SITIS Archives - Topic Details
Program:  SBIR
Topic Num:  CBD07-101 (CBD)
Title:  Sequencing of Multiple Chemical/Biological Aircraft Decontamination Agents
Research & Technical Areas:  Chemical/Bio Defense

Acquisition Program:  
  Objective:  Determine the most effective combination of current and emerging chemical and biological decontamination agents to decontaminate Large Frame Aircraft (LFA) exteriors.
  Description:  Current methods used to fully decontaminate a LFA result in excessive off-gassing, corrosive effects on aircraft components/electronic equipment, and limited success. These methods include the individual use of Cold Plasma, Vaporous Hydrogen Peroxide (VHP), modified VHP (mVHP), Hot Soapy Water (HSW), DF-200, Decon Green, Ultraviolet (UV) Light, Hot Air Decontamination (HAD), super tropical bleach (STB) etc. However, a combination of these partially effective chemical and/or biological decontamination agents (to include sequence, duration, and magnitude of each) may result in an increased decontamination capability without damage/corrosion to aircraft components. While each of the aforementioned decontamination agents may be individually effective, we seek novel approaches to a decontamination methodology using the most effective combination of known or emerging decontamination agents that can effectively decontaminate Large Frame Aircraft, contaminated with any agent, to levels where the aircraft can be safely used by the crew.

  PHASE I: Develop a detailed analysis of predicted performance for a combination of decontamination agents that can effectively decontaminate LFA without producing corrosive effects or toxic by-products. This phase will demonstrate the feasibility of producing a combination decontamination methodology and will outline demonstration success criteria.
  PHASE II: Conduct and demonstrate the implementation of the proposed methodology from Phase I, possibly by having selected the most promising of the decon agents and then experimenting with various combinations of sequence, duration, and magnitude to determine the most effective combination.

  PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: The military application of a successful combination of chemical/biological decontamination that exceeds any single decontamination agent is apparent. Success of such a combination will provide an effective methodology for decontaminating LFA within the military as well as provide a foundation for applying the developed methodology to Army assets (e.g., helicopters). This application could also be highly profitable by commercial airlines as well as commercial enterprises working in the building decontamination business. Improved manufacturing capabilities and processes may also be investigated.

  References:  1. Military Medical Technology, On Line Edition. Published Apr 15, 2003 in Volume: 7 Issue: 3. “ECBE: Experts in Equipment Decon Technology.” http://www.military-medical-technology.com/article.cfm?DocID=62; 2. Air Force Manual 10-2602, Nuclear, Biological, Chemical, and Conventional (NBCC) Defense Operations and Standards, 29 May 2003, http://www.e-publishing.af.mil/pubfiles/af/10/afman10-2602/afman10-2602.pdf 3. Mundis, Chris et al., “Hot Air Decontamination of the C-141 Aircraft Technology Development Program.” ECBC-TR-379, April 2004.

Keywords:  Laboratory test, Field test, WMDs, SARs, Avian influenza, simulants

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