DoD STTR Program Phase I Selections for FY05

Army Selections

Navy Selections

Air Force Selections

DARPA Selections

MDA Selections

OSD Selections


---------- AF ----------

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
(512) 342-0010

PI: Mr. Thayne Coffman
(512) 342-0010
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0123
The University of Texas at Austin
Office of Sponsored Projects , P.O. Box 7726
Austin, TX 78713-7726
(512) 471-6424

ID#: F054-006-0055
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Vehicle Structure Recovery from a Moving Aerial Platform (VSRMAP)
Abstract:   The Vehicle Structure Recovery from a Moving Aerial Platform (VSRMAP) system gives unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) the ability to generate real-time 3D models of an urban battlefield, including static features and moving and articulated vehicle-sized ground targets. Models are created using a single passive electro-optical video camera. VSRMAP builds on other systems that generate real-time models of static battlefield features and track moving ground targets, which are already under development at 21st Century Technologies. VSRMAP completes the battlefield modeling solution by providing full 3D models of the ground targets. Based on prior work, we believe that model-based approaches will be required to accurately model moving vehicle-sized objects. VSRMAP Phase I explores both traditional and model-based approaches to 3D reconstruction, and quantifies their performance to validate or refute this belief and identify the most promising approaches for Phase II development. In both classes of approach, VSRMAP will leverage byproducts of our static battlefield modeling and tracking systems to provide superior 3D target reconstruction. VSRMAP provides novel opportunities for pre-mission planning and training, situational awareness, and strikes on targets of opportunity. By modeling moving and articulated ground targets, it represents a significant advance in the military applicability of 3D modeling systems.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759
(512) 342-0010

PI: Dr. Timothy P. Darr
(512) 342-0010
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0062
University of Michigan
3003 South State Street, Room 1066
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1274
(734) 936-1289

ID#: F054-017-0056
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-017       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Algorithmic Tools for Adversarial Games
Abstract:   This project will develop and validate a Game-Theoretic Terrorist Modus Operandi Detection System (GT-TMODS) for asymmetric threat detection against politically, socially, and culturally diverse adversaries. GT-TMODS will integrate state-of-the-art game theory and simulation research with proven, powerful graph-matching and social-network analysis methods to model and detect asymmetric threat activities through multi-agent adversarial games. The Phase I effort will (i) develop game-theoretic models for asymmetric threats, (ii) perform game-theoretic simulations to discover asymmetric threat patterns and strategies, and (iii) implement and assess a GT-TMODS prototype. The Phase I GT-TMODS Prototype will demonstrate key innovations including: (i) game-theoretic models of the asymmetric threat, (ii) empirical game-theoretic analysis of the asymmetric threat, (iii) approximate solutions for intractable games identifying plausible threat strategies and profiles, and (iv) graph-based threat patterns and SNA signatures derived from the game-theoretic simulation and analysis. GT-TMODS will provide sophisticated technology to a wide audience of potential users in the military and intelligence communities for enhanced national security against asymmetric threats resulting in significant improvements in our response capabilities against politically, socially, and culturally diverse adversaries. GT-TMODS will have a wide range of important defense and commercial applications including terrorist threat detection, industrial espionage detection, financial fraud detection, and business intelligence.

ACES QC, LC
1421 NW 47th Terrace
Gainesville, FL 32605
(352) 376-8708

PI: Dr. Rodney J. Bartlett
(352) 377-8257
Contract #:
University of Florida
PO Box 118435
Gainesville, FL 32611-8435
(352) 392-6984

ID#: F054-010-0256
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-010       Selected for Award
Title: Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants
Abstract:   This proposal addresses AFOSR's task to: "Develop seamless, easy to use, efficient code to calcultate electronic wave functions and potential energy surfaces of molecules and predict kinetic rate constants for reactions a priori." This is a long-unsolved problem, fundamental to chemistry, where quantum chemical methods must be extremely accurate to provide the electronic structure information and the subsequent kinetics approach must be able to preserve that accuracy to yield reliable rate constants. Yet unlike molecular structure and spectra, where computational chemistry has an enormous impact; there is no similar, systematized and calibrated user friendly software available to reliably describe the kinetics aspect of chemistry. To address this problem, we bring together the small business, ACES QC, which has had notable successes in determining rate constants for several atom systems, using coupled-cluster and the ACES II program system; with components of the University of Florida's Quantum Theory Project; and HyperCube, whose widely used HyperChem program offers the tools and ease of use to begin to systematize the computational chemistry kinetics problem to compliment that for structure and spectra; and the guidance of the prominent atmospheric kinetics group at the University of Michigan.

ACREE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1900 Bates Ave., Suite G
Concord, CA 94520
(925) 798-5770

PI: Dr. Mike McFarland
(925) 798-5770
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0151
Wright State University
Department of Mechanical Eng., 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy.
Dayton, OH 45435-0001
(937) 775-5154

ID#: F054-016-0045
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-016       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Near Surface Flow Control Using Magnetohydrodynamics in High Mach Number Flight
Abstract:   The purpose of this project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of a Cathodic Arc Plasma Sources (CAPS) and Power Processing Unit (PPU) for producing dense, high current (> 1 amp) plasma flows for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) control of hypersonic flight surfaces. The CAPS source and PPU were developed for aerospace applications and have been optimized for weight and efficiency. The main advantage of the CAPS sources is that the plasma is generated independently of the current flow, and because of this, high-density, diffuse plasmas with large currents are possible. To characterize the effectiveness of the CAPS plasma source and measure the MHD effects, it will be installed into a model wing section and tested in a hypersonic (Mach 5.1) wind tunnel. The performance, efficiency, power consumption, power/weight ratio, and optimum velocity and altitude range will be determined under flight conditions. In addition, finite element computer simulations will be performed and compared to the experiment results.

ADAPTIVE DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES
Suite 210, 1100 Hector Street
Conshohocken, PA 19428
(610) 825-0182

PI: Dr. Moeness Amin
(610) 519-4263
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0071
Villanova University
119 Tolentine Hall
Villanova, PA 19085
(610) 519-4263

ID#: F054-022-0183
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-022       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Seamless Non-Line-Of-Sight Communications for Urban Warfare
Abstract:   This project will investigate candidate space-time coding schemes to be incorporated in a multiple-input multiple output two-way communication system that operates within an urban warfare environment. The main objective is to increase channel capacity to achieve high-quality video transmission using narrow signal bandwidths, typically deployed for voice channels. The investigation will determine the schemes most appropriate to the channel characteristics, including fading, multipaths, and Doppler, often encountered in the targeted operating environment. The selection of the number of antennas and the inter-element spacing at each transceiver will be guided by the potential restrictions that each end of the communications link places on the size, payload, and height of the antennas. Orthogonal codes, non-orthogonal codes, trellis and block codes, sensor approach or beamspace approach, and using none, partial, or full channel information for transmit diversity and coherent detection are among the schemes that will be examined. The project will also consider effective strategies for anti-jamming in view of the available number of spatio-temporal degrees of freedom and will investigate whether effective jammer suppression conforms with the target objective of high capacity and data rate.

ADVANCED MAGNET LAB, INC.
328 West Hibiscus Blvd
Melbourne, FL 32901
(972) 709-0220

PI: Dr. Rainer B. Meinke
(321) 728-7543
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0108
Florida Institute of Technology
150 W. University Blvd.
Melbourne, FL 32901
(321) 674-8043

ID#: F054-001-0353
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Electromagnetic Launching for Affordable Agile Access to Space
Abstract:   The project aims at developing a reliable and responsive electromagnetic launch system. In the proposed concept, a magnetically levitated sled is accelerated to a velocity of 7 km/sec by a high power linear motor system for the launch of samll payloads. A novel design of electromagnetic guide system with real-time feedback stabilizes the trajectory of the sled during acceleration. The launch object and the sled are aerodynamically and aero-thermally optimized to cope with the large aerodynamic disturbance forces and the heating at the high velocities towards the end of the guideway. The sled will operate in a helium atmosphere at reduced pressure to reduce the Mach number of the sled. Strong superconducting magnets on the sled enable a 2 inch clearance between the sled and the guideway, as well as between the sled and the linear motor rails. Augmentation coil actuators along the track will be used to provide the required stabilization forces. During Phase 1, a concept study will be performed and a the performance of the system will be modeled and optimized. During Phase 2 a test rig will be built, which allows to measure the aerodynamic and aero-thermal effects at the high speeds under various ambient atmospheres.

AEROTONOMY, INC.
117 Herron Street
Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742
(706) 413-1582

PI: Mr. Chris S. Gibson
(706) 413-1582
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0097
Georgia Tech Research Institute
SEAL, Electromagnetics&Antennas Div.
Atlanta, GA 30332-0852
(770) 528-7160

ID#: F054-019-0016
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-019       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Multifunctional Design of Load Bearing Antenna Structures for Small UAVs
Abstract:   Aerotonomy, Incorporated and our research institution partner Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) will apply the latest knowledge in conformal load bearing antenna design, structural and electromagnetic modeling, and optimization techniques to develop a unique 2 Stage Multi-Disciplinary Optimization (MDO) system that supports the design of highly integrated miniature broadband antenna structures for small UAVs. In Stage 1, the goal is to optimize the combined aircraft configuration and antenna system architecture to achieve a truly multi-functional system-of-systems design. The Stage 1 MDO system will be developed to aid the design team in performing an automated series of parametric trade studies to optimize airframe geometry that meets flight performance requirements while providing structural and aerodynamic surfaces suitable for use as antenna apertures that meet all the requirements of polarization and radiation pattern control to achieve desired RF performance. The Stage 2 MDO system will support the development of an optimal detailed design of the airframe structure and individual antennas based on the configuration design developed in Stage 1. High fidelity analyses will be performed in Stage 2 using integrated COTS structural and electromagnetics software.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-1200

PI: Dr. Jack Salerno
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0126
Florida International University
11200 Southwest St.
Miami, FL 33199
(304) 348-2494

ID#: F054-023-0293
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-023       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: New Generation Hybrid Carbon/Ceramic Nanocomposites
Abstract:   Based on in-depth experience with advanced optical ceramics, nano-particle coating, nanoceramic sintering and superplasticity deformation, in this program, AGILTRON Inc. and Florida International University, and University of California at Davis propose to develop next generation airframe and engine materials made of CNT/alumina nano-composites. The proposed approach uniquely combines low-cost and potentially large scale technology of in situ CNT growth on nano-particles and low temperature, short duration spark plasma sintering. This nanocomposite may represent an unprecedented opportunity for next generation IR window material because of its CNT-enabled high superplasticity, nano-enhanced mechanical strength, hardness and toughness, and intrinsic chemical and environmental stability. Due to the high strain rate superplasticity of the proposed composite, direct-shape engine components can be made through superplastic deformation at a relative low cost. The CNT enabled composite technology is promising to provide performance attributes that are beyond current technology. In this program, we anticipate to demonstrate drastic improvements in cost, size, thermal mechanical performance, and superplasticity, which have not been attainable before. The approach_s feasibility will be demonstrated in Phase I.

ALTAIR CENTER, LLC.
1 Chartwell Circle
Shrewsbury, MA 01545
(508) 845-5349

PI: Dr. Sergei Krivoshlykov
(508) 845-5349
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0129
University of Rochester
5th Floor Hylan Building, RC B
Rochester, NY 14627
(585) 275-1502

ID#: F054-013-0219
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-013       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: Silicon-Based Photonic Crystal Lasers
Abstract:   ALTAIR Center in cooperation with the University of Rochester proposes to develop the first silicon-based photonic crystal laser diode. The photonic crystal microcavity forms gain region of the laser diode. This enhances the system efficiency. The laser operating either in bandgap edge emitting mode with enhanced density of states or using defect mode in the photonic crystal structure will exhibit dramatically reduced threshold and improved beam quality. In our previous research projects we already fabricated a model Er-doped silicon-based one-dimensional photonic crystal with the defect mode. We also experimentally demonstrated luminescence enhancement and narrowing of the emission linewidth. Capitalizing on the developed technologies and combining expertise of our teams will ensure successful development of a prototype silicon-based photonic crystal laser for both military and commercial applications. In Phase I of this Project, we will perform numerical simulations, analysis, and design of the proposed silicon-based photonic crystal laser diode, fabricate the photonic crystal microstructures and characterize their luminescence under optical pump. In Phase II, the developed technology will be completely optimized and applied to fabrication of an electrically pumped prototype silicon-based photonic crystal laser diode.

AMERICAN SUPERCONDUCTOR
Two Technology Drive
Westborough, MA 01581
(508) 621-4265

PI: Dr. Xiaoping Li
(508) 621-4189
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0077
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Applied Superconductivity Cent, 1500 Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1687
(608) 262-3822

ID#: F054-009-0144
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: High Critical Current in Metal Organic Derived YBCO Films
Abstract:   Second Generation (2G) High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) wire based on the YBCO coated conductor is being developed for new military and commercial applications not accessible to First Generation (1G) HTS wires. Although a critical current (Ic) of nearly 300A/cm-w (77K, sf) has been obtained in 10-meter lengths of 2G conductors, significant improvement in the Ic of practical conductors is required before they are useful for the targeted applications. We propose in this Phase I program to demonstrate a scalable, thick-film MOD technology to achieve Ic's >450A/cm-w (77K. sf) in practical 2G conductors. Our approach is based on understanding of the relationship between film properties, microstructure and processing. During the Phase I program, the through thickness properties of the YBCO will analyzed and used to optimize precursor and processing conditions. The proposed program will focus on producing YBCO films with Ic's >450 A/cm-w (77K, sf) and >150A/cm-w (65K, 3T) using materials, processes, and equipment compatible with AMSC's 2G manufacturing line. The Phase II program will focus on: (1) incorporation of the high Ic, technology into AMSC's 2G pilot manufacturing facility and (2) the manufacture and delivery of high Ic 2G wire for testing and demonstrating in critical military applications.

APJET, INC.
3900 Paseo del Sol
Santa Fe, NM 87507
(505) 471-6399

PI: Dr. Gary Selwyn
(505) 471-6399
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0082
Stevens Institute of Technology
Castle Point on Hudson
Hoboken, NJ 07030
(201) 216-5671

ID#: F054-028-0037
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Material Surface Properties Modifications by Nonequilibrium Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Processing
Abstract:   The Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet (APPJr) technology invented at Los Alamos National Laboratory and exclusively licensed to APJeT, Inc., is a revolutionary platform technology enabling economic application of atmospheric pressure plasma technology in an array of applications. APPJr is a non-thermal, stable, uniform discharge having 50-1000 times greater power density than conventional atmospheric plasmas such as coronas and dielectric barrier discharges. Rather than using dielectric covers on the electrodes, APPJr uses rf excitation, helium carrier gas and a patented design to avoid arcs. The APPJr technology may be used in a downstream mode in which reactive chemical species are blown out onto the substrate. This offers the advantage of being able to treat complex shapes and the ability to feed deposition precursors into the afterglow region to minimize monomer fragmentation and chamber/electrode coating. This also enables the creation of unique chemistries for deposition or surface treatment. APPJ technology may also be used in an in-situ mode in which the substrate is moved directly through the discharge, resulting in reduced consumption of feed gas and power. APJeT will design and manufacture scalable APPJr sources and demonstrate several functional coatings and surface modifications of potential interest to Air Force and commercial customers.

APPLIED SCIENCES
1900 Kresswood Cir.
Dayton, OH 45429
(937) 293-4109

PI: Dr. Thomas N. Hangartner
(937) 293-4109
Contract #:
Wright State University
3640 Col. Glenn Hwy.
Dayton, OH 45435
(937) 775-3336

ID#: F054-021-0135
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Nonlinear Enhancement of Visual Target Detection
Abstract:   Object identification, quantification and localization are key goals in both military target detection and quantitative medical imaging. As in medical imaging, military images are often difficult to interpret due to noise, spatial resolution limits, changing background conditions and uncertainty about the materials being imaged. We propose to vastly improve the results from hyperspectral imaging systems by modeling the physics that governs surface reflectivity; using the model to predict reflectivity of a few selected materials; validating the reflectivity model by acquiring spectral signatures of the materials with a characterized and calibrated hyperspectral imaging sensor; identify appropriate image- processing techniques to correct for instrument limitationsl; and analyzing the input and output signal-to-noise ratio of the sensor data and use this information to simulate a stochastic resonance-like (fixed threshold) approach to object identification. At the end of Phase I of this project we will provide a well defined approach and software to characterize the reflection properties of any material under test; a well defined approach and software to characterize imaging sensors of interest in hyperspectral imaging; image analysis procedures and software/hardware implementation to reduce the hyperspectral data set; and image segmentation/fusion procedures and software/hardware implementation to identify objects of interest.

APPLIED SCIENCES, INC.
141 W. Xenia Ave., PO Box 579
Cedarville, OH 45314
(937) 766-2020

PI: Dr. Ronald L. Jacobsen
(937) 766-2020
Contract #:
Univ. of Dayton Research Institute
300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469-0109
(937) 229-3024

ID#: F054-023-0073
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-023       Selected for Award
Title: Novel Method for Fabricating Carbon Nanofiber Toughened Silicon Carbide Composites
Abstract:   Carbon nanotube-reinforced ceramics are a promising class of materials that are plagued by extreme processing conditions which compromise the nanotubes, thereby inhibiting their ability to positively impact the ceramic composite. Applied Sciences, Inc. (ASI) proposes an innovative solution to this problem. Our process exploits the unique morphology of low-cost carbon nanofibers, upon which the ceramic matrix is built. This low-pressure process fully encapsulates the nanofiber - thereby protecting it from oxidation. This process also provides an intimate bond between the nanofiber and matrix that is of tailorable strength - thereby allowing optimization of the composite's fracture toughness. Ceramic nanocomposites made from this process are expected to engender a 25% improvement in fracture toughness over traditional fiber-reinforced ceramic matrix composites, and a 75% improvement in fracture toughness over monolithic silicon carbide. They will also exhibit oxidation resistance up to at least 1800 deg C. Our Phase I team, which includes 5 PhDs with a combined 100 years of relevant experience, will ensure the technical success of this effort and the broad dissemination of research results throughout the scientific community.

APPLIED SR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1953, 68th Street
Brooklyn, NY 11204
(718) 232-9243

PI: Dr. Zhong-Ping Jiang
(718) 260-3646
Contract #:
Polytechnic University of New York
ECE Department, Polytechnic University
Brooklyn, NY 11201
(718) 260-3646

ID#: F054-021-0008
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Enhance Visual Target Detection Using Nonlinear Stochastic Resonance Technique
Abstract:   Techniques to detect and identify the interested target burying in cluttered background and noise have been widely needed in both military and civilian applications. The enhancement of the target detectability is a critical factor in improving the performance of detectors. The team of Applied SR Technologies, Inc. and the Polytechnic University at Brooklyn, New York is exploring new interdisciplinary methods to address this important issue. Our proposed research focuses on the development of mathematical sound approaches to enhance visual target detection using techniques from nonlinear stochastic resonance, optimization and advanced control theory. The proposed numerical algorithms will be aimed at enhancing signal-to-noise ratios for improved visual target detection. In addition, the algorithms will be implemented and tested on standard image files.

ATMOSPHERIC PLASMA SOLUTIONS
407 Brooks Avenue
Raleigh, NC 27607
(919) 341-8325

PI: Mr. Peter Yancey
(919) 341-8325
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0063
North Carolina State University
Campus Box 7907
Raleigh, NC 27695-7907
(919) 515-7218

ID#: F054-028-0302
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Material Surface Properties Modifications by Nonequilibrium Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Processing
Abstract:   The proposed research will develop a non-equilibrium plasma source for deposition of thin films on refractory materials at temperatures less then 600K. The developed source will also have the flexibility to surface treat thermally sensitive substrates without damage. Our existing non-equilibrium atmospheric plasma source will be optimized for depositing amorphous SiC and ZrO2 thermal barrier materials. Optical emission spectroscopy of the plasma and characteristics of the deposited films will be used to determine optimum processing conditions for depositing the films. Based on our current technology a commercial scale system will be easily designed to meet different industrial needs (Phase II).

BEAM ENGINEERING FOR ADVANCED MEASUREMENTS CO.
809 S. Orlando Ave., Suite I
Winter Park, FL 32789
(407) 823-6831

PI: Dr. Nelson Tabirian
(407) 629-1282
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0152
Department of Physics
University of California, 366 Le Conte Hall #7300
Berkeley, CA 94720-7300
(510) 642-4856

ID#: F054-029-0373
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-029       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: High Performance Liquid Crystals for Infrared Applications
Abstract:   BEAM Co. will partner with University of Berkeley and University of Rochester in an effort of developing liquid crystal materials for broadband tunable spatial and spectral filtering applications targeting a challenging set of operation characteristics including the ability of wide photoinduced Bragg reflection band shift throughout the visible and near IR region of wavelengths, operation at microwatt power radiation, photosensitivity for UV to near IR wavelengths, fast response times (10-3 - 1 s) and wide operation temperature range including room temperature. These features will be obtained relying on photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives to impart photoresponsive functions on LC material systems, low molecular weight as well as polymer. Wide assortment of azobenzene based mesogenic as well as nonmesogenic proprietary compounds developed at BEAM Co. will enable systematic studies of azobenzene-powered material systems required for identification of compositions with the most promising photoresponsive function for spatial and spectral filtering applications. Novel azobenzene materials will be designed and synthesized with enhanced compatibility with chiral systems. Generation of photonic bandgap structures in azobenzene-powered CLC will be studied related with photoinduced variation of CLC pitch. Feasibility of novel periodically twisted agile LC material systems will be tested with the goal to develop Bragg reflective materials for linear polarized beams.

BIOTOOLS, INC.
950 North Rand Rd, Suite 123
Wauconda, IL 60084
(847) 487-5500

PI: Dr. Laurence A. Nafie
(315) 443-5912
Contract #:
Syracuse University
Department of Chemistry, 1-104 CST
Syracuse, NY 13244-4100
(315) 443-2882

ID#: F054-025-0178
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-025       Selected for Award
Title: Surface-Enhanced Detection of Molecular and Biomolecular Species
Abstract:   This Phase I STTR will demonstrate the feasibility of near-infrared (near-IR) excited surface-enhanced Raman optical activity (SEROA) as a sensitive new probe of biological molecules and trace chiral materials. The research will use nanoshells as fabricated and optimized at Rice University as a newly developed, tunable, highly-uniform, SERS substrates for chiral molecules and bio-molecules. The feasibility of SEROA using a standard ChiralRAMAN ROA spectrometer from BioTools, Inc. with 532 nm excitation will be determined using commercially available SERS substrates. The project continues with the assembly and testing of a near-IR 785-nm laser version of the ChiralRAMAN spectrometer. The new 785-nm ROA instrument will then be tested in three ways. 1) Its performance as a near-IR excited Raman spectrometer will be compared to the Raman performance of the 532-nm ChiralRAMAN spectrometer. 2) Its performance will next be compared to the near-IR Raman spectrometer currently operating at Rice University for which SERS measurements with tuned nanoshells have been carried out. 3) Finally, its performance as the world's first near-IR ROA spectrometer will be tested with standard liquid samples of chiral terpene molecules. From these comparisons a quantitative prognosis for developing a near-IR SEROA spectrometer using chiral tuned-nanoshells will be established.

CALABAZAS CREEK RESEARCH, INC.
20937 Comer Drive
Saratoga, CA 95070
(650) 595-2168

PI: Dr. Carol Kory
(440) 554-3417
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0105
University of Wisconsin
750 University Avenue, #440
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 262-9202

ID#: F054-020-0065
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-020       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Meander Line Traveling wave tube THz Amplifier
Abstract:   We proposes to investigate innovative, traveling-wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs) compatible with three-dimensional (3D) micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) fabrication techniques for submillimeter-wave applications. The development will focus on a novel meander line interaction circuit; long life, high current density electron guns; compact power supplies; and compact magnet configurations providing high-efficiency, compact, lightweight, and affordable devices. The batch nature of MEMS fabrication provides repeatability of components for increased yields and reliability, and reduced cost. During the Phase I effort, advanced, state-of-the-art simulation tools will be used to design a 650 GHz traveling wave tube amplifier providing approximately 800 mW of power. We will thoroughly investigate the interaction circuit for its thermal and electrical performance, including bandwidth and efficiency. In addition, major TWTA components will be designed, including the power supply, electron gun, and focusing structure. In parallel, MEMS fabrication techniques will be explored with the overall objective of integrating several TWT components into the fabrication procedure to avoid assembly and alignment procedures, which become increasingly difficult at higher frequencies. Continuing work will include fabrication and testing of a 650 GHz miniaturized TWTA with the goal of fabricating the entire system by MEMS techniques for "TWT on a chip" technology.

CELLULAR MATERIALS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
2 Boar's Head Lane
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(434) 977-1405

PI: Dr. Yellapu V. Murty
(434) 977-1405
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0141
Princeton University
D412 Engineering Quadrangle
Princeton, NJ 08544-0036
(609) 258-7508

ID#: F054-016-0271
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-016       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Near Surface Flow Control and Electrical Power Extraction Using Magnetohydrodynamics
Abstract:   This proposal addresses several concepts for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) devices which can be used to provide aerodynamic functionality on flight vehicles. The use of ionized gases for such tasks is very appealing because they require no moving parts and because plasmas can be generated and turned on and off quickly in response to transient conditions. The use of high-frequency, high-voltage pulsed discharges to maintain non-equilibrium ionization in low temperature gas will be explored. This pulsed ionization method has been shown by earlier work at Princeton University to minimize both the power budget for sustaining plasmas and the heating of the flow. The proposed concept couples the plasma generation system with a multifunctional cellular core structure and a second working DC circuit. Prototypical and lab-scale examples of these configurations will be manufactured for testing within a wind tunnel to assess the interaction between the plasma, the applied magnetic fields and the flow. The ultimate goal of the development project is to produce a generic configuration for a small MHD device to accomplish a variety of aerodynamic functions, including local flow control and power generation.

CEM TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1255 Biltmore Drive
Atlanta, GA 30329
(404) 248-9821

PI: Dr. Laird Prussner
(404) 249-9821
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0058
Emory University
1784 North Decatur Road, , Suite 510
Atlanta, GA 30322
(404) 727-2503

ID#: F054-018-0053
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-018       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Advanced Antenna Pattern Prediction Software
Abstract:   Accurate numerical predictions of performance of antennas on aircraft are important in many problems of avionics design and integration. In particular, such predictions are needed for determination of optimal placement of antenna on an aircraft in order to achieve required coverage. The focus of this project is an investigation and development of high-frequency computational methods and codes for accurate and efficient prediction of patterns of antennas located on an aircraft embedded in a layer of dielectric/magnetic material. In order to attain the required high accuracy, the developed methods and codes will perform the necessary analyses on computational aircraft models fully and accurately representing the actual aircraft geometry and surface materials. Developed earlier by the proposing team methods for calculating field contributions due to creeping-rays and diffraction effects of aircraft wings, stabilizers, and other external features of PEC aircraft with geometry of general shape will be further developed and supplemented to account for the presence of a layer of dielectric/magnetic material. Prototype computer implementations will be built and tested.

CHEMAT TECHNOLOGY, INC.
9036 Winnetka Avenue
Northridge, CA 91324
(818) 727-9786

PI: Dr. Yuhong Huang
(818) 727-9786
Contract #:
University of Cincinnati
Office of Sponsored Programs
Cincinnati, OH 45221-0012
(513) 556-1470

ID#: F054-023-0126
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-023       Selected for Award
Title: A Novel Process of CNTs/Al2O3 Hybrid Ceramics
Abstract:   Carbon nanotubes possess extraordinary mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Attempts have been made to develop advanced engineering materials with improved or novel properties through the incorporation of carbon nanotubes in selected matrices (polymers, metals and ceramics). Recently, the use of carbon nanotubes to reinforce ceramic composites has made exciting progress. However, oxidation of CNTs associated with high temperature process is still an challenge. The major disadvantages of current in situ CNT-Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposite ceramic process are 1) carbon nanotubes were damaged due to hot-press high temperature process (>1500C); 2) Even at 1500C, the CNT-Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposite ceramic was not sintered. The density is low (< 93% TD); and 3) Poor CNT/ceramic matrix bonding. In this proposed research, the surface of CNTs-Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposite powder will be modified with an ultrathin adhesive layer. With this ultrathin layer, the green density and the bonding between CNTs and Al2O3 powder can be greatly improved. Due to high green density and high electric conductive nature of CNT-Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposite, it is possible to use electrical field assisted rapid sintering process to densify and sinter the CNT-Fe-Al2O3 nanocomposite ceramics at the temperature <1200C and ambient pressure condition.

CHEW CONSULTING, INC.
2510 Stanford Drive
Champaign, IL 61820
(217) 359-9695

PI: Dr. Weng Chew
(217) 621-1742
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0073
Iowa State University
Department of ECE, 2215 Coover Hall
Ames, IA 50011-3060
(515) 294-8396

ID#: F054-018-0389
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-018       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Advanced Antenna Pattern Prediction Software
Abstract:   We propose to develop advanced antenna pattern prediction software using fast algorithm for integral equation. The software will be developed from first principle integral equation solver accelerated by the multi-level fast multipole algorithm. Material effects will be included using volume integral equation and a newly developed thin dielectric sheet model. The model entails full physics, and hence any surface wave effect will be included in the simulation software. The software will be developed with well-tested physics-based preconditioning technique. The preconditioner will greatly reduce the number of iterations needed to solve the integral equation, making the solving of realistic real world problems possible. Because of the acceleration of the integral equation solution by fast solvers, the software for prediction of complex and advance systems can solve millions of unknowns. Also, the use of thin dielectric sheet model makes the modeling of absorption material on the surface of the aircraft simpler, requiring fewer unknowns. Compared to high frequency methods, the software is highly error controllable, allowing accurate simulations. The accuracy can be easily improved by increasing the number of unknowns needed to model the complex geometry. Also, a fast far field algorithm will be use to calculate the radiation pattern rapidly.

CORNERSTONE RESEARCH GROUP, INC.
2750 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
(937) 320-1877

PI: Dr. Richard D. Hreha
(937) 320-1877
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0067
Kent State University
Research and Graduate Studies, 134A Auditorium Building
Kent, OH 44242
(330) 672-2070

ID#: F054-029-0017
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-029       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: High-Performance Infrared Liquid Crystals
Abstract:   Cornerstone Research Group, Inc. (CRG) proposes to synthesize, formulate, and characterize novel high performance liquid crystal material systems for use in enhanced performance active or passive infrared (IR) modulators and filtering devices, such as IR laser protective filters, liquid crystal light valves, and optical phased arrays for infrared beam steering. Enhancements in electro-optic response time and reduced threshold voltage will succeed using a molecular design producing very high dielectric anisotropy, high birefringence, and low viscosity while providing reduced infrared absorption. The optimization of an electro-optic IR device using current materials is challenging and typically involves making trade-offs in the desired properties. CRG's design will yield liquid crystal materials and dopants offering enhancements in desired properties such as birefringence while reducing the customary trade-offs associated with current materials.

CYM SCIENTIFIC
PO Box 7351
Loveland, CO 80537
(970) 663-6653

PI: Dr. Cameron Moore
(970) 663-6653
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0086
Colorado State University
Electrical and Computer Engr., 1373 Campus Delivery
Fort Collins, CO 80523-1373
(970) 491-6355

ID#: F054-028-0326
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: SURFACE NITRIDE/CARBIDE MODIFICATION AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE EMPLOYING WIDE AREA DISCHARGES
Abstract:   This proposal seeks modification, functionalization, and coating of surfaces at temperatures <300C using RF-excited non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure slot plasmas 30-100 cm long. This wide-area and spatially uniform source offers many advantages compared to corona or dielectric barrier discharges. It operates at voltages of 150 V (and up) and is capable of 103-106 higher current densities, forming a unique plasma environment rich in free radicals and UV photons. Low voltage allows safer operation while offering controllable E/N conditions at high pressure for high throughput. This technology has already operated at 30 cm lengths and will be extended in the proposed work to meter lengths. Electrodes can be configured in complex shapes and curvatures to treat both inner and outer surfaces. Demonstration vehicles in Phase I include deposition of Ti, its carbide (TiC), and its nitride (TiN), and controlled surface modification of polymers. Composition, structure, adhesion, and wear resistance of these films will be characterized and compared to coatings from conventional means. This research will provide new means to satisfy Air Force coating requirements in the near-term, provide a valuable capability to the aerospace industry, and be transferable to related industries such as disk drive, flat-panel, architectural glass, and optical storage manufacturing.

DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP.
1235 South Clark Street, Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22202
(703) 414-5024

PI: Dr. Nick Anderson
(703) 682-1736
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0132
George Mason University
4400 University Drive, MS 4C6
Fairfax, VA 22030
(703) 993-2987

ID#: F054-011-0264
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-011       Awarded: 01SEP05
Title: Cooperative Decision and Control with Intermittent Asynchronous Communication
Abstract:   Communication rates in UAV operations can be poor, intermittent, and asynchronous due to mitigating factors within the operating environment such as equipment limitations, equipment configurations, terrain effects, and weather conditions. The objective of this research effort is to demonstrate the coordinated control of multiple UAVs in a closed-loop, dynamic framework using limited information and intermittent asynchronous communications. This objective will be accomplished through a Decision Architecture for UAVs (DA-UAV) that is distributed in execution and functions without reliance on a centralized controller. In this proposed research effort, the DAC/GMU Team will implement a distributed inference architecture using a framework called Multi-Sectioned Bayesian Networks (MSBN). Using this approach, it is possible to decompose a unified Bayesian Network into subcomponents that operate at different locations, while intermittently exchanging data to maintain global consistency. Furthermore, the DAC-GMU team will implement different coordinated control algorithms and a Value of Information (VOI) technique to enhance selected coordinated control methods. Using VOI, actions are ranked based on their ability to effect the overall mission value of the overall system. Within this methodology, the actions of individual UAVs are geared towards avoiding redundancy within the system, causing the overall system to behave more efficiently.

DIRECTED VAPOR TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC.
2 Boar's Head Lane
Charlottesville, VA 22903
(434) 977-1405

PI: Dr. Derek Hass
(434) 977-1405
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0140
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008
Oak Ridge, TN 37831
(865) 574-1587

ID#: F054-009-0062
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: High Current Capacity Superconducting Wire for Compact Power Systems
Abstract:   The development of cost effective processing techniques that enable the creation of superconductive films with high current capabilities are required to facilitate the development of compact power systems for military applications. In this work, we will investigate the deposition of YBCO films using a gas-jet assisted electron-beam based deposition technique that allows very high deposition rates to be achieved while retaining the quality of the deposited films. This approach uses advanced control over the coating composition, the energy of the depositing atoms and the oxygen flux to the substrate by using multi-source electron beam evaporation, hollow-cathode plasma activation and oxygen /helium gas jets to deposit highly textured YBCO films at high rates that have flux pinning sites incorporated. This processing approach is anticipated to enable the creation of high temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes that have improved engineering current densities over those produced with current approaches while reducing the costs of producing the tape. Phase I work will lead to a follow-on Phase II program focused on extending the process to reel-to-reel tape manufacturing and depositing other layers of the HTS coating systems.

ELECTRON ENERGY CORP.
924 Links Avenue
Landisville, PA 17538
(717) 898-2294

PI: Dr. Jinfang Liu
(717) 898-2294
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0075
University of Delaware
210 Hullihen Hall
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-8618

ID#: F054-024-0182
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-024       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: High Temp High Energy Product Permanent Magnet Material
Abstract:   The main objective of this program is to develop a new class of high performance hard magnetic materials that will maintain an energy product of 30 MGOe or greater at temperatures up to 450 C. These novel magnetic materials are greatly needed for the "more electric" airplanes and space vehicle applications where a high operating temperature is a strict requirement. The approaches to be used for the development of these magnets are mainly focused on exchange-coupled hybrid composite/nanocomposite materials (also known as metamaterials) consisting of two hard magnetic phases and possibly some soft magnetic phases where the overall performance of the composite is greater than the sum of the individual components. Research in Phase I will be focused on optimization of material compositions and processing parameters to obtain the desired properties.

ENGINEERING SOFTWARE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC.
10845 Olive Blvd., Suite 170
St. Louis, MO 63141
(314) 983-0649

PI: Dr. Ricardo L. Actis
(314) 983-0649
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0128
Washington University
one Brookings Drive
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
(314) 935-6352

ID#: F054-015-0057
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-015       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Software for the Design and Certification of Unitized Airframe Components
Abstract:   An investigation of the feasibility of commercialization of the results developed in the Center for Computational Mechanics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri under AFOSR Grant No. F49620-01-1-0074 entitled; "Mathematical and Computational Framework for a Virtual Fabrication Environment for Aircraft Components". The proposed project will address some of the key requirements identified in the report Uninhabited Air Vehicles: Enabling Science for Military Systems (National Materials Advisory Board, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, US Academy of Sciences, 2000). Specifically, an investigation of mathematical models for the simulation of structural stability and post-buckling responses of light-weight unitized airframe components fabricated from aluminum plates by high speed machining techniques will be undertaken. It has been observed in machining experiments that some thin-walled components exhibit local buckling even in the unloaded condition, due to residual stresses. Therefore the effects of residual stresses and the initial configuration have to be taken into account in simulations performed for the purposes of design and analysis. The goal of this project is to investigate the feasibility of development of a comprehensive software tool for the design and certification of metallic unitized airframe components based on the hierarchic concept of working models, incorporating the effects of residual stresses.

EXQUADRUM, INC.
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301
(760) 246-0279

PI: Dr. Andrew V. Pakhomov
(256) 824-2830
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0138
University of Alabama in Huntsville
John Wright Drive, OB 201B
Huntsville, AL 35899-0000
(256) 824-6000

ID#: F054-001-0005
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 03AUG05
Title: Technology to Enable Rapid Application of Laser Propulsion
Abstract:   The objective of the proposed research and development effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of laser propelled systems with greatly simplified hardware and improved performance. This will be accomplished through application of an advanced propellant system. This technology will help to enable a responsive, low-cost launch system for micro-satellites, based on the combination of a high efficiency multi-stage electromagnetic gun and laser beam propulsion. The technology will be experimentally demonstrated during the research program.

FUTURE TEK USA CORP.
2705 Far Hills Ave., Suite 2
Dayton, OH 45419
(937) 293-8862

PI: Dr. Sam Liu
(937) 229-3272
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0084
University of Dayton Research Insti
KL 501, UDRI, University of Dayton
Dayton, OH 45469-0170
(937) 229-2919

ID#: F054-024-0142
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-024       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: High Temp High Energy Product Permanent Magnet Material
Abstract:   Permanent magnet materials with high energy product of (BH)max = 30 MGOe at 450C are needed for advanced Air Force power and weapon systems. This required magnetic performance represents a 150% improvement over the best existing materials. Owing to the very high degree of difficulty, this objective is unlikely achievable if using any existing permanent magnets, such as conventional high temperature SmCo5, Sm2Co17, or nanocomposite Sm2Co17/Fe-Co because of various technical difficulties. New R2Co17 compounds are identified and will be used in the proposed STTR Phase I project to demonstrate the feasibility of synthesizing novel high temperature and high energy product permanent magnets. These compounds have high Curie temperatures of 910 - 930C. Their saturation magnetization can reach 12 kG at 450C. If they also possess high uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy, or if high uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy can be developed, then it will be possible to make nanocrystalline magnets based on these new compounds by allying inductive rapid hot compaction and subsequent hot deformation.

GENEVA AEROSPACE, INC.
4240 International Pkwy Ste. 100
Carrollton, TX 75007
(469) 568-2376

PI: Mr. Mark Bergee
(469) 568-2376
Contract #:
Ohio State University
1960 Kenny Road
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 292-2530

ID#: F054-019-0386
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: Multifunctional Design of Load Bearing Antenna Structure for Small UAVs
Abstract:   Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (SUAVs) have demonstrated their value in military Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Intelligence operations as a result of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). While small UAVs have demonstrated their value in the warfighting environment, their size, weight, and power constraints somewhat limit their mission footprints to small payload applications such as video surveillance or high band (GHz) communications. Lower frequency communications missions are precluded because the antennas required to support such missions are too large. Geneva Aerospace and Ohio State University (OSU) are pleased to present our offering for the multi-functional design of load bearing antenna structures for Small Unmanned Air Vehicles (SUAV). Geneva and OSU have formed an industry / University team that we believe offers a cost effective, high payoff program to satisfy the near-term requirements for high performance broadband antennas integrated into SUAVs. Our approach uses the SUAV load bearing structure as the integrated antenna to cover the broad frequency band from 30 to 3000 MHz. We will use Geneva's Dakota UAV as the SUAV case study for the development and demonstration of the proposed load bearing antenna structure technology.

GENEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
10605 Concord Street, #500
Kensington, MD 20895
(301) 962-6565

PI: Dr. Steven Yi
(301) 962-6565
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0118
University of Southern California
SAL 300, MC-0781
Los Angeles, CA 90089
(213) 740-6440

ID#: F054-006-0080
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Joint 3D Reconstruction of Static Background and Moving Targets Using Structure from Motion
Abstract:   Genex Technologies, Inc. (Genex), in collaboration with the Institute for Robotics and Intelligent Systems, University of Southern California (USC), proposes an innovative solution called Quick3D for three-dimensional (3D) real-time structure from motion (SFM). Together with Genex's patent pending solutions called SmartMTI for multiple target tracking, Quick3D will be able to perform SFM for both static background and moving targets on unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) platforms.

GT EQUIPMENT TECHNOLOGIES
243 Daniel Webster Highway
Merrimack, NH 03054
(603) 883-5200

PI: Dr. P.SanthanaRaghavan
(603) 883-5200
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0114
University of New Hampshire
Service Bldg., Room 111, 51 College Road
Durham, NH 03824
(603) 862-2526

ID#: F054-028-0354
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: A Novel Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition process for producing RMI/EFI coatings
Abstract:   Though low pressure plasmas have found wide applications in materials processing and play a key role in manufacturing semiconductor devices, operating the plasma at reduced pressure has several drawbacks. Vacuum systems are expensive and require maintenance. Load locks and robotic assemblies must be used to shuttle materials in and out of vacuum and essentially it is a batch process. Also the size of the object that can be treated is limited by the size of the vacuum chamber. Atmospheric-pressure plasmas overcome the disadvantages of vacuum operation. The focus of this STTR proposal is to design and develop an innovative silicon carbide/metal chemical vapor deposition process at atmospheric pressure using a dielectric barrier discharge that overcomes the above mentioned limitations while meeting the upcoming cost and throughput requirements of the electronic industry. The research is directed at both expanding the fundamental science needed to better understand the dielectric barrier discharge process for silicon nitride deposition, as well as developing a low temperature coating process. In Phase II a prototype reactor will be designed and constructed and the feasibility study will be extended to develop a cost-effective, high throughput and reliable process to provide silicon carbide/EMI-RFI coating. Phase III will address the commercial process based on these results towards a streamlined and robust atmospheric pressure plasma chemical vapor deposition system for thermal barrier/interface/EMI-RFI coating and surface modification at nominal material and production cost.

HEM TECHNOLOGIES
3518 27th St
Lubbock, TX 79410
(806) 441-1147

PI: Dr. David Hemmert
(806) 441-1147
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0142
Pulsed Power Center
Dept of Elec & Comp Engr, Texas Tech University
Lubbock, TX 79409
(806) 742-0526

ID#: F054-001-0404
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: Multistage Electromagnetic and Laser Launch Systems for Affordable, Rapid Access to Space
Abstract:   The need to significantly reduce the cost of launching micro-satellites into space has led to interest and development of several technologies to include multistage electromagnetic launchers and laser beam propulsion. However, these specific systems have a lot of components which need to be integrated to produce an efficient, cost-effective system. These components must also be capable of handling a variety of different load masses and desired velocities. Additional, the electrical load can vary significantly from launch to launch even for similar loads and desired trajectories. HEM Technologies and the Pulsed Power and Power Electronics Center at Texas Tech University propose to simulate, construct and test a fast, transient control system of an electromagnetic launcher distributed capacitor bank group to produce an efficient launch pulse that is compatible with a variety of loads and desired velocities. This pulse shaping control system can also be used across multiple stages to ensure efficient transfer between each stage, further increasing efficiency.

HY-TECH RESEARCH CORP.
104 Centre Ct.
Radford, VA 24141
(540) 639-4019

PI: Dr. Edward J. Yadlowsky
(540) 639-4019
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0154
University of Missouri at Rolla
Materials Science & Engineerin, 222 McNutt Hall
Rolla, MO 65409
(573) 341-6343

ID#: F054-023-0167
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-023       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Carbon Fiber Nanotube Reinforced Alumina Nanocomposite
Abstract:   Nanocomposites of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed in alumina powders and consolidated to near 100% theoretical density at low temperatures have been shown to have a four point bend strength 3 times that of pure alumina ceramics. Recently, in situ synthesized CNTs have been produced in alumina powders containing finely dispersed Fe nanoparticles. The anticipated improvement in mechanical properties had not been realized from the collagen like scaffolding of the CNTs when the nanocomposites were consolidated using hot isostatic pressing (HIP). This disappointing performance was attributed to the destruction of the CNTs by the high temperatures used in the HIPing. HY-Tech proposes to consolidate alumina nanocomposite green bodies containing in situ synthesized CNTs using a low temperature pressureless sintering approach. The characteristics of the CNTs and microstructure of the composite will be measured at different times in the fabrication process by scientists at the University of Missouri-Rolla. The studies will assess the effects of varying fabrication parameters on survivability of the CNTs and the bend strength of the nanocomposite material.

IC TECH, INC.
4295 Okemos Road, Suite 100
Okemos, MI 48864
(517) 349-9000

PI: Dr. Gail Erten
(517) 349-9000
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0089
Michigan State University
Contract and Grant Administrat, 301 Administration Bldg
East Lansing, MI 48824
(517) 355-5040

ID#: F054-002-0125
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Modulating Vocal Effort Levels of Speech Signals for Distance Cueing
Abstract:   Auditory displays that encode spatial audio cues have advanced significantly in recent years, yet, their ability to convey the distance between a sound source and the listener remains limited. This Phase I SBIR project proposes to investigate algorithms capable of adding distance cues to natural and synthesized speech. The particular approach involves manipulation the speaker's vocal effort, which is the quantity that ordinary speakers vary when they adapt their speech to the demands of an increased or decreased communication distance. Vocal effort impacts several time and frequency domain characteristics of a speech signal, such as mean and range of the fundamental frequency, certain formant frequencies, sound pressure level, duration of vowels, length of pauses, and spectral emphasis. Phase I work will start with defining vocal effort level zones and corresponding speech signal characteristics, with relative and absolute distance correspondences to the listener. This will be followed by the design and implementation of signal transforms that detect these characteristics in arbitrary speech inputs and manipulate them for producing outputs with the desired vocal effort level. These modules will be tested and validated by subjective evaluation, e.g., listening tests. A demonstration is planned at the end of the nine-month project.

INFRAMAT CORP.
74 Batterson Park Road
Farmington, CT 06032
(860) 678-7561

PI: Dr. Heng Zhang
(860) 678-7561
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0117
University of Texas at Arlington
Research Administration, Box 19145
Arlington, TX 76019-0145
(817) 272-3657

ID#: F054-024-0221
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-024       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: High Temperature Sm(Co,Fe,Cu,Zr)z/Fe-Co Nanocomposite Permanent Magnets with High Energy Density
Abstract:   Air Force seeks innovative permanent magnets for high temperature application in air and space vehicles. This requires the use of novel permanent magnets with high coercivity and saturation magnetization up to 450oC with an energy product of 30 MGOe. Inframat Corporation proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating an exchange-spring coupled Sm(Co,Fe,Cu,Zr)z/Co-Fe nanocomposite permanent magnet with operating temperature up to 500oC. In this project, a chemical synthesis and coating method will be utilized to fabricate soft/hard magnetic composites. The high-temperature hard-magnetic phase Sm(Co,Fe,Cu,Zr)z will be fabricated using a powder metallurgy combined with intensive milling. Nanostructured soft magnetic Co-Fe with high saturation magnetization will be coated onto the surface of the Sm(Co,Fe,Cu, Zr)z nanoparticles using chemical deposition to form a uniform Sm(Co,Fe,Cu,TM)z/Co-Fe nanocomposite. The exchange-spring quantum mechanical effect will be accomplished by consolidation of the nanocomposite powders into a fully dense bulk material. The proposed procedures will efficiently control the microstructure, morphology and interface of the composite, and significantly enhance the exchange-coupling effects, leading to a large remanence, high coercivity and high energy density at elevated temperature. The proposed nanocomposite magnet will impact the high technology applications. This program is a joint collaboration between Inframat and University of Texas at Arlington.

INNOSYS
3622 West 1820 South
Salt Lake City, UT 84104
(801) 975-7399

PI: Dr. Larry Sadwick
(801) 975-7399
Contract #: Fa9550-05-C-0134
NASA-Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 180-802
Pasadena, CA 91109
(818) 354-4529

ID#: F054-020-0128
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-020       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Novel Terahertz Sources for Advanced Terahertz Power: Nanoklystrons and nanoTWTs
Abstract:   The region of the millimeter and submillimeter-wave frequency bands, from 100 GHz to 3 THz, often referred to as the terahertz region, are some of the least explored and yet information rich regions of the electromagnetic spectrum and are ripe for development. Compact, efficient, and potentially portable terahertz and millimeter wave devices and systems will be needed for a wide variety of DoD and commercial requirements and applications. A promising and tantalizing approach proposed here for achieving relatively high output power, small size and low prime power portable terahertz sources is to apply microfabrication, micromachining and MEMS technology and techniques to the fabrication of vacuum electronic terahertz sources such as highly novel and promising nanoklystrons and nanoTWTs. This will be the primary focus of the proposed STTR effort on novel terahertz sources for advanced terahertz power. A highly experienced submillimeter and terahertz frequency region has been assembled for this terahertz sources STTR effort. High density carbon nanotube arrays will be used as the electron emitter for the nanoklystrons and nanoTWTs.

INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS, INC.
2766 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
(937) 429-4980

PI: Dr. Sukesh Roy
(937) 255-3115
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0096
Purdue University
585 Purdue Mall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2088
(765) 494-5623

ID#: F054-012-0211
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-012       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Electronic-Resonance-Enhanced CARS for Quantitative in-situ Nitric-Oxide Measurements in High-Pressure Combustors
Abstract:   The primary objective of this Phase-I effort is to develop an advanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) technique for quantitative concentration measurements of nitric oxide (NO) in high-pressure flames. The objectives of the proposed work are (1) to develop and demonstrate electronic-resonance enhanced (ERE) CARS for measurements of NO in high-pressure flames, (2) to compare ERE-CARS and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) measurements, and (3) to develop a computer code for interpreting measured signals and quantifying NO concentrations. The proposed method has three very significant advantages over the conventional LIF-based measurements of NO: (1) in ERE-CARS the signal comes out as a laser-like beam, (2) for a given temperature and NO mole fraction, the LIF signal will remain the same or decrease slightly as the pressure increases whereas in ERE-CARS that the signal will increase as the square of the pressure as the pressure increases, and (3) CO2 and H2O will not interfere with the ERE-CARS signal, because the signal is generated with significant intensity only when the conditions of Raman resonance and electronic resonance are simultaneously met. Consequently, the ERE CARS technique offers the potential for much higher selectivity compared to LIF detection of NO in high-pressure flames.

INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC SOLUTIONS, INC.
2766 Indian Ripple Rd
Dayton, OH 45440
(937) 429-4980

PI: Dr. Sivaram P. Gogineni
(937) 255-8446
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0121
The Ohio State University
2070 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 292-8453

ID#: F054-016-0252
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-016       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Near Surface Flow Control and Electrical Power Extraction Using Magnetohydrodynamics in High Mach Number Flight
Abstract:   An experimental study focusing on demonstration of feasibility of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power generation in cold supersonic air flows is proposed. The experimental facility to be used for these studies (low-temperature nonequilibrium plasma / MHD wind tunnel) is currently under operation at Ohio State. The primary objective of the proposed research is to demonstrate electrical power generation using cold nitrogen and air flows (M=3-4) seeded with easily ionizable hydrocarbon vapor (TMAE) at a few ten to a few hundred ppm level. Ionization in supersonic flows will be produced using a high-voltage, high repetition rate, nanosecond pulse generator. Electrical conductivity, Hall parameter, and cathode voltage fall in the repetitively pulsed discharge will also be measured. Generated electrical power will be measured at different TMAE concentrations, Mach numbers, and load parameters. The proposed study will determine applicability of on-board MHD power generation using lightweight permanent magnets. Preliminary experiments in unseeded M=3 nitrogen flows demonstrated MHD power generation at ~1 mW levels. The power is expected to significantly increase with the flow conductivity produced by a repetitively pulsed discharge in TMAE-seeded flows. The results will have direct impact on development of a nonequilibrium air MHD power generation module for in-flight operation using lightweight magnets.

INSITU GROUP, INC.
118 East Columbia River Way
Bingen, WA 98605
(509) 493-8600

PI: Brad Schrick
(509) 493-8600
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0112
University of Washington
1100 NE 45th Street, Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-4043

ID#: F054-011-0220
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-011       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: Cooperative Decision and Control with Intermittent Asynchronous Communication
Abstract:   The goal of the proposed work is to construct a mathematically rigorous framework for evaluation and refinement of feedback control of UAVs in the presence of intermittent, dynamic, asynchronous communication. The feedback control includes a)application-layer cooperative processes (i.e., exercising team autonomy to accomplish a mission); and b) network-layer cooperative processes (i.e., to maximize the performance of the networking resource). Phase I will involve the design of a framework inside which mappings between dynamic communication algorithms, system tasks, and feedback control can be analyzed and synthesized to achieve desired performance. The feasibility of this approach will be demonstrated with a simple cooperative estimation task implemented in a multi-vehicle simulation that includes a high-fidelity model of the communications network and associated resource allocation protocols, allowing the simulated cooperative behavior to evolve over time given a realistic model of data dissemination between the nodes.

INTELLIGENT EPITAXY TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1250 E. Collins Blvd.
Richardson, TX 75081
(972) 234-0068

PI: Dr. Paul Pinsukanjana
(972) 234-0068
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-055
University of Texas - Dallas
Electrical Engineering Dept., PO Box 830688, EC-33
Richardson, TX 75083-0688
(972) 883-2412

ID#: F054-003-0040
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Predictive Modeling for Intersubband Quantum Devices Grown by MBE
Abstract:   This Phase I STTR effort will demonstrate intersubband quantum device modeling capability using UT-Dallas BandProf software package and optical coupling efficiency modeling using SMU optical cavity software packages. The software model will predict fabricated device characteristics based on data inputs from real-time in-situ growth monitoring and post-growth epi materials characterization. The Quantum device modeling will be applied to epi materials grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), such as QWIP's for mid wavelength IR (MWIR) and long wavelength IR (LWIR). For this Phase I, quantum device modeling based on Thomas-Fermi approach will be utilized to calculate the intersubband QWIP (Quantum Well Infrared Photodector) action from ground state to quasi-bound state. Cross correlation between model and device parameters will be performed for GaAs/AlGaAs LWIR and InGaAs/GaAs/AlGaAs MWIR QWIP's as proof of concept.

INTELLIGENT FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS CORP.
650 Vaqueros Ave., Suite A
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
(408) 328-8648

PI: Dr. Behzad Moslehi
(408) 328-8648
Contract #:
University of California
Electrical and Computer Eng., 3141 Kemper Hall
Davis, CA 95616-5294
(530) 752-7472

ID#: F054-004-0226
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-004       Selected for Award
Title: Self-powered, hybrid wireless-optical multiplexed sensor system for turbine applications
Abstract:   Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems Corporation and UC, Davis propose a Zigbee-based wireless solution of communicating wide bandwidth, high-speed strain data from the rotating machinery to stationary equipment without the requirement for slip rings or couplings. The proposed wireless sensor system will be self-powered and can substantially reduce the cost of maintenance in numerous civilian and military applications. A miniaturized rotary electricity generator, harvesting energy from rotating motion, will be used to generate electric energy to power. This self-powered wireless sensing system is based on Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensor technology that offers enormous potential for meeting these needs by eliminating heavy, costly and failure-prone wiring, and reducing sensor size, weight and power. IFOS' approach is unique in its ability to monitor a large number of dynamic multiplexed strains up to very high frequency. IFOS seeks to develop new sensing technology that will allow it to adapt its sensor capabilities to compressor turbines. These include further miniaturization and ruggedization so that the sensor interrogator can be placed inside rotating turbine blades and transmit data wirelessly.

IONWERKS, INC.
2472 Bolsover, Suite 255
Houston, TX 77005
(713) 522-9880

PI: Dr. J. Albert Schultz
(713) 522-9880
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0115
Rice University
Carbon Nanotechnology Lab, 6100 Main St
Houston, TX 77005
(713) 348-4082

ID#: F054-005-0079
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Real-time monitoring of SWNT nucleation and growth in laser oven reactor
Abstract:   An innovative and highly patented Ion Mobility orthogonal Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (IM-oTOF MS) will characterize SWNT (single wall nanotube) growth in a laser oven reactor. Time evolution of the size distributions of carbon and metal catalyst cluster growth (either free or attached to nanotubes) as well as the ratio of cluster to tubular carbon forms will be measured both within the plasma desorption region as well as downstream in the reactor. In Phase I we will use our spectrometer to monitor the ions directly desorbed or formed in the region above the laser ablation target from those downstream in the reactor. Double laser operation, as well as ionization techniques will be incorporated in Phase II for recording the time and spatial distribution of neutral reactants. Real-time characterization of size (by mass spectrometry) and shape (by ion mobility) of reactants and products will provide invaluable analytical information for the growth mechanism understanding and allow for desirable optimization of reactor conditions.

JHM TECHNOLOGIES
P.O. Box 4142
Ithaca, NY 14852
(315) 796-2764

PI: Dr. James H. Michels
(315) 796-2764
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0139
Syracuse University
Dept. of Electrical Eng., CST Building
Syracuse, NY 13244
(315) 443-4013

ID#: F054-021-0007
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-021       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Nonlinear Enhancement of Visual Target Detection
Abstract:   The establishment of an analytic framework for image processing algorithmic development utilizing stochastic resonance is a prime objective of this proposal. In order to achieve this goal, it is imperative to assess the relationship of the non-Gaussian nature of the noise processes, the non-linear aspects of the signal processing or suboptimal detection device, as well as the characteristics of the sub-threshold signals. An important consideration here is that the non-Gaussian noise probability density function (PDF) may actually provide a potential for improved detection performance provided that an appropriate detection strategy is employed. Specific goals include (a) an assessment of algorithms capable of estimating the PDF's associated with imagery for which such distributions are unknown, (b) to assess visual image fusion considerations for human perception, (c) to assess image quality measures, (d) to assess the potential benefit of extending existing detection algorithms to accommodate the stochastic resonance effect for both visual and hyperspectral imagery, and (e) to outline the future research goals for algorithm development and implementation.

KENT OPTRONICS, INC.
275 Martinel Dr., Suite W
Kent, OH 44240
(845) 897-0138

PI: Dr. Le Li
(845) 897-0138
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0057
University of Central Florida
12443 Research Parkway , Suite 207
Olando, FL 32826-3252
(407) 823-2836

ID#: F054-029-0266
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-029       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: High Performance Liquid Crystals for Infrared Applications
Abstract:   This STTR Phase I proposal focuses on a liquid crystal material research to improve the performance of new classes of electro-optically active and spectrally responsive cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs) with tunable selective reflection properties and with variable yet controllable selective reflection bandwidth. The technical objectives are to design and synthesize high figure-of-merit (FOM) liquid crystal(s) for the CLC filters to enhance the performance, aiming at > 1,000:1 contrast ratio, < 10 ms response time, < 10 V switching voltage, < 1 dB optical loss, and > 600 nm spectral tuning range. These unprecedented performance characteristics plus the improved thermal stability, low power consumption, resistance to both UV radiation and mechanical impact make them suitable for dynamical military and space applications. Phase I is a feasibility study of the high FOM liquid crystal influence on the CLC agile filter performance to address the conceptual approaches to meeting the desired specifications. In Phase II, prototype filters will be developed followed by Phase III for commercialization for both military and non-military applications.

LAUNCHPOINT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
5735 Hollister Ave, Suite B
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 683-9659

PI: Mr. James Fiske
(805) 683-9659
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0111
Argonne National Laboratory
9700 South Cass Avenue, ET-335
Argonne, IL 60439
(630) 252-8580

ID#: F054-001-0341
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Multistage Electromagnetic and Laser Launch Systems for Affordable, Rapid Access to Space
Abstract:   EM space launch has proven difficult and expensive to achieve. One approach to reduce the difficulty is to limit projectile velocities achieved by the launcher and augment them with laser propulsion, as suggested in this solicitation, reducing peak power by a factor of four or so. We offer a different approach that will reduce peak power by four orders of magnitude. We propose to study the design of a circular accelerator capable of accelerating projectiles to more than 9 km/sec and launching them to LEO. The accelerator consists of a maglev sled driven by a linear motor around an enclosed, evacuated track. Powerful magnetic fields prevent the sled from contacting the passage wall. At launch speed a projectile is released from the sled into a launch ramp, through an egress hatch and, potentially, into orbit. A proof-of-concept system capable of launching micro-satellites into LEO has an estimated cost of ~$50 million. Larger installations have the potential to launch dozens of projectiles per hour.

LOS GATOS RESEARCH
67 East Evelyn Ave., Suite 3
Mountain View, CA 94041
(650) 965-7772

PI: Dr. Douglas S. Baer
(650) 965-7772
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0074
Stanford University
Office of Sponsored Research, 320 Panama Street
Stanford, CA 94305-4100
(650) 723-5854

ID#: F054-012-0063
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-012       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Pressure Scaling Laws for Spectroscopic Quantification of Nitric Oxide (NO) in Combustors
Abstract:   In Phase I, LGR and Stanford University (R.K. Hanson's group, High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department) will develop and demonstrate a laser induced fluorescence spectroscopic technique for accurate and spatially precise measurements of NO in high-performance combustors operating over a range of pressures (0.5-60 atm). The LIF diagnostic strategy will provide NO measurements with high species selectivity, measurement accuracy and sensitivity (1 ppm), spatial resolution (<250 microns) and temporal resolution (1 microsecond) through careful selection of laser excitation wavelength combined with wavelength-resolved fluorescence collection. An automated computer-based data collection and analysis system will yield real-time NO measurements that will allow combustion researchers and engine designers with fast, reliable feedback. The system will be applied in Stanford's high pressure combustion facility to determine pressure scaling laws that will enable accurate modeling of NO formation processes in realistic combustors for a wide range of pressures. In Phase II, LGR and SU will construct, deploy and test an advanced prototype instrument for NO measurements in realistic high-pressure liquid-fueled combustors. LGR and SU will demonstrate the instrument's reliability, performance and capability to report in real-time NO measurements in an Air Force combustion facility, and deliver an instrument hardened for realistic engine environments.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 552-5128

PI: Dr. Bryan Koene
(540) 552-5128
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0061
University of New Mexico
MSC05 3370, 1 University of New Mexico
Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001
(505) 277-8806

ID#: F054-014-0070
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-014       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Ultrahydrophobic Coatings
Abstract:   Recent discoveries have identified the mechanism for the self cleaning of the lotus plant to a microscopic morphology leading to ultrahydrophobic surfaces (i.e. surface contact angle with water >150). This finding has sparked the interest of numerous researchers to develop a biomimetic approach to producing the same effect. The prospect of producing surfaces that repel water have huge opportunities in the area of corrosion inhibition for metal components, antifouling for marine vehicles, provide chemical and biological agent protection for clothing, among many other applications. Different approaches have been successful at achieving very hydrophobic character by various methods resulting from purposeful surface modification. Although successful at producing water repelling surfaces, these approaches have generally been only of academic interest due to complexity, cost, and lack of applicability to practical uses. Luna has teamed with the University of New Mexico to develop ultrahydrophobic coatings that are simple to apply using conventional techniques, and will be cost effective for widespread use in military and commercial applications.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840
(979) 693-0017

PI: Dr. Bikas Vaidya
(979) 693-0017
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0104
Northwestern University
Department of Chemistry, 2145 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208-3113
(847) 491-3516

ID#: F054-025-0204
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-025       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: A Novel Device for Surface-Enhanced Detection of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents
Abstract:   Onsite detection of potentially harmful chemical and biological warfare agents (CBWAs) in a timely manner is critical to the defense and safety of personnel and material assets. However, currently available methods for biological agent detection rely on fragile biomolecules for target recognition, require sample preparation, and well equipped laboratory for further analysis. A variety of detection technologies currently available for detection of chemical agents, field-deployable systems such as the M21 passive IR standoff detector and the CAM/ICAM ion mobility detector are prone to false alarms due to the presence of interfering species. Spectroscopic techniques like surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) can detect trace levels of analytes adsorbed on metal nanoparticles. However, such metal nanoparticles are neither optically stable nor selective. Hence, a combination SERS and selectivity offered by selected molecular monolayers to allow selective binding of target analytes presents an extremely versatile method to unequivocally identify a wide range of CBWA. The aim of this Phase I research project is to demonstrate feasibility of use of stable Raman signal enhancing surfaces modified with selected monolayers for rapid detection of CBWAs by SERS using surrogate agents, and to build a breadboard system equipped with an air sampler.

M4 ENGINEERING, INC.
2161 Gundry Avenue
Signal Hill, CA 90755
(562) 981-7797

PI: Dr. Myles Baker
(562) 981-7797
Contract #:
Johns Hopkins University - APL
11100 Johns Hopkins Road
Laurel, MD 20723-6099
(240) 778-6512

ID#: F054-027-0319
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-027       Selected for Award
Title: System for Aero, Servo, Thermal, Elastic, Propulsion (ASTEP) Coupled Analysis
Abstract:   We will implement a high fidelity multidisciplinary analysis process for coupled aero-servo-thermo-elastic-propulsion analysis of hypersonic waveriders. Our approach allows the use of Navier-Stokes CFD coupled with ablation, propulsion, and finite element models, but in a novel way that allows efficient analysis of entire flight trajectories.

MATHEMATICAL SYSTEMS & SOLUTIONS, INC.
685 Busch Garden Dr.
Pasadena, CA 91105
(626) 441-2782

PI: Dr. Randy Paffenroth
(626) 441-2782
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0056
Univ. of Minnesota, School of Math.
206 Church St
Minneapolis, MN 55455
(612) 624-5599

ID#: F054-018-0029
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-018       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Advanced Antenna Pattern Prediction Software
Abstract:   The present text proposes development of a software infrastructure for the prediction of antenna patterns on and around aircraft, for frequencies throughout the electromagnetic spectrum - including UHF through L bands as well as arbitrarily high-frequencies---and applicable to aircraft which, like those designed for low observability, contain non perfectly conducting surface materials. Relying on high-order high-frequency integral equation methods, the proposed algorithm constitutes an entirely rigorous, highly enhanced version of the Uniform Theory of Diffraction (UTD): instead of using particular solutions as building blocks, as the classical UTD does, the proposed method obtains highly accurate local solutions from use of certain integral equations introduced recently, which can be solved with limited computational cost for arbitrary frequencies, high or low. The proposed algorithm is rigorous: it is designed to produce numerical solutions which converge to the corresponding exact solutions as discretizations are refined. Because of the high-frequency asymptotics built into them, on the other hand, the proposed methods allow for efficient computations for arbitrary frequencies - in computing times similar to those required by the approximate UTD based methods.

MESOSCRIBE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Long Island High Technology Incubator, 25 Health Sciences Dr
Stony Brook, NY 11790
(631) 444-6455

PI: Mr. Richard Gambino
(631) 444-6455
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0127
SUNY-Stony Brook
Dept. of Mat. Sci. and Engr.
Stony Brook, NY 11794-2275
(631) 632-4701

ID#: F054-004-0114
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Innovative Concepts for Wireless Strain Sensing in Turbine Engines
Abstract:   MesoScribe Technologies proposes the development of a passive wireless strain system based on the Company's innovative Direct Write technology. Embedded circuit elements will be fabricated directly onto the surfaces of compressor blades and stator vanes. The sensors themselves will be very low weight and low profile. A strictly passive strain monitoring configuration is proposed where a resonant circuit on the rotating blade relays information to an appropriately equipped stationary vane, which will serve to interrogate the rotating blade through magnetic coupling. Considerations include compensation for dielectric constant and temperature coefficient of resistance using multiple orientations for strain sensors to accommodate and monitor strain in various locations. Additionally, this Phase I proposal will address maximizing signal-to-noise ratios to improve signal fidelity, optimizing sensitivity, and signal extraction from the stationary stator to provide adequate sampling rates, eg. 45-50 kHz. Also, the avoidance of silicon-based active devices, the lack of an external power source, and the small mass and low profile nature of the proposed strain sensors are all considerable advantages that could bring profound new sensing and monitoring capabilities to turbine engine systems. Together with project partner SUNY-Stony Brook and OEM partner, Pratt & Whitney a strong team has been constructed to meet the proposed development objectives.

METAMATERIA PARTNERS LLC
1275 Kinnear Rd.
Columbus, OH 43212
(614) 340-1690

PI: Dr. Suvankar Sengupta
(614) 340-1690
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0076
Wright State University
Office of Research , 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy.
Dayton, OH, OH 45435-0001
(937) 775-2425

ID#: F054-009-0237
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: High Current Capacity Superconducting Wire for Compact Power Systems
Abstract:   The proposed Small Technology Transfer Research Program (STTR) focuses on development of an economical, liquid phase deposition process to fabricate textured, nanostructured superconducting film for second generation HTS wires. The process can also be used to disperse nanoscale secondary phases that act as flux pinning centers. This approach relies on synthesis of unagglomerated, well-dispersed nanoparticles in colloidal form, deposition of nanoparticles as well-packed, dense film and heat treating to achieve crystallization and epitaxial growth of the superconducting YBCO on a textured substrate. In Phase I, the feasibility of the approach will be demonstrated by using single crystal LaAlO3 substrates. Both pure YBa2Cu3Ox and YBa2Cu3Ox with dispersion of nanoscale Y2BaCuO5 will be developed in this program. Transition temperature and transport Critical current density at 77K will measured. Evolution of the microstructure will be investigated by using SEM, TEF and XPS techniques.

MONOPOLE RESEARCH
739 Calle Sequoia
Thousand Oaks, CA 91360
(805) 375-0318

PI: Dr. Elizabeth Bleszynski
(805) 375-0318
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0064
Yale University
Dept of Computer Science, 51 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06520-8285
(203) 432-2460

ID#: F054-018-0047
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-018       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Advanced Antenna Pattern Prediction Software
Abstract:   The objective of this proposal is to make a significant advancement in the development of software for the prediction of radiation patterns of antennas mounted on large platforms. The proposed approach will combine fast rigorous and asymptotic solution methods with a suitably constructed direct and iterative solvers. The proposed scheme will significantly reduce the computational cost of the solution of a broad spectrum of antenna design problems without compromising its accuracy.

MOUND LASER & PHOTONICS CENTER, INC.
P.O. Box 223
Miamisburg, OH 45343
(937) 865-4481

PI: Mr. Kenneth E. Hix
(937) 865-3041
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0092
University of Dayton Research Insti
Nonmetallic Materials Division, 300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469-0160
(937) 229-2919

ID#: F054-005-0254
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Laser Plasma Manufacturing of Oriented Carbon Nanotubes and Nanowires
Abstract:   One of the best methods for producing single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) is pulsed laser ablation (PLA). SWNT formation is catalyzed by the formation of iron nanoparticles that are formed in the laser generated plasma. However, the formation of Fe nanoparticles of the size necessary to effectively catalyze SWNT formation by current laser ablation techniques is an extremely inefficient process. This proposal examines unique applications of nanosecond and ultrashort pulse lasers in combination with thin film deposition techniques to generate a significantly higher percentage of Fe nanoparticles of the desired size and distribution. The experimental approach combines the best of current laser technology and process monitoring and control techniques to create a stable production environment for the formation of SWNT. The proposed work also incorporates precision laser micromachining with PLA techniques to investigate the fabrication of devices from ordered SWNT arrays. Both the lasers and the processing techniques were selected to provide the foundation for the development of a cost-effective manufacturing process for the fabrication of devices incorporating SWNT.

NANOPLEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1430 O'Brien Drive
Menlo Park, CA 94025
(650) 470-2354

PI: Dr. Scott Norton
(650) 279-7199
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0098
Duke University
130 Hudson Hall, Box 90291
Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-8258

ID#: F054-025-0232
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-025       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Enhanced Assay Performance through Size, Shape and Aggregate Characterization of SERS Nanotags
Abstract:   Nanoplex Technologies has developed a powerful new approach to optical detection tags based on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). These glass-coated metal nanoparticles loaded with Raman reporter molecules have extraordinary attributes that make them ideal as biological detection tags. They are interrogated and detected in the near-IR, avoiding the background fluorescence associated with biological samples. Also, SERS nanotags cannot be bleached, allowing high laser powers and/or long integration times to be used, and thus leading to very low detection limits. By combining the unique resources of Nanoplex in nanoparticle fabrication and Professor Smith's group at Duke University in modeling and characterization methods, this Phase 1 STTR will investigate a variety of sizes and shapes of nanoparticles to determine the optimum composition for brightest, most uniform SERS nanotags. This technology will be of great benefit to the military, since it can be leveraged in a variety of assay systems allowing for highly sensitive, in-the-field detection of a variety of species, including biological weapons and toxins. At the completion of this project we will be in a position to design and fabricate optimized particles, and begin development of a lateral flow immunoassay for use by military personnel.

NANOSPECTRA BIOSCIENCES, INC.
8285 El Rio Street, Ste 130
Houston, TX 77054
(713) 842-2720

PI: Dr. Naomi Halas
(713) 348-5611
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0153
Rice University
PO Box 1892
Houston, TX 77005
(713) 348-6211

ID#: F054-025-0138
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-025       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Surface Enhanced ROA Using Nanoshells
Abstract:   This Phase I STTR proposal involves the design and feasibility testing of a nanoshell-based substrate for the surface enhancement of Raman Optical Activity (ROA). ROA is an extremely sensitive measurement of the vibrational optical activity that can provide molecular stereochemical information of optically active chiral molecules. ROA measurements have existed for the past thirty years but have not been widely used because of sensitivity limitations and the difficulty of making such a sensitive measurement. Nanoshells, a dielectric core surrounded by a thin metallic shell, have previous been shown to provide an electromagnetic near-field that can be engineered for significant surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), providing enhancements of at least 10^8 from individual nanoshells. Additionally, nanoshells can be engineered to provide these enhancements at desired wavelengths, including the near-infrared, which allows Raman sensing for biomolecules that otherwise have significant fluorescence background in the visible spectra. This objective of this proposal is to unlock the commercial potential of ROA by using a nanoshell-based substrate to achieve a surface enhancement of ROA (SEROA) signals. This proposed research will demonstrate the feasibility of using the strong electromagnetic near-field of nanoshells to enhance the ROA of optically active chiral molecules in the near-infrared

NASCENT TECHNOLOGY CORP.
37 Liberty Avenue
Lexington, MA 02420
(781) 685-4844

PI: Dr. James D. Paduano
(781) 685-4844
Contract #:
Mass. Inst. of Tech.
77 Massachusets Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 253-3267

ID#: F054-011-0151
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-011       Selected for Award
Title: Cooperative Decision and Control with Intermittent Asynchronous Communication
Abstract:   Nascent Technology, MIT, and BAE Systems propose to create an embedded system, suitable for installation in low- and medium-cost UAVs, that performs cooperative decision and control in practical communication environments. This effort will extend existing decentralized task assignment tools, test them in a realistic simulation environment, and design a prototype embedded flight hardware implementation. The key control challenge is to maintain coordination and deconfliction in reduced bandwidth and intermittent connectivity situations, and to gracefully handle long communication outages. Method to meet this challenge has been developed by MIT and BAE systems under AFOSR and DARPA support; these methods will be assessed and further developed to address extended loss of communications, and to incorporate reversion modes required when consensus in the world-view and/or team-plan phase cannot be reached due to intermittency. MIT's multi-UAV flight testbed, as well as NTC's real-time hardware-in-the-loop helicopter simulation environment, will be used to validate algorithms that are suitable for transition into low-cost embedded processors. NTCs embedded system architecture will allow incorporation of real-time communication status information (reduced bandwidth, intermittent connectivity, loss of communication) into the decision process.

NATURAL SELECTION, INC.
3333 N. Torrey Pines Ct., Suite 200
La Jolla, CA 92037
(858) 455-6449

PI: Dr. David B. Fogel
(858) 455-6449
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0070
Univ. California at San Diego
Dept. Electr. and Comp. Engin., 9500 Gilman Ave., MC0407
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-7895

ID#: F054-017-0176
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-017       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Algorithmic Tools for Adversarial Games
Abstract:   A key to successful command and control is to understand the enemy's intent, particularly in light of incomplete and perhaps inaccurate information regarding social and cultural norms. It is inappropriate to project our own goals and aspirations onto the enemy. Understanding the enemy's intent will become less a matter of understanding the thinking of higher command and more a matter of inferring the adversary's intent based on a priori beliefs regarding their objectives and observed data reflecting the actual decisions in real settings. A novel combination of two technologies, evolutionary computation and the Valuated State Spacer Approach used to quantifying purpose, holds the promise of a general procedure for inferring the enemy's purpose in combat settings ranging from the campaign-level to the level of the individual. The capability described in this proposal will generate an automatic method for optimizing models of the adversary's intent, structured in a hierarchic form. Natural Selection, Inc. will team with its academic partner UCSD on the Phase I effort. Success will allow for more effective course-of-action (COA) determination when viewing the sequence of actions and reactions because the adversary's mission will be better understood, allowing for more accurate predictions of his future behavior.

NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS
2780 Skypark Drive, Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
(310) 891-2814

PI: Dr. Terrisa A. Duenas
(310) 626-8365
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0150
GA Institute of Technology
Woodruff School of Mech Engrg
Atlanta, GA 30332-0405
(404) 242-9157

ID#: F054-014-0202
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-014       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Smart Ultrahydrophobic Surface for Protecting Aircraft Components (SUSPAC)
Abstract:   The goal of the proposed research is to demonstrate feasibility of deployable ultrahydrophic polymer thin film coatings on existing aircraft structures to halt and prevent corrosion as well as integration of these coatings into future adaptive aircraft. This protective thin film technology presented can be transferred to ground vehicle coatings and uniform skins; however, NextGen Aeronautics will initially focus on protection of susceptible aircraft components. The thin film coating is unique in that it offers the advantages of integrated micro/nano-fabricated surface structures; unique liquid droplet-directing aspects of these surfaces act to draw corrosive liquids away from critical aircraft components. Not only can surfaces be made to repel water, but preferential wetting can be designed into the surface to direct flow. Although there are several groups worldwide engaged in micro/nano-fabrication of ultrahydrophobic surfaces, these efforts have been limited to traditional expensive MEMS fabrication techniques and areas less than a few inches square. Georgia Tech offers the unique capability of providing a novel embossing-based micro-manufacturing technique scalable to airplane-wing sizes and equates to roughly 1/1000 the cost of other micro-fabrication techniques. Also, because the approach does not require a flat, rigid substrate, the surface treatment can be generalized for virtually any material contour.

NGIMAT CO.
5315 Peachtree Industrial Blvd.
Atlanta, GA 30341
(678) 287-2402

PI: Dr. Yongdong Jiang
(678) 287-2477
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0119
Georgia Institute of Technology
School of Mater. Sci. & Eng., 771 Ferst Drive, N. W.
Atlanta, GA 30332-0245
(404) 894-8391

ID#: F054-014-0311
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-014       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Nanostructured High Performance Ultrahydrophobic Coatings by Combustion CVD
Abstract:   nGimat Co., in collaboration with Georgia Institute of Technology, proposes to utilize the Combustion CVD process for the development and production of high performance self-cleaning coatings for military structures. The self-cleaning coatings will be based in part on the ultrahydrophobic nature of the lotus leaf, but with a focus on improving durability to a level not previously seen in nature or coatings developed by other technologies. Specifically, the flexibility of nGimat's Combustion CVD process will enable the development of thin film microstructures, architectures, and compositions that provide improved abrasion resistance and weatherability without compromising the ultrahydrophobic nature. Once the desired performance has been achieved (Phase I), the inherent sustainability (scalability, low-cost) of the Combustion CVD process will be demonstrated through the production of low cost, high performance coatings for a wide variety of military products.

NONLINEAR CONTROL STRATEGIES, INC.
1001 East Rudasill Rd
Tucson, AZ 85718
(520) 548-5786

PI: Dr. Mahmoud Fallahi
(520) 621-8260
Contract #:
University of Arizona
Room 510, 888 N. Euclid Ave
Tucson, AZ 85721
(520) 621-3513

ID#: F054-003-0039
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: Closed-Loop, Real-Time, Growth-to-Device Semiconductor Modeling
Abstract:   Semiconductor amplifiers and lasers are pervasive as critical components in modern day military and commercial technologies. High quality semiconductor wafer growth can now produce heterostructures of very high quality with stoichiometrically correct growth of individual mono-layers. Despite these significant advances in MBE and MOCVD growth technologies, a critical void remains in predicting the performance of final packaged functional amplifier or laser devices. The lack of predictive semiconductor device design and growth monitoring capability can be traced to the extreme complexity of calculating the semiconductor optical response from first principles. Parallel progress in basic research over the past decade has led to the emergence of the first fully predictive theory of the optical properties of semiconductor heterostructures. A Nonlinear Control Strategies /University of Arizona collaborative project proposes to develop robust commercial PC-based software tools built on such microscopically computed optical gain databases. Individual modules will aid in semiconductor epi design, growth monitoring and overall functional device optimization. Such closed-loop software tools applicable to a broad class of material systems, will enable the laser designer and materials grower to fast track from device design concept through growth to the final packaged device, thereby avoiding costly and wasteful material re-growth and packaging cycles.

NUCRYPT LLC
1801 Maple Avenue, Rm 6322
Evanston, IL 60201
(847) 275-8996

PI: Dr. Gregory S. Kanter
(847) 491-5713
Contract #:
Northwestern University
633 Clark Street
Evanston, IL 60208-1110
(847) 491-3003

ID#: F054-007-0365
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-007       Selected for Award
Title: Continuous Variable Quantum Encryption using Short Laser Pulses
Abstract:   The use of optical technology in both terrestrial and space-based wireless links has compelling advantages in terms of data rate, power consumption, weight, and size of the system. However, with the adoption of such technology, we have become heavily reliant on high data rate optical communication systems for our economy and national security. It is thus prudent to give careful consideration to the reliability, robustness to attack, and security of such data transmissions. Recently, a new method to protect the secrecy of optical transmissions against unauthorized eavesdropping has been proposed and demonstrated. This method, called AlphaEta, uses the quantum noise inherent in the light to create a highly secure physical layer encryption system which performs comparably, in terms of metrics such as ultimate propagation distance and sensitivity, to a conventional (unencrypted) system. We propose to augment an AlphaEta-like system by using a short pulse source to add the capability for spectral phase encoding and pulse-position modulation. These new properties can substantially increase the security of encryption, the sensitivity of the link, and the ability of such systems to be used for key generation.

PERCEPTEK
12395 North Mead Way
Littleton, CO 80125
(720) 344-1037

PI: Dr. John Haddon
(720) 344-1037
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0072
Colorado School of Mines
1500 Illinois
Golden, CO 80401
(123) 454-6789

ID#: F054-006-0052
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Joint 3D Reconstruction of Static Background and Moving Targets Using Structure from Motion
Abstract:   The United States Air Force has a compelling need for better automatic target recognition algorithms to distinguish between friendly, enemy, and neutral vehicles, for operation in complex dynamic environments where both opposing force and non-combatants are present. Unfortunately, current approaches either require sensors which are too heavy, too big, or too easily detectable, or they rely on overly restrictive assumptions about the scene, such as assuming only stationary targets. On this project, PercepTek and the Colorado School of Mines will develop a prototype system based on a novel method for extracting the three-dimensional shape of moving objects from a video sequence taken from a moving aircraft. The method builds on our background in feature tracking, structure from motion, and probabilistic methods, allowing us to combine the best aspects of each. The composite system takes advantage of any knowledge of the camera motion to aid in reconstruction without relying on the availability of such knowledge. The system will be thoroughly tested on synthetic video streams designed to reflect mission scenarios developed in collaboration with the Air Force.

PHOTODIGM, INC.
1155 E. Collins Blvd. #200
Richardson, TX 75081
(972) 235-7584

PI: Mr. Scott McWilliams
(972) 235-7584
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0130
University of Texas, Dallas
PO Box 830688, EC 33
Richardson, TX 75083
(972) 883-2165

ID#: F054-007-0352
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-007       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Photonic Integrated Circuit for Quantum Encryption
Abstract:   This STTR Phase I project will develop a programmable photonic integrated circuit to provide a practical hardware platform to support a robust quantum encryption system. Proposed is a two dimensional lattice structure where the architecture of the device explicitly implements quantized states as "wells" between the couplers. In operation, the proposed photonic integrated circuit will be used at the transmitter for quantum encryption algorithm, and at the receiver for decryption.

POWDERMET, INC.
24112 Rockwell drive
Euclid, OH 44117
(216) 404-0053

PI: Dr. Jun Nable
(216) 404-0053
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0120
Carnegie Mellon
243 Roberts Engineering Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3113
(412) 268-2703

ID#: F054-024-0083
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-024       Awarded: 03AUG05
Title: High Temp High Energy Product Permanent Magnet Material
Abstract:   With the continuing increase of electrical power use in aircraft under the more electric aircraft intiatives, generating electrical power becomes increasingly important to aircraft performance. Generating power requires the use of permanent magnets which are enclosed and operate at increased temperatures. This program will investigate the development of imporved energy product rare earth permanent magnets based on Sm-Co-Zr-Cu, and exchange coupling of nanocrystalline iron inclusions to increase magnetic saturation values. Combinations of innovative powder production technology to improve intrinsic coercivity, and high rate powder molding and compaction technologies will be evaluated in terms of achievable high temperature energy product.

QUANTTERA
15560 N. Frank Lloyd Wright, Suite B4-405
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
(602) 214-3524

PI: Dr. Matt Kim
(602) 214-3524
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0122
Arizona State University
Dept. of Chemistry
Tempe, AZ 85287-1604
(480) 965-0628

ID#: F054-013-0043
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-013       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Silicon-Based Quantum Well Laser
Abstract:   QuantTera is developing a new class of silicon based-quantum-well near-infrared lasers using group IV semiconductor materials for photonic integrated systems. The uniqueness of this project lies in the development of a strained quantum well active region, which can be tuned to various laser emission wavelengths in the near-IR. Further more this laser will be integratable to existing electronic devices, which will allow the development of highly functional photonic integrated circuits for military and fiber optic applications.

RESEARCH SUPPORT INSTRUMENTS
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810
(301) 306-0010

PI: Dr. Daniel J. Sullivan
(732) 329-3700
Contract #:
Princeton University
MAE Department , E-Quad Rm D414
Princeton, NJ 08544
(609) 258-4741

ID#: F054-012-0332
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-012       Selected for Award
Title: Molecular Filtered Electronic Resonance Enhanced NO Raman Scattering
Abstract:   Research Support Instruments and the Applied Physics Group of the MAE Department of Princeton University are partnering to develop a unique laser diagnostic technique based on electronic resonance enhanced Raman scattering. This technique will allow for quantitative measurements of nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in a high temperature, high-pressure environment such as may be found in modern engines currently under development. The diagnostic technique that we propose to develop uses resonantly enhanced incoherent Raman scattering. As a result, the signal is not subject to quenching and is linearly proportional to the density of NO molecules in the resolved volume. Our technique utilizes a unique process whereby the resonant Raman light scattered from either an illuminated planar cross section or line within a test cell is spectrally filtered in a two-stage process that strongly suppresses background light and preserves the image of the probe volume. If successful, this new concept will provide a means whereby the quantitative data can be collected over a wide range of temperature and pressure. This data can then be used to develop pressure scaling laws for NO production

ROBOTIC RESEARCH LLC
814 W. Diamond Ave., Suite 301
Gaithersburg, MD 20878
(240) 631-0008

PI: Mr. Alberto Lacaze
(240) 631-0008
Contract #:
Jet Propoulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
(818) 354-4321

ID#: F054-006-0368
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Efficient Structure from Motion for 3d Reconstruction of Static Background and Moving Targets
Abstract:   Modern munitions need the ability to track moving targets with passive sensors. This requires a 3D reconstruction of both the background scene and moving objects. Normally this is done with stereo vision to generate a 3-D scene. Unfortunately, the use of paired cameras on munitions is difficult due to the need for spatial separation of the cameras for resolution and the general desire to minimize the weight and cost of seeker payloads. Single cameras provide 2-D representations that are intrinsically ambiguous, since one dimension is lost in the projection from the 3-D world onto a 2-D imaging sensor. One way to overcome this loss is to use the dimension of time and movement of the camera. Given a series of images of a scene, typically taken by a video camera, it is sometimes possible to recover some of this lost 3-dimensional information with a technique called Structure from Motion. Robotic Research, LLC in conjunction with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes to develop an efficient hardware-based Structure from Motion (SFM) module for static scenes and moving targets. This research effort will advance the ability to jointly reconstruct static backgrounds and moving targets using single passive sensor.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 623-9424

PI: Mr. John Conkle
(858) 552-0087
Contract #:
University of Rhode Island
Kingston Road, Kirk Tech Center, Room 213
Kingston, RI 02881
(401) 874-2085

ID#: F054-004-0107
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-004       Selected for Award
Title: Wireless Strain Gage
Abstract:   San Diego Research Center (SDRC) teamed with the University of Rhode Island's (URI) Thin Film Research Center group led by Dr. Otto Gregory will determine the feasibility of a passive wireless transponder-based solution to the wireless strain requirement. Our unique and novel solution is based on a passive microwave circuit deposited directly on the engine fan blade. The passive RF transponder responds to RF impulse "pings" from a transmitter/receiver/processor. It receives the "ping" and returns a signal that is modulated by the relative strain on the engine compressor blade. The transponder fabrication technology is based on the research and development work of Dr. Gregory. The systems analysis and novel transponder circuit and transmitter/receiver/processor designs are the contribution of SDRC. This approach is particularly attractive because the wireless transponder can operate in the harsh physical environment internal to a jet engine, requires no power, or active components, and is of such a low mass that it can deposited on the fan blade without affecting the blade's balance.

SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
(714) 224-4410

PI: Dr. Dmitry A. Altshuller
(714) 224-4410
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0065
Univerisity of Minnesota
Dept. of Chemistry, Smith Hall, 207 Pleasant Street SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455
(612) 624-6000

ID#: F054-010-0217
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-010       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants
Abstract:   The proposal describes a solution offered by SARA, Inc and its partner, University of Minnesota in response to the problem of computational prediction of kinetic rate constants. The proposed solution is based on the POLYRATE program developed by computational chemistry group at the University of Minnesota. The program accepts electronic structure file as input and evaluates the rate constants using the formalism of generalized transition state theory and variational transition state theory, both of which are improvements over the classical transition state theory. Proposed work will focus on extending the applicability of POLYRATE to wider types of chemical reactions and on implementing error estimates in the calculations. The plan for developing a seamlessly integrated electronic structure and chemical kinetics tool will be based on analysis and assessment of electronic structure tools also developed by the same group at the University of Minnesota. The final deliverable of the Phase I will be a system-level specification of the new integrated tool. Phase II work will proceed to actually design, test and implement the tool from this specification.

SEASHELL TECHNOLOGY LLC
3252 Holiday Court Suite 115
La Jolla, CA 92037
(858) 638-0315

PI: Dr. Sheldon Schultz
(858) 638-0315
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0079
North Dakota State University
Center for Nanoscale Science, and Engineering
Fargo, ND 58105-5516
(701) 231-5328

ID#: F054-014-0161
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-014       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Ultrahydrophobic Coatings
Abstract:   The development of ultrahydrophobic coatings that are safe, economic, and applicable to a variety of different materials will result in significant savings due to the prevention of any water-caused damage such as corrosion and reduced maintenance requirements. Recent studies evalating naturally occuring ultrahydrophobic properties in plants have identified the so-called "Lotus Effect", where super-water repellent properties are conferred by micro and nanostructures present on the plant leaf. Similar types of structural features can be synthetically produced using a variety of means to modulate surface energy and roughness. We propose, in collaboration with our STTR partner, to demonstrate methods that result in an ultrahydrophobic coating by directed deposition and assembly of micro and nanoscale low surface energy materials. Protocols will be optimized and our modified surfaces will be characterized using standardized corrosion and weathering tests. Each of the proposed protocols are inexpensive, non-toxic, and the coating system can be applicable for large scale, such as for use in aircraft coatings.

SECURBORATION, INC.
695 Senderling Dr
Indialantic, FL 32903
(919) 244-3946

PI: Mr. Lee Krause
(321) 591-9836
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0110
University of Connecticut
438 Whitney Road Ext, Unit 113
Storrs, CT 06269-1133
(860) 486-8704

ID#: F054-017-0278
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-017       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Algorithmic Tools for Adversarial Games
Abstract:   Securboration, working with University of Connecticut researchers Dr. Eugene Santos Jr. is pleased to propose the Dynamic Adversarial Gaming Algorithm (DAGA). DAGA will focus on expanding adversarial gaming algorithms to support an agent based dynamic adversarial environment. DAGA will provide the following innovation to the adversarial gaming domain. 1) a natural mechanism to dynamically control the game based on current observables. 2) Support the interaction between agents through Web Ontology Language (OWL) based Common Operating Ontology. 3) Provided the ability for agent to split into multiple sub-agents as the population being represented diverges. 4) The use of Episodic learning to effect the group's behavior based on its experience over a period of time. Each of the listed innovation are required to support asymmetric adversarial games that represent the interaction between blue forces, red forces, and their interaction to influence green forces. The overriding goal of the DAGA service is to make accurate predication centered on a given actions ability to influence a "community of interest" to achieve a desired effect. The use of Bayesian Knowledge Fragments leverages the prediction strength of Bayesian base algorithms, along with the ability to account for prior knowledge in the prediction. In addition Bayesian Knowledge Fragments avoid the computationally cost and complexity of developing probability table typically associated with Bayesian approaches.

SENSIMETRICS CORP.
48 Grove Street, Suite 305
Somerville, MA 02144
(617) 625-0600

PI: Dr. Harold Cheyne
(617) 625-0600
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0124
Georgia Institute of Technology
Office of Sponsored Programs
Atlanta, GA 30332-0420
(404) 894-6922

ID#: F054-002-0166
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: Speech Synthesis for Distance Cueing in Audio Displays
Abstract:   The work proposed in this Phase I STTR project is aimed at developing (1) a rules-based approach for manipulating the vocal effort of a speech synthesizer suitable for text-to-speech synthesis, and (2) a non-real-time signal processing algorithm for modifying the apparent vocal effort of an arbitrary speech signal. These two technical objectives will be achieved by (1) collecting a corpus of real talkers' speech at various talker-to-listener distances, and analyzing the spectral and temporal changes that occur across those distances; (2) using synthetic speech to manipulate individual acoustic parameters likely to be cues for vocal effort changes related to distance, specifically fundamental frequency, first formant amplitude and frequency, spectral tilt, and open quotient; (3) conducting psychoacoustic testing of the real and synthetic speech to identify and rank order the importance of those acoustic cues; and (4) applying the resulting knowledge to the development of a vocoder capable of manipulating the acoustic parameters deemed as important cues for distance. Identification and rank ordering of the parameters will lead directly to synthesis and processing algorithms for manipulating the apparent vocal effort, and hence the distance, of a talker.

SHARED SPECTRUM CO.
8133 Leesburg Pike, Suite 220
Vienna, VA 22182
(703) 761-2818

PI: Mr. Dan McCloskey
(703) 761-2818
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0090
Virginia Tech
302 Whittemore (0111), Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, VA 24061
(540) 231-6307

ID#: F054-019-0021
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-019       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Multifunctional Design of Load Bearing Antenna Structure for Small UAVs
Abstract:   In this project Shared Spectrum Company, Virginia Tech, and MRF Technologies develop and demonstrate a small UAV antenna suite that uses existing conducting UAV airframe components as radiating elements. We develop and demonstrate an efficient antenna impedance matching circuit that requires negligible prime power, that has high IP3 values (+40 dBm), and that has low insertion loss (< 2 dB). We develop an adaptive feedback control scheme that properly tunes the matching network within a short time period (<< 1 sec) with minimal impact to the UAV transceiver. We determine the feasibility of multi-antenna operation to control the antenna pattern via coherent combining or for Multi-Input, Multi-Output (MIMO) applications. We validate the antenna performance by building a prototype antenna and measuring its gain.

SILICON SPEECH
46 Oxford Drive
San Rafael, CA 94903
(415) 472-2000

PI: Dr. Steven Greenberg
(415) 472-2000
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0149
EBIRE (East Bay Inst. Res. & Educ)
P.O. Box 2339 , 150 Muir Road
Martinez, CA 94553
(925) 372-2363

ID#: F054-002-0263
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Speech Synthesis for Distance Cueing in Audio Displays
Abstract:   This proposal describes a novel method for synthesizing speech that incorporates acoustic cues for enhancing the listener's ability to judge the distance at which material is spoken. Currently, there is no standard procedure for providing distance information in synthetic speech. The project will delineate the most important acoustic cues used by listeners to judge the distance of spoken materials and incorporate these into the speech signal. The approach's efficacy will be evaluated by listening tests examining the ability to estimate distance of spoken material presented over headphones. The evaluation will be used to refine the method by which distance information is incorporated into the speech signal using a special-purpose synthesis system. The manner in which a talker speaks depends, in part, on his/her distance to the listener. This facet of articulation is often referred to as "vocal effort," and is known to enhance a listener's distance estimation. This project will focus on evaluating the efficacy of such talker-intrinsic cues for judging the distance of spoken material and build this knowledge into a synthesizer for simulating speech spoken over a range of distances.

SILVUS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS, INC.
11845 W. Olympic Blvd., Suite 1140
Los Angeles, CA 90064
(310) 463-8124

PI: Dr. Raghu Rao
(310) 463-8124
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0103
Univ. of California Los Angeles
Office of Contract and Grant A, 10920 Wilshire Bl., Suite 12
Los Angeles, CA 90024-1406
(310) 794-0165

ID#: F054-022-0118
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-022       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Throughput Optimization Via Adaptive MIMO Communications
Abstract:   The Silvus team proposes to develop a highly scalabe radio technology based on mutli antenna radios (MAR) to meet the communciation needs of UAVs operating in NLOS multipath urban environments. Both the algorithmic and hardware design stress adaptability while stressing the need to track fast channel variations inherent in UAV based platfroms and will feature adaptable modulatoin, coding, bandwidth and carrier frequncy along with the necessary intelligence to configure the unit to meet mission requirements. Channel estimation and tracking algorithms for high doppler environments will also be featured, along with the use of multi antenna techniques to provide improved jammer immunity.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803
(781) 273-4770

PI: Dr. Robert Shroll
(781) 273-4770
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0113
Environmental Molecular Sciences
Pacific Northwest National Lab, P.O. Box 999, K1-85
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-2316

ID#: F054-010-0006
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-010       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants
Abstract:   A core component of aerospace manufacturing is based on cutting-edge materials used in extreme environments. Chemical kinetics models are vital for interpreting experimental measurements and predicting the behavior of these complex systems. For many applications, the reaction rates for all required chemical processes are unknown. We propose a versatile user-friendly computational package for calculating chemical rate constants based on electronic structure theory, reaction dynamics, and transition state theory. This will be accomplished by enhancing the Extensible Computational Chemistry Environment (Ecce), a state-of-the-art graphical user interface, to integrate kinetics calculations based on the electronic structure code NWChem, the dynamics code VENUS, the transition state theory code POLYRATE, and the quantum state specific quasiclassical trajectory method. Together, this set of codes will allow the user to calculate rate constants from high-level quantum calculations within a single environment, while providing a realistic prediction of the inherent calculation errors. In Phase I, we will demonstrate proof of principle by computing reaction rate constants through an enhanced Ecce. In Phase II, we will integrate chemical rate constant predictions into Ecce forming the Ab initio Transition state Or Molecular dynamics Simulations for Chemical Rate Constants (ATOMS-CRC) Toolkit.

STIRLING DYNAMICS, INC.
4030 Lake Washington Blvd NE, Suite 205
Kirkland, WA 98033
(425) 827-7476

PI: Dr. Robert Stirling
(425) 827-7476
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0143
The University of Utah
201 South President's Circle, Room 201
Salt Lake City, UT 84112
(801) 585-1547

ID#: F054-027-0042
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-027       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Aeroservothermoelastic Modeling for a Hypersonic Wave Rider Vehicle
Abstract:   Development of an innovative analysis and software modeling capability is proposed for aeroservothermoelastic evaluation of air-breathing hypersonic wave rider vehicles. The interface of the airframe dynamic vibration modes with highly nonlinear hypersonic flows is modeled using a particle-based material point method (MPM) in an integrated dynamic fluid-structure environment. MPM is essentially a mesh-free method, which avoids dealing with time-varying mesh distortions and boundary variations due to static and dynamic structural deformations, thus being significantly more robust and computationally efficient than other numerical methods and algorithms, such as the finite element method that is currently favored for fluid-structure interaction simulations. Performance is further enhanced by nonlinear model reduction, massive parallelization, in-situ residual monitoring and computational steering. Inclusion of the flight control system gives a complete integrated aeroservothermoelastic capability covering all flight regimes, and accounting for the aeroelastic effects of dynamic shock/structure interactions and TPS/ablation, as well as real gas effects. The FCS will be represented in full nonlinear detail, and model linearization is also proposed to enable the application of conventional FCS design procedures. Phase I is aimed at establishing basic feasibility and an initial capability. Phase II will extend the research into more detailed developments, leading to a full capability.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
(732) 302-9274

PI: Dr. Nick M. Sbrockey
(732) 302-9274
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0100
State University of New York
College of Nanoscale Sci & Eng, 255 Fuller Road
Albany, NY 12203
(518) 437-8686

ID#: F054-009-0309
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: Thick YBa2Cu3Ox films for Coated Conductors with Improved Critical Current
Abstract:   In this STTR Phase I effort, Structured Materials Industries, Inc., www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI) and the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) at the University at Albany - State University of New York (SUNY), will develop process and hardware technology for continuous production of YBa2Cu3Ox (YBCO) coated conductors with significantly improved current carrying capacity. Improvements of 10X or greater in current capacity are possible, compared to present state of the art YBCO coated conductors. In Phase I of this STTR project, SMI and CNSE will demonstrate feasibility of producing multilayered structures of YBCO and a barrier material such as CeO2, by MOCVD. We will demonstrate that these structures result in significantly improved current carrying capacity, as compared to state of the art single layer YBCO coated conductors. In Phase II, we will scale this technology up to continuous reel-to-reel production of high performance multilayer YBCO coated tapes.

STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
(732) 302-9274

PI: Dr. Brent H. Hoerman
(732) 302-9274
Contract #:
Cornell University
120 Day Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-2801
(607) 255-5014

ID#: F054-013-0377
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-013       Selected for Award
Title: Electro-Optically Activated, Si-Based Laser for All-Optic Integrated Systems
Abstract:   In this STTR effort, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. (SMI), in collaboration with our academic and industrial partners will design, develop, and demonstrate an electro-optically activated, silicon-based laser based on specially designed nanoscale photonic structures. The technology to be developed and matured in this effort will overcome the main limitations to realization of the high-density integrated-optic circuits required for chip-scale photonic networks in silicon -- achieving a practical Si based laser. Importantly, our approach includes the fundamental ability to be electrically pumped, a key requirement for truly unleashing the promise of silicon photonics. Moreover, the structures developed under this program will form the building blocks for a family of devices based on active silicon nanophotonics, thereby providing low power, high bandwidth, high speed and ultra-small optoelectronic components to several markets. In Phase I of this project, we propose to expand our fabrication of preliminary nanoscale cavity devices to address the development of an electronically driven laser on a silicon chip. In Phase II we will complete development of the devices and finalize a route for integrating passive and active components into complex, electro-optical systems on a single silicon chip.

SYNTONICS LLC
9160 Red Branch Road
Columbia, MD 21045
(410) 884-0500

PI: Mr. Bruce G. Montgomery
(410) 884-0500
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0133
ElectroScience Lab/Ohio State U.
1320 Kinnear Road
Columbus, MD 43212-1191
(614) 292-5051

ID#: F054-004-0024
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Wireless Strain Gage
Abstract:   The Air Force wants to develop strain sensors that can be installed inside rotating machinery to wirelessly transmit high speed, high resolution strain data to a stationary receiving system. The goal is 100 sensors transmitting 45 kHz strain data with 1 Hz resolution from within the first three stages of a jet turbine engine's compressor. Our Team believes that a combination of microwave techniques, innovative power/instrumentation/antenna designs, and existing thin-film technologies can achieve these goals. Using an existing turbine engine test bed, our Phase I work will demonstrate the feasibilty of communicating one channel of high speed data from a rotating third-stage compressor blade. In Phase II, we will extend the demonstration to multiple strain sensors that are wirelessly delivering high speed, high resolution data from an operating jet engine.

TEMPEST TECHNOLOGIES
Suite 506, 8939 South Sepulveda Blvd
Los Angeles, CA 90045
(310) 216-1677

PI: Dr. Yun Wang
(310) 216-1677
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0068
UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-3330

ID#: F054-017-0391
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-017       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Algorithmic Tools for Adversarial Games
Abstract:   Counteracting the actions of groups that direct and implement violent behavior towards the United States and its citizens is one of the major issues of our time. Elimination of individuals identified as threats is apparently of marginal long-term utility: other adversaries arise to replace fallen comrades. The conflict that is the global war on terror exists not only on an individual level but also on group and societal levels. The interplay of the dynamics among these levels is an important process to understand if we are to defeat terrorist agendas. A systems-theoretic approach to the social network dynamics of such groups provides an alternative to direct individual-based intervention, and there is significant potential in taking such an approach. We propose the development of cutting-edge algorithms for dynamic, stochastic games, integrating dynamic models of social networks with game-theoretic approaches to decision and our unique tools for handling uncertainty, intent estimation, and robustness to deception, for the improvement of decision-making within such contexts.

TERAHERTZ DEVICE CORP.
The Foothills Corporate Center, 3430 East Sunrise Drive, Sui
Tucson, AZ 85718
(520) 730-9229

PI: Dr. Mark S Miller
(801) 520-2450
Contract #:
University of Utah
1471 Federal Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
(801) 581-3008

ID#: F054-020-0397
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Terahertz Backward-Wave Oscillator with Photonic Crystal Waveguide Circuit
Abstract:   The proposed work addresses an opportunity to develop a portable, tunable backward wave oscillator (BWO) for room temperature generation of terahertz radiation. The approach combines microfabricated photonic crystal waveguide circuits with state-of-the-art electron guns to achieve the efficiency needed for portability. The initial devices will target the 1 to 2 THz range, though the approach can be applied to frequencies from 300 GHz to 3 THz.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 968-6787

PI: Dr. Charlene S. Ahn
(805) 968-6787
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0091
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109
(818) 354-2487

ID#: F054-007-0371
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-007       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Continuous Variable Quantum Encryption using Short Laser Pulses
Abstract:   Wireless links are currently protected from eavesdropping by protocols which may be broken by sufficiently advanced computers. Quantum encryption techniques use fundamental physics principles to obtain unconditionally secure secret key, unbreakable even by a quantum computer, with which to encode data. Toyon/JPL proposes to research and design architectures for continuous-variable quantum encryption using short laser pulses, which have the promise of very high bit rate compared to existing systems. We propose to do so in three areas. First, we will specify how to optimize the performance of link key exchange via design optimization of the detection measurement, both in boosting the distance over which continuous-variable encryption can be carried out and in raising the detector efficiency in certain regimes. In addition, we propose to incorporate new error correction schemes to process the high bit rate information. Finally, we will integrate unconditionally secure quantum authentication protocols. We expect that the resulting architectures will make feasible land based fiber optic links as well as to satellite-to-ground systems.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 968-6787

PI: Mr. Gaemus E. Collins
(805) 685-3480
Contract #:
Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Office of Research, 3227 Cheadle Hall, UCSB
Santa Barbara, CA 93106-2050
(805) 893-4034

ID#: F054-011-0084
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-011       Selected for Award
Title: Control of Cooperative Engagements with Robust and Distributed Optimization (Concerto(TM))
Abstract:   Toyon Research Corporation proposes to develop decision and control algorithms for cooperative agents operating under an intermittent asynchronous communication network. Agents will be expected to perform a variety of cooperative missions such as persistent intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR), target search, acquisition, and tracking, area denial, attack, and battle damage assessment under dynamically-varying bandwidth limitations, intermittent communications, and limited information. Two key features of the proposed cooperative control system include (1) the use of an estimator-based distributed architecture allowing each UAV to internally model the actions of the others, and (2) the introduction of a communications index to scale the algorithms from centralized control to distributed control. The estimator-based distributed architecture models a centralized design by attempting to compute the control actions for each individual agent as a function of the agents' positions and the global information state (GIS). The communication index permits our control algorithms to transition from a completely centralized solution to a decentralized one based on the information rate available to each agent within the cooperative network. The performance of the system will be guaranteed to degrade gracefully with the level of information available to each agent. Toyon will implement the algorithms developed under this effort in its SLAMEMT simulation and will demonstrate their effectiveness under varying levels of information throughput. In Phase I, Toyon will use a simple cooperative search and attack scenario to demonstrate the performance of the system in real-time. Bandwidth limitations, time delays with uncertain intervals, and network topology limitations will be incorporated into the simulation. The extent of reliable communications required to ensure robust cooperative control will be evaluated. In Phase II, Toyon will improve the algorithms and simulation models and will demonstrate the real-time operation of the concept for an Air Force approved scenario.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 968-6787

PI: Dr. Thomas L. Larry
(703) 674-0672
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0083
University of Maryland
Room 3154, Martin Hall
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-0263

ID#: F054-019-0210
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-019       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Multifunctional Design of Structurally Integrated Antennas for SUAV's
Abstract:   The proposed work will develop and validate a design methodology for integrating antenna systems into the skin of aircraft. Applications to small, unmanned aerial vehicles (SUAV) are particularly emphasized. These systems will provide broadband and multifunctional antenna capabilities. They will consist of printed circuits PC that are conformal to the aerodynamic surface shape and bonded to the inside and outside surfaces of dielectric skin material. The methodology will determine optimal PC layouts for a particular skin shape and a set of requirements. It will also determine the placement of feed points and location for the placement of electronic control devices that will enable the aperture to reconfigure in an adaptive manner. The work will combine the expertise of two teams - one an RF team experienced in the development of advanced antenna concepts and the other an aerospace engineering team experienced in the development of advanced UAV concepts.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 968-6787

PI: Dr. Richard E. Cagley
(805) 968-6787
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0116
UC, Santa Barbara
Office of Research, 3227 Cheadle Hall
Santa Barbara, CA 93106-2050
(805) 893-4034

ID#: F054-022-0100
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-022       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Seamless Non-Line-Of-Sight Communications for Urban Warfare
Abstract:   With the continued proliferation of airborne assets and associated sensors, the Air Force of today offers the capability of providing new levels of situational awareness. The possibility of having measurements, such as imaging, delivered in real-time to a broad range of forward deployed units as well as commanders, fits well into the vision of network centric warfare (NCW). At the same time, these new demands on the amount of information exchange often exceed the capabilities of existing radio systems. One promising technology is the use of space time coding (STC). While STC is a mature technology that has demonstrated tremendous capacity gains over classical narrowband systems, its use for military operations presents numerous challenges. Our approach addresses issues, such as mobility and jamming, which are present in military environments. To address mobility, we propose the use of quasi-orthogonal space time block codes (OSTBCs) that do not require channel state information (CSI) to be available at the transmitter. Additionally, our receiver design jointly performs channel estimation and detection. This provides increased robustness because the algorithm can continuously demodulate the signal during quickly changing channel conditions and/or in the presence of jamming.

UES, INC.
4401 Dayton-Xenia Road
Dayton, OH 45432
(937) 426-6900

PI: Dr. Radhakrishna Bhat
(937) 255-1319
Contract #:
Ohio University
Research & Sponsored Programs, Research and Technology Cente
Athens, OH 45701-2979
(740) 593-0378

ID#: F054-015-0028
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-015       Selected for Award
Title: Software for the Design and Certification of Unitized Airframe Components
Abstract:   Unitized airframe structural components in place of sheet metal built-up components provide significant affordability by reducing part count and assembly cycle times and costs. Development of cost effective methods for the design and analysis of such components would provide significant benefits to the airforce. UES proposes to develop a modular expert software system capable of handling unitized components manufactured via Casting, High speed machining, Superplastic forming/Diffusion bonding, and Laser additive manufacturing. The system would make use of the existing commercial software to the extent possible and develop new code for the rest. The overall task during Phase I is to establish a conceptual basis for an algorithmic structure designed to meet the goals of supporting (a) damage tolerant designs (b) establishment of criteria for inspection intervals, (c) planning of fabrication processes so that the incidence of reworking and scrapping of partially or fully manufactured parts is substantially reduced, and (d) evaluation of options for reworking as well as clear criteria for decisions to certify or reject as-manufactured parts, and to develop an implementation plan for the same for Phase II. Ohio University, a research institution and Boeing Co., an OEM will be partners in this project.

VESCENT PHOTONICS
2927 Welton St.
Denver, CO 80205
(303) 296-6766

PI: Dr. Scott R Davis
(303) 296-6766
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0078
University of Colorado
3100 Marine St,
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-2692

ID#: F054-029-0233
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-029       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Liquid Crystal Design and Synthesis for Novel Electro-Optic Devices
Abstract:   Vescent Photonics, in collaboration with David Walba at the University of Colorado, proposes to develop, synthesize and test liquid crystals that will be suitable for a novel electro-optic design. This design enables unprecedented electro-optic phase delay (>1mm), with very low loss and rapid response time. Innovative liquid crystal formulations, including de Vries phase smectic materials, will be tailored to this new implementation. The combined performance is expected to enable numerous useful devices including spectral filters, tunable lasers, beam steerers, and many more.

VEXTEC CORP.
750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270
Brentwood, TN 37027
(615) 372-0299

PI: Dr. Robert Tryon
(615) 372-0299
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0085
SRI International
333 Ravenswood Ave
Menlo Park, CA 94025
(650) 859-2587

ID#: F054-015-0193
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-015       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Software for the Design and Certification of Unitized Airframe Components
Abstract:   This SBIR Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility for a unitized component structural design tool that allows for holistic risk assessment. The analysis will transform the FEA predicted stress (or strain) state into fully probabilistic assessment of uncertainty in geometry and loading throughout the component. Thereafter the design tool will conduct probabilistic microstructural damage accumulation modeling to predict the material degradation or damage state evolution throughout the component. During Phase I, it will be shown that the IDA can be used to establish the criteria for inspection intervals as well as determine the most cost effective fabrication processes. One of the primary drivers of the cost of fabrication is manufacturing tolerance control. The statistical variation of the part's configuration serves as the input to IDA. Thus, the different combinations of allowable variations in the component's configuration can be determined based on the allowable risk of component failure. The effect of the variation in geometry, microstructure, residual stress state and their influences on each other are assessed in the robust analysis. Finally it will be shown how the envisioned IDA can be used directly for Certification by Analysis.

XINTEK, INC.
P.O. Box 13788, 7020 Kit Creek road, suite 280
RTP, NC 27709
(919) 313-9638

PI: Dr. Bo Gao
(919) 313-9638
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0125
University of North Carolina
Office of Sponsored Research, 104 Airport Dr. Ste. 2200
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-1350
(919) 966-3411

ID#: F054-005-0168
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Understanding and Control of the Structure of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Produced in Laser Plasma
Abstract:   The exceptional properties of carbon nanotubes that have prompted potential applications rely on their atomic structure. While the sensitivity of nanotube properties on structural features has been extensively investigated through theoretical analysis and numerical simulations, in practice there is no still effective control of the atomic structure of nanotubes in any of the current synthesis techniques. Actually, there has no even a reliable method to characterize the atomic structure of carbon nanotubes with high precision. Xintek, Inc. has pioneered the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) synthesis of carbon nanotubes with unique and tunable properties for field-induced electron emission applications through development of a new generation of metallic catalysts. In Phase I of this project, in collaboration with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, we will investigate the effectiveness of the Xintek catalysts in the production of single-walled carbon nanotubes using laser evaporation. Specifically, we will (a) Study the functions of the CVD effective catalyst in laser evaporation for the production of single-walled carbon nanotubes; (b) Determine and map the atomic structure (diameter and chirality) of the produced nanotubes in correlation with synthesis condictions; and (c) Gain insights on the possible control in the atomic structure of carbon nanotubes produced in laser plasma for controllable and large-scale production.

ZONA TECHNOLOGY, INC.
7430 E. Stetson Drive , Suite 205
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
(480) 945-9988

PI: Dr. Danny Liu
(480) 945-9988
Contract #: FA9550-05-C-0107
University of Maryland
3112 Lee Bldg.
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-6178

ID#: F054-027-0129
Agency: AF
Topic#: 05-027       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Integrated Aero-Servo-Thermo-Populso-Elasticity (ASTPE) for Hypersonic Scramjet Vehicle Design/Analysis
Abstract:   The ZONA Team proposes to establish an Aero-Servo-Propulso-Elastic (ASPE) methodology as a conceptual design/analysis tool for the stability and control of a Single Engine Missile (SEM) model, representing a generic hypersonic wave-rider with airbreathing/scramjet engine. With body flexibility included, the SEM formulation considers all physical components in order to capture the underlying physics that attribute to the coupling mechanism between aerodynamic, aeroelastic, propulsive and control forces. Generally applicable to such hypersonic vehicles, practical dynamic-inversion based control laws are proposed to design a single controller that will work automatically across the range of the SEM's mission profile while assuring robust stability and specified level of performance. A feasibility study will be conducted to validate the ASPE methodology at given flight conditions. The ASPE developed in Phase I will be modulized and fully integrated with ZONA's Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics, Aerothermoelasticity for TPS design/optimization (HyAAT) software system in Phase II. The outcome is an Enhanced HyAAT* system as a preliminary design and analysis tool with comprehensive Aero-Servo-Thermo-Propulso-Elastic (ASTPE) considerations. The ZONA team will work closely with the AF monitor throughout the course and will accept new vehicle definitions. The developed product HyAAT* is expected to enhance design/analysis capability of current and future hypersonic vehicles.

---------- ARMY ----------

AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC.
45 Manning Road
Billerica, MA 01821-3976
(978) 663-9500

PI: Dr. Robert C. Brown
(978) 663-9500
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0081
Princeton University
Office of Research and Project
Princeton, NJ 08544-0036
(609) 258-3090

ID#: A054-018-0058
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-018       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Reducing Complex Physico-Chemical Model Systems
Abstract:   An important and fundamental challenge in science and engineering is the need to understand the system output variables (model predictions, measured observables) and their relation to the systems input variables (model inputs, specified experimental conditions). This project proposes to address this problem through the development of a family of numerical tools for implementing High Dimensional Model Representation (HDMR) to characterize the multi-parameter input-output (IO) behavior of complex physiochemical systems. These tools are intended to provide a robust suite of analysis programs to support both theoretical and experimental technology development research efforts. The starting point for this work is the computational HDMR algorithms and software which have been developed at Princeton University over the past several years. This Phase I and II project will: (a) build on that foundation by developing formulations for highly nonlinear systems, (b) apply HDMR to new applications, and (c) develop user friendly, commercial grade data analysis software for applications which are important to practicing scientists and engineers in a wide variety of scientific areas. The proposed Phase I research begins this work with the demonstration of HDMR techniques for thermal RDX decomposition.

AEROTONOMY, INC.
117 Herron Street
Fort Oglethorpe, GA 30742-3127
(706) 413-1582

PI: Dr. James Neidhoefer
(706) 413-1582
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0092
Georgia Institute of Technology
School of Aerospace Engineerin, 270 Ferst Drive
Atlanta, GA 30332-0150
(404) 385-2519

ID#: A054-011-0161
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-011       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Development and flight test demonstration of an innovative practical Autonomous Formation Flying System (AFFS) for manned rotorcraft.
Abstract:   Aerotonomy, Incorporated and our Research Institution partner the Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT) will combine an innovative adaptive guidance system, the latest knowledge in autonomous adaptive rotorcraft control, and intuitive pilot interface techniques to arrive at a safe, practical, Autonomous Formation Flying System (AFFS) for manned rotorcraft. This Phase I project will culminate in an actual heterogeneous formation flight test demonstration with GIT's GTMax UAV flying autonomously in formation with a manned UH-60 simulation.

AETION TECHNOLOGIES LLC
1275 Kinnear Road
Columbus, OH 43212-1155
(614) 340-1835

PI: Mr. Mark Carroll
(614) 340-1835
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0082
Children's Hospital
700 Children's Drive
Columbus, OH 43205
(614) 722-2000

ID#: A054-014-0300
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-014       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Fast docking with fewer degrees of freedom, combined with intelligent optimization of small molecules
Abstract:   Conventional docking tests take a long time because of the many degrees of freedom. Additionally, large libraries of small molecules are tested without adequately using feedback about their suitability as inhibitors from previous tests. We propose a rapid initial screen that can computationally evaluate large numbers of small molecules so that a subset may be selected for further computational analysis. We test docking using an ingenious biophysics approach that reduces the degrees of freedom, involving topological transformation of the electrostatic and geometric properties of the macromolecule's surface such that the small molecule is tested against surface features without having to calculate the approach. We also use the better inhibitors from previous tests to help choose small molecules for the subsequent tests using a multi-criterial evolutionary distributed computing approach. We also offer the user an interactive graphical environment for trading off the various properties of different inhibitors: efficacy, specificity, etc. Our inhibitor-protein approach can be generalized to the question of finding small molecules that bind to large ones. Our rapid, intelligent search and evaluation within the enormous number of candidate ligands forms the foundation of a more fruitful screen, improving the speed by which the best candidates are discovered.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003
(781) 935-1200

PI: Dr. Don McDaniel
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0103
Northeastern University
Division of Technology Transfe, 960 Renaissance Park
Boston, MA 02115-5000
(617) 373-8810

ID#: A054-015-0400
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-015       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Visible Wavelength Negative Index Materials
Abstract:   Leveraging Agiltron's recent breakthrough in photonic nano-manufacturing technology and research on photonic crystals together with Northeastern University's know-how in the research of negative index material, we propose to design and fabricate a negative index photonic crystal material and establish its potential for negative refraction and subwavelength imaging at visible wavelengths. Our preliminary analysis has confirmed our design concept. Our approach will provide a convenient manufacture route for making negative index materials working at visible or NIR wavelength range. The tolerance, such as the size of lattice, the roughness of the surface and walls, will be calculated in the simulation. In Phase I, a practical design of a flat lens, operating at visible or IR wavelength, will be completed. A one layer (2D) PC will be fabricated and tested. Simulation on multi-layer (3D) PC will also be carried out.

ANTENNOVATION
2365 Oak Leaf Drive
State College, PA 16803
(814) 861-6196

PI: Mr. Matthew G. Bray
(814) 861-6196
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0108
The Pennsylvania State University
Department of Electrical Eng, 211 Elect Engr East
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-2946

ID#: A054-017-0390
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-017       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Fabrication of 3D Photonic Crystals in the RF Range for Man-Portable Antenna Applications
Abstract:   Antennovation and the Pennsylvania State University propose to develop novel new electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) materials in conjunction with miniaturized broadband antennas for use in man-portable antenna applications. The proposed antenna/EBG system will be designed to be low-profile, compact, and light-weight for helmet-mounted antennas and/or other body-worn applications. The frequency range of 250 MHz to 2.5 GHz will be targeted for operation. Within this range both narrowband tunable and broadband designs will be investigated. The EBG materials will be composed of reactively-loaded planar metallic frequency selective surfaces (FSS) mounted on top of thin metallic backed dielectric substrates. The placement of loads and the surface geometry of the EBG will be optimized via a genetic algorithm (GA) for best performance. This Phase I program will also investigate the use of novel substrate materials such as high-k dielectrics and magnetically loaded substrates for use in achieving ultra-thin and broadband EBG designs at low frequencies. Miniaturized antenna designs will also be developed for use in conjunction with the optimized EBG surfaces towards a goal of providing a complete integrated system that is reduced in size and weight while possessing a high radiation efficiency as well as a low specific absorption rate (SAR).

ASPEN SYSTEMS, INC.
24 St. Martin Dr.
Marlborough, MA 01752-3017
(312) 567-5118

PI: Mr. Glenn Deming
(508) 281-5322
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0084
Illinois Institute of Technology
3300 South Federal St.
Chicago, IL 60616-3793
(312) 567-5118

ID#: A054-012-0060
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-012       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Extreme Phase Change Materials for Soldier Microclimate Regulation
Abstract:   Aspen Systems and the Illinois Institute of Technology propose (IIT) to develop an advanced vapor compression miniature personal cooling system with integrated phase change material (PCM) for used by U.S. military soldiers. Aspen Systems has developed a unique miniature rotary compressor and successfully integrated the compressor in a battery powered personal cooling unit. In this program we will investigate the opportunity to develop advanced phase change materials for use in the cooling fluid and tubesuit garment worn by the user. Aspen will work in partnership with IIT to research PCM and encapsulation technologies, test candidate PCM slurries and heat exchangers, develop models and correlations, research and develop advanced PCMs and dvelop a conceptual design of a vapor compression based cooilng system with integrated PCM. The result will be a reduction in the cooling required from the vapor compression system due to the latent heat capacity of the PCM. This reduced cooling requirement will lead to a smaller, lighter system with less power required and potential gains in battery size and weight or mission length.

AWARE, INC.
338 Conant Rd
Weston, MA 02493-1717
(781) 642-9622

PI: Dr. Richard DeVaul
(617) 868-5868
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0167
MIT
Wiesner Building E15, 20 Ames Street
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
(617) 253-0648

ID#: A054-028-0191
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: Minimalist Short-Range Wearable Network for Soldier Training
Abstract:   Army warfighter training involves strenuous, demanding physical activity, often under sleep deprived conditions in the night-time woods, that poses non-negligible risks to trainees. Instructors need to keep track of trainees to know that they are OK, to coach them when necessary, and sometimes to keep them awake. The risks are exacerbated by the need to conduct training exercises under circumstances that approximate actual battlefield conditions. Such conditions may include extremes of heat or cold, extremes of humidity (from exercises conducted under very dry conditions to exercises conducted while wading through water), exercises conducted over extended periods of time involving high levels of exertion with little rest or sleep, exercises conducted at night under conditions of sleep deprivation, and other demanding circumstances under which significant physical and psychological stress are reasonably foreseeable. Every year Army trainees are injured or killed during training exercises. Minimizing the risks of training while improving the effectiveness of the training process is the object of the rangerNET technology envisioned by this proposal. The rangerNET system will achieve this objective by providing accurate, robust, minimally invasive physiology and activity monitoring for trainees, coupled with automated real-time analysis and trainee status visualization for instructors. The foundation of this system is AWare Technologies' Wearable Personnel Monitor (WPM) body-worn monitoring units, an appropriate short-range wireless network and a hand-held status visualization (HSV) tool for instructors.

BLUE ROAD RESEARCH
Clear Creek Business Park, 376 NE 219th Ave
Gresham, OR 97030
(503) 667-7772

PI: Mr. Eric Udd
(503) 667-7772
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0085
University of Delaware
Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-8898

ID#: A054-019-0149
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-019       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Embedded Sensors with Mechanics- based Models to assess Military Systems made with Composites
Abstract:   A fiber optic grating structural integrity measurement system is proposed. It has a sensor suite that combines multi-parameter fiber grating strain, temperature, humidity/moisture and UV sensors. These Blue Road Research embedded fiber grating sensors will be monitored in test composite coupons and their output linked to composite models developed by the University of Delaware so that the structural integrity of the test coupons may be determined.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
(256) 726-4800

PI: Dr. Roberto Di Salvo
(256) 726-4800
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0101
New Jersey Institute of Technology
University Heights
Newark, NJ 07102-1982
(973) 596-6053

ID#: A054-003-0310
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Computational Design Tool for the Synthesis and Optimization of Gel Formulations (SOGeF)
Abstract:   Gel propulsion systems combine the best characteristics of solid and liquid propellants. The gel system stores like solid propellant, but flows like a liquid when pressurized, enabling throttle and restart capability similar to liquid propellants. An enabling technology for the further advancement of gelled propulsion is the development of tools to render the development of propellant formulations more systematic. Even today, the development of a new gel formulation is more an art than a science. Propellant chemists use their experience to prepare new formulations and through a process of trial-and-error, attempt to optimize the result. CFDRC, together with an unprecedented group of scientists from some of the most prestigious universities, proposes to develop an innovative computational design tool for the synthesis and optimization of gel formulations (SOGeF). Employing an ab initio approach, this team will develop a model for gel propellants that will accurately predict yield stress, syneresis, shear-thinning behavior, density, vapor pressure, surface tension in air and within metal manifolds, and aging behavior such as the loss of yield point, settling of solid additives, and the increase in syneresis with time. Inputs to this model will be physical and chemical properties of the liquid phase, the gellant, surfactants or crosslinkers, and/or solid performance enhancers.

CFD RESEARCH CORP.
215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor
Huntsville, AL 35805
(256) 726-4800

PI: Dr. Andrzej J. Przekwas
(256) 726-4800
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0148
Columbia University
701 W. 168th St. Rm 201 (HHSC
New York, NY 10032
(212) 305-3688

ID#: A054-030-0429
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-030       Awarded: 14JUL05
Title: Image/Model Based System for Optimized Helmet Design
Abstract:   Military helmets are designed based on costly and time consuming laboratory ballistic tests, firing range, and forensic data. Until now advanced medical imaging and computational modeling tools have not been adequately utilized in the design and optimization of military helmets. The overall objective of this project is to develop 3D medical imaging techniques for the brain ballistic injury model and high-fidelity Finite Element Model (FEM)-based computational tools for design of new generation military helmets. The integrated experimental and computational models will be used to study the blunt impact effect on the Kevlar helmet materials and the dynamic responses of the skull and brain. The numerical model will be validated against experimental data involving manikin, cadaver, and animal data. The tools will be demonstrated on the computational optimization of the helmet design and a multi-parametric design window: variable material composition, thickness, helmet-head standoff distance, and others. In phase II we will develop the test stand and a 3D imaging system scalable for various skull phenotypes. An integrated experimental/computational framework for the design of military helmets will be used to improve and optimize the latest generation of helmets to reduce ballistic and blast injuries. The framework will be delivered to the Army.

COHERENT APPLICATIONS, INC.
7 Sandpiper Ct.
Hampton, VA 23669-1136
(757) 850-3508

PI: Mr. Diego F. Pierrottet
(757) 864-1636
Contract #: W911SR-05-P-0064
Los Alamos National Laboratory
TA-48, Bldg RC-1 Room 103B, MS/J514
Los Alamos, NM 87545
(505) 665-1941

ID#: A054-023-0169
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-023       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: High Speed AO Wavelength Selector for CO2 Heterodyne Remote Sensing of Aerosols
Abstract:   The U.S Army has identified the need to develop and demonstrate the technology necessary to characterize chemical aerosols and vapor clouds at stand-off ranges up to 5 km. Of interest is the capability to increase detection sensitivity and range for systems that may be incorporated into various stationary or moving platforms. Moving platforms could include ground vehicles, ships, helicopters, Tactical/Unmanned aerial vehicles (TUAV/UAV), and Tactical Unmanned Ground Vehicles (TUGV). Limitations in mobile platform resources call for the advancement of compact and efficient active sensors. Coherent heterodyne detection is a technology that has the potential to improve aerosol and vapor cloud detection sensitivity and range while reducing sensor size and weight. Coherent Applications, Inc. (CAI) and Los Alamos National Laboratories (LANL) have teamed to propose an analysis of the expected performance of Acousto-Optic (AO) tuners on waveguide and TEA lasers, and to design a laboratory system that will provide experimental testing of the predictions.

DBC TECHNOLOGY CORP.
4221 Mesa St.
Torrance, CA 90505
(310) 378-4961

PI: Dr. David B. Cohn
(310) 378-4961
Contract #: W911SR-05-P-0061
SRI International
333 Ravenswood Ave
Menlo Park, CA 94025
(650) 859-4694

ID#: A054-023-0024
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-023       Awarded: 08AUG05
Title: Heterodyne Detection for Compact Standoff Chem-Bio Sensors
Abstract:   CO2 laser based sensors are poised to enter the next phase of development defined by smaller, lighter systems based on heterodyne detection. This will have significant impact on the Artemis acquisition program, other military deployments, and for homeland defense systems. The program Phase I objectives are to perform supporting analysis and develop designs for the critical heterodyne system components, including a rapid grating wavelength tuner and 8 m wavelength shifter.

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION DESIGN
311 Cherokee Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 951-2753

PI: Dr. Robert Broadwater
(540) 951-7027
Contract #: W9132T-05-C-0034
Virginia Tech
Office of Sponsored Programs, 460 Turner Street Suite 306
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 231-3801

ID#: A054-026-0017
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-026       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: Collaborative Tools for Integrated Hazard Management
Abstract:   Electrical Distribution Design (EDD), Virginia Tech and Detroit Edison propose development of model-based human-genetic and data mining algorithms that can be fully integrated with other operations and design software applications through attachment to a common model. Work will be based on extension of EDD's existing Generic Analysis approach, which is currently being used commercially for power utility system design, control and operations. Generic Analysis combines concepts from Physical Network Modeling, Linear Graph Theory and Generic Programming to provide a system drawing-based architecture that automatically derives complex spatial, functional, temporal and rule-based interdependencies for large reconfigurable systems at speeds that support real-time monitoring and control. The integrated analysis and dynamic information management capabilities this provides is applicable to any steady state or transient process that can be drawn out as a linear graph of interdependent objects with measurable through and across variables. Combining data mining and human-genetic algorithm concepts with Generic Analysis should significantly increase the amount and complexity of hazard information that can be processed, with an equally significant decrease in the amount and quality of data required for implementation of hazard management and emergency supervisory control for very large, integrated utility and public safety systems.

ELINTRIX
7905 Silverton Avenue, Suite 106
San Diego, CA 92126
(858) 638-9945

PI: Mr. Drew Barnett
(858) 638-9945
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0169
San Diego State University
5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
(619) 594-6162

ID#: A054-028-0349
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Minimalist Short-Range Wearable Network for Soldier Training
Abstract:   Technological advances in networking, transceiver technology, digital signal processing and embedded systems enable the design of a low power, low cost, wireless communication system that does not restrict the mobility of the subject, or the observer. Prior research has focused on routing and channel access, but has not considered these issues, jointly. In the proposed work, the combined effect of these issues, along with issues related to radio communication, will be explored, thus resulting in a network design that is optimized for dynamic-cluster operations. Technology survey, comparative analysis, radio-channel simulation and network simulation will be used to gain insight into key technical requirements, concluding with a technology demonstration that leverages existing hardware.

ENERGID TECHNOLOGIES
124 Mount Auburn Street, Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
(888) 547-4100

PI: Dr. John J. Hu
(888) 547-4100
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0159
Brigham and Women's Hospital
75 Frances Street
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 278-0606

ID#: A054-032-0413
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-032       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: Robotic High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Manipulator System for Critical Systems for Trauma and Transport (CSTAT)
Abstract:   The main advantages of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) are its non-invasive nature and that therapy occurs deep within a patient's body without affecting the intervening tissue. It is an ideal technology to use with a robotic system in a battlefield environment. This is a proposal to develop a robotic HIFU system by a) developing a robotic manipulator to control a HIFU device, b) integrating the robotic HIFU system with the Life Support and for Trauma and Transport (LSTAT) system, and c) establishing the efficacy of the system on prototype injuries. Our innovation includes a master-slave teleoperated robotic system designed specifically for remote HIFU manipulation. Energid's Actin robotic software toolkit will support innovative mechanical designs for the master and slave manipulators. The system will be controlled through a high fidelity, stable force reflective mechanism that optimally couples in the presence of both large and small communication latencies. In addition, we will consider software approaches to resolve the data communication latency problem. The integrated telerobotic HIFU surgery system will provide platform stability, accurate patient/robot registration, and precise positioning.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440-4881
(630) 771-0201

PI: Dr. Silviu Velicu
(630) 771-0206
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0090
University of Illinois at Chicago
Department of Physics, 845 W. Taylor St.
Chicago, IL 60607
(312) 413-0041

ID#: A054-013-0046
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-013       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Thermoelectric Cooling of Photodetector Arrays with HgCdTe-based Superlattices
Abstract:   The most challenging degrading effect on current state-of-the-art focal plane arrays is caused by the random spatial and temporal photoresponse nonuniformity of the pixels. We propose a major improvement by controlling the temperature of individual pixels with individual thermoelectric coolers. We will use HgxCd1-xTe/HgyCd1-yTe superlattices (SLs) as the thermoelectric material. Two major benefits lead us to this choice. First, HgCdTe, the principal material used in infrared photon imaging applications, can be directly grown on HgxCd1-xTe/HgyCd1-yTe SLs, making the integration of infrared sensors and thermoelectric elements possible. Second, a recent model showed that a Hg0.75Cd0.25Te/Hg0.7Cd0.3Te SL can achieve a thermoelectric figure of merit ZT of 1.99, two times greater than that of current thermoelectric devices based on Bi2Te3. In Phase I, we will develop an accurate model of the thermoelectric properties of HgxCd1-xTe/HgyCd1-yTe SL structures and we will optimize the material parameters to maximize ZT. Next, we will address the growth of HgxCd1-xTe/HgyCd1-yTe SLs by partnering with the University of Illinois at Chicago, which has extensive experience with the growth of HgTe/CdTe SLs and HgCdTe. Finally, we will develop device structures and metallization methods for performing ZT measurements, measure ZTs of the devices and compare them to theory.

FIORE INDUSTRIES, INC.
5301 Central Ave., NE, Suite 900
Albuquerque, NM 87108
(505) 255-9797

PI: Dr. John T. Elson
(505) 255-9797
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0091
Lovelace Respiratory Research Insti
2425 Ridgecrest Dr. SE
Albuquerque, NM 87108
(505) 348-9432

ID#: A054-010-0333
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-010       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Dry Sterilization Procedures Based on Variable Frequency Microwave Technology
Abstract:   Several of the present methods of decontamination of biothreat agents, especially the spore-forming Bacillus anthracis (anthrax) rely on steam or disinfection with highly corrosive agents. While these methods are effective, such procedures are impractical when the contaminated materials and/or equipment are mail, paper documents, delicate instruments, or complex machinery such as mail sorting equipment. The development of a non-corrosive and non-damaging process to decontaminate these types of materials and equipment presents a major challenge. A body of literature suggests that microwave energy can be used to neutralize bacterial spores, with thermal effects as the presumed killing mechanism. Other sources have suggested that there exists a "microwave effect" that contributes a second killing mechanism to the bacteria neutralizing process. The purpose of the proposed research is to evaluate the application of variable frequency microwave output to the neutralization of dry Anthrax spores, to isolate potential "microwave" effects from the thermal effects of conventional dry heat sterilization, and to characterize these potential effects. The research will use simulated contaminated mail as decontamination targets.

FOCUS SURGERY, INC.
3940 Pendleton Way
Indianapolis, IN 46226
(317) 541-1580

PI: Mr. Narendra T. Sanghvi
(317) 541-1580
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0145
Sandia National Laboratories
P.O. Box 5800, MS 1010
Albuquerque, NM 87185-1010
(505) 284-6855

ID#: A054-032-0148
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-032       Awarded: 13JUL05
Title: Robotic High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) Manipulator System for Critical Systems for Trauma and Transport (CSTAT)
Abstract:   It has been demonstrated that High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) can be employed to rapidly and non-invasively induce hemostasis in severed, hemorrhaging organs. A need exists to use this technology in current and future Critical Systems for Trauma and Transport (CSTAT) systems to improve battlefield medicine to save lives. For this purpose, a robust and easy to use CSTAT-compatible hemostatic HIFU system is proposed that consists of a robotic manipulator, detachable end-effector, and a HIFU therapy planning and control strategy. The manipulator (or field medic) places the end-effector in the appropriate location on the patient. The end-effector then attaches to the patient and is detached from the manipulator. Diagnosis and treatment are then performed by the end-effector under local or remote control. It includes a 2D dynamically steerable HIFU beam applicator array for hemostasis, a 2D ultrasound imaging/Doppler array for treatment localization and monitoring, a formable fluid interface for coupling to skin, and mechanisms for precisely moving the HIFU applicator to cauterize internal wounds. Upon completion of the treatment, the end-effector detaches from the patient and is retrieved by the manipulator. Video cameras on the manipulator and end-effector complement the ultrasound imaging data for effective remote control operation.

GINER, INC.
89 Rumford Avenue
Newton, MA 02466-1311
(781) 529-0501

PI: Dr. Robert C. McDonald
(781) 529-0530
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0093
Cornell University
Office of Sponsored Programs, 120 Day Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-2801
(607) 255-5014

ID#: A054-005-0040
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Compact Direct Feed Formic Acid Fuel Cells with Advanced Membrane-Electrode Assembly
Abstract:   The proposed work will evaluate new ordered intermetallic catalysts for Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells (DFAFC) in practical fuel cell hardware. The influence in catalyst composition, processing method, particle size and morphology on anode polarization will be investigated. The improved formic acid catalysts, together with low membrane cross-over rates and the potential to use very concentrated fuel/water mixes, may form the basis of a liquid feed fuel cell which exceeds the Direct Methanol Fuel Cells specific energy and energy density. Proposed catalysts will incorporate non-precious metals for reduced cost. Synthetic protocols developed at Cornell University permit the tailoring of ordered geometric and electronic effects for improved catalysis. Methods will be developed for processing membrane electrode assemblies. In addition to evaluation in practical fuel cell hardware, catalysts will be examined with surface spectroscopy to understand the structure, composition and stability of the new catalysts.

GLOBAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY
100 Trade Centre Dr., Suite 301
Champaign, IL 61820-6863
(217) 352-1165

PI: Dr. Anna T. Cianciolo
(217) 352-1165
Contract #: W74V8H-05-P-0667
Human Resources Research Organizati
66 Canal Center Plaza, Suite 400
Alexandria, VA 22314-1591
(703) 549-3611

ID#: A054-001-0279
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: Adaptive, Web-based IMI Exercise-Generation Tool for Embedded Battle Command Training
Abstract:   Embedded training (ET) is the envisioned method for flexibly training an adaptive future force. Successful ET is more than the platform on which it is hosted or the realism of training exercises. Training must also be structured. IMI could be an efficient and effective means for delivering structured ET. This requires that an IMI exercise-generation tool be designed to support trainer interactivity with the product-development process. GIST and HumRRO propose to research and develop a Web-based IMI exercise-generation-tool that allows unit trainers to rapidly generate training exercises to meet diverse training objectives (TOs) yet also structure their training to develop adaptive-thinking skills. We will use the Think Like A Commander methodology to summarize diverse training objectives in terms of expert tactical-thinking themes, then use these themes to determine the generic/modifiable training content (vignette, assessment, and coaching content objects) available to the trainer. The Phase I prototype will demonstrate that indicating a TO and a trainee type will return generic/modifiable content objects that are relevant to the TO and trainee type, yet structured to focus training on the expert tactical-thinking theme(s) associated with the TO. This prototype capability will be used to evaluate the feasibility of developing a fully operational tool.

GRAMMATECH, INC.
317 N. Aurora Street
Ithaca, NY 14850
(607) 273-7340

PI: Dr. David Melski
(607) 273-7340
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0102
University of Wisconsin, Comp. Sci.
1210 West Dayton Street
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 262-9519

ID#: A054-006-0176
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Semantics-Aware Malware Detection
Abstract:   The goal of this proposal is to advance the state-of-the-art in malware detectors, and thereby offer protection against next-generation malicious code. Currently, malware detectors - in the form of commercial virus scanners - are an important component in the defense of computer systems. We propose to build on a technique that has demonstrated its ability to detect malware in the presence of common obfuscations, and to outperform existing commercial malware detectors. A key goal of this proposal is to address shortcomings of existing malware detectors by (a) being able to recognize obfuscated malware, and (b) providing the ability to preemptively scan for malicious code before it is ever observed in the wild, thereby preventing damage from a day-zero attack.

HAZARD MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS, INC.
2508 Waterbury Place
Champaign, IL 61822
(217) 417-4198

PI: Dr. Barbara Minsker
(217) 417-4198
Contract #: W9132T-05-C-0035
University of Illinois Urbana-Champ
Electrical & Computer Eng, 1406 West Green Street
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 333-4463

ID#: A054-026-0210
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-026       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: HMSI CyberCollaborator for Integrated Hazard Management
Abstract:   This project will demonstrate the feasibility of a new technology, called HMSI CyberCollaborator, for integrated hazard management. HMSI CyberCollaborator will enable collaborators to efficiently discuss and share information, data, and modeling results, whether they are in the same location or across the country. Prototype technology created at the University of Illinois will be adapted to this purpose and an iterative requirements gathering process will identify essential features for implementation in Phase II. A demonstration of the technology will be created by coupling the system with widely adopted data management and simulation models from Haested Methods and Power World. Realistic disaster scenarios will be created for hypothetical power and water networks and implemented within HMSI CyberCollaborator. This will enable potential customers to envision how it will improve situational awareness and decision making both on a day-to-day basis and during a crisis. The demonstration will be shared with a number of potential utility and government customers to obtain feedback on the system. Potential markets and market dynamics for each of four potential classes of customers (water utilities, power utilities, major utility customers, and government agencies) will be assessed, with the objective of describing the commercial potential for HMSI CyberCollaborator and the mechanisms that can be used to enter these markets.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
16 Longmeadow Rd
Lincoln, MA 01773
(781) 890-1338

PI: Dr. Robert Kovar
(781) 890-1338
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0095
Case Western Reserve University
10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106
(216) 368-4182

ID#: A054-020-0156
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-020       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Microfabricated Biomimetic Artificial Gill System (MBAGS)
Abstract:   Military operations in underwater and high altitude environments impose significant restrictions on the warfighter's ability to meet operational objectives. An advanced breathing apparatus that mimics the efficiency, simplicity, and durability of the gill-swim bladder found in fish could greatly improve human maneuverability and sustainability in both aquatic and high altitude settings. In this Phase I Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) program, Infoscitex and Case Western Reserve University propose the development of a biomimetic synthetic gill design based on the subdividing regions of clef, filament, and lamellae found in natural fish gills. Computational modeling will be performed to identify design parameters required for efficient gas exchange. A biomimetic oxygen carrier material will be incorporated into a thin, gas-permeable membrane to facilitate gas exchange. In Phase I, gas exchange units will be designed and demonstrated for rapid, efficient extract of oxygen from surrounding water. The Phase I team includes a leading developer and manufacturer of breathing equipment for military and commercial end-users.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Dr. Hongjun Li
(301) 294-5275
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0079
Purdue University
Hovde Hall of Administration, 610 Purdue Mall
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2040
(785) 494-7821

ID#: A054-016-0249
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-016       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Predictable, Scalable QoS Routing for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks based on Heavy-Tailed Statistics
Abstract:   In this proposal, we identify QoS metrics based on our insights on heavy-tailed phenomena in ad hoc wireless networks, determine the potential performance impact of heavy-tailedness on ad hoc routing, define routing policies based on such insights and metrics, and propose a QoS Routing protocol (HAQR) that captures the heavy-tailed nature and provides quality of service for multi-hop wireless ad hoc networks. Performance metrics are identified as the 1st and 2nd order statistics of throughput, delay and packet loss. With respect to heavy-tailed traffic, L1 norm based estimation methods are exploited for the metrics estimation. The unique predictability nascent in heavy-tailed statistics is utilized to classify short- and long-lived flows and predict into the future for routing optimality and stability. In addition, time scales need to be carefully selected to ensure routing stability. HAQR possesses the advantages of both proactive and reactive routing paradigms and it has the following desirable properties: it (1) captures the heavy-tailed based metrics for routing decision, (2) adapts to the dynamic environment and accommodates the imprecise topology information, (3) reserves and releases bandwidth efficiently, and (4) reduces initial latency and routing overhead. The proposed algorithms for heavy-tailed based QoS routing are predictable, efficient and scalable.

INTERSPACE, INC.
9700 Great Seneca Highway
Rockville, MD 20850
(301) 527-0606

PI: Mr. Matthew Price
(301) 527-0606
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0099
Edison Welding Institute, Inc
1250 Arthur E. Adams Dr.
Columbus, OH 43221-3585
(614) 688-5157

ID#: A054-007-0181
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-007       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Field Sensor for Rapid Weld Hydrogen Assessment
Abstract:   Hydrogen embrittlement is a growing problem with new advanced high strength steels (AHSS). These newer alloys are more susceptible to cracking which usually occurs at ambient temperature and at lower hydrogen concentrations. Conventional methods to determine hydrogen content in a weld involve destructive testing of weld coupons. There is currently no field sensor capable of non-destructive measurements of hydrogen content in the weld. InterSpace proposes developing a unique sensor that can directly measure hydrogen content in the weld and heat-affected zone. Unlike laboratory techniques, the proposed method does not require heating the sample or providing a temperature gradient for measurement. Furthermore, the method is insensitive to surface contamination and steel chemistry. The sensor can be integrated in a portable device for rapid field measurements.

KITWARE
28 Corporate Drive, Suite 204
Clifton Park, NY 12065
(518) 371-3971

PI: Mr. Andrej Cedilnik
(518) 371-3971
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0097
University of Maryland
UMIACS, 2119 A. V. Williams Building
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-6761

ID#: A054-002-0395
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Rapid, Hardware Accelerated, Large Data Visualization
Abstract:   Scientists and engineers use computer simulation to model the behavior of physical phenomena. These simulation techniques often produce prodigious amounts of output data. In order to view results, interactive visualization is used since it provides the ability to visually inspect data and interactively query particular values. However, the size of data is becoming large enough to challenge the ability of current visualization systems to produce results at interactive rates, greatly reducing the effectiveness of the visualization process. We propose to increase the performance of visualization by developing a computational framework that leverages a relatively untapped part of most computer systems: the graphics hardware (GPU). We will use GPU processing in a parallel computing environment to accelerate the rendering and processing of results data. In Phase I we will demonstrate this framework by integrating the technology into the open-source VTK/ParaView parallel visualization systems, and deploying the software on a supercomputing cluster.

LAMBDA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
860 Aviation Parkway, Suite 900
Morrisville, NC 27560
(919) 462-1919

PI: Dr. Howard M. Reisner
(919) 966-4265
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0080
UNC-CH
104 Airport Dr., Ste. 2200, OSR, CB# 1350
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-1350
(919) 966-3411

ID#: A054-010-0170
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-010       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Mechanistic Studies of Spore Killing Using Variable Frequency Microwaves
Abstract:   The overall objective of this proposal is to characterize the molecular mechanism by which variable frequency microwave technology (VFM) inactivates bacterial spores. The long-term practical goal is to produce a device capable of eliminating contamination by microbial/viral/biological based biological warfare bioterrorism agents. Considerable scientific uncertainty exists regarding the molecular mechanisms of spore killing by microwaves. Hence, the immediate goal of this project is to study the mechanisms of VFM spore inactivation at the molecular level. To accomplish our objective the kinetics of inactivation of simulant spores derived from B. subtilis will be determined using VFM technology and compared to that of dry heat using a variety of solid surfaces which differ in their absorbance of microwave energy. In addition, the level of applied microwave power will be correlated with kill kinetics. Because DNA damage is a likely target for microwave induced damage, a search will be made for specific mutations in spore DNA. Such mutations are known to correlate with previously characterized modes of spore killing.

LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC.
2851 Commerce Street
Blacksburg, VA 24060-6657
(540) 552-5128

PI: Dr. Ted Lynch
(757) 224-0687
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0151
University of Mississippi
P.O. Box 907, Research & Sponsored Programs
University, MS 38677
(662) 915-7482

ID#: A054-032-0139
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-032       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Improved Hemorrhage Detection Technology for a Robotic HIFU Manipulator System
Abstract:   In this STTR, Luna Innovations, Inc., the University of Mississippi's National Center for Physical Acoustics (NCPA), and Robotics Research Corporation will develop an automated system for delivering high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to the location of a severe bleed using a robotic manipulator arm. In Phase I, Luna and the NCPA will test improved methods for locating and quantifying severe bleeds based on Luna's ultrasonic pulsed phase locked loop (PPLL) technology. These tests will determine the requirements for an integrated detection and robotic manipulator system to be developed in Phase II. As a high-resolution tool for tissue characterization, Luna's PPLL is better suited for obtaining key diagnostic parameters for locating hemorrhage sites than conventional imaging ultrasound. Specifically, the diagnostic information we seek is based only on blood location, blood flow, and the motion of tissues, including the quasi-stationary blood itself. Conventional imaging systems are not well designed for the these tasks, as blood is difficult to detect based on its backscatter properties. Even pulsed Doppler and color flow imaging, standard functions of commercial scanners, are not well suited to this task, as these functions filter out low speed flow associated with large volume flow rates over a large surface area.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840-4027
(979) 693-0017

PI: Dr. Alan Cisar
(979) 693-0017
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0083
Vanderbilt University
Vanderbilt University, 2201 West End Avenue
Nashville, TN 37235
(615) 322-2935

ID#: A054-005-0223
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Fuel Cell Operating on Neat Formic Acid
Abstract:   Pure, or nearly pure, (neat) formic acid is easily oxidized electrochemically. It also has sufficient energy density to produce a system with over 600 Wh/kg net energy density. We propose to combine Lynntech's light, simple, and rugged monopolar fuel cell technology with high activity catalysts produced using technology developed by Vanderbilt University to produce a high energy density fuel cell system. This system will use a high activity catalyst with a lower precious metal content than current formic acid electrooxidation catalysts to minimize active area of a fuel cell stack for use in a system where pure fuel is supplied to the anode and only CO2 vented. The catalyst is utilized in a fuel cell system that has a minimum of moving parts and support structure to produce the complete power supply. This combination will lead to a lightweight, rugged, reliable power supply suitable for use with either one time use disposable cartridges or bulk fuel.

MATERIALS SCIENCES CORP.
181 Gibraltar Road
Horsham, PA 19044
(215) 542-8400

PI: Mr. Richard Foedinger
(215) 542-8400
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0086
Clemson University
161 Sirrine Hall, Box 340971
Clemson, SC 29634
(864) 656-5957

ID#: A054-004-0313
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Hybrid Textile-Based Multi-Layered Flexible System for Penetration Resistance (MSC P5016)
Abstract:   The currently fielded Interceptor Body Armor System employs an Outer Tactical Vest (OTV) made of lightweight fabric material with Small Arms Protective Inserts (SAPIs) for protection against fragmentation, small arms and rifle-fired threats. The SAPI plates are rigid and brittle, limiting their protection coverage area to the torso. In addition, the plates are susceptible to environmental degradation and damage in the field. Current personnel armor systems have also been shown to provide insufficient resistance to blunt trauma effects against certain threats. The proposed research will develop and demonstrate the performance of integrally woven 3-D hybrid fabric materials incorporating multiple fiber materials, nanoscale reinforcement and functional fabric constructions to address the need for lighter weight, enhanced flexibility/mobility, and wide area protection. Textile models, ballistic impact simulations and testing will be performed to select the best performing material systems and 3-D fabric architectures for Phase II prototype development and demonstration.

MESOSCRIBE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Long Island High Technology Incubator, 25 Health Sciences Dr
Stony Brook, NY 11790-3350
(631) 444-6455

PI: Dr. Jeff Brogan
(631) 444-6455
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0077
SUNY-Stony Brook
The Research Foundation, Office of Sponsored Programs
Stony Brook, NY 11790
(631) 632-9949

ID#: A054-019-0236
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-019       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Integrated Sensing and Modeling for Damage Assessment in Multifunctional Composites
Abstract:   MesoScribe Technologies and project partner SUNY-Stony Brook will develop embedded sensors with integrated mechanics-based models to assess and predict accumulated damage in graphite reinforced epoxy composite structures. Meaningful evaluation schemes for composite degradation will be developed using advanced interpretation procedures based on inverse analysis techniques. This novel approach is essential to quantify material systems containing complex microstructures based on information collected from structurally integrated sensors. The proposed sensors will be fabricated by a novel Direct Write technology and integrated within the composite structure to measure strain, temperature, cracking, etc and new sensors designed to measure UV light will be examined. The aim is to establish robust evaluation procedures with rigorous multi-degradation testing followed by intelligent data processing methods and use this approach to design and develop next generation material/structural systems. Northrop Grumman will provide project guidance during the course of this Phase I STTR with the goal of implementing the developed techniques for use in a number of DoD applications.

NANOSCALE MATERIALS, INC.
1310 Research Park Drive
Manhattan, KS 66502-5068
(785) 537-0179

PI: Dr. Ravichandra Mulukutla
(785) 537-0179
Contract #: W911SR-05-P-0066
Kansas State University
2 Fair Child Hall, PreAward Services
Manhattan, KS 66506-1103
(785) 532-6804

ID#: A054-024-0147
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-024       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: New Generation Nanocrystalline Materials for CB protection
Abstract:   The objective of this STTR Phase I proposal is to develop new generation nanocrystalline materials which would be superior to surface modified activated carbon in terms of adsorption capacity and selectivity towards chemical agents and very importantly are expected to have unique capabilities of destructive adsorption. NanoScale Materials Inc. will utilize the nanocrystalline materials developed at Kansas State University and follow with characterization, adsorption capacity and reactivity studies. The synthesis method proposed has great potential for developing new generation smart adsorbents, which could possess extraordinary physical and chemical properties. The chemical testing methodologies proposed will address the adsorption capacity, destructive adsorption and the rate of decomposition of chemical warfare agent simulants. The research and development carried out in this project will identify improved synthesis methods for new generation nanocrystalline materials and demonstrate the feasibility to adapt these technologies to provide enhanced protection against CB agents.

PULSAR INFORMATICS, INC.
1 Old Dominion University
Norfolk, VA 23529-0099
(215) 520-2630

PI: Mr. Daniel Mollicone
(215) 520-2630
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0155
VMASC
1 Old Dominion University
Norfolk, VA 23529-0099
(757) 686-6206

ID#: A054-029-0337
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-029       Awarded: 01AUG05
Title: Hybrid Neural Network/Parametric Models for State and Trait Estimation in Performance Modeling
Abstract:   In sustained military operations involving round-the-clock missions and travel around the globe, biomathematical models of human performance have potential as tools for predicting the fatigue and performance of sleep-deprived soldiers. This project investigates hybrid neural network/parametric models to address specific gaps in current performance models, identified in the 2002 Fatigue and Performance Modeling Workshop and outlined in the Program Solicitation. This project will follow a conventional life-cycle development protocol where models are systematically developed using novel hybrid techniques, validated, and refined to produce an operationally relevant model. The project's main deliverable will be a proposed algorithm for hybrid neural network/parametric performance prediction in the field given unknown individual trait characteristics and uncertain current state, and a comparative analysis to parametric algorithms.

RENEW POWER
60 Hazelwood DR
Champaign, IL 61820-7460
(217) 328-9850

PI: Dr. Ruiming Zhang
(217) 328-9852
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0100
University of Illinois
109 Coble Hall, 801 S. Wright Street
Champaign, IL 61820-6242
(217) 333-2187

ID#: A054-005-0207
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Compact Formic Acid Fuel Cells
Abstract:   The objective of this Phase I proposal is to do the critical characterization of passive formic acid fuel cells (FAFC) and to complete a conceptual design for a 20W device. FAFC has a straightforward design and is being developed at Renew for low power range applications (i.e., milliwatts to 30 watts). The basic components of the FAFC are the same as a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) except that it uses formic acid as the fuel and catalysts specific to this fuel. However, unlike the DMFC, the FAFC is less encumbered by membrane crossover and requires less balance-of-plant due to its chemistry. This allows rapid prototyping of a very simple, passive, and small system. These characteristics make FAFC ideal for small electronic applications with power requirements of 30 watts or less.

RENEWABLE ALTERNATIVES, LLC
410 S. 6th St., Engineering Building North
Columbia, MO 65211-2290
(573) 884-0493

PI: Dr. William R. Sutterlin
(573) 882-5892
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0109
University of Missouri-Columbia
Office of Sponsored Prgm Admin, 310 Jesse Hall
Columbia, MO 65211
(573) 884-0562

ID#: A054-012-0222
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-012       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Extreme Phase Change Materials for Soldier Microclimate Regulation
Abstract:   Microclimate systems are being developed to minimize the effects of extreme temperature on performance capability and enable functioning under conditions that would otherwise cause incapacitation. It is important that these systems be highly reliable, lightweight and durable, with the intention to be worn under armor materials, heavy chemical/biological protective suits, and other protective clothing. This work involves guest-host interactions in nanomaterials. The nanomaterials that we will be investigating are those that involve nanospheres, nanotubes and nanobowls. These nanomaterials will be assembled with a low cost assembly of p-sulfonatocalix[4]arene building blocks. The calixarenes can form a conical shape that supports a separate guest molecule in the center of the calixarene. These p-sulfonatocalix[4]arene building blocks have been previously shown to assemble into spherical structures by the addition of pyridine N-oxide and lanthanide ions. The amount of 'chemical space' enclosed by the spherical structure is about 1,000 cubic angstroms. This space houses 30 water molecules and two sodium ions. The contents of the capsule are rather completely ordered for the sphere (by the hydrogen bonds from the enclosed water to the phenolic oxygen atom hydrogen bond acceptors at the base of the p-sulfonatocalix[4]arene). The supramolecular forces used to hold the spherical calixarene together are a combination of van der Waals forces, pi-stacking forces, and metal ion coordinate covalent bonds. These conical calixarenes and spherical shaped bilayer calixarenes can house guest molecules in an ordered configuration. At certain temperatures these calixarenes can absorb enough thermal energy to cause the guest molecules to go into a disordered configuration, or the guest molecule absorbs enough energy to escape the calixarene host molecule. This energy needed to cause disorder of the guest molecules or the guest molecules escaping is between 500-1800J/g. This thermal energy needed is tremendous and could find uses in thermal energy storage applications.

RH LYON CORP.
691 Concord Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138-1002
(617) 864-7260

PI: Dr. Richard H. Lyon
(617) 864-7260
Contract #: W9132T-05-C-0036
Boston University
110 Cummington St.
Boston, MA 02134
(617) 353-4847

ID#: A054-025-0015
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-025       Awarded: 10AUG05
Title: In-Building Acoustic Signature Identification and Localization
Abstract:   Knowing the kind(s) of machinery and equipment contained in a building and its location prior to having to enter the building is a valuable asset to military operations, particularly in urban situations. The proposed system, called BIMLI (Building Interrogation and Machinery Location and Identification), will consist of a sensor suite, a structural modeling capability, and a data analysis segment for location and identification. Sensors include stand-off optical devices (laser vibrometer, optical "levers"), and accelerometers and microphones (preferably wireless) located exterior to the building, although supplement interior locations can be added as the situation allows. Structural modeling and location algorithms use Statistical Energy Analysis as the appropriate method with parameter inputs based on information form visual, handbook, and direct measurements. Identification is based on signal processing of acoustical signals employing spectral, cepstral, Hilbert transform, and other diagnostic procedures. The experimental parts of Phase 1 will be carried out on a 1:10 scale model of a building structure at a 10:1 frequency scaling.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121-2933
(858) 623-9424

PI: Dr. Bo Ryu
(858) 623-9424
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0170
Univ of Calif. at LA
Computer Science Department, 3531J Boelter Hall
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1596
(310) 825-2303

ID#: A054-028-0389
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-028       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Minimalist Wearable Mesh Network (MINIMEN) System for Soldier Training Feasibility, Tradeoff, and Demonstration
Abstract:   San Diego Research Center (SDRC) and University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA) offer a team of experts in wearable sensors, embedded networking, mesh networking, and military communication systems to study and demonstrate the feasibility of the overall system concept. We seek to define and design the overall system architecture model composed of the body-worn system, the wireless network, and the higher-layer sensor information processing. During Phase I, the primary focus is to systematically characterize the interplay between the functions running on the micro-server node worn by the soldiers, the network protocols, the radio technology, the network topology, and the querying framework, and identifying candidate mechanisms and technologies for each one of these based on simulation. We will leverage three groups of prior and ongoing research to prototype a lab-scale system to validate the feasibility of the architecture concepts and subsystem technologies: (i) the large body of prior work on wireless sensor networks and related tools and technologies developed at UCLA; (ii) wearable sensor system development in the context of solider training (e.g., OneTESS); and (iii) robust RF communication system for Army testing instrumentation being designed by SDRC. Specific objectives include identifying the choices of radio technology, network topology options, and routing protocols, and characterizing their performance via simulation modeling and experimental measurements on performance (latency, capacity) and energy metrics.

SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS CO., INC.
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 933-5355

PI: Dr. Jovan Boskovic
(781) 933-5355
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0088
UC Berkley
Sponsored Projects Office, 336 Sproul Hall, Mail-C 5940
Berkley, CA 94720-5940
(510) 642-8117

ID#: A054-011-0110
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-011       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Pilot-Directed Computer-Assisted Helicopter Formation Flying
Abstract:   Scientific Systems Company Inc. (SSCI) and University of California, Berkeley (UCB) jointly propose to develop and implement computer-aided Autonomous Formation Flying Control Technology (AFF-CT) for heterogeneous formations of manned helicopters. One of the objectives of the project is to design a control architecture and corresponding control algorithms that are robust to uncertainties and disturbances even while utilizing minimum inter-vehicle communications. Another objective is to design a formation manager to assure smooth transitioning between different modes of operation including take-off, landing, formation initialization, formation termination, adding vehicles to or removing them from the formation, pop-up threat avoidance, and emergency procedures. In order to achieve these objectives, we plan to carry out the following tasks: (i) Problem formulation for autonomous formation flying for heterogeneous manned helicopters; (ii) Development of decentralized Model Predictive Control (MPC) based formation control algorithms; (iii) Development of a Formation Manager using a Finite State Machine (FSM) approach; and (iv) Implementation and testing of the AFF-CT algorithms on simulations of small-scale and large helicopters. Upon successful demonstration of the feasibility of the AFF-CT system, in Phase II we plan to work with United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) and Sikorsky in Phases II and III on transitioning the technology to their helicopters.

SEATTLE SENSOR SYSTEMS, INC.
1341 N. Northlake Way
Seattle, WA 98103
(206) 547-6400

PI: Dr. Paul Baker
(206) 547-6400
Contract #: W911SR-05-P-0073
Untiversity of Washington
Office of Sponsered Programs, Box 354945
Seattle, WA 98108-4945
(206) 543-4043

ID#: A054-022-0121
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-022       Awarded: 12SEP05
Title: Manned, Standalone, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Portable Sensors for Detection of Biological Warfare Agents
Abstract:   Seattle Sensor (SSS) systems and the University of Washington are developing a sophisticated surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based sensor system. At the center of the sensor system, dubbed "SPIRIT", is the SPR Spreeta sensor chip manufactured by Texas Instruments. This chip provides an electronic signal when analytes of interest flow over and are bound to specific anti-bio/chem agent antibodies immobilized on the sensor surface. Contained within the SPIRIT system are all of the required electronic, sensor and fluidic components, including all required computing components. Due to SPIRIT's small size (< 1 cu. ft. and under 10 pounds), this highly portable system has already proven capable of detecting minute concentrations of small organics, protein toxins, viruses, bacteria and spore targets. The proposed research is directed toward further commercial development of the SPIRIT biosensor technology for real-time analysis of CBW agents. The advanced SPIRIT system will contain monitoring and reporting capability on UMVs and in "standalone" applications, allowing friendly forces to detect and react to CBW threats in a timely manner. This technology development will result in compact, portable, inexpensive and versatile biosensor systems, capable of detecting chemical and biological agents.

SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1195 Atlas Road
Columbia, SC 29209
(803) 647-9757

PI: Dr. Thomas Katona
(803) 647-9757
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0089
Rensellaer Polytechnic Institute
110 8th Street, ECSE Dept. CII 9017
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-2201

ID#: A054-008-0432
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-008       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Novel GaN-Based HFET Sources and Amplifiers for Millimeter-Wave Applications
Abstract:   We propose to develop GaN HFET based sources with enhanced RF operation characteristics at millimeter wave frequencies and beyond by utilizing combination of our novel plasma wave approach and newly observed electron-transit-time effects. Electron-transit-time effects in the saturation regime of HFETs might lead to the plasma wave instability which decrease the plasma wave decay and, hence, emission of radiation at millimeter and sub-THz frequencies. Our proposed solution is based on the "plasma wave approach" which was developed by Dyakonov and Shur in early 90s and recently confirmed by several experimental observations. We have demonstrated that, in many cases, the two dimensional electrons in the FET channel may be described by hydrodynamic equations which coincide with those for shallow water, plasma waves in the FET channel being similar to shallow water waves. We also showed that in a short enough device, an instability should occur at a relatively small direct current because of spontaneous plasma wave generation. This provides a new mechanism for the emission of tunable millimeter wave radiation.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803-3304
(781) 273-4770

PI: Dr. Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin
(781) 273-4770
Contract #: W911SR-05-P-0063
Boston Universlity
590 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
(617) 353-6114

ID#: A054-021-0028
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-021       Awarded: 10AUG05
Title: Infrared Derivative Spectroscopy for Open Path Sensing
Abstract:   There is a long-standing military, homeland security and industry need for compact, portable sensors to remotely detect, identify and quantify chemical and biological warfare agents and other hazardous species at significant standoff ranges. Current LWIR Fourier transform spectrometers are mechanically complex and sensitive, and susceptible to interference from atmospheric background fluctuations. Spectral Sciences Inc. and Boston University propose the development of a long-path sensor based on a novel derivative multiplexed spectrometer technology that provides high sensitivity, high-speed processing, on-the-fly spectral adaptability, and mechanical stability, all in a rugged package with no macro-scale moving parts. The instrument would operate in two modes, a survey mode for species detection and a pre-processing mode for sensitive measurement. The use of an arbitrarily programmable spectrally selective element makes it suitable for all types of derivative spectroscopy, including novel optically multiplexed approaches, which have the potential for unprecedented sensitivity and background rejection. In Phase I we will develop an engineering design for a prototype Phase II system, project its performance, and compare it with conventional devices. In Phase II we will construct a prototype instrument suitable for low-volume production.

STILMAN ADVANCED STRATEGIES
1623 Blake Street, #200
Denver, CO 80202
(303) 717-2110

PI: Dr. Vlad Yakhnis
(805) 490-2701
Contract #: W74V8H-05-P-0668
University of Colorado at Denver
Campus Box 109
Denver, CO 80217-3364
(303) 556-4314

ID#: A054-001-0274
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Linguistic Geometry Techniques for Distributed Interactive Training
Abstract:   We propose to investigate feasibility and develop specs for a new training tool, LG-COACH geared toward distributed interactive training. The tool will be based on Linguistic Geometry (LG). The most significant advantages of LG are a unified conceptual model of all types of military operations, a faithful and scalable model of intelligent enemy, and extraordinarily fast automatic generation of best strategies and tactics for all the sides of a conflict, including the operations with highly divergent and asymmetrical (non-zero-sum) goals of the opponents. In Phase I, we will develop theoretical foundations, operational specifications, and a pilot demo of LG-COACH (to be fully developed on Phase II). LG-COACH will provide the Army with a realistic tool for implementing an effective embedded training system for the development of tactical skills across various levels of command. It will support the TLAC ("Think Like A Commander") approach to training and reusable, adaptable, and scalable vignette-based embedded battlefield decision-making training exercises. It will be able to capture and represent cultural and social idiosyncrasies of conflicts for different parts of the world. It will generate the best strategies and tactics for either side of a conflict (or for all of them) by optimizing them against various criteria to reflect different types of military operations including asymmetric warfare, effects based operations, and future types of warfare. LG-COACH will be truly dynamic, adaptable to the strategy and tactics of its human adversary. Moreover, LG-COACH will provide training for planning the entire operation, allocating resources with minimal cost to achieve certain probability of success (defined by a planner), development of advantageous courses of actions (COA, selecting counteractions, etc. LG-COACH will create the ultimate learning environment for warfighters.

SVT ASSOC., INC.
7620 Executive Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3677
(952) 934-2100

PI: Dr. Amir Dabiran
(952) 934-2100
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0096
University of Illinois, Urbana-Cham
127 Micro and Nanotechnology , 208 North Wright Street
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 333-3097

ID#: A054-008-0227
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-008       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: High Power IMPATT-Mode AlGaN/GaN HFETs for mm-Wave Applications
Abstract:   A new Aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) based heterojunction field-effect transistor (HFET) structure is proposed that utilizes avalanche impact ionization for very high frequency operation (>100 GHz). The main goal of this program is to demonstrate the potential of these devices as a replacement for vacuum tubes in mm-wave applications including radars and communications transmitters. In the Phase I program, device modeling, epitaxial growth, device processing and characterization will be done to fabricate a prototype AlGaN/GaN HFET operating in the impact ionization avalanche transit-time (IMPATT) mode.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916
(303) 303-2300

PI: Dr. Bryan M. Smith
(303) 940-2331
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0087
Calspan-UB Research Center, Inc.
4455 Genesee St.
Buffalo, NY 14225
(716) 631-4151

ID#: A054-009-0262
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Automated System for Testing of Catalytic Decontaminants
Abstract:   Current decontamination systems for chemical warfare (CW) agents require large volumes of liquid, are bulky and corrosive, and a catalytic decontaminant capable of decontaminating large amounts of agents with a small amount of catalyst would be highly desirable. The U.S. Government has sponsored several research and development projects that may have resulted in catalysts that would successfully detoxify one or more CW agents. In many cases, due to the expense of developing and conducting meaningful tests with live CW agents, potential catalysts have only been tested against simulants or chemical analogs to the actual agents. Since catalysts that are active against simulants or analogs often perform differently against live agents (and sometimes don't work at all) it is difficult to be sure which catalysts work, let alone which work best. Therefore, TDA Research, Inc. (TDA), in collaboration with Calspan/University of Buffalo Research Center (CUBRC), proposes to develop an automated system for testing catalytic decontaminants against live CW agents. Such a system will dramatically reduce the per-test cost of live agent testing, allowing future catalysts to be inexpensively and uniformly tested for their ability to detoxify chemical warfare agents.

TEX TECH INDUSTRIES, INC.
105 North Main St, PO Box 8
North Monmouth, ME 04265-6222
(207) 756-8606

PI: Mr. Stan Farrell
(207) 933-4404
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0098
University of Maine
AEWC Building, University of Maine
Orono, ME 04469-5793
(207) 581-2138

ID#: A054-004-0200
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Hybrid Textile-Based Multi-Layered Flexible System for Penetration Resistance
Abstract:   Tex Tech Industries has an effective through thickness reinforced hybrid ballistic fabric that has recently been introduced into the ballistic armor market for police force body armor. Fabric made with this technology was tested for V-50 results using both 9mm projectiles (124g Full Metal jacket) and .22 caliber fragment simulation projectiles( FSP, 17 grain). Result from this testing demonstrated that a 0.62 lb/ft fabric was able to achieve a V-50 of over 1,600 feet per second ballistically and over 1,800 feet per second with the fragment simulation projectile (FSP). The through thickness reinforced ballistic fabric provides improved ballistic performance through higher impact velocities and reduced back face signatures compared to similar 2D fabrics. The University of Maine at Orono and Tex Tech Industries, with Armor Holdings propose to continue to develop the material to higher ballistic performance and lower weight through optimization of through thickness reinforcement, fiber and fabric type, ceramics additions, and felt additions.

TIENTA SCIENCES
351 West 10th Street, Suite 120
Indianapolis, IN 46202
(317) 278-6109

PI: Dr. Vladimir M. Shalaev
(765) 494-9855
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0104
Purdue University
School of ECE, 465 Northwestern Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1285
(765) 494-9855

ID#: A054-015-0102
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-015       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Tunable Super-Lens for Nanoscale Optical Bio-Imaging
Abstract:   Tienta Sciences, Inc. is currently engaged in the development of novel, tunable super-lenses (TSL) for nanoscale optical sensing and imaging of bio-molecules with Purdue University. The tunable super lens will utilize negative-index materials (NIMs) that operate in the visible or near infrared light. Preliminary results have indicated that these NIMs can create a lens that will overcome the diffraction limit and perform sub-wavelength imaging, enhanced resolution imaging, or flat lens imaging. The goal of this Phase I project is the development of a pre-manufacturing design of novel, negative-index materials for fabricating a new tunable super-lens.

UNIVERSAL STABILIZATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4050 Sorrento Valley Blvd, Suite L
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 245-9323

PI: Dr. Andrew L. Frelinger III
(508) 856-6771
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0164
University of Massachusetts Med Sch
55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester, MA 01655
(508) 856-2119

ID#: A054-027-0345
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-027       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Preservation Of Platelets For Hemostatic And Wound Healing Bandages
Abstract:   Major, uncontrolled bleeding as a result of battlefield injuries or civilian trauma often results in death. Controlling this bleeding, and simultaneously providing a suitable matrix and growth factors for wound healing could prevent some of these deaths and speed recovery. Platelets contribute to hemostasis and wound healing by participating in clot generation and the generation of clot promoting enzymes and by releasing beneficial growth factors. The overall goal of this project is to provide a wound dressing that incorporates a dried form of platelets to take advantage of these properties. Drying processes to preserve platelets at ambient temperatuires have advanced, however a significant barrier to the production of high quality dried platelets is the tendency for platelets to become refractory to activation while being prepared for drying and subsequent vitrification. This proposal addresses the means needed to stabilize platelets during isolation and preservation, so that when rehydrated by moisture at the wound site, they respond by normal activation mechanisms with an appropriate level of pro-coagulant activity and growth factor release. A key feature of maintaining the platelets' response to normal activation mechanisms is that it will provide a reservoir of platelet-derived growth factors to be delivered to the wound over time.

VISUAL INFLUENCE, INC.
8 E. Broadway, Suite 307
Salt Lake City, UT 84111
(801) 328-1100

PI: Dr. David M. Weinstein
(801) 328-1100
Contract #: W911NF-05-C-0107
University of Utah - SCI Institute
1471 E Federal Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
(801) 581-3003

ID#: A054-002-0330
Agency: ARMY
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: A Scalable System for Enormous Dataset Volume Visualization on Commodity Hardware
Abstract:   We are submitting this proposal in response to the call for proposals STTR A05-T002, topic "Distributed Heterogenous Large Data Visualization of Physics Based Simulations". The stated objective of the call is to develop a system capable of generating interactive visualizations of enormous datasets that result from physics-based simulations on US DoD High Performance Computing facilities. Interactive visualization of such datasets poses substantial challenges; researchers have studied the problem of rendering large, complex models at interactive frame rates for many years. Much of this study has been limited to the visualization of scenes composed primarily of polygonal geometry. For more complex scenes composed of structured and unstructured grid datasets, the challenge of interactive visualization is far greater. We propose to meet this challenge by building a prototype of a visualization system based on a foundation of our recent work on visibility computations and out-of-core algorithms, and novel algorithms for rendering large unstructured grids. Our proposed work has two main objectives: 1) to develop a client-server framework for the visualization of large datasets on a single workstation and on a cluster of PCs; and 2) to develop techniques for the interactive exploration of very large structured and unstructured datasets.

---------- DARPA ----------

AEROVIRONMENT, INC.
825 S. Myrtle Avenue
Monrovia, CA 91016-3424
(626) 357-9983

PI: Mr. Matt Keennon
(805) 581-2187
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0200
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive
Pasadena, CA 91109-8099
(818) 354-3722

ID#: 05ST1-0035
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 13SEP05
Title: 3D Model Construction from a Micro Air Vehicle
Abstract:   The innovative integration of two emerging technologies, computer vision systems and Un-manned Aerial Vehicles (UAV's), can dramatically improve the capabilities of the UAV for real-world urban missions. Computer vision is being developed for robotic planetary exploration. UAV's are being developed for low-altitude military reconnaissance and surveillance in urban settings. The application of computer vision systems, using streaming video data from existing onboard UAV camera payloads, can provide critical 3-D structure intelligence to the warfighter and can feedback navigational information to enhance the UAV's mission planning, autonomous flight and operational capabilities.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003
(781) 935-1200

PI: Dr. Don McDaniel
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0244
Tufts University
4 Colby Street
Medford, MA 02155
(617) 627-3417

ID#: 05ST1-0048
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 15AUG05
Title: Wide Field of View Electronically Stearable Imaging Sensors
Abstract:   This proposal provides a breakthrough solution to flexibly direct the field of view of an imaging system over a wide acceptance angle, having significant advantages over other candidate technologies. The innovation is based on an unconventional beam steering technology covering a wide angle ranging over at high speed with low power consumption and in a compact and lightweight construction. The design is simple comprising an IR lens array and two mirror arrays to divide a picture of a wide field into an image array with individual image cell of small angle FOV, which make it easy to minimize the dispersion of imaging system. The module offers unprecedented high speed and high reliability due to the use of electric rotation actuation controlling two single mirrors scanning in two dimensions. Our beam steering device can operate over wide IR spectral rang. In Phase I, the feasibility will be demonstrated in a functional prototype and the system design will be optimized. A prototype fully functional wide field of view imaging system with unprecedented performance is anticipated in Phase II.

AGILTRON CORP.
15 Cabot Road
Woburn, MA 01801-1003
(781) 935-1200

PI: Dr. Jack Salerno
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0263
Tufts University
4 Colby Street
Medford, MA 02155
(617) 627-3417

ID#: 05ST1-0063
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Low Loss Optic Fiber Sparse Tapped Delay Module
Abstract:   Leveraging Agiltron's recent breakthrough in low loss/low cost solid-sate fiberoptic digital delay lines and variable splitter, we propose to develop a new type of affordable reconfigurable sparse delay line module. The proposed approach overcomes the deficiencies in limited delay time and excessive loss associated with electronic sparse delay line modules and provides sufficiently long delays and wide operation bandwidth, which are beyond electronic means. Our design is highly reconfigurable as well as scalable, providing the required time resolution/precision and delay range that meet a wide range of military and commercial application specifications. This module can precisely operate at frequency and the tapped weight whose response shape is programmable, forming a true matched microwave filter. The proposed sparse tapped delay lines module will have a wide tunable center frequency with high bandwidth up to 40GHz and high dynamic range. The associated theoretical model has been well established and the feasibility of the proposed optically-fed tapped sparse delay line module has been successfully demonstrated by the Agiltron and Tufts University team. This Phase I program addresses high-performance specifications of low loss, high reconfiguration speed, large variable tap weight dynamic range, and high scalability, as well as associated cost-effective fabrication issues.

APPLICATIONS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6867 Elm Street, Suite 300
McLean, VA 22010
(703) 394-2321

PI: Mr. Mudar Yaghi
(703) 821-1153
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0192
Battelle Memorial Institute, PNNL
Battelle, MSIN K7-22, , PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 375-6976

ID#: 05ST1-0001
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 08JUL05
Title: Portable Bidirectional Speech Translator for Strategic Languages
Abstract:   Efforts will focus on the physical and logical interface design for a bidirectional translation device. The deliverable will be a prototype design as well as recommendations on ergonomic factors and interaction requirements of a bidirectional speech driven mobile translation appliance. The design of both the physical and logical layout will be drawn from lessons learned from existing devices like the VoxTec Phraselator and commercial mobile devices such as the PalmOne Treo mobile appliance. PNNL has a growing expertise in the development of mobile interfaces from our work on mobile visual analytics (http://nvac.pnl.gov) and fieldable sensors and control devices (http://www.technet.pnl.gov/sensors/). The goal of this project is to build a device which translates in real time spoken utterances in a foreign language to English and vice versa. The needed software modules for this task are three fold: a software, that converts acoustic signals of spoken utterances into text, a software that converts (i.e. translates) from that foreign language to English, and a software that converts the result in English to spoken text. The aimed foreign languages are especially Arabic, including local dialects such as Iraqi or Egyptian Arabic. Also a methodology will be developed to give a possibility to develop the same system for any other Arabic dialect within a very short time.

ARCHCOM TECHNOLOGY, INC.
1335 W. Foothill Blvd.
Azusa, CA 91702
(626) 969-0681

PI: Dr. David C. Scott
(626) 969-0681
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0190
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0407
La Jolla, CA 92093-0407
(858) 534-6180

ID#: 05ST1-0073
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-007       Awarded: 05JUL05
Title: High Current Photodetector
Abstract:   For many communication applications, the demand for more bandwidth is a never ending problem. Military system applications often can exceed commercial demands by an order of magnitude or more as SIGINT and IMINT data collection and transmission are keys to our National Security. Optical delivery of RF signals is an increasingly important topic for applications including RF antenna remoting, signal routing, CATV, wireless repeaters and tunnels, in-building coverage, and surveillance and reconnaissance. Communication systems using optical signals are a common approach for both military and commercial applications and advancements made for one application form the foundation for advancements in another application. In recent months, Archcom has recently received a number of requests from a variety of customers regarding high current handling, high linearity photodetectors for a few of the aforementioned applications. These requests were targeting the 20GHz and 40GHz bands. Our existing product at 50GHz was optimized for digital communication systems where achieving a high responsivity/bandwidth product was the primary design goal to create a receiver with the highest sensitivity possible. Archcom's proposal is to modify our world's best commercially available 50GHz waveguide photodetector to improve linearity and current handling capability to address these new customer requests.

AVID LLC
1750 Kraft Drive, Suite 1400
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 961-0067

PI: Mr. Paul Gelhausen
(757) 886-2611
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0160
University of Kentucky
College of Engineering , 351 RGAN Bldg.
Lexington, KY 40506-0503
(859) 257-8827

ID#: 05ST1-0037
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 18AUG05
Title: Visual Odometry and Automatic 3D Model Construction for MAVs
Abstract:   We propose to commercialize the real-time visual odometry and automatic 3D model construction method developed by David Nister for use on Micro Air Vehicles. The system will be developed for the Honeywell MAV and tested on that platform. The front end of the system is a feature tracker. Point features are matched between pairs of frames and linked into image trajectories at video rate. Robust estimates of the camera motion are then produced from the feature tracks using a geometric hypothesize-and-test architecture. An important strength of this real-time approach is that it also provides a sparse estimate of 3D structure.

CDM OPTICS, INC.
4001 Discovery Drive, Suite 130
Boulder, CO 80303-7816
(303) 449-5593

PI: Mr. Robert Cormack
(303) 449-5593
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0223
University of Arizona
P.O. Box 3308,
Tuscon, AZ 85722-3308
(520) 626-4607

ID#: 05ST1-0096
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC)
Abstract:   A new concept of ballistically deployed sensors that form an ad hoc network for uplinking data to the user will meet a critical need for a method of projecting situational awareness into high-risk or inaccessible locations. This new method of obtaining tactical intelligence puts extraordinary demands on the sensors and especially on imaging sensors: The requirements for extreme ruggedness and simplicity work strongly against the equally critical requirements for high-quality imaging in all light levels and at all distances and can be met using Wavefront Coding in the imager design, allowing simple, rugged optical systems to have sufficient performance. The Phase I study will look in depth at the ELASTIC concept on all scales and over a number of operational modes, from countrywide, long-term surveillance to real-time data from the next room.

DISCOVERY SEMICONDUCTORS, INC.
119 Silvia Street
Ewing, NJ 08628
(609) 434-1311

PI: Mr. Abhay M. Joshi
(609) 434-1311
Contract #: W31P4Q05CR196
University of Texas Austin
Department of Electrical Eng., 1 University Station C0803
Austin, TX 78712-0240
(512) 471-9669

ID#: 05ST1-0074
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-007       Awarded: 17JUN05
Title: Ultra-fast, High Saturation Current, InGaAs/InP Photodetectors
Abstract:   In Phase I, we propose to develop high saturation current photodiodes that will meet the following design criteria: (a) Responsivity > 0.7 A/W, (b) 1 dB compression current > 100 mA, (c) Bandwidth > 10 GHz, and (d) Wavelength response of 1300 to 1550 nm. Two different photodiode designs will be tested for maximum saturation current: Partially Depleted Absorber (PDA) and Charge Compensated Uni Traveling Carrier (CC UTC). A comparative study of these two designs will determine which structure is more suitable for the above design goals. As saturation current levels increase above 100 mA, the problem of excessive Joule heating (multiple of voltage bias and photodiode current) creates the problem of "thermal runaway" leading to eventual device failure. We will investigate "wafer bonding" of InGaAs photodiodes to silicon wafers for better heat removal caused by Joule heating. This will ultimately lead to a more reliable photodiode. In a potential Phase II, we will expand the bandwidth of the photodiodes to 100 GHz with current saturation limit up to 50 mA.

EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B
Bolingbrook, IL 60440-4881
(630) 771-0201

PI: Dr. Silviu Velicu
(630) 771-0206
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0254
University of Michigan
EECS Department, 2417D EECS Bldg 1301 Beal Av
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2122
(734) 764-4157

ID#: 05ST1-0058
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 18AUG05
Title: High Speed Room Temperature Infrared Imaging
Abstract:   We propose the development of infrared detectors with high detectivities operating at high speeds and at room temperature in the 1-12 micron wavelength range using a combination of two techniques. First, non-equilibrium device operation concepts will be implemented to suppresses both radiative and Auger recombination. Second, the detector volume is incorporated into a resonant cavity, which gives rise to a substantial reduction of thermal generation currents by permitting a small active volume without degrading the quantum efficiency. It also permits the predetermination of the peak wavelength of the optical resonance, and high speed operation is obtained due to short carrier transit times. In Phase I, we will develop a 2D model simulating the performance of the detectors fabricated based on the above techniques. EPIR Technologies will model the electrical and optical characteristics of these detectors and establish the feasibility of growing them by molecular beam epitaxy. The University of Michigan will model their transient response using the carrier continuity equations based on drift, diffusion, and G-R processes in the semiconductor material. SPILAB, a subcontractor for this program, will study the detector-signal processor interface.

ETOVIA SYSTEMS, INC.
8001 Lingay Drive
Allison Park, PA 15101-3331
(800) 684-2772

PI: Dr. Takeo Kanade
(412) 268-3016
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0154
Carnegie Mellon University
Robotics Institute - NSH 3103, 5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
(412) 268-2996

ID#: 05ST1-0039
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 23JUN05
Title: Robust Real-Time SFM for SMAV
Abstract:   We shall investigate and implement robust Real-Time SFM for SMAV application scenarios. Automatic pose determination and extraction of 3D structure of the environment are critical to autonomous navigation and obstacle avoidance of SMAVs in constrained and crowded environments. Extracting such state information under various constraints (low quality video, sensor payload limitations, minimal onboard processing capabilities, sudden and abrupt motions changes etc.) pose a significant challenge and require development of innovative and robust algorithms. We will 1) Develop and implement SFM algorithms with robustness at each processing stage to ensure reliable performance with low quality video input, and to detect degenerate or near degenerate cases to avoid erroneous estimation; 2) Perform extensive feasibility study of our proposed algorithm using data with progressive levels of fidelity including a) Simulated data with ground truth information b) Motion-captured data and c) Data collected from real SMAVs equipped with miniaturized cameras; and 3) Systematically evaluate the performance of our SFM algorithm for reconstruction accuracy at different flying patterns in various environments, and different depth ranges that can be recovered by our algorithm. The objective is to develop a practical and field deployable system that will provide navigation and obstacle detection capabilities to the SMAV platforms.

JXT APPLICATIONS, INC.
2673 Commons Blvd, Suite 20
Dayton, OH 45431-3804
(937) 306-5003

PI: Mr. Scott Cone
(937) 305-5003
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0207
Wright State University
3640 Colonel Glenn Highway
Dayton, OH 45435-0001
(937) 775-2423

ID#: 05ST1-0020
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 28JUL05
Title: Human-Machine Interfaces for Coordination Decision Support in Tactical Settings
Abstract:   Mobile Army commanders must frequently adjust their planned course of action (COA) in response to events and changes in the Battlespace. Advances in the battlefield information infrastructure and related technologies provide new opportunities for the development of human-machine collaborative systems to support decision-making in this context. The objective of this effort is to develop a "joint cognitive system" that will enable software agents and humans to effectively collaborate to evaluate, coordinate, refine and decide on optimal COAs. This project, which focuses on collaborative user interface development, complements the DARPA COORDINATOR project, which focuses on software agent development. We propose to employ the Cognitive Systems Engineering framework combined with an Ecological Interface Design approach to develop the system, which we call WICTOR. In our solution, the user interface provides a common framework for information exchange between the human and machine, as well as a mechanism for the human to guide the machine expert. The system will support functions ranging from monitoring the battle situation, detecting deviations from the plan, developing / selecting alternative COAs, and coordinating these COAs with other combat units at various levels of command.

KIARA NETWORKS
6620 Gulton Ct. NE, Suite C
Albuquerque, NM 87109
(505) 268-3600

PI: Dr. Shantanu Gupta
(410) 540-9044
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0201
Clemson University
College of Engr & Science, 109 Riggs Hall, Box 340901
Clemson, SC 29634-0901
(864) 656-5533

ID#: 05ST1-0086
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-008       Awarded: 25AUG05
Title: Mid-IR Tellurite Fiber Raman Lasers
Abstract:   Tellurite glass compositions show significantly enhanced Raman scattering behavior. Optimizing these oxide glass compositions with heavy-metal-oxides(HMO) leads to easily fiberizable and highly non-linear fibers with transparency in the mid-IR wavelength region. These fibers are ideally suited for cascaded Raman lasers to generate multiple wavelengths in the mid-IR region. Furthermore, the high optical damage thresholds, durability and stability of these fibers lead to a manufacturable and highly reliable fiber laser source.

NATURAL INTERACTION SYSTEMS, LLC
10260 SW Greenburg Rd., Suite 400
Portland, OR 97223
(503) 293-8414

PI: Dr. David R. McGee
(503) 293-8414
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0282
Oregon Health & Science Universit
OGI School of Science & Engr., 20000 NW Walker Rd.
Beaverton, OR 97006
(503) 748-1880

ID#: 05ST1-0023
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 31AUG05
Title: Human-Machine Interfaces for Coordination Decision Support in Tactical Settings
Abstract:   Natural Interaction Systems, LLC (NIS), its subcontractor, Prof. Sharon L. Oviatt (Oregon Health and Science Uni-versity), and its consultants, Dr. Kay Stanney (Univ. of Central Florida) and Lt. Col. S. Kelly Snapp (U.S. Army, Ret.) are pleased to present this STTR proposal to develop an advanced multimodal interface in support of tactical coordination. Although the military has devoted substantial resources to the generation of plans for a wide range of contingencies, once units deploy, those plans inevitably change. Unfortunately, insufficient technological support has been given to the problem of finding a new joint plan among the deployed units who are affected by those changes. In conjunction with the DARPA/IPTO COORDINATORS Program that is aiming to build software that would support tactical coordination, the proposed effort will address the interface between the dismounted war-fighter and his COORDINATOR, as well as the hardware platform that could host a COORDINATOR agent. The pro-posed effort will also investigate the effect of this interface on the user's cognitive load during coordination tasks, and assess his ability to maintain situation awareness and perform tasks. If successful, the proposed work will pro-vide an extremely useful interface, not only for coordination, but for tactical collaboration of all types. Moreover, the proposed work will also generate a usable interface appropriate to dismounted and mobile settings, a problem that has resisted solution to this day. This STTR effort will transfer dialogue management and interface simulation software to NIS, as well as knowledge of how these interfaces affect users' cognitive load. Finally, the empirical testing methodology has immediate benefits to NIS' developing and assessing many different kinds of mobile inter-faces.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074-1508
(405) 372-9535

PI: Dr. Brent E. Little
(301) 604-7668
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0243
Georgia Tech Research Institute
Electro-Optics, Environment &, Materials Laboratory
Atlanta, GA 30332-0834
(404) 894-3468

ID#: 05ST1-0069
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-006       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Reconfigurable Solid State Weighted Tapped Delay Line Filter
Abstract:   Optical circuits provide many benefits for large time-bandwidth signal processing in microwave photonic applications. SeTapped delay lines using surface acoustic waves (SAWs) are in use today for carrier frequencies in the MHz to 100 MHz range, and thus their general theory and efficacy are well known. In order to be widely applicable, the tapped delay line filter must be robust enough to be deployed in fixed as well as mobile platforms. This calls for a solid state implementation of the components and a high degree of integration of all the optical elements. Further, it is desirable to have rapid real time reconfigurability and feedback for frequency scanning, filter shape adaptation, and noise figure optimization. Finally, an integrated solid state approach that uses conventional semiconductor practices will ensure cost effectiveness, scalability, and multiple sourcing. We propose through our Little Optics Division to implement reconfigurable optical tapped delay line filters using our proprietary high-index contrast planar lightwave circuit technology, achieving robust solid state filter solutions with femtosecond accuracy on the delay elements. Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) will develop adaptive algorithms for the control of the filter and facilitate system testing of the filter units.

NOVA RESEARCH, INC.
320 Alisal Road, Suite 104
Solvang, CA 93463
(805) 693-9600

PI: Mr. Ray Coussa
(805) 693-9600
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0162
The Johns Hopkins University
3400N. Charles Street
Baltimore MD, MD 21218
(410) 516-3494

ID#: 05ST1-0104
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 22AUG05
Title: Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC)
Abstract:   A persistent threat to US forces deployed in hostile territories is lack of knowledge of the engagement environment to avoid ambush. US forces constitute prime targets for hostile elements evidenced from the organized attacks and ambushes on US troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC) would constitute a small, light, wireless surveillance system that would be invaluable in these scenarios, providing situational awareness of a remote location to a squad of soldiers. Teamed with Innovative Wireless Technologies (IWT) and its University partner, Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Nova will address the critical elements of low bandwidth, image-based bandwidth compression techniques, and low power imaging sensors inter-connected via a reconfigurable mesh-network. During the Phase I program, Nova will develop and demonstrate ELASTIC, a dual sensor (visible and IR) breadboard network that utilizes off-the-shelf cameras communicating through an existing ad-hock mesh wireless network to transmit real-time video over a commercial network protocol. Under Phase II, the customized low-cost solution for ELASTIC will be fully developed into a prototype system with multiple nodes meeting the objectives of a system capable of being deployed to provide situational awareness of a remote location to a squad of soldiers.

NOVASPECTRA, INC.
777 Silver Spur Road, Suite 112
Rolling Hills Estate, CA 90274-3619
(310) 408-3225

PI: Dr. William S. Chan
(310) 408-3225
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0156
University of California at Irvine
Dept. of EE & Computer Science, 616 Engineering Tower
Irvine, CA 92697-2625
(949) 824-4107

ID#: 05ST1-0059
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 30JUN05
Title: Uncooled, 10-KHz LWIR FPA using Interferometry
Abstract:   We propose to develop an uncooled focal plane array (FPA) with a frame rate of at least 10 KHz and a high sensitivity in the long wave infrared (LWIR, 8-12 micron) for tracking fast-moving targets or imaging fast events. It consists of 256x256 micro interferometers as sensing elements, each of which transduces the incident LWIR into an interference beam of near IR that is detected by an ordinary high-speed Si photodiode. This transduction occurs at room temperature and at a speed of a microsecond. By employing fast circuits for parallel readout, a frame rate in excess of 10 KHz is achievable by the FPA. It's fabricated entirely of silicon (Si) for robustness, reliability and producibility using commercial foundries for production at low cost. Depending on applications, the post-FPA parallel processing will be used to render images at high speed. Phase I will analyze, model and design the FPA structure and layout for 10 KHz speed at room temperature, delineate the processes for fabrication and fabricate a simple structure to demonstrate its fabricability. Phase II will fabricate the FPA based on the model established in Phase I and test it with supporting optics and electronics for 10 KHz frame rate. Phase III will prototype and test a 10 KHz LWIR sensor.

OMNI SCIENCES, INC.
647 Spring Valley Drive
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
(734) 353-9333

PI: Dr. Michael J. Freeman
(734) 420-0190
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0159
University of Michigan
Elect. Eng. and Comp. Sci., 1301 Beal Avenue, 1110 EECS
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2122
(734) 936-1289

ID#: 05ST1-0088
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-008       Awarded: 12SEP05
Title: Mid-infrared Fiber Laser Based on Super-Continuum
Abstract:   Infrared counter-measures require a mid-infrared laser operating between 3-5 microns with average powers of tens of watts. Omni Sciences, Inc.'s (OSI's) aims to develop a Mid-Infra-Red FIber Laser (MIRFIL) based on super-continuum (SC) generation that produces a continuous spectrum between 1-5 microns. OSI has demonstrated broadband SC in high-nonlinearity fused silica (HiNL) and ZBLAN fluoride fibers using laser diode pumping. For HiNL the SC covers ~950nm to ~2700nm, while in ZBLAN the spectrum covers ~850nm to ~3600nm. This SC is unique in that modelocked lasers are not required and only short fiber lengths are used. The spectral density is more than three (eight) orders-of-magnitude brighter than a lamp in average (peak) power. In Phase I OSI will develop a MIRFIL covering the 3-5 micron window. The HiNL results will be extended to ~3600nm using extra drying steps in the fiber. The ZBLAN results will be extended to ~5000nm by tailoring the material composition of ZBLAN to reduce the bend induced loss. Damage threshold and power scaling will also be tested. In preparation for Phase II, a MIRFIL will be designed that can reach power levels of tens of watts over the 3-5 micron window.

QORTEK, INC.
2400 Reach Road, Suite 204
Williamsport, PA 17701-4183
(570) 322-2700

PI: Dr. Gareth J. Knowles
(570) 322-2700
Contract #: W31P4Q05CR180
Pennsylvania State University
ICAT, 134 Materials Research Bldg
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-3538

ID#: 05ST1-0053
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 12JUL05
Title: Wide Field of View Electronically Stearable Imaging Sensors
Abstract:   The proposed project will develop the revolutionary solid-state gimbal system, using three proprietary technologies (ultrasonic motor, piezoelectronics and advanced modeling software) to enable it to be small, lightweight, low power, and with almost no moving parts. The system will still maintain high performance and will provide precision controlled high angular rate motion over a wide acceptance angle. The gimbal system concept will be lightweight, uncooled, and mechanically robust with 60 degrees of rotational motion. The system will provide a significant technological advance for infrared and visible imaging, on-missile seekers, search and tracking devices, and surveillance equipment.

TANNER RESEARCH, INC.
2650 East Foothill Boulevard
Pasadena, CA 91107
(626) 792-3000

PI: Dr. Ravi Verma
(626) 792-3000
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0193
Stanford University
Department of Materials Scienc, 651 Serra Street, room 260
Stanford, CA 94305-4125
(650) 723-5349

ID#: 05ST1-0062
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 11AUG05
Title: High Speed Room Temperature IR Camera Based on Plasmon Physics
Abstract:   Several critical DoD missions require reliable, rapid, and non-cryogenically cooled long wave IR cameras. This camera, in turn, can be developed only with a new photodiode architecture wherein detector dark current is reduced by at least 3 orders of magnitude. In this proposal, Tanner Research and Stanford University are proposing a plasmon lens & resonant antenna device to efficiently focus broadband incident IR radiation onto a spatially reduced photodiode. Photodiode volume reduction corresponds to a reduction in photodiode dark current. During Phase I, we will investigate and demonstrate the feasibility of our high risk/high reward approach of a new photodiode architecture. During Phase II, we will collaborate with Raytheon Vision Systems to build the IR camera.

TECHFINITY, INC.
4505 Las Virgenes Road, Suite 117
Calabasas, CA 91302
(818) 878-9341

PI: Mr. Vahag Karayan
(818) 878-9341
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0161
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Electr. & Computer Eng. Dept., Engineering Hall
Madison, WI 53706-1691
(608) 262-3736

ID#: 05ST1-0107
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 12AUG05
Title: Efficient, Collaborative Image Processing and Flow Assingnment with Filed of Viw Coverage in Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC)
Abstract:   The Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC) concept is a set of small, ballistically distributed optical imaging sensors that form an ad hoc wireless sensor network (WSN) that provides real time information to a tactical decision maker. ELASTIC provides the infrastructure and technologies to enable quick deployment, sensing, processing, and communication. This proposal addresses four key technical areas for ELASTIC: a) Suitable Imaging Systems: Wireless sensor nodes with imaging systems. b) Low-Power Wireless Network Technologies: Peer-to-peer ad hoc network capabilities and challenges in collaborative, distributed, and localized algorithms, including WSN coverage and optimal data flow assignment. c) Signal Processing: New and novel approaches to signal processing in a WSN, including collaborative image processing and object tracking. d) Spatially Locating Deployed Sensor Nodes: Location discovery with GPS nodes used as beacons to seed iterative multilateration techniques for locating non GPS nodes. The TechFinity-University of Wisconsin, Madison team has expertise in wireless networks, sensor networking, image processing, and algorithm development. In this Phase I study the team will investigate the feasibility of the ELASTIC concept. In Phase II and Phase III the team will demonstrate its design, at first in benign environments, and then in demanding operational environments, such as the tactical battlefield, urban military operations, and surveillance of vulnerable commercial assets.

TOYON RESEARCH CORP.
Suite A, 75 Aero Camino
Goleta, CA 93117-3139
(805) 968-6787

PI: Dr. Richard E. Cagley
(805) 968-6787
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0166
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 249-102
Pasadena, CA 91109
(818) 354-2487

ID#: 05ST1-0108
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 15JUL05
Title: Expendable Local Area Sensors in a Tactically Interconnected Cluster (ELASTIC)
Abstract:   Providing situational awareness to ground-based personnel in tactical scenarios is a challenging problem. This proposal provides a plan for developing a ballistically deployed wireless imaging sensor with networking capabilities. Our solution addresses all aspects of the problem from the imaging system itself to deployment strategies. For this effort, we will incorporate hardware and software as well as general experience obtained from a 3rd generation wireless camera system developed at The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Similarly, although our team will initially rely on commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) transceiver hardware, our plan is to eventually integrate a custom ASIC being developed for the JPL Mars Technology Program. In particular, the custom transceiver has capabilities that are well suited to this effort including low power operation, small size, and asymmetric data rates on the uplink and downlink. For packaging, we will leverage Toyon's experience with antenna and receiver development for a guidance integrated fuse used on ballistically fired munitions. Our work will utilize Toyon's experience with custom antenna design and packaging. Both Toyon and JPL have significant experience with wireless communications and networking to ensure a successful design.

VOICE SIGNAL
150 presidential way, suite 150
woburn, MA 01801
(781) 970-5200

PI: Dr. Jordan Cohen
(781) 970-5200
Contract #: W31P4Q05C0203
Internation Computer Science Instit
1947 Center Street, Suite 600
Berkeley, CA 94704
(510) 666-2956

ID#: 05ST1-0010
Agency: DARPA
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 12SEP05
Title: A Portable Efficient Phrase Translation System
Abstract:   This proposal combines two technologies to create an efficient, effective translation device. We propose coupling commercially available cell phone basic technology from Voice Signal with approximate search from the International Computer Science Institute through an API on a portable device to demonstrate multi-lingual approximate phrase searching and translation on COTS devices.

---------- MDA ----------

APPLIED MATERIAL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, INC.
2309 Pennsbury Ct.
Schaumburg, IL 60194
(630) 372-9650

PI: Mr. M.S.Deshpande.
(630) 372-9650
Contract #:
University of Illinois-Chicago(UIC)
MicroPhysics Laboratory (MPL), 845 W. Taylor Street
Chicago, IL 60607
(312) 996-5092

ID#: B054-019-0036
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: Multifunctional Protective Coatings for Spacecraft Surfaces
Abstract:   The purpose of this STTR phase I proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing the survivable multi-functional engineered material systems for spacecraft surfaces at an affordable cost using the proposed novel material designs and processes. The objectives of these efforts are not only to demonstrate the technical feasibility, but also to illustrate that at least 50% cost savings for DOD's hardware can be feasible. The proposed STTR phase I efforts by AMS Engineering, Inc (AMSENG) and University of Illinois, Chicago (UIC)-Micro Physics Laboratory (MPL) are uniquely innovative and cost-effective because of team's investments in the IR&D efforts for the next generation material systems for space applications, especially towards the goal of providing high leakage current material systems for the robust survivability. The various material formulations, solid state chemistries and mesoporous zeolites were studied at AMSENG and MPL. MPL's efforts are in the areas of thin oxide films and towards the modification of one of the MBE unit to simulate spacecraft charging. These studies are the basis of the proposed efforts. Thus, the AMSENG-MPL team is in a unique position to undertake the proposed engineered material technology development efforts for the possible rapid completion and material insertion efforts during the phase II. The proposed efforts are to demonstrate the use of envisioned novel solid state chemistries that can provide the needed leakage current capabilities with required transparency or semi-transparency that can help to tailor the reflectance. Our efforts will evaluate the material systems concepts and processing concepts that can yield various mesoporous and transparent as well as semi transparent material systems as the generic material systems that can be used on various hardware for tailoring the required survivability and robustness through further doping. The feasibility proof on these material systems can help us to package them as tailored coatings for various bus structures and components for much needed robustness. We anticipate that the proposed multifunctionality engineering efforts can help us to formulate survivable and robust thermal control products, adhesives, transparent and semi-transparent active and passive charge mitigation coatings. A unique small effort is also proposed to avoid incorporation of solar absorption centers, while tailoring appropriate ESD function and percolation paths in the material system and tailoring the required total hemispherical diffuse reflectance through microstructural and temporal manipulation of the scattering centers for the needed space stability. Here the emphasis is only on the manipulation of pores as scattering centers through appropriate processing of mesoporous material system. The feasibility of in-situ incorporating nano-engineered electron donors also will be checked. Such a clever manipulation in the microstructure of the material systems may assist to neutralize solar flare protons and at the appropriate concentrations can enhance the survivability of the material system to the Directed Energy Weapons. The efforts clearly have aim to demonstrate that such multi-functional material system can not only assist in surface charge dissipation, but also can avoid deep charge deposition, while achieving the robustness.

AVYD DEVICES, INC.
2925 COLLEGE AVENUE, UNIT A-1
COSTA MESA, CA 92626-3905
(714) 751-8553

PI: Dr. Honnavalli R Vydyanath
(714) 751-8553
Contract #: W9113M05P0084
West Virginia University
PO Box 6315
Morgantown, WV 26506-6315
(304) 293-3998

ID#: B054-009-0042
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 09SEP05
Title: Development of a Radiation Hardened Multi-Color LWIR and VLWIR Focal Plane Array Technology
Abstract:   Our Phase I proposal addresses the demonstration of the feasibility to develop a radiation hardened technology for dual band HgCdTe Focal Plane Arrays which would include the LWIR/VLWIR wave bands of 7-14 micrometers and 14-18 micrometers. In Phase II, we plan to implement the approach to demonstrate VLWIR dual color detectors and Read Out ICs culminating in the demonstration of focal plane arrays with significantly improved radiation hardness.

COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC.
6210 Keller's Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947-2010
(215) 766-1520

PI: Mr. Donald C. Kenzakowski
(215) 766-1520
Contract #:
University of North Carolina
CB #3175, Department of Computer Science
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175
(919) 962-1749

ID#: B054-018-0104
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-018       Selected for Award
Title: Missile Plume Simulation Improvements Using GPU Chemical Kinetics Coprocessors
Abstract:   High-fidelity missile plume flowfield simulations of MDA interest require use of detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms, which significantly improve IR/UV/RCS/visible signature prediction but entail long solution runtimes for completion. These long runtimes result from the required iterative solution of large systems of stiff, non-linear chemical source terms at each CFD mesh point; this curtails their routine use for practical systems-level studies. The standard approach for improving runtime performance, using distributed massively parallel clusters, has limited speed-up capability since it relies on very fine-grained domain decompositions, which increase inter-processor communication overhead and introduce numerical boundary stiffness issues. Alternatively, Graphical Processor Units (GPUs) have several hardware features conducive to scientific computing applications and are better suited to directly solving chemical kinetics problems using innovative data parallel algorithms. In this manner, GPUs can be effectively programmed as "chemical reaction co-processors." Time involved with GPU data transfer and computation can coincide with tasks remaining on the CPU to effectively minimize wall-clock time dedicated to chemical specie source term evaluation and hence remove a major plume simulation bottlenecking issue.

DATAMAT SYSTEMS RESEARCH, INC.
1600 International Drive, Suite 110
McLean, VA 22102
(703) 917-0880

PI: Dr. Jerzy Bala
(703) 917-0880
Contract #:
Virginia Tech
Department of Computer Science, 7054 Haycock Road,
Falls Church, VA 22043
(703) 538-8373

ID#: B054-008-0190
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-008       Selected for Award
Title: 3D Interfaces for Improved Interpretation of Hard-To-Discriminate Ballistic Objects
Abstract:   This effort will propose the development of the techniques utilizing the stereo vision technology for creation of a 3D image combined with a 3D rendering of the target tracks and their associated ballistic objects. The main objective of the Phase I effort is to investigate and validate an integrated architecture to observe moving objects and visualize 3-D stereo images based on the data from two or more image sensors. The project will design and integrate a novel and real-time stereo-image matching technique, an efficient 3D scene reconstruction scheme, and an advanced visualization approach. The reconstructed 3D image will be embedded in a 3D graphical space that renders depictions of a target track and its associated ballistic objects. This Gestalt view combined with the user's capability for highly interactive interfacing with this visualization space will greatly improve interpretation processes for hard-to-discriminate targets.

ENTECH, INC.
1077 Chisolm Trail
Keller, TX 76248-7000
(817) 379-0100

PI: Mr. Mark O'Neill
(817) 379-0100
Contract #: W9113M05P0086
Auburn University
Space Research Institute, 231 Leach Center
Auburn University, AL 36849-5320
(334) 844-5894

ID#: B054-013-0114
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-013       Awarded: 08SEP05
Title: Radiation-Hardened Stretched Lens Array
Abstract:   Over the past six years, ENTECH, Auburn, NASA, and other organizations have developed a new space photovoltaic array called the Stretched Lens Array (SLA), which offers unprecedented performance (e.g., >80 kW/cu.m. stowed power, >300 W/sq.m. areal power, and >300 W/kg specific power in the very near term) and cost-effectiveness (>75% savings in $/W compared to planar high-efficiency arrays). SLA achieves these outstanding attributes by employing flexible Fresnel lenses for optical concentration (e.g., 8X), thereby minimizing solar cell area, mass, and cost. SLA's small cell size (85% less cell area than planar high-efficiency arrays) also allows super-insulation and super-shielding of the solar cells to enable high-voltage operation and radiation hardness in the space environment. Recent studies show that SLA offers a 3-4X advantage over competing arrays in end-of-life specific power for high-radiation NASA Exploration missions (solar electric propulsion tugs flying through the Earth's radiation belts multiple times). SLA offers these same advantages for DOD missions, especially those with very high radiation environments (natural and man-made). ENTECH and Auburn propose to develop a radiation-hardened version of SLA for DOD missions. This rad-hard SLA will offer unequaled performance for many future DOD missions, with widespread applicability to NASA and commercial missions as well.

EXQUADRUM, INC.
12130 Rancho Road
Adelanto, CA 92301-2703
(760) 246-0279

PI: Dr. Allan Dokhan
(760) 246-0279
Contract #:
The University of Texas at Austin
1 University Station, C2200
Austin, TX 78712-0292
(512) 589-4170

ID#: B054-006-0001
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Insensitive Munitions Technology
Abstract:   It is proposed to qualitatively and quantitatively investigate the `Bonfire' insensitive munition (IM) characteristics of solid rocket motors. The study will focus upon developing fundamental understanding of the transient heat transfer, heat flux and the overall thermal load to and through the motor case's various multi-layered materials at elevated temperatures up to solid propellant bondline ignition. The computational thermal model will incorporate the process of lateral and longitudinal heat transfer and temporal temperature distribution through the motor case as a consequence of both slow and fast cook-off. The modeling and simulation efforts will focus on a broad spectrum of case materials ranging from metals (e.g., steel, aluminum, titanium alloy, etc.) to composites (glass, Kevlar, graphite epoxy, carbon fibers, etc.). However, preliminary analysis has shown that careful case design and selection of composite materials have a good chance of greatly mitigating major IM scenarios. Consequently, modeling efforts will primarily focus upon composite motor cases and scalability from tactical to larger high-performance motors, for technical completeness the model development will also be applied to a broad spectrum of metal case materials.

GATR TECHNOLOGIES
3120 Leeman Ferry Road
Huntsville, AL 35801-5325
(256) 509-9348

PI: Mr. Paul A. Gierow
(256) 509-9348
Contract #:
South Dakota School of Mines
501 East St.Joseph
Rapid City, SD 57707-3995
(605) 394-1213

ID#: B054-021-0116
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Matched and Ultra-Low CTE Optical Materials
Abstract:   A new material and processing technology is proposed that will dramatically reduce the cost of manufacturing lightweight mirrors for optical test applications. Such precision mirrors are also required for surveillance, directed energy, and DoD-sponsored space programs. There is a significant amount of research devoted to developing materials and processes for space-born mirrors and ground test use. Carbon fiber mirrors and advanced ceramic (SiC) mirrors are being developed. These materials provide excellent stiffness to weight ratios and thermal stability. The principal problem with using these lightweight materials for mirrors is the difficulty of polishing and length of time it takes to achieve the optical quality surface finish and scale up to large diameters. GATR is proposing to demonstrate a process for depositing a very thin, optical-quality membrane layer to reduce the polishing step. The key elemental innovation is the use of an optically tolerant fabrication process using a specially developed polyimide which has a matched substrate CTE. These polyimides are cryogenic compliant and can be cast on flats, off-axis and on-axis mirrors. The STTR will investigate the possible use of ultra-low CTE membrane optics as well as matched CTE over layers on Aluminum of SiC unpolished surfaces.

INNOFLIGHT
12526 High Bluff Dr., Suite 300
San Diego, CA 92130
(858) 792-3427

PI: Mr. Jeffrey L. Janicik
(858) 792-3427
Contract #:
Naval Postgraduate School
Office of the Dean of Research, Halligan Hall
Monterey, CA 93943-5138
(831) 656-2099

ID#: B054-005-0173
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Targets for RADAR Calibration and Test of Advanced Discrimination Technologies and Concepts
Abstract:   Innoflight, Inc. in conjunction with the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, California, will investigate and analyze a low-cost nanosat bus to simulate a Ballistic Missile Defense Systems (BDMS) target by combining their experience designing and building affordable, high-performance small spacecraft. The DoD-sponsored NPS brings past and present experience with the PANSAT and NPSAT1 spacecraft. In addition to its successful smallsat flight experience, NPS offers extensive research, design labs, integration facilities and test resources. Innoflight specializes in microsat systems design and specializes in general avionics and communications systems. Innoflight has demonstrated experience with operational on-orbit spacecraft and established secure ground to space networks. The target nanosat Phase I STTR effort is focused on designing a low power, autonomous, three-axis stabilized nanosat capable of performing complex attitude maneuvers for the Ballistic Missile Defense System. The nanosat will offer an innovative and highly optimized systems design that will enable low-cost manufacturing and operations of multiple nanosats deployed from a single ESPA launch. The subsystems will be designed to avoid the traditional interface hardware which is currently used in integrating low-cost solutions resulting in a non-nominal design and increasing costs.

INNOVATIVE BUSINESSS SOLUTIONS, INC.
301 Concourse Boulevard, Suite 120
Glen Allen, VA 23059-5643
(727) 812-5555

PI: Mr. Greg Sjoquist
(727) 812-5555
Contract #: W9113M05P0081
Sandia National Lab
PO Box 5800, MS 0603
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0603
(505) 284-1209

ID#: B054-022-0146
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-022       Awarded: 17AUG05
Title: Small Form Factor, High Precision, High Bandwidth, Low Latency, Inertial Measurement Unit Based on Resonant Micro Optic Gyro (RMOG IMU)
Abstract:   Next generation missile interceptor seekers have migrated toward a strap-down seeker configuration, the IMU subsystems for these applications need to perform well under harsher environments, with respect to the gimbaled seeker systems of the past, due to the higher vibration and angular acceleration environments they will experience. The sensor package (IMU/INS) needs to maintain performance in a smaller package in order to address the unique requirements presented by an advanced seeker. Present day Interceptor-class IMU gyroscopes provide corrected angular rate information at up to 2000 hertz, with angular drift rates on the order of 1-3 degrees per hour. Smaller, lightweight, low cost inertial sensors that provide low-latency, corrected angular rate data at 20-30 kHz, with similar or improved angular drift rates are now within reach using a Resonant Micro Optic Gyro (RMOG) based system. In addition to the RMOG, the new IMU will utilize the state of the art in MEMS accelerometers and embedded processors. The advances in high density FPGA devices and their immediate availability will allow for user customizable functions to be incorporated into the IMU/INS device such as Line of Sight Stabilization (LOSS) and control and vehicle Guidance-Navigation & Control (GN&C) functions.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Dr. Chi-man Kwan
(301) 294-5238
Contract #: HQ000605C7277
Arizona State University
Depart of Computer Science , Ira A. Fulton School
Tempe, AZ 85287-8809
(480) 965-3190

ID#: B054-008-0112
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-008       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: Approach to Enhancing Target Discrimination via 3D Visualization without 3D Glasses
Abstract:   There are many factors that render automatic target recognition challenging. These include cluttered background, adverse weather and acquisition conditions, spatially closed targets, spectrally-matched decoys, and the limits on sensor resolution etc. One solution is to have a 3D display, which will help discriminate the targets. However, a major challenge in rectifying the sensor streams, i.e. to relate one image to the other on a pixel-by-pixel basis, is that the sensors are not calibrated, thus simply using standard stereoscopic vision algorithms will not generate accurate stereo images. Here we propose an algorithm for stereo image creation in real-time, and has very high accuracy due to the use of state-of-the-art algorithms developed recently by this team. The first step is that we apply Gabor filter to systematically select pixel points as features. This feature correspondence and tracking algorithm will minimize the impact of errors caused by uncalibrated cameras and cluttered background. Then an efficient algorithm for tracking the feature points in the subsequent frames is used. Thus potentially we can have a real-time algorithm that can run with stringent constraint of computational resources. Finally, we have an efficient algorithm to create a stereo image.

IRVINE SENSORS CORP.
3001 Redhill Avenue, Building #3-108
Costa Mesa, CA 92626-4532
(714) 444-8760

PI: Mr. John Leon
(714) 435-8920
Contract #: W9113M05P0083
North Carolina State University
PO Box 7914, 443 EGRC
Raleigh, NC 27695
(919) 515-7351

ID#: B054-010-0032
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-010       Awarded: 22AUG05
Title: Computer Network Defense Technologies
Abstract:   Irvine Sensors Corporation (ISC) together with North Carolina State University propose to develop a novel methodology using advance hardware stacking techniques to detect, mitigate, and track insider threats. Information gathered using this new methodology allows for tracking of insider threats across multiple system architectures that use Variable Message Formats (VMF) into a reconfigurable device. Accurate detection of insider threats is performed by the tracking all VMF used internal to the MDA architecture. Such activity involves the tracking of U.S. and allied network traffic "fused together" (within our device) to gain an understanding of traffic behavior during normal, active, and maintenance windows. This activity occurs off-line as to not affect the operations of the real-time network. Anomaly detection together with traditional signature detection work simultaneously to mitigate the risk of "false positives" and to ensure needed bandwidth when such threats arise. This new proposed methodology allows for human intervention on required threat assessments without creating information overload. Novel "statefull inspection" algorithms from North Carolina State University are to be implemented to protect forensic data from malicios tampering.

LGARDE, INC.
15181 Woodlawn Avenue
Tustin, CA 92780-6487
(714) 259-0771

PI: Mr. Gordon Veal
(714) 259-0771
Contract #:
University of California, Irvine
University of California
Irvine, CA 92697
(949) 824-5631

ID#: B054-005-0066
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Targets for RADAR Calibration and Test of Advanced Discrimination Technologies and Concepts
Abstract:   We are proposing to support the development of a daily, on-orbit, calibration test opportunity for BMDS assets. Our proposed system would include a conical vehicle, about 2 m long, and a spherical vehicle about 1 m in diameter. Phase 1 concentrates on the radar signature of such targets, and develops methods to tailor these signatures so that, in the future, IR and/or visible signatures could be controlled independently. Our partner, UCI, will concentrate on the development of simple radar signatures tools that are applicable to these geometries, and will support additional analysis and perform anechoic chamber testing in Phase 2. To drive down the cost of such targets, we are exploring deployable devices, primarily using inflation. Methods of inflating and then rigidizing the devices will be designed so that they can remain operational in orbit for months.

MAGNOLIA OPTICAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
52-B Cummings Park, Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801-2123
(781) 503-1200

PI: Dr. Ashok K. Sood
(781) 503-1200
Contract #: W9113M05P0087
Boston University
Center for Space Electronics, 725 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
(617) 353-7439

ID#: B054-009-0176
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 14SEP05
Title: Design and Development of Radiation Hardened ROIC for Multi-color LWIR/VLWIR Focal Plane Arrays
Abstract:   Radiation Hardened Multi-color infrared (IR) focal planes are required for MDA/SMDC systems applications . Key to meeting these system requirements is to develop multi-color radiation hardened HgCdTe focal plane arrays for LWIR band ( 7-14 microns) and VLWIR band with wavelength of greater than 14 microns with high pixel uniformity, reduced readout noise, improved resolution, and higher temperature of operation, to reduce cost and weight of these EO sensors. The objective of the proposed Phase I effort is to design Radiation Hardened ROIC for two color application in the 7-14 (LWIR) micron band and greater than 14 (VLWIR) micron band. The radiation hardened ROIC required for these multi-color LWIR and VLWIR applications will be designed with the use of 0.25 micron or 0.18 micron CMOS rad hard technology. Magnolia proposes simultaneous two-color readout with high frame rates. Magnolia proposes to evaluate designs for large dynamic range. We will also evaluate innovative circuit techniques and designs to meet the future MDA systems requirement. These designs will be hardened to handle prompt and persistent gamma, single events, and space radiation effects. Magnolia proposes to develop a radiation hardened ROIC design and demonstrate the feasibility by the end of Phase I.

MATERIALS RESEARCH & DESIGN
300 E. Swedesford Rd
Wayne, PA 19087-1858
(610) 964-6130

PI: Mr. Kent Buesking
(610) 964-6130
Contract #:
Southern Research Institute
757 Tom Martin Dr
Birmingham, AL 35211
(205) 281-2323

ID#: B054-002-0215
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-002       Selected for Award
Title: PROPULSION MATERIALS MODELING TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE AND REDUCE COST
Abstract:   MDA is developing materials for several applications including hypersonic missiles, ma-neuvering reentry vehicles, advanced solid rocket motors, and divert and attitude control sys-tems. All of these applications employ components that must operate at temperatures above 3000F. Viable structural materials for these conditions can be loosely grouped as graphite, ce-ramics (e.g. oxides, carbides), or refractory metals (e.g. tungsten, rhenium). Ceramics tend to exhibit attractive thermochemical stability but suffer from low ductility and poor thermal shock resistance. Refractory metals and graphite, on the other hand, perform better in a thermal shock environment but oxidize too rapidly to be useful even in short term applications. One material development approach that addresses these issues is to create a composite that combines the benefits of two constituents while accommodating their deficiencies. For ex-ample, a potentially attractive composite may employ a ductile metal reinforcement in a thermo-chemically stable ceramic matrix. The properties of such a composite can be tailored to meet the needs of the application by varying the properties, form, and volume fractions of the constitu-ents. The flexibility offered by composites, however, gives rise to a more complex design and development process. Composite properties will be anisotropic, temperature dependent, and nonlinear, and can occur in infinite combinations as the composition is adjusted. Applications of interest to MDA typically experience severe transient temperature fields and complex stress dis-tributions. While it is possible to identify generally attractive composite properties, it is nearly impossible to select the appropriate composition without understanding the interaction between the material and application. In short, MDA propulsion applications will benefit from refractory composite materials, but the development process is faced with an infinite number of potential material combinations coupled with complex design requirements. Therefore a pure "cut and try" approach is not technically sound or economically feasible. Fortunately there are analytical models that can guide the material development process. Micromechanical theories based on fundamental solutions of elasticity and plasticity can be used to compute the properties of refractory composites reinforced with particles, whiskers, or con-tinuous fibers. The predicted composite properties can be subsequently auditioned in ther-mostructural models of any MDA propulsion component. The computed results can be reviewed to select one or more attractive materials, identify the critical properties, and recommend a fabri-cation and testing plan. The goal of the proposed Phase I program will be to prove the feasibility of a modeling procedure that identifies attractive refractory composites for MDA propulsion ap-plications. The proposed program will be performed by a team of Materials Research & Design, a small business specializing in modeling of composites and propulsion materials, and Southern Research Institute, a non-profit research center well known for testing materials at high tempera-tures. The technical tasks will include 1) literature review, 2) micromechanical model develop-ment, 3) composite property prediction, 4) thermostructural analysis, 5) material property testing, and 6) data correlation. In Phase I the feasibility of the proposed approach will be tested by comparing predicted composite properties with measured data.

MAXION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
6525 Belcrest Road, Suite G60
Hyattsville, MD 20782
(301) 394-5675

PI: Dr. John D. Bruno
(301) 600-0232
Contract #:
State University of New York
State University of New York, at Stony Brook
Stony Brook, NY 11794
(631) 632-8397

ID#: B054-020-0229
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Interband Cascade Infrared Light Emitting Diodes for IR Scene Simulation
Abstract:   Maxion Technologies, in collaboration with a research team at The State University of New York at Stony Brook, proposes to adapt its interband cascade (IC) laser technology to create IR light-emitting-diode (LED) arrays that emit in the 3-5-micron spectral region and can meet necessary array performance requirements for IR scene projection. IC-based arrays will provide point and extended source emission with high-effective temperatures (>3000 K) and with sub-microsecond response times, allowing for IR scene simulations with high dynamic range, significantly improving MDA's ability to fully test and validate candidate infrared sensors and seekers.

MICROSAT SYSTEMS
8130 Shaffer Parkway
Littleton, CO 80127
(303) 285-1833

PI: Mr. Jeff Summers
(303) 285-5153
Contract #:
United States Air Force Academy
Room 1M149, 2355 Faculty Drive
US Air Force Academy, CO 80840
(719) 333-6734

ID#: B054-005-0041
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Low Cost, Encrypted Communication Link for MTS
Abstract:   This effort will develop an innovative, space-to-ground, encrypted comm system for a microsatellite target system used to calibrate ground and sea based radar assets. For less than $200K, this system will provide the user the versatility to locate and operate a dedicated ground station anywhere on the globe. It will full uplink and downlink encryption and transmit via a unified S-Band frequency.

NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC.
9380 SW 72nd Street, B-180
Miami, FL 33173-5460
(305) 275-6998

PI: Dr. Jame J. Yang
(305) 321-5288
Contract #:
University of Miami
1204 Dickson Drive, 37-A
Coral Gables, FL 33146-5215
(305) 284-4541

ID#: B054-003-0216
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: Wide Field of View Missile Sensor Capable of Spectral Discrimination
Abstract:   Long range missile sensors with capability of distinguish missiles from other flying tracks such as aircrafts and SAMs are crucial devices in missile defense systems. The capability of highly accurate angular detection of the missile along with three-component velocity determination is also important. Existing missile warning products cannot meet advanced missile defense requirements with these desired functionalities. It is preferred to develop innovative missile sensor with improvements in performance to cost ratio over existing products. New Span Opto-Technology Inc. proposes herein a novel compact background rejection hyperspectral missile sensor that is capable of discriminating ballistic missile propulsion plume from cluttered sunlight background and other type of flying tracks through its innovative spectral imaging approach. The sensor offers excellent background noise rejection, wide field of view, three-component velocity determination, and the capability of missile plume spectral evaluation using low cost imaging sensor array. Phase I will design and construct a proof-of-concept background rejection hyperspectral missile sensor and demonstrate its operation. The performance of the compact sensor will be optimized in Phase II to yield a practical device system ready to support military and commercial applications.

QED TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1040 University Ave.
Rochester, NY 14607-1239
(585) 256-6540

PI: Mr. Stephen O'Donohue
(585) 256-6540
Contract #: HQ0006057279
University of Alabama in Huntsville
400-K Optics Building
Huntsville, AL 35899
(256) 824-2526

ID#: B054-015-0200
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-015       Awarded: 29AUG05
Title: Low Cost Fabrication, Inspection and Test Methods for Hardened Satellite Optics
Abstract:   Optical systems are continually being designed to meet more difficult and challenging performance specifications and applications. Specifically, airborne and space optics are employing larger diameter surfaces with more stringent figure requirements. In order to meet these demands, individual optical surfaces are being given increasingly strict tolerances. The traditional peak-to-valley (PV) and root-mean-square (RMS) metrics are no longer sufficient for determining an optical surfaces' capability of performing in a given system. Instead, surfaces must meet specifications within given spatial frequency bands in addition to the typical PV and RMS requirements. As the frequencies of interest increase, the spatial resolution of the metrology instrument used must be able to accurately characterize features of this size. Likewise, the polishing process used to finish the optic must be able to address figure errors in the specified bands. Using stitching interferometry and fourier transform techniques, a new measurement system has been developed that effectively increases the spatial resolution of an interferometer with a given CCD. Magnetorheological finishing (MRFr) is a highly deterministic polishing technique that can correct "low" and "mid-spatial" frequency surface features. Integrating these two processes will enable fabricators to correct surface features of large optics that could not previously be resolved over the full aperture using a standard interferometer.

QUALLION LLC
12744 San Fernando Road, Building 4
Sylmar, CA 91342
(818) 833-2013

PI: Dr. Hisashi Tsukamoto
(818) 833-2002
Contract #:
University of South Carolina
901 Sumter St
Columbia, SC 29208
(803) 777-3270

ID#: B054-014-0207
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-014       Selected for Award
Title: Li Ion Base Battery Model
Abstract:   A base model will be developed for both lithium-ion cells and a battery of cells. All the important thermodynamic and transport phenomena occurring in an individual cell will be accurately characterized. In Phase I, we will determine the appropriate mathematical equations for the base cell model, determine accurate values for all the thermodynamic and transport parameters, and develop an efficient battery base model.

RINI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
3267 Progress Drive
Orlando, FL 32826-3230
(407) 384-7840

PI: Dr. Daniel P. Rini
(407) 384-7840
Contract #: HQ000605C7274
University of Central Florida
4000 Central Florida Blvd
Orlando, FL 32820
(407) 823-3666

ID#: B054-004-0054
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 31AUG05
Title: Passive Liquid/Vapor Separation Using an Inertia Driven Rotating Drum
Abstract:   We plan to develop a passive liquid/vapor phase separation technology that is based on a freely rotating drum. The drum can separate the liquid and vapor phases with less than 1% carryover for both. It is driven by the inertia of the incoming two-phase fluid and no power is needed. The rotation provides a centrifugal acceleration that is much larger than 10g. Thus the drum will function well in micro and variable gravity (up to 10g). The Phase I effort will start with testing an air/water separator to confirm our analysis and improve our current design. The separator performance will be evaluated in terms of carryover and pressure loss at different air/water compositions and flow rates. Based on these experiments, a phase separator will be designed for a 12-kW R134a cooling system. We will also assess the scalability to one MW heat load and include weight and volume estimates. In Phase II, the R134a phase separator will be built and will replace a gravity-dependent unit that is currently used at RTI. We will perform detailed analysis and extensive testing, including transient and steady state operations. Testing under various orientations, micro and variable gravity conditions will be considered as well.

SAN DIEGO COMPOSITES, LLC
9340 Hazard Way, Suite A3
San Diego, CA 92123
(858) 751-0450

PI: Mr. Josh Moore
(858) 751-0450
Contract #: W9113M05P0091
University of Delaware
Univeristy of Delaware
Newark, DE 19716-3144
(302) 831-0274

ID#: B054-009-0203
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-009       Awarded: 28AUG05
Title: Techniques For Radiation Hardening Including Electro-Optic Subsystems.
Abstract:   San Diego Composites (SDC) and the University of Delaware's Center for Composite Materials (UDCCM) have identified an opportunity to develop and demonstrate innovative techniques to fabricate integrally radiation hardened composite electronic housings for MDA interceptor electronics enclosures. The goal of this project is to develop materials and manufacturing methods for composite electronic enclosures that incorporate radiation shielding with minimal parasitic weight added. This will be accomplished by using low cost resin infusion and pre-preg composite manufacturing techniques to incorporate neutron and cold x-ray shielding material into the composite materials. High atomic number materials, such as gold, tantalum, tungsten or steel, are candidates for radiation shielding. These materials all provide effective shielding but at a significant weight penalty. Multiple shielding concept designs will be accomplished by radiation shielding analysis to maximize radiation shielding and minimize weight penalties. Different design philosophies will be used related to the placement of high Z materials in the composite to avoid high temperature failure and spallation when subjected to a radiation environment. Analyzed designs will be fabricated to provide samples for testing validation of mechanical, micro-structural and radiation shielding qualities. This program will show the benefits of lower part count and lower cost by incorporating radiation hardening into electronic housing structures instead of current nonstructural application of radiation shielding materials.

SENSORTEX
515 Schoolhouse Road
Kennett Square, PA 19348
(610) 444-2383

PI: Dr. William Biter
(610) 444-2383
Contract #:
The Johns Hopkins University
Applied Physics Lab, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road
Laurel, MD 20723-6099
(240) 228-0283

ID#: B054-019-0056
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: Multifunctional Applique for Spacecrafts
Abstract:   This program will develop an appliqu" based on a multi-layer film which will be conductive as well as possessing good optical properties (low A, high ݏ). The film will be designed to be highly resistant to the space environment. This white, conductive appliqu" will be easily applied to most external areas of the spacecraft. The appliqu" is expected to have multiple layers, each individually optimized. The outer layer will be a transparent conductor using embedded carbon nanotubes with the additional layers used for visual and LWIR control. In addition, the design also will provide contact points for electrical grounding between separately applied appliqu"s. This appliqu" will be fabricated as two separate designs. The more universal appliqu" will be a very thin film with a space-approved adhesive backing so it can be easily applied as a conformal layer to the spacecraft. A second system will be similar, but include an active control system based on the ESR. The ESR system has been shown to electrically switch the effective emissivity from .2 to .9. It is low power and lightweight and can be integrated into an appliqu" approach.

SINMAT, INC.
2153 Hawthorne Road, GTEC Center, Suite 106
Gainesville, FL 32641-7533
(352) 334-7237

PI: Dr. Rajiv Singh
(352) 392-1032
Contract #:
University of Florida
Department of Materials Engr, Rhines Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611
(352) 392-1032

ID#: B054-016-0136
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-016       Selected for Award
Title: Rapid,Single Atomic Step Mechano-chemical Polishing (MCP) of Silicon Carbide Wafers
Abstract:   Presently one of the outstanding challenges for rapid commercialization of SiC based device technology for high power/high frequency electronics is the affordable, volume production of damage-free, epi-ready 100 mm SiC wafers that exhibit single atomic steps (terraces). Sinmat Inc. in partnership with wafer manufacturers and the University of Florida propose to further develop a novel gentle mechano-chemical polishing (MCP) process for production of clean, epi-ready SiC wafers with atomic terraces. The MCP process is a unique sub-set of the chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) process and is characterized by the use of soft chemically active particles to induce oxidation of silicon carbide surfaces under appropriate chemical conditions. Furthermore, the relatively soft particles remove the film layer without damage to the underlying substrate. Initial experiments on polishing of silicon carbide have yielded extremely promising results. The PI for this project is Rajiv Singh (from the University of Florida and co-founder of Sinmat Inc), who is internationally recognized for his contributions in the CMP of electronic materials.

SPECTRAL SCIENCES, INC.
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803-3304
(781) 273-4770

PI: Dr. Matthew Braunstein
(781) 273-4770
Contract #:
Montana State University
Dept. of Chemistry & Biochem., Montana State University
Bozeman, MT 59717
(406) 994-5394

ID#: B054-017-0004
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-017       Selected for Award
Title: Full-spectrum Integrated Reaction Evaluation and Synthesis (FIRES)
Abstract:   Highly energetic chemical processes play a central role in many military and commercial applications. For example, spectral emissions from missile plumes, arising from high-velocity chemical interactions of exhaust gases with the atmosphere, are used to detect, track, and identify threat targets. Detailed, quantitative knowledge of the energy-dependent chemical reaction cross sections and rates is a critical requirement for modeling and exploiting these applications. No single source of laboratory, field experiment, or computational chemistry modeling data can fully and accurately characterize a chemical reaction over the very wide energy spectrum of concern. To address this challenging problem, we propose to develop a novel integrated approach to chemical reaction characterization. The approach, dubbed FIRES (Full-spectrum Integrated Reaction Evaluation and Synthesis), employs first principles computational chemistry methods as a means of interpolating and extrapolating the typically sparse tie points provided by laboratory and field experiments. The approach will combine thermal rate constant data, flight data, hyperthermal beam data, and results of computational chemistry modeling to create complete and consistent reaction mechanism data across a range of energies and in a form that will be especially relevant for plume signature simulation and other missile defense applications.

STARSYS RESEARCH
4909 Nautilus Ct. North
Boulder, CO 80301
(303) 530-1925

PI: Mr. Eric Ruhl
(303) 530-1925
Contract #:
UC Boulder
1234 Innovation Drive
Boulder, CO 80303
(303) 555-1212

ID#: B054-011-0016
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-011       Selected for Award
Title: Resilient/Non-sticking Exoatmospheric Seal Material/Mechanism
Abstract:   A current Exo-atmospheric Sensor utilizes an IR/Visible Sensor that does not require an external window to protect its telescope optics in the vacuum of space. However, it does require a cover or `lens cap' to protect the system while stored and during flight before it reaches an airless environment. A seal mechanism must be incorporated in the design of the cover to completely protect the sensitive components of the sensor from the surrounding environment while the system is awaiting deployment. In recent years, some space sensor systems (Chandra-ACIS, Alexis, Mars Observer PMRR) have encountered cover release problems attributable to seal adherence, either in flight or in test. To avoid this type of catastrophic failure in an Exo-atmospheric Sensor, an innovative seal material or combination of material(s)/mechanism(s) with the desired seal and release characteristics must be developed. Starsys Research Corporation (SRC) specializes in the development and commercialization of all-metal seal technology. SRC developed an all-metal seal for the on-orbit transfer of cryogenic fluids and fuels under a previous SBIR. SRC proposes adapting this all-metal seal technology to the exo-atmospheric cover seal. The proposed Phase I effort will provide a PDR-level design of the cover seal with key performance criteria verified at the prototype level. Design, manufacture, and test shall be a collaborative effort between SRC and the University of Colorado.

TECHSOURCE, INC.
1418 Luisa St., Ste. 1
Santa Fe, NM 87505
(505) 988-1726

PI: Mr. James E. Stovall
(505) 988-1726
Contract #:
Indiana University
2401 Milo B. Sampson Ln.
Bloomington, IN 47405-1201
(812) 856-1458

ID#: B054-001-0077
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-001       Selected for Award
Title: Advanced Simulator for Neutron Induced Single Event Effects (SEE) in Electronics
Abstract:   We propose to study the development of a dedicated neutron source for Single Event Effects (SEE)to be collocated and intregrated with an existing neutron source (LENS)at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (IUCF). The study will maximize use of existing facilities to maximize the cost/benefit for the SEE neutron source.

TOUCHSTONE RESEARCH LABORATORY, LTD.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059-9707
(304) 547-5800

PI: Mr. Brian L. Gordon
(304) 547-5800
Contract #:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and
460 Turner Street, Suite 306
Blacksville, VA 24061-0170
(540) 231-5281

ID#: B054-006-0128
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Metal Matrix Composite Insensitive Munitions Technology
Abstract:   The overall objective of the proposed effort is to develop a solid rocket motor case based on metal matrix composites that will support compliance with insensitive munitions (IM) requirements while maintaining or increasing rocket motor performance. The Phase I effort will focus on developing physics-based models and designs of IM-compliant metal matrix composite solid rocket motor cases. Phase II activities will further demonstrate and validate the model predictions and IM case technology developed in Phase I and address scaling issues. During Phase III, the technology and methods developed during the prior phases will be implemented into solid rocket motors that are required to be IM compliant.

VEGA WAVE SYSTEMS, INC.
1275 West Roosevelt Road, Suite 112
West Chicago, IL 60185-4815
(630) 562-9433

PI: Dr. Alan R. Sugg
(630) 562-9433
Contract #: W9113M05P0095
University of Notre Dame
Dept of Electrical Engineering, 261 Fitzpatrick Hall
Notre Dame, IN 46556
(574) 631-5693

ID#: B054-012-0187
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-012       Awarded: 31AUG05
Title: Low-Cost, High-Power Transmit/Receive Modules for X-band Radars
Abstract:   In this STTR Phase I project Vega Wave Systems, Inc. will develop and demonstrate III-V native-oxide defined InGaP-GaAs heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) for integrated X-band radar transmit/receive modules. The Phase I objective is to leverage prior demonstrations of III-V native oxide defined HBTs in order to achieve high device performance for both power amplifier (PA) and low-noise amplifier (LNA) X-band radar applications in a common heterostructure. The design is expected to result in a new approach capable of achieving high performance in an inherently low-cost device process. Prototype oxide-defined InGaP heterojunction bipolar transistors will be designed, fabricated and delivered in Phase I that have been optimized for LNA and PA applications. The devices will be characterized and modeling parameters will be extracted from the characterization results. Preliminary low noise amplifier and power amplifier designs will be evaluated using the models obtained for the transistors. In Phase II the technology will be optimized for performance, extended to higher levels of integration, and applied to monolithically-integrated transmit/receive module designs.

WRIGHT MATERIALS RESEARCH CO.
1187 Richfield Center
Beavercreek, OH 45430-1120
(937) 431-8811

PI: Dr. Seng C. Tan
(937) 431-8811
Contract #:
The University of Texas at Austin
P.O. Box 7726
Austin, TX 78713-7726
(512) 471-6424

ID#: B054-006-0091
Agency: MDA
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Foamed Composite Cases for Solid Rocket Motors with Insensitive Munitions
Abstract:   For missile and rockets, any accident during transportation, normal handling, routine operations, or as the result of terrorist or battle stimuli can be devastating. Most rocket motor cases are fabricated from metal alloys. Recent studies have shown that fiber-reinforced polymeric composite cases for tactical and strategic rocket motors applications can significantly enhance their performance by great gains in strength/stiffness to weight ratios, ballistic resistant, corrosion resistant, and more favorable reactions to insensitive munitions stimuli. In this Phase I STTR project Wright Materials Research Co. will team up with University of Texas at Austin and ATK Thiokol to fabricate, model, and test a new design of lightweight composite case for MDA's insensitive munitions applications. In particular, we will develop and manufacture a prototype section of a solid rocket case, develop a modeling capability, and correlate the predictions with experimental results including heat transfer (insulation), internal pressure loading, and the scalability of the composite case technology. In addition to all the advantages offer by composite technology, the proposed novel design of motor case also will greatly improve the vibration and impact resistant capabilities, and will significantly reduce thermal stimuli to the munitions. Our preliminary studies have evidenced the ballistic resistant, thermal insulation, and lightweight characteristics. If successfully developed, the proposed lightweight composite motor cases would have an immediate niche market in missiles, rockets, and the shipping and transportation of explosives.

---------- NAVY ----------

21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC.
12152 Windsor Hall Way
Herndon, VA 20170-2359
(402) 212-7474

PI: Mr. Roger Meisinger
(402) 505-7894
Contract #:
University of Nebraska, Omaha
EAB 203 , 6001 Dodge Street
Omaha, NE 68182-0210
(402) 554-2286

ID#: N054-019-0260
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: Collective Agents Interpolative Integral (CAII)
Abstract:   In the realm of asymmetric threat detection, it is imperative to spot suspicious indicators in the ever-growing volume, variety, and complexity of data. It is recognized that quick detection of threats at the planning, attempting, and line formation stages is key and intelligence is crucial to defeating an insurgency. While many activities/events seem legitimate in isolated view, they are not when combined. 21st Century Systems, Inc., in conjunction with the University of Nebraska at Omaha, is pleased to propose to research a systems engineering approach to attack the problems of level 2 and 3 data fusion. Our system concept and methodology is called Collective Agents Interpolative Integral (CAII). The CAII system will perform a synergistic integration of different inference processes on data from different intelligence (SIGINT, HUMINT, IMINT, etc.) and sensor resources, to provide warfighters with a real time asymmetric threat detection capability. The approach enables "connecting the dots" by representing both data and patterns as tagged entities in a multi-model inference space. The CAII functional components developed in this research can act to assist human analysts in understanding what is going on in situations again terror attacks and insurgency in urban environments.

21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
4515 Seton Center Parkway, Suite 320
Austin, TX 78759-5731
(512) 342-0010

PI: Dr. James Snyder
(512) 342-0010
Contract #:
Calspan-UB Research Center
4455 Genesee Street
Buffalo, NY 14225
(716) 631-6968

ID#: N054-019-0065
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: APEX: Adaptive and Peripheral surveillance fusion Engine
Abstract:   It is computationally infeasible to implement a complete Level 2/3-fusion solution that has detailed knowledge of all parts of an area of interest all the time. A staged approach is needed where the first stage implements a real time peripheral vision sensor analysis to identify asymmetric threats. The second stage implements a "foveal vision" sensor analysis that identifies, links and validates asymmetric threats computed in the first stage. In this Phase I effort, named APEX (Adaptive and Peripheral surveillance fusion Engine), The State University of New York at Buffalo and 21st Century Technologies Inc. propose this two stage approach to address the adaptive persistent/persistent surveillance problem.  SUNY Buffalo's persistent surveillance fusion technology, INFERD (Information Fusion Engine for Real-Time Decision Making), contains real time fusion capabilities that flags asymmetric activities of interest by geo-spatial grid. Thus, INFERD acts as a "peripheral vision" capability to the level 2/3 fusion problem. Because INFERD operates at the millisecond level, there is no validation step.  When potentially interesting events are detected by INFERD, 21st Century Technologies' TMODS (Terrorist Modus Operandi Detection System) validates and link activities of interest across multiple geo-spatial coordinates, and if appropriate, forwards the interesting activity to an I&W database.

3 PHOENIX, INC.
9607 Jomar Drive
Fairfax, VA 22032-2014
(571) 331-9431

PI: Mr. John M. Jamieson
(919) 368-0212
Contract #:
North Carolina A&T State University
Dept. Electrical/Computer Eng
Greensboro, NC 27411
(336) 334-7348

ID#: N054-020-0189
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Wireless Sensing for Survivable Machinery Control
Abstract:   The opportunity presented is to develop a robust innovative shipboard wireless network architecture capable of communication among "intelligent" components within a machinery control system. Significant cost savings can be realized in ship installation if the resultant network is capable of operation within, through, and around multiple steel compartments, bulkheads, and obstructions. The evaluation and development of a scalable hybrid fiber wireless system will enable Future Naval Capabilities to realize a highly automated ship necessary to attain manning reduction goals. State of the art control and automation systems impart distributed control as opposed to centralized architectures. Each control node is an "intelligent" autonomous device that is a member of a logical group capable of inter-node communications. Nodes share information to facilitate independent control. The architecture developed under this Phase I will significantly reduce the network installation cost, the overall system weight, provide a highly survivable control system, and enable technology insertion of the new system on existing platforms.

3 PHOENIX, INC.
9607 Jomar Drive
Fairfax, VA 22032-2014
(571) 331-9431

PI: Dr. Russell J. Jeffers
(703) 795-8574
Contract #:
Penn State University
Graduate Program in Acoustics, 218-B Applied Science Bldg
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-7145

ID#: N054-030-0190
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-030       Selected for Award
Title: Vector Sensor Array for Torpedo Defense
Abstract:   For the problem of torpedo detection, classification and localization, acoustic vector sensors provide the capability for significant performance improvement. In particular, acoustic vector sensors are inherently directional. Vector sensors are generally defined as co-located pressure sensors and directional displacement, velocity, or acceleration sensors (all are generally referred to as velocity sensors). Moreover, vector sensors can provide unambiguous bearing in a linear array configuration. The ability to provide unambiguous bearing localization is important for torpedo defense. 3 Phoenix proposes novel signal processing technology for the suppression of interference and noise on a linear array of vector sensors. It is expected that the technology developed under this STTR will provide a quantum improvement in torpedo detection and localization.

ADVANCED MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INC.
176 Waltham Street
Watertown, MA 02472-4800
(617) 926-6700

PI: Mr. Charles L. Hannon
(617) 926-6700
Contract #:
Massachusetts Institute of Technolo
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Office of Sponsored Programs
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
(617) 324-6491

ID#: N054-021-0047
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Wave Energy Harvesting to Power Unmanned Surface Vehicles
Abstract:   Recent world events have highlighted the need for timely and accurate intelligence data to assess threats and combat terror. An unmanned surface vehicle (USV ) can potentially perform intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) missions, provide force protection, hunt for mines in coastal waters or harbors, and provide port security. USVs under development by the Navy are powered by the combustion of logistics fuel which limits the potential range and duration of a mission. For ISR missions it is desired for USVs to have nearly unlimited range and mission duration, so it is necessary to develop a power source of nearly unlimited availability. The oceans are an energy-rich environment with the potential to scavenge energy from wave motion and the sun. The proposed energy scavenging (ES) system will make use of high-efficiency commercially available solar cells as well as a wave energy harvesting technique long used in navigational buoys. The periodic motion of an oscillating water column (OWC) is used to compress an air volume that generates an audible signal, or whistle, in a manner similar to a pipe organ. The basic OWC principle has been successfully demonstrated in both shore line and open water devices to generate electrical power.

ADVANCED POWDER SOLUTIONS
10010 Cucklebur
Houston, TX 77095
(661) 373-1729

PI: Mr. Dean Baker
(661) 373-1729
Contract #:
Ohio State University
156 Hitchcock Hall
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 432-8671

ID#: N054-006-0209
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Exploratory Development of Functionally Graded Nano-Composite (FGNC) for Gear Applications
Abstract:   Recent attempts at improvements in V-22 gear life have focused on coatings over existing gear materials (for ex. DLC on Pyrowear 0053, or others), unfortunately for various reasons (interface failure, high contact stress, thermal expansion mismatch, etc.) these materials have never made an impact on the V-22 program or made it into Textron-Bell Helicopter's materials insertion programs. Currently, V-22 gears are made of low-carbon, low-alloyed steel that are manufactured, machined and then carburized (case hardened) at the gear surface to achieve a tempered martensitic case structure with the appropriate surface hardness, while maintaining the internal hardness, strength and toughness required for the gear performance. Recent advances in metal matrix composite fabrication now allow for the creation of functionally graded nano-composites with similar properties and performance. The increae in performance will provide increased powder density, reduced life cycle cost, operate at higher temperatures, decrease V-22 vehicle weight by reducing gear weight and the oil reserve required. The Advanced Powder Solution's team of experts in this area- will provide a significant effort in finding suitable replacements to provide the desired increase in power density.

AEPTEC MICROSYSTEMS, INC.
700 King Farm Boulevard, Suite 600
Rockville, MD 20850
(301) 670-6779

PI: Mr. Willis Drake
(301) 670-6779
Contract #:
The Pennsylvania State University
Applied Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 863-3991

ID#: N054-020-0390
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Wireless Sensing for Survivable Machinery Control
Abstract:   With the advancements and proliferation of wireless voice and data communications, there is a logical extension of these technologies to machinery monitoring and control systems. Typically, data communications occur over twisted pairs or fiber optic media. In a highly automated ship for reduced manning goals, the infrastructure to support these automation schemes may be difficult to implement given the survivability requirements. A WLAN with 802.11 technology provides redundant, 100% connectivity needed to support ship-wide device-level networking. However, under emergency conditions, such as a weapons strike, fire, or flooding, some portions of the network may become unusable, isolated, or destroyed. Backup means of providing wireless connectivity across bulkheads is needed. This backup connectivity could provide for re-establishment of communication between device level control components in the damaged area and the ship's control and monitoring networks, as well as establish voice communication between damage control personnel inside the compartment and the rest of the ship. . This SBIR response proposes the evaluation of two methods of through bulkhead communication that could be integrated with wireless technology. One option uses a piezoelectric device, mounted on each side of a bulkhead, to provide a coupling across the bulkhead. Another approach develops a hybrid wireless / power line carrier communication system.

ALTEX TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
244 Sobrante Way
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
(408) 328-8302

PI: Dr. Mehdi Namazian
(408) 328-8303
Contract #:
The Pennsylvania State University
206 Hosler Building
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-4466

ID#: N054-016-0368
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-016       Selected for Award
Title: Person Portable JP-8 Fueled Fuel Cell-Power Generator (PJF-Gen)
Abstract:   Altex Technologies, a small business entity, and Pennsylvania State University (PSU), a research organization, have teamed up under this STTR program to develop the innovative Person Portable JP-8 Fueled Fuel Cell-Power Generator (PJF-Gen). The 500-1000 watts PJF-Gen system will be light and compact, the size of a lunch box, and will reliably operate on JP-8 with fast startup, allowing for individual users to carry it on them and utilize it in remote locations. This is achieved by using the commercially available high temperature PEM fuel cells and an innovative compact reforming method that reliably converts JP-8 to a reformate suitable for these fuel cells. Under the Phase I, analysis and testing will be used to develop and demonstrate the innovative PJF-Gen system design and packaging concepts. Tests will include both the innovative reforming method with actual JP-8 and fuel cell testing. These activities will provide the basis for building and demonstrating a prototype PJF-Gen under Phase II.

APPLIED EM, INC.
24 Research Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
(757) 224-2035

PI: Dr. C. J. Reddy
(757) 224-2035
Contract #:
The Ohio State University
The Ohio State University, 1320 Kinnear Road
Columbus, OH 43212
(614) 292-4903

ID#: N054-002-0199
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-002       Selected for Award
Title: Non-Planar GPS Receiving Antenna
Abstract:   Providing accurate PVT (Position, Velocity and Time) information is very critical for systems like Joint Precision Approach and Landing System (JPALS). JPALS is a key component enabling U.S. military forces to be highly mobile and capable of "rapid response" on a global basis to a wide range of military scenarios. JPALS must remain operational throughout a range of threat environments, and with performance requirements tailored to supporting a highly mobile force at all locations, including an austere forward operating area worldwide. In addition of the weak signal power from GPS satellites, JPALS-equipped aircraft are expected to operate in the presence of significant radio frequency interference (RFI) and low elevation look angles of GPS satellites. To address this issue, Applied EM is proposing an innovative non-planar GPS antenna array solution with advanced adaptive signal processing techniques. This novel design will provide anti-jamming protection against low elevation angle jammers and maintain reception at the same time to provide highly accurate navigation results.

APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP.
2 State Street, Suite 300
New London, CT 06320-6356
(860) 440-3253

PI: Dr. William Milewski
(860) 440-3253
Contract #:
Penn State ARL
P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 863-3991

ID#: N054-029-0296
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-029       Selected for Award
Title: Low Drag, Underwater Acoustic Source for Sea Surface-based Mine Sweeping
Abstract:   A critical design feature for a towed mine countermeasure platform is low drag. In this STTR we propose to integrate an efficient acoustic source within a low drag body to perform influence mine sweeps behind an unmanned surface vehicle. To develop the optimum system a trade-study is proposed during Phase I to examine electronically-powered transducers and novel hydroacoustic concepts. The transducer design will be capable of radiating high levels of energy into the surrounding fluid within the design envelope. For the hydroacoustic option, different mechanisms of cavitation will be examined for the hydroacoustic source to accurately mimic a ship signature. Numerical techniques will be used to develop the hydrodynamic shape of the towed body that will minimize the overall drag. A key component of the system is that it will be designed to easily integrate into the Navy's current mine countermeasure platforms, providing immediate benefits.

APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP.
2 State Street, Suite 300
New London, CT 06320-6356
(860) 440-3253

PI: Dr. Bruce Abraham
(860) 440-3253
Contract #:
University of Washington APL
1100 N.E. 45th Street, Suite 300
Seattle, WA 98105-6613
(206) 543-4043

ID#: N054-030-0289
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-030       Selected for Award
Title: Vector Hydrophone Torpedo Defense Array
Abstract:   An advanced vector hydrophone towed array is proposed for surface ship torpedo defense applications. Vector hydrophone promise to provide much-needed array gain in aperture-constrained systems. The additional gain results in significant increases in detection ranges and/or decreases in false alarm rates. A physics-based vector sensor array simulator will be developed in a modular architecture. The modules will be specialized for vector hydrophones and include target propagation modeling, noise contributions from electronic, flow, ambient, and own-ship, vector hydrophone calibration mismatches, beamforming, and detection and localization. The primary emphasis will be on beamforming, detection, and localization enhancements optimized for vector hydrophone arrays. A new intensity beamformer will be explored to determine its array gain and detection performance. Multiple target detection and localization using a vector sensor array will also be investigated. The simulator will be used to develop candidate array designs for a Phase II demonstration.

APTIMA, INC.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 496-2415

PI: Mr. Michael Linegang
(202) 842-1548
Contract #:
University of Iowa
2130 Seamans Center, Dept. of Mechanical and Indust
Iowa City, IA 52242
(319) 335-3899

ID#: N054-017-0279
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-017       Selected for Award
Title: Mission Displays for Autonomous Systems (MiDAS)
Abstract:   We propose producing the MiDAS (Mission Displays for Autonomous Systems) interface designed to exploit existing automation capabilities of unmanned vehicles and improve future user interfaces in unmanned vehicles using an automated control system. Our technical approach features an innovative concept: using a Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) approach to provide the structure for our design of the MiDAS interface so that it is invariant across different types of unmanned vehicles. This analysis would include an assessment of existing automation technologies for unmanned vehicle systems in order to map those parameters of human decision-making to data input requirements and data output capabilities of developed automation technologies. Phase I will consist of four tasks: 1) a Cognitive Work Analysis of the IA system interface; 2) a definition of the UxV operator requirements; 3) a prototype MiDAS interface design; 4) evaluation of the MiDAS interface, and 5) a plan to apply multi-modality to the UI (option task). In Phase II, the prototype MiDAS interface will be further developed for functioning in a more dynamic and unstructured environment, and integrated into a medium-fidelity simulation environment coupled with sufficient autonomy components to evaluate its functioning.

ARC SECOND, INC.
44880 Falcon Place, Suite 100
Dulles, VA 20166
(703) 435-5400

PI: Mr. Thomas Hedges
(703) 435-5400
Contract #:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
625 Whittemore Hall, Mail Stop 0111
Blacksburg, VA 24061
(540) 231-6681

ID#: N054-004-0413
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-004       Selected for Award
Title: Low-cost, Position Indicator for Nondestructive Inspection C-Scanning
Abstract:   Arc Second, Inc, of Dulles, Virginia, has developed a high accuracy 3-D measurement system that is ideally suited to the location of non-destructive inspection tools. The system uses small infra-red laser transmitters that create rotating fan beams, and lightweight measurement sensors that can readily be attached to any tool. The system can be used indoors or outdoors at ranges up to 50 m. At a distance of 30 m from the transmitters, the system has been demonstrated to be accurate to better than 1.0 mm RMS with stationary sensors. This accuracy significantly exceeds the accuracy of 0.1 inch (2.5 mm) requested in this proposal, over an area that is 2,500 times larger than the required 2 ft x 2 ft area. High accuracy measurements can be made at a rate of one or two per second, and at higher rates with slightly reduced accuracy.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
(703) 413-0290

PI: Dr. Clayton Roy Chinn
(703) 413-0290
Contract #:
University of Washington
University of Washington, APL, 1013 NE 40th Street
Seattle, WA 98105-6698
(206) 543-7836

ID#: N054-011-0089
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-011       Selected for Award
Title: Construct a Comprehensive Model of Radar Scattering from the Ocean Surface
Abstract:   Current models do not include realistic representations of sea spike generators, such as breaking or near-breaking waves. This STTR proposal will address this short-coming by developing realistic physical models of sea spike generation and incorporating these models into existing state-of-the-art hydrodynamics and radar scattering models. By overcoming a major hurdle, this work will represent a major step towards the goal of a comprehensive rigorous model of radar scattering from the ocean surface.

ARETE ASSOC.
P.O. Box 6024
Sherman Oaks, CA 91413
(703) 413-0290

PI: Mr. Guy J. Farruggia
(703) 413-0290
Contract #:
Penn State ARL
P.O. Box 30, N. Atherton Street
State College, PA 16804
(814) 865-1811

ID#: N054-027-0230
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-027       Selected for Award
Title: Expendable Oceanographic Sensing System
Abstract:   Aret Associates and the Applied Research Laboratory of the Pennsylvania State University (ARL) are collaborating to develop a sensor/communications capability to aid the Navy gain much needed oceanographic data in denied areas. The plan is to design and demonstrate an expendable, in-situ sensor package that will measure several ocean parameters autonomously and covertly, record the data, and later transmit the data via an integral communications module. The communications module will rise to the surface to transmit its data via satellite to a base station. The sensor package will be a moored package, and it will be lightweight enough to be carried in by a diver, dropped from and aircraft, or deployed from a ship or an autonomous vehicle. In Phase I, ARL will develop the communications link and will test it with an Aret-developed sensor to show a proof of concept.

ASPEN AEROGELS, INC.
30 Forbes Road, Building B
Northborough, MA 01532
(508) 691-1150

PI: Dr. Wendell Rhine
(508) 481-5052
Contract #:
University of Washington
Box 352250
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-6181

ID#: N054-015-0364
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-015       Selected for Award
Title: Spray Deposition of Aerogels as Thermal Barriers
Abstract:   The innovation addressed in this proposal is an aerogel-based thermal barrier.. Applied with a proprietary process to the nose tip and leading edges of the control surfaces, this ultra-thin barrier can provide enough thermal resistance to blunt the severe temperature spike due to aero-thermal heating in the first few seconds after launch. This will maintain the shell's skin temperature be-low the limit value, preserving structural and aerodynamic integrity. Downrange, as the projectile decelerates into less extreme flight conditions, the aerogel further limits the integrated heat soak, thereby protecting the payload and other internal components. In this way, Aspen's thermal coatings would enable the US Navy to capture the range, lethality, and time-to-target advantages offered by hypervelocity projectiles and missiles. During the proposed program, Aspen Aerogels (Northborough, MA) will work with its academic partner to develop this concept. As the industry leader in commercial aerogel products, Aspen will concentrate on the aerogel chemistry. The academic partner will leverage its unique analytical and experimental capabilities to evaluate the system`s performance under realistic conditions of aerothermal heating and mechanical shock.

BARBER-NICHOLS, INC.
6325 West 55th Avenue
Arvada, CO 80002
(303) 421-8111

PI: Mr. Dave Lowe
(303) 421-8111
Contract #:
Applied Resrearch Laboratory
P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16803
(814) 865-3415

ID#: N054-024-0085
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-024       Selected for Award
Title: Hybrid Propulsion Systems for Undersea Weapons
Abstract:   Leveraging existing Simulation Based Design and Multidisciplinary Optimization (SBD / MDO) analyses, optimal hybrid torpedo configuration(s) will be developed. Engineering analyses will be performed on a new chemical oxygen storage and delivery concept and turbomachinery for the hybrid propulsion system. Analysis performed will result in component performance metrics that will be used in system optimization programs. The collaboration between organizations is facilitated through an ESB (Engineering Services Broker), that will provide access to computer programs, spreadsheets, and other applications that both reside and run on host computer(s) at the research institution and small business involved. The framework provides functionalities for integrating multiple applications, including those requiring human mediation. The selected optimized concept will be tested in a brassboard configuration in Phase II.

BENTHOS, INC.
49 Edgerton Drive
North Falmouth, MA 02556
(508) 563-1000

PI: Mr. Dale Green
(508) 563-1000
Contract #:
University of Pennsylvania
Office of Research Services, P221 Franklin Bldg/6205; 3451
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 573-6710

ID#: N054-022-0243
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-022       Selected for Award
Title: Underwater Acoustic Communications
Abstract:   This proposal is concerned with the development of very long range acoustic communications (acomms) with submerged submarines with towed arrays . To achieve long ranges, we must move down from our conventional signaling above 10 kHz, to a frequency regime which imposes little attenuation on the signals. Based upon the availability of an extensive, well-documented long-range sonar data base, we propose using the Very Low Frequency band (e.g., below perhaps 200 Hz). The sonar data supports the estimation of channel scattering functions, which will be used explicitly to "channelized" telemetry waveforms by simulation. We will evaluate telemetry performance of these "received" waveforms.

BENTHOS, INC.
49 Edgerton Drive
North Falmouth, MA 02556
(508) 563-1000

PI: Mr. Paul D. Fucile
(508) 289-2622
Contract #:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Inst.
Route 28
Woods Hole, MA 02543-1050
(508) 289-2622

ID#: N054-026-0215
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-026       Selected for Award
Title: A Profiling Bioluminescence Sensor for use in the Coastal Ocean
Abstract:   Collecting and understanding marine bioluminescence (BL) distribution data is an important Navy requirement for strategic operations. Bioluminescence profile, spatial distribution, and temporal data can be used to understand the vulnerability of covert operations or to determine the detection threshold of hostile forces. Additionally, the low-cost collection and cataloging of this information will enhance Naval and scientific communities' understanding of BL behavior for predictive purposes. This proposal describes a unique design concept that allows fast, inexpensive, and accurate collection of BL data. Based on a design developed at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Benthos Inc., a world leader in the production of oceanographic equipment in collaboration with WHOI, offer this proposal to develop the Expendable Bathy-Photometer (XBPM). The Navy standard in use for collecting BL information, HIDEX (High Intake Defined Excitation Bathy-Photometer) is unsuitable and cost prohibitive for high speed and repetitive measurements. The XBPM will be small, economical (under $1000), lightweight, and deployable by one person allowing for rapid deployment from a moving vessel (ship, small boat, helicopter, etc.). The data returned will offer adequate detail and can be related to previous HIDEX observations. The XBPM will also be available in an affordable (under $10,000) recoverable version for training or when station keeping is permitted. Both versions will be described here with the intent to produce the recoverable device in Phase II of the STTR.

BRAINLIKE SURVEILLANCE RESEARCH, INC.
1081 Camino del Rio South, Suite 209
San Diego, CA 92108
(619) 299-5139

PI: Dr. Robert J. Jannarone
(619) 299-5139
Contract #:
Georgia Institute of Technology
Bunger Henry Building, Rm 192
Atlanta, GA 30332-0250
(404) 385-2885

ID#: N054-025-0216
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-025       Selected for Award
Title: Clutter Removal and Substantially Improved Submarine and Mine Detection Through Affordable
Abstract:   Magnetic detection of submarines, mines and other objects of interest has continued to improve in both sensitivity of the sensors and reduction in the complexity and cost of sensor devices. Sensors alone, regardless of how far science is able to improve their abilities, will not solve the problem. The Navy will have to find processing solutions capable of quickly and cost-effectively highlighting objects of interest from magnetic sensor information. Brainlike Surveillance Research, Inc, proposes to develop a novel estimation system that adapts sensor data for improved target identification -- automatically, efficiently, and adaptively. Output from the system shows anomalies clearly, removes background clutter effectively, adapts to changing conditions automatically, and improves results from complementary classifiers substantially. The proposed system will run a novel, efficient kernel algorithm that learns baseline parameters and correlations automatically and continuously. The kernel operates efficiently, to the point of being deployable on remote sensor arrays. Along with the proposed system, Brainlike offers novel analysis methods that focus on increasing target identification rates, reducing false alarms, and automating the analysis process, resulting in reduced costly incidents, false alarm costs, and staffing requirements.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555
(617) 491-3474

PI: Ms. Karen A. Harper
(617) 491-3474
Contract #:
MIT
77 Massachusetts Ave , 33-305
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 252-1512

ID#: N054-017-0138
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-017       Selected for Award
Title: Plan Understanding for Mixed-initiative control of Autonomous systems (PUMA)
Abstract:   Future naval operations in the littoral environment will make use of unmanned vehicles to support a range of operations, including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and mine warfare. Many challenges that arise in pursuing such capabilities are rooted in the need for effective communication between human operators and autonomous mission planning/execution systems, such that the human operator can clearly and rapidly understand mission plans generated by autonomous systems, and interact with those systems decisively. To address this need, we propose an iterative design, development, and evaluation process focused on Plan Understanding for Mixed-initiative control of Autonomous systems (PUMA). Our technical approach has three components: 1) a suite of advanced visualization tools supporting intuitive interactions between operator and autonomous systems; 2) an agent-based computational plan analysis module that provides cognitively congruent semantic overlays on top of system-generated plan descriptions to better enable rapid human understanding; and 3) enhanced mixed-initiative interaction mechanisms that support the operator's role as mission monitor in a manner that does not degrade situation awareness nor introduce cognitive overload. Finally, we propose to employ a structured technology evaluation process based on cognitive walkthroughs of developing PUMA features by subject matter experts.

CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC.
625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555
(617) 491-3474

PI: Dr. Subrata K. Das
(617) 491-3474
Contract #:
University of Miami
Electrical & Computer Eng Dept, 1251 Memorial Drive, #EB406
Coral Gables, FL 33146
(305) 284-4051

ID#: N054-019-0140
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: Combining Model-based Reasoning with Knowledge Discovery Techniques for Level 2 and 3 Fusion
Abstract:   We propose to develop an approach to combine model based reasoning with knowledge discovery techniques for enhanced Level 2 and 3 data fusion, especially suitable for detecting asymmetric threats (e.g. ambush, insurgency) in cluttered urban environments. The knowledge discovery part: 1) deploys evidence filtering of large volumes of intelligence data to detect low-signature significant spatio-temporal events; and 2) uses clustering to perform spatial and time-series analysis of messages without requiring semantic information in the data. The former, for example, detects and tracks isolated suspicious vehicles, whereas the latter detects spatially correlated moving units over time within urban environments. Detected events and patterns trigger the need for assessing newly developed situations and threats, resulting in invocations of doctrine-based static and dynamic Bayesian belief network (BN) models that are causal and graphical in nature, and are well known for handling uncertainty. The selected BN models then perform higher-level data fusion based on other observables propagated as evidence into the models, by taking into account varying credibility and confidence of information sources via the Dempster-Shafer (D-S) theory of belief functions. The proposed hybrid approach will significantly enhance the fusion capability of DCGS-MC and C2PC for Marine Corps operations in urban environments.

CLEARWATER INSTRUMENTATION, INC.
304 Pleasant St.
Watertown, MA 02472-2401
(617) 924-2708

PI: Dr. W. Gary Williams
(617) 924-2708
Contract #:
University of California, San Diego
Scripps Institution of Ocean.
La Jolla, CA 92093-0213
(858) 534-4100

ID#: N054-027-0107
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-027       Selected for Award
Title: Shallow Water Acoustic System for Hydro-data (SWASH)
Abstract:   Scripps Institute of Oceanography (UCSD) with ONR support has developed the methodology to utilize acoustic sensors suitable for incorporation in autonomous drifting sampling instruments for measuring vertical current structure in shallow waters, water depth, bottom sediment characteristics, and acoustically active water column properties. Clearwater Instrumentation has extensive experience in designing, constructing and manufacturing low-cost, long-lived, self-locating (GPS), autonomous drifters incorporating sensors for temperature, barometric pressure salinity, and light that return data via satellite links. Scripps will assist Clearwater by transferring the knowledge necessary to incorporate active acoustic current-profiling and bottom characterizing sensors and measurement systems into a small low-cost autonomous expendable instrument, and by assisting in the development of algorithms to determine wave characteristics from GPS data. This expendable environmental sensor system is intended for observing and characterizing littoral conditions, including rivers, estuaries and lagoons.

COHERENT SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL CORP.
21945 Three Notch Road, Suite 100
Lexington Park, MD 20653
(301) 862-2908

PI: Mr. Ted Wilson
(301) 862-2908
Contract #:
Northeastern University
315 Stearns Hall
Boston, MA 02115-5000
(617) 373-8386

ID#: N054-013-0311
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-013       Selected for Award
Title: Development of Novel Knowledge-Based Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) Techniques
Abstract:   Airborne radar systems face an array of difficulties in detection and estimation of targets in the presence of clutter and other forms of interference. The work proposed for this STTR will focus on advancement and application of robust, innovative methods that improve Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) for airborne radar

COMPUTER INTERFACE INSTRUMENTATION, INC.
PO Box 360
Furlong, PA 18925
(215) 348-1140

PI: Dr. William R. Scott
(215) 348-1140
Contract #:
Pennsylvania State Univ.
Applied Reaearch Laboratories, PO Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 863-7773

ID#: N054-004-0056
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-004       Selected for Award
Title: Low-cost, Position Indicator for Nondestructive Inspection C-Scanning
Abstract:   A machine vision system will be developed for real time tracking of the position of a hand held probe from a generic portable NDT instrument. This process will be performed under software control in such a manner as to allow it to allow an independent parameter to be associated with each location.

CONTINENTAL CONTROLS & DESIGN, INC.
20252 Bancroft Circle
Huntington Beach, CA 92646-4722
(714) 964-6553

PI: Mr. James P Hynes, Jr.
(714) 964-6553
Contract #:
Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Biological Sciences Department
San Luis Obispo, CA 93407
(805) 756-2948

ID#: N054-027-0329
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-027       Selected for Award
Title: Littoral Sensors for Naval Special Forces
Abstract:   We propose to develop a littoral sensor which can map bottom properties in Very Shallow Water to help preparation for operations at the beach head. We are already in the second phase of development on a low cost directional wave buoy which is about the size of a small flashlight. In this project, with the assistance of Cal Poly SLO, we will add a thermistor to monitor water temperature and a dual frequency acoustic sonar to characterize the bottom. The additional cost is small because we can use the same microcontroller and RF comm. link. A COTS, piezo `fish finder' transducer, drive and receive circuits will be added, along with signal processing software algorithms. Depending on deployment, this expendable, free floating sensor may wash ashore providing bottom information right up to the tidal zone. A small aperture and low transmitted acoustic power is sufficient for the shallow waters.(<60 feet) that are critical to special forces operations

CUSTOM MANUFACTURING & ENGINEERING, INC.
2904 44th Avenue North
St. Petersburg, FL 33714
(727) 547-9799

PI: Mr. Richard Sidley
(727) 547-9799
Contract #:
Florida State Universtiy
2000 Levy Avenue, Bldg A
Tallahassee, FL 32310
(850) 645-1184

ID#: N054-021-0358
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Energy Scavenging Unmanned Surface Vehicle for Long Range Surveillance
Abstract:   This project will develop and demonstrate energy scavenging technology to be applied in the open ocean for a low cost, Autonomous Sea Surface Vehicle (ASSV) that obtains power for propulsion, communications, navigation and sensors from the environment. By scavenging energy from the wind, solar power, wave energy or other means, and providing a storage medium such as ultra-cap storage capacitors and/or rechargeable batteries, it will be possible to incorporate this design into an ASSV with greatly extended range and endurance. Software models of these energy scavenging systems will be developed and integrated. Simulations will be run on the Real Time Digital Simulator (RTDSO) to determine the viability of the systems. This proposal specifically does not address development of an ASSV and the associated navigation and communications issues; leaving that task to be detailed in the Phase I option and implemented in Phase II. The CME Team includes Florida State University (FSU) Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS).

DANIEL H. WAGNER, ASSOC., INC.
40 Lloyd Avenue, Suite 200
Malvern, PA 19355-3091
(757) 727-7700

PI: Dr. W. Reynolds Monach
(757) 727-7700
Contract #:
JHU/APL
11100 Johns Hopkins Road
Laurel, MD 20723-6099
(240) 228-7301

ID#: N054-017-0031
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-017       Selected for Award
Title: Unmanned Vehicle Effectiveness Evaluation System (UVEES)
Abstract:   In this project Wagner Associates and John Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) will develop an Unmanned Vehicle Effectiveness Evaluation System (UVEES) using a mix of analytic and Monte Carlo techniques. The proposed UVEES will model the behavior of each Unmanned Vehicle (UV), including fully autonomous UVs and UVs operating under manual control. UVEES will also include digital interfaces to all of the relevant UV systems so that information concerning recommended plans, as well as plans currently being executed, can be obtained automatically. In addition, UVEES will utilize accurate UV sensor models, since many of the operationally relevant MOPs will be calculated by determining how effectively the UVs will conduct such Naval missions as Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) in support of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Mine Warfare (MIW) and/or Surface Warfare (SUW) operations. In addition to determining the effectiveness of UV mission plans and the effects of changes to these plans, UVEES will also determine the robustness of the plans and the vulnerability of the UVs carrying out these plans.

DESIGN BY ANALYSIS, INC.
185 Main Street, Suite 417
New Britain, CT 06051
(860) 224-9901

PI: Dr. Mehdi Golafshani
(860) 224-9901
Contract #:
University of Connecticut
44 Weaver Steet, Unit 5233
Storrs, CT 06269-5233
(860) 486-5360

ID#: N054-024-0380
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-024       Selected for Award
Title: Hybrid Propulsion Systems for Undersea Weapons
Abstract:   In response the U.S. Navy's desire to continuously improve its undersea weapons capabilities, Design By Analysis, Inc. of New Britain, Connecticut in conjunction with the University of Connecticut's Global Fuel Cell Center propose an auxiliary electrochemical power system for use in undersea weapon systems. This novel concept modifies an existing thermally propelled torpedo to include Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells in order to generate, efficient and cool electric power used to propel the torpedo silently during its low power mode of operation. This hybrid thermally and electrically propelled device, coined the PEM Reformer-Free Electrochemical Cell Torpedo (PERFECTT), promises a new generation of undersea weaponry with increased stealth search range, higher reliability, easier maintenance than current closed system thermal engine torpedoes. Research activities will also include selecting an appropriate means of supplying fuel to the cell stack. The two technologies to be investigated include a HYDROX system, and a high pressure hydrogen storage tank. Although combining the two technologies in an integrated system poses a high technical risk, the PERFECTT design will trigger a quantum leap in both undersea weapons capability as well as successful commercialization.

EDGEONE DBA EDGETECH OR ORE OFFSHORE
EdgeTech, 1141 Holland Drive
Boca Raton, FL 33487
(508) 291-0057

PI: Mr. John Spruance
(561) 995-7767
Contract #:
Florida Atlantic University
SeaTech Campus, 101 N. Beach road
Dania Beach, FL 33004
(954) 924-7051

ID#: N054-022-0224
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-022       Selected for Award
Title: Underwater Acoustic Communications
Abstract:   This proposal addresses the development of an improved algorithm for estimating the time-varying impulse response of the ocean in rapidly fluctuating environments, and the development of the means to exploit the temporal diversity of acoustic channels. The short-term objective is the initial design and testing of this technique using direct-sequence spread-spectrum modulation, high-resolution decision feedback equalizing with parallel tracking of large Doppler, based on the methodology developed at FAU by Pr. Beaujean. The long-term objective of this program is the development, testing and commercialization of a high-speed high-frequency acoustic modem (HS-HFAM) capable of transmitting data at true rates of up to 105,000 bits per second (bps), at a maximum range of 500 meters. This modem would operate between 240 kHz and 360 kHz approximately, and achieve a peak range-to-true rate in excess of 50 kbps-km.

EM4, INC.
7 Oak Park Drive
Bedford, MA 01730
(781) 275-7501

PI: Dr. Mikhail Kaluzhny
(781) 275-7501
Contract #:
University of Maryland
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-3684

ID#: N054-005-0345
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Ruggedized Multifunction Fiber-Optic Transceiver Optical Subassembly
Abstract:   In this Phase I STTR proposal EM4, Inc. of Bedford MA, will develop a novel OSA packaging and OTDR methodology for a ruggedized transceiver with build-in Vtest (BIT) capabilities. The proposed design will operate as a FibreChannel transceiver with enhanced dynamic range and 1-2 Gbt/s data transmission over a multimode fiber. This design would have OTDR capabilities with a fiber fault isolation resolution better than 10 cm and would have zero dead zones. The design approach and manufacturing techniques used in this transceiver would allow maintaining spec compliant performance over extended temperature range -40 to 100,aC. EM4 has outlined a comprehensive plan for developing a truly unique BIT transceiver design.

EMAGIN CORP.
2070 Route 52
Hopewell Junction, NY 12540
(425) 882-7878

PI: Dr. Amal Ghosh
(845) 838-7918
Contract #:
University of Michigan
Solid State Electronics Lab, Dept: EECS
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
(734) 936-0964

ID#: N054-003-0420
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) Display Technology for Military Aircraft
Abstract:   In Phase I, a desiccant-free, thin-film encapsulation method on OLED devices will be implemented that improves display performance, both in terms of the life of the device as well as the cost of manufacturing. Specifically, a novel thin-film layer structure using vacuum deposition will demonstrate negligible moisture permeation (<5 x 10-7 g/m2/day) under 85 degrees C and 85% RH. The reduction in moisture permeation will significantly improve device life. It is generally agreed upon in the OLED community that OLEDs on flexible substrates or on roll-to-roll substrates require, at a minimum, moisture permeation rate of < 10-6 g/m2/day. A measurement of the permeation rate before demonstration on live OLED devices (to be conducted during the Phase I option) will significantly reduce cost and time in establishing the efficacy of the thin-film layer structures. Eliminating the dessicant materials and the additional process steps required by current sealant technologies will reduce manufacturing costs.

FAIRMOUNT AUTOMATION, INC.
4621 West Chester Pike
Newtown Square, PA 19073
(610) 356-9840

PI: Dr. Moshe Kam
(215) 895-6920
Contract #:
Drexel University
32nd & Chestnut Streets
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 895-2663

ID#: N054-020-0131
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Wireless Sensing for Survivable Machinery Control
Abstract:   While reliability and security remain top concerns in the use of wireless networks in shipboard machinery spaces, the benefits are too alluring to ignore. Among them: reduced manning; wiring, installation, and maintenance cost savings; substantial weight and space savings thru the elimination of wiring; design and expansion flexibility; and the promise of improved survivability thru the use of ad-hoc mesh networks. Wireless communication within shipboard compartments has gathered considerable attention in recent years and substantial progress has been made to address thorny interference, signal shielding, multi-path fading, and dispersion problems. The typical approach involves a hybrid network with wireless access points linked to the ship's wired network backbone (e.g., FODMS on DDG-51 class). Little (if any) attention has been given to a ship-wide wireless-only network infrastructure that effectively eliminates bulkhead penetrations. This effort aims to assess the effectiveness of multiple communication modalities thru metal structures. A proof-of-concept prototype repeater will be developed to retransmit RF signals from one compartment to another.

FBS, INC.
2134 Sandy Drive Suite #14
State College, PA 16803
(814) 234-3437

PI: Dr. Michael J. Avioli
(814) 234-3437
Contract #:
Pennsylvania State University
Office of Sponored Programs
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-0768

ID#: N054-032-0066
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-032       Selected for Award
Title: Ultrasonic Guided Wave for Long Range Monitoring and Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) of Corrosion Induced Defects in Shipboard Piping with Complex Geometry
Abstract:   FBS, Inc has identified the gaps, challenges, and technical issues related to guided wave inspection of complex shipboard piping systems. Among these are inspection of and beyond elbows, liquid loading both interior and exterior to the piping, and defect cross-sectional-area (CSA) detection of ~ 1%. Well known for wave mechanics modeling analysis, FBS, Inc. has the expertise to cast each of these into a theoretical framework leading to studies for guided wave dispersion curve development, interpretation and subsequent interactions with elbows, liquid loaded pipes, and guided wave scattering from three-dimensional defects. Complimenting such studies, experimental verification of theoretical assertions and inspection demonstrations can be conducted in our laboratory and elsewhere. We also have the unique capability to implement guided wave focusing software and an engineering staff that can design and fabricate appropriate specialty phased array transducers and instrumentation. FBS, Inc. has an excellent working relationship with Pennsylvania State University, where Dr. Joseph Rose, a world class expert in the area of guided wave mechanics and NDE, will be assisting in this project. Through our many years of experience with major NDE service and equipment vendors, we have the connections and ability to quickly enter the path to commercialization.

FERRO SOLUTIONS, INC.
215 First Street, suite 203
Cambridge, MA 02142
(617) 225-7878

PI: Mr. Jiankang Huang
(617) 225-7878
Contract #:
MIT
Room 4-045, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 253-6913

ID#: N054-012-0405
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-012       Selected for Award
Title: High-stress actuators based on Ni-Mn-Ga FSMAs
Abstract:   We propose to exploit the strong foundation in engineering of FMSAs to increase transducer output stress to 100s of MPa while maintaining strain levels of several percent. Two novel, high-authority FSMA-based transducer concepts are proposed to reach the goal.

FERRO SOLUTIONS, INC.
215 First Street, suite 203
Cambridge, MA 02142
(617) 225-7878

PI: Dr. Bob O'Handley
(617) 253-6913
Contract #:
MIT
Room 4-045, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Ave.
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 253-6913

ID#: N054-023-0277
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-023       Selected for Award
Title: High-authority FSMA/piezoelectric hybrid actuators
Abstract:   In this STTR program, we propose to design and build an optimized hybrid actuator that combines the large output strain of FSMAs with the greater bandwidth and force of piezoelectric ceramics. A further benefit of combining these two complementary active materials (one is essentially an inductor, the other a capacitor) is that their net performance is greater than the sum of that of their individual components. The hybrid actuator will show significant reductions of size and power requirements and an increase in the overall bandwidth of the actuator_s performance

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC.
3 Great Pasture Rd.
Danbury, CT 06813
(203) 825-6057

PI: Dr. Hossein Ghezel-Ayagh
(203) 825-6048
Contract #:
Penn State Applied Reseach Lab
P.O. Box 30, Pennsylvania State University
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 865-6531

ID#: N054-024-0400
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-024       Selected for Award
Title: Hybrid Propulsion Systems for Undersea Weapons
Abstract:   This project addresses the development of hybrid propulsion system technology for undersea weapons. The system will integrate a solid oxide fuel cell with a conventional engine or turbine. The proposed system is anticipated to have a superior range compared to conventional propulsion systems as the power for surveillance operations will be provided by a more efficient SOFC subsystem. The conventional engine or turbine subsystem will provide supplementary power during high power prosecution and attack operations. Since various options exist for both the conventional and the fuel cell technology and because undersea weapons are inherently limited in both their gravimetric and volumetric payloads, trade-offs are inevitable. The optimal propulsion system will be determined via multidisciplinary design optimization by investigating combinations of power generating sources, fuel and oxidant types, system design options, and space allocation for each subsystem. A series of performance measurements, such as maximum speed, endurance at maximum speed, surveillance speed, and endurance at surveillance speed will be quantified. The Phase I study will identify the best combination of high and low power generating technologies. The results of this study will be used in Phase II where a more detailed design and development effort will be conducted.

GIBBARD RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT CORP.
P. O. Box 6191
Haverhill, MA 01831-6191
(978) 521-2971

PI: Dr. Arthur Kaufman
(973) 223-0106
Contract #:
Columbia University
Dept. of Earth & Envir. Eng., 500 W. 120th Street, Suite 918
New York, NY 10027
(212) 854-6390

ID#: N054-016-0195
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-016       Selected for Award
Title: Ultra-Lightweight, JP-8 Fueled Person-Portable Fuel Cell-Powered Generator
Abstract:   We propose an SBIR Phase I effort to develop a JP-8 generator that will provide 500 Watts (net) with the initial goals of a weight of no more than 6.8 kg (15 pounds) in a package that occupies no more than 5 liters (305 cu. in.). This development will combine the respective strengths of the two organizations: the expertise of Columbia University's team in the design of a compact, lightweight, fast-startup ATR-based fuel processor; and the experience of the Gibbard R&D team in the design of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell stacks and their integration with the balance of plant, including the fuel processor.

HEAT, LIGHT, & SOUND RESEARCH, INC.
12730 High Bluff Drive, Suite 130
San Diego, CA 92130
(858) 755-9646

PI: Dr. Paul Hursky
(858) 755-9649
Contract #:
Arizona State University
Dept. of Elec. Eng., Fulton Scool of Eng.
Tempe, AZ 85287-5706
(480) 965-7888

ID#: N054-022-0459
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-022       Selected for Award
Title: Underwater Acoustic Communications
Abstract:   The US Navy is increasingly looking to underwater acoustic communications as the basis for wireless networks for various missions. However, the underwater channel is a difficult one for communications, plagued by multipath and fading. The relatively slower propagation speed (compared to RF) makes Doppler a significant factor for mobile platforms and when signals are scattered from an ocean surface in motion due to waves. The bandwidth available for communication is severely limited by volume attenuation (to perhaps 100 kHz at ranges of 1-3 km) and our ability to design wideband transmitters. Current experimental signaling schemes for point-to-point communications achieve no more than 20 kbps*km throughput under the best of conditions, and are generally processed off-line in the laboratory. Commercial modem systems achieve much less throughput, with at times lower reliability. Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) signaling is an exciting new technology, only recently being adopted in RF wireless applications (e.g. 802-11n), that significantly improves communications performance and reliability. This MIMO (multiple input / multiple output) technique exploits a "rich" multipath environment by simultaneously transmitting across many independent virtual channels using the entire band (i.e. without multiplexing in time or frequency). Spectral efficiencies of 20-40 bits per second per Hertz have been demonstrated in the wireless community - such rates are not possible using traditional techniques. How this technique can be adapted to the underwater channel is the subject of this proposal. We propose to develop a MIMO modem that provides either significantly increased bit rates or greatly reduced error rates, depending on the modulation scheme, in typical shallow water ocean environments. In our Phase I effort, we will: 1) continue collecting data at sea as we push the performance envelope of our current MIMO algorithms, space-time trellis coding (STTC) with joint equalization and decoding and layered space time coding (LSTC) with iterative decoding and equalization, 2) develop strategies for making the modem operate autonomously, using in-modem channel measurements as the basis for automating all modem parameter settings, 3) develop a preliminary hardware design, to establish the feasibility of implementing the modem on a single board with FPGAs and DSP chips, to be ultimately integrated with a next-generation commercial modem.

IMAGE ACOUSTICS, INC.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
(781) 383-2002

PI: Dr. John L. Butler
(781) 383-2002
Contract #:
Applied Research Laboratory
North Atherton Street, Penn. State University
State College, PA 16801
(814) 865-9607

ID#: N054-018-0280
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-018       Selected for Award
Title: Single Crystal High Power Source for Torpedo Defense
Abstract:   There is a need to develop a broad bandwidth, high-power single-crystal based transducer array for use as a combined echolocation and countermeasure towed source. The high coupling coefficient single crystal piezoelectric material, such as PMN-33%PT, has the advantage of considerably higher compliance, coupling coefficient and strain compared to conventional PZT-8. Accordingly, this high energy density transduction material has the potential of providing a greater output and greater power factor from a smaller sized transducer making it a good candidate for small wideband high power echolocation and countermeasure towed array. In this proposal we present a balanced symmetrical transducer array design which takes advantage of the above qualities of single crystal material to achieve the desired wideband results. The wide band results from a smaller sized transducer are obtained through not only the use of the single crystal material but also through a unique transducer array design which achieves a nearly infinite effective tail mass. Although results are presented, the design is in the formative stage and there are a number of operating issues that need be addressed. We propose a program for the development of a practical prototype element and array design for the intended application.

IMAGE ACOUSTICS, INC.
97 Elm Street
Cohasset, MA 02025
(781) 383-2002

PI: Dr. John L. Butler
(781) 383-2002
Contract #:
Virginia Polytechnical Institute
Dept. of Materials Science
Blacksburg, VA 24061
(540) 231-2276

ID#: N054-023-0228
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-023       Selected for Award
Title: Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Hybrid Devices
Abstract:   There is a need for an improved ferromagnetic shape memory alloy, FSMA, performance. Although the current material is capable of producing large strains up to 6%, the force capabilities are low and typically less than 10MPa blocking stress which needs to be improved. The desire is to improve this limited blocking stress of the FSMA material by means of a hybrid structure which uses, in combinations with the FSMA, another transduction material with greater force capability. Possible adjunct materials for improving the force capability include PZT, PMN-33%PT, Terfenol-D and Galfenol. We plan to develop not only an improved FSMA based actuator but an improved acoustic transducer for the Navy's needs.

INFINERA CORP.
1322 Bordeaux Drive
Sunnyvale, CA 94089-1005
(408) 572-5316

PI: Dr. Charles Joyner
(408) 572-5394
Contract #:
Georgia Institute of Technology
85 5th Street
Atlanta, GA 30308
(404) 385-4200

ID#: N054-008-0191
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-008       Selected for Award
Title: Photonic Circuits for Broadband, High Dynamic Range Analog RF Applications
Abstract:   Infinera and the Georgia Electronic Design Center (GEDC) will team up to create a 10 channel wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) analog transmission system capable of handling the RF systems requirements of naval aircraft. Infinera will develop an analog photonic integrated circuit (APIC) platform by incorporating a wide-bandwidth, high dynamic range analog modulator together with a tunable light source, power monitor, variable attenuator, and a high-speed electrical interconnect technology, to form an analog transmitter PIC. The transmitter modulator will be matched with a linearizing driver, designed by GEDC, to provide instantaneous bandwidths up to and exceeding 1GHz for operational frequencies from sub-100 MHz to 20 GHz. Infinera will use it's current commercial platform to design a receiver PIC capable of hybrid integration with commercial transimpedance amplifiers or application specific electronics designed by the GEDC to complete the receiver module. The APIC platform will also be developed with high yield and manufacturability in mind, sharing common epitaxial layers and processing steps with the standard telecom qualified PIC processes utilized in existing commercial devices from Infinera. The electronic driver and receiving circuits will be laid out using industry standard commercial design practices well known to the GEDC.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS LABORATORIES, INC.
8130 Boone Blvd., Suite 500
Vienna, VA 22182
(703) 448-1116

PI: Dr. Katsumi Ohnishi
(703) 448-1116
Contract #:
Penn State University ARL
P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804
(814) 865-7299

ID#: N054-033-0238
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-033       Selected for Award
Title: Automated RF Measurement Module (ARMM)
Abstract:   Advanced technologies have enabled wide spread application of wireless voice and high speed data communication systems. These "personalized" communication systems also become important sources for intelligence gathering and monitoring of illegal activities. In this proposal, we propose to perform SEI (Specific Emitter Identification) based on the unintended modulation schemes that are inherent to the manufacturing of the communication transmitters. A set of SEI algorithms based on statistical approaches that utilize both frequency and I/Q domain data are described. The algorithms are applicable to various modulation types and are feasible for real time implementation. Based on the preliminary simulations, the proposed SEI algorithms indicate a high probability of success under noise, Rayleigh channel fading and multi-path interference conditions. The developed SEI algorithms will be tested based on both the simulated data and the Government provided data.

INNOVATEK, INC.
350 Hills Street, Suite 104
Richland, WA 99354-5211
(509) 375-1093

PI: Mr. Jeffrey Pickles
(509) 375-1093
Contract #:
Colorado School of Mines
1613 Illinois St.
Golden, CO 80401-1887
(303) 273-3405

ID#: N054-016-0404
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-016       Selected for Award
Title: Portable Logistical Fuel Cell Powered Generator
Abstract:   InnovaTek proposes to develop a JP-8 fuel cell electrical generator built on a microchannel reactor design that provides a very low volume, light weight system. The objective of the Phase I work is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a processing configuration that converts JP-8 fuel to a hydrogen rich feed for a solid oxide fuel cell that produces 0.5 to 1 kW electrical power. Key components that will be designed to meet the Navy's performance objectives include a sulfur-tolerant catalyst, a micro-channel fuel reformer, a sulfur removal system, and an integrated solid oxide fuel cell. The system will be compact, lightweight, fuel efficient and capable of processing feeds that have significant sulfur content (~3,000 ppm) for at least 600 hours before maintenance is required.

INSITU GROUP, INC.
118 Columbia River Way
Bingen, WA 98605
(509) 493-8600

PI: Dr. Tad McGeer
(509) 493-8600
Contract #:
University of Washington
Dept of Aero/Astro, Box 352400, University of WA
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 616-3590

ID#: N054-028-0204
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-028       Selected for Award
Title: Lightweight Boundary-Layer Instrumentation Suitable For Miniature Robotic Aircraft
Abstract:   Over the last ten years or so, precise measurements in the atmospheric boundary layer have become practical using novel instruments deployed on manned aircraft. Diverse overland and coastal boundary layers have been opened to often quite economical investigation using aircraft as small as ultralights. We now propose to extend this capability to robotic aircraft and towed gliders of tabletop size. We plan to develop a lightweight instrument suite for measuring (1) turbulent momentum flux; (2) pressure, temperature, and humidity; (3) cloud properties; and (4) surface wind and temperature. This suite will be integrated aboard Insitu's Seascan robotic aircraft, which will combine boundary-layer capability with two-day endurance, transoceanic range, ship- and shore-basing, and capacity for data-gathering beyond safe and economical reach by other platforms. The system will be made available as a commercial product, and the instrumentation will be applicable to other platforms.

INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Dr. Genshe Chen
(301) 294-5218
Contract #:
University of Nevada
College of Engineering
Reno, NV 89554-0148
(775) 784-6974

ID#: N054-019-0310
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-019       Selected for Award
Title: A Game Theoretic Approach for Threat Prediction and Situation Awareness
Abstract:   Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI), and its sub-contactor, Professor Carl G. Looney from University of Nevada propose a highly innovative approach for Level 2+ information fusion using hybrid data fusion with adversarial Markov game, named a Game Theoretic Approach for Threat Prediction and Situation Awareness. The primary goal is to investigate and demonstrate the effectiveness of Markov game theory and the advanced knowledge infrastructures for Level 2+ information fusion, such as Situation Assessment (Refinement) and Threat Assessment (Refinement) and so on, therefore improve the capabilities of battlefield situation awareness. To achieve this goal, first, a hybrid data fusion approach is proposed to apply in Situation Refinement to perform spatial and temporal processing on tracks produced by Level 1 multi-sensor, multi-target track fusion, supplemented with intelligence information from both structured data sources such as databases and unstructured data sources such as ontology-based documents. Second, ontology-based information representation is proposed for building a Virtual Battlespace with less computational complexity in Level 2 fusion. Third, an adversarial Markov game framework is proposed for Threat Refinement to drive existing and newly formulated models of threat behavior with factlets derived from Situation Refinement to support the determination of possible enemy courses of actions.

INTELLIGENT FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS CORP.
650 Vaqueros Ave., Suite A
Sunnyvale, CA 94085-3525
(408) 328-8648

PI: Dr. Behzad Moslehi
(408) 328-8648
Contract #:
University of Arizona
Optical Sciences Center , 1630 East University Boulevard
Tucson, AZ 85721
(520) 626-0936

ID#: N054-007-0262
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-007       Selected for Award
Title: High Speed Electronically Tunable Fiber-Optic Filter
Abstract:   Future advanced fiber optic networks need compact electronically tunable fiber-optic filter. Packet- or cell-level switching requires nanosecond tuning speed is required. Defense especially avionics fiber networks require robust operation. However present tunable filters based on thermal or mechanical mechanisms are inherently limited in tuning speed to the millisecond range and Acousto-Optic Tunable filters lack the required robustness. Intelligent Fiber Optic Systems (IFOS) and the University of Arizona Optical Sciences Center propose the development of an innovative compact electronically tunable fiber-optic filter for aerospace wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) networks.

IPITEK
2330 Faraday Avenue
Carlsbad, CA 92008-5216
(760) 438-1010

PI: Dr. Sudhesh Mysore
(760) 438-1010
Contract #:
Univ of California Los Angeles
Dept. Electrical Engineering , 56-125B Eng.IV Building
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594
(310) 825-2647

ID#: N054-008-0200
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-008       Selected for Award
Title: A Novel Single Sideband Suppressed-Carrier (SSB-SC) Technique for High Dynamic Range Analog Applications
Abstract:   A novel technique for achieving SSB-SC is proposed for achieving high dynamic range in analog applications. The technique employs an intracavity modulator together with an intracavity filter that blocks the modulation sidebands from being re-circulated. Spurious-free dynamic ranges (SFDR) exceeding 120 dB/Hz2/3 is achieved using this novel technique. Development of a prototype photonics circuit with 20 GHz bandwidth and instantaneous bandwidth greater than 1 GHz will be demonstrated.

JEM ENGINEERING, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane
Laurel, MD 20707
(301) 317-1070

PI: Dr. Derek Linden
(301) 317-1070
Contract #:
Arizona State University
P.O. Box 873503
Tempe, AZ 85287-3503
(480) 727-7983

ID#: N054-002-0441
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-002       Selected for Award
Title: Non-Planar GPS Receiving Antenna
Abstract:   Research is proposed into the use of non-planar geometries for anti-jam GPS receiving antennas. The global positioning system (GPS) is an essential tool for military navigation. Unfortunately, GPS receivers are vulnerable to jamming, which can severely degrade performance, resulting in a need for anti-jam technologies to protect GPS receiving systems. Concept feasibility will be assessed by modeling and evaluating Combined Radiation Pattern Antennas (CRPAs) with cylindrical and spherical geometries, and comparing the null-forming performance of these antennas to a planar baseline antenna.

KAB LABORATORIES, INC.
1110 Rosecrans Street, #203
San Diego, CA 92106-2664
(619) 523-1763

PI: Mr. Todd Reach
(619) 523-1763
Contract #:
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Driver
La Jolla, CA 92093-0411
(858) 822-3477

ID#: N054-033-0082
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-033       Selected for Award
Title: Automated RF Measurement Module (ARMM)
Abstract:   Technological advances in both military and commercial communications have resulted in increasingly complex signal waveforms that cannot be processed using existing algorithms. As a result, cryptologic technicians and analysts often must manually derive a signal's features and match those features to an emitter class. Due to the large volumes of collected data that must be sorted through, it is challenging to find those signals that may be of tactical importance in a timely fashion. With the reduction in operational billets, the development of an automated, advanced feature measurement capability has become a necessity. KAB proposes the development of the Automated RF Measurement Module (ARMM), which supports advanced emitter identification capabilities by providing automated feature measurements for both traditional and modern communication technologies. ARMM will employ digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms to support advanced feature measurement, and an open architecture will facilitate the addition or modification of algorithms as new technologies emerge. ARMM will be a service-oriented capability, supported by an open application programming interface (API) to allow any number of client applications to utilize the service. ARMM will be highly portable, enabling it to run on a number of target platforms on both local and wide area networks.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
32 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801-2122
(781) 932-5667

PI: Mr. Stephen Ellis
(781) 932-5667
Contract #:
The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory
555 Technology Square
Cambridge, MA 02139-3563
(617) 258-1000

ID#: N054-021-0136
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Wing Sail Electric Hybrid Propulsion for Autonomous Long Endurance Unmanned Surface Craft
Abstract:   KaZaK Composites, Inc. (KaZaK) proposes to team with the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory's Autonomous Vehicle Lab to develop a long endurance unmanned surface vehicle. The envisioned design will investigate a high performance rigid wing-sail as the primary source of motive power, and also harvest electric energy from the wind-induced motion through the water. Energy storage, to handle the intermittent nature of all potential environmental energy sources, will be provided by a battery bank. Batteries will also provide power for mission specific packages and communications. Supplemental options such as solar cells to provide additional energy harvesting will also be evaluated. A key feature of the proposed design is the use of commercially available hardware developed from the recreational boating market in order to reduce costs, reduce risk and shorten time to fleet service. COTS systems will include the electric propulsion unit and related energy conversion / storage. This approach will allow the KaZaK team to focus on the two primary technical challenges, the wing sail design and the control / management function. To maximize resistance to system damage in heavy weather, the KaZaK team will evaluate the application of highly damage resistant macro-composite structures technology for the rigid sail system.

KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC.
32 Cummings Park
Woburn, MA 01801-2122
(781) 932-5667

PI: Mr. Michael McAleenan
(781) 932-5667
Contract #:
Boston University
110 Cummington Street, Room 420
Boston, MA 02215
(617) 353-5295

ID#: N054-029-0167
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-029       Selected for Award
Title: Simplified Low Drag Hydro-Acoustic Sources
Abstract:   KaZaK Composites, working with Boston University, proposes to develop and demonstrate an effective mine countermeasure (MCM) towed acoustic source to support the Navy's MCM forces. Key requirements for an underwater acoustic source include an ability to mimic ship-like acoustic signatures, operation at a low frequency range (15 - 500 Hz), high acoustical power radiation, less than 400 pound hydrodynamic drag for a 7m RHIB at 15 knots, variable depth operation, autonomous launch and retrieval from USV RHIB, sufficient durability to withstand USV and foreign object impact, low maintenance costs, shock resistance, low weight and cost. The designed transducer will not impact existing MCM equipment/procedures, nor require costly ship modifications, nor jeopardize movement of the RHIB. By engaging both composites and theoretical acoustical engineers as team members, KaZaK and the Navy are insured that developing designs will consider and address all important MCM and systems requirements. In Phase I KaZaK and our team members will perform extensive design studies, theoretical calculations to predict acoustical performance, finite element analysis of critical load conditions, CFD modeling, followed by model testing of key source components to validate performance predictions. Such an analytical approach will reduce Navy risk in Phase II.

KSARIA CORP.
200 Reseach Drive
Wilmington, MA 01887-4432
(978) 933-0006

PI: Mr. Anthony J. Christopher
(978) 933-0006
Contract #:
Penn State Electro Optics Center
222 Northpoint Blvd.
Freeport, PA 16229
(724) 295-7000

ID#: N054-031-0039
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-031       Selected for Award
Title: Novel Automation Methods and Equipment for Fiber Optic End-face Polishing, Cleaving and Inspection
Abstract:   Polishing the end faces of fiber optic termini and connectors is extremely critical to the performance of the termination. Slight variations in the end face geometry or surface quality can have detrimental effects on insertion loss and back reflection. The critical nature of the end face quality is further amplified in the manufacture of Measurement Quality Jumpers (MQJ's), which are used to measure the performance of standard grade fiber optic cables. This proposal described an automated polishing process that can tightly control all aspects of termini end face finishing to the extent that routine fiber cable manufacture can realize the quality levels associated with MQJ's. The process is aimed at automatically controlling all parameters associated with polishing i.e. polishing pressure, debris containment, surface speed, media quality, etc. Similar issues exist for end face quality of bare optical fiber in fiber optic splicing applications. The geometry and surface quality of the fiber end face will govern the performance of the splice. This proposal also intends to apply a derivative of the automated polishing process for termini to the processing of bare fiber ends. This technique will also include a means of verifying acceptable fiber tip end face quality.

LEWTECH CO., INC.
7112 Nighthawk Drive
Fort Wayne, IN 46835-9395
(260) 485-3752

PI: Mr. George S. Lewis
(260) 485-3752
Contract #:
Purdue University
302 Wood St.
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2108
(765) 494-1078

ID#: N054-029-0018
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-029       Selected for Award
Title: Low Drag, Underwater Acoustic Source for Sea surface-based Mine Sweeping
Abstract:   The U.S. Navy desires the use of Unmanned Surface Vessels in littoral water regions for the mission of Mine Counter Measures. In particular, the use of the standard Navy Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIBs) for such a mission is desirable to decrease dependence on traditional, high operating cost assets, increase mission endurance and maneuverability and the removal of personnel from harm's way. However, these advantages can only be accomplished by providing a minesweeping approach that allows the RHIBs to adequately perform the required mission within its limited operational capability. The approach proposed is to use a low drag, towed acoustic transducer array that is easily deployable and recoverable and has the required source level and spectrum to detonate mines during the sweeping operation. The proposed approach will implement a proven electro-acoustic system approach using a multi-channel array of flexural disc transducers to cover the desired frequency band. Each channel will be independently driven by an appropriate signal generator, amplifier, matching network and power source. The array will be stabilized and depth controlled to accommodate various tow speeds up to 20 knots. The source level and generated signature could also be varied depending on the mission.

LIDAR PACIFIC CORP.
1444 E. 1220 N.
Logan, UT 84321
(808) 677-7337

PI: Mr. Frederick B. Pack
(808) 677-7337
Contract #:
Utah State University
Space Dynamics Laboratory, 1695 North Research Park Way
North Logan, UT 84341
(435) 797-4013

ID#: N054-001-0208
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-001       Selected for Award
Title: High Resolution Eyesafe 3-D LADAR Maritime Imaging Model
Abstract:   This work investigates the feasibility of developing a LADAR simulator that can reliably predict automatic target identification ranges based on target aspect angle, level of obscuration, and extent of camouflage, concealment, and deception present in the scene. We will construct high fidelity target models under well-documented conditions to serve as target truth models; modify an existing 3-D imaging LADAR simulator to be suitable for eyesafe laser wavelengths; produce simulated 3-D LADAR images suitable for evaluation of identification ranges; and acquire truth eyesafe LADAR images against which the simulated images can be compared.

M4 ENGINEERING, INC.
2161 Gundry Avenue
Signal Hill, CA 90755
(562) 981-7797

PI: Dr. Myles Baker
(562) 981-7797
Contract #:
Penn State Applied Research Lab
P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 865-6531

ID#: N054-024-0361
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-024       Selected for Award
Title: Hybrid Propulsion Systems for Undersea Weapons
Abstract:   We propose the development and application of novel MDO tools to the problem of hybrid propulsion system design for undersea vehicles. The project includes model integration as well as design and optimization of a hybrid propulsion system for a reference vehicle and reference mission.

MAXDEM, INC.
140 East Arrow Highway
San Dimas, CA 91773-3336
(909) 394-0644

PI: Dr. Matthew Marrocco
(909) 394-0644
Contract #:
Arizona State University
Flexible Display Center, 7700 So. River Park Way
Tempe, AZ 85824
(480) 727-8941

ID#: N054-003-0231
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: New Polymer OLED Display Technologies
Abstract:   The objective of the proposed work is to demonstrate p-OLED displays with high brightness and contrast ratio that can operate under severe temperature and humidity environments present in naval aircraft. The program will fabricate p-OLEDs using Maxdem's new RGB electroluminescent polymers. These polymers enable the device to operate at up to 50% higher temperature and possess lifetime up to be 30% greater than p-OLED devices based on current polymers. Maxdem also proposes to evaluate a facile and cost effective packaging technology as an alternative to the current hermetic sealing methods. This technology benefits from the high barrier property, temperature, and mechanical durability of nanocomposites. Synthesis of p-OLED polymers, a major activity of this program, will rely on Maxdem's expertise in this area. During this program, Maxdem has teamed with Professor Ghassan Jabbour, a world leader in OLED device science at the University of Arizona, who will use state-of-the-art equipment to fabricate and test devices. The combination of the superior p-OLED polymers and novel packaging materials proposed is expected to meet the demanding performance and cost requirements of next generation Naval aircraft displays. The combined technical expertise at Maxdem and ASU is expected to yield a highly successful program.

MICRO MAGNETICS, INC.
421 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 02720-4712
(508) 672-4489

PI: Dr. Jan Hoftun
(508) 672-4665
Contract #:
University of Washington
Box 352600
Seattle, WA 98115-2600
(206) 685-2850

ID#: N054-012-0100
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-012       Selected for Award
Title: Exploratory Development of Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloy Material System for Actuators
Abstract:   This Small Business Technology Transfer Phase I project aims to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating high-performance ferromagnetic shape memory composites (FSMCs) that offer fast response, compact size, reliability, and cost effectiveness for application as solid-state actuator systems for naval aircraft applications. Our approach includes two innovative ideas for improving actuator performance: the use of specially designed composite structures and the use of magnetic field gradient actuation. Unlike other ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMA), our proposed FSMCs are composed of a ferromagnetic component and a shape memory alloy (SMA) component. We propose to fabricate and explore three types of FSMCs: granular, layered, and wire composite with a rectangular cross section. As part of the project, we will design and construct an electromagnet to generate strong magnetic field gradients to exert a force on the ferromagnet (FM). Such a force will further exert a stress in the superelastic SMA which is coupled to the FM, resulting in a stress-induced martensite transformation (SIM). The martensitic phase, with its low Young's modulus, exhibits a large shape deformation under a magnetic force, enabling fast, robust, and reliable solid-state actuators.

MIDE TECHNOLOGY CORP.
200 Boston Avenue Suite 1000
Medford, MA 02155-3502
(781) 306-0609

PI: Dr. Marthinus C. van Schoor
(781) 306-0609
Contract #:
University of Colorado at Boulder
Center for Aerospace Structure, Room ECAE 183, Campus Box 42
Boulder, CO 80309-0429
(303) 735-2103

ID#: N054-013-0232
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-013       Selected for Award
Title: Morphing High Temperature Shape Memory Alloy Actuators for Hypersonic Projectiles
Abstract:   Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) materials present unique benefits to the control and stabilization of hypersonic projectiles. Mid and the University of Colorado at Boulder is proposing to exploit these benefits of SMA materials for the control of hypersonic projectile by developing and analyzing concepts that will achieve desired flight control characteristics within the aero-thermal environment. The University of Colorado at Boulder brings substantial experience in the fields of aeroelasticity and the shape optimization of aero-surfaces undergoing fluid-structure interaction phenomena. The Boulder team will help to develop, analyze and optimize the aero-surface actuator concepts. Mid's strength is its experience with morphing fins and structures obtained through programs with the U.S. Army and DARPA.Phase I will addresses important questions regarding the feasibility of the innovation. Phase I will develop requirements, establish material characteristics of high-temperature shape memory alloys and prepare performance studies of a number of concepts. A successful Phase I would reduce the technical risk and allow Phase II to develop (detail design and fabrication) and demonstrate a prototype or prototypes of flight control actuators for the flight control and stabilization of hypersonic projectiles.

MYTEK, LLC
6901 E. Fish Lake Road, Suite 190
Maple Grove, MN 55369
(763) 463-4814

PI: Dr. Kent Choquette
(217) 265-0563
Contract #:
University of Illinois
208 North Wright Street
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 265-0563

ID#: N054-005-0120
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Ruggedized Multifunction Fiber-Optic Transceiver Optical Subassembly
Abstract:   We will address the requirement for fault identification and isolation in fiber optic data links by incorporating an optical time domain reflectance (OTDR) functionality into the transceiver module. Our approach is to monolithically integrate a high speed photodetector that will sense reflections from discontinuities in the optical channel, with the 850nm VCSEL which transmits the signal.

NANOSOURCE, INC.
9326 Knoll Crest Loop
Austin, TX 78759
(408) 393-6639

PI: Dr. Jan Lipson
(408) 393-6639
Contract #:
The University of Texas at Austin
Office of Sponsored Projects, P.O. Box 7726
Austin, TX 78713
(512) 471-6564

ID#: N054-010-0244
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-010       Selected for Award
Title: Large Area Photonic Crystal Laser Diode for Direct Lada and Solid State Laser Pumping
Abstract:   The Phase I work of this project will include prototype development and demonstration for a new type of GaAs-base photonic crystal laser diode, along with theoretical analysis of its modal characteristics. The prototype demonstration will be based on an epitaxial regrowth process previously demonstrated on low threshold lasers. Two types of prototypes willl be developed and analyzed, the first based on real refractive index coupling to a 2-D photonic crystal lattice, and the second that includes gain coupling to a 2-D lattice.

NANOTEX CORP.
9402 Alberene Dr.
Houston, TX 77074
(713) 777-6266

PI: Dr. Felipe Chibante
(713) 777-6266
Contract #:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
One Cyclotron Rd., Bldg-46R012
Berkeley, CA 94720
(510) 486-7391

ID#: N054-003-0424
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) Display Technology for Military Aircraft
Abstract:   NanoTex Corp. proposes to use metallic carbon nanotubes combined with conductive surfactant polymer developed at LBNL to develop air-stable, solvent processible cathodes for OLED-based display used in cockpits. This eliminates the current need for hermetic packaging protecting the device from water and air and reduces manufacturing costs. As an efficient conductors, nanotubes enhance electron injection giving brighter emission, while increasing the robustness of the device.

NEW SPAN OPTO-TECHNOLOGY, INC.
9380 SW 72nd Street, B-180
Miami, FL 33173-5460
(305) 275-6998

PI: Dr. Sangyup Song
(305) 321-5288
Contract #:
University of Miami
1204 Dickinson Drive, 37-A
Coral Gables, FL 33146-5215
(305) 284-4541

ID#: N054-003-0201
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-003       Selected for Award
Title: White-Light Emitting OLED Display Based on Partially Conjugated Si-PPV Copolymer
Abstract:   OLED technology has improved to the point where it is now possible to envision developing OLEDs as a low cost FPD. In order to realize this, significant advances have to be made in device efficiency, lifetime at high brightness, high throughput fabrication, and the generation of illumination quality white light as new light source. Currently, these devices are being developed commercially, however, for military application, high temperature performance, and long term reliability/stability remain an issue. New Span Opto-technology Inc. proposes a novel white-light emitting OLED display with excellent thermal stability. We will use the partially conjugated Si-PPV as an emitting material. The highly efficient bright white emitting of the device will be realized from the control of the conjugation length of Si-PPVs. In order to achieve our goal, we will find out the most suitable conjugation length and derivatives of Si-PPV with various organic functional groups in the phenyl ring through the quantum chemistry simulation method. This simulation will reduce the time consuming synthetic works. We will demonstrate a bright single-layer white OLED to be realized by spin-coating. This device is the best way to satisfy the high temerpature operation requirement and to achieve the required long term reliability.

NIELSEN ENGINEERING & RESEARCH, INC.
605 Ellis Street, Suite 200
Mountain View, CA 94043-2241
(650) 968-9457

PI: Mr. John Love
(650) 968-9457
Contract #:
U. of Kansas Ctr. for Research, Inc
KUCR, 2385 Irving Hill Road
Lawrence, KS 66045-7563
(785) 864-3441

ID#: N054-014-0011
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-014       Selected for Award
Title: Shape Memory Alloy Flight Control Surfaces
Abstract:   Nielsen Engineering & Research (NEAR) and The University of Kansas Center for Research (KUCR) propose the development of an innovative integral control surface and actuator system which can be used to achieve pitch, roll, and yaw control of a miniature hypersonic vehicle. The proposed system uses high-bandwidth, high-power density adaptive actuators for its control surfaces. These actuators have energy, power, force, moment, and stroke capabilities which are significantly higher than all previous actuator families. In Phase I, NEAR-KUCR will select the actuator material, evaluate candidate configurations, and carry out preliminary mission analysis and aerostructures simulations. The Phase I program will result in the fabrication and bench testing of a representative actuator-fin prototype which will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed concept. This design will act as a springboard and starting point for the Phase II effort which will lead to a prototype to be flight tested by the Navy sponsor.

NLIGHT PHOTONICS
5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E
Vancouver, WA 98665
(360) 566-4476

PI: Dr. Paul Crump
(360) 713-5161
Contract #:
Caltech
Applied Physics, 223 Steele, M/C 128-95
Pasadena, CA 91125
(626) 395-3086

ID#: N054-010-0141
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-010       Selected for Award
Title: Photonic Crystal Applications for Laser Diode Technologies
Abstract:   The objective of this proposal is to derive a practical, manufacturable route to a high performance two-dimensional photonic crystal broad area high power diode laser, through collaboration between a leading research institution (Caltech) and a leading manufacturer of high power diode lasers (nLight). Initial work would be performed on InP based high power broad area devices, but would be transferable to other wavelengths once proven. Design studies for a high performance 2-D photonic crystal laser will be performed. Initial assessment of prototype lasers will be performed using early Caltech designs on nLight epitaxial growth. The process and tool capability required to deliver high performance photonic crystal lasers in high volumes will be determined, in preparation for phase II. The phase I option would assess initial yield and performance by bonding, testing and assessing multiple 1-cm bars.

NVE CORP. (FORMERLY NONVOLATILE ELECTRONICS, INC.
11409 Valley View Road
Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3617
(952) 996-1602

PI: Dr. Catherine Nordman
(952) 996-1629
Contract #:
University of Delaware
Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-8618

ID#: N054-025-0272
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-025       Selected for Award
Title: Novel Materials for Ultra-Sensitive Low-Frequency Magnetometers
Abstract:   This work seeks to develop the ultra-low-frequency performance of spin-dependent-tunneling magnetic-field sensors through the use of novel thin-film materials to lower the frequency-dependent excess noise and increase the signal response. What is proposed is an investigation of novel thin film materials recently discovered to have high magnetoresistance effects. Magnetic sensor devices will be fabricated and their intrisinic noise spectrums will be qualitatively compared with the state-of-the-art Al2O3 barriers. Combinations of the thin-film materials and deposition conditions that prove the greatest potential for substantially increasing the sensor's signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) will be chosen for the Phase II prototype development. The goal of the program is to produce a magnetic-field sensor element which resolves sub-nanoTesla field perturbations at milliHertz frequencies. The emerging technology of spin-dependent tunneling devices is ideal in that it has great potential for increasing SNR at low frequency and its inherent attributes include: low power, small size, low cost, IC compatiblility, ruggedness, standard microelectronics processing, and broad-band frequency resolution.

OCELLUS, INC.
450 Lindbergh Avenue
Livermore, CA 94551-9552
(925) 606-6540

PI: Dr. Michael Droege
(925) 606-6540
Contract #:
Southern Research Institute
2000 Ninth Avenue, South
Birmingham, AL 35205
(205) 581-2809

ID#: N054-015-0356
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-015       Selected for Award
Title: Aerogel Spray Thermal Barrier
Abstract:   A need exists for new weapon types that can rapidly strike targets around the globe within minutes. One current focus is the development of hypersonic strike weapons. Hypersonic weapons will have increased effectiveness, decreased time to target, and increased range. However, hypersonic projectiles will experience significant aerothermic heating necessitating thermal protection. This key technology requirement is driven by the need for extremely robust, high g and high temperature tolerant structures. Nanoporous solids such as aerogels are of interest in such thermal protection applications. To make full use of the potential of these nanoporous materials in thermal protection for hypersonic projectiles, novel aerogel formulations and new methods of integration and application on structures is required. Ocellus has successfully developed aerogel composites with high temperature stability, insulation, and acoustic/shock tolerance. In this Phase I effort, we will assess various aerogels and aerogel composites to identify those materials or family of materials that are suited to this application, using thermal conductivity/heat transport models we developed for analyzing aerogels and aerogel composites at high temperature. Based on these results, a novel aerogel formulation suitable for spray deposition will be demonstrated and its thermal and mechanical properties characterized at high temperature.

OPTONET
828 Davis Street, Suite 206
Evanston, IL 60201-4420
(847) 425-7585

PI: Dr. Jing Ma
(847) 425-7585
Contract #:
Northwestern University
Office of Sponsored Programs, 633 Clark Street
Evanston, IL 60208-0001
(847) 491-3003

ID#: N054-007-0117
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-007       Selected for Award
Title: Compact High-Speed Wideband Multi-Drop Wavelength Tunable Filter Based on Super Compact Grating
Abstract:   The proposed project will undertake the research, design, and development of key concepts and technologies for high-speed electronically tunable channel filter, based on super compact grating technology that has been developed in OptoNet. This project is proposed by a strong multidisciplinary team of industry and academic researchers, including device design and packaging experts from OptoNet Inc. and device physics and fabrication experts from the Northwestern University. In Phase I of this project, the emphasis will be on the development of a proof-of-concept for the proposed fast tuning speed, wide tuning range fiber optic compatible wavelength filter. The proposed SCG based Tunable Filter has the following advantages: (1) Ultrafast tuning speed of <10nsec. (2) High signal extinction of >40dB. (3) Lossless or amplified throughput by integrated SOAs. (4) Compact size with a chip area <10mm2. (5) High ruggedness based on monolithic integration. (6). High manufacturability due to monolithic integration. (7) High functionalities with functions as channel equalizer or multi-channel amplifier. (8) Signal bypass of un-dropped signal channels. (9) Multiple-Channel Dropping. (10) Wide tuning range of >32nm. (11) Accurate channel reference.

OPTONET
828 Davis Street, Suite 206
Evanston, IL 60201-4420
(847) 425-7585

PI: Dr. Jing Ma
(847) 425-7585
Contract #:
University of Florida
Office of Engineering Research, 343 Weil Hall, Box 116550
Gainesville, FL 32611-6200
(352) 392-9447

ID#: N054-009-0118
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-009       Selected for Award
Title: Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM) Fiber Optic Network Architecture Analysis, Modeling, Optimization and Demonstration for Aerospace Platforms
Abstract:   The proposed project will undertake the research, design, and development of key concepts, tools, and technologies for local-area optical networking, based on wave-division multiplexing, specifically targeted towards existing and emerging requirements for communication networks in advanced aerospace platforms. This project is proposed by a strong multidisciplinary team of industry and academic researchers, including subsystem and device experts from OptoNet Inc. and networking and systems experts from the University of Florida. In the first phase of this project (the focus of this proposal), the emphasis will be on the identification and integration of disparate requirements, the development and analysis of computer-based simulation models for candidate topologies and control methodologies, the determination of key metrics of performance, scalability, dependability, power, etc., and optionally the modeling and mapping of one or more legacy and emerging network protocols into the simulation environment. The results from this phase will lay the foundation for follow-on phases where candidate system and subsystem architectures will be developed and evaluated via advanced techniques in rapid virtual prototyping, network node requirements will be determined, and node and small-scale network prototypes will be constructed to demonstrate efficacy and properties of the approach in meeting the needs of advanced Navy aerospace systems.

PASSIVE SENSORS UNLIMITED
2200 Kraft Drive, Suit 1200a
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 443-9261

PI: Dr. Jiefang Li
(540) 443-9261
Contract #:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute
201 Holden Hall, MSE Department
Blacksburg, VA 24061
(540) 231-2276

ID#: N054-025-0048
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-025       Selected for Award
Title: Advanced Magnetic Sensing
Abstract:   Recently, our research team has developed a new generation of single element ME laminate composite magnetic field sensors. The ME effect is a polarization response to an applied magnetic field or conversely a magnetization response to an applied electric field. In Phase I of this program, Passive Sensors Unlimited and Virginia Tech will (i) prototype four ME sensor units, including detection circuitry; (ii) establish the performance characteristics of these four sensor units, with respect to signal-to-noise and bandwidth; and (iii) perform a limited field-test in order to demonstrate the ability to detect a target.

PHARAD LLC
1500 South Edgewood Street
Baltimore, MD 21227
(443) 745-4856

PI: Dr. Dalma Novak
(443) 280-1386
Contract #:
Johns Hopkins University
Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd MS1E154
Laurel, MD 20723-6099
(443) 778-7220

ID#: N054-008-0044
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-008       Selected for Award
Title: Broadband Feedforward Photonic Linearization Circuit for High Dynamic Range RF Links
Abstract:   Pharad is teaming with the Applied Physics Laboratory of The Johns Hopkins University to propose and investigate the feasibility of a novel, broadband photonic linearization circuit based on a feedforward technique for airborne military communication platforms. The circuit will have the ability to achieve all-order distortion and noise suppression and be suitable for both directly and externally modulated laser diode analog optical links. The proposed architecture is inherently broadband to allow wide instantaneous bandwidth and/or multi-spectral signals with a target bandwidth of sub-100 MHz to 20 GHz. It also offers the capability to be real-time adaptable to retain maximum effectiveness in response to the presence of dynamic input signals and drift due to environmental effects. The photonic circuit could be easily implemented in a wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) network, with each WDM transmitter module containing identical photonic linearization circuits with software selectable control to optimize the particular RF signal(s) carried on the WDM channel. We will both model and experimentally demonstrate an implementation of the feedforward linearization architecture using COTS components in order to complete a feasibility study for meeting the performance requirements. Our investigation will include an analysis of suitable operating parameters where our broadband feedforward architecture will excel.

PHOTONIC SYSTEMS, INC.
900 Middlesex Turnpike, Building #5
Billerica, MA 01821
(978) 670-4990

PI: Dr. Gary E. Betts
(760) 839-8211
Contract #:
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Dr.
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-6180

ID#: N054-008-0110
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-008       Selected for Award
Title: Photonic Circuits for Broadband, High Dynamic Range Analog RF Applications
Abstract:   This proposal describes a linear modulation/demodulation architecture to impart analog photonic links with high dynamic range in wide instantaneous bandwidths, making them suitable for insertion into the RF systems on naval aircraft. This revolutionary architecture is projected to impart a fiber-optic link with an SFDR of > 125 dBHz2/3 for instantaneous bandwidths of up to 1 GHz and over an operational bandwidth of 100 MHz - 20 GHz after the completion of technology developments in Phase II of the program. In the 7-month base portion of Phase I, PSI will assemble a benchtop low-frequency version of the link using COTS components and compare its measured SFDR to that predicted by the PSI/UCSD analytical model, and UCSD will complete a design of two InGaAsP/InP integrated circuits that monolithically incorporate all of the optical and electro-optic components in the link's optical transmitter and optical receiver modules. In a subsequent 3-month Option, PSI/UCSD will use the results of the benchtop link measurements to update our analytical model, and use this improved model to design a prototype 100 MHz - 20 GHz link-including the InGaAsP/InP optical transmitter and optical receiver chips in addition to an integrated electronic feedback circuit-for manufacture in Phase II.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
(978) 689-0003

PI: Dr. Aron Newman
(978) 689-0003
Contract #:
State University of New York
Dept. of Mat. Sci. & Eng., SUNY-Stoney Brook
Stoney Brook, NY 11794-2275
(631) 632-9512

ID#: N054-015-0270
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-015       Selected for Award
Title: Spray Deposition of Aerogels as Thermal Barriers
Abstract:   Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and our collaborators (Southern Research Institute, the State University of New York at Stony Brook, and two aerospace contractors) will design, develop, and experimentally evaluate the performance of a cost-effective spray process for applying aerogels as thermal barriers for aluminum and steel alloys used in hypersonic missiles and projectiles. The aerogel is part of a thermal protection system (TPS) that provides superior ability to insulate in addition to its physical robustness to survive 40 kG acceleration, heating rates of 1000C/sec, and hypersonic aerodynamic conditions. In the Phase I program we will design and develop insulation structures that demonstrate the viability to meet design requirements that exceed the performance of current TPS designs. We will measure thermal and thermal-mechanical properties of proposed designs to demonstrate the feasibility of approach and justify continuation into the Phase II effort.

POLATOMIC, INC.
1810 N. Glenville Dr., Suite 116
Richardson, TX 75081-1954
(972) 690-0099

PI: Dr. Robert E. Slocum
(972) 690-0099
Contract #:
University of Texas at Dallas
P. O. Box 830688, EC33
Richardson, TX 75083-0688
(972) 883-2314

ID#: N054-025-0286
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-025       Selected for Award
Title: Miniature Broadband Laser Magnetometer for ASW Arrays
Abstract:   This STTR Phase I proposal describes development of a conceptual design for the Miniature Broadband Laser Magnetometer, an advanced high-sensitivity scalar laser magnetometer for next-generation undersea ASW Gradiometer Arrays. The MBLM offers the advanced capability of measuring scalar static and ELF magnetic fields with a sensitivity better than 1.0 pT/Hz from 0.001 Hz to 50 Hz. The MBLM design is based on five innovations. The first is a hybrid sensor concept combining low-power nuclear free precession (NFP) for milliHertz signals with an OSP locked-oscillator He4 mode for observation of ELF signals. The second innovation is development of long-relaxation time dual helium isotope cells combining isotopes 3 and 4 in a single cell in collaboration with the University of Texas-Dallas. The third innovation is a fiber coupled laser pump source for pumping both isotopes. The fourth innovation is an omni-directional sense coil for the NFP mode. The fifth innovation is a low-power amplifier/processor chip for the NFP mode. The MBLM offers major advantages for ASW undersea arrays requiring detection and tracking in a gradiometer mode for reduction of geomagnetic noise in the detection band. The feasibility of fabricating a breadboard MBLM in Phase II will be established under this Phase I Project.

PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP.
9500 Innovation Drive
Manassas, VA 20110
(703) 368-6107

PI: Mr. James Powers
(703) 368-6107
Contract #:
University of Utah
1471 Federal Way
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
(800) 581-3008

ID#: N054-018-0163
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-018       Selected for Award
Title: Single Crystal High Power Source for Torpedo Defense
Abstract:   Progeny Systems Corporation offers an innovative solution for an acoustic projector array for technology insertion in the AN/WSQ-11 Surface Ship Torpedo Defense System (SSTD). Our design has the unique flexibility to address a broad range of threats by fully leveraging the strengths of single crystal materials in an innovative projector array design. Our High Power Source/Countermeasure (HPS/DM) array provides a high-power steerable acoustic projector and a broad band acoustic countermeasure in one compact, easily handled towed array module for integration with current and future sea frames.

PROSENSING
107 Sunderland Road
Amherst, MA 01002-1098
(413) 549-4402

PI: Dr. Ivan PopStefanija
(413) 549-4402
Contract #:
Naval Postgraduate School
1 University Circle
Monterey, CA 93943
(831) 656-2815

ID#: N054-028-0218
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-028       Selected for Award
Title: Development of Advanced Weather Surveillance Algorithms and Techniques for Rapid Scanning Tactical Radars
Abstract:   This Phase I STTR proposal describes our plan to develop advanced algorithms and techniques for a weather surveillance mode for rapid scanning phased array radar system. Our company recently developed an add-on weather radar processor for the military tactical radar and demonstrated the ability of the radar to generate rapidly updated images of reflectivity and velocity in precipitation to ranges in excess of 30 km. During Phase I, we plan to develop volumetric sampling algorithms to make optimal use of the electronic scanning capability of the radar. Using previously collected raw data, we will test various clutter rejection filters off-line, and determine suitable filters for implementation in the real time processor in Phase II. We also plan to design and field test a radar calibration procedure required to produce properly calibrated reflectivity measurements. Software modifications are also planned to archive processed data in the widely accepted NetCDF format.

QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC
1820 Ridge Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201-3621
(847) 425-8211

PI: Dr. James Wright
(847) 328-5800
Contract #:
Applied Research Lab. Penn State
P. O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 865-3537

ID#: N054-006-0359
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Exploratory Development of Functionally Graded Nano-Composite (FGNC) for Gear Applications
Abstract:   The proposed research would be a collaborative effort combining the gear testing expertise of Penn State's Gear Research Institute with the modeling and alloy design expertise of QuesTek Innovations. Engineers from the V22 manufacturer, Bell Helicopter, would be consulted to establish the desired property gradients in the designed alloy for improving the endurance of power transmissions built by Bell Helicopter. An increased strength of the core material will allow for increased power density compared to the existing gear alloys, and increased core toughness will provide improved damage tolerance. A new alloy will be designed to meet these criteria, and a 30 lb VIM/VAR prototype ingot will be produced. The core hardness, strength, and impact toughness of the prototype material will be measured. A preliminary carburization cycle will be developed during the phase I base and option programs using simulations. The contact fatigue resistance of a similar proprietary gear steel, C61, will be tested at Penn State to evaluate the rolling/sliding contact fatigue resistance of an alloy with an improved fatigue resistant microstructure during the phase I option program.

RADIO-HYDRO-PHYSICS LLC
Route 1, Box 565
Middlebourne, WV 26149-9694
(304) 834-0866

PI: Dr. V. V. Tatarskii
(404) 894-9224
Contract #:
Georgia Institute of Technology
Georgia Institute of Technolog, School of Earth & Atmospheri
Atlanta, GA 30332-0340
(404) 894-9224

ID#: N054-011-0038
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-011       Selected for Award
Title: Radar Scattering from the Ocean Surface
Abstract:   Develop physics-based theory and computer-based model characterizing recent advances in surface wind/wave response to ambient and perturbed surface structures.

RSOFT DESIGN GROUP
200 Executive Boulevard
Ossining, NY 10562
(914) 923-2164

PI: Dr. Brent K. Whitlock
(408) 586-9360
Contract #:
University of California, Santa Bar
University of California, Eng. Science Bldg., Rm 2221F
Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9560
(805) 893-4168

ID#: N054-009-0399
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-009       Selected for Award
Title: Advanced WDM Fiber Optic Network Architecture Analysis, Modeling, Optimization and Demonstration for Aerospace Platforms
Abstract:   We propose to perform innovative research towards the development of a new WDM fiber optic network architecture standard for aerospace platforms that will not just supplement current networks, but completely replace all legacy networks to maximize the benefits of fiber optic network technology and revolutionize networking in aerospace platforms. Our approach is to combine expertise in optical network architectures with rigorous multi-level hierarchical analysis, modeling, and optimization of candidate WDM fiber optic network architectures for aerospace platforms utilizing cutting-edge and innovative modeling and simulation tools. We propose to specify candidate network architectures that address the requirements for WDM networks in aerospace platforms, analyze and simulate them, and evaluate them based on a variety of metrics. We also propose to specify new modeling and simulation capabilities that may be required for aerospace platform-based WDM network design as determined through the course of our work.

SABEUS SENSOR SYSTEMS
26679 Agoura Road, #100
Calabasas, CA 91302
(818) 737-7736

PI: Dr. Armando Montalvo
(818) 737-7750
Contract #:
Penn State ARL
Pennsylvania State University, PO Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 863-7681

ID#: N054-007-0253
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-007       Selected for Award
Title: High Speed Electronically Tunable Fiber-Optic Filter
Abstract:   Sabeus proposes to build and demonstrate a High Speed Electronically Tunable Fiber-Optic Filter based upon the Penn State ARL design. The filter consists of a Long Period Grating (LPG) coated with an electro-optic polymer. An applied voltage varies the refractive index of the coating surruounding the LPG to tune the filter wavelength. The filter will be tunable over a 50 nm range with a nanosecond tuning speed. For this effort, Sabeus will design and create the LPG, and Penn State ARL will apply the EO coatings.

SAN DIEGO RESEARCH CENTER, INC.
6885 Flanders Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121-2933
(858) 623-9424

PI: Mr. John Conkle
(858) 552-0087
Contract #:
University of California at LA
6731-H Beolter Hall, EE Department, MC 951594
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594
(310) 257-2098

ID#: N054-020-0114
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-020       Selected for Award
Title: Wireless Sensing for Survivable Machinery Control
Abstract:   San Diego Research Center (SDRC) teamed with UCLA's Embedded Computing group will develop, validate, and demonstrate the feasibility of a magnetic-induction based wireless bridge for use in effectively communicating data through steel wall bulkheads located onboard naval combatants. In addition, we will develop and demonstrate the feasibility of a network architecture and management structure to enable: 1. The use of "smart" machines that operate effectively by making semi-autonomous decisions using a machine control network. 2. The effective operation of all networked components through battle damage facilitated through the development of redundant, disruption-tolerant distributed mesh architectures with optimized routing functionality located at the "edge" of the network. The SDRC team proposes to address the network architecture by adopting an approach that combines wired links, radio links, and magnetic links into a hybrid network architecture glued by intelligent network protocols, robust security mechanisms, and flexible management plane A magnetic induction-based approach for the bridge has considerable appeal. It is 1) relatively immune to interference, 2) can support data rates in excess of those envisioned for a machine control network, 3) inherently very low power, and 4) can be developed into a network bridge that can be installed quickly and with little cost.

SMART INFORMATION FLOW TECHNOLOGIES, D/B/A SIFT
211 N 1st St., Suite 300
Minneapolis, MN 55401-1480
(612) 339-7438

PI: Dr. Robert Goldman
(612) 339-7438
Contract #:
University of Virginia
122 Engineer's Way, PO Box 400257
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4257
(434) 924-6272

ID#: N054-017-0442
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-017       Selected for Award
Title: Plan Understanding & Mission Assessment (PUMA)
Abstract:   Two technologies with nearly perfect complementary capabilities are combined in this project. Univer-sity of Virginia has developed the Tactical Interface for Monitoring and Retargeting (TIMR), based on recent Tactical Tomahawk work. This provides decision aiding and an underlying simulation platform, but by design provides no autonomous planning capability. SIFT has developed PlaybookT, an intelli-gent autonomy capability for multiple, heterogeneous unmanned vehicle management, with sophisticated abilities to suggest near-optimal plans through constraint relaxation in overconstrained situations, but minimal capabilities for execution monitoring and intervention. In this project, we integrate Playbook and TIMR to create a Plan Understanding and Mission Assessment (PUMA) system. Playbook, and the associated task and resource models for execution, provide a controllable level of autonomy in PUMA, which will allow examination of the utility of these tools under various autonomous capability scenarios.

SOLERS CORP.
1611 N. Kent St., Suite 700
Arlington, VA 22209
(703) 841-6106

PI: Mr. Kevin Leonard
(703) 243-4711
Contract #:
The College of William & Mary
P.O. Box 8795
Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795
(757) 221-2563

ID#: N054-032-0281
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-032       Selected for Award
Title: Ultrasonic Guided Wave for Long Range Monitoring and Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) of Corrosion Induced Defects in Shipboard Piping with Complex Geometry
Abstract:   Although various technologies exist for piping NDI, the complexities that exist in Navy piping systems make the task of inspecting these structures more difficult than their civilian counterparts. Navy vessels consist of pipes of various sizes that transport fuel, water, and sanitation, and are often within cramped spaces, pass through bulkheads, and filled tanks that are inaccessible to inspectors. They also often have elbows, bends, twists and branches, but current inspection technology has only been truly successful on straight featureless pipes. We have demonstrated previously the ability to extract information about multiple modes from guided wave signals using the dynamic wavelet fingerprinting (DWFP) technique. We propose here a different inspection technique that uses normal incidence transducers to generate feature-rich multi-mode signals as opposed to single axisymmetric or flexural modes. A large portion of this work will be focused on numerically and analytically exploring the complicated scattering and propagation of the guided waves past bends, different types of corrosive flaws, and other structural complexities. Then, with the DWFP multi-mode detection technique and knowledge gained from the numerical and analytical studies, individual modes can be monitored and any changes can be used to detect and localize flaws in complex piping systems.

SONTEK/YSI, INC.
6837 Nancy Ridge Drive, Suite A
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 546-8327

PI: Dr. Vadim Polonichko
(858) 546-8327
Contract #:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institutio
266 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, MA 02543
(508) 289-3614

ID#: N054-027-0098
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-027       Selected for Award
Title: Littoral Sensors for Naval Special Forces
Abstract:   We propose to develop a compact, easily deployed (diver, small boat, helicopter) sensor system that transmits shallow-water (between the shoreline and about 15-m water depth) observations of waves, currents, water temperature, tides, and other parameters via satellite or cellular telephone to a receiving station on board a ship or on land. Consultation with Navy Special Forces will determine the optimal set of parameters to measure and transmit. The sensor systems will include acoustic Doppler current meters combined with existing satellite communications hardware and unique mounting frames. Based on experience obtained during several ONR-funded research projects, the PIs have shown that these instruments provide high quality measurements of waves and currents in nearshore waters, even in the surfzone where the presence of wave-breaking generated bubbles and suspended sediment complicate acoustic velocimetry. On-board data processing will reduce high-resolution time-series measurements to easily transmitted parameters (e.g., mean current speed, wave height and direction, tide level, water temperature) required by Special Forces for operations and for initializing numerical model simulations of littoral processes.

SPATIAL DIGITAL SYSTEMS, INC.
2350 Moberly Ct
Thousand Oaks, CA 91360
(310) 920-4251

PI: Dr. Donald Chang
(805) 405-7689
Contract #:
High Speed Electronic Lab
EE Dept., 56-125B Eng Bldg, UCLA, 420 Westwood Plaza
Los Angles, CA 90095-1594
(310) 794-1633

ID#: N054-002-0077
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-002       Selected for Award
Title: Non-Planner GPS Receiving Antenna
Abstract:   It is desirable to have small aperture for a user, but with better antenna gain toward GPS satellites and discrimination against jammers at low elevations. SDS proposes a methodology which will utilize multiple high gain spot beams from a non-planer array providing many AJ links simultaneously between GPS satellites and the user. The multi-beam antenna not only provides connectivity but also ensures isolations and discriminations against interference at low elevation angles. We will use AJ performance of a GAS-1 antenna as a key reference for comparisons. Multiple beams will be implemented via digital beam forming (DBF) technology, which enable the capability of dynamically picking various sets of elements for different beams. Projected apertures will be utilized to identify various sets of array elements available to form different individual beams, each pointing to a specific GPS satellite or a jammer. As to rejecting the jamming signals, elements with maximum base-line will be chosen to discriminate against jamming signals with the best nulling widths. Many predetermined receive beam positions/directions will be used to cover the hemisphere. Element weights for a nonplaner array for a given beam direction are opimized to maximize the peak gain through cross correlation techniques.

STIEFVATER CONSULTANTS
10002 Hillside terrace
Marcy, NY 13403
(315) 338-0932

PI: Dr. Richard Schneible
(315) 338-0932
Contract #:
Syracuse University
113 Bowen Hall
Syra cuse, NY 13244
(315) 443-9365

ID#: N054-013-0028
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-013       Selected for Award
Title: Novel Knowledge-Based Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) Techniques
Abstract:   This effort is to develop a novel knowledge-based reduced-rank STAP algorithm that can compensate for failures of individual array channels and compare its performance with the direct data domain (D3) STAP algorithms. Particularly, we will investigate the performance of reduced rank and D3 STAP algorithms for an array of electrically short elements. We believe that the combination of array design and novel STAP algorithms will have the most payoff for practical system implementation. This evaluation will address the practical issues such as near-field scattering, mutual coupling, multipath, and various receiver errors, and be performed using the method of moments code WIPL-D. A new knowledge-based (KB) approach will be developed to improve the performance of above algorithms in the practical conditions such as clutter non-homogeneity, channel mismatch resulting from near-field scattering, mutual coupling, multipath, and various receiver errors, etc., and element/channel failures. The KB processing approach will reconfigure the array for STAP algorithms if some elements fail, and choose the best of several possible STAP algorithms, including the selection of algorithm parameters and secondary data.

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT & TRANSFER, INC.
133 Defense Highway, Suite 212
Annapolis, MD 21401
(410) 224-3710

PI: Mr. Christopher J Duston
(410) 987-3435
Contract #:
University of Delaware
201 Composites Mfg. Lab
Newark, DE 19716-3144
(302) 831-4941

ID#: N054-006-0088
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Functionally Graded Nano-Composite for Gear Applications
Abstract:   The U.S. Navy is seeking improved durability, increased life and reduced maintenance for aircraft, particularly rotorcraft, by increasing the hardness of gears and bushings. They have suggested that the incorporation of nano-sized materials to create a functionally graded surface may provide this advantage. Such a compositionally graded structure offers the tooth surface offers the high hardness required to impart surface durability under very demanding contact conditions; the subsurface case region provides the strength gradient; and the core region with low to medium hardness of HRC 35-40 (VHN 345-390) provides a substrate with high toughness. Technology Assessment, in association with the University of Delaware and SSI Technologies has proposed to form a functionally graded surface during gear manufacture.

TECHNOLOGY IN BLACKSBURG, INC.
2901 Prosperity Rd
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 961-4401

PI: Mr. Matthew Langford
(540) 961-4401
Contract #:
Virginia Tech
Office of Sponsored Programs, 460 Turner St., Ste. 306(0170)
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 231-5281

ID#: N054-014-0032
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-014       Selected for Award
Title: Fast Response Shape Memory Alloy Control Surfaces for Hypersonic Munitions
Abstract:   The Techsburg Inc./Virginia Tech Center for Intelligent Material Systems and Structures (CIMSS) team proposes a novel approach to supersonic/hypersonic munition flight control systems. In the proposed Phase I effort, we will analytically and numerically investigate using high-temperature shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators to drive fin flow effectors to control high-speed munitions. A coupled thermal/kinematic/mechanical code will be developed to model SMA actuator force, deflection, and time response. An optimized flow effector design will be determined using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and the loading from the CFD simulations will be used as an input to the analytical model. A closed-loop control code incorporating the actuator attributes from the model will be developed. Finally, a proof-of-concept fin prototype incorporating SMA-actuated flow effectors will be designed, fabricated, and tested to experimentally validate and tune the model. The design will incorporate several novel features, such as using forced convection air to simultaneously improve actuator time response and augment flow effector performance.

TETRAMER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
657 S. Mechanic Street
Pendleton, SC 29670-1808
(864) 653-4339

PI: Dr. Earl H. Wagener
(864) 653-4339
Contract #:
University of Alabama at Huntsville
Electrical and Computer Eng., Nano and Micro Devices Center
Huntsville, AL 35899
(256) 824-2898

ID#: N054-007-0288
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-007       Selected for Award
Title: Perfluorocyclobutyl (PFCB) Polymers for High Speed Electronically Tunable Fiber-Optic Filter
Abstract:   This Phase I STTR proposal will combine commercial optical polymer technology from Tetramer Technologies, L.L.C. (Tetramer) and state of electro-optic chromophore advances, with Prof. Greg Nordin at the University of Alabama at Huntsville (UAH) and their expertise in design and fabrication of initial prototypes of compact electronically tunable fiber-optic filters. Tetramer, Clemson, and UAH researchers have enjoyed a rich and fruitful collaboration since 2001 through multi-collaborative academic programs primarily sponsored by DARPA. Novel electro-optic (EO) PFCB copolymers are unique for their low loss, tunable optical and thermal properties, and unmatched solution or solventless processability, which make them suitable for ultra fast optical filters. Specifically, the ultimate target for Phase I combined with Phase II will be the development and fabrication of optical fiber compatible tunable waveguide filters which can enable the realization of a low loss, selective receiver. During Phase I, prototype devices will be designed and tested in collaboration with the Prof. Greg Nordin at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH). Following successful fabrication and testing, Tetramer and UAH plan to partner with suitable device manufacturers for commercialization in Phase II.

ULTRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 105
San Marcos, CA 92078
(760) 420-3486

PI: Dr. Charles Kuznia
(760) 420-3486
Contract #:
Sandia National Labortories
PO Box 5800
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0603
(505) 844-9254

ID#: N054-005-0338
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-005       Selected for Award
Title: Ruggedized Multifunction Fiber-Optic Transceiver Optical Subassembly
Abstract:   This proposal describes a Phase I effort in an overall program to implement optical time domain reflectometry (OTDR) within multi-Gbps multimode fiber optic transceivers. The end goal is to develop transceivers capable of detecting and isolating fiber faults along the cable plant in a military environment. This Phase I effort will investigate a solution that integrates the OTDR functionality into the transceiver IC so that the overall optical subassembly and module physical envelope are not impacted. This solution requires a mechanism for detecting back-reflected light from the fiber. We will work with our STTR institutional partner, Sandia National Labs, to investigate devices for this detection mechanism. We anticipate a 7 month performance period for the technical portion of this investigation. There will be a mid-term "User's Workshop" to present this concept and gain feedback from major avionic military system integrators.

UOV
4504 Caledon Road
King George, VA 22485-7529
(540) 775-9470

PI: Mr. Payne Kilbourn
(540) 775-9470
Contract #:
Virginia Tech
The Bradley Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Blacksburg, VA 24061
(540) 231-3204

ID#: N054-021-0129
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-021       Selected for Award
Title: Energy Scavenging Unmanned Surface Vehicle for Long Range Surveillance
Abstract:   We propose to integrate wind, solar, and motion energy technologies to create a step-change in long-endurance autonomous naval operations. Solar and wind energy can be captured and transformed into electrical energy. For maximum efficiency, we propose to convert wind energy directly into propulsion using rigid sails. Features: Rigid sails covered with solar panels that maximize the conversion from wind energy to propulsive energy. Solar panels on horizontal surfaces to maximize collection of electrical energy for hotel/sensor/communications loads and propulsion via electric motor. Battery storage for operations at night and in low wind. Electrical energy generation from propeller when under wind power. A DC motor will drive a propeller for propulsion in low-wind conditions. When wind power is providing propulsion, the propeller will turn the DC motor as a generator. The energy technology has been proven in manned vessels (wind/solar ferry in Sydney), control technology has been proven in an autonomous vessels. Objective: Detailed design of an unmanned surface vehicle that will transit long distances, maintain station indefinitely, survive severe conditions, and operate autonomously. The report will identify key vendors, develop a cost model, develop control algorithms, and demonstrate proof of concept.

UTRON, INC.
8506 Wellington Road, Suite 200
Manassas, VA 20109-3988
(703) 369-5552

PI: Dr. Karthik Nagarathnam
(703) 369-5552
Contract #:
Penn State Applied Research Lab
Applied Research Laboratory, PO Box 30
State College, PA 16804-0030
(814) 863-3991

ID#: N054-006-0071
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-006       Selected for Award
Title: Net Shape Manufacturing of Functionally Grading Nano-Composite Materials for Gears Using High Pressure Combustion Driven Powder Compaction (CDC)
Abstract:   In response to Navy's needs for functional gradient gear materials development for applications such as V22-Aircraft/Helicopter, UTRON proposes an innovative manufacturing technology called the high pressure Combustion Driven Powder Compaction (CDC) to manufacture net shape quality, high density, mechanically durable and wear resistant ferrous based nanocomposite gear components with 9310 alloy, pyrowear 53, and CBS 600 as base materials and select dispersion of wear resistant nanocarbides such as boron carbide, silicon carbide and solid lubricants (e.g., molybdenum sulfide) by optimal sintering and heat treatment. Process advantages include superior sub-micron surface finish, synthesis/process flexibility of novel nanocomposites with ferrous alloys, less materials wastage, net shapes of simple to complex geometry at competitively lower manufacturing costs compared to the traditional wrought gear fabrication methods. The major focus of Phase I is to demonstrate the proof of concept to fabricate the proposed materials in various geometries such as 1 or 0.5 inch diameter disks, dogbones and contact fatigue test rings at high pressures (150 tsi) and scientifically evaluate the physical, geometrical, microstructural, mechanical and select rotating contact fatigue wear properties with optimal sintering/heat treatments. This will be done in collaboration with Penn State's Applied Research Laboratory and Bell Helicopter-Textron.

VIRTUAL EM, INC.
2019 Georgetown Blvd
Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1532
(734) 222-4558

PI: Dr. Tayfun Ozdemir
(734) 222-4558
Contract #:
University of New Mexico
801 University Blvd., SE, Suite 101
Albuquerque, NM 87106
(505) 272-7900

ID#: N054-013-0449
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-013       Selected for Award
Title: Development of Novel Knowledge-Based Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) Techniques Using Support Vector Machines (SVMs)
Abstract:   Virtual EM Inc. proposes to develop STAP techniques using machine learning algorithms for eventual implementation in critical radar systems. These algorithms require less time to train than neural networks. Virtual EM's simulation packages will be used to train the algorithms for array element failure, multi-path and jamming mitigation as well as interference from ground and maritime clutter. The performance of the algorithms will be evaluated in comparison to conventional reduced order STAP techniques.

VM SOLUTIONS, INC.
P.O. Box 44926
Tacoma, WA 98444-0926
(253) 841-2939

PI: Mr. David Brown
(253) 841-2939
Contract #:
Iowa State University
Office of Sponsored Programs, 1138 Pearson Hall
Ames, IA 50011-2207
(515) 294-5535

ID#: N054-004-0412
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-004       Selected for Award
Title: Low-cost, Position Indicator for Nondestructive Inspection C-Scanning
Abstract:   The Navy's nondestructive inspection mainly uses portable instruments with hand held ultrasonic or eddy current probes. The inspector makes the calls based on the data displayed on the instrument in real time without the aid of an image. This makes it difficult to distinguish between flaws and normal substructures and to quantify the size, shape and severity of the flaws. The problem can be greatly alleviated if a C-scan image of the inspection area is generated using the inspection data. Although most of the portable NDT instruments used by the Navy have either serial or analog output to make the data available, mechanical scanners are too cumbersome, expensive and complicated for field use on complex structures. An effective solution is to track the position of hand held probes using remote sensors and combine both the position and NDT data on a laptop computer C-scan display. There are many benefits of such a system. The inspector performance improves because he has access to the inspection data in image form, yet he can continue to inspect areas that would be difficult to reach using most scanners. All the benefits of manual inspection are retained, especially the ability to concentrate on critical areas.

WEBB RESEARCH CORP.
82 Technology Park Drive
East Falmouth, MA 02536
(508) 548-2077

PI: Dr. Andrey Morozov
(508) 548-2077
Contract #:
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institutio
A.O.P.E., Mail Stop 11, Water Street
Woods Hole,, MA 02543
(508) 289-2736

ID#: N054-022-0142
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-022       Selected for Award
Title: Underwater Acoustic Communications
Abstract:   Webb Research Corporation (WRC) and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) plan to develop on a modified Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) modulation for mobile time-variable underwater acoustical channel. The OFDM and COFDM (coded OFDM) systems are well known as very attractive system for multi-path underwater acoustic communications channels. There were a few attempts to realize OFDM systems for underwater communications. The traditional approach expects the symbol duration of the transmitted signal to be larger then channel time spread and scattering shows as deep amplitude fading, which needs code protection from burst errors. Nevertheless there are no good examples of practical reliable working OFDM systems in the real ocean situations. All advantages of OFDM systems disappear in a time-variable channel, when channels begin to interfere due to Doppler frequency spread. Exploiting the main advantage of usual OFDM to simplify signal in a single frequency channel of broadband multi-channel system, a new approach suggests to use much shorter pulses partially spread in time and to apply more complicated soft decision multi-path decoders such as linear and decision feedback (DFE) equalizers and maximum-likelihood sequence detection (MLSD) algorithm. The expected result is a more robust and reliable system in time-variable or mobile channels. The proposal includes three stages: estimation of mobile channel statistical parameters using computer models of sound propagation; comparing different approaches for real time channel pulse response estimation; numerical simulation of proposed algorithms of signal receiving. The investigation will obtain and test innovative algorithms for an underwater acoustic communication modem, which can be used not only for high data rate communication at short range, but for long-range low data rate communication as well.

WESTERN ENVIRONMENTAL TECH. LABORATORIES, INC.
620 Applegate St., PO Box 518
Philomath, OR 97370
(541) 929-5650

PI: Dr. Andrew Barnard
(541) 929-5650
Contract #:
Univ. Calif., Santa Barbara
Marine Science Institute
Santa Barbara, CA 93106-6150
(805) 893-2913

ID#: N054-026-0092
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-026       Selected for Award
Title: An underwater bioluminescence assessment tool (U-BAT)
Abstract:   We propose transition a novel bioluminescence (BL) sensor technology to develop a commercial general purpose bathyphotometer based product for biological assessment of natural waters. This proposal directly addresses ONR topic # N05-T026 for the need to transition new and novel BL sensing technologies from the research to the commercial realm in order to enable a more comprehensive quantification of the spatial and temporal variability of the biogeochemical complexity of coastal oceanic ecosystems. For this purpose, a leading manufacturer of in situ bio-optical instrumentation, WET Labs, has partnered with a renowned group of researchers from the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) to transition in situ bioluminescence (BL) sensing technologies developed at the University into a commercially viable combined bioluminescence and inherent optical properties integrated sensor suite. This Underwater Biological Assessment Tool (U-BAT) will provide unprecedented capabilities for scientists and resource managers to observe and discriminate bulk-phase biological processes in the water column. The envisioned invention will also directly address Naval survey and tactical operations in providing a visibility and vulnerability assessment for deployed assets and potential threats.

YANKEE ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS, INC.
101 Industrial Blvd.
Turners Falls, MA 01376
(413) 863-0200

PI: Mr. Mark C. Beaubien
(413) 863-0200
Contract #:
Virginia Tech
Fiber&Electro-Optics Research , 106 Plantation Road
Blacksburg, VA 24061-0356
(540) 231-8402

ID#: N054-028-0451
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 05-028       Selected for Award
Title: Multifunction, EO Meteorological Probes with Inherent Cross-Platform Capabilities
Abstract:   The Navy's need for innovative sensors and measurement techniques to obtain Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) variables exists in an environment of strongly interdependent operational, tactical, modeling and forecast requirements, particularly as applied to the operationally critical lower atmosphere. Conversations with Naval meteorology professionals reveal that METOC data instruments, acquisition and flow must support minimal critical operational imperatives (i.e. conditions, forecast, validation) as a first priority. However, operational imperatives are in turn dependent on large scale, model/forecast validation from the operational assets with sufficient data to offset the small footprint of the operational asset. At the same time, multi-function capability and cross-platform flexibility (e.g. sea, air, land assets) are strongly desired in instruments for support and expansion of the bi-directional data flow between model, forecast and operational commands. Indeed, the ability to use the same instrument for profiling the atmospheric boundary layer from a surface platform or the immediate regions of the air-sea interface from an air asset greatly expands the significance of any instrument. This proposal describes a compact, low cost electro-optical instrument suite that can address measuring several key meteorological parameters simultaneously.

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ANP TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
824 Interchange Boulevard
Newark, DE 19711
(302) 283-1730

PI: Mr. Ryen Hydutsky
(302) 283-1730
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0162
University of Maryland Balitmore Co
Dept of Elec. Engineering, 1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimer, MD 21250
(410) 455-3502

ID#: O054-003-2009
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: High-Throughput Brain Injury Proteomic Microassay
Abstract:   We propose to develop a multiplexed immunoassay for the detection of 2 - 4 medically relevant biomarkers of traumatic brain injury for use by front-line medical personnel and their civilian equivalents. The assay will provide results in less than 30 minutes, and provide information as to the actual level (concentration) of the biomarkers in the patient. The sample size for operating the assay is approximately 100 uL. The assay will incorporate ANP Technologies' patented and proprietary technologies that utilize specially designed polymeric scaffolds to increase the assay sensitivity and virtually eliminate false positive results from non-specific binding events.

BERKELEY EXOWORKS
63 Potomac Street
San Francisco, CA 94117-3322
(415) 722-9809

PI: Mr. Nathan Harding
(415) 533-8062
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0147
University of California
Mechanical Engineering Dept, 5124 Etcheverry Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720-1740
(510) 642-2964

ID#: O054-005-2016
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 25JUL05
Title: Military Specific Advancements in Prosthetic Limb Design and Performance
Abstract:   This proposal seeks to improve the performance of above-the-knee prostheses by developing several key technologies that are currently unavailable in such devices. First, the high power output required of the prostheses in military maneuvers such as climbing or running will be provided by a customized lightweight and compact active actuation scheme. Although power limitations traditionally barred prostheses from employing actuation, our preliminary analysis has shown great potential for energy recovery and regeneration by harnessing the cyclical nature of locomotion. Coupled with the design of an actively actuated prosthetic knee will be the development of a lightweight energy recovery/regeneration system. Based on our initial analysis, such a system would not only greatly improve the performance of the prosthetic by allowing for a powered joint, but also decrease the frequency, if not completely eliminate the need, of changing or charging batteries. The system will be controlled with a novel impedance control paradigm that will rely on sensors taking measurements from both the amputee's remaining limb and the ground. Our preliminary investigations indicate that by successfully combining these three elements (active actuation, energy recovery system, and multi-input impedance control), a high performance prosthetic suitable to the rigors of active duty personnel will result.

COMBUSTION SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, INC.
8940 Old Annapolis Road Suite L
Columbia, MD 21045
(410) 884-3266

PI: Dr. Michael Klassen
(410) 884-3266
Contract #: FA8650-05-M-2618
Georgia Institute of Technology
Office of Sponsored Programs
Atlanta, GA 30332-0420
(404) 894-6922

ID#: O054-002-1016
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 09AUG05
Title: Chemical Kinetics Modeling Tools for Hydrocarbon Scramjet Propulsion System Design
Abstract:   Reliable design tools are of paramount importance to predict the combustion processes under supersonic conditions, as obtaining ground experimental data under these conditions is difficult and expensive. Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc. (CSE) proposes to develop a global approach for creating and implementing reduced chemical kinetic mechanisms for hydrocarbon fuels in the design process of scramjet propulsion for hypersonic flight. This approach will use a detailed CH2O/H2/O2 reaction sub-set to allow for accurate predictions of non-equilibrium phenomena such as ignition and extinction assuming break-down of the fuel molecule into CH2O and H2. The rate constant for the fuel decomposition step will be evaluated from available experimental data. The reduced mechanism will consist of 14 species and 44 reactions, irrespective of the type of fuel is used. This model has been successfully demonstrated for propane to predict ignition and extinction under subsonic conditions. In this project, this approach will be extended to hydrocarbon fuels including hypersonic fuels such as JP-7 to predict non-equilibrium combustion phenomenon under supersonic conditions. The reduced model will be validated and optimized against available experimental data in the literature. Then, the reduced kinetic mechanism coupled with mixing model will be implemented in various CFD codes to test the compatibility and convergence criteria under supersonic conditions.

DAIMONION DIAGNOSTICS, LLC
12085 Research Drive
Alachua, FL 32615
(410) 357-9485

PI: Dr. Monika Oli
(386) 418-1632
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0168
University of Florida
PO Box 100256
Gainesville, FL 32610
(352) 392-3681

ID#: O054-003-2011
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: High-Throughput Brain Injury Proteomic Microassay
Abstract:   Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of combat casualty. Previous estimates for 20th century conflicts were that 15 - 25% of all injuries were sustained to the head. However, with the increased incidence of blast injuries that military personnel are suffering in the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, head injury is becoming an even more frequent occurrence. Far forward medics need a device to objectively and quantifiably diagnose brain injury in order to effectively triage and provide appropriate treatment to their casualties, thereby providing for improved long-term outcome. The overall objective of this STTR topic is to develop a hand-held point-of-care device for analyzing biomarkers of brain injury that can be used as a diagnostic and triage tool by military medics on the battlefield. This Phase I proposal will establish the feasibility of adapting standard Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) of three brain injury biomarkers into an automated miniaturized, multiplexed assay panel using antibody microarray technology. The proposal combines the expertise of the University of Florida in identifying and validating biomarkers of brain injury, of Banyan Biomarkers in developing and optimizing ELISAs for these biomarkers, and of Clinical Microarrays (CMA) in adapting ELISA technology into their patented biochip format.

ENERGID TECHNOLOGIES
124 Mount Auburn Street, Suite 200 North
Cambridge, MA 02138
(888) 547-4100

PI: Dr. John J. Hu
(888) 547-4100
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0138
Massachusetts General Hospital
Wang Ambulatory Care - 331, Fruit Street
Boston, MA 02114
(617) 724-6590

ID#: O054-004-2027
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 02AUG05
Title: Intracranial Hematoma/ Burr Hole and Trauma Flap Simulator
Abstract:   A high fidelity trauma surgery and presurgery training system is needed to improve the emergent operative management of trauma injuries. In this project, Energid Technologies will tailor its medical simulation software to the burr hole and trauma flap procedure. The approach includes using machine vision algorithms to track hand and tool movement. Vision algorithms will capture the actions of the participants in the simulation. Imagery of the burr hole and environment will be created using OpenGL to provide a virtual reality environment for training. This will be coupled with a tactile feedback device that imposes simulated force on free-moving tools and saws. These components will be part of a framework that is designed for interoperability with other networked simulations and trainers. Energid's partner, Massachusetts General Hospital, will develop an innovative instructional framework and quantitative metrics to work within Energid's engineering system. This instructional framework will include simulation and training on physiological events and use the imaging modalities that would be available in a field environment.

FLUOROCHEM, INC.
680 S. Ayon Ave.
Azusa, CA 91702-5122
(626) 334-6714

PI: Dr. Kurt Baum
(626) 334-6714
Contract #: FA9300-05-M-3101
SRI International
333 Ravenswood Avenue
Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493
(650) 859-3083

ID#: O054-001-1019
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients
Abstract:   Improved solid performance is needed to meet Integrated High Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technology (IHPRPT) Program Phase III goals. The principal objective of this program is to design and synthesize new compounds that have the properties needed for use as energetic solid propellant additives. The focus of the work will be the synthesis of new energetic heterocyclic compounds that are useful as solid propellant additives/oxidizers. Sufficient material will be synthesized for structure characterization and the preliminary determination of sensitivity characteristics.

INFOSCITEX CORP.
16 Longmeadow Rd
Lincoln, MA 01773
(781) 890-1338

PI: Mr. John Player
(781) 890-1338
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0144
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
9500 Euclid Avenue, Mail Code: NB21
Cleveland, OH 44195
(216) 444-5223

ID#: O054-005-2022
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 25JUL05
Title: High Functionality Energy Efficient Prosthetic Limbs using Multi-Functional Materials
Abstract:   Modern prosthetics have made significant improvements in control and functionality yet battery systems powering these features are severely lacking. Even modest functionality in the most common lower limb prosthetic, the Otto Bock C leg, is typically limited to 48 hours maximum usage before battery depletion. To have continuous use prosthetics it is currently necessary to have multiple heavy battery packs, leaving the soldier as well as ordinary citizens vulnerable in dangerous situations. In this Phase I program, Infoscitex Corporation will develop a regenerative energy system for lower limb prosthetics using electroactive polymers to extend the life and reduce battery weight for these prosthetics. This system concept also has the potential to provide both shock absorbance and actuation capability. Infoscitex has teamed with the Cleveland Clinic and their artificial exo-tendon team to determine biomechanically optimum locations for these electroactive devices and make the necessary advances in flexible electrode technology for future commercialization. In a Phase II program, Infoscitex and Cleveland Clinic will further develop the electroactive polymer module to both harvest energy from and actuate lower limb prosthetics. The Infoscitex team envisions building electroactive tendon devices for existing products at the leading prosthetics firms and licensing this novel concept for more widespread application.

INTRAGRAPHIX, LLC
1941 East Ramona Ave
Salt Lake City, UT 84108-3113
(801) 440-0502

PI: Mr. Shane Guillory
(801) 440-0502
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0146
University of Utah
Department of Neurology, 30 North 1900 East #3R210
Salt Lake City, UT 84132
(801) 585-4192

ID#: O054-005-2036
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-005       Awarded: 25JUL05
Title: Advanced multi-axis control system using Blind Source surface EMG
Abstract:   The goal of this program is to use Blind Source Separation (BSS) signal processing techniques to create a novel multi-axis controller for prosthetic limbs based on surface EMG electrode array recordings.

LYNNTECH, INC.
7607 Eastmark Drive, Suite 102
College Station, TX 77840-4027
(979) 693-0017

PI: Dr. Richard McAloney
(979) 693-0017
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0171
University of Maine
Dept. of Chemical and Bio Eng., 5737 Jenness Hall
Orono, ME 04469-5737
(207) 581-2288

ID#: O054-003-2015
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: Rugged, Hand-held, and Array-based Traumatic Brain Injury Biomarker Biosensor
Abstract:   On the battlefield, 30-40% of all injuries have a head injury component. A field medic must quickly assess the extent of brain injury for rapid triage of the injured soldier. Researchers have identified traumatic brain injury (TBI) related biomarkers that appear in blood some time after trauma has occurred. Lynntech proposes to develop a handheld, rugged, reagentless, inexpensive, and versatile (protein, DNA, RNA) detection system for TBI biomarkers in whole blood. The detection system will uniquely incorporate: (1) Specific recognition of the TBI biomarkers in a disposable cartridge format, (2) Diffraction-based detection, and (3) PDA interface control. The diffraction-based sensor utilizes changes in diffracted light intensity upon the absorption of the biomarkers onto specific areas of a patterned surface to quantifiably determine levels of the markers. Dr. Neivandt, at the University of Maine, will be instrumental in developing the recognition element for the TBI diffraction-based biosensor. Phase I will focus primarily on the design and assembly of a breadboard prototype of the detection system that will be evaluated through in vitro testing using 3 representative TBI biomarker recognition elements. Phase II research will deliver a field-deployable prototype device for sensing an array of TBI biomarkers.

MACH I, INC.
340 East Church Road
King of Prussia, PA 19406
(610) 279-2340

PI: Dr. John J. Leonard
(610) 279-2340
Contract #: FA9300-05-M-3102
New Jersey Institute of Technology
323 Martin Luther King Blvd., University Heights
Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 596-5751

ID#: O054-001-1005
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients
Abstract:   Boron has significant potential as a high energy density ingredient in ramjet propellants and fuels. This is due to boron's high heat of combustion and low atomic weight. For a ramjet ducted rocket, theoretical volume specific impulses of 1600- 1800 sec g cm-3 have been reported for a fuel rich boron solid propellant, 45 % greater than the best hydrocarbon composition. Boron's high ignition temperature and surface oxide layer make it difficult to ignite and sustain combustion. Magnesium treating boron employing MACH I's proprietary reactive milling technology should improve the ignition and combustion characteristics and realize this potential. Magnesium will be present as a surface coating and penetrated into the bulk particle as magnesium-boron inter-metallic compounds. Magnesium readily ignites due to its lower ignition temperature vs. boron. It should also improve the combustion characteristics since magnesium will remove the boron oxide layer (which inhibits boron combustion) by reducing it to elemental boron. Ignition temperature and combustion properties will be studied as a function of magnesium level. Dr. Edward Dreizin of the New Jersey Institute of Technology will employ his previously developed hotwire ignition measurement technique and constant volume explosion apparatus. The minimum required magnesium level (maximum energy density) will be determined.

NOMADICS, INC.
1024 S. Innovation Way
Stillwater, OK 74074-1508
(405) 372-9535

PI: Dr. Jean Clarke
(405) 372-9535
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0174
Massachusetts General Hospital
Alzheimer's Disease Rsrch Unit, 114 16th Street (Rm 2850)
Charlestown, MA 02129
(617) 724-5306

ID#: O054-003-2029
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: Multiplexed Immunological Assay on Micro-ring Resonators for Detection of Brain Injury-Specific Biomarkers
Abstract:   The goal of the proposed research is to develop a highly sensitive, high-throughput, and miniaturized assay system for rapid detection of brain injury-specific biomarkers in serum. The assay will be integrated into a portable detector so results can be immediately communicated to the health-care provider for assessment and appropriate treatment of patient injury. This technology will be particularly important on the battlefield where sophisticated and expensive laboratory analytical equipment and expertise is not readily available. The key technological innovation for this project is called a micro-ring resonator, which undergoes a measurable change in resonant wavelength when light interacts with absorbed mass, such as bio-targets binding to a recognition moiety, on the micro-ring surface. In Phase I, three serum biomarkers for brain injury, S100B, NSE, and GFAP, will be detected using an immunologic assay on the micro-ring surface. To develop this platform, Nomadics proposes to use these high finesse micro-rings that incorporate a novel high index material, HydexT, to develop stable and versatile biophotonic interfaces based on label-free and reagentless immunologic platforms, to provide multiplexing capabilities for high-throughput testing and referencing, and to integrate these into a portable and cost-effective sensor platform.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
(978) 689-0003

PI: Dr. Ana Racoveanu
(978) 689-0003
Contract #: FA9300-05-M-3104
Lawrence Livermore National Labs
7000 East Avenue
Livermore, CA 94550
(925) 423-0747

ID#: O054-001-1015
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 16SEP05
Title: New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients
Abstract:   Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team members, propose to synthesize and characterize a new energetic furoxan oxidizer with high energy and low sensitivity. PSI has teamed with Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Energetic Materials Center and Aerojet Corp., Energetic Materials Group on the proposed program. The targeted furoxan properties include; constant-volume combustion energy ( 9734 J/g), and standard enthalpy of formation (657 kJ/mol). Other furoxan properties include; density (1.937 g/cc), detonation velocity (9250 m/s), and decomposition point (292 degrees C). The proposed team has developed a synthetic scheme to produce the molecule in four synthetic steps, designed by PSI and LLNL. PSI will proposes to produce 6.5 grams after the first three steps. LLNL will optimize the final synthetic step to produce the furoxan. Aerojet and LLNL will provide characterization of this promising furoxan properties as a highly energetic material with low sensitivity. On a potential Phase II program, PSI and its team members will investigate similar chemistries within this furoxan class. The most promising energetic material will be scaled up for enhanced testing and characterization.

PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC.
20 New England Business Center
Andover, MA 01810-1077
(978) 689-0003

PI: Dr. Bryan V. Bergeron
(978) 689-0003
Contract #: FA9300-05-M-3103
University of Idaho
Department of Chemistry, Renfrew Hall, Room 116
Moscow, ID 83844-2343
(208) 885-6215

ID#: O054-001-1007
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 22SEP05
Title: New Energetic Solid Propellant Ingredients
Abstract:   Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the University of Idaho Chemistry Department (U. Id.) propose to synthesize and characterize new solid propellant ingredients. The materials will contain very high nitrogen content within the chemical structure, thereby ensuring a large energy release. Energy densities from these ionic salt propellant ingredients will be higher than those obtained from purely covalent compounds. Thermo-chemical analysis, modeling, and computer simulations will be performed to predict gas products, adiabatic flame temperatures, and specific impulses due to thermal decomposition/combustion. The decomposition/combustion temperatures, heats of formation, heats of combustion, and pressure responses will also be obtained experimentally in nitrogen, air, and oxygen gas environments. Impact and friction tests will be performed at New Mexico Tech. (EMRTC). In the Phase II program new propellant ingredients will be identified, synthesized, characterized, and incorporated within formulations. The impact and friction sensitivities will be reduced using recent advances in nanotechnology.

REACTION ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL
77 West 200 South, Suite 210
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
(801) 364-6925

PI: Dr. Christopher Montgomery
(801) 364-6925
Contract #: FA8650-05-M-2615
New Jersey Institute of Technology
University Heights
Newark, NJ 07102-1982
(973) 596-5275

ID#: O054-002-1006
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 05AUG05
Title: Improved Kinetic Models for High Speed Combustion Simulation
Abstract:   Scramjet propulsion has the potential to power high Mach number flight without the need to carry its own oxidizer like a rocket, thus significantly reducing the flight weight of the vehicle. Numerical simulations will play an increasingly important role in the development of scramjet engines. Hydrocarbon fuels are advantageous for scramjet propulsion because of their higher energy density and ease of transport. CPU and memory limitations prohibit implementation of full detailed chemistry of hydrocarbon fuels into 3-D CFD simulations, even using the latest massively parallel computers. The proposed project will develop a hydrocarbon chemical kinetics modeling capability suitable for scramjet design applications by 1. Improving existing chemical kinetic mechanisms for JP-7 and JP-8 focusing on the low pressures and high temperatures found in a scramjet combustor using density functional and ab initio calculations of thermochemical properties and chemical kinetic rates, 2. Automatically optimizing reduced mechanisms using a genetic algorithm, and 3. Implementing advanced chemical source term tabulation techniques (ISAT) that include branch trimming and multi-tree capabilities that give much better speed-up than earlier versions. In Phase II the kinetics will be further refined by comparison to experiments tailored to scramjet conditions and improvements for parallel ISAT will be implemented.

REACTION SYSTEMS, LLC
1814 19th Street
Golden, CO 80401
(303) 278-4436

PI: Mr. Brad Hitch
(303) 278-4436
Contract #: FA8650-05-M-2617
University of Southern California
Dept. of Contracts & Grants, 837 Downey Way, STO 307
Los Angeles, CA 90089-1147
(213) 740-6069

ID#: O054-002-1009
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 21JUL05
Title: Kinetic Mechanisms for CFD
Abstract:   Development of scramjet engines is hindered by the lack of fast and accurate turbulent reacting flow CFD tools. Reaction Systems, LLC proposes to investigate new methods to extract minimal kinetic mechanisms from large detailed kinetic mechanisms to substantially decrease the number of additional species conservation equations required in CFD simulations of turbulent reacting flows. If successful, this approach will substantially improve both the accuracy and productivity of CFD-based scramjet design work.

SFC FLUIDICS, LLC
535 W. Research Blvd., Suite 135, M/S 400
Fayetteville, AR 72701-7174
(479) 571-2592

PI: Dr. Prabhu Arumugam
(479) 571-2592
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0172
University of Arkansas
Research and Sponsored Program, 120 Ozark Hall
Fayetteville, AR 72701
(479) 575-3845

ID#: O054-003-2024
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-003       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: High-Throughput Brain Injury Proteomic Microassay
Abstract:   SFC Fluidics in coordination with the University of Arkansas proposes to develop an immunoassay based lab-on-a-chip using the advantages of self-contained microelectrochemical detection and redox magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) microfluidics for the rapid detection of biomarkers of traumatic brain injury (TBI) from a pinprick sample of blood. The disposable cartridge will contain all of the reagents necessary to complete the assay and will move the components of the assay along preprogrammed paths. All that the user will need to do is inject a known quantity of blood serum from a patient, push a button and wait ~30 min for a digital readout of results. The instrument will be designed to be sturdy and compact as would be necessary for diagnosing a soldier in the field. In Phase I we will demonstrate the microelectrochemical-based assay platform to simultaneously detect two TBI biomarkers in blood serum for which monoclonal antibodies are commercially available. Phase I will also focus on the manipulation of the immunoassay components in a redox magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) based microfluidic network to show feasibility. This microelectrochemical assay/MHD microfluidic cartridge can be expanded later in Phase II to incorporate many other biomarkers for TBI and allow for portability and complete automation.

SIMQUEST INTERNATIONAL LLC
1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 940
Silver Spring, MD 20910
(301) 587-9440

PI: Dr. Howard R. Champion
(301) 587-9440
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0141
Medical College of Wisconsin
Department of Neurosurgery, 9200 W. Wisconsin Avenue
Milwaukee, WI 53226
(414) 805-5410

ID#: O054-004-2001
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 30AUG05
Title: Intracranial Hematoma/ Burr Hole and Trauma Flap Simulator
Abstract:   The proposed project is a virtual workbench, part-task simulator for training medical personnel to perform simple emergency neurosurgical procedures for trauma, specifically to (1) explore (open) depressed skull fractures and remove bony fragments, (2) drill a burr hole into the skull for either diagnostic (placement of intraventricular catheter or extradural intracranial pressure monitor) or therapeutic decompression of a hematoma, and (3) elevate a bone flap for bleeding control. Using the two-pronged approach SimQuest employs on its other surgical simulation projects, the burr-hole/flap trainer (BURRT) will comprise both cognitive and skills training. The cognitive training will consist of a didactic curriculum driven by multiple case scenarios encountered in recent conflicts and cover indications, contraindications, equipment, technique, and complications. The skills training will utilize a haptics device that will enable trainees to get the feel of the correct technique. The system infrastructure will enable management of cases and student data, and trainees will be scored using metrics developed for the procedure by surgeons with demonstrated expertise in the procedures. The BURRT will be an invaluable training adjunct for military personnel in forward and remote locations and for civilian healthcare providers in rural areas who do not have ready access to trained neurosurgical personnel.

TAITECH, INC.
1430 Oak Court, Ste. 301
Beavercreek, OH 45430-1065
(937) 431-1007

PI: Dr. Chung-Jen Tam
(937) 255-4146
Contract #: FA8650-05-M-2616
Princeton University
Office of Research & Projects, New South Building
Princeton, NJ 08544
(609) 258-3090

ID#: O054-002-1008
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-002       Awarded: 05AUG05
Title: Chemical Kinetics Modeling Tools for Hydrocarbon Scramjet Propulsion System Design
Abstract:   In view of the considerable interest in the use of hydrocarbon-based jet fuels for scramjet propulsion, and the extremely short residence time within the combustor, on the order of milliseconds, chemical kinetics assumes a critically significant role in the development of scramjet technology. Consequently it is essential that the oxidation of hydrocarbon fuels be modeled well in CFD codes aiming to simulate the combustor behavior. The challenge here is that hydrocarbon reaction mechanisms are extremely complex, consisting of multitudes of intermediate species and reactions. Furthermore, the associated temperature-sensitive reaction rates can span over many orders of magnitude, thereby imparting severe stiffness to the code. The proposed program aims to perform rigorous and systematic reduction of detailed reaction mechanisms to levels that are computationally adaptable to complex CFD codes with moderated stiffness, while preserving chemical fidelity and comprehensiveness. The reduction will be based on theories of directed relation graph and computational singular perturbation. The effort will involve: reducing a validated, detailed ethylene oxidation mechanism for situations relevant for scramjet operations, using existing reduction algorithms; further improvements of these algorithms in terms of stiffness moderation; and assessment of effects of fuel preheat on the chemical mechanism and the combustion response.

TDA RESEARCH, INC.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033-1916
(303) 940-2300

PI: Dr. J. Michael Alford
(303) 940-2304
Contract #: FA9300-05-M-3105
Naval Postgraduate School
700 Dyer Rd.
Monterey, CA 93943
(831) 656-2699

ID#: O054-001-1017
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-001       Awarded: 31AUG05
Title: High Energy Density Hydrocarbon Nanocluster Propellants
Abstract:   The performance of rockets and missiles is almost always limited by the energy density of the propellant, and the development of new types of higher energy density components remains an important research challenge. The energy density of hydrocarbon propellant components is normally increased by increasing the strain in the fuel molecules. With an energy density about 1.4 times that of conventional high-energy hydrocarbon fuels, cubane is generally considered the gold standard of strained hydrocarbons and the ultimate fuel component. Unfortunately, it has not been possible to scale-up cubane production, and only limited quantities are available. In this proposal, we will synthesize a new type of strained hydrocarbon nanocluster propellant that has a theoretical volume energy density surpassing even cubane, and unlike cubane, these can be produced in bulk quantities. Since volumetric energy density is a very important factor for producing compact designs minimizing drag, these new compounds could lead to propellant compositions with improved performance. In Phase I TDA Research, Inc. will synthesize gram quantities of these hydrocarbon nanoclusters so that their energy content and stability can be evaluated. We will also analyze how these new compounds could be incorporated into solid propellant formulations to produce enhanced performance.

VEREFI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
246 S. Market Street
Elizabethtown, PA 17022
(717) 367-2724

PI: Dr. Alan Liu
(301) 295-8134
Contract #: W81XWH-05-C-0142
National Capital Area Medical Simul
4301 Jones Bridge Road
Bethesda, MD 20814
(301) 295-8134

ID#: O054-004-2006
Agency: OSD
Topic#: 05-004       Awarded: 22SEP05
Title: Intracranial Hematoma/ Burr Hole and Trauma Flap Simulator
Abstract:   Head trauma is an increasingly common occurrence in the battlefield. Improved body armor, and the use of improvised explosive devices by the enemy have shifted the pattern of injury to the extremities, and the head. Forward-based hospitals and rapid medical evacuation have increased the number of wounded warfighters that can be saved, if treated promptly. Surgeons with neurosurgery training are at a premium in the battle theater. One solution is to increase the pool of healthcare professionals with the essential skills. The treatment of intracranial hematoma has been identified as an important skill for head trauma management. We propose to develop a novel hybrid virtual workbench simulator. The simulator combines both haptic and tactile feedback with co-registered 3D stereoscopic visuals. This approach permits open surgical procedures to be simulated with greater fidelity, and at lower cost than previously possible. Our Phase I proposal has two objectives. The first will develop a demonstration prototype to prove the hybrid concept. The second will develop a design document for an open surgery simulator, using intracranial hematoma simulation as the driving problem.