# DoD STTR Program Phase I Selections for FY07

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OSD Selections

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 21ST CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 4515 Seton Center Parkway Austin, TX 78759 (512) 342-0010 PI: Ms. Sherry Marcus (512) 342-0010 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0064 CUBRC P.O. Box 400 Buffalo, NY 14225 (716) 631-6968 ID#: F074-018-0181 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-018       Awarded: 08/20/07 Title: Pattern, group, and link Analytics to support Sudden Spirit (PASS) Abstract:   The 21CT Team comprised of 21st Century Technologies (21CT) and Calspan University of Buffalo Research Center (CUBRC) presents PASS, Pattern, group, and link Analytics to support Sudden Spirit. PASS will integrate 21CT and CUBRC's Link and Group Understanding (LGU) technology into the Air Force WebTAS (Time Analysis System) to provide a service oriented, geo-spatially-based social network analytic for the Air Force Intelligence and Analysis Agency (AFIAA). CUBRC's persistent surveillance fusion technology, INFERD (INformation Fusion Engine for Real-time Decision making), contains real-time fusion capabilities that flag asymmetric activities of interest as a function of geospatial coordinates. INFERD will be integrated into TMODS' pattern matching and group detection capability to provide a geo-spatial, link and group understanding capability to detect illicit activity associated with civil air assets. This integrated capability will enable WebTAS to map the movement of groups or other organizational structures associated with civil air assets to physical locations that have threat characteristics to provide indicators and warnings resulting from enemy intent. In summary, PASS would provide AFIAA with the capability to perform advanced link, group, and pattern capabilities that would drastically improve targeting over the current manual methods.

 3 PHOENIX, INC. 13135 Lee Jackson Hwy Fairfax, VA 22033 (703) 956-6480 PI: Mr. John Jamieson (919) 562-5333 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0067 THE PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV. Applied Research Laboratory State College, PA 16804 (814) 863-0862 ID#: F074-021-0077 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-021       Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Platform routing and data fusion technologies for Cooperative ISR Abstract:   In order for collaborative Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) to become a viable mission for an ever-expanding heterogonous UAV fleet, UAV autonomy must achieve autonomy level four (i.e. on-board route re-planning) and beyond (i.e. increasingly complex group coordination), so that operators are not overwhelmed with routine operational decisions. For UAV platform routing, current point-to-point routing techniques are not sufficient. New techniques must be developed that allow UAVs to autonomously generate and update routes during flight dynamically. The control strategy must therefore automate or self-manage as much of the low- and mid-level planning as possible to reduce the operator workload and provide coordination at the mission level to ensure that mission objectives are accomplished. To address this challenge, 3 Phoenix, Inc. and the Applied Research Laboratory / Pennsylvania State University have teamed to develop dynamic routing and multi-objective scheduling algorithms for implementation within a standards-based real-time data fusion and intelligent control C4ISR architecture. This two-tier approach will simultaneously reduce operator workload and increase fleet efficiency by enabling UAVs to autonomously plan their routes in accordance with the current tactical picture.

 ACCELOGIC LLC 609 Spinnaker Weston, FL 33326 (954) 249-4761 PI: Dr. Juan Gonzalez (954) 249-4761 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0117 STANFORD UNIV. Department of Computer Science Stanford, CA 94305 (650) 723-3124 ID#: F074-017-0221 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-017       Awarded: 09/10/07 Title: Algorithm Development for Reconfigurable Computing Architectures Abstract:   Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) are at the core of Air Force scientific priorities in air vehicle design. The goal of this STTR is to provide unprecedent computational power to the solution of large-scale PDE problems in 3D through the use of reconfigurable computing linear equation solvers based on iterative methods. The result of this research will be packaged in a system that, by the end of Phase II, will be at least 1,000 times faster than commodity processors for the solution of PDEs. Four mission-critical areas to the success of FPGA-based solvers are identified: portability; ease of use; algorithmic speed balance between von-Neumann and non-von-Neumann components; and communication speed. Though particular innovations will be done in each mission critical area, special emphasis will be done in algorithmic speed balance, and PDE solvers based on mathematically successful iterative methods like Conjugate Gradient. By the end of Phase I there will be a prototype of the PDE solver, suited to solve 3D problems. Phase I will also deliver a clear technology roadmap in terms of algorithmic and architectural innovations needed to bring this project to success by the end of Phase II.

 ADAPTIVE COGNITIVE SYSTEMS 1709 Alpine Ave. Boulder, CO 80304 (303) 359-9133 PI: Dr. Bradley J. Best (303) 359-9133 Contract #: FA9550-08-C-0042 CARNEGIE MELLON UNIV. 5000 Forbes Ave. Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (412) 268-8746 ID#: F074-020-0451 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-020       Awarded: 12/17/07 Title: Software Integration for Computational Cognitive Models in Virtual Environments Abstract:   Development of a general purpose software interface between cognitive models and 3D virtual environments requires innovation and research in cognitive abstractions and interfaces, as well as a thoughtful application of software architecture and engineering principles. We propose to embed these innovative cognitive abstractions in a middleware layer that offers "plug-and-play" operation for arbitrary pairings of cognitive architectures and simulation environments. The the content of aspects of the environment that will be exposed on the cognitive architecture side will be determined largely by what is known of human perceptual representations, while the categorization of these objects and relations will draw on standardized ontologies. The resulting system will provide flexible and psychologically plausible integration of multiple architectures and simulations.

 ADVANCED DYNAMICS, INC. 1500 Bull Lea Road, Suite 203 Lexington, KY 40511 (859) 559-7362 PI: Dr. Patrick Hu (859) 559-7362 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0090 DUKE UNIV. Mechanical Engineering Dept. Durham, NC 27708 (919) 660-5321 ID#: F074-006-0076 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 08/09/07 Title: Physics-Based Identification, Modeling and Management Infrastructure of Aeroelastic Limit-Cycle Oscillations Abstract:   The proposed research program aims to develop a physics-based identification, modeling and management infrastructure for aeroelastic limit-cycle oscillations. This infrastructure will be built upon high fidelity state-of-the-art theoretical/computational methods as validated and verified by available experimental data bases, and will include (1) rapid flutter boundary determination for a wide range of configurations; (2) an assessment of the relative importance of various aerodynamic and structural nonlinearities for aircraft and aerospace configurations that are determined to be flutter critical and hence potentially capable of LCO; (3) an assessment of expected LCO amplitudes based upon high fidelity computational models; (4) an assessment of the potential for active and/or passive alleviation of LCO; and (5) a proposed management system that incorporates a prediction of tolerable LCO amplitudes and the capability for reducing unacceptable LCO response. Key challenges and milestones to by met include (1) a demonstration of the use of Navier-Stokes based CFD models and nonlinear structural models, including the use of system identification methods as appropriate and needed to predict flutter and LCO; (2) a demonstration of accurate modeling of aerodynamic and structural nonlinearities such as large shock wave motion, separated flow, structural freeplay and large geometric structural deflections and their impact on flutter and LCO; (3) characterization and evaluation of nonlinear dampers and nonlinear stiffness devices for alleviating LCO; (4) characterization and evaluation of active control systems for alleviating LCO; and (5) design and demonstration in wind tunnel test and flight test of an LCO alleviation device.

 AEROASTRO, INC. 20145 Ashbrook Place Ashburn, VA 20147 (303) 798-2121 PI: Dr. Bryan James (303) 798-2121 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0156 VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 460 Turner Street Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 231-5281 ID#: F074-031-0130 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-031       Awarded: 09/25/07 Title: Ionospheric Imaging Using NVIS Abstract:   Real-time estimation of relevant ionospheric parameters is required for military applications and to further our understanding of space weather and its societal and technological impacts. Currently, a major limitation in the modeling of ionospheric physics is a complete lack of input data measurements. The HF transmitter/receiver system proposed here contributes measurements of the bottom-side ionosphere. With modern HF components and signal processing, a low-power, inexpensive HF transmitter array and receiver system can be used for ionospheric specification and we seek to develop this further. The reduction in transmitter power attained with signal processing reduces total system cost, permitting a significant increase in HF transmitter/receiver density, which, in turn, allows for more accurate estimation of ionospheric parameters, such as the 3-D electron density. The system uses novel narrowband signal processing and unique dual-frequency estimation of the 3-D electron density along with E- and D-layer absorption. In addition, Doppler shift data extracted from the measurements can provide additional information on the transient motion of bottom-side ionosphere.

 AGAVE BIOSYSTEMS, INC. P.O. Box 80010 Austin, TX 78708 (512) 656-6200 PI: Dr. Joel Tabb (607) 272-0002 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0094 CORNELL UNIV. 120 Day Hall Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-7123 ID#: F074-016-0428 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 09/10/07 Title: RFID sensor for Detection of Biowarfare Agents Abstract:   The use of Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) coupled to biological warfare agent (BWA) detection systems provides a means of strategically placing sensors in the field and then reading the threat at a distance. The challenges are in the integration of specific, sensitive detectors with RFID systems in a manner that allows miniaturization to the nanoscale, facilitating distribution with a minimal visual impact. An additional challenge is designing these miniature systems to provide sufficient power to locate, track, and engage BWAs behind walls and inside of containers. The proposed design will meet these challenges by utilization of state of the art microfabrication techniques and novel designs that will allow downward scalable RFIS tags for miniaturization. These fundamental changes will advance RFID detection beyond its current limitations and will have a profound impact on dual use of this technology. The outcome will be a highly versatile, sensitive stand-off detection technology.

 AGILTRON CORP. 15 Cabot Road Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 935-1200 PI: Dr. Guanghai Jin (781) 935-1200 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0081 UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT Office for Sponsored Programs Storrs, CT 06269 (860) 486-8704 ID#: F074-028-0210 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-028       Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Optoelectronic Analog-Digital Converter Abstract:   We propose a novel poly-phase sampling scheme for an optoelectronic analog-to-digital converter (ADC) module which entails parallel sampling of different phases of an input RF signal to realize a 12-bit 10.24GSPS RF signal AD conversion. A unique feature of this approach is that electrical-in to electrical-out signal transfer is maintained for the optoelectronic sampling and demultiplexing circuits. A cellular architecture will be implemented, enabling to seamlessly integrate optical sampling and demultiplexing circuits with electronic quantization circuits without intermediary stages of electrical-to-optical or optical-to-electrical conversion. Moreover, higher sample rate system can be scaled based on the proposed sampling scheme and the cellular architectures. Based on the proposed technical approach using poly-phase sampling technique and OE cells integrated with off-the-shell electronic quantizers, an aggregate sampling rate over 10GSPS and 12-bit resolution can be attained in this photonic analog-to-digital conversion module. Phase I will evaluate the technical approach through the demonstration, and Phase II will develop the testing prototype module.

 AGILTRON CORP. 15 Cabot Road Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 935-1200 PI: Dr. Jimmy Wang (781) 935-1200 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0082 IOWA STATE UNIV.. Materials Science & Engineerin Ames, IA 50011 (515) 294-5225 ID#: F074-037-0223 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-037       Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Research Scientist Abstract:   Agiltron proposes to develop an infrared fiber having inherently attractive features of high wavelength conversion efficiency, wide wavelength-conversion bandwidth, and agile wavelength routing all in IR regions (2 V 12 Ym). The design is closely coupled with our unique expertise in low loss IR chalcogenide fiber fabrication and IR photonics. The approach overcomes the difficulties associated with relatively low conversion efficiency and narrow bandwidth in existing R&D of fiber in ONLY VIS-NIR regions, exploiting a practical opportunity to realize a new type of infrared fiber for wavelength and routing for IR community. The proposed fibers adopt well known nonlinear fiber optics (FWM, XPS, etc.) and material known for IR application but with our unique propriety approaches in fiber design, glass/fiber process development and innovative integration. In Phase I, we will deliver a proof of concept of a new family of IR fiber for conversion and routing that is suitable for multiwatt laser output at various infrared wavelengths in the 2 V 12 micron spectral region with great efforts in the mid-infrared (2 V 5 microns) region. Full development of the new family of IR fiber, subsystem level testing of conversion and routing, and applications in IR region will be realized in the Phase II Program.

 ALAMEDA APPLIED SCIENCES CORP. 626 Whitney Street San Leandro, CA 94577 (510) 483-4156 PI: Dr. Brian Bures (510) 483-4156 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0078 MONTANA STATE UNIV. 304 Montana Hall Bozeman, MO 59717 (406) 994-7868 ID#: F074-011-0004 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-011       Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Protective conformal coatings for spacecraft polymers and paints Abstract:   Alameda Applied Sciences Corp proposes to further develop its non-line of sight, energetic coating system to deposit protective thin film coatings for polymers in the low earth orbit. Numerous satellites costing $25M to$1B reside in LEO and the lifetime time of the polymers used in these assets is limited by atomic oxygen (AO) erosion, UV/VUV damage and the negative effects of static charging. AASC's proposed solution has already demonstrated success in mitigating both static charge and AO erosion.

 ALD NANOSOLUTIONS, INC. 580 Burbank St., Unit 100 Broomfield, CO 80020 (303) 318-4145 PI: Dr. Markus Groner (303) 318-4145 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0139 UNIV. OF COLORADO AT BOULDER 3100 Marine Street, Room 481 Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-2695 ID#: F074-011-0078 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-011       Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Protecting Polymers from the Natural Space Environment with Films Grown Using Atomic Layer Deposition Abstract:   Polymers and paints in space are subjected to a barrage of incident oxygen atoms, UV and VUV photons and ions. The oxygen atoms and photons can erode the polymer and the ions can lead to the buildup of static charge. This Phase I proposal will use atomic layer deposition (ALD) methods to coat polymers with various conformal films to protect the polymer and prevent the buildup of static charge. Al2O3 ALD will be used to prevent oxygen atom corrosion of Teflon polymers. TiO2 ALD and ZnO ALD will be employed to absorb UV and VUV photons to prevent photodegradation of PMMA polymers. ZnO ALD and possibly TiO2 ALD will be used to provide electrical conductivity to remove static charge on Kapton or Teflon polymers. Earlier work by this research team has demonstrated that Al2O3 ALD films with a thickness of ~35 can completely protect Pyralin polymer films from erosion by hyperthermal oxygen atoms. The proposed Phase I work will build on these earlier investigations and extend the ALD method to other polymers and to the problems of UV and VUV erosion and the buildup of static charge.

 APOLLO LIGHT SYSTEMS, INC. 947 South 500 East American Fork, UT 84003 (801) 492-1210 PI: Mr. Dan Adams (801) 492-1210 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0058 BRIGHAM & WOMEN'S HOSPITAL Division of Sleep Medicine Boston, MA 02115 (617) 954-9660 ID#: F074-015-0084 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-015       Awarded: 09/29/07 Title: Short-Wavelength Countermeasure for Circadian Desynchrony Abstract:   Air Force operations often expose flight crew and support staff to unusual light-dark cycles that causes misalignment of the circadian pacemaker and sleep-wake cycles, resulting in disturbed sleep and impaired waking function. Air Force personnel are also frequently required to remain vigilant, often under conditions of acute or chronic sleep deprivation. An effective countermeasure is required to facilitate rapid adaptation of the circadian system and/or to enhance alertness and performance directly. Light induces both of these effects and is a safe, non-pharmacological countermeasure for circadian- and fatigue-related cognitive deficits. Recently, we have shown that short-wavelength (blue) light at night is the most effective wavelength for phase-shifting the circadian pacemaker, suppressing melatonin, enhancing subjective alertness, improving performance and inducing brain activation. Further work is required to confirm that blue light is also the most effective wavelength in the day and at all light intensities. In this proposal, we aim to compare the effectiveness of day-time blue or green narrow-band LED exposure to enhance alertness, performance and EEG activation using a small, portable light source (goLITE, Apollo Light Systems Inc.). Based on these results, we intend to develop a smart' portable LED light source to enhance alertness and performance in operational settings.

 APPLIED OPTIMIZATION, INC. 714 E Monument Ave Ste 204 Dayton, OH 45402 (937) 431-5100 PI: Dr. Anil Chaudhary (937) 431-5100 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0164 [1] EDISON WELDING INST. [2] OSUNIV. 1250 Arthur E,. Adams Drive Columbus, OH 43221 (614) 688-5076 ID#: F074-038-0012 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-038       Awarded: 09/27/07 Title: Development of Ultra-Refined Microstructure in Friction Stir Processed 7xxx Aluminum using Microstructural and Thermomechanical Modeling Abstract:   Applied Optimization, Inc., in working with EWI, Inc., Ohio State University, and Boeing Phantom Works, proposes to demonstrate feasibility of using microstructural models to predict the required processing conditions that can produce nanostructured grain sizes in the thermo-mechanical affected zone in friction stir processing [FSP] of 7075-T6 aluminum. First step will be an FSP trial using the processing conditions reported in the literature. The data from this trial will be used as input for models. Microstructure modeling will be physically-based on state variables and mechanisms, the basic inputs to which will be initial microstructure and evolution of temperature, strain and strain-rate versus time during the FSP. Additional microstructure model will be direct morphological simulation of microstructure using the phase field method. Thermo-mechanics evolution during FSP will be modeled using analytical solutions for material flow and temperature field. This will be supplemented with 3-D finite element simulation as needed. The microstructure models and the thermo-mechanics model will be used in tandem to predict processing conditions that will improve upon the results of the FSP trial performed at the start. These new conditions will be used to perform a second FSP trial to demonstrate feasibility of the using the models to optimize FSP to produce nanostructured grain sizes.

 APPLIED SR TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1953, 68th Street Brooklyn, NY 11204 (917) 767-8142 PI: Dr. Zhong-Ping Jiang (718) 260-3646 Contract #: FA9550-08-C-0044 POLYTECHNIC UNIV. Six Metrotech Center Brooklyn, NY 11201 (718) 260-3646 ID#: F074-012-0118 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-012       Awarded: 12/17/07 Title: Cognitive Models for learning to control dynamic systems Abstract:   The development of fast and robust learning models which can work in non-stationary environments or scenarios with rapidly changing goals is becoming a critical task in both military and civilian applications. The objective of this proposal is to develop new mathematical/computational models based on cognitive science principles that are capable of rapid learning for command and control problems. In Phase I, the focus is on the integration of current cognitive models, such as DFT, with practical methods in nonlinear systems and control theory. Stochastic resonance techniques will be applied for the first time to dynamic signal detection and dynamic decision-making tasks. The efficiency of the proposed cognitive learning algorithms will be tested and evaluated based on previously established experimental research with human decision tasks. Phase II will focus on the development of software for application of these novel learning models to some Air Force missions of critical importance. This phase involves both computer simulations and experimental validations with human decision tasks.

 ATC - NY 33 Thornwood Drive, Suite 500 Ithaca, NY 14850 (607) 257-1975 PI: Dr. Mark Bickford (607) 257-1975 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0150 CORNELL UNIV. 120 Day Hall Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-5337 ID#: F074-019-0231 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-019       Awarded: 09/18/07 Title: Elan: The Event Logic Assistant Abstract:   Abstraction has been the most reliable means for gaining intellectual control of complex problems and for extending the scope and scale of our analytical abilities. In the past several years, ATC-NY and Cornell University have developed the formalism of {\em event logic\/}to support specification and reasoning about distributed systems at a very high level of abstraction and the refinement of specifications to a level of abstraction from which it is possible to generate code. Bare'' event logic requires extensive interactive theorem-proving by an expert user. We will develop {E}lan: The Event Logic Assistant, to provide a systematic way to apply event logic with a high degree of automation. Users formalize requirements in the high-level core'' of event logic, express distributed algorithms as information flow constraints,'' and derive implementations by solving the constraints. They will apply the {E}lan automated tool suite to prove that the constraints imply the requirements and to solve the constraints. Preliminary experiments suggest that these proof engines can be based on SAT solvers and model checkers. In Phase I we will prototype two tools: an automated prover for the high-level core event logic, and a translator from temporal logic into event logic to enable modelchecking of constraints.

 ATMOSPHERIC & SPACE TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH ASSOC. 11118 Quail Pass San Antonio, TX 78249 (210) 834-3475 PI: Dr. Geoff Crowley (210) 834-3475 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0157 CORNELL UNIV. Dept. Electrical Engineering Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-5304 ID#: F074-031-0143 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-031       Awarded: 09/29/07 Title: Connected Autonomous Space Environment Sensors (CASES) Abstract:   We propose to investigate under Phase-I of the STTR Program FY07 the development of space weather sensor networks including the next-generation of GPS space weather monitors, the network interfaces for internet and remote operation, and system-wide analysis algorithms to validate and calibrate the network. This new instrument will also be much more resistant to space weather effects, such as cycle slippage, signal fades, and fast-phase changes, than current technology. We will also design a system infrastructure that includes a sensor-communication system that is modular and will be capable of operating from ocean buoys, in dense networks, or on satellites.. The system proposed here will be called Connected Autonomous Space Environment Sensors (CASES) and will support a variety of applications, from individual site monitors for the FAA, to large assimilative models such as GAIM. The proposing team is composed of a small business, Atmospheric & Space Technology Research Associates (ASTRA), and two universities: Cornell (CU) and Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University (VT). The team combines special talents ranging from large scale ionospheric modeling and 3D ionospheric visualization to award-winning work in GPS software receiver design to national leadership in the understanding of space weather and its impact on GPS.

 ATMOSPHERIC & SPACE TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH ASSOC. 11118 Quail Pass San Antonio, TX 78249 (210) 834-3475 PI: Dr. Geoff Crowley (210) 834-3475 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0158 SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE 6220 Culebra Road San Antonio, TX 78238 (210) 522-2261 ID#: F074-031-0455 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-031       Awarded: 09/29/07 Title: HF Software Receiver Arrays (HFSRA) Abstract:   Accurate real-time knowledge of the bottomside ionosphere is necessary for covert HF communications, near vertical incidence sounding, and geolocation of HF transmitters. Sky-wave TDOA geolocation is the "holy grail" of HF geolocation techniques due to its passive nature, low cost, and easy deployment. To achieve sky-wave TDOA it is necessary to know the dominant mode of propagation, which requires accurate knowledge of the bottomside ionosphere over a wide geographical region. The bottomside ionosphere is not well characterized, because existing instrumentation is expensive, sparse, and usually views only a local region. Thus, a requirement exists for low-cost sensors that can provide information over an extended region. To address this problem we propose a feasibility/design study involving two types of HF instrument: (1) a receive-only sensor, that collects data from all known HF "transmitters of opportunity"; (2) a transmit/receive sensor that cycles over a range of frequencies. We will also study the feasibility of combining multiple instruments into a network, whose data can be ingested into appropriate ionospheric specification algorithms. This system will provide the capability to determine the dominant propagation mode for HF geolocation, a solution to the long-standing problem of HF geolocation, and improved security for the USA.

 AVACORE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 333 Parkland Plaza Drive Ann Arbor, CA 48103 (734) 332-3777 PI: Dr. H. Craig Heller (650) 723-1509 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0111 STANFORD UNIV. Office of Sponsored Research Stanford, CA 94305 (650) 725-0515 ID#: F074-015-0066 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-015       Awarded: 09/27/07 Title: Short-Wavelength Countermeasure for Circadian Desynchrony Abstract:   Exposure to light at critical phases of the circadian cycle is the main stimulus that phase shifts and entrains circadian rhythms. Whereas previous work has concluded that exposure of humans to bright light for an hour or more at the right phase of the circadian cycle produces significant phase shifts of circadian rhythms, and can speed recovery from jet-lag thus facilitating restorative sleep. Our work on mice has produced the unexpected result that exposure of the animals to intermittent millisecond flashes of light distributed over an hour for a total of only 120 msec. of light can produce maximum phase shifts. We have also shown that the effects of light on the circadian system of mice is mediated through a unique photopigment - melanopsin, and the properties of this system explain the effectiveness of brief flashes of light as entraining signals. We propose a proof of concept study to demonstrate whether or not millisecond flashes of light can phase shift the human circadian system. On the basis of these results, we will develop a phase shifting device for military and commercial applications.

 BUSEK CO., INC. 11 Tech Circle Natick, MA 01760 (508) 655-5565 PI: Dr. James Szabo (508) 655-5565 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0151 STANFORD UNIV. 320 Panama Street Stanford, CA 94305 (650) 723-5854 ID#: F074-036-0415 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-036       Awarded: 09/25/07 Title: A Coaxial High Energy Thruster for Defensive Space Applications Abstract:   In this program, Busek Co. Inc and Stanford University will develop and demonstrate a multi-mode high power plasma gun that can be used for both space propulsion and as a counter-measure against space debris or potentially hostile spacecraft. Investigations of this Coaxial High Energy (CHENG) thruster in the 1980's showed that it can damage a target. Because it is efficient over a wide range of specific impulse, it is also very attractive for propulsion. In this Phase I program, an existing straight-barrel CHENG gun and a new tapered gun that will be fabricated will both be tested for ion current distribution, plasma velocity and target damage. The use of an imposed poloidal field and multiple electrodes for plasma focusing will also be studied. The device will be modeled analytically and numerically, using existing simulation codes that can be modified for this purpose, to optimize the design of a dedicated dual-use system to be built and tested in Phase II.

 CALABAZAS CREEK RESEARCH, INC. 690 Port Drive San Mateo, CA 94404 (415) 661-1562 PI: Dr. R. Lawrence Ives (650) 312-9575 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0063 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLO 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 324-0302 ID#: F074-030-0129 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-030       Awarded: 08/01/07 Title: High Current Density Scandate Cathodes For Future Vacuum Electronics Applications Abstract:   All RF vacuum electron sources require a high quality electron beam for efficient operation. Research on improved cathodes is constantly exploring new alternatives to produce high current density, uniform electron beams with long life. Typical thermionic cathodes consists of a tungsten matrix impregnated with a mixture of barium calcium aluminates that reduces the work function surface. Recent tests confirmed that emission densities approaching 100 A/cm2 could be achieved with thermionic cathodes containing scandium. Calabazas Creek Research, Inc. and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology propose to incorporate scandium in sintered tungsten wire cathodes currently being developed for the U.S. Department of Energy. The proposed approach addresses issues related to deterioration of current scandate cathodes due to ion bombardments, which is common in RF sources. Facilities for fabricating these cathodes are available domestically. This program also proposes to integrate a scandate-based, reservoir cathode into a baked and sealed RF source and operate the device under typical source environments. The Phase I program will design the RF source, and the fabrication and testing will be performed in Phase II.

 CAPESYM, INC. Suite 1B Natick, MA 01760 (508) 653-7155 PI: Dr. Shariar Motakef (508) 653-7100 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0122 NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV. 2701 Sullivan Drive Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-2444 ID#: F074-026-0288 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-026       Awarded: 09/13/07 Title: Growth of Alloy Semiconductors with Travelling Magnetic Fields Abstract:   A high-fidelity simulator for the growth of alloy compound semiconductors by the Bridgman technique in presence of travelling mangetic fields in proposed. The simulator will capture the physics of solidification of alloy compound semiconductors including thermo-solutal convection, and will fully model the generation of electro-magnetic Lorentz mixing forces in the melt through travelling magnetic fields by a co-axail stack of coils carrying out-of phase currents.

 CFD RESEARCH CORP. 215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor Huntsville, AL 35805 (256) 726-4884 PI: Dr. Debasis Sengupta (246) 726-4944 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0109 WASHINGTON UNIV. SCHOOL OF MED 660 South Euclid Avenue Saint Louis, MO 63110 (314) 362-4195 ID#: F074-004-0111 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 08/27/07 Title: Development of Polarizable Forcefields For Ionic Liquids Abstract:   Ionic liquids (ILs) are being considered as potential candidates for variety of applications, such as green propellants, solvents and biomedical applications. Therefore, there is a critical need to design novel ILs with desired properties. Simulation techniques, such as molecular dynamics, have the ability to predict bulk properties, such as viscosity, density and thermal conductivity, provided accurate forcefields are available. In this STTR, CFDRC, in collaboration with Washington University (St. Louis), aims at developing high-quality IL-specific forcefields for accurate prediction of bulk properties. Until now, there is no IL-specific forcefield, and existing simulations are based on modifying the CHARM or AMBER forcefields. In the proposed work, we plan to develop comprehensive polarizable forcefield for several ILs. The forcefield will be developed by extracting data from high level ab initio quantum chemistry calculations. The proposed forcefield advances the state-of-the-art polarization interaction by inclusion of quadrupoles moments in the interaction potential. The forcefields will then be used in the freely available TINKER molecular dynamics code of Washington University to compute bulk properties. Since intermolecular forcefields are critical for bulk property prediction, in Phase I, the intermolecular forcefield will be developed. In Phase II, a library of inter and intramolecular forcefields will be constructed that can simulate variety of ILs.

 CFD RESEARCH CORP. 215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor Huntsville, AL 35805 (256) 726-4884 PI: Dr. Vladimir Kolobov (256) 726-4800 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0069 UNIV. OF WISCONSIN - MADISON 21 North Park Street Madison, WI 53715 (608) 262-3822 ID#: F074-022-0105 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-022       Awarded: 08/29/07 Title: A Computational Framework for Multiscale Simulations of Weakly Ionized Plasmas Abstract:   The goal of the proposed research is to develop a unified computational framework integrating adequate physical models for simulating complex non-equilibrium plasmas. Plasma dynamics is characterized by disparate spatial and temporal scales each described by appropriate physical models. The project aims to classify possible scenarios and develop general recipes for clustering phase space to dynamically separate sub-structures at different scales, efficiently solve the dynamics for each scale, provide an accurate interface between the different scales and a control mechanism to verify the accuracy of the scale separation and inter-scale mappings. The project will utilize previous experience of CFD Research Corporation on the development of multi-scale, multi-physics computational tools with experience of selected academic partners in kinetic theory and mathematical modeling of physical systems. Powerful theoretical tools including the renormalization group (RG) approach among other methods will be used to relate the particle dynamics on different scales by deriving equations averaged over fast scales and coupling kinetic and continuum models. In Phase II, the developed computational framework will be implemented in the next generation software for multi-scale plasma simulations. Selected test cases will be used to validate the physical models and demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the software.

 CHARLES RIVER ANALYTICS, INC. 625 Mount Auburn Street Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 491-3474 PI: Dr. Stephen Ho (617) 491-3474 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0068 UNIV. OF NEW ORLEANS 200 Lakeshore Drive New Orleans, LA 70148 (504) 280-7416 ID#: F074-021-0104 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-021       Awarded: 08/20/07 Title: Integrated Fusion and Routing System (IFRS) for UAV ISR Abstract:   As the quantity of available ISR sensor platforms increases, efficient cooperative routing of ISR assets for successful data collection becomes more difficult to coordinate. Additionally, the volume of information collected precludes comprehensive and timely human analysis. Automated routing algorithms and multi-source data fusion technologies are necessary to achieve decision superiority by exploiting the full capabilities of ISR assets. To explore possibilities for exploitation of knowledge gained by sensor fusion to the benefit of cooperative ISR platform routing algorithms, we propose to design and prototype an Integrated Fusion and Routing System (IFRS) for UAV ISR platforms. The proposed IFRS effort will examine how multi-source data fusion metrics can be used within a coevolutionary algorithm to dynamically improve cooperative ISR platform routing.

 COHERENT PHOTONICS, INC. 880 Kensington Gardens Ct. Oviedo, FL 32765 (407) 627-8880 PI: Dr. Guifang Li (407) 823-6811 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0152 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA CREOL, The College of Optics Orlando, FL 32816 (407) 823-6811 ID#: F074-037-0237 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-037       Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: Infrared Fiber for Conversion & Routing Abstract:   We propose to use nano-structured Silicon photonic crystal fiber to convert near infrared (NIR) to Mid infrared using parametric amplification. Silicon has intrinsic properties that lend itself to this application. Silicon has very low loss in the Mid IR, high damage threshold, and high environmental stability. However, NIR pumps experience strong loss in bulk silicon crystal due to two-photon absorption (TPA), which prevents high-efficiency and high-power applications. Nano-structured silicon increases the bandgap through quantum confinement. Experiments show that no TPA occurs in nano-structured silicon beyond 1 micron. The benefits of nano-structured silicon also include enhanced third-order nonlinearity, which is 4 orders of magnitude bigger than that of lithium niobate. Nano structure makes silicon even more attractive for parametric conversion to Mid IR. Of Course, parametric interactions also require phase matching. We propose to use photonic crystal structure to provide dispersion engineering. We take advantage of the mature silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) technology to fabricate silicon PCF, allowing phase matching and high power generation. The Silicon PCF Mid IR sources have many military applications such as LIDAR, remote biochemical sensing and IR countermeasures.

 COLDQUANTA 4450 Arapahoe Avenue Boulder, CO 80303 (303) 415-2281 PI: Dr. Dana Z. Anderson (303) 492-5202 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0143 UNIV. OF COLORADO 572 UCB Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-2695 ID#: F074-024-0057 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-024       Awarded: 09/20/07 Title: Critical Considerations and Technology for Cold Atom Chip Inertial Sensors Abstract:   This work seeks to identify and analyze the major performance issues facing chip-based ultracold atom inertial sensors. Such sensors have enormous potential to provide unprecedented inertial sensing precision with competitive size, weight, and power consumption compared with optical and other technologies. Nevertheless, many potential issues affecting design performance are either not well explored and/or not fully understood. This Phase I effort specifically targets the identification and theoretical analysis of sources of decoherence and sensing errors specific to microchip atom interferometers. Phase I will provide theoretical underpinnings for further investigations and the design of miniature atom chip systems specifically aimed at ultracold atom chip-based inertial sensing research and development.

 COLDQUANTA 4450 Arapahoe Avenue Boulder, CO 80303 (303) 415-2281 PI: Dr. Dana Z. Anderson (303) 492-5202 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0141 UNIV. OF COLORADO 572 UCB Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-2695 ID#: F074-034-0007 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-034       Awarded: 09/20/07 Title: The Dual MOT Atom Chip Miniature Vacuum Cell Abstract:   This work studies key issues facing the practical utilization and commercialization of a miniature atom chip vacuum system. The system consists of a two-dimensional magneto-optic trap (MOT) forming a cold atom beam that is recaptured by a 6-beam MOT in an ultrahigh vacuum region of the system. A miniature ion pump and non-evaporable getters sustain the ultrahigh vacuum. The atom chip serves to seal one end of the vacuum cell, thereby providing superb optical and electrical access to the atoms. We propose accelerated aging and rubidium loading tests and a theoretical investigation of the design of an aperture that joins the two-dimensional MOT chamber with the 6-beam MOT chamber. We also investigate the possible use of a rubidium getter to reduce the load on the ion pump. The objective is to define a design for a miniature atom chip vacuum system capable of sustaining a 10 s MOT lifetime with such performance maintained for at least one year.

 COMPUTELLIGENCE LLC 212 West 10th Street, Suite B-315 Indianapolis, IN 46202 (317) 453-2120 PI: Dr. Russ Eberhart (317) 501-8332 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0167 INDIANA UNIV. Research and Sponsored Program Indianapolis, IN 46202 (317) 274-8288 ID#: F074-012-0225 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-012       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Cognitive Models for learning to control dynamic systems Abstract:   The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of automated model development for dynamic system control based on action, event, and outcome sequences. The proposed approach focuses on the implementation of swarm intelligence algorithms that learn rapidly and adapt rapidly to non-stationary environments and scenarios with rapidly changing goals. The swarm intelligence-based models will be able to adapt dynamic system models online based on experience and utilize prior knowledge from experience with similar tasks. The models will also be particularly adept at generalizing to new requirements and conditions. Swarm intelligence (and particle swarm optimization) represents an exciting new approach based on cognitive science principles that exhibits very fast adaptation when applied to decision support as well as command and control systems. The swarm intelligence methodology allows rapid prototyping, often reducing the time required for system development by at least 50 percent. The resulting models are generally able to learn and to track dynamic events orders of magnitude faster and with better results than competing technologies. These capabilities are ideal for developing systems for military applications such as controlling dynamic systems, and for commercial applications such as controlling robotics systems.

 DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP. 1235 South Clark Street Arlington, VA 22202 (703) 414-5024 PI: Mr. Mark Frymire (703) 414-5139 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0060 GEORGE MASON UNIV. 4400 University Drive Fairfax, VA 22030 (703) 993-2988 ID#: F074-018-0318 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-018       Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Suspicious Network Analysis and Prediction System (SNAPS) Abstract:   The asymmetric threat poses perhaps the most dangerous risk to US forces and assets both overseas and at home. The sheer amount of data that needs to be analyzed in order to identify suspicious entities and networks is analogous to finding a needle in a haystack. To overcome this problem we must identify advanced techniques to automatically identify networks of suspicious activity while also predicting their intent. The Decisive Analytics Corporation (DAC) and George Mason University (GMU) Team proposes an approach termed the Suspicious Network Analysis and Prediction System (SNAPS). SNAPS provides the capability to ingest disparate data sources of intelligence data, identify key actors and organizations, detect suspicious behavior, and predict and evaluate possible formations of social networks. Our advanced algorithms developed under this effort will be immediately tested on live data from the theater through DAC's Agent-based Intelligence Services (AIS) - a tool that is in the hands of the Warfighter and is performing predictive analysis on Iraq data today.

 DECISIVE POINT LLC 4112 Newman St Leavenworth, KS 66048 (913) 772-0006 PI: Mr. James R. Lunsford (913) 772-0006 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0119 JOHN HOPKINS UNIV. 11100 Johns Hopkins Road Laurel, MD 20723 (443) 778-7661 ID#: F074-023-0091 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-023       Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Advanced Combat Simulation for More Effective Anti-Terrorist Operations Abstract:   Ongoing anti-terrorist and counter-insurgency operations in Iraq following the lightning conventional war of spring 2003 highlight the fact that war is seldom as simple or as quickly resolved as we expect-or hope-it to be. Even more importantly, they remind us that no enemy is truly beaten unless and until they accept that they are. Although the U.S. military succeeded in an impressively rapid and complete overthrow of Iraq's conventional military forces and subsequently occupied the entire country, we failed to consider, or at least to prevent, the possibility that the short conventional phase of the conflict would evolve into a prolonged guerilla-like insurgency. The objective of this solicitation is to advance the state of the art in user-friendly combat simulation software by enabling the realistic modeling of anti-terror operations. The solicitation recognizes that realistic strategy wargames can address the requirement for simulations that go beyond the historical premise of massive "force-on-force" operations by accurately modeling key elements of today's "asymmetric warfare" environment.

 DEFT, INC. 17451 von Karman Avenue Irvine, CA 92614 (949) 476-6766 PI: Dr. Ashok Chattopadhyay (949) 476-6791 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0155 UNIV. OF DAYTON REEARCH INSTIT 300 College Park Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 656-4230 ID#: F074-010-0115 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-010       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: High Flexibility Aircraft Primers Abstract:   The feasibility of a high flexibility, corrosion resistant primer for aircraft will be established by (1) screening unpigmented coatings based on impact flexibility, low temperature flexibility, tensile strength, elongation-to-break, and corrosion resistance (salt spray and filiform)and (2) testing non-chrome corrosion inhibitors effect on these same properties in a range of 10-85% of the critical pigment volume concentration (CPVC).

 DNOVUS RDI 1355 Central Parkway S. San Antonio, TX 78232 (210) 497-7744 PI: Dr. Thomas Bevan (404) 870-8072 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0107 GEORGIA TECH APPLIED RESEARCH CORPO 505 10th Street Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-4819 ID#: F074-032-0100 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-032       Awarded: 08/24/07 Title: RADAR Moving Target Indication Interpretability Rating Scale (MTIIRS) Abstract:   Because emerging Moving Target Indication recognition technologies will likely be soon be incorporated into developing systems such as Space-Based Radar (SBR) and retrofitted into new system blocks, (e.g. JSTARS, ASARS), there is an acute need to develop a rigorous theoretical framework for assessing MTI radar sensors. As these emerging technologies are introduced, additional emphasis will likely be placed on MTI tracking and performance. The need exists for instruments to express operational MTI requirements, analogous to the current National Imagery Interpretability Scales; contractors need to have the engineering tools to translate these operational requirements into specifications and conduct trade-off analysis. The needed tools include an MTI image/sensor interpretability radar scale (MTIIRS), an MTI image quality equation (IQE) and MTI engineering models/simulations/algorithms. dNovus has selected, as its academic partner, the Georgia Tech Research Institute Sensors and Electromagnetics Laboratory (GTRI-SEAL) to address the urgent need for MTI engineering models/simulations/algorithms tools and to assist dNovus in developing MTIIRS and the MTI IQE. GTRI-SEAL already has a comprehensive set of MTI engineering models/simulations/algorithms and extensive expertise to provide this support and develop additional needed tools. The developed package of tools will be called the "MTI Toolset".

 E-BEAM, INC. 21070 SW Tile Flat Road Beaverton, OR 97007 (503) 628-0703 PI: Mr. Bernard Vancil (503) 628-0703 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0146 UNIV. OF CALIF., DAVIS Electrical & Comp. Engineering Davis, CA 95616 (650) 494-2437 ID#: F074-030-0020 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-030       Awarded: 09/19/07 Title: Miniature High Density Scandate Cathodes For Linear Beam Devices Abstract:   This proposal describes a program for an improved impregnated dispenser cathode. It will first seek to verify and understand recent improvements in scandate cathodes by workers in China.To do this, it will conduct tests on these cathodes and it will study composition and fabrication procedures. Based on this, scandate cathodes of similar composition will be fabricated and tested. They will be incorporated into a miniature cathode format for use in high frequency amplifiers. Present impregnated cathodes cannot reliably exceed 10 amps/cm2 and 50,000 hours. But the Chinese have reported 100 amps/cm2 on scandate cathodes and these results have been verified in this country. This is a major breakthrough in cathode technology. The cathode is currently the main performance limiting component in linear beam amplifiers. Bandwidth, frequency, power and life are all adversely impacted by this limitation.

 EAGLE HARBOR TECHNOLOGIES, INC. Suite D3 #179 Bainbridge Island, WA 98110 (206) 650-9469 PI: Dr. Timothy Ziemba (206) 650-9469 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0162 UNIV. OF WASHINGTON Dept of Earth and Space Scienc Seattle, WA 98195 (206) 543-1190 ID#: F074-022-0139 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-022       Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: GPU Multi-Scale Particle Tracking and Multi-Fluid Simulations of the Radiation Belts Abstract:   The radiation belts are a significant hazard to spacecraft, from generating single-event computer upsets to degradation of spacecraft surfaces and overall performance. The properties of the radiation belts can vary dramatically under the influence of magnetic storms and storm-time substorms. The task of understanding and predicting radiation belt properties is made difficult because their properties are not only modified by global processes but by small-scale wave-particle interactions. A full solution to the problem will require major innovations in technique and computer hardware. The proposed work will use new multi-scale/multi-fluid global simulations that are providing the first means to include small-scale processes within the global magnetospheric context. When linked with refinement gridding the code can be used to investigate self-consistently small-scale processes. Because of the disparate scale lengths and time scales substantial computational resources are needed. A major innovation of the proposed work will be codes designed to run of graphics processing units (GPUs). GPU are intrinsically highly parallelized systems that provide more than an order of magnitude computing speed over a CPU based systems. Successful development of a GPU based multi-scale/multi-fluid code couple to particle tracking will provide a major advance for the simulation of space plasmas.

 ELECTRODYNAMIC APPLICATIONS, INC. P.O. Box 131460 Ann Arbor, MI 48113 (734) 786-1434 PI: Dr. David Morris (734) 786-1434 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0144 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN Div of Research Devel & Admin Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 763-6438 ID#: F074-036-0327 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-036       Awarded: 09/18/07 Title: nanoFET Satellite Propulsion System for Defensive Counter Space Abstract:   The nanoparticle field extraction thruster (nanoFET) is being developed as an efficient, variable specific impulse electric propulsion device. NanoFET provides thrust by extracting nanometer- to micron-sized particles from a liquid reservoir, and accelerating them electrostatically. With its high efficiency and large thrust-to-power ratio over an unprecedented specific impulse range (100 to 10,000 seconds), nanoFET can provide an exceptional improvement over current propulsion options. In addition, the nature of nanoFET, with its generated beam of solid particles, provides a significant opportunity for counter-space. The objective of this STTR project is to explore nanoFET's utility for the counter-space application. Our team will characterize a variety of coating, erosion, and momentum transfer effects generated by nanoFET that could be used to defend critical U.S. space assets.

 ELTRON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC. 4600 Nautilus Court South Boulder, CO 80301 (303) 530-0263 PI: Dr. Craig L. Homrighausen (303) 530-0263 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0071 SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE 6220 Culebra Road San Antonio, TX 78228 (210) 522-2122 ID#: F074-013-0414 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-013       Awarded: 07/26/07 Title: A Low Cost Production Process for Large High Temperature Polymer Matrix Composites Abstract:   The prime objective of this Phase I project is the development of a cost-effective and reliable production method for fabrication of large carbon fiber reinforced polyimide composites. Eltron Research & Development Inc. (Eltron) and the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) will work together to successfully achieve this objective. Eltron has already developed a vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) process for production of high-temperature polyimide composites. SwRI has already developed process technologies and control algorithms for Intelligent Materials Processing (IMP), which combine real-time sensor information, kinetic, and transport models with an artificial intelligence (AI) control system to optimize the cure conditions of composite processing (otherwise known as adaptive cure processing). This partnership will combine complementary technologies that will result in the successful development of a low cost process for the production of large aerospace composite parts. Insurance of part quality will be determined by measuring key performance metrics including mechanical, rheological, thermal, kinetic, quality, and environmental endurance properties. During composite part production all experimental variables will be measured by Eltron and then provided to SWRI in support of their process modeling program.

 EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 590 Territorial Drive, Suite B Bolingbrook, IL 60440 (630) 771-0201 PI: Dr. Silviu Velicu (630) 771-0203 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0099 UNIV. OF SANTA CRUZ 1156 High Street Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (831) 459-1073 ID#: F074-027-0022 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-027       Awarded: 08/20/07 Title: Wavelength and Polarization Agile Infrared Detectors based on HgCdTe Abstract:   Modern seekers need to detect, recognize, identify and track a variety of autonomously guided munitions under a wide spectrum of conditions and countermeasures. We propose the implementation of hyperspectral and polarization-sensitive techniques based on HgCdTe infrared detectors to improve the accuracy of target detection for these seekers. In the proposed hyperspectral system, the HgCdTe detector senses only infrared photons of a particular wavelength selected by a tunable Fabry-Perot interferometric filter. The Fabry-Perot structure consists of a pair of vertically distributed Bragg mirrors and a membrane, with an air gap, the thickness of which determines the narrow wavelength band of infrared radiation that passes through to the detector. The filter tunability is achieved by applying a bias voltage across the two distributed Bragg mirrors. Polarization detection capabilities will be added to the hyperspectral elements by overlaying an array of microgrid polarizers. We will extract the Stokes parameters and obtain polarization images. The proposed technique will operate at high frame rates with minimum distortion, will be lightweight and compact. EPIR Technologies is the only small company with the facilities and demonstrated expertise for the molecular beam epitaxial growth of high-quality HgCdTe-based materials and its processing into high performance detectors.

 EQUILIBRIA 472 Amherst St Suite 25 Nashua, NH 03063 (603) 440-5134 PI: Dr. Ali H. Nayfeh (540) 231-5453 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0093 VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE Collegiate Square 1 Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 231-5453 ID#: F074-006-0401 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 09/04/07 Title: Physics-Based Identification and Management of Aeroelastic Limit-Cycle Oscillations (LCO) Abstract:   The objective of the proposed effort is to develop a systematic approach for building reduced-order models (nonlinear coupled finite-degree-of-freedom equations) capable of reliably modeling and predicting limit cycle oscillations (LCOs) and using these models in LCO management procedures. The models will be developed by combining (a) physical observations from ground vibration, wind tunnel, and flight test data, (b) nonlinear physical equations governing the relevant rigid-body motions and the elastic deformations of the wing capable of producing the observed physical phenomena, and (c) system identification of linear and nonlinear parameters using a combination of higher-order spectral analysis of the test data and approximate solutions of the nonlinear coupled finite-degree-of-freedom equations. The developed reduced-order models will be validated using other test data. The models will be used to investigate the root causes of LCO and predict safe operational envelopes. The effectiveness of the control surfaces in controlling the aerodynamic loads and structural response in the transonic regime will be quantified and modeled. The models will also be used to design passive and active strategies to manage LCO. In the passive case, the normal form of the instability will be developed to ascertain the contribution of the different types of nonlinearities to LCO and then design nonlinear elements that can be embedded in the wing structure to transform subcritical instabilities to supercritical ones and reduce LCO amplitudes. For the active case, an adaptive nonlinear feedback strategy based on autoparametric resonance (two-to-one-internal resonance) will be designed to mitigate LCO. Adaptivity will be introduced in the control law to deal with variations in the frequencies of the interacting modes induced by shifts in their vibration amplitudes, varying external conditions, or vibrations due to unpredictable inputs with unknown frequencies (e.g., gust).

 FETCH TECHNOLOGIES 2041 Rosecrans Avenue, Suite 245 El Segundo, CA 90245 (310) 414-9849 PI: Dr. Sofus Attila Macskassy (310) 414-9849 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0165 UNIV. OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Dept. of Contracts and Grants Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 821-1106 ID#: F074-018-0325 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-018       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: METAD: Monitoring Entites for Trend Analysis and Data mining Abstract:   We propose to investigate methods for building METAD, a system for monitoring trends in order to identify entities that are suspicious or deviate from past or normal behavior. Our system will leverage our existing EntityBase technology, which provides the means to consolidate references to entities collected from disparate data sources. The system will first use trend analysis to find entities that deviate from normal or past behavior and then use data mining techniques such as group detection, clustering or guilt-by-association to refine and rank these entities by how suspicious they are. The system will be built with the analyst in mind and will be an interactive system that assists the analyst rather than being a black-box investigation tool.

 HPS SIMULATIONS PO Box 3245 Santa Clara, CA 95055 (408) 554-8381 PI: Mr. Scott S. Hamilton (408) 554-8381 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0100 STANFORD UNIV. Office of Sponsored Research Stanford, CA 94305 (650) 723-6367 ID#: F074-023-0138 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-023       Awarded: 08/17/07 Title: Advanced Combat Simulation for More Effective Anti-Terrorist Operations Abstract:   Current computer combat simulation software offers a sophisticated and high fidelity platform in terms of modeling and accurate results. However, the development of games/simulations that portray insurgent asymmetric warfare has lagged due to the difficulties in interpreting and managing the complexity and variety of these types of situations as well as the relative historical lack of interest in these scenarios. At the same time, however, the general world state of affairs has changed so that these types of situations are becoming more frequent that ever. And this trend that will likely increase as information technology allows for the recruitment and control of hostile elements, and high-tech weapons become easier to acquire. This project will address two primary areas of improvement necessary to model these actions with existing wargame software. The first is to model the effects of the weapons and hostile forces themselves, including their command and control capabilities, tactics, ability to inflict damage from a distance, and range of improvised weapons. The second is to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) capable of both acting on behalf of a non-standard force, as well as being able to counter the actions of one in command of a conventional power.

 INFOSCITEX CORP. 303 Bear Hill Road Waltham, MA 02451 (781) 890-1338 PI: Dr. Robert Kovar (781) 890-1338 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0124 UDRI 300 College Park Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 229-2919 ID#: F074-010-0157 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-010       Awarded: 09/11/07 Title: "Flexible, Low VOC, Rapid-Cure, Topcoat-Compatible Aircraft Primer Coating" Abstract:   Current polysulfide based aircraft primers have excellent flexibility/elongation properties and do not fail around seams and fasteners. These primers, however, do not comply with the stringent emission regulations set forth by NESHAP due to excess VOC content. Additionally, these primers cure slowly under humid conditions and reduce the weatherability of topcoat/primer system due to migration of un-reacted polysulfide components into the topcoat. In response to these deficiencies, Infoscitex proposes to develop a sprayable, low VOC polysulfide (LVPS) primer coating that has four hour pot life after mixing, cures to tack-free, walk-on status within 4-8 hours under humid conditions and is compatible with current chromate-free corrosion inhibitors. The LVPS coating will be designed to be compatible with the MIL-PRF-85285D topcoat standard and will provide >60% GE impact elongation and excellent adhesion. This will be accomplished by formulating a flexible, rapid-cure, chemically-modified polysulfide binder resin that addresses the issues associated with previous polysulfide coatings. Phase I efforts will focus primarily upon developing the LVPS, preparing low VOC spray-coated test panels and demonstrating adhesion, flexibility and topcoat compatibility. In Phase II, the LVPS primer will be refined to further reduce VOC/HAPS as well as replace Chromium (VI) corrosion inhibitors with environmentally-compliant materials.

 INFOSCITEX CORP. 303 Bear Hill Road Waltham, MA 02451 (781) 890-1338 PI: Mr. Tom Fusco (781) 890-1338 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0101 UNIV. OF DAYTON RESEARCH INSTI 300 College Park Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 229-2919 ID#: F074-013-0042 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-013       Awarded: 09/11/07 Title: Innovative AFR-VARTM resin and HTVARTM processing Abstract:   High Temperature Polymer Matrix Composites (HTPMCs) are needed in advanced aerospace systems but their use is limited by manufacturing cost. Vacuum-Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) produces low cost composites but currently isn't used with HTPMC's due to high resin viscosity even at elevated temperatures. Infoscitex (IST) proposes to create AFR-VARTM resin via addition of compatible reactive diluents (RDs) to commercially available AFR-RTM. RD's in the system will significantly reduce resin viscosity during heated VARTM and will lead to additional crosslinking upon cure to create a strong hydrophobic resin matrix with enhanced hot/wet performance without evolution of volatiles. Reduced resin viscosity in combination with compatible, functional sizing will facilitate resin wet-out and rapid wicking into the fabric perform. Microcracks will be prevented by blending mono- and difunctional RD which cures to a more linear molecular structure with less shrinkage and lower stress. Phase I thermal, physical and mechanical evaluation on multiple formulations will lead to down selection of the AFR-VARTM system and processing conditions. Phase II includes material and process optimization, manufacturing scale up and will culminate in the fabrication of a sub-scale demonstration article. Program partners include UDRI, Maverick, Hydrosize, Fabric Development, and Pratt & Whitney.

 INFOSCITEX CORP. 303 Bear Hill Road Waltham, MA 02451 (781) 890-1338 PI: Ms. Heather Kauth (781) 890-1338 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0104 WELLMAN CENTER FOR PHOTOMEDICINE 40 Blossom St. Boston, MA 02114 (617) 954-9353 ID#: F074-033-0333 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-033       Awarded: 08/24/07 Title: Photochemical Tissue Bonding for Military Medical Applications Abstract:   Nearly 27,000 soldiers have been injured in the present conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Advances in trauma treatments have allowed a greater percentage of these casualties to survive than previously; with the advent of excellent body armor more injuries are now seen in extremities than before, including nerve and blood vessel damage. A rapid repair of vascular injuries improves outcomes for injured soldiers, by decreasing the necessity of amputation. Photochemical Tissue Bonding is a technique that consists of a photo-active dye capable of crosslinking collagen at the site of injury when exposed to an intense light source. Developed by Drs. Redmond and Kochevar of the Wellman Laboratories of Photomedicine, the technique shows exceptional promise for complete vascular repair. A system comprising a stent and light source, which will address the requirements of rapid deployment in a forward field hospital and relative simplicity of use, is required to translate this technology from the clinic to the front line. Infoscitex Corporation (IST), in cooperation with Wellman Laboratories, proposes to develop a rapidly degradable and biologically compatible stent with the appropriate mechanical properties for use in this application. Additionally IST will explore design parameters and propose solutions for a portable isotropic light source.

 INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC. 15400 Calhoun Drive Rockville, MD 20855 (301) 294-5227 PI: Dr. Pengcheng Lv (301) 294-4764 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0097 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS 3139 Kemper Hall Davis, CA 95616 (530) 754-6732 ID#: F074-016-0323 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: A miniature RFID sensor for biological warfare agents (BWAs) detection Abstract:   In this proposal, Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) and the University of California at Davis (UC Davis) detail the development of a novel miniature RFID sensor for BWA tracking and identification at a standoff distance. The key innovations of our approach include: a)The design of a planar inverted- F antenna (PIFA) on the RFID chip to receive and transmit RF signal. The compactness, good impedance and radiation performance, and ease of fabrication make PIFA well suited for the current application.; b)The use of a DNA decorated carbon nanotube (CNT) resonator as the chemical sensing element.; c)A compact reader will be implemented with Conventional-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) elements to allow portable applications; and d)The application of similarity measure algorithms to detect minute changes in the detected signal, thus increasing the detection probability and standoff range. Consequently, it is an attainable goal to realize a miniature RFID sensor with a compact and portable reader for long range identification purpose. We expect that the RFID chip will be smaller than 1 cm2, the reader will be manportable, and the total cost of the RFID sensor and the reader will be less than 1K if produced in small volume.  INTERDISCIPLINARY CONSULTING CORP. 5004 NW 60TH TERRACE GAINESVILLE, FL 32653 (352) 359-7796 PI: Dr. MARK SHEPLAK (352) 359-7796 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0161 UNIV. OF FLORIDA 320 BENTON BLDG. GAINESVILLE, FL 32611 (352) 846-0582 ID#: F074-014-0344 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-014 Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: High Frequency Surface Pressure, Shear Stress and Heat Flux Measurements for High Temperature Applications Abstract: The goal of the proposed project is to develop a robust, high-bandwidth, micromachined Moir optical-based shear stress sensor with a remote photo-diode/fiber-optic array optical readout for high-temperature, unsteady high-speed flow measurement applications. The time-accurate, continuous, direct measurement of fluctuating wall shear stress is currently not possible. The realization of this capability not only benefits hypersonic vehicle development but impacts a broad application spectrum that ranges from fundamental scientific research to industrial process control, biomedical applications, etc. The proposed sensor consists of a miniature floating element sensor possessing process producing optical gratings on the backside of a floating element and on the top surface of the support wafer to permit backside optical transduction. This design represents a truly flush-mounted, miniature, direct wall shear-stress sensor that possesses immunity from EMI and transverse element movement due to pressure fluctuations and/or vibrations. The optical transduction of the floating element motion is achieved by imaging the Moir fringe movement via a 16-channel high-temperature, fiber-optic array bundle. This bundle can be several meters long and is attached to a photo-diode array on the non-sensing end. This allows for the electronics to be remotely located away from the high temperatures of the measurement model and facility.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF VIRTUAL ORG., INC. DBA, IAVO Research and Scientific Durham, NC 27701 (919) 433-2400 PI: Mr. Brad Grinstead (919) 433-2400 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0085 CUBRC P.O. Box 400 Buffalo, NY 14225 (716) 631-6900 ID#: F074-021-0036 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-021 Awarded: 08/21/07 Title: Platform routing and data fusion technologies for Cooperative ISR Abstract: The US Air Force seeks innovative techniques and algorithms to investigate optimal platform routing that optimizes collection for fusion metric benefits, while also satisfying collection and de-confliction requirements. The primary focus in this regard is on the combination of both cooperative-system wide-body and multi-UAV (i.e., categorically inclusive UAVs) devices that provide positive and complementary benefits to improved ISR. Routing and data fusion requirements related to effective uses of these cooperative platforms demand progressive algorithmic techniques and methods embedded in theoretically innovative approaches. Indeed, such thinking serves as the basis for our solution described herein. In understanding the program needs, our proposal focuses on a particular class of cooperative ISR missions that can benefit from improved technologies from both platform routing and data fusion as well as automated dynamic resource allocation techniques and automated support to within-platform multi-operator workflow. Accordingly, we will address the class of cooperative ISR missions involving cooperative multi-platform and cooperative air-to-ground tactical SIGINT, EW, and Information Operations-type collection, fusion, and exploitation activities.  JOHN TILLER SOFTWARE 142 Sarah Hughes Dr Madison, AL 35758 (256) 289-9631 PI: Dr. John Tiller (256) 289-9631 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0092 UNIV. OF ALABAMA IN HUNTSVILLE 301 Sparkman Dr Huntsville, AL 35899 (256) 824-2662 ID#: F074-023-0018 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-023 Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Advanced Combat Simulation for More Effective Anti-Terrorist Operations Abstract: This proposal is for the development of an architecture for asymmetric and anti-terrorist simulations and the application of that architecture in the design and development of multiple user-friendly, PC-based, artificially intelligent asymmetric combat simulation systems. This effort will utilize a number of existing, mature computer wargames and will focus on enhancements to those game systems using the design architecture to arrive at tools useful not only to the military but also having significant commercial applicability. The approach will leverage existing development by this project team in the areas of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and asymmetric combat simulation.  LAMBDA INSTRUMENTS, INC. 840 University City Blvd Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 953-1796 PI: Mr. Jon Greene (540) 953-1796 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0128 VIRGINIA TECH Department of ESM Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 231-3243 ID#: F074-002-0264 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Materials Discovery for High Temperature Sensors Abstract: During Phase I, Lambda Instruments proposes to extend these initial sapphire optical fiber sensor demonstrations to single-crystal, yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y203-ZrO2). While already demonstrated sapphire optical fiber-based sensors can withstand temperatures as high as 3600 F, stabilized zirconia-based sensors offer the possibility of implementing sensors in corrosive environments at temperatures as high as 4700 F. Lambda has assembled a highly-qualified development team consisting of combustion engineers, material scientists, and business specialists within Virginia Tech (Blacksburg, VA) and Pratt & Whitney (East Hartford, CT) who were carefully chosen to complement Lambda's strong in-house optoelectronic sensor capabilities. The development team proposes to perform an ambitious but achievable Phase I feasibility study designed with an appropriate balance of scientific innovation and break-through engineering. Scientific innovation will be required for the in-house fabrication of stabilized-zirconia waveguides which are currently not commercially available anywhere in the world. To balance the technical risk inherent in transforming raw cubic zirconia into high-quality, micrometer-scale optical waveguides, we propose a parallel effort during Phase I to study techniques for packaging optical-quality, commercially-available sapphire optical fibers into a functional sensor arrangement for measurement of strain, temperature, and pressure.  LAMBDA INSTRUMENTS, INC. 840 University City Blvd Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 953-1796 PI: Mr. Jon Greene (540) 953-1796 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0129 VIRGINIA TECH Dept. of Mech. Engineering Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 231-9104 ID#: F074-014-0270 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-014 Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: High Frequency Surface Pressure, Shear Stress and Heat Flux Measurements for High Temperature Applications Abstract: Lambda Instruments, Inc., in cooperation with Virginia Tech and Pratt & Whitney, propose to investigate the feasibility of developing ultra high-temperature, high-frequency sapphire optical fiber-based sensors for next generation hypersonic vehicle sensors and wind tunnel testing programs up to 3600 F. The capability to accurately measure the surface pressure, skin friction, and temperature gradient imposed on a body subjected to high speed flow is a vital first step toward improving the performance of future hypersonic vehicles. Although real-time determination of these parameters has been an on-going challenge since the early days of flight, only in the last 15 years has attention shifted to hypersonic conditions due to sensor advancements in miniaturization, sensitivity, and mounting techniques. Accurate measurements of aerodynamic heating is a major concern at hypersonic speeds. Temperature sensors used to monitor the thermal profile can also give insight into determining the peak in a shock interaction region or the boundary layer transition. Finally, current air-breathing hypersonic vehicles integrate airframe and engine. The entire fore body of a scramjet vehicle's underside, for example, may be used as an external inlet to provide flow at the perfect condition to the engine. Failure to accurately know or predict surface conditions can lead to engine failure or catastrophic vehicle structural failure.  LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. 1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Roanoke, VA 24016 (540) 769-8430 PI: Mr. Jerry Fleming (540) 769-8400 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0153 RTI INTERNATIONAL 3040 Cornwallis Road Research Triangle, NC 27709 (919) 316-3399 ID#: F074-001-0182 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-001 Awarded: 09/22/07 Title: Miniaturized Thermal Harvesting System Abstract: The Air Force has an immediate need for powering remote wireless sensor networks (WSN) on aircraft platforms. These WSN systems are needed for monitoring engine emissions/conditions, evaluating structural integrity, and supplying remote sensing capabilities in support of ongoing battlefield activities. However, aircraft sensors are generally inaccessible and frequent battery replacement or scheduled maintenance is unacceptable. To meet this concern, an approach to harvest electrical energy from the in-situ surroundings is needed. Present miniaturized WSN systems require on the order of 1-10 mW and have a 5-10 year life span. To date commercially available thermoelectric devices are capable of providing on the order of 10 mW/cm2. An approach that increases this amount by an order of magnitude is desired. Luna Innovations and RTI propose to develop a high efficiency thermoelectric energy harvesting device which scavenges energy from ambient thermal gradients. RTI's expertise in thermoelectric conversion and Luna's proven ultra-low power wireless sensors will provide a robust solution capable of operating unattended for several years.  LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. 1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Roanoke, VA 24016 (540) 769-8430 PI: Dr. James Garrett (434) 220-2505 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0112 NORTH DAKOTA STATE UNIV. Sponsored Programs Administra Fargo, ND 58105 (701) 231-9608 ID#: F074-010-0176 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 08/28/07 Title: Novel Resin System for Low-VOC, Chromate Free, Highly Flexible Aircraft Primer Abstract: Primer systems on aircraft protect the integrity of the underlying aluminum alloy through a combination of corrosion prevention and corrosion mitigation. The primers must maintain excellent adhesion with the substrate to prevent the introduction of water and the subsequent formation of a corrosion cell. These entry points are likely to form around seams and fasteners and can be caused by a lack of coating flexibility. In the event that a corrosion cell is able to form, corrosion inhibitors reduce the rate of corrosion once it has started. Primer systems are currently available that provide adequate flexibility and corrosion control, but they contain high levels of volatile organic components (VOC) and chromate containing inhibitors. Luna Innovations proposes to use a novel coating resin system and chromate free corrosion inhibitors to develop a high flexibility aircraft primer that provides the adhesion, corrosion inhibition, and compatibility with existing topcoats that is needed by the Air Force. The proposed Phase I coating development effort will create a sprayable coating system through a focus on resin development, formulation, and coating characterization.  LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. 1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Roanoke, VA 24016 (540) 769-8430 PI: Mr. Patrick Cottler (434) 972-9952 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0091 WELLMAN CENTER FOR PHOTOMEDICINE Massachusetts General Hospital Boston, MA 02114 (617) 726-1713 ID#: F074-033-0179 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-033 Awarded: 08/15/07 Title: Photochemical tissue bonding for military medical applications Abstract: Tissue repair is an essential component of surgical procedures as well as treatment of traumatic injury. There are a variety of techniques and technologies that are used clinically with varying degrees of efficacy. Due to complications of current techniques, there is interest in development of less invasive surgical repair. Photochemical tissue bonding (PTB) combines photoactive dyes with visible light to create fluid-tight seals between tissue surfaces, by creating covalent bonds when the dye absorbs energy from the light source. PTB is being researched and is emerging as an alternative to surgical tissue repair. Positive results in nerves and blood vessels make PTB reasonable for military and civilian microsurgical procedures. However, further research and development is needed for both the light and the dye. To address this need, Luna Innovations with the Wellman Center for Photomedicine will further the development of the dye and the light delivery. Luna will look to identify red absorbing chromophores and derivatize to enhance tissue adhesion. Additionally, Luna will design a light delivery device to deliver 360 isotropic dosimetry for circumferential tissues. The combination of the proposed enhanced dye and light delivery device will help position PTB for both military and civilian medical use.  LUTRONICS 1236 Lawn Lake Trl Colorado Springs, CO 80921 (978) 387-9685 PI: Dr. Yalin Lu (978) 387-9685 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0149 UNIV. OF MARYLAND Depart. Mater. Eng. College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-6129 ID#: F074-002-0113 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 09/18/07 Title: Combinatorial Discovery of High Temperature Sensing Materials Abstract: This STTR program intends to develop a new combinatorial material strategy toward finding new materials efficient for simultaneously sensing both temperature and strain under high temperature environments. Combination of unique luminescence behaviors with a novel multilayer structure will offer the great potential to reach the proposed program goals.  LYNNTECH, INC. 7610 Eastmark Drive College Station, TX 77840 (979) 693-0017 PI: Dr. Tony Ragucci (979) 693-0017 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0086 UNIV. OF VIRGINIA 382 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22904 (434) 924-6795 ID#: F074-024-0169 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-024 Awarded: 08/10/07 Title: Platform for a Cold Atom Inertial Navigation System Abstract: Lynntech in collaboration with the atomic physics group at the University of Virginia propose to implement an experimental study of the decohering effects on a Bose Einstein Condensate interferometer. The end result will be the specifications for the design of a stable rotation platform used for the validation of a BEC based inertial navigation system. An ideal navigation system would provide guiding information with high degree of accuracy to the application (e.g. a satellite) while simultaneously being completely self referencing. In other words, the guiding system would be self sustained and not require exterior communications to provide orientation and positioning. A navigation system of this type would be jam free and produce a non-traceable signature. Inertial force sensing platforms provide a solution for self-referencing guiding systems. Development in interferometry has yielded revolutionary inertial sensing capabilities. Research has shown cold atom interferometers can be effectively used to sense rotation with sensitivity superior to current state of the art. Development of novel BEC apparatus and trapping techniques, have yielded functional interferometers that could be used for inertial sensing. The Air force objective is to use the rotation sensor as an integral part of a navigation system to be mounted on a satellite.  M&P TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 4870 Lake Fjord Pass Marietta, GA 30068 (770) 993-7397 PI: Dr. Jim M. Criss, Jr. (770) 993-7397 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0075 CLARK ATLANTA UNIV. 223 James P. Brawley Drive, SW Atlanta, GA 30314 (404) 880-6886 ID#: F074-013-0144 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-013 Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: VARTM Processing of High Temperature Polymer Matrix Composites Abstract: By leveraging recent innovations in resin formulations and low cost processing techniques, affordable high temperature composite structures can be affordably achieved. Newly developed polyimide (PI) resins demonstrate excellent property retention at 550F for up to 1000 hrs. Fabrication of PI based composites is currently too expensive for most production applications. The feasibility of high temperature VARTM has been demonstrated with PETI-298, a PI resin with low melt viscosity, on small scale laminates. No high temperature VARTM processes have been successfully demonstrated with other resins or on large structures. M&P Technologies proposes to leverage these innovations and its expertise in VARTM processing to develop technology to VARTM AFR-RTM into large structures. M&P Technologies has developed a comprehensive Phase I project plan to extend these past successes to new resins and once successful, Phase II would scale up to large components and ultimately conduct a cost benefit analysis for transitioning these new technologies to production applications. To further increase the probability of successful commercial implementation, M&P Technologies will work closely with Lockheed Martin, Rolls Royce, Northrop Grumman, and Boeing. These resins along with technology developed under this project will allow the manufacture of affordable supersonic aircraft, missiles and reusable launch vehicles.  MESOSCRIBE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 25 Health Sciences Drive Stony Brook, NY 11790 (631) 444-6455 PI: Mr. Jonathan Gutleber (631) 444-6691 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0133 UNIV. OF RHODE ISLAND 70 Lower College Road Kingston, RI 02881 (401) 874-2635 ID#: F074-002-0287 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: An Integrated Approach to Sensor Materials Synthesis, Design and Fabrication for Extreme Temperature Applications Abstract: An approach is proposed to identify, characterize and integrate high temperature materials into harsh environment diagnostic systems. Program partner URI will sputter candidate conductive oxides with continuously varying levels of doping. Test specimens will be fabricated and systematically assessed using combinatorial synthesis to determine which exhibit the most favorable characteristics e.g., high temperature stability, consistency, sensitivity, for sensor use. MesoScribe Technologies will apply its Mesoplasma Direct Write process, a high-precision derivative of thermal spray technology, to deposit the selected materials in precise sensor architectures. URI's experience in material characterization and ceramic oxide strain gages will be combined with MesoScribe's expertise in sensor design and fabrication to achieve application-specific measurement capability in high temperature (1600C) regime of gas turbines and hypersonic structures.  MICROTECH, INC. 8831 Log Run Dr. N. Indianapolis, IN 46234 (317) 513-2086 PI: Dr. Wei Wang (317) 278-9156 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0136 IUPUI Electrical/Computer Engineerin Indianapolis, IN 46202 (317) 278-9156 ID#: F074-025-0065 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-025 Awarded: 09/12/07 Title: Hybrid CMOS/Nanodevice Integrated Circuits Abstract: The goal of this project is to develop new techniques to enable feasible fabrication of the hybrid CMOS/nanodevice integrated circuits (CMOL). In Phase I, a new technique will be developed to implement a practicable CMOL cell by using a novel 3D integration approach, which will significantly reduce the fabrication challenges. The fabricated 3D CMOL cell performance will be tested and validated. The success of Phase I will enable to build more complex CMOL systems of medium level integration scale in Phase II.  MILSYS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 408 E. Fourth Street Bridgeport, PA 19405 (610) 272-5050 PI: Mr. Glenn Baker (610) 272-5050 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0116 UNIV. OF CONNETICUT 371 Fairfield Way, U-2157 Storrs, CT 06269 (860) 486-4822 ID#: F074-027-0378 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-027 Awarded: 09/06/07 Title: Wavelength and Polarization Agile Infrared Detector Materials Abstract: Development of new generation of integrated FPAs that are both multispectral and polarimetric in the IR window is proposed for the detection and classification of battlespace objects. The use of existing sensor and camera technology, as the baseline, allows for reduced prototype and development time. The integration of both the wavelength and polarization selective elements within the FPA will produce a small low cost imager. The objective of this proposal is model, research and develop the design and propose a Phase II plan with industry partners.  MNB TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 501 N Morton St Bloomington, IN 47404 (812) 824-8226 PI: Mr. Nicola V. Granny (812) 824-8226 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0126 THE OHIO STATE UNIV. 154 W. 12th Avenue Columbus, OH 43210 (614) 247-8348 ID#: F074-017-0015 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-017 Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Algorithm Development for Reconfigurable Computing Architectures Abstract: High performance reconfigurable computing (HPRC) is an expanding technology offering workstations and small clusters performance levels previously reserved for large-scale systems populating the "Supercomputing 500" list. However, the lack of open-source libraries of generically applicable numeric methods (i.e. BLAS, LAPACK, Numeric Recipes, etc.) optimized for FPGA embodiment has hindered adoption of HPRC by mainstream technical/scientific computing users. MNB Technologies and our academic partner, The Ohio State University, will simplify the HPRC development model. The approach has four thrust areas: 1) partially automating the process of developing HPRC optimized HDL from symbolic math, 2) extending HDL customization capabilities enabling hierarchical modeling using generic cores automatically customized for the target platform, 3) creation of a standard modeling and validation framework for quick and economical population of the library by the open source community, and 4) creation of a model integration tool "plug-in" for common application development environments. This approach provides an open-source use model for disadvantaged users and considerable commercialization opportunities for proprietary extensions to service both the HPRC and EDA (electronic design automation) market segments.  MOLECULAR IMPRINTS, INC. 1807-C West Braker Lane Austin, TX 78758 (512) 334-1209 PI: Dr. Doug Resnick (512) 339-7760 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0125 SUNY, STONY BROOK Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Stony Brook, NY 11794 (631) 632-8159 ID#: F074-025-0277 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-025 Awarded: 09/06/07 Title: Hybrid CMOS/Nanodevice Integrated Circuits - Design and Fabrication Abstract: This proposal will investigate fabrication of CMOL devices (CMOS/nanowire/MOLecular hybrids) using fabrication processes that have commercial viability. These circuits are one of the most promising approaches for continued device scaling well below 10nm. Such circuits combine a semiconductor transistors system with a nanowire crossbar, with simple two-terminal nanodevices self-assembled at each crosspoint. The proposed research is an inter-disciplinary effort that brings together the expertise in nanofabrication at Molecular Imprints, Inc., and hybrid circuit design expertise at SUNY, Stony Brook. Device architectures that are specifically suited for ease of integration of the nanowire cross-bars with their CMOS counterparts are studied. Also, these devices are designed to be tolerant to defects and alignment errors during the integration of nano-wires with CMOS. A novel nanofabrication process that includes imprint lithography in conjunction with a reverse tone etch process is proposed. This process allows for fabrication of nanowires over pre-existing topography. This is critical in fabricating fault-tolerant interconnections between the nanowire cross-bars and the underlying CMOS circuitry.  NANOHMICS, INC. 6201 East Oltorf St. Austin, TX 78741 (512) 389-9990 PI: Dr. Keith Jamison (512) 389-9990 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0138 OHIO UNIV. Office of Research Athens, OH 45701 (470) 593-0378 ID#: F074-030-0266 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-030 Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Optimization of scandate high current density cathodes Abstract: Evolving commercial and military requirements for high-frequency power amplification are driving the demand for modern vacuum electronics devices. The explosion of wideband RF communications, space-based communication, and geolocation, as well as advanced military radars and directed energy sources, are placing new requirements on the electron-beam current density, beam emittance, module size, lifetime, and efficiency of vacuum electronic devices. Novel techniques for constructing slow-wave structures and advanced electron collectors are addressing the latter requirements, but cathode technology has not kept pace. One of the more promising cathodes are scandates with reports of emission currents over 100 A/cm2. Unfortunately, there is very little understanding of the underlying physics and limited knowledge of the emitting species and re-supply of the scandate material therefore no clear path to optimizing this cathode's operation. In this STTR program, Nanohmics and its University partner Ohio University, proposes to study the surface science of the scandate cathodes and use this information to optimize its emission performance and lifetime. This program will result in development of an optimized commercial scandate cathode.  NDP OPTRONICS LLC. 236 Saint Martins Dr SE Mableton, GA 30126 (770) 948-1505 PI: Dr. Dr. S. G. Matsik (404) 651-2847 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0137 GEORGIA STATE UNIV. University Plaza Atlanta, GA 30303 (404) 651-4350 ID#: F074-027-0028 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-027 Awarded: 09/13/07 Title: Dualband Polarization Sensitive Quantum Dot Detectors Abstract: The proposed innovation will prove the feasibility of developing a spectral tunable and polarization sensitive quantum dot (QD) based detector in the 2-14 micron range. The aim is to satisfy the U.S. Air Force (USAF) requirements for passive spectral and polarization sensing in the infrared range without external filtering components and polarizers. The approach for achieving this challenge is to use a spectrally tunable QD detector structure integrated with a surface plasmon/grid polarizer based light coupling layer. The basic detector structure will consist of QD layer (InAs/GaAs), and double barrier layer (undoped GaAs) for tunneling, and a layer(undoped GaAs) with a metal grid for polarization. The proposed detector will allow the development of new polarization sensitive systems which will not require external polarizers or wavelength selection. This will reduce the weight requirements in sensor systems making them more widely applicable. By using adjcent pixels with perpendicular gratings the polarization components can be measured.  NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS 2780 Skypark Drive Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 626-8384 PI: Mr. David Cowan (310) 626-8361 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0070 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS, UIUC 1901 South First Street, Suite Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 233-2187 ID#: F074-006-0095 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Physics-Based Identification and Management of Aeroelastic Limit-Cycle Oscillations (LCO) Abstract: A highly qualified team consisting of NextGen Aeronautics Inc., the University of Illinois, Texas A&M University and NES Tech, Inc., proposes an approach to the problem of aircraft limit cycle oscillations (LCO) that includes both analytical predictive methods and hardware for preventing in-flight LCO. LCO phenomena to be addressed include those induced by structural nonlinearities, shock-boundary layer interaction, free-play, and transonic flow effects. The team will leverage considerable prior work by its members, including development of an innovative nonlinear energy sink (NES), variations of which have been designed, built and wind-tunnel-tested with very successful results. The approach will allow for the recognition and suppression of transient, nonlinear modal interactions that trigger LCO events. This is in contrast with standard practice of treating the actual LCO event subsequent to its buildup, by either passive or active techniques. The proposed NES hardware is lightweight and possesses unique nonlinear dynamical features that enable it to passively draw and locally dissipate broadband vibration energy from the aircraft structure, leading to rapid and robust suppression of LCO instabilities. Moreover, the NES can interact with structural modes in arbitrary frequency ranges acting, in essence, as a passive adaptive boundary controller.  NLIGHT PHOTONICS 5408 NE 88th Street, Bldg E Vancouver, WA 98665 (360) 624-6188 PI: Dr. Paul Crump (360) 713-5161 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0098 OREGON MEDICAL LASER CENTER 9205 SW Barnes Road Portland, OR 97225 (503) 216-2197 ID#: F074-033-0346 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-033 Awarded: 09/17/07 Title: Photochemical Tissue Bonding for Military Medical Applications Abstract: Joining severed vessels is a recurring problem in trauma and surgery. The basic technology that uses suture has been available for a long time. Many technologies have been introduced to make vessel suturing water-tight. Any solution to this problem must integrate well with standard medical care. This means that the solution must be safe, effective, acceptable to surgeons, and technologically feasible. We propose a novel two-wavelength laser that allows precise and rapid closure of anastomosis of vessels. An exogenous glue, composed of FDA-approved human serum albumin will be used to increase bond strength and burst pressures. A dissolvable stent, also composed of human serum albumin, will be used to facilitate joining larger vessels and aligning the vessel edges. Laser bonding has not gained widespread clinical acceptance because (1) an exogenous chromophore (indocyanine green) was required, (2) no economical laser sources, (3) large laser beam sizes (4) no internal support for the vessel during anastomosis was available. Advances in laser technology at nLight Corp remove issues (2) and (3). The protocol proposed would eliminate issues (1) and (4) - albumin replaces indocyanine green, and internal support is provided by a solid albumin stent, which dissolves once blood is allowed to flow again.  NUCRYPT LLC 1801 Maple Avenue, Rm 6322 Evanston, IL 60201 (847) 275-8996 PI: Dr. Gregory S. Kanter (847) 491-5713 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0113 NORTHWESTERN UNIV. 633 Clark Street Evanston, IL 60208 (847) 491-3003 ID#: F074-028-0350 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-028 Awarded: 09/18/07 Title: Photonic Analog-to-Digital Converter Abstract: Analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) is an essential operation in many applications including radar, sensing, communications, and instrumentation. Two key parameters of an ADC are its sampling rate and resolution, measured in samples per second and number of bits, respectively. Unfortunately, as the sampling rate increases the maximum resolution is reduced. High-speed electronic ADCs (>10Gs/s) are currently limited to about 6 effective bits of resolution, while moderate speed ADCs (<500Ms/s) can have 10 or more effective bits of resolution. It is a goal of this STTR to simultaneously achieve both high sampling speeds and high resolution. ADCs which use photonic technology to improve their performance have achieved drastic advances in sampling rate. This is especially true for time-limited signals as sample rates of many hundreds of Gs/s have been recorded, exceeding purely electronic ADCs by 1-2 orders of magnitude. However, this does not translate into high resolution samples, especially for continuous-time signals. In fact, high speed continuous-time photonic-assisted ADCs typically have resolutions of just 3-5 bits even at the more modest 10Gs/s sampling rates. The resolution limitation comes from several sources, including mismatches between components and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) issues. We have proposed a new method of photonic-assisted ADC which has improved tolerance for component mismatches and a higher SNR. As such it is uniquely poised to address the problems previous optical ADCs have had with achieving high resolutions.  NUMEREX 2309 Renard Place SE Albuquerque, NM 87106 (505) 842-0074 PI: Dr. John W. Luginsland (607) 227-4272 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0131 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELE Box 951555, 7619A MSB Los Angeles, CA 90095 (310) 206-0200 ID#: F074-022-0286 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-022 Awarded: 09/24/07 Title: Development of a Renormalization Group Approach to Multi-Scale Plasma Physics Computation Abstract: Multiple scale simulations are among the most challenging calculations in scientific computation, yet this capability is critical to realizing a virtual prototyping capability for devices based on electromagnetic and plasma technology. One solution to multi-scale problems is the renormalization group (RNG), which offers a systematic means to investigate and couple the impact of mutiple scales together. NumerEx and UCLA will apply RNG to a class of tractable, yet non-trivial plasma physics problems to develop robust techniques to simulate multiple scales in plasma physics problems. New numerical algorithms based on these new techniques will be designed.  OMEGA OPTICS, INC. 10435 Burnet Rd., Suite 108 Austin, TX 78758 (512) 996-8833 PI: Dr. Alan Wang (512) 996-8833 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0077 UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN 10100 Burnet Rd. MERB-160 Austin, TX 78758 (512) 471-7035 ID#: F074-007-0203 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-007 Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Ultra Compact Power Efficient Nanophotonic Waveguide Modulator using Functional Polymer on Silicon Nanopillars Abstract: In this program, Omega Optics and the University of Texas, Austin propose to develop an ultra compact active nanophotonic waveguide modulator utilizing functional polymeric materials with low driving voltage through the enhanced optical nonlinear effect provided by slow photon effect. Although polymer photonic active devices have achieved significant progress in modulation speed in the past two decades, the device size and half-wave voltage (V~{&P~}) has insignificant improvements due to the intrinsic constraints of conventional photonics. An ultra compact and power efficient nanophotonic modulator will be demonstrated employing active polymer photonic crystal waveguides on a silicon platform. The proposed structure, which employs EO polymer filled silicon nanopillar arrays, obtains a true in-plane photonic bandgap with slow photon effect while employing the largest EO coefficient ~{&C~}33. This polymer-on-silicon-nanopillar approach achieves a spacious bandgap design area and a high electro-optic interact efficiency. The fabrication process proposed herein resolves the barrier between the device design and the device realization. In the phase I program, we anticipate the modulation length of the polymer photonic crystal modulator to be no more than 200~{&L~}m, and the total device length less than 2mm, with a power efficient operation up to 10GHz. Further improvement in device performance and packaging and system integration using the proposed device will be demonstrated in phase II.  PHOTONIC SYSTEMS, INC. 900 Middlesex Turnpike Billerica, MA 01821 (978) 670-4990 PI: Dr. Gary E. Betts (978) 670-4990 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0120 U. OF CALIFORNIA, LOS ANGELES Dept. of Electrical Engr. Los Angeles, CA 90095 (310) 825-9655 ID#: F074-028-0241 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-028 Awarded: 09/12/07 Title: Photonic Flash Analog-to-Digital Converter Abstract: This proposal describes a new design for a photonic analog-to-digital converter, based on using different wavelengths to encode different voltage levels of an arbitrary input electrical signal. The quantization to electrical bits is accomplished using the flash architecture where many 1-bit comparators are fed in parallel. This design incorporates the key advantages of photonic analog-to-digital conversion, including high-speed low-jitter sampling with a very narrow sampling pulse. The parts of the converter that have a high component count are suitable for monolithic integration, making volume manufacture feasible. It also provides a new simple and accurate method of calibration that avoids some of the problems of earlier photonic designs. In phase I we will demonstrate feasibility, including a 2-bit 10 GS/s experimental version that can be scaled to higher bit depth without sacrificing speed.  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC. 20 New England Business Center Andover, MA 01810 (978) 689-0003 PI: Dr. Prakash B. Joshi (978) 689-0003 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0130 UNIV. OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA 837 W. Downey Way Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 821-1106 ID#: F074-008-0316 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-008 Awarded: 09/20/07 Title: Novel Liquid monopropellants, Combustion Processes, Materials and Fabrication Techniques For Micro-Mesoscale Propulsion Systems Abstract: Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and the University of Southern California (Professor Paul Ronney) propose to develop novel meso (~ mm scale) to micro (~ tens to hundreds micron) scale chemical propulsion systems envisioned for future miniaturized satellites. In Phase I, we will synthesize and characterize new high performance ionic liquids as monopropellants for these systems. Specific catalysts will be used to decompose the propellants; ignition will be achieved using special hypergols. We will investigate new combustion processes and thermodynamic cycles that recognize and take advantage of the unique physicochemical processes at microscales. This will enable us to produce highly simplified, robust, and reliable propulsion system designs using very low-cost materials and fabrication processes compared to the current design philosophy of simply scaling down macroscale devices to microscales and using micromachined silicon as the material of construction. Our designs will also use innovative components/devices that result in a propulsion system with almost no moving parts. In Phase II, we will build and demonstrate a bench scale prototype of the micropropulsion system.  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC. 20 New England Business Center Andover, MA 01810 (978) 689-0003 PI: Dr. Michelle T. Schulberg (978) 689-0003 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0132 HARVARD UNIV. Chemistry & Chemical Biology Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 496-3159 ID#: F074-011-0082 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-011 Awarded: 09/20/07 Title: Atomic layer deposition of atomic oxygen and UV resistant coatings for spacecraft Abstract: Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) and Harvard University propose to develop atomic oxygen and UV/VUV-resistant conductive coatings for spacecraft in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). We will use Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) to deposit thin conformal pinhole-free films of conductive oxides on Kapton coupons. We will evaluate the performance of the coatings with PSI's FAST^TM atomic oxygen source. We will demonstrate that the films have mass loss of < 10^-26 g/atom under exposure to 5 eV atomic oxygen and 10^-4 UV/VUV photons per incident oxygen atom and have sheet resistance < 10^10 ohm/square both before and after exposure to simulated space conditions. We will take advantage of the atomic-level control of the ALD process to tune the properties of the coatings and meet the requirements of survival in LEO. During the Phase I program we will iterate deposition and film evaluation in order to down-select from our initial materials choices and determine the optimum coating formulation. During Phase II, we will demonstrate the coating on a complex-shaped spacecraft component and will address further requirements such as mechanical properties. In Phase III, we will scale up production in partnership with a supplier of thin film materials to the aerospace industry.  PICOMETRIX LLC 2925 Boardwalk Ann Arbor, MI 48104 (734) 864-5605 PI: Mrs. David Zimdars (734) 864-5639 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0110 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN Center for Ultrafast Optical Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 763-4878 ID#: F074-035-0284 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-035 Awarded: 08/24/07 Title: Optically Driven High Power Time Domain Terahertz Source Abstract: We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of an compact optically driven high power time-domain terahertz (TD-THz) source with greater than 1 milliwatt average output at a repetition rate of approximately 50 MHz. This source will be compatible with conventional time domain terahertz spectroscopy and imaging equipment, but extend the output power greater than a 1000 times the 1 microwatt typically gemerated by these systems. Time domain terahertz sources produce hyper-wideband near single cycle sub-picosecond electromagnetic impulses spanning nearly 5 octaves of spectra from less than 100 GHz to greater than 3 THz. These pulses have unique properties that simultaneously enable frequency domain applications (such as pharmaceutical spectroscopy) and time domain applications (such as reflection tomography in aerospace non-destructive examination). We propose a non-conventional optical rectification approach driven by a compact high power laser system. The approach is compatible with Picometrix's existing photoconductive receivers and time domain terahertz spectroscopy and imaging equipment. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility and scaling of the high power generation approach.  Q PEAK, INC. 135 South Road Bedford, MA 01730 (781) 275-9535 PI: Dr. Evgueni Slobodtchikov (781) 275-9535 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0103 RENSAAELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-6177 ID#: F074-035-0285 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-035 Awarded: 08/17/07 Title: High-Power THz Generation from Yb-doped Lasers Abstract: Currently, there is great interest in the development of instrumentation and techniques for the generation, detection and analysis of THz frequency (i.e. millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelength) electromagnetic radiation. Higher-power sources would enable longer stand-off distances, greater depth penetration, and shorter integration times. We propose to develop a high power time-domain (TD) THz source based on a novel THz emitter driven by a compact, diode-pumped, high-power femtosecond oscillator based on a Yb:doped laser crystal. We will employ THz emitters fabricated from narrow-bandgap materials (internal-field-biased InN and external-field-biased GaInAs). With optimized performance the system will be capable of generating on the order of 1 mW of average THz power at repetition rate as high as 1 GHz. During the Phase I program, we will assemble the femtosecond oscillator and use it to test several THz emitters. The directly diode-pumped ultrafast laser represents an enabling technology, allowing ultrafast and THz systems to emerge from the laboratory and into widespread scientific and industrial applications.  QMAGIQ, LLC One Tara Boulevard Nashua, NH 03062 (603) 821-3092 PI: Dr. Mani Sundaram (603) 821-3092 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0108 CARNEGIE MELLON UNIV. Electrical & Computer Engg. Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (412) 268-8091 ID#: F074-027-0336 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-027 Awarded: 08/28/07 Title: Quantum Dots in Optical Cavities for Sharp and Variable Spectral Response Abstract: We propose to embed quantum dots in resonant optical cavities to sharpen their spectral respone and provide a mechanism to spatially vary it across an infrared detector array. This project will combine the self-assembled-quantum-dot epitaxy expertise of Professor Towe's group at Carnegie Mellon University with the infrared focal plane array design, fabrication, and test expertise of QmagiQ. Phase 1 will model device performance and experimentally validate the device concept with test devices. In Phase 2, we will develop a "spectrometer on a chip" consisting of a detector array hybridized to a readout multiplexer, and having a laterally varying sharp spectral response.  QUALTECH SYSTEMS, INC. 100 Great Meadow Rd., Suite 603 Wethersfield, CT 06109 (860) 257-8014 PI: Dr. Sudipto Ghoshal (860) 257-8014 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0118 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS Office of Sponsored Programs Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 333-2187 ID#: F074-019-0162 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-019 Awarded: 09/11/07 Title: Scalable Formal Methods for Distributed Systems Abstract: When designing distributed systems, it is necessary to compare two or more designs of the models of the system. By developing formal methods theory to automate the process of checking for differences, multiple designs can be quickly compared to come up with the best design of the system. UIUC has done research on an algorithm called Circular coinduction to automatically discover bisimulation relations and to search for the equivalence or the differences between two states. UIUC has also done research on language specification using Rewriting Logic. There is a synergy between the formal methods techniques developed at UIUC and the need for the formal methods algorithms to automate the process of comparing multi-signal models developed through TEAMS software tool at QSI. The proposed effort seeks to explore this synergy. We propose to extend the formal specification for multi-signal dependency model and research ways in which circular coinduction can be adapted for efficiently solving the equivalence-related tasks of the project. The model checking part of the project will be addressed by specifying the model in Rewriting Logic and use the generic (yet very efficient) model-checker offered by the Maude system, which fully supports Rewriting Logic specifications.  SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS CO., INC. 500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000 Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 933-5355 PI: Dr. Aleksandar Zatezalo (781) 933-5355 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0062 MASS. INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Room 36-413 Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 258-8314 ID#: F074-024-0305 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-024 Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Evaluation of microchip atom interferometer designs for precision inertial-navigation systems Abstract: Bose-Einstein condensates in magnetic traps and waveguides produced by microfabricated structures hold great promise for new quantum devices exploiting atomic matter waves, such as interferometers for precise measurements of rotation and acceleration. The major objectives of Phase I will be to research sources of decoherence, environmental noises and errors, and based on this research, find the most promising designs of a suitable platforms which will efficiently employ potential of autonomous high precision navigation using cold atom interferometry on microfabricated chips. The goal is to develop a prototype based on the most promising design of sensor platform from Phase I. Phase I will (1) estimate the performance of possible interferometer designs; (2) compare dc bias magnetic field and rf potential interferometers; (3) evaluate rotation vs. acceleration sensing; (4) estimate and analyze how the interferometer performance converts into navigation sensor parameters; (5) identify the most critical interferometer design parameters; (6) identify measurements for Phase II experiments; and (7) develop plan for further analysis and a prototype development in Phase II. The project team includes Professor Vladan Vuletic, Lester Wolfe Associate Professor of Physics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).  SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC. 1195 Atlas Road Columbia, SC 29209 (803) 647-9757 PI: Dr. Nezih Pala (803) 647-9757 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0080 STONY BROOK UNIV. Research Foundation Stony Brook, NY 11794 (631) 632-4402 ID#: F074-025-0371 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-025 Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Hybrid CMOS/Nanodevice Integrated Circuits Abstract: Ultra-dense integrated circuits with sub-10-nm features would provide enormous benefits for all information technologies, including computing, networking, and signal processing. However, it is widely accepted that a radical paradigm shift from purely CMOS technology to hybrid CMOS/nanodevice circuits is essential to achieve such level of miniaturization. We propose to work on a particular circuit concept, dubbed CMOL, for which the application prospects look best. Such a circuit would combine a level of advanced CMOS fabricated by the usual lithographic patterning, and a nanodevices which are formed (e.g., self-assembled) at each crosspoint of a "crossbar" array, consisting of two levels of nanowires fabricated by an advanced patterning technique, such as nanoimprint or EUV interference lithography which have good prospects for the half-pitch reduction to 3 nm or so within the next decade. The crucial element of hybrid design is the interface between CMOS and nanodevices. In the CMOL circuits the interface will provided by pins that are distributed all over the circuit area, on the top of the CMOS stack. Silicon-based technology necessary for fabrication of pins with nanometer-scale tips has been already developed in the context of field-emission arrays.  SIMPHOTEK, INC. 269 Christopher Drive Princeton, NJ 08540 (609) 921-1338 PI: Dr. Karl W. Beeson (609) 921-1338 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0073 NEW YORK UNIV. Courant Inst. of Math. Sci. New York, NY 10012 (212) 998-3248 ID#: F074-029-0048 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-029 Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Computer Aided Design for Rapid Development of Novel Optical Materials and Sensors Abstract: New photoactivated optical materials and devices are needed for many high-performance applications and are generally very costly and time-consuming to develop. The Air Force, for example, needs new optical materials in order to protect personnel, sensors and satellites from intense laser beams. Many other military and non-military applications, such as light-based medical diagnostics and therapies and the design of new optical devices, also require a detailed understanding of the linear and non-linear interactions of light with materials. Computer-aided design software can greatly reduce the time and money needed for the development process. In order to simplify computer modeling of light-material interactions, the feasibility of developing new simulation algorithms that are based on a modular approach with be investigated. The proposed approach can allow general purpose algorithms to be constructed that can be easily modified to account for changing optical material properties such as additional energy levels or additional excitation or relaxation pathways.  SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC. 3600 Green Court Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (734) 327-8000 PI: Dr. Robert Wray (919) 967-5079 Contract #: FA9550-08-C-0043 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN Div of Research Dev & Admin Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1274 (734) 936-1289 ID#: F074-020-0071 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-020 Awarded: 12/19/07 Title: Perception for Realistic Cognition in Virtual Environments (PRCVE) Abstract: We propose the development of a general software infrastructure for simplifying the integration of computer-game software with cognitive modeling tools. The software is designed to meet the requirements of two state-of-art cognitive models, one focused on spatial reasoning, the other on visual imagery. The approach extracts visual scene information from a computer game, represents it in a common format, transmits it to a client model, and then transforms the representation to psychologically-plausible inputs for the cognitive models.  SOUTHWEST SCIENCES, INC. 1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11 Santa Fe, NM 87505 (505) 984-1322 PI: Dr. Joel A. Silver (505) 984-1322 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0166 UNIV. OF TEXAS, AUSTIN Office of Sponsored Projects Austin, TX 78713 (512) 471-6442 ID#: F074-005-0338 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-005 Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Versatile Dense Pattern Optical Multipass Cell Abstract: Southwest Sciences Inc., in collaboration with the University of Texas, propose to develop a versatile multipass cell for optical absorption and spontaneous Raman measurements of flames. This new design will achieve over 100 passes with a tight central spatial footprint for Raman studies as well as be fully configurable for differing working distances and laser sources.  STARFIRE INDUSTRIES, LLC 60 Hazelwood Drive Champaign, IL 61820 (708) 955-6691 PI: Dr. Brian E. Jurczyk (708) 955-6691 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0087 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA 103 S. Goodwin Ave. Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 333-0332 ID#: F074-036-0010 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-036 Awarded: 08/10/07 Title: Microwave Plasma Propulsion Systems for Defensive Counter-Space Abstract: Due to the proliferation of inexpensive nano-satellites, space situational awareness and object detection/negation are high priorities for protecting US space-borne assets. Starfire Industries is proposing a novel microwave plasma thruster employing electron cyclotron resonance techniques for simultaneous high-power high-efficiency electric propulsion and multiple secondary "dual-use" applications for object detection, illumination and imaging, and space negation. Electron cyclotron resonance offers the potential for very high ionization efficiency and propellant utilization for high thruster efficiency. In addition, this integrated approach could prove valuable for next-generation satellite design with inherent defensive counter space capability. Phase I will demonstrate plasma acceleration with microwave heating in a small experiment coupled with analytical and computational simulations to examine the potential defensive aspects of the overall approach. This effort will provide a foundation for higher-power and defensive application testing in subsequent phases.  STONE RIDGE TECHNOLOGY 1604 Stone Ridge Way Bel Air, MD 21015 (410) 836-9909 PI: Dr. Vincent Natoli (410) 836-9909 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0089 UNIV. OF TENNESSE Innovative Computing Lab Knoxville, TN 37996 (865) 974-8295 ID#: F074-017-0165 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-017 Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Algorithm Development for Reconfigurable Computing Architectures Abstract: The demands of high performance engineering calculations have pushed modern computing architectures based on scalar multiprocessors to their very limits. Larger systems, unstructured grids, multi-scale and multi-phase requirements have all worked to dramatically increase problem complexity. This has created an urgent need for faster, more capable processing techniques. Implementing software algorithms in hardware is one approach to a significant reduction in processing time, however, the specialized nature of custom solutions makes them expensive, inflexible and useful for only the most critical tasks. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) offer the speed of dedicated hardware with the programmable flexibility of software. FPGAs may be inserted into workstations and clusters to provide very effective acceleration. The state of the art suffers from development environments that are ill-suited to general purpose programming and the lack of low cost hardware that is designed to this task. In this project we propose to develop and demonstrate innovative algorithms and computationally effective solutions to problems of engineering physics for the solution of differential equations and the simulation of physics via stochastic techniques.  TAITECH, INC. 1430 Oak Court Beavercreek, OH 45430 (937) 431-1007 PI: Dr. Kuo-Cheng Lin (937) 255-3785 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0135 PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV. Office of Sponsored Programs University Park, PA 16802 (814) 863-3655 ID#: F074-008-0055 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-008 Awarded: 09/17/07 Title: Micro Chemical Propulsion Abstract: A unified project comprising basic research and technology development is proposed to address all important issues critical to the design, fabrication, testing, and implementation of an integrated micro thruster and power-generation system. This program will fully utilize the state-of-art and projected technologies in the areas of energy conversion and micro fabrication. A novel design of the ignition and combustion module, augmented by an optimized system architecture, will be implemented to substantially enhance the system performance and operating regime. The system can be used as a stand-alone thruster delivering a wide range of thrust for both continuous and pulse operations, or as a power generator when needed. Environmentally friendly propellants will be used and evaluated in terms of their ignition and combustion properties and handling characteristics. In addition, advanced experimental diagnostic and modeling techniques will be employed to explore the detailed flow evolution and combustion dynamics, as well as the energy-conversion efficiency, in the proposed system. Results will further optimize the overall system performance, operability, and durability.  TIPD, L.L.C. 5507 N. Paseo ventoso Tucson, AZ 85750 (520) 250-4405 PI: Dr. Pavel Polynkin (520) 621-2864 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0072 UNIV. OF ARIZONA Bldg 94 Tucson, AZ 85721 (520) 621-6996 ID#: F074-007-0365 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-007 Awarded: 07/30/07 Title: High-speed, low voltage, miniature electro-optic modulators based on hybrid photonic-crystal/polymer/sol-gel technology Abstract: TIPD, LLC and the University of Arizona propose to develop new miniature electro-optic modulators with ultrafast response of 100GHz and low drive voltage of less than 0.1V. In this work, we will leverage our unique expertise and compound capabilities in fabricating silicon-based planar photonic devices, in-house developed technology of infiltrating planar nano-structures with electro-optic polymers, and novel hybrid polymer/sol-gel device architecture that allows for 100% polymer poling efficiency resulting in multi-fold reduction of drive voltage and power consumption  UES, INC. 4401 Dayton-Xenia Road Dayton, OH 45432 (937) 426-6900 PI: Ms. Kristin Keller (937) 426-6900 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0061 THE UNIV. OF MICHIGAN Div. of Research Dev. & Admin. Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 936-1292 ID#: F074-009-0041 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Metal Oxide Nanopowders for the Production of Transparent Windows Abstract: This STTR Phase I program is focused on evaluating both fine-grained alpha-alumina and polycrystalline YAG materials for utilization as visible and UV-transparent windows in advanced propulsion systems. These applications require improved window materials that provide for higher temperatures and pressures, along with low energy losses and lower weight; both fine grained alumina and ceramic YAG have the potential to meet these demands. High purity nanosized alpha-alumina and YAG powders will be produced and consolidated into transparent samples using proven techniques. These materials will be characterized and evaluated in terms of their applicability in advanced propulsion systems. In the Phase II program, the work will be directed at further refinement and improvement of the material properties, scaling up of the powder production processes and continued evaluation of the material properties, including the high temperature stability, corrosion resistance and irradiation response.  USEFUL BIAS, INC. 88 Martinez Road Edgewood, NM 87015 (505) 286-4457 PI: Dr. Marcus G. Martin (505) 286-4457 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0159 NOTRE DAME & 3 OTHERS Dept. of C. and B. Engineering Notre Dame, IN 46556 (574) 631-5687 ID#: F074-004-0349 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-004 Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: Technologies for Developing Predictive Atomistic and Coarse-Grained Force Fields for Ionic Liquid Property Prediction Abstract: This Phase I STTR project will demonstrate that classical force fields can be developed from first principles and used to quantitatively predict the thermodynamic and transport properties of ionic liquids. The project will initially focus on three ionic liquids of interest to the Air Force: 1-n-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide or [hmim][Tf2N]; 2-hydroxyethylhydrazinium nitrate or [HEHN]; and 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-amino-1,2,4-triazolium nitrate or [HEATN]. Properties computed will include density as a function of temperature and pressure, liquid structure, heat capacity, crystal lattice constants, self-diffusivity and viscosity. This project will bring together experts in ionic liquids synthesis, quantum chemistry, classical atomistic simulations and force field development. It will allow them to work together to integrate their various methods into a powerful set of simulation tools and protocols for ionic liquid force field development. This project will lay the foundation for an eventual Phase II STTR in which the validated procedures developed during Phase I will be automated and made suitable for broad distribution to the research community.  VEROMODO, INC. 11 Osborne Road Brookline, MA 02446 (860) 486-2672 PI: Dr. Laurent Michel (860) 486-2584 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0114 UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT Office of Sponsored Programs Storrs, CT 06269 (860) 486-8704 ID#: F074-019-0196 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-019 Awarded: 08/29/07 Title: An Extensible and Scalable Framework for Formal Modeling, Analysis, and Development of Distributed Systems Abstract: This STTR Phase I project has the goal of substantially advancing the state of the art in constructing software for complex distributed systems, including Internet communication protocols; protocols for communication and computation in mobile ad hoc networks; robot and transportation control systems; and security protocols. The proposed multi-pronged approach includes defining formal languages that can be used to represent distributed systems and their components; developing theory and methodology to provide a sound mathematical basis for modeling systems and reasoning about their properties; designing and building scalable analysis tools that can be used to formally specify distributed systems, timed systems, and hybrid/probabilistic systems, assist in the validation of correctness and performance properties; and designing and building automated synthesis tools that can generate executable code from system models and produce efficient deployment schemes of the software components in target networks. The distributed executable code will provably preserve the properties of the abstract specifications. The computer-aided design tools will be integrated within an extensible and scalable architecture, and offer a flexible and easy to use integrated development environment for the framework's users. Our overall framework will build on and extend the Input/Output Automata (IOA) and Timed Input/Output Automata (TIOA) frameworks developed in our prior research.  VESCENT PHOTONICS 4865 E. 41st Ave Denver, CO 80216 (303) 296-6766 PI: Dr. Mike Anderson (303) 296-6766 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0096 UNIV. OF COLORADO Room 481, Campus Box 572 UCB Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-2561 ID#: F074-024-0420 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-024 Awarded: 08/17/07 Title: Chip-Scale Lasers for Inertial Navigation Systems Using Atom Chip Sensors Abstract: We propose to develop and build a novel chip-scale external cavity laser with frequency agility for use in matter-wave inertial navigation systems. These lasers exhibit narrow linewidth, frequency agility (10 GHz), environmental immunity, and can be precisely tuned during manufacture to rubidium D2 transitions or any transition wavelength where Fabry-Perot laser diodes are available, without the need for excessive heating or cooling. By offset phase locking chip-ECLs will enable systems off lasers at precise frequency offsets as needed for preparing, probing, and splitting Bose-Einstein condensates while maintaining continuous servo control. Reliable hands-off lasers are needed for field-deployed inertial navigation systems using cold atoms sources or coherent matter waves.  VIRTUAL EM, INC. 2019 Georgetown Blvd Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (734) 222-4558 PI: Dr. Tayfun Ozdemir (734) 222-4558 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0154 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN DRDA Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 936-1289 ID#: F074-016-0429 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-016 Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: A Chemical Sensitive RFID Sensor for Tracking Biological Warfare Agents Abstract: Virtual EM, in collaboration with the Michigan Nanotechnology Institute for Medicine and Biological Sciences (MNIMBS) of the University of Michigan, proposes to develop the first stage in a BWA sensor, an electronic switch that indicates the presence of a biological warfare agent (BWA). This work will use previously designed aptamers that bind specifically to the BWA. The switch will activate in the presence of the BWA and remain open when there is no BWA present.  WATRING TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 11521 Gilleland Road Hunstville, AL 35803 (256) 881-1705 PI: Dr. Dale Watring (256) 881-1705 Contract #: FA9550-07-C-0145 UNIV. OF ALABAMA IN HUNTSVILLE 301 Sparkman Drive Huntsville, AL 35899 (256) 824-6963 ID#: F074-026-0156 Agency: AF Topic#: 07-026 Awarded: 09/19/07 Title: Traveling Magnetic Field Crystal Growth System for Ternary Alloys Abstract: Bulk III-V ternary substrates are required for the Air Force's next generation of high-speed electronic devices. The detrimental factor in producing single crystals of these materials is unsteady thermo-solutal buoyancy convection that leads to significant macro/micro-segregation and macro/micro cracking. To produce ternary bulk crack-free crystals of uniform composition, a technique is required to accurately control convection. To achieve this goal, we propose utilizing the Traveling Magnetic Field (TMF) method combined with Vertical Bridgman (VB) growth. During Phase I we will develop a fully coupled CFD model for the TMF crystal growth system validated by experimental data, to demonstrate the advantage of TMF as a tool to achieve improved uniformity of ternaries by means of convection control. Our team, which includes the inventor of TMF, Dr. Mazuruk, has developed the fundamentals of TMF and demonstrated its superiority to other electromagnetic stirring techniques. The objective of this work is to design a VB-TMF system and perform a feasibility study to demonstrate that this technology is capable of achieving radial compositional uniformity of better than 0.5mol%. In Phase II, a VB-TMF crystal growth system will be manufactured, optimized and tested for number III-V ternaries and necessary manufacturing processes for commercialization will be completed. ## ---------- ARMY ----------  AERODYNE RESEARCH, INC. 45 Manning Road Billerica, MA 01821 (978) 932-0290 PI: Dr. Michael Timko (978) 932-0280 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0068 MIT 77 Masachusetts Ave Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 324-0302 ID#: A074-017-0155 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-017 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Ultrasound Assisted Oxidative Desulfurization of JP-8 Fuel Abstract: The Army has identified solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) power systems as a potential solution to a variety of power needs ranging from roughly 0.1 - 100 kW. Reformed JP-8, the Army logistics fuel, can be used as the feed, but the fuel sulfur content must first be reduced to 10 ppm. We plan to test a novel ultrasonic slurry reactor as part of a compact desulfurization process for treatment of sulfur-rich (up to 3,000 ppm) jet fuel. Sulfur compounds in the fuel will be oxidized to forms which permit subsequent removal. Activated carbon will be used as a heterogeneous catalyst, and the ultrasound will disperse micron-sized water droplets carrying hydrogen peroxide (the proposed oxidant) into the jet fuel. The ultrasonic slurry reactor is expected to have a number of advantages, including fast mass transfer and oxidation rates, reduced hydrogen peroxide consumption, and high selectivity to sulfur compounds. Our extensive testing and analysis of similar systems encourages pursuit of this innovative approach. Specific tasks planned for this Phase I effort include proving the feasibility of the slurry reactor for sulfur oxidation, demonstrating the use of activated carbon to remove sulfur compounds post-oxidation, and identifying potential life-time issues with the ultrasonic horn.  AGAVE BIOSYSTEMS, INC. P.O. Box 80010 Austin, TX 78708 (512) 656-6200 PI: Dr. Theresa Curtis (607) 272-0002 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0107 NORTHWESTERN UNIV. Rubloff Building 7th Floor Chicago, IL 60611 (312) 503-7911 ID#: A074-030-0323 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-030 Awarded: 08/09/07 Title: Xenopus Melanophore-Based Toxicity Sensor for Water Abstract: Deployed armed forces often have to rely on water that is produced from decentralized sources, which presents significant difficulties for assuring the water is free of chemical toxicants. Analysis of these water supplies often requires complex instrumentation that is not practical for field use. An innovative alternative is the use of cell-based biosensors that can rapidly assess the general toxicity of the water sample and can be made field-portable. The use of living test organisms is a reliable way of measuring the biological impact or toxicity of unknown samples. Agave BioSystems has successfully demonstrated a broad-ranging water toxicity monitoring system using electrical impedance measurements across endothelial cell monolayers. While this system has proven sensitive to many chemicals of interest, the Army desires to extend detection capability to a broader class of toxicants including neurotoxins. Therefore, in collaboration with Dr. Vladimir Gelfand of Northwestern University and in consultation with Dr. Ethan Lerner of Harvard University, Agave BioSystems proposes to demonstrate that Xenopus melanophores can be used as a powerful field toxicity detection system for a wide variety of waterborne toxicants including neurotoxins.  AGINOVA, INC. 3 Chambry Court Freehold, NJ 07728 (732) 780-7065 PI: Dr. Ashok Sabata (732) 780-7065 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0019 SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE 6220 Culebra Road San Antonio, TX 78238 (210) 522-5538 ID#: A074-025-0042 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-025 Awarded: 06/22/07 Title: Low Cost Integrated Corrosion Health Monitoring System for Utility Pipeline Infrastructure Abstract: A low cost integrated corrosion health monitoring system is proposed to predict the degradation of utility pipeline infrastructure. The end-to-end system includes a suite of sensors to sense the corrosive environment, an autonomous device that measures the corrosion by combining the sensor inputs, and an analytical engine that combines domain knowledge with the observed phenomenon to infer the degree of corrosion and predict the pipeline degradation. The proposed system will operate in the field on a periodic or continuous basis with minimal maintenance. The devices will be able to measure, store and transport the data autonomously. It is designed to be inexpensive, reusable, easy to deploy, and unobtrusive. The vision is to develop a ubiquitous monitoring network that while making local measurements, collaborates with other devices to contribute to local (component level) and global situation awareness of the asset conditions.  APPLIED PERCEPTION, INC. 220 Executive Drive, Suite 400 Cranberry Township, PA 16066 (724) 934-8965 PI: Dr. Michael Happold (724) 934-8965 Contract #: UNIV. OF ILLINOIS Department of Computer Science Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 265-6851 ID#: A074-027-0218 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-027 Selected for Award Title: Terrain Analysis Through Autonomously Learned Associations Between Proprioception, Imagery, and Range Data Abstract: We propose to develop an end-to-end system for predicting terrain mobility characteristics from learned associations between proprioceptive and range/image data. It will operate in a self-supervised fashion, collecting proprioceptive data as a UGV traverses its environment. Simultaneously, features will be extracted from range and image data and tracked until their estimated locations are traversed so that the mobility characteristics derived from proprioceptive data can be correlated with them. The system will also collect range/image features from untraversed regions, which will augment the autonomously labeled data set with unlabeled data. This set of multi-modal features will together feed into an offline classification system. Using a novel manifold-based gradient boosting method, it will regress mobility characteristics against labeled and unlabeled range/image features. Once trained, the classifier will allow the UGV to make mobility predictions from range/image features. As the UGV explores the terrain surrounding it, it will evaluate the accuracy of its mobility predictions and the features used to make them by tracking long range features and predictions to traversed regions of its world. Once sufficient feedback has been gathered, the mobility predictor will be retrained online to reflect the new set of labeled and unlabeled data.  AVID LLC 1750 Kraft Drive, Suite 1400 Blacksburg, VA 24060 (540) 961-0067 PI: Mr. Samuel Wilson (540) 961-0067 Contract #: W912HZ-07-P-0324 VIRGINIA TECH CIMMS Blacksburg, VA 24061 (540) 231-4709 ID#: A074-028-0164 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-028 Awarded: 08/13/07 Title: Reduced-Order High-Fidelity Models for Signature Propagation/WAVE Abstract: A reduced-order signature propagation model, with comparable full scale finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) accuracy is proposed. The reduced-order model achieves reductions in computational resources and time. Existing FDTD acoustic and seismic sensor models require supercomputing / multiprocessor level resources, which are impractical in a real time military / battlefield environment. The proposed effort combines efficient computational / numerical techniques with simplified physics and/or geometry to generate a reduced-order model to be evaluated against the benchmark FDTD model. Calculated impulse responses from the developed models, including a high order model FDTD, are compared using a least squares matching criteria. The accuracy of the localization of events is assessed using test cases accounting for sensor and source locations, and signal to noise levels. A real-time decision-aid tool provides a framework to perform trade studies, and generates a visual rendering illustrating results of the performance evaluations. Phase I focuses on development of an efficient reduced order code and well defined signal localization criteria working simultaneously within a visual environment to optimize the number and placement of seismic or acoustic sensors.  BRIMROSE CORP.OF AMERICA 19 Loveton Circle Sparks, MD 21152 (936) 588-6901 PI: Dr. G.V. Jagannathan (410) 668-5800 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0085 RENSSLAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-6177 ID#: A074-006-0257 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Nanostructures for dislocation blocking in infrared detectors: Dislocation Reduction In Infrared Detector Materials Grown on Si Substrates Using Nanocrystalline Buffer Layers Abstract: The Phase I objective is to demonstrate dislocation reduction in both cadmium telluride (CdTe) and subsequent HgCdTe epitaxial layers grown on silicon substrate using an intermediate nanocrystalline CdTe buffer layer of optimized thickness and size. Nanocrystalline CdTe buffer layer will be deposited on silicon substrate by low cost processing method/s. The method consists of (a) Colloidal synthesis of CdTe nanocrystals, (b) Nanocrystalline film deposition by spin coating and (c) Chemical treatment of the film to remove the ligands and passivate the surface. MOCVD will be used first to nucleate, selectively, a thin CdTe template film on nanocrystalline CdTe buffer. Both MOCVD and MBE techniques will then be used to deposit epitaxial CdTe and HgCdTe layers to determine which technique is most suitable for achieving dislocation density reduction. Growth by MOCVD and MBE will be carried out at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) and Army Research Laboratory (ARL), respectively. Phase II, HgCdTe-IR material device structure with reduced dislocation density will be grown. LWIR-HgCdTe detector will be fabricated and tested. Samples of CdTe epitaxial layers with low dislocation density will be provided to ARO, ARL and Night Vision laboratories for evaluation at their facilities.  CFD RESEARCH CORP. 215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor Huntsville, AL 35805 (256) 726-4884 PI: Dr. Jerry Jenkins (256) 726-4800 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0092 VANDERBILT UNIV. 7330 Stevenson Center Nashville, TN 37235 (615) 322-2636 ID#: A074-034-0194 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-034 Awarded: 07/16/07 Title: A High Throughput Screening Approach Enabling Sustainable Discovery of Novel Lead Compounds from Natural Product Extracts Abstract: We propose the development of a high-throughput screening platform to facilitate the discovery of lead compounds from natural product extracts (NPEs). The proposed effort encompasses (a) utilization of NPEs from novel sources (cave organisms) with rich chemical diversity, (b) development of assays for specifically identified malaria targets, and (c) development of data management and analysis tools to automate the determination of optimal lead compounds from LC-MS data. In Phase I, selected cave microorganisms will be isolated and cultured to yield a chemical diverse secondary metabolome'. Cost-effective, screen-friendly microbiological assays for critical P. falciparum pathogenicity (PfKASIII and hemozoin aggregation) will be developed. These validated assays will be used to quantify bioactivity of each culture condition in the extract library, along with simultaneous mass spectrometry, HPLC, and UV-Vis measurements. This wealth of data will be analyzed using a novel, Java-based Natural Extract Lead compound Identification (NELI) data management and analysis software. The primary innovative feature of the software is the identification of lead compounds using principal component analysis. In Phase II, rapid lead discovery of anti-malarial compounds by the NELI platform will be fully developed and demonstrated, and rendered ready for expansion to other disease types and natural product sources.  CRYSTALPLEX CORP. 890 William Pitt Way Pittsburgh, PA 15238 (412) 826-3081 PI: Dr. Lianhua Qu (412) 826-3081 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0074 CARNEGIE MELLON UNIV. 237 Roberts Engineering Hall Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (412) 268-7264 ID#: A074-018-0358 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-018 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: High efficiency deep green light emitting diode Abstract: Crystalplex has developed novel semiconductor nanocrystal technology that can be a platform solution to meet the Army's desire for a light emitting diode (LED) with enhanced output in the deep green region using nanoparticles. This innovation produces an efficient deep green (555-585 nm) nanoparticle emitter capable of sustaining the Army's stated goal of 120 lumens per watt of input power. Crystalplex has developed composition-tunable (CT) quantum dots - a unique, patented quantum dot with the potential to create LEDs with enhanced output. Crystalplex tunes its quantum dot colors by building semiconductor element gradients (alloy gradients) in the core, not by core diameter. Color is tuned by the effective mass of the exciton, not by quantum confinement. Thus, all colors have the same size, mass, photostability, electrochemical stability and quantum properties. CT quantum dots have several potential advantages over standard quantum dots for LED applications. CT technology can be adapted to produce non-spherical nanostructures. In Phase I of this project, Crystalplex will develop models of alloy-gradient quantum rods and alternate shapes with inherent dipoles, conductive shells and conductive ligands for non-radiative coupling to a quantum well structure. This will provide a theoretical framework for development of efficient solid state white lighting.  CSA ENGINEERING, INC. 2565 Leghorn Street Mountain View, CA 94043 (650) 210-9000 PI: Dr. Bernard R. Jahn (650) 210-9000 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0084 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA-DAVIS One Shields Ave Davis, CA 95616 (530) 752-8770 ID#: A074-015-0087 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-015 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Portable Fully-Automated Soil Property Measurement Probe Abstract: The CSA-UCDavis team proposes to develop a soil measurement device to allow for rapid and accurate measurement of soil parameters in order to rapidly and accurately characterize the terrain. The device will be man-portable but also allow for mounting to a small robotic vehicle. Parameters that will be measured include but are not limited to cone index, soil friction index, as well as soil shear index. Laboratory and field testing will be conducted to compare the device to commercially available cone penetrometers and soil shear strength instruments. Additional features that will be incorporated by the end of Phase II efforts include motors or actuators to provide for automated normal and torque loads and corresponding displacement sensors. This man-portable soil measurement device will allow for a method to characterize the terrain through measurements of shear, sinkage, and frictional properties of the soil. This will guide in determining if a soil is trafficable, including both by ground- and air-based transport vehicles, thus aiding in making decisions regarding operational mobility and military engineering operations.  ELECTRO CHEMICAL FINISHING 2610 Remico SW Wyoming, MI 49519 (616) 531-0670 PI: Dr. Kam Yan (616) 531-0670 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0076 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN Materials Sci. and Eng. Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 764-6128 ID#: A074-010-0140 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 07/17/07 Title: Development of Amorphous Alloy Surface Coatings as Replacement for Chromate Technology Abstract: Electrodeposited chromium films have played a key role in the advancement of industrial technology over the past century. Unfortunately, such coatings have a critical problem, namely, the electroplating solution involves hexavalent Cr, which is a severe occupational and environmental hazard. We have produced a proprietary refractory amorphous metallic film that has a nanoindentation hardness approximately 10 times harder than electroplated Cr, has withstood temperatures of 500oC for 18 hours without devitrification, and is potentially at least as good, if not better, in corrosion resistance. The metallic glass structure and stability of the alloy has been verified by high-resolution synchrotron radiation scattering methods. There are several goals that are envisaged in Phase I of this proposal: 1) We need to further develop the proprietary alloy to enable us to make prototype coatings on parts processed with an industrial scale PVD chamber. 2) We will need to investigate those parameters that must be controlled to ensure adhesion to a wide variety of technical surfaces including metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and plastics. 3) The proprietary alloy is potentially the precursor of an entire class of multi-component amorphous metallic glass coatings that can be processed by low cost industrial PVD technology.  ELINTRIX 4901 Morena Boulevard San Diego, CA 92117 (858) 483-1321 PI: Mr. Drew Barnett (858) 483-1321 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0103 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO Contract & Grant Admin La Jolla, CA 92093 (858) 534-0247 ID#: A074-035-0440 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-035 Awarded: 07/30/07 Title: Multi-Analyte, Wearable Chemical Nanosensor for Warfighter Physiological Status Monitor (WPSM) Abstract: There is a large unmet need for low-power sensor systems. This is not due to a lack of transducers, for there are many physical properties of a molecule or nanostructure that can be harnessed to perform the basic sensing task. The absence is due to problems in integrating science with technology into a small, portable, packageable scale. While it is relatively easy for the instrument designer to incorporate capabilities to correct for zero-point drift, changing background matrix, or shifting environmental factors into a macroscopic analytical device, it is difficult to build such functions into a micro-scale device without significant power budget or other design penalties. This proposal aims to add such sophisticated functions into a small, low-power package using porous-silicon technology and to integrate this package into a body-worn, wireless sensor-system. The specific goal is to build a photonic material that acts as a low-power sensor for a broad class of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) while displaying a relative immunity towards changes in relative humidity.  EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 590 Territorial Drive, Suite B Bolingbrook, IL 60440 (630) 771-0203 PI: Mr. Ramana Bommena (630) 771-0203 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0083 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO 845 West Taylor Street Chicago, IL 60607 (312) 996-5092 ID#: A074-006-0026 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Nanostructures for dislocation blocking in infrared detectors Abstract: HgCdTe is the material of choice for the fabrication of high performance infrared focal plane arrays. HgCdTe is usually grown on CdZnTe substrates, which suffer from cost and size limitations. Silicon substrates do not have these constraints. Although device-quality HgCdTe cannot be grown directly on silicon, a CdTe buffer layer allows its growth. However, large lattice and thermal mismatches between CdTe and silicon lead to a high density of dislocations. These mismatches are clearly impeding advances in HgCdTe focal plane array technology. To mitigate these issues, we propose a novel approach to fabricate nanostructured CdTe buffer layers on silicon substrates and achieve the selective epitaxy of CdTe followed by epitaxial lateral overgrowth. Novel defect reduction mechanisms are available when the substrate pattern dimensions are reduced to the nanoscale. In the proposed Phase I program, we will explore the feasibility of dislocation reduction with nanopatterned CdTe/Si buffer layers. We will also perform MBE growth on nanopatterned silicon on insulator substrates to compare the defect formation mechanisms on both substrate types. The ultimate goal of this project is to produce LWIR HgCdTe/CdTe/Si layers that rival the quality of HgCdTe/CdZnTe ones without the cost and size drawbacks associated with the use of CdZnTe.  GINER, INC. 89 Rumford Avenue Newton, MA 02466 (781) 529-0501 PI: Dr. John A. Kosek, Ph.D. (781) 529-0505 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0067 CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV. Office of Sponsored Projects Cleveland, OH 44106 (216) 368-2009 ID#: A074-016-0019 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-016 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Segmented Co-Polymer for Alkaline Fuel Cell Membranes Abstract: Alkaline fuel cells (AFCs) have many advantages over proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) including more rapid electrode kinetics, ability to use non-noble metal catalysts, and the ability to use lower cost materials of construction. AFC drawbacks include the use of a liquid electrolyte such as concentrated KOH that can introduce problems such as the formation of insoluble carbonates, resulting in reduced fuel cell performance. As an alternative to an alkaline liquid electrolyte, solid anion-exchange membranes (AEMs) are being evaluated for use as AFC electrolytes. Due to their instability in the presence of (i) high caustic concentrations and (ii) temperatures above 60oC, solid AEMs have not seen widespread use. To further develop AEMs, a team consisting of Giner, Inc. and Case Western Reserve University has been assembled to develop an advanced AEM that will have properties superior to those of currently available membranes. Case will draw on its background in polymer chemistry to synthesize the membrane while Giner, Inc., based on its experience in membrane characterization, will extensively characterize the advanced membrane. The proposed AEM is expected to have properties that will enable operation at temperatures above 60oC, and is expected to be stable in the presence of high caustic concentrations.  GRIFFIN TECHNOLOGIES, INC. PO Box 276 Wynnewood, PA 19096 (610) 649-9507 PI: Dr. Eric Krotkov (610) 649-9507 Contract #: W912HZ-07-P-0294 UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Office of Sponsored Projects Austin, TX 78713 (512) 471-0530 ID#: A074-026-0231 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-026 Awarded: 07/31/07 Title: PREdicting MObility using STATistics (PreMoStat) Abstract: The proposed work addresses the problem of determining whether a given small unmanned ground vehicle (SUGV) can traverse a given terrain, when the state of both the SUGV and the terrain are not known exactly. In our previous work, we developed computational models of an Army-relevant tracked SUGV-the PackBot-traversing terrain. Using SolidWorks, we built three-dimensional solid models of the vehicle and terrain features. Using ADAMS, we simulated the PackBot negotiating the terrain. The results of the simulations agreed well with real-world experiments. Phase I of PreMoStat builds directly on the previous and will develop a Monte Carlo method for predicting off-road mobility, and compare the predicted and actual mobility on step, ditch, and slope obstacles. Task 1, Mobility Prediction, structures our existing software for mobility prediction, and adds tools for visualization and measuring computational resource usage. Task 2, Statistical Mobility Prediction, applies Monte Carlo analysis, and explores of higher-risk statistical approaches. Task 3, Comparison of Predicted and Actual Mobility, runs a real robot on real terrain. Task 4, Project Management, includes all of the non-technical efforts needed to complete Phase I and prepare for Phase II.  INFOSCITEX CORP. 303 Bear Hill Road Waltham, MA 02451 (781) 890-1338 PI: Dr. Anna Galea (781) 890-1338 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0094 MAYO CLINIC 200 1st St SW Rochester, MN 55905 (507) 538-1292 ID#: A074-029-0162 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-029 Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: Development of an Advanced Comfortable Prosthetic Socket Abstract: With the continued improvements in body armor, and the disturbing increase in explosive offensives in modern combat, more of our wounded soldiers are surviving their injuries and there has been a considerable increase in the military amputee population. Modern prosthetics have improved significantly with regards to control and functionality, but the fit of the residual limb within a prosthetic socket is a primary concern for many amputees. A poor fit can lead to skin irritation, tissue breakdown, and pain. The volume of the residual limb of an amputee changes throughout the course of a day and/or throughout the year. Volume fluctuation within the socket can lead to issues for the amputee, including decreased comfort, increased shear forces, increased pressure on bony prominences, as well as a poor gait pattern. An uncomfortable or non-performing socket/residual limb interface decreases user compliance with the prosthetic and therefore decreases the activity level of amputees who want to remain active in their civilian and military lives. The Infoscitex team proposes a multilayered socket that takes advantage of a novel braided material for strength and passive conformability with thin layers dedicated to wearer comfort. This new socket provides ultimate fit for improvement in the performance of the prosthesis. The socket adapts itself to the changing physical shape of the residual limb as the prosthesis is worn. The materials are lightweight, breathable, and ultrasound transparent, allowing the prosthetic to function in a variety of environments.  IROBOT CORP. 63 South Avenue Burlington, MA 01803 (781) 418-3222 PI: Dr. Bryan Adams (781) 418-3447 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0063 MIT 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 253-1000 ID#: A074-013-0352 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-013 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Nostra: Power System Condition Monitoring and Prognostics Abstract: Complex electro-mechanical systems will inevitably fail. These failures can be mitigated by modeling the system and predicting failures. We propose to build Nostra, a system that takes knowledge from domain experts as well as observed data and creates a model-based inference system for predicting failure in electronic systems. The Nostra system consists of three parts: a model, an inference engine, and an action selection component. The model, constructed using knowledge of key power system elements, like battery chemistry and charging algorithm, encodes both the nominal operation of the power system as well as common failure modes.  ISCA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. P.O. Box 5266 Riverside, CA 92517 (951) 686-5008 PI: Dr. Agenor Mafra-Neto (951) 686-5008 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0064 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Department of Computer Science Riverside, CA 92521 (951) 827-2032 ID#: A074-008-0092 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-008 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Algorithms for Image Content Indexing and Information Retrieval from Unstructured or Semi-structured Complex Database Abstract: Humans take for granted their extraordinary visual abilities, however efforts to give such abilities to computers have meet with limited success thus far. Objects may be difficult for a computer to recognize/index because they are partly occluded, viewed from an unusual angle, because they blend into the background due to low contrast (or camouflage), or more generally because the best features (color, shape or texture) to recognize the objects may vary from image to image. The problems are further compounded by the typical need for fast response time. While computer CPU speeds allow for very fast processing, most image-databases reside on hard-drives. Query of disk-resident image data using linear search results in far too slow retrievals to be of practical use in most military settings. If successful, this STTR will provide both accuracy and speed in a simple, intuitive and maintainable/upgradeable system designed for efficient and timely searches of massive image archives. We will achieve speedup by leveraging of recent advances in indexing enormous datasets, and will investigate principled ways to solve the "multitude of features" problem (i.e shape, color, texture) by using relevance feedback to autonomously and interactively learn optimal weightings of the features on a query by query bias.  LENTIGEN CORP. 1450 S Rolling Road Baltimore, MD 21227 (443) 543-5315 PI: Dr. Boro Dropulic (443) 543-5302 Contract #: W911SR-07-P-0046 UNIV. OF MARYLAND Department of Bioengineering College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-4321 ID#: A074-023-0363 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-023 Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Modular Protein Manufacturing Platform Abstract: This proposal focuses on developing a protein manufacturing platform based on a novel vector system that can rapidly and efficiently generate cell lines capable of producing proteins at high yield and purity in a short time period. Lentigen is able to perform such a quick protein manufacturing process based on its LentiMaxT lentiviral (LV) gene delivery technology that stably delivers one or more nucleic acid sequence(s) encoding a protein(s) to a mammalian cell with up to 100 % efficiency. Lentigen is able to produce multiple protein producing mammalian cell lines quickly, in as little as four (4) weeks, because its LentiMax system is inherently flexible and modular allowing all nucleic acid sequences under 6 Kb in length to be rapidly cloned. Transduction of cells with lentiviral particles is simple and cell lines theoretically should be able to produce protein indefinitely. Lentigen has monitored one cell line and has demonstrated that is has produced protein for up to three months with less than a 2 % decrease in yield over that time frame. Lentigen is currently working with four clients (the names of these clients can not be disclosed do to confidentiality constraints) to develop a plurality of cell lines able to produce monoclonal antibodies at high yields and purity for research and development purposes. To date, Lentigen has been able to generate in excess of 1 gram per Liter of Erythropoietin from cells that have been bulk transduced with LentiMax. This is a remarkable result given that the cells were not selected for high producers or manipulated in any way to increase protein production from routine cell culture conditions. Lentigen is confident that its LentiMax technology will be able to produce clonal cells that express secreted proteins of interest to an excess of 10 grams per Liter. Such an accomplishment would dramatically reduce the cost to produce valuable proteins such as monoclonal antibodies. Lentigen is applying for this STTR to adapt its protein manufacturing technology to be able to produce proteins in CHO cells, in serum free medium, for large scale clinical and commercial applications.  MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP. 7960 S. Kolb Rd. Tucson, AZ 85706 (520) 574-1980 PI: Dr. Juan Sepulveda (520) 574-1980 Contract #: W911SR-07-P-0048 UNIV. OF ARIZONA Aerospace & Mechanical Eng. Tucson, AZ 85721 (520) 626-7789 ID#: A074-024-0289 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-024 Awarded: 08/23/07 Title: Advanced Aerosolization of Metallic Powder Using a Low Temperature Sublimable Solid Abstract: This Phase I STTR ARMY project proposes the development of advanced processes to mix solutions of low melting temperature sublimable solid eutectic materials with nano-sized metal flake powders and then solidify these slurries into a desired shape compact. The main project goals are to accomplish good metal flake powder deagglomeration in the liquid eutectic phase, to attain good densification after solidification of the liquid for efficient volume limited transport, and to accomplish subsequent aerosolization of the compact using heat, airflow, explosive, or a pneumatic grenade. To measure the performance of the dried packed metal nanoflakes, the extinction coefficient will be measured in the ECBC smoke test chamber.  METROLASER, INC. 2572 White Road Irvine, CA 92614 (949) 553-0688 PI: Dr. Vladimir B. Markov (949) 553-0688 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0087 UNIV. OF MARYLAND Office of Research & Admin. College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-6273 ID#: A074-019-0039 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-019 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Adaptive TIL System for Long Range Laser Beam Projection with Enhanced Resolution Abstract: Efficient laser beam delivery on a distant target remains a key problem for practical implementation of tactical laser systems. Since the conventional target-in-the-loop (TIL) concept is generally not effective in such operational environments, new solutions are needed. MetroLaser has developed an innovative approach for effective compensation of laser beam aberrations in TIL systems. It is based on a recently devised technique that combines optical phase conjugation (OPC) with a TIL system for effective hot-spot formation. MetroLaser proposes to develop a method that should enable delivery of enhanced density laser energy to a target within a finite number of iteration cycles. Using the model based on an analogy between the TIL system and laser resonator, laser beam position on the target is performed at the image plane, resulting in reduced hot-spot formation time. During Phase I, we will study the method's operational performance and efficiency in combination with MetroLaser's proprietary instantaneous wavefront sensor. The results will help determine the optimal parameters for hot-spot formation on a scattering surface target for a laser beam propagating through a turbulent atmosphere. This will reduce program risk and lead to a robust brassboard system design that will be built, tested, and validated in Phase II.  MOBERG RESEARCH, INC. 224 S. Maple Way Ambler, PA 19002 (215) 283-0860 PI: Mr. Richard Moberg (215) 283-0860 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0091 UNIV. OF NEW MEXICO 1 University of New Mexico Albuguerque, NM 87131 (505) 272-3401 ID#: A074-038-0029 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-038 Awarded: 07/18/07 Title: Military Surgical Information System Abstract: This project will develop an open architecture "component based" surgical information system for the military health care system. The system will build upon our current commercial data collection system that is FDA cleared and the result of several prior SBIR awards. We will add components to complete the solicitation requirements. To address a broader and more durable goal we will focus on developing technology that will provide standards and open interfaces for device and data intercommunications. In particular we will address device interoperability and the incorporation of modular decision-support aids.  MPHASE TECHNOLOGIES 150 Clove Rd. Little Falls, NJ 07424 (203) 831-2242 PI: Mr. Steve Simon (973) 638-2451 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0070 RUTGERS UNIV. ESRG North Brusnwick, NJ 08902 (732) 932-6850 ID#: A074-001-0031 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-001 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Long life, low power, multicell battery Abstract: With the increased need to power portable electronic devices for long extended periods, a new approach needs to be taken for finding suitable battery technologies to meet this objective. This STTR proposal utilizes a novel miniature reserve battery design based on recent research in the manipulation of fluids on superhydrophobic nanostructured surfaces, to achieve the performance and life cycle objectives to power the SRAM module requirements of this proposal. In our design, long term stability and shelf life is achieved by initially separating the active materials of the power cell during storage, and controlling the activation of the cell until needed to provide power. In Phase 1 we will characterize the design, conduct capacity and stability measurements of a reserve style power cell based on Li/Mn02 chemistry and set the stage for a Phase 2 plan for an arrayed battery configuration capable of powering the SRAM for long term continuous use in temperature ranges from -400C to greater than 1000C.  NANORTD, LLC 50 Porter Drive West Hartford, CT 06117 (860) 521-2483 PI: Dr. Harold Grubin (860) 521-2483 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0082 ARIZONA STATE UNIV. Arizona State University Tempe, CT 85287 (480) 965-1148 ID#: A074-022-0270 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-022 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Diluted-Magnetic Semiconductor (DMS) Tunneling Devices for the Terahertz Regime Abstract: The objective of this proposed program is the design, development and demonstration of novel semiconductor quantum barrier/well devices that utilize spin-control mechanisms available in diluted magnetic materials (DMS) for achieving higher-level functionality (e.g., transistor action) at very high switching speeds and frequencies. The potential simplicity of DMS devices compared to standard three terminal transistors with gate controlled I-V characteristics, is that no more than two terminals are required, as the magnetic field functions as a controlling third contact. Indeed, properly designed, the magnetic field can transform a passive device into an active device, tune the the output of a resonant tunneling device (RTD) fabricated with DMS layers and modify the logic state of a device. The proposed technology development also has the potential to lead to a completely new type of multi-terminal device with extremely high-speed/frequency capability. The proposed technology can be expected to contribute strongly towards defining new capabilites for sensors, more compact and powerful sources for imaging and radar applications, significantly extended speed/frequency capability for data processing, computation and communications.  NEWLANS 43 Nagog Park Acton, MA 01720 (978) 849-8000 PI: Dr. Dennis Goeckel (413) 545-3514 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0086 UNIV. OF MASSACHUSETTS Research Administration Bldg Amherst, MA 01003 (413) 545-0698 ID#: A074-021-0295 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-021 Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Low Data Rate Frequency-Shifted Reference Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Communication Systems Abstract: The goal of the Army STTR Phase I Project is to study and initiate commercialization of the frequency-shifted reference ultra-wideband (FSR-UWB) in short range wireless communications. The project team consists of NewLANS and the University of Massachusetts. The former is a small business with expertise in both wideband circuit design and in the commercialization of communication products, while the latter is a research university where researchers are working on the frequency-shifted reference ultra-wideband (FSR-UWB) technology. The team has identified three research challenges: (1) interference rejection techniques in UWB system, (2) modulation shaping to reduce the peak-to-average power ratio of the original FSR-UWB system, and (3) low-power transceiver design.  NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS 2780 Skypark Drive Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 626-8384 PI: Dr. Akhilesh Jha (310) 626-8374 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0062 UNIV. OF IOWA 2 Gilmore Hall Iowa City, IA 5224, CA 90024 (319) 384-3298 ID#: A074-014-0109 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-014 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: A CAD-Based Software Tool for Design and Analysis of Materials under Ballistic Impact Abstract: In battlefield environments, ballistic impact may result in the failure of military structures and materials, including armor. To improve the reliability and safety of military structures and materials, it is important to study material failure under ballistic impact in the design stage. There are two main failure phenomena related to the material response due to ballistic impact. One is adiabatic shear and the other is spall fracture. Simulation of these two phenomena is challenging due to several reasons such as existence of shock wave, large deflection and, hence, need for continuous updating of mesh, inaccurate thermo-mechanical coupling, and computational instability. Furthermore, there is lack of a user-friendly software tool to model structural response due to such impact. Therefore, the proposed work is geared towards developing a mathematically consistent and robust numerical algorithm that accurately captures these two phenomena using meshfree particle method and integrates the solution algorithm in an easy-to-use CAD-based software framework.  NGIMAT CO. 5315 Peachtree Industrial Blvd. Atlanta, GA 30341 (678) 287-2402 PI: Dr. Zhiyong Zhao (678) 287-3944 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0071 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 777 Atlantic Drive NW Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 385-6004 ID#: A074-009-0403 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Frequency-agile monolithic Ka-band filter Abstract: nGimat proposes to develop a miniaturized, low-loss, tunable Ka-band bandpass filter. In Phase I, nGimat will identify the appropriate ferroic materials, carry out theoretical analysis, perform modeling and simulation, design and fabricate the circuit, and build a prototype tunable filter. In Phase II, we will further optimize the circuit design, address reliability and packaging issues, and deliver functional filters to the US Army and our collaborators that will use the component in their systems.  NUCRYPT LLC 1801 Maple Avenue, Rm 6322 Evanston, IL 60201 (847) 275-8996 PI: Dr. Gregory S. Kanter (847) 491-5713 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0075 NORTHWESTERN UNIV. 633 Clark Street Evanston, IL 60208 (847) 491-3003 ID#: A074-020-0340 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-020 Awarded: 07/17/07 Title: Fiber nonlinearity based entangled-photon sources Abstract: Entangled photons have special properties arising from their quantum nature and have been used for scientific purposes such as demonstrating quantum teleportation. Several fascinating applications for entangled photons have been proposed including quantum metrology, computation, communication, and key generation. However, generating entangled light is currently an experiment in itself, thereby hampering development of these promising applications. Most entangled light generation schemes use nonlinear crystals. Recently researchers associated with NuCrypt have pioneered entangled photon sources that exploit the nonlinearity inherent in standard optical fiber. This is beneficial in many regards including excellent modal purity and easy low-loss fiber interconnects. In this STTR we plan to leverage such designs to build a flexible entangled photon source. Our source will generate photons in the 1310nm spectral window allowing them to co-propagate with traditional 1550nm optical communication signals without deleterious cross-talk. We will investigate various fiber types and configurations in an effort to reduce the harmful Raman scattering, leading to increased entanglement quality or eliminating the need for fiber cooling. We will also investigate frequency conversion directly in the fiber to allow for high quality single-photon detection via Silicon detectors, which are much better than other types of detectors available for 1310/1550nm photon counting.  OBJECTVIDEO 11600 Sunrise Valley Drive Reston, VA 20191 (703) 654-9314 PI: Dr. Mun Wai Lee (703) 654-9300 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0065 UNIV. OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA PHE 204, MC-0273 Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 740-6427 ID#: A074-007-0091 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-007 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Robust Multiple Target Tracking Abstract: ObjectVideo and University of Southern California propose to develop innovative algorithms and demonstrate a framework for robust and efficient visual tracking using Adaboost-based target detection methods, kernel-based tracker, and robust method for multi-frame data-association. The key issues of multiple target tracking are: variations in target shape and appearance due to camera viewpoint and illumination condition, non-linear target motion, self and inter-occlusion, image noise and distortion, low image contrast, and high scene clutter. We identify three main technical objectives: (i) accurate detection of targets, (ii) robust online tracking, and (iii) persistent tracking of multiple targets across multiple frames. To achieve these objectives, first, we will develop algorithms for target detection based on the AdaBoost technique, boosted-tree multi-view classifier, and using edge-based features including edgelets and histogram-of-gradients. Second, we will design a collaborative multiple-kernel algorithm for robust online tracking. Third, we will design a multi-frame algorithm for data association for persistent tracking and error correction. These algorithms address different functional requirements of a tracking system in a coordinated framework to achieve improved and efficient overall performance. We will validate the developed algorithms with thorough performance evaluation and quantitative analysis under different environments and scenarios.  PARALLEL CONSULTING, LLC 805 Summer Hawk Dr. G-39 Longmont, CO 80501 (303) 817-7436 PI: Dr. Noelle LaVoie (303) 817-7436 Contract #: W91WAW-07-P-0460 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS, UC 1901 South First Street Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 333-2187 ID#: A074-004-0252 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-004 Selected for Award Title: DRIVING WISDOM: Web-based Training for Young Adults to Improve Operator Judgments that Mitigate Crash Risk in Privately Owned Vehicles Abstract: We propose to develop a knowledge base of driving hazards that may affect drivers aged 20-35 years. The knowledge base will include information about the hazards, associated risk of crash involvement, and practical behaviors for mitigating this risk. The knowledge based will be developed through a combination of exploratory data collection and analysis of existing data sources (analysis of the 100 car data set, critical incident interviews) and more experimental data collection using a driving simulator to establish the impact of internal and external hazards. This combination of methods will increase the accuracy of knowledge about hazards, and provide converging evidence of the importance of the identified hazards, underlying causes, and potential responses to mitigate risk. We conceive of driving skill, and especially risk assessment, as a form of tacit knowledge. As such, a training method effective in increasing tacit knowledge, namely scenario-based training, will be used to deliver risk assessment training in a web-based environment. Students will respond to the scenarios, and the system will provide immediate assessment and feedback on student responses.  PERL RESEARCH LLC 3058 Leeman Ferry Rd. Huntsville, AL 35801 (256) 885-0077 PI: Mr. Paul Cox (256) 885-0077 Contract #: W81XWH-07-C-0104 THE UNIV. OF TEXAS AT SAN ANTO One UTSA Circle San Antonio, TX 78249 (210) 458-5732 ID#: A074-040-0439 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-040 Awarded: 07/31/07 Title: Standoff Remote Triage Sensor Array for Robotic Casualty Extraction Systems Abstract: Each week, the U.S. Department of Defense provides an online update of American military casualties Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom. [DefenseLink] According to this update, as of March 16, 2007, a total of 3,566 have been killed in action and 25,173 soldiers have been wounded in action. These figures represent the largest burden of casualties our military medical personnel have had to cope with since the Vietnam War. As combat medics respond to injured soldiers, they often will come under fire and become injured. Ten percent of casualties in the battlefield are injured while attempting to rescue a previously injured comrade. In order to reduce the causalities of combat medics, robotic technologies are being developed to assist in the assessment and extraction of wounded soldiers. In order to facilitate real-time assessment remote assessment of combat causalities, PERL Research proposes the development of a noninvasive expert system for remote triage and standoff trauma assessment system. The proposed system will provide real-time, continuous estimation of a patient's health status - Dynamic Injury Severity Estimation System (DISE). DISE will be an integrated system of intelligent software and sensors.  QUALTECH SYSTEMS, INC. 100 Great Meadow Rd., Suite 603 Wethersfield, CT 06109 (860) 257-8014 PI: Dr. Sudipto Ghoshal (860) 257-8014 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0066 UNIV. OF MARYLAND 3112 Lee Building College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-6269 ID#: A074-013-0420 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-013 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Dynamic Data-Driven Prognostics and Condition Monitoring of On-board Electronics Abstract: Degradation and failure prognostics in electronic systems is a growing requirement for both military and civilian sectors of 21st century. US Army's FCS will extensively use complex electronic systems. To enhance functionality, survivality, and mission success probability of FCS platforms while limiting the logistic footprint, efficient prognostic health management is essential. Qualtech Systems, Inc. in collaboration with Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering of University of Maryland proposes to develop a data-driven prognostics solution for on board electronic systems of FCS platform. The effort targets to develop algorithms to detect degradation signature, measure its severity and track its progression trend. An integral part of the effort is directed towards identification of sources of degradations and forecasted faults. Multi-disciplinary analytic techniques including signal processing, time series analysis, multi-variate statistics, neural networks, probabilistic decision fusion, graph theoretic and information theoretic algorithms are envisaged for attaining a reliable prognostic solution. Preliminary research and development will be performed targeting a selected on-board electronic system of an FCS platform. Testbench validation of the developed technology followed by deployment on target platform will be performed in subsequent phases of the work. The resultant prognostic solution will be generic having applicability across various military and commercial platforms.  QUANTUM SIGNAL, LLC 3741 Plaza Drive Ann Arbor, MI 48108 (734) 994-0028 PI: Dr. Mitchell Rohde (734) 994-0028 Contract #: W912HZ-07-P-0288 MIT 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 253-3856 ID#: A074-026-0191 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-026 Awarded: 07/26/07 Title: Efficient Stochastic Mobility Prediction for Mobile Robotic Systems Abstract: Future Army operations will employ small (i.e. sub-500 kg) autonomous or semi-autonomous UGVs in both cross-country and urban environments. A fundamental requirement of these UGVs is to quickly and robustly predict their ability to successfully negotiate terrain regions and surmount obstacles. This mobility prediction capability is critical to successful deployment of UGVs that can operate effectively in challenging terrain with minimal or no human supervision. The purpose of this proposed research program is to develop a robust, efficient method for UGV mobility prediction that exploits recent advances in statistical simulation to yield a fundamentally new approach to mobility prediction for small UGVs. By coupling rigorous statistical techniques with physics-based UGV and terrain models, the methods will yield accurate predictions of mobility in general 3D terrain and not rely on idealized obstacle "primitives". The result of this Phase I research will be a proof-of-concept demonstration of the proposed mobility prediction method operating on an Army-relevant UGV test bed in a simulation environment. The proposed work would be performed as a collaboration between Quantum Signal, LLC (QS) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  QUANTUM SIGNAL, LLC 3741 Plaza Drive Ann Arbor, MI 48108 (734) 994-0028 PI: Dr. Mitchell M Rohde (734) 994-0028 Contract #: W912HZ-07-P-0289 MIT 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 253-3856 ID#: A074-027-0136 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-027 Awarded: 07/26/07 Title: A Unified Approach to Sensor-Based Terrain Characterization and UGV Mobility Prediction Abstract: Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) will play an important role in the nation's next-generation ground forces. One key limitation of autonomous UGVs arises from current approaches to sensor data analysis and interpretation. Most current approaches to sensor data analysis rely on classification: that is, analyzing remotely observable "features" to assign a terrain region as a member of a pre-specified semantic class. The purpose of this proposed Phase I STTR research program is to develop a method for terrain characterization that would generalize locally-sensed physical terrain features to remotely-sensed data to infer properties about UGV mobility through its surroundings. In the proposed concept, "local" (i.e. proprioceptive) sensors would measure signals related to physical UGV-terrain interaction. Local sensor feedback would be analyzed to identify terrain patches that possess unique mobility characteristics, and visual features associated with these terrain patches would be correlated with remote data, thereby creating a "mobility map" of the surrounding environment. Contrary to classical terrain classification methods, this map would not delineate semantically-labeled terrain boundaries, but rather would delineate mobility-labeled terrain boundaries. The proposed work would be performed as a collaboration between researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Quantum Signal, LLC (QS).  RAINBOW COMMUNICATIONS, INC. 2362 Qume Drive, Suite F San Jose, CA 95131 (408) 577-0109 PI: Dr. Sean Zhang (408) 577-0109 Contract #: WELLMAN CENTER FOR PHOTOMEDICINE 40 Blossom Street Boston, MA 02114 (617) 724-1762 ID#: A074-037-0305 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-037 Selected for Award Title: Miniature All-NIR Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) Based Retinal Oximeter Abstract: Rainbow Communications, together with the Wellman Center for Photomedicine of Harvard Medical School, proposes the development of a miniature all-near infrared (NIR) hyperspectral imaging system for real-time non-invasive retinal oxygen monitoring. The key technical innovation of this proposal is to incorporate the state of the art Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) 3D imaging technique into an all-NIR multi-wavelength spectroscopic oximeter. The proposed oximeter will provide six key innovative elements: (1) Hyperspectral detection scheme; (2) 100% non-invasive with All-NIR solution; (3) Compact see-through design with minimal disturbance; (4) Continuous real-time monitoring; (5) Multi-variables co-registration; (6) Integrated options of eye tracker. All-NIR solution has yet bigger benefits such as: (a) Ambient visible light will not affect the detection; (b) Allowing the use of dichroic mirror to maximize the admission of both visible light for normal vision and IR light for detection; (c) Facilitating simple and practical eye tracker design; (d) Long wavelength photon has smaller scattering extinction and therefore better penetration for biomedical imaging. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed SD-OCD 3D retinal oximeter imaging system. In Phase II a practical SD-OCT based portable, rugged, sensitive, and accurate prototype will be designed and fabricated.  RYON TECHNOLOGIES 3 Davol Square Providence, RI 02903 (401) 863-3767 PI: Dr. J. D. Geiser/Peter M. Webe (401) 863-3767 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0091 BROWN UNIV. Department of Chemistry Providence, RI 02912 (401) 863-2777 ID#: A074-012-0120 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-012 Awarded: 08/07/07 Title: Molecular Shape Detection for Chemical Analysis Abstract: Mass spectrometry is a technology with wide-ranging applications in defense and homeland security. The technique is widely applicable and exceedingly sensitive, but for many molecules there can be ambiguities regarding the isomeric and conformeric form. As the number of atoms in a molecule increases, the number of stable isomers raises dramatically. Recent research has shown that the binding energies of electrons in molecular Rydberg states are highly sensitive to the molecular shape, giving rise to a method to characterize molecular shapes using Rydberg states. In this project, the aim is to combine this Rydberg fingerprint spectroscopy with mass spectrometry, by measuring the Rydberg fingerprints of molecular ions, such as those in a mass spectrometer, using a newly developed detector. The two-dimensional output, with mass as one coordinate and the Rydberg fingerprint as the other, will find many uses in the identification of chemical and biological agents, explosives, environmental analysis, and industrial chemicals.  SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS CO., INC. 500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000 Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 933-5355 PI: Dr. Tony Falcone (781) 933-5355 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0304 UNIV. OF ARIZONA College of Optical Sciences Tucson, AZ 85721 (520) 621-6102 ID#: A074-002-0293 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-002 Selected for Award Title: Matrix Algorithm via Subspace Decomposition Abstract: Our objective is to devise a comprehensive and effective methodology for offering software anti-tamper protection via algorithm obfuscation. A primary Phase I goal will be to apply our techniques in the Kalman Filter setting, and use this as a baseline against which we can compare their effectiveness when applied to other matrix-based algorithms. Necessarily, we will devote appropriate resources to deriving meaningful metrics for measuring their efficacy. Phase I will comprise a proof-of-concept stage. We begin by specifiying a recursive or iterative matrix intensive algorithm,'' e.g., a Kalman Fiter. Our algorithm level obfuscation technique'' consists of a systematic subspace decompostion applied to pairs of (in general) non-commuting matrices. This approach is similar to an application of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula when specialized to matrix Lie Groups. In Phase II and III, we will develop the concepts from Phase I into a functional prototype. This will include, but may not be limited to combining (our) matrix-level algorithm obfuscation with tradition software obfuscation techniques. In addition, we will investigate the feasibility of developing meta-algorithms'' that can be applied to large classes of matrix-based algorithms, and will thereby not require detailed knowledge of the particular algorithm for which obfuscation is desired.  SENSOR ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY, INC. 1195 Atlas Road Columbia, SC 29209 (803) 647-9757 PI: Dr. Jinwei Yang (803) 647-9757 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0072 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-2201 ID#: A074-018-0314 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-018 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: High efficiency deep green light emitting diode Abstract: Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc. proposes to use QD-like fluctuations of InGaN QW with controllable spatial distribution for high efficiency green LEDs. We will investigate both theoretically and experimentally the performance of green InGaN MQW structures with fluctuations of composition and thickness of InGaN quantum wells. Both types of these fluctuations would lead to the spatial localization of electrons (and holes) thereby reducing their in-plane diffusion to non-radiative recombination cites. We propose to use our proprietary MEMOCVD epitaxial process for growth of high quality InGaN layers with controllable distribution of fluctuations.  SOUND INNOVATIONS, INC. 55 Railroad Row White River Junction, VT 05001 (802) 280-3020 PI: Mr. Minh Phan (603) 646-0917 Contract #: W912HZ-07-P-0299 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE Thayer School of Engineering Hanover, NH 03755 (603) 646-1559 ID#: A074-028-0353 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-028 Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Reduced-Order High-Fidelity Models for Signature Propagation Abstract: The objective of this proposal is to develop a reliable method to obtain reduced-order models for the simulation of large-scale seismic and acoustic signature propagation. These reduced-order models should be capable of reproducing results comparable to those obtained from a high-fidelity high-performance geologically complex numerical simulation code that normally requires a massively parallel computer to run. Furthermore, these reduced-order mathematical models will be sufficient in providing decision-aid tools for choosing sensor locations and for predicting sensor performance.  SPIRE CORP. One Patriots Park Bedford, MA 01730 (781) 275-6000 PI: Dr. Kurt J. Linden (781) 275-6000 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0088 UNIV. OF VIRGINIA Thornton Hall, E218 Charlottesville, VA 22904 (434) 924-6090 ID#: A074-005-0081 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-005 Awarded: 07/24/07 Title: Resonant Tunnelling Diode for High-Power Room-Temperature Terahertz Emission Abstract: This Phase I STTR proposal involves the specification, conceptual design and analysis of staggered bandgap semiconductor heterostructures capable of producing interband resonant tunneling diodes (I?RTDs) with the potential for producing room-temperature terahertz oscillators with > 10 mW output power levels. Such unprecedented room-temperature terahertz power levels would enable deployment of entirely new instrumentation for monitoring chemical and biological agents and for standoff imaging of concealed threats, all of which are of great urgency for military and homeland defense. Based on promising preliminary studies carried out under US Army Research Office auspices, it has been shown that properly selected III-V compound semiconductor materials have the potential of producing I-RTD device structures capable of emitting terahertz radiation when optically triggered with short light pulses. Phase I will specify and analyze candidate I-RTD material structures and trigger light sources, select the most promising materials, and specify experimental methods for indirect measurement of device dynamics. Spire will subcontract the University of Virginia for assistance in applying models towards I?RTD device specification and design. Phase II will build and demonstrate a prototype I-RTD hybrid terahertz oscillator that exhibits > 10 mW across a significant portion of the terahertz frequency band.  STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC. 951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360 San Mateo, CA 94404 (650) 931-2726 PI: Ms. Sowmya Ramachandran (650) 358-8799 Contract #: W91WAW-07-P-0454 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA School of Film & Digital Media Orlando, FL 32816 (407) 823-6107 ID#: A074-003-0238 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-003 Selected for Award Title: Multi-level, Modular Authoring for Scenario-Based Intelligent Tutoring Systems Abstract: Simulations and games are effective as training tools only when accompanied by considerable instructional support. This necessitates the presence of instructors to provide one-on-one help to students working with simulations. Much of the instructional support can be automated by Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs). In order to realize the full benefits of the ITS technology, it is important to develop a generalized, modular, plug-and-play ITS architecture which can be interfaced with simulations with minimal programming effort. A modular architecture, along with ITS authoring tools for rapid customization of the ITS to specific domains, will significantly increase the cost-effectiveness of ITSs. This proposal presents a modular, interoperable ITS architecture that can be rapidly interfaced with simulators. We also propose a multi-level authoring approach that provides different levels of content control to different roles in the ITS development. This allows advanced authors and curriculum developers to set up building blocks of tutoring strategies and scenario objects. Instructors can then create scenario exercises by composing the scenario objects and strategies. This system will be integrated with at least two diverse simulations to demonstrate interoperability. Phase I will result in Phase II design and a proof-of-concept prototype that will demonstrate the feasibility of our approach.  STRUCTURED MATERIALS INDUSTRIES 201 Circle Drive North Piscataway, NJ 08854 (732) 302-9274 PI: Dr. Nick M. Sbrockey (732) 302-9274 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0073 UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT 438 Whitney Road Ext. U-1133 Storrs, CT 06269 (960) 486-4623 ID#: A074-009-0030 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Frequency-Agile Ka-band Filters Based on Functionally Graded BST Thin Films Abstract: In this STTR program, Structured Materials Industries, Inc. www.structuredmaterials.com (SMI) will develop compact, efficient, radio frequency filters, that are widely tunable within the Ka-band (26 to 40 GHz). The tunable Ka-band filters will have properties not possible using present technology, including; high speed, low loss, low insertion loss and excellent temperature stability. Our technical approach will utilize tunable dielectric thin films, based on barium strontium titanate (BST). We will utilize functional grading to improve tunability and temperature stability of the films. We will also utilize metallic acceptor doping to reduce dielectric losses. In Phase I, we will optimize and demonstrate test device structures, through a combined theoretical and experimental approach. We will also develop optimized filter designs, to take maximum advantage of the optimized materials. In Phase II, we will develop and demonstrate fully functional and fully packaged tunable Ka-band filter prototypes. Also during Phase II, we will optimize low cost-of-ownership processes for depositing the optimized BST film structures by MOCVD. In Phase III, we will implement and commercialize the results for both military and commercial markets.  SYMPLECTIC ENGINEERING CORP. 2901 Benvenue Ave. Berkeley, CA 94705 (510) 528-1251 PI: Dr. Shmuel L. Weissman (510) 528-1251 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0069 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA BERKELEY 6131 Etcheverry Hall Berkeley, CA 94720 (510) 642-3358 ID#: A074-014-0063 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-014 Awarded: 07/13/07 Title: Discontinuous Element Software for Computing 2D and 3D Failure of Materials under Ballistic Impact Abstract: Adiabatic shear banding and spalling play an important role in material failure during ballistic impact. Modeling software that can accurately account for these failure mechanisms could benefit the development of new ballistic armor. Recently, researchers have made a number of theoretical advancements in understanding these two failure modes, which are yet to be worked into numerical schemes. Ad hoc formulations, such as viscoplastic regularization of discontinuities occurring at shear bands, are still the state of the art. This proposal offers the development of a finite element-based software that will do away with the ad hoc formulations, and will deliver accurate predictions of material failure across a wide range of loading rates. Multi-scale laws for the modeling of spalling and shear bands will be developed in Phase I. Numerical schemes for modeling discontinuities will also be developed. These models will be implemented in a finite element code, which will be used to conduct numerical evaluation of the proposed models. A detailed plan for the implementation, in Phase II, of two- and three-dimensional finite element software capable of accurately predicting material failure at high rates of loading will be presented at the end of Phase I.  TDA RESEARCH, INC. 12345 W. 52nd Ave. Wheat Ridge, CO 80033 (303) 940-2300 PI: Dr. Gokhan Alptekin (303) 940-2349 Contract #: W911NF-07-C-0078 COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES Chemical Engineering Dept. Golden, CO 80401 (303) 273-3519 ID#: A074-011-0313 Agency: ARMY Topic#: 07-011 Awarded: 07/17/07 Title: A Compact Membrane Reactor Methanol Reformer Abstract: Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells require a relatively pure, concentrated hydrogen stream, with very low levels of sulfur and carbon monoxide (CO) in order to prevent poisoning of the fuel cell anode catalyst. In addition, removing inerts and impurities (such as CO2) from the hydrogen feed to the fuel cell increases a fuel cell's electrical conversion efficiency. TDA Research, Inc. (TDA), in collaboration with the Colorado School of Mines proposes to develop a compact membrane reactor-reformer that converts a sulfur-free methanol feed into a high purity hydrogen fuel that could be readily used by a 20 W PEM fuel cell. In Phase I project, we will develop a thin film membrane and an effective catalyst to demonstrate the operation of an integrated membrane reactor-methanol reformer in a breadboard system. We will also carry out a preliminary design of the overall fuel processor to produce the required hydrogen flow rate to run a 20 We PEM fuel cell. ## ---------- DARPA ----------  21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC. 6825 Pine Street, Suite 141 Omaha, NE 68106 (402) 505-7887 PI: Mr. Kevin Blenkhorn (703) 236-6993 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0280 MISSOURI STATE UNIV. 901 South National Avenue Springfield, MO 65897 (417) 836-5972 ID#: 07ST1-0094 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 08/15/07 Title: DigitalTripwire - A Small, Automated Human-Detection System Abstract: We currently have thousands of security cameras in the war zone. Automated Target Recognition (ATR) is essential for reducing the manpower required for monitoring the security cameras. Having human operators staring at video screens for hours at a time is not an effective use of our forces. ATR is a terrific force-multiplier since it reduces the number of security personnel required to monitor surveillance systems. A combined system with software-agents monitoring multiple cameras, backed up by a small number of security personnel will make a very powerful system, with minimal false-negatives or false-positives. The team of 21st Century Systems Incorporated and Missouri State University is pleased to propose to research and develop our DigitalTripwire concept. The DigitalTripwire system is a small, self-contained sensor that can operate unattended for weeks or months on battery power. It is intended to augment security operations by providing persistent surveillance for the area in the camera's field of view. The device itself consists of a small single-board computer connected to a video camera and a wireless network interface. The heart of the system is computer vision software that analyses the video stream from the camera and classifies objects into categories.  ACTINIX 229 Technology Circle Scotts Valley, CA 95066 (831) 440-9388 PI: Dr. Andrew Merriam (831) 440-9388 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0262 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES Department 1118 Albuquerque, NM 87185 (505) 844-5810 ID#: 07ST1-0051 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Long Coherence Length 193 nm Laser for High-Resolution Nano-Fabrication Abstract: Immersion lithography using available 193 nm optics and laser sources provides an attractive near-term path to reducing the printable feature sizes of integrated circuits by using a high-index fluid to reduce the wavelength at the wafer, rather than using light with higher photon energy and shorter vacuum wavelength. An interferometric immersion lithography (IIL) tool has demonstrated rapid fabrication of grating structures with half-pitches of 35 nm over exposure areas of 0.5 mm. This Phase I project involves the design of a new fiber laser based 193 nm light source with very high spatial- and temporal-coherence to allow uniform high-contrast intensity fringes (35 nm HP) to illuminate a wafer surface over a substantially larger exposure area, on the order of one square cm per exposure site. In addition, the laser will have high power stability and be sufficiently robust to allow extended periods of operation with little maintenance or operator intervention.  ADVANCED ANTI-TERROR TECHNOLOGIES CORP. (A2T2) 896 W. Minneola Ave. Suite 57 Clermont, FL 34711 (407) 924-7529 PI: Dr. James Bliss (757) 683-4051 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0258 VMASC, OLD DOMINION Virginia Modeling, Analysis&Si Suffolk, VA 23435 (757) 686-6209 ID#: 07ST1-0024 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-004 Selected for Award Title: Next-Generation Behavior Composer for Military Simulation Abstract: Users of OneSAF are offered the potential to specify entity behaviors using a flowchart-based composer. However, that tool lacks utility because it is schematic instead of graphical, and does not foster intuitive understanding of temporal relationships. The goal of the proposed project is to simplify the behavior composing process, supplementing the composer architecture with a graphical interface, allowing users to better visualize, understand and communicate the nature of scripted behaviors. Associated benefits include heightened tactical and strategic planning and user assessment of entity interdependencies. We will leverage technology from related projects into an integrated, intuitive, tactician-centric GUI to enable soldiers and marines to sketch standard 2525B symbology and directives on maps. A processing engine will facilitate the process through script aiding similar to Microsoft Wizards and real-time previews and dialogs to insure the user's intent is realized. User preferences will be logged for subsequent sketch recognition and aiding. Our interface should allow experts to build better behaviors faster, and allow the processor to learn tactics and rapidly generate courses of action. Ultimately, we will generalize interface improvements to apply to civilian applications as well, including reduced screen sizes associated with portable data entry devices.  B & W TEK, INC. #19 Shea Way Newark, DE 19713 (302) 368-7824 PI: Dr. Jie Yao (302) 368-7824 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0297 PRINCETON UNIV. Office of Research&Project Adm Princeton, NJ 08544 (609) 256-3090 ID#: 07ST1-0099 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 08/22/07 Title: Universal Imaging Sensor: Robotic Broadband Night Vision Camera Abstract: Imaging sensors are a crucial component of modern defense. The ideal sensor has acute visual sensing capabilities and communicates instantly when threats are identified. It should also have night vision capabilities and cover a broadband spectral range including near ultraviolet and infrared. A robotic broadband night vision camera is highly desirable. Such a robotic broadband low-light-level camera is feasible today. We propose to integrate a broadband semiconductor image intensifier with night vision sensitivity with a commercial-off-the-shelf camera cellular phone, and modify the cell phone circuitry and program it with image recognition and compression algorithms developed by Galaxy Scientific, whose image compression products have been installed on United States Navy 3rd Fleet and seen action in the Persian Gulf in support of Middle Eastern military campaign. Such an autonomous system will combine night vision sensitivities and the broadband ultra-violet, visible and near infrared coverage over 200 - 1650 nm with the light weight, small size and low cost of the commercial camera cell phone. Phase I will see the proof of concept. Phase II will see the integration of the proposed camera into a robotic image requisition, recognition, compression and transmission system for evaluation at DoD laboratories.  BOULDER LABS, INC. 6380 Bluebird Ct Niwot, CO 80503 (303) 652-0725 PI: Mr. David Van Wie (303) 652-0725 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0283 UNIV. OF COLORADO Department of Physics Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-5202 ID#: 07ST1-0002 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-001 Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Atom Interferometer Modeling Tool Abstract: Develop software visualization modeling tool to assist in the design and fabrication of cold atom chips. Tool will calculate the magnetic field from a specification of conductor geometry and currents flowing through them.  FIORE INDUSTRIES, INC. PO Box 80900 Albuquerque, NM 87102 (505) 255-9797 PI: Mr. Dar Johnson (505) 255-9797 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0249 NEW MEXICO TECH New Mexico Tech EMERTC Socorro, NM 87801 (505) 835-5857 ID#: 07ST1-0009 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 07/25/07 Title: Portable Lightweight Rescue Tools Abstract: The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing light weight rescue tools using solid propellant cool gas generators as the energy source. While there have been a number of advances in space based applications and the commercialization of solid propellant cool gas generators by the Europeans, work in the US has largely been limited to fire suppression. It is our goal to define practical methods of implementing and controlling the gas generation process to fully realize the unique benefits this technology for "long storage" "single use" applications. To keep a system small and light we match the gas generation capability as tightly to the demand as possible. For our rescue tool application we would provide exactly the right amount of high pressure gas instantly available to move a piston or rotate a turbine. Essentially we propose a gas container with packets of energetic material that can be individually activated with an electronic match to generate just the right amount of gas required at a particular point in time. Our teammates at the Energetic Materials Research and Testing Center (EMRTC), a division of the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (New Mexico Tech - NMT) in Socorro, New Mexico have significant experience and resources. Fiore Industries has significant experience and resources to apply to the development and testing of the electronic controller and pulse power electronic matches. Fiore's fire fighting unit located at NASA's White Sands Test Facility NM has extensive experience in using the very bulky existing equipment. Fiore together with NMT have the Mechanical engineering, design and prototyping capability to integrate the power source to a light weight mechanism meeting or exceeding all of the requirements of ST071-002.  GEOSEMBLE TECHNOLOGIES 2041 Rosecrans Ave., Suite 245 El Segundo, CA 90245 (310) 414-9849 PI: Dr. Jason Chen (310) 414-9849 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0261 UNIV. OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Dept. of Contracts & Grants Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 821-1106 ID#: 07ST1-0037 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-005 Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Open Source Information Geospatial Overlay (OSIGO) Abstract: There is an abundance of text documents, news articles, intelligence reports, etc. containing information that is particularly valuable in understanding and analyzing aerial/satellite imagery. These text documents can be annotated with the corresponding lat/long coordinates of the geospatial references using commercial tools, such as MetaCarta. However, this approach is 1) not scalable since new documents should continuously be annotated and 2) limited to only those geographical features that already exist in the MetaCarta gazetteer. Even if the document is annotated, numerous "links" to all the related documents from a target image is not an effective presentation method. In this project, we will develop the technology for automatically 1) finding text documents relevant to a given imagery without any a priori annotation of the documents (similar to a search engine), 2) ranking the documents based on their geospatial relevance to the imagery, 3) summarizing the documents, and 4) linking the documents to their corresponding location on the imagery. The resulting technology will allow an analyst to view a satellite image for any place in the world, automatically find and link the geospatially related documents, and then browse the summary of the documents to better understand the information shown in an image.  GNOSYS, INC. 198 Broadway Providence, RI 02903 (401) 632-0280 PI: Dr. Mikel Petty (256) 824-3468 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0269 UNIV. OF ALABAMA Office of Sponsored Programs Huntsville, AL 35899 (256) 824-2658 ID#: 07ST1-0020 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-003 Selected for Award Title: Alternative Aggregate Combat Modeling Algorithms Abstract: We propose to develop a means of combining unit-level and entity-level combat simulations that combines the best features of both and avoids the problems and overhead of multi-resolution simulations and inter-level interactions. The essential idea, which will be elaborated in the following sections, is to develop new alternative aggregate-level algorithms for key combat phenomenology (moving, sensing, and shooting) that are based on entity-level models, with their associated natural entity level of resolution and direct supportability by data, but have been abstracted to allow their responsive execution in the context of a unit-level simulation. These new algorithms will eliminate the need for aggregation, disaggregation, and entity control handoff, at least for purposes of resolving unit-level combat.  KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC. 10F GIll Street Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 932-5667 PI: Mr. Robert DaSilva (781) 932-5667 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0257 UNIV. OF MASSACHUSETTS-LOWELL 600 Suffolk Street Lowell, MA 01854 (978) 934-3417 ID#: 07ST1-0010 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-002 Selected for Award Title: Innovative, Low Cost Hydraulic Spreader with Portable Compressed Gas Power and Manual Override Abstract: KaZaK, assisted by the University of Massachusetts - Lowell, proposes to develop and produce an innovative, low cost hydraulic spreader with compressed gas cartridge power source and optional manual override. Features include low weight, portability, quick-load high energy density compressed gas cartridge, fuel flexibility, and multiple quick-change extraction tool attachments. Additionally, a manual override mode is available as a failsafe, allowing the tool to be manually powered by the operator via hand cranking as a backup. The motivation for this portable extrication tool concept, referred to as KAGAK (KaZaK Advanced Gas Actuated Klaw), is driven by the current need to enhance operational efficiency of airborne Pararescue jumpers at a remote extraction site. Currently, rescue personnel utilize a Halligan bar to slowly and inefficiently pry structures apart during the extrication process. Alternatively, KaZaK's handheld tool will provide quick and powerful automated spreading / shearing of the structure through the combination of combustible gas and hydraulics. KaZaK and UMass Lowell will combine novel lightweight composite material approaches along with innovative mechanical systems design to optimize form, fit, and functionality of the spreader. KaZaK has considerable experience in novel device design and packaging, and has demonstrated 60% weight savings is several similar system designs.  KNEXIENT 4201 West Parmer Ln. Bldg C Austin, TX 78727 (512) 423-7787 PI: Mr. Erik Larson (512) 423-7787 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0307 UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Taylor Hall 2.124 Austin, TX 78712 (512) 471-9719 ID#: 07ST1-0041 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-005 Selected for Award Title: Processor for Open source INTelligence (POINT) Abstract: Knexient proposes POINT, a processing system for OSI on the Web. Specifically, POINT's text processing engine finds the primary or main event in online new stories and relates the event to its location and time of occurrence. The location of the event is converted into Google's KML language and presented as a text overlay on GoogleEarth, enabling military image analysts to quickly aggregate relevant information about events in particular locations. POINT uses an innovative hierarchical classification system, the Hierarchical Document Classifier (HDC), to classify primary events down to the granularity of particular actions (e.g., a suicide bombing), and to classify very large volumes of semantically heterogenous text, such as (to take a few examples) reports about meetings, bombings, elections, or vehicle accidents. Specifically, HDC classifies news according to the specific event that is primary in the story (e.g., a suicide bombing), and the event context for the specific event (the IraqWar). The event pair combine to tell the analyst what the story is about based on the events described.  LATEL CORP. 217 OAK LEE DR. RANSON, WV 25438 (304) 699-4396 PI: Mr. HENRY DAY (304) 699-4396 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0264 AUBURN UNIV. Dept. of Computer Science Auburn, MD 36849 (334) 844-6326 ID#: 07ST1-0109 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 08/09/07 Title: Universal Imaging Sensor Abstract: In the conduct of modern warfare, situation awareness of forces and the locality of hostile elements are of paramount importance. Other non-imaging sensors such as acoustic and seismic ones are helpful toward this end, but their probability of detect and target identification ability are limited. The only absolute representation of the situation is a video image. This proposal presents the design of a wireless imaging sensor that could deliver a video frame of the targeted object area back to the base station for analysis and action. Commercial-off-the-shelf components will be exploited for their cost-effectiveness. Packaging schemes will be designed to integrate the video sensor and transmitter for a compact structure. These low-cost imaging sensors can be deployed in an autonomous mode, or be configured in a network for maximum coverage. This video network will contain adaptive protocols for maximum efficiency. To conserve power, novel power supply techniques will be implemented, and other triggers will be deployed to activate the sensors when necessary. Transceiver-repeaters will be strategically positioned for video transmission range extension. This imaging sensor incorporates object recognition algorithms so that only significant intrusion will be processed and alerted for further action.  MYTEK, LLC 6901 E. Fish Lake Road Maple Grove, MN 55369 (763) 463-4814 PI: Dr. Klein Johnson (763) 463-4814 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0284 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS University of Illinois at U/C Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 265-0563 ID#: 07ST1-0088 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-008 Awarded: 08/27/07 Title: High Speed Coupled Cavity VCSEL Abstract: This project will investigate the high speed modulation properties of monolithically integrated coupled-cavity VCSEL arrays with the aim of developing manufacturable, very high speed (>20GHz) directly modulated integrated laser arrays which have very low power dissipation (<2 mW per laser) for optical interconnects at the board and chip levels, and and for short-haul high-density optical communication applications.  NEXTGEN AERONAUTICS 2780 Skypark Drive Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 626-8384 PI: Dr. Jay Kudva (310) 891-2814 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0274 PURDUE UNIV. Young Hall, 302 Wood Street West Lafayette, IN 47907 (765) 494-1063 ID#: 07ST1-0131 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Innovative Reconfigurable Wing Designs for Future Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Aircraft Abstract: A promising application of a morphing wing whose geometry can be significantly changed is to reduce aircraft takeoff and landing speeds. Wing morphing can provide both an increase in wing area and change in wing camber, resulting in significantly reduced wing stall speed and hence landing and take-off distances. As the stall speed of the aircraft is decreased, a morphing-wing intra-theater transport aircraft could replace current helicopters. Such a morphing wing concept can be used to complement direct lift from additional thrust producing devices. NextGen Aeronautics, with support from Purdue University, plans to build on its prior and on-going work to develop and mature morphing wing concepts for application to future ESTOL/VTOL aircraft designs. The specific morphing structural concept being investigated is based on a single degree of freedom moving truss system with flexible skins to transfer air-loads. Phase 1 objectives include system-level trade studies, maturation of morphing wing design, and wind tunnel testing of small rigid models in a low-speed wind tunnel. A potential Phase 2 effort will address detailed design, fabrication and testing of an actuated morphing wing model, benefits and costs of a morphing aircraft for the target application, and development of technology transition/insertion plans.  SJT MICROPOWER, INC. 16411 N SKYRIDGE LN FOUNTAIN HILLS, AZ 85268 (480) 816-8077 PI: Mr. JOSEPH ERVIN (480) 298-1847 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0256 ARIZONA STATE UNIV. ORSPA TEMPE, AZ 85287 (480) 965-0273 ID#: 07ST1-0083 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-007 Selected for Award Title: SOI MESFETs for Ultra-Low Power Electronic Circuits Abstract: Simulations of high performance silicon-on-insulator (SOI) MESFETs show that they can be used for ultra-low power (ULP) radio frequency electronics with power added efficiencies (PAE) that are 10 times higher than existing solutions. The high PAE comes from the enhanced voltage swing that the MESFETs can tolerate (5-50V) compared to current VLSI CMOS technologies (1-5V). The SOI MESFETs can be fabricated economically using existing SOI CMOS foundries with no changes to the CMOS process flow. This means the SOI MESFETs can be integrated with state-of-the-art CMOS for ULP mixed signal circuit applications, something that is impossible with GaAs based devices. We propose to design an SOI MESFET based Class E amplifier for ULP communications applications in the Industrial-Scientific-Medical band of frequencies. The MESFET based designs will be compared to equivalent CMOS circuits to quantify the anticipated improvement in the PAE of the MESFET circuits. A hardware demonstrator of the Class E amplifier will be designed and tested using existing SOI MESFETs from a previous SBIR contract. Other examples of ULP circuits in which inductive loads lead to device voltages that would cause failure in traditional CMOS will be explored in any Phase II activity.  ZIVA CORP. 6160 Lusk Blvd San Diego, CA 92121 (858) 550-0596 PI: Dr. Anis Husain (858) 509-2836 Contract #: W31P4Q-07-C-0260 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA BARBARA Dept of Electrical & Computer Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (805) 893-4486 ID#: 07ST1-0093 Agency: DARPA Topic#: 07-008 Selected for Award Title: Ultra-Fast 3 Terminal VCSEL (U-VCSEL) Abstract: Ziva Corporation in collaboration with UCSB will conduct feasibility study for the concept design of a directly modulated laser with capability of modulation of >40GHz with power dissipation <2mW, with optical output power of ~.5 mW. Our approach is to exploit a three terminal VCSEL structure where the third terminal modulates the optical gain by means of current steering while maintaining the lasing pump current constant. Maintaining the pump current constant during modulation eliminates conventional limits imposed on directly modulated VCSEL speeds and promises to achieve ultra-high speed VCSELs approaching the intrinsic bandwidth ~90 Ghz (fmax) of VCSELs or ~180Gbps. By using a third terminal, the requirements for efficient lasing can be in principle decoupled from requirements imposed by fast modulation (e.g. relaxing modal volume/RC time constant tradeoff). This will be a major breakthrough in the ability to cost effectively directly modulate lasers (even in 2-D arrays) at speeds that have hitherto been only possible by using expensive, bulky and lossy external modulators. The approach is extendable to ## ---------- MDA ----------  ACTA, INC. 2790 Skypark Drive, Suite 310 Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 530-1008 PI: Mr. Jon D. Chrostowski (310) 530-1008 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0201 LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LAB Group T-3 Los Alamos, NM 87546 (505) 665-4428 ID#: B074-008-0035 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-008 Awarded: 09/06/07 Title: Hypergolic Safety Modeling & Simulation Abstract: ACTA Inc. and Los Alamos National Laboratory propose to develop a high fidelity physics based modeling and simulation toolset for use in evaluating the hazards and consequences associated with hypergol fuel accidents for use in missile defense applications. Los Alamos' CartaBlanca multi-physics code will be evaluated to determine its ability to model both small leaks (resulting in ppm toxic releases of a fuel or oxidizer) and large leak (resulting in turbulent mixing of hypergol fuel and oxidizer)leading to toxic releases, fireballs and/or explosions.  ACTA, INC. 2790 Skypark Drive, Suite 310 Torrance, CA 90505 (310) 530-1008 PI: Dr. Gamage W. Wathugala (310) 530-1008 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0202 SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY P.O. Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185 (505) 844-5364 ID#: B074-009-0036 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 09/06/07 Title: Expedited Transition of Propulsion Modeling & Simulation Capability Abstract: ACTA Incorporated (ACTA) and Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) propose a six-month STTR Phase I feasibility Project titled "Expedited Transition of Propulsion Modeling & Simulation Capability." The stated objective of this solicitation topic is to expedite industry transition of a validated safety and IM (Insensitive Munitions) related modeling & simulation (M&S) capability for propulsion design and integration. As an potential industrial customer of the M&S toolset, ACTA would evaluate the toolset to identify voids in the capabilities and how to improve the user interface.  AET, INC. 1900 S. Harbor City Blvd. Melbourne, FL 32901 (321) 727-0328 PI: Dr. Glenn T. Hess (321) 727-0328 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0183 VANDERBILT UNIV. VU Station B #351824 Nashville, TN 37235 (615) 343-7886 ID#: B074-010-0094 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 08/30/07 Title: Diamond Technology High Temperature Electronics Radiation Hardened Interceptor Communications Abstract: The goal of this program is to develop high-speed interceptor communications solutions that are hardened to space and nuclear radiation, including high altitude nuclear explosions (HANEs). As part of this program, AET will specifically investigate the use of advanced diamond technology for communications applications. The approach of AET, Inc. is to first identify a communication system architecture and technology that have applicability to MDA interceptor communications. Radiation hardening techniques will be studied for each of the most promising system architecture, specifically focusing on integrating advanced diamond and carbon nanotubes into the architecture. The output will be a set of communications system and hardware trades, which substantiate a proposed solution and provides quantifiable metrics for comparison. Communications transmit/receive modules may be appropriate for engineering studies. To support a complete system design effort in Phase II, AET, Inc. will develop new models that will be needed to verify the operation of the radiation hardened components as well as the advanced diamond technologies. Computer simulations will be run to predict the performance of the interceptor communications systems under a variety of environmental conditions. AET, Inc will begin coordination with MDA contractors to ensure products will be relevant to ongoing and planned projects.  APPLIED RADAR, INC. 210 Airport Street North Kingstown, RI 02852 (401) 295-0062 PI: Dr. William H. Weedon (401) 295-0062 Contract #: W9113M-08-C-0018 MIT LINCOLN LABORATORY 244 Wood Street Lexington, MA 02420 (781) 981-7020 ID#: B074-011-0068 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-011 Awarded: 11/01/07 Title: Coherent Distributed Aperture Enabled Active Electronically Steered Array (CDA-AESA) Abstract: Our missile defense capability crucially depends on radar performance to detect, track and discriminate hostile targets. New radar designs being developed offer enhanced capability. However, a significant impediment to the deployment of these new radars is the high cost of active electronically scanned arrays (AESAs) and in particular the antennas upon which they are based. Together with our internationally recognized research partner, we propose a design-to-cost research effort to demonstrate reduced cost AESAs that enable highly capable coherent distributed aperture (CDA) radar systems. This work will leverage previous investments by Applied Radar, Inc. in AESA technology, providing proof-of-concept hardware and a possible alternate low-cost SPEAR array solution meeting the system requirements. The hardware consists of a wideband array, T/R module, digital receiver/exciter (DREX) and digital beamformer (DBF). The new array hardware is capable of supporting a 4X increase in system bandwidth over the current capability. Degrees of freedom (DOF) reduction techniques are used at the array aperture level in order to reduce the digital data flow and simplify the design without compromising performance. An open systems architecture is utilized throughout the hardware development to allow incremental improvements to various components of the system. The AESA array demonstrator is designed to fit within a scalable architecture and can be sized to meet the needs of various applications. In Phase I, a conceptual design to meet SPEAR requirements will be designed around existing Applied Radar hardware, utilizing CDA concepts. In Phase II a hardware demonstrator will be built and tested.  CSA ENGINEERING, INC. 2565 Leghorn Street Mountain View, CA 94043 (650) 210-9000 PI: Mr. Ross M. Blankinship (505) 323-4900 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0205 CALSPAN-UB RESEARCH CENTER, INC. (CUBRC) Buffalo, NY 14225 (716) 631-6968 ID#: B074-001-0061 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-001 Awarded: 08/29/07 Title: Laser Communication Systems for Geolocation and Attitude Determination Abstract: The optical communication links between various orbiting satellites can serve as the cornerstone of an accurate attitude and geo-referencing scheme when 2 or more vehicles are engaged in laser communication. To date, most research studies into determining relative attitudes and positions between vehicles have involved using the global positioning system (GPS) which restricts the spacecraft formation to near-Earth applications. An application of GPS-like technology to a deep space mission has been proposed but this requires extensive hardware development and is subject to the generic GPS performance-limiting effects. The objective of this work is to provide a novel, reliable, and autonomous relative attitude and position estimation system that is independent of any external systems. The proposed work presents an extended Kalman filter (EKF) formulation to estimate the relative attitude and position of 2 or more platforms engaged in communication using Line of Sight (LOS) observations to determine absolute yaw, pitch and roll vehicle information. Platform absolute position will be determined using time of flight techniques embedded in the transmitted LOS. In addition, terminal to terminal same platform attitude will be determined via metrology and algorithm development.  DECISIVE ANALYTICS CORP. 1235 South Clark Street Arlington, VA 22202 (703) 414-5024 PI: Dr. David Fiske (703) 414-5036 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7791 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Office of Sponsored Programs Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-6929 ID#: B074-005-0092 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-005 Awarded: 08/10/07 Title: Sensor Registration / Sensor Management Abstract: Our proposal supports the development and integration of sensor resource management algorithms in the operational BMDS by developing and modeling new network messages required to enable centralized control of sensors. The current message set on the system does not provide sufficient control to realize the full benefit of sensor resource management algorithms currently developed within MDA. In our Phase I proposal we will adapt an existing sensor resource management algorithm for use in the BMD Benchmark simulation as a baseline implementation for developing new network messages. We address fundamental questions such as (1) Which messages are essential? (2) How does the resource scheduler on the local sensor accommodate commands from the global planner? and (3) How do limitations imposed by a real communications network impact SRM algorithm performance at deployment? The DAC-GTRI Team is extremely well prepared to address these issues. DAC brings experience developing SRM algorithms for MDA applications through Project Hercules while GTRI is a lead developer of the Benchmark simulation used for integration testing and analysis by MDA/BC and MDNTB.  FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC. 75 Aero Camino, Suite A Goleta, CA 93117 (805) 685-6672 PI: Mr. Gary Key (321) 277-8396 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0233 UNIV. OF FLORIDA Office of Engineering Research Gainesville, FL 32611 (352) 392-9447 ID#: B074-004-0081 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-004 Awarded: 09/27/07 Title: Advanced Sensor Data Fusion Abstract: Frontier Technology, Inc. (FTI) and its research partner, University of Florida (UF), propose to develop designs for innovative discrimination algorithms for fusion of sensor (feature) and contextual information, to provide enhanced acquisition, tracking, and discrimination of threat objects in a cluttered multi-target environment. We propose to analyze the performance of the envisioned technology to support: (a) Dynamic acquisition of target state data (e.g., motion, spectral, spatial cues) from sensor output, (b) Application of multiple classifiers to target/background radar or EO/IR and target state data to identify probable target type/track/location, (c) Adaptation of classifiers to track targets given nonergodic (statistically changing) inputs, (d) Execution on small, low-power on-board processing systems Adaptive pattern selection, key to successful sensor fusion in mission- and threat-specific scenarios, will utilize FTI's TNE pattern recognition paradigm and UF's Morphological Neural Nets (MNN). Phase I will extend and analyze FTI and UF's successful, DoD-sponsored R&D for dynamic pattern recognition to develop target detection algorithms for multiple radar or EO/IR sensor data, to detect and discriminate threats from manmade or naturally-occurring clutter. Phase II will develop and test prototype image processing software to incorporate multiple sensors of differing wavebands using obscured moving and stationary targets.  GLOBAL AEROSPACE CORP. 711 West Woodbury Road, Suite H Altadena, CA 91001 (626) 345-1200 PI: Dr. Gerald Halpert (626) 345-1200 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0186 JET PROPULSION LABORATORY 4800 Oak Grove Drive Pasadena, CA 91109 (818) 354-0110 ID#: B074-007-0013 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-007 Awarded: 08/30/07 Title: Rechargeable Lithium Ion Battery Operation Model Abstract: Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC), in collaboration with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), plans to develop a proof-of-concept, high-fidelity, first principle-based software model to predict the long-term behavior of advanced rechargeable lithium batteries in aerospace applications. This is a very challenging effort since we will be incorporating four behavior components into the battery operation model, namely electro-chemical, thermal, environmental, and degradation. Being a recent chemistry, the degradation mechanisms of lithium rechargeable batteries have yet to be completely understood. The model we plan to develop and the verification and testing that is part of this work will eventually contribute to the understanding of degradation. In Phase I, this battery operation model will consist of 1) a cell model, developed in the last decade by Universities, incorporating various mechanisms of performance degradation during cycling and/or storage, and refined by comparing prior performance database on several prototype cells and batteries 2) a cell sub-routine to represent cell designs similar to the currently available prismatic and cylindrical cells, and 3) a virtual battery fabricated in the desired string combination of the cells and tested in selected thermal and electrical environments.  INTELLIGENT EPITAXY TECHNOLOGY, INC. 1250 E. Collins Blvd. Richardson, TX 75081 (972) 234-0068 PI: Dr. Paul Pinsukanjana (972) 234-0068 Contract #: W9113M-08-C-0017 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO ECE Dept. (MC154) Chicago, IL 60607 (312) 355-2131 ID#: B074-003-0018 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-003 Awarded: 10/18/07 Title: Broadband LWIR C-IHET FPA for Discrimination Seekers Abstract: This Phase I STTR proposes to develop Focal Plane Array (FPA) based on Corrugated-Infrared Hot Electron Transistor (C-IHET) technology as a passive sensor for discrimination seekers. The initial goal of achieving high sensitivity with operating temperature >77K for C-IHET in the 8 - 12 m LWIR spectral region will be investigated. This IHET effort will be developed in collaboration with the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and L-3 Communication Cincinnati Electronics (CE). GaAs-based IHET epitaxy materials will be developed using multi-wafer production Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) reactor at IntelliEPI. University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) will lead the device/epi structure design and optimization effort. Non destructive epitaxy materials characterization will be performed by IntelliEPI. UIC will characterize IHET test device for optical and electrical properties. UIC will develop processes for the epi wafers to create FPA die with the corrugated coupling geometry design. The process will be developed based on device fabrication facility at ARL. As proof of concept, CE will hybridize a C-IHET FPA to a fan-out or specially modified Read-Out Integrated Circuit (1024x768 format ROIC). UIC will work with ARL and CE to characterize a hybridized C-IHET FPA. The results will be compared with a comparable QWIP FPA.  METROLASER, INC. 2572 White Road Irvine, CA 92614 (949) 553-0688 PI: Dr. James D. Trolinger (949) 553-0688 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7792 WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 100 Institute Road Worcester, MA 01609 (508) 831-5811 ID#: B074-006-0012 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 08/29/07 Title: Metrology System for Freeform Optical Systems Abstract: This is a Phase I proposal to develop an extremely versatile optical inspection tool to aid in the manufacture and assembly of freeform optical components such as biconics and Zernike surfaces that are not easily inspected with conventional interferometry. This relatively new class of optics can reduce aberrations, improve the optical performance, reduce system size and weight, and thereby lead to more compact, lightweight, lower cost optical telescopes for space and missile interceptor sensors. Since the optical tolerances achieved in the manufacture of such components have an important bearing on the performance capabilities of the system that employ them, instrumentation and techniques for precision metrology are vital for quality assurance. We will examine optical designs employing freeform surfaces and use selected cases to demonstrate the inspection technique for full aperture precision metrology of such components, including alignment, assembly and packaging procedures that are based on the inspection capability. The proposed wavefront sensor comprises a unique combination of digital holographic interferometry, Hartman wavefront sensing, and adaptive optics that results in an extremely flexible tool. The research team includes MetroLaser and Worchester Polytechnic Institute.  MICROCOSM, INC. 4940 W. 147th St. Hawthorne, CA 90250 (310) 219-2700 PI: Mr. Paul Graven (310) 219-2700 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7793 APPLIED PHYSICS LABORATORY 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd. Laurel, MD 20723 (443) 778-3526 ID#: B074-001-0082 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-001 Awarded: 08/29/07 Title: Laser Communications Based Navigation and Attitude Determination Abstract: In Phase I, Microcosm and John Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), with Aster Labs, and HRP Systems, will develop and validate algorithms and performance simulations for using range and orientation data from onboard laser communications terminals for spacecraft navigation and attitude determination (LNAV). The principal use case to be explored is lasercom-only LNAV for an interconnected constellation like the TSAT -five communication spacecraft that are evenly spaced around GEO with at least one having a high quality external navigation reference. The simulations will be developed to support rapid evaluation of LNAV performance for a variety of scenarios, with a spectrum of range and angular resolutions. This will support design trades relating LNAV performance and lasercom metrology capabilities. The angular metrology problem will be analyzed in detail, including development of a detailed error budget and investigating hardware options for improving metrology performance. In Phase II, a proof-of-concept demonstration will be developed, in collaboration with a TSAT lasercom competitor/vendor, consistent with Phase II funding levels. The Northrop Grumman Space Technology (NGST) TSAT Lasercom team will be involved to ensure a comprehensive understanding of lasercom operations and performance, and to provide for transition of the technology into operational use if selected Phase II.  PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC. 20 New England Business Center Andover, MA 01810 (978) 689-0003 PI: Dr. Edward A. Rietman (978) 689-0003 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0204 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV. Applied Physics Laboratory Laurel, MD 20723 (240) 228-5000 ID#: B074-004-0029 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-004 Awarded: 08/30/07 Title: Radar Debris Algorithms and Models for Discrimination Abstract: We are proposing an innovative approach to sensor fusion and target recognition based on transductive inference with support vector machines. Our proposed algorithm will apply innovative discrimination to the fusion of sensor (feature) and contextual scenario information through the development of robust algorithms and software necessary to collect, process, and fuse information from multiple sources (radars either at the same or different frequencies as well as EO/IR sensor assets). This proposed approach has the advantage of being able to combine these disparate data types of high dimensionality and use small training sets to achieve unprecedented performance. The goal of the data fusion process described in this proposal is to operate on a combination of sensor measurements, features, track states, and object type and identification likelihoods to produce a highly accurate integrated picture of the battlespace. Our results will be compared with Professor Donald Maurer's work at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, where he conducted research on using Bayesian network for the same task.  QMAGIQ, LLC One Tara Boulevard Nashua, NH 03062 (603) 821-3092 PI: Dr. Mani Sundaram (603) 821-3092 Contract #: W9113M-08-C-0020 THE UNIV. OF NEW MEXICO Center High Tech. Materials Albuquerque, NM 87106 (505) 272-7892 ID#: B074-003-0040 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-003 Awarded: 11/05/07 Title: Development of Very Long Wave Infrared Detectors Based on Type-II Strained Layer Superlattices Abstract: We will develop very long wave infrared focal plane arrays (VLWIR FPAs) from Type-II Strained Layer Superlattices (SLS) for ballistic missile defense applications, by combining QmagiQ's skills in FPA design, fabrication and test, with the University of New Mexico's expertise in the MBE growth and characterization of InAs/GaSb SLS. Cutoff wavelengths upto ~ 15 microns will be targeted. In Phase 1, UNM will optimize growth of the SLS photodiode layers. QmagiQ will fabricate and test photodiodes of different sizes to quantify material quality and develop a good passivation technique. In Phase 2, the recipes will be further advanced and applied to develop and deliver 1-color VLWIR imaging arrays and, quality permitting, 2-color LWIR/VLWIR arrays. This project will leverage the MDA MSTAR program at UNM, if awarded.  SA PHOTONICS 650 5th Street San Francisco, CA 94107 (408) 348-4426 PI: Mr. James F. Coward (415) 977-0553 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0210 UNIV. OF ILL. AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN Dept. of Elect. and Comp. Eng. Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 333-3359 ID#: B074-003-0033 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-003 Awarded: 08/30/07 Title: Advanced Passive and Active Sensors for Discrimination Seekers Abstract: Effective future ballistic missile defense systems will be forced to discriminate between targets and decoys. To meet this requirement, ballistic missile interceptors must contain sensors which have imaging capability. SA Photonics is proposing a program to develop a pumped laser optical source for LIDAR-RADAR imaging applications specifically targeted for ballistic missile applications. The SA Photonics Advanced Fiber Laser Optical Source (AFLOS) combines a unique set of performance capabilities that enables significant benefits for future generations of ballistic missile seekers. These benefits include; high peak power, precise pulse characteristics, waveform agility, and a compact size. The SA Photonics AFLOS combines several innovative technologies which include a fiber-laser based approach utilizing advanced pumping techniques and external optical modulation. These technologies combined will produce a system which reduces power consumption by over 5X compared to conventional pulsed sources, provide excellent optical carrier characteristics including narrow line width and low phase noise, and provides excellent optical pulse characteristics and waveform agility. The entire assembly will be installed in a very compact enclosure utilizing advanced thermal dissipation materials and techniques along with micro-electronic and optics packaging.  SPECTRA RESEARCH, INC. 2790 Indian Ripple Road Dayton, OH 45440 (937) 320-5999 PI: Dr. Daniel D. Reuster, PhD (937) 320-5999 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7794 GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH INSTITUTE Signature Technology Lab Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-2539 ID#: B074-011-0025 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-011 Awarded: 08/20/07 Title: Low Cost Planar Antennas for Phased Array Radars Abstract: Spectra Research has teamed with Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) to employ an innovative technique that uses advanced radiator materials and methodologies, such as fragmented aperture arrays, to develop an integrated antenna array that functions as a radar antenna. Many of the design issues and tradeoffs related to phased array radars are driven by the intrinsic generation of a single transmit/receive beam from multiple T/R modules and involve virtually all of the components in the module. This program is structured to ensure that the antenna design will work in concert with the electronics and provide the required radar performance over the entire field of regard. Cost versus performance can be optimized due to the intrinsic simplicity of the fragmented aperture fabrication and straightforward backplane implementation with advanced materials (i.e. meta-materials). Fragmented array antenna elements can be distributed on a single flat surface, multiple flat surfaces pointed in separate directions or on curved surfaces. The design goal for this project is to reduce antenna size and cost while increasing reliability, efficiency, etc. The fragmented aperture implementation of these goals can be achieved on any of these surfaces.  STRATEGIC INSIGHT, LTD. 241 18th Street, South Arlington, VA 22202 (703) 413-0700 PI: Mr. Dan Jones (540) 653-4076 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0019 LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LAB 7000 East Avenue Livermore, CA 94550 (925) 422-7206 ID#: B074-009-0002 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-009 Awarded: 11/02/07 Title: Expedited Transition of Propulsion Modeling & Simulation Capability Abstract: Industry needs a high-fidelity propulsion modeling and simulation capability for Insensitive Munitions (IM) hazard analysis in order to quantify the trade space for performance vs. safety. Full-scale testing of large propulsion systems (greater than 20 inch diameter) is too costly and more importantly, not practical due to lack of sufficiently large instrumented test facilities. Currently DoD/OUSD (AT&L) undertook a Weapons and Munitions M&S initiative as a portion of their Systems Acquisition Portfolio for Land Warfare and Munitions (LW&M), which will result in an initial capability during FY 08-10. This STTR proposal will provide a parallel, multivariate user interface/data organization structure including appropriate testing protocols to enable industry to integrate the government M&S capability into their programs and technology bases. The primary focus will the development/growth of engineering models/codes to address primarily impact hazards from fragments and bullets. The secondary focus in later years will be on thermal hazards. The proposed interface/data organization structure will connect IM-related applications and industry technology bases to the government M&S toolset capabilities and growth plans in the functional domains of physics, numerics, databases and validation methods. It will include linkages to the LW&M initiative's resources, venues and policy/control points.  TECHFINITY, INC. 4505 Las Virgenes Road, Suite 117 Calabasas, CA 91302 (818) 878-9341 PI: Mr. Jarrell D. Collier (818) 878-9341 Contract #: W9113M-08-C-0011 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN, ANN ARBOR Electrical Eng & Computer Sc. Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 764-2390 ID#: B074-005-0108 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-005 Awarded: 10/18/07 Title: Utility-Weighted Information-Based Sensor Management for Missile Defense Abstract: The Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) continues to evolve and develop as a coordinated and integrated system of systems. As different sensor and weapon platforms are brought together in a unified C2BMC system, the commanders, system and platform operators will require the support of sophisticated tools for planning and scheduling to manage the complexities of multiple, interacting platforms in a multi-target environment. The proposed work will investigate the coordination of missile defense sensor management and engagement planning in order to achieve the system-level goal of defending assets from ballistic missile attacks. It will build on previous work, linking the University of Michigan's work in sensor management with TechFinity's work in engagement planning, to create a utility-weighted information-based sensor manager. The fundamental benefit of our approach is that it will enable a missile defense sensor manager and engagement planner to work together toward a common system goal by enhancing a cutting edge approach to sensor management with a well-founded value of information derived from the internal calculations of a modern engagement planner. The sensor manager will no longer work only to its internal goals, and the engagement planner will no longer passively accept the data delivered to it. Furthermore, the additional and improved data that will become available to the engagement planner will improve its performance, especially in battlespace analysis.  TECHNOLOGY SERVICE CORP. 1900 S. Sepulveda Blvd Los Angeles, CA 90025 (203) 268-1249 PI: Mr. David Schultz (203) 268-1249 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0206 UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT ECE Department Storrs, CT 06269 (860) 486-4823 ID#: B074-004-0015 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-004 Awarded: 08/31/07 Title: Advanced Sensor Data Fusion Abstract: Technology Service Corporation (TSC) and the University of Connecticut (UCONN) will develop a birth-to-death tracking concept that utilizes rotational information to improve track handover between: 1) forward-based radars, 2) mid-course ballistic missile defense tracking radars, and 3) the IR sensor on the kill vehicle. The proliferation of anti-simulation countermeasures has necessitated a multi-stage discrimination strategy that requires accurate handover to accumulate target ID information. TSC has demonstrated innovative 3D radar imaging and static RCS pattern reconstruction techniques that allow both size and rotational information to be extracted and exploited by a multi-target tracking algorithm. UCONN is a world leader in developing tracking algorithms that can take advantage of such additional features to improve track association and track handover accuracy. Radar to IR sensor handover presents even greater challenges due to differences in sensor phenomenology. TSC has expertise in modeling both RCS and IR signatures of complex targets. In Phase I, TSC will explore our target discrimination concept using simulated sensor measurements, and UCONN will provide and extend baseline tracking algorithms. For algorithm testing, TSC will define a scenario with forward and sea-based X-band radars, as well as IR sensors. In Phase 2, TSC will refine and customize the algorithms for application to the US ballistic missile defense system.  THIRD WAVE SYSTEMS, INC. 7900 West 78th St. Minneapolis, MN 55439 (952) 832-5515 PI: Dr. David A. Stephenson (952) 832-5515 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7795 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 813 Ferst Drive, MARC 380 Atlanta, Georgia, GA 30332 (404) 894-8164 ID#: B074-006-0097 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-006 Awarded: 09/10/07 Title: Freeform Optical Systems for Defense System Optics Abstract: Freeform optical surfaces offer advantages over axis-symmetric surfaces in the ability to reduce optical sizes, increase performance and reduce aberrations. However, the description, fabrication and metrology of these surfaces can be difficult and costly, prohibiting their ability to achieve their full potential. Fabrication of these surfaces can be difficult, since they are not axis-symmetric and have varying local radii of curvature, rendering grinding, lapping and polishing of these surfaces to be onerous operations. A method to overcome the difficulties in fabrication of freeform surfaces is to apply ductile mode machining (DMM) to eliminate grinding, lapping and polishing. DMM has been successfully applied to SiC mirror surfaces to achieve the requisite surface finish and figure error for axis-symmetric optics. Through the use of physics-based modeling, DMM conditions can be identified where material removal results in ductile chip formation, damage free surfaces and excellent surface finish. This STTR activity extends the technology of DMM to freeform configurations enabled by physics-based modeling techniques. We will further develop and enhance its modeling capability and apply to CVD coated SiC freeform optics. In Phase I we will demonstrate the feasibility of DMM to machine a freeform surface in a laboratory environment.  TOYON RESEARCH CORP. 6800 Cortona Drive Goleta, CA 93117 (805) 968-6787 PI: Dr. Richard E. Cagley (805) 968-6787 Contract #: W9113M-08-C-0013 KANSAS STATE UNIV. College of Engineering Manhattan, KS 66506 (785) 532-5844 ID#: B074-010-0083 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 10/30/07 Title: Radiation Hardened Interceptor Communications Abstract: Wireless transmission in the IFICS must overcome several technical challenges. These include radiation tolerance, wide temperature range, high mechanical stress, as well as constraints on size, weight, and power. Additional obstacles include nuclear effects, jamming, as well as the possibility of being intercepted. In this effort Toyon Research Corp. has teamed with Kansas State University (KSU) to provide a wireless transceiver that is specifically targeted to the needs of IFICS applications. Our solution includes a radiation-hardened radio frequency IC (RFIC) and provides a wide range of operating frequencies in the lower UHF band. The RFIC is an RF to digital solution, thus offering very high integration. Our candidate waveform is based on frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) with frequency shift keying (FSK). Both robust and proven, the waveform will provide both anti-jam as well as fast synchronization, necessary to mitigate fading. The waveform will be targeted to a Xilinx field programmable gate array (FPGA); this solution offers a path to radiation hardening and also provides for a range of interfaces and reconfiguration to be supported. The proposed micro reconfigurable transceiver (MiRT) could support existing mission needs and also provide the framework for a new generation of MDA system concepts.  TRITON SYSTEMS, INC. 200 TURNPIKE ROAD CHELMSFORD, MA 01824 (978) 250-4200 PI: Dr. Keith Higginson (978) 250-4200 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0207 WESTERN NEW ENGLAND COLLEGE 1215 Wilbraham Road Springfield, MA 01119 (413) 782-1223 ID#: B074-002-0060 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Miniaturized Thermoacoustic Cryocooler for Missile Defense Applications(1001-088) Abstract: The U.S. military envisions a range of cryocooler systems that can enable specific operational requirements. For missile defense applications, Triton is targeting cooling of infrared focal plane arrays (FPA) in optics which address surveillance, missile threat warning systems and missile seeker systems in general. Triton Systems Inc proposes to develop thermal management solutions for space electronics small-scale thermoacoustic cryocoolers for cooling sensors in the 10-100 K range, relevant to the needs of the MDA and manufacturers of optical equipment. Keeping in mind potential mission needs, we will design and develop mesoscale thermoacoustic cryocoolers that focus on miniaturization, weight savings, minimal design impact, and redundancy while maintaining efficiency and long lifetimes. We will build from miniaturization designs that we developed in previous thermoacoustics projects, designs that will both enable simple drive schemes and improve scalability due to the different fluid dynamics in confined spaces. Validation with software packages and experimental data will be performed.  VIRTUAL AEROSURFACE TECHNOLOGIES 575 14th Street, Suite 1375 Atlanta, GA 30318 (404) 881-8276 PI: Dr. Thomas M. Crittenden (404) 881-8276 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0203 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY School of Mechanical Eng. Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-3746 ID#: B074-002-0026 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-002 Awarded: 09/12/07 Title: Small Scale Cryogenic Refrigeration Technology Abstract: Virtual AeroSurface Technologies, Inc. and the Georgia Institute of Technology propose an STTR program for the investigation and modeling of meso scale Pulse Tube cryocooler systems (with initial design targets of 0.5 mW exergetic cold end thermal loads and cryocooler volumes of approximately 10 ml), with the possible extension of models further into the micro scale. CFD-based models will be developed specifically for operation at the meso scale focusing specifically on all relevant scale-sensitive phenomena (e.g., increased surface area to volume ratios with relatively greater friction and heat transfer losses, adverse heat conduction in the working fluid and solid structures, etc.). These models will be applied directly to the design and optimization of meso scale Pulse Tube cryocoolers, including both the fundamental size limitations for operation of such devices and the novel structures or subsystems which may be required for their successful implementation. The potential designs will be further considered and assessed from the standpoint of their manufacturing feasibility, including both conventional and MEMS-based fabrication techniques. A prospective Phase II follow-on program would extend beyond the design phase to fabricate breadboard experimental prototypes of the designed systems and their novel miniaturized components and fully characterize their performance and effectiveness.  WANG ELECTRO-OPTO CORP. 2140 Newmarket Parkway Marietta, GA 30067 (770) 955-9321 PI: Dr. Johnson J.H. Wang (770) 955-9311 Contract #: HQ0006-07-C-7796 OHIO STATE U. ENG. EXPERIMENT STN. 228A Bolz Hall Columbus, OH 43210 (614) 292-4903 ID#: B074-011-0017 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-011 Awarded: 09/06/07 Title: Low Cost Planar Antennas for Phased Array Radars Abstract: Under STTR Topic MDA07-T011, "Low Cost Planar Antennas for Phased Array Radars," Wang Electro-Opto Corporation (WEO) proposes to develop a low-cost planar array element antenna for integration into a beamsteering array panel. The planar array antenna should operate over the entire X-band for MDA's specific radar application, and achieve a 50% reduction in life-cycle costs from current arrays. The STTR effort will be supported by the Ohio State University (OSU) (primary) and Georgia Institute of Technology (GT). The technical approach will be focused on three baseline designs: (1) WEO's Integrated Antenna Phase-Shifter (IAPS), (2) OSU's Current Sheet Antenna (CSA), (3) GT's Fragmented Aperture (FA). These three baseline designs will be investigated and compared in Phase-I. The proposed research will leverage WEO's IAPS technology, OSU's CSA, and GT's FA, which are top candidates for low-cost broadband planar phased arrays. This STTR program will benefit from WEO's fifteen years' experience in developing ultra-broadband conformal antennas for the US Armed Forces. It will have a significant payoff, since the ElectroScience Laboratory of OSU has been the world's most renowned university laboratory in antenna research, including phased arrays, and GT is among the top university laboratories in antenna and radar technologies.  WELKIN SCIENCES, LLC 102 S. Tejon St, Suite 200 Colorado Springs, CO 80903 (719) 520-5115 PI: Mr. Blair E. Sawyer (719) 520-5115 Contract #: W9113M-07-C-0232 WEST VIRGINIA UNIV. WVU Research Corporation Morgantown, WV 26506 (304) 293-3998 ID#: B074-010-0003 Agency: MDA Topic#: 07-010 Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Radiation Hardened Interceptor Communications Abstract: The Welkin Sciences/West Virginia University team proposes a fourfront approach for STTR solicitation MDA07-T101: 1) formulate a new interceptor communication system formed by adding a high-bandwidth relayed video downlink (RVD) to the Advanced Interceptor Data Link (AIDL) design currently being developed by Welkin Sciences under MDA SBIR MDA06-005; 2)upgrade the COMLNK simulation tool to include the capability to emulate and optimize the AIDL/RVD design; 3) upgrade the COMLNK Hardware Platform(CHP) rapid prototyping system to support user defined configurations of the AIDL/RVD architecture that can be evaluated using standard HWIL scintillation testing methods; and 4) design a radiation hardened AIDL modem signal processor that can be tested using standard radiation testing methods. This approach will give MDA a tested radiation-hardened interceptor communication system design that sends end-game imagery back to the ground and addresses the technical issues called out in the solicitation. ## ---------- NAVY ----------  3TEX, INC. 109 MacKenan Drive Cary, NC 27511 (919) 481-2500 PI: Dr. Alex Bogdanovich (919) 481-2500 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0440 TEXAS A&M 3406 TAMU College Station, TX 77843 (979) 845-2022 ID#: N074-021-0395 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-021 Awarded: 06/08/07 Title: Innovative Joining and Repair Methodologies Using Hybrid Textile Preforms Abstract: Strength, durability and reliability of commonly used bonded and bolted composite-to-metal structural joints suffer from sharp geometry variations, mismatch of elastic properties, coefficients of thermal expansion and thermal conductivity of the adherends, altogether causing high stress concentration and premature failure of adhesive bonded joints. The proposed work offers substantial enhancement of composite-to-metal bonded joints (including lap and butt joints, joints of composite skins and stiffeners, D-joint elements and other similar connectors) and metal repair with composite patches. The primary focus is on joining steel structural components to glass and carbon fiber 3-D woven and 3-D braided fabric preforms and composites. The two key features of this joining methodology are: (1) using hybrid preforms which incorporate metal filaments, multi-filament yarns, wires or cables and (2) welding or brazing such preforms to the metallic structures. The implementation of this new concept of composite-to-metal joining and metal repair will allow, as anticipated, to significantly increase strength and durability of dissimilar material joints. Design and manufacturing of special fabric preforms, fabrication of experimental joints samples and their experimental evaluation will be performed and supported by 3-D micromechanics modeling and predictive analysis of stress/strain fields, progressive failure, and fracture.  ACREE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1900 Bates Ave. Concord, CA 94520 (925) 798-5770 PI: Dr. Mike McFarland (925) 798-5770 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0419 UNIV. OF TEXAS, ARLINGTON BOX 19018 500 W. FIRST ST. Arlington, TX 76091 (817) 272-2603 ID#: N074-033-0010 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-033 Awarded: 06/28/07 Title: Novel Initiators for Pulse Detonation Engines Abstract: In this project a novel plasma source known as a CAPS will be used to produce high-density plasma for rapid and reliable detonation initiation for Pulse Detonation Engines (PDE). The CAPS will be run at 100's of Hz and deliver 1-2 J of energy per pulse. CAPS plasma sources produce dense, hypersonic plasma with electron energies of 7-20 eV, sufficient to disassociate atoms and create radicals that can initiate and accelerate the combustion process. The advantage of this approach is that there are no moving parts, so it is very reliable and robust. It is capable of being energized in a matter of microseconds compared to at least milliseconds for mechanical systems. Other plasma devices require kilovolts to operate. The CAPS only uses 100-600 V to ignite and operates at 20 V bias, which reduces noise and the danger of breakdown outside the combustion chamber.  ADVANCED INFONEERING, INC. 4 Wendram Bluff NE Iowa City, IA 52240 (319) 337-7059 PI: Dr. James P. Hauser (319) 248-1100 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0345 UNIV. OF IOWA 3131 Seamans Center Iowa City, IA 52242 (319) 631-4445 ID#: N074-028-0065 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-028 Awarded: 05/24/07 Title: Physiological-based Tools for Virtual Environment Fidelity Design Guidance Abstract: We propose to use physiological sensors to measure the quality of a trainee's interaction with a virtual environment (VE) as a function of VE fidelity to enable design improvements in VEs and to enhance training effectiveness through feedback of physiological-based performance information. Currently, VE design is guided by subjective design models that involve multiple design iterations and focus on trial and error. Our approach is innovative and new because it quantifies VE fidelity requirements in terms of desired behavioral patterns in the trainee as quantified by recordable brain and peripheral bioelectrical signals. Our team has a proven track record in physiological measurement and operator performance modeling. Our team consists of a small business, a research institution, a large business commercialization partner, and a DoD collaborator. We will collaborate with the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division to enhance Navy training effectiveness through integration of physiological assessment modules into existing training systems. Our approach will test VE fidelity from simulation to real-world flight. We have a tentative, additional Phase II funding commitment in the amount of200k over the two years of phase II from an outside industrial partner.

 ADVANCED METAL PRODUCTS, INC. 2320 North 640 West West Bountiful, UT 84087 (801) 298-9366 PI: Mr. Scott Packer (801) 298-9366 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0373 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIV. Dept. of Mech. Engineering Provo, UT 84602 (801) 422-6233 ID#: N074-032-0287 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-032       Awarded: 06/19/07 Title: Portable Friction Stir Welding Technology for Aluminum Fabrication Abstract:   This program is designed to development and implement portable friction stir welding for both repair and subassembly of Navy Al structures. This dual use requirement necessitates two different approaches. For example, subassembly implies relatively small structures and a moderate number of components. Further, subassemblies can be welded remote from their final assembly location and moved to, and final assembled, into the ship. A simple low-cost approach will be considered. Conversely, repair, by its nature implies at times one-offs, a multitude of geometries, and welding at a variety of locations. Access to the repair site and the ability to track a variety of paths requires a more versatile design. Components of the two systems can be the same and indeed interchangeable. However, the cost for a dedicated subassembly FSW system would be much less than that for a versatile repair system. Therefore, for eventual acquisition cost considerations, we are proposing to provide conceptual designs for both approaches. Further, studies will be completed to establish tool designs and weld parameters to minimize loads on the system. Program goals will be to make these systems robust, but lightweight and portable, and in the case of the repair FSW system, as versatile as possible.

 ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY & RESEARCH CORP. 15210 Dino Drive Burtonsville, MD 20866 (301) 989-8058 PI: Dr. Gilbert Lovell (301) 989-8047 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0434 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV. APPLIED PH 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd. Laurel, MD 20723 (240) 228-3848 ID#: N074-037-0097 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-037       Awarded: 07/12/07 Title: Automated Launch and Recovery of Small, Untethered Unmanned Underwater Vehicles from Unmanned Surface Vehicles Abstract:   The scenario envisioned by the solicitation, if successfully achieved, will provide significant enhancement to the Navy's warfighting capability. The approach integrates the unique capabilities of both USVs and UUVs to provide performance gains neither can provide individually. The central technical challenge posed by the solicitation is the completely autonomous Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) launch, recovery, and mission support aboard an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV). While the capability exists for USVs to launch and recover off-board sensors, to date this has been accomplished only under human supervision from a remote USV operator. While autonomous launch of a UUV from a USV has been demonstrated, the subsequent autonomous recovery of the UUV back aboard the USV has not. The requirements to recover and service a UUV for a subsequent deployment and to operate multiple UUVs from a single USV pose significant technical challenges. ATR has developed a concept entitled the UUV Launch and Recovery, On-board Handling, and Servicing System (LROHSS) that has the potential to meet these challenges in a timeframe consistent with that set forth in the solicitation.

 AEGIS TECHNOLOGY 3300 A Westminister Ave. Santa Ana, CA 92703 (714) 554-5511 PI: Dr. Timothy Lin (714) 554-5511 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0346 UNIV. OF TENNESSEE,KNOXVILLE 414 Ferris Hall Knoxville, TN 37996 (865) 974-2881 ID#: N074-026-0328 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-026       Awarded: 07/17/07 Title: High-Power Compact Power Electronics for Electric Torpedoes Abstract:   This DOD STTR project is to design and demonstrate a SiC-based power converter system for electric torpedoes and underwater vehicles, addressing the related technical issues and quantifying the system benefits. The resultant SiC inverter will be capable of working at high power densities, high temperatures, and high frequencies, and thus achieving the advantages of high efficiency, small size, and light weight. In this Phase I, Aegis will carry out the technical feasibility study of the proposed SiC inverter, including: (1) Circuit design and modeling to evaluate the SiC inverter performance as comapred with a Si-based inverter , (2) High temperature packaging and thermal management to support the SiC converter work in the constrained environment, (3) Gate drive and contorl suitable for SiC power devices, and (4) Build and characterize the SiC inverter.

 AGUILA TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 310 Via Vera Cruz, Suite 107 San Marcos, CA 92078 (760) 752-1199 PI: Mr. M Albert Capote (760) 752-1199 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0368 UNIV OF CALIFORNIA Dept of Electrical & Computer Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (805) 893-3244 ID#: N074-018-0133 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-018       Awarded: 07/25/07 Title: Flip chip bonding of ICs for 100GHz operation Abstract:   Using manufacturing techniques recently demonstrated at Aguila Technologies, we will develop an inexpensive technology and system for rapidly producing moderate-scale production quantities of re-workable flip chip assemblies with target operating rates up to 100 GHz. The approach involves using 20-40 micron diameter precisely-structured bumps for bonding flip chips to multichip module substrates. The technique uses fabrication and assembly tools which largely already exist at typical wafer fabrication houses. The proposed small diameter, high density (as small as 50 micron pitch), re-workable connections will be designed and optimized to provide efficient connections for microwave and millimeter wave transmission, minimizing losses. Our system will permit creation of flip chip assemblies that employ conventional materials and processes, yet can be applied at either the single chip or wafer level, which is ideal for prototyping small quantities of assemblies during the early stage development of high frequency devices. The proposed technique also allows testing of die before final assembly, as well as allows rework of the modules after testing. Aguila will team with the UCSB's High Frequency Electronics Group to jointly develop and demonstrate the high-frequency flip chip technology.

 AKELA, INC. 5551 Ekwill Street Santa Barbara, CA 93111 (805) 683-6414 PI: Mr. Allan Hunt (805) 683-6414 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0455 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA Department of ECE Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (805) 893-4480 ID#: N074-025-0033 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-025       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Autonomous UAV Collision Avoidance Abstract:   We are proposing to explore the capabilities of a wideband imaging radar that has been developed for other applications to perform the detection function of an autonomous see and avoid system, by using its operating parameters and associated signal processing algorithms in a detailed system simulation of UAV operations in the NAS. This will provide us a baseline of realistic performance for performing UAV implementation concept trades and give us a means by which concepts can be compared.

 AMBALUX CORP. 4541 S. Butterfield Drive Tucson, AZ 85714 (520) 795-8600 PI: Dr. Philip Lacovara (520) 795-8600 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0308 NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV. Campus Box 7514 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-2444 ID#: N074-017-0084 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-017       Awarded: 05/23/07 Title: Optical Communications for ASW and MIW Applications Abstract:   The proposed effort will investigate optimized modulation formats, error-correction codes and coherent operation to improve high-bandwidth undersea communications. Analysis suggests that these methods can provide significant improvement over current optical communications methods.

 AMERICAN MAGLEV TECHNOLOGY OF FLORIDA, INC. 30 South Park Square Marietta, GA 30060 (404) 386-4036 PI: Mr. Mike Werst (512) 232-1604 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0350 THE UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Ofc of Sponsored Projects Osp Austin, TX 78713 (512) 471-6424 ID#: N074-008-0069 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-008       Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: A Novel Eddy Current Brake Using Graded Conductivity and Wavenumber to Maximize Force Abstract:   American Maglev Technology, Inc. (AMT) is pleased to respond to the Navy's Advanced Eddy Current Braking Technology STTR. AMT was approached by The University of Texas at Austin Center for Electromechanics (UT-CEM) to team on the development of a replacement for the Navy's high maintenance water brake. This team proposes a unique, passive eddy current brake to accomplish the same result and fit in the existing allocated water brake spaces. An unusual combination of material composition and permanent magnet (PM) size and spacing allows that peak force per unit length to be effective during the entire deceleration. Both are linearly graded over the length of the eddy current conducting spear and the PM magnets remain stationary. The geometry is coaxial, hence magnetically self centering ensuring a clean coaxial translation during deceleration. Powerful PM magnets at the entry of the brake are tapered to correct power cylinder misalignment and transition to a small magnetic air gap. Phase I will consist of an optimization of design variables followed by a proof of principle demonstration made possible by matching funds by American Maglev.

 ANTHROTRONIX, INC. 8737 Colesville Rd, L203 Silver Spring, MD 20910 (301) 495-0770 PI: Dr. Corinna Lathan (301) 495-0770 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0314 INSTITUTE FOR SIMULATION & TRAINING 3100 Technology Parkway Orlando, FL 32826 (407) 882-1444 ID#: N074-028-0032 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-028       Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Perceptually-informed Virtual Environment (VE) (PerceiVE) Abstract:   One of the major questions simulation designers must address is "which components of fidelity have the greatest impact on transfer of training?" In theory, the notion is that the higher the simulation fidelity, the more likely an operator is to behave in a similar fashion within the simulation as they would in the real world, thus resulting in a higher degree of transfer of training (Martin, 1981). However, developers are limited in terms of practical restrictions such as cost, time, and development resources (e.g. developers, researchers, etc). Thus, trade-offs are necessary. We propose to overcome some of the simulation fidelity issues previously mentioned, we propose the use of physiological measures to support the determination of simulation fidelity requirements that lead to a higher level on transfer of training. Many of the approaches used to date have focused on attempting to maximize the transfer of training during simulations based on the ability to elicit desired behaviors from operators during simulations with the notion that these behaviors would transfer to the real world applications. Our approach hypothesizes that transfer of training will be maximized and VE fidelity requirements best determined by matching operator's physiological responses in the simulated environment with those collected in the real environment.

 APPLIED PHYSICAL SCIENCES CORP. 475 Bridge Street Groton, CT 06340 (860) 448-3253 PI: Dr. James McConnell (860) 448-3253 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0460 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 505 Tenth Street Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 385-1870 ID#: N074-035-0289 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-035       Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: Advanced ASW Acoustic Transducers and Signal Processing Abstract:   Preliminary development of a noise audit model for vector sensor towed arrays will be performed and is focused on tasks related to validating an analytical model of a thin-line array. An in-house numerical code known as the duct transmission line (DTL) modeling tool will be adapted for specific application to towed arrays having periodic impedance discontinuities. Flow noise mitigation techniques designed to remove the flow noise signal from pressure gradient hydrophones will be further developed. Data from an upcoming tow test will be used to help validate the model. Evaluation of these concepts will facilitate component-level and system-level requirements for next generation directional sensors and arrays. Surveillance platforms targeted for commercialization of this technology include the TB-23 and TB-29 submarine towed arrays and the AN/WSQ-11 surface ship towed array.

 APTIMA, INC. 12 Gill Street Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 496-2415 PI: Dr. Yuri Levchuk (202) 842-1548 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0425 UNIV. OF IOWA 2130 Seamans Center Iowa City, IA 52242 (319) 335-2123 ID#: N074-019-0178 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-019       Awarded: 06/13/07 Title: Optimized Planning and Tasking for the Intelligent Management of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (OPTIM-UAV) Abstract:   Warfighters in small expeditionary units are faced with rapidly re-allocating and re-tasking multiple unmanned air vehicles to support time-critical intelligence needs, despite limitations in communications and resources. To meet these challenges, warfighters need model-based tools to optimize task allocation based expressly on operator intent and mission objectives, and these tools must be directly coupled with intuitive displays to support situation awareness. Building on the work of the MiDAS (Mission Displays for Autonomous Systems) project, we propose Optimized Planning and Tasking for the Intelligent Management of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (OPTIM-UAV), an innovative method for optimizing asset allocation of UAVs through the definition of flexible control algorithms, which are shaped and informed by an abstraction hierarchy, or a framework of mission objectives and constraints. Collectively, these structures drive the design of a task allocation interface, ensuring the tight coupling between the optimization algorithms and the operator's understanding of the algorithmic output and mission space. In Phase I, we will collaborate with the University of Iowa to build a framework to model mission objectives and constraints; construct a set of flexible control algorithms to optimize task allocation; develop an innovative plan to link these structures; and demonstrate the functioning model and interface storyboards.

 APTIMA, INC. 12 Gill Street Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 496-2415 PI: Dr. Jared Freeman (202) 842-1548 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0341 COGNITIVE ENGINEERING RESEARCH INST 5865 South Sossaman Road Mesa, AZ 85212 (480) 988-1000 ID#: N074-031-0199 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-031       Awarded: 06/06/07 Title: Mixed Initiative Machine for Instructed Computing: MIMIC Abstract:   In less than a decade, UAVs have transitioned from a curiosity on the battlefield to a core capability for intelligence and attack. Recent investment has advanced the state the art in algorithms for routing vehicles and for interpreting the imagery they return. However, the intelligence that drives tactical maneuvering remains firmly lodged in the heads of operators. To capture that knowledge and embed it in control devices requires that these systems learn from human UAV commanders how they generate, select, and execute maneuvers to evade and deceive the enemy. We propose to develop Mixed Initiative Machine for Instructed Computing. MIMIC will learn novel models of tactical decision making and control from well-selected exemplars through interactions with operators. To create MIMIC, we will develop use cases that represent critical decision factors in UAV operations, develop an information representation and model (MIMIC-IR) and a learning management model capable of learning from humans in these use cases, and a prototype user interface for managing machine learning.

 ASSETT, INC. 11220 ASSETT Loop Manassas, VA 20109 (703) 365-8510 PI: Mr. Galen Plunkett (703) 365-8970 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0307 DRAPER LABORATORY 555 Technology Square Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 258-3134 ID#: N074-036-0011 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-036       Awarded: 05/30/07 Title: Compact Long-Range Underwater Velocity Sensor Abstract:   This proposal responds to the need for enhanced underwater position estimation for its Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs). In this Phase I effort, we propose to design a velocity sensor for UUV's that is based upon our existing Broadband Sonar technology developments for the US Navy in applications for both weapon based systems and manned underwater vehicles. This improved velocity sensor is not only accurate in bottom ranging from less than ten feet, to greater than 1000 feet, but is also significantly smaller and requires less power (10 Watts or less) to operate than legacy systems. This proposal, consistent with our previous Sonar and Doppler technology developments, anticipates that the resulting velocity sensor can be capable of interfacing with both legacy navigation devices and future open architecture systems. Further, the design will be inherently less sensitive to acoustical noise that is self-generated by the vehicle, or inherent in the environment. ASSETT has assembled a strong team that combines in house skill and experience with Draper Laboratory, a premier research institution in the area of UUV and Sonar Systems, and MNW Associates, a company with extensive experience in the design and analysis of complex sonar systems.

 AURORA FLIGHT SCIENCES CORP. 9950 Wakeman Drive Manassas, VA 20110 (703) 396-6329 PI: Mr. Olivier Toupet (617) 401-2521 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0424 MASSACHUSETTS INST. OF TECHNOLOGY 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, VA 02139 (617) 253-3906 ID#: N074-019-0155 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-019       Awarded: 06/28/07 Title: Onboard Planning System for UAVs in Support of Expeditionary Reconnaissance and Surveillance (OPS-USERS) Abstract:   Aurora and MIT propose to develop the architecture, core algorithms, and human interface concepts for a multi-platform, distributed UAV team that responds to requests from field operators for intelligence support. Aurora will build on existing robust distributed tasking algorithms that have been demonstrated to work in intermittent communications environments, tailoring them to address multiple-operator issues, rules of engagement constraints, and the necessity to ensure performance of time-critical tasks. Capabilities will be incorporated into a collaborative decision-making process flow that specifically accounts for human supervisory control issues, including interfaces, cognitive roles, and situational awareness. The capabilities developed will be targeted at Phase II implementation in an onboard planning module, already in development, that can be incorporated into low-cost UAVs, giving them higher levels of autonomy and making it possible for them to coordinate their activities as a team over a real-world communication network.

 BELTRAN, INC. 1133 EAST 35TH STREET BROOKLYN, NY 11210 (718) 377-0227 PI: Mrs. Yakov S. Khodorkovsky (718) 377-0227 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0442 CONCURRENT TECHNOLOGIES CORP. 100 CTC Drive Johnstown, PA 15904 (814) 262-2340 ID#: N074-021-0129 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-021       Awarded: 06/29/07 Title: Composite-to-Metal Jointing Technology Abstract:   Beltran proposes to develop an advanced methodology for analytical prediction of the long-term durability (25 years) of composite materials to be used in design of military facilities. Phase I Project is to outline a methodology concept relevant to emerging carbon fiber epoxy composite materials utilized in wet lay-up form for strengthening building construction and other structural appliations and to experimentally verify the concept validity by using laboratory based accelerated testing. The methodology combines empiric and model methods to characterize lowering of load-bearing capability of composites in function of force-environmental exposure changeable in time. That will be compatible with conventional structural design and analysis procedures providing reliable specification of design knockdowns and/or prediction of structural capability and service life.

 BOSTON ENGINEERING CORP. 411 Waverley Oaks Road Waltham, MA 02452 (781) 314-0724 PI: Mr. Alex Gomez (781) 314-0125 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0384 TUFTS UNIV. 204 Anderson Hall Medford, MA 02155 (617) 627-5760 ID#: N074-016-0195 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 06/01/07 Title: Miniaturized Wireless Data Acquisition for Payload Development and Integration Abstract:   The US Navy is in need of a small, robust, flexible data acquisition system for their testing of various submarine and surface payloads. The parameters that are measured during each launch include acceleration, roll/pitch/yaw, bending strain, compressive loads, velocity, displacement, hydrodynamic pressures, etc. All of these parameters are used during prototype testing and development of the different payloads of all different sizes, to refine launch impulse, vehicle structural, and safe separation requirements, and to improve and validate the Navy's Simulation Based Design tools. Obtaining the precise, high fidelity data on a platform that is re-useable and easily configured and that fits the form and function is the goal. The objective of this proposal effort is to design and verify the feasibility of a miniaturized system that can withstand launch loads, fit into new launch vehicles, be very energy efficient, and be easily programmed. Boston Engineering has deployment hardware (FlexStackr) that needs to be tested and potentially modified for use in the launch environment. The FlexStack will also need to be modified to provide the signal conditioning required and the number of data acquisition channels.

 BRIARTEK, INC. 112 E. Del Ray Ave. Alexandria, VA 22301 (703) 548-7892 PI: Mr. Joseph S. Landa (703) 548-7892 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0456 PENN STATE - ELECTRO OPTIC CENTER 222 Northpointe Drive Freeport, PA 16229 (724) 295-7000 ID#: N074-025-0266 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-025       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Autonomous UAV Collision Avoidance Abstract:   UAVs are perceived as a risk to existing aviation. Specifically it is assumed that a UAV cannot be flown in such a way as to react to collision avoidance situations in the same manner as a manned aircraft. It is further assumed that there are no costs in terms of dollars or in terms of general safety incurred by not allowing UAVs to fly. There are however significant costs incurred by not using UAVs for domestic missions and these costs can be quantified so that they can be considered as offsets for equipment or operational changes required to safely fly UAVs with general aviation. The FAA has indicated that before certifying a UAV for flight the UAV must be capable of collision avoidance in such a way as to be indistinguishable from a human operator. A sense and avoid system that can react to hazardous situations in the same manner as a human pilot will be developed and integrated into small UAVs so they can meet the FAA requirements and begin being implemented fully into the national defense strategy.

 CERAMATEC, INC. 2425 South 900 West Salt Lake City, UT 84119 (801) 978-2176 PI: Dr. John Watkins (801) 978-2182 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0298 RUTGERS UNIV. Dept. of Materials Science Piscataway,, NJ 08854 (732) 445-5606 ID#: N074-022-0015 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-022       Awarded: 06/08/07 Title: Advanced Neutrally Buoyant Rechargeable Batteries Based on Ceramic Electrolyte Separators Abstract:   A pressure tolerant, neutrally buoyant, high-energy density battery is proposed that utilizes a Li+ conducting, solid-electrolyte separator, LiSICON. The LiSICON ceramic is fabricated using state of the art tape casting methods which allows composite structures of porous and dense layers ~100mm thick. The layered structure increase mechanical strength and decrease interfacial and bulk resistances. The high-energy cathode material, amorphous MnO2 or nano-crystalline LiMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3O2, allow a predicted energy density >400 Whr/kg for the overall battery. The use of a lightweight lithium metal anode results in a battery with an estimated specific gravity approaching 1. The pressure tolerant battery design allows the case to preferentially deform to compensate for increasing pressure and also accounts for the internal volume change during battery discharge. The solid electrolyte separator prevents lithium dendrites from shorting the battery during recharge significantly increasing the safety margin, inherent in alkali metal batteries.

 CERAMATEC, INC. 2425 South 900 West Salt Lake City, UT 84119 (801) 978-2176 PI: Mr. Joseph Hartvigsen (801) 978-2163 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0388 IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY PO. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID IDAHO FALLS, ID 83415 (208) 526-9049 ID#: N074-027-0031 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-027       Awarded: 06/14/07 Title: Designer Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst Supports and Active Compound Application Process Abstract:   Ceramatec and the Idaho National Laboratory will develop a hybrid bi-functional catalyst for the selective production of JP5 range diesel fuels. Standard Fischer Tropsch catalysts and reaction conditions result in a broad distribution of products. Catalyst performance is dependent on both composition and microstructure, and microstructure is the result of processing history. Processing variations will address both the catalyst support preparation, and the deposition of the catalytic metal oxides within the support structure. The overall phase I objective is to produce, characterize and operate a catalyst that is more selective, active and stable or enduring. Catalyst physical properties and activity will be characterized, then demonstrated in a modular reactor design.

 CFD RESEARCH CORP. 215 Wynn Dr., 5th Floor Huntsville, AL 35805 (256) 726-4884 PI: Dr. Vernon Cole (256) 726-4852 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0398 NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATOR 1617 Cole Blvd Golden, CO 80401 (303) 275-4465 ID#: N074-029-0177 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-029       Awarded: 07/10/07 Title: Multi-Resolution Design Tool for Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Fluidic Systems Abstract:   The Navy's vision for an integrated electric warship implies generation of large amounts of energy for weaponry and sensors, with consequent challenges for thermal and power management system optimization. A predictive, rapid, accurate thermal analysis design tool will enable design of the critical thermal and power management systems. We propose to develop an innovative System-Level Thermo-Fluidic Engineering design software to meet this need. Here, the warship thermal system will be quickly assembled from a library of key components, then analyzed and optimized using a fast, accurate compact model based system solver. In Phase I, detailed physics-based models for two-phase heat transfer will be developed and validated for two-phase cooling components, namely spray cooling and microchannel heat sinks, and a multi-scale system-level modeling tool platform will be selected. Phase II will focus on development and characterization of reduced models of components. Interfaces between detailed and compact models will be developed, for high fidelity analysis of a selected component with dynamic linking to other system components during both component- and system-level optimization. A highly qualified team has been assembled from CFDRC, the technology leader in multiscale thermo-fluidic simulations, and NREL, a leader in advanced thermal control technology development, for this proposed effort.

 CHESAPEAKE SCIENCES CORP. 1127B Benfield Blvd. Millersville, MD 21108 (410) 923-1300 PI: Mr. Richard Maio (410) 923-1300 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0461 APL-UW 1013 NE 40th Street Seattle, WA 98105 (206) 543-1267 ID#: N074-035-0356 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-035       Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: Advanced Continuous Transmission Sonar (ACTS) System for Torpedo Defense Abstract:   Torpedo defense sonar for our high value ships needs to be fast reacting to accurately detect, classify and localize targets. To accomplish this goal an active sonar is required. Sonar projector source levels need to be high to compensate for low torpedo target strength levels. These requirements lead to large and costly systems with high output levels that adversely affect mammals in the operating area and with weight, size, and drag that make towing difficult. A lower power, more compact, less expensive active sonar is needed to meet torpedo defense system objectives. Continuous Transmit (CT) active sonars are an alternative to high powered pulsed sonars. CT sonars trade-off high power pulsed transmissions for a low power continuous (i.e., 100% duty cycle) transmission. CT sonar has the ability to provide high signal-to-noise ratio at the receiver while requiring substantially lower transmitted power and correspondingly smaller transmitters than an equivalent performance pulsed sonar. The CT sonar also provides faster update rates, which results in faster and better tracking solutions. In addition to torpedo defense, the benefits of CT sonar technology have broad application to US Navy sonars.

 COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC. 6210 Keller's Church Road Pipersville, PA 18947 (215) 766-1520 PI: Mr. Neeraj Sinha (215) 766-1520 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0353 NCPA University of Mississippi University, MS 38677 (662) 915-5630 ID#: N074-001-0091 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Accurate Computational Prediction of Headed Plume Characteristics Emanating from Non-Conventional Exit Shapes in a Cross Wind Environment Abstract:   A Phase I program is proposed which lays the groundwork for validation of CFD to accurately model heated exhaust plume discharge from non-conventional exit configurations into low-speed crosswinds. A key component of the Phase I effort is development of a detailed experimental plan to acquire high-fidelity CFD validation data for heated plumes in more complex low-speed flows. The sensitivity of plume transport to various parameters such as exhaust configuration, temperature and velocity ratio, freestream turbulence, and flow field obstructions will be considered. The experimental program will take advantage of a well-established synergy between CRAFT Tech and the National Center for Physical Acoustics (NCPA) at the University of Mississippi. Experiments will be planned for NCPA's low-speed wind tunnel, utilizing their extensive data acquisition experience in turbulent flows, and on-site model fabrication capabilities. As part of Phase I, CRAFT Tech's CFD methods, which are well validated for conventional plume predictions in realistic flows, will be applied to heated plumes in more complicated exhaust configurations, to demonstrate their capabilities. The Phase I work will set the stage for a comprehensive experimental program and CFD validation effort, with exhaust configurations of interest to the US Navy, to be performed in Phase II.

 COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC. 6210 Keller's Church Road Pipersville, PA 18947 (215) 766-1520 PI: Mr. Jeremy D. Shipman (215) 766-1520 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0401 UNIV. OF FLORIDA-REEF Dept. of Mech and Aero Eng Shalimar, FL 32579 (850) 833-9350 ID#: N074-004-0095 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Autonomous UAV Aerodynamic Performance Analysis for the Near-Ship Environment Abstract:   The proposed research program aims to develop an efficient, high-fidelity simulation tool for ship-board flight testing of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that provides a computational testbed for UAV design, autonomous control system design, and UAV/Ship integration analysis. The envisioned flight simulation approach will employ a library of existing high fidelity ship airwake datasets generated via CFD, coupled to a reduced-order aerodynamic model by an unsteady boundary condition. Offline models for the rotor disk loading, autonomous controllers, etc., can be linked to the aerodynamic model to predict the reaction of the UAV system to the unsteady ship airwake environment. Phase I will develop and demonstrate a simulation approach for a small UAV configuration recovering to a ship. Reduced-order aerodynamic modeling approaches including panel methods, one-way coupled Euler CFD, and one-way coupled Navier-Stokes CFD, will be evaluated. The relative fidelity and efficiency of the three approaches will be compared to a fully coupled CFD simulation of the same UAV/Ship combination. Experiments will be performed to demonstrate the capabilities to gather detailed data for validation of the numerical models. The proposing team consists of CRAFT Tech and Prof. Lawrence Ukeiley of the Research and Engineering Education Facility (REEF) at the University of Florida.

 COMBUSTION RESEARCH & FLOW TECHNOLOGY, INC. 6210 Keller's Church Road Pipersville, PA 18947 (215) 766-1520 PI: Mr. Neeraj Sinha (215) 766-1520 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0403 UNIV. OF MINNESOTA 107 Akerman Hall Minneapolis, MN 55455 (612) 625-2364 ID#: N074-011-0096 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-011       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Inlet Design and Performance for Supersonic Cruise/Hypersonic Operation Vehicles Abstract:   Our proposal addresses the enhancement of design capabilities for supersonic inlets using advanced CFD methodology integrated with efficient design-optimization procedures in an automated, GUI driven framework. Three-dimensional CFD solvers, coupled with design optimization techniques, can now reliably refine initial geometries to produce robust, high performance inlet designs accounting for complex viscous/inviscid interactions. This team of CRAFT Tech and the University of Minnesota are leaders in the design and analysis of hypersonic scramjets. Many of the problems associated with supersonic inlets exist at higher speeds and present capabilities of the team provide a significant head start at addressing the problem. In Phase I, we will be focused on benchmarking the CFD codes to analyze an inlet of interest to the Navy, and initiating the development of an optimization tool specialized for varied inlet designs. Features such as automated grid generation, grid refinement and load rebalancing will be part of this GUI drive framework. We will demonstrate the design optimization methodology to improve the performance of one of the inlets analyzed having features typical of current designs.

 CONTROLLED DYNAMICS, INC. 11362 Kelly Lane Los Alamitos, CA 90720 (562) 735-3065 PI: Dr. Scott Green (562) 735-3065 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0448 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-6671 ID#: N074-007-0093 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-007       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Precision Stabilization of a Ball Joint Gimbaled (BJG) Mirror Abstract:   BJG mirror systems provide a significant cost reduction for advanced weapon seeker applications. Using a new generation of signal processing, advanced embedded algorithms, and low-cost MEMS inertial sensors, the team of CDI and Professor Kevin Craig from Rensselaer propose an integrated control/estimation design that will achieve an order-of-magnitude improvement in pointing and stabilization for BJG systems operating in dynamic environments. This improved, affordable precision enables advanced weapon seekers to use sensors with longer focal lengths and higher resolution, providing better target discrimination, identification, tracking, and target state estimation. The Phase I effort will address the 4 fundamental challenges confronting feed-forward stabilization of the high slew-rate BJG mirrors: (1) base motion disturbance rejection, (2) feed-forward latency correction, (3) drive mechanism compliance correction, and (4) high slew-rate encoder tracking. Through the application of techniques and embedded algorithms proven on numerous stabilized mirror systems and high-slew rate compliant structures, the CDI/Rensselaer team will reliably demonstrate 10's of microradian-rms stabilization and 1 micro-inch (0.32microradian) mirror pointing capabilities under the required temperature, vibration, shock and dynamic steering conditions. The architecture and algorithms developed in Phase I will be embedded and tested on a DSP during the Phase I option, allowing for reuse of common software and enabling rapid integration for prototype testing on a BJG system in Phase II.

 CREARE, INC. P.O. Box 71 Hanover, NH 03755 (603) 643-3800 PI: Patrick J. Magari (603) 643-3800 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0427 DARTMOUTH MEDICAL SCHOOL One Medical Center Drive Lebanon, NH 03756 (603) 650-6012 ID#: N074-038-0189 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-038       Awarded: 07/18/07 Title: Non-Invasive Bubble Detection in Tissue Abstract:   Despite decades of research, there are numerous unanswered questions regarding the genesis, evolution, prevention, and treatment of decompression sickness (DCS), a serious risk for individuals exposed to large environmental pressure changes such as divers, rescued submariners, aviators, and astronauts. It is generally believed that micronuclei existing in tissue play a key role in the genesis and evolution of DCS. This belief is based on indirect evidence, as no method for directly measuring tissue micronuclei currently exists. The size, shape, occurrence, and stabilizing mechanism of tissue micronuclei are not well characterized. The ability to directly measure micronuclei could lead to revolutionary advances in the ability to predict, prevent, and treat DCS. We propose to apply emerging high-resolution imaging technologies to directly measure tissue micronuclei. During Phase I, we will perform high-resolution scans to characterize micronuclei in laboratory phantoms and in animal tissue. The data generated will provide fundamental insight into the nature of tissue micronuclei, and can also be used for the optimization of other bubble detection methods, such as dual-frequency ultrasound. In Phase II, we will perform micronuclei characterization in live human tissue and will also develop a system appropriate for real-time micronuclei monitoring in an operational environment.

 D & S CONSULTANTS, INC. P.O. Box 7259 Freehold, NJ 07728 (732) 542-3113 PI: Mr. Alex Zislin (732) 542-3110 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0446 THE COLLEGE OF NEW JERSEY 2000 Pennington Road Ewing, NJ 08628 (609) 771-2470 ID#: N074-007-0402 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-007       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Precision Stabilization of a Ball Joint Gimbaled (BJG) Mirror Abstract:   A novel non-contact approach is proposed for the direct measurement of mirror or antenna angular displacement in azimuth and elevation. This approach is uniquely suited for implementation in systems where the angular displacement is estimated or implied by an indirect method that has inherent error sources limiting the ultimate achievable accuracy. The error for the proposed measurement system has its' lower bound defined by the capability to process the output of a detector to the equivalent of a subpixel level. The direct angular measurement provides an accurate feedback signal to the overall control loop(s) turning the system into a position feedback configuration. Since the measurement is non-mechanical, and the processing can be relatively simple, the feedback component can be high bandwidth introducing very little if any additional phase shift into the control loops, thus keeping the original system's rapid response intact.

 DESIGN INTERACTIVE, INC. 1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110 Oviedo, FL 32765 (407) 706-0977 PI: Dr. Kelly Hale (407) 706-0977 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0315 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA IEMS Orlando, FL 32816 (407) 823-0221 ID#: N074-028-0345 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-028       Awarded: 05/23/07 Title: Physiological-based tools for virtual environment fidelity design guidance Abstract:   While early theory suggested training systems would only transfer knowledge and skills to the degree that they were similar to the real world, recent research suggests required fidelity of training systems is dependent upon skills and behaviors associated with targeted training objectives -- fidelity of cues not associated with those objectives can be decreased without affecting training transfer. The Training Effectiveness Evaluation with Neurophysiological Metrics: Fidelity Assessment of VE Training Systems (TEE-FAST) framework herein proposed will build upon current theoretical frameworks for assessing VE system fidelity. The TEE-FAST framework will be grounded in a contextually-rich task analysis to derive training objectives, cue and cue fidelity experienced in the real work, and will incorporate behavioral and physiological measures to empirically evaluate operator performance and experience in a VE compared to the operational environment. Phase I work will collect cue fidelity information from operational and VE, identify physiological markers that encapsulate affective responses, develop the TEE-FAST framework to drive fidelity evaluations, and develop initial algorithms that will 1) compare the degree that there are theoretical mismatches, 2) compare the degree that there are response mismatches, and 3) identify potential causes of response mismatches and provide system design guidance to decrease the mismatch.

 DIAMOND VISIONICS LLC 400 Plaza Drive, Suite-A Vestal, NY 13850 (607) 729-8616 PI: Mr. Timothy Woodard (607) 729-8526 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0296 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA 12201 Research Parkway Orlando, FL 32826 (407) 823-4757 ID#: N074-005-0062 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Automated Texture Synthesis from Multi-spectral Satellite Imagery Abstract:   In the past, visual database development was a labor-intensive process. As newly available satellite imagery became available, databases would have to be rebuilt to incorporate updates. More recently, Diamond Visionics has developed technology to address this need, allowing for source data, including satellite imagery, to be easily integrated into visual simulation databases at runtime without requiring manual intervention. This technology, based on highly efficient spatial indexing methods, eliminates the need for extensive offline processing by leveraging the capabilities of multi-core CPU's and GPU's . However, because this technology utilizes the provided imagery data without alteration, the resulting database fidelity reflects the quality of the source imagery. We propose the development of an advanced system with the capability to seamlessly and dynamically integrate and enhance photo-textures derived from satellite imagery with fully synthesized terrain imagery and 3-D feature textures. The proposed system would effectively increase the fidelity of provided imagery without requiring manual intervention, as well as synthesize the expanded geographic coverage of the provided imagery. The proposed solution will allow complete run-time control over lighting, shading, modulation, and seasonal changes. The system will also control the integration of the satellite textures with the synthetic 3-D terrain and textures.

 ELTRON RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, INC. 4600 Nautilus Court South Boulder, CO 80301 (303) 530-0263 PI: Dr. Dan Fraenkel (303) 530-0263 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0394 FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 150 West University Blvd. Melbourne, FL 32901 (321) 674-8043 ID#: N074-027-0323 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-027       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Selective Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst for Producing C9-C16 Hydrocarbons Abstract:   A conceptual Fischer-Tropsch (FT) based process is proposed for converting synthesis gas to C9 C16 hydrocarbons suitable for Navy use as synthetic JP5 fuel. We shall develop an advanced FT catalyst selective for C5-C8 olefins that will be subsequently dimerized to C10-C16; optionally, the process will include product upgrading, e.g., partial reduction. Phase I will investigate in parallel two crucial issues: (1) Development of a suitable FT catalyst based on zeolite supported ruthenium (at Eltron), and (2) Design of a novel FT multi-channel reactor (MCR) with ultra-efficient heat removal capability for near-isothermal operation at relatively low temperature and high pressure (at Florida Institute of Technology). The developed catalyst will first be tested for its potential in the proposed performance using a packed-bed mini-reactor with highly efficient heat removal; initial MCR testing will follow. Phase II will investigate full operation of the MCR, the dimerization reaction, and product separation, recycle and upgrading; more catalyst development will include aging and regeneration studies in addition to optimization, full characterization, and scale-up. Successful Phase I and II will lead to Phase III -- building and operating a fully-integrated prototype JP5 FT mini-plant based on syngas from natural gas reforming.

 EM PHOTONICS, INC. 51 East Main Street Newark, DE 19711 (302) 456-9003 PI: Dr. James Durbano (302) 456-9003 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0402 PENN STATE UNIV. 233M HAMMOND BLDG University Park, PA 16802 (814) 865-1172 ID#: N074-004-0297 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Accelerator for UAV Modeling in Near-Ship Environments Based on Commodity Graphics Cards Abstract:   UAVS (Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle System) integration with naval vessels is currently realized in limited form. This is largely due to the fact that the operational envelopes of these vehicles are based solely on at-sea flight testing. In addition to the complexities involved with at-sea flight testing, the unsteady nature of ship-airwakes and the use of automated UAV control software necessitates that these tests be extremely conservative in nature. Instead of flight testing, modeling and simulation could be used to predict UAV operation under these conditions. Unfortunately, the computational requirements for a fully-coupled computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solution render such an approach impractical. To overcome this limitation requires the creation of simulators that model the full level of detail required but have drastically reduced run times. To overcome these obstacles requires a two-pronged approach: algorithmic improvements and implementation improvements. In this project, we address both of these needs. We will create a solver by coupling the combined computational aeroacoustic (CAA) method with more traditional CFD algorithms and implement it on commodity graphics cards to reduce computation times by orders of magnitude. The result will be a tool for the rapid and accurate simulations analysis of UAVs in near-ship environments.

 ETRACIA LLC 111 28TH AVE N Fargo, ND 58105 (701) 491-1873 PI: Dr. Douglas B.Chrisey (518) 276-3303 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0383 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-4873 ID#: N074-016-0023 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 05/31/07 Title: Dynamic Data Transducer Acquisition System Abstract:   The proposed STTR will develop a shock-hardened, autonomous, miniature, wireless multi-channel data acquisition system that is installed in payloads launched from various platforms. The system will be designed to survive impact loads at least ten times higher than those specified in the program solicitation and will also exceed the size and weight constraints for the final design. eTracia has defined a design approach for a Phase I program that will develop and refine the technical concepts based upon our existing hardware and firmware. In particular, the proposed system architecture will incorporate reconfigurable methodologies for the dynamic recognition, characterization, and accommodation of a plethora of sensors. Moreover, our architecture establishes a new design foundation that will allow for self biasing without human intervention. The package design will be based on our proprietary 3-D package (Cube), and will be used in Phase II to manufacture and test a prototype device. The 3-D structure of Cube substantially minimizes the damaging effects of shock loads thus providing an ideal packaging solution for extremely shock-hardened, self-contained microelectronic modules for military and commercial applications. The package design will be supported and the survivability validated by an extensive research effort utilizing the latest developments of the FEA.

 ETREMA PRODUCTS, INC. 2500 N. Loop Drive Ames, IA 50010 (515) 296-8030 PI: Dr. Julie Slaughter (515) 296-8030 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0459 APPLIED RESEARCH LABORATORY AT THE P.O. Box 30 State College, PA 16804 (814) 863-4430 ID#: N074-035-0174 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-035       Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: Low-cost, low frequency slotted cylinder transducer Abstract:   Current ASW missions require low frequency off-board sound sources that can operate monostatically or bistatically. Since these sources may or may not be recoverable, and may require a substantial number to cover the designated operating areas, the low frequency source transducers also need to be low cost. The team of Etrema Products and Applied Research Laboratory at The Pennsylvania State University (ARL Penn State) propose using magnetostrictive Galfenol, an iron-gallium alloy, in low frequency transducer devices to produce compact, high acoustic performance transducers at relatively low production costs. Galfenol is uniquely suited for use in low frequency transducers because of its formability, relatively high tensile strength, and relatively high magnetic permeability all of which allow the use of complex shapes to drive transducers. Two Galfenol spring transducer concepts will be investigated: a slotted cylinder transducer with a Gaflenol spring instead of a piezoceramic driver, and a simple double or four headed piston with Galfenol spring drivers. Both these concepts are potentially low-cost, high performance transducer that can reach source levels in excess of 210 dB, resonant frequency less than 1 kHz, and bandwidth greater than 200 Hz.

 ETREMA PRODUCTS, INC. 2500 N. Loop Drive Ames, IA 50010 (515) 296-8030 PI: Dr. Julie Slaughter (515) 296-8030 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0463 APPLIED RESEARCH LABORATORY AT THE P.O. Box 30 State College, PA 16804 (814) 865-0190 ID#: N074-035-0175 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-035       Awarded: 07/01/07 Title: Variable Compliance Split Ring Transducer Abstract:   The size of conventional split ring transducers is much smaller than a wavelength at operating frequency leading to a high Q resonance and limited operating bandwidth. The proposed work will investigate two different modifications to the split ring structure that allow its resonance frequency to be adjusted under active control so that it is always operated at or near its resonance. Because the transducer is always operated at resonance, the phase of its input impedance is approximately constant, vastly simplifying the design of the transmit power amplifier and reducing the size and weight of the system. A high Q system is desirable for an actively tuned system resulting in very high efficiency and allowing the use of less expensive shell materials. The first concept for a variable compliance transducer would replace a section of the shell near the hinge with a magnetostrictive portion; the compliance would be adjusted using the "Delta E" effect which changes modulus of the active material with stress and magnetic state and thus shifts the transducer resonance. The second concept utilizes stiffening members located near the hinge of the ring; the stiffening members are selectively actuated to change the compliance of the ring and shift the transducer resonance. Both these concepts are broadband, efficient transducers that can reach source levels in excess of 210 dB, resonant frequency less than 1 kHz, and bandwidth greater than 200 Hz.

 EXPERT MICROSYSTEMS, INC. 7932 Country Trail Drive Orangevale, CA 95662 (916) 989-2018 PI: Mr. Randall L. Bickford (916) 989-2018 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0414 UNIV. OF HAWAII AT MANOA HI Natural Energy Institute Honolulu, HI 96822 (808) 956-2339 ID#: N074-002-0245 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 08/03/07 Title: Advanced Service Life Management for Military Aircraft Batteries Abstract:   We will provide an automated, highly accurate, extensible, real-time diagnostic and prognostic decision making tool that predicts when military aircraft batteries will fail to meet service requirements. Incipient fault-to-failure progression characteristics will be identified to develop verifiable prognostic models driven by existing parameters and observable diagnostic events in combination with other system state information. We will distinguish between normal battery aging and slow failure modes. Accurate remaining useful life predictions will be facilitated and enhanced by our proven, modular, open architecture that encourages use of multiple prediction and detection models, including physics-of-failure and statistical methods. False alarms will be reduced significantly using our patented mode partitioning technology which recognizes distinct operating states and does not alarm when changing between modes. We will integrate new data management features for accumulating individualized operating performance and stressor time histories automatically and efficiently. Top-tier military aircraft managing contractors and battery vendors will provide feedback. Proven software, system knowledge, and data gained from prior successful PHM USAF SBIR work will enhance and expedite our performance on this Navy project.

 FASTVDO LLC 7150 Riverwood Dr. Columbia, MD 21046 (410) 309-6066 PI: Dr. Pankaj Topiwala (410) 309-6066 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0436 UNIV. OF ARKANSAS College of Engineering, Fayetteville, AK 72701 (479) 575-5728 ID#: N074-024-0431 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-024       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Distributed Co-operative Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) Using Multiple Low Resolution Sensors Abstract:   ATR has traditionally been the domain of expensive, one-of-a-kind, high-resolution sensors (whether EO/IR, SAR, HSI, HRR, or other) - along with distinctly high-performance, one-of-a-kind processing capability (racks of workstations/boards). Examples include JointStars, WarHorse, and SHARP. With planned deployment of swarms of smaller (or miniature) sensor platforms, each with low-resolution sensors and very limited processing capability, the tasks of obtaining valuable ATR-grade sensor information - and performing that ATR - emerge as daunting challenges. Any one system may be inadequate, indicating cross-platform coordination is needed. Distributed processing is required, but at the cost of increased latency and significant bandwidth requirements.

 FRICTION STIR LINK, INC. W227 N546 Westmound Drive Waukesha, WI 53186 (262) 522-6680 PI: Mr. Christopher B. Smith (262) 522-6680 Contract #: UNIV. OF WISCONSIN - MADISON Dept. of Mechanical Eng. Madison, WI 53706 (608) 263-2668 ID#: N074-032-0250 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-032       Selected for Award Title: Portable Friction Stir Welding Technology for Aluminum Fabrication Abstract:   Friction Stir Welding (FSW) has been demonstrated to provide significant benefit for Naval applications. However, its use has been limited to fabrication of panels, because no portable multi-axis FSW solution exists. If FSW could be used for in situ fabrication of complex assemblies, significant further benefits could be realized, including cost reduction and improved quality (significantly less distortion). However, there are technical challenges that must be solved to be able to realize this use of FSW. One of the most significant technical challenges, which will be addressed in this project, is to develop a system that is capable of managing the significant variation (part location, gaps, mismatch, etc.) that occurs in this application. A flexible, adaptable, and portable solution is required which maximizes manual control and simplifies setup and breakdown. One other important area of development which will be addressed is to reduce the forces required to perform FSW. This will help improve the chances of implementation of a portable FSW solution.

 GEM POWER, LLC 10444 Corporate Drive Redlands, CA 92374 (909) 796-9089 PI: Mr. John E. James (909) 796-9089 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0413 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, RIVERSIDE CE-CERT 022 Riverside, CA 92521 (951) 781-5782 ID#: N074-002-0179 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Aircraft Battery Diagnostic and Prognostic System Abstract:   Batteries are used to perform such mission critical functions as; start engines and auxiliary power units (power requirement), provide emergency back-up power for essential avionics equipment (energy requirement) and assure ground power capability for maintenance and preflight checkout. GEM Power, LLC will demonstrate the feasibility of the development and integration of an on-board passive diagnostic and prognostic technology for the F/A-18 aircraft and its M8565/4-1 batteries. This approach will result in batteries being used for their full useful life and identify batteries in need of replacement prior to battery and equipment failure. Unscheduled down time and associated costs will be eliminated while mission readiness and safety are increased. Using the diagnostic and prognostic algorithms developed for its battery charging technology as the foundation, GEM Power will develop the algorithmic approach for a passive monitoring system that would "listen" to signals between the battery and the various on-board devices being powered to determine battery airworthiness. The University of California Riverside's College of Engineering-Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT) will provide software development and hardware recommendations for implementation of the overall passive system. Information as to the electrical requirements and configuration of the F/A-18 will be provided by Boeing Phantom Works.

 HYPRES., INC. 175 Clearbrook Road Elmsford, NY 10523 (914) 592-1190 PI: Dr. Sergey Tolpygo (914) 592-1190 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0369 SUNY - STONY BROOK SUNY - Stony Brook Stony Brook, NY 11794 (631) 632-9949 ID#: N074-018-0350 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-018       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Wafer Bumping for Ultra-High Data Transfer Rates in Multi-Chip Modules with Superconducting Integrated Circuits Abstract:   Superconducting integrated circuits (ICx) have recently demonstrated record breaking performances in direct digitization and channeling of RF signals for military and satellite communications in frequency bands from HF to X-band (8-12 GHz) Superconducting ICs offer unparalleled clock frequency of 30 GHz that very soon is going to be increased above 50 GHz allowing for a direct digitization of signals in the K-band (12-18 GHz), K-band (18-26 GHz), and beyond. Multi-channel all-digital RF receivers and other complex RF systems for the Navy, Army and other DoD components can be built by using mult-chip modules. This requires multiple chips on the module to communicate at full clock rates (>20 GHz) and with low cross-talk. The existing techniques of bumping individual superconducting chips is a slow and low yield manual process based on molten solder dipping. It is proposed to develop and transer to HYPRES a technology of the wafer-scale bumping based on bump evaporation (base) and bump electroplating (option) that would allow for a data transfer rates between superconducting chips in excess of 100 Gb/s with high fidelity and yield. It is also proposed to research and transfer the methods of modeling, experimental evaluation and optimization of high-frequency parameters of bump bonds.

 ILLINOISROCSTAR LLC 706 Ashton Lane North Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 417-0885 PI: Mr. William Dick (217) 417-0885 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0355 UNIV. OF ILLINOIS AT U-C 1901 South First Street Champaign, IL 61820 (217) 333-2187 ID#: N074-001-0125 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Experimental and Computational Investigation of Nozzles in a Crosswind Environment Abstract:   An integrated experimental and computational investigation of non-conventional nozzles and series of nozzles in crosswind environments is proposed. The experiments will be conducted at the University of Illinois and will provide a validation test bed for numerical simulations. High-fidelity three-dimensional simulations will be conducted using the proprietary framework Rocstar. This experimental and computational framework includes meshing capabilities and has flexibility sufficient to investigate a variety of nozzle configurations under varying conditions. We propose validated simulations of elliptical nozzles with aspect ratios of up to 20:1, exhaust-to-ambient temperature ratios of two to ten, momentum exhaust-to-ambient ratios of one to five, and nozzles in individual or group configurations. A powerful and unique visualization tool, Rocketeer, will be used to provide high quality, 3-D movies and graphics of computational results enabling users to better understand plume structure and characteristics.

 IMPACT TECHNOLOGIES, LLC 200 Canal View Blvd Rochester, NY 14623 (585) 424-1990 PI: Mr. Carl S. Byington, P.E. (585) 424-1990 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0411 PENN STATE ARL PO Box 30 State College, PA 16804 (814) 863-3991 ID#: N074-002-0161 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Prognostics and Health Management for Aircraft Batteries Abstract:   Impact Technologies, in collaboration with the Penn State Applied Research Laboratory, proposes to develop and demonstrate a prognostic health management system for aircraft batteries that accounts for environmental effects, charge/discharge characteristics, and directly compensates for battery design. A feature processing methodology will be implemented with several automated reasoning approaches to determine the State-of-Charge of the battery under a range of conditions. Diagnostic routines will assess the likelihood and severity of battery failure modes by relating current values to known health regions in feature space and producing a suitable ranking. These health states will then be projected to known failure regions, using the planned usage/operation of the battery, to determine the remaining discharge time and useful life remaining. In addition, a usage-based approach will complement this core feature-based prognostics methodology and fusion will be used to provide a robust prediction with reportable accuracy metrics. Implementation of this technology will give clear insight into the battery health and allow proper maintenance to be efficiently planned and correctly performed. Phase I will demonstrate the feasibility of the architecture and associated hardware/software elements. Phase II will address a full development program, transition plan, and verification strategy consistent with NAVAIR needs in rotary and fixed wing assets.

 INFOSCITEX CORP. 303 Bear Hill Road Waltham, MA 02451 (781) 890-1338 PI: Dr. Lebzy Gonzalez (781) 890-1338 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0336 UNIV. OF DAYTON Research Institute Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 229-2919 ID#: N074-012-0215 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-012       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Super-Tough Transparencies for Lightweight Aircraft Canopies Abstract:   The military and commercial aviation industries are continually seeking material technologies that will help reduce the weight of aircraft. Aircraft canopies, traditionally built from glass, have been mostly replaced with complex thermoplastic laminates that do not serve a structural role. In this proposal, the IST team seeks to demonstrate the potential improvements in energy absorption that can be achieved by using a novel material system that incorporates a weatherable nanocomposite coating. The Phase I work plan entails optimization of the optical properties of panels via changes in the process conditions and the evaluation of mechanical deformation at very high strain-rates (100/s). At the end of Phase I we will deliver a direct comparison between the optical and impact properties of our novel material technology and conventional transparencies. A potential Phase II program would include design, simulation, fabrication, and impact testing of a full-sized prototype.

 INNOVATIVE RESEARCH, INC. 3025 Harbor Lane N, Suite 300 Plymouth, MN 55447 (763) 519-0105 PI: Dr. Kanchan M. Kelkar (763) 519-0105 Contract #: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORP. 505 10th Street, NW Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-6929 ID#: N074-029-0158 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-029       Selected for Award Title: Computational Modeling of Two-Phase Cooling Systems for Future Generation Electronics Abstract:   The overall objective of the proposed research is to develop a comprehensive, efficient, and well-validated computational method for the prediction of thermodynamic and hydrodynamic performance of various types of two-phase cooling systems for next generation electronics. The proposed computational method will use a novel two-level approach that involves a system-level solution with an embedded component-level calculation. The component-specific solution of the conservation equations subject to the prevailing inlet conditions and thermal boundary conditions will be used for determining the overall flow and thermal characteristics. The system-level solution will utilize these component characteristics to predict the system performance in a generalized manner. Component models will be developed for Finned-tube Condensers and Evaporators, Microchannel Heat Sinks, Spray Cooled Devices, Pumps, and Accumulators. Phase I effort will demonstrate the feasibility of developing the computational method and its utility through its application to the analysis of a practical Microchannel-Heat-Sink-Based two-phase system. An extensive literature search will be undertaken to construct a set of correlations for local characterization of two-phase flows for use in component-level analysis. Phase II research will involve generalization of the computational method for the analysis of complex two-phase cooling systems and validation of the models using experimental measurements.

 INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC. 15400 Calhoun Drive Rockville, MD 20855 (301) 294-5221 PI: Dr. Margaret Lyell (301) 294-5223 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0340 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA 3280 Progress Drive Orlando, FL 32826 (407) 882-1300 ID#: N074-023-0218 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-023       Awarded: 07/12/07 Title: Dynamical Systems Tools for Team Performance Assessment and Enhancement Abstract:   The ability of a team to perform well under mission pressures can mean not only difference between mission success and failure but can also impact team safety. Effective training is a key element of building effective team performance. One outstanding need is to ensure that teams are trained on relevant skills and that team performance is assessed realistically. Past research efforts have naturally focused on team communication with attention to the structure of discourse. The overarching goal of this proposal is to support trainers in effectively utilizing this body of research through our innovative development of performance metrics that are based on the methodologies of flow analyses of team discourse, expressed in the language of dynamical systems analysis. The dynamical systems analysis approach allows metrics to be developed that take into account the temporal nature of team interactions. In order to utilize the performance metrics effectively, we propose to develop the Team Performance Assessment and Enhancement (TPAE) Workbench, will allow dynamical systems algorithms to be applied to the datasets formed by the flow analyses. Training can then take advantage of fast feedback that is obtainable through application of the dynamical systems analysis algorithms that are hosted in the TPAE Workbench.

 INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC. 15400 Calhoun Drive Rockville, MD 20855 (301) 297-5227 PI: Dr. Chujen Lin (301) 294-5236 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0422 PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV. 202 Electrical Engineering Eas University Park, PA 16802 (814) 863-2606 ID#: N074-025-0296 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-025       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: RCASS System Design and Analysis for UAV Applications Abstract:   The innovation of this project is a radar based collision avoidance sensor suite (RCASS) that allows small autonomous UAVs to detect cooperative and non-cooperative targets in air spaces co-located with manned air space. The targeted host platforms are small UAVs with 11 foot or shorter wingspans. The proposed RCASS is effective against all air traffic, with or without transponder-based collision avoidance systems such as TCAS or ADS-B. It is even effective for stationary structures such as buildings and towers. It is based on the standard ADS-B signal so no additional spectrum is needed and can leverage many commercial off-the-shelf components in existing transponders. The proposed RCASS does not require modifications to the external air traffic control system in CONUS or worldwide. Therefore, the proposed RCASS should be easier to get FAA's approval and its development and manufacturing cost can be very inexpensive. The proposed RCASS will include omni-directional Radar that can detect the intruder airplane's from all directions (azimuth and elevation) and it will update and maintain its own internal map of the neighborhood air picture, as well as optimizing its actual 3-D trajectory path with its pre-planned 3-D trajectory as a constraint.

 INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC. 15400 Calhoun Drive Rockville, MD 20855 (301) 294-5221 PI: Dr. Genshe Chen (301) 294-5218 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0454 RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 110 8th Street Troy, NY 12180 (518) 276-6000 ID#: N074-034-0373 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-034       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: A Robust Non-cooperative Face/Iris Recognition Scheme from a Distance in Maritime Domain Abstract:   Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI), its academic partner, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with Dr. Qiang Ji as the lead and its industrial partner Sarnoff Corporation with Dr. James R. Matey as the lead, propose a robust, automatic, innovative scheme for face recognition from a distance of as far as 50m and iris recognition from a distance of upto 10m to be used in maritime domain for recognition of non-cooperative individuals in real-time. The image sensors of the proposed face and iris recognition scheme consist of a dual camera system. One of the cameras is a low-resolution CCD camera. The image obtained from this camera is used for detecting and continuously multitracking potential targets within the wide field of view (WFOV). The second camera provides narrow field of view (NFOV) image (CCD or NIR camera). Different from the WFOV camera, this camera provides a high-resolution image enabling eye detection (as far as 50m) and iris recognition from distances up to 10m. In the proposed scheme, a multimodality fusion approach is also proposed for fusing the face and iris biometrics. The proposed face recognition scheme can be made functional for day and night operations (24/7) by replacing the CCD cameras with high-resolution long-distance infrared cameras.

 INTRAMICRON, INC. P.O. Box 59586 Birmingham, AL 35259 (205) 249-8365 PI: Dr. Bruce J. Tatarchuk (334) 844-2023 Contract #: AUBURN UNIV. 316 Ross Hall Auburn University, AL 36849 (334) 844-2023 ID#: N074-027-0054 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-027       Selected for Award Title: Analysis & Adaptation of Advanced Fischer Tropsch Catalyst Structures and Resulting BOP Reductions to Fulfill Future Navy Fuel Needs Abstract:   Microfibrous Entrapped Catalysts (MFEC) are proposed for detailed analysis to determine their potential to meet future Navy fuel needs by means of highly selective Fischer Tropsch Synthesis (FTS). MFEC are comprised of small grains of supported catalysts (ca. 10-200 micron diameter) entrapped within sinter-locked networks of micron diameter metal fibers. Metal fibers comprise only 5-10 vol% of the solid matrix, yet increase effective thermal conductivity by 3 to 12 times compared to packed beds. High conductivity catalysts in a variety of reactor structures will be investigated as a means to reduce hot spots and thereby improve FTS selectivity. Improved selectivity and reduced downstream post-processing are critical to reductions in the Balance of Plant (BOP). Reduced BOP improves modularity and ease of deployment. MFEC are readily manufacturable and provide high effective heat transfer and high intraparticle & intrabed mass transport. MFEC combine the beneficial attributes of orientation independent "frozen fluidized beds" as well as "fixed slurry beds" not requiring difficult catalyst-product separations. Process modeling will also be conducted to determine those catalyst structures, reactor types, operating conditions, and integrated designs which have the greatest impact on feed flexibility, product selectivity, process robustness, modularity, thermodynamic efficiency, annualized operating costs, and BOP.

 INVOCON, INC. 19221 IH-45 South, Ste. 530 Conroe, TX 77385 (281) 292-9903 PI: Mr. Paul Zymowski (281) 292-9903 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0386 UNIV. OF MARYLAND 3112 Lee Building College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-5264 ID#: N074-016-0304 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 05/31/07 Title: High Impact G-Loading Data Acquisition System (HI-G-DAS) Abstract:   A system is proposed for high-performance wireless data acquisition in high-impact environments, specifically the launch environment of Naval payloads. The High Impact G-Loading Data Acquisition System (HI-G-DAS) is a miniature, low power instrumentation system designed to maximize flexibility by combining precision data gathering capability, user programmability, and long battery life. HI-G-DAS will use state of the art techniques for component selection, PCB design, and modeling of critical elements to withstand acceleration on the order of 1000 g's. The robust system will be capable of interfacing with multiple types of sensors through the use of proven modular techniques and channel-specific programmability. Using wireless communication and battery charging techniques, the system can be fully protected from water ingress in harsh sea conditions. Additionally, its automated underwater beacon will help to locate the device in the event that recovery is necessary. The use of standard software & hardware interfaces as well as common wireless protocols will help to ensure that operation of the system is simple and intuitive.

 IROBOT CORP. 63 South Avenue Burlington, MA 01803 (781) 418-3222 PI: Ms. Carol Cheung (781) 418-3119 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0435 GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 266 Ferst Drive Atlanta, GA 30332 (404) 894-9105 ID#: N074-024-0441 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-024       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: DC-ATR: Distributed Co-operative ATR Using Low Resolution Mobile Sensors Abstract:   We propose to leverage recent advances in computationally efficient and accurate object detection and recognition using EO imaging to develop a novel multi-sensor distributed ATR capability. The proliferation of UGVs and UAVs has resulted in a unique opportunity for large scale surveillance and monitoring. However, weight and power constraints require that a distributed ATR system be both extremely efficient to avoid using unnecessary power and extremely effective at integrating information from multiple camera viewpoints to avoid the limitations of inherently low-resolution sensors. There is a need for a cooperative ATR approach which is based on the extraction of potential targets by individual mobile sensor platforms followed by a fusion stage which pools information across multiple camera viewpoints to create an accurate, high-resolution ATR decision.

 KAZAK COMPOSITES, INC. 10F GIll Street Woburn, MA 01801 (781) 932-5667 PI: Mr. Mike McAleenan (207) 371-2568 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0426 BOSTON UNIV. 110 Cummington Street Boston, MA 02215 (617) 353-5925 ID#: N074-030-0249 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-030       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Low Drag Persistent Pressure Source for Increased Mine Hunting Effectiveness Abstract:   To support Navy Mine Countermeasure (MCM) forces, KaZaK Composites and Boston University will develop and demonstrate a hydrodynamically-efficient towed system that detonates pressure activated mines by creating persistent low pressure regions mimicking passage of generic or specific ships. An effective underwater pressure source must create a ship-like pressure signature, including leading and trailing high pressure spikes sandwiching a longer period of lower pressure. System drag should be less than 2500 lbs for towing behind a RHIB. It will include bottom following, autonomous launch and retrieval from USV RHIB, be made from durable materials to withstand routine impact and mine detonations, and be low maintenance, low weight and low cost. KaZaK's system will not impact existing MCM equipment/procedures, require costly ship modifications, or jeopardize operation of the RHIB. By including both composite material and hydrodynamic engineers with experience in counter-mine systems as team members, KaZaK and the Navy are insured that evolving design will address all important requirements. In Phase I KaZaK will perform extensive design studies, theoretical calculations to predict pressure source performance, finite element analysis of critical mechanical load conditions, and CFD modeling to validate pressure and drag predictions. Phase II will focus on scale and full-sized hardware demonstration.

 LITHIUM TECHNOLOGY CORP. 5115 Campus Drive Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462 (610) 940-6090 PI: Mr. Ron Turi (610) 940-6090 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0297 RUTGERS UNIV. 3 Rutgers Plaza New Brunswick, NJ 08901 (732) 932-0115 ID#: N074-022-0052 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-022       Awarded: 07/16/07 Title: Neutrally Buoyant PT-UUV Battery with High Specific Energy Abstract:   The scope of this proposal is to develop a cell with a sulfur-based cathode and a lithium metal-based anode that meets the specified SG of <1 and 400Wh/kg but also cycles well enough to meet Navy UUV needs. We recognize that some battery companies have spent years developing this chemistry and that many challenges remain in order to make feasible cells. Our team proposes an approach that addresses the key issues with the design of lithium-sulfur cells. Our approach involves using a sulfur-based composite cathode and a proprietary lithium alloy foil. Our team has calculated specific energy and SG for a range of possible cathode formulations that are not only in the target area for the solicitation, but also address cycling and sulfur utilization. We have assembled the expertise to develop these cells - cathode material synthesis, pressure-tolerant battery experience and electrolyte system development - and will focus on developing a feasible solution that results in large format, buoyant, pressure-tolerant sulfur batteries.

 LUNA INNOVATIONS, INC. 1703 S Jefferson Street, SW Roanoke, VA 24016 (540) 769-8430 PI: Dr. Paul Panetta (757) 224-5724 Contract #: MEDICAL COLLEGE OF VIRGINIA 1200 East Broad Street Richmond, VA 23298 (804) 828-9160 ID#: N074-038-0275 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-038       Selected for Award Title: Ultrasonic measure of the formation of bubbles in tissue for decompression sickness Abstract:   The goal of this project is to provide a novel ultrasonic measurement of the onset of bubble formation in tissue to help counteract decompression sickness. This capability will revolutionize our understanding of DCS, ultimately leading to improved methods for counteracting the effects of DCS in divers and during disabled submarine rescue attempts. Widespread use of this important new research tool by the Navy Undersea Medicine research community will be rapidly achieved by providing this capability as a software enhancement to Luna's commercially available Emboli Detection and Classification (EDACTM) instrument. Luna's approach will provide a significant advancement over current imaging technology by utilizing the backscattered waveforms to determine the onset of bubble formation and to ultimately quantify the size and number per volume of bubbles. The analysis and relationship to bubble scatterer size and number per volume is similar to measurements that have been performed in bubbles, solids and slurries and the relationships are well known. Applying these techniques for bubble detection in tissue will be the main goal of the Phase I work.

 M4 ENGINEERING, INC. 2161 Gundry Avenue Signal Hill, CA 90755 (562) 981-7797 PI: Dr. Myles Baker (562) 981-7797 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0404 UNIV. OF MISSOURI ROLLA 106C Mechanical Engineering Rolla, MO 65409 (573) 341-6684 ID#: N074-011-0424 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-011       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Inlet Design and Performance for Supersonic Cruise/Hypersonic Operation Vehicles Abstract:   A multidisciplinary analysis/optimization framework will be tailored to the rapid analysis, design space exploration, and optimization of inlet concepts for supersonic and hypersonic vehicles.

 METROLASER, INC. 2572 White Road Irvine, CA 92614 (949) 553-0688 PI: Dr. Stephen Kupiec (949) 553-0688 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0360 UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Office of Contract & Grant Adm La Jolla, CA 92093 (858) 534-0247 ID#: N074-014-0008 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-014       Awarded: 06/08/07 Title: Multiuser Portable Virtual Reality Training Simulator for Submarines Abstract:   With the escalating pace of tactical submarine operations as well as the increasing strategic deployment of naval assets to distant locations, opportunities for the use of land-based mockup and pier-side simulation training has been greatly reduced. In order to maintain appropriate training levels at remote locations, the U.S. Navy is seeking a portable virtual reality training tool to enable data and imagery from land-based simulations to be satellite-relayed and superimposed on crew station consoles via head-mounted displays. In response to this need, MetroLaser Inc. proposes to develop the Remote Access Multiuser Portable Augmented Reality Training Simulation (RAMPARTS) system. RAMPARTS is a highly flexible augmented-reality simulation client and multiuser augmented reality system incorporating voice over internet protocol (VoIP), timestamped digital recording and playback for after-action reports, and High Level Architecture software compliance. RAMPARTS will employ passive infrared (IR) encoded fiducials integrated with IR cameras to provide optical-position determination coupled with inertial sensing to refine and smooth the resulting measurements. This tracking will be joined with state-of-the-art GPU hardware and data-parallel programming to produce a registered superposition image on the HMD system. Finally, a combination of local and remote processing will be employed to mitigate the high latency of satellite channels.

 MICHIGAN AEROSPACE CORP. 1777 Highland Drive Ann Arbor, MI 48108 (734) 975-8777 PI: Mr. Anthony Hays (734) 975-8777 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0487 UNIV. OF KENTUCKY Dept of Electrical and Compute Lexington, KY 40506 (859) 257-8040 ID#: N074-037-0291 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-037       Awarded: 07/18/07 Title: UUV Surface-Based Capture and Deployment (U-SCAD) Abstract:   The capability to deploy, maintain, and retrieve a network of small unmanned underwater vehicles from an unmanned surface craft is a vital missing link for the Navy as it increases its reliance on unmanned vehicles for littoral, minesweeping and other operations. To this end, Michigan Aerospace Corporation, in partnership with the University of Kentucky, proposes to develop a fully-autonomous deployment, rendezvous, capture, and maintenance system that will leverage existing core technologies of both partners. During the Phase I effort, Michigan Aerospace Corp. will develop the mechanical and software interface for a UUV Surface-based Capture and Deployment (U-SCAD) system, and the University of Kentucky?Ts Center for Visualization and Virtual Environments will provide the expertise in sensors required for close proximity capture and retrieval operations. If a Phase I Option is awarded, a dynamic simulation of the concept design will be demonstrated in a virtual environment. The end result will be a concept design that advances the state of the art in unmanned naval operations and that can be taken to a prototype demonstration during a Phase II effort.

 MO-SCI CORP. 4040 Hypoint North Rolla, MO 65402 (573) 364-2338 PI: Dr. Mariano Velez (573) 364-2338 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0351 UNIV. OF MISSOURI-ROLLA 1870 Miner Circle Rolla, MO 65409 (573) 341-4154 ID#: N074-012-0030 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-012       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Light Weight Optically Transparent Composite for Structural Windshields Abstract:   Mo-Sci Corporation and the University of Missouri-Rolla (UMR) propose to develop novel high-strength and optically transparent glass fiber reinforced polymer matrix composites as light-weight structural components, by layering and processing a polymer matrix reinforced with glass ribbons (micron-size glass fibers with rectangular cross section) of matching refractive index. The objective of this proposal is to use this technology to produce nearly defect-free composites as demonstration samples for marketing structurally strong and impact resistant composites that are optically transparent.

 MUDAWAR THERMAL SYSTEMS, INC. 1291 Cumberland Avenue, Suite G West Lafayette, IN 47906 (765) 494-5532 PI: Mr. John Meyer (765) 463-6516 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0395 PURDUE UNIV. Hovde Hall West Lafayette, IN 47907 (765) 494-5532 ID#: N074-029-0128 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-029       Awarded: 05/29/07 Title: Modeling Tools for Two-Phase Electronics Cooling Systems Abstract:   The proposed study will develop robust, physics-based models of two-phase cooling for high-flux defense and power electronics. These models will be used during the follow-up study to develop fast and accurate computational tools for the design of cooling hardware at the device, module and system levels for three different cooling schemes: micro-channel cooling, spray cooling and jet-impingement cooling. Since recent studies by the proposing team have resulted in complete physics-based models for micro-channel cooling, the proposed Phase I study will focus on developing the spray and jet-impingement cooling models. Key objectives of the Phase I study will be to (1) develop fluid flow and heat transfer models for spray cooling that address the complexities of spray formation, droplet break-up and impact with the device surface, as well as burnout, (2) develop fluid flow and heat transfer models for two-phase jet-impingement cooling using rectangular jets, which address all complexities of orifice flow, entrainment, wall jet formation and growth, and burnout. Physics-based modeling and dimensionless representation of key performance parameters, such as pressure drop, two-phase heat transfer coefficient and burnout heat flux, will ensure universal applicability of the proposed models to coolants with drastically different thermophysical properties.

 NDI ENGINEERING CO. 100 Grove Road Thorofare, NJ 08086 (856) 848-0033 PI: Mr. William Buonaccorsi (856) 848-0033 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0378 UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN 3925 West Braker Lane Austin, TX 78759 (512) 471-9060 ID#: N074-013-0014 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-013       Awarded: 06/12/07 Title: Compact Pulse Generator Abstract:   Future Naval applications will require large pulses of electrical power for short time duration. NDI and it's university partner will conduct an investigation to determine the feasibility of developing a compact pulse generator to meet the Navy's need and include an assessment of cost and produceability.

 NUMEREX 2309 Renard Place SE Albuquerque, NM 87106 (505) 842-0074 PI: Dr. John W. Luginsland (607) 277-4272 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0420 USC Department of Electrical Eng Los Angeles, CA 90089 (213) 740-4396 ID#: N074-033-0270 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-033       Awarded: 06/28/07 Title: Transient plasma ignition for high repetition rate pulse detonation engines Abstract:   Experimental and simulation techniques will be used to advance a novel class of pulse detonation engines (PDE) initiators based on transient plasma ignition. By optimizing the interaction of pulsed power and kinetic plasma chemistry, this effort will lead to PDE ignitors that can operate under higher repetition rates and increased fuel flow rates in realistic multiple barrel geometry. This will provide advanced, compact, and robust ignitors, a critical component to realizing the intrinsic high efficiency and flexibility of pulse detonation engines for highly supersonic transport.

 OMEGA OPTICS, INC. 10435 Burnet Rd., Suite 108 Austin, TX 78758 (512) 996-8833 PI: Dr. Maggie Chen (512) 996-8833 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0359 UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN 10100 Burnet Rd. MERB-160 Austin, TX 78758 (512) 471-7035 ID#: N074-009-0239 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-009       Awarded: 06/27/07 Title: HIGHLY DISPERSIVE LOW LOSS PHOTONIC CRYSTAL FIBERS FOR ULTRA SHORT PULSE COMPRESSION Abstract:   To provide Navy with high energy ultra short pulse (USP) laser technology, Omega Optics Inc. and the University of Texas at Austin propose a low loss highly anomalous dispersive photonic crystal fiber (PCF) for high energy USP compression. The microstructure of a photonic crystal fiber was simulated with anomalous dispersion D greater than 17.5Kps/nm/km. The effective nonlinearity is 0.7 W-1/km, which is 5 to 40 times smaller than standard single mode fiber. For the same input pulse, compared with standard single mode silicon fiber (D ~ -18 ps/nmkm), the dispersion length is reduced 972 times, and the peak power of fundamental soliton is increased by 4860 (972x5) to 38880 (972x40) times. It is anomalous dispersion throughout the entire transmission band, and its variation with wavelength is much larger compared with that of a conventional step-index fiber. In Phase I, the length of the photonic crystal fiber will be designed to construct the soliton effect compressor. To prove the feasibility of the USP compression technology, the design and fabrication of highly dispersive PCF will be performed, and high power pulse compression will be demonstrated.

 PACIFIC SCIENCE & ENGINEERING GROUP, INC. 9180 Brown Deer Road San Diego, CA 92121 (858) 535-1661 PI: Dr. David A Kobus (858) 535-1661 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0309 UNIV. OF IOWA 2 Gilmore Hall Iowa City, IA 52242 (319) 335-5676 ID#: N074-020-0221 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-020       Awarded: 05/23/07 Title: A Mission-Specific Equipment Optimization Toolkit (MEOT) for the Dismounted Infantryman Abstract:   The overall objective of this STTR is the development, validation, and delivery of an analysis toolkit based on an advanced integrated physics based virtual model of the dismounted infantryman. This model will include the ergonomic, physical, and cognitive interactions between the warfighter, his equipment and his environment. The resulting Mission-Specific Equipment Optimization Toolkit (MEOT) will provide a mechanism for evaluating the effect of different equipment interfaces and task procedures on accomplishment of mission objectives. Phase I of this work will develop requirements, performance drivers, and modeling constraints that lay the foundation for simulating the Virtual Dismounted Infantryman. Phase II will develop a functional MEOT prototype, incorporating the features identified in Phase I along with further research required to validate use of the toolkit for evaluating infantry equipment and equipment interfaces. Phase III will produce a fully functional and validated MEOT model and toolkit.

 PHYSICAL SCIENCES, INC. 20 New England Business Center Andover, MA 01810 (978) 689-0003 PI: Dr. Michael A. White (978) 689-0003 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0429 CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV. Office of Sponsored Projects Cleveland, OH 44106 (216) 368-2009 ID#: N074-038-0272 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-038       Awarded: 06/08/07 Title: DCS BubbleSpec Tissue-Penetrating OCT Bubble Measurement System for DCS Etiology Abstract:   Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI) proposes a powerful new enabling technology for DCS etiology using deeply penetrating far-red optical coherence tomography (OCT) with automated bubble identification and characterization software. The key parameters for OCT measurement of DCS-related bubbles are tissue penetration depth, bubble size resolution, imaging speed, and resistance to movement artifacts. A program plan is proposed in which the OCT at Case Western Reserve University Biomedical Engineering Department is used as a test-bed to establish the applicability of OCT for DCS studies and then redesigned specifically for that application. Adapting the existing OCT system to more penetrating far-red (rather than infrared) wavelengths and adapting particle sizing and counting techniques developed at PSI for industrial fluid monitoring applications will result in a DCS-optimized device with unique in-vivo bubble characterization capabilities. Additionally, PSI will investigate miniaturization of the technology for on-diver DCS studies. With near-real time continuous read-out of bubble size distribution, total bubble count, and gas volume fraction, ground-breaking insight into DCS dose/response relationships will be made possible.

 PROGENY SYSTEMS CORP. 9500 Innovation Drive Manassas, VA 20110 (703) 368-6107 PI: Mr. Ronald Murdock (401) 846-0111 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0385 UNIV. OF MASSACHUSETTS DARTMOUTH ATMC Fall River, MA 02723 (508) 910-9818 ID#: N074-016-0264 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-016       Awarded: 06/14/07 Title: Miniaturized Wireless Data Acquisition for Payload Development and Integration Abstract:   Submarine operation in the littorals is characterized by high shipping density, technologically current threats, and often limited maneuverability. The development of new acoustic countermeasure technologies is fundamental to survival in this environment. Modifications to the External Countermeasure Launchers (ECL) to support launch of multiple, highly capable 3" devices necessitates an aggressive test program to prove new designs against the severe launch trauma, characteristic of launch during torpedo evasion, often at or near flank speed. There is currently no method for instrumenting these devices to collect data through a launch cycle. Lateral accelerations and shock trauma due to high cross flow experienced either in launches from the 3" signal ejector or the external launchers on some platforms, eject the countermeasure nearly orthogonal to the flow field. A device which can fit within the size constraints of an ADC Mk2 countermeasure and can withstand its very high axial (>100 g's) and lateral accelerations (>1,000 g's) during launch could be installed on most any type of submarine or surface ship launched payload. The development of a compact, shock hardened, wireless accessible, programmable, embedded data collection suite which could be deployed on any payload is key to future vehicle and launcher development.

 PURVIS SYSTEMS, INC. 1272 West Main Road Middletown, RI 02842 (401) 849-4750 PI: Mr. Steve Swenson (401) 849-4750 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0362 UNIV. OF RHODE ISLAND Research Office Kingston, RI 02881 (401) 874-5891 ID#: N074-014-0017 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-014       Awarded: 06/07/07 Title: Portable Interactive 3D Virtual Reality Training System Abstract:   PURVIS Systems proposes to team with the University of Rhode Island to research the feasibility of designing and developing a functional prototype of a "Portable Interactive 3D Virtual Reality (VR) Training System". This training tool is for submarine or classroom use and provides remote, realistic training scenarios using interactive, three-dimensional, Virtual Reality environments and tools, such as head-mounted displays and interactive tactile control devices, and interfaces with sophisticated modeling and simulation computers located at Navy R&D laboratories. This training tool could greatly improve submarine crew competency levels, while saving time and eliminating the need to transport crews to expensive, land-based trainers. Key technologies to be researched are: (1) the type and bandwidth of data being remotely transmitted, (2) the adaptability of available transmission links to transmit data from land-based training models and simulations to create realistic environments and scenarios, (3) the ability for trainees' motions and actions to be effectively tracked, recorded and assessed in competency training, (4) the availability/usefulness of head-mounted displays and interactive tactile controls to create realistic combat control and sonar system environments, and (5) the feasibility of integrating these technologies into a cost-effective and practical training tool.

 QUALTECH SYSTEMS, INC. 100 Great Meadow Rd., Suite 603 Wethersfield, CT 06109 (860) 257-8014 PI: Mr. William Morrison (860) 257-8014 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0416 IDAHO NATIONAL LOBORATORY 2525 North Fremont Ave Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (208) 526-0480 ID#: N074-002-0399 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Aircraft Battery Diagnostic and Prognostic System Abstract:   Battery prognostic solutions tend to be tailored to the specific chemistry and application with years of characterization testing to fit the battery models to the actual battery performance. The effort laid out in this proposal is a collaboration between Qualtech Systems, Inc. (QSI) and the Energy Storage Testing Laboratories at the Idaho National Laboratories (INL). The proposed solution is a complete configurable Smart Battery Status Monitor (SBSM) system that is capable of providing fleetwide battery health management. The SBSM system incorporates advances in both measurement and estimation of battery parameters and inference of battery health in a framework that provides for online tuning / updating of battery models and life algorithms. The SBSM will consist of hardware and software systems for both near real-time in-situ monitoring and in-depth maintenance diagnostics of battery performance. The system software is designed to analyze the resulting measurements and predict remaining useful life. The software environment will consist of QSI's commercially available TEAMS-RDS, TEAMS-KB, and TEAMATE as well as a custom designed module for controlling the battery prognostic hardware, recording and analyzing the battery measurements and providing the results to RDS. The solution will provide fleetwide battery health monitoring and maintenance.

 QUANTUM LEAP INNOVATIONS, INC. 3 Innovation Way Newark, DE 19711 (302) 894-8045 PI: Dr. Ganesh Vaidyanathan (302) 894-8044 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0423 UNIV. OF PENNSYLVANIA 100 To Be Determined Road Philadelphia, PA 10000 (215) 898-3630 ID#: N074-019-0071 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-019       Awarded: 06/22/07 Title: Distributed Coordination of Large UAV teams with Limited and Intermittent Communication Abstract:   Efficient coordination among heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) promises to revolutionize the way in which complex tasks such as battlefield surveillance and support can be performed. However, current algorithms are not capable of achieving efficient and effective coordination such as dynamic task allocation and reallocation among large numbers of UAVs due to either the severe bottleneck of centralized algorithms or assumptions of perfect and unlimited communication. In this STTR, Quantum Leap Innovations (QLI), in conjunction with the University of Pennsylvania, proposes to construct a mathematically rigorous framework for evaluation and refinement of existing distributed coordination and control algorithms for large numbers of UAVs in the presence of limited, intermittent and asynchronous communication. Two key features of the proposed highly innovative framework include (1) the development of Token- Based Distributed Constraint Optimization (DCOP) algorithm for dynamic prioritysensitive task allocation and reallocation; (2) the introduction of limited and intermittent communication to the existing motion planning algorithm for the computation of trajectories for a cluster of UAVs. In Phase I, we will focus on development and integration of the high-level DCOP-based coordination algorithm for dynamic task allocation/reallocation and low-level robust motion planning algorithm with real-time spatial and temporal constraints. The feasibility of this approach will be demonstrated with a simple and user-friendly human interface that can enable multiple operators to manage large numbers of UAVs for their time-critical intelligence needs in a simplified simulation for battlefield search and coverage. In addition, Phase I option will involve the design of a framework in which we will provide a quantitative analysis of the success likelihood for a sequence of tasks from different operators and ensure each operator has adequate understanding of the capability of the UAV system and the process of tasks allocation and execution.

 QUESTEK INNOVATIONS LLC 1820 Ridge Avenue Evanston, IL 60201 (847) 425-8211 PI: Dr. Jason Sebastian (847) 328-5800 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0445 NORTHWESTERN UNIV. 633 Clark Street Evanston, IL 60208 (847) 467-1967 ID#: N074-010-0092 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-010       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Physics Based Gear Health Prognosis via Modeling Coupled with Component Level Tests Abstract:   A "smart steel" concept is proposed by QuesTek Innovations to enable a major advance in physics-based gear health prognosis. The concept is based around idea that the decay of stable austenite within the cases of gear steels during high-cycle fatigue (HCF) may provide a "state expressive" signature that can be used as input into physics-based predictions of remaining HCF life. Under a Phase I effort, the evolution of surface retained austenite under HCF conditions in existing high performance gear steels will be measured and modeled. The goal will be to assess the feasibility of achieving a sufficiently gradual transformation to serve as a desired "state signature" of fatigue lifetime. In parallel, the 3D characterization of nucleation sites and numerical mechanics modeling of nucleation under the ONR/DARPA "D3D" Digital 3D Structure consortium will be leveraged to assess feasibility of coupling the retained austenite state to the prediction of remaining HCF life. Due to the large difference in magnetic permeability between austenite and martensite, magnetic sensor approaches will be surveyed for continuous in-flight monitoring of case austenite contents. The cyclic testing and austenite measurements in Phase I will be conducted at Northwestern University (the institutional STTR partner).

 RADIATION MONITORING DEVICES, INC. 44 Hunt Street Watertown, MA 02472 (617) 668-6800 PI: Mr. Timothy C. Tiernan (617) 668-6800 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0330 WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE 100 Institute Road Worcester, MA 01609 (508) 831-5359 ID#: N074-008-0002 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-008       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Eddy Current Braking Technology for Aircraft Catapult Systems Abstract:   The Navy uses steam powered catapults to launch aircraft from naval vessels. Currently, after the aircraft is launched, the massive catapult mechanism is slowed to a stop by a complex water braking system. This water braking system has many moving parts and experiences high stresses during operation, resulting in substantial maintenance and replacement costs. Permanent magnet, eddy current brakes (ECB), could provide the Navy with a safe, low cost catapult braking system, with no moving parts. ECB will substantially reduce maintenance time and cost, improve safety, and increase operational readiness. Permanent magnet, ECB technology is capable of stopping a large mass traveling at high speed. During Phase I, RMD and its collaborators at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and Magnetar Corporation will develop innovative 2-D and 3-D models for a permanent magnet ECB that will fit within the physical and structural constraints defined by the existing catapult braking system, and have the power to stop the massive catapult from a speed of 200 mph. During Phase II, the model will be used to design a prototype ECB for testing with the Navy.

 RAYDIANCE, INC. 2602 Challenger Tech Ct. Orlando, FL 32826 (240) 235-6008 PI: Mr. Tim Booth (407) 515-3180 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0357 MASSACHUSSETS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLO 77 Massachussets Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 258-6113 ID#: N074-009-0013 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-009       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: High Energy, Low Loss Fibers for Ultra Short Pulse Laser Compression and Delivery Abstract:   Raydiance and the Massachussets Institute of Technology are proposing to investigate hollow core photonic bandgap fibers and related waveguide architectures for pulse compression and delivery of ultrashort high peak power pulses. Photonic bandgap fibers, and especially Bragg fibers, are particularly well suited for pulse compression and delivery of high peak power pulses due to low loss hollow core waveguiding capability as well as predicted large waveguide dispersion. Another feature of 1D photonic bandgap fiber, or Bragg fiber, is the ability to maintain single mode propagation with large mode area. Preliminary experiments conducted by Raydiance, Inc. indicate that single mode propagation can be obtained for hollow core mode field diameters of 100 μm and that such fibers can withstand 1 ps pulses with 4 μJ of energy per pulse. In Phase I of this program, Raydiance and MIT will model and compare various waveguide geometries and investigate dielectric materials in order to reduce losses and increase waveguide dispersion of existing photonic bandgap fibers. Appropriate waveguide geometries, materials and fabrication processes needed to compress and deliver 10 MW peak power pulses will be determined after completion of Phase I.

 RENAISSANCE SCIENCES CORP. 1351 N Alma School Rd, #265 Chandler, AZ 85224 (623) 242-2371 PI: Dr. Karl Mathia (408) 966-2727 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0418 UNIV. OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHA Department of Computer Science Chapel Hill, NC 27599 (919) 962-1819 ID#: N074-003-0378 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-003       Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Deployable Intelligent Projection Systems for Training Abstract:   Renaissance Sciences Corporation, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Night Readiness, LLC propose to demonstrate the feasibility of enhanced integrated pose estimation technologies for intelligent projector units (IPUs) that will improve the robustness and overall capabilities of deployable training systems based on IPUs. The IPUs cooperate to create a single seamless wide-area (panoramic) image as part of a deployable visual training system for multiple viewers. The IPUs outwardly look like conventional digital projectors, but when casually arranged together in a set that projects in a common direction, will automatically collaborate to create one panoramic image. The IPUs will self-calibrate their respective geometric and photometric relationships, and then continually and automatically estimate and correct geometric and photometric errors to maintain a single, seamless, high-fidelity image for multiple distinct viewers. Currently available projector technologies do not offer this user-friendly capability of creating multi-tiled, self-calibrating displays that compensate for errors resulting from using multiple projectors. In fact, current technology requires detailed and expensive manual labor to achieve such display arrangements, which is not only inefficient, but also cost-prohibitive when needed in deployable and changing settings.

 SA PHOTONICS 650 5th Street San Francisco, CA 94107 (415) 977-0553 PI: Dr. Michael P. Browne (408) 348-4426 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0447 STANFORD UNIV. Dept. of Aero. and Astro. Stanford, CA 94305 (650) 723-3343 ID#: N074-007-0111 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-007       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Precision Stabilization of a Ball Joint Gimbaled (BJG) Mirror Abstract:   SA Photonics and Stanford University are pleased to propose the development of an innovative, high accuracy sense and control system for wide field of view ball joint gimbal mirrors. The SA Photonics mirror angle sense system utilizes optical sensors to directly measure the mirror angular position. The optical sensor system has better than 100 nanoradian sensitivity at update rates greater than 100 kHz with virtually no loading to the scanning mirror. Stanford University has best in class expertise in flexible drive systems such as the Kevlar drives used on ball joint gimbals. SA Photonics control platform utilizes high performance digital signal processing to both enhance the sensing capability and to allow complex drives algorithms to compensate for the flexible drives. The optical sensing system is inherently immune to EMI/EMP issues and leverages the massive cost reduction in optics over the last 10 years due to the very high volume compact disk, digital camera, and telecom markets.

 SA PHOTONICS 650 5th Street San Francisco, CA 94107 (408) 348-4426 PI: Mr. James F. Coward (415) 977-0553 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0329 UNIV. OF ILL. AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN Dept. of Elect. and Comp. Eng. Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 333-3359 ID#: N074-017-0112 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-017       Awarded: 06/07/07 Title: Optical Communications for ASW and MIW Applications Abstract:   To get around the obvious limitations of current state of the art underwater acoustic communications systems, it is important to consider the use of optical communications in the next generation of underwater communications systems. An underwater optical communications network has various advantages, such as high data rate capability, clear communication in acoustically noisy environments, and the ability to maintain covertness. SA Photonics is proposing a solution to address the need for increased fleet and port security in noisy and littoral harbor waters. In this proposal, SA Photonics proposes the use of an underwater multifunction optical system that combines both imaging and optical communications functions by use of our innovative Phase-locked intensity modulated blue-green source and heterodyne receiver technology. Combining these two technologies and leveraging our expertise in Fast Scanning Mirror technology, optical communications protocols, electro-optic modulation techniques, and Digital Signal Processing will provide an effective hybrid underwater optical communication solution. The SA Photonics optical communication approach will provide a system with advanced underwater communication, FAMIS imaging (LIDAR-RADAR), tracking, and surveillance capabilities. The data rate adaptive and power adaptive link along with the small size of this fiber-based solution make this a perfect fit for an undersea distributed network.

 SANDIA RESEARCH CORP. 5810 S. SOSSAMAN RD. MESA, AZ 85212 (505) 571-3000 PI: Dr. Steven M. Shope (505) 571-3000 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0352 ARIZONA STATE UNIV. Department of Psychology Tempe, AZ 85287 (480) 727-7075 ID#: N074-023-0371 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-023       Awarded: 07/12/07 Title: Dynamical Modeling of Communications for Assessment and Enhancement of Team Performance Abstract:   Defense transformation and network-centric operations have created a need for highly-responsive, networked teams of individuals. Individuals on those teams each contribute a unique but complementary sets of skills and knowledge (and multicultural backgrounds), but a major challenge in forming teams is getting those individuals to function as an efficient, integrated unit. Can we characterize ordinary team activity and distinguish it from anomalies in need of intervention in real-time? One inroad to addressing this question is to investigate the feasibility of designing a system for monitoring team behavior in real-time, detecting time-phased anomalies, and intervening to increase team effectiveness by capitalizing on a ubiquitous byproduct of teams: communication behavior. During Phase I of the proposed project, we will demonstrate the feasibility of applying dynamical modeling to real-time communication flow data (i.e., who is talking to whom, when, and for how long) for the purpose of assessing, in real-time, team synchronization and shared understanding. A software tool, developed around this concept, could provide real time information to adjust team knowledge, team member assignment and institute corrective action and/or training.

 SATCON APPLIED TECHNOLOGY, INC. 27 Drydock Avenue Boston, MA 02210 (617) 897-2408 PI: Mr. Gerald Foshage (617) 897-2439 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0335 MIT 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 253-9360 ID#: N074-008-0386 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-008       Awarded: 07/23/07 Title: Advanced Eddy Current Braking Technology Abstract:   There is a critical need for reliable, long life, low maintenance machinery for all DoD components, and underway aircraft carriers ops are among the most demanding, especially the 24/7 all-weather operations on the flight deck. The present C13 Aircraft Steam Catapult (ASC), with their water brake systems for deceleration of the catapult after aircraft launch, will be in active service over the next fifty years. While a key element in the catapult system, the brake is maintenance intensive and a major contributor to catapult downtime. A permanent magnet based eddy current braking system for catapult deceleration is proposed to replace the current water brake system. With no moving parts other than the eddy current armature which will be part of the catapult piston/barrel/spear assembly, the proposed system will require little or no maintenance, while eliminating the need for complex mechanical, high pressure steam, fluid or pneumatic system piping, valves and components. The resulting system will have improved brake system reliability, long life, with reduced manpower and maintenance costs can be achieved by using this technology to replace the existing water brake system.

 SATCON APPLIED TECHNOLOGY, INC. 27 Drydock Avenue Boston, MA 02210 (617) 897-2408 PI: Dr. Edward Lovelace (617) 897-2447 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0347 PURDUE UNIV. 465 Northwestern Avenue West Lafayette, IN 47907 (765) 494-3296 ID#: N074-026-0380 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-026       Awarded: 06/21/07 Title: Power Dense Quiet (PDQ) Electric Drive for Underwater Propulsion Abstract:   SatCon proposed to investigate electric drive concepts for improved power density and quiet operation for underwater propulsion systems with an initial focus on torpedo applications. We will leverage our experience in SiC applications, NUWC propulsors, and active ONR podded propulsor program as a baseline design, and couple this with the design analysis and modeling expertise of Energy Systems Analysis Consortium including Purdue and Missouri-Rolla Universities. Key areas of investigation will include drive topology (e.g. multilevel architectures), advanced switching devices (e.g. SiC and hybrid Si/SiC switches), thermal drive modeling (e.g. coupled thermal/loss/performance models), and torque ripple mitigation (e.g. novel torque sensing techniques). In Phase II a representative propulsor system will be fabricated and performance demonstrated with both dry dynamometer and in water characterization.

 SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS & RESEARCH ASSOC., INC. 6300 Gateway Dr. Cypress, CA 90630 (714) 224-4410 PI: Mr. Duane Cline (714) 224-4410 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0449 NEW MEXICO STATE UNIV. Physical Science Laboratory Las Cruces, NM 88003 (505) 646-9122 ID#: N074-025-0312 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-025       Awarded: 07/17/07 Title: Autonomous UAV Collision Avoidance Abstract:   Various approaches have been proposed for UAVs to detect and avoid collision with other aircraft. This approach detects the low-frequency sound of approaching aircraft to detect and to determine bearings and range. Despite the difficulties of removing self-noise, the use of acoustics provides adequate range capability for collision avoidance and provides full spherical coverage. The system determines whether an aircraft is on a collision trajectory, and can operate with multiple aircraft. The sensor system is totally self-contained in an extremely light-weight, low-power, solid-state, passive, low-cost, compact sensor system. The sensor system can therefore be effectively integrated into smaller UAVs.

 SECURICS, INC. 2595 Rossmere Street Colorado Springs, CO 80919 (719) 265-8443 PI: Mr. Robert Woodworth (719) 213-4480 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0421 UNIV. COLORADO AT COLORADO SPR 1420 Austin Bluffs PKWY Colorado Springs, CO 80933 (719) 262-3153 ID#: N074-034-0210 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-034       Awarded: 07/11/07 Title: Biometrics in the Maritime Domain Abstract:   Biometrics in moving maritime environments presents some unique challenges. Even if the naval shipboard sensor is in a complex gimbaled mount for stabilization, the inherent motion of the smaller craft in which the subjects of interest are located means the system must deal with motion, potentially significant motion. The proposed work, will use FPGA-enhanced multi-mega-pixel imaging to address field of vision (FOV) issues in real-time acquisition, test Securics', patent pending RandomEyesT techniques to address inherent atmospheric issues, and develop/analyze intra-frame motion blur estimation and techniques to stabilize the imagery. The effort will collect and then test on maritime data consisting of non-cooperating subjects. The effort will test the approach on both Securics' unique Face BiotopeT algorithms and on a leading facial recognition algorithm use in the IDS-MD system. The work leverages our previous and ongoing effort in long range face-based biometrics.

 SEMANTIC DESIGNS 12636 Research Blvd #C214 Austin, TX 78759 (512) 250-1018 PI: Dr. Ira Baxter (512) 250-1018 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0473 JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV. Applied Physics Laboratory Laurel, MD 20723 (240) 228-5509 ID#: N074-015-0104 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-015       Awarded: 06/27/07 Title: Software Integration Diagnostic and Predictive Tools Abstract:   A mixed-initiative tool based on precise, scalable program analyses will be designed to aid a security analyst in checking software source code for large systems in multiple programming languages. Automated analyses will discover a class of well-known and common errors in code. It will find code that appears to be obfuscated and offer it to the security analyst for review. The security analyst will be able to designate key source entities for tracking, and the analysis tool will help him locate and understand the relevant code. The tool will build on DMS, an existing foundation for implementing multilingual source code analyses, for which existing langauge definitions already exist.

 SEMQUEST, INC. 1230 Arizona Sun Grove Colorado Springs, CO 80909 (719) 447-8757 PI: Mr. David J. Ward (719) 447-8757 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0438 UCCS 1420 Austin Bluffs Parkway Colorado Springs, CO 80933 (719) 262-3436 ID#: N074-024-0429 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-024       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Network Enhanced Automatic Target Recognition Abstract:   Networked Enhanced Automated Target Recognition (NEATR), is an important problem in modern network centric operations. This Phase I effort focuses on fusion in an embedded system with reasonable Size Weight and Power (SWAP). The proposed multi-layer approach provides novel detection and re-identification layers, target tracking and enhanced PCA-based recognition. The proposal presents a unique new approach, P+PCA simultaneously estimating, in a distributed multi-hypothesis manner, target position, pose and coefficients in a parametric PCA-eigenspace. Estimation of position and pose are traditional target tracking fusion issues, we integrate them with the estimation the parameters and uncertainties needed to improve the distributed ATR performance from reduced resolution data. The approach is designed for low-bandwidth communications and does not transmit the imagery for fusion. The effort builds on the team's decade of experience delivering on DOD-funded surveillance and recognition R&D efforts. This Phase I will develop a functioning FPGA-based prototype to address key feasibility questions, new algorithms tested on real data and will develop and analyzes the overall architecture for distributed recognition.

 SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC. 13619 Valley Oak Circle ROCKVILLE, MD 20850 (301) 315-2322 PI: Dr. Chiman Kwan (240) 505-2641 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0349 UNIV. OF MARYLAND Department of Electrical and College Park, MD 20742 (301) 405-7411 ID#: N074-039-0242 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-039       Awarded: 06/07/07 Title: A Novel Speech Separation Approach for Enhanced Speaker Identification and Speech Recognition Abstract:   In order to improve the performance of speaker identification and speech recognition, we need an integrated approach. We propose a novel approach that addresses all of the above challenges in a unified framework. First, we propose to apply microphone arrays (1-D, 2-D or 3-D) to acquire speech signals. The arrays can provide better Direction of Arrivals (DOA) estimation and improves background noise suppression. The collected speech will have high SNR. Second, we propose to apply the latest speech enhancement algorithm developed by our subcontractor at UM. The idea is based on Modified Phase Opponency (MPO) and does not require noise estimation. Third, for each separated speech stream, there may still be regions that have poor SNR. So we propose to apply spectrogram reconstruction algorithm to repair the poor SNR regions. Fourth, robust features based on Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) will be applied to the repaired spectrogram. Finally, Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and Hidden Markov Model (HMM) will be used to identify the speaker and recognize the speech.

 SPACE MICRO, INC. 10401 Roselle Street San Diego, CA 92121 (858) 332-0702 PI: Dr. Michael Featherby (858) 332-0700 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0443 UCLA Eng. IV, Room 38-137E Los Angeles, CA 90095 (310) 825-0223 ID#: N074-021-0024 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-021       Awarded: 06/08/07 Title: Composite-to-Metal Jointing Technology Abstract:   The SMI approach is to evaluate the current joints, with particular attention to the failure locations and failure modes and make specific changes and improvements to these areas and increase the overall properties and efficiencies of the joints. One of the biggest mistakes that is still made is to substitute one material with another with out making allowances for the unique properties of characteristics of the new material. Obvious examples are to replace metals with ceramics without taking account of the brittleness of the ceramic or to replace metals with composites without accommodating the anisotropy of the fiber reinforcements. Existing metal to composite joints contain deficiencies that can be overcome by designing around each material's strengths and weaknesses. SMI will use typical joints to analyze and devise means of overcoming the weaknesses. Choice of materials, configurations and processing will all be considered.FEA and test coupons (using control configurations) will validate the improvements.

 STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC. 951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360 San Mateo, CA 94404 (650) 931-2700 PI: Dr. Neelakantan Kartha (206) 545-3533 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0342 MIT Humans & Automation Lab, MIT Cambridge, MA 02139 (617) 252-1512 ID#: N074-031-0186 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-031       Awarded: 05/24/07 Title: Human-Directed Learning for Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems in Expeditionary Operations Abstract:   Effectively targeting and engaging time sensitive targets (TST) is an important part of modern warfare. However, using UAVs for this task is highly challenging because of difficulties in optimally retargeting the UAVs while taking into consideration multiple variables, such as time to target, remaining fuel, uncertainties in the location and type of the TSTs, avoidance of threat areas etc. Systems for UAV control that can learn to engage TSTs with knowledge-based reasoning akin to human judgment and expeience would be highly valuable for decreasing the cognitive load on the human operator, decreasing the time for decision making for increasing the reliability and robustness of the decision making process. We propose such a system called UAV-Guide that observes and learns from the actions an expert human operator takes while targeting and engaging TSTs. UAV-Guide combines the technologies of knowledge representation, learning and human factors to address the problems of representing and reasoning with uncertain knowledge, learning from observations and reducing cognitive overload. Careful consideration has been given in UAV-Guide to issues critical to user adoption, such as providing facilities for the user to direct the learning process and to override what is automatically learned, when necessary. Phase I prototype development will provide a solid foundation for complete implementation in Phase II.

 TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS, INC. 1845 Northwestern El Paso, TX 79912 (915) 877-3366 PI: Mr. Ben Tirabassi (915) 877-3366 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0348 CARNEGIE MELLON UNIV. B24 Porter Hall Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (412) 268-2535 ID#: N074-039-0147 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-039       Awarded: 05/29/07 Title: Isolating and Locating Speakers in Clutter Abstract:   The challenge is already upon us that our military forces have to perform operations in urban environments. Our adversaries are studying our strategies, doctrine and technologies. While they may not be able to meet these capabilities in a time of conflict, they are doing what ever necessary to avoid operational environments for which our forces are optimized. With this in mind, they are seeking complex urban terrain for cover and concealment to try and offset our superior capabilities. Cities have become primary sanctuaries for many contemporary insurgents and therefore require a solution to ascertain and disseminate information about the persons "hiding" in those environments with the ability to remotely monitor their conversations. Improvements to algorithms that have already shown robust speech recognition intelligibility and audio tracking can be adapted to perform specific speaker extraction, identification and recognition in extremely high noise and chaotic aural cluttered environments. With this information, our forces will have a unique HUMINT capability to separate and identify persons of interest based on unique spoken utterance characteristics. Captured audio data can be used to track their movements, identify plans or potential threats based upon the content of the conversation, and perform speaker identification and verification type tasks.

 TEMPLEMAN AUTOMATION, LLC 29 Miller Street Somerville, MA 02143 (617) 996-9054 PI: Mr. Christopher Templeman (617) 996-9054 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0437 NAVAL POST GRADUATE SCHOOL P.O. Box 8626 Monterey, CA 93943 (831) 656-2339 ID#: N074-030-0252 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-030       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: BubbleSquid Remote Pressure Mine Triggering System for Naval Mine Sweeping Applications Abstract:   A novel method for influence sweeping of pressure mines is proposed that will generate an in-situ pressure drop that is identical to the pressure drop associated with the passage of a large surface vessel. This novel method uses a towed-vehicle with submersed bubble generation and is based on the physical principle that the combination of water column density reduction and upwelling current created by a dense stream of bubbles provides a versatile mechanism for variable pressure signature generation. The resulting pressure signature, comparable to a passing ship hull, is dependant on the bubble stream with the persistence of the pressure signature being maintained over the mine even after the tow-boat and towed-vehicle has moved beyond the mine. The towed-vehicle's depth and orientation is established passively and pressurized air is supplied from the towed-vehicle resulting in a simply deployable and maintainable autonomous system. The hydrodynamic towed-vehicle employed has very low drag; therefore a low-powered towing vessel may be employed. Further, the non-metallic, passive design of the screen generating array allows magnetic and acoustic signature generation to also be part of the pressure signature created.

 TEST DEVICES, INC. 6 Loring Street Hudson, MA 01749 (978) 562-6017 PI: Mr. Mike Werst (512) 232-1604 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0379 UNIV. OF TEXAS Office of Sponsored Projects Austin, TX 78713 (512) 471-6424 ID#: N074-013-0061 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-013       Awarded: 07/18/07 Title: Compact Pulse Generator Abstract:   Test Devices is pleased to submit this proposal for a unique compact pulse generator and will use this proposal to demonstrate that our design satisfies all evaluation criteria. Test Devices was approached by The University of Texas Center for Electromechanics(UT-CEM) and asked to team on Topic Number: N07-T013. This team proposes to demonstrate through modeling and simulation the ability to use composite, air-core, pulse generator technology for launching navy aircraft. The approach used by the team utilizes an Army air-core, railgun generator topology with a novel controlled, high power density excitation source that will meet the 2 second launch criteria. The 60MW pulse generator design defined in this proposal exceeds the 15kJ/kg stored energy and 12kW/kg delivered energy density requirements. We identify commercial applications for the technology and suggest that the power supply is flexible and can fulfill multiple Navy missions. The excitation generator is sized such that when interfaced with power conditioning it can charge large high voltage capacitor banks that may be required for directed energy, laser and defensive systems. The multiple pulsed alternators can be self excited and staged to fire a large railgun.

 TEXAS RESEARCH INSTITUTE AUSTIN, INC. 9063 Bee Caves Road Austin, TX 78733 (512) 263-2101 PI: Dr. Mike Dingus (512) 263-2101 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0337 UNIV. OF DATYON RESEARCH 300 College Park Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 229-2919 ID#: N074-012-0262 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-012       Awarded: 08/13/07 Title: Innovative Approaches For Light Weight Optically Transparent Energy Dispersing Composite Structural Windscreens Abstract:   A new aircraft transparency material is needed to improve impact resistance while reducing the weight of current transparencies, including windscreens, canopies, and windows. TRI/Austin proposes to develop an optically clear laminate system applicable to numerous NAVAIR platforms. Investigations of optical reinforcements will focus on the successful implementation of nanoscale polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS) and glass ribbons into commercially available transparent resin systems such as polycarbonate, PMMA, and transparent epolxy. These materials will be compounded and optimized to develop an effective dissipater of impact, such as bird strikes. TRI/Austin will explore the benefits of these reinforcements including increased impact toughness, mechanical properties, and glass transition temperature. A reduction in bulk density is expected with the POSS reinforcements. Structural windscreen supports may be reduced or eliminated due to the advantages realized with new transparency materials. Phase I testing will confirm the improved critical properties and provide the basis for further qualification and implementation onto airframe prototype structures in Phase II.

 THE TECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP 8030 Coventry Grosse Ile, MI 48138 (734) 675-8295 PI: Mr. David Bettinger (734) 675-8295 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0441 UNIV. OF DAYTON 300 College Park Dayton, OH 45469 (937) 229-3009 ID#: N074-021-0366 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-021       Awarded: 07/11/07 Title: Dynamic Joining of Polymer Composites to Metal Abstract:   Steel and aluminum plates can be joined to PMC plates using patented Dynamic Polymer Composite (DPC) techniques. Dynamic Joining begins with an edge-weldment to a metal plate. This edge is then dynamically mated to a super-plasticized strip of a composite panel. Adhesive plays a minor role. The result is a lap-joint more capable of tension, moment, shear, and impact than any hand lay-up. Analysis of a preliminary sample indicates that the failure mode is predictable and linear. A low-cost, high-production shipyard process is detailed. An innovative compensation for differential expansion is detailed that also distributes impact loadings. Repair and retrofit aboard ship are described. This work is based on twelve years of DPC development, six patents, and contracts funded by AF, MDA, Army SMDC, Boeing, and Pratt & Whitney. Structural applications considered for DPCs include airframes, cryogenic piping, radar towers, and hanger trusses. Phase I will develop, demonstrate, and test metal/PMC single and double lap joints at UDRI. Stresses will be modeled. Applications will be explored. Phase II will develop and test generic joints to validate a FE model. A specific Navy application will be designed, fabricated, demonstrated and tested. Technology transfer tools will be developed.

 THERMOANALYTICS, INC. 23440 Airpark Blvd Calumet, MI 49913 (906) 482-9560 PI: Dr. David M. Less (906) 482-9560 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0356 VIRGINIATECH 219D Randolph Hall Blacksburg, WY 24061 (540) 231-9056 ID#: N074-001-0143 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 07/20/07 Title: Heated Plume Prediction and Application Abstract:   Heated plumes in a crossflow produce a thermal infrared signature and can impinge on temperature-sensitive systems downstream; both factors can degrade the performance and survivability of military assets. No validated code exists that can model heated jets from non-circular nozzles in a crossflow. Current CFD solutions are problematic due to the numerous expert modeling choices that they require. CFD issues that arise include inadequate grid resolution, imprecise boundary conditions, and deficient turbulence models. ThermoAnalytics, Metacomp Technologies, and Dr. Joseph Schetz of Virginia Tech propose an integrated program of experiment, advanced CFD modeling, and test-model validation to develop a validated, accurate, simple-to-use plume prediction tool that can model heated plumes injected into a crossflow. The proposed tool will predict the flowfield of heated plumes based on a simple set of geometry, temperature, and velocity inputs. The automated CFD tool, based on Metacomp's CFD++ and MIME codes, will automatically generate the grid and complete a CFD analysis for the flow from non-traditional shaped exits and groups of exits. A comprehensive wind tunnel testing program will validate the code's ability to predict the flowfield, infrared radiance of the plume, and the thermal effects of plume impingement on downstream surfaces.

 THERMOANALYTICS, INC. 23440 Airpark Blvd Calumet, MI 49913 (906) 482-9560 PI: Mr. Gordon L. Nelson (906) 482-9560 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0399 CLEMSON UNIV. Dept of Mechanical Engineering Clemson, SC 29634 (864) 656-3292 ID#: N074-029-0219 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-029       Awarded: 07/11/07 Title: Development of Modeling Methods and Tools for Two-Phase Cooling Systems Abstract:   In this proposal ThermoAnalytics and Clemson University have jointly proposed to develop a modeling capability for two phase electronics cooling that would use the commercial thermal analysis package MuSES as a framework. Three high level tasks are defined in the work plan. In Task 1 component models for a microchannel heat sink and a spray cooling device will be developed. These will be drawn from the technical literature. In Task 2 the existing fluid stream feature in MuSES will be enhanced to include a fully time accurate, two phase flow capability. A key technical challenge in this task is the implementation of a time accurate numerical solver for one dimensional two phase flow. Task 3 consists of testing program, to be carried out at Clemson University, for the purpose of validating the models. This testing program will be lead by Dr. Jay Ochterbeck, professor of mechanical engineering at Clemson.

 TIAX LLC 15 Acorn Park Cambridge, MA 02140 (617) 498-5655 PI: Dr. Vernon E. Shrauger (617) 498-5172 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0428 HARVARD UNIV. Pierce Hall Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 496-2843 ID#: N074-038-0269 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-038       Awarded: 07/18/07 Title: In-vivo measurement of gas bubble formation Abstract:   We propose the development of an in-vivo bubble detection system that will measure the evolution of gas bubbles in biological tissue and blood. Our approach utilizes established commercial technology with advanced imaging techniques to permit visualization of microbubble formation without entering the body. The sensor will be able to quantify the size and density of bubbles as they evolve and will be used as a tool to help study microbubble formation in an effort to correlate them to decompression sickness (DCS). The technology allows the proposed sensor to be lightweight, low-power, compact, wearable and self-contained. With an eventual DCS correlation, the portability and method of the proposed bubble sensor will ultimately enable personalized dive parameter calculation so divers can operate optimally and safely within their physiological limits.

 VEHICLE CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1900 Campus Commons Drive Reston, VA 20191 (703) 620-0703 PI: Dr. Douglas E. Humphreys (703) 620-0703 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0303 UMASS 706 S. Rodney French Boulevard New Bedford, MA 02744 (508) 910-6375 ID#: N074-036-0278 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-036       Awarded: 07/27/07 Title: Compact Long-Range Underwater Velocity Sensor Abstract:   Most UUV payload systems require high navigational accuracy for target localization. Once the vehicle dives from the surface, it is dependent upon a velocity log to maintain navigational accuracy. Thus, DVL bottom lock range effectively limits the water depth in which target localization missions can be prosecuted. The team proposes to pair a 150 kHz DVL with a 600 kHz DVL. The performance of this dual frequency sensor will be less dependent on water column properties because the low frequency transducer will provide sufficient performance margin at high altitudes while the high frequency transducer will provide measurement accuracy at low altitudes that is sufficient for synthetic aperture sonars. The resulting DVL sensor will be ideal for integration with existing inertial navigation systems (e.g. Kearfott, IxSea). The team shall implement a sensor fusion algorithm that augments the DVL velocity estimates with data from the inertial measurement sensors (accelerometers and rate gyros) to produce a more accurate velocity estimate than is possible with the DVL alone. Additionally, auto-tuning algorithms that will reduce configuration requirements for the field operator will be investigated. High fidelity simulation of acoustics, vehicle dynamics, and the operating environment will be integral to the design process.

 VEHICLE CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 1900 Campus Commons Drive Reston, VA 20191 (703) 620-0703 PI: Dr. Douglas E. Humphreys (703) 620-0703 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0432 UMASS DARTMOUTH 706 South Rodney New Bedford, MA 02744 (508) 910-6375 ID#: N074-037-0347 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-037       Awarded: 08/02/07 Title: Automated Launch and Recovery of Small, Untethered Unmanned Underwater Vehicles from Unmanned Surface Vehicles Abstract:   To meet mine-hunting mission requirements, Unmanned Surface Vehicles, USV, and various sensor systems (UUV's, AN/AQS-20, and others), may be combined for autonomous mine-hunting operations. Automated Unmanned Surface Vehicles face a significant challenge in the launch, the recovery, and the storage of UUV like systems. The USV will have to operate in various sea state and environmental conditions to meet mission requirements. At the same time, the USV must launch, handle, secure, and recharge the payload vehicles. The proposed automated launch and recovery concept consists of several major components: the USV master control scheme, the capture Drogue, the Winch/Boom system, the Handling and Storage system, and the mission UUV's. The proposed system will use the compact, underwater docking system being developed under a current Phase II SBIR. The on-board payload and mission capability will be determined via parametric studies of various USV sizes. The successful, automated recovery of a UUV while operating in a sea state, is the primary technical hurdle of the project. The concept that is proposed here will allow an increase factor of approximately eight fold for the time-on-station of a single autonomous mine-hunting UUV.

 VENABLE INDUSTRIES 4201 S. Congress Ave. Austin, TX 78745 (512) 837-2888 PI: Mr. Stephen Bissell (512) 837-2888 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0415 UNIV. OF SOUTH CAROLINA USC Research Foundation Columbia, SC 29208 (803) 777-1119 ID#: N074-002-0355 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 07/31/07 Title: Aircraft Battery Diagnostic and Prognostic System Abstract:   We propose to measure through small signal ac current injection and frequency response analysis the internal complex impedances of Lead Acid, Ni-Cd, and Li Ion batteries over various operational and environmental conditions. Correlation will be observed between the impedance variations and state of charge and state of health of the target batteries. A simplified algorithm will be developed and embedded into a compact, low cost monitoring system that will provide accurate and repeatable state of charge indications. The system will be field upgradeable to accomodate improved algorithms.

 VEXTEC CORP. 750 Old Hickory Blvd, Building 2, Suite 270 Brentwood, TN 37027 (615) 372-0299 PI: Mr. Richard Holmes (615) 372-0299 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0444 PURDUE UNIV. 315 North Grant Street West Lafayette, IN 47907 (765) 494-5118 ID#: N074-010-0349 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-010       Awarded: 07/19/07 Title: Physics Based Gear Health Prognosis via Modeling Coupled with Component Level Tests Abstract:   PHM investments can successfully diagnose up to 70% of damage fault indications. The cost of empirically-based testing is very high and must be reworked for every gear system design change. Physics-based FEA combined with long crack modeling can be self-adapting and overcome the high cost of pure statistical approaches but still unable to diagnose the remaining 30% failures because onset of damage is too small and happens too quickly. VEXTEC has already developed techniques for modeling damage at the fundamental microstructural level which will uniquely be applied to gear system PHM under this STTR. The modeling properties include geometry, composition, material characteristics, case hardness, core hardness, case depth, design ratios of case to tooth thickness, surface finish, and machining are directly and explicitly addressed in the formulation of the micromechanical material model. The objective of this STTR is to develop physics-based failure models to allow for explicit prognosis of air vehicle gear components and systems. This project provides for successful modeling of the effects of tooth bending, spalling, and pitting to advance the understanding of these failure modes as a critical and new approach to aerospace application prognosis.

 VSEE LAB LLC 3188 Kimlee Drive San Jose, CA 95132 (650) 400-1798 PI: Dr. Milton Chen (650) 400-1798 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0417 UNIV. OF KENTUCKY 109 Kinkead Hall Lexington, KY 40506 (859) 257-8311 ID#: N074-003-0244 Agency: NAVY Topic#: 07-003       Awarded: 08/17/07 Title: Rapidly Deployable Display with Continuous Self-Correction Abstract:   We will develop novel algorithms and hardware to support multi-projector display that can display any content on anywhere at anytime. Key to the innovations is to use computer vision algorithms to provide closed-loop control. That is, a camera is used to observe the setup and automatically estimate (calibrate) the necessary adjustments needed to register the imagery, in terms of both geometry and color. While others have shown success using this camera-based approach, unique to this proposal is to calibrate these parameters continuously while the display system is in use. This autocalibration capability was first developed by Dr. Yang (the research partner for this proposal) and Dr. Welch in 2001. In this proposal, we will extend the original approach to include all parameters for display calibration, allowing both display surface deformation and projector movement. By maintaining an optimal calibration all the time, the display is more robust, can withstand rough handling, and can be modified on the fly. We will also demonstrate, at no cost to the funding agency, a visual training software (or any software), without any modification, running with our multi-projector display. This application-transparency, together with autocalibration, will greatly improve the usability of multi-projector displays.

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 21ST CENTURY SYSTEMS, INC. 6825 Pine Street, Suite 141 Omaha, NE 68106 (402) 505-7887 PI: Mr. Warren Noll (573) 329-8526 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0002 RTI INTERNATIONAL 3040 Cornwallis Rd Research Triangle Pa, NC 27709 (919) 485-5575 ID#: O074-002-2006 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 10/04/07 Title: POWER: Political Will Expert Reasoning Tool Abstract:   There are many challenges in addressing the problem of Political Will. The first is developing a clear, complete, consensual definition of Political Will driven by both theory and field practice. But a larger challenge is deconstructing and unpacking the Political Science and Social Science concept of Political Will into its complex constituent elements in order to arrive at their computational, representational, and algorithmic characteristics. In other words, to make it computable. The team of 21st Century Systems Incorporated and RTI International is pleased to propose to research and develop our POWER (Political Will Expert Reasoning) tool. The tool is intended to help operational and tactical military leaders to reach informed decisions critical to the success in the USG stabilization efforts by providing information about the country's political leaders and assessing their willingness to collaborate with the USG on counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, and stabilization. The POWER concept utilizes a computational model of Political Will accounting for its complex, non-binary structure and changes over time. We will also investigate application of three types of cutting-edge intelligent information processing technologies: probabilistic evidential reasoning with uncertain, imprecise, and incomplete information; multi-lingual text processing and text mining technologies, and natural language-motivated knowledge representation and reasoning technologies.

 ADAPTIVE MATERIALS, INC. 4403 Concourse Drive Suite C Ann Arbor, MI 48108 (734) 302-7632 PI: Dr. Shaowu Zha (734) 302-7632 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0496 UNIV. OF MICHIGAN 2300 Hayward Street Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (734) 763-4970 ID#: O074-006-4023 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 08/14/07 Title: Advanced Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Abstract:   Low temperature (550 C) SOFC will be developed and characterized with a combination of impedance spectroscopy and high resolution microscopy (FIB, SEM, TEM, XEDS, EELS, SAED, CBED methods). Initial focus will be on a low temperature samarium doped ceria electrolyte and low temperature cathodes to include LSCuF, LSCoF-SDC, LSCuF-SDC, and SmSrCo-SDC. Key interfacial structure and aging effects will be investigated by preparing FIB sections at the cathode/cathode current collector interface; cathode interior; cathode/electrolyte interface; electrolyte/anode interface; and anode/anode current collector. Emphasis will be on long term endurance with clear definition of degradation mechanisms and mitigation strategies. Technology developed in this program will be readily adoptable in existing and future AMI power systems. Adaptive Materials Inc. will partner with the University of Michigan Material Science and Engineering Department thus coupling the leader in the low cost, rapid coextrusion of microtubule solid oxide fuel cells with the exceptional microscopy and characterization resources of the University of Michigan Electron Microbeam Analysis Laboratory (EMAL).

 CERAMATEC, INC. 2425 South 900 West Salt Lake City, UT 84119 (801) 978-2176 PI: Dr. S. Elangovan (801) 978-2162 Contract #: N00004-07-M-0499 BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIV. C100 BNSN Provo, UT 84602 (801) 422-2093 ID#: O074-006-4006 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 07/26/07 Title: Portable, Moderate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Abstract:   Compared to conventional power sources, fuel cell systems present such benefits as high efficiency, low emissions, long life, and near silent operation. Of the various fuel cell types, Solid oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) have a number of advantages in hydrocarbon fuel applications because of their solid-state construction and high temperature operation. Presently, SOFCs operate in the temperature range of 800 D 1,000C. For a portable system however, a significant reduction in operating temperature to 550C or below is desirable. The lower operating temperature would improve start up time, provide materials and performance stability, and improve portability. An innovative materials set and cell design are proposed to meet the stringent requirements demanded in portable applications. A novel materials set will be used to achieve high performance at the medium operating temperature. A compact cell design will be used to accomplish the rapid start-up and shut-down times, and the multiple thermal cycles required for a portable system.

 COLORADO ENGINEERING, INC. 1310 United Heights Suite 105 Colorado Springs, CO 80921 (719) 388-8582 PI: Mr. Lawrence Scally (719) 388-8582 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0029 VILLANOVA UNIVERISTY 601 County Line Road Radnor, PA 19087 (719) 523-1776 ID#: O074-003-2032 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-003       Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Stake-Holder Asset-based Planning Environment (SHAPE) Abstract:   Colorado Engineering, Inc (CEI) is a small woman owned business with a wealth of engineering expertise in the development of software and hardware systems for DOD combat, weapon and sensor systems. The measuring and mapping of community development in order to adjust tactics, as well insert stimuli to direct future change, is a purely systemic problem. Community development and maximization of assets is based on human behavior; all cultures and governments are made up of people with individual behaviors and groups that form the cultural behavior of the whole. The individual behaviors and motivations are difficult enough to understand on their own; the cultural understanding and control requires a holistic and systemic approach to influence reform and collaboration for a desired outcome. A systemic approach and tool will allow for the continuous gauging of community acceptance to change and assistance; the systemic model developed and incorporate from this analysis not only allows the measuring of community development, but will also allow commanders and government officials to change stimuli to predict what effects they impose on the resultant community development.

 CYBERNEUTICS, INC. 503 Mountain Lake Avenue Pearisburg, VA 24134 (540) 242-3386 PI: Ms. Patricia Craig-Hart (540) 242-3386 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0028 GEORGETOWN UNIV. Office of Spon.Prog Box 571168 Washington, DC 20057 (202) 687-7345 ID#: O074-001-2021 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 09/14/07 Title: Collaborative Automated Planning Environment for Reconstruction and Stabilization (CAPERS) Abstract:   Reconstruction and Stabilization (R/S) is a trans-disciplinary challenge that must be met through the establishment of an enterprise-wide planning culture that dynamically assembles and maintains an R/S community of interest (COI), which encompasses U.S. Government agencies, allies, international and non-governmental organizations. USJFCOM and the US Department of State's Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) have laid the methodological and process groundwork for an R/S COI through publication of the R/S Draft Planning Framework and the Essential Tasks List (ETL). Application of these principles and framework, however, is seriously hindered because they remain a discontinuous, disconnected and paper-based process. Cyberneutics and its teaming partner Georgetown University propose to address this shortfall with Collaborative Automated Planning Environment for Reconstruction and Stabilization (CAPERS), which combines a collaboration framework with templates, smart forms and XSLT reports to provide members of Strategic Planning and MME Planning teams the support required for coordinating plans across geographically and organizationally disparate organizations. As a result, CAPERS will support the integration of US national efforts with those of other international partners and organizations. During Phase I, Cyberneutics will leverage its prior experience designing similar environments for NATO and the US Air Force Research Laboratory to construct a proof-of-concept feasibility demonstration.

 ECROSSCULTURE 777 29th Street, Suite 102 Boulder, CO 80303 (303) 544-1978 PI: Mrs. Katherine Ihourane (303) 544-1978 Contract #: W91WAW-07-P-0458 SAN FRANCISCO STATE UNIV. 1600 Holloway Avenue San Francisco, CA 94132 (415) 338-1846 ID#: O074-004-2033 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 09/01/07 Title: Training Innovations for Nonverbal Cue Decoding Abstract:   We propose numerous innovations for training soldiers to decode nonverbal cues. Courseware will teach universal and culture specific nonverbal cues, distance and close range decoding. Video will be used extensively to present relevant, engaging material. Military relevant, game based scenarios will provide practice and assess student performance. Video vignettes of soldiers discussing experiences with nonverbal cues will provide a context for students to ascertain why the material is important and how it can benefit specific situations.

 FRONTIER TECHNOLOGY, INC. 75 Aero Camino, Suite A Goleta, CA 93117 (805) 685-6672 PI: Mr. Samuel Boykin (937) 429-3302 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0031 FLETCHER SCHOOL, TUFTS UNIV. 160 Packard Avenue Medford, MA 02155 (617) 627-3796 ID#: O074-001-2022 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Automation of Strategic Planning Frameworks Abstract:   As the U.S. Government continues to post-conflict reconstruction and stabilization (R/S) around the globe, the implementation of an automated strategic planning aid is critical to future success. The objective of this program is to demonstrate the feasibility of a strategic planning framework that leverages the latest collaboration technologies to provide desktop access to R/S goals, missions and tasks. The resulting framework will also be integrated with approaches to establish priorities across a diverse range of distributed stakeholders, and provide a means to resolve differences of opinion. This innovative approach will combine new human behavior algorithms with existing software technology, to build an effective strategic planning support application. The planning framework to integrate R/S specific goals and create behavior algorithms will be built on an infrastructure initiated by investments from Missile Defense, Air Force and Navy to provide robust decision traceability during the system acquisition life cycle. The Phase I program will solidify the Phase II requirements by having selected OSD, S/CRS and multi-national stakeholders and analysts interact with the proof-of-concept graphical user interface (GUI)and supporting database structure to conduct actual strategic planning activities. The Phase II program will fully develop a prototype tool and validate its operation and use concept.

 GLOBAL ASSESSMENT LLC 230 Sunport Lane Orlando, FL 32809 (321) 228-1268 PI: Dr. Shatha Samman (407) 491-6034 Contract #: W91WAW-07-P-0457 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA 4000 Central Florida Blvd. Orlando, FL 32816 (407) 823-6101 ID#: O074-004-2017 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 09/01/07 Title: Training Soldiers to Decode Nonverbal Cues in Cross-Cultural Interactions Abstract:   The overall objective of the proposal is to generate guidelines for the conceptual design of an interactive, computer-based training tool to improve Soldiers' ability to decode nonverbal cues and behavior in multiple channels (i.e., vocal tones, gestures). The tool will assist Soldiers to exhibit effective cross-cultural communication skills and prepare them to interpret and predict behavior more accurately in cross-cultural environments. The specific objectives of this Phase I research are to (1) conduct a comprehensive review to identify universal and culture-specific nonverbal cues that are particular to a specific Middle Eastern culture; (2) examine which nonverbal cues are more reliable across American and Arab cultures to determine similarities; (3) investigate which nonverbal cues and behaviors may be misinterpreted across cultures; (4) identify methods for teaching the recognition and interpretation of nonverbal cues cross-culturally; and (5) generate guidelines for the conceptual design of a training approach that is computer-based and interactive to improve Soldiers' ability to decode nonverbal cues and behavior. In Phase II, the development and testing of a prototype system in a realistic environment will be undertaken.

 INTELLIGENT AUTOMATION, INC. 15400 Calhoun Drive Rockville, MD 20855 (301) 294-5227 PI: Dr. Genshe Chen (301) 294-5218 Contract #: N00014-07-C-0930 UNIV. OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PAR 8400 Baltimore Avenue College Park, MD 20740 (301) 405-4877 ID#: O074-005-4030 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 06/20/07 Title: A Graphical Game Theoretic Asymmetric Tactic and Strategy Generation for Simulation and Training Abstract:   We propose a highly innovative data fusion with data mining approach for asymmetric adversary tactics and strategy generation in synthetic training environment. Our approach has two parts: 1) Data fusion module. Sensor data are fused to obtain the situation awareness. A graphical dynamic game model is used to generate the Course of Actions (COAs) of two sides (Blue-trainees, and Red-asymmetric adversary strategy generator). The COAs of red will be implemented as the asymmetric adversary tactics and strategies; and 2) Dynamic/adaptive feature recognition module. Adaptation (online-learning) and pattern/feature recognition are carried out to dynamically select (or mine) appropriate features or feature sets of blue side so that the algorithm parameters in the Data Fusion Module can be dynamically, intelligently, automatically tuned. Our multiplayer non-zero sum game theoretic approach is effective because it takes into account the fact that both the adversary and the non-neutral players are intelligent. We integrate the deception concept in our game approach to model the action of purposely rendering partial information to hide the asymmetric threats. With the consideration that an asymmetric threat may act like a neutral or white object, we also model the actions of white objects in our non-zero sum graphical game framework.

 JOB PERFORMANCE SYSTEMS, INC. 1240 N. Pitt St, Alexandria, VA 22314 (703) 799-3652 PI: Dr. Douglas Rosenthal (703) 799-3652 Contract #: W91WAW-07-P-0459 HUMRRO 1313 Fifth Street SE Alexandria, MN 55414 (612) 379-3834 ID#: O074-004-2040 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-004       Awarded: 09/01/07 Title: Training Soldiers to Decode Nonverbal Cues in Cross-Cultural Interactions Abstract:   Cultural and communication competencies are emerging as critical components of the successful Soldier skill set given the nature of counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations. The goal of this effort is to develop a prototype of an automated, deployable training system to increase Soldiers' ability to decode nonverbal cues in cross-culture interactions. The training will have a general NVC skills component and a culture-specific component targeting NVC skills unique to a Middle Eastern culture. Both the culture-general and culture-specific portions of the training will consist of three parts: 1)an initial assessment of skills at NVC across different channels, 2) a training section that asks trainees to interpret/rate the stimulus and provides feedback, and 3) a testing section in which NVC channels are randomly ordered.

 LOGOS TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 3811 N. Fairfax Drive Arlington, VA 22203 (703) 584-5727 PI: Mr. Rob Grossman-Vermaas (202) 701-6062 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0033 GEORGE MASON UNIV. GMU School of Public Policy Arlington, VA 22201 (703) 993-1703 ID#: O074-001-2047 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Automation of Strategic Planning Frameworks Abstract:   Based on both operational lessons learned and experimental analyses there is a strong requirement for more innovative means to support USG interagency planning and assessment of stabilization and reconstruction operations, as well as to illustrate to both USG and the non-government community the adaptive nature of chosen defense, diplomacy and development plans and tasks within a complex engagement space. The objective of this proposal is to highlight to the US military and their USG inter-agency partners an innovative concept and methodology for an automated capability to employ the principles and framework described in the USG Draft Planning for Reconstruction, Stabilization and Conflict Transformation, version 1.0, (USG R/S) as well as the Essential Task List (ETL). Phase 1 will provide strategic and theatre-level operational planners with a conceptual systematic approach that will represent, categorize and translate USG objectives into sound, executable strategies and tasks. It will then present a tool suite that visualize the USG R/S and the ETL into easily understood and practicable applications for planners to efficiently enter and understand: a) policy goals; b) strategic aims; c) operational end-states; and d) associated evaluation criteria to then select individual tasks defining Major Mission Elements, linked to applicable goals, aims and end-states. Phase 2 will further refine and prototype this effort within concept development and experimentation venues, such as Unified Action and Multinational Experiment 5. This entails a two-fold analytical approach that is unique to the field: first the project will begin to integrate a risk outlook methodology that will apply modeling capabilities that illustrate to policymakers and operators the dependency relationships amongst plans and tasks and therefore the risk' associated with decisions to take one course of action to achieve a strategic aim versus another (or) the decision to emphasize one task versus another. Second, the project will enhance its collaborative capability to include bi-level classification situation awareness pages' that allow for both situational awareness and inputs from USG and non-government organizations. This is a truly interagency concept that proposes the integration of several methodologies and tool-suites.

 LOGOS TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 3811 N. Fairfax Drive Arlington, VA 22203 (703) 584-5727 PI: Mr. Robert Grossman (202) 701-6062 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0032 CORNELL UNIV. Sponsored Program Services Ithaca, NY 14853 (607) 255-6306 ID#: O074-003-2049 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-003       Awarded: 09/26/07 Title: Development of Systems Architecture for Stake-Holder Asset-based Planning Environment Abstract:   We propose to develop a conceptual planning methodology based on asset analysis, environmental shaping and stakeholder participation, to strengthen interagency conflict transformation capabilities and support to S&RO operations, particularly in urban areas. This research and development process will start from consideration of the variety of applicable international development methodologies and approaches; evaluate existing analytical techniques and integrate the most valuable approaches; and develop a conceptual approach that can be effectively implemented to address mission objectives, prioritization of effort, and implementation planning, all leading to self-sustaining outcomes. The primary technical objective of this work is to develop conceptual approaches and options and then develop a most-promising SHAPE architectural approach, for achieving a coherent planning outcome that addresses a range of stakeholders, asset-based analysis, network and path analysis, feedback loops, and business-case analysis that grounds the integration of these planning elements.

 LONGBOW, LLC 1313 N. Greenbrier Street Arlington, VA 22205 (703) 241-0804 PI: Dr. Pauline H. Baker (202) 223-7940 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0004 FUND FOR PEACE 1701 K Street, 11th Floor Washington DC, DC 20006 (202) 223-7940 ID#: O074-002-2044 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 10/24/07 Title: Measuring and Mapping Political Will Abstract:   The concept of political will be broken down into five essential components in a framework that will make the determination of political will more accurate and relevant for US decision makers. For each component, guidance will be provided on the required information needed to conduct he analysis, as well as how the framework can be used to influence or shape political will in the country of concern. The components will be: a country typology; the nature of the policy issue or request; a mapping of stakeholder constituencies; potential rationales of the stakeholders that influence political will; and a political will spectrum. The framework will permit time-specific analysis as well as ongoing dynamic analysis in a changing environment. Therefore, complexity will not inhibit meaningful analysis in a fluid environment. Additionally, the framework will not be constrained solely to internal developments, but will also include external actors that shape political will. Data will be transformed into knowledge and understanding based on an application of the framework in historical cases. This application will allow the team to set parameters for combining multiple sources for each of the subcomponents into a formula that will determine the level of political will on a continuum. The political will continuum will not only track the level of political will specific to certain type of issues or partnerships but also indicate when, to what extent, and under what circumstances negative political will exists.

 LYNNTECH, INC. 7610 Eastmark Drive College Station, TX 77840 (979) 693-0017 PI: Dr. Christopher P. Rhodes (979) 693-0017 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0491 UNIV. OF FLORIDA PO Box 116400 Gainesville, FL 32611 (352) 846-2991 ID#: O074-006-4013 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 07/30/07 Title: Advanced Materials for Low Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Abstract:   Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer high efficiency, quiet operation, reduced emissions, internal fuel reformation, and fuel flexibility, however current SOFCs are restricted to predominately stationary applications based on their high operating temperatures and expensive high temperature ceramics. SOFCs that operate at low temperatures (LT) (<550 degrees Celsius) can permit the use of lower cost materials and enable portable SOFC power systems to be developed. To meet the need for advanced materials and cell configurations for LT-SOFCs, Lynntech and University of Florida will combine highly ionically conducting bilayer electrolytes, highly active catalysts, and an innovate cell design to achieve LT-SOFC with high power densities at low operating temperatures (< 550 degrees Celsius). During the Phase I, cells using advanced materials will be fabricated and optimized to achieve high power densities at low operating temperatures, and planar cell designs will be developed. The cell's long-term performance on a model reformate gas stream will also be determined. In Phase II, a prototype, lightweight, low temperature SOFC stack will be fabricated and demonstrated.

 MATERIALS & ELECTROCHEMICAL RESEARCH (MER) CORP. 7960 S. Kolb Rd. Tucson, AZ 85706 (520) 574-1980 PI: Dr. Juan Sepulveda (520) 574-1980 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0492 UNIV. OF ARIZONA Aerospace & Mechanical Eng. Tucson, AZ 85721 (520) 626-7789 ID#: O074-006-4025 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 08/08/07 Title: High Efficiency, Anode Supported, Low Temperature, Protonic SOFC Abstract:   This Phase I STTR program will develop and test anode supported, low temperature, protonic solid electrolyte fuel cell (AS-LT-PSOFC) with high electrochemical efficiency, high degree of hydrogen (H) utilization, low operating temperature, and reversible operation characteristics. The novel proton-conducting fuel cell technology pursued in this project has improved electrochemical efficiency derived from using a highly porous anode support design and a very thin hybrid protonic electrolyte.

 METRON, INC. 11911 Freedom Drive Reston, VA 20190 (703) 437-2434 PI: Mr. Jeff Monroe (858) 792-8904 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0008 SDSUNIV. Criminal Justice Program San Diego, CA 92182 (619) 594-3876 ID#: O074-002-2016 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 10/26/07 Title: Measuring and Mapping Political Will Abstract:   Non-traditional analytical models can help the US Government (USG) improve measurement and mapping of political will as a context for diplomatic, infrastructure, military or economic (DIME) decisions. Today's subjective anti-corruption and governance measurement tools can be enhanced to improve cognitive readiness for DIME policy actions. Multiple Linear Regression and Structural Equation Modeling techniques are the research team's baseline dynamic analytic toolset to achieve Phase I objectives. Researchers will process loci, environmental factors and characteristics of corruption ACTORs for USAID and Millennium Challenge scenarios. These analytical techniques can grade political will in the presence of: temporal, cultural, environmental factors and provide feedback for future optimization choices. STTR Phase I efforts will provide framework coefficients and process prototype objective model outputs of political will in a USAID / Mexico scenario. SDSU and METRON analysts will support USG modeling and understanding of humans and foreign institutions for democratization steps - even in presence of corruption, insurgency and extremism. Commercialization efforts will combine the tailored analytical engine from Phase I (accommodating behavior and factual variations) with web-based learning techniques and "tuned" temperament profiles to improve USG personnel's assessment of political will. Milestone demonstrations will validate the performance of the analytical engine and training effectiveness.

 MYMIC LLC 200 High Street Portsmouth, VA 23704 (757) 391-9200 PI: Dr. John A. Sokolowski (757) 686-6215 Contract #: N00014-07-C-0933 OLD DOMINION UNIV. 4807 Hampton Blvd Norfolk, VA 23529 (757) 683-4293 ID#: O074-005-4011 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 06/21/07 Title: Asymmetric Adversaries for Synthetic Training Environments Abstract:   MYMIC LLC is teaming with Old Dominion University's Virginia Modeling Analysis and Simulation Center and University of Alabama at Huntsville's Center for Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis to develop an Asymmetric Behavior Generation System. This system will support the training requirements of small units preparing for operations against asymmetric opponents. The system will generate novel, expert-asymmetric tactics appropriate to training audience requirements. The Asymmetric Behavior Generation System will present realistic novel asymmetric tactics to the small unit training audiences within a synthetic environment over repeated iterations. Presented tactics will reflect general or theater-specific tactics and will present at the level of difficult and complexity appropriate to the training audience's capability.

 NEXTECH MATERIALS, LTD. 404 Enterprise Dr. Lewis Center, OH 43035 (614) 842-6606 PI: Dr. Matthew M. Seabaugh (614) 842-6606 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0497 UNIV. OF FLORIDA Sponsored Research Gainesville, FL 32611 (352) 392-9447 ID#: O074-006-4029 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-006       Awarded: 07/26/07 Title: Advanced Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Abstract:   In this Phase I STTR program, NexTech Materials, Ltd. (NexTech) and the University of Florida (UF) will collaboratively demonstrate a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) design and materials set tailored to provide military users with a rugged, compact power supply, operating at temperatures below 600C. Utilizing robust, high performance cell designs demonstrated for intermediate temperature use (700-800C), NexTech and UF will access even lower operating temperatures through the demonstration of high conductivity electrolyte materials. NexTech's anode technology, which has demonstrated sulfur tolerance (up to 1000 ppmv in H2 fuel) at intermediate temperatures, will be evaluated for low temperature operation, its performance enhanced by catalyst infiltration. UF's high performance cathode materials will be incorporated into NexTech's cell designs to enable higher performance at low temperatures. Based on single cell tests in Phase I, a preliminary stack design will be developed for Phase II demonstration.

 PACIFIC SCIENCE & ENGINEERING GROUP, INC. 9180 Brown Deer Road San Diego, CA 92121 (858) 535-1661 PI: Dr. Holly A. H. Handley (858) 535-1661 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0001 THE UNIV. OF TENNESSEE 1534 White Avenue Knoxville, TN 37996 (865) 974-4808 ID#: O074-001-2005 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 10/04/07 Title: Automation of Strategic Planning Frameworks: Decision Support System for Stabilization, Reconstruction, and Conflict Transformation (START) Abstract:   Pacific Science & Engineering Group (PSE) and the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK) propose the Decision Support System for STAbilization, Reconstruction, and Conflict Transformation (START). This tool will facilitate the Draft Planning Framework for Reconstruction, Stabilization, and Conflict Transformation, a complex planning process involving collaborative users. START's graphical user interface will present a work flow diagram to guide users through different levels of planning. The Essential Task Matrix will be integrated into the planning process through functional or temporal task libraries. The ability to identity and allocate resources and to define level appropriate metrics will also be included. A tiered information architecture will allow for easy navigation through the stages of the plan: tier one will monitor the status of the overall plan objectives; tier two will enumerate the steps for each objective; and tier three will provide user workspaces. A key aspect of START will be the help component - schema theory will be used to define the cognitive needs of various users at different levels of expertise. START will function as a surrogate expert planner, providing guidance and collaborative workspaces to a diverse set of users, while maintaining information consistency between concurrent levels of planning.

 REFERENTIA SYSTEMS, INC. 550 Paiea Street Honolulu, HI 96819 (808) 423-1900 PI: Mr. Steve Upton (808) 423-1900 Contract #: N00014-07-C-0929 UNVERSITY OF HAWAII 2500 Campus Road Honolulu, HI 96822 (808) 956-7234 ID#: O074-005-4017 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 07/16/07 Title: Automated Asymmetric Red Teams (AART) Abstract:   Red teaming is a technique that has been used successfully for some time in the military community to uncover system vulnerabilities or to find exploitable gaps in operational concepts, such as new weapon systems or tactics. Red teaming is currently a human intensive technique that typically brings together experts relevant to the system under consideration and who are then charged with identifying weaknesses. The primary challenge in this process is overcoming the limited exploration of possibilities and the potential bias of human experience and these limitations will likely hold for most adversary models that humans would build. A significant opportunity exists in automatically generating realistic adversary models that could potentially be used in any DoD simulation-based system, whether the goal of that simulation-based system is training, analysis, acquisition, or test and evaluation. This tool could also be used in homeland security and law enforcement, where adversaries in this case could be any agent out to do us harm. The overall objective of this effort is to research and design an asymmetric adversarial behavioral generation system (AART) that can provide computer-generated adversaries using asymmetric tactics and strategies in synthetic training environments. The following are specific technical objectives for this research.

 SECURBORATION, INC. 695 Sanderling Dr Indialantic, FL 32903 (919) 244-3946 PI: Mr. Lee Krause (321) 591-9836 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0007 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE Rope Ferry Rd Hanover, NH 03755 (603) 646-6490 ID#: O074-002-2038 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 10/26/07 Title: Measuring and Mapping Political Will Abstract:   Today's strategic threat is far more fragmented than during the Cold War era. The 21st century strategic threat triad - failed states, global terrorism, and WMD proliferation -represents the greatest modern day threat to our national security interests . The common factor that exacerbates this threat triad is that of instability, and addressing it requires support from counterpart leaders to stabilize local and regional populations. This, in turn, requires the understanding of and ability to influence political will. However, political will in today's world is not well understood and is evaluated in a subjective, binary manner without consideration of the complexities. Without properly gauging political will there is no way to influence it and align leaders with USG objectives. Furthermore, miscalculating political will negatively impacts strategies for dealing with insurgency, terrorism and democratization. To objectively evaluate political will, Securboration, Inc., teaming with Dr. Peter Brecke from the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Dr. Eugene Santos from Dartmouth College, are pleased to propose the Objective Political Will Mapping System (OPWIMS).

 SENTIA GROUP 2815 N Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20007 (202) 903-3975 PI: Dr. Traci Becker (202) 903-3975 Contract #: W9132T-08-C-0006 DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH CENTER 1700 N. Moore Street Arlington, VA 22209 (703) 778-3909 ID#: O074-002-2015 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-002       Awarded: 10/24/07 Title: Measuring and Mapping Political Will Abstract:   The Sentia Group Team proposed approach applies choice theory to measuring and mapping political, utilizing the Brinkerhoff and Kulibaba taxonomy of components that are empirically observable and quantifiable in continuum scales, with positive and negative values. At the same time, the proposed method is based on observing political will in more than one locus of initiative. Besides the more typical locus on the top decision makers, we propose to observe and measure political will in two groups, councils or assemblies, and stakeholders. We will also measure variance of political will scores across the last two loci of initiative. Our methodological approach, however, is not limited to gauging political will but to interpret its various degrees in the presence of the particular sets of constraints that limit the decision makers' actions independently of their commitment to effect changes. This composite methodology will allow observers to determine whether exogenous interventions to promote desire actions should focus on fostering political will in its various loci of initiative, in relaxing some of the relevant constraints inhibiting actions or a combination of both.

 SOAR TECHNOLOGY, INC. 3600 Green Court Ann Arbor, MI 48105 (734) 327-8000 PI: Dr. Brian S. Stensrud (407) 207-2237 Contract #: N00014-07-C-0931 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA Office of Research & Com. Orlando, FL 32826 (407) 823-3031 ID#: O074-005-4002 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 07/25/07 Title: Genetically Actualized Models of Behavior for Insurgent Tactics (GAMBIT) Abstract:   Soar Technology proposes to improve the efficacy of existing combat simulations by introducing a more realistic computer-generated adversary (OPFOR). To do this, we introduce GAMBIT - a novel system for dynamically generating and implementing asymmetric tactics supported by the use of genetic algorithms. Using GAMBIT, asymmetric tactics are generated offline given the initial conditions of a scenario and feedback from past simulation runs. The resultant tactic is then converted into a plan, which in turn feeds goal and sequence information to dynamic, intelligent behavior models of OPFOR that will ultimately execute the tactic. The use of GAMBIT for generating and executing asymmetric tactics will not only reduce the manpower required to mimic adversaries during training exercises, but will also deliver a wider variety of novel, unexpected insurgent behavior than possible by manual tactics generation.

 SONALYSTS, INC. 215 Parkway North Waterford, CT 06385 (860) 442-4355 PI: Mr. W. Irvin Lindley (757) 490-3927 Contract #: W9132T-07-C-0035 UNIV. OF CONNECTICUT Office of Sponsored Programs Storrs, CT 06269 (860) 486-2783 ID#: O074-001-2020 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-001       Awarded: 09/28/07 Title: Automation of Strategic Planning Frameworks Abstract:   The Phase I effort will develop an easily understood and usable application/tool for U.S. military planners and their U.S. Government Interagency partners to rapidly enter data from framework documentation. Sonalysts will organize and store the data in a relational database that allows the rapid establishment of strategies and moreover supports the development of plans to achieve those goals. Together, Sonalysts, Inc. and the University of Connecticut's (UCONN) Information and Software Engineering Laboratory will develop alternative approaches and demonstrate a feasible concept utilizing our collective modeling and simulation, human factors engineering, operational planning, and distributed command and control expertise. Our Team will draw upon Sonalysts' involvement with the U.S. Joint Forces Command's Joint Concept Development and Experimentation directorate, and combine that experience with UCONN's leadership in the feasibility studies of information system reengineering research and development work. The essential technical objective for this project will be the identification of a series of data relationships that provide the tool that planners' need to close the critical timelines in the Stabilization, Security, Transformation, and Reconstruction environment. Sonalysts will provide a value-added solution framework for development, testing, and fielding focused on supporting Phase II goals and ultimate commercialization.

 STOTTLER HENKE ASSOC., INC. 951 Mariner's Island Blvd., STE 360 San Mateo, CA 94404 (650) 931-2726 PI: Mr. Ryan Houlette (617) 616-1293 Contract #: N00014-07-C-0934 UNIV. OF CENTRAL FLORIDA Engineering Building 2, Room 3 Orlando, FL 32816 (407) 823-5296 ID#: O074-005-4015 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 08/16/07 Title: Adaptive Behavior Modeling of Asymmetric Tactics (ABMAT) Abstract:   In order for simulation based training to help prepare warfighters for modern asymmetric tactics, opponent models of behavior must become more dynamic and contemporary and challenge trainees with adaptive threats consistent with those increasingly encountered by the military. The proposed Adaptive Behavior Modeling of Asymmetric Tactics (ABMAT) system will apply artificial intelligence machine learning techniques to generate adaptive adversary behaviors in a synthetic training environment. The adaptive behaviors developed for the ABMAT system will be based on real-world example scenarios collected from subject matter experts with recent operational experience. The action and reaction cycle that typifies recent operations against asymmetric adversaries will be captured from these scenarios and incorporated into the virtual experience base of the synthetic adversary models. The resulting behaviors will adapt tactics in a given exercise both in response to events in the current exercise and in previous exercises, using a combination of reinforcement learning and evolutionary algorithms. This system will build on, and enhance, two commercial products: the OLIVE massively multiplayer virtual environment, and the SimBionic behavior modeling and execution tool. The ABMAT system will be developed and validated with the OLIVE environment, but also designed for platform portability with minimal cost.

 VCRSOFT LLC 30W084 Capistrano CT Suite 201 Naperville, IL 60563 (630) 527-0425 PI: Dr. VC Ramesh (630) 527-0425 Contract #: N00014-07-M-0483 POTOMAC INSTITUTE 901 N. Stuart Street Suite 200 Arlington, VA 22203 (703) 525-0770 ID#: O074-005-4001 Agency: OSD Topic#: 07-005       Awarded: 07/31/07 Title: Game Theoretic Asymmetric Adversary Behavior Models Abstract:   Existing adversary models do not adequately capture the asymmetric behavior of the new threats faced by the US military. For example, asymmetric adversary models need to reflect the loosely-knit organizational structure of terrorist groups. These new models should learn to adapt to the trainee's moves. Such models should be integrated with existing simulation-based training environments used by the DoD. In this project, we will develop game theory based models for asymmetric adversaries.

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