-traditional shape, free form corrective optics are required between the dome and the image sensor. For this example, the corrective optics shape may be in the form of an arch. Currently the design and utilization of corrective arch shapes are costly due to the difficulties introduced with fabrication and metrology of these parts. They are not rotationally symmetric and require state of the art manufacturing technologies. OptiPro has a unique opportunity for combining its newly developed solution for the Navy’s ogive SBIR metrology program, its extensive knowledge of CAD/CAM, and freeform capable computer numerically controlled precision optical grinding and polishing products. OptiPro’s technologically advanced optical manufacturing capabilities along with a support partnership with the University of Rochester Mechanical Engineering Department, gives us a very strong team and, clear path towards solving the difficult problems associated with, grinding, polishing and metrology of corrective optics for aerodynamic domes and conformal windows.

Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp.
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85756
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(520) 574-1980
Juan Sepulveda
N132-125      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Scale-Up Production of Large Spinel Reconnaissance Windows
Abstract:This SBIR Navy Phase I Project proposes to scale up MER’s window technology to make larger, stronger, monolithic windows from spinel polycrystalline ceramic. This proposal presents a solution to the Navy’s need for durable, monolithic, infrared-transmitting sensor windows with hot pressed (HP) sizes up to 28”x30”x0.6” for reconnaissance purposes. The larger size window is limited by the available equipment. During sintering HIPping is used. The HIP size restrictions are 21.5”x35” at the moment. MER contacted vendors that will be able to HIP windows as large as 28”x32”. This Phase I project will produce the necessary tooling for the production of the 28”x30”x0.6” and some smaller pane of 8”x8”x0.6”. MER already demonstrated in previous project the production of hot pressed windows as large as 25”x32”x0.6”. These windows were edge trimmed to 20.25”x27.25”x0.65” to be HIP. It is the main goal of this Phase I project to further develop, increase the strength, and optimize this technology. It is important to preserve the excellent optical properties of the smaller spinel windows. The smaller 8”x8”x0.6” I will be produced with the same conditions that the larger window will be produced. Even larger sizes could be pursued during Phase III, depending on the availability of financial resources.

Surmet Corporation
31 B Street
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 345-5777
Lee Goldman
N132-125      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Spinel Reconnaissance Window
Abstract:Surmet’s Sinter/HIP process for producing transparent spinel has demonstrated material of much higher strength than has been achieved through our competitor’s hot press/HIP process. However, our spinel material has also been plagued with ‘inclusions’ which are optically undesirable and may act as potential flaw sites for mechanical failure. These inclusions are believed to be associated with the starting powder, purchased from Baikowski. Recently, Surmet has developed a process for producing our own optical quality spinel powder, and is currently producing this powder in tens of kilogram sized batches. Importantly, Surmet is able to produce inclusion free spinel material using its own spinel powder, colloidal processing and its Sinter/HIP process. This is a major technical breakthrough for Surmet.We believe that the combination of new powder, colloidal processing and Sinter/HIP will produce inclusion free material that is much stronger than has been achieved by our competitors hot press/HIP process. Furthermore, Surmet is currently bringing a very large HIP (40-in diameter x 60-in long) on-line in the 3rd quarter of 2013 as part of its ongoing Title III program. This puts Surmet in a unique position to be able to produce large high strength spinel windows for the DDG-1000 and other programs.

Technology Assessment & Transfer, Inc.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 987-1656
Jeffrey Kutsch
N132-125      Awarded: 9/30/2013
Title:Scalable High Strength Spinel Reconnaissance Window Manufacturing
Abstract:The Navy has critical and enabling needs for large, strong transparent windows for electro- optical sensor applications on surface vessels, subsurface vessels and airborne systems that are currently beyond the state-of-the art. The hardness, erosion resistance, and broadband transparency of transparent spinel coupled with large size manufacturing capability makes it a leading candidate albeit its relatively modest strength. A systematic approach for significant strength enhancement of spinel windows with a high probability of success is described in depth. Tradeoffs between the proposed methods include magnitude of strength enhancement, optical properties, ease of fabrication and cost. A clear path to rapid scalability and production of 28” x 30” x 0.6” spinel windows and larger with minimal investment is outlined.

AMERICAN SUPERCONDUCTOR
64 Jackson Road
Devens, MA 01434
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 842-3517
Hank Valcour
N132-127      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Compact, Lossless, Ruggedized, Electromagnetically Shielded Connectors for Power and Signals
Abstract:Today’s Navy continues to see increased demand for more power both on and off the ship. This need is largely driven by the continued development of high power density advanced weapons systems and sensors. Continued space and weight limitations for these ship applications will drive the need for new power solutions to be light and compact, easing installation on new ships and enabling upgrades on existing ones. To meet this need, highly efficient methods of transferring large amounts of power are being investigated by NSWC Carderock in Philadelphia through the use of High temperature Superconductors (HTS). Although the team in Philadelphia is developing these high capacity, compact power cables, there is no active development for the connectors that these extremely power dense cables will need if they are to integrated at the ship level. American Superconductor Corporation (AMSC) has gained experience in the development, design and manufacture of low voltage DC HTS cable connectors through its partnership with NSWC on the HTS advanced degaussing program. Although high capacity AC power cable connectors will be dramatically different than their low voltage DC counterparts, AMSC is nonetheless uniquely positioned to successfully develop this type of low temperature, thermally isolated, electrical connection.

Williams-Pyro,Inc.
200 Greenleaf St.
Fort Worth, TX 76107
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(817) 872-1500
Mark Walters
N132-127      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Compact, Lossless, Ruggedized, Electromagnetically Shielded Connectors for Power and Signals
Abstract:Williams-Pyro Inc. proposes to develop a connector design series that drastically improves upon impedance, electromagnetic shielding, survivability, corrosion resistance, and connector diameter relative to cable diameter. The connector series will be designed for cables transmitting various DC and AC power variants, in tandem with communication signals, and will be applicable in scenarios which include highly transient loads. One key metric will be to reduce the connector impedance to micro-ohms.

Commonwealth Computer Research, Inc.
1422 Sachem Pl., Unit #1
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 284-9406
Kevin Corby
N132-128      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Automatic Concept Maps :asA and :inA Dynamic Wiki
Abstract:Representing knowledge in a triple store is trivial, yet querying and visualizing the resulting knowledge is difficult and inefficient when the number of triples is large. Needing to understand the data models from each of the contributing processes and how these data models overlap or interact further complicates this problem. Visualization tools for knowledge stored in the Resource Description Framework (RDF) tend to simply enable visualization of the data via a graph. While this does show the available data in a relatively intuitive manner, it simply does not scale. We will automatically identify intelligible, useful concepts that show how entities relate and expose undeclared relationships in the knowledge base. We will develop tools and techniques for concept generation to augment class/concept structures available from ontologies describing the knowledge store.We address the main problem in two steps: (1) feature selection, (2) analytics and visualization. This proposal describes our proposed methodology for extracting features of entities described in an RDF knowledge base, and the application of these features to automatic concept map generation. We propose to develop a scalable manifold learning algorithm for concept extraction that will also enable a broader application of machine learning algorithms to RDF data at scale.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5015
Jonathan Day
N132-128      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Automated Concept Map Elicitation (ACME)
Abstract:Rapid response missions to remote, unknown areas are becoming a primary focus for U.S. military forces. These missions require time-sensitive development of intelligence from all available sources including open source data, historic imagery, and live collections. Capabilities currently exist to extract low-level information (i.e. entities, relationships, and actions) from these large scale data sources. However, most of the intelligence requirements that need to be fulfilled are of a high-level conceptual nature. The fulfillment of these intelligence requirements needs a system that can utilize the extracted low-level information and the context surrounding this information to provide concept-level knowledge generation. Therefore, DAC proposes to develop a system called Automated Concept Map Elicitation (ACME). The ACME system will be focused on providing users with a rapid, visual mechanism for developing situational awareness around a specific intelligence requirement. To provide this capability, the ACME system will be built to support the extraction of information stored across numerous ontologies, utilize automated clustering of entity nodes and relationships to simplify the developed concept maps, and include an intuitive visualization of concept maps based on knowledge pertinent to the specific intelligence requirement.

Lakota Technical Solutions, Inc.
PO Box 2309
Columbia, MD 21045
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(410) 381-9780
William Farrell
N132-128      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Concept Maps from RDF (Resource Description Framework)
Abstract:Under this SBIR program, Lakota Technical Solutions, Inc. (Lakota) will develop the Semantic Cloud Cognitive Concept Mapping (SC3M) technology for Concept Map development from Resource Description Framework (RDF) data stores. This technology provides the ability to: (1) develop concept maps from a cloud-based RDF data store using cognitive models developed with the Goal-Directed Task Analysis (GDTA) methodology, (2) enable exploratory and query-based development of concept maps using user-supplied context and focus questions, and (3) provide an intuitive and clear conveyance of knowledge expressed as a concept map. Our approach will leverage a previously developed cloud-based RDF data store as well as existing cognitive models for Army and Air Force Intel Analysts to provide a capability for the user to build context-relevant knowledge around meaningful relationships in support of the development of actionable intelligence.

VIStology, Inc
5 Mountainview Drive
Framingham, MA 01701
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 788-5088
Jakub Moskal
N132-128      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Concept Maps from RDF (Resource Description Framework)
Abstract:Development of intelligence products, especially when HUMINT and OSINT are involved, requires sifting through enormous amounts of (mainly unstructured) information. Although SMATs are a great way of achieving progress, most of the SMATs that have been evaluated by the Social Science Board (SSB) thus far have initially fallen in the “poor” and “weak” categories. Thus it is clear that tools that support the development and especially the use of SMATs are needed. VIStology will develop a tool that will take in information represented in RDF and produce visual output that is meaningful to the analyst, called concept map. The problem to be addressed in this research is the transformation of RDF to concept maps so that the resulting concept map is relevant to a specific analyst’s question, includes the appropriate context, and is presented in a more abstract form than the original RDF so that it is easy to comprehend.

Applied Physical Electronics, L.C.
PO Box 341149
Austin, TX 78734
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(512) 264-1804
Jon Mayes
N132-129      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Compact, Repetitive Pulsed Power Driver Design for Emerging High Power Radio Frequency Sources
Abstract:A programmable universal pulsed power source capable of delivering voltages up to 50 kV, current up to 1 kA, pulse durations of 100’s of ns and repetition rates of 10’s of kHz is proposed to meet near term high powered RF research and development efforts. The concept is proposed to reduce development cost, while also reducing the amount of time to develop new pulsed power sources to meet changes in the load design. The proposed system will be computer controlled, for real time changes in the pulsed power system.

Eagle Harbor Technologies, Inc.
119 W Denny Way Suite 210
Seattle, WA 98119
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(206) 402-5241
Timothy Ziemba
N132-129      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:A Variable Pulse Width, Voltage, and Repetition Frequency IGBT-based High Power Radio Frequency Source Driver
Abstract:The United States Navy is interested in developing small vessel mounted and man-portable directed energy weapons. One key technology in this endeavor is the development of high power radio frequency (HPRF) sources. While much work is being done to advance the state of the art in HPRF sources, the drivers for these sources have not advanced as far. To address the U.S. Navy’s need for HPRF source drivers for directed energy weapons, Eagle Harbor Technologies (EHT), Inc. is proposing to develop a HPRF source driver capable of meeting the Navy’s requirements. The proposed driver is based on EHT’s Integrated Power Module (IPM), which is an innovative, highly modular IGBT-based system designed as a high power solid-state RF tube replacement for current drive and heating applications within the fusion science community. Under the proposed Phase I SBIR, EHT will design, build and test, an IPM with an output transformer capable of variable output voltages (up to 50 kV) with adjustable pulse widths at adjustable and high repetition rates (>100 kHz).

Metamagnetics Inc.
480 Neponset Street 12B
Canton, MA 02021
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 562-1157
Anton Geiler
N132-129      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:SOLID-STATE HIGH-VOLTAGE PULSER FOR HPM APPLICATIONS
Abstract:Metamagnetics proposes the research and development of a compact, reliable, cost-effective and reconfigurable pulsed-voltage source based on drift step recovery diodes (DSRD) for high-power microwave generation applications. The output parameters of the pulsed-voltage source determine the efficiency and agility in the use of electromagnetic spectrum and influence, among other factors, the operating frequency, bandwidth, and frequency dispersion of the HPM output of the system. The specific technology used to implement the pulsed-voltage source further affects the overall system size and weight. It is clear that in order to realize compact HPM systems that deliver a favorable combination of performance, size, weight, and power, the fundamental challenge of generating high-voltage pulses to drive these systems has to be addressed. Described herein, is a research and development program aimed at addressing the specific challenges of excitation of HPM sources through a combination theoretical and experimental effort aimed at advancing the state-of-the-art in Navy’s HPM capabilities.

UES, Inc.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(937) 426-6900
Rabi Bhattacharya
N132-129      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Compact, Repetitive Pulsed Power Driver Design for Emerging High Power Radio Frequency Sources
Abstract:The goal of this Phase I research is to demonstrate a scaleable pulse power modulator circuit with a resistive load, meeting scaleable voltage, current and peak power requirements for high power radio frequency (HPRF) source. Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) based high gain Photoconductive Semiconductor Switches (PCSS) will be used for this demonstration. The Phase I demonstration will be limited to 10-100 Hz for a few seconds at varying pulse widths. Based on the results of Phase I demonstration, design and modeling of key elements for compact, repetitive, pulsed power driver to meet Navy’s requirements will be pursued in Phase II.

Edgewise Technologies LLC
5808 LAKE MELROSE DR
ORLANDO, FL 32829
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(321) 219-8115
Charles Campbell
N132-130      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Rapid Synthetic Environment Tool for Virtual Battlespace 2 (VBS2)
Abstract:We propose to develop a terrain database generation and editing tool for the Navy. This tool will have a simple interface designed for use by persons with no prior terrain tool experience. The tool will ingest standard and non-standard source data (elevation, imagery, and terrain features) and produce a VBS2 terrain database. The tool will allow trainers and trainees to edit the database to reflect what they see on the ground. We will place special emphasis on simplifying building creation and editing, since source data typically only contains the building outline with no interior or construction material information.We have significant experience developing database generation tools through our past performance and continuing research and development efforts. As such, we bring a host of relevant capabilities to bear on this problem. We have become adept at reacting to changing requirements and addressing capability gaps and shortcomings, and we will tailor and extend select technologies to create a tool that satisfies identified database generation and editing needs. Our focus is to deliver 3D interactive, no-cost-license database generation and representation capabilities to government organizations.

enomalies
P.O. Box 220
Mt. Vernon, KY 40456
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(859) 327-9977
Bill Gregory
N132-130      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Rapid Synthetic Environment Tool for Virtual Battlespace 2 (VBS2)
Abstract:This proposal is in response to rapid modeling need in our military force. We plan to develop and demonstrate a framework that will allow warfighters to rapidly acquire and edit geospecific terrain databases, including both building exterior and interiors. The output of our models will be in standard 3D format, which can be used in a variety of simulation and training software, including VBS2.We propose a two-pronged approach to achieve this goal. One is a novel hand-held 3D camera that supports many modes of operations, from passive stereo image to active 3D scanning, under a variety of operation conditions, from indoor to outdoor. The other is a novel reconstruction-by-recognition modeling pipeline. The outcome of our system is a visually complete 3D model consisting of common objects in a terrain database, such as houses, plants, street lights, mailbox, etc. These objects are also labeled with semantic information, allowing quick editing by novice users. Our team has combined experiences of over 25 years in hardware design and 3D modeling. We leverage our prior results in stereo matching, scene understanding, and model reconstruction to quickly achieve the technical goals by the end of this Phase I project.

Robotic Research LLC
555 Quince Orchard Road Suite 300
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(240) 631-0008
Alberto Lacaze
N132-130      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Simplified 3D World Generation (S3WG)
Abstract:Robotic Research, LLC, (RR) proposes to create the Simplified 3D World Generation (S3WG)Plugin, which can be applied to Virtual BattleSpace 2 (VBS2), a training tool for military, law enforcement, first responders, and others in federal, state, and local government.This tool provides realistic battle simulations on land, sea, and air. VBS2 suffers from low customization, requiring training to create or change 3D models in the simulation environment. Our plug in will enable an unskilled operator to use it while still being powerful enough to create realistic building interiors and exteriors. The goals during this project are to create an initial version of the S3WG Blender plugin; process real data from real sensors to test S3WG; and test with Wounded Warriors to ensure S3WG’s usability.

Technology Solutions Experts Inc.
209 West Central Street Suite 300
Natick, MA 01760
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(508) 655-2232
Thomas Stanzione
N132-130      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Rapid Synthetic Environment Tool for Virtual Battlespace 2 (VBS2)
Abstract:Virtual Battlespace 2 (VBS2) is a powerful training tool for the Department of Defense (DoD). Because VBS2 is a first-person-oriented trainer with a three-dimensional (3D) view of the virtual world, the terrain database is a vital component for immersing trainees, suspending reality, and avoiding negative training. There are several tools that can be used to generate terrain databases for VBS2 and other simulation applications. While these tools are powerful and can generate very realistic terrain databases, they are difficult to use and require a considerable amount of training to become proficient with them. They can also be expensive and may require costly maintenance contracts to keep them current. Leveraging its existing state-of-the-art terrain database generation tools and processes, Technology Solutions Experts, Inc. (TSE) proposes to research and develop a two-part system with a workstation to create VBS2 databases and a handheld tablet to capture and sketch information in the field, making it easier for Marines and Sailors to build and modify VBS2 terrain databases based on real-world information at a lower cost and time to build than current tools provide.

Applied Technical Systems Inc.
3505 NW Anderson Hill Rd Suite 200
Silverdale, WA 98383
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 546-2929
Kenneth Smith
N132-131      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Scalable, Secure Associative Database
Abstract:The Associative Model of Data offers a fundamentally different meta-model for data organization than the well-established relational data model. The associative model focuses on Items and Links among items rather than sets of records. We propose to compare and contrast the associative model with two closely related models, the Resource Description Framework (RDF) triple model and the Property Graph model popularized by modern open- source graph databases. By reviewing existing documentation, technical papers and implementations, we seek to identify a feature set appropriate for scaling out to petabyte scales subject to Multi-Level Security constraints. To effectively compare alternative implementations, we propose to establish a benchmark, consisting of both generative data and a collection of representative queries. The primary outcome of our Phase I effort will be an architectural design for a scalable, secure database embracing the associative/graph model of data. This database will be a critical enabling component of a larger data exploitation and analysis framework which will ultimately include natural language processing, information extraction, and large-scale data analysis capabilities.

Boston Fusion Corp.
1 Van de Graaff Drive Suite 107
Burlington, MA 01803
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 583-5730
Connie Fournelle
N132-131      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Multi-Level Associative Content Environment (MACE)
Abstract:Successful intelligence analysis requires analysts to wade through massive stores of uncertain data to associate concepts, individuals, locations, and resources. Current data systems are either designed to support massive data search and retrieval, or automated analysis, but lack the flexibility to do both well. What is needed is a system that can balance between these two, to maintain and flexibly navigate association data at multiple levels of detail, while avoiding information loss that can occur when either too much or too little data is persisted, presented, or analyzed.In response, we will develop the Multi-level Associated Content Environment (MACE), an association database management and analysis system implemented as a multi-level graph. In Phase I, we will build a data model and system design, and conduct a proof-of-concept demonstration to show that MACE will scale to petabytes of data in Phase II. MACE will incorporate associations between entities, documents, and concepts at multiple levels of detail, and will persist analytic tool inferences with connections to source data. Using graph databases, we will achieve analytic and run-time performance successes where traditional databases fail. MACE will leverage existing open software in a plug-and-play architecture to provide an open, license-free solution.

Systems & Technology Research
400 West Cummings Park, Suite 5850
Woburn, MA 01801
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 945-3349
Eric Jones
N132-131      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Scalable, Secure Associative Database
Abstract:We propose to design and prototype a secure, non-proprietary, open-source, petabyte-scale associative database, and evaluate its performance. Our technical approach will heavily leverage existing open-source database technologies. Key considerations in our design will include speed of data ingest, speed of data access for various classes of queries, scaling with data volume, interoperability with open-source and proprietary tools for data ingest and analysis, support for multi-level security, and the need to minimize licensing encumbrances. The results of this effort will set the stage for full development in pHase II.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Peter Weyhrauch
N132-132      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Modeling of Cyber Behaviors to Wargame and Assess Risk (MOC-WAR)
Abstract:Adversaries are becoming ever more proficient at cyber attacks against our military’s infrastructure, making offensive and defensive cyber operations an essential component of today’s military activities. While the Navy has focused significant resources on cyber defense, these operations are largely reactive in nature, addressing events after the initial attack. Augmenting our cyber defense with proactive tools to analyze the goals and decision- making processes of adversaries will enable cyber defenders to shape the battlespace, limiting, and even driving, adversary options and reducing the threat on our infrastructure. To do this, cyber defenders need to understand the motivations, goals, behaviors, and limitations of those adversaries, and how those factors interact with policies, users, and defenses. To address these needs, we propose a Phase I effort to design and demonstrate a system for Modeling Cyber Behaviors to Wargame and Assess Risk (MOC-WAR). MOC- WAR provides a hybrid, modular behavior modeling framework to construct flexible adversary, defender, user, and policy maker models that can be rapidly updated as adversary strategies evolve. Using these models, MOC-WAR provides simulation engines and analysis tools that allow analysts and defenders to wargame behavioral interactions with adversaries, and proactively select policies and defenses that minimize adversary threats.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4750
Bob Pokorny
N132-132      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Computational cyber-security Attacker/Analyst Models
Abstract:Cyber-attacks threaten our security and impede American business. To counter cyber- security attacks, computational models of the entire cyber-security environments can provide many benefits. With our transition partners, we will create computational models that can play the roles of cyber-attacker, cyber-defender, network users, and network policy makers. Synthetic environments could (1) measure the real security of an organization’s network without causing harm; (2) investigate defenses against new kinds of attacks, (3) project how future attacks are likely to evolve, (4) and support defenders as they struggle to reduce the effectiveness of attacks. To make these computational models, we will conduct cognitive task analyses that are designed to clearly represent the approach that various players take and that are sufficiently detailed to inform the design and development of computational models. For this project, we will be using the computational model Lumen. Lumen is a product of DARPA’s Cognitive Agents that Learn and Organize project. Lumen was chosen because it is a modern procedural reasoning system that can address the kinds of back and forth probes and responses that matches the confrontation between cyber-attackers and cyber-defenders. This project will demonstrate how complex CTAs and computational models can elucidate the ubiquitous threat of cyber-attacks.

SA Technologies, Inc.
3750 Palladian Village Drive Building 600
Marietta, GA 30066
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(770) 790-5420
Laura Strater
N132-132      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Cognitive Modeling for Cyber Defense
Abstract:The Cyber battlespace is extraordinarily dynamic, complex and challenging, with both human and automated adversaries (bots) acting alone and in concert to achieve the desired aims. Before Cyber defenders can act to guard against these attacks, they must first achieve and maintain a level of Situation Awareness (SA) that allows them to identify, understand, and anticipate evolving threats so they can implement strategies to defeat them. Cognitive modeling of Cyberspace SA can assist the Cyber defender in risk monitoring and mitigating activities, supporting an understanding of the effects of attacks on their own Cyber systems, along with the projected evolution of Cyber events and their impacts, and finally executing the proper decisions that are required to disrupt or defeat attacks. The cognitive modeling system proposed will support Cyber defenders in recognizing, characterizing, and responding to threats. CyberFACE uses fuzzy logic based cognitive modeling coupled with a learning-enabled neural network, to produce a cognitive engine built upon the knowledge representation structure of domain experts. Diagnostic outputs comprise recommended actions, targeted to the specific network, as well as the current threat posed by the most likely threat profile identified.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(734) 887-7643
Van Dyke
N132-132      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Cognitive Modeling for Cyber Defense
Abstract:SC2RAM ( Simulated Cognitive Cyber Red-team Attacker Model) is a cyber red-team-in-a- box that enables proactive response to cyber-attacks by developing a deeper understanding of the cognitive behavior of the players in the cyber-ecology (attackers, users, and defenders), embedding this understanding in a computational model, and translating it to tools that can help detect and respond to unfolding attacks. SC2RAM can be used to test a system configuration, train Information Assurance staff, and develop configurations for defensive automation systems. The SC2RAM team combines SoarTech’s world-class cognitive modeling platform and experience with IHMC’s recognized leadership in understanding the human and cognitive side of cyber-defense, and has already begun assembling a transition team, including the Michigan Cyber Range, AFRL’s Human Effectiveness Directorate, and TIBCO, a commercial software tools vendor.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Ryan Kilgore
N132-133      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Helicopter Aiding for Zero-Zero Landings with Advanced, Reactive Displays (HAZZARD)
Abstract:Although Navy MH-60R/S SEAHAWK helicopters have long played a critical role in military operations, degraded visual environments continue to plague landing safety. Current heads- down displays do not address pilots’ need to continuously perceive and respond to a rich set of external visual cues during shipboard landings (e.g., proximity, orientation, relative motion). To address this, we propose to leverage established Ecological Interface Design (EID) theory to design, demonstrate, and evaluate concepts for Helicopter Aiding for Zero- Zero Landings with Advanced, Reactive Displays (HAZZARD). We will design a simple, abstract display symbology that uses emergent visual cues to support pilots’ direct and intuitive perception of aircraft status within the context of physical and safety constraints. We will augment this display symbology with reactive feedback from an automated flight director to guide the pilot into a landing maneuver synchronized with ship motion. The flight director will incorporate detailed models of: (1) the MH-60 platform and control systems; (2) flight- deck motion in varying sea-states; and (3) environmental effects, including turbulent wind gusts. Finally, we will construct and evaluate working prototypes of promising HAZZARD symbology and flight director designs through a series of evolutionary prototypes, and identify a low-risk pathway for flight-test demonstrations under Phase II.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08618
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(609) 538-0444
Robert McKillip
N132-133      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Virtual Visual Landing Aid for Rotorcraft Recovery (V2LAR2)
Abstract:Operational utility for ship-based rotorcraft is often limited by weather conditions that can influence sea states, wind over deck (WOD) and airwake turbulence, and pilot visibility. Recent advances in Visual Landing Aid (VLA) design have made strides in providing better situational awareness to pilots operating at night and in inclement weather, but still require visual contact between the pilot and the ship superstructure to be effective. The proposed research program will extend recent work at CDI on computer-based VLA design tools to provide a head-down display symbology and virtual representation of the ship to support landing operations in zero/zero (visibility/altitude) conditions onto a ship deck. The design of the display representation will include information on deck motion energy and landing suitability, and will be supported by consultants who are subject matter experts in deck motion displays, shipboard recovery, and human factors and flight display design. The resulting display system will, at the completion of Phase I/II development, provide greatly enhanced operational readiness for rotorcraft operating from “small deck” ship platforms.

Kutta Technologies, Inc.
2075 W Pinnacle Peak Rd Ste 102
Phoenix, AZ 85027
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(602) 896-1976
Stephen McCauley
N132-133      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Advanced Helo Display for Zero-Zero Shipboard Landings
Abstract:As a primary developer of Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA) DO-178C applications for manned and unmanned systems, Kutta is keenly aware of human machine interface (HMI) interaction issues in fixed-wing and rotary wing platforms. For this effort Kutta proposes to develop an Advanced Landing and Display System (ALDS) for use in Degraded Visual Environments (DVE). ALDS will assist in ship deck landing in the most challenging of sea states. The proposed system takes into account the knowledge of active helicopter pilots and subject matter experts from our large company partners and utilizes leading cognitive scientist to discover a new set of zero, zero landing symbology. Kutta utilizes a proven methodology to explore multiple options for visualizing and communicating critical data reduce the cognitive workload during the ship deck approach, hover and landing phases of flight. The Work Plan calls for extensive use of hybrid Cognitive Task Analysis combined with quantitative and qualitative human factors tests in a simulation environment to hone in on the best methods to display the information. The proposed Phase I effort culminates with a final report summarizing all findings from the research and a list of recommendations, including a demonstration of the high-potential technology.

Systems Technology, Inc.
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd.
Hawthorne, CA 90250
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 679-2281
Edward Bachelder
N132-133      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Advanced Helo Display for Zero-Zero Shipboard Landings
Abstract:Landing a piloted helicopter such as the SH-60R on the moving deck of a small ship currently requires close cooperation between the pilot, copilot, Landing Safety Officer (LSO), and the onboard Sensor Operator (for RAST/free deck recoveries). This critical task is resource-intensive and can be extremely challenging due to factors that include: 1) deck constraints requiring precise flight maneuvering, stabilization, and landing execution; 2) a landing target that moves randomly in six degrees-of-freedom; 3) a chaotic airmass that buffets the helicopter; and 4) the helicopter’s proximity to the ship structure constrains the pilot in command’s attention to the forward hangar face when hovering over the deck.Systems Technology, Inc. proposes to leverage advances in ship motion prediction, human-machine integration, display design, and brain-monitoring analysis with the Adaptive Shipboard Recovery Display (ASRD). ASRD will allow single pilot deck recovery, displaying a set of intuitively integrated guidance and spatial cues that are optimized in real time for wake turbulence, observed and predicted ship motion, and pilot control capability. While accounting for nominal helicopter dynamics, ASRD will also adapt to changes in the airframe and task such as boost off, SAS off, RAST, free deck, and one-engine-inoperative landing.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4635
Evan Clark
N132-134      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Agent Based Simulation and Optimization (ABSO) Tool for HPRF Dynamic Surface Engagement
Abstract:An Agent based Simulation and Optimization (ABSO) tool is proposed for evaluating HPRF weapon effectiveness in defending maritime assets against small boat attacks using dynamic sea surface engagement scenarios. For this effort, IAI will combine and extend i) Ray Tracing and Radiative Transfer (RT2) engine and ii) Ontology and Distributed-agent based Composable (ODCS) simulation framework. The RT2 engine will be used to simulate HPRF propagation and multipath loss, upon weapon engagement. It will be combined with a target response model that computes the RF energy transferred to the electronics based on probabilistic Coupling Cross Section (CCS) data of attacker’s boat. Using ODCS framework, the user can configure i) defender agents with behaviors such as patrolling, interception, and approach, that are combined with USV physics models and rules of engagement, and ii) attacker agents with behaviors such as swarming, diversionary, ranged attack and destroy. The key innovation is that user configures simulation design space (e.g., speed range and reference track envelop settings) instead a simulation scenario. A Gaussian process regression analysis and visualization technique will be developed to generate a weapon effectiveness response surface with minimum number of Design of Experiment data points accounting for uncertainties in the simulation scenarios.

TechFlow, Inc.
2155 Louisiana Blvd., NE Suite 4200
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 903-6845
Sameer Hemmady
N132-134      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:High Power Radio Frequency (HPRF) Dynamic Surface Engagement Modeling and Simulation Tool
Abstract:TechFlow Scientific proposes to develop a dynamic high-power radio-frequency (HPRF) engagement modeling and simulation (M&S) tool for predicting weapon effectiveness in Navy surface engagements, leveraging past related work to advance the development schedule. Our team brings considerable experience in HPRF M&S and analysis, software development, and integration of individual tools to create comprehensive engagement-level tools. We understand HPRF systems, and have developed software tools with intuitive graphical user interfaces (GUIs), including the Joint RF Effectiveness Model (JREM) and the high power microwave (HPM) Test Hazard Prediction (THP) tool, which are comparable in architecture and interface to the desired solution for this effort. The THP tool provides a graphical interface for scenario building, and supports sea surface and littoral scenarios. In both JREM and THP, tight integration with the simulation allows display of output plots directly in the scenario visualization windows. Our team also has experience in agent-based modeling, enabling us to integrate a representation of target vessel behavior for realistic engagement modeling. Our experience puts our team in an optimal position to develop this tool to meet the needs of Navy personnel responsible for the evaluation of HPRF weapon effectiveness, and/or development of optimal concepts of employment of weapon systems.

WarpIV Technologies, Inc.
5230 Carroll Canyon Road, Suite 306
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(858) 605-1646
Jeffrey Steinman
N132-134      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:High Power Radio Frequency (HPRF) Dynamic Surface Engagement Modeling and Simulation Tool
Abstract:WarpIV Technologies, Inc. (experts in M&S technology, standards, and frameworks) will collaborate with the Naval Postgraduate School (experts in naval operations, M&S, cognitive modeling, virtual environments, and HPRF weapon systems) to provide an integrated simulation capability that satisfies all of the requirements specified in this solicitation. It will incorporate battlespace entity representations, HPRF weapon systems, various sensors, data fusion, communications, and environmental models from legacy systems into the WarpIV Kernel implementation of the Open Unified Technical Framework (OpenUTF). Agent-based models will then be developed leveraging OpenUTF cognitive modeling constructs to support intelligent decision-making in contrast to less-realistic scripted behaviors found in many other systems. The proposed effort will leverage the advanced parallel processing mechanisms provided by the OpenUTF, along with its Monte Carlo replication management services, 2D and 3D visualization capabilities, and general-purpose mathematical/statistical analysis tool. The resulting capability will operate as open source on all mainstream operating systems, computing platforms, and development environments.

Black River Systems Company, Inc.
162 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(315) 732-7385
Peter Shea
N132-135      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Fusion in a Cloud
Abstract:One of the major benefits of tactical cloud computing is improved net-centric capabilities and operations with the objective of information dominance. The reassign-able pools of computing resources and efficient information across operational boundaries can produce a more accurate and up to date common operational picture for warfighters. Instead of individual platforms pulling data from sensors to fuse and analyze locally for battle space and situational awareness, warfighters will be able to increase the accuracy of local scenes through remote data processing and sharing.Black River Systems Company will leverage its existing Distributed Fusion Manager (DFM) for deployment of distributed Level 1 and 2 fusion algorithms to the cloud. The DFM currently performs distributed Level 1 fusion by synchronizing track identities and performing track to track fusion over a network of tracking platforms. The DFM will be enhanced to provide an infrastructure for Level 2 fusion that will combine both probabilistic and non-probabilistic learning and inferencing models across geographically separated nodes. At the conclusion of Phase I, Level 1 fusion algorithms will be demonstrated using simulated Surface-Moving-Target-Indicator (SMTI) and radar tracks; Level 2 fusion algorithms will be demonstrated using relevance vector machine, support vector machine, and Bayesian network models.

Commonwealth Computer Research, Inc.
1422 Sachem Pl., Unit #1
Charlottesville, VA 22901
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(434) 284-9415
Nicholas Hamblet
N132-135      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Distributed Relational Learning for Cloud Data Fusion
Abstract:The US military and intelligence community has been successfully fusing the data it gathers into actionable intelligence. However, the volume of data is increasing such that it cannot be processed on a single server, calling for distributed data fusion algorithms that operate across a cloud. As data grows to the point of requiring distributed storage, machine learning algorithms capable of producing situational awareness must rise to the challenge of working with distributed storage as well. The problem is to design distributed fusion algorithms which not only do as well as single-server solutions, but which leverage larger volumes of data to produce higher quality analytics.This proposal outlines an architecture that works with distributed data sources without needing data to be directly shared between compute nodes. Data fusion without shared memory is a difficult task; however we develop techniques to minimize the amount of information sent between nodes while maintaining high quality fusion. We propose to use models for which both model learning and inference can leverage distributed storage and computation. Inference should be fast and detached model instances readily deployable to local servers for real-time use, while maintaining data and model integrity with the cloud.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS Corporation
1235 South Clark Street Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 414-5139
Mark Frymire
N132-135      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Resolving Independent Perspectives by Providing Learning-Enabled Enhanced Fusion For Elastic Cloud Technologies (RIPPLE- EFFECT)
Abstract:To maintain situational awareness, analysts must sift through and fuse information across multiple documents, data sources, and modalities (text, imagery, and biometrics). The emergence of Big Data has placed an enormous burden on the analyst as the volume of data to examine has increased dramatically while the analyst’s capacity to understand and fuse information remains constant. Additionally, the data remains distributed across geographically separated systems with low-bandwidth connections. The analyst is presented with an incomplete data space from which to produce an intelligence picture. DAC proposes a system called Resolving Independent Perspectives by Providing Learning Enabled Enhance Fusion For Elastic Cloud Technologies (RIPPLE-EFFECT). RIPPLE-EFFECT provides a framework to fuse semantic enhancements from multiple vendors through the use of machine learning algorithms which infer correlations between both the semantic structure and the extracted semantic content. RIPPLE-EFFECT supports scalable cross-document inference over the semantically enhanced data space with dynamically evolving search patterns based on data encountered during the search and the semantic meaning behind the initial query. RIPPLE-EFFECT maintains a consistent data space and intelligence picture across geographically separated systems specialized to the area of interest and time period of interest for each system through lock-free continuous synchronization.

Harmonia Holdings Group
2020 Kraft Drive, Suite 1000
Blacksburg, VA 24060
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(540) 951-5900
Rich Kadel
N132-135      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Generalized Query Planner for Distribute Fusion
Abstract:Our military’s ability to dominate the battlespace depends on the ability to first “see” the battlespace—that is, for our military commanders to have awareness of the environment, entities, activities, and intent of both our adversaries and ourselves. The things we don’t control must be observed, interpreted, and analyzed to understand a situation and predict potential outcomes. “Observations” come from the sensors our expeditionary, afloat, and air forces bring with them into contested areas; as well as from cooperating services and agencies with remote sensors, data centers, and analytical capabilities. In contested areas, the sensor capabilities will likely overwhelm our ability to centralize information. We must move analytics closer to the sensors, while still providing the commander a fused view of the battlespace. We propose a new Fusion Framework that leverages Harmonia’s technology for distributing MapReduce jobs across geographically distributed clusters, and our partner CUBRC’s extensive applied research in fusion to create the Generalized Query Planner for Distributed Fusion (GQPDF). The GQPDF query planner will use both shared and machine-learned knowledge of data localization to route analytical processes (e.g., MapReduce) to the best combination of tactical or enterprise fusion-data nodes, as one-time queries, or standing subscriptions for continuous awareness.

Jove Sciences, Inc.
3834 Vista Azul
San Clemente, CA 92672
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(949) 366-6554
James Wilson
N132-135      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:AquaQuIPS Multi-INT Data Fusion in a Cloud
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to design software for the very successful multi-INT AquaQuIPS (AQ) data fusion processor in a Navy Tactical Cloud (NTC) environment at AQ’s SPAWAR processor location using the new 384 plus node super computer. Tasks proposed are:• Base Task 1A: Design and initially test a HADOOP/MapReduce based AQ sensor adaptor for a selected group of the 20+ existing AQ sensors depicted.• Base Task 1B: Design and initially test the “New Position” AQ data fusion module when it is developed for a NTC distributed processing environment. The existing AQ position track fusion module that is a single server “bottleneck”, and the AQ DFP processing speed is expected to increase by a factor of ~ 30 when this task is completed.• Base Task 2: Design a Hybrid Relational Data Base/Key-Value (H-RDB/KV) distributed, massive parallel processing AQ Data Fusion Processor (DFP) for the NTC using as many processing nodes as possible for automating an Abnormal Behavior (AB) design using sensor sources available for selected events. • Option Task 1: Based on the Base Task results, AQ Team will produce an integration design for the PACOM JIOC and DCGS-N programs to enhance their performance.

Adaptive Methods, Inc
5860 Trinity Parkway Suite 200
Centreville, VA 20120
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 968-8040
Lewis Hart
N132-136      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Mine Drift Prediction Tactical Decision Aid (TDA)
Abstract:Adaptive Methods, teamed with Navmar Applied Sciences Corporation (NASC), proposes to develop algorithms for a Tactical Decision Aid (TDA) capable of adaptively tracking and predicting the locations of drifting mines. The TDA is capable of optimizing Mine Counter Measure (MCM) asset deployment plans and producing maneuver routes that minimize ship risks. Our approach develops new technologies for a MIW TDA which provides mine drift prediction and MIW planning by: leveraging and adapting. This approach leverages Navmar Applied Science Corporation’s capabilities and experience in sonobuoy drift prediction; and by adapts the Adaptive Methods’ existing Context-aware Multi-Objective Planner (CMOP). The effort will demonstrate the feasibility of combining a drift mine prediction tracker with a multi-objective planner to provide a MIW TDA which will reduce the manpower needed to develop safe and effective MCM plans.

Arete Associates
P.O. Box 2607
Winnetka, CA 91396
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 413-0290
Robert Dimarco
N132-136      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Mine Drift Prediction Tactical Decision Aid (TDA)
Abstract:The objective of the proposed work is to develop a Mine Drift Prediction Tactical decision Aid (MDP-TDA) that can ingest all pertinient information from US Navy systems and enable MCM planning and operations in areas threatened by surface and near-surface drifting mines. The MDP-TDA will comprise a loosely coupled system of systems that allows operatioanl end users to interact with and create data, initiate numerical transport models and create analysis products, all via a Web-based Toolkit. The proposed solution involves considerable reuse of existing software architecture and operational code, limiting the effort on software engineering and increaing the effort on MDP-TDA specific capabilities and models, such as calculation of spatio-temporal mine encounter probability fields and optimization algorithms for the MCM and ship TDA modules.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 326-2840
Lawrence Stone
N132-136      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Mine Drift Prediction Tactical Decision Aid (TDA) - MP 65-13
Abstract:The goal of the proposed work is to use real-time environmental observations, wind and ocean current models, and other sources of information to predict the drift of mines. The predicted trajectories of the mines will be used as inputs to modules that will be developed to recommend (1) search plans to search for or neutralize mines and (2) ship paths that minimize risk.

Ocean Acoustical Services and Instrumentation Syst
5 Militia Drive
Lexington, MA 02421
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 346-3676
Kevin Heaney
N132-136      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Mine Drift Prediction Tactical Decision Aid (TDA)
Abstract:Drifting mines pose a serious threat to the safe passage of US and international naval and commercial shipping traffic. In this SBIR, OASIS Inc. proposes to combine two algorithms developed under ONR/SPAWAR funding into a Mine Drift Tactical Decision Aid (MD- TDA). These algorithms include a tracer forecasting method, developed by the University of New Orleans and the Naval Research Lab, and an optimal path-planning algorithm developed by OASIS. Safe Q-routing (a detailed flight plan that includes specific transit lanes and turns) will be determined using a combination of dynamic ocean model forecasting that includes uncertainty, assimilation of in-situ measurements and situational awareness, and non-linear optimization algorithms. These tools will be integrated into a state-of-the-art 3D visualization mission-planning package for a prototype of the MD-TDA during Phase I. In Phase II these algorithms will be integrated with standard Mine Counter Measures (MCM) Command and Control (C2) systems.

Akita Innovations LLC
1770 Salem Street
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 448-1588
Lawrence Hancock
N132-137      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Tubular, Continuous Bulk Polymerization System
Abstract:The proposed project is to develop a scalable manufacturing process for the production of high optical quality, thermoplastic poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) which is suitable for the fabrication of extrusion processed and/or molded near diffraction-limited optical devices. Akita Innovations will develop a tubular polymerization system for the continuous bulk thermal radical polymerization of MMA monomer. The polymerization reaction system will be built from inexpensive hardware and will be easily scaled by the assembly of a parallel manufacturing system. Our process will build on known science for the production of low-loss thermoplastics through the careful purification on monomer and reagents, careful selection of polymerization initiators and molecular weight control additives and a novel continuous bulk polymerization process.

Tetramer Technologies, LLC
657 S. Mechanic Street
Pendleton, SC 29670
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(864) 646-6282
Jeffrey DiMaio
N132-137      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Low-loss Optical Polymer Materials in Multi-kilogram Quantities for Optical Lens Development
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR program, Tetramer Technologies will develop new, commercially attractive, thermoplastic optical polymers that have ultra-low scattering losses for use in diffraction-limited optical lenses. The value proposition to the customer using Tetramer’s optical polymers will be decreased scattering of light transmitted through the polymer lens, resulting in smaller Airy disks and improved Modulation Transfer Function in optical devices. Currently, the scattering loss found in commercial sources of optical polymers is unacceptably high to the detriment of the imaging capabilities of optical devices such as night vision goggles. The primary causes of scattering loss are extrinsic inclusions such as chemical and physical impurities. Due to the stringent processing required to remove these impurities, polymers with ultra-low scattering loss are not commercially available in reasonable quantities for optical device manufacture. Tetramer’s development and commercial supply of these materials will facilitate value-added high-end polymer lenses and optical components with improved imaging performance. At the conclusion of the Phase I program, Tetramer will have developed optimal methods to prepare optical polymers with scattering loss less than 0.5 dB/m at a 1 kg scale and analyzed quality/volume/cost tradeoffs for these processes. Subsequent efforts will increase scale up to 10 kg.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 330
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(703) 308-1427
Joe Schwarzwalder
N132-138      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:High Data Rate Acoustic Communication
Abstract:yes

Materials Systems Inc.
543 Great Road
Littleton, MA 01460
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 486-0404
Brian Pazol
N132-138      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:High Data Rate Acoustic Modem Based on Piezocomposite Arrays
Abstract:Through this effort, Materials Systems Inc. and its teams, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Woods Hole Analytical Sciences, will develop an Ultra High Frequency (0.5-1 MHz) Acoustic Modem for transmitting information through ocean acoustic channels at bit rates of approximately 500 Kbps over ranges from 10 to 100 meters. The MSI concept utilizes its expertise in design and development of piezocomposite transducer arrays to fabricate a modem with compact packaging, wide bandwidths, and a variety of directional characteristics. In this program, the MSI team will design and simulate a UHFAM as well as build a sub-scale prototype and perform in-water testing.

Net-tune Technologies
UB Technology Incubator 1576 Sweet Home
Amherst, NY 14228
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(716) 598-9930
Tommaso Melodia
N132-138      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:Novel Carrierless High-Data-Rate Acoustic Communications
Abstract:To address the limitations of underwater acoustic wave propagation, we propose a paradigm shift in how information is carried over short-range (tens of meters) acoustic links. We suggestthe study -and then development- of a novel carrierless ultrasonic transmission and multipleaccess technique. Short, properly designed/shaped pulses are transmitted in the ultrasonicspectral regime following an adaptive time-hopping pattern with a superimposedadaptive spreading code. The effect is nearly seamless physical/MAC layer integration, potentialfor highest data rate communication by properly optimized spreading sequences, andLPD/LPI operation via low-power transmission. Analysis of the supported bit rates versusLPD/LPI performance characterization will be carried out as a function of range. Secondary-yet important- benefits of the proposed approach are low cost and weight oscillator-free transducersand excellent receiver interference suppressing capabilities along the well documentedtheory and practice of spread-spectrum signal reception. Net- Tune Technologies investigators(Dr. Tommaso Melodia and Dr. Dimitris Pados) are partnering with the State University ofNew York at Buffalo (academic institution subcontractor Prof. Stella Batalama) and Teledyne-Benthos (Chief Scientist Dale Green as consultant) to form a most experienced and qualifiedteam to explore for the first time -to the very best of our knowledge- this new technical avenuetoward 500Kbps or more communication across 100m or more underwater distances.

Yotta Navigation Corporation
3365 Mauricia Avenue
Santa Clara, CA 95051
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(408) 242-7026
William Deninger
N132-138      Awarded: 10/28/2013
Title:High Data Rate Acoustic Communication
Abstract:Building on the success of its Dolphin acoustic transceiver system, Yotta Navigation Corporation will design and build an ultrasonic acoustic modem capable of sending information through ocean acoustic channels at extremely high bit rates of 500 kbps to 1 Mbps over ranges from 10 to 100 meters. The device will be compact, reliable, and maximize use of proven COTS components. Historically, there have been significant obstacles to achieving this objective, particularly at a reasonable cost and size needed to fit within a AUV/UUV form factor. However, in preparing this Phase I proposal, Yotta Navigation has shown both through simulation and through modifications to an existing Dolphin system that this should be achievable, increasing our confidence in the proposed approach. We have identified and evaluated an initial set of updated hardware components including converters, signal processors and transducers for use. We will create an initial prototype available for demonstration at the end of the Phase I effort.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 491-3474
Joe Gorman
N132-139      Awarded: 12/5/2013
Title:Distributed Analysis Tool for Enterprise Monitoring (DATEM)
Abstract:Operational availability of Navy systems has become a function of mechanical, electronic, computer, software, and network systems’ availability. Further, the challenge of maintaining operational availability will grow to enterprise scale as the Navy moves towards tactical cloud computing that automates information sharing and command and control services. However, in today’s distributed computing environment, no current system provides adequate performance and condition monitoring that allows operators and support personnel to detect, predict, and respond to emergent conditions that can degrade operational availability. A system is needed that monitors operational systems, integrates observed performance measures, predicts system availability, and alerts operators and support personnel of future threats to mission readiness. In response to this need, Charles River Analytics proposes a Distributed Analysis Tool for Enterprise Monitoring (DATEM). DATEM will build on our experience providing innovative data collection technologies for the Office of Naval Research’s (ONR) annual Limited Technical Experiment. We support ONR by monitoring and analyzing distributed systems (hardware, software, and services) and network traffic. We propose to develop condition-based metrics for naval system effectiveness, operator performance, and system availability. DATEM will provide a framework for integrating observed performance measures, extracting performance metrics, and predicting future availability.

Chesapeake Technology International Corporation
44427 Airport Road, Suite 100
California, MD 20619
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(719) 488-2726
Dustan Hellwig
N132-139      Awarded: 12/5/2013
Title:Tripwires for PEO C4I Systems
Abstract:Chesapeake Technology International’s (CTI’s) proposed solution for the Tripwires for PEO C4I Systems is the development of a system of active and passive monitors that will provide status on PMW-120 systems with no modification to existing equipment or installations. While a number of general monitors will be developed, custom monitors may be required for specific systems based on their capabilities, operations, and interfaces. This does not mean that existing systems need to be tailored in any way as the CTI-developed monitors will extract the required information without this type of modification. In addition to the monitors and monitoring architecture, CTI will include analytics, redundancy, false positive/negative mitigations, and “monitor monitors” to ensure that the monitoring infrastructure is predictive, reliable, and dependable. The proposed solution will be able to monitor and assess a variety of PMW-120 systems including signals intelligence, imagery, full motion video, and other types of sensors and sensor arrays/networks, intelligence processing systems and networks, and oceanographic and meteorological sensors and systems.CTI’s Phase 1 effort will result in an assessment of the overall approach, identification of active and passive monitoring approaches, definition of the relevant open standards and architectures, and development of a representative monitor, analytic, and application.

Dakota Ridge R & D
130 mohawk drive
boulder, CO 80303
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 818-7600
Fredrick Solheim
N132-141      Awarded: 12/23/2013
Title:Determining Evaporative Duct and Boundary Layer Refractivity Profile in Optical and RADAR/Radio Wavebands Afloat
Abstract:Oceanic refractivity gradients induce operational and security concerns of naval operations. Continuous passive characterization of refractive effects upon visble, IR, and radio/RADAR electromagnetic propagation through passive relatively inexpensive multiband IR camera observations is enabled with the apparatus and methods proposed herein.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 689-0003
David Sonnenfroh
N132-141      Awarded: 12/23/2013
Title:Small Footprint LIDAR for Continuous Monitoring of Atmospheric State Variables
Abstract:As Navy operations change from open ocean to littoral regions, the impact of environmental effects on battlespace awareness increases. Defending against threats such as cruise missiles can be complicated by atmospheric effects that may change quickly in littoral regions. Evaporative ducts and related phenomena can affect propagation of not only radar but other RF systems. Improving the capability for monitoring the atmosphere will increase the effectiveness of Navy systems. Physical Sciences Inc., in collaboration with its subsidiary Q-Peak Inc., proposes to develop an advanced, compact Raman Lidar (Light Detection and Ranging) capable of continuous, automated profiling of atmospheric parameters, including pressure, temperature and relative humidity, over ranges of 5 to 500 m at a spatial resolution of 1 m and temporal resolution of 1s. State of the art miniaturized laser designs enable a sensor footprint on the order a few cubic feet. The Phase I program will develop conceptual designs for the lidar. The Phase I Program Option will perform additional engineering design to integrate the sensor into the designated demonstration platform. The Phase II Program will develop and test a field-worthy prototype sensor. The Phase III Program will integrate and test the prototype on a designated Navy platform.