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13 Phase I Selections from the 12.2 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
Structured Materials Industries
201 Circle Drive North Unit # 102
Piscataway, NJ 08854
(732) 302-9274
Gary S. Tompa
DTRA122-001      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Scalable Single- and Multi- “Boule” Bulk GaN Substrate HVPE Production Tool
Abstract:GaN-based devices are currently grown on foreign substrates such as SiC and Al2O3, due to the lack of high quality GaN substrates. It is well known that the use of foreign substrates limits device performance due to a high dislocation density in the GaN film. Structured Materials Industries, Inc. (SMI) has developed a hybrid HVPE approach to grow high quality GaN device films. In this SBIR project, SMI will work with a leading University research center, to implement cost effective processes for growth of GaN crystal boules and processing to polished wafers. Phase I will build on existing results to prove the approach can concurrently produce thick multiple 2" or 4" diameter boules of low defect semi- insulating (or doped as desired) GaN wafers merged with cutting and polishing processes. Phase II will establish pilot production of multiple 2" and 4" GaN boules, and processing to polished wafers. Also in Phase II, GaN devices will be fabricated on the resulting wafers, as a test and demonstration of the material quality. Phase III will consist of selling the finished materials and production tooling.

i2C Solutions, LLC
686 S. Taylor Ave., Suite 108
Louisville, CO 80027
(972) 814-3813
Seth Miller
DTRA122-002      Awarded: 3/13/2013
Title:Conformable Thermal Ground Plane
Abstract:Miniaturized smart munitions are seeing increasing use across all branches of the Department of Defense (DoD) in order to meet the ever evolving mission needs for the U.S. warfighter. These smart micromuntions have been enabled by advances in capabilities and miniaturization of critical microelectonic and microelectromechanical systems such as sensor, navigational, communications, and triggering subsystems. Their small size and stringent packaging requirements in an often complex and crowded munitions platform leaves little space for active cooling for required levels of thermal management. As a result, the DoD has considerable interest in the development of advanced thermal management technologies and materials that can better accommodate the thermal budget of existing munitions platforms without the need to redesign the systems. The development of such a technology will provide needed heat transfer margins for electronic devices, reduce the size and mass of the thermal management system and increase munition payload capacity thereby increasing overall system performance and effectiveness. To address this need, i2C Solutions proposes the development of a highly novel thermal ground plane technology that provides considerable thermal conductivity, EMI protection and in a highly ruggedized package.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
(303) 261-1128
W. Wallace Ellis
DTRA122-003      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Optically Covert Detection of Trace WMD Residues
Abstract:It is challenging to detect CBRN weapons production facilities that are hidden in residential and industrial neighborhoods. Once the weapons are manufactured, they will be sealed and removed from the site of production, so developing techniques to reveal the presence of the weapons will likely be fruitless. In this project, we will develop indicators that can be applied covertly around suspect areas. When these indicators are exposed to precursors for the production of either chemical weapons or bio-weapons, they will produce a distinct, covert signal that can be viewed from a distance using standard military equipment. The indicators will be inexpensive to manufacture, and will be safe for release in the environment.

Voxtel Inc.
15985 NW Schendel Avenue Suite 200
Beaverton, OR 97006
(971) 223-5646
Ngoc Nguyen
DTRA122-003      Awarded: 1/24/2013
Title:Covert Optically-Reporting Threat-Functionalized Nanomaterials
Abstract:The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and the U.S. Strategic Command Center for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (SCC-WMD) requires transformational materials technology to support the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) of personnel and materials associated with weapons of mass destruction (WMD) development, manufacturing, and proliferation. Voxtel, Inc. proposes to fabricate and demonstrate a series of chemical, biological, radioactive, nuclear or explosive (CBRNE) threat-functionalized optically reporting nanoparticles to address this need. We will fashion the threat reporting nanoparticles from small-sized environmentally-robust metal oxide, metal sulfide, or metal fluoride nanoparticles, which when uniformly dispersed do not scatter light, are optically transparent, and difficult to detect. We will make the covert materials CBRNE sensitive using threat conjugated quenching moieties, which modulate the transformative material’s near-infrared (NIR) optical signature when in the presence of a specific threat. The signal can be detected using filtered night vision or infrared equipment, when interrogated with military issue laser sources. In Phase I, we will optimize optically reporting taggants for two different CBRNE threats, and field test the threat-sensitized taggants.

Protection Engineering Consultants, LLC
PO Box 781607
San Antonio, TX 78278
(512) 380-1988
Bryan Bewick
DTRA122-005      Awarded: 3/11/2013
Title:Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI) Effects for Fully and Partially Buried Structures
Abstract:Protection Engineering Consultants (PEC) proposes to develop a coarse-grain neural network modeling approach for efficient simulation of shock propagation through geological media including soil-structure interaction. In the coarse-grain approach, fast-running computational elements are developed which are an order of magnitude larger than typical FE elements, and the elements are driven by neural network-based equations as opposed to physics-based equations. Typically FRMs cannot extrapolate to problems beyond the boundaries of the data set used to develop the models. Moreover, the size of the data set required increases geometrically with the number of independent variables needed as input variables to the FRMs. A more robust approach will help to increase the applicability of the developed FRM, while still maintaining the requirement for rapid execution of the problem. The coarse-grain neural network modeling approach is a novel approach to develop a tool that is versatile and still retains the FRM requirement of rapid execution.

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road
Pipersville, PA 18947
(215) 766-1520
Neeraj Sinha
DTRA122-006      Awarded: 5/20/2013
Title:Design Combined Effects Explosives (CEX) Using Numerical Simulations
Abstract:Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc. (CRAFT Tech) and Prof. Glumac of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) have teamed up to provide DTRA with an innovative approach to develop new combined effects explosives (CEX) formulations. CEX represent a class of recently-developed aluminized explosives seeking to provide the performance of both (i) high-energy explosives and (ii) high-blast explosives in a single explosive fill. Given the critical role played by fast aluminum reactions in the very early stages of CEX detonation and the strong sensitivity of CEX performance to variations in CEX ingredients, the development of a validated high-fidelity CEX design tool capable of accounting for size effects and finite-rate chemistry effects is proposed. This approach combines advanced modeling capabilities and time-resolved small-scale testing in order to identify and tune the dominant design variables leading to an optimal CEX formulation. By relying on validated first-principles numerical simulations that describe detonation, anaerobic reaction and aerobic reaction, the proposed CEX design tool is capable of providing a level of understanding of the complex detonation event that is not attainable with currently available simplified modeling approaches.

Y.K. Bae Corporation
218 W. Main St., Suite 102
Tustin, CA 92780
(714) 838-2881
Young K. Bae
DTRA122-007      Awarded: 6/12/2013
Title:High-Intensity Compact EUV-X-ray Generators Base on Metastable Innershell Molecular State
Abstract:Currently, there is a great interest in generating intense EUV-x-ray beams in military and commercial sectors, because their applications are anticipated to be potentially crucial to maintaining the global leadership of the US military and industry. Specific military applications of such intense EUV-x-ray beams include countering a wide range of WMDs. The chief barrier to realizing these applications is that the generation of EUV-x-ray beams with traditional technologies is highly energy inefficient, costly, bulky and technologically challenging. We propose to demonstrate the feasibility of developing highly energy-efficient super-intense compact EUV-x-ray generators that can overcome the barrier, thus can be mass produced and commercialized. The technological basis of the proposed generators is on the newly discovered quantum state, Metastable Innershell Molecular State (MIMS) in Warm Dense Matter (WDM). WDM is a class of “stellar” matters with low electron temperatures, which can permit abundant quantum mechanical states, such as MIMS that has excitation energy orders of magnitude larger than that of common chemical quantum states. In addition to technological feasibility demonstration, during Phase I, we plan to perform market studies, to establish their potential customers, and to start contacting private investors for acquiring matching fund for expanding Phase II into Phase III.

504 Shaw Road Suite 215
Sterling, VA 20166
(703) 964-0400
Tony F Zahrah
DTRA122-008      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Reactive Structural Materials for Enhanced Blasts
Abstract:MATSYS proposes to develop reactive materials compositions and processing techniques for structural reactive composites for blast enhancement. This effort will combine our unique expertise in instrumented-Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) with new approaches in reactive materials design to develop a new generation of cost-efficient and highly reactive materials. The proposed material system will use a blend of elemental or compound powders capable of an energetic (exothermic) chemical reaction. The existence of different powders will allow for tailoring of the mechanical and reactive properties of the material through engineered variations of the volume fraction of each powder to control the type of reaction, the form of energy release and the material break-up mechanism. During this program, we will demonstrate the versatility of the approach by fabricating highly reactive materials that will significantly enhance the blast performance. These materials can be used to replace structurally inert materials with structural reactive materials to enhance weapon effectiveness and reduce payload. Upon successful demonstration, this powder-based process can be easily applied to different powders, and scaled for cost-effective, high-volume production of fully dense structural reactive composites.

General Technology Systems, LLC
94 Beacon St Apt #88
Somerville, MA 02143
(248) 739-0833
Sohan Mikkilineni
DTRA122-009      Awarded: 6/19/2013
Title:Insensitive Munitions Disposal Attack: Zero-Explosive Ultrasound Standoff (ZEUS) Detonation System
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) applications for donor explosive-free detonation of insensitive munitions (IM) and insensitive high explosives (IHE). General Technology System’s (GTS) solution, termed the Zero-Explosive Ultrasound Standoff (ZEUS) detonation system, will provide a low-cost, covert, ultra-portable, flexible, and low-profile novel acoustic-based detonation approach. ZEUS will not only have the capability to safely control detonation, but also to intelligently determine and execute the optimal detonation strategy for maximum burn.

AAC International
60 Mechanic Street
Lebanon, NH 03766
(802) 291-9837
Xiaoqing Sun
DTRA122-012      Awarded: 1/14/2013
Title:A Portable Laser Device for Remote Filler Identification
Abstract:The proposed SBIR research (Phase I and II) is devoted to developing a laser-based acousto-ultrasonic system for inspection of sealed containers. The system represents a promising technology for improving safety management in anti-terrorism and treaty compliance operations. The system will use a pulsed laser to excite the container and a laser Doppler vibrometer for long stand-off vibratory (ultrasonic) signal detection. The detected signals will then be sent through an attached expert system, where the wave pattern will be recognized based on criteria established through both experimental data collection and numerical simulation. The inspection system may be used by explosive ordinance disposal teams or security personnel, such as TSA officers at traffic control points, to identify the contents of sealed containers as dangerous or hazardous without having to open the vessel or use a radioactive source like a Polarized Inelastic Neutron Scattering (PINS) device. The system also has a field-upgradable reference library to treat and remember the new materials encountered. The Phase I effort will concentrate on the feasibility study, which is divided into six tasks: specimen preparation, instrumentation development, finite element simulation, interrogation data collection and criteria development, feasibility demonstration, and report and Phase II proposal.

Tanner Research, Inc.
825 S. Myrtle Ave.
Monrovia, CA 91016
(626) 471-9700
Prakash Koonath
DTRA122-014      Awarded: 2/1/2013
Title:Stand-off Detection of Alternative Signatures of Radiation
Abstract:Prevention of the smuggling of radioactive material into the United States to be used by terrorists in a nuclear weapon or in a radiological dispersal device, such as in a “dirty bomb”, is a key national security objective. It is desirable to have a system capable of stand- off detection to monitor and rapidly alert the presence of covert nuclear materials. Tanner proposes to develop a compact laser based sensor system to detect the presence of alternative signatures of radiation. Radiochemical reactions between ionizing radiations and the atmosphere lead to the production of radicals such as ozone (O3) and various oxides of nitrogen. Concentration of these species above normal background levels is an alternative signature of radiation. Tanner will develop a stand-off detection system that can search for covert nuclear materials via a detection of the presence of trace quantities of ozone. In Phase I of this effort, we will demonstrate the stand-off detection of trace quantities of ozone over distances of 1 meter. In Phase II, these results will be scaled to design and develop a compact prototype stand-off detection system that is capable of operation over distances as long as 20 m and with automatic data collection, analysis and display of relevant data.

Luna Innovations Incorporated
1 Riverside Circle Suite 400
Roanoke, VA 24016
(434) 220-2517
Robert Klein
DTRA122-016      Awarded: 3/1/2013
Title:Toughened Fabrics with Counter-WMD Functionality for Daily Wear
Abstract:Military personnel and first responders must be prepared to operate under the threat of a wide range of CBRNE threats (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosive) and rapidly counter WMD hazards. Daily-wear uniforms such as the army combat uniform (ACU) or the CWU-27/P flight suit are breathable and lightweight and provide basic abrasion and fire protection, but are not capable of significant CBRNE protection. On the other end of the spectrum, CBRNE suits offer protection from a variety of WMD threats, but must be donned post-WMD-event because they are heavy, easily punctured or torn, and exhibit poor breathability and launderability. This lack of multifunctional garments for soldier protection significantly degrades survivability. New materials are sought to significantly enhance the counter-WMD / CBRNE functionality of the ACU or CWU-27/P while remaining lightweight, breathable, and durable. Luna Innovations, teaming with a major U.S. uniform manufacturer, proposes to develop a new garment material that will offer increased toughness as well as protection from hazardous liquids and particulates. Garments composed of these new materials could be worn daily, exhibit enhanced durability, and offer enhanced CBRNE protection with the appropriate accessories. Luna will leverage extensive experience with textile treatments for this program.

Welkin Sciences, LLC
102 S. Tejon Suite 200
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
(719) 520-5115
Blair E. Sawyer
DTRA122-020      Awarded: 1/30/2013
Title:Real-Time Frequency-Selective Fading Channel Realization Generator
Abstract:Welkin Sciences proposes to develop two run-time channel realization generators that are functionally equivalent to DTRAs ACIRF code. One is a software only implementation suitable for computer link simulations and test analysis applications. The other is a combination of software and FPGA-based firmware that can be embedded into existing and future hardware-in-the-loop (HWIL) fading channel simulators.