---------- DARPA ----------

26 Phase I Selections from the 13.1 Solicitation

(In Topic Number Order)
iBeam Materials, Inc.
2778A Agua Fria St.
Santa Fe, NM 87507
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 577-3193
Vladimir Matias
SB131-001      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:Single Crystal Self-Assembly
Abstract:iBeam Materials practices a technology for fabricating large-area crystalline-aligned coatings (films) on polycrystalline substrates using ion-beam assisted deposition (IBAD). Crystalline-aligned films of MgO are routinely made using IBAD with grain alignment of a few degrees. This process was originally developed for manufacturing of high temperature superconductor wire in km lengths. We propose to apply this technology for preparing biaxially oriented seed crystals of BaTiO3 (BTO) for bulk templated grain growth (TGG) of biaxially textured materials. Epitaxial BTO films have been demonstrated on IBAD-textured templates to have properties approaching films grown on single crystals. In addition to IBAD texturing another technology iBeam practices is to planarize substrates by chemical solution deposition, a process called solution deposition planarization (SDP). By removing this SDP layer using an appropriate material, one can lift off the crystal-aligned BTO template film and place it in a precursor matrix for TGG growth of bulk biaxially oriented BTO.

Nano Terra, Inc
50 Soldiers Field Place
Brighton, MA 02135
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 621-8500
Joseph McLellan
SB131-001      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Single Crystal Self-Assembly
Abstract:The overall objective of this program is to develop a practical process for the production of large crystals of BaTiO3 via solid phase consolidation of nanoscale powders. To accomplish this goal three key challenges need to be addressed: 1) a facile synthetic procedure for generating micron-scale seed crystals, 2) a process for patterning seed crystals with a high degree of control over their crystallographic orientation, and 3) a solid phase consolidation procedure that yields high quality crystals. Phase I of this project will be primarily focused on the first challenge. Nano Terra will team with Prof. Younan Xia at Georgia Technical Institute to develop a facile synthesis of BaTiO3 crystals with well defined geometries and tight size distributions on the order of 50 µm. Seed crystals will be characterized using electron microscopy, EDAX, and x-ray diffraction. Seed crystal will be patterned by template assisted self-assembly, a technique developed in Prof. Xia’s lab that can be used to generate arrays with a high degree of control over the particles placement and orientation. Phase II will be focused on optimization of the seed crystal patterning process and the development of the consolidation process to yield high quality crystals.

Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
44 Hunt Street
Watertown, MA 02472
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(617) 668-6801
Gary Baldoni
SB131-001      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Approaching Single Crystal Properties Enhancement of Bulk Properties of Polycrystalline Materials by Orientational Control of their Microstructure
Abstract:The goal of this program is to develop a process for producing ceramic materials with properties approaching or, possibly in some aspects, exceeding those of single crystals. Ceramic processing provides important benefits including lower cost, higher yield, relaxed constraints on size and shape, and the possibility of producing materials that are difficult or impossible to grow as single crystals. The program will investigate control of particle size using mechanical separation and chemical approaches to limit nucleation, increase particle size and eliminate small particles. Orientation along three axes will be achieved by a combination of two or more fundamentally different orientation techniques. BiTiO3 will be the model material. Since the material is available as platelets, one axis can be aligned using mechanical processes. We will investigate the use of magnetic orientation and controlling the crystallographic phase at different temperatures to align the other axes. Phase I will result in a demonstration of the ability to enhance the orientation in three axes. The Phase I Option will further investigate and optimize the process, and Phase II will continue the research and development with the goal of producing ceramic material with a high degree of orientation of all three axes.

Cognionics
8445 Camino Santa Fe Suite 205
San Diego, CA 92121
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(469) 951-2227
Yu M. Chi
SB131-002      Awarded: 4/30/2013
Title:Portable Brain Recording Device & App
Abstract:This project will develop a proof of principle prototype for an advanced EEG system at a price point comparable to current 'consumer' devices. The portable, wireless EEG headset will support both a simple, easy-to-use water based electrode and Cognionics' new flexible dry electrode. The cap will automatically position the electrodes into the International 10-20 standard and the electronics will support simultaneous recording from all sensors. With conventional EEG designs, implementing such a feature set is prohibitively expensive. However, with Cognionics' innovations in electronics, it is possible to construct an inexpensive EEG headset with a feature set and signal quality comparable to research and medical-grade devices. Unlike many current EEG systems, the Cognionics system will be designed to output unencrypted raw EEG via a standard Bluetooth interface that will allow researchers and developers to build custom applications around the headset. In Phase I, the core headset and electronics will be designed, constructed and evaluated. A simple app with visualization to demonstrate end-to-end connectivity will be created. The cost of mass production will be computed and verified to meet a ~$30 BOM.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
William E. Audette III
SB131-002      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:High-Quality, Low-Cost, Multi-Channel EEG System for Non-Traditional Users
Abstract:To accelerate advances in cognitive science, and to facilitate the invention of novel brain- centered technologies, tremendous benefit would be gained by expanding the accessibility of Electroencephalography (EEG) to non-traditional users. A key driver for expanding accessibility is lowering cost while improving ease of use. Recently released systems have lowered cost, but at the expense of reduced quality and low channel count. This Phase I development program seeks to address these deficiencies. We will utilize modern, high- integrated EEG electronics that will enable lower cost while still improving signal quality and channel count. To improve ease of use, our system will be controlled by a smartphone or tablet, which will interface to the EEG electronics using a hobbyist-friendly connection. To implement this high-quality, low-cost approach in a way that will engage the non-traditional user requires a variety of skills—hardware design, software design, real-world EEG experience, and community building. Creare has assembled a broad team with a proven track record in each of these areas so that we will convincingly demonstrate feasibility in Phase I and enable successful production in Phase II.

Design Interactive, Inc.
1221 E. Broadway, Suite 110
Oviedo, FL 32765
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(407) 706-0977
Brent Winslow
SB131-002      Awarded: 5/6/2013
Title:PETE – Portable EEG Tool for Education
Abstract:Current EEG technology is restricted to traditional research or clinical venues due to the technical expertise required for use and interpretation of data and the high cost of available systems. Previous attempts at developing low cost systems have resulted in unreliable data output. There is a need to develop portable, easy to use and inexpensive EEG technology that would stream neural data directly to a tablet or smartphone, and could be used to expand neuroscience teaching in the classroom, to provide diagnostic information regarding brain function in suspected injury as part of a fielded first-aid kit, and eventually to crowd-source questions regarding the function of the human brain. The current effort proposes the development of a self-contained, multi-channel, single-chip biosignal monitoring sensor with wireless programmability custom dry sensors of user or use-case defined location. The system shall stream data for rapid graphical visualization support interpretation by non- technical.

SI2 Technologies
267 Boston Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 495-5315
Donald Flodin
SB131-002      Awarded: 6/14/2013
Title:Low-Cost, Printable Brain Recording System (1000-259)
Abstract:SI2 Technologies, Inc. (SI2) will leverage its 3-D Direct Write printing capability in the manufacture of portable, low-cost electroencephalography (EEG) devices. SI2’s brain recording systems can be integrated with soldiers’ ballistic helmets (e.g., the Advanced Combat Helmet) or inexpensive plastic headgear (for patient triaging and training/educational purposes). SI2 will print novel sensors onto the concave surfaces of molded headgear, significantly reducing the cost of device fabrication and eliminating the need for wet gels usually needed for high EEG signal fidelity. SI2’s EEG headgear will relay neural recordings to a mobile device for rapid, low cost data analysis and dissemination. In Phase I, the overall concept design for SI2’s EEG will be developed and demonstrated with input from SI2’s industry and clinical partners. The portable EEG system scaled up and further evaluated in Phase II.

Creare Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(603) 643-3800
Jed C. Wilbur
SB131-004      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:Advanced Technologies for Reducing Decompression Obligation in Extreme Dives
Abstract:Despite over 100 years of research, decompression illness (DCI) remains the mission- limiting factor in the design and execution of combat dives. Divers may spend over an hour decompressing after spending as little as ten minutes at the target depth. While decompressing, the diver is limited in vertical mobility, making him susceptible to detection and threatening his survivability. Current strategies for reducing decompression obligations are hindered by inert gas narcosis and oxygen toxicity. However, recent technological advances in a number of areas may provide the means to limit the need for decompression. The Creare team proposes to develop an Integrated Diver Physiology Platform (IDPP) to reduce the decompression obligation of combat divers in extreme dive profiles. The IDPP will use novel, predictive decompression algorithms to change the breathing gas composition in real-time to reduce decompression risk and will also control the delivery of DCI-mitigating pharmacological agents. The algorithms will be supported by an integrated, miniaturized physiological sensor suite monitoring bubble formation, breathing gas composition, tissue inert gas tension, and other common physiological metrics. This physiological feedback will allow the system to minimize decompression obligation while monitoring and maintaining the safety of the diver, enabling dive profiles currently impossible with existing technologies.

Orbital Research Inc
4415 Euclid Avenue Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(216) 649-0399
Aaron Rood
SB131-004      Awarded: 5/20/2013
Title:Microsystem for Controlling Warfighter Physiology
Abstract:Orbital Research Inc (Cleveland, Ohio) with industry partner Cobham Mission Systems Division (Orchard Park, New York) intends to develop a Microsystem for Controlling Warfighter Physiology. This solution will enable extreme dive profiles involving free fall, combat dives and sustained exposure to altitude during extraction. The Orbital Research solution will draw upon state of the art breathing gas mixtures which are dynamically controlled and modulated according to mission demands. During this Phase I SBIR project the Orbital Research team will complete the seminal work of defining potential gas mixtures suitable for the representative dive profile, establish the model for the closed loop control and develop a breadboard lay up of envisioned product. The work will be done in anticipation of future testing to enable regulatory approval. Orbital Research will draw on extensive experience in warfighter physiology and harsh environment sensing and control. More than 15 years of MEMS valve experience combined with a present microsystem sensing physiology in F-22 Raptor cockpit leave Orbital Research perfectly positioned to successfully deliver a detailed summary of the state of the art opportunities to maximize the performance of combat life support systems.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gregory Zeltser
SB131-004      Awarded: 6/4/2013
Title:Diver Physiology Sense and Control Platform
Abstract:To address the U.S. DARPA need for a novel and integrated microsystems platform that dynamically senses and controls warfighter physiology to enable extreme military dive operations, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop the new Diver Physiology Sense and Control (DIPSEC) platform based on the use of a novel gas mixture and biosensor providing constant physiological feedback, and algorithms for dynamic control of pressure-related physiologic conditions. These DIPSEC innovations will enable safe operation in extreme combat dives. In Phase I, POC will define the gas mixtures suitable for the representative dive profile and explore and develop requirements for the dynamic mixed- gas model and control algorithm. Also, POC will design a breadboard mixed-gas platform for use in simulated dive profiles within a chamber. In addition, POC will develop the military and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulatory approval plan for the DIPSEC platform. In Phase II, POC will develop, demonstrate, and validate a dynamic model and control algorithm using a small animal model. At the conclusion of Phase II, POC will provide a detailed plan for algorithm optimization, hardware miniaturization and integration into a prototype device, and transition of a man-portable prototype device into operationally relevant environments.

Physical Optics Corporation
Photonic Systems Division 1845 West 205th Street
Torrance, CA 90501
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 320-3088
Gary Mikaelian
SB131-005      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:Biodegradable Amorphous Metal-Oxide Printable Electronics
Abstract:To address the DARPA need to develop a set of biodegradable materials and industry- compatible fabrication processes for demonstrating fully biodegradable, biomedical sensor/actuator systems with electronic performance comparable to silicon on insulator (SOI)-based systems, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to develop a new Biodegradable Amorphous Metal-Oxide Printable Electronics (BioAMP) technology. This proposed technology is based on room temperature printing of amorphous metal oxide sol- gel films directly insulating biodegradable polymer substrates. The innovation in using photochemical activation of metal oxide semiconductor devices will allow for circumvention of the low carrier mobility drawback of the organic electronics, while keeping the advantage of the “benchtop” manufacturing technology. As a result, this technology offers a low-cost solution for developing various biodegradable and implantable electronics that directly address the DARPA requirements. In Phase I, POC will demonstrate the feasibility of BioAMP by conducting a comprehensive theoretical study and performing proof-of-concept experiments. In Phase II, POC plans to build several fully operational biodegradable electronic prototypes that will be tested in simulated environments, thus achieving TRL-5.

TDA Research, Inc.
12345 W. 52nd Ave.
Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(303) 940-2317
Silvia D. Luebben
SB131-005      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Biodegradable, Biocompatible Conductor for Resorbable Medical Implants
Abstract:Advances in biodegradable materials have allowed the development of a variety of resorbable medical devices that do no need to be removed at the end of their service because they degrade within the body into not toxic by-products. However, devices that contain electronic components are still nearly all non-degradable because of the lack of biodegradable conducting and semiconducting materials. The Department of Defense is interested in expanding the concept of resorbable medical devices to those that contain electronic components. In this Phase I SBIR project TDA Research, Inc. (TDA) will develop an ink-jet printable biodegradable conductor and carry out the proof-of-concept experiment that shows that it can be used to fabricate an inductively-powered resorbable device for the thermal treatment of surgical site infections.

Transient Electronics Inc.
70 Fairmount Street
Brookline, MA 02445
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(804) 301-6424
A. Stewart Campbell
SB131-005      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Materials for an Implantable Transient Electronic Nerve Stimulation Device
Abstract:Chronic neuropathic pain management persists as one of the most significant medical challenges faced within the military. Current approaches to management of chronic pain, especially the use of opiates, are fraught with drawbacks and risks to military patients and cannot be deployed easily in the military theatre; therefore, new technologies that simplify treatment protocols and improve outcomes would be highly advantageous. Electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves can yield therapeutic benefit if applied properly; however, state-of-the-art devices are suboptimal. We propose herein a suite of implantable, tunable, and fully bioresorbable electronic devices for transient, peripheral nerve stimulation for the management of chronic pain. The devices are made entirely of materials of predictable and controllable degradation that circumvent the technical limitations of state-of-the-art devices by enabling device biodegradation after the completion of treatment and eliminating the need for repeated surgeries. The output of the proposed work will be experimental demonstration of electronic device function and transience (breadboard-level validation). Specifically, proof-of-concept of a transient electronic device comprising new (or newly applied) biodegradable materials will be demonstrated. At the end of the Phase I period a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) 4 will be achieved for the described transient electronic system.

Azure Summit Technology, Inc.
13135 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 330
Fairfax, VA 22033
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(571) 308-1427
Joseph Schwarzwalder
SB131-006      Awarded: 5/3/2013
Title:High Spectrum Efficiency Technologies
Abstract:Azure Summit Technology and Shared Spectrum Corporation propose to improve the spectrum efficiency of ad-hoc networks while at the same time maintaining a high level of anti-jam robustness. Our approach is focused around four main strategies; time and frequency assignment and separation, simultaneous transmit/receive, non-greedy beam steering and neighbor nulling, and integrated dynamic spectral access and media access control (DSA/MAC) considering time, frequency and space. These strategies are driven by the observation that the limiting RF feature of dense ad-hoc networks, short of red force jamming, is the increase in background noise generated by the sum transmissions of all radios in the network.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-4454
Sohraab Soltani
SB131-006      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:High Spectrum Efficiency Technologies
Abstract:Intelligent Automation, Inc. proposes Spectrum Efficient Communications and Advanced Networking Technology (SECANT), which integrates dynamic interference management (that adapts among interference avoidance, tolerance, cancellation, and interference alignment) and multiuser detection at the PHY layer. SECANT provides adaptive MAC design that supports PHY layer spectrum efficiency gains to improve system throughput on limited frequency resources and optimizes spectrum sensing and transmission times in a distributed network setting with possibly incomplete/inaccurate spectrum information. SECANT introduces a paradigm shift in wireless communication protocol design to achieve spectrum utilization beyond the legacy “single-link single-user” PHY-MAC operational range. We follow a cross-layer approach with seamless interactions between PHY and MAC layers to enable simultaneous transmissions and controlled interference resiliency in the system. This design provides wireless nodes with the unique capabilities of adaptively utilizing local information and optimally exploiting PHY layer resources to achieve spectrum efficiency significantly beyond the legacy design limits. Multi-layer design of SECANT is realistic in terms of cost-effectiveness and network performance, and allows practical SDR deployment for prototyping and testing under real radio hardware performance. We will study the performance of multi-layer SECANT design compared with SISO QPSK TDMA scheme via theoretical analysis, simulations, SDR implementation and wireless network emulation.

ORB Analytics, LLC
490 Virginia Road
Concord, MA 01742
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(978) 371-9700
Lee Garth
SB131-006      Awarded: 5/7/2013
Title:High Spectrum Efficiency Technologies
Abstract:To achieve dramatic gains in spectrum efficiency over current military wireless communication networks, ORB Analytics proposes an intelligent overlay network built of Cognitive Radios (CR) that exploit multi-domain information including geo-location, modulation, policy, and historical usage information for primary users as well as other CR nodes. Such information can be efficiently architected using a radio environment map (REM). Harnessing this REM along with node clustering to reduce complexity, sophisticated techniques at all levels of the communications protocol stack can be constructed to efficiently multiplex through time, frequency, and space while avoiding legacy PU networks. Such techniques include multi-user MIMO spatial multiplexing, multi-user detection, adaptive modulation and coding, adaptive scheduling, and smart routing. The overall design of this next generation network will produce a dramatic leap in spectrum efficiency over current networks.

Silvus Communication Systems, Inc
10990 Wilshire Blvd Suite 1500
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 479-3333
Phillip Duncan
SB131-006      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:A Multi-Pronged Approach to Maximizing Overall network Spectral Efficiency
Abstract:Many techniques have been proposed in the recent literature that look to deliver improved net-work spectral efficiency by managing interference. These include Multi-antenna techniques, antenna polarimetric techniques, DSA based approaches, interference alignment techniques, and multiuser detection (MUD) techniques. To date, however, these techniques working in isolation have fallen short of achieving close to the theoretical bounds suggested. To approach this limit, a unified strategy is needed that combines a multiplicity of such techniques and optimally combines their impact. The aim of this effort is to bring together the aforementioned techniques in a unified manner so as to significantly improve spectral efficiency of a wireless network. Our objective is to deliver a 50x improvement in the network spectral efficiency (measured as bits/s/Hz/sqr-km) relative to a baseline military system utilizing a 10 Watt QPSk rate ˝ PHY with a 17 slot TDMA MAC.

LightLIne Technologies, Inc.
254 Marked Tree Rd.
Needham, MA 02492
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(781) 400-1479
Steven A. Lis
SB131-007      Awarded: 5/8/2013
Title:Remote Sensing of Electric Fields
Abstract:Electric field sensing can provide important signatures for revealing the operations adversaries that involve electrical power transmission and use. A novel approach to the remote sensing of associated electric fields is proposed that can sense field intensities similar to that found near common electrical hardware. Through a unique infrared Lidar (Light Detection and Ranging) system design, the electric field can be indirectly detected through its impact on the properties of the surrounding air. Operating at eye-safe laser wavelengths, such a system can have an effective sensing range exceeding 10 km. The Phase I effort will experimentally confirm the detectability of electric fields of the magnitude and frequency associated with common power lines in a laboratory test system, and provide an initial design concept that can implement this standoff detection method. The Phase II program will develop and test a system capable of standoff detection approaching distances as large as 10 km. It will also address the potential for improved sensitivity so as to assist in the location of hidden facilities that emit electric fields. The ultimate goal is to develop an airborne system capable of detecting facilities in denied access areas.

Phase Coherence, Inc.
2908 Oregon Ct Unit I-10
Torrance, CA 90503
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(310) 936-7429
Jerry Butman
SB131-007      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:Remote Sensing for Electric and Gravity Fields
Abstract:There are small but significant electromagnetic fields associated with adversaries' operations in the near-field, including electric generators, power distribution systems and underground power lines. By using our proposed coherent laser-based sensing techniques detections out to 10 km may be feasible. These fields typically oscillate at a known frequency, e.g., 60 Hz. There is also significant electric charge on natural dust particles in the atmosphere. As a result we expect significant vibratory motion of particles in the vicinity of the electromagnetic sources. By remotely measuring the vibration we can remotely measure the electromagnetic fields over an area.

Scientific Applications & Research Assoc., Inc.
6300 Gateway Dr.
Cypress, CA 90630
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(714) 224-4410
Michael Zintl
SB131-007      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:Novel Laser-Induced Fluorescence Diagnostic Tool for Sensing Electric Fields Remotely
Abstract:Detection of buried facilities used for nefarious purposes by state or non-state actors Reliable transmission and reception of messages to bomber, tanker and reconnaissance wing-command posts requires a high degree of robustness and redundancy in the event of a nuclear attack. One key feature of this transmission and reception capability is the VLF radio, capable of broadcasting worldwide by use of ground transmitters and propagating radio waves. Despite the challenges of launching a VLF signal, the VLF radio has a number of advantages including omni-directional long-range propagation, and low diffraction. Given the importance of reliable VLF communication, the Air Force needs a militarized VLF antenna designed for airborne use and capable of reliable operation in a Nuclear Command Control and Communications (NC3) environment. Despite the robustness of VLF transmission and reception there are still issues that impede a sensor’s ability to receive emergency-action messages effectively. These include the Electromagnetic Pulse from a local event, Ducted EMP through the aircraft structure, Aircraft Electromagnetic Interference, Nuclear Scintillation, Jamming and Natural atmospheric events such as lightning. SARA, using their extensive experience in both VLF sensor development and EMI\EMP mitigation proposes a two-pronged approach: advancement of VLF receive antenna magnetometers, and advancement in EMI\EMP reducing treatments, to meet the Air Force’s NC3 needs.

Emergent Space Technologies, Inc
6411 Ivy Lane Suite 303
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 345-1535
Frank Bauer
SB131-008      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:F6-CAPSat: A Picosat for System F6 Adjunct Interfacing
Abstract:Resources available through the System F6 cluster can greatly simplify a participating spacecraft’s design. Our proposal encompasses three innovations: (1) Common Application for Sensorcraft Missions (CASM), an application that will be installed on the System F6 cluster to manage the picosat/cluster interface; (2) Sensorcraft Application INTerface (SAInt), a common interface for connecting picosat sensors, imagers, and other representative payloads to the cluster capabilities via the System F6 communications link; and (3) F6 Common Application Pico Satellite (F6-CAPSat), a picosat with limited onboard capability that will demonstrate CASM and SAInt. CASM is a general application developed using the F6 Flight Development Kit standards that receives and routes ground commands and satellite data, operating on them or passing them to existing F6 functions as required to allow high-cost communications and data processing functions to be performed by the System F6 core cluster rather than the adjunct spacecraft. SAInt acts as a low-level data router on the adjunct spacecraft, minimizing required capability for the sensorcraft. F6- CAPSSat uses SAInt and CASM to access and exploit System F6 cluster resources -- namely ground communications and navigation capabilities -- and complete robust mission objectives that today require much larger and more complex satellites.

Adventium Enterprises, LLC
111 Third Ave. S., Suite 100
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(651) 295-7126
Todd Carpenter
SB131-009      Awarded: 6/6/2013
Title:Satellite Avionics Fault Tolerant Hypervisor
Abstract:Hypervisors could significantly increase mission utility and life of space platforms, while decreasing acquisition time and cost. Terrestrial hypervisor applications, including cloud computing and avionics for Unmanned Aerial Systems, enjoy the benefits of maintenance, short-duration missions, and vastly lower acquisition and replacement costs. As such, they have limited need and ability to detect and handle run-time faults in the underlying hardware and their data structures. By comparison, long duration space-based missions operate in harsh radiation environments, where maintenance is not an option, yet transient and permanent failures can and do happen. Historically, this has been dealt with by expensive radiation-hardened systems with highly constrained, highly tested runtimes, operating systems, applications, and payloads. Hypervisors could change the space computing paradigm, by enabling reconfigurability and migration of legacy applications to more modern processing platforms. However, without significant attention to the harsh fault environment of space, that utility will be severely limited. Hardware faults from Single Event Effects (SEEs) can cause hypervisors to fail in unintended ways, which can lead to corruption and unacceptable violation of partition boundaries. SAFTHY will detect hypervisor-specific errors due to transient and permanent SEEs in a space-based environment, support autonomous fault management, and provide remote integrity attestation.

Arkyd Astronautics, Inc.
1331 118TH AVE SE STE 100
Bellevue, WA 98005
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(425) 358-3210
Ray Ramadorai
SB131-009      Awarded: 5/9/2013
Title:Spacecraft Hypervisor Implementing Modularity and Security (SHIMS)
Abstract:Incorporating hypervisor-based software virtualization into spacecraft architectures offers the capability to integrate payload software in a plug-and-play fashion, enabling more flexible and reconfigurable platforms. The hypervisor allows the payload software to be implemented in an abstracted, virtualized environment, which isolates the payload software from core spacecraft functions and offers significant advantages for payload development efficiency, modularity, re-use, integration, and test. A virtualized software payload can also be executed on different spacecraft implementations without modification. Fault tolerance can be achieved by running redundant instances of payload software. Using an I/O virtualized hypervisor, triple modular redundancy (TMR) can be implemented without requiring three unique instances of the compute hardware. For Phase I, Arkyd Astronautics proposes to develop a set of quantitative metrics for a spacecraft hypervisor, evaluate a set of existing hypervisor products against those criteria, and then extend one of those solutions to create a proof of concept spacecraft hypervisor. For Phase I (option), the proof-of-concept hypervisor would be extended to implement a voting mechanism for hardware/software interactions using software TMR. The hypervisor would be measured against the selected performance metrics, and evaluated for TMR operation in the presence of faults introduced into software payloads.

DornerWorks, Ltd.
3445 Lake Eastbrook Blvd SE
Grand Rapids, MI 49546
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(505) 205-8315
Andrew Santangelo
SB131-009      Awarded: 5/6/2013
Title:QuickSAT-ARLX, A Satellite Hypervisor Environment
Abstract:Dornerworks is seeking to develop as part of this SBIR project the QuickSAT-ARLX Space Hypervisor, a space qualified hypervisor that will support the virtualization of satellite payloads, systems and software modules on a full range of satellites including CubeSATs and MicroSATs to large satellites and launch vehicles. ARLX is an extended version of the open source Xen hypervisor utilizing robust automation tools to test and validate the security and related safety of this environment. Our extensions implement the ARINC 653 partitioning standard, isolating applications running on the same platform and providing high levels of certified safety and security. QuickSAT™ with the open source stepSATdb data architecture is a satellite design, mission planning, and product lifecycle management framework and environment. It is currently in use on the University NanoSat and Eagle Programs and at NASA research centers. For the Phase I research effort we will begin integrating QuickSAT and ARLX to create a space qualified hypervisor with integrated virtual payload definition tools, modeling tool event scheduler. In addition feasibility demonstrations with supporting reports will be developed to show not only the viability of the system, but also project costs, issues and a path towards implementation.

Emergent Space Technologies, Inc
6411 Ivy Lane Suite 303
Greenbelt, MD 20770
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 345-1535
Travis Wheatley
SB131-009      Awarded: 11/5/2013
Title:Space Qualified Satellite Hypervisor for COTS Processors
Abstract:There are many data intensive mission payloads for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) that collect more data than is practical to transmit through the downlink. The ability to autonomously process and classify this data on board can significantly reduce the downlink bandwidth requirements, thereby making it more feasible to transmit products directly to commanders in the field or even the warfighter themselves. However, existing space-qualified processors do not have the raw processing power necessary to achieve this for many applications. There are commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) processors that could meet the processing requirements. A space-qualified-hypervisor implementation would allow the use of COTS components in order to meet the reliability requirements for a space based implementation by employing redundancy and also provide parallel processing opportunities that would greatly enhance the ability to meet the requirements of data intensive missions. Emergent Space Technologies, Inc. proposes to conduct feasibility studies, technical analysis and simulation, and to conduct small scale proof of concept demonstrations during Phase 1 of this project to determine the space qualify-ability of a Type 1 hypervisor based off of an existing COTS processor.

Intelligent Automation, Inc.
15400 Calhoun Drive Suite 400
Rockville, MD 20855
Phone:
PI:
Topic#:
(301) 294-5218
Peng Xie
SB131-009      Awarded: 5/1/2013
Title:SafeHype: a light and secure satellite hypervisor
Abstract:The virtualization of satellite payload increases the capability and flexibility of the payload developer and is demanded in defense and intelligence community. In this proposed effort, we propose a tiny hypervisor, called SafeHype to virtualize satellite payload. SafeHype can securely isolate the virtual machines concurrently running on the same hardware resources such as CPU, memory and I/O devices. Moreover, SafeHype also supports the provisioning of a new machine on-the -flying. In this proposed effort, we utilize hardware support to reduce virtualization overhead. SafeHype adopt resources pre-allocation and para-virtualized IO techniques to simplify its functions and to support real time applications. The code size of SafeHype is small and can feasibly be verified. SafeHype also reduces the surface attacks by bringing the guest virtual machine in more direct contact with the underlying hardware resources. Finally, we will develop a workable SafeHype prototype to show the feasibility of our proposed techniques for satellite hypervisor.