SITIS Archives - Topic Details
Program:  SBIR
Topic Num:  DTRA102-002 (DTRA)
Title:  Weapon Payloads for Chemical and Biological Agent Plume Neutralization
Research & Technical Areas:  Chemical/Bio Defense, Weapons

Acquisition Program:  
 The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), which controls the export and import of defense-related material and services. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals, their country of origin, and what tasks each would accomplish in the statement of work in accordance with section 3.5.b.(7) of the solicitation.
  Objective:  To provide new and innovative weapon payload concepts that can neutralize (e.g., detoxify, kill or decompose) chemical and biological (CB) warfare agents in a plume released from an offensive operations strike on enemy Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) facilities.
  Description:  Current conventional weapons rely on blast, fragmentation, and heat as their primary mechanism to defeat targets containing CB agents. Unfortunately, these same mechanisms can create large and unacceptable consequences through the release of hazardous and toxic materials into the environment typically as a vented downwind plume. Research of WMD defeat payloads have typically focused on neutralization of CB agents inside target structures prior to venting. A preferred solution to this problem is to also employ an add-on capability that will continue to neutralize CB agents after escaping from a target. This prolonged effect would help further mitigate collateral effects. This type of capability is envisioned to be a singularly deployed subsystem integrated with existing and future conventional and WMD defeat weapons. It would have self-sustaining neutralization characteristics able to travel with aerosolized CB agent escaping outside of the targeted structure, and neutralize the agent as it travels in a contiguous plume. This type of capability is envisioned to reduce the viable CB agent survival fraction by more than an order of magnitude while operating in time-frames of several minutes. Potential solutions may include, but are not limited to, delayed pyrophorics or pyrotechnics, chemicals, or photo-initiated events that are robust against a wide variety of agent types. Solutions should avoid or minimize the creation of toxic degradation products, be easily integrated into weapon systems, and able to survive weapon generated environments.

  PHASE I: Perform analysis and research to demonstrate the feasibility of the innovative technology to neutralize CB agents in vented plumes. Any modeling and simulation studies will address neutralization performance against agents in research and development, production, and agent storage facilities. The design concept should be benchmarked with data that validates the underlying assumptions. A clear Phase I to Phase II decision point must be clearly described as part of the final delivery Phase I product along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III
  PHASE II: Develop a prototype payload capable of neutralizing CB agents within plumes emanating from offensive operation attacks. Demonstrate and evaluate the prototype payload neutralization effectiveness against CB agent simulants. Evaluate weapon system integration risks and mitigating factors. The final Phase II report must clearly demonstrate how this concept can be used as a fieldable system with a complete discussion of the design tradeoffs required to make this a fieldable system. Potential partners for production and future use of the developed technology along with a clear Phase II to Phase III decision point must be included along with a roadmap that takes the program through Phase III.

  PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Potential applications of this technology include uses for combating WMD offensive operations, CB defense measures, industrial accidents, hazard response decontamination needs, and homeland security situations.

  References:  National Military Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, February 13, 2006, www.defenselink.mil/pdf/NMS-CWMD2006.pdf

Keywords:  agent defeat, chemical, biological, agent neutralization, WMD defeat, weapon

Additional Information, Corrections, References, etc:
Ref #2: NOTE: Ref. 2 has been deleted at request of TPOC (4/28/10).

Questions and Answers:
Q: NOTE: Ref. 2 has been deleted at request of TPOC because it is not available for public release at this time (4/28/10).
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