DoD STTR Program Phase I Selections for FY99

Army Selections

Navy Selections

Air Force Selections

DARPA Selections

BMDO Selections


---------- AF ----------

AAAA ENERGY ENTERPRISES, INC.
P.O. Box 16146
Colorado Springs, CO 80935-6146
(719) 520-1701

PI: David F. Picket
(719) 520-1701
Contract #:
REGENTS OF THE UNIV. OF COLORADO
Campus Box 19
Boulder, CO 80309-0019
(303) 492-2695

ID#: 99PR010
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-016
Title: Novel Solid Polymer Electrolytes Based on Lithium Salts of Carboranyl Anions CB11R12-
Abstract:   The nature andconcentration of the incorporated salt have a major influence on the properties of solid polymer electrolytes. In particular the anion has a mojor influence on phase composition and conductivity. We propose to synthesize and evaluate a new family of highly alkylated and peralkylated derivatives of carborayl anion CB11H12 (1) that hold the promise of affording a superior solid polymenr electrlyte for lithium batteries. The first member of the family CB11Me12 (2) has been prepared in our laboratory and ist structure, thermal stability, solubility, solution conductivity, and chemical and electrochemical stability, processability and safety. We propose to optimize such properties of carboranyl anions as their oxidation potential, chemical and electrochemical stability, solubility in hydrocarbon polymers, and ionic conducivity when incorporated into various polymers. We further propose to prepare polymenrs with covalently incorporated anions by copolymerization or cross-linking, and toevaluate the conduting properties of thus produced polyelectrolytes using test cells and AC Impedance Spectroscopy.

ALPHATECH, INC.
50 MALL ROAD
BURLINGTON, MA 01803
(781) 273-3388

PI: WILLIAM H. BENNETT
(703) 524-6263
Contract #:
CALSPAN UB RESEARCH CENTER
4455 GENESEE STREET
BUFFALO, NY 14225
(716) 631-6905

ID#: 99SN-004
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-017
Title: MULTI-DISCRIMINANT SENSING FROM HIGH ALTITUDE OR SPACE
Abstract:   ALPHATECH/CMIF will develop and compare alternative innovative algorithms for multi-discriminant distributed fusion to generate a consistent tactical picture for difficult ground targets. ALPHATECH/CMIF tackles the problems of what discriminants to fuse, what pedigree to share, how to represent ID uncertainty, how to adjudicate between multiple hypothesized scenes, and how to evaluate performance. To address affordability issues this development uses the Data Fusion Tree Architecture (DFTA) within which all approaches to data fusion can be developed. A top-down requirements-driven approach is taken which identifies the role for the multi-discriminant fusion, optimizes the batching granularity of the discriminants for fusion, determines how to associate, declare detections, and update target ID within fusion nodes, and delivers code "patterns" for the DFTA toolbox. ALPHATECH/CMIF defines its baseline Bayesian multi-discriminant fusion equations. These equations provdie the scoring necessary for the association of discriminants, declaration of difficult object detections, dropping of false alarms, and improvement of ID based upon multi-discriminants. ALPHARTECH/CMIF wil identify the role for the complementary uncertainty representation and data combination techniques (e.g., possibilistic-fuzzy and evidential, neural networks, symbolic/logic, ad hoc), within multi-discriminant fusion.

ANALEX CORP.
6770 South US Hwy 1 Suite 1
Titusville, FL 32708-0803
(216) 977-1015

PI: Carol L. Kory
(216) 262-8548
Contract #:
UNIV. OF WISCONSIN
750 University Ave. 400 AW Peterson Bldg
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 262-4880

ID#: 99AFO181
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Computational Tools for Optimized Design of Advanced TWTs
Abstract:   This investigation will evaluate the feasibility of developing a fast and efficient computational tool for optimized design of advanced, slow-wave, traveling-wave-tube-amplifiers (TWTAs). Because of their high power, broad-bandwidth, compact size, and high efficiency features, TWTAs are relied upon for satellite Communications, airborne, shipborne, and ground-based radar, jamming, and decoy applications. Because it is crucial to keep the time between conceptualization and finished product to an absolute minimum, the most effective design tools need to quickly assess new concept feasibility and generate initial design guidelines. This research will assess the feasibility of developing a computer design tool with a combination of features not currently found in existing TWTA codes, including: (I) is fully time-domain (to best model highly multi-toned operation)1 yet incorporates frequency dispersion in a physical but computationally efficient way, (2) naturally includes the effects of the physically-discreet slow-wave circuit that are responsible for spatial harmonics effects in TWTAs, (3) is free of numerical reflections at the end of circuit structures, (4) is extremely fast and efficient, and (5) works with an adaptive learning algorithm to prescribe optimized circuit design choices for a given set of performance specifications.

BEAM TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
687 Highland Avenue
Needham, MA 02494
(781) 239-9777

PI: Gahl Berkooz
(781) 239-9777
Contract #:
CORNELL UNIV.
120 Day Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
(781) 233-9977

ID#: 99AFO251
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-019
Title: A Practical Method to Predict and Control Non-linear Aeroelasticity
Abstract:   We propose to develop and test a computationally efficient method of predicting and controlling dynamic loads and nonlinear unsteady aeroelastic effects. The proposed method provides a rational design tool for the prediction and control of resonant fluid-structure interaction without compromising the effects of shocks, viscosity separation, and shock-boundary layer interaction. Stability of the coupled fluid-structure system is accurately predicted in an eigenvalue formulation where eigenvalues correspond to coupled-system nodal frequencies in the time domain and their growth rates. New technology provides robust and scalable computation techniques that can solve Air Force problems. Rigorous design of coupled flow and structural control follows natural1y. To validate the computational method, and to develop active control systems, we will design an adaptive pitch-and-plunge apparatus (PAPA) for wind tunnel testing. The apparatus will allow the technician to dial in structural stiffness (and therefore structural nonlinearities). This will permit an investigation of limit cycle oscillations (LCO's), bifurcations, and hysteresis associated with structural non-linearities and bi-linearities. The experimental model will enable testing over a wide range of structural states without the expense of model change-outs, and it provides an ideal test bed for an investigation of structural control including aeroservoelasticity (wing warping).

BOULDER NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, INC.
450 courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026
(303) 604-0077

PI: Dr. Ping Wang
(303) 604-0077
Contract #:
UNIV. OF COLORADO
Campus Box 525
Boulder, CO 80308
(303) 492-3330

ID#: 99AFO247
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-009
Title: Optical Code Division Multiple Access systems in High-Speed telecommunications
Abstract:   BNS proposes a spectral optical code division multiple access (OCDMA) system with bipolar code capability for use in ultra-high-speed communication applications. The proposed technology integrates multiple encoders for different users into a compact central unit, reducing overall system costs. A two-dimensional electro-optical modulator, a digital mirror device (DMD), or a liquid crystal (LC) spatial light modulator (SLM) is used to spatially modulate the spectrum of the light source which carries user signals. The use of a two-dimensional array modulator enables parallel encoding to multiple user signals, with certain rows dedicated to each user. The advantage of the proposed system is that the spectral codes are re-configurable. Each subscriber is able to communicate with all other subscribers. With its spectral bipolar code capability, the system can reject multiple access interference. The system can be made very compact even with large numbers of subscribers when large format 2-D SLMs and DMDs are used. Due to its programmability and two-dimensional operation in the optical domain, the system is suitable for implementing optically transparent routings in an ultra-fast Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) switch.

BUSEK CO., INC.
11 Tech Circle
Natick, MA 01760-1023
(508) 655-5565

PI: Dr. V. Hruby
(617) 373-5600
Contract #:
NORTHEASTERN UNIV.
360 Huntington Ave.
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 373-5600

ID#: 99AFO239
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Self Consuming Satellite with Multi-Functional Structure
Abstract:   Following launch, satellite's structural requirements can be drastically reduced, offering the possibility to consume the excess structural mass for propulsion. Such self-consuming satellite (SCS) would offer increased payload and/or time in orbit. Cannibalization of the structure to produce thrust opens a new paradigm on the role of the spacecraft structure, leading to several existing and novel propulsion concepts while requiring new approaches to the spacecraft architecture. Some of the concepts, studied in a preliminary fashion using a representative satellite in a sun-synchronous orbit as an example, resulted in a very significant satellite mass reduction. In Phase I, Busek proposes to examine several SCS options identified in this proposal. The concepts that utilize gaseous propellant will be the focus. They will be ranked according to a figure merit criteria including mass and volume savings and deltaV/mission capabilities relative to a baseline option. The Phase I effort will culminate in a conceptual design of the most promising SCS concept including a steady state and dynamic analysis of the structure under typical launch conditions. In Phase II, the proposed concept will the experimentally demonstrated by designing, constructing and testing key SCS components and subsystems.

CERACON, INC.
5300 CLAUS ROAD
RIVERBANK, CA 95387
(916) 929-2927

PI: HENRY S. MEEKS
(916) 783-4899
Contract #:
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV.
147 RESEARCH BLDG. WEST
UNIVERSITY PARK, PA 16802
(814) 863-8025

ID#: 99ML015
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-014
Title: A Novel Densification Method for Ultra-High Volume Fraction (40-60%) SiC(p), CVD Coated with a Nanocrystalline Aluminum/Aluminum Oxide Composite
Abstract:   The evolutionary trail from research to commercialization of two novel and complimentary powder metallurgy processes may provide the vehicle whereby full-scale, cost effective commercialization of a high volume fraction (40-60%) silicon carbide particulate, CVD coated with a nanocrystalline aluminum/aluminum oxide composite may be realized. Employing a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique to apply a uniformly thin (1-2 u) layer of nanophase aluminum/aluminum oxide onto the surface of micron-sized SiC particles, and then fully densifying the powder in seconds via a solid-state-powder forging process, full retention of the nanophase microstructure is expected. The time dependent dynamics that allow formation of deliterious interfacial diffusion by-products will be eliminated. Additional strengthening of the composite by the finely dispersed alumina particles is expected to yield a modulus equivalent to elemental beryllium. Application of uniaxial pressure from the forging press ram is transformed into an inherently non-isostatic, high shear stress pressure field through the use of a granular, pressure transmitting media, or PTM. This natural introduction of shearing forces during powder consolidation enhances the full densification effort by exposing clean, contaminant free metal interfaces for bonding. It is also directly responsible for the mechanical break-up of large continuous particle oxides, and the uniform distribution of secondary strengthening, nanocrystalline metal-oxide particulates.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Drive, Suite 201
Huntsville, AL 35805
(256) 726-4800

PI: Essam F. Sheta
(256) 726-4800
Contract #:
TEXAS A&M UNIV.
727C H.R.Bright Building
College Station, TX 77843
(256) 726-4800

ID#: 99AFO250
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-019
Title: A comoputational and Experimental Investigation of Transient Nonlinear Viscous Aeroelastic Effects in Fixed Wing Vehciles
Abstract:   The current study proposes to advance the design of high-performance fighter aircraft by the accurate prediction and proper understanding of transient non-linear aeroelastic phenomena using a combined experimental-computational approach. A wide variety of fixed wing vehicle problems such as wing flutter and store-induced LCO can be attributed to transient nonlinear aeroelastic effects. The control of these aeroelastic problems depends mainly on the accurate prediction of the critical physical terms that: dominate the mechanism of the nonlinear aeroelastic behavior. The Phase I effort will focus on the computational and experimental investigation of the 2D nonlinear wing flutter and limit-cycle oscillation (LCO). The experimental investigation will serve as validation for the computational analysis. High fidelity computational models will be investigated first to assure that these techniques can accurately model the physical problem. Next, a matrix of linear and non-linear structural models, low fidelity and high fidelity fluid-dynamics modules will be investigated. This matrix will be used to determine the most critical physical terms that dominate the flutter mechanism. The Phase II effort will focus on the computational and experimental analysis c)f store-Induced wing flutter problem of fighter aircraft. The physics behind the store-induced flutter may be similar to those behind 2D flutter and therefore the flutter analysis will serve to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach for the more complex store-induced flutter.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY
174 North Main Street, POB 115
Dublin, PA 18917
(215) 249-9780

PI: Neeraj Sinha
(215) 249-9780
Contract #:
UNIV. OF MISSISSIPPI
1 Coliseum Drive
University, MS 38677
(215) 249-9780

ID#: 99AFO220
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Active Control of Complex Weapons Bay Oscillations
Abstract:   An innovative multi-disciplinary approach has been formulated for active control of flow induced oscillations in aircraft weapons bay. State-of-the-art Very Large Eddy Simulation (VLES) based multi-dimensional, unstructured mesh CFD analysis is combined with Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) signal processing algorithms to construct a low-dimensional dynamics model of the dynamic non-linear acoustic/turbulent interactive environment in "real--world" weapons bay. The POD-based dynamics model is combined with feedback control algorithm to devise an effective means of active control of these flow interactions in real-time and permit rapid evaluation of candidate flow control concepts. The modeling activities of the Phase I program will be complemented by wind-tunnel testing during the Phase II. The experimental data will be used to validate the VLES predictions underlying the prototype active control dynamics model and calibrate the design tool. Wind-tunnel testing will also be conducted to provide physical demonstration of effective control strategies (comprised of sensors1 actuators and feedback algorithm) in a "real-world" like environment using realistic representation of weapons bay (with stores included).

CONDUCTING MATERIALS CORP.
6935 Oakland Mills Road, Suite
Columbia, MD 21045-4719
(410) 312-5200

PI: Shaila Pai, Ph.D
(410) 312-5200
Contract #:
VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERISTY
P.O. Box 23298-0568
Richmond, VA 23298-0568
(804) 828-1613

ID#: 99MN022
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-015
Title: Nano Scale Aluminum Alloys: Synthesis and Reaction Kinetics Modeling
Abstract:   Micron size A1 powder is a routine ingredient of explosive and propellant compositions. However, A1 does not burn to completion due to the oxidized surface of the particles. Hence the heat of combustion/explosion is less than the theoretical value. Furthermore, the rate of combustion being dependent on surface area, is slow. A way to overcome this drawback is to increase the surface by employing A1 nano particles which have a larger surface area. This would not only take the reaction to completion but would also enhance the reaction rate significantly. Nano A1 however, oxidizes very easily and needs stabilization. Smaller the particles, larger is the wt% of the stabilizer. Conducting Materials Corp. (CMC) has expertise in producing nano scale particles of various other metals and oxides. In view of this and CMC's expertise in the field, we propose to synthesize and characterize nano scale A1 alloy. Our subcontractors from VCU will develop a theoretical model to explain the reaction kinetics of these particles. VCU has the expertise and computational facilities required to accomplish the modeling.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2792 Indian Ripple Rd.z
Dayton, OH 45440
(937) 320-1877

PI: Dr. Patrick J. Hood
(937) 320-1877
Contract #:
UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT
97 N. Eagleville Rd.
Storrs, CT 06269
(860) 486-3337

ID#: 99DE005
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-010
Title: Electroactive Gels for a Deployable Adaptive Mirror
Abstract:   The Air Force has demonstrated the need and preliminary approaches for a deployable primary mirror for space-based surveillance of earth. Our proposal addresses the need for integrated actuation of the primary mirror. The technology we propose will enable mirror surface manipulation free of any need for inflation gases and the concomitant problems with inflatables. In particular, we propose to design and fabricate smart, thin films that can achieve nearly arbitrary surfaces based on low-power, patterned electric fields applied across the thickness of an electroactive polymer gel. The local curvature of the polymer films is dictated by the magnitude of the electric field applied accross its thickness due to a resultant gradient in hydrated-ion concentration. Because of this relationship between electric field and curvature, the programmed shape is anticipated to be self-stablizing. We propose to design, process, and characterize a benchmark gel/polyimide multilayer mirror with optimized performance based on several key material and device variables: film thickness, ion concentration, water concentration, electrode material, and electrode geometry; all aimed at improving the magnitude of the electroactive response and the minimization of surface error.

D&W ENTERPRISES, LTD.
8776 W. Mountainview Lane
Littleton, CO 80125
(303) 791-1940

PI: Ward Rummel
(303) 791-1940
Contract #:
IOWA STATE UNIV.
213 Beardshear Hall
Ames, IA 50011
(515) 294-5225

ID#: 99AFO234
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Integrated QNDE and Reliability Assessment of Aging Aircraft Structures
Abstract:   D&W Enterprises, LTD in Conjunction with the (enter for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University proposes to develop basic research work in pulsed eddy current (PEC) technology and to transfer this technology to a commercial product for use in the detection and quantification of hidden corrosion conditions in aging aircraft structures. Proof of principle for the instrument and method has been demonstrated for corrosion detection. Development and application tasks remain in probe design and performance characterization (optimization) and in application to meet the requirements for aging aircraft systems. The proposed Phase I program will develop NDE modeling tools to characterize and predict signal response levels for the PEC system with interface to upgraded probability of detection (POD) models. These tools will provide a predictive analytical capability for NDE model -based optimization and predictive POD capabilities. Limited experimental data will be used for model validation. The Phase I program is essential to economic development of new probes, arrays and by scanning modes to enable demonstration on hardware components during a Phase II program. A Phase III effort will then commercialize the instrument I sensor software system for use by DOD, NASA, Commercial and Civil aircraft applications.

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH CORP.
18 Mason
Irvine, CA 92618
(949) 859-8851

PI: Mark S. Sheldon
(949) 859-8851
Contract #:
GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
School of Aerospace Engineering
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 894-6927

ID#: 99PR008
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-016
Title: Active Control for Combustor Performance Optimization
Abstract:   Current research initiatives, including DoD IHPTET and HyTech, DOE ATS, and commercial development, are agressively pursuing sugnificant improvements in combustor performance. Optimization tyupically results in operating regimes for which combustion stability is difficult to maintain. This proposal develops novel combustion control and optimization concepts with flexibility and dual-use applicability. Active control using a synergetic combination of Fuzzy Logic (FL) and Neural Network (NN) is proposed for performance optimization, to ensure control efficiency,accuracy, and robustness. The proposed means of contro actuation is modulated secondary fuel injection. this control technique allows operation in a "controlled oscillation" mode normally unsustainable due to combustion instabilities, for which there is experimental evidence of enhanced performance. The same control methodology can also used to suppress oscillations in application in applications for which they are unacceptable, and optimize performance subject ot that limitation. In Phase I, experiments will demonstrate operation of an existing a fuzzy logic based controller on a combustor. Representative combustors will be identified an dused to develop design criteria for Phase II demonstration. Controller spectification will be developed, emphasizing calibration of an existing computation a model for training control software to simulate combustors, using data from instability experiments and chemical kinetic modeling.

GLOBAL SOLAR ENERGY, LLC
12401 W. 49th Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
(303) 285-5180

PI: Dr Joseph H. Armstrong
(303) 285-5103
Contract #:
REGENTS OF THE UNIV. OF COLORA
Campus Box 19
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-3398

ID#: 99VS005
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-011
Title: Insulating Film On Metallic Foil Substrates for High-Performance Flexible CIGS Photovoltaics and Solid State Batteries
Abstract:   We are developing flexible integrated portable power (FIPP), which consists of flexible photovoltaics (PV), flexible battery storage layer, and an attached charge control circuitry. Ideally, these components are monolithically integrated, that is, all electrical interconnects are made during processing and do not require subsequent soldering; this requires an electrically insulated substrate. While our production goal for flexible PV is between 8-10% efficiency, an electrically insulated substratecapable of surviving higher temperatures would allow for monolithically integrated module with efficiencies between 10% and 15%. Likewise, we are developing flexible thin-film batteries with the ability to withstand 10,000-40,000 charge cycles and demonstrate high power density. Unfortunately, processing temperatures of these batteries is 700 (degrees)C, thereby eliminating polyimide substrates and, thus, monolithic integration. The goal of this program is to take a normally-conductive substrate, such as a metal foil, and coat it with an insulating film that can survive both processing temperatures up to 700 (degrees)C, as well as laser scribing. We will use innovative Atomic Layer Deposition and anodization, both independently and in combination, to provide a high-temperature substrate for both the PV and battery. Thus, we can provide a completely integrated power generation and storage component for microsatellite "off the shelf" power systems.

HIGH TECHNOLOGY CORP.
28 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
(578) 650-818

PI: Meelan Choudhari
(757) 865-0818
Contract #:
UNIV. OF FLORIDA
219 Grinter Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611
(757) 865-0818

ID#: 99AFO259
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Modeling and Nonlinear Adaptive Control of Weapons Bay Oscillations
Abstract:   A strategy is proposed to characterize, model, and develop adaptive feedback control algorithms suitable for nonlinear cavity oscillations. The Phase I effort focuses on the characterization of cavity oscillations via detailed analyses of previously obtained experimental data and companion CFD modeling of the nonlinear phenomenon. These efforts will help us to develop a prototype nonlinear adaptive feedback control scheme. The follow-on Phase II study will further develop and validate the modeling and feedback control schemes via wind tunnel tests. The significance of this effort is that tile resulting analysis tools can be used to systematically understand and control complex nonlinear phenomena that are prevalent; in many areas of fluid dynamics. The approach here is innovative in the application of advanced wavelet methods to identify and control nonlinear fluid-dynamic processes. The proposed tools may be applied to the design of virtually any fluid dynamic system, such as airfoils, nozzles, and diffusers.

HOLOGRAPHIC LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEMS
3 PRESTON COURT
BEDFORD, MA 01730
(781) 276-4060

PI: GREGORY J. SONEK/ALEXANDE
(781) 276-4060
Contract #:
BROWN UNIV.
DIVISION OF ENGINEERING, 182 HOPE STREET
PROVIDENCE, RI 02912
(401) 863-2777

ID#: 99ML020
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-014
Title: Improving Laser Damage Threshold in ZnGeP2 using Motheye Antireflection Surface Relief Structures
Abstract:   This work seeks to demonstrate the feasibility of using motheye surface relief structures on ZnGeP2 nonlinear crystals as a means to achieve both mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) reflection reduction and increased laser damage thresholds in the 3 to 5 um wavelength region. Unlike many thin-film infrared antireflection coatings, motheye patterned surfaces structures, which are defined directly into the bulk material, are free from poor adhesion, delamination, and interfacial absorption effects, can exhibit better laser durability and higher damage thresholds, and can operate over broader wavelength bands in the MWIR and LWIR. Using holographic lithography in conjunction with chlorine-based reactive-ion etching, motheye structures having periods and depths of ~ 1 and 2 um, respectively, will be defined in ZnGeP2 substrates. Motheye processed sample properties will then be analyzed, including microstructure, surface morphology, reflectance, transmittance, and infrared laser damage threshold. Fabrication processes will be optimized in an effort to demonstrate the enhanced performance characteristics and reduced costs of motheye technology as applied to ZnGeP2 and other Zn-based infrared optical materials.

HY-TECH RESEARCH CORP.
104 Center Court
Radford, VA 24141
(540) 639-4019

PI: Dr. John Moschella
(540) 639-4019
Contract #:
UNIV. OF VIRGINIA
8049244270
Chaarlottesville, VA 22906
(804) 924-4270

ID#: 99AFO184
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Development of Quasicrystaline Coatings using Intense Ion Beam Heat Treatment
Abstract:   The high quality production of quasicrystal coatings may have many applications in the military and industry due to the unique properties of these substances. Quasicrystats have produced coatings that have high hardness1 low wear1 low friction, and are resistant to corrosion. These promising properties are offset by the procedures required to form them such as tight control of stoichiometry and heat treatment at high temperatures. HY-Tech Research Corporation and the University of Virginia are proposing to develop an entirely new method for creating these coatings based the use of a directed energy beam that will perform the ion mixing1 heat treatment1 and rapid solidification in one step. If successful this method would allow us to coat low temperature metals, such as aluminum, in a very simple fashion. The techniques that we propose use existing, well-developed technology that has commercialization potential. For the Phase I we intend demonstrate this technique experimentally using facilities that are currently operational demonstrating its feasibility. This will provide the basis for the Phase II and III programs.

INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS, INC.
2766 Indian Ripple Road
Dayton, OH 45440-3638
(937) 252-2706

PI: Dr. Geoffrey J. Sturgess
(937) 252-2706
Contract #:
GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORP.
400 10th Street N. W.
Atlanta, GA 30332-0420
(404) 894-6927

ID#: 99PR006
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-016
Title: Multifunction Visible-Blind Sensors for Active Control and condition Monitoring of Gas Turbine Combustion
Abstract:   The proposed Phase I STTR Program target the developemnt optical sensor, primarily for active combustion control. Amultifunction optical sensor or a closely related family of such sensors, capable of high-temperature operation and equipped to monitor combustion radical species, whould be a nenabling technology. It would assist in bringing the benefits of active compbustion control to gas-turbine main combustors and afterburners. It would faciltate compact and efficient inceinerators for Navy uses. For ages turnines it would also provide improved main combustor condition monitoring, result in enhanced ignition detection during relight, and yield improved, and rapid engine bay fire detection. It could also provide an additional tool for combustion diagnostics or for use in a combusion contro system as described above. The focus of the Phase I Pfrogram is the developemnt of an optical sensor, or family of sensors, haveing the following characteristics: high-temperature capbility, fast response rate, narrow bandwidth in the ultra-violet, spactial-resolution capability, and tunability for simultaneous detection of emissions from more than a singel species. The Phase II effort will emphasize the development of an integrated sensor system (hardware and software) capable of monitoring and controlling combusiton process.

KLEIN ASSOC., INC.
1750 Commerce Blvd North
Fairborn, OH 45324
(937) 873-8166

PI: Mr. Gary Klein
(937) 873-8166
Contract #:
OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION
1960 Kenny Road
Columbus, OH 43210-1063
(614) 292-5277

ID#: 99STTR003
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-012
Title: Tools & Techniques for Establishing & Maintaining a Common Frame of Reference During Distributed Meetings
Abstract:   All teams run the risk of losing a common frame of reference, but this risk is much greater if the team members are distributed, and must rely on technologies for communcation. This risk becomes greater when the team members are from different cultures. The Cognitive Systems Engineering Laboratory at OSU, and Klein Associates have studied these issues, collecting incidents of successes and failures in distributed teams, incidents about technologies that were helpful and that created difficulties, and incidents involving team coordination breakdowns. Our proposed effort will draw on this considerable body of incident accounts. This wide range of domains will enable us to compare and contrast the models that each research organization has been developing, to synthesize these into a more powerful description of the requirements for a common frame of reference, and the forces that interfere with developing and maintaining and repairing it. At the conclusion of Phase I, we expect to have an account of these requirements and forces that is sufficiently rich to allow us to design tools and techniques that would improve the initial formation of a common frame of reference, and would make it more robut and resistant to interference.

MATERIALS RESERCH SOURCES LLC
2895 Butter CreekDrive
Pasadena, CA 91107
(310) 442-0067

PI: H. P. Gillis
(310) 442-0067
Contract #:
UNIV. OF COLORADO
1511 University Room 206 Campus Box 9
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-6221

ID#: 99AFO210
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-008
Title: Massively Parallel Fabrication of Quantum Dot Arrays for Electroluminescent displays
Abstract:   We propose a highly scaleable method for the inexpensive, parallel fabrication of dense, ordered arrays of semiconductor quantum dots which will serve as the emissive elements of electroluminescent display devices. The techniques to be used are extensions of previous successful growth of ordered arrays of metal quantum dots by the authors. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the feasibility of creating ordered arrays of InP quantum dots in a GaP matrix by using minimal damage dry etching (Low Energy Electron Enhanced Etching, LE4) through a biological etch mask (S-layer) to generate an ordered array of nano-holes in the GaP followed by molecular beam epitaxy (HBE) to grow one InP quantum dot in each etched hole. The presence of the quantum dots will be verified with Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). In Phase II, we will demonstrate a monochrome, quantum dot, flat panel display prototype based on the results of our Phase I effort.

MATHSOFT, INC.
1700 Westlake Ave. N. Suite 5
Seattle, WA 98109
(206) 283-8802

PI: James Pitton
(206) 283-8802
Contract #:
UNIV. OF WASHINGTON
3935 University Ave. NE
Seattle, WA 98105
(206) 543-4043

ID#: 99AFO183
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-004
Title: Wavelet Based Analysis/Software for Multi-Scale Fractal Processes
Abstract:   We propose to conduct research on how best to analyze atmospheric turbulence and related data. Turbulence data are challenging because they are inherently non-stationary across a range of scales. Because the discrete wavelet transform is a natural tool for use with non-stationary and scale-dependent data, we propose to investigate the efficacy of a variety of wavelet-based techniques. These will include wavelet-based approximate maximum likelihood arid least squares estimators of power-law processes adapted to work effectively in the presence of (i) slow variations in the power-law parameters, (ii) large scale stochastic trends and I (iii) small scale non-turbulent events. We propose to determine the statistical properties of wavelet-based power-law parameter estimators in order to create confidence intervals for them. We propose to determine how well power-law models capture the salient features in actual turbulence measurements by studying the variability in the wavelet coefficients at particular scales and comparing it to the variability that would occur if a time-varying power-law model were an adequate description. We also propose to investigate how well turbulence can be represented as a deterministic multi-scale fractal process. We propose to embed the techniques we will research into a MATLAB Toolbox that will also include a comprehensive collection of other techniques for dealing with multi-scale fractal processes (e.g.7 re-scaled range analysis, dispersional analysis, scaled windowed variance methods ami various statistics for studying the fractal properties of low-dimensional non-linear dynamical systems).

MISSION RESEARCH CORP.
735 State Street
Santa Barbara, CA 931 01
(805) 963-8761

PI: Dr. Larry Ludeking
(703) 339-6500
Contract #:
NORTHEASTERN UNIV.
360 Huntington Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 373-5600

ID#: 99AFO191
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Gigawatt Long Pulse Microwave Source
Abstract:   MRC will develop the gigawatt long pulse microwave source (GLPMS), a narrow-band, high-power microwave source designed to defeat the "pulse shortening" phenomenon which normally occurs as power is increased. The QLPMS will be a conventional-electron emission, high-efficiency, compact, lightweight magnetron with large diameter slow-wave structure that keeps surface field strengths and energy densities low. High efficiency, conventional emission, and low field and energy densities favor long pulse operation. The ultra-high-efficiency of the magnetron will be a primary goal, since high efficiency implies reduced electron bombardment power, which can contribute to pulse shortening. This design will draw from an existing magnetron, which achieved a record 60 MW at 2.85 GHz. MRC personnel are uniquely qualified to scale from this device, having generated its original design and having substantial expertise in the 3-D simulation of crossed-field devices. Research on an ultra-high-efficiency, 91 5-MHz, industrial heating magnetron will guide the high-efficiency aspects of the QLPMS design. MRC will team with Dr. Chung Chan of Northeastern University, who has led several investigations of crossed-field device physics. Northeastern test facilities will be utilized for cold testing in Phase I, and for hot testing in Phase II.

NEOCERA, INC.
10000 Virginia Manor Rd.
Beltsville, MD 20705
(301) 201-1010

PI: Lee Knauss
(301) 210-1010
Contract #:
UNIV. OF MARYLAND
Department of Physics
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-6128

ID#: 99AFO204
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-006
Title: HTS SQUID Determination of Corrosion Rates in Aluminum Aircraft
Abstract:   Corrosion has been a significant documented cause of commercial aircraft failures. In this program we propose to investigate the application of a HTS scanning SQUID microscope to measure corrosion currents and quantify the rate of corrosion. The use of a HTS SQUID instead of a LTS SQUID gives us the ability to bring our sensor closer to the sample, design a more compact system, and at a lower cost. We will first determine that we can measure the magnetic fields produced by corrosion currents and determine through how much material the signal can be detected. Second, using the magnetic field data we will calculate the source corrosion currents that generated the magnetic fields. Since the corrosion currents are directly related to the corrosion rate, we can calculate quantitatively the corrosion rate in he aircraft part. Once proof of principle has been established, the technique will be compared to conventional electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, which is another method of detecting corrosion rates.

NOMADICS, INC.
1730 Cimarron Plaza
Stillwater, OK 74075
(405) 372-9535

PI: Colin Cumming
(405) 372-9535
Contract #:
CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT
Oklahoma State University
Stillwater, OK 74078
(405) 372-9535

ID#: 99AFO257
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-008
Title: Thin Film Light Emitting Diodes from Layer-by-Layer Assembled Semiconductor Nanoparticles
Abstract:   Light emitting diodes, LEDs, from poly(phenylene vinylene) and CdSe/CcS nanoparticles will be made by using layer-by-layer assembly technique, LBL. This thin film deposition method affords preparation of pinhole free molecularly organized layers with superior structural, optical, and electrical characteristics. By using LBL, ordered multi-component structures can be equally efficiently deposited on traditional solid flat substrates, flexible plastic skins, and curved sophisticated 3urfaces. The primary research effort of this project will be focused on the improvement of the electron transport layer. The following objectives are envisioned to be achieved: (1) preparation of a model LED made by the layer-by-layer assembly of CdSe/CdS nanoparticles; (2) reduction of the response time of the device; (3) selection of an optimal pulse mode of electrical excitation of the LED. Optimization of the multi-layer architecture of the electron transfer layer is expected to improve the longevity of the device by the acceleration of heat dissipation in the thin film. Application of LBL to the deposition of electron transfer layer can improve performance of LED as an element of flat panel displays, simplify R&D-to-production transition and reduce cost of the product.

NP PHOTONIC TECHNOLOGIES, LLC.
UA Science & Tech Park, 9030 S
Tucson, AZ 85747
(520) 621-4649

PI: Dr. Tao Luo
(520) 621-4722
Contract #:
UNIV. OF ARIZONA
412 Administration Building
Tucson, AZ 85721
(520) 626-3050

ID#: 99AFO188
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-009
Title: Novel Class of Ultra-high-speed Optical Switches
Abstract:   This program will develop a novel all optical switching system that is capable of subpicosecond switching. The device exploits the unique properties of the resonant (self-induced transparency type) solitons which form in the excitonic spectral region of semiconductors. This device has applications in time-division-multiplexed (TDM) optical networks that operate at Tbit/s rates Initial theoretical work has shown that the resonant soliton switches meet the requirements of cascadability, logic level restoration and logical completeness.

ORBITAL RESEARCH, INC.
11000 Cedar Ave., Ste 170
Cleveland, OH 44106
(216) 791-6749

PI: Ravi Vaidyanathan
(216) 791-6749
Contract #:
JOHN CARROLL UNIV.
20700 North Park Blvd
University Heights, OH 44118
(216) 397-5024

ID#: 99VS003
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-011
Title: Autoadaptive Fuzzy Rule-Based Control of Autonomous Satellite Swarms
Abstract:   The effective operation of microsatellites working collaboratively in swarms demands the development of new control strategies directing collective intelligence among groups of autonomous individuals. Orbital Research Inc. and John Carroll University, are proposing a comprehensive control package founded upon rule base commands for tasking of individuals, group behavior algorithms enabling collaboration of swarms of microsatellites, and fuzzy system identification for adaptive sensor fusion dictating rule based commands. Additionally, distributed genetic algorithms will be implemented to generate new sets of rule bases autonomously. In this proposed architecture, parallel distributed genetic algorithms will be implemented to generate rule bases for planning an scheduling the directives of individual group members, whose collaboration directs the emergence of swarm intelligence. Individual satellites, each equipped with their own rule based controller, will perform assigned sub-tasks based on their own directives. The work will: 1) create a fuzzy logic sensor fusion system for rule base foundation, 2) implement rule bases from fuzzy data to direct swarms of microsatellites performing tasks collectively in simulation, 3) implement hardware demonstrations of swarm intelligence on autonomous vehicles functioning collaboratively, and 4) investigate the use of distributed genetic algorithms to create additional rule bases for completely automated control reconfiguration.

RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT CORP.
2875 Towerview Road, Suite A4
Herndon, VA 20171
(703) 904-1808

PI: Dr. John Leddo
(703) 904-1808
Contract #:
OLYMPIA ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS INSTITUTE
8434 Athenian Avenue
Universal City, TX 78148
(210) 566-0587

ID#: 99STTR-00
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-012
Title: Tools for Modeling the Knowledge of Meeting Participants
Abstract:   In today's distributed decision making evnvironments, it is important to insure that all participants have a common understanding of the problems and solutions at hand. The proposed project will transfer technology from both Research Development Corporation and Olympia Educational Systems Institute to develop tools to support distributed meetings. The tools will run on the Internet, local or other network. They will allow meeting participants to rapidly create graphical representations of their problem solving knowledge. These representations will be reviewable and editable by members of the team. An artificial intelligence engine will run the knowledge models to show meeting participants the implications of their understanding. In Phase I, we will demonstrate the technology in a domain of the Air Force's choosing. We will validate the tool in a study where meeting participants can use the tool to arrive at a problem solving consensus. Their results will be compared to a control group that does not use the tool. Phase II will be devoted to expanding the range of knowledge the tool can capture and to build knowledge validation techniques into the tool.

SANTEC SYSTEMS, INC.
716 N. Milwaukee Ave.
Wheeling, IL 60090
(847) 215-8884

PI: Jan Achenbach
(847) 491-5527
Contract #:
NORTHWESTERN UNIV.
633 Clark Street
Evanston, IL 60208
(847) 491-3003

ID#: 99AFO213
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Life Cycle Management of Aging Aircraft Based on Integrated QNDE and Reliability Assessment
Abstract:   The proposed project will develop the complementary roles of quantitative non-destructive evaluation and probabilistic reliability assessment for application to aging aircraft structures. A life-cycle management methodology will be demonstrated analytically. This will involve a synthesis of results for stress analysis of aircraft parts, crack propagation under fatigue loading, probabilistic fatigue analysis, non-destructive inspection results, probability of defect detection (POD) considerations, and inspection scheduling, with as final result a statement of the reduction of the probability of component failure for various inspection scenarios. Initial emphasis is on demonstration of the concept for cracks in multi-layer structures.

SCENPRO, INC.
101 W. Renner RoadSuite 130
Richardson, TX 78712
(972) 437-5001

PI: Daniel Fayette
(315) 330-2151
Contract #:
UNIV. OF TEXAS
Mail Code: F3900
Austin, TX 78712
(512) 471-6424

ID#: 99IF300
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-013
Title: Biological/Chemicall Incedent Response Monitor
Abstract:   The Phase I effort will research key topics related to the development of a biological/chemical incident response monitor (B/CIRM). A prototype will be developed to help evaluate how such a tool will assist JTF Commanders and their staff in tracking reseources and predicting resource shotrfalls on biolocal or chemical incidents. The research has two primary goals. The first is to capture user profiles, data requirements, and constraints. The second goals focuses on constructing a "meta-model" of biological/chemical incident responses and using that model to dynamically generate Joint resonse plans. Prototypes of the client/server architecture and user interface will be developed during this Phase I effort. In addition, a trade-off will be performed to identify a cost effective COTS geographic information system for the B/CIRM. Finally, research will be performed into the availability and applicability of information required to drive the system.

SILICON DESIGNS, INC.
1445 NW Mall Street
Issaquah, WA 98027
(425) 391-8329

PI: John C. Cole
(425) 391-8329
Contract #:
UNIV. OF WASHINGTON, EE DEPARTMENT
P.O. Box 352500
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-3842

ID#: 99MN034
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-015
Title: MEMS Inertial Sensors Using High Aspect Ratio Metal Glass Structures
Abstract:   Until recently silicon has been the material of choice for micromachined inertial sensors because of its elastic properties. Silicon Designs has developed a process for producing an electroformed metal-glass structures with nearly ideal elastic properties. Its higher density, about four0times that of silicon, makes it a better choice for acceleration and gyroscopic sensors. IT can be electroformed into molds with extremely fine geometries. This material is being sued to build thin (5-10), open-loop accelerometers that exhibit almost no hysteresis during operation or bias shifts after experiencing 1000g shocks. The University of Washington is developing low-cost methods of producing high aspect ration photoresist materials. The objective of this joint SDI/UW project is to develop a MEMS process for fabricating thick (50-100), multi-layer surface structures with this alloy. We will then design, build and test inertial grade microsensor suitable for low cost MEMS fabrication and assembly methods.

SMART MATERIAL DESIGN
980 Half Day Road
Highland Park, IL 60035
(847) 266-0515

PI: Alexander Sutin
(201) 216-5339
Contract #:
UNIV. OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO
2095 West Taylor Street
Chicago, IL 60607
(201) 121-6533

ID#: 99AFO252
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Quanntitative Nondestructive Evaluation and Relability Assessment of the Aging Aircraft Structure Components
Abstract:   The objective of this project is to develop new technology for the probabilistic reliability assessment of the aging aircraft structure based on the output of novel nonlinear acoustic instrumentation to be developed The technology will be based on: 1. Novel (to be fabricated) nonlinear acoustic instrumentation for the detection and investigation of fatigue and/or corrosion damage in aircraft structural components. 2. Information (constant record or maintenance inspections) about aging damage collected with help of the developed nonlinear acoustic instrumentation mentioned in item 1. 3. Probabilistic reliability assessment of the aircraft structure components based on the information collected in item 2. Crack propagator concept CP (probability of crack formation between any two points) (1) and Monte-Carlo simulations will be used for the development of probabilistic model. Once a CP has been evaluated for the particular problem (part geometry, loading and envir9nmental conditions) the probabilities of crack initiation1 crack size, toughness parameters, time to failure can be readily computed (illustrative examples in [l]

SPIRE CORP.
One Patriots Park
Bedford, MA 01730
(781) 275-6000

PI: Fereydoon Namavar
(781) 275-6000
Contract #:
UNIV. OF IOWA, AMES LAB
121 Metals Development
Ames, IA 50011
(515) 294-5236

ID#: 99AFO227
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Nanograin, Quasicrystalline, Multiphase Coatings for Reduced Friction and Wear
Abstract:   Despite many advances in the development of new alloys, further improvement is sought in order to increase the durability of materials for next-generation weapons systems and other applications. The objective of this program is to develop low-friction, wear- and corrosion-resistant, protective coatings for applications involving rolling, sliding, and mixed-mode contacts. In addition to its military applications, the proposed coatings would benefit other industries ranging from bio-materials to transportation to drilling. Improved surfaces enable the use of smaller, lighter components which would reduce cost and energy consumption during fabrication and operation, and increase operating lifetime. Recent progress in the development of quasicrystals as low-friction, hard materials makes these alloys ideal candidates for protective coatings. Quasicrystal coatings can be substituted for some ceramics due to their high hardness and wear resistance, and lower-cost production. Their metallic nature also alleviates the adhesion problems associated with ceramic hard coatings on metallic substrates. Phase I will produce coatings consisting of a quasicrystal/metal nanostructure by ion-beam assisted deposition (IBAD). IBAD combines evaporation with concurrent ion beam bombardment to "stitch" the film to the substrate with complete control over structure and chemistry, and has shown superior adhesion over thermal spray processes for ceramic coatings. To enhance toughness and avoid brittleness, a quasicrystal/metal system in the form of either a superlattice or multiphase nanostructure will be produced. Samples will be evaluated by the group at Ames Laboratory, which is one of the pioneers in the quasicrystal field.

SQM TECHNOLOGY, INC.
P.O. Box 2225
LaJolla, CA 92038
(619) 481-7182

PI: Dr. Walter Podney
(619) 481-7182
Contract #:
IOWA STATE UNIV.
213 Beardshear
Ames, LA 50011
(515) 299-4452

ID#: 99AFO205
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Response Model and Reliability Assessment of Superconductive, Pulsed, Eddy Current Probes
Abstract:   The Committee on Aging of U.S. Air Force Aircraft, of the National Research Council (1), identifies as a primary technical need a method for nondestructive evaluation sensitive enough to detect small cracks in multi-layered structure of airframes. Research proposed here can meet the primary technical need for high sensitivity and takes an integrated approach to developing a quantitative capability for a new method using pulsed eddy currents with superconductive probes. A superconductive probe offers high sensitivity and resolution at low frequency making it possible to find small cracks and corrosion hidden deep in multi-layered structures. Superconductive probes, operating with pulsed eddy currents, enable imaging a crack and superimposing the image on a cross sectional view of a part, showing, for example, fatigue crack at a fastener hole. The image gives depth of a crack below the surface as well as its length and area. A color code for the image gives the probability of detection (POD) of a fatigue crack. Inspectors can readily interpret and evaluate the display. Similar signal analysis can be carried out to indicate regions of corrosion. Research proposed here develops a measurement model f3r pulsed eddy currents, with superconductive probes, and applies it to assess reliability in terms of probabilities of true and false detection. The reliability assessment integrates measurements of crack depth and size with a display of a crack outline on a section drawing of a part, using a color map to mark reliability of a measurement. The research leads to development of superconductive probes operating with pulsed eddy currents to give a new method of quantitatively evaluating depth and size of small cracks deep in multi-layered structure of airframes.

TRISTAN TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6350 Nancy Ridge, Suite 102
San Diego, CA 92121
(619) 550-2798

PI: Douglas Paulson
(619) 550-2720
Contract #:
VANDERBILT UNIV.
512 Kirkland Hall
Nashville, TN 37240
(615) 322-2631

ID#: 99AFO244
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Cryocooled SQUID Magnetometer Array for Laboratory Measurements of the Rate of Hidden Corrosion in Aging Aircraft
Abstract:   There are no established techniques for determining instantaneous rates of hidden corrosion in aluminum aerospace structures, such a crevice corrosion in an aircraft lap joint or exfoliation corrosion in the mid-plane of a thick wing plank. Studies show that SQUIDs are ideally suited for non-destructive analysis of corrosion in specimens where the corrosion activity is not directly accessible to more conventional electrochemical analyses. We seek to develop a new laboratory technique hat incorporates a SQUID magnetometer that will be suitable for quantifying the rate at which various forms of corrosion damage accumulate in a range of aerospace structures. Our proposed design incorporates important technical innovations, including the use of a Linear array of low-temperature superconductivity SQUIDs for rapid scanning and spatio-temporal corre1ation, a closed-cycled refrigerator to cool the SQUIDs without the need for liquid cryogen, a compact, high-accessibility magnetic shield, improved scanning stage technology, and advanced analysis software. During the Phase I effort, we will determine the metrics that will allow quantitative comparison of our proposed technique with existing techniques. In addition, in Phase I we will define more clearly the technologies, such as SQUID arrays, cryocoolers, thermal and vacuum systems, and magnetic shielding, which will be necessary for the Phase II development of our proposed instrument and measurement technique.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 Turnpike Rd.
Chelmsford, MA 01824
(978) 250-4200

PI: Ross Haghighat
(978) 250-4200
Contract #:
SOUTH DAKOTA SCHOOL OF MINES
501 E. St. Joseph St.
Rapid City, SD 57701
(605) 394-2406

ID#: 99DE003
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-010
Title: Novel Materials for Large, Deployable, Space Optics
Abstract:   Triton Systems, a leading developer of thin film membrane materials for space applications, has teamed up with Professor Christopher Jenkins of the Compliant Structures Laboratory of the South Dakota School of Mines, to address the critical design and fabrication needs of large (>8 meter) deployable space optical systems. Our proposed Phase I effort will examine the mission-critical performance requirements of thin film reflective membranes associated with large area deployable mirror structures, and will design and demonstrate a material system that broadly meets the desired performance guidelines. This Phase I effort will leverage Professor Jenkins' compliant materials modeling tools with Triton's borad materials expertise and membrane materials knowledge. The result will be the design and fabrication of a sub-scale thin film metallized optical system to validate our model, and to offer a Road Map to developing a 8 meter and larger optical quality membrane miror device during a Phase II effort.

TURBINE COATING, INC.
P.O. Box 600
Schenectady, NY 12301
(518) 348-0551

PI: Dr. Maggie Zheng
(518) 348-0551
Contract #:
SANDIA THERMAL SPRAY RESEARCH LAB.
P.O. Box 5800 Dept. 1831 MSS 1130
Albuquerque, NM 87185
(505) 845-3256

ID#: 99AFO214
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Thermal/Cold Spray Quasicrystal and Composite Quasicrystal Coatings
Abstract:   One of the objectives of this Phase I project is to identify the most suitable spray method(s) for depositing quasicrystal Coatings. Controlled atmosphere thermal spray, air thermal spray, and cold spray are the methods to be investigated and compared. The tasks in the Phase I project also include the development) of Composite quasicrystal powder. Coatings sprayed by quasicrystal powder and composite quasicrystal powder will be compared. Characterization methods for quasicrystal coatings include crystallography, tribological tests, and metallography. The criteria for evaluating quasicrystal coatings are their stoichiometry, wear resistance, coefficient of friction and hardness, and microstructure.

UHV TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
113-B West Park Drive
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
(609) 608-0311

PI: Nalin Kumar
(609) 608-0311
Contract #:
PRINCETON UNIV.
Nassau Street
Princeton, NJ 08544
(609) 258-5220

ID#: 99AFO242
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Diamond Field Emission Electron Beam Based Sublimation Thrusters
Abstract:   The high quality production of quasicrystal coatings may have many applications in the military and industry due to the unique properties of these substances. Quasicrystats have produced coatings that have high hardness, low wear, low friction, and are resistant to corrosion. These promising properties are offset by the procedures required to form them such as tight control of stoichiometry and heat treatment at high temperatures. HY-Tech Research Corporation and the University of Virginia are proposing to develop an entirely new method for creating these coatings based the use of a directed energy beam that will perform the ion mixing1 heat treatment1 and rapid solidification in one step. If successful this method would allow us to coat low temperature metals, such as aluminum, in a very simple fashion. The techniques that we propose use existing, well-developed technology that has commercialization potential. For the Phase I we intend demonstrate this technique experimentally using facilities that are currently operational demonstrating its feasibility. This will provide the basis for the Phase II and III programs.

VISTA RESEARCH, INC.
100 View Street, Suite 200
Mountain View, CA 94041
(650) 966-1171

PI: Dr. Charles L. Rino
(650) 966-1171
Contract #:
UNIVERSITY OF UTAH
Dept. of Mathematics
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
(650) 966-1171

ID#: 99AFO209
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-004
Title: AA Matlab-Based Toolbox for Locally Stationary Signal Processing
Abstract:   The research proposed under this Phase I STTR will initiate development of a Matlab-based toolbox for extracting, parameterizing and synthesizing non-stationary process. The toolbox, to be fully developed under a Phase II effort, will provide robust computational resources to identify and replicate non-stationary effects for a large class of fractal and multi fractional process. Multi-fractal process have been used in such diverse applications as turbulence, telecommunications, and finance; however, the mathematical tools to perform analyses, model mg and simulation have been available mainly to specialists in the field. The proposed toolbox will be completely general and structured in such a way that users can tailor processing to their own needs by interactively modifying analysis procedures as they are applied to real or stimulated data sets. The final product will also provide an interface for segmenting and interactively testing the suitability of any digitized data stream for multi-fractal representation.

ZONA TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7430 E. Stetson Dr. Ste 205
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
(480) 945-9988

PI: Ping Chih Chen
(480) 945-9988
Contract #:
DUKE UNIV.
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Durham, NC 27708
(919) 684-2418

ID#: 99AFO221
Agency: AF
Topic#: 99-019
Title: Nonlinear Reduced Order Modeling of Limit Cycle Oscillations of Aircraft Wiings
Abstract:   A nonlinear reduced order modeling (ROM) approach for efficient aeroelastic design/analysis using high level CFD with a tightly-coupled structural FEM interfacing is proposed. The ROM is constructed with a proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) scheme producing low-order but highly accurate solutions over a wide range of frequencies. A novel harmonic balance technique is introduced to handle the flow nonlinearities such as limit cycle oscillations (LCO): The proof-of-concept examples indicated that the proposed frequency-domain method is at least two-orders of magnitude faster than conventional time-marching CFD methods. Next, the ROM/POD methodology is extended to include multiple degree-of-freedom in generalized structural coordinates with CFD/structural FEM grid transferal via ZONA's boundary element method (BEM) solver. Two wings, the 445.6 wing and the PAPA wing, are selected for the validation of the 3D Euler ROM/POD method proposed in phase I. Meanwhile a 2D nonlinear model will be dedicated to the study of transonic LCO. Finally, demonstration and merit assessment of the proposed method will be conducted with regard to its efficiency, accuracy, modularity and understanding of key physics towards the understanding of LCO. If proven successful, the proposed method is likely to become a new-generation, efficient CFD method for transonic flutter/LCO, aeroservoelasiticity and MDO applications in industry.

---------- ARMY ----------

ANTEX BIOLOGICS, INC.
300 Professional Dr.
Gaithersburg, MD 20879
(301) 590-0129

PI: Richard I Walker, Ph.D.
(301) 590-0129
Contract #:
JOHNS HOPKINS UNVIERSITY
615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
(410) 614-1856

ID#: 40254
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-008
Title: Development of a Prototype Multivalent, Oral Vaccine for Traveler's Diarrhea
Abstract:   To counter the threat of diarrhea diseases, Antex Biologics is developing an orally administered, non-living combined pathogen vaccine that will protect against disease due to Shigella flexneri, S. sonnel, C. jejuni, and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coil (ETEC). This vaccine also will be formulated with and without a mucosal adjuvant which may also provide an additional antigen against ETEC. The retention of immunogenicity of each of the vaccine components in the combined vaccine will be determined by analysis of local and systemic humoral immune responses. The utility of rabbit oral challenge model previously developed for study of shigellosis to demonstrate infection or disease due to challenge with the enteric pathogens of interest will be established. Also, the ability of the prototype combined agent traveler's diarrhea vaccine to protect rabbits against oral challenge with S. sonnel will be determined. Homologous and heterologous protection against infection with other enteric pathogens will be carried out in phase II of this STTR. Additional studies will be carried out to adapt Antex's NST technology to enhancement of the CFA/l antigen of ETEC and evaluate the immune response to this organism following oral vaccination with killed whole cells. These preclinical studies will guide formulation of a prototype GMP vaccine against traveler's diarrhea to be tested in phase II of this STTR. BENEFITS: This vaccine will be a major benefit to military personnel and other travelers. Further, it will provide an important pediatric vaccine for use in developed and developing countries. The technology developed during this project will also have broad commercial applications for other vaccines which may be similarly formulated for mucosal delivery.

ATMOSPHERIC & ENVIRONMENTAL REASEARCH
840 Memorial Dr.
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 547-6207

PI: Ross N. Hooffman, Ph.D.
(617) 547-6207
Contract #:
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
77 Massachusetts Avenue (rm 48-305)
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 256-3864

ID#: 40220
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Hybrid Optical/Digital Imaging for Automatic Inspection
Abstract:   Our technical plan provides a flexible, realistic, low-risk, integrated approach to precipitation and hydrological forecasting. This approach:(a) exploits the enhanced capability of the NEXRAD system to provide accurate high-resolution rainfall maps over the continental U.S., (b) utilizes state-of-the-art precipitation and hydrological forecasting techniques; but c overcomes the inherent limitations of these approaches by optimally merging the results of the different techniques to provide a robust solution. BENEFITS: River forecasting has many uses and benefits. Floods affect civilian populations, Army Corps operations, mobility, forward army units, and others. River management optimizes the use of water for drinking, agriculture, hydroelectricity, navigation and environmental quality control.

CMD OPTICS, INC.
4001 Discovery Drive, Suite 390
Boulder, CO 80303-7816
(303) 449-5593

PI: Edward R. Dowski
(303) 449-5593
Contract #:
THE REGENTS OF THE UNIV. OF COLORAD
1511 University Ave., Rm 206 Campus Box
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-6221

ID#: 40230
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Hybrid Optical/Digital Imaging for Automatic Inspection
Abstract:   A new paradigm is possible for the design of hybrid optical/digital imaging systems that will have unique properties. Imaging systems can be designed that have a depth of field or focus that is ten or more times that of a normal system, without the need to increase exposure. This means that barcodes, labels, and manufactured items can be seen Over a large region of object space. Thick microscope specimens and integrated circuits can be seen over their entire depth. The entire scene in a video camera can be in focus. The hybrid system is also invariant to focus-related aberrations such as curvature of field, chromatic aberration, and spherical aberration. [Wach, et al., 1998]. This means that simpler optical systems can be used, and plastic lenses can be used for applications where previously they could not. The result is a more powerful, but cheaper and lighter imaging system. This work will concentrate on: (1) creating fast, user-friendly, design tools, which include ray tracing and signal processing, for designing hybrid optical/digital imaging systems; (2) simulations to demonstrate the greater effectiveness of hybrid imaging systems; and (3) experimental demonstrations of hybrid systems that provide significant advantages for package readers and industrial inspection. BENEFITS: Label and barcode readers will be able to read the labels on packages at different heights or shapes without requiring camera movements or autofocusing. Industrial inspection systems can have a depth of field that will allow them to see the entire object at one time, at higher frame rates, and with less illumination. Consumer camcorders will not need a focus motor, but can always be in focus over a large region. Lenses for all of these applications can be made much cheaper because of invariance to aberrations that are related to misfocus. Plastic can be substituted for glass. In addition, the tolerance to misfocus will allow the temperature and manufacturing tolerances to be relaxed.

EFX SYSTEMS, INC.
3900 Collins Road, Suite 1011
Lansing, MI 48910
(517) 336-4630

PI: Robert F. Hickey
(517) 336-4630
Contract #:
MICHIGAN STATE UNIV. CTR. FOR MICROBIAL
A540 Plant & Soil Science Building
East Lansing, MI 48824-1325
(517) 353-9021

ID#: 40256
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-003
Title: The Microbial Ecology of Contaminant Destruction
Abstract:   Hexahydro-l,3,5-trinitro-l,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6 Trinitrotoluene (TNT) and octahydro-l,3,5,7- tetranitro-1 ,3,5,7 tetrazocine (HMX) are explosives widely used by the U.S. military. Past handling practices at facilities manufacturing, processing and disposing of explosives have, in many cases, resulted in environmental contamination. Leaching of these energetics into soil and groundwater from disposal lagoons has occurred at many sites in the U.S. and abroad. These explosives are susceptible to biological degradation under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic in-situ treatment requires just the addition of an electron donor. Work completed to date suggests that RDX and TNT serve as the electron acceptor under anaerobic conditions. The rates of degradation are, therefore, closer to metabolic rather than co-metabolic. This translates to the potential for rapid and complete degradation of the RDX, TNT and HMX. The overall goal of this proposed effort is to develop an understanding of what factors significantly influence the rate and extent of anaerobic transformation of TNT, RDX and HMX in groundwater-soil systems including 1) the best electron donor sources for rapid transformation of TNT, RDX and HMX and what intermediate products are formed, 2) what microbial populations are involved and 3) what are the effects of electron acceptors (i.e., SO4=~ NO3~) typically found in groundwater. BENEFITS: Our team's knowledge of the microbial populations and factors that can affect the that degradation of these compounds in the subsurface environment and how to manipulate this capability to achieve rapid and complete degradation is, however, not sufficient at this time to confidently design and operate in-situ groundwater treatment systems. This proposed effort is designed to elucidate fundamental appreciation of factors that affect the rate and extent of treatment of explosives in groundwater.

KNOWLEDGE ANALYSIS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC.
4001 Doscovery Drive, Suite 390-A6
Boulder, CO 80303
(303) 545-9092

PI: Darrell Laham
(303) 545-9092
Contract #:
YALE UNIV./DEPT. OF PSYCHOLOGY
P.O. Box 208205
New Haven, CT 06520-8205
(203) 432-7206

ID#: 40263
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Recombinant Knoloedge Generation for Planning, training nad Assessment Using Latent Semantic Analysis
Abstract:   Nothing is more important to success of military or commercial missions than good planning. Yet effective planning in a complex and unpredictable world is extremely difficult. We will research, develop and evaluate computer-based technologies to help leaders plan more effectively. These technologies will perform four functions: * Find textual information that supports thorough and creative consideration of alternative problem solutions * Automatically generate key-word summarimake consideration of more diverse information feasible * Automaty generate novel scenarios for training exercises * Automatically ass plans generated by trainees These technologies are based on Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA; AKA Latent Semantic Indexing, LSI), a new machine-learning method that acquires and represents knowledge about the meaning of words and documents by analysis of large bodies of natural text. Extensive research by the proposers has shown that LSA closely simulates human judgments of the semantic similarity between passages of text. We will use this powerful technology to create new knowledge out of combinations of existing text such as logistic command post exercises, field manuals, and printed military training materials. The innovative technologies will help leaders assemble and utilize knowledge and will provide new tools to help leaders learn to plan more thoroughly. BENEFITS: This research and development will lead to new computer and network-based aids for planning and to enhanced methods for training of planning skills. All business, government, military and educational organizations could potentially benefit from such technologies. We anticipate commercialization through incorporation of the technologies as components of online education and operation support systems offered by a variety of parties, such as corporate training departments, distance education providers, and Internet-based employment services.

METABIOLOGICS, INC.
505 S. Rosa Rd.
Madison, WI 53719
(608) 263-6949

PI: Dr. Michael C. Goodnough
(608) 263-6949
Contract #:
UNIV. OF WISCONSIN-MADISON
1925 Willow Dr.
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 263-7944

ID#: 40231
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-009
Title: Development of Delivery Vehicle Targeting Cholinergic
Abstract:   The seven toxin serotypes of Clostridium botulinum are the most potent substances known to mankind. The neurotoxins act on cholinergic neurons inhibiting the release of acetylcholine causing flaccid paralysis due to, the inability of the inverted muscle to contract. At present there is no known treatment for non-immunized individuals exposed to the toxin once the active portion of the toxin is internalized into the nerve cell. Supportive care can be lengthy and expensive. Research under this proposal will demonstrate the feasibility of synthesizing prodrugs consisting of multiple copies of the model metalloprotease inhibitor captopril covalently bound to a polymeric delivery vehicle. This work will be the basis for Phase II research where we intend to conjugate the prodrugs developed in this proposal to the heavy chain of type A botulinum neurotoxin. This will yield a pharmaceutically active compound that specifically targets and internalizes desired substances into cholinergic neurons including active inhibitors of the neurotoxin itself. Additional research in the Phase I work proposed here will be to use our experience in the purification and modification of G. botulinum neurotoxins to generate a stable form of the heavy chain for use in Phase II research. BENEFITS: Potential benefits stemming from this research and additional work being done at the University of Wisconsin-Madison include the following; 1. Antidotes to botulinal neurotoxins will be synthesized for civilians and U.S. military personnel lacking immunizations that have been exposed to the toxins. 2. The delivery vehicles generated under this research will be capable of transporting other pharmaceutically active compounds of interest to the neuronal cytosol that ordinary lack solubility, are toxic, or are degraded.

METROLASER, INC.
18010 Skypark Circle, Suite 100
Irvine, CA 92614
(949) 553-0688

PI: Jeffery Segal, Ph.D.
(949) 553-0688
Contract #:
WAYNE ST. UNIV. SCH. OF MED.
540 E. Canfield Ave
Detroit, MI 48201
(313) 577-2291

ID#: 40206
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Optical Biosensor for Biological Threat Agents
Abstract:   New methods are needed for the rapid detection of biological threat agents in the field. Biologically-based molecular recognition is the most promising approach to this problem; however, most threat agents are not easily recognized by natural systems and it is difficult to determine when recognition has taken place. We propose to solve these two problems by creating new threat agent binding sites and incorporating them into a biological system that undergoes changes in its optical properties during its normal biological function. When the target binds with the system, this function is inhibited, which changes its normal optical properties. This deviation from normal optical behavior after agent binding provides the basis for our sensor. The requisite binding sites for the threat agents can be developed and incorporated into the biosystem using well-established biochemical techniques. The proposed optical biosensor would permit rapid detection of the molecular recognition event with simple, inexpensive optical hardware. Laboratory proof-of-concept studies have already validated our approach. We propose to broaden the scope of species that can be detected with this technique and to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a compact, inexpensive optical biosensor for threat agents such as biotoxins. BENEFITS: The optical biosensor will have an extremely broad range of applications. The proposed method is highly adaptable and potential target species extend from small organic molecules to viruses and cells. Applications include medical diagnostics and environmental monitoring. All of the elements of the biosensor are inexpensive and robust, further insuring the commercial viability of this technology.

PINNACLE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
619 E. 8th Street Suite D
Lawrence, KS 66044
(785) 832-8866

PI: Dr. David Johnson
(785) 832-8866
Contract #:
NORTHWEST UNIV.
2153 N. Campus Dr.
Evanston, IL 60208
(847) 491-2865

ID#: 40229
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Wireless Long-Term EEG/EMG Recording System for Mice
Abstract:   Sleep disorders affect millions of Americans. To support and to take advantage of the molecular genetic revolution in mice, new state-of-the-art electroencephalogram (EEG) recording techniques are required. A strong, interdisciplinary team of scientists and engineers has been assembled to design, test, build and commercialize a long term EEG/EMG wireless recording system for mice. Although it is not specifically defined in the solicitation, the research team believes that an EMG channel is absolutely necessary in order for rodent sleep to be properly scored. In addition to the necessary information that EMG levels provide about wakefulness and sleep, the signal is used within sleep periods to distinguish between Slow-Wave Sleep (SWS) and REM sleep. Pinnacle Technology, Inc. will provide the miniature, low-power electronics design, software and commercialization expertise. Dr. Fred Turek's Center for Circadian Biology & Medicine at Northwestern University is a recognized leader in the field. Northwestern has developed a state-of-the-art rodent sleep recording facility specifically designed for mice. The Department of Energy - Kansas City Plant operated by AlliedSignal, Inc has 13,000 square feet of state-of- the-art Class 100 and Class 10,000 cleanrooms devoted to microelectronic device fabrication. The design team at Allied has extensive experience in microfabrication techniques and telemetry. BENEFITS: To support research in the areas of sleep, fatigue, alertness, etc. and to take advantage of the molecular genetic revolution in mice, new state-of-the-art electroencephalogram (EEG) recording techniques are required. The combination of a wireless implant, amplifiers, filters, and a computerized collection and scoring interface will constitute the first complete system which may be marketed commercially for the recording and analysis of sleep in rodents.

UTD, INC.
10242 Battleview Parkway
Manassas, VA 20109
(703) 393-0800

PI: William Kane
(703) 393-0800
Contract #:
CATHOLIC UNIV. OF AMERICA
620 Michigan Ave.
Washington, DC 20064
(202) 319-5244

ID#: 40272
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Geotextile Waste Filteration Unit Concept
Abstract:   Traditional wastewater treatment consists of a combination of mechanical, chemical, and biological processes designed to remove organic and other undesirable materials entrained in the water. Geotextiles used as filtering media have produced results equivalent to the performance of primary sedimentation tanks and secondary effluent sedimentation tanks. Geotextile filters appear to offer the possibility of providing a practical means of providing organic sewage treatment. UTD Incorporated and the Catholic University of America (UTD/CUA) propose to demonstrate the feasibility of a modular, portable1 geotextile based Wastewater Filtration Unit (WFU). UTD/CUA has developed a workable concept and plan which includes engineering analysis, physical experiments, and a preliminary design of a full scale WFU. BENEFITS: UTD foresees the W~U concept to be of use in any scenario where infrastructure is required to support a temporary increase in population such as large construction projects in remote areas or events such as the Olympics. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) could use WFUs to argument or substitute for existing sewage treatment systems during floods. Finally, the WFU concept is an ideal added capability for the U. S. military, which is being called upon to supply humanitarian aide in remote areas of the world with increasing frequency.

---------- BMDO ----------

ASTRALUX, INC.
2500 Central Avenue
Boulder, CO 80301-
(303) 413-1440

PI: Mr. John T. Torvik
(303) 413-1440
Contract #:
UNIV. OF COLORADO/BOULDER
1420 Austin Bluffs Parkway
Colorado Springs, CO
(303) 492-3398

ID#: 99-063T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Improved SiO2/SiC Interface for High-Power MOS-Controlled SiC Devices
Abstract:   In this project, researchers at Astralux, Inc. in collaboration with The University of Colorado propose to develop a state-of-the-art SiO2/SiC interface using atomic layer deposition (ALD). SiC MOSFETs, which just recently have surpassed the theoretical limits of Si MOSFETs, hold a tremendous potential for high-voltage switching. The applications include electric vehicles and power distribution. ALD has inherent process advantages over thermal oxidation and chemical vapor deposition, which is expected to translate into an improved SiO2/SiC interface. The improvements consist of reduced fixed oxide charge and interface trap density as needed for discrete MOS-controlled devices and planar SiC integrated circuit technology. The ALD SiO2/SiC interface will be used to improve upon the low channel mobilities achieved to date in n-channel (inversion) layer power MOSFETs. The phase I goal is to demonstrate exceptional SiO2/SiC interfaces using ALD, to fabricate MOS-capacitors exhibiting low fixed oxide charge and interface trap density, and to fabricate SiC MOSFETs with improved channel mobilities. The ultimate goal of this work is a vertical 4H-SiC MOSFET with ALD deposited gate dielectric using an inversion or accumulation layer capable of handling 1MW at 200A and operate up to 500C.

BOULDER NONLINEAR SYSTEMS, INC.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107
Lafayette, CO 80026-
(303) 604-0077

PI: Mr. Jay Stockley
(303) 604-0077
Contract #:
UNIV. OF LOUISVILLE
2301 S. Third St.
Louisville, KY 40208-
(502) 852-7077

ID#: 99-020T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Spatial Light Modulator Based Subsystems for Real-Time Laser Pattern Generation and Multi-Spot Beam Steering
Abstract:   Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc. (BNS) and the University of Louisville (UofL) will work to develop liquid crystal spatial light modulators (SLMs) for use as real-time programmable diffractive gratings. These SLM-based subsystems will be used to demonstrate real-time, non-mechanical multi-spot scanning of laser beams. The key technology to be developed and transferred by UofL to BNS will be numerically efficient computer algorithms that provide real-time design of the electrical control voltages required to obtain desired diffraction patterns. In Phase I, experiments at UofL and BNS will demonstrate feasibility and quantify the performance of this method using a BNS experimental chiral smectic liquid crystal 512x512 pixel SLM. These results together with marketing efforts to commercial and military concerns will be used to identify a preferred application area for a Phase II candidate SLM and scanning subsystem.

CERMET, INC.
1019 Collier Road, Suite C1
Atlanta, GA 30318-


PI: Jeff Nause

Contract #: F33615-99-C-5431
VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIV.
1101 E. Marshall St., Sanger Hall, Rm. 1
Richmond, VA 23219-
(206) 555-1212

ID#: 99-049T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: High Power, Modulation Doped AlGaN/GaN FETs on Melt Grown, Zinc Oxide Bulk Substrates
Abstract:   Three major opportunities are outlined in the proposed Phase I work. The first opportunity is the demonstration of doped ZnO bulk crystal growth with specific electrical properties. The second opportunity is the growth of nitride heterostructures on these substrates. The third opportunity is a new approach to achieve maximum thermal management of the high power device. High quality, ZnO bulk substrates of at least 1 square centimeter area will be provided by Cermet using Cermet's proven crystal growth technology. The technology needed to grow nitride heterostructures will be provided by a world leader in nitride film growth and power device technology. Device - quality films will be grown and characterized by Cermet's university partner. Additionally, FET device design and characterization will be performed by this nitride expert. The successful completion of Phase I goals will demonstrate the utility of ZnO substrates in the fabrication of nitride power devices, and lead to viable, high power, nitride FETs in Phase II. By building on Phase II results, high wattage, long lifetime transistors will be available for many high service temperature applications throughout the Department of Defense.

I TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
2663 Wayside Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48103-
(734) 761-3174

PI: Dr. Robert E. Sampson
(734) 761-3174
Contract #: DASG-60-99-M-0019
UNIV. OF ARIZONA
888 N. Euclid, P.O. Box 210158
Tucson, AZ 85721-0158
(520) 626-6000

ID#: 99-040T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Simultaneous Spatial/Spectral Infrared Sensor (SSIRS)
Abstract:   This project is to develop a simultaneous spatial/spectral one to three micron infrared sensor for battle damage assessment and target detection and analysis. The proposed innovative snapshot spectrometer provides spectral and spatial information simultaneously for each pixel. This unique approach eliminates scanning through spectrum as required by conventional approaches and provides for subsequent rapid collection and construction of spatial and spectral data sets. The proposed instrument design is field portable with minimal moving parts. The proposed project builds on developments at the University of Arizona's Optical Detection Laboratory and provides the most versatile portable spectral imaging sensor developed to date.

IRIDICOM, INC.
829 Salsipuedes St. Unit C
Santa Barbara, CA 93103


PI: Dr. Beck Mason

Contract #: DASG60-99-M-0118
UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA - SANTA BARBARA
Office of Research
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
(805) 893-3890

ID#: 99-004T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Tunable Laser Source With Integrated High Speed Modulator
Abstract:   Widely tunable lasers semiconductor laers are essential components for advanced WDM communication systems that use wavelength routing or optical packet switching. They are also required for next generation optically controlled phaased arry radar systems that use true time delay beam steering. Recent developments in the design and fabrication of tunable lasers has led to devices with tuning ranges of greater than 40 nm that are capable of very rapid wavelength switching. Direct modulation of these devices is limited to bandwidths of 3 to 4 GHz. Many applications for tunable lasers require high speed modulation of the device which is typically accomplished with expensive external modulators. External modulators can have significant insertion loss and usually require a fixed input polarization. The development of a compact integrated modulator for use with a widely tunable laser will result in significant reductions in the cost and complexity of systems which rely on these devices. Initial research has shown the potential for bulk electro-absorption modulators to serve this function, Further research and development is needed to realize a tunable laser with an integrated modulator that is capable of both high frequency modulation and high extinction ratios over a wide range of wavelengths.

KIGRE, INC.
100 Marshland Rd.
Hilton Head, SC 29926


PI: John D. Myers

Contract #:
UNIV. OF ARIZONA
888 N. Euclid, P.O. Box 210158
Tucson, AZ 85721-0158
(520) 626-6000

ID#: 99-038T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: New Rare-Earth-Doped Glass Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers for 1.54 um Communications
Abstract:   The goal of this project is to develop new high performance Er/Yb-codoped phosphate glass cladded fibers for fabrication of miniature high efficiency lasers and amplifiers for 1.54 ?m optical communications systems. Kigre's highly developed MM-1, MM-2, and QX/Er Er/Yb-codoped phosphate glasses are well suited for use as 1.54 ?m oscillator amplifier materials. This Phase I effort will focus on the design, fabrication, and initial evaluation of a novel single mode clad fiber capable of producing high gain amplification (~0.5 dB/mm) at 1.54 ?m in a short (~3-4cm) length.

NITRONEX CORP.
2 Davis Drive-Box 13169
Research Triangle Pa, NC 27709-
(919) 696-6593

PI: Mark Johnson

Contract #:
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV.
229 Riddick Hall, Box 7907
Raleigh, NC 27695
(919) 515-3314

ID#: 99-071T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Development of III-V Nitride Diode Arrays for UV Imaging Applications
Abstract:   Nitronex, in collaboration with the Solid State Physics Laboratory (SSPL) at North Carolina State University, proposes to develop the world's first UV-specific focal plane array (FPA) imager or camera by integrating III-nitride heterojunction detectors with available FPA readout devices on silicon. During Phase 1, a 32x32 diode array and readout device prototype will be developed. Issues that will be addresses during Phase 1 will include device development using MOVPE, detector array mask design and fabrication, photolithography and reactive ion etching to fabricate mesa diode arrays, ohmic contact formation, and device testing. A 32x32 silicon-based readout device will be developed jointly with the Army Night Vision and Electro-optics Laboratory at Ft. Belvoir, VA. Initial hybridization will be performed at Ft. Belvoir using indium bump bonding techniques that are routinely used for hybridization of HgCdTe FPAs. During Phase 2, commercial scale-up of the 32x32 FPA prototype, as well as the development of larger (128x128) diode arrays is projected. Testing of the commercial prototype FPAs will be conducted at Nitronex, with assistance from SSPL personnel. Through this program, Nitronex will play an increasing role in device synthesis using in-house MOVPE facilities.

NZ APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES
14A Gill Street
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-2030

PI: Andrey Osinski
(781) 935-0300
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0277
UNIV. OF ILLINOIS-URBANA-CHAMPAIGN
1308 W. Main St.
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 244-6379

ID#: 99-036T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Novel AlGaN/GaN Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor with Enhanced p-type Doped Base
Abstract:   In this Phase I we propose to demonstrate an advanced Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor based on III-nitride heterostructures. There is a strong need for high power HBTs for highly linear, microwave high power amplifiers. The innovation of this proposal is to utilize a high p-type lateral conductivity in III-nitride based superlattice structure in order to reduce the p-base access resistively. The viability of the concept will be demonstrated during Phase I effort. University of Illinois has developed unique fabrication technology of the ohmic contacts for p-GaN. This technology along with RIE process for WBG materials will be applied for the fabrication of the proposed HBT devices.

SPINIX CORP.
43-301 Buena Vista St.
Devens, MA 01432-
(978) 772-9867

PI: Dr. Yi-Qun Li
(978) 772-9867
Contract #:
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Lincoln Laboratory, 244 Wood Street
Lexington, MA 02173-
(617) 253-3258

ID#: 99-026T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Radiation Hard, Nonvalatile Magnetic RAM Using Novel Magnetic Tunneling-Junction Device on Silicon Semiconductor
Abstract:   In comparison with the GMR metal multilayers, a new device called magnetic tunneling junction (MTj) has the advantages in the vertical current flow geometry and the control of the total resistance of the junction over a wide range (a few ? to H?) while keeping the large MR ratio intact. Therefore, adaptation of MTJ for RAM memory cells has the potential to satisfy important criteria of density, process simplicity and silicon compatibility, power consumption, and adequate logic signal level for performance and noise immunity. A novel cross-point MRAM architecture in the design has successfully utilized the advantages of vertical current flow and scalable resistance for a MTJ device. Spinix Corporation proposes to further advance this technology by collaborating with Dr. Robert O'Handley at M.I.T. in demonstrating the feasibility of integration of radiation hard nonvolatile MTJ memory array into a silicon COMS circuit in ths phase I program.

UNIAX CORP.
6780 Cortona Drive
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
(805) 562-9293

PI: Dr. Gang Yu
(805) 562-9293
Contract #:
UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA - SANTA BARBARA
Office of Research
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
(805) 893-4034

ID#: 99-013T
Agency: BMDO
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Large Area, Flexible Polymer Diode Arrays for Imaging Applications
Abstract:   Photodiode arrays fabricated from semiconducting polymers offer unique opportunities. Large area, flexible image sensors can now be fabricated for use in space technology, in military applications and in business and consumer electronics where single crystal semiconductors are impractical. The photosensitivity of semiconducting polymers can be significantly enhanced by blending with conjugated polymers or organic molecules with different electron affinities. In such polymer blends, donor/acceptor hetero-junctions form at the interface of the two co-mingled species. With control of the processing paramenters, this can be made to occur in bicontinuous networks on the nanometer length scale. Charge transfer occurs after photoexcitation; the photoinduced electrons transfer to the acceptor while the photoinduced holes remain on the donor. High photosensitivity photodiodes with conjugated polymers and polymer blends have been demonstrated, and enable a novel approach to the fabrication of large area, high sensitivity image sensors at low cost. The proposed research has the goal of establishing the viability of polymer photosensors with ultrafast response (>10GHz), and large dynamic range, on flexible substrates suitable for complicated wavefront detection. We will focus on identifying materials appropriate for the spectral ranges of interest, on demonstrating ultrafast response (>10GHz) and on optimizing device parameters.

---------- DARPA ----------

ALPHATECH, INC.
50 Mall Road,
Burlington, MA 01803
(781) 273-3388

PI: Gill Ettinger
(781) 273-3388
Contract #:
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB, MASSACHUSET
545 Technology Square,
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 253-5346

ID#: 99ST10010
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Video Detection, Tracking and Classification of Vehicles, Humans and Animals in Outdoor Environments
Abstract:   Today's commercial video surveillance and monitoring (VSAM) systems are capable of producing enormous video streams that are just too over-whelming for human operators to review. But with automated intelligent utilization of the imagery we can identify normal site activities, detect anomalous behaviors, and track objects of interest. We propose to transition image understanding (IU) technologies developed at MIT's Artificial Intelligence Lab into VSAM systems under development by Alphatech, Inc. to achieve such robust scene interpretation capabilities. Our plan to accomplish this technology transition consists of leveraging highly promising motion segmentation, tracking and classification techniques, identifying their benefits and limitations, developing application-oriented end-to-end modular system designs, and developing and executing VSAM performance characterization methods. We target security applications in unstructured outdoor and indoor environments in which complete access control is not feasible. What makes security monitoring difficult in these sites is the need to discern the unusual activities from the usual ones. By integrating object- and scene-level reasoning we propose to classify types of activity in such scenes and thus discriminate the suspicious events from the normal ones.

ANALYTICAL MECHANICS ASSOC., INC.
17 Research Drive,
Hampton, VA 23666
(509) 335-3145

PI: Sankar Jayaram
(509) 335-3145
Contract #:
WASHINGTON STATE UNIV.
Spokane Street, Sloan 201
Pullman, WA 99164
(509) 335-9661

ID#: 99ST10012
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-004
Title: Virtual Assembly of Microsystems
Abstract:   The objective of the overall project is to develop a virtual reality (VR) environment that supports the evaluation of key requirements for the construction and assembly of micro/nano scale 3D assemblies, thus eliminating the need for the time-consuming and expensive process of creating real hardware prototypes. For such VR systems, it is of utmost importance that: 1) the numerical models simulating the interactions between components, tools, robots, and humans be in good agreement with the real physical world; 2) the numerical model be evaluated reasonably fast to allow real-time processing in the virtual environment; 3) multiple sensory inputs (such as vision, sound, touch) be provided to enable the engineer to immerse himself into the non-intuitive physical micro world. The phase I effort will address the issues listed above through the evaluation, testing, and further development of physical-based modeling methods, numerical methods for the computation of interaction forces, and methods to "display" these forces using a multi-model virtual reality environment. At the end of Phase I, a proof of concept VR-based virtual assembly system will be created integrating the results of this research.

DIAMONDBACK SYSTEMS, INC.
12001 Westwood Hills Drive,
Oak Hill, CA 20171
(703) 476-8234

PI: Robert Douglass
(703) 476-8234
Contract #:
COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
1500 Illinois Street,
Golden, CO 80401
(303) 273-3247

ID#: 99ST10042
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Video Detection, Tracking and Classification
Abstract:   On previous DDARPA programs, image understanding algorithms have been developed that can detect moving objects in video, provide an initial classification of target type, and precisely locate and track objects in three-dimensions. This effort will begin the process of integrating such image understanding capability into the services and products of McQ Associates - an internationally known surveillance and monitoring firm. APIs between image understanding modules and McQ's surveillance and monitoring architecture will be defined in Phase I. New algorithms that incorporate weather data from McQ's sensors will dynamically adapt video processing to changing environmental conditions to reduce false alarm rates. The Colorado School of Mines will draw on the best modules from VSAM, IUE, TargetJr, RADIUS, and other applicable image understanding programs. Where required, CSM will extend the state of the art before integrating the capability into a commercial product. Specifically, by performing more complete motion characterizations of objects and backgrounds during camera motions, we will improve performance beyond the VSAM baseline and allow for video detection and tracking during camera panning and zooming.

DYNAMIC STRUCTURES & MATERIALS, LLC
309 Williamson Square,
Franklin, TN 37064
(615) 595-6665

PI: Jeffrey S. Paine
(615) 595-6665
Contract #:
UCLA
Active Materials Lab, MANE Dept. UCLA,
Los Angeles, CA 90095
(310) 794-5167

ID#: 99ST10041
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Piezoelectric Step and Repeat Hydraulic Motor
Abstract:   Proposed is the development of a hybrid piezoelectric "step and repeat" hydraulic motor to provide high levels of work over relatively low frequency bands. The principal design concept is to use the high power capabilities of PZT stack actuators operating at very high frequencies to move a transmission fluid that provides the required force and stroke to the load. Since the frequency response of mechanical check valves can greatly limit the cycle rate of PZT pumps, DSM and their partner institution, UCLA Active Materials Lab, will focus on hybrid actuation concepts that are valveless or use simple spring mass valve systems to provide very quick response. The valveless operation has a reduced level of moving parts and reduced system complexity. The hybrid actuation scheme uses the "step and repeat" PZT motor concept with mechanical interference to provide high force and rapid response time with a friction free operation.

GENEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
10605 Consord Street, Suite 500,
Kensington, MD 20895
(301) 962-6565

PI: Jason Geng
(301) 962-6565
Contract #:
CLARK ATLANTA UNIV.
223 James P. Brawley Drive SW,
Atlanta, GA 30314
(404) 880-6996

ID#: 99ST10043
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Solid State Hybrid Linear/Rotary Stepper Motor
Abstract:   The proposed hybrid linear/rotary stepper motor using PZT smart material transducers presents an innovative design concept. The proposed stepper motor offers the hybrid liner/rotary actuation capability without adding complexity to the motor structure. There is no commercial product currently available that offers comparable hybrid linear/rotary actuation with precision control at any cost. Other beneficial features of the proposed stepper motor design are: large stroke/rotation with wide adjustable range; high force/torque output with wide adjustable range; self-locking within its maximum force limit at power-off position; compact size design; simple electronic controller; immune to magnetic interference; and non-sparking operation. The proposed hybrid linear/rotary stepper motor will have sufficient stroke and force capabilities and dynamic characteristics for many of the smart materials applications. The actuator proposed herein can be used to meet the needs of many current and future space structures and flight vehicles that require "smart actuators" to have large force, long stroke, low power consumption, high efficiency, and high reliability.

IMMERSION CORP.
2158 Paragon Dr.,
San Jose, CA 95131
(408) 467-1900

PI: Christopher Hasser
(408) 467-1900
Contract #:
STANFORD UNIV.
651 Serra Street,
Palo Alto, CA 94305
(650) 723-4740

ID#: 99ST10014
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Micro-Electro-Optical Rotation Sensor for Military and Commercial Applications
Abstract:   Missile control servo systems with low gear-ratio actuators need a miniature rotation sensor with higher resolution than the Hall effect sensors used in many fielded missile systems, and without the burden of analog-to-digital conversion electronics required by systems using potentiometers. The digital signal from optical encoders makes them attractive candidates, but available encoders examined for missile use are much larger than Hall sensors and potentiometers. Recent advanced in CMOS VLSI photo detector arrays, opto-electronic emitters, and MEMS fabrication technology offer the potential to fundamentally advance the state of the art in miniature optical encoders. These advances would yield encoders with higher resolutions in smaller, less expensive packages. Immersion Corporation has formed a team with Stanford University to propose an effort with an innovative technical plan based on technology licensed from Stanford, and a strong commercialization plan that builds on Immersion's existing business. Phase I would include the design and demonstration of a proof-of-principle prototype that will meet military resolution and interface requirements. Phase II will result in a manufacturable design exceeding all military specifications. This performance will be confirmed through laboratory testing with interested government users for technology insertion.

INTEGRATED GENOMICS, INC.
2201 West Campbell Drive,
Chicago, IL 60612
(312) 491-0846

PI: Veronika Vonstein
(312) 491-0846
Contract #:
UNIV. OF CHICAGO
5801 South Ellis Ave,
Chicago, IL 60637
(773) 702-2142

ID#: 99ST10055
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Metabolic Reconstruction of the Genome of Bacillus Anthracis
Abstract:   The goal of the proposed research is to provide a biologically rational approach to detection of Bacillus anthracis and protection from its toxicity. The basis of the approach is extensive sequencing of the genomic DNA, including plasmids, of B. anthracis (two strains of 78 known) as well as the genome of B. cereus, the closest known relative. For sequencing, each strain will be grown under suitable safety conditions and total DNA extracted using a protocol established successfully at IG for a wide range of bacterial. Three highly random, sized DNA libraries will be constructed: 2-kb plasmid inserts, 4-kb plasmid inserts, and 35-kb cosmid inserts. Some hybridization reactions with arrays of plasmids will probably be required to cover the same regions of all three strains. This much can be accomplished under Phase I. Preliminary sequencing (20,000-20,000 runs, equal to 3x coverage of a 3-Mb genome) of plasmid and cosmid insert ends will verify the degree of relatedness among the three strains. This should be sufficient to hit about 95% of all ORFs, and match 50-70% of them. These ORFs will be integrated in a Web shell with a set of analytical tools as has been done for Rhodobacter capsulatus. We will also collect biochemical references related to B. anthracis and transfer them into the EMP format to add specific metabolic pathways for subsequent metabolic reconstruction. The remaining sequencing, editing, alignment, annotation and metabolic reconstruction will require Phase II funding. In Phase II, we will generate polished, unambiguous genome sequence. We will also integrate it into our WIT-pro/EMP analytical environment and subject it to the various clustering algorithms to verify functional predictions. At the end of the day, we expect to provide targets, based on the sequence, for detection and prevention of anthrax.

ISIS PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.
2202 Faraday,
Carlsbad, CA 92008
(760) 603-2355

PI: John McNeil
(760) 603-2355
Contract #:
IQSB, UNIV. OF WASHINGTON
1705 N.E. Pacific,
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-4043

ID#: 99ST10026
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Cells as Hierarchical Dynamic Systems: Understanding Pathogenesis by Integrating Diverse Information Into a Predictive Model of Cellular Org
Abstract:   We will create a new conceptual framework to annotate gene sequence data in a fashion that facilitates its integration with other types of biological information, provides new opportunities to identify and target pathogenic organisms, and maximizes its utility to the biomedical scientific research community. This framework will manage hypothetical relationships mapping cell components, reactions and spatial/temporal data to functional blocks of hierarchical closed-loop systems. The Phase I effort will create object models for this framework. It will also evaluate computational system models to identify one which can be used to statistically compare a hypothetical model to experimental time-series data. Phase II would implement these models. Phase III would use them to understand pathogenesis.

JOHN MCNEIL & CO.
427 Retaheim Way,
La Jolla, CA 92037
(619) 459-5780

PI: John McNeil
(619) 459-5780
Contract #:
IQSB UNIV OF WASHINGTON
1705 NE Pacific,
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-4043

ID#: 99ST10052
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Capturing Heterogeneous Laboratory Data in the Context of Process and Sample History
Abstract:   This proposal seeks to push our understanding of pathogenesis forward by providing a means of collecting the data necessary to annotate sequence with truly functional information, not just motifs and reaction pathways. A system is described which solves the LIMS problem by making manual bench-top science easier, rather than harder, by integrating sample and process tracking of manual experimentation with semi and fully automated systems. The system will be constructed with a state-of-the-art distributed object-oriented software framework. The system will include: 1) Novel hardware and software solutions to user interface challenges, creating an environment which will invite and encourage usage. 2) A novel hardware/software component which can make any instrument into an automatically controlled "network appliance." 3) A software framework which can translate diverse forms of raw instrument data into standard forms and perform analysis. 4) A novel protocol and sample management subsystem which integrates and enables the rest of the system. In the proposed project we will create proof-of-concept prototypes of these subsystems and perform usability testing.

KINETIC CERAMICS, INC.
26240 Industrial Blvd.,
Hayward, CA 94545
(510) 264-2140

PI: Conal 'ONeill
(510) 264-2140
Contract #:
UCLA
426 Westwood Plaza,
Los Angeles, CA 90095
(310) 825-6036

ID#: 99ST10019
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-003
Title: Piezoelectric Pump Using Innovative Non-Mechanical Active Valves
Abstract:   The objective of this program is to demonstrate the feasibility of a novel pump design utilizing piezoelectric pumping elements combined with fast acting non-mechanical active valves and a miniature digital controller. The piezoelectric actuator is an available building block which has a proven track record, surviving 3X10 9 cycles in diesel fuel injectors without failure. Valving has thus far prevented full exploitation of the piezoelectric actuator's capabilities. A fast active valve is needed. Functionality of the novel valve proposed here, has already been demonstrated by several independent investigators. The combination of piezoelectric driver and non-mechanical valves has the potential to result in the first high frequency and thus high power density and intrinsically reliable piezoelectric pump with no wear components. It is proposed under Phase I of this program to fabricate a prototype pump and characterize its performance. The result of this Phase I effort is expected to be proof of the potential for this technology to be able to result in high performance and high reliability pumps which would be useful for a variety of military and civilian applications.

NETWORK FLIGHT RECORDER, INC.
1012 14th Street, N.W., Suite 307
Washington, DC 20005
(817) 545-2502

PI: Kent Landfield
(817) 545-2502
Contract #:
COLUMBIA UNIV.
535 West 116th Street,
New York, NY 10027
(212) 939-7080

ID#: 99ST10048
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Novel Host Based Intrusion Indicators for Agent-Based Detectors
Abstract:   The objective of the Phase I effort is to produce a "proof of concept". The goal is to demonstrate that automatically learned rules generated by Meta-Learning Agent Technology can use data mining techniques to generate efficient N-Code for real-time use with the Network Flight Recorder Intrusion Detection System. Columbia University's JAM Project software provides the models. This architecture will enable rapid development and deployment of learned, network based intrusion detection models. The goal would be to demonstrate the results of the research in DARPA's YR2000 real-time intrusion detection evaluation. This effort advances the security research in anomaly-based intrusion detection.

RELIABLE SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
21515 Ridgetop Circle #250,
Sterling, VA 20166
(703) 404-9293

PI: Anup Ghosh
(703) 404-9293
Contract #:
COLUMBIA UNIV.
606 CEPSR,
New York, NY 10027
(212) 939-7080

ID#: 99ST10027
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Detecting Novel Attacks Against the Windows Platform
Abstract:   Today's intrusion detection technology is largely reactive to new attacks against computer systems, which are discovered on a weekly and sometimes daily basis. Intrusions can be detected only after signatures of known attacks are compiled and distributed by vendors of intrusion detection tools to their customers. The dominance of the Win32 platform on the desktop has led to more homogeneous networks, where a single attack script can cripple an entire enterprise or portions of the Internet. In this STTR Phase I proposal, we are proposing a host-based intrusion detection approach that will detect novel attacks against the Win32 platform by analyzing program behavior in real-time. The approach is an anomaly detection approach that learns the normal behavior of Win32 programs and detects attacks by detecting significant departures from normal behavior. The approach has been applied successfully on the Sun Solaris platform. In this Phase I we are proposing a feasibility study for developing a similar approach on the Win32 platform. The work involves identifying which programs require auditing, extraction of features that distinguish normal and attack data, and the viability of developed intrusion detection algorithms to the Win32 platform.

SOUTHWEST SCIENTIFIC RESOURCE
5300 Sequoia NW Suite 150,
Albuquerque, NM 87120
(505) 831-4923

PI: Gregory Kelly
(505) 831-4923
Contract #:
LOVELACE BIOMEDICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL RSCH
Kirtland Air Force Base East, Area,
Albuquerque, NM 87185
(505) 845-1045

ID#: 99ST10031
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-002
Title: High Throughput Gene Sequence Analysis of Biological Warfare Agents
Abstract:   This proposal seeks to exploit high throughput sequencing of BW agents and their phylogenetic non-pathogenic nearest neighbors; and develop innovative technologies and methodologies for sequence annotation that improve our understanding of pathogenesis. Specific objectives to be undertaken in Phase I are: 1) to establish genomic libraries for a target BW pathogen and two nearest neighbors; 2) characterize these libraries in order to validate their usefulness for genomic sequencing and 3) begin sequence analysis of clones isolated from each library. Our proposal focuses on constructing genomic libraries and the subsequent DNA sequence analysis of a group of pathogens and their phylogenetic nearest neighbor. A whole-genome random sequencing procedure will be used to complete the analysis of each organism. This approach has been used on a number of microbial genomes.

WIREX COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
308 SW First Ave,
Portland, OR 97204
(503) 690-1265

PI: Crispin Cowan
(503) 690-1265
Contract #:
OREGON GRADUATE INSTITUTE
20000 NW Walker Road,
Beaverton, OR 97006
(503) 690-1148

ID#: 99ST10028
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Comprehensive Application-base Intrusion Detection and Rejection
Abstract:   Current systems have the problem that secure systems are not common, and common systems are not secure, and thus current systems are vulnerable to intrusion. Secure systems can be built, but they are expensive to build, difficult to operate, and often incompatible with existing standards. Because replacing vulnerability systems with expensive and incompatible secure systems is often not an option, many sites add intrusion detection systems to their vulnerable hosts. Unfortunately, most intrusion detection systems' effectiveness is not satisfactory with respect to accuracy and resource consumption. We propose to address this problem with the Immunix family of intrusion detection tools that are tightly integrated with applications. The tight integration enables the tools to be much more precise at the lower cost. The intrusion detection results are sufficiently precise that they can do intrusion rejection, stopping attacks in progress. We will use these tools to leverage the power of open source software, and produce a secure server appliance that is compatible with existing systems, is easy to use, and is easy to keep secure.

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ADOPTECH, INC.
2000 Kraft Drive, Suite 1204
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 961-9190

PI: Scott Ragon
(540) 961-9190
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0253
VA TECH AEROSPACE & OCEAN ENGINEERING
215 Randolph Hall - Mail Stop 0203
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(504) 231-6077

ID#: 400020355
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Global/Local Methodology for Optimum Design of AAAV Structures
Abstract:   The designers of the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) face a number of technical challenges which include developing methodologies for estimating the actual structural loads, predicting critical structural responses, and estimating the vehicle's reliability. In addition, the development of a design methodology for minimizing the cost and weight of the vehicle is critical to the success of the program. We propose to develop a global/local software environment for integrating design and analysis tools. Included will be tools for modeling rough terrain and blast loads, performing nonlinear finite element analysis, and estimating the reliability of the structure. ADOPTECH's university partner has considerable experience in each of these critical technological areas and will be responsible for adapting existing design and analysis methodologies as well as developing innovative new methods for use in the software environment.

ADVANCED CERAMICS RESEARCH, INC.
3292 E. Hemisphere Loop
Tuscon, AZ 85706
(520) 573-6300

PI: Ranji Vaidyanathan, Ph.D
(520) 434-6392
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0262
UNIV. OF ARIZONA
P.O. Box 210012
Tucson, AZ 85721
(520) 621-3511

ID#: 400070584
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Extrusion Freeform Fabrication of novel, controlled porosity, biocompatible, osteoinductive, polymer/ceramic materials for load-bearing tissue enginee
Abstract:   In this STTR Phase I proposal, Advanced Ceramics Research, Inc. (ACR), University of Arizona (UA) and ICET Inc. (ICET) will team to create strong, porous thermoplastic parts infiltrated with osteoinductive material based on a composite of biodegradable polymers and calcium phosphate. The parts will be fabricated using ACR's patented Extrusion Freeform Fabrication (EFF) rapid prototyping method to produce controlled porosity thermoplastic parts and subsequently infiltrated with biocompatible osteoinductive materials for load bearing tissue engineering applications. ICET will utilize their experience with prosthetic implants and test the prototype implants for effectiveness as biocompatible materials. The porous implants will provide a suitable scaffold for tissue engineering and cell culture tests will follow, in phase II, from the viability tests that ICET will conduct during Phase I. This approach is not material specific but could be used with a wide range of thermoplastics or composites with a wide range of osteoinductive materials. The proposed team offers strengths in the fields of rapid prototyping, UA's strength in evaluating polymer-calcium phosphate blends, ICET's experience with prosthetic implants as well as Professor Suzanne Maxian, who is a renowned expert in the field of in vitro tissue studies of biodegradable bone substitutes.

ADVANCED COCHLEAR SYSTEMS
1429 NW Gilman Blvd; Suite 265
Issaquah, WA 98027
(425) 392-9436

PI: Ben M. Clopton
(425) 392-9436
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0231
UNIV. OF MICHIGAN
4118 EECS Building; 1301 Beal Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2122
(313) 747-2045

ID#: 400090404
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-009
Title: Spatialized Auditory Displays
Abstract:   We will investigate the feasibility of a signal processing system that controls the perceived location of a virtual sound source for listeners wearing headphones. Starting from an approximate head-related transfer function (HRTF) individualized HRTFs will be adaptively approximated for observers in a psychophysical task. Average HRTFs have proven inadequate for consistently placing sound sources in azimuth and elevation, especially near the frontal midline. Recently developed adaptive algorithms permit the tailoring of generic HRTFs to individuals within training periods of acceptable durations. These transfer functions will be modeled as binaural spatial filters and implemented in real time using DSP processors under the control of a PC. This system will be used for preliminary psychophysical testing. Future systems will incorporate dynamic head position to further enhance the realization of spatialized auditory displays.

ADVANCED COMPOSITE PRODUCTS & TECH
15602 Chemical Ln.
Huntington Beach, CA 92649-1507
(714) 895-5544

PI: Dr. James C. Leslie
(714) 895-5544
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0234
CALIFORNIA STATE UNIV.
1250 Bellflower Blvd.
Long Beach, CA 90840
(562) 985-4406

ID#: 400020581
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Development of Cost Effective, Composite Over-wound, Lightweight Hydraulic Cylinders
Abstract:   The objective of this program is to provide cost effecctive weight reduction to the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) by developing lightweight, composite over-wound hydraulic cylinders. The AAAV has 15 hydraulic cylinders with a combined weight of 819 pounds. The weight of a hydraulic cylinder can be reduced by 25% to 30% by replacing one half of the metallic cylinder all with high strength, lightweight, filament wound composite material. ACPT supplies similar cylinders on a regular basis, for use on military aircraft. The current aircraft cyclinders were developed in 1984. These would not be economically advantageous for the AAAV. Now, using that basic technology anc currently available lower cost, more mechanically matched fibers, cost effective lighweight hydraulic cylinders can be developed for use on the AAAV. One version of the currently used (AAAV) cyllinder will be modified, over-wound, and tested to proved the concept. Phae II will provide fully operational and proof tested hydraulic actuators for use on the AAAV.

APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
4300 San Mateo Blvd., NE; Suit
Albuquerque, NM 87110
(505) 881-8074

PI: Dr. Lixiong Li
(850) 914-3188
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0254
UNIV. OF NEW MEXICO
2502 Marble, N.E., Health Science Center
Albuquerque, NM 87131-5691
(505) 272-9104

ID#: 400080381
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-008
Title: A System to Produce Sterile Water for Injection from Potable Water
Abstract:   Limited options and capabilities are available for on-site production of sterile and pyrogen-free water for injection (WFI) by deployable systems. An ideal field unit for military and civilian use should be compact, efficient, reliable, and easy-to-operate. This proposal addresses the development of such a system for producing sterile and pyrogen-free WFI from potable water. The proposed approach is based on a high-temperature method to achieve fast sterilization and depyrogenation, and to eliminate the possibility of bacteria and pyrogen buildup in any part of the system during the operation. The focus of Phase I study is to experimentally demonstrate that six-orders of magnitude of pyrogen reduction can be achieved with contact times of a few seconds. A laboratory-scale test apparatus will be built and used to generate water samples for biological analyses. Temperature-time criteria will be established and used to size the prototype reactor for a 30-liter/hr system with overall dimensions similar to that of a household microwave oven. Commercially available pyrogen standards will be used as controls for evaluating the rates of pyrogen destruction. Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) tests will be used to validate the water samples. Good manufacturing practices will be followed in conducting the research. Developing the capability to produce sterile and pyrogen-free WFI from local potable water addresses the logistical problem of transporting and storing such material required by not only the U.S. Navy, but also other military branches. WFI can be used to produce intravenous (IV) fluids and reconstitute freeze-dried blood products.

CHASE SCIENTIFIC CO.
7960-B Soquel Drive; Suite 191
Aptos, CA 95003
(831) 464-2584

PI: Frank Chase
(831) 464-2584
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0220
DREXEL UNIV.
Electrical & Computer Engin. Dept.; 32nd
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 895-2256

ID#: 400030562
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-003
Title: High Speed, Wide Dynamic Range, Multi-Channel, High Throughput Analog to Digital Converter
Abstract:   OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of developing a modular 1 GSamples/sec Digitizer with a minimum of 10 vertical effective bits over a minimum bandwidth of 100 MHz by developing a demonstration system. DESCRIPTION: The 1 GSamples/sec Digitizer demonstration system will be initially designed as a full size PCI 2.2 compliant card to be operated within a standard Pentium class computer. Using a standard PC for this testing allows fast and easy access to the board under test with the widest array of support software and peripherals. There is no single A/D converter IC on the market capable of the objective. The strategy is to interleave, in time, multiple high performance 12-bit A/D converters to achieve 10 effective bits of vertical resolution over a frequency range of DC - 100 MHz at a sampling rate of 1 GSamples/sec. While interleaving is a proven technique at lower vertical resolution and/or sampling rates, the application of these techniques at the proposed clock rates and vertical resolution has not been accomplished commercially. However, this is expected to be the lowest risk path considering the multiple constraints of cost, power, form factor, and the current state of the trade-offs in A/D converter technologies. Each A/D converter on the Digitizer board will have support circuitry to match all converters for input voltage offset, voltage gain, slew rate, and clock delays.The 1 GS/s, 10-bit digitizer would be designed as a compact, low power and relatively inexpensive product.

COGNITION CORP.
209 Burlington Road
Bedford, MA 01730
(781) 271-9300

PI: Kevin Sullivan
(781) 271-9300
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0241
LOUISIANA TECH UNIV.
600 W. Arizona Street
Ruston, LA 71272-0046
(318) 257-3785

ID#: 400050305
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Affordability Measurement and Prediction Methods to Support Affordable Design of Ship Systems
Abstract:   Maximum reduction of cost occurs early in ship design when there is significant uncertainty. In this environment, development of novel ship systems means historic and probabilistic data is absent, and uncertainty based-heuristics (fuzzy systems) are necessary. The hierarchical and extendable decision tool developed in this project uses uncertainty-based heuristics (fuzzy logic/systems) to evaluate maintenance cost of ship systems. Maintenance, repair, and reconditioning (overhaul) represents a major and difficult to predict component of Total Ownership Cost (TOC). By developing a fuzzy system to address maintenance cost, new capability can be developed, not possible with current historic and parametric cost models. This project includes demonstration of decision making for maintenance, repair, and reconditioning of SSGTG's (Ship Service Gas Turbine Generators) on destroyers as an initial proof of concept. This research is conducted in collaboration with Ingalls Shipbuilding. This project also includes plans for software evaluation and development with organizational behavior in mind, and it includes provisions for interoperability with ASSET, PASS, VAMOSC, and other models. Cognition Corporation is the dominant software company in rule-based costing, and this project adds fuzzy inference to Cognition's product line.

CONCEPTUAL SYSTEMS & SOFTWARE
PO Box 1129
Chino Valley, AZ 86323
(520) 636-2600

PI: Ed P. Andert Jr.
(520) 636-2600
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0240
GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
School of Aerospace
Atlanta, GA 30339-0150
(404) 894-6257

ID#: 400050474
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-005
Title: Affordability Measurement and Prediction for Ship Design
Abstract:   The Navy has been directed to reduce the "Total Cost of Ownership" of systems during the acquisition process. This raises the challenge to significantly reduce investment in future weapon systems while substantially improving their effectiveness. Affordability measurement and prediction during the acquisition lifecycle is critical to this goal. Affordability prediction is particularly important in naval vessel acquisition since early design decisions have a very large effect on lifecycle costs. This project will define and develop a set of practical affordability prediction and decision tools that can be readily applied to the surface ship and submarine acquisition process. Affordability measurement and prediction research will be leveraged along with commercial-off-the-shelf and government-off-the-shelf naval analysis and acquisition tools. The Phase I technical objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of affordability prediction and decision tools integrated into the Navy system acquisition process. A highly experienced project team will apply the "science of affordability" to complex naval acquisition. Conceptual Systems & Software is experienced in integrated and interoperable tools for analysis, synthesis and design of naval systems applied to the acquisition process. Georgia Institute of Technology Aerospace Systems Design Laboratory is a leading research institution in affordability measurement and prediction.

CYBO ROBOTS, INC.
2040 Production Dr.
Indianapolis, IN 46241
(317) 484-2926

PI: Robert Rongo
(317) 484-2926
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0223
EDISON WELDING INSTITUTE
1250 Authur E. Adams Dr.
Columbus, OH 43221
(614) 688-5245

ID#: 400010359
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Develop Methods and Procedures for Robotic Welding of Ship Hull erection Joints
Abstract:   Develop Methods and Procedures for Robotic Welding of Ship Hull Erection Joints proposes to provide the feasibility for developing an analytical control model that adaptively governs weld process parameters for welding hull plating erection joints on military ships. Implementation will cover single-sided multi-pass welding of hull plating erecting joints under normal product fit-up conditions and positions. The analytical control model will utilize a process that meets environmental and economic constraints of the ship yard industry. The adaptive control model will be integrated into a robot control system. This will provide the vehicle for delivering a consistent weld process to hull plating erection applications using adaptive process controls and associated sensor feedback.

ERS, INC.
7027 Hunter Ln
Hyattsville, MD 20782
(301) 779-2266

PI: Abhijit Dasgupta
(301) 779-2266
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0235
UNIV. OF MARYLAND
University of Maryland; CALCE Electronic
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-5316

ID#: 400020392
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Technology for Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehical (AVVV) Affordability
Abstract:   ERS Inc and the CALCE Electronic Products and Systems Center at the University of Maryland are pleased to submit this STTR proposal to enhance the life-cycle affordability of several electronic modules in the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV). A Physics-of-failure (PoF) methodology will be developed for assessing the life cycle durability of five selected electronic modules in the AAAV. The phase I base effort will assess the feasibility of conducting a PoF assessment. Deliverables include detailed plans of the how the methodology will be developed and implemented, a list of the input information required, specifications for test hardware/software necessary for qualification testing, and documentation of how the acceleration factors will be estimated. The phase I option plan will provide a preliminary proof-of-concept demonstration for some of the key steps, for a selected electronic module (gunner's fire control handle). Detailed qualification testing is deferred to phase II activities. The project investigators from ERS Inc and from the University of Maryland are internationally acknowledged leaders in PoF assessment. They bring over 25 years of combined expertise to the project, as well as a demonstrated track record of pioneering research and development for government and industrial sponsors, over the past 10 years.

FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6785 Hollister Avenue
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 685-6672

PI: George E. Crowder, Jr.
(703) 671-0508
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0227
GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH INSTITUTE
400 N. 10th Street
Atlanta, GA 30318
(404) 894-3346

ID#: 400100504
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-010
Title: Multivariate Manpower, Personnel and Training (MPT) Modeling and Management System
Abstract:   The Navy would greatly benefit from a computerized system that identifies environmental variables/personnel characteristics that predict accession, trainability, assignment performance, and retention of potential recruits/current personnel. A Bayesian network (BN) methodology is ideally suited to identifying/modeling predictive variables and their impacts over time. In Phase I, we propose using BNs in a multivariate statistical analysis of variables/characteristics that are important to predicting behavior for ten Navy/Marine ratings. The resultant computerized BN model will capture relationships between variables/characteristics and accession, training, performance, and retention behavior of current or future Navy personnel, so that impacts of proposed/hypothesized changes in environmental variables (such as Navy personnel policies), or personnel characteristics could be quickly evaluated. We will also "wrap" the system in a user-friendly interface based on advanced human factors engineering principles. Since determining optimal policies by trial and error with the BN model could be cumbersome, our Phase I Option will develop a Genetic Algorithm software component to interface with the BN model to automatically explore and "evolve" optimal policies/characteristics based on user specified optimality criteria (e.g., retention). The option will also develop a plan for validating the system, scaling up to many more ratings, and identifying tradeoff opportunities in Phase II.

GIBBS & COX, INC.
50 West 23rd Street
New York, NY 10010
(212) 366-3918

PI: David M. Wood
(703) 416-3625
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0224
EDISON WELDING INSTITUTE
1250 Arthur Adams Drive
Columbus, OH 43214
(614) 688-5000

ID#: 400010222
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Structural Design for Increased Productivity and Reduced Distortion
Abstract:   Gibbs & Cox, Inc., Edison Welding Institute, and Ingalls Shipbuilding will form an Integrated Program Team to develop a methodology for designing ship structure for increased productivity and reduced welding distortion. A structural design program will be developed that will incorporate criteria for increased productivity and reduced distortion while satisfying other structural design criteria. A parametric analysis using the finite element method will be systematically applied to representative panels of ship structures, producing guidelines indicative of the ranges of variables likely to result in buckling. The effect of these parameters on ship design and on ship production will be assessed. The project will proceed in three phases. During Phase I, the feasibility of designing structure for reduced distortion in a manner that will reduce total ship cost will be demonstrated, including a Return-On-Investment analysis to demonstrate that the proposed methodology will have benefit to U.S. shipbuilders of commercial and military ships. The Phase II effort will include developing a working prototype structural design methodology and verification through testing of structural assemblies. During Phase III the methodology will be commercialized through application to several ship design programs, and by marketing to ship designers and shipbuilders, coordinating this commercialization with MARITECH ASE.

GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY CONNECTION, INC.
2690 Spencers Trace, #108
Marietta, GA 30062
(770) 971-4084

PI: Dr. A. B. Thakker, PE
(770) 971-4084
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0242
GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
School of Aerospace Engineering
Atlanta, GA 30332-0150
(404) 894-6257

ID#: 400010475
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-004
Title: Modeling and Analysis for Acquisition Affordability Measurement and Prediction
Abstract:   This project will build on the Robust Design Simulation (RDS) environment created by the Georgia Tech ASDL under the ONR grant for Affordability Science over the past three years; and further developed and exercised in Phase I and II SBIR efforts, respectively, over the past two years with GTC, Inc. and the Georgia Tech ASDL. It will provide an effective interactive distributed advanced decision support system for acquisition, simulation and analysis that is based on a Lean-Server Approach to enabling collaboration that is compatible with the DOD High Level Architecture (HLA) requirements. It will provide a methodology based on innovative application within a synthetic environment of visualization techniques, game theoretic models and multivariate optimization research. This interactive distributed advanced support system will provide Simulation Based Acquisition(SBA) through Robust Design Simulation (RDS) beginning with the front end of the DoD acquisition process - the Concept Exploration Phase - which can be continued throughout the life cycle of the system.

HYPRES
175 Clearbrook Road
Elmsford, NY 10523
(914) 592-1190

PI: Dr. Steven B. Kaplan
(914) 592-1190
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0219
MIT LINCOLN LABORATORY
244 Wood Street
Lexington, MA 02420
(781) 981-7004

ID#: 400030424
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-003
Title: 10 GHz Analog-to-Digital Converter with Deep Memory for High-Throughput LIDAR
Abstract:   HYPRES proposes to develop a high-performance transient digitizer with deep memory. Presently LIDAR signal digitization is limited to relatively low bandwidths and low resolution. We propose a digitizer with a unique front end, a novel AC-coupled data-transmission system, and a compact deep-memory data acquisition chip. The proposed digitizer is based on an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with 10 GHz of input bandwidth. The projected dynamic range of this system is 10 effective bits at 625 MHz and 8 effective bits at 2.5 GHz, with a sampling rate is 20 GSa/s. This unparalleled level of ADC performance is enabled by the unique properties of superconductive electronics. These rapid data streams are split into parallel channels using on-chip superconductive demultiplexers.HYPRES proposes to work with MIT/Lincoln Laboratory (MIT/LL) to develop a custom semiconductor data acquisition chip to store 32k 10-bit words generated by the superconductive ADC. This application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) will be designed by HYPRES and MIT/LL personnel in Phase I, and manufactured at MIT/LL in Phase II.The result of this project will be a transient digitizer capable of single-shot multi-GHz LIDAR pulse capture with more than 1 microsecond of deep memory. Multiple-channel ADC and variable-gain implementations are possible.

INFORMATION EXTRACTION & TRANSPORT
1911 N. Ft. Myer Drive; Suite
Arlington, VA 22209
(703) 841-3500

PI: Dr. Suzanne Mahoney
(703) 841-3500
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0230
GEORGE MASON UNIV.
4400 University Dr.; Mailstop 5A6
Fairfax, VA 22030
(703) 993-1644

ID#: 400100533
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-010
Title: Multivariate Manpower, Personnel and Training (MPT) Modeling and Managment System
Abstract:   The challenge is to substantially increase the Navy's efficiency and effectiveness in personnel management. IET will develop decision-theoretic models that trade-off the requirements of current and future military assignments against the capabilities and needs of military personnel under conditions set by Navy policy. These decision-theoretic models will combine Bayesian network technology, to model the uncertainties of the situation, with Multi-Attribute Utility, to model the priorities in the trade-offs. The advantages of IET's approach are: (1) a flexible yet comprehensive modeling system capable of probabilistic computation over a wide range of policy, requirement and service member variables, (2) the ability to predict the trainability, performance, and reenlistment likelihood of service members, (3) the use of Internet system interface technology to maximize the reuse of legacy systems and to provide personnel management modeling capability anytime and anywhere an Internet browser interface exists, (4) the ability to evolve models over time, and (5) the ability to learn model parameters from data as well as experts. During Phase I, IET will develop models that predict trainability, performance and re-enlistment likelihood. These will become the foundation for more complex models in Phase II that will not only scale, but will also evolve as requirements change. The primary application and organizational benefit of this research will be for agencies and organizations (both Government and Commercial) with responsibility for significant long-term management of personnel.

INTEGRATION PARTNERS, INC.
8945 Rehco Road; Suite 101
San Diego, CA 92121
(619) 799-4000

PI: David L. Evans
(619) 799-4009
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0221
UNIV. OF WASHINGTON
Box 352650
Seattle, WA 98195-2650
(206) 543-5387

ID#: 400010388
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Development of Advanced Expert System Tools and Expert System Prototype for the U.S. Shipbuilding Industry
Abstract:   The objective of this proposal is to automate a large amount of the technical labor required to create advanced expert systems, and create an advanced expert system prototype for shipbuilding design and engineering. This project builds upon previous knowledge gained by Integration Partners, Inc. in the manual implementation of these systems for a broad range of complex problems. Present techniques for creating advanced expert systems, require significant technical labor, and while the finished systems produce outstanding results, their development schedules are 12 to 36 months in length, thus discouraging the use of advanced expert systems in the shipbuilding industry. Phase 1 will:(i) identify a feasible portion of ship machinery space design as a target domain for an advanced expert system prototype;(ii) research feasibility and develop specifications for a toolkit to automate the creation of advanced expert systems (prototype and production system levels);(iii) identify criteria to measure acceptance of advanced expert systems by the shipbuilding industry;(iv) quantify potential benefits to shipbuilders for using advanced expert systems; and (v) develop an implementation plan for Phase II activities to build a proof of concept toolkit and a prototype of an advanced expert system for the selected domain area.

ISOPERFORMANCE, INC.
816 Rupp Ave.
Mechanicsburg, PA 17055
(717) 737-8807

PI: John A. Joseph III
(717) 737-8807
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0228
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV. COLLEGE OF
500 University Drive
Hershey, PA 17033
(717) 531-8495

ID#: 400100577
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-010
Title: Development of an MPT Management System
Abstract:   The proposed work will deliver a manpower, personnel, and training (MPT) modeling and management system in software. The system will be designed primarily for the multiple job context but will also handle the single job context as a special case. Special emphasis will be placed on trade-off analysis, among different outcome criteria as well as among different determinants of a common outcome criterion. Emphasis will also be placed on accessing and accommodating large-scale, multivariate datasets involving variables from different domains. In Phase I, three Navy ratings will be selected; criteria will include (but not necessarily be limited to) attrition, retention, and promotion or non-promotion from the career history; and predictors for each of these criteria will be identified. The architecture of the proposed MPT software will be laid out and a working, albeit incomplete model developed. In Phase II, the software will be scaled up to handle many ratings (100 or more) and tens of thousands of recruits. Allowance will also be made for balancing criterion considerations and assignment of recruits in a continual stream, rather than all at once in a batch.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7610 Eastmark Dr.
College Station, TX 77840
(409) 693-0017

PI: Dr. Thomas D. Rogers
(409) 693-0017
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0251
TEXAS ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATION
332 Wisenbaker Eng. Res. Ctr.
College Station, TX 77843-3000
(409) 862-1696

ID#: 400080583
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-008
Title: On-Site Production and Sterilizatoin of Intravenous Solutions
Abstract:   The shelf-life of whole fresh blood and the bulk nature of intravenous (IV) fluids have been logistic problems during military operations. Advanced, compact and even mobile technologies are needed to improve medical support capabilities onboard ships and in field hospitals. Lynntech, Inc. proposes development of a system and methods for preparing and maintaining pyrogen-free sterile water for injection (WFI) and also includes a capability for terminal sterilization of typical IV solutions (i.e., lactated Ringer's). An innovative method will be used to maintain the ultrapure water free of microorganisms and their toxic by-products (pyrogens). Preliminary test results are presented that verify the process capability. The second innovation is a new method for terminal sterilization which will meet the requirements set forth by the FDA and USP for packaged IV fluids. The goals of Phase I are: (I) to demonstrate the feasibility of preparing and maintaining WFI combined with a terminal sterilization method, and (ii) to develop design options and engineering solutions for a pilot-scale system to be built during Phase II. The system will be developed for semi-automated operation with the capability of self-diagnosis and self-sanitization. The outcome will be a highly reliable system for use in limited operational environments, and one which will also meet FDA approval requirements.

MOHAWK INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY, INC.
437 New Karner Rd
Albany, NY 12205
(518) 862-4290

PI: Hooshang Heshmat, Ph.D.
(518) 862-4288
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0233
RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE
110 8th St.
Troy, NY 12180-3590
(518) 276-6281

ID#: 400020401
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Oil-Free TurboCharger for AAAV
Abstract:   Extending the life, increasing reliability and reducing maintenance costs of existing Military Vehicle Propulsion Systems as well as developing higher performing systems technologies is essential. The objective of this Phase I effort is to establish the preliminary design and feasibility of developing an oil-free high-speed turbo charger for the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV). MiTi high temperature journal and thrust compliant foil air bearings combined with NASA high temperature solid film lubricants provide the fundamental technology elements that make oil free turbochargers viable. Design tradeoff studies will be conducted to establish the revised shaft and nominal bearing configurations needed to establish the oil-free turbocharger. Solid film lubricant coating manufacturing processes will also be identified and evaluated that will improve quality and reduce manufacturing costs associated with the required high temperature coatings. An optional task has also been proposed that will establish the preliminary design of the dynamic simulator needed in Phase II to successfully transition the technology to the AAAV main propulsion system.

OCEANA SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1632 Corporate Landing Parkway
Virginia Beach, VA 23454
(757) 426-3678

PI: Wayne G. Baer
(757) 426-3678
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0255
THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV.-ARL
3075 Research Drive
State College, PA 16804
(814) 863-9899

ID#: 400020443
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Demonstration of a Hierarchical System Design for Transmission Diagnostics and Maintenance
Abstract:   We propose to develop a transmission/PTM condition monitoring system concept comprised of a hierarchical distributed network of wireless sensors that sense the parameters indicative of mechanical components and system health. The project will entail determination of parameters to be sensed, hardware and software to be developed and directly address the affordability and performance issues with Figures of Merit (FOM) associated with the operation of the Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle, which will be in the Program Definition and Risk Reduction Phase. Collect and verify affordability FOM data. Optional Phase I risk mitigation demonstrations. Phase I will detail developments necessary to realize CBM system, set metrics for cost and affordability, identify and collect these metrics, and detail potential platform installations of the wireless smart sensor system. An option for Phase I will include a risk mitigation demonstration of a prototype wireless sensor system on a working AAAV. Important information of the wireless network performance will be detailed and optimized. Risk mitigation with the Phase I option will permit faster more efficient Phase II tasking. RF signal strengths and multipath environment quantification will also be documented in Phase I option for optimal sensor and antenna location. The CBM system offers strong potential to reduce life-cycle costs, reduce weight with wireless sensors, and increase in system performance and reliability. Affordability Figures of Merit will be generated with Phase I and Phase I option validating (or refuting) significant Return on Investment estimated to be 10:1. Condition based maintenance is one discipline that has been leveraged to curb manpower requirements through virtual presence, reduce life cycle costs by fixing only broken items, and minimize unscheduled downtime or unnecessary maintenance actions.

ON TIME SYSTEMS, INC.
29585 Fox Hollow Road
Eugene, OR 97405
(541) 346-0472

PI: David W. Etherington
(541) 346-0472
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0225
UNIV. OF OREGON
Office of Research Svcs and Admin; 5219
Eugene, OR 97403-5219
(541) 346-2935

ID#: 400010495
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Automated Scheduling to Minimize Shipbuilding Costs
Abstract:   This project will examine the applicability of state-of-the-art scheduling technology to shipbuilding. This technology has already been applied successfully to problems arising in aircraft manufacture, leading to savings of 7% in construction time for complex artifacts. Because of the relatively minimal exploitation of modern scheduling technology by American shipbuilders, application of these techniques to shipbuilding should lead to substantially greater savings in both time and money. We will partner with the Computational Intelligence Research Laboratory (CIRL) at the University of Oregon to obtain modern scheduling techniques and implementations, and with General Dynamics' Electric Boat division to obtain realistic problem sets that accurately capture instances of the shipbuilding process. In the base effort, we will work with Electric Boat and CIRL to identify a shipbuilding subproblem of size comparable to aircraft assembly problems that have been solved successfully. We will apply the CIRL technology to this problem. In the optional effort, we will extend the technology and apply it to the much larger problems currently faced by the shipbuilding industry. We will determine whether ongoing advances in hardware performance allow the direct application of scheduling technology to shipbuilding problems involving 100,000 tasks or more.

ORMET CORP.
2236 Rutherford Rd #109
Carlsbad, CA 92008
(760) 931-7090

PI: Xiaomei Xi
(760) 931-7090
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0238
UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE
416 Engineering Building 1
Irvine, CA 92717
(949) 824-7462

ID#: 400060471
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Self-Cooled, Highly Integrated Area Array IC Chip Carrier
Abstract:   There is an increasing lag between the performance gains of electronic packaging versus those of integrated circuit technology. This alarmingly widening gap poses a significant problem for high-end military and commercial electronic products. Deficiencies in packaging are actually impeding the performance of the chips. In addition to performance, lack of technology integration into packaging, such as embedded passives and thermal management, is a stumbling block for miniaturization. Area array single chip packaging is quickly becoming the de facto standard for high performance electronic products. We propose to integrate sequentially built thermoelectric cooling directly into a metal based, area array chip package followed, in a proposed Phase II, by sequentialy built thermal sensing/switching and embedded resistors. All of the electrically functional materials to be used in this effort have been developed as pastes that can be applied by inexpensive processes common to the printed wiring board and ceramic industries. All of the functional elements share common process methodology, so fabrication is streamlined and requires very little capital investment. The patterned pastes are then sintered at temperatures below 300C to achieve full functionality. Interconnect materials can be plated to achieve equivalent electrical performance to conventionally produced circuits.

PLANNING SYSTEMS, INC.
7923 Jones Branch Drive
McLean, VA 22102
(703) 448-4213

PI: Dr. Gary L. Gibian
(703) 883-6609
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0232
KRESGE HEARING INST. U. MICHIGAN
1301 E. Ann Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0506
(734) 764-7250

ID#: 400010493
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-009
Title: A System to Generate Spatial Auditory Displays
Abstract:   The Navy's Science and Technologies Requirements Guidance identifies the need for improving human-machine interfaces to better accommodate information management, data presentation, and spatial orientation. Accurately synthesizing virtual auditory targets ("Audio Spatialization") would have many Navy applications for training, targeting, and teleoperation. With a spatial audio system, sonar operators could simultaneously monitor all directions, hearing the direction from which each sound originated, rather than missing transients in one quadrant while listening to another. Operators could also exploit spatial cues to segregate several simultaneously active communications channels. Similar systems have been shown to benefit fighter pilots by reducing workload and increasing situational awareness. The current impediment to widespread use of Audio Spatialization is that systems must be individualized using listener-specific head-related transfer functions (HRTFs). Measuring individual HRTFs acoustically is a procedure that requires special training and special facilities. An alternative would be to use a single "standard" set of HRTFs, customizing that set for each user in some way. The proposed research is to develop a rapid behavioral procedure to adapt standardized HRTFs for use by each subject. It has been convincingly shown that some HRTF parameters can be estimated accurately using behavioral methods. HRTFs derived using these methods provide excellent localization.

SANDERS DESIGN INTERNATIONAL
1 Elm Street, Pine Valley Mill
Wilton, NH 03086
(603) 654-6100

PI: Al Hastbacka
(603) 654-6100
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0237
ALFRED UNIV.
2 Pine Street
Alfred, NY 14802
(607) 871-2471

ID#: 400060186
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Electronic Module Maker System
Abstract:   Future military and industrial electronic systems depend upon increased circuit density, performance, complexity, and reliability with an attendant decrease in size, weight, power, and cost. Industry must develop the capability to fabricate functionally integrated multi-component modules (MCMs) as 3D structures designed for application specific needs. This will be achieved by the proposed Electronic ModuleMaker system using precision layered fabrication technology that will fabricate an equivalent MCM two orders of magnitude faster than tape casting methods. The two stages of MCM fabrication where significant benefits are realized are the substrate fabrication with integrated conductive interconnects (including vias), and the attachment or deposition of passive components. The first stage will be developed during Phase I. The second stage of fabrication of integrated passive components will be developed and demonstrated in Phase II. The EMM offers increased reliability, yield, circuit density, and repeatability; as well as in situ fabrication, unlimited layers, and replication ability. It offers a dramatic reduction of cost, training, and faster time-to-market. MCM fabrication is beleaguered by labor-intensive techniques, high complexity, and low yield. The EMM system is an automated in situ process that can fabricate multiple MCM's simultaneously with nearly unlimited number of layers and higher yields.

SANDERS DESIGN INTERNATIONAL
1 Elm Street (PO Box 550); Pin
Wilton, NH 03086
(603) 654-6100

PI: Al Hastbacka
(603)-654-6100
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0261
UNIV. OF MICHIGAN
2010 H.H. Dow Building
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2136
(734) 763-1051

ID#: 400070411
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-007
Title: Bioceramic Fabrication System
Abstract:   There is a need to produce polymer/ceramic materials and customized components that are porous, biocompatible, resorbable, and usable as bone substitutes for patients with bone defects as a result of trauma, oncologic surgery, and congenital disorders. Reconstruction requires development of implantable bone substitutes because present substitutes don't behave physiologically or mechanically like true bone. Research for promoting bone tissue growth at the University of Michigan, with scaffold features fabricated of hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics, shows great promise for bone reconstruction. The proposed Orthopaedic Model Maker (OMM) research will overcome shortcomings of resolution experienced with prior stereolithography methods, by offering finer resolution ink-jets to fabricate scaffolding structures with resolution of 200 to 400 microns. The proposed higher resolution piezo-jets will accommodate a formulated HA ceramic for direct deposition of scaffold features with a concurrently deposited sacrificial material used to define the periphery spacing between scaffold structures. The bio-ceramic scaffold structure will be further tested in vitro to promote bone tissue growth. Phase I will focus on developing a piezo-jet resolution of 30 microns as compared to the current 70 micron state of the art. Formulation of HA material will be conducted and test samples fabricated and tested. Phase II will focus on system and material refinement, in vitro testing and OMM demonstration.

SEAS LLC
1291 Cumberland Avenue; Purdue
West Lafayette, IN 47906
(765) 497-1070

PI: Rashmi Chaturvedi
(765) 497-7010
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0252
PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATION
1063 Hovde Hall
West Lafayette, IN 47907
(765) 494-6204

ID#: 400040501
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-004
Title: Synthetic Environments for Acquisition Modeling and Simulations
Abstract:   Weapon systems take a long time to be deployed and then they last for several decades. Taken together, this time period can span nearly a half century. In today's fast changing world this time period is an eternity. Clearly many major developments can occur in this time span, and there is substantial amount of uncertainty which attaches to them. Traditional forecasting methods are quite inappropriate in this context. The need for a new methodology is imperative. We propose one based on distributed interactive simulation, which we call Synthetic Environment for Acquisition Modeling and Simulations (SEAMS). SEAMS will represent an interactive synthetic economy in which DoD managers, policy makers, and the US Congress can participate to understand the critical relationships between politics, markets, product and process innovation, price, and affordability as they evolve over time. For example, major shifts in the geo-political landscape can be modeled, simulated, and evaluated in a way that has been impractical up to now. SEAMS major innovation will be the synthetic economy in which human and artificial agents can interact. The economy can be configured for any level of details to study, analyze and predict the effectiveness of different policy decisions.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
(301) 261-8373

PI: Walter Zimbeck
(301) 261-8373
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0236
ALFRED UNIV.
2 Pine Street
Alfred, NY 14802
(607) 871-2486

ID#: 400060531
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-006
Title: Stereo-Photo Lithography for Ceramic Electronic Packaging High Speed Photopatterning For Ceramic Multi Chip Modules
Abstract:   This proposal describes plans for development of an automated fabrication process for ceramic electronic packages offering faster prototyping and lower production costs compared to the current thick film processing methods widely used in the industry. The new process is based on high resolution photopatterning of photocurable resins filled with sinterable ceramic or metal powders. The process is analogous to stereolithography in that it is an automated layer-by-layer fabrication approach, but will take advantage of the fine resolutions (< 10 microns) and high through put of commercially available photolithography systems. When fully developed, the fabrication system will produce green state ceramic packages with embedded conductors and passive elements that are co-sintered in a single firing. Phase I will demonstrate the capability to fabricate conductor patterns embedded in an alumina insulator with high resolution using co-fireable compositions.

VTEC LABORATORIES, INC.
212 Manida Street
Bronx, NY 10474
(718) 542-8248

PI: Neil Schultz
(718) 542-8248
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0226
UNIV. OF MARYLAND
Dept. Fire Protection Engineering; 0151
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-3993

ID#: 400010236
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Improving Shipbuilding Affordability by Replacing CO2 Fire Extinguishment Systems with Water Mist Fire Extinguishment Systems
Abstract:   In an effort to improve shipbuilding affordability, the shipbuilding industry has sought to replace CO2 fire extinguishment systems with water mist fire extinguishment systems. The advantages of this change are numerous, and include a range from dollar savings to increased safety. However, the American Bureau of Shipping and the US Coast Guard, the regulatory bodies, have not identified this change as an "equivalence". A program, which would most likely include testing, modeling, and analysis, would need to be implemented to demonstrate this "equivalence". This Phase I program is designed to identify exactly what work will need to be performed to achieve this objective.

WELDWARE, INC.
1165 Chambers Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
(614) 487-7207

PI: Chris Conrardy
(614) 487-7207
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0222
EDISON WELDING INSTITUTE
1250 Arthur E. Adams Dr
Columbus, OH 43221
(614) 688-5055

ID#: 400010283
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-001
Title: Cost Reduction through Weld Penetration Control in Ship Piping Fabrication
Abstract:   An advanced welding process control technology is proposed which can dramatically reduce the cost for welded piping in new ship construction. The Weld Pool Oscillation Sensor (WPOS) can be used to measure weld penetration while the weld is being made. The WPOS technology has been researched for over 15 years and has been shown to be effective and robust. The WPOS has not been commercialized because patents have protected two key underlying technologies. WeldWare has obtained licenses to these key patents. WeldWare, Inc. and Edison Welding Institute have formed a team to further develop and commercialize the WPOS. The team represents most of the expertise world-wide in the WPOS technology. The objectives of Phase 1 are to demonstrate the WPOS technology on a shipyard application and to perform return-on-investment (ROI) analysis. Representatives from two shipyards (Ingalls Shipbuilding and Newport News Shipbuilding) will be on the project team to help steer the project. An existing prototype laboratory WPOS system will be used for the testing. A shipyard piping application will be selected and the WPOS will be optimized and demonstrated on the selected application. Data will be collected to support the ROI analysis. A report will be written which details the findings.

WELDWARE, INC.
1165 Chambers Road
Columbus, OH 43212
(614) 487-7207

PI: Troy Paskell
(614) 497-7207
Contract #: N00014-99-M-0248
EDISON WELDING INSTITUTE
1250 Arthur E. Adams Dr
Columbus, OH 43221
(614) 688-5055

ID#: 400020278
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 99-002
Title: Reduction of Manufacturing and Repair Costs for the AAAV by Developing an Innovative Approach for Automated Tracking of Weld Quality
Abstract:   The quality of high-integrity welds in vehicles like the AAAV is critical to the performance of the vehicle. The ability to control weld quality significantly affects the manufacturing and repair costs of a vehicle. Traditionally, the control of weld quality has been labor intensive. For example, for the F-22 Advanced Tactical Fighter the cost of developing weld inspection procedures and inspecting the welds was approximately three times that for the actual welding itself. Cost reduction can be achieved by eliminating paper documentation of inspection information by converting this information to electronic formats which allows greater use of advanced analysis methodologies and provides an electronically connected and distributed working environment. The feasibility of developing a tool to enter, store, retrieve and analyze weld quality data in an efficient and timely manner is proposed. The proposed tool referred to as Welding Quality Manager (WQM) uses an image of the weldment to assist the QC Inspector in entering weld defect data into a database. The same image of the weldment is used as the focal point for defect analysis of the weldment. The cost savings and technical impact of obtaining statistically-based information about weld defects will be determined to address the needs of the Navy N99T002 "Technology for Advanced Amphibious Assault Vehicle (AAAV) Affordability". Conversations during visits with General Dynamics Quality Personnel at both the Woodridge, VA and Lima, OH facilities indicated the need for a tool like WQM.