DoD STTR Program Phase I Selections for FY09.A

Army Selections

Navy Selections


---------- ARMY ----------

AdvR Inc.
2310 University Way, Building #1-1
Bozeman, MT 59715
(406) 522-0388

PI: Tony Roberts
(406) 522-0388
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0127
Montana State University
PO Box 172470, 309 Montana Hall
Bozeman, MT 59717
(406) 994-2381

ID#: A09A-008-0048
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T008       Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title: Periodically Poled Materials for UV Generation
Abstract:  &nbs Army quantum information researchers have an immediate need for improved stable, narrowband violet and UV laser sources with 10–100 mW output and 10 MHz–10 GHz tuning. These sources are required for numerous ion and atom qubits functions including photoionization, Doppler cooling, state initialization, and detection. The cost and complexity of currently available UV lasers hampers current efforts and impedes scale-up to systems with more qubits. Simple, compact, fiber-output sources based on single-pass nonlinear frequency conversion in periodically poled materials will reduce the time and money spent on lasers and create a path toward more sophisticated ion traps requiring larger numbers of UV sources. Periodically poled materials currently being developed offer a clear path to fulfill this goal through up-conversion of commercially available IR lasers. Under the proposed Phase I effort, AdvR will establish the feasibility of fabricating suitable periodically poled materials using newly available substrates with improved properties for UV generation.

AEgis Technologies Group, Inc.
631 Discovery Drive,
Huntsville, AL 35806
(256) 922-0802

PI: Milan Buncick
(256) 922-0802
Contract #: W31P4Q-09-C-0652
University of Texas at Austin
1 University Station C0803,
Austin, TX 78712
(512) 471-5922

ID#: A09A-002-0322
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T002       Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title: Dynamically Tunable Metamaterials
Abstract:  &nbs The technology, theory and fabrication of artificial materials and metamaterials have seen impressive progress in the last few years, and various applied fields have benefited of the great flexibility of electromagnetic response that metamaterials may provide at microwaves, infrared (IR) and/or optical frequencies. Negative-refractive and zero- permittivity metamaterials have indeed been proposed for breakthrough novel applications in a multiplicity of fields, spanning engineering, physics and optics. The objective of this proposal is to develop transparent metallo-dielectric multilayer stacks that functions both as an EMI and a laser eye protection coating. We will design and construct multilayer stacks that provide a high transparency window in the visible spectrum but block both UV and IR light. The coating will have sufficient conductivity to offer EMI control and sufficient optical density to protect the eye from damage by laser radiation in these two spectral regions. As part of the Phase I effort we will build and test these stacks on both rigid and flexible substrates in order to provide a wide variety of protection applications. The Phase I work will also produce a technology development and demonstrate plan for the proposed solution that will be executed in Phase II.

Agile RF, Inc.
93 Castilian Drive,
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
(805) 968-5159

PI: Chris Elsass
(805) 968-5159
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0132
UC Santa Barbara
Research Department, Materials Science
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
(805) 893-6128

ID#: A09A-015-0235
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T015       Awarded: 8/21/2009
Title: Improved electrodes for low-loss radio frequency devices
Abstract:  &nbs Understanding and minimizing RF loss in tunable components is key to the successful integration of this technology in high performance wireless devices. Filter applications, in particular, fundamentally require extremely low loss to operate efficiently. Agile’s high-frequency tunable filter development efforts using BST have found that loss due to surface or series resistance (Rs) is a significant limitation. Both Rs and the device quality factor (Q), another common metric for RF loss, can be strongly affected by electrode materials, the electrode/oxide interfaces, and the thickness and geometry of the electrodes. This proposal aims at investigating RF loss mechanisms specifically in BST-based devices which are being developed at Agile for commercial and DoD wireless applications.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-1200

PI: King Wang
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0137
Los Alamos National Security
Los Alamos National Laboratory, PO Box 1663
Los Alamos, NM 87545
(505) 667-3404

ID#: A09A-014-0317
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T014       Awarded: 8/21/2009
Title: CMR Oxides Based Microbolometer Focal Plane Array with Reduced 1/f Noise
Abstract:  &nbs We propose to realize a new class of microbolometer FPA technology with significantly reduced 1/f noise by replacing the sensing material (e.g. VOx) with colossal magnetoresistive (CMR) oxides. The program uniquely combines Agiltron’s experience in novel IR imager development and leading academic research on CMR at Los Alamos National Lab (LANL). The LANL Team has developed a breakthrough processing technique for CMR film deposition. Agiltron will further advance LANL’s CMR film fabrication techniques to reduce maximum processing temperatures, allowing formation of microbolometers on top of CMOS circuitry as practiced in current technology. We anticipate reducing the NETD of state of the art bolometers from 29 mK to 12 mK. In Phase I, the feasibility of the proposed approach will be demonstrated through developing a CMOS compatible fabrication process of CMR oxides. Microbolometer modeling, design and fabrication will be also performed. Functional microbolometers based on CMR oxides and a performance comparison with state of the art devices can be expected at the end of the program.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-1200

PI: Mark Spencer
(781) 935-1333
Contract #: W911SR-09-C-0069
University of South Florida
Department of Physics, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue
Tampa, FL 33620
(813) 974-2897

ID#: A09A-022-0437
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title: LITE Spectrometer for surface bound CBE Materials
Abstract:  &nbs A stand-off mid-IR based system offers great promise for the detection of chemical, biological or explosive (CBE) agents. Such a system has yet to be realized due mostly to broad spectral features and interfering substances. In this proposal we will demonstrate the feasibility of a system that collects laser induced thermal emission (LITE) from a substance and identifies it as known CBE agent with a low rate of false positives. Key features of our system include: 1. Pulsed Nd:YAG laser to heat the surface and desorb chemical agents with a minimum of fragmentation. 2. Collection of LITE spectra from a point ~1 cm above the surface with fluorescence recorded by an infrared spectrometer. 3. Spectrometer to collect fluorescence and principal components analysis that allows us to identify the CBE compounds with a high level of confidence. For Phase I we will demonstrate our surface LITE system on two nerve agent simulants—DMMP and DIMP. From our work we will choose those emission features that can be used for their identification in the field. We will demonstrate that, even in the presence of interfering compounds, users of this system can identify these agents with a low rate of false positives.

Altex Technologies Corporation
244 Sobrante Way,
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
(408) 328-8303

PI: Kenneth Lux
(408) 328-8306
Contract #: W919MY-10-C-0011
The Pennsylvania State University
Dept of Energy & Mineral Engr, C211 CUL
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-4466

ID#: A09A-018-0460
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title: Low Cost High Durability Reactor for Logistic Fuel Reforming
Abstract:  &nbs Altex, a small business entity, and Pennsylvania State University (PSU), a research institution, have teamed up under this STTR program to develop the Low Cost High Durability reactor that reduces the cost of logistic fuel reforming by an order of magnitude. LCHD uses the PSU’s novel low cost catalyst and an Altex innovative reactor design with low manufacturing cost. Under the proposed program the base catalyst and reactor design will be utilized to develop, fabricate, and test a subscale LCHD reactor on JP-8. These test results and analysis will be used to project the LCHD cost, durability, and performance. The Phase I work will be the basis of Phase II under which a prototype LCHD reformer will be developed and delivered to the Army for validation and verification of performance.

American GNC Corporation
888 Easy Street,
Simi Valley, CA 93065
(805) 582-0582

PI: Ching-Fang Lin
(805) 582-0582
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0161
Georgetown University Medical
2115 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 6,
Washington, DC 20007
(202) 687-0020

ID#: A09A-029-0429
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T029       Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title: Robotic System for Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of this project is to implement and demonstrate a new robotic system enabling Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) that improves surgical care of warfighters and their families. The proposed NOTES system will be used for many military and civilian surgery needs, especially on natural orifice diagnosis and treatment of acute appendicitis at a role 2 facility with return of the warfighter to active duty within 6 hours of surgery. In this Phase I project, the American GNC Corporation (AGNC) team provides a significant technological breakthrough with a NOTES robotic system which has five innovative features: a small size flexible robotic system structure; the capability of passing multiple surgical tools through the flexible robotic system for surgery procedures; a controllable motion of the NOTES system for better maneuverability; an intuitive user input device (UID) for easy operation and an image based guidance for enhanced situation awareness. The team will leverage its unexcelled expertise in advanced robot design, robotic guidance and control, graphical user interface, communications and robotics surgery in the development.

Amethyst Research Incorporated
1405 4th Ave NW, Suite 345,
Ardmore, OK 73401
(405) 227-9414

PI: Daniel Johnstone
(405) 227-9414
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0120
Texas State University
RF Mitte Building, 3206, Texas State University
San Marcos, TX 78666
(512) 245-6711

ID#: A09A-005-0131
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T005       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: Minority Carrier Lifetime Measurements in Strained Layer Superlattices
Abstract:  &nbs Type II strained layer superlattice (SLS) p-n diode arrays fabricated on domestic-source GaSb substrates are a promising route to meet the critical need within DoD for large area, large format array infrared detectors. However, current SLS material quality is limiting detector performance. A quantitative, cost effective and trusted evaluation technique for measuring the SLS minority carrier lifetime is critical to establishing a comprehensive development program for the SLS system. In Phase I we will develop an automated, variable temperature photoconductance decay (PCD) lifetime measurement system capable of measuring lifetimes in the range of 1 ns (existing SLS materials quality) up to 25 ms (anticipated long-term SLS quality). The system will also permit synergistic use of equipment components to allow various other techniques to be incorporated on a common platform, such as current transient spectroscopy and photo induced current transient spectroscopy. The appropriate combination with PCD lifetime measurements will provide an unprecedented, coordinated technique for materials evaluation. The program brings together teams from Amethyst Research, Texas State University and IntelliEPI. In Phase II a system will be built and fully evaluated to establish a sustainable product platform. The final product will comprise an Integrated Narrow-Bandgap Lifetime Assessment Platform (INLAP).

Applied Quantum Technologies
3333 Durham Chapel Hill Blvd, Suite E-100
Durham, NC 27707
(919) 403-0926

PI: Bob Guenther
(919) 403-0926
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0153
Duke University
Office of Research Support, 326 North Building; Box 90077
Durham, NC 27708
(919) 681-5132

ID#: A09A-009-0065
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T009       Awarded: 9/29/2009
Title: Snapshot Raman Spectral Imager
Abstract:  &nbs Applied Quantum Technologies along with its university partner Duke University propose a coded-aperture, multi- aperture snapshot Raman imager. By combining an innovative optical design and advanced compressed sensing algorithms, a snapshot system provides dwell times much shorter than conventional slit-based or tunable-filter based spectral imagers. A short-wave infrared excitation source allows for minimal sample fluorescence, making the system able to cope with target signatures in a wide variety of backgrounds. While the majority of Raman systems available are point-based, having imaging capabilities permits wide area coverage at a fraction of the time of point-based systems. By utilizing compressed sensing algorithms, large amounts of spatial and spectral information can be acquired using the limited pixel counts available to short-wave infrared detector arrays.

Applied Systems Research, Inc.
12150 Monument Drive, Suite 502
Fairfax, VA 22033
(703) 273-3773

PI: Louis Hargenrader
(703) 273-3773
Contract #: W911SR-09-C-0063
West Virginia High Technology
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 1000
Fairmont, WV 26554
(304) 333-6442

ID#: A09A-019-0226
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T019       Awarded: 9/15/2009
Title: Improved Sensing Using Simultaneous Orthogonal Spectroscopic Detection
Abstract:  &nbs US forces are increasingly involved in asymmetric warfare, peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance missions. These scenarios can place soldiers in direct contact with harmful biological and chemical warfare organisms and agents, toxic industrial chemicals, and explosives. Current portable sensor technology solutions rely on visible and near-IR Raman or Fluorescence spectroscopy. But operations in the visible/IR spectra has significant detection and classification issues while such sensors require near-contact separations with long dwell-times. A portable sensor system capable of both Raman and Fluorescence measurements using Deep UV (DUV) Excitation could overcome these shortfalls, having the ability to detect and classify trace amounts of substances at stand-off distances. ASR plans to demonstrate that combined DUV Excitation Raman and Fluorescence spectroscopy can effectively overcome current non-contact sensor limitations. ASR plans to characterize a number of agents’ spectra, determine spectral parameters for unambiguous detection, investigate hardware and software design parameters, and provide preliminary system design concepts based on currently available COTS systems and components. These activities should demonstrate the feasibility of developing and delivering a non-contact beta/prototype system in Phase II that has greater sensitivity, improves detection, and reduces false alarms in the detection of biological, chemical, toxic and explosive substances.

ASPEN PRODUCTS GROUP, INC.
186 CEDAR HILL STREET,
MARLBOROUGH, MA 01752
(508) 481-5058

PI: Mark Fokema
(508) 481-5058
Contract #: W909MY-10-C-0015
Tufts University
20 Professors Row,
Medford, MA 02155
(617) 627-4274

ID#: A09A-018-0026
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 11/17/2009
Title: Sulfur and Carbon Tolerant Logistic Fuel Reformer
Abstract:  &nbs Development of a novel logistic fuel reformer that has excellent tolerance to sulfur and is resistant to coke formation is proposed. The reformer will produce a hydrogen-rich product that contains less than 1 ppm sulfur and is suitable for use with solid oxide fuel cells. Significant improvements in power density, startup time, durability, and cost relative to state of the art logistic fuel reformers will be realized in the propsoed program.

ATI Inc.
1500, Bull Lea Road
Lexington, KY 40511
(304) 541-1825

PI: Alex Cho
(304) 541-1825
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0150
Applied Research Laboratory
Penn State Univ., 3075 Research Drive
State College, PA 16804
(814) 865-5880

ID#: A09A-010-0486
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T010       Awarded: 8/31/2009
Title: Multi-layered lightweight alloy development for improved blast and penetration resistance
Abstract:  &nbs This program is to develop multi-layered,light weight armor alloys systems that offer improved fragmentation and armor piercing performance as compared to any other monolithic structures. Such alloys and laminated configuration will be developed by utilizing advanced computational techniques to assist in the development of complimentary alloys that would provide an optimal combination of hardness, strength and ductility.

Brimrose Corporation of America
19 Loveton Circle, Hunt Valley Loveton Center
Sparks, MD 21152
(936) 588-6901

PI: Sudhir B. Trivedi
(410) 668-5800
Contract #: W911SR-09-P-0060
Hampton University
Department Of Physics, 206 Garris Drive
Hampton, VA 23666
(757) 727-5326

ID#: A09A-022-0408
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: Development Of Standoff Laser-Induced Thermal (Infrared) Emission (LITE) System For Chemical and Biological Materials
Abstract:  &nbs Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has shown great promise for applications in chemical, biological and explosive (CBE) sensing [1-12]. Nearly all previous LIBS experiments were limited to measurements in the UV- VIS and NIR. However, molecules exhibit spectroscopic signatures in the MIR to FIR wavelength region from vibrational and rotational transitions. Therefore, an extension of LIBS to the IR region promises to provide information which can augment results from conventional UV-VIS LIBS measurements. Recently, we have demonstrated the first infrared LIBS emission signatures in the 3-5 um spectral region [13-16]. By adding the feature of laser energy control it can operate both as LIBS and Laser Induced Thermal Emission (LITE) technique/system. We propose a detailed study of IR LITE/LIBS in 1-12 um range for potential applications in CBE sensing. We will systematically irradiate CBE species (and related materials) with a laser at progressive energies and parameter settings to yield evaporation/desorption/vaporization or ablation, and capture the IR spectra of emitted photons. Particular attention will be noted for point (short range) and standoff dual use utility. We will develop a breadboard system and outline a roadmap for a field portable instrument. We will also develop a signature library from selected biological and chemical solid-state materials.

Caldera Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
278 DP Road, Suite D,
Los Alamos, NM 87544
(505) 412-2345

PI: Eva Birnbaum
(505) 661-2420
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0100
Harvard Medical School
25 Shattuck Street,
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 417-9622

ID#: A09A-004-0427
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title: Innovative technologies to effectively treat multi-drug resistant and/or biofilm-embedded bacteria
Abstract:  &nbs Antibiotic resistance is a major concern for both military and civilian populations. The US FDA reports that about 70 percent of bacteria that cause infections in hospitals are resistant to at least one drug. Caldera Pharmaceuticals proposes to develop novel antibacterials for the control of bacterial pathogens that are problematic for the military, focusing on resistance due to biofilms. Caldera’s XRpro® will be used to conduct discovery-phase steps using a system that identifies compounds that kill bacteria but are non-toxic to human cells. Harvard collaborators will help to design and conduct studies to determine whether antibacterials are effective against clinical multi-drug-resistant bacterial strains.

Caldera Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
278 DP Road, Suite D,
Los Alamos, NM 87544
(505) 412-2345

PI: Eva Birnbaum
(505) 412-2345
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0162
Harvard Medical School
25 Shattuck Street,
Boston, MA 02115
(617) 417-9622

ID#: A09A-013-0259
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T013       Awarded: 9/22/2009
Title: Iron Man: Novel Technologies for Autonomous Defense
Abstract:  &nbs Caldera Pharmaceuticals proposes to develop a highly metal-selective system to maintain iron concentrations in the body at optimal levels to prevent infections. The system will control iron without the loss of other essential micronutrients; loss of micronutrients is the cause of toxicity in most chelation systems. Metal selectivity and the corresponding safety for use is the key difference between Caldera’s system and other therapies. Caldera’s XRpro® will be used to conduct discovery-phase steps. Harvard collaborators will help to design and conduct a human study to determine whether optimal iron levels decrease spontaneous infection rates in a healthy population.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street,
Cambridge, MA 02138
(617) 491-3474

PI: Camille Monnier
(617) 491-3474
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0126
Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst
Research Administration Bld., 70 Butterfield Terrace
Amherst, MA 01003
(413) 545-0698

ID#: A09A-006-0199
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T006       Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title: A System to Analyze Facial Features to Enable Operator Condition Tracking (AFFECT)
Abstract:  &nbs The duties of modern military personnel often require the completion of challenging tasks, in stressful environments, and with multiple demands competing for the warfighter’s focus. Measuring the stress, anxiety, uncertainty, and fatigue (SAUF) of the warfighter during a particular task would have multiple benefits: (1) commanders would be able to detect problems and reallocate workload or address uncertainties more effectively; (2) work products could be judged by the conditions under which they were developed; and (3) systems could be developed to automatically or semi-automatically mitigate SAUF. However, in the current state of the art in SAUF identification, individual indicators are considered in isolation across feature space and time. To address the need for non-contact classification of stress, anxiety, uncertainty, and fatigue in interface applications, we propose to design and demonstrate a system to Analyze Facial Features to Enable Operator Condition Tracking (AFFECT). The AFFECT system combines powerful classification techniques with a multi-dimensional, temporal data model of novel visible and thermal features to enable automatic, non-invasive detection of SAUF conditions in a subject. The development of this technology will in turn enable dramatic improvements to the training, workflow, and overall effectiveness of the warfighter and analysts throughout the DoD.

Charles River Analytics Inc.
625 Mount Auburn Street,
Cambridge, MA 02138
(617) 491-3474

PI: Joe Gorman
(617) 491-3474
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0163
Univ. of Mass. Medical School
Office of the Vice Provost for, 55 Lake Avenue North
Worcester, MA 01655
(508) 856-2119

ID#: A09A-027-0201
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T027       Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title: Bioinformatic Generated and Learned Acute Assessment Models (BioGLAAM)
Abstract:  &nbs Hemorrhagic shock remains a leading cause of death for soldiers on the battlefield. The first 60 minutes following a traumatic injury is vital to saving lives; therefore, it is critical to provide medical personnel with real time monitoring of soldiers with traumatic injuries. Recent research indicates, however, that no single measure alone is sufficient to determine the severity of hemorrhage in trauma patients. A new approach is needed to identify a reliable early indicator of blood loss from easily acquired physiological signals. To address this issue, we propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of Bioinformatic Generated and Learned Acute Assessment Models (BioGLAAM), a machine learning approach for producing an early detector of hemorrhagic shock using physiologic signals. BioGLAAM uses Dynamic Bayesian Networks (DBNs), a model-based approach, to discover patterns within existing data sets that serve as reliable indicators of blood loss. This model is augmented by incorporating subject matter expertise directly, leveraging both automation and domain knowledge. Furthermore, DBNs are structured hierarchically to promote both off-line and on-line adaptation to individual physiologies. The resulting models can then be embedded in resource-constrained portable devices, providing medical personnel with an increased capability for early hemorrhagic shock detection.

Chemat Technology, Inc.
9036 Winnetka Avenue,
Northridge, CA 91324
(818) 727-9786

PI: Yuhong Huang
(818) 727-9786
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0161
Univ. of Dayton Research Institute
Electrochemical Power Group, 300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469
(937) 229-3452

ID#: A09A-011-0105
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T011       Awarded: 9/18/2009
Title: Windable Lithium-ion Conducting Ceramic Electrolytes
Abstract:  &nbs Lithium-air battery consists of a lithium anode electrochemically coupled to atmospheric oxygen through an air cathode. The major advantages of lithium air batteries are that air cathode active material, oxygen, is not stored internal to cell system and lithium anode being extremely lightweight metal with a highest theoretical specific energy density. This energy density is well comparable with that of gasoline device. This energy density is 10 times higher than the highest energy density for presently available commercial lithium-ion batteries. In addition to these advantages, the lithium air batteries can offer a flat discharge voltage profile, environmental friendliness, and long storage life. Lithium air battery can also be fabricated either in chargeable or non-chargeable modes. These features identify the lithium air batteries as the potential power sources for the portable electronic devices, electric vehicles, and defense applications. In this proposed research, we plan to develop windable electrolyte membrane starting from nanosized LiM2(PO4)3 type powder. Testing cell of lithium-air battery will be constructed and characterized in Phase I.

Colorado Engineering Inc.
1310 United Heights Suite 105,
Colorado Springs, CO 80921
(719) 388-8582

PI: Lawrence Scally
(719) 388-8582
Contract #: W31P4Q-09-C-0649
University of Colorado at Boulder
425 UCB - ECOT 246,
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-9688

ID#: A09A-001-0323
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 9/28/2009
Title: TeraHertz Atmospheric & Ionospheric Propagation, Absorption and Scattering (TAIPAS)
Abstract:  &nbs Radio wave propagation models have steadily advanced during the past several decades producing what is widely recognized as a set of standard models for the attenuation, dispersion and nominal path of radio waves at frequencies within the radio region of the spectrum (i.e., which we define for these purposes as ~ 100 KHz to ~3 THz) with a focus on .1-1THz. Colorado Engineering, Inc. and the University of Colorado at Boulder are developing a evolved electromagnetic spectrum modeling tool that is net-centric based. The development plan encompasses the following: designing and implementing experiments to develop a detailed model for frequencies ranging from .1 to 1THz; collecting existing detailed models of other frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum; extending an existing model; and developing an open source software architecture that will allow for single computer, network of computers or web/internet based computer implementation and interaction with the entire set of models. This will also allow the easy addition of and collaboration of models developed in the future.

DBC Technology Corp.
4221 Mesa St.,
Torrance, CA 90505
(310) 378-4156

PI: David B. Cohn
(310) 378-4156
Contract #: W911SR-10-P-0006
SRI International
333 Ravenswood Avenue,
Menlo Park, CA 94025
(650) 859-5508

ID#: A09A-020-0060
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T020       Awarded: 11/23/2009
Title: Broadband agile wavelength laser for chemical aerosol detection
Abstract:  &nbs Chemical agents in aerosol form have been identified as a major threat, and there is now interest in applying the long wave infrared frequency agile laser sensor to detection of this important agent form. If successful, it would be possible to perform detection of chemical agent vapors and aerosols and biological aerosol agents with a single dual-use sensor. To accomplish this, it is critical to obtain laser emission in the presently missing CO2 laser band separations, and this can be accomplished by a gas mixture of normal and C13 isotopes. The Phase I program will address the novel approaches to achieving stable output energy across all bands, catalyst effectiveness in a closed system, and wavelength tuner selectivity.

ElectroDynamic Applications, Inc.
P.O. Box 131460,
Ann Arbor, MI 48113
(734) 786-1434

PI: Peter Peterson
(734) 786-1434
Contract #: W911SR-10-P-0001
The University of Michigan
Div of Research Devel & Admin, Room 1058; 3003 So. State St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48106
(734) 836-1289

ID#: A09A-021-0434
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 11/20/2009
Title: Optimized Drying of Nano sized anisotropic particles in suspensions to improved aerosol dispersions.
Abstract:  &nbs The US Army has underscored the importance of developing more effective obscurant material for shielding US soldiers and their equipment from visible, microwave, and infrared observation. Current separation techniques tend to allow the nano-particles to agglomerate at higher density than desired for efficient obscurant devices. ElectroDynamic Applications, Inc. (EDA) in partnership with the University of Michigan (UM) proposes to explore the extension of a AFOSR sponsored Phase-II STTR space propulsion technology for use in the efficient and safe extraction of nano-sized obscurant material from a liquid suspension while causing minimal damage and agglomeration of the particles. The nano-particle Field Extraction Thruster (nanoFET) space propulsion device currently under development by UM and EDA has successfully demonstrated the extraction of nano-particles from a liquid solution and the new nano-particle Field Extraction Separation (nanoFES) technology will build on initial work done under the nanoFET program. The primary difference between both technologies is requirement of space versus terrestrial environments. The nanoFES will not be limited by system mass, size or a power budget limitations typically imposed by space systems. It is the belief of the EDA/UM team that nanoFES technology can significantly improve upon existing technology and help the US military meet its goals.

Empirical Technologies Corporation
P.O. Box 8175,
Charlottesville, VA 22906
(434) 296-7000

PI: Martin C. Baruch, PhD
(434) 296-7000
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0150
University of Virginia
P.O. Box 400195,
Charlottesville, VA, VA 22901
(434) 924-8426

ID#: A09A-025-0210
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title: Non-invasive assay to discriminate between mild-Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of this project is the development of an assessment system that will be able to determine the likelihood of a warrior having suffered a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The basis of the determination will be a computerized assessment of the functioning of the II, III, IV, VI, and VIII cranial nerves. This set of nerves provides the opportunity to obtain a sensitive and quantitative evaluation of two critical physiological control systems, eye movement and postural balance, that are, because of their high degree of sophistication, very sensitive to cerebral injury. In conjunction with mTBI experts part of the aim of the Phase I effort will be to evaluate and down-select different eye movement tracking and postural control assessment technologies and neurological testing criteria. In addition, control algorithms based on established machine learning approaches will be designed to enable the system to integrate inputs from the multiple sensor systems and to make categorical decisions. Comprehensive plans for Phase II for the construction of a prototype system and its testing in a population of injured warriors large enough to yield statistically significant results to support the validity of the neurological testing criteria will be laid out.

Enantigen Therapeutics, Inc
Pennsylvania Biotechnology Center, 3805 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, PA 18902
(215) 589-6350

PI: Neville R. Kallenbach
(212) 998-8757
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0101
New York University
100 Washington Square East, Room 1001
New York, NY 10003
(212) 998-4267

ID#: A09A-004-0302
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title: Novel Antimicrobial Agents Targeting Drug Resistant Bacterial Biofilms
Abstract:  &nbs This project addresses two pressing problems in treating bacterial infections: the emerging resistance against current antibiotics and the role of biofilm formation in these infections. Based on a successful lead dendrimer that acts against a broad spectrum of MDR pathogens including A.baumannii, and MRSA in both liquid cultures and biofilms, we propose to synthesize focused libraries of mimetic compounds that retain this capability but without the peptide backbone. A QSAR study of antimicrobial peptide (AMP) sequences by another group suggested that appropriate patterning of nonpolar and charged groups accounts for the membrane lytic action of many peptides. Several triazine based compounds that have been tested in previous research conform this hypothesis. Here we propose to synthesize focused libraries of monomers and oligomers to inactivate MDR strains in biofilms. Polymeric coatings for preventing film formation on surfaces will be synthesized and evaluated in this effort. This collaboration between a company experienced in synthesizing antiviral agents and a university team with expertise in multivalent approaches to antimicrobial peptide design opens a new route to targeting membranes of MDR strains, via a mechanism that precludes development of resistance against traditional “lock-and-key” inhibition of bacterial pathways.

Engineering Acoustics, Inc.
406 Live Oaks Blvd,
Casselberry, FL 32707
(407) 645-5444

PI: Bruce Mortimer
(407) 645-5444
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0154
Florida Institute of Technology
150 W. University Blvd.,
Melbourne, FL 32901
(321) 674-8104

ID#: A09A-025-0304
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title: Non-invasive assay to discriminate between mild-Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Abstract:  &nbs An immediate and definite need exists for a portable screening device to provide objective assessment of mild- Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) and assist in the discrimination between mTBI and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. This research addresses the development of a portable diagnostic device and a series of non- invasive tests that measure changes in motor and/or sensory cranial nerve function. The device and instructions are intended to fit within a form factor approximately the size of a laptop computer case, and be easily administered by medics in the field. The occurrence of mTBI is under-diagnosed, both by the warfighters and by Army corpsmen. If these injuries could be detected objectively, quickly, and non-invasively, medical personnel would be able to begin early interventions.

Environmental Quality Management
1800 Carillon Blvd.,
Cincinnati, OH 45240
(513) 825-7500

PI: Marcus Borengasser
(321) 242-6336
Contract #: W912HZ-10-P-0016
Midwest Research Institute
425 Volker Blvd.,
Kansas City, MO 64110
(816) 753-7600

ID#: A09A-024-0166
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T024       Awarded: 10/26/2009
Title: Impact of Climate Change on Military Compounds in the Environment
Abstract:  &nbs This will facilitate the development of remedial approaches for existing facilities and assist in planning new facilities, logistics, and procedures to protect the environment without impairing critical mission functionality. The commercial application will include software distribution and updates.

FLASHBACK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
8127 ALFALFA CT,
LONGMONT, CO 80503
(720) 204-2575

PI: Greg Grudic
(720) 204-2575
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0160
University of Colorado
Office of Contracts and Grants, 3100 Marine Street, Rm 479
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-2695

ID#: A09A-027-0245
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T027       Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title: A Real-Time, Non-Invasive Monitoring System of Combat Casualties for Early Detection of Hemorrhagic Shock During Transport and Higher Echelon Medical
Abstract:  &nbs The proposed research has two aims: 1) to develop a real-time algorithm that uses non-invasive physiological signals to quickly and accurately detect severity of acute blood loss; and 2) to develop a complimentary algorithm that uses all or a subset of these signals (depending on their availability and situation specific appropriateness) to forewarn providers of an injured soldier’s predicted risk for hemodynamic decompensation. The algorithms will be developed for use during transport and higher echelon medical care. These research efforts will be based on human subject Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) experiments done in collaboration with the US Army Institute for Surgical Research, with proposed real-time testing of the developed algorithms. The research effort utilizes standard and novel machine learning, statistical and signal processing algorithms, in an aim to identify the most robust algorithms for prediction of hypovolemia, given noisy physiological data.

Helios Remote Sensing Systems, Inc.
101 Bleecker Street,
Utica, NY 13501
(315) 732-0101

PI: Walter E. Szczepanski
(315) 732-0101
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0143
SRC
6225 Running Ridge Road,
North Syracuse, NY 13212
(315) 452-8159

ID#: A09A-017-0268
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T017       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: Retrodirective Noise Correlating Radar with Real-Time Imaging of Sniper Bullets and Terrain
Abstract:  &nbs Helios Remote Sensing Systems and SRC will develop an automatic short-range ballistics search-track-imaging system that provides to individual soldiers a unique capability for rapidly determining the location of threats that would reduce injuries and casualties. By leveraging recent breakthroughs in retrodirective auto-cued radars, 360° video imaging technology, and cell phone technology, we plan to develop and demonstrate these new technological capabilities for imaging sniper bullet trajectories along with the local terrain environment. The new radar technology will be integrated with advanced data processing and battlefield visualization algorithms emerging from private industry and DoD research programs to provide real-time imaging of the projectile assaults overlaid onto the surrounding 3-D terrain and environment. The total sensor system concept includes an integrated 360° retrodirective, auto-cued vehicle mounted radar, 360° camera system, and a vehicle mounted data processing base station that is wireless interfaced to man-carrier miniature imaging displays. The proposed sensor system will be capable of day-night and severe environment operation.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road,
Waltham, MA 02451
(781) 890-1338

PI: Lebzy Gonazalez
(781) 890-1338
Contract #: W9132T-09-C-0042
University of Dayton Research Insti
300 College Park, Room KL-542, Contracts and Grants Admin/Gov
Dayton, OH 45469
(937) 229-2919

ID#: A09A-023-0253
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T023       Awarded: 8/17/2009
Title: Multifunctional composites for autonomous damage detection, indication, and repair
Abstract:  &nbs Novel class IV building materials are needed to efficiently protect military structures from electromagnetic interference (EMI), blast, and emerging adaptive threats. Fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites could be modified for this purpose by incorporating additives that can autonomously detect, indicate, and repair damage. Infoscitex Corporation (IST) proposes to develop a multifunctional additive that can provide robust EMI protection, while allowing remote detection and self-repair of the composite. IST''s approach will provide better mechanical performance than competing self-healing microcapsules, uses materials that are less costly and hazardous, and is applicable to a wide variety of composite systems.

InnoSys
2900 South Main Street,
Salt Lake City, UT 84115
(801) 975-7399

PI: Larry Sadwick
(801) 975-7399
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0142
Purdue University
155 S. Grant Street,
West Lafayette, IN 47907
(765) 496-2393

ID#: A09A-016-0236
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: THz and Sub-THz MEMS-Fabricated Klystron Amplifier
Abstract:  &nbs InnoSys and Purdue University propose to research and develop robust designs for building, implementing and demonstrating a new class of terahertz (THz) vacuum electronic device (VED) power amplifiers and power sources at frequencies in the range of 0.3-3.0 THz (the so-called THz regime) employing advanced micro electro mechanical system (MEMS) technology and processes. There is significant interest in exploiting the THz regime, however, to date there is a lack of THz power sources to so with. The design, implementation and demonstration of this new class of microfabricated VEDs is the core of our response to this STTR solicitation. More specifically, electron gun, radio frequency (RF) slow wave structure, collector, and thermal management of the THz VED will be integrated and fabricated with a combination of MEMS-fabrication processes, including photolithography, deep reactive ion etching, and wafer bonding with sub-micron alignment tolerances. For this STTR program, InnoSys in cooperation with its research institute partner, Purdue University, will address the lack of powerful, compact and tunable sources of terahertz radiation by combining comprehensive simulations with state-of the art MEMS fabrication and 3-dimensional integration to realize a new class of high power THz VED power amplifiers and sources.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Timothy Judkins
(301) 294-4768
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0155
Johns Hopkins University
Wyman Park Bldg. W400, 3400 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
(410) 516-7266

ID#: A09A-028-0229
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title: Multisensory/Multimodal Interfaces for Robotic Surgery
Abstract:  &nbs The key innovation in this effort is the development of an open platform for augmented reality and haptic interfaces for robotic surgery. Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and Johns Hopkins University (JHU) propose to develop the software framework and surgeon interface to interface with any surgical robot. Key features of the surgeon interface include haptic manipulators, an autostereoscopic (3D) display, and augmented visual feedback using 3D overlays. The software framework will consist of four elements: control and command software, robot plug-ins, image processing plug-ins, and 3D reconstructions. The interface will also provide assisted autonomy through the use of adaptive virtual fixtures. Our team has extensive experience in robotic surgery, software design, haptics, and augmented reality. Dr. Okamurafs group has developed haptic and augmented reality interfaces for robotic surgery, and Dr. Rosner, our surgical consultant, has several years of experience using surgical robots. We propose to develop an open platform for augmented reality and haptic interfaces for robotic surgery in such a way that improves surgeon performance and returns to the surgeon a kinesthetic and somatosensory environment familiar to open procedures.

Intralytix, Inc.
The Columbus Center, 701 E. Pratt Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
(410) 625-3813

PI: Alexander Sulakvelidze
(410) 625-2533
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0167
University of Florida
Research and Graduate Programs, 219 Grinter Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611
(352) 392-1582

ID#: A09A-012-0045
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T012       Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title: Bacteriophage-based probiotic preparation for managing Shigella infections
Abstract:  &nbs Diarrhea remains a major public health challenge worldwide, and it also may significantly hamper US troop operations during combat and peacekeeping missions overseas. Antibiotics can be used to treat diarrheal diseases; however, some foodborne and waterborne bacterial pathogens are developing resistance against antibiotics, which limits their effectiveness. Also, antibiotics – because of their broad spectrum activity – may disturb/alter the GI tract’s normal and beneficial microflora, which may create additional health problems. Therefore, novel approaches are needed to help prevent and treat bacterial-elicited diarrhea among US troops, thereby improving their combat readiness and performance. Synbiotics (combinations of probiotics and prebiotics) may provide one such approach. However, one potentially useful probiotic intervention that has not received much attention in the past is to use bacteriophages to target “problem” bacterial species in the human GI tract. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria, are highly specific, and lyse their targeted bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant strains. Thus, synbiotic preparations containing (i) bacteriophages targeting specific diarrhea-causing bacteria, (ii) previously described, bacteria-based probiotics, and (iii) prebiotics may provide excellent protection against diarrheal illnesses among US troops and civilian populations. In this application, we propose to begin developing and testing a synbiotic preparation whose phage component is specifically active against Shigella spp., which are significant diarrhea-causing pathogens.

Intralytix, Inc.
The Columbus Center, 701 E. Pratt Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
(410) 625-3813

PI: Alexander Sulakvelidze
(410) 625-2533
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0164
University of Florida
Division of Sponsored Research, P.O. Box 115500
Gainesville, FL 32611
(352) 392-3516

ID#: A09A-026-0171
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T026       Awarded: 9/14/2009
Title: Bacteriophage therapy for treating A. baumannii infected wounds
Abstract:  &nbs Treatment of bacterial-infected wounds is one the most critical problems in modern medicine, and it presents one of the most significant challenges for US troops during combat operations. The management of bacteria in wounds is complicated by the existence of multidrug-resistant strains and mutants. Therefore, novel modalities for preventing and treating wound infections, one of which may be highly purified and characterized bacteriophage preparations, are required. Lytic phages (i.e., bacterial viruses that infect and lyse their specific bacterial hosts) have been used to treat bacterial infections since their discovery during the first decade of the 20th century. However, their therapeutic use gradually declined in the “Western World” after the advent of antibiotics. At the present time, there is renewed interest in phage-based prophylactic and therapeutic approaches because phages are active against multidrug-resistant, pathogenic bacterial strains and mutants. Our current application proposes to develop a potent lytic bacteriophage preparation/cocktail against A. baumannii – a major wound pathogen of particular concern to the US Army, and an increasingly important public health problem. In addition, we will develop two murine wound- infection models for future studies evaluating our A. baumannii phage cocktail’s efficacy in treating A. baumannii wound infections.

Kaai, Inc.
485 Pine Ave,
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 696-6999

PI: Eric Hall
(805) 696-6999
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0149
Penn State Electro-optics Center
222 NorthPointe Blvd,
Freeport, PA 16229
(724) 295-7000

ID#: A09A-008-0348
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T008       Awarded: 9/10/2009
Title: Ultraviolet and blue compact laser sources for scalable quantum computing
Abstract:  &nbs In response to the Army’s STTR Topic 09-T008- entitled “Ultraviolet and blue compact laser sources for scalable quantum computing,” Kaai Inc, proposes the development of a external cavity fiber coupled high efficiency GaN laser diode as a revolutionary source toward practical quantum computing based on ion trapping. Kaai is well suited for this effort as its co-founder, Dr. Shuji Nakamura, performed the first demonstration of a high brightness gallium nitride (GaN)-based blue laser diode (LD) and light emitting diode (LED) in the 1990s, and has founded Kaai specifically for the continued revolutionary developments of high power GaN devices. In order to enhance the GaN diode lasers’ applicability to quantum computing, The Pennsylvania State University Electro-Optics Center (EOC), as a subcontractor and a leader in electro-optic applied research, will achieve wavelength tunability and linewidth narrowing through an external optical cavity and will efficiently couple the GaN laser into a single mode fiber for practical beam delivery. The EOC is a NAVY Mantech center and a hub for electro-optic technologies. In support of Kaai’s proposal, The University of Maryland Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) shall advise the team on the detailed technical requirements to address trapped atomic ions for scalable quantum computing.

KLab Corporation
109 Stryker Lane, Bldg 3 Suite 9
Hillsborough, NJ 08844
(908) 392-2820

PI: Kaiyan Zhang
(908) 904-1400
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0133
Cornell University
Department of Mat. Sci. & Eng., 230 Bard Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
(607) 255-6504

ID#: A09A-014-0476
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T014       Awarded: 8/21/2009
Title: Microbolometer focal plane array with reduced 1/f noise
Abstract:  &nbs Current state-of-the-art uncooled infrared bolometers suffer from 1/f noise which leads to pixel-to-pixel non- uniformities in focal plane arrays (FPAs). An improvement in 1/f noise is paramount. A larger thermal coefficient of resistance (TCR) would also benefit the technology. Bolometer technology typically relies on VOx or amorphous silicon, but other materials have been considered. K Lab corporation proposes to design, model, build a high sensitive,low noise uncooled focal plane array with high quality epitaxial colossal magnetoresistive manganites.

Li Creative Technologies
30 A Vreeland Road, Suite 130,
Florham Park, NJ 07932
(973) 822-0048

PI: Manli Zhu
(973) 822-0377
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0128
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Dept. of ECSE, School of Engineering
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-6440

ID#: A09A-006-0035
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T006       Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title: Real Time Analysis and Fusion of Data from Imagers for Passive Characterization of Stress, Anxiety, Uncertainty and Fatigue
Abstract:  &nbs The purpose of this proposal is to present a novel and promising solution for real time detection of stress, anxiety, uncertainty and fatigue using passive features from thermal and visual videos of the face. Our solution consists of five modules: (1) data acquisition – using visual and thermal cameras capturing the face images in visible and thermal waveband. (2) Facial feature localization and tracking – including the eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and their spatial arrangement. With our sophisticated techniques, we can detect and track facial features from the face images with different facial expressions under various face orientations in real time. (3) Feature extraction and selection – based on the facial feature location, extracting the features that are related to SAUF, including expiration rate, heart rate, eyelid movement, head movement, etc. Our experience in emotion recognition and fatigue detection enables us to capture those physiological and behavioral features related to the psychological states. (4) Feature fusion and SAUF recognizer – we propose a dynamic statistical model that can monitor the change in each states and quantify its level. (5) Feedback – The computer can respond to an individual’s psychological change by either sending and alarm or offering necessary assistance.

Logos Technologies, Inc.
3811 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 100
Arlington, VA 22203
(703) 584-5839

PI: David Fields
(703) 584-5730
Contract #: W911NF-10-C-0006
Duke University
144 Hudson Hall,
Durham, NC 27708
(617) 388-3587

ID#: A09A-016-0006
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 10/15/2009
Title: THz and Sub-THz MEMS-Fabricated Klystron Amplifier
Abstract:  &nbs Exploitation of the THz radio frequency regime (>100 GHz) is seriously hampered by the relative dearth of compact, efficient sources. We propose to extend the klystron RF amplifier, with its high power and efficiency, to the THz regime through the use of MEMS based fabrication techniques developed for micro-turbine and micro-rocket applications. We predict power density of approximately 20 W/cc, a power efficiency of greater than 1%, capable of supporting a 7x7 array on a 1 cm square die. Phase 1 of this multiphase effort will fabricate the basic klystron structure including electron source, drift tube, resonators, input and output waveguides, and collector to demonstrate the fidelity of the fabrication approaches. The silicon sections will be formed using deep reactive ion etching methods. The copper sections will be built with laminated copper. We will demonstrate the sub-micron dimensional tolerances required for the 200 GHz device to operate as designed. The fabricated device will be sectioned and measured to support 3-D simulations to confirm performance with as-fabricated dimensions. Phase II will extend the technology to higher frequencies (350-650 GHz) with more efficient structures. This leads to commercially useful working amplifiers for a broad set of applications.

MetroLaser, Inc.
8 Chrysler,
Irvine, CA 92618
(949) 553-0688

PI: Thomas Jenkins
(949) 553-0688
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0123
Georgia Institute of Technology
College of Engineering, 270 Ferst Drive
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 894-6929

ID#: A09A-003-0094
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T003       Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title: Simultaneous Imaging of Velocity and Temperature Fields in Reacting Flows using Thermographic Phosphors
Abstract:  &nbs A method is proposed for the simultaneous imaging of temperature and velocity fields inside combustion chambers to enable experimental data on turbulent heat fluxes needed for model validation and development. Applications include turbine engines, afterburners, internal combustion engines, and boilers. Temperature imaging is proposed with laser-induced luminescence imaging of phosphor particles suspended in a reacting gas flow, based on a combination of spectral and temporal luminescence characteristics. The same particles are used simultaneously for tracking fluid motion using the well developed method of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), enabling simultaneous images of temperature and velocity distributions. The presented Phase I work plan focuses on phosphor particle design, on the experimental demonstration of feasibility and on an analysis of precision and accuracy of several gas-phase thermographic phosphor imaging approaches.

Nanogreen Solutions Corporation
83 Queensbury Court,
Morganville, NJ 07751
(978) 250-8841

PI: Lisen Cheng
(978) 250-8841
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0121
LBNL
1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R3111,
Berkeley, CA 94720, CA 94720
(510) 486-7207

ID#: A09A-011-0190
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T011       Awarded: 8/19/2009
Title: Windable Lithium-ion Conducting Ceramic Membranes
Abstract:  &nbs There is a strong need to develop low cost, windable lithium-ion conducting ceramic membranes for high energy and power density Li air battery applications. Collaborating with a leading Li battery research group at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, in this program, NanoGreen Solutions (NGS) proposes an innovative windable lithium-ion conducting ceramic membranes with unprecedented performance such as windability and high Li ion conductivity (>1 mS/cm). The proposed composite membrane consists of high Li-ion conductive ceramic fibers and cross-linkable Li-ion conductive polymer. The proposed ceramic polymer membranes presents a promising approach to realize a new generation Li air battery to fulfill the energy storage needs for various applications ranging from dismounted warriors to electric vehicles. The Phase I of this program will demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. In Phase II, we will optimize and scale up the fabrication process, and lay a foundation for technology commercialization in Phase III.

NanoScale Materials, Inc.
1310 Research Park Drive,
Manhattan, KS 66502
(785) 537-0179

PI: Franklin Kroh
(785) 537-0179
Contract #: W909MY-10-C-0012
Kansas State University
2 Fairchild Hall,
Manhattan, KS 66506
(785) 532-6804

ID#: A09A-030-0130
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 3/9/2010
Title: Bimetallic Nanoparticle Catalysts for Reforming of Logistics Fuels
Abstract:  &nbs High efficiency, low pollution, and long lifetime make hydrogen-powered fuel cells desirable for portable power generation by the Army. However, it is impractical to transport hydrogen to where it is needed. Instead, reforming a transportable liquid fuel such as JP-8 or diesel fuel can produce the hydrogen for the fuel cell. Noble metal catalysts can speed this reforming, but they are expensive and easily deactivated by formation of carbon deposits, and by fuel contaminants such as sulfur. NanoScale Corporation and Kansas State University propose to develop catalysts and catalytic systems that can efficiently convert logistic fuels to hydrogen without suffering deactivation from coking or sulfur poisoning. Research efforts will target ways to reduce the costs of fuel reforming systems, either by developing new catalysts to replace expensive noble metal catalysts or developing ways to reduce the required metal loading. This project will address these objectives by using bimetallic nanoparticles based on platinum and nickel to catalyze the partial oxidation of logistic fuels. NanoScale has great experience in synthesis, characterization, and manufacture of metal nanoparticles and nanocrystalline metal oxides, while Prof. Keith Hohn is an expert in catalytic systems for reforming hydrocarbons into hydrogen.

NanoSonic, Inc.
P.O. Box 618,
Christiansburg, VA 24068
(540) 953-1785

PI: Michael Bortner
(540) 953-1785
Contract #: W911SR-10-C-0013
Virginia Tech
Office of Sponsored Programs, 1880 Pratt Drive, Suite 2006
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 231-9386

ID#: A09A-021-0097
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 12/10/2009
Title: Non-destructive Exfoliation and Drying of Anisotropic Nanomaterials
Abstract:  &nbs The overall goal of this proposed Army STTR is to demonstrate low-cost, non-destructive methodologies for non- agglomerating drying of anisotropic nanomaterials. NanoSonic and Virginia Tech will work in tandem to demonstrate novel approaches involving both high performance coatings and CO2 processing that facilitate gentle, simultaneous drying and exfoliation of nanoparticles, preventing agglomeration and rendering the nanoparticles in a suitable state for subsequent use in high performance bi-spectral obscurants. NanoSonic will incorporate portions of its conformal self-assembled coating technologies to minimize particulate agglomeration over extended time periods via precise control of surface energy and interparticulate interaction. The proposed materials and technologies have been demonstrated with multiple anisotropic nanomaterials, and are expected to provide an excellent, scalable, low- cost method for non-agglomerating drying of anisotropic nanomaterials for obscurants.

Net-Scale Technologies, Inc.
281 State Highway 79,
Morganville, NJ 07751
(732) 970-1441

PI: Urs Muller
(732) 970-1441
Contract #: W56HZV-10-C-0027
New York University
715 Broadway,
New York, NY 10004
(212) 998-3283

ID#: A09A-030-0090
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T030       Awarded: 1/4/2010
Title: Incremental Learning for Robot Sensing and Control
Abstract:  &nbs This proposal addresses key open challenges identified during the LAGR program for the practical use of adaptive, vision-based robot navigation in commercial settings. First, the adaptive vision system learns quickly, but forgets as quickly. This will be addressed by using an ensemble of "expert" classifiers, each of which specializes for a particular environment and can be quickly activated when the environment matches its domain of validity. Second, a new type of cost map will be used which accumulates high-level feature vectors, rather than traversability values. A global cost map will also be integrated. Third, we will pre-train the convolutional net feature extractor using the latest unsupervised algorithms for learning hierarchies of invariant features. Fourth, the limited power of general- purpose CPUs will be lifted by using a highly compact, dedicated FPGA-based hardware platform to run computationally intensive parts of the system. Implementations on commercially available GPUs will also be explored. Finally, to achieve portability and modularity, we will make our implementation independent of a particular robot platform and support a wide range of sensor types including stereo cameras and LIDAR. The result will be a highly- compact, low-power, self-contained, low-cost, vision-based navigation system for autonomous mobile robots.

OPTRA, Inc
461 Boston Street,
Topsfield, MA 01983
(978) 887-6600

PI: Julia Rentz Dupuis
(978) 887-6600
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0151
Tufts University
Research Administration, 20 Professors Row
Medford, MA 02155
(617) 627-5187

ID#: A09A-009-0128
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T009       Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title: Fiber Optic Raman Imager
Abstract:  &nbs OPTRA proposes the development of a short wave infrared (SWIR) fiber optic Raman imager based on a multiple slit dispersive spectrometer. The key components include imaging optics, a fiber optic bundle, a dispersive element, and a SWIR focal plane array (FPA). The integrated hyperspectral imager allows for the simultaneous acquisition of 64x64 spatial resolution elements and 32 spectral resolution elements within a single exposure of the FPA. The benefits of this approach include compactness, no moving parts, and particularly the computational simplicity with which the hyperspectral cubes are reconstructed relative to other “snapshot” hyperspectral imagers employing coded apertures or computed tomography. Our proposed effort includes the development of multicomponent algorithms specifically tailored to Raman imaging by Dr. Eric Miller of Tufts University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. The overall effort is expected to produce a complete Raman imaging system prototype by the completion of Phase II.

Orbital Technologies Corporation (ORBITEC)
Space Center, 1212 Fourier Drive,
Madison, WI 53717
(608) 229-2730

PI: Millicent Coil
(608) 229-2812
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0166
University of Wisconsin
1500 Engineering Drive, Rm. 12,
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 890-2271

ID#: A09A-003-0150
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T003       Awarded: 9/30/2009
Title: Simultaneous Particle Imaging Velocimetry and Thermometry (PIVT) in Reacting Flows.
Abstract:  &nbs The dynamics of turbulent combustion processes necessitate the measurement of multiple quantities simultaneously, but measuring multiple variables generally requires multiple laser-based diagnostics. Combining temperature and velocity measurements in a single diagnostic offers the opportunity for greatly increased understanding while minimizing experimental expense and complexity. ORBITEC and the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) propose to develop a simultaneous velocity/temperature measurement system based on seeding of doped nanocrystals into gas phase flows. Simultaneous 2-D measurements will enable detailed investigations of combustion in a variety of environments including piston IC engines, gas turbines, and rockets. The Phase I work will develop the technique and demonstrate a prototype measurement system. The Phase II experiments will apply the newly developed technique to acquire temperature and velocity measurements in practical combustion environments. These experiments will demonstrate utility of the technique and will quantify the performance metrics of the technique over a wider range of Mach number and temperatures. The result of the STTR program will be an innovative method to simultaneously measure temperature and velocity fields in combusting flows that will be extremely useful in a wide range of military and civilian applications.

Panacea Pharmaceuticals
207 Perry Parkway, Suite 2,
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
(240) 454-8010

PI: Biswajit Biswas
(240) 454-8026
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0151
Hygea Inst. of Preventive Medicine
207 Perry Parkway, Suite 2,
Gaithersburg, MD 20877
(240) 454-8019

ID#: A09A-026-0217
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T026       Awarded: 8/10/2009
Title: Development of Bacteriophage Therapy for Treatment of A. baumannii Infected Wounds
Abstract:  &nbs Panacea Pharmaceuticals proposes to develop an antibiotic product consisting of lytic bacteriophage that kills Acinetobacter baumannii for eventual use in human wound infections. The Phase 1 project will identify candidate bacteriophages from raw sewage and soil by mixing sewage/soil concentrates with A. baumannii, growing the bacteria on agar plates and isolating the resulting bacteriophage plaques. The isolated bacteriophage will be amplified by preparation of lysates on agar plates, then in liquid culture, followed by purification by either cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation or anion exchange column chromatography. The purified bacteriophage will be characterized by restriction endonuclease cleavage patterns on agarose gels, morphology by electron microscopy, estimation of latent period and burst size by plaque assay, virulence by lytic spectrum assay and plaque assay, host specificity for A. baumannii strains and related organisms, DNA sequencing of the bacteriophage genome and phylogenetic analysis by serological relationship, nucleic acid homology and morphological characteristics. Various dry and liquid storage conditions will be assessed for optimal stability of the bacteriophage. Safety and efficacy of the bacteriophage will be assessed by DNA sequence analysis for known toxin genes and by testing in two animal wound models, the burn and induced abscess models.

Photon Systems
1512 Industrial Park St.,
Covina, CA 91722
(626) 967-6431

PI: William F. Hug
(626) 967-6431
Contract #: W911SR-10-C-0010
Jet Propulsion Laboratoroy
4800 Oak Grove Dr.,
Pasadena, CA 91109
(626) 298-3906

ID#: A09A-019-0275
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T019       Awarded: 11/12/2009
Title: Improved Sensing Using Simultaneous Deep UV Raman and Fluorescence Detection
Abstract:  &nbs This proposal addresses the need to increase the probability of detection (PD) and reduce the probability of false alarm (PFa) for non-contact, real-time sensors for trace levels of biological and chemical targets using simultaneous detection of Raman and fluorescence emissions. Raman spectroscopy is a spectroscopic method that provides information about molecular bonds in target materials. Fluorescence spectroscopy is a much more sensitive spectroscopic method that provides information regarding the electronic configuration of target molecules. Photon Systems has been developing combined Raman and fluorescence methods for over 6 years with a focus on the advantages of excitation in the deep UV below 250nm. There are three main advantages of excitation in the deep UV, below 250nm compared to near-UV, visible or near-IR counterparts. 1) Raman scattering occurs in a fluorescence-free region of the spectrum. At longer excitation wavelengths, fluorescence from target or surrounding materials overwhelm weak Raman emissions, making them impossible to detect. 2) The wavelength range for Raman and fluorescence emissions is separate, enabling simultaneous detection of both modes of emission. 3) Resonance Raman occurs for a wide range of biological and organic materials, providing simplified and more easily interpreted Raman spectra as well as enabling enhanced Raman signal strength.

Physical Domains
3700 Cedarbend Dr.,
Glendale, CA 91214
(818) 795-3247

PI: Elayne Brown
(818) 795-3247
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0124
Fordham University
441 E. Fordham Road,
Bronx, NY 10458
(718) 817-4651

ID#: A09A-017-0332
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T017       Awarded: 8/20/2009
Title: Integration of 360-Retrodirective Noise Correlating Radar with Panormic Camera for Real-Time Detection and Imaging of Ballistic Threats
Abstract:  &nbs Retrodirective pseudorandom-noise-correlating radar has already been demonstrated on small ballistic targets, such as sniper bullets. And detection occurs with enough range (a few tens of meters) to acquire bearing information (rangebin, azimuth, and elevation) and therefore develop a track in near-real-time. What is lacking is the connection between such radar performance on warfighter situational awareness and force protection. The proposed effort will investigate the design of a 360o-FOV (in azimuth) retrodirective radar and its integration with a panoramic camera to provide the warfighter real-time display of bullet tracks overlaid on an image of the local environment. This entails many issues in radar design, and in sensor and data fusion. The proposal teams an expert organization in retrodirective noise-correlating radar (Physical Domains) with experts on data and sensor fusion from the Academic (Fordham University) and Commercial (Altrus Networks) sectors. The overall STTR Phase-I effort will be a Virtual Integration of the radar and a panoramic camera with deliverables that include an optimal design for the retrodirective radar, drivers and interfaces between the hardware and software components, and algorithms for the high-data-rate (up to 1 GBit/s) radar-camera data fusion. The preferred human interface and system controller will be a customized PDA.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center,
Andover, MA 01810
(978) 689-0003

PI: Anna Tsinberg
(978) 689-0003
Contract #: W9132T-09-C-0038
University of Delaware
Center for Composite Materials, 201 Composites Mfg Science Lab
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-8149

ID#: A09A-023-0187
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T023       Awarded: 8/25/2009
Title: Self-Healing, Reinforced, Multifunctional Composite Material
Abstract:  &nbs Physical Sciences Inc. and the University of Delaware propose a novel self-healing, damage-sensing, electromagnetic shielding, reinforced polymer composite concept for use in degradation-resistant structural applications. A Phase I program is planned to demonstrate the feasibility of the key elements of our multifunctional material concept. It will include characterization of stability and self-healing functionality over a wide range of temperatures, evaluation of the damage-sensing capability of the composite, and development of microencapsulation technique for containment of self-healing reagents. Addition of the electromagnetic shielding capability will be part of the Phase II program, which will result in a multifunctional, degradation-resistant composite prototype.

PolyMedix, Inc.
170 N. Radnor-Chester Road, Suite 300
Radnor, PA 19087
(484) 598-2334

PI: Richard W. Scott
(484) 598-2336
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0093
University of Massachusetts,
Office of Grant and Contract A, 70 Butterfield Terrace
Amherst, MA 01003
(413) 545-0698

ID#: A09A-004-0108
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: Biomimetics for treating biofilm-embedded infections
Abstract:  &nbs Multi-drug resistant (MDR) biofilms are perhaps the most difficult bacterial infections to fight. They require novel antibiotics that operate through new mechanisms which overcome the biofilm environment. We have discovered a class of antibiotics that are novel and have new targets which appear to evade resistance development. One example is already in the clinic to systemically treat Staphyloccal infections, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In addition, we have shown compounds in this series are active against bacterial and fungal biofilms. This STTR aims to identify a number of lead candidates with single micromolar activity against A. baumanni, S. epidermidis, E. faecalis, P. aeruginosa, E. coli and their drug/multi-drug resistance strains in Phase I. Active compounds that meet criteria for further evaluation (including those that have been shown previously to be active against drug-resistant S. aureus) will then be tested and optimized in Phase II to treat MDR biofilm infections.

Power Photonic
25 Health Sciences Drive, Box 111,
Stony Brook, NY 11790
(631) 632-1358

PI: David Westerfeld
(631) 632-1358
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0144
Stony Brook University
W5510 Melville Library,
Stony Brook, NY 11794
(631) 632-9029

ID#: A09A-005-0135
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T005       Awarded: 8/26/2009
Title: Minority carrier lifetime measurements in Strained Layer Superlattices (SLS)
Abstract:  &nbs We propose the development of an instrument system to directly measure the minority carrier lifetime in strained layer superlattices. The Phase I instrument will demonstrate the measurement of lifetimes in the range of 10 ns to 1 us. Phase II development will extend this range to 10 ns to 35 us. The proposed instrument will use a combination of time resolved photoluminescence and optical modulation response to achieve its wide dynamic range.

Pranalytica, Inc.
1101 Colorado Avenue,
Santa Monica, CA 90401
(310) 458-4493

PI: C. Kumar N. Patel
(310) 458-0808
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0147
Harvard University
School of Eng & Applied Sci, 29 Oxford Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
(617) 384-7611

ID#: A09A-007-0445
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T007       Awarded: 9/8/2009
Title: High Performance Quantum Cascade Lasers
Abstract:  &nbs Currently there is wide disparity in QCL performance at different wavelengths. The new generation of QCLs recently demonstrated at wavelengths around 4.5 to 4.8 μm exceeds the performance of legacy devices at other wavelengths by a wide margin. Much of this progress was made under DARPA’s EMIL program. The principal objective of this proposal is to leverage our recent advances in QCL design and packaging technology made under the EMIL program at 4.6 μm to radically improve QCL performance in other wavelength regions, and bring it in line with already demonstrated performance at 4.6 μm. Specifically, we will concentrate our efforts on QCL developments in 3.8 to 4.2 μm and 8 to 12 μm regions using our recently developed novel QCL structure design concepts that afford unprecedented design freedom for performance optimization. We will further scale up the power from individual QCL devices (single emitters) through improvements in package-level heat dissipation. The resulting commercial availability of high-power, high efficiency MWIR and LWIR QCLs promises to revolutionize many nascent applications, such as DIRCM, chemical sensing, LADAR, DIAL, non-invasive medical diagnostics, and free space optical communications.

SensorMetriX
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd., Suite 408,
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 625-4458

PI: Anthony Starr
(858) 625-4458
Contract #: W31P4Q-09-C-0648
Duke University
Office of Research Support, 2200 West Main Street, Suite 7
Durham, NC 27705
(919) 684-3030

ID#: A09A-002-0036
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T002       Awarded: 9/24/2009
Title: Dynamic Metamaterial Structures
Abstract:  &nbs It is proposed to develop and demonstrate dynamically tunable metamaterials using electrical biasing methods. Recent developments have shown the great promise of passive metamaterials; this project will build and demonstrate the first large area, dynamically tunable metamaterial structure, and will further enhance the benefits of transformational optics design methodologies.

SET Associates Corporation
1005 N. Glebe Rd., Suite 400
Arlington, VA 22201
(703) 738-6217

PI: David Coombs
(703) 738-6279
Contract #: W56HZV-10-C-0176
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue,
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
(412) 681-8678

ID#: A09A-030-0258
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T030       Awarded: 1/21/2010
Title: Incremental Learning for Robot Sensing and Control
Abstract:  &nbs SET Corporation, together with Carnegie Mellon University''s National Robotics Engineering Center (NREC), will develop a system that leverages state-of-the-art sensing, perception, and machine learning to provide trafficability assessments for UGVs for agricultural, security and military applications. It will consist of a set of proprioceptive and exteroceptive sensors that provide rich data about the UGV’s environment in conjunction with a learning system that supports a combined experiential and imitative learning regime. We propose a 6 month Phase I effort to 1) develop the underlying algorithms for a combined incremental experiential and imitative learning system, 2) investigate the appropriate sensor modalities, 3) design the general architecture of the integrated system, and 4) evaluate the methods on real data for real-time feasibility and performance over state-of-the-art. We bring to the table an already existing database of data collected from UGVs with many state-of-the-art sensors, ready-made platforms for integrating any additional sensors identified by the sensor study and collecting data, complementary expertise in sensor technology, a software base of cutting-edge perception methods for the competitive analysis, and the machine learning experience and knowledge in the area of online and semi-supervised learning.

Spectral Energies, LLC
5100 Springfield Street, Suite 301
Dayton, OH 45431
(937) 266-9570

PI: Sivaram P. Gogineni
(937) 266-9570
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0152
Princeton University
D330 Engineering Quad,
Princeton, NJ 08544
(609) 258-5644

ID#: A09A-003-0280
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T003       Awarded: 9/3/2009
Title: Simultaneous Particle Imaging Velocimetry and Thermometry (PIVT) in Reacting Flows by Using Lanthanide Doped Nanoparticles
Abstract:  &nbs The goal for the proposed Phase I research is to develop a new particle imaging velocimetry and thermometry (PIVT) method to measure velocity and temperature distributions simultaneously in reactive and non-reactive flows by using lanthanide doped nanoparticles. Specifically, the proposed study includes four research tasks. First, lanthanide doped upconversion and down-conversion of oxide and fluoride nanoparticles will be synthesized and their photo-physical properties will be characterized. Second, the dependence of temperature sensitivity of oxide and silica coated fluoride nanoparticles on lanthanide ion concentrations, particle size, and host materials will be measured. Third, simultaneous measurements of temperature and velocity in a non-reactive counterflow will be conducted by using lanthanide doped nanoparticles. Finally, the feasibility of the phosphor based PIVT method for the measurements of temperature and velocity in a counterflow diffusion flame will be demonstrated and the effect of thermal radiation from the particles on the experimental accuracy will be investigated. The advantages of the present method include but not limited to low cost, high temperature sensitivity, non-intrusive measurements capability, low background scattering effect, and low pressure dependence. The success of the proposed research will enable simultaneous measurements of velocity and temperature in propulsion systems and contribute to the understanding of the physical processes and optimization of engine design.

Spectral Sciences, Inc.
4 Fourth Avenue,
Burlington, MA 01803
(781) 273-4770

PI: Hoang Dothe
(781) 273-4770
Contract #: W31P4Q-09-C-0651
University of Massachusetts Lowell
600 Suffolk Street, Second Floor, South
Lowell, MA 01854
(978) 934-4723

ID#: A09A-001-0023
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 9/29/2009
Title: Terahertz Atmospheric Radiance Model (TARM)
Abstract:  &nbs Interest in imaging applications of Terahertz (THz) radiation in many DoD areas has increased lately with recent advances in electronic and electro-optical THz sources, as well as progress in receiver and system technology. The accurate description of atmospheric attenuation effects on THz radiation is crucial for remote sensing applications. A growing number of resources are becoming publicly available for predicting THz atmospheric transmission, however, few are linked to robust experimental verification. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI), together with the Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) at the University of Massachusetts-Lowell, and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CFA) propose to build and experimentally verify a robust, high spectral resolution first-principles model of THz atmospheric propagation, as well as compile a database of molecular parameters for important trace gases that contribute to the attenuation of THz signals. The overall goal of the Phase I effort is the design and proof of concept of a prototype Terahertz Atmospheric Radiance Model (TARM) and the demonstration of capability to conduct field experimental validations of the model in Phase II, as well as the design of a plan to establish a library of trace gas THz molecular parameters in Phase II.

Spi Surgical, INC
2826 11th Ave E,
Seattle, WA 98102
(602) 373-3708

PI: Jacob Rosen
(831) 459-5302
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0159
Univ. of California-Santa Cruz
Baskin School of Eng, SOE-3, 1156 High Street
Santa Cruz, CA, CA 95064
(831) 459-5302

ID#: A09A-028-0022
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title: Surgical Cockpit -- Multisensory/Multimodal Interfaces for Robotic Surgery
Abstract:  &nbs The ongoing military conflicts in both Iraq and Afghanistan are conducted under conditions quite different from previous conflicts and demonstrate the need to deploy skilled personnel equipped with advanced technology to provide medical and surgical attention as close as possible to the point of injury. A major problem is the occasional mismatch between the type of injury and the type of surgeon available to treat it. Telerobotic surgery is a means to mediate the narrow spectrum of available front line surgical expertise. If robust telerobotic capabilities were available, an expert surgeon could perform the critical step of an operation from the continental US while the solider was located anywhere around the globe. Our objective in this proposed project is to develop a multisensory and multimodal surgical cockpit (surgical console) enabling telesurgery capabilities which expand the range of surgical expertise to the level dictated by the type and nature of wounds in the battlefield.

Spi Surgical, INC
2826 11th Ave E,
Seattle, WA 98102
(602) 373-3708

PI: Blake Hannaford
(206) 543-2197
Contract #: W81XWH-09-C-0156
University of Washington
Department of Electrical Engin, Box 352500
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-2197

ID#: A09A-029-0005
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T029       Awarded: 9/1/2009
Title: Robotic System for Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery
Abstract:  &nbs Our project will focus on the development of a bendable, maneuverable, robotically-assisted endoscopic sheath, with two or more flexible video endoscopes to provide visualization, and flexible instruments which can be used inside this sheath. This will provide new ability to access difficult to reach corners not only in the field of minimal access surgery, but also during open surgery. Applications will be for treating Traumatic Brain Injury resulting from blast injuries (military and civilian) and for removal of brain and skull based tumors. SPI Surgical Inc., will collaborate with a team of surgeons and engineers from the University of Washington and UC Santa Cruz who have worked on the preliminary design of the prototypes, specifications, and testing in a cadaver laboratory for over a year. The Phase I goal for this project is to develop detailed drawings, CAD/CAM models with full emulation mode, develop an initial prototype, and perform initial experiments in four distinct areas: 1) study of access requirements and anatomical specifications in the cadaver lab, 2) Design of a steerable sheath containing guide lumens for two flexible video endoscopes and two flexible tools, 3) Design of a placement device used to clear a path as the steerable sheath is inserted, and 4) Design of steering mechanism to manipulate the flexible tools relative to the end of the sheath and each other.

Touchstone Research Laboratory, Ltd.
The Millennium Centre, R.R. 1, Box 100B
Triadelphia, WV 26059
(304) 547-5800

PI: G.S. Murty
(304) 547-5800
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0146
North Carolina State University
Office of Sponsored Programs, 2270 Sullivan Drive, Suite 240
Raleigh, NC 27695
(919) 515-2444

ID#: A09A-010-0387
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T010       Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title: Development of Multi-layer Aluminum Alloys for Armor
Abstract:  &nbs The proposed STTR Phase I study is aimed at exploring lightweight and multi-layer materials towards enhancing their armor performance. Different Al alloys will be assembled into a two-layer configuration with good metallic bond between inter-layers. 2139-T8 Al alloy evolved by efforts of Alcan and the Army Research Laboratory will be selected as one of the layers in the laminated assembly. 5083, 7xxx and 3003 will be the second layer alloys for trials. Different two-layer plates will be processed by hot rolling, and the resulting roll-bonded laminates will be suitably heat treated. In addition to their quasi-static and dynamic testing, ballistic tests of each of the laminates will be performed to obtain their V50 properties. For each plate, ballistic tests will be conducted such that the striking side of the projectile successively includes each of the two sides of plate. Following testing, the microstructural damage will be assessed to understand the structure-property correlations. Computational analysis of the layered materials will be carried out, and the experimental results will be compared with the predictions of computer modeling. Finally, the feasibility of this layered material approach towards improving ballistic response will be determined by this study.

TrueNano, Inc.
4699 Nautilus Ct. S. Suite 203,
Boulder, CO 80301
(303) 527-3000

PI: Robert Weber
(303) 527-3000
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0125
University of Colorado
Engineering Center,
Boulder, CO 80303
(303) 492-0000

ID#: A09A-016-0122
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 8/21/2009
Title: THz and Sub-THz MEMS-Fabricated Klystron Amplifier
Abstract:  &nbs TrueNano Inc. will develop the process technology of a miniature klystron capable of amplifying sub-mm waves resulting in record power. Our novel approach is based on a novel high current cold cathode and a tunable resonant cavity. Fabrication techniques as those developed for MEMS will be used, resulting in well controlled dimensions, precision alignment and vacuum tight sealing. A monitoring technique is incorporated that enables accurate tuning of the cavities for maximum amplification and output power. The ultimate goal of this project is to design, fabricate and experimentally demonstrate such klystron at frequencies ranging from 0.3 to 3 THz. This proposed structure is expected to meet the program objectives and will result in a compact, high power terahertz amplifier suitable for a multitude of military and commercial applications.

US Ferroics LLC
805 Aquarina Springs Drive, # 117
San Marcos, TX 78666
(602) 763-1058

PI: Colin E.C. Wood
(410) 798-6106
Contract #: W911NF-09-C-0148
Colorado State University
200 West Lake Street,
Fort Collins, CO 80523
(970) 491-6312

ID#: A09A-015-0049
Agency: Army
Topic#: 09-T015       Awarded: 8/28/2009
Title: Optimized Electrodes for Low-Loss On-Chip Microwave Devices
Abstract:  &nbs The US Ferroics / Colorado State University team proposes to utilize it''s mature expertise gained in materials deposition and characterization at RF / microwave frequencies to investigate a series of low-loss electrode / metalization technologies for hetero-ferroic RF devices. The first component is to generate a data base of metalizations on perovskite materials. Together with band structure based theoretical approach, a set of potential electrode materials will be chosen for practical study and optimization. The technology will be transferred to US Ferroics for use in their proprietary voltage-tunable microwave inductors, resonators and filters. As improvements are gained throughout the course of this STTR, they will be continuously transferred to US Ferroics by way of regular meetings, technical visits and exchanges.

---------- NAVY ----------

Ablaze Development Corp
771 E. Lancaster Ave, Second Floor
Villanova, PA 19085
(610) 525-5352

PI: Edmond Dougherty
(610) 525-5352
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0355
Villanova University
800 Lancaster Ave,
Villanova, PA 19085
(610) 519-4985

ID#: N09A-032-0684
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Lightweight Structures Roadside Blast Protection
Abstract:  &nbs The key technical objective of the Phase I effort will be the successful development of lightweight compact structures that can be applied to vehicles, either as add-on structures or as an integral part of the vehicle. This will be accomplished through analysis, simulation, practical experience, intuition and experimentation, with the aid of artificial intelligence, primarily in the form of genetic algorithms, to help refine the concepts. The general approach will be to develop blast protection materials and structures that defocus and redirect the blast impulse so that the negative effects on the vehicle passengers and the vehicle itself are minimized. In order to examine and refine the concepts, we plan to perform dynamic simulations, coupled with genetic algorithms. The simulations will have both numeric and graphical animation outputs. To validate the simulations, lab tests and field tests will be conducted.

Advanced Acoustic Concepts Incorporated
425 Oser Avenue,
Hauppauge, NY 11788
(202) 360-4419

PI: Sebastian Pascarelle
(410) 872-0024
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0363
Montana State University
610 Cobleigh Hall, P.O. Box 173780
Bozeman, MT 59717
(406) 994-7759

ID#: N09A-012-0020
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T012       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Acoustic Intercept Receiver for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs The current generation of high-frequency active 3-D acoustic imaging systems presents a challenge to the covert use of Underwater Vehicles (UVs) by Special Forces teams. An acoustic intercept capability is needed to detect active signals before the UV is detected, so that it can vector away from the source. The team of Advanced Acoustic Concepts and Montana State University propose to design and prove the feasibility of an acoustic intercept sensor system based on sparsely populated volumetric array technology. The system will measure bearing with a minimum of 15 degrees of accuracy and will cover a frequency range of 10-512 kHz, while remaining with the strict power and weight requirements for use on a UV. Using the sparse array concept, the signal processing load can be kept to a minimum, allowing weight and power to fit within the required 15 lbs dry weight and 25 W constraints. MSU will leverage its expertise in low power embedded processing to prove the feasibility of using a Field Programmable Gate Array to implement a low power integrated solution using a system-on-a-chip approach that meets AAC’s acoustic intercept processing needs.

Advanced Infoneering, Inc.
1801 South Riverside Drive, Iowa City Municipal Airport
Iowa City, IA 52240
(319) 337-7059

PI: Thomas Schnell
(319) 631-4445
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0352
University of Iowa
Operator Performance Lab (OPL), 3131 Seamans Center
Iowa City, IA 52242
(319) 631-4445

ID#: N09A-007-0148
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T007       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Tailoring Training for Disparately Skilled Participants in Large Scale Training Exercises
Abstract:  &nbs Large scale training exercises involve many trainees at various stages of their training maturity and at various levels of skill. Problems arise in large scale exercises when less mature or lower skilled trainees are exposed to training scenarios that are too advanced or too complex for their level of training maturity. These trainees are more likely to fail the mission they are given in the training scenario, thus reducing the benefits of training and leading to frustration in the trainee. We propose to develop a tool called SKATE (Skill Appropriate Training Environment) that will quantify skill levels of trainees, teams, or units, generate skill appropriate training objectives, modulate the difficulty of training scenarios, and provide a continuous skill-level assessment and scenario adaptation of disparately skilled trainees, teams, and units in a large scale training exercise while maintaining the overall integrity and realism of the mission itself. SKATE will evaluate the skill level of an individual, team, or unit level participants and generate a list of skill- appropriate training scenario components that can be configured into the exercise so as to fulfill the training objectives of the participants. SKATE will be designed on the basis of relational data-mining technology.

Advanced Rotorcraft Technology, Inc.
1330 Charleston Rd,
Mountain View, CA 94043
(650) 968-1464

PI: Chengjian He
(650) 968-1464
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0334
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
110 8th Street,
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-6282

ID#: N09A-009-0132
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T009       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Coupled Viscous Vortex Particle Method and Unstructured CFD Solver for Rotorcraft Aerodynamic Interaction Modeling
Abstract:  &nbs The helicopter rotor wake is a complicated problem and remains an extremely challenging aspect of rotorcraft performance and dynamic response analysis. The rotor/fuselage and/or rotor/ship aerodynamic interaction further complicates the problem. This STTR is dedicated to developing a solution for the complicated rotorcraft aerodynamic interaction problem. The development will couple the state-of-the-art vortex particle method (VPM) with an unstructured Navier-Stokes CFD body surface solver for a high fidelity rotor/body aerodynamic interaction simulation. The Phase I research will accomplish the formulation of the VPM/CFD coupling, prototype the coupling algorithm, and demonstrate the feasibility with rotorcraft aerodynamic interaction examples.

Advanced Simulation Research
1969 South Alafaya Trail, #251
Orlando, FL 32828
(407) 563-1397

PI: Juan Vaquerizo
(407) 563-1397
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0301
IST at UCF
3100 Technology Pkwy,
Orlando, FL 32826
(407) 882-2427

ID#: N09A-021-0424
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Frozen-in-Time Motion Tracking System
Abstract:  &nbs We propose the use of a new paradigm for motion tracking technology that is optically based, however instead of using high speed megapixel cameras (photo-detector array) to capture features or tags (illuminated or self- illuminating photo-emitters) spread in the environment, the capture process is inverted by spreading hundreds or thousands of single pixel cameras (markers with single photo-detector and on board processing) that can detect very high-speed (hundreds of thousands of times per second) binary patterns generated by illuminating projectors (high-speed photo-emitters) to optically encode the environment volume being tracked. Our research will be focused on the main program requirements by reducing cost, weight, footprint, and complexity of the radio enabled photo-sensing markers while increasing the overall resolution of the system (< 2 mm) so that we can use the positional information collected from multiple markers on an object to compute their orientation with a very high degree of accuracy (< 0.05 degree). The whole system would work within the IR spectrum and would therefore be invisible to the naked eye. For operation with NVG or IR vision augmentation systems we will need to further evaluate potential interference, and potentially adapt the design to support multiple modes of operation.

Aerodyne Research, Inc.
45 Manning Road,
Billerica, MA 01821
(978) 663-9500

PI: Oluwayemisi O. Oluwole
(978) 663-9500
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0367
MIT
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Building E19-750
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 324-9012

ID#: N09A-011-0225
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T011       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Characterizing JP-10 High Temperature Decomposition Chemistry using RMG - An Automatic Reaction Mechanism Generator
Abstract:  &nbs Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) and MIT are collaborating to establish the feasibility of fully characterizing the complex chemistry of JP-10 high temperature decomposition, in the presence of oxygen, using a novel automatic reaction mechanism generation tool (RMG) developed at MIT. JP-10 is a very attractive fuel for missile and other air- breathing propulsion applications due to its high energy density. However, JP-10 chemistry remains only partially understood, limiting its successful adoption for these applications. Currently, the biggest gap in published literature is in the chemistry of JP-10 initial decomposition to C5 hydrocarbons, in the presence of oxygen. In Phase I, the ARI/MIT team will apply RMG to develop a detailed reaction mechanism for these initial JP-10 decomposition steps. Our approach bypasses the tedious and error-prone manual model construction processes, enabling us to obtain a more comprehensive reaction mechanism in a more efficient way. Transport properties will also be provided, using group additivity concepts. Phase I results will set the foundation for Phase II when the complete, comprehensive reaction mechanism of JP-10 high temperature decomposition will be established and extensively validated through shock tube experiments. Phase I option will bridge the gap, beginning to explore further decomposition of the C5 species.

Aerovel Corporation
83 Oak Ridge Rd,
White Salmon, WA 98672
(541) 490-4103

PI: Tad McGeer
(541) 490-4103
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0385
Aero/Astro, Univ. of Washington
Dept of Aero/Astro, Box 352400, University of WA
Seattle, WA 98195
(206) 543-6679

ID#: N09A-001-0190
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Fully autonomous retrieval, turnaround, and launch for a long-endurance UAV with VTOL capability
Abstract:  &nbs We propose to develop techniques and equipment for fully automated retrieval, refueling/ recharging, and relaunch of a miniature VTOL UAV. Our proposed method would be suitable for use on a small platform such as a pickup truck, or a small boat in a choppy sea. It would allow the ground-handling cycle to be performed remotely with no manual intervention, and so enable extended missions through remote unattended sites. Phase I work would evaluate concepts with prototype hardware, and do aerodynamic testing and flight-control analysis. Phase II would then implement and demonstrate the selected concept.

Agile Nanotech, Inc.
11025 Roselle St., #100,
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 692-2128

PI: Douglas Giese
(858) 692-2128
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0351
University of California San Diego
9500 Gilman Dr.,
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-0783

ID#: N09A-032-0140
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Lightweight Structures for Roadside Blast Protection
Abstract:  &nbs Agilenano™, the University of California San Diego, DuPont® and GENTEX® Corporation propose a Phase I demonstration of a volumetric and mass-efficient armor system having an areal density less than 10 lbs/ft2 which reduces blast energy transmitted to the crew compartment from a STANAG 4569 Level 1 grenade or mine blast by at least 30%. Our team will design and manufacture 2''x2'' armor panels, develop and conduct quantitative explosive blast test methods, and measure V50 performance versus 0.30-cal. FSP and 0.30-cal. APM2. Our proposed armor is structured around AgileZorb™ a revolutionary nanotechnology-based blast energy absorbing material recently shown by the Navy to reduce transmitted blast pressures by 75% to 95% and to be orders of magnitude faster than conventional materials. The remainder of the structure consists of high hardness steel, flame resistant Kevlar®, and Nomex® honeycomb filled with the AgileZorb. The steel begins fragmenting the projectiles and protects against environmental elements. The Kevlar® layers provide spall and additional fragment and projectile barriers in addition to excellent flame resistance. The combined layers provide protection against the primary shock front (a primary cause of Traumatic Brain and Blast Lung injury), the tertiary blast wind and ballistic penetration.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-1200

PI: Yuanxin Shou
(781) 935-1200
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0337
University of Arizona
Arizona Board of Regents, Sponsored Project, PO Box 3520
Tucson, AZ 85722
(520) 626-6000

ID#: N09A-006-0471
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T006       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Tunable High Pulsed Energy Blue Fiber Laser
Abstract:  &nbs Leveraging on our extensive production experience in fiber optical components and fiber lasers, AGILTRON proposes to develop a new novel high pulse energy tunable blue laser with doped ZBLAN fiber. Based on enhanced blue upconversion by properly selected co-doped materials, the proposed blue fiber laser will be able to generate high power. Furthermore, by using Agiltron’s proprietary beam combining technology, we will combine multiple fiber arrays together in a single fiber to produce high energy pulse output which has not been demonstrated before. In this Phase I Program, we will focus on the high pulse energy blue fiber laser design and development and high efficiency co-doped ZBLAN fiber design, development and testing. In addition, a pulsed and wavelength tuned seed laser prototype will be designed and demonstrated. A fully functional, compact high power blue laser prototype will be produced in Phase II.

Agiltron Corporation
15 Cabot Road,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 935-1200

PI: Anton Greenwald
(781) 935-1333
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0291
University of Michigan
University of Michigan , 2114B EECS, 1301 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
(734) 936-1956

ID#: N09A-018-0456
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Large Area Metamaterial Films
Abstract:  &nbs In this Phase I STTR research program Agiltron will demonstrate that low-cost, micro-contact printing is suitable for the fabrication of large area, thin-film, flexible metamaterials with unique optical properties for wavelengths between 2 and 14 microns. Our research partner, the University of Michigan, will use roll-to-roll micro-contact printing to pattern the fine structure of the metamaterial. Agiltron will complete fabrication and testing, proving feasibility of the concept. In Phase II the process would be scaled up to produce a large area suitable for demonstrating desired optical effects on actual naval assets. Desired physical effects result from photon-plasmon interactions in very thin, patterned metal-dielectric films deposited on polymer sheets for ease of handling. A university consultant will perform limited modeling for Phase I. Compared to standard practice, Agiltron’s innovative design allows use of larger features, no smaller than one-half the wavelength of the chosen resonant optical frequency, which can be micro-printed. Also the metal-dielectric metamaterials are much thinner than all dielectric combinations improving flexibility.

AlphaSense, Inc.
28 Hillstream Road,
Newark, DE 19711
(302) 294-0116

PI: Pengcheng Lv
(302) 294-0116
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0346
Pennsylvania State University
Center for Electrochemical Sci,
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-7772

ID#: N09A-022-0094
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: A Novel Noninvasive Microwave Sensor for Quantitative Assessment of Degree of Sensitization in Marine Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:  &nbs In this proposal, AlphaSense, Inc. (AI) and the Pennsylvania State University (PSU) detail the development of a novel noninvasive microwave sensor to quantify the DoS in marine aluminum alloys. The key innovations of this proposal include the following: a) DoS quantifications based on the correlation between the surface resistivity with the microstructures of the aluminum alloys, b) measurements of the surface resistivity with highly sensitive microwave cavity perturbation technique, and c) the implementation of a compact and portable sensor system. With such innovations, the merits of the proposed sensor and its advantages over other techniques include: a) Rugged, compact and low cost, b) Sensitive for DoS quantification, c) Noninvasive, d) Real- time analysis capability, and e) Easy and safe to the operators.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 496-2415

PI: Webb Stacy
(781) 496-2437
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0351
Oklahoma University
660 Parrington Oval,
Norman, OK 07319
(405) 325-6140

ID#: N09A-007-0367
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T007       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Scenario Engineering for Assessment of Multi-participant Adaptive Training Environment
Abstract:  &nbs Large Scale Training exercises such as the Fleet Synthetic Training – Joint (FST-J) demand incredible resources and effective planning. Prioritization of training events cannot guarantee that every training objective for every trainee can be met, particularly in environments where participants are disparately skilled. A new solution is needed to manage the training experiences of all participants. Aptima and the University of Oklahoma (OU) propose to develop Scenario Engineering for Assessment of Multi-participant Adaptive Training Environment (SEAMATE). SEAMATE is a novel approach to training scenario engineering that marries proven technology with established performance measurement theory to provide a seamless learning environment for all participants, despite disparities in skill level or experience. The Aptima/OU Team will leverage Item Response Theory to identify the item equivalent of a scenario experience. These experiences will populate a matrix, from which appropriate experiences can be drawn at the right level of difficulty to meet individual training needs. SEAMATE will expand upon Aptima’s PRESTO and A-Measure technologies to manage the presentation of scenario events, based on pre-test and real-time assessments of performance, tailored to individual training needs to meet training objectives based on pre-test and real-time assessments of performance.

Aptima, Inc.
12 Gill Street, Suite 1400
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 496-2415

PI: Jared Freeman
(202) 552-6116
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0327
Arizona State University
Office of Sponosred Programs, PO BOX 873503
Tempe, AZ 85287
(480) 727-7983

ID#: N09A-028-0586
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: ADAPT: Adaptive Device for Adaptive Performance Training
Abstract:  &nbs Irregular warfare is increasingly the dominant form of military engagement. It is dynamic and unforgiving of errors, requiring warfighters to adapt fluidly to novel, complex, and ill-defined problems. The goal of this STTR is to define, prototype and (in Phase II) develop a training tool that builds adaptive expertise. The system teaches the learner to recognize and understand the fundamental principles underlying features of novel problems, and systematically presents problems that stretch the student’s capability to adapt. As it is used, the system itself learns more about connections among features in the domain over time, by acting as a knowledge elicitation device. Thus, the system – ADAPT – is both an Adaptive Device (evolving over time) and a tool for Adaptive Performance Training. In Phase II, we will empirically validate and implement ADAPT. The project team of Aptima and Dr. Kurt VanLehn (Arizona State University) bring to this task: expertise in training and adaptability research, knowledge of MDA/piracy domains, and experience developing intelligent tutoring systems to enhance adaptability.

Area I, Inc
349 Spring Hill Dr.,
Canton, GA 30115
(404) 983-1002

PI: Nicholas R. Alley
(404) 983-1002
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0307
Pennsylvania State University
Aerospace Engineering, 229 Hammond Building
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 865-2659

ID#: N09A-025-0019
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Robust Autonomous Maneuvering of Unmanned Air Systems in Challenging Environmental/Weather Conditions for Safety, Mission Effectiveness, and Endurance
Abstract:  &nbs Area-I, Incorporated, and Pennsylvania State University will combine an innovative real-time technique for estimating local airmass motion, a multi-objective guidance strategy, and a state-of-the-art adaptive control architecture to develop a Reactive Controller for Harvesting Gust Energy (RECHARGE). The RECHARGE system will utilize a compact yet capable suite of sensors and flight-proven computing hardware to enhance small UAV range, endurance, and survivability, even in extremely gusty conditions. Core features and capabilities of the RECHARGE system will include: 1) Real-time, on-board, local airmass motion estimation that is robust to changing gust characteristics and changing vehicle dynamics, 2) Waypoint following to enable intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) or other primary missions, 3) Optimal guidance for extracting energy from gusty environments to increase range and endurance, 4) Gust load alleviation for enhanced survivability in volatile atmospheric conditions, 5) Adaptive flight control that provides guaranteed Lyapunov stability, even with changes to vehicle dynamics or operations in highly uncertain environments, and 6) Ease of portability to different vehicle types and configurations.

ArmorWorks, Inc.
305 N. 54th Street,
Chandler, AZ 85226
(480) 598-5701

PI: Ken-An Lou
(480) 598-5723
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0349
UCSD Jacobs, School of Engineering
9500 Gilman Drive #0085,,
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-7442

ID#: N09A-032-0044
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Lightweight Structures Roadside Blast Protection
Abstract:  &nbs The goal of this STTR Phase I program is to develop lightweight and volumetrically-efficient structures that can be applied to the underbody and sides of lightweight tactical vehicles such as the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) or Mine-Resistant Ambush Vehicle (MRAP). The design will meet the weight goal to be less than 10 lb/ft2, and to reduce the amount of blast impulse or blast energy transmitted to the crew compartment by at least 30 percent compared to a monolithic metallic armor plate with the same areal density. The design success will be proved through laboratory blast tests.

ATA Engineering, Inc
11995 El Camino Real, Suite 200
San Diego, CA 92130
(858) 480-2102

PI: Kevin Napolitano
(858) 480-2030
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0340
University of California, San Diego
Jacobs School of Engineering, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC0085
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-5951

ID#: N09A-003-0285
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T003       Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title: Trained Network Force Measurement System for Aircraft/Store Interfaces
Abstract:  &nbs This proposal addresses the development of a new methodology to predict reaction forces in weapon store connections of naval aircraft. The proposed methodology utilizes a strain gage-based measurement technique in which a series of sensors are calibrated with a set of known loading configurations. The sensitivity matrix relating the measured strains to the loads forms the core of a system that can be thought of as a neural network. The efficacy of this network will improve as more strain gages are added and more calibration load cases are applied. System identification and singular value decomposition procedures will be used in the training of the network. In addition, optimization routines will be adopted for strain gage placement in order to improve the strain-to-load mapping. The feasibility of the proposed technique on a simple but representative test specimen will be demonstrated. It is anticipated that system nonlinearities will pose challenges to the proposed methodology; hence the test specimen will be designed to incorporate this effect to provide realistic performance estimates. Included in the final report for Phase I will be a description of a streamlined version - hardware and software - of the Phase II interface-load measurement system.

Atair Aerospace
499 Van Brunt St., Ste. 3B,
Brooklyn , NY 11231
(718) 923-1709

PI: Anthony J. Calise
(610) 539-2671
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0309
Georgia Institute of Technology
505 10th Street,
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 894-6929

ID#: N09A-025-0496
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Robust Autonomous Maneuvering of Unmanned Air Systems in Challenging Environmental/Weather Conditions for Safety, Mission Effectiveness, and Endurance
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of this proposal is to develop and demonstrate methods of autonomous guidance and flight control that will permit safer and more effective operation of unmanned air systems under challenging weather conditions, and to exploit to the extent possible utilization of winds and other environmental conditions to increase mission effectiveness. Atair Aerospace has over the past 5 years developed novel and low cost approaches to maintaining stable and accurate trajectory control for guided parafoils operating under adverse wind conditions. Georgia Tech has for many years conducted leading edge research and experimentation in the area of adaptive guidance and adaptive flight control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). This proposal will combine these areas of expertise to address the Navy problem as described in the subject solicitation. Phase-I will be primarily a simulation effort which will have a three-fold purpose. The first will be to exploit the methods developed at Atair for operating guided parafoils under high wind conditions, but for fixed wing UAV applications. The second will be to incorporate methods of adaptive flight control and energy management to optimize the trajectories of UAVs so as to increase their mission effectiveness, and the third will be to demonstrate these methods at Georgia Tech in a hardware-in- the-loop environment as a precursor to flight testing under a Phase-II effort.

Banpil Photonics, Inc.
2953 Bunker Hill Lane, Suite 400
Santa Clara, CA 95054
(408) 282-3628

PI: Achyut Dutta
(408) 282-3628
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0348
University of California, San Diego
ECE department, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0407
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 822-4773

ID#: N09A-004-0679
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 7/21/2009
Title: Innovative Approaches to the Development of Zinc-Oxide (ZnO) Nanowire Technologies for Advancing Full-Spectrum Photonic Sensing
Abstract:  &nbs Intellectual Merits: This small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop (i) process for ZnO nanowire growth on any substrates (e.g. Si, Glass, Polymer etc.) with having control in size and density of nanowires, and also (ii) multispectral nanostructure image sensor based on ZnO nanowires for many military and industrial applications such as: target detection systems, proximity fuzes, LIDARs, non-destructive testing and inspection techniques, monitoring of the chemical quality and process control, remote sensing, and free space communication. Commercially available imaging sensors use Si material for detecting visible spectrum, GaN material system for UV spectrum detection, and InP material system for near infrared (IR) spectrum detection. A goal in Phase-I program is to carry on research and development of ZnO nanowires growth process over wide area of substrate and also design, fabricate, and testing the single detector having wide spectral response, extending from UV-VIS-Near IR having higher quantum efficiency > 80% and fast response (GHz ranges) for showing its benefits over conventional Si-based CMOS sensor. Recognizing the vast application potential of Banpil’s bolometer, several industrial partners have expressed strong interest in commercializing this technology. In Phase II, Banpil will work with several leading night vision companies who expressed strong interest on proposed multispectral image sensor, as a part of commercialization of the high sensitivity and fast response image sensor technology integrateable to Si-CMOS circuit.

Bennett Aerospace, LLC
2054 Kildaire Farm Road #181,
Cary, NC 27518
(919) 859-5454

PI: Douglas Bennett
(919) 859-5454
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0269
Georgia Tech Research Institute
925 Dalney Street,
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 407-8067

ID#: N09A-016-0398
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Manufacturing of Physical Scale Models for Signature Reduction
Abstract:  &nbs The US Navy currently has large expenses to make ship models by hand for EM testing. Bennett Aerospace proposes a novel manufacturing and fabrication technique to build and assemble models so that they can be easily disassembled and re-assembled. The cost savings will be significant. Bennett Aerospace with its research institution partner will conduct preliminary EM testing of the model proxy developed in Phase 1.

BioAMPS International LLC
2256 Ash Street,
Denver, CO 80207
(303) 921-5789

PI: Robert Hodges
(720) 339-1908
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0358
University of Colorado Denver
MS F428, Anschutz Medical, 13001 E. 17th Place, Room W112
Aurora, CO 80045
(303) 727-0090

ID#: N09A-033-0173
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T033       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Rationally-designed, D-conformation Antimicrobial Peptides as Novel Antibacterial Drug Candidates for the Treatment of Multi-drug-resistant Bacterial
Abstract:  &nbs Antimicrobial resistance is among the most challenging problems in microbiology and clinical medicine, and the DOD has seen a dramatic increase of resistant strains of MRSA and multi-drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii (MDR- AB) emerging in combat- and non-combat-related healthcare settings. Virulent/MDR infections are developing single/ multiple routes of resistance to the thirteen classes of currently available antiobiotics. New drugs now in trials hold little promise for major advances. Our BioAMPS/U. of Colorado STTR team proposes to pursue the much needed next-generation solution. We have developed a portfolio of alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides that exhibit broad- spectrum in vitro activity, and in Phase I we intend to prove the feasibility of identifying one or more lead peptide compounds that will function as effective antibacterials against MDR infections. Our novel, proprietary peptides target only the cytoplasmic membrane and do not require an interaction with a stereoselective receptor or pathway—an advantage that holds great potential for eliminating development of resistance. In Phase I we will screen three structurally unique series (13 analogs) of our peptides against 15 strains/isolates of MRSA and MDR- AB obtained from throughout the world to identify one or more novel antibacterial drug candidates for follow-on development in a larger Phase II STTR project.

Boston Engineering Corporation
411 Waverley Oaks Road, Suite 114
Waltham, MA 02452
(781) 466-8010

PI: Mark W. Smithers
(781) 466-8010
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0386
GEORGIA TECH APPLIED
505 Tenth Street NW,
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 407-7881

ID#: N09A-001-0689
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Automous Launch, Recovery and Turn-Around Systems for Small UAVs
Abstract:  &nbs The Unmanned Recovery, Service And Launch Automation (URSALA) system is a tactical unmanned recovery, refueling and launch service station for small winged unmanned autonomous systems (UAVs). The automated system will increase utilization of UAV technology by providing unattended UAV operation for multiple mission without manual intervention or support. It can support many UAV platforms through a platform independent architecture and modularity design approach. URSALA is a product of the combined experience of Boston Engineering Corporation and Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) working with two of the leading contenders for the STUAS/Tier-II Competition agreeing to be mentors. The assembled team of BEC and GTRI provide a significantly large combination robotics, systems engineering, software, vision and controls experience to the program. The modular design of URSALA allows adaptation for the different wing designs and shapes while maintaining a common recovery, servicing and launch scheme. The recovery portion of the system addresses incoming UAV flight variances and provides controlled deceleration control to minimize impact loads and lessen potential for damage to the UAV. The recovery mechanism is integrated with a service module and a launch module that can be re-configured optimally relative to the required mission or application. The team can provide a Phase I that endeavors to not only develop a system design and determine the platform independent required capabilities and features, but can demonstrate feasibility through the build of a scaled version of the Universal Recovery Subsystem (URS) as well as demonstrate the steps needed for complete automation.

Boulder Nonlinear Systems, Inc.
450 Courtney Way, Unit 107,
Lafayette, CO 80026
(303) 604-0077

PI: JAY STOCKLEY
(303) 604-0077
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0343
University of Dayton
Ladar and Optical Communicatio, 300 College Park
Dayton, OH 45469
(937) 229-3633

ID#: N09A-030-0344
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T030       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Common Optical and RF Threat Sensor System
Abstract:  &nbs Boulder Nonlinear Systems along with our partners the Ladar and Optical Communications Institute (LOCI) at University of Dayton and the ElectroScience Laboratory (ESL) at The Ohio State University, propose investigation of the requirements and identification of the basic architecture for a common electro-optic (EO) and radio frequency (RF) threat sensor system. During Phase I, we will conduct a feasibility study including proof of concept experiments that will help to define the requirements for a common sensor system to cover RF and optical frequencies. The culmination of Phase I will be a design for a prototype to be constructed in Phase II.

C-2 Innovations, Inc
102 Peabody Dr,
Stow, MA 01775
(978) 298-5365

PI: Arnis Mangolds
(978) 257-4820
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0318
Sonoma State University
1801 East Cotati Ave,
Rohnert Park, CA 94928
(707) 664-2880

ID#: N09A-029-0620
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T029       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Remote Release Device for Marine Mammal Electronic Tags
Abstract:  &nbs Marine mammal behavioral research has shifted from direct observation to unobservable behaviors that occur at depth. Current emphases in tag development, such as high resolution sampling of acceleration are not well suited to transmission through Argos and necessitate instrument recovery by researchers. Similarly new tag technologies like CTD sensors create inherent tradeoffs between power consumption by sensors and transmission to satellites that are best resolved by tag recovery. Recovery probabilities would be dramatically increased by technologies that allow tag release to be under control of the researcher. C-2I provides an instrumentation independent, field installable interface that will permit data acquistion and retrieval using new sensor technologies and formats through reliable on-demand release and recovery.

Cascade Technologies Incorporated
1330 Charleston Road,
Mountain View, CA 94043
(650) 224-4882

PI: Shoreh Hajiloo
(650) 691-6067
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0368
California Institute of Technology
1200 East California Boulevard,
Pasadena, CA 91125
(626) 395-4021

ID#: N09A-008-0009
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T008       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Large Eddy Simulations of Hot Supersonic Jets for Aeroacoustics
Abstract:  &nbs The technical objective of this proposal is to develop and demonstrate LES capability to predict hot jet noise at supersonic operating conditions of tactical aircrafts. We also propose an LES based non-linear instability method (NPSE) to provide reduced order, physics-based models for noise generated by large-scale turbulent structures in hot jets. CASCADE’s unstructured solver, CHARLES, will be used for LES noise prediction. To achieve this, fully compressible N-S equation with dynamic SGS model will be solved in the near field, this data is then used to calculate the far field noise using acoustics projection methods. Near-field LES results will also provide mean flow fields and amplitude of instability waves required for NPSE modeling. Careful validation of the flow field and noise predictions will be conducted in close partnership with an industry partner (UTRC). In phase I, the feasibility of proposed methods will be demonstrated using pressure-matched hot jets with round nozzles. In phase I option, we extend the complexity to chevron nozzles and pressure-mismatched operating conditions. In Phase II, we focus on realistic nozzle geometries and engine configurations. In addition, the effect of airframe will be integrated in noise calculations.

Cascade Technologies Incorporated
1330 Charleston Road,
Mountain View, CA 94043
(650) 224-4882

PI: Bono Wasistho
(650) 691-6064
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0574
Stanford University
Aero. Astro. Dept.,
Stanford, CA 94305
(650) 723-9954

ID#: N09A-009-0309
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T009       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Rotor Wake Computations for Direct Integration with Current CFD Technology
Abstract:  &nbs The technical objective is to develop methodology and tools suitable for the integration of more efficient but accurate rotor wake computations within current unstructured CFD computations. The proposed method avoids the use of computationally intensive full overset rotor computations with attached refined grids to capture and track the blade tip vortex. Instead, we propose a 3 components methodology. First is an enhancement of existing actuator disk models to include an accurate representation of the tip vortex and helical motion in the wake. This is achieved by employing tip vortex strength as additional constraint in modeling the loading distribution on the actuator disk, and by treating the rotor disk as a rotational reference frame. Second and the main ingredient of the methodology is a novel vorticity preserving technique that is fully dynamic, avoiding any tuning parameters, to counter the inherent numerical dissipation. This will allow accurate modeling of the rotor wake dynamic and in turn its interaction with the solid surface of the main body. The third component is the use of a flexible multi codes coupling framework to enable simulations of different rotor models and configurations in a plug and play fashion without specific modifications of the main flow solver.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road,
Pipersville, PA 18947
(215) 766-1520

PI: Neeraj Sinha
(215) 766-1520
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0341
Purdue University
School of Aero. and Astro., 701 W. Stadium Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47907
(765) 494-5142

ID#: N09A-008-0077
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T008       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Large Eddy Simulations of Hot Supersonic Jets for Aeroacoustics
Abstract:  &nbs The noise from the turbulent, hot, supersonic jets at take-offs and landings as well as high-Mach cruise at altitude dominates noise emanating from other powerplant components and has significant safety implications for launch personnel, as well as environmental impacts of noise pollution around military installation. Noise generation mechanisms of supersonic jets are quite complex and different than those of subsonic jets typically encountered in the exhausts of high-bypass ratio transport aircraft powerplants, with the large-scale turbulence structures being dominant in supersonic jets. Intense Eddy Mach wave radiation from regions along the jet shear layer is produced by the large-scale turbulence structures convected supersonically relative to the ambient medium. Additionally, oblique shock cell quasi-periodic structures, the result of imperfectly expanded supersonic jets, are noise radiation sources and contribute to discrete tone screech and broadband frequency noise. CRAFT Tech and Purdue University will develop and apply an innovative high-fidelity, hybrid RANS-LES method to characterize the noise sources in the near-field and mid-field of these hot, supersonic jets with realistic engine boundary conditions and nozzle geometry, with the farfield noise emissions obtained using integral techniques. The model will be applied to the analysis of noise attenuation concepts under consideration for military aircrafts.

Continuum Dynamics, Inc.
34 Lexington Avenue,
Ewing, NJ 08618
(609) 538-0444

PI: GLEN R WHITEHOUSE
(609) 538-0444
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0335
GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF
505 TENTH STREET NW,
ATLANTA, GA 30332
(404) 894-6929

ID#: N09A-009-0562
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T009       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Variable-Fidelity Wake Prediction Methods for Improving CFD
Abstract:  &nbs Accurate performance prediction is essential for developing rotorcraft and supporting flight operations. Current grid-based CFD can, in principle, model the complete rotorcraft, but is hampered by excessive numerical dissipation of vorticity. Thus, common methods fail to predict adequately the unsteady rotor and fuselage loading. Moreover, the critical dynamic interface (DI) problem of a rotorcraft approaching and landing on a ship cannot be predicted fully with current methods. Continuum Dynamics, Inc. (CDI) and Georgia Institute of Technology (GT) propose to directly address these limitations while simultaneously supporting naval operations by developing a suite of variable-fidelity wake prediction methods for improving CFD and enabling breakthrough DI simulation capabilities. This approach builds upon work at CDI and GT in CFD, free-wakes and hybrid analyses to directly address issues of improving rotorcraft CFD accuracy, reducing turn-around time by coupling CFD to CDI’s CHARM and VorTran-M wake solvers. Moreover, given the inherent capabilities of the proposed tools, performing fully-interacting fully-coupled DI simulations will become viable for the first time! Phase I will see the preliminary integration of the flow solvers and proof-of-concept calculations will be performed. Phase II would see formal validation, demonstration, and commercialization of these approaches for accelerating and improving rotorcraft CFD.

Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
2750 Indian Ripple Road,
Dayton, OH 45440
(937) 320-1877

PI: Richard Tillinger
(937) 320-1877
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0350
NM Institute of Mining & Technology
801 Leroy Place,
Socorro, NM 87801
(575) 835-5606

ID#: N09A-032-0053
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Structural Blast Energy Absorber
Abstract:  &nbs Light, maneuverable, fast and fully protected vehicles are needed on today''s battlefields. In a field of operations, US military vehicles often encounter landmines, improvised explosive devises (IEDs), and other explosive threats towards the underside and sides of the vehicle. These threats, unfortunately, can contribute to warfighter casualties. Military vehicles, therefore, require adequate protection in these activities. Current technologies do not afford the exceptional level of blast protection that the Navy desires. Steel armor plates are inexpensive, but extremely heavy, adding thousands of pounds to light vehicles. The extra load makes the vehicles heavy, difficult to maneuver and difficult to transport by sea or airlift. The extra weight also wears heavily on these vehicles, causing premature engine and transmission failures, as well as suspension and brake problems. The desired solution must provide structural load support and mitigate the blast energy, while at the same time contribute less weight and/or space to the vehicle. In Phase I CRG will demonstrate the technical feasibility of a high-performance, light-weight structural blast energy absorber made from CRG’s blast-resistant materials. The effort will design and test the structural blast energy absorber and develop processing techniques to fabricate the proof-of-concept device.

Cortana Corporation
520 N. Washington Street, #200,
Falls Church, VA 22046
(703) 534-8000

PI: John Pierce
(703) 534-8000
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0581
PSU thru its Applied Research Lab
PO Box 30,
State College, PA 16804
(814) 867-1552

ID#: N09A-002-0008
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T002       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Nonlinear Interaction of Impulsive Acoustic/Hydrodynamic Sources and Natural Ocean Inhomogeneities
Abstract:  &nbs The research will develop two physics-based models describing the generation of remotely detectable small-scale ocean surface roughness anomalies that can be produced by nonlinear interactions between impulsive acoustic/hydrodynamics sources and background ocean inhomogeneities. The first model is based on weak shock propagation, resulting from impulsive, finite amplitude acoustic disturbances at the source. The second model is based on the theory of non-steady, weakly nonlinear solitons, generated by a moving source in a non- homogeneous ocean. Both models are designed to predict the development and propagation of precursors that can alter the characteristics of the sea surface sufficiently to be detectable by remote sensors.

DeepQuest LLC
2757 Dorchester Square, #116,
Cambridge, MD 21613
(410) 228-7711

PI: Timothy Curtis
(410) 228-7711
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0305
University of Maryland
University of Maryland, 3112 Lee Bldg
College Park, MD 20742
(301) 405-6177

ID#: N09A-024-0560
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T024       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Optical flow and electroreception for underwater motion coordination and homing
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of the proposed effort is to demonstrate the feasibility of applying bio-inspired optical and electric sensing and data fusion to the problem of multi-vehicle survey/surveillance and single-vehicle mine neutralization using low-cost disposable vehicles.

Desert Star Systems
3261 Imjin Road,
Marina, CA 93933
(831) 384-8000

PI: Marco Flagg
(831) 236-7750
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0319
University of California Santa Cruz
100 Shaffer Road, Center for Ocean Health
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
(831) 459-2691

ID#: N09A-029-0651
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T029       Awarded: 7/24/2009
Title: SeaTag-RC: A Remote Releasable Instrument Carrier for Marine Mammal Tagging
Abstract:  &nbs While tagging marine mammals with electronic data recorders is common, recovering the instruments or data remains problematic. This proposal develops a RRD (remote release device) using a multi-pronged strategy. Development is accelerated by engineering the design substantially from proven components in our design library, yielding a lab and field tested RRD prototype by the end of phase-1. In cooperation with UCSC, RRD prototypes will be placed on elephant seals for re-location excursions from Monterey to Ano Nuevo, a trip during which the animals dive extensively and to near the maximum 2000m depth rating of RRD. RRD will be a low-profile device measuring about 3”x4”x0.625”. We will test two release mechanisms, including a fusible link and a propellant wafer; both designs resulting in energetic release to clearly separate from the animal. Release is initiated by the transmission of a secure ID, and RRD acknowledges commands and provides a homing capability. Two power systems will be evaluated; one based on rechargeable or primary batteries, and another using ‘stored solar power’, in which photovoltaic cells are combined with aerogel capacitors (super capacitors) to store energy during the animal’s surface intervals. This may eliminate batteries and support ‘indefinite’ mission duration and device re-use.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110,
Oviedo, FL 32765
(407) 706-0977

PI: Laura Milham
(407) 706-0977
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0326
Sandia National Laboratories
Division 6000 DoD Program Bus., Dept. 10669, MS 1188
Albuqueque, FL 87123
(505) 284-6765

ID#: N09A-028-0511
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Adaptive Training to Enhance Individual and Team Learning
Abstract:  &nbs n the highly dynamic submarine environment, the Officer of the Deck is the individual primarily responsible for the safety of the ship, subject to orders from the commanding officer (OPNAVINST 3120.32). Key to the officer of the deck’s success is the development of adaptive decision making skills, supporting monitoring, assessment, and problem solving when faced with cognitively challenging situations (e.g. maneuvering around decks or other close quarters; 2004, Maritime Park Association). The goal of the proposed work is to develop an adaptive training system based on cognitive decision making models that outline expert paths as well as alternative paths that trainees may take, performance assessment to capture decision making performance in real-time, a diagnostic component to evaluate performance data and compare to expert models to identify potential breakdowns in performance and related causes, and adaptive feedback mitigations to adaptively adjust the environment to address trainee performance.

DJW TECHNOLOGY, LLC
5018 Ballybridge Drive,
Dublin, OH 43017
(614) 761-9287

PI: Douglas Wheeler
(614) 761-9287
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0287
Ohio State University
125 A Koffolt Laboratories, 140 West 19th Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
(614) 292-9970

ID#: N09A-014-0268
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T014       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Advanced Hydrogen Reformate Stream Purifier for Fuel Cell Applications
Abstract:  &nbs Design of the electrical-equivalent hydrogen flow (EEHF) prototype hydrogen reformate purification system using modular spiral-wound membrane canisters to operate at 140„aC to 180„aC over the pressure range 1 atms to 4 atms with a volumetric density of 250 W/L. Development of a prototype purifier system incorporating the membrane separation technology developed by Professor Ho at Ohio State University will resolve the impurity limitations attendant with the reforming of logistic fuels and deliver a fuel cell quality hydrogen stream for shipboard applications. The feasibility of scale-up to continuous membrane manufacture to fabricate sufficient membrane for the manufacture of spiral-wound membrane modules for a 250kW EEHF prototype hydrogen purification system is an objective of this effort. The feasibility of the design of a compact prototype spiral-wound membrane module that meets the 250 W/L volumetric density targets will build on the spiral-wound membrane technology well established for desalination technology. The BOP system design will address optimize the performance of the membrane separation technology. The feasibility of testing a 250kW prototype hydrogen will be evaluated and costs for such demonstration determined. The development approach, performance goals, and schedule containing discrete milestones for product development will be identified and contained in a phase II submission.

Dragonfly Pictures, Inc.
PO Box 202, West End of Second Street
Essington, PA 19029
(610) 521-6115

PI: Jim Hacunda
(610) 521-6115
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0594
University of Pennsylvania
GRASP Laboratory, Levine Hall , 3330 Walnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 746-2097

ID#: N09A-005-0521
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T005       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Realtime Determination and Prediction of Aircraft Trajectories Using Limited Sensor Data
Abstract:  &nbs Dragonfly Pictures, Inc. (DPI) and UPENN propose to develop a novel real-time trajectory prediction tool called Trajectory Tree Prediction Planner (TTPP). TTPP is based on two ideas. First, since it is impossible to robustly predict a single trajectory of an aircraft if its full state and intent is unknown, we advocate generating a set (tree) of trajectories. Each of the trajectories will be associated with the probability of occurrence, and the cumulative probability of predicted trajectories will be near one. Second, while the prediction of multiple trajectories will be even more computationally expensive than the prediction of a single trajectory, we will generate these trajectories using our previously developed incremental planning algorithms (e.g., D* Lite, Anytime D*, Adaptive A*). These algorithms are specifically designed for solving repeated planning problems in real-time and compute the new paths orders of magnitude faster by re-using their previous planning efforts. These algorithms have been shown to work well on various unmanned ground and air vehicles and will therefore be well-suited to the problem of generating the tree of future trajectories in real-time.

ElectraWatch, Inc.
SUITE B-21, 660 Hunters Place,
Charlottesville, VA 22911
(434) 970-7878

PI: Guy D, Davis
(410) 746-6235
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0345
University of Virginia
Office of Sponsored Programs, P.O. Box 400195
Charlottesville, VA 22904
(434) 924-4270

ID#: N09A-022-0046
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Field Probe to Measure Degree of Sensitization (DoS) of 5XXX Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:  &nbs ElectraWatch, together with the University of Virginia, proposes to develop a hand-held probe to measure the Degree of Sensitization (DoS) of 5XXX aluminum alloys on board Navy ships. Sensitization is caused by precipitation of Mg2Al3 at the grain boundaries. Because sensitized material can experience intergranular corrosion, exfoliation, and stress corrosion cracking (SCC) in marine atmospheric conditions, detection of sensitized material is essential for any structural integrity monitoring program. ElectraWatch will use differences in the electrochemical behavior (such as open circuit potential, linear polarization resistance, or electrochemical impedance) of the Al-Mg matrix and the Mg2Al3 precipitates to discriminate between the non-sensitized and sensitized material. Once the optimium electrochemical procedure is identified and developed, ElectraWatch will modify the electronics and software of its Embedded Corrosion Instrument (ECI) or Coating Health Monitor (CHM) to allow an inspector to measure and map the DoS of an aluminum structure and monitor its change over time.

EM Photonics, Incorporated
51 East Main Street, Suite 203
Newark, DE 19711
(302) 456-9003

PI: Ozgenc Ebil
(302) 456-9003
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0295
University Of Delaware
Institute of Energy Conversion, 451 Wyoming Rd
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-6220

ID#: N09A-020-0578
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T020       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Efficiency Stretchable (Highly Conformable) Photovoltaics for Expeditionary Forces
Abstract:  &nbs The next generation of photovoltaic systems need to meet both physical (shape, size, packaging, durability) and electronic (efficiency, stability) requirements of applications that are not possible to implement today. One of these requirements is to be able to stretch electronic devices without sacrificing the performance and lifetime. Commercially available photovoltaics that incorporate thin semiconductor films on plastic or thin metal substrates are sufficiently flexible and lightweight to be rolled up for easy transport. Unrolled, the photovoltaic systems are planar and not highly deformable. We propose a design and fabrication method for the manufacturing of stretchable and flexible photovoltaic system based on Cu(InGa)Se2 technology with higher efficiencies than silicon based counterparts. Cu(InGa)Se2 based solar cells have often been touted as being among the most promising of solar cell technologies for cost effective power generation. This is partly due to the advantages of thin films for low cost, high rate semiconductor deposition over large areas using layers only a few microns thick and for fabrication of monolithically interconnected modules. Our design is based on fabrication of Cu(InGa)Se2 thin-films on stretchable substrates using commercially available deposition tools.

Energia Technologies, Inc
1670 Alvarado Street, Suite 3,
San Leandro, CA 94577
(510) 351-9911

PI: Duyen Nguyen
(510) 351-9911
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0277
Florida State University
2525 Pottsdamer Street, # A229,
Tallahassee, FL 32310
(850) 644-5885

ID#: N09A-034-0606
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Biojet Fuels from Nonedible Bio-oils and Cellulosic Biomass
Abstract:  &nbs The proposed program addresses the emerging needs for the Navy to have cost effective alternative liquid transportation biofuels. The main objectives are to produce bio-jet and bio-diesel fuels from cellulosic biomass and nonedible bio-oils and demonstrate that they have cost structure and product quality comparable to petroleum based fuels. Novel concepts in processing, reactor design and catalyst systems are employed in this integrated approach to convert cellulosic biomass of any type and nonedible bio-oils of any type into bio-jet fuel. Feedstock flexibility offers significant cost and logistic advantages to this approach. Unlike other processes, which use only the oil derived from a plant, this proposal uses the entire plant as feedstock source. The proposed approach can also convert the more challenging lignocellulosic component. Through molecular manipulations, the proposed approach allows the production of “designer” biofuels. The technology offers a means to tailor product properties through saturation of double bonds to give better shelf life, cracking long chain hydrocarbons to maximize the yield of the jet cut, controlling aromatics content of the jet cut for better combustion characteristics, and isomerization to improve ignition characteristics and for better cold flow properties of the fuel.

FastVDO LLC
5840 Banneker Rd., #270,
Columbia, MD 21044
(410) 730-6922

PI: Zhanfeng Yue
(410) 730-6922
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0294
Johns Hopkins University
3400 N. Charles St.,, 215 Barton Hall
Baltimore, MD 21218
(410) 516-7416

ID#: N09A-019-0682
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T019       Awarded: 7/14/2009
Title: Compressive Sensing in the Tactical Underwater Environment
Abstract:  &nbs The relatively opaque and inhospitable ocean medium presents unique and formidable challenges for the task of sensing & recognizing underwater objects. Impenetrable to most forms of electromagnetic radiation, the sea yields a glimpse of its hidden structure mainly through acoustic and optical means, which is the reason that sonar sensors and optical cameras are widely used in the tactical underwater environment (e.g. for Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, AUV). For such sensor platform, large amounts of data is often required to be sampled relative to the signal of interest, so is highly sophisticated and computationally expensive techniques for estimating sensing geometry. In order to reduce the sampling and computational requirements, thus increase area coverage rates and relax sensing geometry requirements, FastVDO proposes a complete framework using Compressive sensing (CS) techniques to sense, transmit signal and recognize objects in the underwater environment.

Fluorochem, Inc.
680 S. Ayon Ave.,
Azusa, CA 91702
(626) 334-6714

PI: Kurt Baum
(626) 334-6714
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0278
University of Idaho
114Morrill Hall, P.O. Box 4430,
Moscow, ID 83844
(208) 885-6651

ID#: N09A-017-0392
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T017       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Advanced Energetic Oxidizers for Solid Propellant applications.
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of this program is to design advanced energetic oxidizers superior to ammonium perchlorate (AP), develop methods for their preparation, and characterize the products.

Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC
89 Rumford Avenue,
Newton, MA 02466
(781) 529-0504

PI: Han Liu, Ph.D.
(781) 529-0531
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0286
Case Western Reserve University
Office of Sponsored Projects, 10900 Euclid Avenue
Cleveland, OH 44106
(216) 368-4514

ID#: N09A-014-0142
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T014       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Efficiency Active Hydrogen Reformate Purifier
Abstract:  &nbs Giner Electrochemical Systems, LLC (GES) in cooperation with Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) will develop a highly efficient active hydrogen purifier. Due to its active nature, the purifier can output high purity hydrogen exceeding the output density required by NAVY (kWH2/l) without ultra high pressure or ultra high temperature. By combining Dimensionally Stable Membrane (DSM) technology and polybenzimidazole (PBI) / phosphoric acid (PA) system, the efficiency of the purifier can be improved with better durability. Based on preliminary data and calculation, the purifier can output more hydrogen than the total hydrogen contained in the inlet reformate stream even after subtracting the power that it consumes. The purifier is also highly dynamic, it can output at least 2X of its rated capacity for peak demand.

H2 Pump LLC
11 Northway Lane North,
Latham, NY 12110
(518) 783-2241

PI: Glenn Eisman
(518) 783-2241
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0288
University of South Carolina
631 Sumter Street,
Columbia, SC 29208
(803) 777-0778

ID#: N09A-014-0275
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T014       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Advanced Hydrogen Reformate Stream Purifier for Fuel Cell Applications
Abstract:  &nbs H2Pump LLC and the University of South Carolina will enhance the purification of impure hydrogen streams generated from the reformation of logistics fuel for use in fuel cells through the application of high temperature polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane-based electrochemical hydrogen pump (EHP) technology. The effort will extend H2Pump LLC’s current reformate tolerant PBI EHP technology to include hydrogen sulfide (H2S) impurities. The University of South Carolina will assess the operating window of hydrogen streams containing H2S, while H2Pump LLC will evaluate the impact of such gases on lifetime, efficiency, and hydrogen purification capability. H2Pump LLC is uniquely suited to address the objectives of this effort, as EHP using high temperature membranes (PBI) is its sole commercialization focus.

Heat, Light, and Sound Research, Inc.
3366 N. Torrey Pines Court, Suite 310
La Jolla, CA 92037
(858) 457-0800

PI: Ahmad T. Abawi
(858) 457-0800
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0313
University of California, San Diego
Structural Engineering Dep., 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0085
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 822-4787

ID#: N09A-026-0241
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T026       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Exact modeling of targets in littoral environments
Abstract:  &nbs We propose to use the finite element technique to model propagation of acoustics waves in a realistic shallow water (10-100 m) environment in the presence of man-made or natural targets. Such modeling accuracy is paramount in detection and classification of underwater targets. Currently available models make simplifying assumptions in modeling both scattering and propagation. Targets are usually modeled as non-penetrable (rigid) or having simple shapes. In most cases, simple scattering models such as the Kirchhoff approximation is used to compute the scattered field. The existing propagation models are also unable to accurately model a realistic ocean environment. For instance, there is no propagation model that can accurately compute propagation in a range- dependent ocean overlying an elastic bottom. These models cannot provide the accuracy that is needed for use in detection and classification of underwater targets. To properly account for the full physics of the problem, propagation and scattering should be solved as a single boundary value problem. Our approach will consist of three stages: in stage 1, we will use the finite element technique in 2-D to propagate the acoustic field to the target, in stage 2, we will use the finite element technique in 3-D to compute the scattered field, and in stage 3, we will use the finite element technique in 2-D to propagate the scattered field to the receiver. For shorter ranges and/or lower frequencies it may be possible to solve the whole problem in 3-D as a single boundary value problem. In Phase 1 of this effort, we will demonstrate the capability of our proposed approach to model scattering from a simple elastic target in a shallow water environment overlying an elastic bottom. In this phase, we will solve this problem for a source to target separation of approximately 1000 wavelengths. In Phase 2, we will extend the capability of our approach to model the problem for a source to target separation of approximately 10,000 wavelengths, and for arbitrary man-made or natural targets. The novelty of our approach is the use of the finite element method in propagation modeling, which has only become possible with advances in computer speed along with progress in modern finite element techniques.

HYPRES. Inc.
175 Clearbrook Road,
Elmsford, NY 10523
(914) 592-1190

PI: Amol Inamdar
(914) 592-1190
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0316
Stony Brook University
Office of Sponsored Programs,
Stony Brook, NY 11794
(631) 632-9949

ID#: N09A-027-0393
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T027       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Multi-Modulator Architecture for High Sensitivity High Dynamic Range Analog to Digital Converter (ADC)
Abstract:  &nbs Higher receiver sensitivity enables detection of weaker signals, which translates into increased signal-to-noise ratio and increased coverage area. HYPRES, in collaboration with Stony Brook University, proposes to deliver high sensitivity over a wide frequency band using superconductor high-linearity analog-to-digital converter (ADC) technology. First, operating at 4 K, the ADC offers a much lower thermal noise floor. Second, direct digitization eliminates non-linear analog RF components which raise the effective noise floor. Finally, we propose a multi- modulator architecture that further increases signal-to-noise ratio. In Phase I, we will start with the low risk approach of designing, fabricating, and testing a high sensitivity input transformer to our proven phase-modulation- demodulation (PMD) ADC with a lower secondary inductance to reduce the noise floor. This approach will meet the required -90 dBm sensitivity for the 30-MHz HF band. Next, we will extend the same sensitivity performance over a wider (500 MHz) bandwidth by using multiple modulators and on-chip circuitry for digital summing and filtering circuitry. We will characterize the performance of the ADC, and its noise floor, by simulating the multi-modulator ADC using MATLAB Simulink, also including the model for the designed transformer.

IFyber, LLC
950 Danby Road, Suite 300
Ithaca, NY 14850
(607) 227-8983

PI: Aaron Strickland
(607) 227-7522
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0360
University at Albany - SUNY
4405 NanoFab East, 257 Fuller Rd.
Albany, NY 12203
(518) 956-7354

ID#: N09A-033-0638
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T033       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Nanoparticle-based Wound Care for Antibiotic Resistant Pathogens
Abstract:  &nbs This proof-of-concept research effort will lay the foundation for integrating metal nanoparticle-coated natural fibers into antibacterial wound dressings and sutures. A current military need for the proposed technology is in the arena of topical preventative measures against and treatments for wound infections. iFyber LLC, the lead company for this project, will work with Professor of Nanobiology Nathaniel C. Cady of UAlbany in the testing and development of a broad-spectrum approach to combating infections within military populations. We will work to expand on our ability to conformally deposit various metal onto cellulose and silk fibers with very high surface coverage using a layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assembly process. This proposed effort aims to develop a nanostructured coating that will exploit this LBL-based processes to control the antibacterial properties of wound care products used by the US Department of Defense.

Information Systems Laboratories, Inc.
10070 Barnes Canyon Road,
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 373-2711

PI: Jim Beaver
(858) 373-2701
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0368
Florida Atlantic University
Purchasing Department, 777 Glades Road
Boca Raton, FL 33431
(954) 924-7242

ID#: N09A-012-0157
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T012       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Acoustic Intercept Receiver for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs Information Systems Laboratories (ISL) and Florida Atlantic University (FAU) propose to develop and test a system that uses existing signal processing algorithms coupled with innovative construction technology developed ISL under our E-Field sensor programs and FAU under UUV programs. The Challenge is to develop a small system package with the capability to intercept active threat emissions early enough for the underwater vehicle to avoid capture or destruction. The system needs to fit in the confines of existing and future undersea vehicles and require minimum power to operate for the duration of the mission. The system must have a compatible interface with the existing vehicle systems such as command and control, communications. The system must provide sufficient bearing accuracy and signal characterization to support identification and classification of the active emission as a threat so that tactical decisions may be made. The system must detect a wide range of threat frequencies and should be capable of filtering out the acoustic emissions of its own platform in order to prevent false alarms.

Infoscitex Corporation
303 Bear Hill Road,
Waltham, MA 02451
(781) 890-1338

PI: William Hafer
(781) 890-1338
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0383
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
110 8th Street, West Hall 417
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-6173

ID#: N09A-001-0277
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: U-BASE: Fully Autonomous Basing Platform for Unmanned Systems
Abstract:  &nbs Infoscitex proposes to develop U-BASE, a platform enabling fully autonomous operation of unmanned systems for multiple missions and extended durations. U-BASE integrates autonomous recovery, refuel and launch of UAV’s into a single system. The technologies employed by U-BASE are applicable to a range of unmanned systems, making it a highly versatile enabler of unmanned operations. The recovery mechanism is based on demonstrated technology to recover UAV’s directly onto a ground platform. The automated refueling system will be designed by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI). RPI will adapt automation technologies that it has successfully inserted into industrial manufacturing lines, using a sensing and control system specially designed to handle the greater uncertainty inherent in the military environment. The launch system will use existing pneumatic launch technology adapted for platform integration. In Phase I, the launch, recovery and refueling components will be designed, and an integrated system architecture will be defined. In Phase II, field testing of functional subsystems will occur, with progression to a flight demonstration of full turn-around. The system design is capable of integration into many platforms of interest, including trailers, ground vehicles, and sea platforms.

Innovative Technology Applications Co., L. L. C.
PO Box 6971,
Chesterfield, MO 63006
(314) 373-3311

PI: Philip J Morris
(814) 863-0157
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0370
Penn State University
233C Hammond Building, Pennsylvania State University
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 863-0157

ID#: N09A-008-0522
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T008       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Large Eddy Simulations of Hot Supersonic Jets for Aeroacoustics
Abstract:  &nbs The noise from turbulent, hot, supersonic jets during take-off and landing, as well as high-Mach cruise at altitude, dominates noise emanating from other powerplant components (e.g., fan, combustor). This intense noise has significant safety implications for launch personnel as well an environmental impact in the form of noise pollution around military installations. The proposed work will build on software previously developed at Penn State to create a production CFD code which can accurately resolve the unsteady structures related to the dominant noise sources of high speed jets. This software will accurately capture the shock-containing jet plumes, and enable physics-based noise predictions for these flows that include both jet mixing and shock-associated noise. The resulting software will enable the Navy customer to better design and engineer nozzle components and noise attenuation technologies for the low-bypass ratio powerplants of modern tactical aircraft.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Priya Ranjan
(301) 294-5268
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0331
University of Illinois, Chicago
851 S. Morgan M/C 154,
Chicago, IL 60607
(312) 355-1315

ID#: N09A-015-0625
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T015       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Universal, Programmable and Affordable Power Technologies for Underwater Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs The proposed power architecture has a very simple structure owing to reduced device count and direct power conversion, which significantly reduces its cost. That along with high integrated high-frequency planar magnetics (with < 5 nH leakage) and reduced thermal requirement (due to 2X junction-temperature capability of SiC VJFETs and 3X thermal conductivity of SiC as compared to Si) provides very high power density and reliability without a major price tag. Due to these unique characteristics (low-cost, compactness, and reliability) added to the high efficiency owing to very low device capacitance of the VJFETs makes it a viable candidate not only for PV and FC inverter market, but also for V2G, PHEV, low-power UPS, vehicular APU, battery charger markets. This provides a key commercial-viability mechanism for the proposed architecture, which is limited in scope in existing commercial products.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive, Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
(301) 294-5221

PI: Dan Xiang
(301) 294-4760
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0348
Loyola College
Engineer Science Dept., 4501 North Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
(410) 617-5563

ID#: N09A-022-0454
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: A Non-Contact Ultrasonic Technique for Quantification of Degree of Sensitization in Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:  &nbs Sensitization in 5XXX aluminum alloys is an insidious problem characterized by the formation of beta phase (Al3Mg2) at grain boundaries, which increases the susceptibility of alloys to intergranular corrosion (IGC) and intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC). The currently accepted method for quantifying Degree of Sensitization (DoS) of AA5XXX alloys is the ASTM G67 Nitric Acid Mass Loss Test. However, it is a destructive and time-consuming method. A fast, reliable, and nondestructive method for rapid detection of DoS in AA5XXX alloys in the field is highly desirable. In this proposal, Intelligent Automation, Inc. (IAI) and Prof. Robert B. Pond, Jr. from Loyola College propose an innovative non-contact ultrasonic technique for fast quantification of DoS in Al-Mg alloys.

Intelligent Systems Technology, Inc.
12122 Victoria Ave,
Los Angeles, CA 90066
(310) 581-5440

PI: Carla C. Madni
(310) 581-5440
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0324
UCLA/CSE CRESST
300 Charles E. Young Drive N., GSE&IS Bldg. 3rd Flr/Box951522
Los Angeles, CA 90095
(310) 825-7995

ID#: N09A-028-0163
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: AdapTrain™ : Individual and Team Learning through Adaptive Simulation-based Training
Abstract:  &nbs As the Navy continues to reduce personnel to perform in multiple roles in at-sea environments, traditional training approaches that rely on extensive “on-the-job” training no longer suffice. The need today is to maximize cognitive readiness on the part of shipboard personnel while compressing the learning cycle. Achieving the latter requires optimally tailoring experiences in realtime to the prevailing cognitive and physiological states of the learner. The former can be achieved through adaptive simulation-based training (SBT), which the Navy views as the preferred approach to achieving these goals. However, adaptive SBT requires specific advances in both methods and technologies to deliver on its promise. To this end, Phase I of this effort is concerned with developing an adaptive training framework that leverages the learning sciences and extends the state-of-the-art in both performance measurement do well as modeling and assessment.

JEM Engineering, LLC
8683 Cherry Lane,
Laurel, MD 20707
(301) 317-1070

PI: James Lilly
(301) 317-1070
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0337
University of Colorado at Boulder
3100 Marine St., Room 479, 572 UCB
Boulder, CO 80309
(303) 492-2695

ID#: N09A-035-0339
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T035       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Novel Phase Shifterless RF Phased-Array Antenna Systems
Abstract:  &nbs Research is proposed to investigate the feasibility of coupled voltage-controlled-oscillator arrays to develop high- gain steerable-beam phased-array antennas without phase shifters. If successful, coupled VCO array technology will provide beam steering of at least 60° off broadside from a planar, low cost, thin, and lightweight package. Concept feasibility and system performance will be assessed by modeling and simulation in Phase I.

KalScott Engineering, Inc.
PO Box 3426,
Lawrence, KS 66046
(785) 979-1116

PI: Tom Sherwood
(785) 979-1113
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0310
University of California-Berkeley
721 Soda Hall , University of California at Be
Berkeley CA , CA 94720
(510) 642-7034

ID#: N09A-025-0557
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Robust Autonomous Maneuvering of Unmanned Air Systems in Challenging Environmental/Weather Conditions for Safety, Mission Effectiveness, and Endurance
Abstract:  &nbs A hardware-software solution for controlling UAVs in challenging flight conditions is described. This would allow the UAV to autonomously exploit advantageous weather phenomena for increased endurance, and also allow the UAV to maneuver in challenging flight conditions. A novel method of generating the control laws is presented, along with a method to implement the new laws into the UAV autopilot. Both theoretical and experimental studies are planned.

KaZaK Composites Incorporated
10F GIll Street,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 932-5667

PI: Valentin Neacsu
(781) 932-5667
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0354
University of Denver Research Insti
2050 E. Illf Ave.,
Denver, CO 80210
(303) 871-2805

ID#: N09A-032-0545
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Blast Protection Panels Optimized for Automated Production
Abstract:  &nbs KaZaK will develop Blast Protection Panels Optimized for Automated Production. Sandwich construction allows stable crushing under pressure to mitigate transferred impulse and acceleration spectra to a vehicle exposed to a landmine or IED blast. There are many types of sandwich core materials and constructions that could be used, several options for face sheet materials, several methods of combining these materials, and attaching this assembly to a vehicle. The KaZaK team will use their experience in designing blast protection panels, developing analytical design tools, experience in large scale low-cost automated manufacturing, and experience in blast testing, to design a cost- and weight-efficient panel that can be efficiently produced in quantity for various vehicles. Our university partners will assist in developing and applying cost-effective testing techniques to rapidly evaluate prototype panels, and will assist in enhancing current design tools to include effects of changing shock-wave/structure interaction during the crushing process (which changes the net force applied to the exterior of the panel). This team effort will result in a test procedure, a design tool, and two or three panel designs that will be tested and shown to meet Navy weight goals, reduce impulse and acceleration-spectra transfer to the vehicle, and be cost effective in reasonable scale production.

Kennon Products, Inc
2071 North Main Street,
Sheridan, WY 82801
(307) 674-6498

PI: Mark A. Weitz
(307) 674-6498
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0352
Auburn University
Polymer and Fiber Engineering, 117 Textile Building
Auburn, AL 36849
(334) 844-5461

ID#: N09A-032-0188
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Lightweight Roadside Blast Protection
Abstract:  &nbs One of the greatest threats to American armed forces serving in Iraq and Afghanistan is the damage caused by mines, roadside bombs, and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The wide variety of device types, and increasing sophistication of these weapons, presents a growing challenge to protecting U.S. warfighters. Currently, personnel vehicles are protected with thick, heavy armor that severely limits maneuverability, and makes transport by sea or airlift much more difficult. In this Phase I effort, Kennon Products, Inc., Auburn University, and the University of Wyoming propose to develop an advanced composite armor system to protect lightweight tactical vehicles from the previously mentioned explosive devices. This armor system will outperform current monolithic structures by at least 30%, and weigh less than 10 lbs/sq ft. It will also be able to address the multiple threats presented by next generation IEDs.

Kinea Design, LLC
1711-1 Darrow Ave,
Evanston, IL 60201
(847) 491-4630

PI: Malcolm MacIver, Ph.D
(847) 491-3540
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0306
Northwestern University
633 Clark Street, Crown Center Room 2-502
Evanston, IL 60208
(847) 491-3003

ID#: N09A-024-0007
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T024       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: The development of a bio-inspired magnetoelectrosensory navigation system
Abstract:  &nbs In addition to their ubiquitous abilities for navigation at small spatial scales, a host of animals migrate long distances through the open ocean or skies. The mechanisms underlying these powerful navigational abilities are slowly being decoded. This progress offers the opportunity to develop low cost navigational systems for use in future autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) designs. As future AUVs come to emphasize low size and cost for deployment of larger numbers of AUVs for a given task, such systems are desirable. In this proposal, we focus on low cost, bio-inspired multisensory navigation through the combination of three different sensory modalities: active electrosense, geomagnetic sensing, and inductive magnetosense. We propose to use geomagnetic sensing for sensing the local direction of the magnetic field, inductive magnetosense for velocity sensing, and active electrosense for high resolution localization and object collision avoidance.

Kuehnle AgroSystems Corporation
2800 Woodlawn Drive, Suite 281
Honolulu, HI 96822
(808) 721-3429

PI: Adelheid Kuehnle
(808) 721-3429
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0274
Enterprise Honolulu
737 Bishop Street, Mauka Twr, Suite 2040
Honolulu, HI 96813
(808) 521-3611

ID#: N09A-034-0116
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Biofuels Production From Nonedible Bio-oils
Abstract:  &nbs The challenge has been set to strengthen the military''s fuel supply lines with modular, easily sourced, renewable feedstocks. Microalgae, and other non-edible feedstocks, must be aggressively developed without delay. Microalgal fuel feedstock has been refined to produce biofuels with properties and performance comparable to their petroleum-derived counterparts. Biofuels derived from algae oil sources are anticipated to be wholly compatible with the Navy’s current propulsion systems. The issue at hand is to determine the economic sustainability and long- term economic viability as algae farming becomes established at increasingly larger scales. As an elite algae seedstock breeder/manufacturer, our business is focused upon providing the algae farmer/grower with high performing, industrially-relevant species to produce feedstock that meets price points for crude algae oil. Several novel biofuel processing methods appear to be modular and with sufficiently small minimum feedstock requirements to serve as potentially cost-effective technologies to install in Hawaii in the near term. This project will provide a feasibility study, centered on the Navy''s biofuels needs in Hawaii, to determine the compatibility of Hawaii feedstock with novel conversion technology, and the commercial-scale production involving the partners and technologies through the complete biofuel supply chain.

LRK Associates
6655 Palomino Circle,
West Linn, OR 97068
(503) 657-4623

PI: Laurence Keefe
(503) 657-4623
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0576
University of Illinois at Urbana
1901 S. First Street, Suite A,
Champaign, IL 61820
(217) 333-2187

ID#: N09A-002-0161
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T002       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Surface Pattern Generation from Transient Evolution of Undersea Acoustic and Hydrodynamic Impulses
Abstract:  &nbs Pattern generation on the ocean''s surface results from complex interactions of the atmospheric wind above, with the natural and man-made disturbance environment below. Waves are ubiquitous at the surface, and in the upper ocean. While wavetrain analysis is the basis for much of what is known about both linear and nonlinear ocean waves, it is poorly suited to the Navy''s desire for an investigation of the transient surface signature of impulsive sources of hydrodynamic and acoustic energy at depth. For this task, LRK Associates, in concert with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, proposes to apply the analysis techniques and tools of the emerging field of non-normal dynamics and transient growth. This analysis framework yields concrete methods for determining the optimal perturbation that will show greatest growth over specified time. In the context of the surface roughness problem, this means it can predict the form of the pattern that will reach the surface in short times, something wavetrain analysis, with its asymptotic steady-state view, cannot provide. The relevance of non-normal dynamics to the surface pattern generation problem is that the Navier-Stokes equations in both stratified and unstratified shear flows, with appropriate boundary conditions, are frequently non-normal. To analyze the impulse response of such systems without considering the effects of non-normality leads, without doubt, to incorrect, and probably irrelevant, conclusions. LRK Associates believes that a linear non-normal dynamics analysis of the impulsive-source pattern- generation problem will yield considerable physical insight without need for the mathematical complications of nonlinearity. However, should specific evidence for the importance of nonlinearity in this process be discovered, the theoretical framework for a nonlinear, non-normal, transient dynamics analysis is already established.

Luminit, LLC
1850 205th Street,
Torrance, CA 90501
(310) 320-1066

PI: Fedor Dimov
(310) 320-1066
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0321
Clemson University
School of Computing, 800 McAdams Hall, Clemson Univ
Clemson, SC 29634
(864) 656-6868

ID#: N09A-031-0376
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T031       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Substrate-guided wave-based augmented reality holographic head mounted display
Abstract:  &nbs To address the Navy need for a low-cost see-through head mounted display technology for augmented reality (AR) training environments, Luminit, LLC proposes to develop a new cost-efficient wide field of view (FOV) full-color see-through Substrate-guided wave based Augmented Reality Holographic Head Mounted Display (SARH-HMD) that will significantly improve infantry training. Because SARH-HMD is truly see-through, it does not impose limitations on the real world FOV and will superimpose virtual objects with a 40 degree FOV, which has never before been achieved. SARH-HMD is low profile, lightweight and has eye relief sufficient to permit a user to wear their corrective lenses. In Phase I, Luminit will develop a concept for a low cost, high-performance see-through binocular HMD. We will model and benchtop test the performance of this demonstration SARH-HMD device, and then define the specifications for a notional full capability HMD suitable for infantry training. In Phase II, Luminit plans to develop and build a proof-of-concept demonstration device and test it in a laboratory environment. We will demonstrate the robustness, size, weight, comfort, and power required for effective AR training applications. In Phase III Luminit will further develop and advance the key technologies and produce low cost high resolution binocular HMD.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle, Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
(540) 769-8430

PI: Shi-Hau Own
(540) 769-8400
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0275
University of Minnesota
Engineering Building, 1390 Eckles Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
(612) 625-1710

ID#: N09A-034-0303
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Biofuels Production From Nonedible Bio-oils
Abstract:  &nbs Various efforts to develop biofuels from renewable biomass have been explored. Biofuels made through transesterification processes have the following drawbacks: (1) high freezing point (2) poor cold flow properties (3) poor thermal oxidation stability. Fischer Tropsch chemistry for biomass conversion involves too many unit operations and is cost intensive. Furthermore, conversion of oils from food crops into transportation oils will deplete the food supply. A new approach to biofuel production from non-edible oils is needed. Luna Innovations Incorporated proposes a novel biofuel production process by combining catalytic depolymerization and catalytic hydroprocessing into only a few simple unit operations. The process is not dependent on the feedstock. Glycerides from non-edible oil, waste kitchen oil and grease, cellulose and lignins from biomass, algae cake, plastics waste, animal processing waste and sewage can be used as the biofuel conversion feedstock. The process will be more cost effective and energy efficient.

Lynntech, Inc.
7610 Eastmark Drive,
College Station, TX 77840
(979) 693-0017

PI: Jeremy Steinshnider
(979) 693-0017
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0329
Pennsylvania State University
Applied Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 30, N. Atherton Stree
State College, PA 16804
(814) 863-3991

ID#: N09A-015-0147
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T015       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: A Flexible Power Management System Architecture for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs With UUV sizes ranging from 9” to +60” in diameter and missions that include forward fleet reconnaissance, mine detection, inspection, oceanography, payload delivery, communication, and anti-submarine warfare; a flexible and modular energy storage system with advanced power management system architecture (PMSA) is needed to meet these applications. However, before such a PMSA can be developed the proper energy storage system must be identified. To determine the most optimal energy storage system, a design model is required that accounts for factors related to UUVs in the 9” to 21” size. Stand alone and hybrid energy systems are ideal for use in UUVs, but determining the proper combination and chemistry is critical to achieving optimal performance. The result of this design model will be used in the development of a flexible power management system architecture. The PMSA is based on Lynntech’s propriety fuel cell/battery hybrid power management system architecture that has shown its effectiveness on real systems ranging from 20 W - 1000 W. An optimized PMSA with an energy storage system that is modular will allow for greater flexibility in the use of UUVs for Naval applications.

MagiQ Technologies, Inc.
11 Ward Street,
Somerville, MA 02143
(617) 661-8300

PI: Craig Beal
(617) 661-8300
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0315
University of Connecticut
Electrical & Computer Engineer, 371 Fairfield Road U-1157
Storrs, CT 06269
(860) 486-3081

ID#: N09A-027-0306
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T027       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Sensitivity Analog to Digital Converter
Abstract:  &nbs MagiQ Technologies, Inc. and The University of Connecticut have teamed to develop a Low-noise Optical Wideband Analog-to-Digital converter (LOWAD). LOWAD uses a noise reduction processor feed by optically oversampled high-resolution quantization data to effectively lower the noise floor of the RF digital receiver.

Magnolia Optical Technologies,Inc.
52-B Cummings Park, Suite 314
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 503-1200

PI: Ashok K. Sood
(781) 503-1200
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0349
Georgia Institute of Technology
School of Engineering, 771 Ferst Drive N.W.
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 894-8008

ID#: N09A-004-0397
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Design and Development of ZnO Nanowire based UV/IR Sensors for Threat Detection and Threat Warning Applications
Abstract:  &nbs Next generation UV/IR Nanotechnology based sensors are needed for a variety of Defense Systems that includes Threat detection, Hostile fire indication ( HFI) and Threat Warning Applications. Magnolia as part of the proposed Phase I STTR Program plans to design, and develop high sensitivity ZnO nanowire based detector arrays for next generation multicolor sensor applications. The key components of the Proposed Phase I STTR Program will include growth, fabrications and feasibility demonstration of ZnO nanowire based detector arrays. Magnolia team has excellent capability for developing ZnO nanowire detector arrays, growth, fabrication and demonstration.

MaXentric Technologies LLC
2071 Lemoine Avenue Suite 302,
Fort Lee, NJ 07024
(201) 242-9800

PI: Houman Ghajari
(858) 272-8800
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0335
Cooper Union
51 Astor Place,
New York, NY 10003
(212) 353-4336

ID#: N09A-037-0506
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T037       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Agnostic Wireless Communications Waveform Gateway
Abstract:  &nbs Each tactical radio uses a particular waveform which inhibits it from freely communicating with a radio on another network. This necessitates a flexible communication gateway that supports interoperability and can automatically translate among a set of waveforms to transfer information across networks. Typically, gateways only support a pair of protocols or waveforms and the translation between the two are hardcoded; this prohibits a gateway designed for use across one pair of networks to be used in another pair. Hence, a gateway that is not hardcoded for translation and can support a multitude of protocols and waveforms would save a considerable amount of money for the military as the gateway can be reused for operation across a wide spectrum of networks. In response to the need for a flexible gateway, Maxentric and The Cooper Union have partnered to propose an extensible software framework that can generate a communications gateway to translate information across different networks. The technology is codenamed the Cognitive Communications Gateway Engine (CCGE). Rockwell Collins, a prime military contractor, is also a member of the team.

MC10 Inc.
950 Winter St, Suite 4600,
Waltham, MA 02451
(617) 251-3686

PI: John A. Rogers
(217) 244-4979
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0299
University of Illinois Urbana Champ
Beckman Institute, Room 3355 , 405 N. Matthews Ave.
Urbana, IL 61801
(217) 244-4979

ID#: N09A-020-0251
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T020       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Efficiency Stretchable (Highly Conformable) Photovoltaics for Expeditionary Forces
Abstract:  &nbs This Phase I effort will establish photovoltaic materials, device designs, and processing approaches for modules that offer high efficiency (>12%) and can be flexed, stretched, twisted, and deformed (to strains of >50%) in ways that enable conformable wrapping of complex, curvilinear shapes. This new class of technology will create application opportunities for photovoltaics ranging from systems that intimately integrate with the curved surfaces of structural components of aircrafts, boats, and land vehicles, to those that can mount on the surfaces of garments, personal accessories, or the human body itself. Among the designs that will be explored, those that combine thin, monocrystalline microcells interconnected by non-coplanar mesh structures and supported by thin elastomeric substrates appear most promising. To establish feasibility, Phase I will culminate with the fabrication and test of structures with this design to position the program for successful construction of working prototypes in Phase II and, ultimately, modules for integration into expeditionary force equipment platforms in Phase III.

Menon and Associates, Inc.
12282 Libelle Ct.,
San Diego, CA 92131
(858) 549-8886

PI: Suresh Menon
(858) 458-9999
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0273
San Diego State University
5500 Campanile Drive,
San Diego, CA 92182
(619) 594-4460

ID#: N09A-034-0051
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Multiplexed Aerobic Fermentation of Broad-Spectrum Feedstocks for Biofuel Production
Abstract:  &nbs Menon and Associates, Inc. (MAA) proposes an innovative method enabling aerobic fermentation of abundant, local, non-food, cellulosic feedstocks to produce biofuels. The method also solves the glycerol waste problem by recycling it into the feedstock, thereby increasing process efficiency at the same time as reducing waste. It converts not only cellulose but also hemicellulose into fuel, and in future it may be developed to convert even lignin into fuel. The Phase 1 goal is to demonstrate an end-to-end process for conversion of a broad range of feedstocks using a novel multiplexed fermentation process into biofuel on the laboratory bench scale. In Phase 2, MAA will extend the process upto the stage where biojet as well as biodiesel will be produced in collaboration with its partners and demonstrate liter-scale production of both fuels as well as developing the detailed design of a feasible system.

MetaStable Instruments, Inc.
5988 Mid Rivers Mall Drive - Suite 236,
St. Peters, MO 63304
(636) 447-9555

PI: George Dube
(636) 447-9555
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0336
Southern Illinois University-Edward
SIUE, 618-650-2472
Edwardsville, IL 62026
(618) 650-3010

ID#: N09A-006-0061
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T006       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Wavelength Agile, High Energy, High Repetition Rate Blue Laser for Oceanographic LIDAR Purposes
Abstract:  &nbs Terbium and Europium doped glasses will be investigated for tunable lasing from 450 nm to 490 nm. They will be pumped by Q-switched frequency tripled 355 nm Nd laser pulses. The Tb materials will also be evaluated for 375 nm laser diode pumping.

Metron, Inc.
1818 Library Street, Suite 600
Reston, VA 20190
(703) 787-8700

PI: Roy Streit
(703) 787-8700
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0293
Duke University
2138 Campus drive,
Durham, NC 27708
(919) 660-5270

ID#: N09A-019-0151
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T019       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Compressive Sensing in the Tactical Underwater Environment - MP 45-09
Abstract:  &nbs The overall objective of the proposed STTR is to examine the utility of compressive sensing (CS) to simplify the design of arrays for underwater systems. The underlying theory is applicable to arbitrary sensor arrays, but a particular focus will be placed on synthetic aperture sonar (SAS). The proposed research will integrate CS with the closely related and evolving field of matrix completion. Concerning the latter, it is assumed that a matrix of noisy data are available, but the matrix is only partially filled; the objective is to infer the missing matrix elements. The connection between the latter and CS is that CS is based upon the assumption that the data is compressible in a basis, implying a low information dimensionality. Similarly, in matrix completion it is assumed that the matrix is of low rank (another representation of low inherent information dimensionality). In the proposed research we will investigate these emerging fields in the context of sparsely sampling the data along a SAS aperture, with the goal of reducing the quantity of data to be measured, and also simplifying requirements on the UUV platform and the control of its path.

MicroLink Devices
6457 Howard Street,
Niles, IL 60714
(847) 588-3001

PI: Noren Pan
(847) 588-3001
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0298
UCLA
Materials Sci and Eng, 2127 Engineering V
Los Angeles, CA 90095
(310) 206-0267

ID#: N09A-020-0145
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T020       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Efficiency Stretchable Photovoltaic Sheets for Expeditionary Forces
Abstract:  &nbs MicroLink Devices, in collaboration with UCLA, proposes to develop a photovoltaic sheet with a >20% conversion efficiency and a 30% elastic response to biaxial strains. The photovoltaic sheet will consist of an array of inelastic solar cells connected in series by stretchable conductive interconnects. The interconnects will be either corrugated metal or a serpentine wire. Cells and interconnects will be embedded in an elastic polymer sheet that will provide the elastic response to an externally-applied strain and protect the cells from the environment. The solar cells will be ultra-thin, high-efficiency, GaAs-based multijunction devices. The cells will be manufactured using MicroLink’s proprietary epitaxial liftoff process, which produces thin, flexible, metal-backed solar cells with areas in the range a few square millimeters to several square centimeters. For ease of manufacture, the cells will be fabricated so that access to only one side is needed to fabricate the interconnects. In the Phase I work, key photovoltaic sheet design parameters, including cell size, cell spacing, encapsulation material, and interconnect material, will be determined from a mechanical model. A scheme for interconnecting and encapsulating the cells will be developed, and some cells will be fabricated and interconnected.

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
801 Sycolin Road, Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
(800) 405-8576

PI: Stephen Pledgie
(800) 405-8576
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0593
School of Aeronautics and
Hall of Engineering Rm.3211, 701 W. Stadium Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47907
(765) 494-0687

ID#: N09A-005-0035
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T005       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Automated Real-Time 4D Trajectory Prediction for Airborne Threats
Abstract:  &nbs Mosaic ATM proposes to research and develop novel capabilities for real-time 4D trajectory determination and prediction. Mosaic ATM is an industry leader in the application of advanced estimation and prediction algorithms to challenging problems in unmanned autonomous flight through informationally deprived environments. We have teamed with two leading academic institutions to provide the Navy with the most comprehensive and talented team possible. Our approach is inspired by the tremendous capabilities of interacting multiple-model (IMM) estimators and capitalizes on recent developments in the field to produce an integrated methodology for real-time 4D trajectory prediction in which threat state estimation, trajectory prediction, and uncertainty propagation emerge from a common mathematical process. We further distinguish our proposed effort by providing online estimation of error and measurement uncertainty to dynamically configure / tune aspects of the overall methodology.

Mosaic ATM, Inc.
801 Sycolin Road, Suite 212
Leesburg, VA 20175
(800) 405-8576

PI: Brian Capozzi
(800) 405-8576
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0308
University of Minnesota
450 McNamara Alumni Center, 200 Oak Street S.E.
Minneapolis, MN 55455
(612) 624-5599

ID#: N09A-025-0036
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T025       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Robust Optimization of Mission Effectiveness in Challenging Winds
Abstract:  &nbs Due to their relatively small size, small, tactical unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) are capable of flying close to and providing observation/tracking of targets, with relatively small chance of being seen or heard. However, their small size and achievable speeds increases their sensitivity to the effects of atmospheric disturbances such as winds. This increased sensitivity can lead to a significant degradation in their ability to prosecute a given mission or, worse yet, the potential for vehicle upset and loss. The bottom line to the UAV customer in these situations is loss of their “eyes on target” and potential increased risk to forces on the ground. Most operations of UAVs today are forced to make a trade-off between mission effectiveness, maintained by fighting the disturbance, and energy extraction, which is often done by “giving in” to the disturbance at the expense of the mission. However, this trade-off does not have to be a zero-sum game. Wind provides a ubiquitous source of potential energy to enhance UAV flights. Through the research proposed herein, the Mosaic ATM team will create sensor processing and control algorithms that leverage wind energy with consideration of the objectives of the mission to maintain mission effectiveness while increasing endurance.

Nanohmics, Inc
6201 East Oltorf St., Suite 400
Austin, TX 78741
(512) 389-9990

PI: Andrew Milder
(512) 389-9990
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0292
University of Texas at Austin
1 University Station,
Austin, TX 78712
(512) 471-7371

ID#: N09A-018-0680
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Electromagnetic Metamaterial Films
Abstract:  &nbs The field of electromagnetic metamaterials has been rapidly developing in recent years, promising to deliver new composite materials with exotic electromagnetic properties generally unattainable in nature. The resulting wide- angle, ultra-thin absorber is highly desirable for various technological applications. A highly efficient sub-wavelength absorber can be used to miniaturize sensors, such as photodetectors and microbolometers, down to the wavelength scale (or below). Motivated by all the above applications, we find that there is a compelling case for developing a ultra-thin film whose reflective and absorptive properties could be tailored to specific frequency bands. The ultra-wide angular response of such a film would be an additional benefit. To fulfill the need for such a metamaterials-based film, Nanohmics Inc. and Dr. Gennady Shvets at The University of Texas at Austin propose to develop an ultra-thin, wide-angle absorber of the infrared waves using a custom lithography and flexible dielectric deposition.

NextGen Aeronautics
2780 Skypark Drive, Suite 400
Torrance, CA 90505
(310) 626-8384

PI: Scott Bland
(434) 766-6680
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0347
Virginia Tech
1880 Pratt Drive, Suite 2006 ,
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 231-5281

ID#: N09A-010-0408
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T010       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Robust, Real Time, Full Field Strain Monitoring Over Large Areas
Abstract:  &nbs Development and experimental validation of advanced composite structures is based on a building block approach which requires many tests to validate performance. These tests are time consuming and expensive, which can delay or even prevent the use of advanced composite structures in novel vehicle and aircraft designs. NextGen Aeronautics in collaboration with Virginia Tech are proposing to develop a robust, real time, full field strain monitoring system which will dramatically improve the data acquisition process during experimental validation of advanced composite structures. The proposed system will utilize off-the-shelf optical camera technology, advanced image and data processing algorithms, and stochastic material characterization methods to create a cost effective and robust real time full field strain monitoring system. We will improve and optimize algorithms that have been developed previously by Dr. Furukawa at the Virginia Tech for stochastic characterization of structures using full field strain data. The proposed approach will allow monitoring of strain in critical regions in real time and modification of the data acquisition parameters during the test to maximize data capture. The stochastic material characterization algorithms will allow fast and reliable correlation of the test data with linear and nonlinear analysis tools. The objective of the Phase I program is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. In order to achieve this goal, the proposed algorithms will be experimentally tested on a composite specimen and a breadboard level prototype of the optical camera system will be developed. We will achieve a TRL of 3 in Phase I and subsequent technology transition to a TRL of 5 in Phase II. NextGen’s strength lies in related prior work and an established history transferring R&D efforts into higher technology readiness levels (TRLs) for integration onto military platforms.

Noisefigure Research LLC
P.O. Box 552,
Lubbock, TX 79408
(858) 336-5120

PI: Donald Y. C. Lie
(858) 335-2153
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0336
Texas Tech University
1012 Boston Ave., Electrical Engineering Departm
Lubbock, TX 79409
(858) 335-2153

ID#: N09A-035-0213
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T035       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Novel Phase Shifterless RF Phase Array Antenna Systems
Abstract:  &nbs The objective of this proposal is to utilize our advanced technology and design concepts with nonlinear dynamics to develop phase-shifterless RF phase array antenna systems. We plan to use monolithic and fully-integrated novel coupled Voltage-Controlled Oscillator (VCO) arrays to realize small and phase-shifterless efficient phase arrays antennas capable of supporting wideband software-defined radio communication systems. We will demonstrate the prototype operation and feasibility of these monolithic coupled VCO arrays to replace the bulky and expensive phase-shifters commonly used for the current active antenna array systems. We will exploit nonlinear dynamics of the monolithic and mutually coupled VCO arrays for wideband wireless receive (Rx) and transmit (Tx) applications.

NP Photonics, Inc.
UA Science and Technology Park, 9030 S. Rita Road, Suite #120
Tucson, AZ 85747
(520) 799-7424

PI: Wei Shi
(520) 799-7413
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0283
University of Arizona
PO BOX 3308, 888 N. Euclid Ave., Ste 510
Tucson, AZ 85722
(520) 626-6000

ID#: N09A-013-0092
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T013       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Monolithic programmable pulse shaper for efficient energy scaling of ultrashort fiber laser pulses in the C-band
Abstract:  &nbs Under collaboration with College of Optical Sciences of University of Arizona, NP Photonics proposes to develop a new monolithic programmable pulse shaper with an adaptive control loop by leveraging our mature technology of sol-gel/EO Polymer process for waveguide passive devices at 1.5 micron (AWG, modulator, splitter/coupler), mode- locked fiber lasers, proprietary specialty fibers (large core and high unit gain), short cascade fiber amplifiers, and feedback loop control and algorithms. The proposed new pulse shaper features compact, stable, wide transmission window and high spectral resolution, which can efficiently and accurately pre-compensate the large amount of nonlinear phase (or B-integral) in the chirped pulse amplifier (CPA) system, resulting an all fiber-based, compact, environmentally stable USP source at eye-safe wavelength of 1.5 micron with high pulse energy of 1-10 mJ for applications of interest to the US Navy, such as directed energy weapons, ECM, and LADAR. Based on the demonstration of the feasibility for the proposed pulse shaper in Phase I period, we will implement a single-chip integrated phase shaper in Phase II.

Ocean Acoustical Services and Instrumentation Syst
5 Militia Drive,
Lexington, MA 02421
(781) 862-8339

PI: Kevin Heaney
(703) 250-5158
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0311
Scripps Institution of
Marine Physical Laboratory, 291 Rosecrans Street
San Diego, , CA 92106
(858) 534-5517

ID#: N09A-026-0228
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T026       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Exact modeling of targets in littoral environments
Abstract:  &nbs The OASIS and MPL-SIO team will develop an exact 3D time-domain finite difference (TDFD) code for the near-target scattering from a complex elastic object embedded in the littoral environment. The approach for this time-domain code is based on a staggered grid, pseudo-spectral finite difference scheme. In order to accommodate the broken symmetry as well as any subsequent range dependence, a normal mode Parabolic Equation (PE) approach will be implemented to march the solution out to significant range from the scatterer. To couple these two computational methods, the acoustic field calculated by the TDFD code will be projected onto the vertical normal modes of the PE to preserve the complex effects of the scatterer as well as boundary interaction. To handle the field at the boundaries of the relatively small (< water depth) computational domain, we’ll implement the Perfectly Matched Layer approach. In order to run realistic targets at operational frequencies, optimal use of computer resources is required, and we’ll adapt the 3D-TDFD code to run on multi-processor stand-alone machines. A pair of numerical tests will be conducted with the broadband array response for the direct blast (source-receiver) and scattered field (source-target-receiver) from an AUV and a large marine mammal.

Ogden Engineering & Associates, LLC
8180 N. Placita Sur Oeste,
Tucson, AZ 85741
(520) 579-2042

PI: Greg Ogden
(520) 579-2042
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0272
University of North Dakota
264 Centennial Drive Stop 7095,
Grand Forks, ND 58202
(701) 777-4280

ID#: N09A-034-0031
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: JOJOBA OIL-BASED NAVAL FUELS
Abstract:  &nbs Ogden Engineering & Associates and the University of North Dakota propose to partner under the United States Navy (USN) STTR program to adapt and commercialize technology to convert jojoba oil into marine diesel (F-76) and aviation turbine (JP-5) fuels. A reliable domestic supply is important to the USN. Crude oil import requirements and fluctuations/increases in crude oil feedstock costs negatively impact USN’s fuel budgets and security of supply. The crop oil conversion technology utilized in this project has been proven for other oils (soybean, canola). However, the non-edible oil from the jojoba shrub is a previously unexplored feedstock that grows primarily in areas where food crops are not currently produced. Jojoba-based fuels will provide USN with a domestic, CO2-neutral, sustainable fuel supply, and provide a new economic opportunity for agrarian communities in the arid Southwestern U.S., including Native American communities. The Phase I technical objectives are to experimentally determine estimated product yields, conduct a jojoba agrarian and logistics study, determine preliminary design parameters for commercial jojoba oil conversion facilities, and predict the commercial feasibility for a series of different scenarios involving the processing of jojoba oil into fuels and chemicals.

OPTICAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES
3280 E. FOOTHILL BLVD.,, SUITE 300
PASADENA, CA 91107
(626) 696-1398

PI: Jannick P. Rolland
(585) 273-4040
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0322
University of Rochester
Inst of Optics, Wilmot Bldg., 275 Hutchison Rd.
Rochester, NY 14627
(585) 273-4040

ID#: N09A-031-0667
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T031       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Low-Cost Augmented Reality Head Mounted Display
Abstract:  &nbs The ORA/ODAlab optical design team has proposed to design the next generation of mobile Augmented Reality (AR) Head Mounted Display (HMD) optics, for training applications, based on an OLED microdisplay currently being developed by Emagin (a committed Phase II supplier). We will increase the resolution and field of view from the 25 degrees currently achieved by most sunglasses form factor Head Mounted Display (HMD) to 40 degrees, while meeting the challenging weight, brightness, and cost goals of this program. We are proposing to simultaneously explore three different design paths. The first and leading optical design path will be a hybrid of the recent tilted and decentered design forms merged with the use of freeform optical surfaces. Tilted and decentered design forms have successfully covered horizontal fields of view in excess of 65 degrees at SXGA resolution with an LCOS display (e.g. L3/ORA AHMD). The second path was inspired by a recent technology breakthrough by Sony Corporation, presented at the SID conference in 2008. This technology involves the use of volume holographic optical elements. The third path is designed to leverage recent developments in 6-axis diamond turning of optical surfaces, which allows the use of intentionally comatic optical surfaces.

PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3016 Covington Street,
West Lafayette, IN 47906
(765) 464-8997

PI: Jason Wells
(765) 464-8997
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0330
University of Illinois at Urbana-Ch
1901 South First Street,
Champaign, IL 61820
(217) 333-2187

ID#: N09A-015-0564
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T015       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Affordable Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) Power System Architecture
Abstract:  &nbs The primary objective of the proposed work is to develop an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) power system architecture that is simultaneously scalable to multiple UUV sizes, light weight, affordable, and adaptable. This will be accomplished through the development of “smart” power units (SPU’s) that can be readily interconnected to provide distributed and coordinated power management for the UUV while providing battery cell balancing and charge monitoring. The SPU’s will contain integrated power converter/controllers capable of providing for the vehicle hotel and propulsion loads, and compatible with multiple battery chemistries through the use of an automatic identification scheme. The SPU’s will facilitate universal charging through a standard interface port, be modular enough to be deployed in a wide range of UUV sizes and dimensions, and be capable of communicating both with other SPU’s and with the user using standard communication protocols. Deployment of the proposed SPU’s will be greatly enhanced by accompanying software capable of rapidly sizing and configuring the modules for a given UUV size while minimizing size and weight.

PhaseSpace Inc.
1937 A Oak Park Blvd.,
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
(510) 638-5035

PI: Tracy McSheery
(650) 281-7796
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0303
USC School of Cinematic Arts
ATTN: Interactive Media Progra, 900 W. 34th Street, 2nd floor
Los Angeles, CA 90089
(650) 868-5014

ID#: N09A-021-0687
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Low-Cost Tracking System for Infantry Training
Abstract:  &nbs PhaseSpace and the University of Southern California (USC) propose a hybrid tracking solution, combining the next generation PhaseSpace LED tracking technology with computer vision, inertial tracking, low cost sensors and switches. The next generation PhaseSpace system will incorporate miniature Bluetooth-driven infrared LED markers, and 4,000 pixel CMOS linear detectors. This will result in 16 megapixel spatial resolution and sub-millimeter LED tracking at over 2000 frames per second. Leveraging millions of dollars in hardware and software development with the latest advances in electronics and optics, PhaseSpace has developed a 9 megapixel color CMOS image sensors and computer vision software for the US Air Force that will be used commercially for eye tracking, facial expressions and tracking objects that don''t need sub-millimeter resolution. PhaseSpace will work with Analog Devices to integrate 6 degree of freedom (DOF) inertial tracking units. This hybrid system will use low cost Bluetooth RF, microcontrollers, switches and bend sensors to track bodies, weapons, eyes, gestures, and facial expressions in real time. This system is designed to be mass produced for games, robotic, medical tracking and other applications outside traditional motion capture. It will have market appeal for low cost applications where there will never be a full-time operator.

PhaseSpace Inc.
1937 A Oak Park Blvd.,
Pleasant Hill, CA 94523
(510) 638-5035

PI: Tracy McSheery
(650) 281-7796
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0323
USC School of Cinematic Arts
ATTN: Interactive Media Progra, 900 W. 34th Street, 2nd Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90089
(650) 868-5014

ID#: N09A-031-0690
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T031       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Low-Cost Augmented Reality Head Mounted Display
Abstract:  &nbs PhaseSpace proposes a 2 to 4 megapixel foveated head mounted display (HMD) with an apparent resolution of up to 18 megapixels per eye. Using state of the art HDTV projection display technology developed for business projectors and cell phone pico projectors, PhaseSpace will create a custom see-through HMD solution that can be used indoors and outdoors. This HMD will stimulate peripheral vision with a wide viewing angle of 140 x 40 degrees for both eyes. The see-through beamsplitting reflective goggles will provide a high resolution image for viewing augmented reality characters superimposed over the natural view. PhaseSpace intends to dual purpose the proposed optical design for a lower resolution (apparent resolution of 3.6 megapixels using 4 low cost 800 x 500 pixel displays) commercial system that will sell for under $5,000 per unit. These units are possible due to recent improvements in high resolution display devices, increased brightness LED breakthroughs, and increased integration of display controllers.

Physical Sciences Inc.
20 New England Business Center,
Andover, MA 01810
(978) 689-0003

PI: Ana Racoveanu
(978) 689-0003
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0279
Lawrence Livermore National
P.O. Box 808, L-795,
Livermore, CA 94551
(925) 422-6416

ID#: N09A-017-0537
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T017       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Highly Nitrated Heterocycles as Potential Ammonium Perchlorate (AP) Replacements
Abstract:  &nbs Physical Sciences Inc. (PSI), and its team members, propose to synthesize and characterize new energetic compounds consisting of highly nitrated heterocycles as possible ammonium perchlorate (AP) replacement compounds. These compounds are over-oxidized organic compounds consisting of 1,1,1-trinitromethyl groups attached to an insensitive core heterocycle. PSI has teamed with the Energetic Materials Center of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on the proposed program. The targeted compounds have predicted high densities, high heats of formation and should possess reasonable thermal stability. The PSI/LLNL team has developed the proposed synthetic schemes to produce the molecules in two steps, starting from nitrated heterocycles. PSI will produce the precursor molecules and LLNL will perform the final nitration step to produce the target compounds. LLNL will provide characterization of the safety properties of the target compounds and perform predictive performance calculations. On a potential Phase II program, PSI and its team members LLNL and Aerojet will scale-up the synthesis of the most promising target compounds and perform propellant formulation and testing. The most promising energetic material will be further scaled-up for enhanced testing and characterization.

PolarOnyx, Inc
470 Lakeside Drive, Suite F,
Sunnyvale, CA 94085
(408) 245-9588

PI: Jian Liu
(408) 245-9588
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0285
Michigan State University
Department of Chemistry,
East Lansing, MI 48824
(517) 355-9715

ID#: N09A-013-0093
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T013       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Energy Scaling of Ultrashort Pulse (USP) High Energy Fiber Lasers Through Temporal Control
Abstract:  &nbs Based on our success in developing the world first commercial 100 micro Joule femtosecond fiber laser system and our leading proprietary technology development in ultrashort pulsed fiber laser, PolarOnyx and MSU proposes, for the first time, a compact and eye safe (at a wavelength of 1.55 micron) high energy/power (>1 mJ and <500fs) fiber laser to meet with the requirement of this solicitation, by incorporating our proprietary technology of dynamic pulse shaping technology in high energy amplifier system. This revolutionary approach eliminates the CPA concept and enables pre-compensation of the pulse distortion. A proof of concept experiment of 200 ƒÝJ energy will be demonstrated in Phase I time frame for proof of the concept. A demonstration of >1 mJ will be given in Phase II.

PolyDyne
1095 SNIDOW DR,
West Linn, OR 97068
(503) 926-4511

PI: Jim Sorenson
(503) 720-7030
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0271
Portland State University
1825 SW Broadway,
Portland, OR 97207
(503) 725-8336

ID#: N09A-016-0490
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 7/6/2009
Title: Manufacturing of Physical Scale Models for Signature Reduction
Abstract:  &nbs Polydyne and Portland State University propose a layered construction of CNC routed forms utilizing a combination of proprietary materials with a proprietary (non-heat injection molding) process. With variable density patterns, embedded materials and metal layering to construct models that accurately reflect the physics of a full scale vessel, The solution will utilize variably dense materials and composites not available in traditional manufacturing, combined with unique process and bonding capabilities, The team will define and document a prototype design and manufacturing specifications to achieve a reduced cost and manufacturing time model with highly accuracy physical modeling and EM signatures. The solution will be based upon fast and efficient process that will allow change insertion at multiple points without material cost increases or manufacturing delays. By leveraging combinations of precisely placed materials and processes in specific sequence, the design will allow increased cost and manufacturing control and provide models with accurate representation in weight, size and physical properties.

PolyMedix, Inc.
170 N. Radnor-Chester Road, Suite 300
Radnor, PA 19087
(484) 598-2334

PI: Richard W. Scott
(484) 598-2336
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0357
University of Massachusetts,
Research Administration Bldg, 70 Butterfield Terrace
Amherst, MA 01003
(413) 545-0698

ID#: N09A-033-0128
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T033       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Novel Antibacterial Agents
Abstract:  &nbs The need for novel antibiotics is well understood by anyone familiar to the field. We have discovered a novel class of antibiotics that are structurally unique from all previously known antibiotics and appear to operate via a distinctive mode of action. As a result, these new agents appear to represent significant promise as new treatments for the emerging problem of MDR infections. In less than 5 years, PolyMedix has translated one of these novel molecules from discovery to Phase 1a human clinical trials with a planned indication to broadly treat Staphylococcal infections including methicillin-resistant S. aureus. This proposal describes our efforts to develop lead compounds against those pathogens most relevant to military personnel with a specific focus on Acinetobacter and P. aeruginosa.

Prime Research, LC
1750 Kraft Dr Ste 1000-B,
Blacksburg, VA 24060
(540) 961-2200

PI: Raymond C. Rumpf
(540) 961-2200
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0345
UNC Charlotte
Physics and Optical Science, GERB 211
Charlotte, NC 28223
(704) 687-8123

ID#: N09A-010-0220
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T010       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: GMR Appliques for Large Area Full Field Strain Measurement
Abstract:  &nbs Prime Research LC proposes to develop a real-time, full-field, and full-vector strain measurement system based on polarimetric imaging of diffractive optical "stick-on" appliqués. The proposed technology will be inexpensive and capable of measuring real-time vector strain fields over large areas with sub-millimeter spatial resolution. The system will be based on a simple and highly sensitive optical phenomenon called guided-mode resonance (GMR) that produces a strong optical response to stress induced physical deformations. The vector nature of strain will be resolved over large areas by imaging the polarization and chromatic response of the appliqué. Data processing will be minimized because transduction of vector strain is elegantly handled by the physics of the GMR appliqué. "Brightness" in the grayscale images will directly correspond to strain along the optical axes of the appliqué. These will be recombined to produce images and/or video of the vector strain field in real-time.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive,
Manassas, VA 20110
(703) 368-6107

PI: Ed Michna
(401) 846-0111
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0339
University of Massachusetts
151 Martine Street,
Fall River, MA 02723
(508) 910-9829

ID#: N09A-003-0335
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T003       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Store/Aircraft Interface Force Measurement System
Abstract:  &nbs Naval air platform stores include various payloads including ordinance. Fatigue induced failures can occur without warning at the interface between the payload and the airframe hardpoints. There is currently no systematic means of monitoring, recording, and tracking the forces which lead to fatigue and eventual catastrophic failure of the store hangers or their attachment points. A system of sensors is required to accurately measure transmitted forces and moments that will be fed into a predictive fatigue model for these components. Acceleration measurements cannot be used to explicitly measure forces and moments that are required for use in predicting cumulative fatigue damage. Additionally, direct strain measurements are difficult to correlate to transmitted forces and moments due to placement and orientation sensitivity, as well as averaging errors that occur due to measurement of strain gradients. Direct measurement of the transmitted forces and moments is required. Our solution is focused on innovative sensor placement across all load axes combined with using the deformations that occur across the store interface structure in response to applied loads, in order to measure force and moment time histories. Macro Fiber Composite (MFC) piezoelectric smart materials will be assessed for the primary sensor element.

Progeny Systems Corporation
9500 Innovation Drive,
Manassas, VA 20110
(703) 368-6107

PI: Ronald Ghen
(703) 368-6107
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0365
The Pennsylvania State University
P.O. Box 30,
State College, PA 16804
(814) 863-3991

ID#: N09A-012-0333
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T012       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Acoustic Intercept Receiver for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs NNaval Special Warfare requires a low-power, light-weight acoustic intercept receiver capable of detecting and identifying the acoustic signals of manned or unmanned undersea vehicles. Traditional acoustic receivers in use on current submarine platforms are large, cumbersome and feature-rich. The Special Warfare vehicles require a much smaller, self-contained system without all the submarine’s capabilities. This system must operate with higher frequency operational processing bands, operationally intuitive operator / machine interface (OMI) that function under extreme in-water situations. Signal Processing must achieve high sensitivity with low false alarm rates requiring full spectrum, spectral redundant based signal processing techniques be considered to enhance detection and bearing estimates within limited space/ weight/ volume allocations. Partnered with Pennsylvania State University, our solution leverages acoustic previous acoustic intercept experience to design a low risk, operationally effective, highly reliable system for the Naval Special Warfare community developed with total ownership cost in mind. Our Phase I research weighs processing innovation, risk, and total owner-ship cost to establish a solution that we would be demonstrated in Phase II for future transition. Our integration experience ensures design of fieldable solutions with minimum platform impact that will transition to production in Phase III.

Propagation Research Associates
1275 Kennestone Circle, Suite 100
Marietta, GA 30066
(678) 384-3401

PI: Jim Stagliano
(678) 384-3413
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0302
University of Florida
Division of Sponsored Research, PO Box 116550, 339 Weil Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611
(352) 392-9447

ID#: N09A-021-0457
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Low-Cost Tracking System for Infantry Training
Abstract:  &nbs Propagation Research Associates, Inc. proposes to leverage technology developed in a previous SBIR projects to develop the Training Environment Position and Orientation System (TEPOS) for determination of the position and orientation of each participant’s head and limbs as well as devices such as a weapon or range finder. TEPOS combines a number of PRA technologies including: waveform diversity, a distributed receiver system, PRA’s proprietary waveform processing, and PRA’s unique rapid estimation technology to determine position and orientation of many participants and platforms simultaneously.

Leveraging the technology developed under the Precision Pulse Positioning System, Precision Orientation System, and the Fast State Estimation contracts, PRA will design a system that provides accurate position and orientation information of a platform in a completely wireless fashion yet add mere ounces (tens of grams) of mass to the platform. The advantages of this system are highly accurate position and orientation information updated in real-time, completely wireless between platform and imagery generator, each platform is uniquely identified allowing individual tracking in an environment containing many platforms, and mitigation of multipath fading thereby assuring optimum performance.

Proto Manufacturing Inc
1980 E Michigan Avenue,
Ypsilanti, MI 48198
(734) 485-5721

PI: Barbara A. Shaw
(814) 865-7828
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0347
Pennsylvania State University
201 Old Main,
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 865-7828

ID#: N09A-022-0255
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T022       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Fieldable Probe for Quantitative Assessment of Degree of Sensitization in Marine Aluminum Alloys
Abstract:  &nbs Current methodology for testing the degree of sensitization (DoS) in 5XXX aluminum alloys is destructive and not practical for inspecting boats and material in service. A nondestructive inspection (NDI) method is required as a single fieldable probe for this and associated requirements. Proto evaluated a combination of x-ray diffraction (XRD), ultra-sonics and eddy current technologies and concluded that such a probe would be unnecessarily too complex. Proto found that XRD alone offers the highest potential to solve this difficult problem. The Team has measured several AA5083 specimens confirming our premise that distinctive XRD phase shifts are detectable and measureable for various tempers—a strong indicator of technical feasibility. The Proto Team proposes to conduct a thorough test and analysis program of AA5383 in three tempers, coincident with the quantitative measurement of numerous XRD parameters and the application of several analytic and correlation methods. The Team will demonstrate the feasibility of XRD on AA 5383 alloy to meet the stated requirements and define a realistic plan for Phase II system development and demonstration. Proto develops portable nondestructive XRD systems tailored to customer requirements and proposes to deliver an effective NDI system for measuring DoS onboard ships, in shipyards and factories.

Radio-Hydro-Physics LLC
Route 4, Box 66,
Fairmont, WV 26554
(304) 363-5004

PI: Vyacheslav V. Tatarskii
(404) 894-9224
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0575
Georgia Tech Research Center
GTRC , 505 Tenth St., N.W.
Atlanta, GA 30332
(404) 894-6929

ID#: N09A-002-0033
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T002       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Nonlinear Interaction of Impulsive Acoustic/Hydrodynamic Sources and Natural Ocean Inhomogeneities
Abstract:  &nbs Scattering models have been developed during previous efforts, improving understanding of radar and optical signatures which may be anticipated under varying conditions and viewing geometries. Those models are extended here to the domain of impulsive, nonlinear interactions between acoustics and hydrodynamics, with attention to E-M field influences and the impact of a moving underwater object on surface manifestations.

Raydiance, Inc.
2199 S. McDowell Blvd, Suite 140
Petaluma, CA 94954
(707) 559-2100

PI: Tim Booth
(707) 559-2100
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0284
University of Central Florida
4000 Central Florida Blvd.,
Orlando, FL 32816
(407) 823-6812

ID#: N09A-013-0110
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T013       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Energy Scaling of Ultrashort Pulse (USP) High Energy Fiber Lasers Through Temporal Control
Abstract:  &nbs Ultrashort pulse (USP) laser technology offers unique capabilities for defense, medical, clean energy, and advanced manufacturing applications. However, practical applications have been limited by the available laser hardware. Fiber-based USP lasers have the potential to overcome all of the major issues preventing USP lasers from being deployed in large volumes, but they have lacked the output peak power and pulse energy necessary for applications that require beam propagation over long distances or higher ablation rates. The peak power limitation with USP fiber lasers is a result of pulse phase distortion that ruins the pulse quality. We propose a design for a phase tailoring closed-loop control system that integrates pulse shaping and pulse quality detection with software and electronics for robust, real time optimization of pulse quality. We propose a baseline design composed of multiple components integrated with a pulse control system that will scale laser system performance a full order of magnitude. This design will be developed through the combined use of experimental data, modeling/simulation and demonstrations of key device functionality. Collectively, this Phase I effort will provide a baseline design with alternatives that will enable the demonstration of a complete prototype phase tailoring laser system in Phase II.

Reaction Engineering International
77 West 200 South, Suite 210,
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
(801) 364-6925

PI: Christopher J. Montgomery
(801) 364-6925
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0376
New Jersey Institute of Technology
University Heights,
Newark, NJ 07102
(973) 596-5275

ID#: N09A-011-0486
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T011       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: A Pressure-Dependent Detailed Chemical Kinetic Model for JP-10 Combustion
Abstract:  &nbs Investigations into JP-10 combustion chemistry thus far can be characterized as preliminary. The few detailed chemical kinetic mechanisms that have been published are limited in their ability to reproduce experimental data. The combustion chemistry of JP-10 is highly complex and involves hundreds if not thousands of species and thousands of chemical reactions. A detailed kinetic model capable of predicting ignition delay, heat release, and species concentrations is an important step toward understanding more complex, multidimensional phenomena such as flame-holding and extinction behavior in ramjet and scramjet applications. The proposed Phase I project will take the first steps toward developing a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism for combustion and pyrolysis of JP-10. Phase I work will focus on the initial pyrolysis and oxidation reactions using high-level quantum chemistry calculations. A comprehensive mechanism will be completed in Phase II. The mechanism will be in Chemkin format and will include thermodynamic and transport properties for all species. The mechanism will be derived from fundamental thermochemical principles, without extensive tuning to match data. Adjustments to rate parameters will be limited to the uncertainties of the methods used to obtain them. Transport properties of individual species will be developed from quantum chemistry and group additivity calculations.

RFware LLC
1723 Rockne Drive,
South Bend, IN 46617
(574) 286-5544

PI: J. Nicholas Laneman
(574) 631-8034
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0333
University of Notre Dame
275 Fitzpatrick Hall,
Notre Dame, IN 46556
(574) 631-5537

ID#: N09A-036-0395
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T036       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: µSHARK: Software Radio Tools for Power-Efficient Programming of Multi-Core and Many-Core Digital Signal Processors
Abstract:  &nbs Modern multi-core and many-core digital signal processors (mDSPs) offer greater processing capabilities than any other reprogrammable device, with some even performing on par with an FPGA. mDSP development environments support standard languages such as C/C++, and provide application scheduling optimized for throughput or latency. In order to provide power-optimal application scheduling, e.g., on a handheld battery powered device utilizing an mDSP, a new tool must be created. A properly created software radio is an ideal candidate for this tool, as it can provide for implicit code parallelization and power minimization via scheduling of tasks. RFware and the University of Notre Dame propose to develop a tool that facilitates power-optimized programming of communications algorithm implementations on multi-core and many-core digital signal processors. RFware’s proposed tool consists of three primary components: an application for converting existing C/C++/VHDL code into a software radio-based data-flow representation; a power-aware scheduling algorithm for mapping of software radio tasks onto processing cores; and a tool for compiling software radio applications for deployment on embedded devices. Our solution transfers the capabilities of RFware’s µSHARK software radio onto mDSPs, simultaneously providing algorithm implementation parallelization and power consumption minimization.

SA Photonics
650 5th Street, Suite 505
San Francisco, CA 94107
(970) 921-3401

PI: Michael Browne
(408) 348-4426
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0320
University of Arizona
College of Optical Sciences, 1630 E. University Blvd
Tucson, AZ 85721
(520) 626-8703

ID#: N09A-031-0060
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T031       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Low-Cost Augmented Reality Head Mounted Display
Abstract:  &nbs There is ample evidence that training infantry in a realistic environment is beneficial; however there is not an easy transition path due to the complexities of interfacing with a mobile soldier. Although there are many challenges, the most difficult ones to overcome are that an augmented reality system for a soldier must be untethered, lightweight, low-cost, have easy to see color imagery even in high ambient light, and have minimal peripheral obscurations. SA Photonics has designed a low-cost augmented reality system for use in infantry training. This system has the following advantages: • Innovative moldable, low-cost, high performance optics • Viewability in high ambient lighting via a novel light control system, a high brightness display and an efficient eyepiece design • Battery operated, with just a few standard batteries • “Frameless” design for minimal peripheral obscuration, so the Marine feels more immersed in the training environment • Automatic vergence control so that, if desired, the vergence of the display can be adjusted automatically as the Marine directs their attention to different locations within the training environment

Salbec, LLC
8C Newton St.,
Southborough, MA 01772
(978) 902-0935

PI: Tandhoni Rao
(508) 287-1195
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0342
SUNY Binghamton
4400 Vestal Parkway East, LSG 546
Binghamton, NY 13902
(607) 777-2871

ID#: N09A-030-0004
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T030       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Common Optical/RF EM Threat Detection Using Arrays of Rectifying Nanoantennas
Abstract:  &nbs In order for the military to achieve its desired electronic warfare goal of dominating the electromagnetic spectrum it is critical that new technology paradigms for electronic warfare support be vigorously explored and developed. The STTR proposal being submitted by the joint team of Salbec, LLC and Binghamton University, State University of New York breaks away from the conventional approach of using antennas for RF EM sensing and photon detection for optical EM sensing and outlines a revolutionary common optical/RF EM threat sensor comprised of arrays of rectifying nanoantennas together with associated processing circuitry.

Scientific Systems Company, Inc
500 West Cummings Park - Ste 3000,
Woburn, MA 01801
(781) 933-5355

PI: Jovan Boscovic
(781) 933-5355
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0590
MIT
77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 33-236
Cambridge, MA 02139
(617) 253-3267

ID#: N09A-005-0479
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T005       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Fast Online Prediction of Aircraft State Trajectories (FORECAST) System
Abstract:  &nbs The SSCI team proposes to develop and test the on-board Fast Online pREdiCtion of Aircraft State Trajectories (FORECAST) system, using minimum state information such as 3-D position of a threat aircraft, to generate predicted trajectories and reachable sets T seconds into the future. It will be based on a nonlinear constrained stochastic model of aircraft dynamics involving rapid maneuvering, advanced nonlinear filtering techniques, and the design of the predicted exclusion zone for the aircraft operating in the vicinity of the threat aircraft. The algorithms used to develop the FORECAST technology will include: multi-model nonlinear filtering using Interacting Multiple Models; Extended Kalman Filter; Fokker Planck Equation; and exclusion zone calculation using stochastic feedback version of the Rapidly-exploring Random Trees algorithm. In Phase I, we will test the FORECAST system on a simplified scenario simulation. The Option will include extensive testing on a higher-fidelity simulation. In Phase II, we will continue algorithm development, perform extensive simulations and flight testing at MIT''s RAVEN facility, and develop the FORECAST software toolbox. Our academic partner, Prof. Jonathan How of MIT, brings in a wealth of expertise and experience in the area of 4-D trajectory planning, autonomous UAV control, multi-agent collaboration, and advanced flight test facilities.

Seacoast Science, Inc
2151 Las Palmas Drive Suite C,
Carlsbad, CA 92011
(760) 268-0083

PI: Sanjay V. Patel
(760) 268-0083
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0276
Mississippi State University
Chemistry Department,
Mississippi State, MS 39762
(662) 325-3584

ID#: N09A-034-0315
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T034       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: REAL TIME FEEDBACK CONTROL OF BIOMASS GASIFICATION TO BIOFUELS
Abstract:  &nbs Biomass gasification is a very efficient method for extracting energy from many different types of organic materials. It is a process that converts once living organic materials into carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Biomass gasification techniques can be employed on a wide variety of feedstock to produce biojet and biodiesel. We propose a four step process of 1) biomass conversion to syn gas, 2) catalytic conversion to ethanol, 3) dehydration to ethylene and 4) oligomerization ethylene to aliphatic hydrocarbons. The knowhow and technology already exists for this conversion the only thing that is missing is the technology for the proper real time feedback and management of feedstock to make the process efficient. The development of the process monitoring and control hardware is the focus of this proposal. Intelligent control is needed to consistently control the biomass gasification process to yield a syngas composition matching downstream process needs and prevent excessive tar levels and unwanted emissions. Most of the parameters affecting product composition can be readily controlled but the feedstock composition and moisture content are naturally variable and very difficult to measure continuously. Thus the novel control means proposed here is required to control the biorefinery for optimized and efficient biofuel production.

Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc.
1195 Atlas Road,
Columbia, SC 29209
(803) 647-9757

PI: Jianyu Deng
(803) 647-9757
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0340
University of South Carolina
Swearingen Engineering Center, 301 South Main Street, Rm 3A80
Columbia, SC 29208
(803) 777-0986

ID#: N09A-023-0436
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T023       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Normally-OFF AlInGaN MOSHFET for power converters
Abstract:  &nbs We propose to develop and commercialize novel normally-off III-Nitride insulated gate heterostructure field effect transistor (MOSHFET) for power converters. Based on our experience in high power insulated gate III-N HFET development, we strongly believe that this device is the most promising for achieving the best combination of low ON-resistance, high operating voltage and high switching frequencies. It is also the best wide bandgap device type that allows for stable and reliable operation at required high voltage and current levels.

SensorMetriX
10211 Pacific Mesa Blvd., Suite 408,
San Diego, CA 92121
(858) 625-4458

PI: Anthony Starr
(858) 625-4458
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0290
Boston College
Office of Sponsored Programs, 36 College Road
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
(617) 552-3061

ID#: N09A-018-0130
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Large Area IR Metamaterial Films
Abstract:  &nbs We are proposing to develop and characterize a new class of metamaterial films with electromagnetic responses that can be systematically manipulated in the infrared region to enable tailored reflectivity and emissivity. Because the approach is based on metamaterials, this technique can readily be scaled to higher or lower frequencies. Commercial nanoimprint lithography will be used for large area fabrication.

Soar Technology, Inc.
3600 Green Court, Suite 600
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
(734) 327-8000

PI: Robert E. Wray
(919) 967-5079
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0325
University of Southern California
837 Downey Way, Rm 330,
Los Angeles, CA 90089
(213) 740-6478

ID#: N09A-028-0439
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Guided Realistic Individualized Practice (GRIP)
Abstract:  &nbs The US Navy’s Total Force Transformation requires improved methods of preparing the Navy Total Force to be not only skilled at everyday, routine jobs, but also capable of flexibility, suppleness, and problem-solving. However, most existing instructional design approaches lack at least one element considered essential for the training of even routine expertise. To meet the needs of training for Total Force Transformation, we propose a training-systems development process and supporting technologies based on an evidence-based, comprehensive instructional design methodology. To complement the process, we propose reusable technology that will enable the automation of guided realistic individualized practice, which has been shown to be essential for the most effective and transferable learning outcomes. The proposed effort builds on existing work in instructional design, intelligent tutoring, dynamic tailoring for scaffolding and assessing learning, student modeling, and psychophysiological state assessment. This combination offers a comprehensive, evidence-based approach to the development of training systems focused on adaptive expertise.

Sonatech, Inc.
879 Ward Drive,
Santa Barbara, CA 93111
(805) 690-5432

PI: Mark Shaw
(805) 690-5483
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0364
Pennsylvania State University
Applied Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 30
State College, PA 16804
(814) 865-1193

ID#: N09A-012-0024
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T012       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Acoustic Intercept Receiver for Naval Special Warfare Undersea Vehicles
Abstract:  &nbs Naval Special Warfare (NSW) teams often use underwater vehicles (UVs) for clandestine transport into highly sensitive littoral areas. The current sonar suites on the existing vehicles do not include a system for detecting and identifying active sonar transmissions, making the vehicle and the SEALs susceptible to detection by active sonar systems on manned and unmanned surface and subsurface surveillance platforms used in these areas. This proposal addresses the requirement for a very wide band Acoustic Intercept Receiver (AIR) for detecting and locating these active sonar systems. Discussions include considerations for the Arrays, Detection Algorithms, Signal Processing, and Electronics. The design proposed is preliminary and requires additional testing and simulation for verification of performance. However, it represents a potential approach that addresses all of the specifications and design considerations discussed below. Ultimately, the system will fit in the confines of existing and future undersea vehicles, minimize the power requirements, and interface with existing vehicle systems such as command, control, and communications. It will provide sufficient source bearing accuracy and emission characteristics to allow identification and classification of the emission as a threat emission so that tactical decisions can be made.

Spectral Energies, LLC
5100 Springfield Street, Suite 301
Dayton, OH 45431
(937) 902-6546

PI: Sivaram P. Gogineni
(937) 266-9570
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0369
University of Massachusetts
157A Goessmann Lab, 686 N. Pleasant St.
Amherst, MA 01003
(413) 545-1750

ID#: N09A-011-0714
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T011       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Establishing a Practical and Accurate Combustion Mechanism for JP-10
Abstract:  &nbs JP-10 is a single-compound C10H16 fuel that is the principal air-breathing missile fuel used in the U.S. at present. We propose that its effective use can be advanced by modeling its chemistry and combustion physics, testing these predictions against laboratory and full-scale experiments, and then using the information for computational design and operations. In this Phase I research project, we propose to develop the JP-10 decomposition subset of a full combustion mechanism of elementary reactions, based on analogies with known reactions and from computed predictions of kinetics, thermochemistry, and transport properties. Scientists at Spectral Energies, LLC will work with collaborators and the Navy to determine appropriate validation experiments in an aerosol shock tube to study the relevant high temperature decomposition products of JP-10 over a range of temperatures, pressures, and equivalence ratios relevant to ramjet and scramjet propulsion. Spectral Energies will also initiate simulations using Chemkin-based combustion models for comparison with experimental data from the literature. These results would set the basis for Phase II experimental tests of the reaction set, improvements to it, and mechanism reduction for efficient combustor modeling. Time dependent measurements of temperature, the hydroxyl radical, and water decomposition products will also be used during the Phase II to validate predictions of ignition and flame propagation.

SpiralGen
6645 Woodwell Street,
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
(412) 983-2684

PI: Jose M F Moura
(412) 983-2684
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0332
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue,
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
(412) 268-8746

ID#: N09A-036-0526
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T036       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Computer Generation of Multicore Software for Software-Defined Radio
Abstract:  &nbs Future software platforms starting with today’s multicores will be massively parallel, offer unprecedented performance, and will be exceedingly difficult to program. In this project, we will work towards automatic development of high-performance software for these platforms. Specifically, we will design a tool that can computer-generate the performance critical components of software-defined radio (SDR) given only a high-level mathematical specification. Our tool will automatically perform all difficult optimizations including parallelization, vectorization, and memory hierarchy tuning at a high –level of abstraction before mapping to actual source code. This way, inherent shortcomings of compilers are overcome. As SDR components we consider the discrete Fourier transform, correlation, convolution, and Viterbi decoder as required by SDR. As target platform, we will use Clearspeed with 192 cores) and Tilera (with 64 cores), but note that our approach can be easily ported to others. Our goal is to eventually achieve with our computer-generated code the same performance, or even better, of any competing hand-tuned implementations of the same functionality.

Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
951 Mariner''s Island Blvd., STE 360,
San Mateo, CA 94404
(650) 931-2700

PI: Sowmya Ramachandran
(650) 931-2700
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0328
Institute for Simulation & Training
3100 Technology Parkway ,
Orlando, FL 32826
(407) 882-1325

ID#: N09A-028-0614
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T028       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Model of Individualized Instruction and Intelligent Tutoring for Developing an Adaptable Workforce
Abstract:  &nbs Today’s military and civilian operating and organizational environments are characterized by unprecedented levels of complexity, ambiguity, and dynamic change. Military leaders routinely operate in environments where change is the only constant. Their success demands mental agility and adaptation in the face of uncertainty. While adaptability is recognized as a significant component of effective performance under dynamic conditions, our understanding of both the concept itself and how to effectively and efficiently develop it within individuals operating in complex environments remains limited. To train a competency based on flexibility, the training system itself must be defined by flexibility, able to adapt itself to the individual trainee’s needs and progression. To date, training programs aimed at developing adaptability have been limited to classroom-based strategies. There are no models of individualized instruction for training this important aspect of performance. We propose to develop a model of individualized instruction for adaptable behavior (MIIA), drawing upon research in this area, and use it to develop an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) that will deliver automated, adaptive training. We will use the FlexiTrainer rapid ITS development tool. Phase I will result in a validated preliminary MIIA model and a prototype ITS (to demonstrate the approach and its feasibility.

Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North, Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
(732) 302-9274

PI: Bruce I. Willner
(732) 302-9274
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0350
Drexel University
Dept. of Materials Science, 3141 Chestnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
(215) 895-2301

ID#: N09A-004-0710
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T004       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Full Spectrum Zinc Oxide Nanowire Sensors By MOCVD
Abstract:  &nbs Structured Materials Industries and Drexel University propose to develop an electrically contacted aligned zinc oxide nanowire array for highly efficient, broad spectrum focal plane arrays. The properties of ZnO make it a very promising material for optoelectronic devices. In particular, the wide bandgap (3.37eV) and large exciton binding energy (60meV), and the ability to fabricate stable, uniform ZnO nanowires make the material attractive as a sensor material. A ZnO nanowire focal plane array has great potential as a highly sensitive, low noise imager capable of operation over a broad wavelength range. The wide bandgap of ZnO will produce very little thermal noise. A dense array of nanowires, properly designed, will produce a very large absorption cross section for the design wavelength range. The precise control of nanowire deposition, including composition and diameter provides the ability to precisely tune the structures for particular wavelength ranges and objectives. Further, sensitizers (molecular or nanoparticle) on the surface of the nanowires may be used to tune the optoelectronic response further. All these factors lead to a high performance, broad wavelength imager.

SURVICE Engineering Company
4695 Millennium Drive,
Belcamp, MD 21017
(410) 273-7722

PI: Greg Robinson
(410) 297-2378
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0365
University of Delaware
Composite Man. Science Lab, Academy St. and Delaware Ave.
Newark, DE 19716
(302) 831-8898

ID#: N09A-010-0249
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T010       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Innovative Approaches for Real Time Monitoring of Full Field Strain Measurement Over a Large Area
Abstract:  &nbs The engineering of composite aircraft structures relies heavily on Finite Element Models (FEMs) to predict the structural response, stresses, and fatigue life due to static and dynamic loads. The creation of accurate models requires experimental measurement of load distribution and resultant structural deflections/strains. The solution proposed for large area full-field strain measurement calls for the integration of technologies in laser-based and optical-based metrology. The proposed approach will allow for real-time data capture and analysis of critical areas at variable data acquisition rates.

Swift Engineering Inc.
1141 Via Callejon,
San Clemente, CA 92673
(949) 492-6608

PI: Mark A. Page
(949) 492-6608
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0387
University of California Irvine
Dept. of Mech. and Aero. Eng., 4200 Engineering Gateway
Irvine, CA 92697
(949) 824-6893

ID#: N09A-001-0547
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T001       Awarded: 7/16/2009
Title: Automous Launch, Recovery and Turn-Around Systems for Small UAVs
Abstract:  &nbs An autonomous UAV air base capable of launch, recovery, and turn-around functions will be evolved from Swift Engineering’s KillerBee UAS. The autonomous air base will eliminate the need to staff a UAV depot with human operators after initial system deployment. Air bases can be located in elevated risk or un-cleared environments without putting human life in jeopardy. Such a system would be a key enabler to the Hub-and-Spoke CONOPS currently being used by Tier-II assets. Swift’s KB4 has repeatedly demonstrated precision recovery into a net based system, reliable pneumatic launch events, and impressive flight qualities. Through the adaptation of a previously Swift tested vertical wire recovery system, an orderly, repeatable recovery event can be achieved with KB4. Integrated with a proposed “Autonomous Airport Manager” that will perform pre-flight, post-flight, and mission management functions, the modified KB4 system will prove to be invaluable and cost effective to future war fighters. Swift engineering is teaming with the University of California, Irvine in the autonomous air base’s development. The team will show system feasibility in Phase I with a prototype recovery test in the Option. Phase I work will provide the groundwork for a Phase II prototype demonstration.

Tahoe RF Semiconductor
12834 Earhart Ave,,
Auburn, CA 95602
(530) 368-2498

PI: Christopher Saint
(530) 823-9786
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0338
University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive MC 0934,
La Jolla, CA 92093
(858) 534-4253

ID#: N09A-035-0596
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T035       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Development of Novel Phase Shifterless RF Phase Array Antenna Systems
Abstract:  &nbs Coupled oscillator arrays provide electronic beam-steering for phased array antennas without the need for RF phase shifters. However, Defense systems require a large number of elements in the phased array antenna to generate antenna patterns with narrow beamwidth. This proposal outlines the simulation, fabrication, and testing of a one-dimensional coupled oscillator array in a 180nm SiGe BiCMOS process with as many as sixteen individual oscillators on a single chip. At this point in time, sixteen element arrays of coupled oscillators have not been demonstrated in silicon integrated circuits. This proposal recognizes several implementation challenges to wide angle beam steering using coupled oscillators including managing oscillator mismatches, demonstrating low oscillator phase noise, and avoiding undesirable oscillator coupling through the substrate and packaging. Therefore, our approach will develop analytical tools for the circuit level simulation of the integrated oscillator and the development of behavioral models which link the Van der Pol dynamics of the oscillator to the performance of the integrated circuits. Co-design between the oscillator behavioral models and integrated circuit simulations will provide a high degree of accuracy in predicting the beam-steering performance of the proof-of-concept coupled oscillator array.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road,
Austin, TX 78733
(512) 263-2101

PI: Harry Perkinson
(512) 263-2101
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0270
University of Louisville
Vogt Engineering Center and , Rapid Prototyping Center
Louisville, KY 40209
(502) 852-0714

ID#: N09A-016-0417
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T016       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Manufacturing of Physical Scale Models for Signature Reduction
Abstract:  &nbs The Physical Scale Model (PSM) has performed a critical role in the characterization and remediation of magnetic signatures in Navy ships. The properly executed PSM permits the accurate sizing and location of degaussing systems. To be of cost benefit, the PSM must be constructed before the final design of the Navy vessel, leading to many alterations and restarts for the PSM with the concurrent design changes in the Navy vessel. Because, up to this point in time, the PSM have been painstakingly constructed using highly trained craftsmen, the redesigns and restarts have made the use of the PSM approach very expensive. The PSM approach to characterizing magnetic signatures and degaussing system design is being supplanted by computer based finite element models that, while less accurate and less capable in measuring the permanent magnetization, are much more flexible and responsive to design changes at a lower cost. TRI/Austin proposes to develop, based on the permeability-thickness technique, a PSM fabrication process that will a) accurately model the magnetic signature of the Navy ship, b) be low cost and have a reduced lead time, and c) be highly flexible to design changes without major cost or schedule impacts.

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc.
9063 Bee Caves Road,
Austin, TX 78733
(512) 263-2101

PI: Harry Perkinson
(512) 263-2101
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0353
Southwest Research Institute
6220 Culebra Road,
San Antonio, TX 75228
(210) 522-3695

ID#: N09A-032-0464
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T032       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Lightweight Structures Roadside Blast Protection
Abstract:  &nbs Explosions from landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) have been used in both Iraq and Afghanistan as the primary methods of the insurgent forces to engage lightly armored tactical vehicles. These explosive devices place our military troops and civilian personnel in constant peril, exposed to significant injury or death. Protection of the occupants of military and civilian vehicles from IED and mine blasts currently relies on a heavy armor retrofit which affects fuel efficiency and both tactical and strategic maneuverability. Therefore, based on the need for a more effective armor system that does not limit maneuver nor overburdens the logistical support system, the objective of the proposed work is to develop suitable, light weight, volumetrically efficient blast mitigation materials and concomitant designs that can be integrated with legacy technologies to achieve synergistic reduction in blast threats. The blast threats include over-pressure, impulse, and ballistic fragments. The resultant design will provide a blast shield that is designed to deflect blast energy away from the vehicle while incorporating innovative materials and construction to limit damage and fragmentation. Phase I will involve preliminary material investigations, prototype development and blast testing to obtain initial confirmation of utility.

Toyon Research Corp.
6800 Cortona Drive,
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 968-6787

PI: Kenan O. Ezal
(805) 968-6787
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0300
Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Office of Research, 3227 Cheadle Hall
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
(805) 893-4036

ID#: N09A-021-0265
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T021       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Accuracy Tracking System for Infantry Training
Abstract:  &nbs Toyon and our teammates at UCSB propose to design a multi-sensor fusion-based augmented and virtual reality tracking system that is capable of precisely determining the position and orientation of each participant’s head and weapon relative to the local real and virtual environment without requiring GPS. The system will comprise a mobile survey station (MSS) for rapidly, precisely and efficiently conducting a pre-training site survey; a light-weight head- mounted sensor (HMS) system; a low-profile weapon-mounted sensor (WMS) system; a plurality of portable external reference sensor (ERS) systems; a distributed track processing system (DTPS); and a high-speed wireless communications system. The system will be capable of determining the orientation of each HMS and WMS to within 0.9 mrad and their positions to within 2.5 mm with a latency of 10 ms or less. During the Phase I effort Toyon will determine the system specifications; design a system architecture that will meet those specifications; and develop and evaluate a set of algorithms for distributed navigation and tracking for augmented and virtual reality systems. Moreover, the algorithms developed under this Phase I effort will be evaluated using real data obtained in a real environment. Toyon is teamed with the “Four Eyes” Lab at the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Transphorm
107 S La Patera Lane,
Goleta, CA 93117
(805) 456-1307

PI: Robert Coffie
(805) 456-1306
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0339
UC Santa Barbara
Dr. Steve Denbaars, Materials Department, UCSB
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
(805) 893-8551

ID#: N09A-023-0329
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T023       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Planar, High Frequency, Power Conversion Device Technology
Abstract:  &nbs Transphorm proposes to demonstrate a normally off fast high voltage Gallium Nitride power switch solution. The switch would block to 1000V, have a threshold voltage greater than 2.5 V, and the phase I switch will target an on resistance less than 20 ohm-mm. To accomplish these targets, Transphorm will combine the design requirements of realizing a high (and positive) threshold voltage while maintaining a low total on resistance in one solution. The device will target low dc to rf dispersion or achieve a dynamic on resistance which is within 2x of the static performance. The switch would ultimately be capable of switching at high frequencies (1 MHz or higher) with efficiency in excess of 97%.

TRITON SYSTEMS, INC.
200 TURNPIKE ROAD,
CHELMSFORD, MA 01824
(978) 250-4200

PI: Keith Higginson
(978) 250-4200
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0289
University of Massachusetts,
Electrical and Computer Engine, 417 Ball Hall
Lowell, MA 01854
(978) 934-4723

ID#: N09A-018-0021
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T018       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Spray-Coatable Metamaterials(1001-363)
Abstract:  &nbs Triton, together with our STTR partner, proposes to develop the theory and fabrication capabilities necessary to develop a metamaterials coating solution with tailorable emissivity and reflectivity in the visible and infrared spectrum. In the Phase I program we will deliver both a mathematical description and characterization of physical samples of the metamaterials. Our solution, unlike other metamaterials approaches will able to be applied as a spray coating, making our proposed material very conducive to real-world applications. It is based on theoretical metamaterials structures that allow greatly reduced the fabrication complexity. Initial calculations show that our metamaterials are low-loss, unlike related approaches which use lossy metal structures at a high fill factor. We expect our coatings to be rugged and durable.

UtopiaCompression, Corporation
11150 W. Olympic Blvd., Suite 680
Los Angeles, CA 90064
(310) 473-1500

PI: Abhishek Tiwari
(310) 473-1500
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0334
University California - Los Angeles
UCLA Computer Science Dept, 3732F Boelter Hall
Los Angeles, CA 90095
(310) 825-4367

ID#: N09A-037-0206
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T037       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: GENerative Waveform Agnostic Gateway (GENWAG) architecture
Abstract:  &nbs In order for the Department of Defense (DoD) Global Information Grid (GIG) vision to become a reality, thousands of gateways will be needed for inter-networking between disparate waveforms. Until now gateways are designed for specific waveform domains, this approach although simple and quick has led to a lot of duplication of effort within DoD. In this proposal UtopiaCompression (UC)-UCLA team along with the Boeing Company proposes to develop a generative programming architecture for gateway design where XML descriptions of waveforms could be parsed and gateway code could be automatically assembled and integrated to create any target gateway. In addition our team builds on multiple ongoing SBIR programs to tackle important research questions regarding online gateway reconfiguration during mission, inter-waveform unicast/multicast routing architecture, Application translation, Medium Access Protocol for the inter-connection, and securing the inter-connection. All of the above functionalities are bundled together in the Ubiquitous Inter-Connection Waveform (UIW). The three team members UC, UCLA and Boeing are already working cohesively in multiple DoD advanced Communications and Networking programs.

Vcrsoft LLC
2310 Bamboo Drive STE J303,
Arlington, TX 76006
(817) 652-3190

PI: VC Ramesh
(817) 652-3190
Contract #: N68335-09-C-0342
University of Central Florida
12201 Research Parkway, Suite 501
Orlando, FL 32826
(407) 882-1120

ID#: N09A-007-0001
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T007       Awarded: 6/16/2009
Title: Toolkit for Training Disparately Skilled Participants
Abstract:  &nbs In any large-scale training exercise, it is difficult to provide all trainees with training objectives commensurate with their skills levels, experience or expertise. There are three main components needed for the solicited toolkit. The toolkit must provide suitable algorithms for assessment and classification of task-specific skill levels of individuals, units and teams. Based on such skill-level identification, the toolkit must help instructors assign challenging training objectives to each participant, unit and team. Once the objectives have been assigned and the exercise carried out, the toolkit should enable instructors and evaluators to assess participant performance relative to skill levels identified initially. We propose one such toolkit which is grounded in accepted cognitive principles of large-scale team training.

Velox Semiconductor Corporation
394 Elizabeth Avenue,
Somerset, NJ 08873
(732) 469-3345

PI: Milan Pophristic
(732) 469-3345
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0341
Rensselaer Polytehnic Institute
110 8th St.,
Troy, NY 12180
(518) 276-2201

ID#: N09A-023-0584
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T023       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Planar, High Frequency, Power Conversion Device Technology
Abstract:  &nbs The team of Velox Semiconductor Corporation (Velox) and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of using a single, monolithic, all-GaN integrated Diode(s) Driven Gate (DDG) HFET to achieve normally-off device operation with specifications required for Navy applications. Utilizing this structure, the team intends to demonstrate an initial normally-off device with threshold voltage (VT) higher than 2.5V (Phase I) without jeopardizing other Hetero-junction Field Effect Transistor (HFET) performance indicators, such as specific on-resistance (Ron), maximum current density (Jd,max) and switching frequency (f). This solution will provide a significant device performance and reliability improvement due to the ability to optimize the power transistor in the structure.

Voxtel Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way, Suite 230
Beaverton, OR 97005
(971) 223-5646

PI: David M. Schut
(971) 223-5646
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0297
Oregon State University
Chemistry Department, 153 Gilbert Hall
Corvallis, OR 97331
(541) 737-6736

ID#: N09A-020-0662
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T020       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: High Efficiency Stretchable (Highly Conformable) Photovoltaics for Expeditionary Forces
Abstract:  &nbs Various high-efficiency thin-film photovoltaic (PV) materials have been applied to flexible substrates. These thin PV films are most often sputtered onto plastic or thin metal substrates, which are generally sufficiently flexible to be rolled up but are not highly deformable or stretchable. Amorphous silicon and thin silicon modules and their metal interconnects all rupture when stretched. Organic materials, which are stretchable, have not been demonstrated with the requisite efficiency. To address the need for high-efficiency stretchable PVs, a hybrid organic-inorganic PV will be manufactured using inkjet printing and solutions processing on a pre-strained substrate. The design will incorporate transparent inorganic interconnects, printed in stretchable patterns. These amorphous interconnect materials have been demonstrated to withstand the biaxial strain the application requires. To increase the PV array’s sensitivity beyond the spectral range of silicon and amorphous silicon, inorganic sensitizers will be introduced into the solar cell, and efficient charge transfer into the transparent inorganic matrix will be demonstrated, so that efficiency >12% can be achieved. In Phase I, the ability of the PV to reliably respond to high levels of repeated strain will be tested. A design process flow for high volume and low cost will be demonstrated using established manufacturing equipment.

Weidlinger Associates, Inc.
375 Hudson St FL 12,
New York, NY 10014
(202) 649-2444

PI: Paul Reynolds
(650) 230-0343
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0314
Woods Hole Oceanographic Instit
MS #39,
Woods Hole, MA 02543
(508) 289-2462

ID#: N09A-026-0601
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T026       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Exact modeling of targets in littoral environments
Abstract:  &nbs Weidlinger Associates Inc (WAI) proposes to develop a state-of-the-art modeling capability for long range wave propagation in littoral environments, including detailed analyses of sea floor, marine mammals, and man made objects, by integrating a suite of computational methods. Through use of the most appropriate computational methods for each component, which are then coupled in a seamless and efficient manner, WAI will provide the Navy with an efficient and accurate tool for simulation of mine hunting and marine mammal sound exposure calculations, both for educational, research, and in-field use. Work will center on the development of novel coupling methods to combine simulation methods for small, medium and large scale wave propagation problems, as well as development of effective simulation methods for the largest scale models.

Wildlife Computers, Inc.
8345 154th Ave NE,
Redmond, WA 98052
(425) 881-3048

PI: Roger D. Hill
(425) 881-3048
Contract #: N00014-09-M-0317
Alaska Sealife Center
301 Railway Ave.,
Seward, AK 99664
(907) 224-6344

ID#: N09A-029-0370
Agency: NAVY
Topic#: 09-T029       Awarded: 6/29/2009
Title: Remote Release Device for Marine Mammal Electronic Tags
Abstract:  &nbs Design and evaluate components for a new device for remotely releasing electronic tags that have been attached to marine animals with a focus on a novel approach for the release mechanism. Current methods for releasing tags include corrodible metal pins and mechanical devices for cutting plastic or steel wires. These methods are less reliable because the attachment wires and pins may prematurely corrode or break from mechanical stress or the cutting mechanism may jam. An ideal release mechanism would release only in response to a received radio signal from the scientist. ElectRelease epoxy, developed for military applications under an SBIR grant by EIC Laboratories, is potentially a more reliable solution for the release mechanism because it quickly degrades when a small electrical voltage is applied and has no moving parts. This proposal combines the expertise of Wildlife Computers as a leading innovator in the design, manufacture and sale of tags for marine animals for 24 years, techniques developed by Dr. Russ Andrews who has 20 years of experience in attaching to and recovering tags from marine animals, and the unique properties of ElectRelease developed by EIC Laboratories.